Henry VIII: March 1546, 26-31

Pages 216-251

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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March 1546, 26-31

26 March. 462. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 358.
Meeting at Greenwich, 26 March. Present: Privy Seal, Winchester, [Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Letter to treasurer of Augmentations that whereas James Harryson, Scottishman, was received to the King's service with a gift of 200 cr. by year, whereof there is a whole year due, he should immediately be paid those 200 cr. together with 100 cr. more in advance.
26 March. 463. The Privy Council to Carne. (fn. n1)
R. O.
St. P.,xi. 81.
Upon your letters containing the refusal of the Regent for Curtpenyng's passage unless he first come thither himself, and their difficulty for the licence of the corn which Dymmok bought, the King appointed us, my lord of Winchester, the Master of the Horse and Sir W. Paget, to speak with Mons. Skepper and the ambassador resident. By "my letters" to the Commissioners which you must peruse and forward by Francis with speed, you will perceive the answer touching Curtpenyng. To "this letter to the Queen," which concerns as well the licence for the wheat as for the men, you must procure answer touching the wheat and advertise Dymmok thereof. ["By the copy of the said letter you shall perceive how to work, but you may in nowise be aknown that you have any such copy."] (fn. n2) We have promised to give again as much wheat as we take, and to recompense hurts done by Curtpenyng. You must send the Queen's answer with diligence. 26 March 1546.
P.S. in another hand.—Because the letter to the Queen is in effect like mine to you and to the Commissaries you need not have a copy of it.
Draft in Paget's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: Mynute from the Counsail to Mr. Kern xxvjo Martii 1546.
26 March. 464. Hertford to Sir Ralph Ellerker.
R. O. Mr. Ellerker, you shall receive by Mr. Surveyor, this bearer, "articles touching the numbers and ordering of men within the charges of Bulloigne addressed from my lords of the Council." Nevertheless, where 600 men are appointed to the Basse town, pray add 300 to them till you know further. The 300 may be best spared out of the High town. Callays, 26 March 1546.
Copy, p. 1. Subscribed: From my lord of Hertforde.
26 March. 465. Carne to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 82.
Since my letters of the 24th to the King and you, and the breaking up of the Diet at Cambray betwixt the Emperor and the French king, from whence arrived, on the evening of the 24th, Mons. Nygry, chancellor of the Order here and one of the Emperor's commissaries in the said Diet, I have been more gently handled than before, and am presented with wine by the town, whereas I was here nine days before and "nothing 'stowyde me." It is in every man's mouth that nothing is done in the Diet and therefore they look for war. Not that the Council say so, but those ex inferiore classe. This day sevennight the Lady Regent will depart towards the frontiers for 10 or 12 days and return hither. Bynkes, 26 March 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 March. 466. Cardinal S. Crucis to Cardinal Farnese.
R. O. Trent, 26 March 1546:— * * * Ludovico dell' Arme has arrived in Venice notwithstanding "le bande che gia gli fu dati," and the common opinion is that he comes with orders for Sr Luigi Gonzage to make horse and foot at the instance of England.
Ital. Modern extract from a MS. at Rome, p. 1. Headed: M. Card. Sta al Card. Farnese, vicecancello.
27 March. 467. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 358.
Meeting at Greenwich, 27 March. Present: Privy Seal, Admiral, [Winchester, Cheyney, Gage, Brown, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Letters to Rogers, surveyor of Boulogne, to surcease taking any more timber from Sir Wm. Sidney. To Gresham and Wingfield at Dover who had committed two leaders of the Egyptians to Canterbury gaol, rather to release them than detain their company longer; or else, if their offence was such that the law must be executed, to embark their company forthwith. Passport to Sir John Clere and Sir Wm. Woodhous, the one to send three sons and the other one over sea to Louvain University. Letters to bailiff, &c., of Southwark to arrange reasonable charges for certain Clevoys horsemen under Matthew Lyghtmaker, who had lain there about two months, remembering that they are strangers repairing hither to serve the King. To —— (blank) that bearer was appointed to prepare his ship lately arrived there at Bristol to join the King's navy "presently passing to the sea" and should be aided in the "firmeng" of money owing to him for freight, and also in his provision of necessaries for her.
27 March. 468. Jesus Steeple.
XV., 71.
Surrender by Edmund, bp. of London and the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, of the steeple, &c., called Jhesus Steple in the parish of St. Faith, London. 27 March 37 Henry VIII.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll 37 Henry VIII, p. 4, No. 15] as acknowledged, same day, before the King in Chancery.
27 March. 469. Scepperus and Vander Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 225.
Describe as in No. 458 their interview with Gardiner, Browne and Paget "yesterday afternoon," (fn. n3) touching Conrad Penninck and the 400 lasts of grain. The Councillors afterwards spoke of the aid demanded by the English ambassador when the Emperor was at Worms. Replied that, besides other reasons against furnishing such aid, the conditions upon which it was promised were not fulfilled. The Councillors answered that if the aid was due by the treaty it should be furnished without any conditions; but, as it was late and the Master of the Horse was to return to the King, they would defer the discussion. Winchester and the Master of the Horse then took Scepperus aside and Paget took Vander Delft. Scepperus was asked how he had got on with the King, and answered that he had fulfilled the two first points of his instructions, viz., to present the Emperor's salutation and speak of the marriage, but the King would not listen to the marriage unless the Prince was offered a dowry equal to that offered to the duke of Orleans, etc.; and as he (Scepperus) could not see what more he could do he was therefore returning to Flanders as soon as the question of the aid was settled. The Councillors appeared disappointed, and said that the King was well disposed to the marriage, and Winchester had been told that Scepperus was authorised to treat of it. Scepperus replied that his mission did not extend to what the King demanded, but he had suggested that the negociation might be continued by sending ministers to Regensburg or instructing the Ambassador there to speak of it to the Emperor and the King of the Romans. Vander Delft's conversation with Paget was almost to the same effect, except that he said that it seemed strange to be so scrupulous about the dowry, seeing how advantageous the marriage would be for both countries. Paget replied that the Emperor had said that he would regard his niece as his own daughter, but, in offering so little, showed no signs of doing so. Vander Delft remarked that he did not know what dowry the Emperor would give his daughter,—perhaps not so much. Paget laughed and rejoined the others: and then all three, saying that the matter must not be dropped in this way, took leave.
Paget came this morning and showed a letter which the Master of the Horse had written after his return to the King "last evening." The King had said that there was no alliance for his son which he would prefer to that with a princess of the Emperor's house, provided that it was dealt with reasonably; and if the Ambassadors had informed the Emperor otherwise they should send a second despatch in correction. Told Paget that they had perfectly understood the King; they had indeed hoped that the King would not insist, upon his first reply, for the amount of the dowry seemed quite a secondary consideration in such an alliance, of which both the King of the Romans and the Queen Regent had been delighted to hear; it never occurred to them that the matter could fall through on the question of the amount of money to be brought by the bride of so great a monarch. Paget said that he understood that Scepperus was authorised to increase the amount. Denied this, and added that, speaking as friends, they could not imagine an alliance better for the realm unless it were that with Scotland, used as a "means of submitting Scotland to their rule." Paget replied that the Scottish matter would not be settled by a marriage; for the English could not keep Scotland even if conquered, further than the river, owing to the scarcity of food in the country beyond; there was therefore only this marriage with the Emperor's niece, and he begged the writers to do their best for it. London, 26 March 1546.
P.S.—Were about to despatch this yesterday when they learnt that Count Palatine Philip of Bavaria was expected, having come down the Rhine to Dordrecht and thence to England incognito. People have been sent to meet him and he arrives at Court this evening. The lord Admiral was to leave this morning but is ordered to wait two or three days. The English say they have captured seven ships carrying wheat from Zeeland to France. Do not know whether the wheat is the King of Portugal's. London, 27 March 1646.
27 March.
470. Scepperus and Vander Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 224.
Enclose duplicates of their letters to the Emperor showing what passed yesterday and today with the Councillors. Paget told secretly of the King's great esteem for her, and suggested that, in thanking him for the present he is sending, she should slip in a word to the effect that she would be pleased if this marriage proceeded—or at least should authorise one of the writers to say as much Could see that the King would have been glad if Scepperus had brought a letter of credence from her, as in previous missions. Told Paget that she certainly desired this alliance and had on other occasions spoken to Scepperus in favour of it, although she gave him no special instructions at this time. Paget then said that the Emperor's subjects were supplying the French about Ardres with victuals, except grain, and yet were forbidden to carry provisions to Calais, although the Calais people were old friends and the French newly-reconciled enemies; and moreover had recently lent carts for the revictualling of Ardres and were sending herrings and other food to France by sea. He added that she might gain the affection of the King and his subjects by permitting them sometimes to purchase trifles; when the bp. of Durham and he were at Calais they could not even obtain from the Emperor's countries fresh vegetables, poultry, conies and similar trifles never intended for common people, and therefore not really meant to be subject to the prohibition. In stating this Paget expressed his strong desire to maintain and increase the friendship with the Emperor.
It is evident that the King would resent Scepperus' departure before the receipt of a reply from the Emperor or the Queen touching the marriage; and he, therefore, delays his departure for a few days. London, 27 March 1546.
*** The Editor of the Spanish Calendar states that another letter of the same date merely encloses the copy of a letter of introduction which the writers have given to the brother of the Lord Admiral, who carries a present to the Queen; and they ask her, through him, to thank the Admiral for the favour he has frequently shown to the Emperor's subjects.
27 March. 471. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.
Wrote that he had sent Watsonne, with his pinnace, to sound the haven at Hamyltewe. Having sent for Mr. Wyat and the Surveyor of Bulloigne to be here yesterday (that he might declare how the King had placed Wyat and confer with Rogers), appointed them, in their return, to sound "the same" (the haven). They have done so, as appears by their letter (enclosed), agreeing entirely with Watson's report, who returned yesterday. The haven is evidently much worse than when sounded by those appointed by my lord Admiral. Watson says that the channel is altered much more to the west; but there could not be two worse tides than these, which were "dead neap tides." Instead of setting forward on Monday (fn. n4) night, must stay until Tuesday for the tides to ame[nd], that the victuals and munitions coming by sea may arrive more safely. Begs him to declare this to the King. John Irishe, trumpeter of this town, is arrived from Stables and Hardylowe with intelligence (sent herewith). Commends him (as approved by the Council here) for the room of one Edwarde, one of the King's ordinary trumpets, lately deceased. He is not only a good trumpeter "but also witty, and hath good language." Asks if Paget has moved the King "whether Mr. Braye or Mr. Bouchier shall remain at Guysnes in th'absence of my lord Graye." If the King do not resolve therein, Hertford will, before going hence, take order to please all parties. Finding here the 11 ships of Newcastell which transported the Spaniards, has despatched them home, to be there paid by the treasurer in the North, to whom he has also written. Begs Paget to write to the said treasurer to see them answered. George Stonhouse has just brought a letter (sent herewith) from the surveyor of victuals of Bulloign, showing that there is lacking in white and red herring five days' furniture for the whole army. Pray declare this to my lords and such others as have the charge of the provisions. Calais, 27 March 1546. Signed.
P.S.—Desires a banner of the King's arms and another of St. George, to be had from Mr. Sadleyr out of the Great Wardrobe, which the heralds have forgotten to bring.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. "Certain knowledge had and taken by me John Irish," etc., presented to the earl of Herford at my return to Caleis anno 37 Hen. VIII.
Went, on the day of the Annunciation, (fn. n5) to Staples with Mons. Dawtreou's son; and thereby met Mons. Detasse and the Ringgrave accompanied by Mons. de Sansack "who was in Hardilo at the camisado of the Englishmen." Sansack asked whether "we would leave Hardilo so or not." Answered "we are not so far from it but we may come to it again; and at our last being there we gave a good 'save unto it." Detasse then sent him to deliver Mons. Dawtreou's son and bring away Robert Aprainoldes, and to return by Staples. Returning to Staples in the morning, received from the Ringgrave a standard bearer of the Old Man, one of the guard of Bullen, and two others; and so departed towards Bullen. Coming by Hardilo, was asked by Sansack whether he would come in and see the prisoners; and, coming in, found a petty captain of Mr. Wiottes, shot through the knee with a haquebushe, a halberdier of Mr. Ardens shot through the back and a light horseman of Mr. Ellerker's. Six men were slain at the 'sault at Hardilo. Sansack showed where our men entered, saying that if "this door" had not been stopped up, our men had gotten the court and put the house in hazard; but hearing dogs bark, they stopped the door. The captain of the Spaniards of Hardilo is hurt in the chin with an arrow, and one of his men sent to the French court as a traitor. An English halfpenny loaf is worth in Monstrell a "zouse." Four measures of oats and as much hay as his two horses ate from 6 p.m. until 6 a.m. cost him there 5s. st.; and he was told that a truss of hay such as "a horse would carry upon his back, after the manner of France," was worth a crown. The ditch at Staples seems in breadth like that of the Old Man. Ordnance and victuals are not come to Staples, but are looked for daily. It is said that the Dolphyn and Mons. de Vandon come down with a great number of men, but he sees no provision made for them. At Staples are 2,000 Almoignes under the Ringgrave and 2,000 Piemontese and Gascons under Detasse, who is the French king's lieutenant there. There are said to be 200 men at arms at Staples, 25 of whom are at Hardilo; also about 4,000 pioneers. On Friday last (fn. n6) there were no more. Signed: by me Jo. Irishe, trumpetour of Caleis.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.
27 March. 472. Sir Thomas Wyatt and John Rogers to Hertford.
R. O.
According to your commandment yesterday, we have today reviewed the haven of Hambletoeuse; and find one fathom upon the bar, and so within the harbour till we come 100 ft. and more "within the rocks which is the pier head"; and before the town we find "four foot water." Thus there is harbour now, being "the very worst of tide," 400 ft. in length, one fathom deep. Please send me, Wyat, your pleasure concerning my repair, and whether I shall bring my men or 100 of them, and whether you will have any artillery from Bulloignye, that the Council there may "prepare horse of carriage and conduct for the same." Meanwhile "we will buoy and beacon the haven against your repair hither." Habletoeuse, 27 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lieutenant general of His Highness' army. Endd.: 1546.
27 March. 473. Brende and Brigantyn to Henry VIII.
R. O.
Since last letters, have found the difficulty of assembling men still greater; for all the Protestants are agreed to "fordoo" gatherings within their dominions, and, as the Bp. of Menstre attempted to do this, Court Penyng went to speak with him and was not suffered to depart till he had sworn that this company should not move against him or the Protestants, that they should satisfy all damages, and that the soldiers should "avoid in haste" and display no ensign within his dominion. Court Penyng's detention and the writers' going about to avoid the earl of Teklingberk's lands, who showed himself hostile, made them four days behind their appointment, and meanwhile practisers for the French king would have dissolved the company but for the lord of Rosfelte's efforts and the sudden appearance of the writers. "But after we were come in sight, and the Coronell, according to the custom, had preached to the lance knights, they were all moved with an incredible desire of your Majesty's service." This was at Nawhouse, where the musters were first appointed, on the 17th. Could not however muster there because of Court Penyng's bond to the Bishop and Rosfelt's fear of certain other lords; and therefore came hither, 8 leagues nearer, "being a frank land belonging to a monastery of nuns near to the Ryne and to Emeryke, confining with Gelders, Cleve and Westfalle, whereas at this present we be mustering." Then came a greater difficulty. Bastian Lucas, whom they sent to Mr. Carne with the answer to the bp. of Winchester's letters, brought back letters signifying that the Regent would in nowise suffer the soldiers to pass unless Court Penyng came first to her presence. Having written that that was impossible, as he could not be spared at the musters and afterwards the soldiers must be despatched away, the writers were at their wits' end, it being impossible to keep the men together till he might go and come, and dangerous to put them into the Emperor's lands, where if stopped they might hold themselves discharged. A letter, too, came from the Council in Geldreland to the effect that the Emperor, as protector of this ground, willed Court Penyng not to assemble men here "lest they might be removed by force." Answer was made that this land was always reputed frank ground of the abbess of Elton, whose licence had been obtained, and had we known that the Emperor had any jurisdiction therein we would have abstained from it as the King commanded; but, as the case stood, we prayed that we might accomplish our musters. The Council's answer was that, request of defence being made by the Abbess, they could not but take her in protection, and the Emperor's order was that no men of war, victuals or munition should pass through his dominions without his special licence; but this was spoken as though they were more favourable than they pretended outwardly. Hereupon despatched Bastian to Mr. Carne fully instructed to answer objections. Expect to accomplish the musters within two days; and then Courtpening will repair to the Regent and will doubtless obtain his purpose, his plan being so reasonable; and meanwhile the writers will do their best to keep the men together, for if "disparkled they should be all killed up," and if stopped in the Emperor's country they would all turn back again. They have done less harm than any soldiers ever assembled in these parts. If it be impossible to keep them together, will venture to send them forward in routs, and they may reach Caleis in 12 days. Courtpenyng has been very diligent, "only we would wish that he had as much power in these parts as he hath good will to do his duty." The duke of Clove has been very favourable, and "of his own mind hath proffered free passage, and suffered victuals to come to us, and other things necessary." Elton, 27 March. Signed: John Brende: Jhon Brigantyn.
Pp. 4. Add.
27 March. 474. John Brende to Paget.
R. O. We are mustering, and in good forwardness if our passage were open. All our doings you shall perceive by the King's letters, whereof I send you a copy that you may the better debate with his Highness. Against our coming to Andwerpe, please let me know by your letters whether to come over before the next muster at Caleis or after. Payment begins the 22nd inst., and they will all come to Caleis much within the month. Elton, 27 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. (on § 2). Endd.: Mr. Brend to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget.
R. O. 2. Copy of No. 473.
In Brende's hand, pp. 5.
27 March. 475. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
On the 11th inst. bearer brought to him, at Frankfort, letters from Secretary Paget signifying that Mont should aid him to recover the King's arquebuses detained by the Landgrave. Went with him to the Landgrave, who, immediately upon learning that the guns were the King's, promised to release them, and next day wrote to the duke of Wirtemberg that the guns arrested in urbe Geppingensi were the King's and should be released. This will be learnt by the Landgrave's letter, who desired to be commended and protested readiness to please the King in all things. The Landgrave had meanwhile sent Mont letters to Frankfort, which he found there at his return, asking whether the soldiers assembled by Conrad Pfenning were for the King; for if not the confederates had appointed to expel them. Upon letters from Paget, affirmed that they were for the King, and that no other at present had the King's command to levy either horsemen or footmen, and the rumour that Marquis Albert (fn. n7) levied horsemen for the King was vain. Sends a translation of the Landgrave's letters, who asked to be informed of any enrolment of men in Germany for the King; that he might not, through ignorance hinder it. Showed the Landgrave that the King was informed that Duke Maurice dissented from the other Protestants. He at once said that he knew no such thing, and that Duke Maurice agreed with the rest in the whole cause of religion, nor had Marquis Albert any cause of dissension with the rest of the States; nevertheless he (the Landgrave) was not sure for whom he levies horsemen. Sees no suspicion of dissension among the rest. An agreement is made for the less expensive administration of the duchy of Brunswick. The cities of Brunswick and Goslar would have the fortress of Wolfenbuttel, as a perpetual menace to them, thrown down; for many would have the Duke liberated upon giving hostages to maintain peace. Thinks that the convention at Frankfort was held mainly on account of the abp. of Cologne, against whom the Emperor instituted a severe persecution. The legation sent interceded against this and told the Emperor plainly that the Protestants henceforth would exclude no one who joined their confession, nor could in conscience exclude anyone from the right religion, or desert one who was attacked because of religion. Hears, nevertheless, that the confederation is only for defence and not to make any invasion; but if invaded they will not only defend but also attack. Was told by the Landgrave's secretary that there was hope of agreement between the Palatine and the king of Denmark by the mediation of the States. The Bp. of Mentz's joining the Protestants is rather to be wished than hoped for; but it is hoped that he will not work against them, not so much because of religion as of parsimony. The Landgrave abused Reyffenberg as worthy to be hanged for his faithless dealing with the King; and commanded Mont to write that in his dominion he would bring Reyffenberg to trial for it. The French captains stay here still and lately spent more than ten days with the Palatine. Reyffenberg also was lately here with them in familar conversation. The French are frequently sending officers (tribuni) hence to the Swiss. Notices, however, as yet they accept no bands or cohorts of men, and that many are annoyed at this delay and can easily be retained with a little money. From Trent it is written that a Minorite called Melchior Flavius, of the South of France (ex Narbonensi Gallia), has been sent from the Council to the collocutors of the Protestants at Ratisbon to request the Protestants to appear in the Council, as the wish and study of all assembled there is to succour the oppressed (laboranti) Church. [Also] that Bucer, Brentius and the other fathers have returned the salutation and asked to have in writing, first whether the Council is by law above the Pope, and secondly whether the bishops of these times elected contrary to the rule of Paul (1 Timothy iii.) are to be considered true bishops or mercenaries. Which things known, they will be the more willing to answer (benignius responsuri sint). The Emperor reached Spires today and will go from thence to Heydelberg to the Elector Palatine, whither the Landgrave also hastens to meet with the Emperor. Frankfort, 27 March 1546.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
27 March. 476. Mont to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 83.
Rougedragon herald arrived on the 11th with Paget's letters, and in pursuance of the command to help recover the King's guns from the Landgrave, Mont (after despatching Paget's letters to Bruno at Strasburg) accompanied the herald into Hesse. The Landgrave at once answered that he would give up the guns and wrote to the duke of Wirtemburg to do the like, sending the Duke a copy of the King's letters. This will be learnt from the Landgrave's letters to the King. Told the Landgrave that the friendship of these States with the king of France and their suffering Recrod, Basfonteyn and others, as Vogelsberg and Hans von Saltzburg, to stay among them and levy soldiers against the King of England, would end in their destruction; for it could not but alienate the King of England, and the French king not only differed from them in religion but persecuted their doctrines, so that lasting friendship between him and them was impossible. The Landgrave answered that that might be true, but it were unwise to offend the French king before they were sure what to expect of the King of England, whose alliance had hitherto been often sought but never obtained, and who also differed from their confession. Reminded him that the King agreed with them in the principal articles, viz., touching the bishop of Rome's supremacy and the Council indicted by him, and also in other things, as veneration of saints, pilgrimages, and abolition of relics and monks. The Landgrave answered that, nevertheless, the King lately declined to join them in defence of these articles, because the Emperor attracted him with a renewed and more specious league; but if the King, anywhere in Germany, deposit in ready money 100,000 guldens ('yea crowns, said he, rising') which they may use if attacked because of religion, they will far prefer his friendship to that of France, for they can hope for nothing from France while this King lives, who lately, in reply to letters from the convention at Frankfort in favour of the Christians persecuted in France, wrote that he would maintain the religion he received from his ancestors, and his friendship with these States did not affect it. In answer to Mont's questions, the Landgrave said that if the sum mentioned was deposited they would give mutual help; and as to prohibiting levies for the French king he would refer to the States, and thought he should obtain it, although the French king had shown much liberality in Germany, making a loan for the restitution of Wirtenberg, and when that loan was repaid, a gift of 75,000 cr., and had deposited also with the Bavarians no small sums of late years. Mont observed that the King's French pension contributed to that. Had this conversation while riding, having met the Landgrave returning from the chase.
When the Landgrave was come home and had read the King's letter, he recalled Mont and said that he would write to his people to release the guns, which he never would have stopped had he known them to be the King's; some of them also are detained among the Swiss; he had suspected that they were sent by the bp. of Rome, having found in the duke of Brunswick's chancery many letters about assistance promised by the Bishop to the Duke. He then turned ad plausibiliora, saying that the King of England could do much with his riches, and he himself would (although he had never yet accepted anything from any King), gladly have some thousands of angelots wherewith to fortify some town against the Papists. On the morrow, spoke with him of the French captains residing in Frankfort as though the Protestants were favouring the enemies of England. He said that was not done with his knowledge or authority, and it was free to the King of England to place a captain there; he did not wish to send any soldier out of his dominions at this time. The senate of this town also forbade the going of certain victual from those staying here to the king of France. All the Protestants do their best to keep their soldiers at home, but no severity can restrain such folk, especially the unmarried and the noble. While Mont was going with the herald to the Landgrave the latter had sent him letters by another way to Frankfort, about Conrad Pfenning's men. Sends translation to the King. Cannot yet learn whether the Diet of Worms will take place. The Emperor continues his journey to Ratisbon and will be tomorrow at Spires. Would have gone thither to salute the bp. of Westminster if he were not in continual expectation of the messenger he sent to Strasburg. Much desires to know whether to follow the King's ambassador to Ratisbon or stay here.
Yesterday (fn. n8) returned the messenger whom he sent to Strasburg with Paget's letters to Dr. Bruno, who writes that in the Diet of Worms (which he thinks will take place) he Will treat with the States of that thing which Paget writes to him. Asked him also to write of divers other things, and, as he has partly done so, forwards his entire letter. Commendations to Dr. Petre. Frankfort, 27 March 1546.
Latin. Hol., pp,. 3. Add. Endd.
28 March. 477. Lord Lisle.
Lieutenant general upon the seas. See Grants in March, No. 41.
28 March.
478. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 359.
Meeting at Greenwich, 28 March. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal Admiral, Essex, Winchester, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler. Business:—Bargain (described) with John Pynder and Thomas Styrte, merchants of London, for delivery of 2,000 qr. rye at Berwick and Newcastle before 13 July next. Warrant to the Exchequer to pay Bernard Emeke and Simon Percevall, merchants of the Steelyard, 2,000l. disbursed by them at Hamburg to the King's commissaries, John Brende and John Brigantene, as appeared by a bill of exchange annexed. Warrant to R. Legge, treasurer for marine causes, to pay Valentine Fagotzser and Ric. Beare, Almains, returning home after four months service "in the room of gunner" in the King's ships, 16l. Safe-conduct "firmed" by the Council for four ships, the Jesus, Trinity, John Evangelist, and James of Newcastle, laden with rye for Berwick and Newcastle. Letter to Lord Lieutenant and Council at Boulogne that Ant. Smythe and Hornevall were appointed to receive accounts of payments there and should receive certain instructions and allowances (described). Warrant to Exchequer to deliver in prest to Sir John Haryngton, treasurer of wars under the earl of Hertford, 3,000l. Warrant to —— (blank) to pay Mr. Morasyne and Mr. Shelley, heretofore appointed to accompany a certain Polonian gentleman to certain the King's houses, 20 inks, expended for horsemeat, &c. Placard for post horses to Berwick for Anthony Strelly.
28 March. 479. Scepperus to Schore.
viii., No. 226.
Can add little to what the Ambassador and he write to the Queen. Count Palatine Philip was honorably received yesterday. Either he comes to get married, which is the general opinion, or to represent some of the German princes, or to obtain a command in the war. Lady Anne of Cleves has been for some time at Court, well treated, and left yesterday. This King has, of himself, arrested the son of De Lolme of Antwerp and others who escaped from prison in Antwerp. Some of the rogues who make this realm their asylum may find their lodging in the galley which is being made here. Councillor Vander Burgh's coming, of which is no news, will be welcome to the poor claimants here, where everything is double the usual price and taxes increase daily. Two days ago was imposed a new tax of 3 scoters a barrel on beer. Fifty sail of the King's own fine ships have left the river. The earl of Surrey, formerly captain of Boulogne, arrived at Court yesterday, but was coldly received and did not see the King. His father, the duke of Norfolk, is absent from Court. Captains commissioned to raise troops are not despatched, as if the English were waiting for something,—perhaps a reply from Mons. du Bies. Certain German captains have been told to wait until June. Lent is very strictly observed here, nobody ventures to buy or sell meat, and the ancient ceremonies of the Church are maintained. The King comes to Westminster tomorrow, which is a sign of important business,—perhaps Count Philip's marriage. London, 28 March, 6 a.m., 1546.
28 March. 480. Sir Thomas Cusake to Paget.
R. O. Thanks for his goodness. Wrote to the lord Chancellor of the quietness of this realm, which is now so verified that those who aver the contrary will purchase small honesty. The Deputy, at his departing, sent for the earls of Desmounde, Tomounde and Tyrone, the lord of Upper Ossory, O'Connour, O'Molmoy, the Kerroules and MacGoghecan with
other Irish lords, and for all the English lords; and, at their assembling at Dublin, the writer saw none of better conformity than those Irish lords, promising to defend the country till his return, lamenting his departure and "ascrybing" that if such truth and gentleness had been shown them by previous governors they had been reformed as well then as now. He took of them nothing, but gave them apparel and plate and suffered none to do them wrong, so that those who would not be brought to subjection with 10,000 men come to Dublin with a letter. The land was never in such honest obedience; which will redound to the King's profit, so that it were pity that it should be perverted by seditious practises, and his honorable proceedings disparaged by malicious hearts. There never left Ireland one who had the prayers of the people more than he. It were pity that the occasioners of inquietness were not known and punished. Dublin, 28 March 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To etc. Sir Thomas (sic) Patched, knight, etc. Endd.: 1546.
29 March. 481. The Council of Boulogne to [the Council].
R. O. Have received their letters of the 22nd inst., and enclose a schedule showing the numbers of horsemen and footmen in wages in these pieces. In case the King will have those above the number of 5,000 men "cassed," money must first be sent for payment of the wages due to them. As to the Council's instructions to appoint men out of the high town to the defence of the new braye from Tower Gate to the Stone bulwark upon the Haven side, that work is "nothing sett furthwardes," and Mr. Rogers says that it cannot be perfected this year. Neither is the fortification between the Old Man and the citadel of Basse Bulloignye in such perfection as to adventure any men to the guard thereof; and that work will require more men to defend it than are assigned thereto, and can hardly be made guardable this year with only 600 artificers and labourers for all the works here. "Neither the Citadel nor the fortifications about the Castle or any one piece of work is yet in sure perfection." The fortification between the Old Man and the Citadel might stay till more important pieces are finished. The faulxburghe of Basse Bulloignye is not strong enough to be kept in time of siege, or even to sustain a sudden attack. The earl of Surrey, the King's lieutenant here, lately repaired into England, can best declare the state of these things.
There remains unpaid among the captains and officers and some of the Italian footmen, due on the 26th inst., 586l. 12s. over and besides 277l. 4s. of the wages then due to the Albanoys horsemen, who will look to be paid before departing hence to the camp. Also there is due to the double pays for the three months from 2 Jan. to 26 March 626l. The wages due to the labourers that shall depart to the said field will be certified by Mr. Rogers and the paymaster. Full payment of the whole garrison is very requisite. If the King appoint the Albanoys horsemen to serve in the field, assigning hither English horsemen in their place, "we then, being cleared of all strangers from amongst us, shall more surely in our minds foresee the perils of such conspirations as might be practised to the danger of these pieces." Will do their best to "avoid" women and children, and desire strait order taken at the English ports to prevent such being shipped hither. Bulloigne, 29 March 1545. Signed: Rauff Ellerker: John Bryggys k: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: Rychard Wyndebank: Tho. Wiatt: Henry Palmere: Thorn's Palmer.
P.S.—By a letter from the earl of Hertford, Great Chamberlain, to me, the marshal, his lordship wishes 300 men placed in the citadel of Basse Bulloigne besides the 600 assigned by your lordship's former instructions. We learnt yesternight that Estaples is already strongly fortified and that the haven is now being amended for harbour of their galleys there, where are presently 6,000 or 7,000 footmen. At Monstroeull are 300 men of arms and other 300 are expected this day; and there is preparation of 40 other ensigns of footmen "to arrive shortly in those parts, affirming that Bulloignye shall be sharply assailed in short space."
Pp. 4, Fly-leaf with address lost.
29 March. 482. Vaughan to Paget and Petre.
R. O. The French king is making four fortresses on the borders of this country (one beside Landresey, one in Loreyn, one in Bohen "and the fourth I cannot well name") and begins to threaten these countries. Certain hoys arrived today out of France, exclaiming that our ships have robbed them of woad and other merchandise, and moreover have so cruelly beaten and handled them that "they say they had rather come into the hands of the Turques than of Englishmen." This dealing will work displeasure between the subjects of either part, and "bring our people in a hatred of all other nations." In the Fugger's matter of 100,000 cr. monthly the chief stay will be the "bandes"; for they will venture no more upon those of London, and I see no other that they will take. On Monday next their letters come out of Almayn. Jasper Dowche told me today that the French king seeks 600,000 cr. upon pledge of his "salt kilns in the Bay," which emprunture the Fugger would fain make, but the Queen would not condescend, "so that he is that way disappointed." Surely the French king has great need of money, and lately had 400,000 cr. in Lyons. Jasper Dowche says that the Emperor takes the making of these fortresses very ill, and, if he can "by any means bring the Almayns to any honest frame, he will be busy with the French king, but not this year." If the French king be spared this year these forts will be "shrewd rods for the Emperor the next year." Spurred Jasper forward by saying that the Emperor could do more against the French king this year with one stiver than next year with ten. Writes other things to the Council among the letters of Bonvyce. Intends within ten days to depart towards England. Andwerp, 29 March.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
29 March. 483. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. This bearer, who calls himself a Cremonese, has been often with me, and once brought "a handgun with which (having but one charge) he shot iij. Pellets the one immediately after the other. Besides this, he says that he can mine excellently in ground or rock, make bridges which the enemy cannot burn, and do many other pretty things. He repairs now to offer his service to the King, and I give him my letter of commendation at the request of Chr. Haller. Without fail the fellow can do many things meet for the King's service, and being poor will be content with little. Andwarp, 29 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1546.
29 March. 484. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.
Tomorrow, gives John Carolo new bills for the prolongation of the 6,000l. Fl. due to him in April, but is fain to pay the interest in ready money and confirm the old obligations for payment 15 Oct. next. The answer of the Fugger out of Almayn will not come before 5 April, when Vaughan will depart homewards, bringing such money as he has left to Calles, to Sir Edw. Wotton. Andwerp, 29 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
29 March. 485. Vaughan to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 231.
B. M.
Is glad to perceive by his letter that my lord of Harfford and a great company of men are come over; and wishes them good luck. Bearer has come often for seeds, but as yet Vaughan can get none. Comes himself shortly and will bring them. No news here save that "the French king hath many pioneers to make his haven." Some say he sends a puissant army of horsemen, some a great navy by sea, and some "that he will send but few." The Emperor is at Spires and goes to Ratisbone and thence to Trent and to Italy. "He hasteth thither as much as his secret intent giveth place. A fray there will be one day between him and the French king, happen when it will." Thanks for the indenture for the money Vaughan sent Mr. Wotton. Andwerp, 29 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
29 March. 486. John Dymmok to Vaughan.
R. O. Yesternight received letters from England, including one for Vaughan which he sends. Came to Amsterdam on the 28th and found that his host and servant had laden five ships with about 120 last of rye, 100 barrels of butter, 100 ship-pound of cheese, 35 ship-pound of bacon and 25 ship-pound of gambons of bacon, which shall depart tonight to —— (blank), where lie 60 tall ships ready to sail with the first N. or N.E. wind towards Spayen and Browage. His ships will accompany these as far as Bulleyn and Dover and Calys. Has all this without licence, and trusts in two days to have the remaining 156 last of rye laded. No wheat is to be had here, but he could get 200 more barrels of butter and 3,000 flitches of bacon. Bought his butter at 3l. 3s. 4d. and 3l. the barrel, whereas before he could get none under 3l. 9s. Vaughan may write how the bacon is to be kept, viz., gambons or flitches bound two together and hung up in a dry house. Here is a French ship well appointed like a man of war, which brought 100 tun of wine. She leaves within 7 or 8 days with other ships of this town, the French orew going home overland, and Dutchmen in her for fear of our ships. It were good to advertise the Council that some of our men of war might commune with them by the way. Wishes for some good news what to do with the corn at Dorte, as it would be very chargeable to unlade it. Amsterdam, 29 March 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: agent for the Kings Majesty in Andwerpe. Endd.
30 March. 487. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 362.
Meeting at Westminster, 30 March. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Essex, Winchester, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to —— Mayour, merchant of the Steelyard, that whereas his bargain with the Mayor and Aldermen of London for grain was staid upon a doubt that vessels bringing the grain should be arrested here, the King, at the suit of the said mayor and aldermen, was pleased that such vessels should suffer no stay; the Admiral was spoken to in this matter and promised to give order to the above effect. Letter to Thos. Treflye, who wrote to the Lord Chancellor for licence to bring in French wares for the ransom of about 60 Frenchmen prisoners, that, for this once, so that the country might be rid of keeping these pledges, and Treffye the better compass the ransom of his son, he might import such quantity of French wares as might suffice. Warrant to treasurer of Augmentations to pay a month's wages in advance to the Lord Admiral; the warrant signed by the King for his diets being annexed. Warrant to Mr. Mason, master of the Posts, to pay Adam Gascoigne's daily wages of 4s. from his last pay until commanded otherwise, (viz., such warrant as he had last summer at the King's being at Portsmouth, Sir Brian Tuke then master of the Posts), as his payment had been stayed on the ground that his business was less. Letter to John Stowell, vice admiral in the West, that a Flemish hulk coming from Lisborne to Antwerp had been robbed by English pirates of pepper and other merchandise to the value of 40,000 ducats, and part of the goods sold by the robbers at "Ylforde Combe besides Excestre;" Stowell should attach such of the goods as bearer could identify and should also endeavour to apprehend one —— Thompson of Calais, who was a doer in the said robbery. To Lord Graye of Wilton that, the earl of Surrey being revoked from Boulogne for other service, he should make ready to repair to Boulogne where the King appointed him captain and seneschal, as by letters patent should shortly appear. To Hertford, that Lord Gray was appointed as above and should be admitted.
30 March. 488. [Paget to Hertford.]
R. O. The King has seen your lordship's sundry letters, the last of which came today, and order is given for your furniture with victuals. His Majesty did not much mislike the report of the depth of Hambletewe haven, hoping for better at spring tide. His Highness likes the report of the trumpet; "and I will write to Newcastle for the satisfaction of the ships that conveyed the Spaniards to Calais." Letters are just arrived from the Council at Bulloign declaring the danger of the fortifications, the old being left undone and the new devices not able to be perfected this year. You shall go thither with my lord Amiral, Mr. Lee, Mr. Rogers, and others, to view all fortifications and order all necessary works to be done forthwith. The Italian footmen out of Bulloign are to be paid beforehand by Mr. Haryngton, beginning their month at such day as the treasurer of Bulleyn shall advertise. "My lord Gray shall be captain and seneschal of Bulleyn and Bullenoys, and in his place Mr. Knyvet to be captain of the horsemen and Mr. Bouchier his lieutenant,—Mr. Braye to take charge of Guysnez town for a season, and George Browne to be lieutenant at Hammes. Mary! my lord Grey may not yet these viij days enter this new charge, for that it is supposed that my lord of Surrey shall within a day or two repair thither for v. or vj. days for the ordering of his things there, which if he do not (as you shall be advertised whether he do or not) then my lord Graye to enter forthwith." Send me a copy of this letter (because I write in haste), commend me to my lord Admiral, etc., and show Sir Thos. Palmer that his letter was "the best taken of any letter he wrote these iij months." Westm. 30 March 1546.
Copy in the hand of Hertford's clerk, p. 1.
30 March. 489. Hertford to Henry VIII.
R. O. Today I accompanied your army from Calais until past the Cawsey, and then, thinking it necessary for me and my brother to view the camp here before the army's arrival, departed with 30 horse to Sandingfeilde to meet Lord Graye; who was, however, "empeacbed in the despatch of the Spaniards" encamped near Arde, so that after waiting an hour and a half for him I came hitberwards, where I had appointed Mr. Wiat and Rogers, surveyor of Bulloigne, to meet me. By the way, discovering two or three Frenchmen in a grove side at Owescote, I sent certain horsemen to cut them off from another wood, and so, of 21 who were there, captured nineteen and slew one. They were of the retinue of Mons. Rockton, captain at Saymer de Boyce, men who have much annoyed Englishmen passing between Bulloigne and Calais. Shortly after we had appointed our camp, my lord Admiral arrived with your plat for the fortification (fn. n9); and within two or three days we trust to have fortified our camp, taken down the old walls and levelled the ground. Upon your further pleasure declared to my lord Admiral we will confer tomorrow.
Lately wrote to Secretary Paget that the haven here is not so good as was thought. This day, however, at a quarter ebb three crayers came in, one of which draws 9 ft. Camp at Hambletewe, 30 March 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
30 March. 490. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 86.
Hearing that the Landgrave was going to the Emperor at Spires, Mont at once went thither to note what was treated. On 28 March towards 10 o'clock the Landgrave approached Spires and was received by Mons. Le Grand and Vicechancellor Naves. On dismounting, he dined with the Count Palatine (who with his wife arrived on the previous Friday) and then went to his lodging; where Naves came to him at 2 o'clock, and at 3 conducted him to the Emperor. The Emperor received him at the door of his chamber, with outstretched hand. When all were removed and the door shut, the Emperor, with Naves, and the Landgrave, with his chancellor and Dr. Gualter, remained in conversation half an hour; and then Count William of Furstenberg knocked lightly at the door and entered. Shortly afterwards the Landgrave and his people, with the Count, came out, and waited in the second chamber a while until the Landgrave and his people were recalled into the Emperor's chamber for an hour; and the Count, after waiting half an hour outside, departed. Next day, after sermon in his own house, the Landgrave went to the Palatine at 8 o'clock and remained there with Granvelle and Naves until after 11. At his return home he called Mont and bade him come to him that night. Did so, about 6 o'clock, at the Landgrave's return from a half hour's interview with the Emperor; and the Landgrave took him apart and bade him write to his King that the Emperor had summoned him (the Landgrave) hither and had moved him for the consent of his party to the Council of Trent, for the preservation of peace in the Empire and for the support of the judgment of the Chamber and appointment of suitable nominees thereto. His answer was (he said) that they would never consent to a Council called by the Pope's authority, whom they were ready to accuse of the gravest crimes; the Emperor should take sword in hand and vindicate his right from this usurper; formerly the Emperors appointed the Popes, but now they were constrained basely to be confirmed by the Popes; peace and the restoring of the Chamber were provided for in the Diet of Spires of '43. Asked if he gave any articles in writing, he answered None, and that he had no authority; and indeed he had prefaced his speech to the Emperor to that effect. At the Palatine's house, with Granvelle and Naves, he and the Palatine had said that if a general Christian Council could make a consent in doctrine after the form of the Confession of Augsburg it was much to be wished for, but Italy, France and Spain (he would not name England) were still far from that opinion; what Germany needed was a national Diet to pacify it in accordance with the articles agreed upon at Ratisbon, and then the States would do whatever the Emperor might reasonably ask. The Landgrave added that this was what had been treated these two days, and Mont might write that he had consented to nothing which could displease the King. Then he remembered Riffenberg, and said that if the King brought accusation against him in his dominions he would behead him.
The Emperor has gone today towards Ratisbon, from whence many think that he will go to Italy. The Landgrave has gone with the Palatine to Heydelberg. Spires, 30 March 1546.
Latin, Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
30 March. 491. Mont to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 88.
Wrote on the 27th, by Rugedragon, of his dealings with the Landgrave. Heard the same day that the Landgrave was hastening to the Emperor at Spires, and went thither both to see what was done and to salute the King's ambassador, the bp. of Westminster. Has written to the King the doings between the Emperor and Landgrave. Dr. Hans Bruno was also here, who narrated to me (and also afterwards to the bp. of Westminster in my presence) as follows:—
That he came hither to accompany Count William of Furstenberg into England, who, with the Emperor's letters of commendation, had determined to go and offer service, but, as he now heard that the King was provided both with captains and men, he had persuaded the Count first to learn the King's mind by letter. Two causes had moved him to accompany the Count, viz, 1st, knowing that the French had appointed to besiege Calais, Guisnes and Boulogne at the same time, and with a powerful fleet to stop the bringing of victuals by sea, the Emperor being departed to Italy, the Count, with his great influence among German soldiers, could be useful to raise those sieges, or, under the Prince of Piedmont, who seeks his service, give the French king business in Bresse: 2nd, since the French in Upper Germany commonly have their military practices about Strasburg and the borders of Switzerland, this Count, being in the neighbourhood, can easily disperse them with light horse. Bruno therefore thinks that the Count should be conciliated with some pension or gift of a chain (cathena data) to keep him from the French who (Bruno thinks) are seeking him. This he desired Mont to signify, and obtain answer; which Mont does, with the bp. of Westminster's consent, although the most eminent men judge the said Count to be liker Ajax than Agamemnon.
Has word that the French king accepts a loan at interest from the Swiss. Asked the Landgrave's chancellor this morning whether the Diet indicted at Worms would take place; and he answered that all the States, or their delegates would meet at Worms before going to Ratisbon. If Mont is to do anything there or at Ratisbon it should be signified to him at Frankfort soon, for that Diet will not last long. Whether the Princes themselves will come to the Diet is not yet known. The Landgrave said that the Emperor indeed sought this of him, but he was of another opinion. The King might well gratify the Palatine with some letter of congratulation on his accession to new honor; for, besides that he expects it (as Mont lately wrote), such a confirmation of the old friendship would attach him to the King,—and the Frenchmen are frequently waiting upon him. Begs commendation to Petre. Worms, 30 March 1546.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
30 March. 492. Charles V. to Prince Philip.
viii., No. 228.
Wrote from Luxemburg. Arrived here on the 22nd, and has remained, resting his men and himself and receiving the bp. of Mayence, Count Palatine and Landgrave of Hesse. Leaves today and hopes to reach Ratisbon in twelve or thirteen days without passing through Nuremberg or Ulm. Desires answer to his letter from Venlo. The Princess, the writer's niece, accompanied the Count Palatine. Next day the Landgrave arrived. Could only repeat what he said at Maestricht with regard to his coming, and can see that an agreement will be extremely difficult; but will goon to Ratisbon and take every opportunity of conversing with both Catholics and Protestants. Urges the king of the Romans to hasten thither. The Ambassador in France reports hesitancy whether to return the galleys to Marseilles or keep them to protect the coast about Boulogne. Discusses the expediency of making reprisals upon them in return for the damage they did to his subjects on their outward voyage, but concludes that the only way is to warn the ports that no such damage is to be suffered, and secretly to order Don Bernardino to put his galleys ready. If the French dismantle the galleys and send the crews and fittings over land, they will be too late to fit out galleys again this summer. Philip's object must be to make the French believe that, in consequence of what happened before, the galleys will be unwelcome. With the King's consent French ships are still fitting out for the Indies, upon pretext of going to Brazil. Certain of the principal personages of Sicily prove to be contaminated with Lutheranism; and the lack of an Inquisitor there is to be regretted. Doubtless the brief for the Inquisitor General will have reached the Cardinal of Seville, who must be at once informed of the above that he may send an Inquisitor. The bill of exchange for the breadstuffs sent from Sicily to Spain must be met. Spires, 30 March 1546.
30 March. 493. Prince Philip to Charles V.
viii., No. 229.
Has received the Emperor's letter of the 16th and, seeing that the enterprise against the Protestants is to be made this year, can only pray that God will grant the forces necessary for a work which is entirely for His service. Security should be obtained that the Pope's promised aid may be forthcoming when needed. The general impression seems to be that when the Protestants learn the Emperor's intention they will approach the king of France; and perhaps the king of England, fearing that the Emperor and Pope will turn their arms against him next, may ally himself with the Protestants, or even with the king of France, who may take advantage of the situation to bring the king of England to consent to his conditions. Communicated what the Emperor wrote to no one but Covos, who will answer directly. * * Madrid, 30 March 1546.
31 March. 494. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.
Begs him to help to their furniture with victuals, they having come hither, to avoid being thought slothful, without victuals, ordnance, tents or mattresses. Wishes for 1,000 pioneers more because much money will be saved by ending sooner and it is to be considered that they "will daily fall sick here." Would gladly be in debt 1,000 mks. more than he is, on condition that the King were here for one hour, where his grace and prudent advice would be much help, and he would see a thing to his contentation; "assuring you, if the Frenchmen had prevented us as they thought to have done they would a' driven us into such a necessity that we should a' been constrained to have abandoned Boleyne." Camp at Hamultu, last of March.
P.S.—Being unable to bring the Italians from Boleyne before paying them, and their wages and the horsemen's amounting to 1,000l., as the treasurer of Boleyne says, the writer has taken 1,000l. of the treasurer of Calys. Even now nine hoys are entering this haven.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
31 March. 495. Carne to Brende and Brigantyn.
R. O. Yesterday received their letter sof the 27th by Bestian Lucas. Having letters from the King's Council to be sent to them touching the passage of the soldiers, and another letter from the Emperor's ambassadors with the King to the Lady Regent, and today, being sent for, found her "in a marvellous choler for that you mustered within the Emperor's land at Elton," she having grievous letters of complaint both from the abbey of Elton and from the Emperor's Council of Gelders. After being baited betwixt her and her Council, could not obtain leave for the passage until Courtpenyng should come hither to take order for it; she saying that if they attempted to pass they should be hewn in pieces, and commanding the writer to warn them to remove the whole band out of the Emperor's land before Courtpenyng left them or she would cause him to be hanged. The whole Council here affirm the same. She says plainly that she has ordered Mons. de Houlstreate, governor of the Gelders, to keep his bands ready to stay them until Courtpenyng has been here. The King's Council write to you in the letter herewith, that the licence of the passage is obtained, and also willed me to advertise you if they here would have anything added thereto; but the Lady Regent says that there is no licence granted, nor shall be till she has spoken with Courtpenyng. "You had need advise you well, for the case is dangerous." I write this that provision may be made that the King may be served and those here pacified, for they take your mustering upon their land very grievously. If Courtpenyng come hither straight, as not knowing the Queen's determination, I learn from a good place that he shall be despatched quickly and the thing be better taken; so that you need not send for him back if he be on his way hither. It were well to get the lady's good will there. They say here that the county of Benton and the county of Lyngham be nigh unto you. Bynkes, 31 March 1546.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd.: Mr. Cam to the Commissioners.
R. O. 2. Another copy. (fn. n10)
Pp. 2.
31 March. 496. John Dymmocke to Paget.
R. O. His host's wife's brother, a very tall young man who served the Emperor upon the sea in last wars, desires to serve the King with a pretty ship of 50 tons and 40 tall men at his own charge if he may have a letter of marque, promising to sell in England what he shall take of Scotchmen and Frenchmen. He has secretly prepared his ship to go forth with the fleet now here abiding the wind, in which is a ship of 120 tons belonging to Frenchmen, which he means to take and man for the King's service. Begs that if it be a thing lawful the man may have such a patent with all speed, bearing date the 2nd or 3rd of March, and also a blank patent wherein to put the Frenchman's name when taken. His honesty need not be doubted, for he does this because the Frenchmen lately spoiled a ship of his. His name is John Corteleben van Amesterdam and his ship's The Greyhonde. Last of March 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
31 March. 497. John Dymmocke to Vaughan.
R. O. By yours of 23 March, I perceive that you have sent to the King's ambassador according to my last writing. I have away most of the King's provisions, and all will be gone within two days. My servant Thomas is gone to make an end at Brame; and Joies, at Dorte, unlades the corn until the King's pleasure be known. Where you write that I was at Bynckes myself and should have seen the doubt in the passport amended, "the truth is, Mr. Vaughan, I do not know the crafty dealing of them which should use the King's Majesty with truth and favour, the which the ambassador did reckon that it had been so meant, and therefore did he nor I find no fault but have thought it sufficient." It makes no matter, as I am at a good point for the provisions here. "I had sent your letter unto John van Quyckelboroght, which Mr. Watson sent you, and he had forgotten it. "You shall receive it by this bringer." Amesterdame, 31 March 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: King's agent at Andwerppe. "Sir, I pray you to send away Mr. Pagett's letters by the first that goes." Endd.: John Dymmock to Mr. Seer. Mr. Paget.
March. 498. The Navy.
R. O. "Ships appointed for the Narrow Seas, mens. Marcii anno xxxvijmo regni d'ni n'ri Regis Henrici Octavi." [Giving captain's name, tonnage, and number of "soldiers, mariners and gunners" in each.]
The lord William, the Greate Venician, 800 (700 in § iii) tons, 450 men. Sir Wm. Woddehouse, the Jesus of Lubeck, 700 t., 350 m. The lord Admiral, the Panncye, 450 t., 360 m. Sir Ric. Wingfelde, the Morian, 450 t., 300 m. Wingfilde of Lewringham, the Mary Hamburgh, 400 t., 250 m. The lord Clynton, the Lease Gallionne, 400 t., 300 m. Sir John Clere, the Swepestake, 400 t., 250 m. Wm. Browke, the Graundemaisteres, 400 t., 250 m. Thos. Cottoune, the Anne Gallaunte, 400 t., 250 m. Clement Pastoune, the Mynnyon, 300 t., 220 m. Wm. Tyrrell, the Sallamaunder, 300 t., 220 m. Matthew Kent, the Swallowe, 240 t., 160 m. Wm. Fraunces, the Unicorne, 240 t., 160 m. Edw. Wolf, the Greyhounde, 200 t., 140 m. Thos. Bystoune, the Newe Barke, 200 t., 120 m. —— (blank) Graunger, the Artigo, 160 t., 120 m. Wm. Lee, the Mary Thomas of Grenewiche, 90 t., 100 m. Edw. Treforde, the Hynde, 80 t., 60 m. Thos. Huttoune, the Fawconne, 80 t., 60 m. John Burleghe, the Saker, 80 t., 60 m. John Shepherde, the Roo, 80 t., 60 m. Wm. Courtneye, the Marlioune, 60 t., 50 m. John Basing, the Briggindynne, 40 t., 50 m. Wm. Candishe, the Phenix Hartforde, 60 t., 50 m. Chr. Stockdoune, the Shallop Renneger, 25 t., 25 m.
ii. "For the ranforce of the shippes appointed for the Narrow Seas," mens. Marcii 37 Hen. VIII, viz.:—[Captains not named]. The Henry Grace a Deo, 1,000 t. 700 m.; the Peter, 600 t., 400 m.; the Mathew, 600 t., 300 m.; the Aragazie of Hamptoune, 600 t., 400 m.; the Greate Gallionne, 500 t., 300 m.; the Aragozie of London, 500 t., 300 m.; the Struse of Daunsyck, 450 t., 250 m.; the Christopher Breame, 400 t., 246 m.; the Salvior of Bristow, 350 t., 160 m.; the Trinitie Henry, 300 t., 250 m.; the Galley Subtyll, 300 t., 250 m.; Sir Thomas Seymour's shippe, 260 t., 200 m.; the Prymerose, 250 t., 200 m.; the Dragonne, 140 t., 120 m.; the Lyonne, 140 t., 120 m.; the Mary James, 100 t., 80 m.; the Mary Odiarne, 70 t., 60 m.; the Lesse Pynnasse, 60 t., 50 m.; the 10 shalloppes of yc West countrye, 450 t., 400 m.; the 4 new ships a making at Depforde, 1,000 t., 720 m.
iii. [In a different hand from the preceding. Giving tonnage and number of men (soldiers, mariners, gunners) but not always at the same figures as in § i.] "Shipes apoincted f ...... [if it may] so staund wythe [the King's Majesty's pleasure] for the fyrst ren ......"
The ships are the Great Venizion, Paunsey, Moryan, Mary of Hamborough, Lesse Galeon, Swipestake, Salamandre, Mynyon (fn. n11), Grand Mistres, Anne Gallant, Swallowe, Unicorn, Newbark (fn. n11), Genet (fn. n11) (180 t., 160 m.), Grayhound, Faulcon (fn. n11), Rowe (fn. n11), Hinde, Sacre (fn. n11), Marlion, Brigantyn, Treago (fn. n11) and Hare (fn. n12) (20 t., 25 m).
Ships for the North Seas:—The Trinitie Smith (14.0 t., 100 m.), Mary Fortune (120 t., 100 m.), Mary and John (100 t., 80 m.), and John of Beverley (45 t., 45 m.).
Large paper, pp. 4.
499. Boulogne.
R. O. i. "An estimate of the King's Majesty's charges for Bulloyn from the first of April until the first of November."
To Bulloyn are appointed 5,544 men, Englishmen and strangers, horsemen, footmen and pioneers, whose monthly wages amount to 5,931l. 13s. 4d., as appears "by Sir Southwell's book"; which for seven months is 41,521l. 13s. 4d. Provision of victuals, as will appear in the particular book, will come to —— (blank); whereof, with carriage, freight, leakage, decay, &c., the King is like to be charged 7 months, —— (blank).
"Memorandum, that Callard and the gentlemen be cassed before the first of April."
ii. Estimate for Guisnes and the Low Country from 1 April to 1 Nov.
Thereto are appointed 2,200 men, Englishmen and strangers, horsemen and footmen, whose monthly wage is 2,901l. 18s. 2d., making in seven months 20,313l. 7s. 2d. Provisions (as in § i.) will cost the King —— (blank).
"Memorandum, if the Staplers ship no more this year than they did the last, the King's Majesty shall be charged in the time aforesaid for the wages of the ordinary garrison at Calleys with three or four thousand pound more." Item, there are yet 500 footmen at Guisnes more than the aforesaid number, who must either now be cassed or appointed to serve with my lord of Hertford, to the increased charge of the army.
Pp. 2. Endd.: 1546.
R. O. 2. "Men meet to be remembered for their good service now having double pays," viz., Captains Sybyl and Trobelfeld; John a Calleys; Captains Cotton, Stukeley, Acton, Bowes, Gainsford (altered from Nicholas Gainsford), Calard, George, Compton and Edward Dudley; Thomas Hogeston, Bagshawe and Powel.
P. 1. Endd.
500. Imperial Commerce and the War.
viii., No. 231.
Advice of the guild of merchants at Burgos, in reply to a letter from Prince Philip, as to the practical measures to be taken to protect Spanish and Flemish shipping from the French and English who are at war with each other. As far as possible ships should sail in companies and well armed, as the greatest danger is from corsairs who plunder and abandon solitary vessels and have taken a vast booty which cannot be recovered. Ships bringing bullion from the Indies should assemble at Havana and wait for convoy, as the French and English are now familiar with that voyage and sail round the Indies for the purpose of plundering such ships. The Emperor should take steps to get prompt justice for his subjects in England and obtain a provision that no flotilla sail from England without giving security not to molest his subjects. His Majesty should also order in the Spanish ports that when any English fleet arrives it should be obliged to give security not to molest his subjects. English ships should not be allowed to lie in wait off the Spanish ports or to make prizes within such ports. The report concludes with a specification of the armament which seems needful for a ship of any tonnage.
Latin. Very faded and mutilated, pp. 11.
501. The Colloquy of Ratisbon.
R. O. A Protestant Newsletter.
Non dubium quin varia ad vos de colloquio nostro Ratisbonensi [et ejus] suspensione, et nostro Ratisbona discessu defer[an]tur. Ut igitur de his que vera sunt et cogniscatis ipsi et expon[at]is aliis quibus hec exponi convenit volui hec paucis ad vos per[scr]ibere. Primum quibus de causis hoc colloquium videatur co[nven]tum et qua sit ratione institutum, tum quomodo cept[um e]t habitum sit. Deinde ex qua [cau]sa rursus suspensum. [Tande]m qua causa Ratisbona discesserimus. Primum igitur con[st]at Pontificem Ro. et creaturos ejus ferre non posse ut Ger[ma]ni suas ecclesias ipsi restituant. Eoque generalem per Consiliu[m re]formacionem fieri oportere [j]actant; ut offusa principibus inani (?) universalis reformationis o[p]inione [eff]ugiant et eludant pios principum conatus de reformatione particulari ut que posset [j]am facile obtine[ri] tum eciam ad universalem reformationem a[ditu]m patefacere .... Exempla enim hujusmodi studii ad restitu[en]dam Ecclesiam Deus Dominus non sinit esse otiosa, aut in paucis con[sis]tere .... Quemadmodum igitur Pontifex cum suis anno 41 omnia ...., et tentavit Ratisbonæ ne aliquod [reforma]tionis [per] Ger[man]iam fieret, receptis articulis qui t[u]nc erant, in Colloquio ibidem habito, consiliati, ita iidem summis viribus postea obstiterunt ne Imperator ea exqueretur (sic) que statuerat et promiserat in Comitiis Spiren', Anno 43, se de relligione concilianda et reformandis ecclesiis acturum in Comitiis Wormatien. que [sunt] celebrat[a] anno 44.
Hec cum ita [se] habeant et Consilium Tridentinum interim apertum sit, ut loquuntur, verendum est eorum conjecturam non mult[um] aberrare qui conjecerunt Colloquium hoc nostrum quod Ratisbonæ rursua hab[eri] debuit, et ceptum fuit, institutum fuisse ut preberet colorem aliquem justitii tam diuturni in imperio Germaniæ donec sese aliqua via aperiret de rebus magis ex sententia constituendis, et forsan etiam ut Pontifex et consilium nostra dogmata certius cognosceret (sic) et plausab ...... Nihil enim per hoc Colloquium quesitum esse piæ conciliationis atque r[efo]rmationis ipsi nobis oppositi collocutores nunc ultro predicant. E[t] multi ante augurati sunt ex his causis.
P[rim]um enim nomine Imp. Mtis Wor[m]aciæ gravissime affirmatum est [et] hodie affirmatur, ipsi non licere instituere aut admitte[re] [tal]em Synodum qua de ecclesiasticis rebus per Germani[am] [discut]eretur. Deinde ad Co[lloqu]ium homines ab altera parte ad [miss]i sunt quos constit[it] pridem esse a voluntate et studio pi[æ] concordiæ [et] restitutions ecclesiarum cum primis alienos. D[en]ique admodum inique huic colloquio rationes prescripte fu[erunt]. Quid enim iniquius quam exigere silentium actorum in hac ca[usa] C[hr]isti, pertinente ad omnes [in com]mune? Nolle ad[mittere] n[otar]ios qui acta conscriberent ab utraque parte adhibendos? N[olle] concedere ut cum scriptis [d]isputand[um] sit ut script[a] co[llo]cutores ibi [invi]cem (?) communicent quo argumenta [et r]esponsiones ordine se sequantur et sibi mutuo responde[antur]? Prohibere denique de actis Colloquii aliquid referre [ad Principes] et Respub. quorum hec maxime intersunt? He vero conditiones nobis fuerunt oblatæ. Jam videte qui fuerint pr[esides] [atque] collocutores.
Presidentes fuerunt initio Episcopus Eichstatensis et [comes] Fredericus Furstenbergen'. Hi admodum humaniter sese er[ga] nos gesserunt, et quod in ipsis fuit visi sunt nobis que æquia erant non illibenter conced[ere]. Interim tamen uterque se questus est, causam hanc esse [ultra] captum suum, se tanto negocio imparem. Episcopus persepe testatus est in excusatione controversiarum se nequaquam intromissurum; Sed auditorem tantum prebiturum et modestie monitorem, si qui forte vellent agere turbulentius. Agnovit quoque se ut Episcopum Eichstetensem in Colloquium hoc non consensisse, eoque se e[sse] non ut episcopum quem reliquisset Eichstadii (ita loquebatur) preesse. Comes questus nonnunquam est se nec linguam Latinam, qua agendum fuit, plane intelligere. His ergo prep[ositis] qui a causa que agenda erat voluerunt tune esse alieni, quique se nihil quam auditores et moderatæ actionis monitores pro[fessi] sunt, quid [esse] spei potuit aliquid in D[o]mino conciliandi ex summis ill[is] controversiis Religionis [et] tot et tam acribus disputat[ion]ibus pridem sunt ..... [et] cum [his] maxime co[llocutoribus]?
Horum enim primus, et qui visus est non tantum Collegis suis moderari [fuit] Petrus Malvenda, Hispanus, Theologus Sorbon[nensis acerri]mus Doctrinæ nostræ adversarius, qui cum imbuit (?) ... prelaturas in Hispaniis [con]fessionari[i] Impis per quem [pat]ronum su[um], et nostre conf[essi]onis hostem extremum, facile impetrare potuit quas[li]bet iniquas colloq[uend]i rationes. [Al]ter collocutorum fu[it] Prov[incia]lis Ca[rmeli]tarum, (fn. n13) homo impuræ vitæ et [in] doctrinam Christi impotentissimi odii et oris stilique maledicentissimi. [Tertius fuit] Provincialis Augustinianorum, (fn. n14) ejusdem prec[ii] et animi nobis (?) nisi quod de abusibus suæ partis .. plus [c]onfitetur. Quartus fuit delirus, sed sacrilegiis tamen sanus doc[tor], onustus senecio Cochleus. Hi omnes tantum oppugnandi nostra animis se ad Colloquium accessisse satis de[clara]verunt tota colloquii actione actione, (fn. n15) sicut et antea. Nos enim cum concionibus et tum scriptis publicis ut deterrimos hereticos quos oportebat ante multos [a]nnos sublatos esse a vivis condemnaverunt: qui et hodie si sententiam de nobis rogarentur indubie diceren[t] fasculis et igni, non amicis collationibus, no[bis]cum esse disputandum. Proinde cum ad collocutionem ventum sit articulum de jus[ti]ficatione in priore colloquio conciliatum magna importunitate rejecerunt. Et quecumque attulimus quamlibet ex apertis(?) Scripturis atque S. Patrum testimoniis deprompta tamen ea sophismatis suis nexare studuerunt. Quantum autem suis confiderent sophismatis nescio. Hoc tamen et initio, et post iterum factum est tandemque etiam efectum: ut progredi in Colloquio non liceret nisi consentiremus ut silentio omnia disputata contegerentur. Nolebant enim excipi per notarios ultro citroque dicta ne cum excussis familiari et libero sermone questionibus, scripta de bis offerenda essent adversar .. hor[um] scriptorum nobis exem[pl]a communicare.
[Cum] itaque nos videremus [nih]il omnino doctrine Christiane posse cum istis collocutoribus pie (?) conciliari, omnemque fructum Colloquii ex eo uno nobis esse expectandum ut disputata in Colloquio judicationi Imp. Matis ordinumque ... [c]omode offerentur, or ... [e]xempto veteris Ecclesie et .. vulgarium judiciorum, qui ..... [e]ciam in Wormaciensi Colloquio est observatus, per juratos [nota]rios, exciperentur que adversarii contra nostram confessionem .. rent, queque nos illis responderemus ut nimirum illorum [argumenta et] nostra responsa .... collocuta faciliorem preberet .... dijudicacionem.
N[on] detrectabamus tamen subinde eciam libero sermone et citra excepcionem notariorum colloqui, atque prepositas questiones excutere, sed ea lege ut notariis nihilominus postquam ejusmodi libero colloquio res essent aliquandiu agitatæ et explicatæ adversariorum objectiones et nostræ responsiones ordine dictarentur.
Hæc colloquendi conditio post aliquot dierum contentionem admissa fuit, non simpliciter tamen, sed, dum Imp. de ea suam voluntatem rescriberet. Acta oportuit concludi in cista tribus obfirmata ceris, ad quarum unam, clavis nobis permissa est, ad alteram retinuerunt clavem presides, que tertiam apperit eam tradiderunt Collocutoribus alterius partis.
Ad hoc igitur modum est ceptum colloqui. Habetis jam et causas condicti Colloquii, et rationem qua condictum et ceptum est; nunc memorabo quomodo habitum sit. Advers[arii] ... tant initio per certamina de protestatio[nis nostræ] ordine agendi atque articulorum de quibus colloqui nos Imp. Jusserat. Ubi enim prefati et protestati essemus, volebamus et not[ariis] nostram prefationem atque protestationem subjicere ut illa, que juste disputationi premitti solent, juxta se ponerentur priusquam in ipsas controversias tractandas de[scenderemus]. Verum adversarii ubi suam pr[e]fat[ion]em et protestatio[nem] ... issent in ipsam causam de justificatione negato ....... simil[it]er prefandi atque protesta[ndi] negocii sunt. Ubi a[ute]m respondendi nobis locus ..... t, et prefationem nost[ram] remisissemus atque cum ... [resp]ondere pararemus, que [de] justificatione in act[a retu]lissent, postulabant permitti sibi ut prius ad nostra prefata replicarent. [Dein]de cum Imp. jussisset nos nostram Augustanam Confessionem ord[ine] excutere, et de eo inter nos conf[erre] quid in ea suscipi [p]ossit qui .... Febr ... Ma[lve]nda q[ui] actione[m inc]eperat attulit de justif[icati]one doctrinam suorum scholastic [am] articulosque .... confudit, hos, videlicet, de justificatione, de virib[us] hominis ... bonum, de reliquiis peccati ori[ginalis], de impletione legis veteris, de fide, de operibus, de meritis, et mercede bonorum operum. Nos vagam confusamque istam disputationem ad confessionis nostre breves et distinctos articulos contraximus. Itaque 5 Febr. usque ad 26, exceptis feriis, disputatum est hisce de rebus, cum dictando Notariis tum eciam libero sermone; que omnia in Actis [vi]debitis per nos propediem volente Deo edendis. Que collocutores alterius partis contender[unt] contra nostram confessionem, immo contra ipsum Evangelion Christi, hec sunt: Opera nondum justificatorum preparare ad justificationem et valere ad convertendum oculos misericordie divine ad ignoscendum. Fidem mortuam veram fidem esse. Et fidem in Christum non debere certam esse de salute. Fide sola, id est sola misericord[ia] Dei, et justitia Christi, que fide appre[henduntur, non possumus] justificari. sed eciam spe et charitate, [id] est, non tantum gratia Dei et merito Unius Servatoris nostri Jhesu Christi, sed etiam ut nostri ingenii, et merito nostre justicie; Immo charitatem esse justificationis formam. Hominem hic [p]osse implere legem Dei, posse red[d]ere Deo et proximo quid debet. Bona Opera justificationem ca ....., et vitam eter[na]m [m]ereri. Et alia his similia. I ... Dei et redem[pcionis] nostre facte per Christum gra ..... Sed hec in A[ctis] le[gentur]. Hinc igitur cognosce[tis] q ....... Colloquii ..... que simus.
D[e susp]ensione vero Colloqu[ii] .... habet 26 Febr. exhibi .. no .... nt per presides novi .... arti[cu]li, in quibus Jul[ius] P[f]lug [ter]cius preses Coll[oquii] preficebatur et Notar ..... ejusque [cons]ultatoria Colloq[ui]o rem[o]vebantur et indicebatur no .. ut familiari tantum sermone non dictan[do] Notariis agend[um] et ut ult ... scripta adversaria utrinque ofierenda ..... tantum s[cribe]rentur .... nobis eorum exemplarib[us]. D[en]ique juramentum [silentii] ....... [n]e quid de Actis Colloquii [c]uiquam mortalium indicaremus, dum Imp. ipse juramentum ho[c] nobis remisisset. Hec precipue Malvende e [patr]ono ejus Confessionario Imp. accepta ferimus.
Nos vero cum non possemus per conscienciam, nec per nostro[rum] principum mandata, admittere ut lumen Evangelii poneretur sub modio, et ut actiones nostre cum talibus Collocutoribus destituerentur justia certisque testimoniis scriptorum, nec vellemus occasionem dare prescindendi Colloquii, exposuimus quidem presidibus que nos [in] singulis articulis gravarent, tamen ut familiari tantum sermone ageremus citra dictationem consensimus. Sed ea lege ut cum de articulo aliquo non convenisset adversarii sua summa argumenta quo vellent ordine conscriberent, nobisque sua scripta offerrent quo illorum argumentis responsiones nostras eodem ordine subjiceremus et invicem deferremus. I[ta ut] illorum (?) et nostræ rationes inter se collatæ potuissent facilius ponderari et judica[ri]. Concedi [qu]oque nobis rogavimus scripta hujusmodi Princip[ibus] superioribus nostris, cum opus esset, exhibere. Item remitti juramentum [si]lentii, et ut unus saltem Nota[rius] a [clericis nostris] adhiberetur, [et] qu[i]a ad ea que adversarii co[nt]ra notram co[nfession]em in Acta ja[m] contulerunt nostram responsio[ne]m no ...... solveramus, [pet]ebamus eciam ut presid[es n]os absolvere ... Acta referre [ve]l s[al]tem ad Acta ponere ... [p]ermitterent Presides .. [post] multam deliberacionem cum adversariis [ac] tractatione[m re]sponderunt se per mandata Imp. non posse .. concede[re quod p]eteremus. De notario t[amen] ex nostris assumendo cum pe[r . presi]des voluisset Imp. esse d[ele]ctum notariorum vide ..... fuisse nostram petitionem . ssuri Si quid [em] nos .... [jura]mentum silentii, .... detrec[tar]e[m]us, [et] voluiss ... postulatam communicationem scriptorum conce .. Videbantur .. de perficienda nostra responsione et ad [Ac]ta ponenda (?) .... posse (fn. n16) potuisse. Ad [ho]c due he res obstitiss[ent] max[ime] .. quo minus inter nos .. progre[dit]ur [et?] Colloquio po ... juramentum silentii [et] com[municat]io scriptorum advers[ariis]; juramentuin enim nee nos facere [nec] pres[ides n]obis re[cipere], et communicationem scriptorum, nee nos non poscere nee illi nobis permittere poterant, ut constanter affirmabant. Ista igitur juramenti tarn pertinax postulatio, et communicationis scriptorum tam obstinata negatio precipuæ fuisse causae videntur cur Colloquium suspensum sit, sive he cause a Collocutoribus ipsis adversariæ: partis, sive a Confessionario Imp. Obvenerunt, Imperator certe et D[ns] Granvella cum Illustrissimo [princjipe Lantgravio collocuti Spire, negarunt se mandasse obstringi nos ne Acta Colloquii ad principes et superiores nostros referre[mus]. Quicquid autem hujus sit, nobis, ut nee verbis referre ad nostros nee scriptis testari ad omnes de Actis Colloquii liceret ...... et ipsa Evangelii religio de quo agendum erat quo[d pr]edic[a]r[i] debet omnibus gentibus et mandata princip[um nost]rorum vetabant. Nee enim alia exspectare ab his collocutoribus licebat quam inanes rixas, et cause Christi irrisionem, gravesque co[nt]ra illam et nos calumnias, si non potuissemus de Actis utrinque fi.[de]m facere, per fide digna scrip[ta]. Agentes igitur causam lucis, l[uc]em certi testimonii et incorrupfti] judicii necessario quesivimus. I[lli ut] tenebris silentii omnia absconderentur laborarunt.
A[dj]ecimus tum preterea et hoc, cum presides nee remittere nobis juramentum nee largiri communicationem scriptorum possent, ut rogaverimus eos [admitt]erent, suspensis interim illis [artic]ulis novis, nos tantisper modo libere colloqui, et questiones f[amiliari] sermone excutere ... se .. a adversaria, postquam familiari [col]loquio queque questio pertr[act]ata esset inter nos communica .. a ratione quam exposuimus d[on]ec Impis Mtis responsum de nostris gravaminibus recipissent (sic). At[que] id ea lege ut hec dilatio et scriptorum communicatio, non vel pluris haberetur [ve]l diutius proferretur quam I[mp. M]as .... et principes n[os]tr[i] constituerent. Si his comprobar[ent]ur que egissemus, legitimis ilia actis adjungerentur, sin ad id tame[n] profuturum, ita nos colloqui, ut sensus nostros invicem me[liu]s exploraremus. Indeque maj ore compendio in executiendis controversiis progrederemur, quod utique prestaret facere quam omnino otiosos facere tam graves sumptus.
Sed nec ista ratione presides pergere nos in Colloquio voluerunt, sive obstiterunt illis ipsa Impis mandata, sive horum interpretes Malvendæ et quibus hi nituntur. I[psi] quidem volebant admittere presides, immo etiam probabant ut nos collocutores, vel hoc vel alio modo, interim colloqueremur, tanquam privata ratione, sed presidere ipsi nobis detractabant. Cum autem nos nihil cum hisce hominibus absque presidibus, de causis Religionis efficere colloquendo speraremus quod Ecclesie Dei non magis incommodasset quam commodasset, a colloquendo cessatum est. Substituimus tum Ratisbone ab exhi[bito] nostro responso ad articulos Imp. ultimos dies xx (?) .... de Colloquii suspensione. Jam causas exponam discessus nostri Ratisbona.
Interea sunt qu[idam e] nostris a suis principibus [revo]cati sine quibus nos reliqui nih[il] .. agere potuissemus .... a nostris quoque principibus et [civit]atibus in mandatis ..... omnium (?) consilio agere omnia. Visum est igitur nobis omnibus p . .. . ne ad Ecclesias nostras et ad debita nostra in his (?) ministeria . . . remus quam ut Ratisbone terris et impensarum jactur .. stra faceremus. Nee [e]ni[m] spe[s] erat ulla ut justa et ..... colloquendi ratio pos[set?] .. evi impetrari. Ad hec moveru[nt] nos et he cause. Primum ... status cum quibus maxime [p]etenda pacificatio est in Colloquium hoc non consenserunt. [Und]e nee spes esse potuit [u]t [in] Actis hujus Colloquii ...... quam rectissime comparata fuissent ..... comparentur, [vejlint deliberare et statuere. Videbamus igitur id inprimis agendum esse ut [et] cæteri(?) status in Colloquium consentirent et [su]os ad id ip[si] adjungerent. Deinde eciam ho .... conficien .. esse cernebamus ut liberum haberetur Colloquium cum fideli [ac]torum conscriptione et communicatione. Item ut presides pr[e]ficerentur ab utraque parte principum et statuum, atque viri qui [nec] negar[en]t se causam intelligere, nec audire tantum vellent; sed qui et cognitione et studio harum rerum essent prediti, tum pollerent etiam authoritate. Id est, qui et vellent et possent [ac]tiones Colloquii gubernare et ad piam consensionem dirigerent. Denique ut etiam collocutores adhiberentur quibus sit certum pie consensionis studium. Nam ut ad excutiendas controversias religionis adhibeantur hii ipsi qui nunc fuerunt collocutores, vel potius disputatores, vel si qui putentur his argutiores nos non repugnamus. Verum cum componi religionem Domini ferre non possint, qui Christi non sunt, nec non distrahere oves Christi qui eas non student cum Christo colligere, ad componendas [con]troversias, alii omnin[o] adhibendi erun[t] qu[am h]ujusmodi sophiste, [re]conciliations et reformationis acerimi hostes.
.. itaque cum sic habebant, non v[id]imus usum aliquem nostri esse .... one, et fraudare .. ecclesias nostras ministeriis nostris ... noluit, [e]amque ob rem noluimus his presidibus, et protestati [sumus nos] redituros, quam prim[um ver]a et libera colloquendi rati[o fuerit i]mpetrata. Adhortati .. illi contra nos .... ut expect[emus d]um Imp. vel rescri[beret vel] ipse adveniret. Sed cum [aliqui] ex nostris re[voca]ti [ess]ent ........... ceter[i[... nihil agere possent, ces ... Ecclesie Christi poss ...... e de justa et utili colloquendi ratione constitu[ere]tur per .. principes et status satis .. peximus prestare, ut dum istos [princ]ipes et superiores nostros .. Imp. M. et aliquos Imp[erii] ... conficerentur, nostris Ec[cles]iis nostre .. restituerent. [Pras]ertim cum id quoque n .. ndum [n]obis esset, ne presid ....... ta a nobis postularent[ur] que concedere ... subire .. non [licuisset] cum per religionem ministeriis Evangelicis tu[m] pe .......... urn mandata. His igitur de causis reversi su[mus] ad ecclesias nostras, volente Domino reversuri, simul atque de jus[ta et] vera colloquendi ratione fuerit constitutum.
Jam gloriantur adversarii quasi ipsos fugerhnus, sed pii omnes facile cognoscere ipsos, non nos, defugisse justam, et que judicari a bonis potuisset colloquendi rationem. Illi enim et dicta sileri, et scripta ab ... voluer[unt]; nos juxta preceptum Domini contendimus off[erre j]udicio Universe Ecclesie et dicta et scripta nostra, Ipsaque scripta sic componi, ut judicare recte possent, ita ut [in] aliis quoque controversiis judicandis observari solet. Que enim agenda in hoc Colloquio nobis fuerunt, res illæ sunt quas Dominus, precepit predicare de tectis, cum dicte fuerint in aurem. Constituant igitur adhuc justum auditorium, sinantque nos agere [li]bere, et admittant excipi acta per notar[ios], vel consentiant ut post excussas questiones sermone familia[ri] scripta componamus adversaria, argumentis et responsionibus sibi justo ordin[e] succedentibus et respo ..... s et presto habebunt nos, ... ubi volent. Ut enim [ta]ceamus que Christus pre[cipit] predicare omni creature .... [si]ne fide dignis script[orum] testimoniis cum istius[modi ho]minibus de religione Christ[] agamus, qui oppressa[m et co]nfligatam doctrin[am] Christi cupiun[t] ... Christi religio v[et]at. Habetis breviter per .... expositas causas et [ra]tionem Colloquii Ratisbone ..... [c]æpt[i et] rursus su[spensi] tum etiam nostr ......... discess[us]. Acta ipsa .... quoque edemus ex qu ....... piorum non videbit ... o necessario et detrectass .. juramentum silentii ... sse communicationem s[cri]p[to]rum, que due causæ C[olloqui]um hoc maxime su[sp]enderunt.
502. Cardinal Pole to Stanislaus Osius.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 17.
v., No. 374.
In favour of the reverend Dominus Vincentius Bartius, (fn. n17) who has a case before the royal judges.
503. Gilbert Pykeryng and Thomas Russell to Lord St. John.
R. O. According to your lordship's command, I have paid to certain persons and delivered to John Love, of Buckyngham, 605l. 9s., as appears by the enclosed bill. And where I stand bound to the King in 3,000l. to pay all such money for the subsidy as shall come to my hands "by the first and last of Aprile," my trust is that you will see me discharged of the above sum, laid out at your command, and hold me excused that I come not myself, being busied about provision of oxen, for good oxen be very hard to be gotten." Signed by Pykeryng (with a mark).
P. 1. Add.: To, etc., "my lord Seynt John, the lord Graunt Mayster off England." Sealed.
R. O. 2. Payments for oxen bought by Gilbert Pykerynge and Thomas Russell, purveyors for the victualling of the King's ships "in these seas" in the months of March, June, July and August 37 Hen. VIII., by command of my lord Great Master, viz.:—
To Thos. Cave of Stanford for four oxen, 5l. 6s. 8d., and for sixteen oxen, 16l. John Fullwood of Newarke for 20 oxen, 32l. Thos. Tyrryngton of Gosberton for 6 steers, 6l. And similar payments to Wm. Faunt of Neweton, Richard Alderman of Keterynge, Humph, and Thos. Grene of Wyllobye, Wm. Betylle of Sawetre, Silvester Bedyll of Hamerton, John Marryatt of Arthyngworthe, Sir John Williams (20 runts and 2 oxen 24l.), and Nic. Bury of Aswell. Total, 343l. 20d.
Also to John Love, another of the purveyors, by indenture, 262l. 7s. 4d. Signed by Pykering (with a mark).
P. 1.
504. Grants in March, 1546.
1. George Rythe and Thomas Grantham, of Lyncolns Inn, Midd. Grant, in fee, for 1,569l. 15s. 2d., of eleven messuages, &c., in Arnecote, in Ambresden parish, Oxon, in tenure of Wm. —— (blank), Nic Merten. Thos. Presteman, Ric. Holwave Ric Stoke, John Hampson, Ric. Taylor, Ric. Staunton, Wm. Croxton, Thos. Seller and Rog. Lawrence, and all other possessions of the late house or college of Osney, Oxford University, in Arnecote,—Osney College; a messuage and lands in Ablyngton in Fyzhalden parish, Wilts, in tenure of Ric. Cowper, Durford priory, Suss.; a meadow called Moldecote alias Modlicote in the parish of Moldecote alias Modlicote, Salop, in tenure of Ric Colfox,—Haughmond mon.; lands in Lysse parish, Hants, in tenure of Wm. Paye—Durford priory; lands in Southkylworth, Leic., in tenure of Thos. Cave, of Stanford, and in Holcot, Ntht., in tenure of John Hyll,—Pypwell mon.; a grange called Navesbye Graunge, Ntht., in tenure of —— (blank) Perkyns. and closes, &c. (specified) in Navesbye in tenure of Robt. Gosse and John Busshell, and in Sylesworth in Watford parish, Ntht., in tenure of Hen. Wright,—Sulbye mon.; lands in Cosyngton, Leic., in tenure of Robert Calcon, and in Galby alias Dalby. Leic., in tenure of John Davyd, in Pykwell, Leic., in tenure of Thos. Dalbye.—Oulveston mon.; in Stapleford, Leic., in tenure of Robt. Harfford, and in Goodbye alias Gawdebye, Leic., in tenure of Thos. Glene,—Kyrbybellers priory; lands in South Croxton, Leic., in tenure of Edward Pawley and John Glover, in Barresbye, Leic., in tenure of John Haywoodde. in Kylby, Leic., in tenure of Laur. Fermer, in Odebye. Leic., in tenure of Robt. Corbie, i n Knaptofte Leic., in tenure of Robt. Cotton, in Cosyngton, Leic., in tenure of John Garlond, and in Glenffeld Leic., in tenure of Ric. Mydleton rent of 2s. and service from lands of John Harryngton in Stoke, Leic., and a, messuage and lands leased to Rog. Smythe in Stoke, Leic.,—mon. de Pratis, Leicestr'; a messuage and lands in Cosyngton, Leic.,—Gracedue mon.; lands in Thurmaston, Leic., in tenure of Wm. Reynoldes, — Ulvescroft mon.; lands in Sharnesford, Leic., in tenure of Thos. Bayllie, John Sanders, and Thos. Whorlebate,—Pynley priory, Warw.; lands in Hatton parish, Warw., in tenure of —— (blank) Palmer, Wm. Bell, John Pryce, and Ric. Badeley,—St. Sepulchre's priory, Warwick; rent of 1½d. from lands of Ric. Palmer in Hylwotton, Warw., and ½d. from lands of Thos. Pelver there,—Stonely priory, Warw.; lands in Glaston, Rutl. in tenure of John Wymerke, and in Maidwell, Ntht., in tenure of John Jamys,—Fynneshed priory; lands in Eston, Ntht., in tenure of Ric. Doyche, and in Norborough, Ntht., in tenure of Wm. Tygh, — Stamford priory, Ntht.; lands in Ashebylegers, Ntht., in tenure of Robt. Hynkley, and in Harrodon. Ntht., in tenure of John Lane and Wm. Orpyn,—Catesbye priory; lands in Duston, Ntht., in tenure of John Mantell.—Delaprey mon.; lands in Netherwhitacre, Warw., in tenure of Hugh Burton, in Hurley, Warw., in tenure of John Smythe, and in Barleston, Leic., in tenure of John Rampton (two mills), rent of 2s. 4d. and service from lands of George Cotton in Snareston, Leic., lands in Snareston in tenure of Walter Charnell and in Oskaston (sic). Leic., in tenure of Robt. Johnson, rent of 5s. and service from lands of John Dyson in Haggisnorton, Leic., and lands in Hoggisnorton in tenure of John Rote,—Pollesworth mon., Warw. Also rents and service from lands (specified) of George Aborrow (12d.), St. Mary Magdalen's College, Oxford (13s. 4d.), Edw. Langridge (2s. 4d., Marlona Ryth (3s. 4d.), and John Norton (12d.) in Petersfeild, Hants, lands (specified) in Petersfeild in tenure of Wm. Bolde, Robt. Smythe, Robt. Hewarde Robt. Wakling, John Brown, John Hurston, John Wacheman, Isabella Stele, John Wattes, Lancelot Sympson, Gilmin Blecheworth, John Smytbe, Wm. Cowper, John Bensted, John VVheler, John Okeley, Ric. Hurste, and William Madenwell; also rents and service from lands (named) of Thos. Atleche (2s.), Thos. Smether (5s.), Wm. Pagelsham (3s. 1d.), Ric. Fryle (8d.), and Ric Randall (2d.) in Beryton, Hants and Suss., lands (specified) in tenure of Thos. Towtepate, John Page, Thos. Kent, Wm. Page, Wm. Hubbert. Thos. Chamber, Hen. Jonyngef, John Culpate, Alice Ryggdoun, and John Trybe, in Beryton; rent of 6s. 6d. and service from lands (named) of John Pytt in Harting, Suss., lands (specified) in Harting in tenure of John Apytt, Dennis Byrde, John Combe, Ric. Stettynne, Agnes Elkham, John Bradsole, John Southcroft, Robt. Mores, John Cowper, John Salter, Steph. Apytt, lands in the parishes of Chalton, Beryton and Harting, called Holteland, in tenure of Wm. Ledge and a wood called Holtwoode (10 ac.) in Chalton and Beryton,—Durford priory. Also lands in Seton, Rutl., in tenure of Robert Bayhowe, — Fynneshed priory; lands in Stanyarne, Rutl., in tenure of John Burton, and in Corbye, Rutl., in tenure of —— (blank) Arnestronge (or Armestrong),— Stamford priory, Ntht.; lands in Harrodon, Ntht., in tenure of Wm. Orpyn—Catesbye; lands in Bosyate, N'tht., in tenure of Ric Fennye and Wm. Petyll, and in Duston. Ntht., in tenure of John Hopkyns, Hen. Potter, Wm. Jefferey, Ric Tyllesworth alias Raulyns, John Browne, Ric. Large, John Chese, Agnes Walkar, widow, Joan Hall, widow, and Matilda —— (blank), widow—St. James's mon. next Northampton; lands in Hylwotton, Warw., in tenure of Wm. Phyppe, Edm. Kent and Thos. Smethebye, — Stoneley priory; lands in Stapleford aforesaid in tenure of Ric Dett., 23 cottages, etc., in Kyrbybellers, Leic., in tenure of Ric. Garrett, Ralph Eton, John Jolybrand, Thos. Wortley, John Corteley, John Lancaster, Ric. Wynkfeld, Ric. Moryng, Wm. Flower, Ric. Stevens, Eliz. Bay lye, Thos. Blakborne, Joan Wylfard, Thos. Nyxson, Barth. Belman, Robt. Porter, Marg. Bellesbye, William Bescod. Hen. Alcoke, John Dyrre, Thos. Fresbye, John Vernam and Robt. Corner, 3 cottages in Asfordebye, Leic., in tenure of Edm. Coke, John Verley, and Robt. Hose, and 2 cottages in Apeketylbye, Leic, in tenure of —— (blank) and Hen. Lynley,—Kyrbybellers priory; two cottages in Pykewell, Leic., in tenure of Thos. Dansey and John Aleyn, — (Oulveston; a cottage and lands in Odeby, Leic., in tenure of Robt. Corbye, two cottages in Cosyngton aforesaid in tenure of John Garlond, a cottage in Anstie, Leic., in tenure of Ric. Roo, and four cottages in Kyrby Malorye, Leic., in tenure of Win. Newton, Edw. Cowper, Win. Waggestafe and John Baresley, — Pratis Leicester; cottages and lands in Syeston, Leic., in tenure of Ric. Boyar, John Porter, Hen. Dorrand alias Doram, Win. Boyar and Robt. Hyll, in Anstie aforesaid in tenure of Wm. Blakewyn, Chr. Byrchenatt, Wm. Taylour and Alice Stableforth, widow, and in Markesfeid, in co. —— (blank) in tenure of John Grene, — Ulvescroft mon.; cottages in Estnorton, Leic., in tenure of Wm. Hyche, Rog. Pett and Ric Smyth, in Halsted Leic., in tenure of Hugh Garnett, Hugh Walkar, Hen, Graye, Thos. Thomson, and Thos. Duckett, in Lodyngton, Ntht., in tenure of Thos. Belton, in Fresbye, Leic., in tenure of Ric. Power, Robt. Conne and Ric Burton, and in Lodyngton, Leic., in tenure of Thos. Fawkener, Wm. Warde, Ric. Mason, John Whoton, Robt. Peper, Thos Belgrave and Clement Freman,—Launde mon.; and cottages in Belgrave, Leic., in tenure of John Revelles and John Woodcoke.—Gracedue mon. Also grant of the reversion of lands called Langshotte and Pryours Lande in the parishes of Home and Horley, Surr., granted to Ric Gylmyn for life by pat., 25 Feb. 30 Sen. VIII.; and grant of the said lands called Langshote and Pryours Lande, now in tenure of John Cowper, Marton priory. Del. Westm., 1 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (Slightly injured. Signed by Russell, Essex, Browne, North, Sir Robt. Southwell, Sir Ric Southwell, Bacon, and Duke). Pat. p. l, m, 36.
2. Sir Richard Chamley of Whitbye, Yorks. Grant, in fee, for 333l. 8s. 4d., of the manor of Eshedalesyde alias Eshedalehall, Yorks. messuages and lands (names and extents given) in tenure of .Ric. Harland, John Dale, Wm. Postgate of Eshedale, Wm. Postgate of Sleightes, Nic Chapman, George Hyll, Robt. Richardson, Thos. Chapman, George Newton, John Tyndale, Thos. Cockerell, jun., Wm. Chapman, Thos. Skelton, Thos. Cockerell, John and Hen. Cockerell and Ric. Alanson in Whitbye, a messuage called the Prest Howse, with gardens, &c., in Aslabye within Whitbye parish, in tenure of Wm. Lelom, the manor of Uglebarby, Yorks, in tenure of Thos. Elrington, lands called Kyrkland in Uglebarby hallfeild in Whitbye parish in tenure of the said Elrington, lands called Kyrkland in Landehowsefeild in Whitbye in tenure of James Strangways, and a wood called Smetheholme Woode (6 ac.) in Whitbye, and all appurtenances of the premises in Whitbye, Eshedale, Eshedale syde Lez Sleightes, Ebornedale, Aslaby and Uglebarby, Yorks, — Whitbye mon. Except advowsons. Del. Westm., 1 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Browne, Baker, North, Sir Robt. South well, Bacon, and Chydley). Pat. p. 11, m. 2.
3. John Springe and Dorothy, his wife. Grant, for 1,154l. 3s. 4d., of the manor of Cockfeld, Suff., the advowson of Cockfeld rectory, a granary and tithes in Cockfeld leased with the said manor to Wm. Cely, and woods called Estwood and le Olde Park (66 a ),—Bury St. Edmund's mon. To hold to the said John and Dorothy and the heirs of their bodies with remainder in default to the right heirs of the said John. Del. Westm., 1 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Browne, Baker, Sir Robt. Southwell, North, Bacon, and Chydley).—Pat. p. 11, m. 11.
4. Linc.—Commission to Edw. Dymmock, Robt. Dighton, and William Dalyson to make inq. p. m. on the lands and heir of Charles duke of Suffolk. Westm., 1 March. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII. p. 12, m. 1 d.
5. Hoell Vaughan ap D'd Lloid. Lease (by advice of Southwell and Moyle, general surveyors) of the town of Pennanllewe in the commote of Penllyn, parcel of the principality of North Wales in co. Merioneth, and the demesne lands of the said commote; with reservations; for 21 years from Mich. next. On surrender of a similar lease to him dated at Caernarvon 8 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 24 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Greenwich, 1 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 16, [...]. 84.
6. Edward Leyghton, the King's chaplain. Licence to export 500 broad woollen cloths, unwrought. Hampton Court, 26 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 8. In English.
7. Charles Tuke. Grant, in fee, for 434l. 18s. 2d., of the lordship and manor of Abbotteshall in Wygbarough, Essex, in tenure of Ralph Byrkenbedde, a wood called Abbottes Grove (12 ac.) in Wygbarough, and all appurtenances of the said manor in Wygbarough, Leyremarney and Tolleshunt Knyghtes, Essex, — Thomas earl of Essex, and previously to St. Osythe's mon. Westm., 3 March. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII., p. 14, m. 44.
8. Robert Okinge, LL.D., rector of Tidde St. Giles, Camb., and of St. Nicholas of Feltwell, Norf., and John Fyssher, S.T.B., rector of Agmondesham, Bucks, and vicar of Mylton, Oxon. Licence for each to take a third benefice, and to give up any of their benefices and take others in lieu of them, and also to be non-resident. Greenwich, 21 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
9. William Chauncy of Edgecote, Ntht. Grant, in fee, for 445l. 6s. 8d., of the reversion of the manor and the advowson of the rectory of Edgecote which were, by pat. 20 Jan. 32 Hen. VIII., granted to Lady Anne of Cleves, for life and afterwards, 20 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII., by her leased to the said Chauncy for the term of her life at 43l. 6s. 8d. rent. Also grant of the said manor and advowson of the rectory of Edgecote,—Thomas Crumwell earl of Essex, attainted. Del. Westm . 4 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Signed by St. John, Russell, Browne, Baker, North, Chydley, and John Caryll). Pat. p. 11, m. 1.
10. Thomas Warryng. Livery of lands as s. and h. of William Warryng, dec. Del. Westm., 6 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Sewster, and Beamount). Pat. p. 5, m. 45.
11. John Forster of Edderston, Nthld. Grant, in fee, for 664l. 5s. 10d., of the house and site of the late cell or manor of Bamburgh, Nthld., which belonged to St. Oswald s mon., certain closes (named) in Bamburgh parish now in his tenure, a house there in tenure of Ric. Staynton, rents and service from lands (specified) in Spytlegate and Elforth, and Warendon, in Bamburgh parish, some of which are in tenure of Jonett Henry son, —— (blank) Heley, Ric. Anderson, and John Chandeler, lands in Spytlegate in tenure of Agnes Both, widow, Jas. Hebborne, and Wm. Steyll, in Elforth in tenure of Hen. Chandeler, Wm. Chandeler, Chr. Swanne. Ant. Yongehusbonde, Jas. Bownden, Gilb. Wylkynson, Wm. Walker, Ralph Newton, John Shell, and Hen. Sample, and in Fletam, in Bamburgh parish, in tenure of Simon Bellingham. Except rent of 4l. 18s. 4d. from the lands in Fletam in Bellingham's tenure lately paid to Awnewycke mon., in co. —— (blank). Also grants of lands in Lucker in Bamburgh parish in tenure of Wm. Fynkyll, tithes in Bamburgh and Budyll, Nthld., and tithes in Burton, Nthld., in tenure of the said Forster, meadow called Hukesmyre in Burton also in his tenure, tithes specified in Bamburgh parish, Shoston and Synderland, and Esyngton and Roos, tithes in Bamburgh of Belforth chapel lately in tenure of Jas. Fynkyll, and of Tugehall chapel lately in tenure of Robt. Yongehusbond, all which are now in Forster's tenure; also tithes of fish in the water of Twyde in Barwyke parish, Nthld., in tenure of Thos. Bradford. All which premises belonged to St. Oswald's. Except lead and bells and building materials of superfluous buildings of the said cell; and except advowsons. Note of delivery illegible.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Paget, Browne, Baker, North, Sir Robt. Southwell, Bacon, and Chydley). Pat. 37 Hen. VIII., p. 8, m. 6 (dated Westm., 6 March).
12. Sir Anthony Lee and John Croke. Grant, in fee, for 774l. 18s. 4d., of the manor of Senders alias Senders in Stone near Aylesburye, Bucks, the rectory of Stone alias Stone near Aylesburye, Bucks, and the advowson of the vicarage of Stone, a close of demesne land called Westcrofte in Upton, Bucks, and all works not rented of the customary tenants of Upton manor in tenure of Thos. Venour, and Joan his wife and Ric. and Wm. their sons. Except capon rents of the customary tenants of Upton and mortuaries of the said rectory. Also grant of the messuage, etc., in Byshopston and Southcote, Bucks, two "leez hookes" of meadow at Hayford, Bucks, and lands in Bisshopston and Southcote, in tenure of Ric. Robyns, and all the King's lands in Hartwell and Ovyng, Bucks, the rectory of Chylton, Bucks, in tenure of the said John Croke, and tithes in Esyngton in Chilton parish in tenure of Roland Rydge, and in Fletemerston, Bucks. in tenure of the said Sir Ant. Lee. All which premises belonged to the cathedral of Christ and St. Mary, Oxford. Also grant of all possessions of the said cathedral in the places aforementioned. Del. Westm., 6 March, 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Baker, Paget, North, Sir Robt. Southwell, Bacon, and Duke?). Pat. p. 16, m. 23.
13. Edward Whaffer, late of Staverdell, Soms., gentleman. Pardon for the murder of Thos. Stone, late of Wymbourne St. Giles, Dors., yeoman; with restoration of property. Greenwich, 23 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
14. John Bartelot and William Pole. Office of searcher within the town and port of Calais, with 12d. a day. The preamble states that by pat. 17 Feb. 26 Hen. VIII. the office was granted to Bartelot alone in reversion after John Myller who then held it by virtue of pat. 21 May 7 Hen. VIII., and now the said Myller is dead, and the said Bartelot is searcher and surrenders his patent for this to be made. Greenwich. 8 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 30.
15. George Broke. Warrant for livery of lands to him as s. and h. of Edward Broke, who died 10 Jan. 33 Hen. VIII. seised of the manors of Harborowe, A spall and Debinham, with the appurtenances in Aspall, Debnam, Kenton, Risehanglose, Thornton, Wynston. Thorpe of Seynt Peter's, Stonham, Mikfeld, Ashefelde and Bodingfeld, Suff., holden of the King's honor of Eye and worth 40l. yearly. Dated 12 Nov. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Hynde, Sewster, and Beamount). In English.
16. Laurence Rawstorne of Oldwynsour, Berks. Grant, in fee, for 560l. 2s. 6d, of the lordship and manor of Hooton. Lanc., rents and service from lands of Nic. Rigbye (6d.), Robt. Fynche (6d.), and the heirs of Thos. Stopforth (6d.) in Harrokhill, of heirs of Gilbert Banester (21d.) and John Ashehurst (12d.) in Wrytyngton and Parbalde, of Wm. Chorley (12d.) in Wrytyngton, of Hugh Crofton (1½d) in Bretherton, of Hugh Woodwarde (6d.) in Shevyngton, of heirs of Sunley (sic 12d.) in Wrytyngton, of heirs of Thos. Farryngton (12d.) in Clayton, of heirs of Ric. Wyrden (12d.) in Kerden, of Edm. Crofton (1d.) in Boston, of heirs of Ric. Banaster (6d.) in Croston, of heirs of Thurston Banaster (2d.) in Bretherton, and of heirs of Ric. Longton (12d.) in Brokefeld, and a turbary in tenure of Thos. Typpyng in Hooton Mosse, Lanc., and all appurtenances of Hooton manor in these places,—Cokersande mon. Del. Westm., 9 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Browne, Riche, Baker, North, Duke, and Chydley). Pat. p. 5, m. 8.
17. Christchurch cathedral, Canterbury. Grant, in frank almoign, to the dean and chapter (for the lordships and manors of Myddelton alias Mylton. Southchurche, Lawlyng, Borleigh, and Stysted, Essex, the buildings called the Almerye House within the city of Canterbury, the manor of Bokkyng in Mersey, Essex, the manor of Lydcourte, Kent, the manor of Hal ton, Bucks, and the late college called Caunterburye Colledge in Oxford; of the manor and rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of Godmersham, Kent.—Christchurch mon., Canterbury. Del. Westm., 9 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Paget, Petre, North, Hendle, Bacon, and Duke). Pat. p. 6, m. 41.
18. Warw.—Commission to Sir George Throkmerton, Sir Ric. Catysby, Sir Fulk Grevile, and Edward Gryffyn to make inq. p. m. on the lands and heirs of Ric. Archer, esq., lately attainted of murder. Westm., 10 March. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII., p. 12, m. 1d.
19. John Wynchecombe, of Newburye, Berks, Grant, in fee, for 1,067l. 12s. 6d., of the manors of Lokynge and Gynge, Berks, lands in tenure of Robt. Doo, at Le Wyke and in Lokynge, Berks, and certain tithes in tenure of the said Robert, a messuage, &c., called Brownynges, in tenure of John Hobbys in Ardyngton. Berks, tithes in tenure of John Cockished from lands called Pynnockes in Gynge and Lokynge, and tithes in Esthenred, Berks, in tenure of John Eyston, also the advowson of Lokynge rectory,—Abendon mon. Del. Westm., 10 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Browne, Baker, North, Sir Robt. Southwell, Duke, and Chydley). Pat. p. 17, m. 45.
20. Katharine duchess of Suffolk. Grant, in fee, for 225l. 16d., of a fulling mill called Walke Myll and wood called Bawdewynes Grove in tenure of Thos. Pye in Rabcrofte within the town and lordship of Stoneley, Warw., a fulling mill and a grain mill called Stoneley Mylles there in tenure of Robert Andrewes and Ric. and Wm. his sons, a fulling mill in tenure of Wm. Alynson in Cryffelde alias Cruelfelde, within the lordship of Stoneley, two fulling mills called Walke Mylles in the several tenures of Thos. Hethe and Wm. Walton beside the late priory of Stonley in Stoneley parish, and a fulling mill in tenure of Jas. Gandye there,—Stoneley priory; and a wood called Ladye Woode (23 ac.) in Greatforde and Braseborough, Linc.,—St. Mary's mon., Winchester. Del. Westm., 13 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Essex, Browne, Petre, Baker, Sir Robt. Southwell, North, Bacon, and Duke). Pat. p. 12, m. 1.
21. Henry Knolles, a sewer of the Chamber. Licence to export 400 unwrought broad-cloths. Greenwich, 13 March 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 7 m. 29. In English.
22. John Aysshton or Ayscheton, late of Lytell Torryton, Devon, tailor. Pardon for stealing, on 21 Dec. 37 Hen. VIII., an ox out of the close of John Browne at Credyton, Devon. Del. Westm., 15 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 29. In English.
23. Radnor.—Commission to Hugh Lews. Ric. Blyke and John Knyll to make inq. p. m. on the lands and heir of Ric. Blacbage and Eleanor, his wife. Westm., 16 March. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII., p. 12, m. 1d.
24. Mayor and citizens of London. The King's promise to exonerate them from all demands which might be made upon two several obligations, amounting 41.800l. Fl., which Sir Martin Bowes, mayor, and the commonalty made, at the King's request, to Anthony Fokers and nephews, to be paid 15 Aug. next in Antwerp, as by the said obligations dated 27 Feb. 1545 further appears. Del. Westm., 17 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2. m. 10.
25. Anthony Guidotti, merchant stranger, alias Florentine merchant, alias merchant of Florence, alias merchant of Southampton, alias merchant denizen, alias merchant and burgess of Southampton. Protection for two years from the expiration of previous letters of protection dated 10 March 35 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 16 March 37 Hen. VIII. [Del.] 17 March 37 Hen. VIII. (note unfinished). —P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 30.
26. Town of Great Yarmouth. Release of the bailiffs, burgesses and inhabitants of the borough and town of Magna Jernemuth, Norf., from payment of the 200l. due from them by the Act of the Parliament held 3 Nov. 37 Hen. VIII. which granted the King two whole fifteenths and tenths. Del. Westm., 17 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 36.
27. Edward Twynyhoo of Wychehampton, Dors, and Edith his wife, and John Watson of More Crychell, Dors. Grant, for 834l. 3½d, of the lordship and manor of Barnardisley, Dors., lands to the annual value of 8s. 9d. in Corff Molyn, Dors., 46s. 7d. in Childeokforde, Dors., and 16s. in Tarrant Preston, Dors., tithes in Tarrant Preston from lands in tenure of Joan Tetteswell, lands to the annual value of 6s. 8d. in Asshe, Dors., and 43s. 8d. in Charleton, Dors., and a wood called Pryours Grove (12 ac.) in Barnardesley and Wymborne Mynster, Dors.,—mon. of Christechurche Twyneham, Hants; the lordship and manor of Weston, Dors.,—Shirborne mon.; and the lordship and manor of Collaton Abbott, Devon,—Dunkeswell mon. With appurtenances in the places aforenamed and in Collaton Ralegh and Oterton, Devon; and all other possessions of Shirborne mon. in Weston, Dors., and of Dunkeswell mon. in Collaton alias Collaton Abbot alias Collaton Ralegh, Devon.
To hold the premises which belonged to Christchurch to the said Edward, Edith and John and the heirs of the bodies of the said Edward and Edith, and in default of such heirs to the right heirs of the said Edward; and to hold those which belonged to Shirborne and Dunkeswell to the said Edward, Edith and John in fee to the said Edward and John. Del. [Westm.]. 19 [March 37 Hen. VIII.].—S B. (signed by Russell, Browne, Riche, North, Sir Ric. Southwell, Bacon, and Duke). Pat. p. 7, m. 35.
28. Sir Maurice Barkeley. Grant, in fee, for his services and for 500l, of the house and site of Brewton mon., Soms., with, church, steeple, churchyard, buildings, gardens, &c., and demesne lands (named), the rectory of Brewton and chapels of Bruham, Pitcombe, Radlynche, and Wyke, Soms., the advowson of Brewton vicarage, tithes of grain, wool and lambs in Haddespen and Hunwike, and small tithes in Pytcombe, Cole. Haddespen and Hunwike, and tithes of grain, wool and lambs and other small tithes in Brewham, the chief messuage and farm of Horseley in tenure of Walt. Carye and Alice his wife and John his son, in Sowthbruham parish, with a close called Quarre Close also in their tenure there, and two closes there called Southmeade and Northmede which were kept in the abbot of Brewton's own hands, and the manor of Northbruham, Soms.,—Brewton.
The preamble states that by pat. 24 March 32 Hen. VIII. the premises were granted to Sir Maurice in tail male at rent of 27l. 6s. 9d., and that by pat. 14 April 33 Hen. VIII (now surrendered) the King granted him the said rent. Del. Westm., 19 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by North, Williams, Hendle, Bacon, and Duke). Pat. p. 7, m. 39.
29. Essex. — Commission to Ant. Cooke, Eustace Sulyarde, Robt. Goche and —— (blank) Clerke to make inq. on lands and heir of Augustine Salynge. Westm., 19 March. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII., p. 12, m. 1d.
30. Sir William Grey lord Grey of Wilton. Grant, in fee, for his services, of the lordship and manor of Brampton, Heref., — St. Peter's mon., Gloucester. Del. Westm., 20 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (subscribed by North). Pat. p. 7, m 28.
31. Sir Thomas Wharton lord Wharton. Grant, in fee, for 427l. 13s. 4d., of the lordship and manor of Kyrkby Stephan alias Kyrkeby Stephen's, Westmld., and messuages (specified) in Kirkby Stephen in tenure of Jas. Hyndymer, Roland Hyndymer, Chr. Hyndymer, Robt. Hyndyrner, John Hobson, Robt. Rude, Ralph Raye, Ric. Lambe, Chr. Lambe, Robt. Shawe, Wm. Tumour, John Huton, Miles Skayff, Wm. Place, the late wife of John Lovye, Thos. Lorymer, John Lorymer, Nic. Gibson, and Thos. Wraye. And in Nateby, Westmld., in tenure of Edw. Dyxson, and in Wenton, Westmld., in tenure of Hen. Hylton,—St. Mary's mon. by the walls of York; three messuages in tenure of Wm, Smyth, Thos. Chamber and Wm. Tumour in Catterton, co. city of York, and all other possessions of Helaugh priory there,—Helaugh; two messuages in tenure of Isabel Mershebrother in Sandwith, co. city of York, and all other possessions of Mountgrace mon. in Sandewith,—Mountgrace; a messuage and lands in the fields of Edenell, Cumb., in tenure of Sir Edw. Musgrave and all other possessions of Holme Cultram mon. in the town of Edenell,—Holme Cultram. Del. Westm., 20 March 37 Henry VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Browne, Sir Robt. Southwell, North, Sir Ric. Southwell, Chydley, and Duke). Pat. p. 7, m. 37.
32. Bishopric of Exeter. Grant to John bishop of Exeter and his successors (for the manor of Faringdon, Hants, and lands sold to the Crown) of the rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of Pynhoo and Bramford Speke, Devon.—St. Nicholas priory, Exeter; the rectory of Southmymes, Midd., which belonged to the late mon of Walden. Essex, and which the King purchased from Lord Chancellor Wriothesley, and a barn and closes (specified) in Southmymes leased with the said rectory to Thos. Byrte alias Daye, — Walden mon. Greenwich, 22 March 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
33. Sir William Paget and Sir William Petre, the two principal secretaries, and Sir Ralph Sadlyer, master of the Great Wardrobe. Commission to take the account of Stephen Vaughan, who has been sundry times sent to Flanders and High Allmayn and has had great charge about receiving and paying money for the conduction of armies of Almains and otherwise, and makes suit for this commission. Del. Westm., 23 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pal. p. 7, m. 28. In English.
34. John Vaughan. Lease (by advice of Southwell and Moyle, General Surveyors) of all lands in the commote of Iskennon, co. Carmarthen, in the King's hands by the attainder of Richard ap Griffith; except lands called Trahernllondes submerged with water, the mill called Mellyn Vewda and the fulling mill in Landebea lately in tenure of Morgan ap D'd Morgan, a tenement called Ll'ens Goghe, of the farmer of the mansion of Breneberth and of a close in tenure of John Mores ap Owen, and all woods, wardships, &c.; from Mich. next for 21 years. Greenwich, 18 March 37 Hen. VIII. Del Westm., 23 March.—P.S. Pat.p. 7, m. 28.
35. Sir George Broke lord Cobham. Grant in fee. for 341l. 19s. 7d., of a rent of 7l. 14s. 8½d. reserved upon a grant to him, in fee, by pat. 23 May 33 Hen. VIII. of the site and chief messuage of Burycourte manor in Clyffe parish, Kent, in tenure of Thos. Dyxson and Steph. Sare, the manor of Westclyffe beside Rochester, Kent, and lands called Grete Hersyng mershe, Sheperdes hoope and Uplande in tenure of John Potted in Clyffe parish, and other lands (named) there in tenure of Wm. Godfrey, and in Stoke parish in tenure of John Wygar and Thos. Hamon,—Christchurch priory, Canterbury. Also release of all claims of the Crown in the premises and all homage, etc., in the said pat. reserved. To have the said rent from Mich. 37 Hen. VIII.
Also grant, in fee, of the lordship and manor of Rundall, Kent, and certain parcels of land (names and extents given) in tenure of John Chapman in Rundall,—purchased of Sir Thomas Wyatt, dec.; a mansion lately in tenure of Lady Jane Guldeforde, widow, and now of the said Lord Cobham, within the site of the late Black Friars in London, and the window called le Closett Wyndowe for looking into the church there, and all appurtenances of the said mansion, including the water courses and leaden water pipes serving it,—Black Friars. Del. Westm., 23 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Paget, Baker, North, Sir Robt. Southwell, Duke, and Chydley). Pat. p. 7, m. 31.
36. Henry and John Samwayes. Grant, in fee to the said John, for 145l. 10s., of the manor of Westeshilfehampton with its appurtenances in Portesham parish, Dors., and elsewhere,—Abbottesbury Mon. Except advowsons. Del. Westm., 23 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell, Browne, Baker, Sir Robt. Southwell, North, Hen. Bradshawe, and Edw. Gryffyn). Pat. p. 7, m. 33.
37. Robert Stuerde. Presentation to the canonry and prebend in Canterbury cathedral void by the death of John Danyell. Del. Westm., 24 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 31.
38. Giles Crowe, of Westram, Kent, yeoman, who, on 29 Nov. 36 Hen. VIII., was condemned by the Council in the Star Chamber, to be set on the pillory in London and in his own country, have one of his ears cut off, and be branded on both cheeks with the letter "p" for perjuror, and pay a fine of 200l., suffering imprisonment until he should find sureties for this payment and for certain damage to the King's subjects. Pardon of all poachings of game, burnings of woodstacks, seditious rhymes, fishing in several waters, destroying dykes and trees, taking nests of hawks or heron shewes, burnings of coal carts and wood for making coal, housebreaking, cutting off ears and tails of horses or other stock, cutting off the wool (lignarum qu. lanarum) of sheep or other stock, cutting off ears of the King's subjects, perjuries, concealments, etc., committed before the said 29 Nov. Del. Westm., 25 March 37 Hen. VIII. S.B. (Subscribed by Wriothesley). Pat. p. 2, m. 24. (dated 5 March).
39. John Tolorge, the King's servant. To have the office of making and providing all warlike instruments (instrumentorum bellicorum) with 8d. a day from St. John's Day last, since which date he has exercised the office. Greenwich, 23 March 87 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 31.
40. Henry Conwey, bastard son of Henry Conwey, sen., and Edward Conwey, both of Ruthland, co. Flint, gentlemen. Pardon of their share in the abduction and rape of Margaret viz Edward ap Hoell whom they, with Fulk Conwey, gentleman, Wm. ap David ap John ap Yollen, yeoman, Morgan ap David ap William, yeoman, and Hugh ap John ap David, labourer, all of Rutland, forcibly seized on Wednesday after St. Hilary's Day 36 Hen. VIII. on behalf of the said Fulk. Greenwich, 23 March 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 36.
41. John viscount Lisle, Great Admiral, K G. To be lieutenant general of the army and armada upon the sea in outwards parts against the French. Del. Westm., 28 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 13, m 31. Rymer, XV., 89.
42. John Charles and Richard Parker. Grant, in fee, for 722l. 18s. 10d., of the lordship and manor of Waterfall alias Watervale, Devon, and two woods called Ledyscombe Coppys (24 ac. and 12 ac.) in Waterfall,—Plympton priory; the lordship and manor of Hulfraunce alias Hulfarans. Soms., — Barlyche priory; and the lordship and manor of Torrells Preston, Soms., and lands called Torrells Preston in Mylverton parish, Soms.,—Athelney mon. Also lands in Owlecombe, Devon, — Dunkeswell mon.; the two rectories and chapels of Upton and Byttescombe, Soms., in tenure of Walter Skynner, and the advowsons of the vicarages of Upton and Byttescombe,—Barlyche; and all lands in Withiell parish, Soms., which belonged to Taunton priory. Del. Westm., 29 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
43. John Wollacombe, clk., and Roger Prydeaux. Grant, in fee, for 442l. 8s. 4d., of the lordship and manor of Trewosell and Treburthecke, Cornw.,—Launceston priory; the lordship and manor of Lannoweseynt alias Seynt Kewe, Cornw.,—Plympton priory, Devon; the lordship and manor, and the advowson of the rectory of Almere, Dors.,—Shaftesbury mon. Del. Westm., 29 March 37 Hen, VIII.—S.B. (signed by Browne, Paget, North, Sir Ric. Southwell, Sir Robt. Southwell, Duke and Caryll). .Pat. p. 7, m. 2.
44. George Foster. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Robert Foster, dec. Del. Westm., 30 March 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Sewster, and Beamount). Pat. p. 6, m. 42.
45. John Broke, a vintner of the great retinue of Calais. To be bailiff of the county of Guisnes, with the usual fees and profits as enjoyed by Sir Henry Palmer (who resigns his pat. of 25 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII. that this may be made), Rog. Basing, John Anlaby, Adam Clere, Thos. Englisshe, or Wm. Pawne. Greenwich, 19 March 37 Hen: VIII. Del. Westm., 31 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 9 m. 12.
46. William lord Grey of Wilton, Sir Maurice Bartley (sic), Adrian Ponynges John Norton, Robt. Welsted, John Clyves, Geo. Strangwais, Robt. Reves and Robt Welstede. Pardon of all grants, alienations and receipts without licence by Sir Thomas lord Ponyngys, as Sir Thomas Ponyngys of Estlullworth, Dors., or by them or any other persons, of lands which belonged to the said lord Ponyngys during his life, of which the said Adrian alone or the others are seised, held of the Crown in capite, before 18 March last, and pardon of all intrusions upon the said lands. Greenwich, 23 March 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 31 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 9, m. 12.
47. Licences to alienate (fn. n18) :—
Oliver Lawrence to Hen. Vuydale of Crechell Parva, Dors. Lands in tenure of Wm. Welles, Thos. Miller, John Clerke, Wm. Blake and Thos. Walshede in Loverleigh and Boreswayne alias Barresfenne in the parish of Gussage All Saint's, Dors.,—Mountague priory, Soms. (1st.) P. 13, m. 1.
Wm. Staunford and Alice his wife to John Butler and Katharine his wife. Manor of Pype alias Pypehall. and lands there and in Erneton, Asshton, Brymygeham, and Sutton, Warw. (3rd.) P. 5, m. 8.
Anthony Deny and Joan his wife to Hen. Strelley. Pardon for transfer to Strelley, without licence, by fine levied before Sir John Baldewyn and his fellow justices of the Common Pleas, of tithes in Eperston, Wodborowe and Lowdam, Notts. (4th). P. 14, m. 34.
Sir Ric. Ryche to Sir Wm. Petre. Manor of Cowbridge, Essex,—Stratforde Langthorn mon. (4th.) P. 7. m. 42.
Hugh Say veil to Ric. Wheteley, jun., mercer of London. Lands in Wyndhall, Wolley and Darton, Yorks,—Byland mon. (5th.) P. 7, m. 42.
Ric. Stanffeld to Thos. Sayvell. Messuages and lands in Welbourne, in tenure of Ric. Walker, Wm. Syndelewe, Ralph Walker, Wm. Hyke, Thos. Cowper, John Walker, Wm. Syndley, Robt. Nevyn, Wm. Colstan, Reg. Harryson, John Appleton, Robt. Syndelewe, Jas. Stewarde, John Clerke, Edm. Percy, Thos. Clerke, Robt. Dirsom. Thos. Boye, and Simon Bynkes. (5th.) P. 7, m. 44.
Sir Ric. Riche to Hen. Pygott. Lordship and manor of Stysted, Essex — Christchurch cathedral, Canterbury. (5th.) P. 5, m. 44.
Thos. Sayvell to Ric. Stanffeld. Manor of Ardysley, Yorks., and lands in Ardysley in Darfeld parish, viz., free rents from lands (named) there, some of which are in tenure of Thos. Boswell, Wm. Wordesworth, John Wood and Thos. Oxespringe, a cottage called le Shepecote, a little house beside Ardysley common, a close called Bromerond, the western end of Grisse croft as far as le wellspringe, all that "le edishe Rohaght" after the grain is carried thence, common of pasture for sheep in Ardysley wood alias Ardysley Moore, a messuage with a close called Millecarre Haugh in tenure of Wm. Scolay, a cottage in tenure of Ric. Bradeley's wife, a close called Thomas Royde in tenure of Wm. Wolfe's wife, an acre of land under Clyff abutting upon the water of Derne on the north in tenure of John Wood, and a close called Brome Close in tenure of Robt. Wilson in Darfeld parish,—Monkebretton mon (5th.) P. 7, m. 43.
Oliver Lawrence to John Whateley and Joan Stokes, widow. Lands called Shepyn Ferme and a croft in tenure of Ph. Stokes in the forenna of Henley Beawdsert alias Henley in Ardern, Warw.,—Richard earl of Warwick. (6th.) P. 13, m. 2.
Sir Wm. Denham to Ric. Breame. Lordship and manor of Stonehall and farm called Stonehall in Barkyng parish, Essex, rent of 38s. 6d. out of the said farm, and woods called Hobbens Grove, High Groves and Horslees (10 ac. 1 ro.) in Barkyng parish.—Sir John Raynesforthe; and 25 ac. of marsh, formerly in tenure of John Shipman and now of Wm. Rooke in Trynytie Mershe in Westham parish, Essex, and 7 ac. of land thereby, — Stratford Langthorne mon. (6th.) P. 13. m. 1.
James Gunter and Hen. Wescott to Ant. Strynger, of London. Manor or grange or cell of Whatt alias Twayttes, and rectory of Welton in le Mershe, Linc., lately in tenure of Sir Ric. Crumwell, dec,—Thorneton mon. (7th.) P. 7, m. 45.
Jas. Gunter and Hen. Wescott to John Weythe Grange called le Newe Graunge and lands in Doore pariah, Heref., in tenure of the said John,—Doore mon. (7th.) P. 7, m. 42.
James Gunter and Hen. Wescott to Wm. Glascocke, of London. Manor of Creton and Cowthorp, Linc., and lands in Creton, Cowthorp and Bytham Parva, Linc.—Valdye mon. (7th.) P. 7, m. 44.
James Gunter and Hen. Wescott to Hugh Culme. Rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Knoweston and Molland, Devon,—Hertland mon. (9th.) P. 13, m. 1.
John Broxholme and John Bellowe to Nic. Bowett and Joan his wife. Manor called Willoughby Thing in Ingolesby, Linc., and lands (named) there in tenure of Hen. Phillipps,—John lord Hussey. (14th.) P. 13, m. 3.
Thomas lord Sandes and Elizabeth his wife to Wm. Thorpe and Robt. Pystorn and the heirs of the said Wm., to be regranted to the said Thomas for one week, and after that remain to Ric. Gyfford for term of 80 years, at a rent, to the said Wm. and Robt. and the heirs of the said Wm., of 16l., and after that term to remain to the said Thomas and Elizabeth and the heirs male of the body of the said Thomas, with remainder in default to the heirs of the body of the said Thomas, with remainder in default to his right heirs. Rectory of Somborne Regis, Hants, 200 ac. of land, 9 ac. of meadow and 120 ac of pasture called Tegdowne alias Hogdowne and 1 a. of wood in Somborne Regis. (16th.) P. 18, m. 8.
Sir Edw. Fynes lord Clynton and Say and dame Ursula his wife to Wm. Pynnock and Eliz. his wife. Two watermills called Burley Mylles. 40 ac of land covered with water and 240 ac. of pasture in Hanley and Upton on Severn. (18th.) P. 13, m. 2.
Wm. Pynnocke to Fras. Wheler and Ellen his wife, in fee to the said Ellen. Reversion of the manor of Garleford, Worc., after the death of Ric. Berd. (18th.) P. 13, m. 2.
Nic. Clyfton and Anne his wife to Kenelm Buck. Messuage and lands in Netherniarshe alias Nethermashe within the parish of Kemesey. Worc., in tenure of Mary Cratford,—Minor Malvern priory. (18th.) P. 13, m. 2.
Edw. Twynyhoo, of Wychehampton, Dors., and Edith his wife and John Watson of More Crichell to Ric. Duke of London. Lordship and manor of Weston, Dors., and all lands in Weston which belonged to Shirborne mon.,—Shirborne.
The same to Ric. Duke and John Duke his brother (by the same licence). Lordship and manor of Collaton alias Collaton Abbott, Devon, with appurtenances in Collaton, C. Abbott, C. Ralegh and Oterton, Devon,—Dunkeswell mon. (20th.) P. 13, m. 3.
Sir George Darcy and Dame Dorothy his wife to Sir Leonard Beckwith. Manor of Acastre Selby and Styllyngflete, Yorks. and city of York. (22nd.) P. 13, m. 6.
Sir Robt. Dormer to Robt. Cheyney of Chesham Boyes, Bucks, and Mary his wife. Pardon for acquisition without licence, by Cheyney and his wife from Dormer, of lands in Luton, Beds, which the said Robert or Agnes Moreton, widow, held by a lease of Thos. lord Vauz to the said Robert, dated 4 Feb. 22 Hen. VIII., and a wood called Woodcrofte grove or spryng, in Luton parish.
Also pardon for a similar acquisition from Dormer and Wm. Jakeman of the same lands. (23rd.) P. 5, m. 46.
Sir John Dudley, K G., viscount Lisle and Great Admiral, to Robt. Knyght alias Kett of Wyndham alias Wymondham, Norf., tanner. Manor of Wyndham,—hospital of Burton St. Lazarus, Leic. (26th.) P. 18, m. 10.
Sir Ant. Kingeston to Hen. Jernyngham and Frances his wife, in fee to the said Henry. Field or pasture called le Greate Haunger (140 ac.) with a barn therein in Totenham parish, Midd., — Clerkenwell mon. (29th.) P. 13, m. 8.
The same to Edw. Pate. Fields or pasture called Otefeldes (22 ac.) in Totenham, Midd.,—Clerkenwell mon. (29th.) Ib.
Wm. Abbott, sergeant of the Cellar, to Wm. Atkyn of Hartlande, Devon. Lands in tenure of Margery Hodge, widow, in Tyttesbery in Hartlande parish,—Hartlande mon. (31st.) P. 13, m. 9.


  • n1. A holograph letter from Paget altered so as to form the draft of a letter from the Council.
  • n2. Cancelled.
  • n3. This letter roust therefore have been begun on the 25th.
  • n4. The 29th.
  • n5. Lady Day, 25 March.
  • n6. March 26.
  • n7. Of Brandenburg.
  • n8. From this it is evident that the preceding portion of this letter was written on the 26th at the latest.
  • n9. See Nos. 507, 508(3).
  • n10. Sent from Brende and Brigantyn on 3 April.
  • n11. These marked as "Already in the Narrow Sea."
  • n12. This marked as "For the North Sea."
  • n13. Eberhard Billick.
  • n14. John Hofmeister.
  • n15. Sic.
  • n16. This word appears to be cancelled.
  • n17. The Venetian Calendar reads Vincenzo Bansio and suggests March 1546 for the date. And so placed we leave it, though the date is very doubtful and the further suggestion, with a query, that it was written from Rome, is quite impossible at that date, as Pole was then at Trent.
  • n18. All are dated at Westminster. In this abstract the day of the month appears in parentheses before the reference to part and membrane of the Patent Roll of 37 Hen. VIII.