Henry VIII: January 1546, 16-20

Pages 27-45

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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January 1546, 16-20

16 Jan. 66. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 314.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 16 Jan. Present: Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, [Essex, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre]. Business: Passport for Francis Prevoste, Frenchman, prisoner to Mr. Barons, sheriff of London, to be exchanged for Mr. Barons's son, who is detained prisoner in France. Letters to Lieutenant of Boloyne and Deputy of Calais to forbear cassing any able man and to certify the number remaining in the King's pieces.
16 Jan. 67. Musters.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 227.
Derbyshire.—Commission of array to Francis earl of Shrewsbury, Sir Hen. Sacheverell, Sir Wm. Bassett, Sir Jas. Fuljambe, Sir Thos. Cockeyne, Sir Fras. Leeke, Sir Jas. Fuljambe (sic), Sir Humph. Bradbourne, Sir Peter Fretchewell, George Vernon, John Porte, George Souche, Thos. Sutton, Thos. Babyngton, George Perpoynte, Thos. Fitzherbert, Matth. Knyfton, German Pole, Nic. Powtrell, Ric. Curson, John Leeke, Thos. Powtrell, Fras. Poole, Roland Babyngton, Ric. Blackwall, Wm. Leghe, John Boswell, Thos. Thackar, Edw. Eyre, the bailiffs of Derby and sheriff of Derbyshire. Westm., 16 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Copy, p. 1. Endd.: A. copye, &c., for the musters within that shire.
16 Jan. 68. Henry VIII. to Doctors Parker, Redman and May.
Add. MS.
5,842, f. 376.
B. M.
Corresp., 34.
Annuls of
i. 430.
Commission to examine the foundations, statutes and ordinances, enquire how they are observed and what are the values and nature of all possessions of the colleges, hospitals, chantries and free chapels within the University of Cambridge; and to send certificate of the same with all diligence. The preamble states that this last session of Parliament has given the King full power to order all such colleges, etc., at his pleasure; and he intends so to order them in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, where most of the youth of the realm is nourished in good literature, that students therein may be encouraged. Hampton Court, 16 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII., 1545.
Modern copy, p. 1. Headed as add.: To &c., Dr. Parker, vice-chancellor, etc., and wellbeloved chaplains Dr. Redman and Dr. May.
69. Visitation of Chantries and Hospitals.
iii., 875.
Injunctions addressed to the "parson, vicar, curate, chaunter priests, churchwardens, and two of the most honest persons of the parish of —— (blank), being no founders, patrons, donors, lessees or farmers of the promotions or corporations hereafter recited," to enquire:—(1) How many "chantries, hospitals, colleges, free chapels, fraternities, brotherhoods, guilds, and salaries or wages of stipendiary priests, being perpetuities" are in the parish. (2) What are the conditions of the foundation of each (the foundations and other writings to be produced with their certificate). (3) How the revenues are employed. (4) How many of these promotions are parish .churches. (5) How far they stand from the parish churches. (6) What lands and revenues each has. (7) What deductions are made thereon. (8) What lands and goods have pertained to them since 4 Feb. "in the 27th year of the King's Majesty's reign." (9) How many of them have since 4 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. been dissolved, purchased or otherwise transferred to any of the King's subjects without licence, with the lands and goods of the same. (10) What plate, jewels, goods, &c., belong to each, with the value.
A written certificate is to be made of every article aforesaid by the —— (blank) and sent sealed to us at a day and place hereafter to be assigned, by one of the most honest of the churchwardens and by one of the incumbents of each of the aforesaid promotions.
ii. [Commissioners:—] Robert, archbishop [of York], Sir Michael Stanhope, Sir Leonard Beckworth, Mr. Robert Henneage, Mr. Babthorpe, Mr. Wallay, Mr. Norton, Mr. Chaloner, Mr. Gargrave and Mr. Auditor.
R. O. 2. Questions headed "To the vicar, parson or curate and churchwardens of [Chesterton and to every of them]" (fn. n1)
"First, that you certify in writing bow many chantries, hospitals, colleges, free chapels, fraternities, brotherhoods, guilds and stipendiary priests be within your church or parish, and by what names they and every of them be known and called." And twelve other articles, enquiring the purpose, value, use, position, property, &c., of the said chantries, &c.
Pp. 2.
16 Jan. 70. W. Lord Seint John to the Lord Deputy and Council of Calais.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 184.
B. M.
I perceive by your letter that Richard Harwod, soldier of Calice, procures you to write in his favour, as you have done, for his part of the prize wines, and to be paid for bringing the King's wines from Portsmouth in the end of last summer. I have written to the Commissioners appointed in the West for sale of the prizes to repair to London and declare their proceedings; at whose coming I and the other Commissioners will "lay to geders that whas sold in London" and, knowing the whole value above the charges, will make indifferent division according to the greatness of the ships and number of persons. The King's charge for bringing the wines from Portismouth I trust to discharge shortly. Written, 16 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To, etc., my lord Depute of Calice and other the Kinges Councellours there.
16 Jan. 71. Treaty of Utrecht.
R. O. Imperial counterpart of the treaty of Utrecht (giving the Emperor and his commissioners first place and styling Henry only king of England, France and Ireland, "etc.") made between Praet, Granvelle, Schore and Scepperus, on the one side, and Gardiner, Thirlby and Carne on the other.
[* * * As this treaty, embodied in what purports to be the Emperor's ratification (see 31 Jan.), is printed by Rymer (who wrongly assigns it to the year 1546-7), we here quote the more important words of the original which are misread in Rymer's copy and, incidentally, correct his punctuation and other errors. The articles are as follows:—]
First, whereas among the 25 articles of the aforesaid treaty (of Closer Amity, see Vol. XVIII., Pt. I., No. 144), there are (sint) some, viz., the 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd and 23rd, which contain the special matter of declaring the common hostility with the French king in the year 1544 (communis cum Gallo hostilitatis in anno etc.) and of prosecuting the invasion, but the rest contain permanent matter; it is meet that those six (sex) articles, viz., the 18th, beginning Item, conventum, etc., quod quamprimum id fieri etc., the 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd and 23rd to the 24th, exclusive, beginning Item, conventum, etc., quod quoties, etc., should be abolished, so that (ita quod) no allegation drawn from them or any other capitulations touching the said invasion or declaration may impede (impedire queat) the force of the rest.
And since the said 24th, beginning Item, etc., quod quoties Serenissimus Angliœ Rex, ejusve locumtenens, ad invadendum regnum Franciœ cum exercitu transfretaverit, etc., is asserted by the Emperor's commissioners to be only temporary, like the 18th, 19th, &c., and therefore (proinde) to be abolished, the English commissioners maintaining the contrary and asserting it to be perpetual and used in several previous treaties, its interpretation is deferred until a time of common enmity. Meanwhile (interim vero) the fourth article of the treaty made in Cambray 5 Aug. 1529, may stand (tenor recited) with this addition—that the said 4th article of the treaty of Cambray (Cameracensis) may be understood for the defence also of Ireland, Jersey, Guernsey, Man, Berwick and other places expressed in the treaty of Closer Amity, and the word commeatuum include victuals at reasonable price; moreover, that if any arms, instruments of war or horses shall be bought in Germany or Italy by the aforesaid King of England (quod si qua arma aut instrumenta bellica vel equi ementur in Germania vel Italia a præfato serenissimo Rege Angliœ) they may freely pass through Lower Germany and Belgium.
The fourteen articles 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17 and 25 shall remain unchanged.
The 6th, 7th, 13th and 14th, about which there have been disputes, shall be understood as follows:—In the 6th the expression Casu quo fiat invasio to be understood of a coming to the frontier with 8,000 men and sending 2,000 in (intelligatur, ut quacunque ex causa, quacunque occasione aut quocunque prætextu invasio fiat contra dominia in eodem sexto articulo comprehensa, cum numero octn millium militum ad fines sive limites terrarum, regnorum ant dominiorum alterius principis in dicto articulo nominatorum per terram sive per mare accedente, et numerum bis mille militum equitum aut peditum intra fines vel limites prœfatos hostiliter immittente, licet reliquus numenis sive exercitus extra fines prœdictos remaneant, toties ad effectum dicti sexti articuli invasio facta esse dicatur. De invasione autem, etc.). As to the invasion, faith shall be given to the letters of the prince invaded, and within one month the other shall hold the invader for enemy and forbid commerce with him, provided that the invaded prince, shall be then at open war with him or shall have declared (declaracerit) him enemy, of which he shall certify his confederate by letter. The like shall be understood in the 7th article, and the auxiliary aid (auxiliare subsidium) sent as therein expressed. Those words in the beginning of the 13th, Quoties occasione invasionis factœ ut prœfertur aut alias indictione belli Gallorum Regi virtute hujus fœderis et conventionis faciendœ shall be understood of invasion according to the sixth article; and where it says (actual words not quoted) that neither shall without the other's consent make peace or truce with the common enemy, a written and sealed consent is understood (tum demum consensus interoenisse intelligatur cum de hujusmodi consensu literis principis consentientis ab eodem scriptis et sigillatis ac ad alterum principem transmissis constiterit, et non aliter nec alio modo). At the end of the 14th article the wish of the princes that the treaty may be perpetual shall be understood as against allowing any pretext to release the parties from it (ut ab obserratione juramenti et prestatione prœsentis fœderis liberentur).
This declaration and treaty remaining shall be understood as good faith, the full context of the words and the simple meaning of its expressions, directs; and shall be ratified within a month to be reckoned (computandi) from this date.
Actum Trajecti, 16 Jan. 1546. Signed: Lois de Praet: Perrenot: Schore: Cornelius Scepper'.
Lat. Large parchment. No seal now remaining.
R. O. 2. The English counterpart of the above treaty (giving the King and his commissioners first place and styling him king of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith "ac in terra Ecclesiæ Anghcanæ etc.").
Lat. Copy, pp. 4. With annotations in another hand, and heading, "Thesclarisshment of the treaty of perpetuo (sic) peaxe."
R. O.
politik, ii. 371.
3. Articles put forward on the Emperor's part, which the English ambassadors promise to signify to their master and do their utmost to promote, viz:—
1. That whereas complaints of impositions could not be settled at the recent conference at Bourbourg last summer, it seems expedient that the customs' books both of England and our Low Countries should, within six months after Purification next, be viewed by two ambassadors of each side, and all exactions contrary to the treaties of intercourse of 1495 and 1520 abolished. [2.] As to damages to the Emperor's subjects which could not be decided at Bourbourg, or have happened since, it seems expedient that the King should depute Councillors to meet the Emperors ambassador in England and another to be despatched thither, and decide upon restitution or reparation within 40 days. Utrecht, 16 Jan. 1546. Signed (conditionally upon English subjects being similarly provided for) by Gardiner, Thirlby and Carne.
Lat. Copy, p. 1. In the same hand as § 2.
Lansd. MS.
154, f 241b.
B. M.
4. Modern copy of § 3.
Harl. MS.
1,064, f. 68.
B. M.
5. Modern copy of § 2.
Pp. 9.
Ib. f. 75. 6. Modern copy of § 3.
Pp. 2.
17 Jan. 72. The Privy Council
A.P.C., 314.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 17 Jan. Present: Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, bp. of Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—To Robert Legge, treasurer of the ships, to pay Edw. Jones, late captain of the row galley, (fn. n2) 4l. 6s. 2d. which, by his letter, appears to be done. Passport into Flanders for Petro Gagliano and Geo. Datyia, Italians. Signor de Gamboa addressed in post to Newcastle to send all his band of Spaniards by sea to Calais; the mayor and others there ordered to provide them ships ballasted with coal and victualled; Mr. Uvedale ordered to deliver them a prest upon Gamboa's bill and pay conduct of 100 horsemen from the Middle Marches to London; and the abp. of York directed to deliver money for the Almayne and Clevoys horsemen and their conduct to London.
17 Jan. 73. Richard Markes to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. In Sarum, 17 Jan. 1545:—I send for your bedfellow two "fyne serches for bred" which should have been with you long ago if I could have got carriage. You shall receive them of Thos. Boottler, dwelling by St. Martin's Gate, a leather-seller. When last in London I offered Mr. Bassett, the Queen's surveyor, 20l. for certain wood in Bremmer; which he said that he would not sell, but I see that it is sold, for the "ryndes of the tryes ar offered to sell in Sellysberye." Desires some bargain of wood near Salisbury, because he spends much in his house.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Auditor to the Queen, in Colleman street in London.
17 Jan. 74. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O. Is glad that Parliament has given into the King's hands the disposition of hospitals, chantries and other houses. Would be a suitor for the hospitals of Saincte Crosse beside Winchestre and of Mary Magdalene, "wherein poor folks be relieved." Mary Magdalene has no lands of any value; only the bishops have been accustomed to give it, of alms, without covenant, 36l. yearly. The other has not 10l. in temporal lands and is not commodious for any man's dwelling. Lately gave it to his chaplain who is here with him, who stands bound for the first fruits. Would have them stand, ordered by the King, "for the country is poor and very poor, and these two houses somewhat garnish the town, which by reason of friars, monks and nuns, whose houses stand all to-torne, with the decay of the inhabitants, is now much defaced." Begs advice in this, and assures him that no man will give more for Saincte Crosse, to pull it down or dwell in it, than the writer will give to have it stand in the King's patronage.
My second suit is for my servant Davye, who does me special service "in tormoyling fro place to place." In his absence here with me a decree is passed against him in Wales for the possession of certain lands. The matter was to be ordered by me and another, or else the parties to appear between Hallowmas and Christmas, and, when sent away, I warranted Davye that he should suffer no prejudice by his absence in legation. Pray write to my lord President for his restitution. Mr. Hare knows somewhat of the matter. "We ambassadors (herein be you comprehended) must hold [one] with another." I write not to my lord President, who will be loth to retract his order, but yet it cannot have place. Your writing that you will help herein will encourage my man who is now half dead. Utrek, 17 Jan.
P.S.—"In nowise forget this."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
17 Jan. 75. Charles V. to Vander Delft.
vii., No. 185.
Replies to his letter of the 11th (sic), received yesterday, in accordance with the marginal annotations of No. 37, as to the Portuguese gentleman, the Spaniard accused by Bertheuille, the lost courier, negociations with France, Renegat, the English merchants in Spain, religious alterations in England, and Conrad Penninck. Utrecht, 17 Jan. 1546.
17 Jan. 76. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 19.
Wrote on the 10th. These States have since had frequent dealings with the Elector Palatine, to whom four days ago they sent the ambassadors of Saxony, Wertenburg and Strasburg, upon whose return rumor began to spread that the Palatine himself would come hither shortly. The articles he published prove that he agrees with the primary doctrines of the Protestants. The French captain, Georgius a Reckroed, who for some months has stuck about the Landgrave, under whom also he was born, came hither two days ago with 12 horse, and has quarters appointed by the public harbinger. Many think that he has a message to the States from the French king, for a gentleman sent from the French king lately came to him. Footmen out of these parts go secretly into France, who are suspected to be retained by Reckroed. The French king has treasurers now with the Swiss, paying their pension. Letters from Italy indicate that the Bishop of Rome enrolls a great army; and the voice goes that he will send it against the Germans, which is the more readily credited because of the guns lately seized here, which are constantly affirmed to be the Bishop's. It is suspected that the Emperor, who hates the Protestant religion, may be incited by the Bishop against these States, and that this African expedition is feigned in order that he may take them unprepared, for it is certain that the Emperor has by merchants brought a vast sum of money from Spain, Naples and Sicily into Germany. The embassy from these States will shortly go to the Emperor. It is found that the Pope pushes forward the Council of Trent. No news of the colloquy of Ratisbon, for the Catholic colloquutors have not yet arrived. The Emperor has named the Bishop of Eichstadt and Frederic count of Furstenberg presidents of the Colloquy. Francfort, 17 Jan. 1546.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.. 1546.
17 Jan 77. Mont to Paget and Petre.
R. O. Signifies to the King what is done hereabouts. If at any time he fails in his duty, begs them kindly to admonish him. Commendations to Bucler, to whom he would have written had time permitted. Francfort, 17 Jan. 1546.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
17 Jan. 78. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O. Wrote on the 10th inst. By letters from Constantinople, of 13 Dec, it seems that the Turk means to go to Andrinople,—a sign of war. A gentleman from the French court arrived here lately and immediately passed with certain French captains to Mirandola. Some report that they go to master the French garrison there; but many suspect that they will make men to be sent to Turin and Piemont, as the French secretly retain captains. "The Bishop" has offered 12,000 footmen, 1,500 horsemen and 200,000 cr. to make war against the Protestants. "Although the prelates hath been universally commanded to go to Trent, yet hereto I see them make no haste, being persuaded that it shall be rather a counterfeit than earnest Council." The Turks damage Ferdinando's country by continual incursions. Venice, 17 Jan. 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Harvell to the Kinges Mate, xvijo. et xxiijo. Januarii 1545.
18 Jan. 79. Restraint of Victuals.
Soc. of Antiq.
Procl., ii. 162.
Mandate to the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk to proclaim that whereas upon the King's proclamation of 5 Dec. last sundry persons have made great provision of butter, cheese and grain, on pretence of victualling Callis and Bulline, which they have conveyed otherwise to their own profit, the King now commands that from henceforth no person shall carry any butter, cheese or grain over sea without special licence. Westm., 18 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
18 Jan. 80. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 315.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 18 Jan. Present: Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain. Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—Passport into Flanders for Captain Thomas Lightmaker. To customers and searchers of London to permit Bastian Zolchar, factor to Gaspar Nuytzel, merchant of Norenborough, to convey out 36 bales of spikenard landed here when the Great Venetian ship was arrested to serve the King. To the treasurer of the —— (blank) to pay Maryne de Paule, captain of the Great Aragousey ship, 184l. 17s. 4d. for portage of the ship and wages of 43 mariners from 21 July till 12 Sept. last, and 29l. 2s. 8d. by way of reward. To the abp. of York to signify by letters of himself and Mr. Uvedale what has been delivered for the Almayne and Clevoys horsemen, since Hertford's return from the North.
18 Jan. 81. Paget to Surrey.
Hist. MSS.
iii. 237.
"——. 'Your skirmish with the French being done, the 6th (fn. n3) of this present in the evening, upon Friday at night,' the writer expresses the discouragement by reason there were no letters from him. Knowing the iniquity of the English nation to make bad reports, the writer went to the King, and passed a day or two with him. But five or six days pass without news. 'His Majesty, like a prince of wisdom, knows that who plays at a game of chance must sometimes lose.' Says he is sure that the earl had in the rearguard of the battle placed some men of wit and experience, 'which, when against all order of fight, and against the appointment of the chieftain, seeing the horse flee (as they took it), if they so thought and fled, so are not greatly to be blamed. But basta, my lord.' ..... Gives advice."
Headed in the Report as "1545, Jan. 18, eight in the morning. William Paget to the Earl of Surrey."
18 Jan. 82. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Brought out of England bills of credit from Bartilmew Compaigne for 20,000 cr. at 6s., which is 6,000l. Fl.; but Bartilmew's factor here says that an obligation is made by the Lord Chancellor and others to allow "factorage, brokerage and interest." Knew not thus much in England, and begs to be advertised how much to allow. The factor has appointed to begin paying the money within these three days.
Three days past arrived a ship out of Scotland which was by tempest driven out of the company of 11 other ships of Scotland. The ships while together were so handled that they cast out much of their lading and ordnance, and, in despair of their lives, agreed to land in England and yield themselves to the mercy of the country. In this ship came one Alexander, (fn. n4) an Italian, secretary to the Cardinal of Scotland, who says that he is sent to tell the French king and Bishop of Rome that unless Scotland is aided with money it must yield to the King. He says that with these wars Scotland is fallen into great poverty, and that the Cardinal is in such case that, if he feared not to lose "all his dignities and livings," he would soon bring all Scotland to obey the King. "It seemeth if this Cardinal were spoken with and well handled with fair promises, by some noble and wise man, he would be won." Practised to bring this secretary into England; but he refused, saying that he "had somewhat to lose in Italy, under the dominion of the B. of Rome."
John Carolo has suggested that the King should take of him certain diamonds and money. Answered that this seemed no time to take jewels, but he would see them and learn the King's pleasure; so that John Carolo is now greedy to show them, and Vaughan keeps aloof as though having "no lust to his jewels nor money." Will to-day or to-morrow be sent for to see them, and will then take occasion to "enter deeply" for money without jewels. "Money I will have if it be possible, but I must go softly to work. Jasper Dowche is at the Court. Without him I shall not be able to do any great thing." I have bidden my servant follow your order in the matter I left with my lady. Andwerp, 18 Jan.
P.S.—"I pray you help forwards my book for my fee simple."
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To, etc., "to his own hand." Endd.
18 Jan. 83. Gardiner, Thirlby and Carne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. xi. 20.
After despatching their last letters to him, on the 2nd inst., they were desired to defer the matter of the capitulations till after the ceremonies of the Feast of the Order, which lasted from the Saturday at night until Tuesday at noon, when, although it was Twelfth Even, the writers sent to Grandvela desiring to finish what was begun. Thereupon Skepperus repaired to Gardiner, on Twelfth Day at night, to declare that De Prate was confined to his house by gout, but trusted to come abroad on Saturday, and meanwhile the writers might commune with Chancellor Nigri and Skepperus, to devise some order for satisfaction of the Emperor's subjects. Gardiner refused to speak of that matter until the other were past, adding that the request "might have an evil construction." Skepperus signified this answer to Grandvela, and brought back word that Grandvela approved it. On the 9th it was noised that the Emperor was taken with gout: and the meeting was excused, but promised for next day. On the 10th, having no summons by noon, the writers went to Grandvela; who swore, first, that the matter was taken for done and the Emperor content with it, and 2ndly that the sole cause of delay was the Emperor's sickness. He desired them to suspect no sinister purpose with France, and dispraised Frenchmen, saying that the French king had failed to get money in Parys, that France was in great poverty of men and victuals, and the new fortress beside Bolen in great distress, and the French king preparing "the revictualment." He promised a meeting next day. On the 11th, towards night, Grandvela sent for them, signifying that De Prate, Skore, Skepperus and Nigri were with him. Grandvela "proponed" that, having agreed upon some matters, it were expedient to agree upon the rest; and thereupon Skore spoke of certain Dutchmen who, being compelled to carry victuals to Boleyn, were taken by Frenchmen and "put into the galley," and of other griefs. Answered that in these matters they had no commission; another matter there was which was "called done," and so signified to the King,—would they now do it? Waxing earnest, spoke plainly that they must write how the merchants were used, reminding them how often the writers had refused to join their matter with the public causes, and how Grandvela had approved Gardiner's refusal to speak of it. Grandvela thereupon said softly to Gardiner, sitting next him, "that I should not mislike the article that he would make and send me the next day." Gardiner replied that he misliked all delays. And so they departed in melancholy fashion, Grandvela accompanying them to the door and promising Gardiner audience of the Emperor as soon as possible. Were greatly perplexed, but decided, having commission (in case of extremity) to conclude a general clause for relief of the merchants, to wait and see what should be done next day.
On the 12th Skepperus brought articles concerning their merchants, "with commission to swear on Grandvela's behalf, as he did execute it, that there was never meant any delay," but that the merchants had so influenced the lords of this Court that Grandvela was forced to speak in it, and if we would "make a face to do somewhat" all should shortly be sped. Thereupon undertook to be suitors to the King in the matters (reasons for so doing explained); and they began to write, and spent the 18th and 14th in agreeing upon a perfect minute. On the 15th Skepperus asked for a copy of their commission, the sufficiency of which was questioned because it mentions a meeting between the King and the Emperor. Likewise the writers found fault with the Emperor's commission as mentioning the merchants' matters. The Emperor's commissioners then proposed to pass the articles with promise of ratification by the Princes within one month. Agreed to this. On the 16th the form of words was agreed to; and it was determined to be sent away on Sunday (fn. n5) morning, but we could not get De Prate's seal to it. On the 17th De Prate was occupied with the Emperor about matters of the Chapter of the Order. On the 18th we be come to an end, and thereupon despatch this post with their part, subscribed and sealed, and a copy of our part delivered to them, each part to be ratified within one month.
Have not forgotten the aid, but durst meddle with nothing to interrupt this. No news in this Court, these matters with England occupy all the communication and are known abroad. Of the French king even the French ambassador knows nothing. On the Emperor's part, Nigri and the president of Arase go to Cambray to meet certain from the French king about private contentions. Grandvela is not going to Almain, as was said; and when the Emperor will go hence is uncertain, if only by reason of the weather. The Bishop of Rome has opened his Council at Trent, trusting, as our informants tell us, that it shall not take effect. The Bishop of Rome works marvellously to exalt his own family, especially with the Emperor. The Emperor has not yet ended the Chapter of the Order. Utrek, 18 Jan. Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 11. Add. Endd.: 1545.
19 Jan. 84. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 316.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 19 Jan. Present: Great Master, Privy Seal, [Great Chamberlain, Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre]. Business:—Sir Fras. Leeke had warrant to Wymond Carew for 20l. towards making a church at Tynmouth, and 40l. towards making a conduit in the castle there; and also warrant to Hugh Boyvyle, keeper of the ordnance at Newcastle, for certain guns and ammunition (specified).
19 Jan. 85. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 186.
Today received the Emperor's letter of the 7th. As this courier is about to start, can only write that, although the prisoner here assumes the name of Don Pedro Pacheco, he is rather short than tall, stout and not dark, agreeing rather with Colonel Gamboa's description of Don Pedro Portocarrero. When Bertheuille and he dined with the writer he frequently confirmed Bertheuille's descriptions of things which happened in the camp before St. Disier. The defeat in Scotland was not so disastrous as at first reported, only 200 or 300 men being lost. Boulogne causes great anxiety. Two days ago the King, after consulting his whole Council and all his captains, decided to send the earl of Hertford and Colonel Gamboa thither. The latter immediately started for the Scottish Border to bring his men. Expects that Captain Conrad Penninck will get something to do as he is so long detained. London, 19 Jan. 1546.
19 Jan. 86. Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. Bill of receipt by Wm. Buksted, bowyer, from Mr. Bocher 19 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII., of 43s. 8d. for half a year's rent due at Christmas.
Small slip, p. 1.
19 Jan. 87. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O. Here has been "a marvellous delay to do a thing done," and a great perplexity to us. To have "continued the assurance" would have made us parties to the disappointment, if that had followed; and to have "engrieved the suspicion" might have troubled the King without cause and done harm. "Every day hath had the next day linked unto him with hope of 'depech,'" and we perceive by your letters "that the conclusion here is now much expedient for our affairs, as they stand with France." In the merchants' matter we feared to make a covenant not first perused; and yet, having commission to do it, feared to stay upon it. Now we have put it over with a promise to be suitors. Their two points, relief from impositions and justice for those spoiled, we have granted by words often, but now they demand a time and manner of execution, because the Diet took no effect; and, indeed, justice ministered or benevolence shown in one or two plain matters will quench many doubtful exclamations. Our chief care is for the King to take our request in good part. We send herewith the copy of our promise to be suitors, whereof the first article was concluded at Burborowe, and the second partly depends thereon. Grandvela could not maintain his promise, by Skepperus, that these merchants' matters should not be mentioned; for here is great rivalry between De Prate, Grandvela and Skore (characters of each given, with that of Skepperus, who, as appeared "when we communed with him in Windesore College," is of great circumspection and honesty). (fn. n6) Encloses minute of the ratification to be made there. It has been shown here and only needs to be written and well examined. Would know the King's pleasure for his return; for in last letters he was ordered to tarry if he heard that the French ambassadors returned hither, which is sometimes asserted and sometimes denied. It is constantly affirmed that the Cardinal of Lorayn "was coming and then revoked of the French king," who, indeed, has cause to be perplexed. What the Emperor will do no man can tell, and what he has done in his chapter here, in choosing companions, no man can tell; and, as the ambassadors say, he is "like himself throughly." Mons. de Bure made us a great dinner on Thursday last, at which were "Mons. le Grant and other of the Emperor's chamber." We took it as done by request, "to digest our melancholy of the days before." In accompanying us to his lodging, "Mons. de Bure told me how in this chapter the Emperor doth not only choose new, but also of all other compaig[nons], besides strange princes whom they touch [not], but of other, if they have heard of any misorder in living o[r demean]or (?) they write unto them of it, and signify what they hear, and willeth them to amend it, and if the fact be notorious enjoin them to do thin or that for an amends. And if it be so it is not amiss; and if it be so I marvel not though the chapter be so long. I have heard, of another, that the companions have also liberty, and be sworn, to tell the Emperor frankly what they think in him, and thereupon such a tale as I will not write but tell you when I come home." This Order lets the speedy order of our matters and yesterday kept Mons. de Prate from sealing our covenants &c., which delay engendered you so long a letter; and now you shall receive "a perfection of letters in the number of three," one containing two suits, wherein pray do what you can bono modo, nam de fide non dubito. Here is no news, for the ambassadors come to us for it, our conjunction with the Emperor being the news of the world. You shall receive again the copy of our commission noted in the margin where they here found a scruple. It is scrupulous in another part for us, as we have noted; and we are glad that they left it out, since it imports a confession on our behalf that they had hitherto done well. Utrek, 18 Jan. Signed.
Here is Captain Ryffenberge, against whom Mr. Chamberlain has complained, and the matter is to be heard by the vicechancellor of Germany, Dr. Navurs, and Mons. Skepperus, "who would speak with us in it but th'expedition of this matter stayeth that." Skepperus declared to me that if the King shall need Italians or others he may have such as can be punished if they do not their duty; and "he spake of one of the ho[wse] of the ....... es as ....... [w]ho wold [gla]dly serve the Kinges Matie ....... [lt]alya ............. he sayeth the man is to be trusted for due execution of his charge." He spoke also of one of these countries who served under Mons. de Bure and could bring 1,000 footmen—a man of Mons. de Praettes recommendation. "I said I would, as they were commended, recommend them; and so I do, and with a trust we shall have no need of them. In case they should be needful in a distress it were good to use the counsel of such here as know the conditions of them, and, partly upon their credit to take them, in my poor opinion. If ye answer me not herein, I shall say I have written and procure answer when I come home."
P.S.—It was so late ere we could hear again from Mons. de Eke (Skepperus) that, notwithstanding the dating of our letters yesterday, the courier was stayed till this morning for this subscription for the merchants." Because we put out two or three words in the preface, Skepperus "went about from one of the Grandvelas to another to tell them of it, for he wisely preserveth himself from their quarrels and saith he cannot tell what words signify after some men's exposition." This matter which troubled us so much has now somewhat perplexed them. "On the grosse of or capitulacions in the begynnyng of the newe ............. was thopini[on] .......... of them, by this newe covenaunt, wherein is remitted differences and pretenses they did give away al the merchauntes complayntes." And because I refused so extremely to speak of merchants' matters till all was past, they thought I had that conceit. Explains that if the merchants have paid to obtain this subscription they have "small pennyworths;" and that it will be a "jolly general answer" to make to such as cry for relief in England, that when one comes from the Emperor the King will appoint Councillors to hear it. "As for the article for impositions concluded at Burbrough, they [call i]t a piece of your recesse, for so they term the capitulation ye ma[de with them] for the Diet." They maintained that the recess of Monsieur Pagetto was not accomplished, for it was all one not to do a thing and to do it without effect; and the Diet had no effect. Enlarges jestingly on this, adding that he would have written in another tune a week ago. Begs that the ratification may be sent shortly, and reminds him that the part to be ratified is sent in paper. "I write therof somoch because I have seen an error therin heretofore. [I ha]ve lerned somoch synnes yesternight of th'Empero[r's] [ambassa]dor there [with you that] I [can] saye he is of an honest affection towardes us. And if ye aske me, whenne I cumme horn, howe I knowe it, I am able to sette it forth as playne as is a demonstracion of geometric." If this courier were gone the Vicechancellor Navers and Skepperus would talk with us of Ryffenberge, who now, as Mr. Chamberlain says, alleges that the King's commissaries would have had him bring the army to the French king's country and leave them to the butchery. "This is a gaye issue for a camp if he will maintain it but for that purpose." Skepperus says that they like our form of ratification. Utrek, 19 Jan. in [the morning?]. Signed.
Hol., pp. 11. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.: xviijo. Januarii 1545.
R. O. 2. Minute for Henry VIII.'s ratification of the treaty (English counter-part giving the King and his commissioners first place with the words King of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, "ac in terra Ecclesie Anglicane et Hibernice supremi capitis") concluded at Utrecht, 16 Jan. 1546; with annotations in Gardiner's hand, two of which, referring to an addition made at the King's request, point out that Ireland is named kingdom, and that in the words "vel equi ementur in Germania" only horse are named, men being "left out, as we have before written in our letters of the second." Gardiner's note to the conclusion is "This if it like the King's Majesty may be the end of the letters of ratification;" and the date thereto appended, viz, "Hampton Court, die xxij Januarii 1546," seems to have been written in advance.
Lat., pp. 4. Endd. by Gardiner: A minute of the capitulacion passed here to be confirmed and ratified in England.
Add. MS.
2,103, f. 199
B. M.
3. Copy of the preceding.
Lat., pp. 5.
19 Jan. 88. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 20. Meeting at Edinburgh, 19 Jan. Present: Governor, Cardinal, bp. of Galloway, Earl Bothwell, abbots of Paisley and Culross, lord Borthuik, Clerk Register. Business:—Earl Bothwell bound to deliver Master George Wishart to the Governor before 30 Jan.
19 Jan. 89. St. Mauris to Covos.
viii., No. 187.
Wrote from Compeigne. Sends five ciphered reports of his doings since. M. Joos (Bave) writes on the 13th that the Emperor had held a chapter of his Order, and was in bed with goat, but recovering. The King of France is again ill with abscess; and the Pope is also said to be very ill. The English have been repulsed in an attempt to victual Boulogne. Mercenaries serving in France have mutinied. The French could not agree to peace or truce and have resolved to make war about Boulogne in July, before the Emperor again joins in the war. The English have 50 well armed ships on the French coast. The peace question remains in suspense and the marriage only talked of because the French will not relinquish Piedmont. Hears from Granvelle that Covos is instructed to pay his salary; and begs for 1,500 cr. by Gonzalo Perez. Will be found at Paris or Melun, as the King cannot go far away. Chalons near Paris, 19 Jan. 1546.
20 Jan. 90. The Privy Council.
A P C., 316.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 20 Jan. Present: Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—To Sir Thos. Seymour, master of the Ordnance, to deliver to George Browne, master of the Ordnance at Calais, certain bows, spears, guns, &c. (detailed), for the town and castle of Calais, the castle of Guisnes and Bootes bulwark. To Deputy and Council of Calais, that no warrants be addressed to the Master of Ordnance there to deliver munitions to any person privately unless such person will be answerable for the value. To Treasurer of Augmentations, to deliver l,500l. to Sir Ant. Knevet for ordnance and munition for the store in the Tower. To Sir Thos. Seymour, to deliver to Sir Peter Mewtes, for Guernsey, one ton of shot and other ordnance (specified). Letter to Surrey to receive Anthony Stasino and Nic. Crexia, Albanoys captains who served last summer in the North, with 50 horsemen apiece, to serve at Boulogne with 30 cr. a month and wages for their officers and men, and the whole wages which other Albanoys captains under Cavalier Thomaso receive, as soon as they increase their numbers to 100 apiece. Letter in Italian to Cavalier Thomaso, colonel of the Albanoys at Boulogne, to receive them. Warrant to Robt. Legge to pay Paulo de Maryne, captain of the Great Aragousey ship lying at Southampton 184l. 17s. 4d. and 29l. 2s. 8d. (as in No. 80). Letter to the said Treasurer to pay Maryne de Paulo and Francisco de Maryne, captains of the two Aragowsey ships arrested to serve again, portage and wages from the 22nd inst., allowing Maryne de Paulo as much as his fellow, Francisco de Maryne, notwithstanding any other covenant with him.
20 Jan. 91. Musters.
R. O. "A book containing as well the numbers of men appointed presently to be levied in in (sic) the shires following as also the names of the commissioners chosen to take the musters of the same."
[Many names of commissioners altered, and marks and numbers put to them by Petre and others, the mark indicated by an asterisk in § 2 appearing against most, but not all, of those so marked in § 2.
Beds, 300.—Sir Fraunces Bryan, [Sir John Seynt John 200, Sir Thomas Rotheram 200] (fn. n7) Sir John Gascoigue 200, Thomas Foster (altered from Lewes Dyve) 100.
Bucks, 300.—The lord Windesour, Sir Robert Dormer, [Sir Rafe Verney 100], (fn. n7) Sir Ant. Lee, Ric. Grenewaye 100, Arthur Longvyle 100, Thos. Pygott, Young Dormer 100.
Berks, 300.—Sir Humph. Foster, John Wellesbourne, Edw. Feteplace, Perkyns (altered from Sir Alex. Umpton) 100, Ric. Bridges, [Fras. Ingelfeld], (fn. n7) John Chaynye 100, Young Winchcombe 100, Young Hide.
Cambs, 200.—Sir Robt. Payton, Sir Thos. Eliot, Sir Giles Alyngton, Thos. Cotton 100, Hen. Goodryke, [Robt. Chester 100], (fn. n7) Thos. Rudston, [Giles] (fn. n7) Alyngton, son and heir to Sir Giles, 100.
Devon, 500.—The earl of Bath, Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Hugh Pollard, Sir Ric. Grenefeld 200, Roger Gifford (altered from Hugh Stukeley) 200, Ant. Harvye, Rog. Bluet 100, —— (blank) Chidley, John St. Clere.
Dorset, 100 (altered from 300).—Sir John Pawlet, Sir Giles Stranguishe, Sir Thomas Arundell, Sir John Horsey, Sir John Rogers, Geo. Lynde, Hussey late of the Rodes 100.
Cornwall, 300 (this entry inserted by Petre).—Sir Wm. Godelfen, Hugh Trevenyen, John Mylleton captain of the Mownt, John Reskemer 200, Ric. Chamon 100.
[Essex, 400.—The. earl of Oxford, the earl of Essex, Sir Thos. Darcye, Sir John Raynesford 200, Sir Giles Capell, Sir John Smyth, Geo. Norton 200, Eustace Sulyarde, Wm. Bonham, Edw. Burye, John Corbet.] (fn. n7)
Glouc., 700 (altered from 600).—Sir Walt. Denys 200, Sir Nic. Poyntz, [Sir Ant. Hungerford] (fn. n7) 200, Sir Ant. Kingestone, Sir George Bayneham, Thos. (altered from George) Throkmerton 200, [John Guyes] (fn. n7) 100.
Hunts, 100 (altered from, 300).—Sir Laur. Tailour, Thos. Hall, Robt. ap Rice, Robt. Donell, Thos. Walton, [Miles Forest 100], (fn. n7) Wm. Cony of Yaxley 100.
Herts, 300.—The lord Morley, Sir Ralph Sadlyer, [Sir Hen. Parker 200,] Sir Ric. Lee, Wm. Barley 100, Robt. Lytton, John Conesbye, Thos. Skipton, John Broket (altered from — Butler, jun.) 100, Roland Lytton 100.
Heref., 500.—Sir Edw. Crofte, Sir Jas. Baskervell, Ric. Vaughan, John Skudmore, John Blunt of Greyndon "iiijxx yere old," —— (blank), Baskerwell, son and heir to Sir James B. (altered by Petre from Miles ap Harry 200, Nic. Phitton 200), Sir George Cornewal, Steph. ap Henry.
Kent, 300 (cancelled).—[Sir Thos. Cheney, Sir Wm. Fynche, Sir John Guylford, Sir Edw. Boughton, Sir Hen. Isley, Sir Percival Harte, Sir Humph. Style, Edw. Thwayte, Thos. Culpeper, Wylford the younger, John Norton, Thos. Dygges, John Draner, —— (blank) Kempe.] (fn. n7)
Linc., 300.—Lyndsey: Sir John Thimblebye, Sir Robt. Hussey, [Ric. Markham 100], (fn. n7) Sir Robt. Tyrwytt, Sir Wm. Skipwith, Sir Wm. Wylloughby, Sir John Cavendishe 100, [Sir Fras. Askue 100], (fn. n7) Edw. Dymmok, Wm. Mounson, Wm. Naunton, Edw. Sheffeld, — Hollys. Holland: Sir Wm. Hussey, Sir Thos. Tempest, Sir John Copledyck, John Hennage.
Wilts, 500.—The lord Sturton 200, Sir Thos. Seymour, [Sir Edw. Darrell 100], Sir Hen. Longe, [Sir Wm. Wroughton 200], John Erneley, John Bonham, Ric. Brigges, Chas. Bulkey, John Pye, Wm. Button, Andrew Baynton, Edw. Baynarde, Davers, Clifford, [Rawley].
Warw., 500.—Sir George Throkmerton, my l. Thomas Graye (altered from Sir Fulk Grevell) 200, Sir Wm. Feldinge, [Reynold Dygbye 200] (fn. n7) "very old and blynde," John Grevell, [Thos. Ardern 100 "above lx."], (fn. n7) Humph. Dymmok, Robt. Mydlemore 200, Edw. Pie 100, Geo. Throgmerton the younger 100, Sir Hugh Willobye.
Leic., 500 (altered from 400).—The marques Dorsett, the earl of Huntington, the lord Crumwell, Sir Ric. Maners, Sir Ambrose Cave 200, Edw. Gryffyn, Hen. Poole, [Thos. Nevell 200], (fn. n7) Brian Cave, Geo. Vyllers, Ric. Nele 100 (in margin "his sone").
Midd., 200.—Sir Roger Cholmeley, Sir Ant. Knyvett, [Thos. Wrothe 100, Jasper Fesaunt 100], (fn. n7) Hugh Losse, [Fras. Goodyer 100]. (fn. n7)
Ntht., 400.—The lord Parr of Horton, Sir Wm. Newenham 200, Sir Thos. Gryffyn, Sir Thos. Tresham 100], (fn. n7) Sir Robt. Kirkham, Sir Ric. Catesbye, Sir Robt. Stafford 100, Humph. Stafford. Ric. Humfrey, Thos. Brydwell, Sir Humph. Stafford.
[Norf., 500. — The duke of Norfolk, the earl of Sussex, Sir Rog. Townesend, Sir Edm. Knyvett 200, Sir Wm. Fermour, Sir Edm. Wyndham, Sir John Clere 100, Sir Fras. Lovell, John Robster 100, Hen. Bedingfelde, Wm. le Straunge 100.] (fn. n7)
Oxford, 300 (altered from 200).—Sir Wm. Barentyne, Sir John Willyams, Sir Walt. Stoner, Sir John Browne, Thos. Carter, Edm. Home 100, Leonard Chamberlaine 100, William Raynesford, Ant. Cope 100, Thos. Bridges.
Rutland, 100.—Sir John Harrington 100, Edw. Sapcotes, [Kellam Dygbye 100], Andrew Nowell.
Staf., 400 (altered from 300).—The lord Ferrers, the lord Stafford, Sir Ph. Draycote, Sir Geo. Griffith 200, [Thos. Gyfforde 200], (fn. n7) John Peirsal 100, Humph. Swynerton 100.
Surrey, 200.—The lord William Howard, [Sir Hen. Knyvett], (fn. n7) Nic. Leegh of Addington, Ric. Bedon, John Scott [Morgan,] (fn. n7) Copinger 100 (altered from Monox 200), Walter Adams 100.
Worc., 500 (altered from 300).—Sir John Russell, Sir Geo. Blunt 200, [Thos. Acton 100] (fn. n7) "dede," Jerome Palmer (altered from Ric. Palmer) 100, Ric. Tracye, [Chr. Savage 100]. (fn. n7)
Suff., 600 (altered to 300).—[The lord Wentworthe, Sir Thos. Tyrel of Gyppyng, Sir John Jerningham, Sir Wm. Drury, Sir Thos. Jermyn, Ph. Calthrop, Thos. Barnardeston, Chr. Glemham, John Harman.] (fn. n7)
Soms., 600.—Sir Morice Berkley 200, Sir Thos. Speake, Sir Edw. Gorge, Sir John Newton, Sir John Lutterell 100, Sir John Sentloo, Young (altered from John) Sydenham 100, John Wyndham 100, Thos. Dyer 100, Alex. Popham, Thos. Horner, John Wadham, John Edgcombe, John Lyght, Thos. Philippes.
Lanc., 200.—Sir Thos. Holcrofte.
[Notts, Salop, 100.] (fn. n7)
Wales, 1,000 (altered from 700).
The Spaniards, 1,000.
The Clevois, 300.
[Mr. Deverox, 300.]
Total, 11,300.
ii. On a separate slip with heading, "This is perfite":—
Warw.—My l. Thomas Gray 200, Sir Hugh Willoughby, Walter Horton, Young George Throgmorton.
Leic.—Sir Ambrose Cave 200, John Broughton, Thos. Neele, John Moyle.
Pp. 10. Endd.: A book, etc., "appointed the xxth of January, 1545."
R. O. 2. "Names of the captains first appointed to have gone, with others sithens appointed":—
Beds:—300, Sir John St. John, Sir Thos. Rotheram, Sir John Gaskoyn, (fn. n7) [Lewes Dyve, cancelled], Thos. Foster. (fn. n7) Bucks:—300, Sir Rof Verney, Ric. Greneway, (fn. n7) Arthur Longvile, (fn. n7) Young Dormer. (fn. n7) Berks:—300, Alex. Umpton, Fras. Inglefeld, John Cheney, Young Winchecombe, Parkyns, (fn. n7) Young Hide. (fn. n7) Camb.:—200, Thos. Cotton, Robert Chestre, Young Alington. Devon:—500, Sir Ric. Grenfeld, (fn. n7) Hugh Stukeley, Roger Bluet, (fn. n7) John St. Clere. (fn. n7) Dorset:—100, Husey, late of the Rodes. (fn. n7) Cornwall:— 300, John Reskymer, (fn. n7) Ric. Chamond. Glouc.:—700, Sir Walter Denys, (fn. n7) Sir Nic. Pointz, Sir Ant. (fn. n7) Hungerford, Sir Ant. Kingston, Thos. Throgmerton. (fn. n7) Hunts:—100, Myles Forest, Wm. Coney of Yaxley. (fn. n7) Herts:—300, Sir Hen. Parker, Robt. Lytton, Wm. Berley, (fn. n7) John Brocket, (fn. n7) Rouland Lytton. (fn. n7) Heref.:—500, Sir Jas. Baskervile, Miles ap Henry, Nic. Phitton, Young Baskervile, (fn. n7) Sir Geo. Cornewal. (fn. n7) Lincoln:—300, Sir John Candissh, Sir Fras. Askue, Ric. Markham, Edw. Sheffeld, (fn. n7) ——Hollys. (fn. n7) Wilts:—500, Lord Sturton, (fn. n7) Sir Thos. Seymour, (fn. n7) Sir Edw. Darell, Sir Wm. Wroughton, Davers, (fn. n7) Clifford. (fn. n7) Warw.:—500, Sir Fulke Grevil, Reynold Digby, Thos. Ardern, Sir Hugh Willoughbye, Walter Hort (Hortone in § 3). Leic.:—500, Sir Ambrose Cave, Thos. Nevel, Brian Cave, Thos. Neele, John Moyle. Middx.:—200, Thos. Wrothe, Edw. Taylour. Northants:—400, Sir Wm. Newenham, (fn. n7) Sir Thos. Tresham, Sir Robt. Kyrkham, Sir Robt. Stafford, (fn. n7) Sir Humphrey Stafford. (fn. n7) Oxon:—300, Edm. Home, (fn. n7) Leonard Chamberlayn, (fn. n7) Ant. Cope. Rutland:— 100, Kellam Digby, Sir John Harrington. (fn. n7) Staff.:—400, Sir Geo. Griffith, (fn. n7) Thos. Gifford, John Peirsall, (fn. n7) Humfrey Swynerton. (fn. n7) Surrey:—200, Sir Hen. Knevet, Nic. Legh of Adyngton, Copinger, (fn. n7) Walter Adams. (fn. n7) Wore.:—500, Sir Geo. Blount, (fn. n7) Ric. Palmer, Chr. Savage, Jerome Palmer. (fn. n7) Somerset:—600, Sir Morres Barkley, (fn. n7) Sir John Luttrel, (fn. n7) John Sydenham, John Windeham, (fn. n7) Thos. Dyer, (fn. n7) Young Sydenham. (fn. n7) Lancashire:—200, Sir Thos. Holcroft. (fn. n7)
Pp. 6. Endd.: The last book of Captains, whereof those appointed to go be noted with ( (fn. n7) ).
R. O. 3. Similar list, consisting almost entirely of those marked ( (fn. n7) ) in the preceding. For those counties in which no name is marked, the following names are given (compare § 1 ii.):—
Warw.:—200, Lord Thos. Graye, 200, Sir Hugh Willoughby, Walter Hortone, Young Geo. Throkmerton. Leic.:—200, Sir Ambrose Cave, 200, John Broughton, Thos. Neele, John Moyle. Middx.:—200, Edw. Taylour, 100. Wales:—1,000, Mr. Deveroux, 300.
Pp. 4. Endd.: My lord of Hertf. perfect boke for the men appointed to goo.
20 Jan. 92. Cranmer to Sir Wm. Paget.
R. O.
Burnet, v. 356.
Letters, 414.
Sends letters for Paget to give to the King, enclosing the minute of another letter to be sent by the King to Cranmer, of which also he sends a copy. (fn. n8) Asks him to correct it as he deems requisite and then deliver it to the King. Bekesbourne, 20 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: one of the King's Majesty's two principal secretaries. Endd. 20 Jan. 1545.
20 Jan. 93. J. Dymmocke to Paget.
R. O. To day at 12 o'clock, received the enclosed letters from a merchant of Andwarppe named Wm. Calewarde, who only writes that the letter with four seals is sent from certain noblemen to the King and requires answer. Sends Calewarde's letter also. I only yesternight received the money for our diet; and tarried this day "to put it over by exchange," so that it will be to morrow 4 o'clock ere I depart hence. Pray write for me to John Wylde of Canterbury, according to the remembrance I gave you at your departing from London. Written in haste, 20 Jan. 1545.
P.S.—Remember that, if the King will be served of any Dweshemen, "let his Grace not forsake Courte Pennyncke, for geve he be forsaken here there be other that woll gladelye have hym as yow shall perseve here after."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: in Court. Endd.
20 Jan. 94. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O. Since coming to Andwerp has received 1,500l. Fl. of the factors of Bartilmew Compaigne, and is promised the rest of the 6,000l. Fl. Tomorrow, less interest, provision and brokerage (at the rate lately allowed, by the Council's command, to John Carolo and others for the emprunture made by Anthony Bonvice, Ancelyn Salvage and others) which will draw to 360l. Fl. Found at Andwerp that Jasper Dowche is at Utreght with the Emperor and will not return these ten days; but assayed John Carolo (a man of notable riches) about the emprunture of money, who will not emprunt money without jewels. Gave him a cold answer, as these merchants are "exceeding subtle and crafty witted" and must be "compassed thereafter," or else they would make scarcity of money. Meets John Carolo again tomorrow, and, if he then concludes nothing, will assay the Welsars and others. Intends tomorrow to truss some of this money with merchandise in wagons which the English merchants have laden for Calles, and will afterwards send the rest in the same way, which seems surest and least costly. Hopes shortly to have occasion to write "largelyar." Andwerp, 20 Jan.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
20 Jan. 95. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. I now write to the King that I have received of Bart. Compaigne's factors 1,500l. Fl. and am tomorrow to receive the rest of the 6,000l. Fl. saving 360l. Fl. and odd allowed for interest, provision and brokerage; part of which money I will send to-morrow, by wagon, to Calles trussed with merchandise. Also that I have induced John Carolo to offer a loan, which he will not make "without ridding a jewel withal." I dare not seem to desire money lest these foxes and wily pies savor it and make their merchandise dear. When I know the uttermost that they will do, there shall be no need to bid me use decent diligence. I dined yesterday with John Carolo, who showed me, among other good jewels, "a tabled diamond set in an owch of gold little less than the paper squared on the other side (fn. n9) which I think is of the greatest sort that lightly is to be found." If the thickness answered to the length and breadth, it were a jewel of wondrous price. He holds it at 40,000 cr. "It hath a great fair and orient round pearl hanging thereat." With it he would give money at reasonable interest. I made him a cold answer, but will tomorrow try whether he will deliver money without jewels. Failing him I will try the Welsar; and, if I can obtain of neither, I will leave no bourse or bank untried.
There is a private matter upon which the writer wishes the counsel of the Lord Chancellor and Paget. Being forced by the King's business to leave his things in "huggesters' handelinges," whereby his children's nurture in virtue and all his things run great hazard, he thinks it best to marry some honest and sad woman, and is inclined to the widow of Hen. Brynklow, mercer. (fn. n10) Her substance is not above 300l. or 400l. In "so jeopardous a matter" he dare not meddle without their counsel. Bearer is in such haste that he cannot write more. Andwerp, 20 Jan. 1545.
"Jasper Dowch is at the Court and not looked for these ten days. I do not write to the Kind's Majesty of the largeness of this diamond." (fn. n11)
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
20 Jan. 96. The Bishop of Caserta to Cardinal Farnese.
R. O. * * * *
Affairs with France will remain as they are, and each enjoy what he holds, viz., the Englishman Boulogne, the King Piedmont, and the Emperor his states; and everyone will rest for this year. Winchester should now return into England since it is understood that all is expedited, as we have written in our common letter, although Granvella and Arras promise that when he is about to leave they will give me an account of everything. Gherardo arrived from Constantinople yesterday and was welcomed, although his negotiation had only the effect that you know. Secco remained at Vienna with the King of Romans. The Cardinal of Trent is asked to make him captain of justice at Milan and he has the favour of Granvela and Arras, but there are other competitors.
* * * *
Utrech, 20 Jan.
Ital. Modern extract from Rome, p. 1. Headed: Di Monsigr Casertan' al Cardinal Farnese, del giorno 20 Gennaro, 1546.
20 Jan. 97. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 25.
In last letters of the 17th signified an opinion that the Elector Palatine would come to this assembly. Now it is certain that both the Elector Palatine and the Landgrave will be here within eight days: and it is probable that these states will enter a league for defence of the Palatine as they did for the Elector of Cologne; for the Palatine is reforming the churches of the Palatinate in accordance with the confession of the Protestants, saying that he cannot longer delay reformation and cannot induce either Pope or bishops to restore a fallen religion. The time of this League did not extend beyond next Easter, but now it has been by consent prolonged for three years, and the Princes and States seem steadfast to maintain this doctrine and nowise consent to, or appear in, the Bishop of Rome's Council; and they will resist any decrees of that Council against them. Francfort, 20 Jan. 1546.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.. 1546.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 25.
2. Order published by the Elector Palatine in the Upper Palatinate, viz.:—
That parish priests (parochi) should give communion in both kinds to those who ask it and administer all sacraments in the German tongue. That no parish priest should be compelled to celebrate papistical mass; or, if about to celebrate it and any of those present object, he may omit it. That no parish priest keep any suspect woman in his house; but if any priest is unable to observe continence he may marry.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.: Articuli Palatini.
20 Jan. 98. Mont to Paget and Petre.
R. O. Having written on the 17th by an unusual way, sends this by the ordinary post. The Protestant States desire to know what their ambassadors are doing, and the issue of the negociations; for they much desire peace between the King and the French king, not doubting that if the King were free from war he could perform many things (such is his wisdom) for the assuaging of the present commotions; for they know that the Pope is eager to exasperate Germany into civil war. Francffort, 20 Jan. 1546.
Commendations to Mr. Bucler.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.. 1546.


  • n1. These words filled into a blank space by another hand.
  • n2. The Galley Subtill. See Vol. XX., Pt. ii, p. 42.
  • n3. Sic; qu. 8th?
  • n4. Alexander Thedaldinus. See Vol. XX., Pt. ii., No. 1020.
  • n5. January 17th.
  • n6. The passage here described is printed in St. P., XI., p. 24.
  • n7. Cancelled.
  • n8. See No. 110.
  • n9. A rectangular piece of paper (about 1 in. × 1¼ in.) is pasted on the opposite page.
  • n10. See Vol. XX., Pt. ii., page 342 n.
  • n11. This written against the paper figure referred to in the preceding note.