Henry VIII: June 1546, 6-10

Pages 505-518

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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June 1546, 6-10

6 June. 1006. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 448.
Meeting at St. James's, 6 June. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre]. Business:—Placard for Thomas Busshope for two horses to Carlisle; also letter of recommendation to Lord Wharton. Mr. Griffith, King's solicitor, had warrant to Williams for 40l. to be repaid to Sir Thomas Griffith, disbursed last summer for 200 soldiers' coats at 4s.
6 June. 1007. Henry VIII. to Lisle, Paget, and Wotton.
Calig. E. iv.,
B. M.
* * * *
...... you do nowe fynall[y] ........ long treatie. Lyke as we do take y[our proceedings therein in] thankefull parte and geve unto you f[or the same our most hearty] thankes; so, consydering that they d[o show somewhat more] conformitie thenne they have used her[etofore, we have] caused th'articles sent from you to be efts[oons] .... after suche sorte as the same were nowe ....... which we do presently retorne wt these or [letters. To the] which articles you maye cause their comp[rehension of the Emperor to be added, agreeing allso wt them [for the term] of one moneth be assented unto, for notice to [be given to the] Scottes, according to their desire. Requiring [you to] procede in the name of God to the conclusion [of the treaty] accordingly. Signifying further unto [you that although] in tharticles for the ratification (fn. n1) sent from y[ou, and herewith] returned agayne, ther is no mention maed [of an oath to] be geven at the tyme of the ratificacion, ye[t] if they shall presse you moche to have that clause for th[oath thereto] added, we be pleased that in thende, rather [than fail], you shall assent therunto.
"And wher we have heretofore signified or pleasure [unto you] our Admiral touching your journey towardes the Fre[nch] king after the conclusion of the peax, we have t[hought].
* * * *
... [Ad]miral to th ..................... as well for his passage as for ............... the waye accordingly. And [as]sone a[s you s]hall have concluded the peax, or pleasour is you shall advertise the same unto us by post with all possible diligence. Geven under or signet at or palays of Westmynstre, the vjth of June 1546."
Much mutilated, pp. 2. Add. Endd.
6 June. 1008. The Privy Council to Hertford and Lisle.
R. O. The King, remembering that a great number of Frenchmen remain near Bulleyn, and their forces continue upon the seas, thinks it not expedient "to give over hasty credence to a new reconciled friend." Although peace be concluded, he will not dissolve his forces until the French revoke theirs. "Signifying further unto you, my lord Admiral, that, if the Admiral of France shall now shortly repair hither, his majesty would that the ships were put in such order as in his coming he may may (sic) see the same as well set forwards to the show as you may."
Draft in Petre's hand, p. 1. Endd.: M. to th'erle of Hertf. and the 1. Admy[ral], vjo Junii 1546.
6 June. 1009. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O. This evening I received letters from Mr. Carne with answer concerning John Dymocke, "which maketh me much to marvel that a prince's commissary accused shall not be suffered to come to his answer." Mr. Carne writes me that the Lady Regent, for the King's sake, will release him and he must depart this country by a day appointed; as doubtless Mr. Carne informs you "in this his letter." For safeguard of the King's money and affairs in Dymocke's charge, I forthwith depart to him at Dordrigh, and thence to the Hage, with the Regent's letters to her Councillors there for his release. Andwerp, going towards Dordright, 6 June 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Callais or elsewhere. Endd.
6 June. 1010. William Damesell to Petre.
R. O. Was certified by Mr. Secretary Paget that he should receive money of John Dymocke; but has not had it as Dymocke remains in prison and the King's money under arrest, at Dordrigh in Holland, by the Emperor's procurator general, who lately made means to convey both him and the money to the Hage, where is kept the chief court of Holland. Doubtless the King is informed, by Sir Edward Carne, his ambassador, and otherwise, both of the imprisonment and the causes of it. Has divers times written the causes to Carne, as Dymocke writes them, and sent a servant to wait on him four or five days, rather to have Dymocke out of prison than for the money. Now that servant brings the Lady Regent's answer and Carne's letters signifying that Dymocke shall be released and depart the country by a time appointed; as Carne will have "in these his letters" informed the King. For safeguard of the King's treasure and affairs in Dymocke's charge, departs forthwith to Dordrigh with the Regent's letters to her Councillors at the Hage for his delivery.
Desires him to inform the King that the writer, six days past, despatched a hoy laden with powder, saltpetre and great anchors under conduct of certain of his Majesty's ships, "with other laden with merchants' goods." Andwerpe, 6 June 1546, going towards Holland.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at the Court. Endd.
6 June. 1011. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 210.
Wrote on the 4th. On Saturday the 5th the Emperor, accompanied by the king of Romans and the other princes and states of the Empire, went to the Great Church, where the Cardinal of Trent sang mass of the Holy Ghost; and afterwards, in the council chamber of the town, the Emperor caused to be propounded the causes of their convention, and so began the Diet. Hears that five articles were propounded, viz., religion, justice, internal peace, coining of money and defence against the Turk. Is promised a copy of the proposition. Rainspurgh, 6 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
6 June. 1012. The Bishop of Lucca to Cardinal Farnese.
R. O. Here is news from Venice and Ratisbon of peace between France and England, which is probably true. The effect will be (1) that the Emperor and France will for some time be unable to make offensive war, having proved that neither is alone strong enough to ruin the other. They are both elderly and in poor health, so they may as well rest awhile. (2) That the Emperor cannot make the enterprise, for fear of France and England; although, Germany being large and much divided, something might be done, but not the business that was proposed last year. (3) The Emperor will be forced to temporize with the Lutherans, and in this Diet either do or tolerate for political reasons what he has hitherto tolerated against his will.
Italian. Modern extract from Rome, p. 1. Headed: "Il Vescovo di Lucca al Card. Farnese. Trento, 6 di Giugno, 1546."
7 June. 1013. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 449.
Meeting at St. James's, 7 June. (No names of those present). Business:—Weston, the luteplayer, for conferences with Barkar, Latham, Lasselles and others "upon prophecies and other things stirring to commotion against the King's Majesty," after brief examination in which he confessed little, committed to the Porter's lodge. Warrant to treasurer of Chamber for 4l. to Nicholas the courier, going to Guisnes and back, and 13l. 6s. 8d. to Thos. Busshope, in reward. Lanam, "a prophesier," committed to the Tower upon Weston's and Barker's depositions.
7 June. 1014. Treaty of Camp.
R. O.
Rymer, (fn. n2) xv.
Treaty negotiated by Claude Dennebault, Pierre Remon and Guillaume Bochetel, French commissioners, with Lisle, Paget and Wotton (full style of each given).
Consisting of 17 articles (not numbered), as follows:—
(1) Remission of all offences since the last war was begun and published. (2) Neither prince to invade or permit his subjects to invade territories at present possessed by the other, or to aid anyone, spiritual or temporal, in such invasion. (3) Free intercourse and commerce. (4) Imposts on commerce laid within the last 50 years to be taken off. (5) Neither prince to protect or aid subjects of the other who shall offend in future, or who have been already condemned of lèse majesté. (6) Neither prince to retain or allow his subjects to retain such offenders, but deliver them up within 20 days after receiving letters of requisition from the other. (7) No letters of marque to be issued unless against principal offenders, and then only upon manifest denial of justice. (8) The act of any subject or ally against this peace is not to impair it. (9) France shall pay England all pensions, as well to the king of England during his life as to his successors, as in former treaties directed, viz., to the king of England during his life, by the treaty of Moore, 30 Aug. 1525, 94,736 (fn. n3) cr. of the sun and 32 sous Tournois, and for salt due by the treaty of perpetual peace of 30 April 1527, and afterwards by special agreement fixed at 10,000 cr. yearly; the first payment to be made 1 Nov. next, and succeeding payments to be half-yearly on 1 May and 1 Nov. during the king of England's life, and after his death the pension to be continued to his successors—and the commutation for salt also, if that be found to be perpetual. (10) France to pay England within 15 days after Michaelmas which shall be in A.D. 1554, (fn. n4) for arrears of pension and for fortifications constructed by the king of England within the county of Boulogne, 2,000,000 cr, of the value described in the treaty of the Moore, of 30 Aug. 1525; and shall thereupon be released from all arrears and other payments due up to 1 May last (except only those mentioned in the following article) and all expenses which England might claim on account of the last war. (11) The King of England's claim of 512,022 cr. 22s. 6d. upon certain letters of the Most Christian King of 29 Jan. 1529, to be submitted to two commissioners on either side within three months, and the amount found to be due added to the payment of the said 2,000,000 cr.; and if these commissioners fail to decide, the matter shall be submitted to four lawyers, subjects of neither prince. (12) The King of England to peaceably enjoy the town of Boulogne and the territories within these limits, viz., the port of Boulogne with its further shore, as far as the highest winter tide runs, up to the bridge called Pont de Bricque shall be the boundary, and from that bridge the river flowing under it (fn. n5) which shall be common to both princes and shall not have its course deflected by either, as far as the head and fount of the same, shall be the boundary; so that by this treaty the said port from the sea to Pont de Bricque, the town and all the county of Boulogne on this side the said river and port shall be peaceably enjoyed by the King of England until the 2,000,000 cr. with the further sum upon the letters obligatory mentioned in the 11th article above is paid. (13) Upon payment of the said 2,000,000 cr. and further sum, Boulogne and all lands occupied by England since the last war to be restored in good condition. (14) Henceforward until Michaelmas 1554 neither prince to begin any new fortification in the county of Boulogne. (15) Both sides comprehend the Emperor. (16) The Scots to be comprehended, against whom England shall not move war without new occasion; in which case of new occasion their present comprehension shall be interpreted as in the treaty of 5 April 1515 (fn. n6), with this alteration that, whereas in that treaty only 15 days were prescribed for the Most Christian King to notify the comprehension to the Scots, 30 days shall be allowed in this case. (17) This treaty to he ratified by the princes within 40 days.
Commissions for making the above recited, viz. (1) of Francis I. dated Ferrieres, 21 [April] 1545 avant Pasques and (2) of Henry VIII. dated [Westm., 17] April 15[46].
Made in a tent near the town of Camp in the confines of Ardres and Guisnes, 7 June 1546. Signed: Dannebau[lt]: Remon: Bochetel.
Lat. Parchment, pp. 9. Slightly mutilated.
Calig. E. iv.,
B. M.
Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 192.
2. Copy of the above.
Lat. Mutilated, pp. 19.
3. Another copy. Dated Campen, 7 June 1546.
Lat., pp. 9.
R. O. 4. Fair copy (with the articles numbered and apostyled) of the counterpart delivered by France of the treaty of 7 June 1546; without the commissions. The number of the articles here is 16, articles 7 and 8 being made one.
Lat., pp. 8, in a later hand. Headed. Tractatus Campensis 17 Julii (sic) 1546, super redditione villae Boloniae post viii annos.
Harl. MS.
1,064. f. 116b.
B. M.
5. Modern copy of the French counterpart of the treaty. Misdated in the heading 17 July.
Lansd. MS.
141, f. 141.
6. Another modern copy similarly misdated.
1015. The Treaty of Camp.
Add. MS.
9,835, f. 18.
B. M.
"An honorable peace for ever, the contents and articles whereof ensueth":—
(1) First, the French king promises to pay a yearly pension of 100,000 crs. (2) The King to keep Boulogne "as the river goeth, which is a little beyond there whereas the master of the Horse's camp lay, and so forth to the walls of Arde." (3) The French King to have Boulogne at the end of 8 years on payment of the sum "mentioned in the peace." (4) The King gave the French King licence to come through his ground to victual Arde. (5) In case the Scots will not agree to the articles they once promised, the French will take part against them. (6) The French King's ships coming to Boulogne Haven "to pay certayne to the King's Majesty."
P. 1.
7 June. 1016. Hertford, Gardiner and Browne to Henry VIII.
R. O. Yesterday viewed all the pieces in and about Bolen, as Gardiner and Browne will declare at their return. Being "in doubt what shall ensue of this treaty of peace," and seeing the necessity of fortifying upon the Master of the Horse's camp to preserve the country about Bolen for wood and pasture, now that the French begin to fortify at St. Estienne's, a high hill over against it, think that the fortress begun in the hill called the Master of the Horse's camp should be finished, and have consulted how this may be done. Find as follows:—Like Newhaven, it may in three weeks or a month be made defensible against a greater power than the French have yet in the field; and in doing it the aid of 500 fresh men out of Bolen will be readily given, because without such fortification they could not get wood or pasture cattle. Plenty of meal and "other coarse victuals which will satisfy the Almains, with other convenient victuals for the Englishmen," shall be sent from Calais for the small time the army may be on the said hill. If the King "allowe" this opinion, Hertford will remove thither this day sevennight (if so commanded), leaving here Sir Thomas Wyat to guard this piece. When my lord Admiral repairs again to us we will consider the rest of the articles. Newhaven, 7 June. Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
7 June. 1017. Gardiner and Browne to Henry VIII.
R. O. In our common letter we esteem that the fortification on the hill beside Bolen called the Master of the Horse's camp may be made defensible in a month, judging by the work done here. This fortress has taken double the work done upon the Old Man, the ditches are "marvellous large and deep," and the whole work is a princely fortification, proving what may be done with force and goodwill; and "albeit we know how scarce money is and how requisite it were for your Highness to abate the present charges, yet we be so desirous to have the other fortification done as we have gladly agreed to the opinion signified in our common letters." I, Sir Anthony Browne, have viewed the hill beyond this fortress where you have determined another fortification, and find it true that a sacre placed there "may point and blank beat the haven." Tomorrow we intend to see the Blaknasse. Newehaven, 7 June.
My lord of Hertford has desired us to write for more mattocks and spades, because those provided by Mr. Lee have not arrived as promised. Signed.
In Gardner's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
7 June. 1018. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has received from the Council two letters, one of which refers only to Erasmus Schetz and such matters as needs no answer, but the other burdens him with a "piece of blame" which pierces his heart, and he most humbly begs the King to hear his answer. The Council blame him for opening the secrecies of his commission to Jasper Dowche, contrary to his instructions, and they fear lest the said Jasper (as a man who works all things for his own commodity) may rather hinder than further matters. Explains, at length, how he found the Fugger's factor, at Andwerp, to whom he was sent, sick and raving, and saw the day of payment of the King's debt drawing fast on, so that it was necessary to know whether the Fugger would anticipate part of the money, with condition to spare that sum as many days after his day, and whether he would prolong part of the debt for six months. Was commissioned to move the Fugger to prolong the debt, if he did not himself offer to do so; and princes often desire such prolongations, as the Emperor at this hour does, though none has ever offered to pay before his day. Jasper Dowche, before hearing any piece of Vaughan's charge, talked of the ways of payment of this debt, saying that the King could pay part by his own merchants, but not above 30,000 or 40,000l. Fl., and for the rest, seeing that no provision was made here, it would presumably be prolonged, or else paid with "part of the French king's debt now like to grow unto your Majesty upon the conclusion of peace"; wherein he also devised to serve the King upon interest for the time which should run between the emprunture and the day of payment of the French king's obligations. Could devise no better means to learn the Fugger's answer than through Jasper Dowche, who arranged the debt, and thinks it better that the man should make his commodity thereby than that for lack of his working the King's honor should be touched. Jasper Dowche has offered to content the Fugger's at his day, as he will further declare if the King is pleased to use his service; but it is to be remembered that he is a man who will often speak more than he can do. He did not himself write to the Fugger in Almain, but moved the Fugger's servants in Andwerp to write, "whose answer I look for daily." On his knees begs the King to have more regard to his true intention than to his sorrowful fault; his charge here is not so easy among such wolves, foxes and cormorants as he has to do with that any wise man would be glad to "wind" him out of it.
The Council direct him to receive by indenture the bills of exchange for the money to be paid here, and as soon as he has 8,000l. or 10,000l. to begin payment. As lately signified, the Fugger's factor would not assent to receiving money beforehand, on the condition specified; and, as he is now unmeet to be spoken with, the Fugger's answer out of Almayn must be awaited. The reason is that in all bargains he appoints his payments to be made in the payments of every mart, for all merchants that have to do with the bourse of Andwerp (as few there are in Christendom that have not) direct their bills and payments to be received and paid in the payments of one of the four marts of the year, and the Fugger appoints his money to be ready "to serve those with a nip that have need thereof." The King has given him no obligation that is not payable the first day of payment of the payments of the Synxson Mart; and a merchant who will not "jomply" pay in the payments of the mart is not reputed honorable. Told the Council that the Fugger would not anticipate any part of the debt, "but their honours could not think it true."
Is told by sundry merchants that the Emperor lately had of the Fugger 400,000 cr., whereof 150,000 was paid in Italy and the rest in Almayn; also that the Emperor had appointed 5,000 Spaniards to come into Italy and 4,000 horsemen and 10,000 footmen Almains, "also to serve his Majesty there." The Emperor marries daughters of Don Fernando to the Dukes of Cleve and Bayer. Some say that the army which the Emperor now makes is against the Almeyns, others that it will assist the Duke of Savoy against the French king. The Queen dismisses Mr. Dymok out of prison, but he is banished this country for ever and given only five days in which to depart. Sends a packet of letters out of Almain from Mr. Mason. Andwerp, 7 June.
Hol., pp. 6. Add. Endd.: 1546.
7 June. 1019. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. By my servant, the bearer, after sounding the Fugger's factor, I write the King an answer to the two letters you sent me at Calles from the Council. If you will look thereon and seal it up again I would be glad to hear your judgment therein. I mean well. The Emperor has taken of the Fugger 400,000 cr., 150,000 cr. payable in Italy and the rest in Almeyn. He is said to have appointed 5,000 Spaniards to come into Italy, and has in Almayn 4,000 horsemen and 8,000 footmen. Some say that he will set upon the Almayns, some that he will aid the Duke of Savoy against the French king. Herewith is "a packet of letters out of Almayn from Mr. Mason. It were not amiss ye looked upon them. There is matter of importance, as I judge, and meet for your knowledge being where ye be." Andwerp, 7 June.
P.S.—If bearer find you not at Calles he will send away my letters.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Calles. Endd.: 1546.
7 June. 1020. Vaughan to Petre.
R. O. Herewith sends a letter to the King answering two lately received from the Council. Is blamed for opening a piece of his charge to Jasper Dowche. His answer is that he means well. Sends a packet out of Almayn from Mr. Mason. Andwerp, 7 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
7 June. 1021. Prince Philip to Charles V.
viii., No. 270.
* * * *
With regard to supplies required from Spain [for the enterprise against the Protestants] the writer feels very anxious. If the King of France makes any attempt on the frontiers, as it is feared that he will as soon as the enterprise is known, and the English and French make terms to the Emperor's prejudice, it will hardly be possible to resist.
* * * *
Madrid, 7 June 1546.
8 June. 1022. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 449.
Meeting at St. James's, 8 June. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre]. Business:—Warrants to the Exchequer, Augmentations, Tenths and Court of Wards for money to be made over by exchange, viz., to Mr. Bonvixe and Aucellyne Salvage 10,000l.; to Bart. Campane, Carlo Runchini, &c., 2,000l.; to Bart. Fortini, 2,000l.; and to Sir Ralph Warren, &c., 4,000l.
8 June. 1023. St. Leonard's, York.
R. O. Bill of receipt by Sir George Darcy, 8 June, 38 Hen. VIII., from Sir John Williams, treasurer of Augmentations, of 240l. in recompense for the "house, site and precinct of the late monastery or hospital of St. Leonard's within the city of York," and divers lands which the King was pleased to have of the said Sir George. Signed.
P. 1.
8 June. 1024. Paget to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 211.
The peace is signed and sealed and he has it with him: but, with lying all day on the sea, he is too sick to ride. Signifies the good news and trusts to be with the King to-morrow. Dovor, vi[ij] June at 4 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: viijo Junii 1546.
8 June. 1025. St. Mauris to Prince Philip.
viii., No. 271.
Upon the Prince's letters of the 10th and 18th ult., made enquiries and finds that D'Albret cannot raise war this year, as neither he nor the French king has any money. Any troops raised about the Bayonne frontier and Gascony must be to withstand the Spaniards, who were reported to be coming against them. Peace with England is considered settled. The whole Boulognais remains with the English for eight years, to be then surrendered upon a payment by France of two millions in gold, besides the pensions of 120,000 cr. yearly. This peace is considered shameful and injurious, but the King had to consent to it for want of funds. The 36 French galleys will leave for the Mediterranean with the first fine weather, and may sail by the 15th or 20th inst. One which was recently captured by the English may be restored, now that peace is made. The troubles at sea will now cease; but it is said that Normans are putting to sea for plunder on pretext of going to Brazil. They expect that the gold from the Indies will shortly be on the way. Melun, 8 June 1546.
9 June. 1026. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 449.
Meeting at St. James's, 9 June. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre]. Business:—Mr. Pilbaroe had warrant to treasurer of the Chamber for 7l. disbursed for soldiers' coats and conduct. Mr. Michael Durham, doctor of physic, Scottishman, who had repaired hither to declare his devotion to the King's proceedings, returned home with letters of commendation to Lord Wharton, and had warrant to the treasurer of the Chamber for 50l. in reward. Blakye of Rye who stayed the Pellican of Antwerp, having agreed with the claimants, the Mayor and jurates of Rye had letters to see delivery of the goods (specified) to Jasper Losshert and Nic. Perte, Nic. de Largil, Henry van Ounce, Helias Cown and the master of the ship.
9 June. 1027. Dangerous Prophecies.
R. O. Confession of William Weston, taken 9 June 38 Hen. VIII.
First met Laynam 17 or 18 years ago at Mountepeson's house in Wiltshire, where Laynam "told prophecies, as he sat at the board, of bows, bills, herrings and harness." Walking on the plain beside the house, deponent asked if there should be any battles in England, and Laynam answered Yea, in the North; also that there should be a battle between the Scots and Englishmen, which the Englishmen should win. Deponent then "asked him whether there should be any more fields foughten within England; and he said three or four, the which should not pass with the King's Majesty. And therewith said there should a cock of the North busk himself, the meaning whereof this deponent knoweth not, and that there should rise a dead man, at which time the hot baths should be cold; and further said the King's Majesty should have 6 or 7 wives. When all these should chance this deponent could not learn, as he saith, but that there should be one battle within four year after."
Five or six years afterwards they met again in London, and deponent took Laynam home to his house and asked how the insurrection then in the North would grow. He replied "As fire should be laid about a house and go forth by it self; and said also there should be a truce taken, and many a man should lose his life." Three or four years later Laynam was brought before the Lord Crumwell, deponent's master, and in the Porter's lodge said he was brought up "for words" and begged deponent to speak for him to some gentleman of the house. Replied that he durst not, and marvelled that Laynam could no better rule his tongue. The Lord Crumwell committed him to the Tower for about twelve months; and "within half after" he was at liberty Crumwell was himself committed, and deponent, meeting Laynam by chance, asked who should rule now, the Lord Crumwell being in hold. "He said 6 or 7 of the chiefest of the Council, for there should be no more such as he was. And so departed; and within three weeks after met again, almost at Westminster, and this deponent asked of him what news? He said, that he should hear within fortnight after, for the dead man should appear. And so again departed until about twelve month after this deponent had him again home to his own house; and among their talk the said Laynam said there should a king be torn with the feet of a 'moile,' the meaning whereof this deponent could not learn; and further said there should be a Pope within England, and that Charing Cross should be taken down to pave a market place for people to stand and sell victuals."
On Friday last Lanam came to his house and he asked "Whether the King's Majesty were the last of the six kings which Malyn prophesieth should be." He said "is" (Yes). Deponent replied that "that could not be, for that the boar was not come. Then Lanam said he was a fool, for he should know more by Midsummer; and also that the King's Majesty should be glad to give three parts of his realm to keep the fourth in peace." Laynam never mentioned that any special person should be the stirrer of any commotion, and he himself knows of none. Signed: Wyll'm Weston.
Pp. 3. Endd.
R. O. 2. The confession of Richard Laynam, taken 9 June, 38 Hen. VIII. He has read or seen:—
"Tote abowt and take good hede:
At Midsomer cometh a new mone.
Men shall see it doon in deade,
That Coocoke tyme shall comme eftsoon;
And betwixte three and sixe (meaning therby the date of our Lorde betwixte 43 and 46) all shalbe doon.
Then beware the crosse and the crosses bothe,
And all those that will the crosses founde;
Your wickedness will work you woo
Although you stuff ye never soo stronge;
For ye shall feale a fitte as soone
As heringes comme from Skone.
For somoche commeth of a litle mote;
A Cromme will stick in somme man's throte,
Which shall cause all religion to singe a hevy note.
Be that Cromme brought to lowe,
And redde owt Christes crosse rewe
Untill you com unto K. L. and M. and
Then ye shall have Rome into Englonde.
And when there falleth two sommers in a yere
There shall nought be sett by monke nor freer,
Parson, nor prist nor noo reguler,
Nor none shall be holpen excepte throughe grace and praier.
Tunc veniet Filius Hominis
Ferens tres feras in brachiis,
Cujus regnum est in terra Lune.
Timendum est per universam (sic) orbem.
Et erit ille qui recuperabit coronam Lille,
Et dominabitur per universam (sic) orbem.
Destruet filios Brusi et insulam totam ut inde non erit amplius memoria
Est taurus auri cornutus
Patris ex germine Brutus.
Anglicus est natus
Gallus ventre creatus
Prius ac posterius virginilis et juvenilis in annis."
On Sunday last, when Barker showed him that he had a suit to the Queen, deponent advised him to stay, as "it was doubtful whether there should be another Queen or no, and that this year the Grayhound (meaning thereby the King's Majesty) should course both priest and clerk; for wrong wise works looketh after wrecks with clerks unwisely wrought (the meaning whereof is the several opinions of the said priests and clerks), for Beade did in book make, when he had the prophecies out sought, that God would vengeance take when all England is aloft (meaning thereby when the King hath expulsed the Bishop of Rome)." As to the King being driven out of the realm, Barker spoke it at the back of St. Nicholas Shambelles, leaning upon a rail, and offered to show it in a book at Weston's house; whereunto deponent said "that then it must be this year, for this is the last year of all tribulation." He supposes that the driving should be done "by priests and clerks, for wrong wise works, grounding himself upon this sentence Causa ruine populi sunt sacerdotis (sic) mali; for they shall curse the time that every cross and crosses were made. And further saith that his Grace should shortly come home again, and his chief assistance should be a lion rampion in silver set with ermine free shall help the King in every degree (meaning by the lion rampion the Lord Privy Seal, but in what week and time he declareth not)." Lately he has conferred in these prophecies only with Wm. Weston and Robert Barker, and he knows no one disposed to insurrection or stir; but "9 or 10 years past, he hath had communication with one Mountpeson, the lord Braye, and with one Percivalles wife." One young Hurlok dwelling about Wormyster, Wilts, used to have books of prophecies and to commune with him. Signed: "Be fore God thys ys the trew redyng that Y Ric. Leynham hathe red and spoken."
Pp. 3. Endd.
R. O. 3. Confession of Robert Barker.
My first acquaintance with Weston was through his playing upon the lute two years past; and with Latham I have been acquainted this 2½ years through "an ague which fell into my legs." About Midsummer last was twelve month my lord of Surrey sent me from Bulloyn to fetch a horse, and at my coming over I chanced to meet Weston at his door, who asked "what news beyond sea? None but good, said I. Yes, said Weston, I hear say that we shall skale the fortress." Weston further said that he durst wager that we should have a new Queen, and he would tell more about her another time. At my last coming from beyond sea, at Shrovetide last, I supped with Weston, and in the course of conversation expressed surprise that there was no news from Scotland. "Mary! said Weston, when we think least of them and cannot agree within ourselves, then will they come upon us." Asked why we should not agree, he said "poor men shall be oppressed, and the commons shall be so handled that they will make insurrection." A fortnight later, upon a Friday night, passed Weston standing at his door; who suggested a walk in the fields, and there said "What news? Do ye not hear of the going down of these colleges and chantries? Mary! I trust to see the day that every priest shall be glad to say mass in chalices of wood, and once within this twelve month ye shall see that every boy in the street shall spit in the priests' faces and hurl stones at them." This was spoken between Moregate and Crepullgate, where Weston further said "Here is but you and I. If ye should bewray me, there were but your Yea and my Nay." He said further "I heard Latham say that the King should be driven forth of his realm, and after come again and do wonders." Then, because Weston had before spoken darkly of "three fields" I asked him "What mean you by the first call?" I mean, said Weston, that ye should feign ye sick, and at the second call half dead, and at the third come with a stick in your hand and ye shall do well enough." I never spoke of this matter save to Levynnysshe, yesternight, who asked if I knew it by reading of books or by their declaration; and I promised to "bring him acquainted" with Latham and Weston today. Perceiving that he would bring the matter to light, I spared not to declare all to him. Yesternight, being Sunday, I met Latham at Ive Lane and showed him a supplication to the Queen. He persuaded me not to proceed in my suit, "because the Queen, he said, should not long reign, and that shortly, by Midsummer next, I should hear of a world 'wonderous.' He told me that the King's Majesty should be driven forth of his realm, and that soon after he should come again and do 'wonderous.' Yea, and he said further that he would declare the week or nigh the week when it should be, and how his Grace should come again, and who should bring him in again." Signed, in the clerk's hand: By me Robert Barker.
Pp. 3.
9 June. 1028. Hertford to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. xi 212.
Being advertised by the Commissioners that peace was concluded, and the Admiral of France, to speak with him, would leave the direct way to Monstrell and come to the French camp, and therefore desired horsemen "to conduct him from the danger of the Albanoyes," Hertford sent 100 horsemen to Daverne and Richemond herald to the Admiral to signify their repair thither. Then, with the noblemen and gentlemen here, rode to meet the said Admiral—who had furnished himself with Mons. du Bies and others, but was notably "defaced" by Hertford's company. After embracings, on horseback, the Admiral said that doubtless Hertford had heard of the conclusion and would proclaim it tomorrow as agreed, and that he desired to speak of the dissolution of the armies. Replied that he could not dissolve his army until he received the King's commission therefor. The Admiral seemed surprised, but answered that it might at least be withdrawn from the hill. Said that this conclusion was sudden, and preparation had been making these fourteen days past for his going thither with the whole army within two days; he would be loth to bring the Almaynes into Bulloyne, and must also leave some men to finish the fortification. The Admiral said no new fortification might be commenced. Replied that this was ordered a month past and begun a good many days ago. "Well, quoth the Admiral, if ye fortify there, we must fortify at Sauncte Estiens." Answered that "he might do therein as he thought good." "But how shall we do then, quoth he, for our armies?" Reminded him that there were here strangers of divers nations, many Englishmen for whom shipping must be provided, Almains, who came hither through the Emperor's countries "by order and direction," and must obtain the Lady Regent s licence for their return, and Italians who would also pass through "that country"; the French king must take in good part that they were not so soon dismissed as his men, who might "at liberty return upon their frontiers." The Admiral replied that he must likewise order "the continuing of their army"; and, to guard against inconvenience, it was agreed with Du Bies, there present, that neither party should pass the water without safeconduct, and that this day at ten o'clock the peace should be proclaimed. The Admiral then required that prisoners might be delivered, and Hertford answered that that was not provided in the peace, and it were pity that poor gentlemen and others who had adventured the taking of them should not benefit thereby;—and so, in fine, promised "to be good unto Mons. Estree." The Admiral also asked who should be sent to the christening of the Dolphyn's child, saying that he had promised Mr. Secretary to send a gentleman with the French king's letters, for whom he now asked licence to depart with them out of this haven. He then marvelled that Hertford was not appointed to the christening; who answered that if he (the Admiral) had gone into England my lord Admiral was to have gone into France, and probably "should have done it." The Admiral said he would repair to England within a month, but must, for the present, return to his master. "And so we departed, he going to their fort and I to Bulloyne."
Awaits the King's pleasure for the dissolution of the army, having communed therein with my lord of Winchester and the Master of the Horse, who leave tomorrow. Thinks it his duty to commend the service of the strangers, and that they should be so liberally dismissed that their good report may bring renown to the King and terror to his enemies. Newhaven in Bullonoyes, 9 June 1546. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
9 June. 1029. Mary of Hungary to Van der Delft.
viii., No. 272.
The English ambassador resident has, on behalf of the King's commissioners at Calais, just announced that peace was concluded on the 7th, and that the King has reserved intact his treaty with the Emperor, whose friendship he wishes to retain. Obtain audience and thank the King for this information, assuring him that we reciprocate the desire for friendship. Also learn from the Council when the King's army will disperse, so that we may provide for the transit of those whose road home lies this way. Hearken what the English are saying now, and whether they bear rancour to the Emperor for leaving them alone in the war. As the peace is said to be greatly to the King of England's honour, the English will be the more ready to make known its conditions. 9 June 1546.
9 June. 1030. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. This day certain Scots brought news "how their Cardinal of Scotland, on Saturday was se'nnight was slain in his bed and his body hanged out of a window after the murder done." Has not signified this into England because if true it will be known there long ere this. Andwerp, 9 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calles. Endd.: 1546.
9 June. 1031. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 215.
This evening received a letter from one who is of the Council in this Diet. Sends copy of it without the writer's name, in case these letters should be opened. Herewith is also a French translation of the Emperor's proposition (fn. n7) to the states of the Empire. Hears from a good place that the Emperor is earnestly bent to determine the controversy in religion. Rainspurgh, 9 June 1546.
ii. [The copy above referred to.]
This forenoon all the Catholics, as well the electors of Maintz and Treves as the other princes and cities (of which only three came hither, viz. Cologne, Aachen and Metz) appointed that all matters touching the Faith are to be relegated to the Council of Trent, and the Emperor is to be petitioned to induce the other kings and princes of Christendom to subscribe its decrees, exhort the Protestants to it and compel with arms such as are unwilling. Augurs from this great war and sedition. 9 June 1546.
Hol., p. 1 (§ ii. in Latin). Add. Endd.
10 June. 1032. The King's Debtors.
R. O. Extract (in Latin) from the account of Francis Jobsoune, receiver for Bedfordshire, headed 10 June 1546, showing that William Markhame owes arrears of rent of assise in Luton for 37 Henry VIII., and the five preceding years, 21l. 5s.; with marginal note that he appeared and has day until Barthilmewtide to bring discharge or else pay. Signed as examined by Wa. Mildemay.
P. 1. Endd.: Markeham, lxiiij, folio 32. "Day is given to bring witnesses, iiijto. August."
10 June. 1033. Vander Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 273.
Yesterday a courier from Calais brought news that peace was concluded; and Secretary Paget arrived the same evening. It is said that Boulogne with the territory to the river remains to England, although many say that this is only the case until France pays a great sum of money. The latter view is more probable, as the conference has so long disputed whether Englishmen or Picards should be allowed to cultivate the territory. Rumor says that the Admiral of France is coming hither and the Lord Admiral going to France. The Cardinal of Scotland was killed by relatives of a man whom he had executed for heresy. But some people still asser that he is only wounded. London, 10 June 1546.
10 June. 1034. Vander Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 274.
Repeats his letter to the Emperor (No. 1033).
Sent to the Council in accordance with letters from M. de Bevres and M. D'Eick, respecting the passage of Magnus David to Scotland with her safeconduct. The Council expressed surprise at this dealing with their enemies and the large number of these safeconducts. When shown that the treaties were not thereby infringed, they answered that they would send their decision in two or three days, but have not yet sent it. Magnus David has since arrived in London with the captain who captured him. London, 10 June 1546.
10 June. 1035. Prince Edward to Henry VIII.
Harl. MS.
5,087, No. 11.
B. M.
Lit. Rem. of
Edw. VI., 17.
Wishes him peace with the enemy, because in hope thus to see him sooner, and because it will give him rest. Would see him, to be assured that he is well, having more confidence in sight than hearing. Argues that rest is a good thing and quotes the words of Periander, Bona res quies. Prays God to keep him safe in this world, and afterwards that he may live with Christ in Paradise. Hunsdon, 10 June 1546.
Lat., fair copy, pp. 2. A translation printed in Halliwell's Letters, ii. 11.
10 June. 1036. Prince Edward to the Queen.
Harl. MS.
5,087. No. 9.
B. M.
Lit. Rem. of
Edw. VI., 16.
All her letters are sweet to him but these last the best of all, for they show what diligence she has given to Roman characters; indeed his teacher would not believe but that they were written by her secretary until he saw her name written equally well. Rejoices to hear of her progress in Latin and good letters, which are permanent while those things which are seen perish. As the sun is the light of the world so is teaching the light of the mind, and, like all else that comes from God, is good. Ludovicus Vives says Quod vides, non diu, meaning that riches and other worldly goods shall perish. Hunsdon, 10 June 1546.
Lat., fair copy, pp. 2. A translation printed in Halliwell's Letters, ii. 12.
10 June. 1037. Privy Council of Scotland.
See No. 1002.
10 June. 1038. Carne to Paget.
R. O. On the 9th received the joyful news of the peace with France, sent from Lord Lysle, Paget and Mr. Wotton; and immediately advertised the Lady Regent of it, and of the provision for continuance of the sincere amity between the King and the Emperor. She said she never doubted but that the King would reserve the amity, and she was glad it was so passed; and she asked the other conditions. Answered that he had heard none as yet, his information having been hastily despatched at the knitting up of the peace. She asked what was become of the King's army, that she might provide here for the passage of those who must return through this country; and she prayed him to write therein to the Commissioners. Answered that he thought the Commissioners were gone over to the King, but he expected to hear of the matter shortly. Afterwards a post brought news of the said peace to the French ambassador, who went to the Regent and declared likewise how the French king had reserved the amity between the Emperor and him.
"When I told her that the Scottish cardinal was slain she said that we were despatched of a great enemy." Upon receipt of your said advertisement I despatched the letter enclosed to my lord of Westminster at Ratisbone. Bynkes, 10 June 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.


  • n1. See No. 994 (2).
  • n2. This French counterpart is printed in Rymer, without the commissions, from the Caligula MS. The English counterpart likewise is printed in Leonard II. 458, without the commissions.
  • n3. The text printed by Rymer is here imperfect, omitting the words "et septingentorum triginta sex coronarum auri de sole."
  • n4. Misprinted "1524" in Rymer.
  • n5. "Subterfluit" misprinted "superfluity" in Rymer.
  • n6. Misprinted 1516 in Rymer. See Vol. II. No. 301.
  • n7. No 1003 (3).