Henry VIII: July 1546, 16-20

Pages 641-654

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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July 1546, 16-20

16 July. 1289. Survey of the Boulonnais.
Commission. See Grants in July, No. 67.
16 July. 1290. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 484.
Meeting at Westminster, 16 July. Present: Chancellor, "etc." Business:—Letter to justices, mayors, &c., for redress to Nicholas Notes and Peter van Buyten, of Antwerp, consignees of 37 packs of woollen cloth (mark given) laden in the John of Myddelborowe, master Wm, Losse, which, when lying in Seint Albyne's haven in Jersey beside a bark of Brighthampstede (captain and owners John Fisshbill, John Hughs, David Poore, Thos. Merger, Thos. Elgate and Thos. Brappell), was robbed of the cloth as well as of her tackle, boat, &c., by the pirates in the said bark: they had letters dated 22 June last in like form to those of Barth. Fortini. John Gravesend, returning the letters of the 13th inst., had like letters to Mr. Trenchard and the mayor, &c., of Poole for 34 fardells of linen cloth and one of woollen, 22 of which were marked with the mark given in the other letter. Sir Robert Richardson, parson of Chelsith, in custody of the bp. of London for light behaviour in matters of religion, was upon his repentance, released with a lesson.
16 July. 1291. Odet de Selve to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 237.
I send by bearer the ratification of last treaty as received from the King my master, together with copies of two procurations and commissions. The one commissions me to present the said ratification and obtain the King's; I think that the King, your master, should in his letters of ratification recite it; and when they are ready, signed and sealed, appoint me a time to come to him for them, and I will deliver my master's. [In margin in Paget's hand "The day is tomorrow and the things shall be passed by procurers on the King's part with him"]. (fn. n1) Also there should be two recepisse or quittances [in marg.: "I pray you make the recepisses and quitances"], the one to be delivered by me to the King, your master, confessing receipt of the King's letters of confirmation, and the other received by me from him, the procuration containing my power being inserted in both. As to the second, since your master has decided to await the coming of Mons. l'Admiral, and that for greater solemnity the oath should be made by the two princes at the same time, it seems necessary to exchange deeds to the effect that the princes consent to prolong the term of 40 days by three weeks, [in marg.: "I pray you to make this act, and express therein the procurors to be both the Admiral or the Admiral with such other commissioners as the King will appoint"] at any time within which the said oaths may be made, and shall be valid even though not made on the same day. Perhaps it would be well to have only one act of this prolongation. Pray consider what forms you think best for the surety and satisfaction of their Majesties therein. London, 16 July 1546.
French. Hol., pp. 3. Add.
16 July. 1292. St. Mauris to Prince Philip. (fn. n2)
viii., No. 294
On the 5th inst. wrote him a full account of events here, and mentioned the coming of an envoy to stand sponsor for the king of England for the infant princess. Describes at length how the King did the envoy the honour of going out to meet him, when he came from Paris accompanied by Laval and Canapé; and how, afterwards, at Fontainebleau, the King and envoy had a most cordial interview, on the 3rd inst. Account of the baptism of "Madame Isabelle de Valois" on the 4th inst., naming those who took principal parts. The name, Isabel, was chosen in the hope that she might ultimately marry the Infante of Spain, where such names are liked. Describes the ball at night, the tournament next day, and the king of England's presents. The combat between the two Spanish captains was fixed for the 8th inst.; but, at the king of England's request, it has been postponed eight days, during which the King will remain at Fontainebleau. On the 9th the English envoy left, with a present of plate worth 5,000 or 6,000 cr. After the combat the King will go to Paris to await the coming of the Lord Admiral of England and take oath to the new treaty. The king of England will act similarly in London. From Paris the King will proceed to Blois, Chambord, Remorantin and Moulins. Immediately after the christening the Dauphiness took the baby princess to Blois to be brought up with the duke of Brittany. The French are dismissing their soldiers, 2,000 of whom will enter your Majesty's service. There is no news of men being sent towards Bayonne. I send this information to your Majesty, because I have again been requested from Spain to enquire about the enterprise said to be intended against Navarre by M. d'Albret. Learns from Madame d'Etampes that D'Albret has no such intention, and not even enough money to finish his fortification of Pau. 16 July 1546.
16 July. 1293. Anne de Lorraine (Duchess of Arschot) to the Queen [Dowager] of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
ii. 156.
Adv. Lib.
The last letter she received from her was dated 25 May and brought by this bearer; "et ma fecte doner voz lettre, et neu james moian de panser aluy, car la jour que jarrive il cy (icy), venan de chieu moy, je receu ces lettres de vostre majeste, et feu bien mary, Madame, que il ne ma bien b . . . . . (?) heuse par ceste ocasion antandu de voz noveles, et come ce porte vostre dite majeste; ci ese (si estce) que voy bien par voz letre qua este an bone sante, de quoy je suis bien fort aise; ocy de veoire la souvenance quil vous plest avoir de moy. Vous asuray, Madame, que vostre Majeste na parante ny servante plus afectione a ly fere service que moy, ny qui desire plus estre contenue en vostre bone grace an laquel treshumbleman my racommande. Je ne faly (n'ai failli), Madame, de fere ... de vostre Majeste a Madame de Lorraine ma seur. Son altese ma sierge a vous randre an sa parte plus que bien humble (sic) et la bien aise de savoir que Monsieur son fitz ce porte bien. Je prie a Dieu luy doner la grase destre verteueux ce que lon dy a na bon (?) commancemant tout ceulx quil la voint an dye du bien beaucou je le toujours connu de cy bon naturele qui ma done esperance qui noblira la ou il a la plus dobligasion. Jay prie a Dieu et doner a vostre Majeste tres bone et longue vie. De Brusele ce xvje de jeulet.
"Vostre treshumble et tres obeisante servante et cousine, Anne de Lorraine."
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse. Endd.: Madame la Duchesse Dascot.
16 July. 1294. Juan de Vega to Charles V.
viii., No. 293.
* * * Council of Trent.—Seven or eight days after the publication of the Treaty a French Secretary named Aubespine arrived here. Hearing of the treaty as soon as he crossed the Mountains, he sent back for new instructions, which reached him the day before he arrived here and are believed to have been an order to refrain from carrying out his mission. He simply told the Pope that peace was made with England and asked for a cardinal's hat for a nephew of M. de Bourbon and pardon for a certain bishop. He expressed dissatisfaction at the Pope's giving aid to the war, saying that the same should have been done for France against England, and that the Turk would come; speaking very passionately. He said that the King had resolutely declined to do what the Emperor did, viz., to make an agreement with the enemies of the Holy See without the Pope's consent. He announced his departure for Venice, apparently little pleased. Finds that his original mission was to negociate a marriage between the Dauphin's daughter and Horatio, and to deal with "a still more important matter." The Pope was troubled, and asked Trivulciis to bring the French to a better frame of mind, but Trivulciis has lost his influence with the French here. Aubespine's departure was deferred until the Pope's return from Frascati, and yesterday the French ambassador and he had another interview, in which they broached the marriage of the Dauphin's daughter and said that their peace with England included the Emperor. Since Aubespine's coming, who left yesterday, the talk of sending a legate to France to treat of a confirmation of the peace (fn. n3) has cooled, and apparently they are waiting for Dandino's report.
The Pope's men and money for the enterprise of Germany. Promises made to the writer by Alex. Vitello and Jo. Bapt. Savello at their leave taking. The Pope arranged the ceremony of giving the cross to the Legate and staff to Octavio "in accordance with what was clearly indicated by the stars"; which kept the Cardinals occupied from ten o'clock till nearly seven. Rome, 16 July 1546.
17 July. 1295. The Peace with France.
Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 193.
Ratification by Hen. VIII. of peace between England and France, dated Campen, 7 June 1546.
Heading:—"The copy of the ratification. Tractatus Campensis de dat. 17 Julii 1546, super renditione ville Bollonie post 8 annos."
Latin and French. 19 pp.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding.
ii. Commission to Lisle, Tunstall, Wotton and Knyvet to go to the French king and take his ratification and oath to the above treaty. Grenewiche, —— (blank) July 1546, 38 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Draft, pp. 17.
R. O.
[R.T. 137,
f. 161.]
3. Commission to Russell, Gardiner, Brown and Paget, to treat with Odet de Selve, French ambassador, who has presented the French king's letters of ratification of the treaty of 7 June 1546, for a prolongation of the term appointed for receiving the oaths of the Princes. Westm., 10 July 38 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Modern transcript from Paris, pp. 2.
R. O. 4. Draft of the above, with date and Commissioners' names left blank.
Lat. pp. 3. In Gardiner's hand and headed by him: A minute of the commission for such as shal treate with the French ambassadour. Endd.
R. O. 5. Form of acknowledgment by Odet de Selve, French ambassador and commissioner, of receipt, from —— (blank), on the —— (blank) day of July 1546, of Henry VIII.'s ratification of the treaty of 7 June. London, —— July 1546.
"Tenor literarum commissionalium sequitur: Franciscus, etc."
Latin. Draft, pp. 3. Headed by Gardiner: A testimonial of the receyt by the French ambassador. Endd.
ii. Note at the end in Gardiner's hand: "A like to be made for our part translatis nominibus."
R. O. 6. Acknowledgment by Odetus de Selva, French ambassador, specially empowered therefor, of receipt, 17 July 1546, of Henry VIII.'s ratification of the treaty of 7 June, from the hands of Lord John Russel lord of Rusel, keeper of the Privy Seal and knight of the sacred Order of the Garter, Stephen bp. of Winchester, Anthony Browne, K.G., Master of the Horse, and Sir Wm. Paget, the King's secretary. Francis I.'s commission (recited) to require and receive the above ratification, dated Fontainebleau, 8 July 1546, 32 Fr. I. London, 17 July 1546. Signed: Odetus de Selva. Seal lost.
Lat. Parchment. Faded and slightly mutilated.
R. O. 7. Declaration by Odetus de Selva that he has agreed with Russell, Winchester, Browne and Paget to a prorogation of 20 days beyond the 40 days prescribed by the treaty of 7 June 1546 for its ratification by oath of the Princes; both Princes wishing that these oaths may be required by their respective admirals. Special commissions (recited) for the above agreement, viz., of Francis I., dated Fontainebleau, 8 July 1546, and of Henry VIII, dated 17 July 1546. London, 17 July 1546. Signed: Odetus de Selva. Seal lost.
Lat. Parchment. Slightly injured.
R. O.
[R.T. 137,
f. 162.
8. Counterpart of § 7 made by Russell, Gardiner, Browne and Paget with Odet de Selve. London, 17 July 1546, 38 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Modern transcript from Paris, pp. 4.
R. O. 9. Corrected draft of § 7.
Lat. Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 5. Headed: A minute of the convanaunte for prorogation of the tyme to receave and geve the othe. Endd.
R. O. 10. Earlier draft of the same, with date and commissioners' names left blank.
Lat., pp. 3. Headed by Gardiner: A minute of the convenaunt for prorogation of the tyme to receyve and geve the oth. Endd.
17 July. 1296. The Privy Council to the Council of Augmentations.
R. O. The King is pleased that order be taken with bearer, John Barton, for payment of 300l. by him owing as one of Geoffrey Chambre's sureties, as follows, viz., land to the value of 10l. 8s. yearly, amounting at 20 years' purchase to 208l., and the other 92l. to be paid, 40l. at Mich, next and 26l. at Mich. next year and the year after. "These are therefore to require you, as well to take sufficient assurance of the same lands of Thomas Barton his brother in whom the estate remaineth, at such time as we shall return you the survey thereof, as also presently to take bonds of him for the 'stallment' aforesaid." That done you must cancel the former recognisance for 300l. Westm., 17 July 1546. Signed by Wriothesley, Gardiner, Browne and Petre.
P. 1. Add.: To our loving friends, Sir Edward Northe, chancellor of th'Augmen', and the rest of the Council there. Endd.
17 July. 1297. William lord Grey to the Privy Council.
R. O. As the treasurer here has been accustomed to receive your warrant for payments made by warrants of my predecesssors, I beg that he may have the like for mine. Bulloigne, 17 July 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
17 July. 1298. Sir Henry Knyvet to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 239.
Using all diligence to come hither by the 15th, the day appointed for the combat, found great scarcity of post horses by reason of the repair hither from all parts of the realm to see it. Accompanied only by lord Harbarte and Mr. Legh, arrived on the very day, at 10 a.m., finding the combatants reposing in their tents until the King had dined. Going towards Julyan's tent, was informed by Mons. de Morett that the Admiral, as master and judge of the camp, was within the "lyste"; and therefore Knyvet went and presented Henry's letters to him. He accepted them joyfully and, dismounting, walked up and down with Knyvet; and afterwards, at the King's command, presented him. Having delivered Henry's letters and commendations, told the King that, expecting the camp to be prorogued until my lord Admiral's coming, with whom he was in commission, it was thought that he might, although Julyan's "padryno," tarry to accompany his lordship; and learnt this last determination so late that he had to come in post. The King answered that his coming "was as well as might be," and any man coming from Henry was always welcome; he did his best to have no combat at all, or else to prorogue it as Henry requested, but, having once granted the camp, he could not refuse it unless at Julyan's request; and Julyan's arrival in the Court so stirred Mora that he could not prorogue it longer, for Mora was already complaining of the change of the day appointed by the patent. The King seemed to have small opinion of Mora's valiantness compared with Julyan's. He then read Henrys letters and returned them to Knyvet with affectionate enquiries and expression of his joy at this peace. When Knyvet had answered that the peace was God's work, the King laying his hand upon Knyvet's shoulder said that nothing grieved him more than the war, but there had never been rancour or malice, and the love of reconciled friends was without comparison. Took leave and returned towards Julyan, first presenting Henry's letters and commendations to the Dolphyn; but, having learnt that the rumour of his offer to be padryno to Julyan was false, did not give him the King's thanks in that behalf. Found Julyan willing to defend any quarrel that should touch his master, and eager to be "with his enemy at hands." His courageous demeanour drew all hearts to him, and his victory over Mora, which is too long to write and will be related by Master Hobby, won him no little honour, — to Henry's glory, for Julyan was throughout called the English combatant and not taken for a Spaniard. He was afterwards summoned to the King's presence and presented with a chain worth 600 cr. and 400 cr. in money, and also, by the Dolphyn, with "a fair gown of silver tissue and a doublet and hose of white velvet set all over with buttons of gold, very rich." At night he was wonderfully entertained by the ladies in the Queen's chamber, and the King spoke with him there a great while. Thinking Mora's body too vile a present for Henry, Julyan immediately presented him to a young lady of this Court named Madame de Traves, sister to the Vidasme de Chartres who has shown Julyan and his company very great favour here. He is a gentleman of a great house and well esteemed, and has made Knyvet gentle offers of horse, apparel, etc., until his own arrives.
Was, when the combat ended, brought by Mons. de Moretto to a chamber within the Court, where Mr. Treasurer was also lodged, and has ever since been furnished with three messes of meat and served by the King's officers, "and so accompanied with gentlemen that it is hard to see the like. Praises Morett's diligence. Here is much rejoicing at the peace and desire to hear of my lord Admiral's journey hitherwards. Yesternight, when Julyan and Gamboa took leave, in the Queen's chamber, the King asked again if Knyvet had any news of the Admiral's coming, and said "A foy de gentilhome il sara fort bien veneu quant que il vient." Thinks that the Admiral here will set forward when he hears of my lord Admiral's being on this side the sea, and, going by sea, he expects to be with Henry sooner than my said lord can be here. Has no occurrents to write. Yesterday the Ryngrave told him that now, instead of accompanying the Admiral to England, he repairs into Almayne. It is thought that he goes to practise with the Protestants. When Knyvet said that, the wars being finished, he did well to visit his own country, he answered that he went rather "to break some of the Spaniards' heads that were come thither, saying We will have a new Emperor and make a Daulphyn of Fraunce Emperor." Fontaynelebleau, 17 July.
Hol., pp. 8. Add. Endd.: 1546.
17 July. 1299. Sir H. Knyvet to Lisle.
R. O. Your letters were very welcome to the Admiral, but I perceive that yourself should be more so both to him and the King and every man. The Admiral would have you write what time you think to be at Parys; so that the King may so order his progress as to be here again to receive you. The Admiral also prays you to write to him whether you think it needful that he should set forward before your arrival at Parys, where he would gladly make you some cheer; and he has written to Mons. du Byes for the speedy forwarding of any letters which may come to Monstrell from you. This day, having despatched all the Spaniards, I go to Parys to tarry your coming. Fontayne le Bleau, 17 July 1546. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand.—"I told the Admiral the message you commanded me at my departing from Saynt Jhon's, and therefore I think he marvelleth the more that hitherto he hath no news of your setting forward."
P. 1. Add.: To, etc. Vycounte Lysley, Highe Admyrall of Englande. Endd.
17 July. 1300. Sir Henry Knyvet to Paget.
R. O. Writes this to give Paget an example of his ill favoured hand (for want of a secretary) before reading the other to the King; and sends it by Medelyn, a Spaniard, both because he has no man of his own to send and because the Master of the Camp wishes him to declare the combat and victory which Julyan has had here. Requests that bearer may be rewarded for bringing the news. Is sure that Julyan "shall find a master that will recompense his pains," and begs Paget to show therein his favour, "wont to be showed to all virtuous." Prays him also that the pains which Mons. de Morette takes with Knyvet and all who come from the King may be remembered at Morette's arrival there with the Admiral. Fontayne le Bleau. 17 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
17 July. 1301. Charles V.
R. O. Remembrances given in the Emperor's name to —— (blank). That Queen Mary and the Count of Buren send word that their foot and horse are assembled and will bring with them 1,500 Spaniards who, against the Emperor's will, took service with England. They are not pardoned, but permitted to go to Hungary to serve the King of the Romans against the Turk. Buren will go towards the Landgrave or join the Emperor's forces according to the progress of the Italians.
Italian. Modern copy from Rome, p. 1. Headed as extracted from "Instruttione al Signore Hieronimo da Correggio, mandato alla Corte dell' Imperatore dal Card. Farnese, alli 17 di Luglio 1546."
18 July. 1302. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 485.
Meeting at Westminster, 18 July. Present: Canterbury, Chancellor, Great Master, "etc." Business:—Lord Tulibarne released out of the Fleet. John Castelman, accused by Sheris and others of lewd words, committed to the Marshalsea. John Damesell, Robert Smythe and Wm. Harvye, of Colchester, with a lesson "for their better behaviour in their words hereafter" discharged upon bond (given). Sir Ralph Sadler had warrant to the treasurer of the Tenths for 1,000l. to pay creditors of the Great Wardrobe. Order (detailed) for contentation to Martin de Miranda of 500l., by Wyndham, my lord Privy Seal, the "mariners of the ship," and the owners of the Mary Fygg (John Elyott, Ric. Hoper, John Broken, Ric. Saunders and Thos. Crotone), Wyndham agreeing that the money in the mayor of Bristol's hands arising from the sale of his prize wines shall be delivered to Miranda and receiving licence to ride into the West for a fortnight to make up the rest of the money. Warrant to Williams for payment of rewards, viz., to Sir Conrade Pennynk, to be distributed amongst his men, 250l., Captain John Lanciano, De Capucinadi, Ciciliano, Neapolit Corso, Francisco Agello and Latino Dati 50l. each. Tiberio, Moretto, Demetrio Sumbat and Antonio de Bergamo, 25l. each, Salarista for himself and company 75l., Andrew Mayner who brought letters from Bernerd de Mela, 50l., and Villa Fornia 15l., total 790l.
18 July. 1303. Selve to Francis I.
No. 10.
On the 15th received the despatch of the 11th. His brother, the bearer, will declare the King's answer upon the communication for which Selve obtained secret audience yesterday, and will deliver the provisions and expeditions required. Was writing this when the courier brought Francis' letters of the 15th. Would go at once to acquaint this King that for his sake Francis rejoices at the victory of Captain Julian; but it is nearly midnight Will not, however, be first with the news, as Mons. de Chesnay arrived an hour or two before the courier, who was delayed by Chesnay's using the post horses. London, 18 July 1546.
18 July. 1304. Selve to the Admiral [d'Annebault].
No. 11.
Begs favour for the baron de Saint Blancard, a French gentleman prisoner here. London, 18 July 1546.
18 July. 1305. Laurence Gybson to Mr. Ryc. Hodges.
R. O. A "nycepres' (nisi prius) comes down for the matter between Shawe and me; and "yff 12 men passe att Darby I shalbe cast exsept grett chaunse." I never bargained with him at Darby or promised him 42l., as I have always shown you; and unless you come down "all my matter ys daysched and I in the bryears," for all men here are raw in the matter. Written [a]t....... w, 18 July 1546.
Hol., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: at London.
ii. On the back, a note from Hodges to Mr. Haywode desiring him to "make the copy between Shawe and Gybson" and send a note of the "charges behind," also word whether the nisi prius shall be tried this circuit.
iii. Note in Latin of charges, viz., "pro feod. Hill. 20d., pro warr. attorn. 4d., pro intr. placiti 3s., pro copia materie 2s." Signed as received per me Ric'm Heywode.
18 July. 1306. Lisle to the Council.
R. O. Arrived here today, about 4 p.m., and immediately afterwards received a letter from Sir Henry Knevet, by a Spaniard of Gamboa's band, coming with diligence (as he said) to be the first to "declare the good speed that Julian hath had in his combat; albeit that we had it long before, as I am sure your lordships have perceived by Mr. Treasurer." About 10 p.m. received the Council's letters with a letter to Sir Henry Knevet, which is presently despatched in post, with the more speed as Knevet's letter herewith does not mention the matter. Perceiving by the Council's letter that the Admiral has 20 days' respite of his coming to the King, intends to delay at Amyas or elsewhere (feigning illness or other occasion) and await the coming of the King's letters to the French king (without which "I must do as the Duke of Orlyaunce did to the Emprower, put my hand in my pocket and say "I have lost it by the way, or some other like excuse") and the Council's advice whether to proceed, the French Admiral not being departed from his master. Had these letters come to him at Bolloyn, and not 3 or 4 hours after he left it, delay would have been more easily made. Monstrell, 18 July at 12 o'clock in the night, 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
18 July. 1307. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. I have received your letters, together with a letter from the Council, to whom I now write again; requiring you to help me to a speedy answer and to remember the King's letters to the French king. "Mons. le Mershell du Byes [met] me without the towe[n, enquiring] verey affectuously of the King's Majesty's prosperous helth, semynge to rejoyce verey ernestly of this peace," declaring his master's commandment to see us lack nothing; and so brought me to my lodging and departed. Monstrell, 18 July 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
18 July. 1308. C. d'Annebault [Admiral of France] to the Admiral of England.
R. O. The King being pleased to learn that you have passed hitherwards (estes passé de deca) has commanded me to send bearer, one of his chamber, who will declare some things on my behalf. Fontainebleau, 18 July 1546. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.
18 July. 1309. Guron Bertano to Cardinal Santa Fiore.
R. O. By my last of the 12th inst. to Cardinal Farnese I wrote of my long conversation with the Admiral, to whom I gave in writing the method of procedure to be used in commencing my negociation with the English king, and how the Admiral told me that he would despatch into England so as to get answer in time for me to be able to go with him. Now they tell me, by the Cardinal Ferrara, that they have despatched into England, and that all my memorials (racordi) pleased his Most Christian Majesty and they were waiting to see what that King (England) would decide. The Admiral appears to me to proceed well in this affair. I have not yet asked him which of my opinions they have chosen to send, as well because there has been no opportunity, as because the question is rather harsh unless made adroitly; and this play will be short because the answer may be here within ten days. Meanwhile I have determined to let myself be seen as often as possible, and will pray God to let me pass thither and to remove the obstinacy (dureza del capo) of that Prince.
Trusts that he has here negociated to the satisfaction of His Holiness. Mons. Dandino has arrived, and had a most pleasant audience. His Holiness has certainly chosen well, for besides other qualities Dandino is well liked here. Pontesamoia, 18 July 1546.
Italian. Modern transcript from Rome, pp. 2.
18 July. 1310. Edmond Harvel to Paget.
R. O. Sends the drugs which Paget required, to be delivered by Edward Garth. Rejoices at the peace which Paget and other the King's commissaries have concluded, to the great honour and advantage of his Majesty, as all men report. If things of Scotland be reduced "to his Majesty's vow" there was never league made more advantageous to England. "It is certes inestimable in what worthy fame and estimation both his Majesty and our nation is exalted in the universal 'wordle' since the war began." Sends certain capitulations between the Bishop and the Emperor, although not sure that they are authentical. Venice, 18 July 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
ii. (Enclosed in the above).—"Capitoli tra il Pontifice et la Maesta Cesarea contra Lutherani."—1. His Holiness to give 12,000 foot and 800 horse, paid for six month. 2. To give 200,000 cr. 3. His Majesty not to agree with the Lutherans without consent of His Holiness and Consistory. 4. His Holiness grants half the benefices of Spain for one year. 5. Grants the jurisdiction of the benefices "delli Crucigeri." 6. If the king of France or other Christian prince oppose this enterprise, his Majesty to direct the army against them as Lutherans. 7. His Holiness not bound to aid against France or other, but only against Lutherans. 8. Any Christian prince may enter this league.
Italian, p. 1.
19 July. 1311. Carne and Rede to Paget.
R. O. On the 12th inst. we assembled with the Commissaries, who had drawn articles for their instruction touching the overplus indicated in our abstract of the privileges and of the table now used in Andwerp (copy sent with our letters of the 7th inst.). The Chancellor of the Order here reasoned the points. Upon the first, perceiving 2g. Fl. to be taken for every barrel of butter, which is 2s. Fl. the last, whereas the tax of the privileges is 8d. Fl., they said that the barrels are far bigger now. We replied that it was notorious that 12 barrels make a last, 2 kynderkyns a barrel, 2 fyrgkyns a kynderkyn, and barrels were of the same quantity time out of mind and not increased threefold. Yet, say what we would, they persisted that the tollener took only according to the privileges; although the tollener confessed that he never had any table but one general to all merchants without the exception of any nation; and they would have the tax of the privileges "reduced to the receipt of the tollener" (recalling their promise at last meeting to give the tollener a table according to the tax of the privileges) except for tallow which they have brought to the tax of the privileges. The 1,000 stockfish troubled them sore, for, whereas by the privileges the tax is 4d. Fl. the 1,000, the table is for every hundred "plate stockfysh" 4d. Fl. Herein they had no shift but that stockfish were dearer and better than they were. We said that, whether better or worse, bigger or smaller, the privileges required but 4d. the thousand, and if they were bigger or better now, others should know it as well as the tollener. The tollener would have had us show of what sort they were at the time of the privileges, and used other "fond excuses," which were, however, well taken by the Commissaries, who, after long debate, would make no change. Seeing them so unreasonable we asked for their answers in writing, but were answered that they had no commission therefor and must learn the Queen's pleasure. As to the merchandises in the abstract from the composition, "to whom the privileges do make relation," they brought in others which by the composition should pay more than the present tax; and said that if we took the composition where it made for us we ought to take it where it made against us. We replied that our commission was to get customs reformed which, by the privileges and treaties, were excessive; but, if they would needs have the English merchants take the composition where it made against them, we would gladly learn the King's pleasure therein. The merchants, their secretary says, would gladly stand to the composition where it makes against them if they might have the tax of the privileges justly observed.
The Commissaries then produced the register of the Zowse toll of 1436, of Zeland, whereof we sent a copy to Mr. Secretary Petre from Bynkes, wherein the tax on divers kinds of merchandise is higher than is now paid, requiring, by the treaty of the year '20, art. 3, that our merchants should pay thereafter, seeing that the said register is of 50 years and more before the treaty of 1495. Now the merchants have, under authentic seal, an order taken by the Emperor in 1520 far more beneficial for them than the said register. So we told the Commissaries of that order, which was taken to remove doubts touching the Zewse (sic) toll; and said that the English merchants do not complain thereof, standing to the said order, but of a new imposition called "tonage" contrary to the treaty of intercourse. They could produce no register for this, and promised to answer therein when they should answer for the "other impositions, as five in the hundred, one in the hundred, the assise of beer and wine, and other whereof they have no registers."
We tarried for the said answer two days and then sent for it. The Commissaries sent word that the Queen was occupied with the Emperor's affairs, and so put us off from time to time, at last sending word that we must move President Schore for the answer. Did so, and he told our messenger that their Commissary has been in England since the beginning of Lent last and can do nothing, and therefore sues to come home; but he (Schore) would tell the Commissaries to give us their answer.
The English merchants have the privileges under the Emperor's seal and the composition of the year '20 for the Zewse toll, but not the register of the toll of Brabant; and if we require this latter under seal authentic it would be given according to the registers now used and might prejudice the privileges hereafter. We would know whether to require it. The secretary of the merchants thinks that "they should have a great commodity" if a register were made according to the privileges, and for merchandises not mentioned therein according to the composition, and for the rest neither specified in .privileges nor composition according to the present register; "but the Commissaries will not agree hereto unless they may declare the taxes of the privileges to be as the tollener now taketh, which we think unreasonable." This day we sent again for the answer, but the Commissaries sent word that the Queen was still occupied with the Emperor's affairs. In some kinds of merchandise the merchants pay less than is due by either privileges or composition, as appears by the copy herewith translated out of Dutch by the merchants' secretary. Also touching the "roore tolle" of Zeland, which the English merchants thought to be a new imposition, you shall receive herewith a copy of the ancient register of Holande. Bruxelles, 19 July 1546. Signed: Edward Carne: Richard Rede.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. List of 13 articles ("a ffatt of yron or lattyn wyer," "a waye of cheese," etc.) upon which the duty (given) is less now than in the privileges.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 3. Extracts out of old reckonings made of the toll of "Yersickeroirt" in Zealand, showing that "roertolle" which every skipper pays for his ship is an ancient appanage of the Emperor, as count of Holland and Zealand, pertaining to his Majesty's toll of Yersickeroirt."
[Giving the amounts (between 5l. and 13l.) received for "roertolle" in the years 1436-7 (Claes Willemss', accountant), 1476-7 and 1478-9 (Jan van Hesaenen), 1484-5 and 1485-6 (Willem Pieter Daneels)].
Dutch, pp. 3. Endd.: A copye of the regester of the rore toll of Zealande.
R. O. 4. English translation of the above extracts from the "Ysercourt."
Pp. 2. Endd.
19 July. 1312. Carne to Paget.
R. O. On the 16th inst. arrived a post from the Emperor to the Lady Regent, having had both letters and money taken from him betwixt Spirse (sic) and Wormes. That night the Lady Regent despatched a post to the Emperor to go through France to Trent; and henceforward the postmaster says that the post shall lie through France. The French ambassador here resident sends me word that the Landesgrave's band has taken the town of Olmes and slain all the adverse party; and that the Duke of Cleves, on his way to the Emperor with 200 horses, "for to be married to the king of Romayns' daughter being at Maguntia," has been compelled to return home and join the Landegrave and Protestants. Hears that Martyn van Rowse, who was said to have entered the land of Colone, is yet in Gelderland, and appointed with the countye of Hacstrode to keep the borders there. The countie de Buyre is yet at Maystrycke, preparing to set forward. This day about 8 a.m. the postmaster sent me the enclosed packet of letters from my lord of Westminster directed to you, brought by the merchants' post. Bruxelles, 19 July 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 July. 1313. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. "Captain Medelyn, bearer hereof, came in post from the French Court, thinking to have brought the first news of the combat into England; and now perceiving the same to be already with the King's Majesty, mindeth yet to proceed on his said journey," and has asked me to write to you in his favour. Monstrell, 19 July 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Tooching Mede.
20 July. 1314. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 487.
Meeting at Westminster, 20 July. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Essex, Winchester, Cheyney, Gage, Wingfield, Paget Petre, "etc., ut supra." Business:—Warrant to the treasurer of the Chamber for 50l. given in reward to Lorde Bromston; and to Williams for 69l. 18s. 6d. to be delivered to Nic. Arnold for the garrison at Quinborough and provision of mares in Flanders. Letter to Sir Robert Bowes, with thanks for his buffet given to the Scots in return for the displeasure they did, that he may meet the Scottish warden, provided that both show their patents of wardenry, and that if the Scots invade with under 300 he shall seek redress by Border laws; but if the number be 300 or above, he shall advertise hither, noting the day and the principal personages.
20 July. 1315. Selve to Francis I.
No. 12.
Yesterday, when he asked audience to declare the pleasure which the victory of Captain Julian had given to Francis, Paget answered that his master could not give audience that day and was going to the chase after dinner, but if the writer's news was not too important, he himself would hear it. Sent him the letters of Francis and the Admiral to be shown to his master. The King was greatly pleased; and is also grateful for the reception given to Cheyne. As to the affair of 500,000 cr., when the writer mentioned the procureur general at the Parliament of Paris and one of the maîtres des requétes de l'Hotel, and suggested meeting at the place where the peace was treated, Paget, after consulting the King, said that the English deputies should be named within the time appointed, and, as for the place, the ceremony used in war time was unnecessary, and friends had better go to each other's towns. London, 20 July 1546.
20 July. 1316. Selve to the Admiral.
No. 13.
Cheyne, who is loud in praise of his reception in France, came yesterday to visit him, having only arrived the night before. The King would be glad to know whether the Admiral will come with his galleys to London or disembark at Dover. London, 20 July 1546.
20 July. 1317. Wm. Bryan to Mr. Johnson.
R. O. Boston, 20 July 1546. In the absence of my friend, Robt. Bryan, I received your 332 fells this day, and your wool and fells from Melton last Friday. "Scheppeing" begins on Wednesday, and the company shall finish by Saturday come se'nnight after. "From youer aseured to me pover and off smawlla quantans, Wm. Bryan, marseyer (?) be ffor wrytten."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: of the Staple of Calais, at Glapthorn joxtay Ovndylle.
20 July. 1318. Lisle and Others to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 246.
Lisle, having received from them a copy of the oath to be ministered to the French king, which seems to "take" (qu. for lack?) some words specified in the clause of the treaty (also received) and to bind the French king to what he might perchance refuse, would know how in that case to proceed. Return herewith the said copy (retaining a "double") together with another instrument; and would know, with all diligence, which to follow. Arrived here today, where, as at Monstrell and Habevile, they had large presents of wine and wild fowl, and were welcomed by the mayors and councils. Amyens, 20 July, 9 p.m., 1546. Signed by Lisle, Tunstall and Wotton.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
20 July. 1319. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. Has nothing else to write than is in their common letter save that yesterday, an hour after leaving Monstrell they were met by a gentleman of the French king's chamber who brought Lisle a credence from the Admiral of France, as follows:— (fn. n4) That a great band of men [at] arms and footmen, Burgundians and lansknightes, were come to the frontier, and the Admiral would gladly tarry to see more of the matter before going to the King, but he would take Lisle's advice, though it were to ride towards Diep forthwith. Replied that he had letters from the King signifying that the French ambassador had delivered their ratification with a request for prolongation of the oath and the Admiral's coming; and he supposed that it had been granted, albeit the King longed for the Admiral's coming. With this answer the gentleman left with all diligence. (fn. n4)
Looks hourly for Mr. Knevyte's answer to the Council's letter which he forwarded. Tomorrow they mean to rest all day, to win time for the coming of the King's letters to the French king, without which they dare not come too near the Court, lest they should be sent for thither. Amyens, 20 July 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
20 July. 1320. Sir Henry Knyvet to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 247.
Commends, at length and earnestly, the bearer, Senor Piedro de Gamboa, whose services, as Mr. Fullwood can certify, have well deserved reward. Many here have great wages and living who are "not worthy to bear his male after him." Suggests not less than 2,000 cr. yearly, either in pension or in land, 400 cr. of which should be in fee simple to sell or gage at need; and also a present of 2,000 cr. or 2,000l. in money and 1,000 cr. in plate for his present necessity:—also that he should have his patent of master of the camp and allowances as during these wars now ended, so that the Spaniards under him be no more than they were, and no fewer than 1,000. Albeit Knyvet is one of the poorest men in the King's service, he would rather beg than see Gamboa not "accomplyde with the uttermost." As for his company Julyan might have [400 cr.] or 500 cr. yearly with his title of captain and some reward; and for the three or four more, Gamboa can himself speak. Parys, 20 July.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.
20 July. 1321. The Duke of Ferrara to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 245.
Congratulates him upon the peace as one whose house has always been devoted to him. Ferrara, 20 July 1546. Signed: Humillimo et obedientissimo sor, el duca de Ferrara.
Italian, pp. 2. Add.: Majestati Anglorum [Reg]is. Sealed.


  • n1. These marginal notes by Paget were probably addressed to Gardiner.
  • n2. The letter is however worded as if addressed to the Emperor.
  • n3. Of Crepy.
  • n4. This portion, between the asterisks, is printed in St. P., xi., 247.