Henry VIII: February 1546, 1-10

Pages 78-95

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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February 1546, 1-10

1 Feb. 150. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 328.
Meeting at Westminster, 1 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, privy Seal, [Hertford, Paget, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Maurice Russell for conveyance of munition into Ireland had warrant to Williams for a prest (specified) towards the cost of his carts (18), diets and freight, he to account before the Vicetreasurer in Ireland. The bailiff of Westminster and a London goldsmith, having taken persons with part of the silver plates stolen at Westminster Church, appointed to report to Sir Thos. Moyle and Sir Thos. Pope, [Letter] to Sir Anthony Kingston who had complained of "thindiligence" of those who carried the commissions for musters in his country and that commissions were directed to persons who were dead, absent or unable to act, that hereafter a straiter order should be taken against slackness, but he himself, as custos rotulorum, was to blame for neglecting to advertise hither the names of such gentlemen as are meet, and therefore the old book of names was used; upon his sending a book of names the commissions should be redressed.
1 Feb. 151. Richard Stokes and Isabel Blage.
R. O. Memorandum headed 28 Jan. 37 Henry VIII., that the Council, ordered Richard Stokes of Westminster to deliver to Isabell Blage, widow, 23s. 2d. in lieu of certain goods bequeathed to her by the will of George Bonde, dec.; which he has accomplished 1 Feb. the year aforesaid.
Large paper, p. 1.
1 Feb. 152. Thomas [Goodrich], Bishop of Ely, to Dr. Parker, Dr. Redman and Dr. Mey.
Add. MS.
19,400, f. 24.
B. M.
In answer to their request for certificate of the chantries, hospitals and free chapels in Cambridge entered in his registers, can find in his registers no foundation of any of them. Knows not what is in the archdeacon's registers; but at the time when the Act for First Fruits and Tenths came forth there were found to be within Cambridge those named in a schedule enclosed. Downham, 1 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
1 Feb. 153. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O. London, 1 Feb. 1545:—Commendations to him and his wife from the writer's wife, brother B. Warner, and brother and sister Gery. Failing last week to get your matter opened to my lord Chancellor I wrote on Saturday, by my cousin Bretain's servant, Mr. Croke's advice for you to tarry at home. Your adversary's attorney (Oliver Leder) and Mr. Crooke have today agreed "that there shall no return be called upon of your attachment"; and Mr. Crooke thinks that there is no danger impending towards you, and that you may boldly remain where you are, or elsewhere at your pleasure. My lord Chancellor's own advice is not known, but I will not cease to labour Mr. Crooke therein in such wise that your adversaries shall smally prevail with any fresh complaints to my lord Chancellor. Remember to send word shortly of my cousin Lawrens', your brother's matter, for Mr. Sargiaunt, your brother "may provide somewhat for Walke a knave's reward before th'end of this term." Wool and other matters, in which are named Ric. Preston, Mrs. Fayrey and her son, Peter Bates, Mr. Conny, Mr. Lygh, Mrs. Fyssher, Pratt, John Leweson, Henry Suthwyke and Mrs. Brikewell. If the poulter comes up next week or you send letters by way of Tykeford, I will write what time you may send horse for my wife and me to come down "to be married there again or (at least) to keep our Shrofte tyde with you." B. Warner sends by bearer a stoned horse for which you promised him meat.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at Glapthorne. Endd.
2 Feb. 154. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 329.
Meeting at Greenwich, 2 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal [Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Sir Ralph Warren, Sir Ric. Gresham, Sir John Gresham and Sir Roland Hill, having made over to Flanders, by exchange to Stephen Vaughan, 5000l., had warrant to the Exchequer for 3,000l. and to the Augmentations for 2,000l. Letter to chancellor of Augmentations to deliver 12 fodder of lead to Thos. Bartue or — Rigewaye for fortifications at Haselnorth. John Baptist Sanvitores, Spaniard, had letters to the mayor of Pole for "nine verses with their chambers and one oliphant's tooth" saved by John Reyse at the wreck of the Santa Maria de Luce of Lussheborne, paying salvage. Upon supplication for Alonzo de Castro, Spaniard, concerning spoil of his ship, to the value of 100 mks., brought to Newport in the Isle of Wight; because the bailiff of Newport was said to be part owner of the ship which so spoiled her, the supplication was sent to the captain of the Isle that he might examine the bailiff and others and cause restitution, "and otherwise to advertise their depositions."
2 Feb. 155. The Protestants to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 33.
Have here heard his answer, made by Bucler and Chr. Mont, to the Prince of Hesse upon the articles delivered by certain delegates lately at Worms, and, with that answer, the assurance of his good will. Will tell their Princes both the transactions with his ambassadors at Worms and his late message. Will never consent to the Council, or rather conciliabulum, indicted at Trent by the bishop of Rome, as never meant for the true reformation of the Church; and they beg him not to consent to it, but testify to the world that he does not recognize it, as he testified formerly, by a written edict, (fn. n1) of a similar Council indicted at Mantua. Francfort, 2 Feb. 1546. Subscribed: Principum et Statuum Protestantium legati jam Franckfordiæ congregati.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed with eight several seals. Endd.: 1545.
3 Feb. 156. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 330.
Meeting at Greenwich, 3 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master. Privy Seal, Essex [Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Warrant to treasurer of Augmentations to pay Andrew Judde, alderman of London, 900l. disbursed for the King by merchants of the Staple of Calais. Letter to Surrey and the Council there that Mr. Cavendishe and Mr. Colthurste, sent to audit the general accounts there, should be instructed and allowed diets of 10s. a day each for themselves and 4s. each for two clerks apiece, and each to have four of their other servants in wages at 6d. the day, towards which they had in prest from the treasurer of the Tenths and First Fruits 80l., to be accounted for at their next payment by the treasurer of Boulogne. [In margin: The above letter not sent, because the auditors were altered.] Warrant to Williams for 13l. 16s. 7d. to Oswald See, surplusage for provision of cask. John Dawes, of money received of Williams for occurrents at Court, to pay Captain Courtepeny, retained to serve the King, 125l.; Joachim Stolwich, a captain coming with him, 10l.; and Peter Berkervil, Courtepeny's clerk, 50s.; Lucas Frynger, 25l.; John Kell, servant to Count Ranyon of Italy, and Andrea Gromo, servant to Signor Ludovic Gonsago, 90l.; Alonzo de Gusman, for his service from April last without wages, 76l.; Signor de Gamboa, prest for wages of soldiers of the band of Sallablanca and Captain Alexandro from 1 Jan. last, 150l.; Rivera, a Spaniard who was maimed in the wars, 10l.
3 Feb 157. Saddlery.
R. O. A saddler's bill for saddles, stirrup leathers, reins, &c. (prices detailed) from 26 April to 3 Nov. Sum total 6l. 12s. 7d.
Received by your servant, Henry Byrde, 3 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII., 6l. Remains unpaid 12s. 7d.
Pp. 4. Headed: Mr. Gates' bill in anno r. r. H. viij. 37.
3 Feb. 158. [Henry Southwick] to ——.
R. O. Fragment of a letter headed "At Calais le 3 jour F[evryer]" and mentioning Peter Bates' bill &c. "Newys worthy of writing [have I none, except] yt as yesterday arryved [here the Earl] off Hartfford ............... are this day ....... to C .....a commission goon in [to] Jer [many to take up] footmen."
P. 1. half lost by mutilation. Add. Endd.: "1545, Henry Southwickes letter le 3 jour Febr. from Callais, answered from Glapthorn the 8 of the same."
3 Feb. 159. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of the
P. of Sc.,
ii. 464.
Held at Edinburgh, 3 Feb. 1545, by John abbot of Paisley, treasurer, George abbot of Dumfermling, Wm. abbot of Culross, Wm. lord Ruthwen, Walter lord of St. John's, Sir Adam Ottirburn of Reidhall, Mr. James Foulis of Colintoun, clerk of the rolls of the register, Mr. Thos. Ballenden of Auchnoule, clerk of justiciary, and Mr. Henry Lauder, advocate, commissioners; together with Patrick Barroun, deputy constable, John Perdovyn, deputy marshal, George Fothringhame, sergeant, and Thomas Hall, judicator. Business:—Summons of treason against Rorik McCloid of the Lewis and his colleagues continued to 16 (sic) March next. Summons of treason against George Rollok, Robt. Myln, and other burgesses and inhabitants of Dundee, for remaining away from the host made upon the Borders last July, &c., proved to have been published, and continued to 4 Feb. Parliament continued to 4 Feb.
4 Feb. 160. Chr. Holford, of Yscoyd, Flint.
Harl. MS.
2,067, f. 104b.
B. M.
His will, 4 Feb. 1545.
Modern copy, p. 1.
4 Feb. 161. Sir John Wallop to lord Deputy of Calais and Sir Edw. Wootton, Treasurer.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 186.
B. M.
At this being here of the earl of Harteford and my lord Admyral, I Lychelade (before them) to say of whom he received the 500 qr. wheat "which ye charge me with, and to whom he delivered it." He answered that he received it of Helyer and spent part of it in the charge of Sir Thomas Palmer, "who was also present," and delivered the rest to Mr. Wootton, (fn. n2) last treasurer here by indenture. For his part Mr. Palmer offers "to satisfy." I beg your lordship to cease to trouble me further therewith. Guisnes, 4 Feb. Signed.
I desire you, Mr. Treasurer, to send hither a couple of carpenters to mend the storehouse, which is like to fall.
P. 1. Add.
4 Feb. 162. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of the
P. of Sc.,
ii., 464.
Held at Edinburgh, 4 Feb. 1545 by James earl of Arran, Governor, and the Three Estates. Business:—Proceedings against George Rollok and others of Dundee, who submit. Approval of a life grant made to Jonet Sinclare, the Queen's nurse, and her spouse. Summons against Roderic McCloid and his colleagues continued to 15 March. Parliament continued to 15 March.
4 Feb. 163. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Where Paget writes by the bearer, Francis, that his plate is not altogether to his contentation, that is to be imputed to his haste for it; and, as for sending or bringing his stamp, it is already sent. To certify proceedings with Riffenberghe, has written as occasion served by way of Andwarpe; and now, to show the order of the matter and Riffenberghe's "lewd and false allegations, saying the bestelling sent after him signed and sealed of the King's Majesty is not according to his bargain," sends copy of the process and allegations till the Emperor's departing hence, when it was remitted to be heard at Mastricht the 14th inst. Although the matter is "melancolious," he begs Paget to read it and see how craftily Riffenberge colours his untrue dealing, and how the writer hazards his life "following the same." Mons. de Eck puts him in hope to be rid at Mastricht; for to follow into Almayne would cost him his life. "I intend at Mastricht, with counsel of my lords th'ambassadors, to take against him private action for 'disfamyng' of me, and though I wist to kneel before th'Emperor for the same, for though his Majesty have given him safe-conduct for to go and come safe, it is to be understood he must bear himself according to one that cometh under safeguard." God send the King satisfaction against him and rid me from that nation. I must also answer allegations of Bucholt, Eidelwolff and Ryffenberghe's ritmesters for the 4th month, and of certain earls dwelling about the mustering place for damages, for which we allowed Riffenberghe three days' pay, 5,900 phs., and he put it in his own purse. Thus I am charged with five processes. My lords ambassadors say that "they like my doings well enough." I have nothing more to allege; "wherefore if they will they may give place to his feigned allegations;" which allegations deny the truth and say that I am unworthy to contend with him, and therefore the King should send a better personage to "demand him whereas he dwelleth." God lend you and my good lady health and honour. Utricht, 4 Feb. 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
4 Feb. 164. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O. Since my last letter, Jasper Dowche and I have thought it expedient to remind your Highness to write to the Lady Regent for licence, in case your agents make any money here, to convey 200,000 cr. to Calles or Bulleign. As I perceive by the said Jasper that the Emperor "hath already, or intendeth shortly to desire," your licence for a certain number of ships (which he will send to some of his havens in the Levant seas, in case the French king go about any sudden invasion of Italy) to pass quietly through your seas, I "conject" that you may easily obtain this. Yesternight, Jasper Dowche, who since my delivery of your patent for his fee seems "exceeding willing" to do service, came to my lodging saying that he brought matter of importance; and took out of his bosom certain papers, one of which contained names of captains "that lately were (and, as I think, yet be),"in your service, whom he affirmed to be "perilous traitors." To prove this he showed the account of a French agent containing payments to messengers daily sent to Bulleyn, Guysnes and into the North parts to corrupt the said captains; and also he showed copies of letters and the names of sundry spies sent, some to Bulleyn and some into your realm, with silks, like merchants, "whom he gave charge there to set on fire your Majesty's powder," others to "over run" your havens and realm and hearken what was done or purposed, what ships you had and what men you made out of all countries. He promised to get me copies of all these writings, and meanwhile I took the names (herewith) of three captains and certain spies.
Finds Jasper very willing to serve. If it were not that the obligations of London are already out for great sums to the Fowkers, much could be provided upon them; but 200,000 cr. might be provided upon the credit of Bonvyce and Salvag, if it could be had. Awaits answer to last letters. Jasper would fain have the alums, and as long as Vaughan is dealing with him it were well to answer gently any suit that his servant may make therein. He desires that it be not known that he gave knowledge of these captains and espials. Andwerp, 4 Feb.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O. 2. "The names of iij captains, whereof ij served in the Borders of Scotland."
"Morgan capitein Italien. Charles de Navarro capitein Espaignol. Thomas Lightmaker, sur tous, villein traitre.
"Espialles.—Lucas Tripel, Jacques Caulsen, Henrik Boheux, Mathieu Piper, Michel Messagier, Thomas Masureur, Hans Mullier. These espialles were sent throughout all your Majesty's realm, and Jasper thinketh that Michel Messagier above named should be at Bulleyn."
In Vaughan s hand, p. 1.
4 Feb. 165. Lucas Fringer to Paget
R. O. 4 Feb., at Breme, 1546:—Sends the "names off all estates of the Protestans agiont this last diett att Franckfort." Of Cortpennynck the commissaries will have certified.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O. 2 . "The names of all the princes, estates, etc., at were present or had their ambassadors at the Dyet at Francforde ao 1545," viz.:—
"Johannes Fredericus Saxonie dux, Elector. Johannes Ernestus dux Saxonie, Electoris frater. Philippus Landgravius Hassie. Christianus electus Danie, dux Holsatie. Johannes et Olavus et Fredericks, fratres, duces Holsatie. Mauritius dux Saxonie marchio Mesne. Augustus frater Mauritii. Philippus dux Bruyswicensis et Grubenhaghen cum filio Ernesto. Filii Georgii Marchionis Brandenburgensis. Albertus nepos istorum marchionum. Albertus marchio et dux Borussie vel Prussie. Berninus dux Pomeranie. Philippus hujus et (qu. ex?) fratre nepos. Dux Lignicensis. Dux Munsterbergh dux Leoburgensis. Willelmus comes Nassau et Breda. Philippus comes Nassau et Wisbaden. Willelmus comes Furstembergh. Philippus comes Waldeck. Bernardus Stauffen baro. Comes Frisie Orientalis. Comes ab Oldenborch. Comes a Zwarzenborch. Comes a Spiegelborgh. Comes ab Honsteyn. Comes ab Glichen. Comes a Bitz. Comes a Lymghen. Joachinus Elector, marchio Brandenburgensis. Johannes frater marchionis. Fredericus Elector, comes Palatinus. Otto Henrioo cum suo (sic) Philippo comites Palatini. Robertus et hujus ex fratre nepos Wolfrangus, duces Bavarie et comites Palatini et Germ' Pontis (Gemini Pontis). Fredericus, Georgius, Ricardus, comites Palatini, comites a Semere et Spaheim. Henricus Dux Magnipotensis. Franciscus et filii fratris Ernesti duces Lunemburgenses. Trcus (Ericus) Dux Brunswicensis. Ulricus dux Wirtenburgensis. Christophorus filius Ulrici Ducis. Georgius dux "Wirtenborgensis, comes a Mounpelgaert. Wolfangus comes ab Anhelt. Johannes, Georgius et Joachimus, fratres ab Anhelt. Albertus et Gerardus, fratres, comites a Mansfelt. Carolus et Ludovicus, comites ab Otigen. Conradus comes a Tekelenberch. Filii —— (blank) ab Hoya comites. Comes a Weetberghen et dominus ab Esis. Comes a Lippia. Comes a Dieffholt. Michael comes a Wuerthem. Comes a Stolbergh et Coningsten. Comes ab Hanan (Hanau). Comites ab Erpach. Comes ab Sultz. Archiepiscopus Coloniensis, administrator Paderbornensis, Elector, cum civitatibus in episcopatu suo. Comes a Muers et Weeda. Comes a Nova Aquila. Comes a Rysfersteyt. Comes a Ryneck. Conies a Nassau et Byelsten. Episcopus Monasteriensis, Osnaburgensis et Mindensis. Magister Livonie Ordinis Theutonicorum. Gustavus rex Swetie. Episcopus Sambiensis in Borussia. Archiepiscopus Rigensis in Livonia. Episcopus Revalensis in Livonia. Episcopus Taebatensis in Livonia.
Civitates confederate:—Primo libere et alie; jo st. Imperii.—Augusta, Argentoratum, Meminga, Noetlinga, Winshen, Dickelbuhel, Lubeca, Constantia, Biberacum, Rutlinga, Gengebach, Lindoia, Nuremberga, Francfordia, Hulpennia, Gergen, Eslinga, Wissenburgum, Ulma, Hala Swevio, Campadunum, Goslaria, Ysna, Nortganie.
Civitates libere.—Brema, Luneburga, Hanower, Halberstadium, Grixswoll, Tarbatum, Bonna, Madenburga, Regensburga, Norhuysen, Wismaria, Stetinum, Susatum, Andernaken, Hamburgum, Gotinge, Hiddesim, Rostochium, Riga, Wesalia, Lemmego, Brunswicum, Gubica, Hala Saporum (sic), Stalesunde, Revalia, Nussia.
Item Helveti.—Tigurum, Basilea, Berna, Clarona, Abatiscella, Samgallensis, Scaffhusia, Soladorum, Friburgum, Curiensis, Millusiani, Rotuillani."
Lat., pp. 3. Endd. as above.
5 Feb. 166. The Mary Fortune.
R. O. Acknowledgment by Richard Hodson (or Hodshon) of Newcastle that he has received into the Mary Fortune laden at Welles, 5 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII., 100 qr. of malt and 100 qr. of barley to be conveyed to Newcastle. Signed.
P. 1. On the back are jottings headed "Detts ad festum Nat. D'ni ao primo Mar[ie]."
5 Feb. 167. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 21. Meeting, 5 Feb. Present: Governor, Chancellor, bp. of Galloway, earls of Huntly, Erroll and Bothwell, abbots of Paisley and Culross, lord of St. John's, Secretary, Clerk Register. Business:—Thomas, commendator of Dryburgh, required enforcement of payment of a debt by lord Somerville. Bothwell undertook to pay his sheriffwick's share of the payment to George lord Hume. Bond by Wm. lord Ruthven, as sheriff of Perth, touching payment of the two last taxes.
5 Feb 168. Wm. Boys to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. Commendations to his wife. I am very sorry that I cannot keep my promise to be with you, but have two excuses, God and the King; for the King's affairs "doth let me," as bearer can show. Wherefore, I desire you to accept my son to your service, and consider that I have many children, and this year is like to be burdensome to me. I shall desire my kinsman Mr. Gaye and brother Colwell to commune with you for that purpose, and conclude any reasonable agreement in my name. Scribbled 5 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To Mr. Anthony Bourchier, auditor to the Queen's Grace.
R. O. 2. "Memorandum that I (fn. n3) have received of my master (fn. n4) the 4th day of March to buy me a pair of hoses, 4s. Item, more, the 7th day of March, to buy me a pair of shoes, 8d.
Small slip, p. 1.
R. O. 3. "A remembrance of all and singular such things as my master (fn. n5) hath bought for me since my coming to him, that is from xiijth day of February unto Easter," viz.:—2 pair of hose 8s., 2 shirts 4s., 3 yards of fustian to make a doublet, 3s. 3d., lining for the same, 15d., making, 12d., and buttons, 3d.; 2 pair of shoes, 16d., a cokte, 7s., and another pair of shoes, 8d.
P. 1.
5 Feb. 169. Vaughan to Paget and Petre.
R. O. Writes presently to the King to desire the Lady Regent to suffer his agents here to convey 200,000 cr. To Calles or Bulleyn, lest, when Vaughan has received money here, an arrest should be made, as was done last year. Writes also largely of other things "of no great weight." From Nemygen the Emperor goes toward Almayn, "as the bruit here goeth." Andwerp, 5 Feb.
Sends a letter from Chr. Mount.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
5 Feb. 170. William Watson and J. Dymmock to the Council.
R. O. According to your commission we made diligent search for the prices of victuals, by the way towards Andwarpe, and in our letters, written by Mr. Stephen Vaghan and us, declared how unreasonable they were. It was concluded between us and Vaghan that we should go together to Dorte in Holland, and we had with us a man of this country to enquire prices. Wheat was there worth 14l. Fl. the last, "which maketh ten English quarters," and rye 10l. 6s. 8d. Fl.; and above 2,000 qr. of wheat and rye remained in the ships that brought it out of the land of Glewlyke and Gelderland, "which corn is better than Estland corn by the fourth penny;" but, having no commission to buy before certifying your honours, we wrote of it to Vaghan and departed towards Amsterdam. By reason of the ice we went by Ewtright, where we arrived on Candlemas Even and asked advice of the King's ambassadors, who willed us to follow your orders and advertise them when to labour to the Emperor for licence to export corn. Arrived at Amsterdam on the 3rd inst. And find prices very unreasonable. Wheat is at 15l. Fl. the last, rye at 10l. 15s. 4d. (and of these two kinds not past 1,000 last in Amsterdam, which is little enough for the town, Spaniards and Portingalles having bought all that might be had a month ago). Of barley and malt here is very little. Barley is at 6l. 10s. 8d. Fl. the last, malt at 7l. 8s. the last, butter at 3l. 10s. the barrel of 3 cwt. "after five score to the hundred," bacon at 55s. the "shippound" of 3 cwt. The great frosts have stopped all the passages to this town, and when the passages open the price of victuals will abate; so that I, Watson, leave Dymocke here and go towards Breame. No merchants here will bargain to deliver corn upon their own adventure in Calles, Bulloyn or England, and this by reason of the good sales for ready money, all other countries having scarcity of corn. We are credibly informed that no corn is to be had in Hamborough or Lubyque; wherefore, please let us know whether I, Watson, shall go forward to Daunske, and Dymocke follow your commission at Breame, Hamboroughe and Lubyque.
News here is none but that they fear to have war again with the French king, and that the Emperor has commanded ships for Andolozia to "go strong and keep good company, for divers of them hath been spoiled with French men now of late." Amsterdam, 5 "Feverell," 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
6 Feb. 171. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 331.
On Feb. 4th, 5th. and 6th (sic) the Council were absent.
Meeting at Greenwich, 6 Feb. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, [Essex, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Letter to Stephen Vaughan that Mr. Bren and Mr. Brigantyne should deliver bills of exchange for 5,000l. st. whereupon he should pay them 3,000l. for conduct of 3,000 men under Courtepeny and (if needful) pay Watson and Dymok 1,000l. besides the 600l. already appointed to them; with postscript that he should hasten a special messenger with the letter to the earl of Tekelenbergh. Passports out of the realm for Brend and Brigantyne and for William Damosell. Letter to Vaughan to pay Damosell 1,600l. Fl., of the money taken upon the bills of exchange aforesaid, and 2,000l. Fl. from the proceeds of other bills to be sent. Letter to Damosell enclosing two schedules of canvas, copper, saltpetre and other munitions to be shipped by him from Flanders. Letter to ——, collector of the subsidy in Yorkshire, to pay for the Englishmen and strangers shipped from Newcastle to Calais, whereof Mr. Uvedall had charge, and for other costs about York of their conduct hither, for which the Archbishop answered, and also for the arrears of the garrisons in those quarters; and thereupon to perfect his account in the Exchequer. Letter to mayor and sheriffs of Bristol, whereas Wm. Karye, Robt. Leyton and John Pryne, merchants of Bristol, upon command of John Winter, dec, a year ago, to prepare their ship the Mary James for the King's service, bought "six pieces of ordnance with their chambers" from Wm. Edgecombe and Ric. Dane, of Bristol, for 24l., and are now sued for the payment of that money, that the King considered the debt to be his and would have the suit stopped, and Edgecombe and Dane referred hither. Placard for post horses at 1d. the mile for Patrick Quolquham and Matthew Dowglas, servants to the Earl of Lennox, now sent to Scotland. Warrant to Carew, treasurer of Tenths, for 80l. to Mr. Candisshe and Mr. Colthurste, now going to Boulogne as principal auditors. Letter to Wotton, treasurer of Calais, enclosing supplication of Captain Salablanca for four months' wages, that if, by his own books and those of John Wytton, late treasurer of Guisnes, anything appeared to be due, it should be paid, and report made to the Lords of the Council.
172. Captain Conrad Penink.
R. O. "Instruccions etc." [for Brende and Brigandyn.]
"Where we have presently appointed for our furniture in the wars" to be served with a band of Allemaynes footmen, and have retained Captain Courtpenyng, to be coronell of 3,000 of them, who is already passed to Andwerpe, "knowing th'activity and skilfulness of our said servants in the muster and ordering of men for the war, we have named them to be our commissaries in that behalf." Taking the copy of the capitulations passed with Courtpeny, and all writings necessary for their despatch, they shall proceed to Andwerp and there receive of Stephen Vaughan, our agent, 3,000l. st. and therewith accompany Courtpeny to the places where he levies the men, and give him 3,000 "gold gildrenes" for presting and conduct of the soldiers to the muster places. In case any ensigns are mustered in the going to Hambrough, they are to be paid for one month, "as is prescribed in a schedule delivered unto them," sworn to the "article brief," and to pass in small companies to Calays without doing hurt by the way. In taking musters regard shall be had to persons and weapons; and Courtpenyng is to be urged to make haste. The commissaries carry bills for 2,000l. to be taken up by exchange at Hamborough and shall advertise the Council of its receipt. As with the ensigns mustered on their way to Hamborough, so they shasll pay and despatch to Calais those mustered afterwards and shall themselves repair thither. From time to time they shall advertise, not only their proceedings, but other occurrents worthy the King's knowledge.
Draft, pp. 9. Endd.: "Instruccions for Mr. B[rende] and Brygendyn, appointed commissioners for the musters of Curtepeninges bande."
R. O. 2. Memorandum that "the exchange for conduct money" of 3,000 footmen amounts to 600l. st., of which 300l. to be paid at Andwarpe to Conrade Penyng upon sight of the bill and the other half at Hamburgh. The exchange for a month's wages beforehand amounts to 5,500 mks., and for the fortnight's wages of 300 horsemen "(for the conduct money cannot be entirely known till they come to Cales)" 500l. st., whereof half to be paid at Andwerp and the other half at Hamburgh.
In Paget's hand, p. 1. Endd.. An exchange of money over, etc., "for Corte Pennynke."
6 Feb. 173. The Protestants to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 34.
The ambassadors whom their Princes and Lords sent last autumn to him and the king of France have recounted what was done. Are grieved that the result was not what they expected and desired; but hope that God, who is the author of peace, will yet concede greater opportunities. For what he writes in his letters of 30 Dec. about preserving the mutual and ancient friendship they thank him in the name of their Princes and Lords. Francfort, 6 Feb. 1546. Subscribed: Principum et Statuum Protestantium legati jam Franckfordiæ congregati.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed with eight several seals. Endd.: 1545.
174. The Protestants to Francis I.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 42.
Their ambassadors sent to him and the King of England have related what was done. Are grieved that their intercession proved otherwise than they hoped; but they will commend the cause to God, and not despair of a pacification. Thanks for goodwill to their States, both expressed by word to their ambassadors and now by writing, not doubting but, when occasion offers, the States will demonstrate their desire to preserve the ancient amity with him. Datum Francfordiæ.
Lat. Copy in Mont's hand, p. 1. Endd. by Mont: Responsum a Protestantibus ad Galliæ Regem missum.
7 Feb. 175. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 334.
Meeting at Greenwich, 7 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, [Essex, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Warrant to John Dawes to pay Vaughan's man for posting to Flanders, 5l., Garrat Harman, riding into Almaigne, 25l., and John Brende and John Brigantyne, sent in commission into Almaigne, 40 mks.
7 Feb. 176. Franciscus Burgartis to Doctor Butts. (fn. n6)
R. O. As the ambassadors of the Princes and States of the Empire who profess the Gospel were giving the bearer letters for the King, Burgartus took the opportunity of writing. All good men expected the ambassadors sent to make peace between the King and the Frenchman to obtain something; but, as the event has not answered to the hope, they commend the case to God, the giver of peace. Prays that a better opportunity may be offered soon. What evil does not war bring with it? And who is there that sees not how peace might now conduce to the true reformation of Christ's church, to Christendom and to these two Kings? Of our Diet you will be certified by Chr. Monte. The Elector Palatine was here, who publicly professes the Gospel. We hope that his accession to us will not a little aid the cause of Religion. Are there not now four Electors of the Empire who embrace the sincere doctrine? This, whether it please or displease the Roman bishop, enemy of the truth, is God's work. Shall not the truth at length conquer? Our people will shortly publish a writing against the Conciliabulum of Trent, in which they will tell all the kings and princes of Christendom what to think of it, as a thing set up by the Pontiff, that is Antichrist. And we are persuaded that the King also will refuse that Conciliabulum, "a quo principes et ordines nostri Augustanæ Confessionis unanimiter ita sunt alieni ut prius omnia extrema experiri decreverint quam illarn Romanam bestiam iterum adorare velint; nec id quidem injuste, ut qui nihil boni in caussa relligionis a Sede illa Romana, suae tyrannidis stabilitionem et maximorum abusuum confirmationem querente, expectare possunt." Such a Pontifical Council is not the way to true reformation. God grant that the monarchs of Christendom may think of the true method of helping the afflicted Church, and propagate the Gospel. Begs to be reverently commended to the King. Datae Francforti at Menum, 7 Feb. 1546.
Lat. Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Clarissimo, etc., Doctori Guilhelmo Butto, medico regis, &c. Sealed. Endd.: 1545.
R. O. 2. (On a separate paper enclosed in the above.)—The King's speech lately made in Parliament was sent hither and has aroused great hope that he may embrace the true knowledge of the Gospel. B. V.
Lat. In Burgartus's hand, p. 1.
8 Feb. 177. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 334
Meeting at Greenwich, 8 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Warrant to treasurer of the Court of Wards for 600l. to Mr. Rither, for the Prince's household, and to Sir Edm. Peckham, cofferer of the King's household. Upon commendation of the Deputy and Council, —, denizen, had licence to keep a free house at Calais notwithstanding the ordinances.
8 Feb. 178. Sir William Paget.
See Grants in February 1546, Nos. 20, 21.
8 Feb. 179. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Being this day arrived from Utrecht (and referred to be at Mastricht on the 13th inst., as I wrote by Francisco, whom I left "upon despatch" at my departing from my lords the ambassadors) I have received your letters, to this fellowship and to me, for George Gilpen to be their clerk. By Francisco I wrote my proceedings with Riffenberghe, and sent copy of our process, showing how falsely he denies the King's letters of "reteindure," as contrary to his bargain; whereupon in my answer I required the Emperor not to suffer the King's honor to be thus touched. At my return I will cause the ambassadors to speak therein, which they could not then do because of the Emperor's departure. I forgot to write by Francis that Chr. Prisbergh, who was last summer coronel with the Duke of Brunswick, and served the King at Bolloign among Landenbergh's horsemen, told Sebastian Lucas, at Utrecht, that he came lately out of France, where, in the chancery, he saw a bill of Thomas Lightmaker offering to betray us for 8,000 cr., which bill was shown him "to say 'See what trust is to the promise of your nation';" and he offered to get the copy of the bill. Last summer on coming hither from the Diets of Graveling I heard the same here and advertised my lords of the Council. Presberghe also says that, while Riffenberghe kept us prisoners at Florines, two French commissaries were in our camp treating with Riffenberghe and his captains; "which doth not much vary from the confession of a secretary of Mons. de Longevalles that we had there, which we gave at our breaking up unto a gentleman of the Duke of Askottes that served with us, for that he discovered him and brought him to us." Presbergh says that he will avow this to Riffenberghe's face; but I have no trust in "the nation" and can prove no more than I allege in the process, "which were enough to hang him if the Emperor were so disposed." Mons. de Ecke has asked for answer to his offer.
Trusts that Paget has told the Council of the 1,000 cr. which my lord of Westminster had, and the 1,000 cr. and also 20l. 2s. 6d. which Mr. Fane had, of the King's treasure. Does not send their bills as he expects to be there shortly to render account. Wishes long life to Paget and my good lady. Andwarpe, 8 Feb. 1545.
Since the above was written the Company have admitted Gilpen to be their clerk.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
8 Feb. 180. J. Sleidanus to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 39.
On the 26th Jan. we arrived at Strasburg after a difficult journey. Having stayed there a few days, we came hither, meeting the Elector Palatine two miles from the town, who had come here with the Landgrave to this conference. After we had come hither, on 3 Feb., the Landgrave summoned us and heard what we had done. Bruno told it without any sign of private affection; as he did also, next day, in full senate of the ambassabors of the Protestants, who now write to the King and have commanded me to write. They are grieved that nothing is done, "et quorsum hoc dissidium spectat prudenter vident." The Elector Palatine has joined us. The Landgrave, when he left this, spent two days with the Abp. of Mentz by invitation. The Abp. of Cologne is constant; and our States care for him and have now sent an embassy on his behalf to the Emperor.
Although sure that others will write fully, could not omit to give this letter to D. Montius. Begs him to commend "historicum illud negocium" to the King. When he finishes anything worth seeing he will send it. Dat. Francforti, 8 Februar. 1546.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
8 Feb. 181. Dr. Jo. Bruno to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 35.
Begs recommendation to the King and, for his Majesty's liberality, promises faithful service. We four arrived here on the 3rd inst., and, being immediately summoned to the Landgrave, ample relation was made by me, in presence of Jacob Sturme, and, next day, before the whole assembly of the Protestant commissioners and deputies. All have been very grieved, especially the Elector Palatine who had then left this, that the attempt of our States had no better result. They still would spare no pains to procure peace, and will remain neutral towards both England and France so long as this war lasts, as appears by their letters, written in like form, to the two Princes. Our States are more than ever desirous that the present war should be finished by us; and, since they will hold another Diet at Wormbs on 1 April next, please send me word by Dr. Mont, whether you think it well at that Diet again to put the irons in the fire, and whether meanwhile I might write, as of myself, to Madame Destampes to learn whether some means (moderation) could be found as regards the Scots, for the other differences present no difficulty which our States could not resolve to the King's profit. You will know the whole business of this Diet from Mont. The Elector Palatine on the 10th of last month permitted throughout the Palatinate the abolition of the Papistical mass, and appointed ceremonies after the usage of our churches. I hold him with several others as confederate with us. The duke of Brunswick is still prisoner at Zigenhan, and his son in the Landgrave's hands at Marpurck. Duke Maurice of Saxony, like a good prince, has here diligently solicited the deliverance of the said father and son, but has obtained nothing. The Electors Palatine, Saxony and Brandenburg have, with all the Protestants, sent a legation from hence to the Emperor, jointly, to petition him to stop the suits against the Abp. of Cologne because of religion, &c.; and they are determined not to suffer him to be molested by the Pope. It was said here that Pope Paul died on 3 Jan., but there is no news of it. The Duke of Savoy is said to have begun against the French in Piedmont, seizing two castles; likewise begun against the Swiss (those of Berne) near Geneva; but the bruit is declining. The king of France sends the prince of Melffe to Piedmont as his lieutenant. The French coronel, George de Rickenrodt, is still here and has taken great pains to incline the Landgrave and other States to his master; but I know from themselves their intention, and although the French still have men with the Landgrave, in my opinion they labour in vain. If the King continues to declare himself friendly as hitherto and makes no declaration against these States they will reciprocate it; otherwise he might drive them to the other party, to his prejudice. Great bruit has been caused by the Marquis Albert of Brandenburg retaining until Easter 1,000 horsemen at 5 fl. apiece, it being suspected that, although he is of our religion, they may be for the Emperor against the Abp. of Cologne; for the Pope, the Emperor and King Ferdinand are said to have confederated to attack our States; but we do not believe that the Emperor would attack the States of the Empire. Some think that the levy is for the King's service. I beg you to trust me so far as to signify to me whether that is so, that our States be not put to purposeless expense and the levy hindered; for they will freely suffer the King to raise men, but not the king of France. Wherefore I had much desired, with several good personages of our League, that his Majesty had joined himself more closely with them, and I am sure he would thus have found greater security and repose than with others. Nothing is known of the Colloquy except that it has not begun. Since yesterday news has come that the Emperor wishes it to go forward, and will himself shortly come into Germany to hold the Imperial Diet at Ratisbon. As to the Council of Trent, three cardinals are there, viz., De Monte, Sancte Crucis and Polus, and 31 bishops, who have already held two sessions. The Pope would have liked to transfer it to Rome or postpone it, but the Emperor wishes it to continue at Trent. It is bruited that the Emperor some time ago retained a good number of captains, but as yet there is no levy of men of war; nor is there news of any assembly for the king of France. Rickerod, coronel for the said King, seems to intend staying here some time, probably until he sees what the Emperor and the King's Majesty will do; and he retains some captains with promises of employment, but there is no money or other provision as yet. The Landgrave is very grieved and indignant with Riffenberger, who, with his companion Eytel Wolff, is at present in the Emperor's court; and the Landgrave tells me that the Emperor has lately given Riffenberg three villages near Colloigne, at the place where he made the musters for the King. Mont will write the rest. Franckfort, 8 Feb. 1546.
French. Hol., pp. 6. Add. Endd.
9 Feb. 182. Will.
Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 191.
Copy of the will of John Grymstone (the elder) of Edmonton. 1½ pp.
9 Feb. 183. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 22. Meeting, 9 Feb. Present: Queen, Governor, Cardinal, bp. of Galloway, earls of Huntly, Argyle, Rothes, and Menteith, abbots of Paisley, Cupar and Glenluse, lords Flemyng and Ruthven, Secretary, Sir John Campbell of Lundy, Clerk Register. Business:—Malcolm commendator of Quhithorne discharged of a third part of the demand upon him for the last tax, as the fruits of his abbey are diminished. Order taken for peace (that all may concur against the English) between Walter Ker of Cessford, John Ker of Farnihirst, —— Douglas of Caverris, sheriff of Teviotdale, and —— (blank) Dowglas of Bonjedburcht and their adherents on the one part, and Sir Walter Scott of Branxholm, —— (blank) Trumble of Bedroule, John Cranstoun of that ilk, James Hoppryngill of Tynnes, Wm. Turnble of Mynto and their adherents on the other; also between John Rutherfurd of Hunthill, Nic. Rutherfurd of Hundle, Charles and Richard Rutherford and their friends, on the one part, and Walter Ker of Cessford, Mark Kar of Littleden, —— Kar of Graden and their friends, on the other.
9 Feb. 184. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O. Upon receipt of letters from the Council instructing him how to proceed with Jasper Dowche, has talked with the said Jasper, who, at the outset, begged to be humbly excused that he could not accept the King's fee of 1,000 ducats; saying only that Vaughan, as a man of wisdom, might well perceive the reason. He added that he would nevertheless serve the King, who had been pleased to honour him with so large a fee. Evidently he had been charged by the Court not to receive it. As to his offer of 40,000l. of which 10,000l. should be in fustians he could make no certain answer until Monday, when "he looked for the Fowker's letters out of Almayn," to whom he had written ten days past. The 100,000 ducats monthly the King should have, taking the jewel; and he thought to get the King the jewel as a gift rather than by way of interest if (seeing that the liberty of custom which the King granted to strangers should expire at Easter next) he were granted the freedom to ship yearly out of England commodities to the sum of 4,000l. Meanwhile he gave great hope of the bargain of ready money and fustians at 12 per cent. interest. Begs the King to write in the utmost haste to the Lady Regent for the licence to transport 200,000 cr. hence. Writes this in great haste "by the merchants' post under Bonvyce letters." Andwerp, in haste, 9 Feb.
I send letters of Mr. Watson and Mr. Dymock to your Council. As none of this country will bring corn to your dominions upon adventure, it were good "to byde the adventure yourself."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Feb. 185. Vaughan to Paget and Petre.
R. O. Writes herewith to the King, in haste. Sends a letter from Watson and Dymock to the Council. I will send Mr. Dymok the 600l. that rests with me; but if you will buy corn you must "abide the adventure of it from hence to Calles, Bulleyn or other places, and unless ye buy it betimes ye shall have none." I write "a certain talk of Dowche's" to the King. The Emperor, great friend as he would seem to be, hinders the King's obtaining money here, as is evident by Jasper Dowche's refusal of his fee. Nevertheless, if the King write soon to the Queen for licence for 200,000 cr. I shall do well enough. Andwerp, 9 Feb.
Even now I received a bill of exchange from the Greshams for 6,125l., which shall be paid within ten days.
P.S.—Erasmus Kettes will not be bound to supply corn, but will do his best. He doubts lest there be stay made in Estland, and says that no corn is suffered to pass out of these countries before Whitsuntide.
Hol., pp 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Feb. 186. The Protestants to Francis I.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 42.
Are informed that in certain parts of France, especially at Uzés in Languedoc and at Poitou and throughout the region of the Loire, great cruelty is used towards those who favour the Gospel. Being grieved that good men should suffer persecution for a doctrine which we doubt not to be the Christian, we think it well to intercede for them, and therefore we, the Elector Palatine and Landgrave of Hesse and the ambassadors, in the name of our other Princes and States, beg you not to suffer such cruelty to be practised; for, whereas it is manifest that abuses and errors have been introduced in the Church, it is most sad that men rendering due obedience to the civil law should be forced to approve these contrary to conscience, and not rather taught the doctrine of Christ. Francfordie ad Menum, 9 Feb. 1546.
Lat. Copy in Mont's hand, p. 1. Endd.
9 Feb. 187. Letters of Marque.
R. O. Licence by Jehan Ango, sieur de la Ciniere, des Mailletz et de Gerponville, lieutenant for the King in the castle and town of Dieppe, to Jehan le Gras, captain, Jehan Godeboult, master, Nicollas Canel, Jehan Soret, Guillaume Tanquerel and Remy Croquet, "carsommers" of a ship called the Petit Regnard, 35 tons, and the other mariners and men of war of the same, to make war upon the King's enemies, bringing their prizes, if possible, to Dieppe. Dieppe, 9 Feb. 1545. Signed. Seal gone.
French, p. 1.
10 Feb. 188. Council of Boulogne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
Howard, 204.
Sir Thomas Palmer having declared the King's contentation, at their suit, to appoint him a lieutenant, for the surety of "the piece" in his absence, they recommend Mr. Croftes, late water bailiff here, who, for the abatement of superfluous charges, was discharged by Mr. Southwell and me, the earl of Surrey." Boulogne, 10 Feb. 1545. Signed: H. Surrey: John Bryggys: Thos. Wiatt: Rawff Ellerkar: Thorn's Palmer: Rychard Wyndebank.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Feb. 189. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Yesterday, in great haste, sent letters to the King and Paget under Bonvyce's letters. Recapitulates them with some enlargement, supposing that the Emperor either fears that Dowche would fetch too much money out of this country or else is unwilling to lend the King any help to keep Bulleyn and get the new fortress by it; also that, although Dowche refuses the fee, he will, in hope of reward, do as much as he dare; and that he desires the licence for 4,000l. worth of goods out of England at no more custom than strangers now pay. For the licence to transport 200,000 cr. to Bulleyn and Calles, the King should write to the Queen, and also to my lord of Winchester, who would "sooner obtain it than any other"; for Jasper fears an arrest. With it, "doubt ye not but I will get money, and under colour of ijc crowns I will have iijc m1, peradventure v."
Erasmus Cattes affirms that "they will not suffer any corn to be laden out of Estlande before Whitsondaye." If he would have promised to deliver it "by all the month of May," I would have taken it. He would have "one appointed to talk with him in it here." Dymok writes that in Dorte are 1,000 qr. of wheat under your price to sell. I have advised him to take it if he can be sure to have it laden out of this country. Look not to get corn at the adventure of men of this country. Pray "help forward my book of fee simple and that I may have, either of gift or for money, some chantry house in London to dwell in." Andwerp, 10 Feb.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
10 Feb. 190. Scepperus to Schore.
viii. No. 191
Tarries here to negociate with the English ambassadors touching the subsidy which they demand for last year; and has to-day received by special courier Granvelle's instructions that the Emperor denies obligation to provide it. The courier says that, having had some pain yesterday night, the Emperor deferred leaving Zutphen until today, and will be met by the Queen at Arnheim; but the man does not know whether the Emperor goes from Zutphen to Deventer. Orders were issued here to-day "forbidding all chapters to keep concubines," and commanding them to eject such women from their houses. Praet is ill with gout still. Utrecht, 7 Feb. 1546.
P.S.—The Emperor arrived yesterday at Nimiguen. The English ambassadors persist in their demand. Utrecht, 10 Feb.
10 Feb. 191. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O. Wrote on the 27th ult. On the 28th the Elector Palatine came hither after midday with Otto Henry, Philip's brother, and the Landgrave arrived towards night. Next morning at 7 a.m. they had a sermon in the monastery where the Palatine lodged, and afterwards these three Princes were together until 11 o'clock. After dinner the Landgrave returned to the Palatine, accompanied by the delegates of the Protestants; and on all the remaining days there was a Council of at least three hours in the Palatine's lodging. On 2 Feb. the Palatine entertained all the States and ambassadors at supper and left next day; but the Landgrave stayed one day longer and departed on 4 Feb. towards the bp. of Mentz. They (the Landgrave and Bishop) met at a little town two hours' journey from hence and stayed there together two days. Hears that Frederick treated of the union of Otto Henry and Philip with these States; and, as the assent of his subjects was desired, he will shortly hold an assembly of all the orders under him. The Landgrave, when here, called Mont and asked if he had nothing from the King, saying that the Emperor employed every art to reconcile the King with the Pope, but he was quite sure that the King would have nothing in common with Antichrist nor be induced to do anything against these States. The same day, Basfonteyn, the French king's agent, and Captain Reckroed were a long time with the Landgrave, his chancellor and secretary being present. To the States or the delegates they have proposed nothing openly, but in private meetings they preach their King's wonderful good will towards these States. The first secretary of Hesse told me that the Count of Isenburg lately expostulated with his master because at his request the Emperor granted to the same (sic) Reyffenberg, in fee, certain villages which belonged to his (the Count's) ancestors and him time out of mind; but his master wrote back that he had never commended Reyffenberg to the Emperor. And the Secretary thereupon inferred that it was the part of us Englishmen to investigate why the Emperor, otherwise grasping and illiberal, gave these villages to Reyffenberg undeserved, what he sought when the lord of Lyra staid with Reyffenberg for so many days at the time of the expedition and how it was not rash in Reyffenberg, who professes himself the Landgrave's subject, to dwell so familiarly and confidently in the Emperor's Court. These things, said he, indicate to wise men the causes of the delay in setting forward: his master is blameless. The Landgrave also, before me and many others, execrated Reyffenberg for not more faithfully serving your Majesty, and at my departing told me to come to him whenever I pleased. The ambassadors of the Protestants arrived here the night before the Landgrave had appointed his departure, and after supper they were with him from 8 o'clock till after 11, recounting their ambassade; and, although grieved that peace was not made, he said that your Majesty's offers were most honourable and equitable. Next day they recounted their doings to the States; who heard with much grief that peace was not made, which they consider to be now very necessary and will spare no pains to make. The Council of Trent continues; and I transmit what has been done there so far. The Colloquy of Ratisbon is not yet begun; which is suspected to be thus spun out because the Emperor desires nothing to be seriously done in this cause, but all things to be referred to the Council of Trent. Sends two letters from the Protestants, who have signified their intention of meeting on 1 April. This Diet, which began on 6 Dec, was yesterday dissolved. Francfort, 10 Feb. 1546.
Lat. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
10 Feb. 192. Mont to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 40.
Has frequently signified proceedings in this Diet. There is much unanimity, and this League is more hopeful now that there are four Electors of this confession. The other states also, and especially the bishops, see the necessity of peace, and that if this religious difference burst out into war they will be the first exposed to danger, and the whole burden of the war will fall on them (for all Germany knows the arrogance, perfidy and insatiable rapacity of the Spanish soldiery), and that to whichever side the victory inclines, which is very doubtful, it will not be bloodless. All these states, especially the Elector Palatine and the Landgrave, grieve that peace is not made between the King and the French king. The French agents here, Captain Reckroed and Basfonteyn make large promises, but Mont knows these States to be much more inclined to the King than the French king, because they have a common enemy in the Bishop of Rome. The French said it was the King's fault that peace had not followed; but the ambassadors, returning, signified otherwise. These States would spare nothing to find means of peace. Is daily asked if he has no letters from the King. These States have appointed to meet again on 1 April at Worms (unless there be a Diet of the Empire) to provide against things which may happen in the summer. The Palatine and the bp. of Cologne will go thither in person. The Emperor's process against the Elector of Cologne gives great offence, and there is a full agreement to defend him if attacked; for all good men esteem him highly. There are various rumors about the Emperor, some saying that he levies forces against the Protestants and will attack Cologne first, some that he will invade France; but frequent letters out of Italy warn these States that the Emperor and the Roman Bishop are preparing war against the Protestants. Hears that Reyffenberg, who last year dealt so iniquitously against the King, is engaged by the Emperor to levy soldiers. The Landgrave pursues him with the utmost indignation. Here is an uncertain report of the Bishop of Rome's death. Has been shown letters, in the Landgrave's chancery, written by the Duke of Brunswick to the Bishop of Rome, signifying the success of the war and that he would soon drive out the Landgrave. In return, large promises of aid were made him by the Pope. Encloses copies of letters from the French king to these States, and from them lately to the French king, and a translation of their reply to the French king. Numbers of captains ask him daily to commend them to the King; and he replies that former captains have dealt so sordidly and perfidiously that he dare not. Dare answer for Bernard a Mela, the King's servant, who distinguished himself in this war of Brunswick, and to whom all the Protestants have entrusted the duchy of Brunswick. The Frenchmen here are much disquieted about Mont, and will try to intercept him on his journey. Meant to return to Strasburg after this Diet, which ends to-day; but, hearing that the French captain who is alluring all the noblemen to himself remains here, thinks it well to stay and learn what they are about. Dr. Bruno and Sleidanus desire to be commended to you; and I send letters from them. Commendations to Dr. Peter. Frankford, 10 Feb. 1546.
Lat. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.


  • n1. See Vol. XII. Part i. No. 1310.
  • n2. John Wotton, who died in November 1545.
  • n3. Thomas Boys.
  • n4. Anthony Bourchier.
  • n5. Anthony Bourchier.
  • n6. Written in ignorance of his death which occurred 22 Nov. 1545.