Henry VIII: December 1546, 1-5

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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'Henry VIII: December 1546, 1-5', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547, (London, 1910) pp. 249-259. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol21/no2/pp249-259 [accessed 11 April 2024]


December 1546, 1-5

1 Dec. 477. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Otelond, 1 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, "the——." Business:—Letters to Sir John Williams to repay certain persons who lent money to the King by virtue of his Grace's letters written when he went to Boulogne. Letter (recited) to the jurates of Jersey to assist the King's bailiff in the execution of justice according to the laws and customs of the Isle.
1 Dec. 478. The Privy Council to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
Lately arrived out of Scotland, as ambassadors, Mr. Davy Panter, elect of Ross, and Sir Adam Otterburne; who declared to the King their charge to present the acceptation of the peace and request the like from us. They were referred to the Council, and an assembly appointed, whereat the French ambassador, alleging his master to have been a worker in it, desired to be present; and as the Emperor had been enemy to the Scots for our sake it was thought that his ambassador should also be there. When all were thus assembled, the French ambassador told the cause of the coming of the Scottish ambassadors, and that, as his master's ambassador and charged by their Admiral, when here, to pursue the matter, he must set it forth. Thereupon the Scots began (fn. n1) to allege the comprehension and that by persuasion of two or three several gentlemen sent to them by the French king they came to offer the ratification and receive the like of us, "or else to hear what we would say." We replied that at the time of the late treaty we made difficulty with the French commissaries to pass the comprehension, alleging our treaty with the Emperor, but the Admiral alleged, as you know, that the Viceroy and Granvele, "though not in writing yet by words," were content to comprehend them on the Emperor's behalf, who would confirm the same to Monluc. Now (because the Emperor's ministers deny any such comprehension), to keep our treaty with the Emperor and take advantage of their not observing their pacts, we have not condescended to grant them this comprehension, which was so couched by the words sine prejudicio tractatuum that if our treaties with the Scots, Emperor or any other were touched it should take no effect; besides that they have lost their help by giving new occasion, entering our ground and spoiling, burning and taking people to ransom, as well as continuing war on the sea by their ships royal, the Mary Willoughby, the Lyon, etc., "sent to the sea by common authority." And yet finally they were told that the King, as a prince who sought peace, for the tranquility of Christendom, might be induced to hearken to reasonable offers.
This is signified by the King's command, that Wotton may speak in the matter if moved by the French king or any of his Council.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 9. Endd.: The Counsaill to Mr. Wotton, primo Decembr' 1546.
1 Dec. 479. Selve to Francis I.
No. 70.
Wrote on the 25th, 28th, and 29th Nov., and now sends a long letter in cipher to the Admiral informing him of what has occurred. London, 1 Dec. 1546.
1 Dec. 480. Selve to the Admiral [of France].
No. 71.
Wrote on the 25th and twice on the 29th Nov. The young man called twice yesterday, recounted his visit to this Court and conversation with the King, and declared his intention of returning to France. To allay suspicion, told him that he must have come from France because of some quarrel, and finally offered him money, sending it by a man who was charged to obtain his receipt that the handwriting might be compared with that of the letter already sent. Selve's man reports that the servants treated their master like a companion and looked like soldiers; and the young man said that he had a score of them when he set out hither, and was going by Boulogne and Picardy and meant to return.
Late at night came he who offers service (fn. n2) reporting that Paget advised the young man to borrow money in order to find out whether Selve knew that this King had given him 100 cr. He renewed his offers to serve, and declared that to denounce the personage who sends news hither might cost him his life; the personage was at that trade before he came to this country, and was so diligent that sometimes those here suspected that he was there set on to play that game; he was not actuated either by avarice or poverty but by illwill. Asked if he had the letters and ciphers and means of verifying things of which he had spoken. He answered that they had been in his hands, but such things were not left in his hands; the English always dissembled until he himself discovered them, and after that they had concealed nothing from him; St. Blancard, to whom he gave ample instructions, expected to be sent back hither-about that, and if so he would reveal all to him; or, if, after hearing the said instructions, the King wished it, he would tell Selve; in four or five days the resolution would come. He then boasted of having released French prisoners, including one Leonard, a mariner of St. Valery en Caux, and given them money, passports and information for the King. Then he promised to gain one of Paget's clerks whom Selve knew well; but this under colour of private affairs. The King of England, said he, aims at surprising a place in Normandy in order to make the King of France abandon the new fort near Boulogne. Only lately, in talking of a renewal of the war, Paget said that the places in Picardy were too strong, and asked if he did not think Normandy better for an enterprise. He had answered that he must first know at what place the enterprise was intended. Paget said that he knew nothing of it and thought such things would not happen, but only mentioned it by way of conversation. London, 1 Dec. 1546.
1 Dec. 481 Wharton to the Lord Chancellor.
St. P.,v.
On 1 Dec, being at York by command of the President and Council for the matter between my lord of Cumberland and me, I received the two letters herewith, the one to your Lordship from Mr. York, the other from my son to me. In times past I have found wise men of Scotland of one opinion anempst the getting of gold in Crauford Moore; and more than twelve years past Sir Adam Otterburn, now ambassador, told me that the King of Scots, father to the last king, made great work upon the moor but only found gold loose, and no vein thereof, and that the work cost more than the value gotten. The Duke of Albenye, when gubernator of Scotland, also found pieces; and since then the ground has been laboured with like effect. Encloses a piece of gold coined in Albenye's time as gotten in Crauford Moore, which piece he bought from a Scotsman. If it please the King, will have the ground secretly examined; but cannot provide men knowing the nature of the ground, except these whom the King has sent. York, 1 Dec. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
1 Dec. 482. Edward Dudley to Paget.
R. O. According to my doubt declared unto you at my departure, I am again enforced to trouble you, as my lord Deputy "stays with me" for the entertainment of my lieutenant and gentleman porter, although it is usual for the lieutenant to have half as much as the captain. Both for his good service to the King and honest demeanour towards me I am bound to speak for him; and also for the gentleman porter, for whom I beg at least a captain's wages, he having been a captain before. However, as Lord Gray makes a further doubt for the entertainment of the master gunner under me, it may shorten your business to refer the establishment to Lord Gray and the Council here. The building of the Young Man is now in hand and shortly I shall be appointed to lie there. "I speak it because you were doubtful to rate the gentleman porter's wages for so much, as their gates to be kept were not at that time begun." My trust under God and the King is only in you, "trusting that the fatherly love which hath decayed in one now to recover the same in another which you have begun." Bulloyn, "the first day of this month." Signed.
P 1. Add. Endd.: primo Dec.
1 Dec. 483. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O. Forwards letters presently received from Sir Edward Carne, the King's ambassador with the Lady Regent here. Wrote in his last of the claim of 900l and odd by Adrian and Michael Cosklar of Daunske for corn bought by Damesell and delivered there to the King. Begs again that order may be taken by the Council to satisfy the factor there; or the writer will be put to great rebuke and constrained to pay the debt, together with such damage and interest as the law here shall award. It is bruited that the Emperor has taken Ulme. Andwarpe, 1 Dec. 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Dec. 484. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi.,
Wrote lately that the Emperor's ambassador had news of the Count Palatyn's preparing to go to the Emperor. The said ambassador told the French king so, who answered that a gentleman who came straight from the Palatyn left him desperately sick, and that there should be a meeting of princes or ambassadors to agree the King of Denmark and the Palatyn, which latter required the French King to send some man of authority to it. Encloses copy of a letter from King Ferdinand to the Emperor declaring more fully the news which Wotton last wrote. The baron de la Guarde came in post to Court, tarried a day or two, and returned towards Amyens, probably to proceed in his commission. Cardinal Farnese returning into Italy, many Italians left the Emperor's camp and more would do so but for sharp punishment. Encloses copy of a proclamation lately made in this Court, "I marvel to what intent." The copy is not so true as he could wish, but seems to imply that if any Englishman or other stranger not thereby authorised comes to sue for redress of any wrong done to him, or for any other lawful cause, he shall forfeit body and goods. Chauny, 1 Dec. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Dec. 485. J. de la Brousse to the Queen in Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
iii. 114
Adv. Lib. Edin.
Wrote to her by the Sieur de Conbas, and has not since left the Court except for three weeks, when he went to the Princess of Navarre at Plessis les Tours, whom he accompanied to Chateaudung as commanded by the King. He has since sent for her to spend the winter with him. In going thither, met your sister coming from Fontevrault accompanied by a number of old monks and as many nuns, going to Jainville. Did reverence to her in her litter and showed her the letters you wrote in my behalf to your aunt to take one of my daughters as a religieuse. She said she was then very busy, but my daughter should be "bien proueue." You have been informed by your mother and Mons. de Rains, your brother, of the reasons why I have not accomplished that of which you spoke to me touching your son. I regret this more than anyone, and wish I could speak to you what I cannot write. I beg you to keep mind of my brother and of some "memoires" to be in your hand-writing, which you may address to Mons. de Lorges's lieutenant at the Court. The King has passed to Bar and Jainville where he found Mesdames de Lorraine, of Orange and of Guise. He spent All Saints there, but, being at Plessis, I was so unfortunate as not to see him. He is to keep Christmas at Compiegne and spend the rest of the winter about Paris, watching how matters go with the Emperor and the Protestants, who have been three months near each other with great armies, "et ne ce (se?) savent tuer." Messieurs d'Aumale and de Rains are here and I have asked them to write to you. "De Folle en Brest," 22 Nov. 1546.
P.S.—Since writing, has received a letter from her by the man of Mons. Douesse, and heard his message. Will not omit any opportunity to serve her. 1 Dec.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3. Add.: A la Royne, en Escosse. Endd.
1 Dec. 486. Pole to Cardinal Cervini.
Poli Epp.
iv 204.
Has used his best efforts with the Pope in behalf of Monsig. de Bertinoro for the church of Melpsi; (fn. n3) but his Holiness has other views about it. Will, however, not fail to use any other opportunity in his behalf. Rome, 1 Dec. 1546.
2 Dec. 487. Gardiner to Henry VIII.
St. P., i.,
Having no opportunity of making suit to his presence, begs pardon for molesting him with these letters, only to desire a continuance of favour. Has ever esteemed the King's benefits and declared the joy he felt in the King's favour; "and if for want of circumspection my doings or sayings be otherwise taken in this matter of land[s] wherein I was spoken with," I on my knees desire pardon. I never said nay, to resist your pleasure but only to be a suitor, as emboldened by past favours; for I would gladly supply my want could I have such help from you as others have had. London, 2 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
2 Dec. 488. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., i.,
I trusted to have seen you here ere this, but "your lets (fn. n4) may be diverse"; and, therefore, instead of writing to the King by you, I have thought requisite to write to his Majesty and pray you to deliver my letters and learn whether I may come myself, for I am here appointed for the execution of a commission, and others who now come to the Court were specially sent for. I hear "confusedly" that in this matter of lands my doings are not well taken, and am sorry; for, as you know I ever made the King's favour my worldly foundation. "Nihil ambio nisi Principis gratissimi benevolentiam ne videar ingrains, a quo crimine semper longissime abfuit animus; wherein to the rest of the world I know myself purged quo nomine me duco infelicissimum ut ingratitudinis nomine veniam in suspitionem Principi de me optime merito. I pray you send me some word." Southwark, 2 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd: 1546.
2 Dec. 489. Carne to Paget.
R. O. This day came to me Absolon Pero, born in Artois, a man of good age and acquainted with the French ambassador's folk here, saying that he saw at the ambassador's lodging two Englishmen who speak perfect French and Italian and are expected to do the French king good service about Calais. He could only learn that their practise was "about setting some fire within Calais"; and yesterday they departed hence to Maghlen and Andwarp, and so to Calais. "The one is a man of a mean stature, somewhat gross, with a beard drawing somewhat reddish and polled; the other is a taller man with a black beard, and polled both, but the one is shorter polled than the other. The taller man is somewhat like an Italian and hath a cape guarded with velvet, and the other a cape also." Has advertised the Lord Deputy to be vigilant "and specially to take heed to their cellars in the inns and lodgings, for as this Absolon thought it should be thereabouts." Absolon says that heretofore he advertised Mr. Knevett, dec, of enterprises of the Frenchmen against the King about Bolloigne, and that goodwill to the King caused him to advertise this.
No occurrents since his last, of 30 Oct. Bruxelles, 2 Dec. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
2 Dec. 490. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi.,
The Emperor's ambassador this evening sent to show him a letter just received from the French queen's maitre d'hôtel, who wrote that the Queen commanded him to report that she had word from the King this day that, by letters of the 24th ult., the Protestants had broken up their camp, the Duke of Saxony going to succour his country, the Duke of Wirtenbergh's men to defend theirs, and the Landgrave to garrison the towns of their league. The Emperor pursued the Protestants, but they were five great Dutch leagues before him.
Sends copy of a letter from certain of our merchantmen at Bourdeaulx, one of whom brought it. Dare not send the man to Court to solicit the matter, because of the proclamation of which he sent copy in a packet which Secretary de Laubespine forwarded by a gentleman who came lately from the French ambassador in England and returned straight thither. Chauny, 2 Dec. 1546.
ii. English Merchants at Bordeaux to Wotton. (fn. n5)
1546,17 Nov., in Burdeaux:—We, Gregory Pekoke, of York, Wm. Johnson and George Gobson, of the King's town upon Hull, Wm. Younge and Robt. Newborne of Bristowe, with other merchants of our nation, were here arrested on 18 Oct. last with our goods to the value of 4,000 cr., upon a letter of marque granted to four merchants here for 1,100 cr. sixteen months ago. The King of Navarre's court, who is here the King's lieutenant and admiral of Gaskon and Gyan, has sent us to the High Court, to our undoing as our ships lie here at great cost. Beg help. Signatures copied.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
3 Dec. 491. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Repeats his letter of 30 Nov., and encloses copy of the paper of news therein. (No. i., ii.)
The above is the double of my letter sent by Andwarpe. Yesternight after the making of my other letter herewith the Lady Regent had letters from the Emperor containing the further occurrents sent herewith. The President sent me them this morning. Bruxelles 3 Dec. 1546. Signed.
ii. "These news were sent me, viz., the third of December."
The Lantgrave passed, on 28 Nov., within two leagues of Spiers with 200 horse in disorder, some without saddles and others without "houseaulx ou estrirs," as if in flight. Duke Maurice has won 23 towns in Saxony of the late Elector. The Swiss cantons wrote to the Emperor, 26 Oct., that they would not aid the Lantgrave or the Duke of Saxony, and will punish their men who went to the Lantgrave's service without their knowledge. (fn. n6)
Yesternight arrived letters from the Emperor with these news, which the President sent me this morning. They say here that the Landsgrave goes towards France.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
3 Dec. 492. The Admiral of France to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
Received his letter of yesterday touching the English ships arrested at Bourdeaux upon letters of marque issued during last wars, a thing which was never heard here. He need not fear to send the merchant to Court, for the prohibition lately made was not meant for men who have to make such suits to the Council. Premonstre, 3 Dec.
P.S.—Since the above was written news has come that the Protestants have withdrawn their army and placed their garrisons; and that of the Emperor remains still in the field.
French. Copy, p. 1. Endd,: Copie of the Admyralles l're to Mr. Wootton.
4 Dec. 493. Henry VIII. to Gardiner.
Foxe. VI. 38. Had your doings heretofore been agreeable to such fair words as you have now written in your letters of the 2nd inst. you should neither have had cause to write this excuse nor we to answer it. But we marvel at your writing that you never said nay to any request for "those lands," considering that to our Chancellor, Secretary and Chancellor of our Court of Augmentation, both jointly and apart, you utterly refused any conformity, saying that you would make your answer to our own person. We shall be content to receive it at any meet time, but in the meanwhile think that had you so earnestly remembered our benefits you would not have been so precise in a matter wherein a great number of our subjects, and many of your own coat (without so good cause), have, without indenting, dealt more lovingly with us. If our request had been for a free surrender, as it was for an exchange, your duty had been to do otherwise than you have; wherein if you are yet disposed to show that conformity of which you write, we see no cause why you should molest us further, as it may well enough be passed with our officers there. Oatlands, 4 Dec. 38 Hen. VIII.
4 Dec. 494. Selve to the French Ambassador in Flanders.
No. 72.
Received his of 27 Nov., and sends copy of what he wrote on 4 Nov. in answer to that of 15 Oct., regretting the fault of the merchant to whom he entrusted the original. The money must be rather to provide munitions than to pay this King's debts (as the ambassador seems to think) for it is not to be sent until the end of January or beginning of February. Describes the audience of the Scottish ambassadors. Evidently the English wish the Emperor on their side, whose ambassador shows himself scarcely less biassed than they. To hear them speak you might have thought that their rôles had been studied. London, 4 Dec. 1546.
4 Dec. 495. Charles V. and the Protestants.
R. O.
St. P., xi.
"Of letters from Dinglespill" of 1 Dec.:—On 29 Nov. Tinglespil rendered, and the Emperor lodged there with two ensigns of Madruches. Next morning the "citadins" presented themselves and had a good answer from the Emperor who departed the same morning to Nola, verso Wirtenberg, where were the Lantzgrave and Duke of Sax with 8,000 foot and 2,000 horse, called to the land of Wirtenberg by the Duke, "impaurito of the Emperor's army." Yesterday the Emperor decided "to follow the Lantzgrave per consumerli in ogni modo."
"Of letters from Rothenburg," of 4 Dec.:—On the 3rd inst. the Emperor entered Rothenburg, a place of two Italian miles' compass and "indifferent fair and rich," being escorted in at 22 o'clock "sotto un baldachyn of yellow taffata." It is a passage which he required to keep the enemy out of the states of bishops and other friends in Franconia. The Lantzgrave and Duke of Sax are six leagues off, and are expected to depart "with only their courts," not having money to sustain the 7,000 foot and 2,000 horse who are with them. They have dined twice with the Count Palatyn, who is looked for here within two days and to whom the Emperor has despatched Dr. Naves. "It was told me that there was a man of the Duke of Wirtenberg" to offer his master's submission, for whom the Duke of Bavaria, his kinsman, intercedes; and that the camp would rest there four days, and then march, some say towards Spires, some into Vertinberg.
In Thirlby's hand.—These letters were written from a friend of the ambassador of Venice.
Translations from Italian, p. 1. Endd.: Copie.
4 Dec. 496. Ludovico da L'Armi to Henry VIII.
R. O. Wrote nine days ago by way of France, and, for surety, sends another copy. Last letters from the Emperor's camp, of 22 Nov., confirm the doings in Saxony in favour of the King of Romans and Emperor, who are said to have taken the title from the Elector and given it to Duke Maurice, together with that part of the province called Old Saxony, annexing the rest to Bohemia which claims to have formerly had jurisdiction there. Nerlinga, a free city from which the Emperor has long obtained victuals, has given itself to him and expelled the Landgrave's keepers. It has received 300 horsemen of the Emperor, who will send many footmen thither. The Emperor has fortified and stored a place called Lovinghen, between Ulm and Augsburg; and from the place where he had long encamped under wooden roofs has moved nearer the Landgrave; for he heard that, notwithstanding what the writer last wrote, the Landgrave's soldiers had anew protested that they would not stay in camp beyond 15 Nov., and that the Duke of Saxony wished to bring help to Witemberg, which alone, with one small town, remained to him, and was, he understood, pressed by the King of Romans and Duke Maurice, who for this cause had decreed to join forces on the 13th and go to the Landgrave's territory if the place proved too strong. Meanwhile it was reported that peace was being treated, and the free cities, as Ulm and Augsburg, were beginning to shake and had sent to the Emperor with ample offers. The Landgrave and Duke of Saxony likewise wrote to the Marquis of Brandinburg, brother of the Elector, who is with the Emperor, to intercede for them. The Emperor answered that he would not hear anyone who was in arms, he was accustomed to give conditions, not to accept them; so that it is thought that he will stand upon his Imperial dignity and the Protestants disperse, as the baser of them hourly do. The King of Poland and Count Palatine (which Count sought peace for himself and for Ulm and Augsburg, but would have the Landgrave and Duke of Saxony comprehended) have no answer from the Emperor. Five of the Landgrave's captains of Lower Germany brought their men over to the Emperor on condition that he would spare them, and he has let them go home. Meanwhile the Imperialists do some successful fighting and occupy the palaces of knights who are with the Landgrave; and the weather became fifteen days ago very severe. Although the Imperialists profess themselves certain of a bloodless victory the writer cannot understand how that can be, seeing that the census taken when the Emperor last moved camp showed that 8,000 Italians, 2,000 Spaniards, 5,000 Flemings who came with the Count of Buren (Burra), 3,000 Germans and about 2,000 horsemen of each nation were missing, although 40,000 horse and foot still remained.
It is written from the Emperor's camp that letters lately came from Dr. Gerardus, who was sent to the East, that he was well received and hoped to succeed, because the Sultana was averse to war, and the Prince of the Turks wished to gratify her, being himself glad to rest this year, and in divers difficulties. It was reported that on the night of the 22nd the Landgrave began to retreat towards Wirtemberg, and the Emperor to follow him.
Dominus Diegus de Mendozza and the Cardinal of Trent returned from hence towards Trent on the 27th, but nothing is done, and the Bishop of Rome allows a suspension for four months or until this war is finished. Meanwhile the legates and other prelates remain at Trent. From Rome it is written that the French press for a marriage of Dominus Horatius, the Bishop's nephew, with the Dauphin's bastard daughter, but the Bishop seems not to care for it. The Spanish ambassador and Dominus Jovannes de Mendozza, whom the Emperor sent thither last, spoke long with the Bishop for confirmation of the League (giving, however, money, not men) and the remaining of the Council at Trent. The Bishop said he would first speak with Cardinal Farnese, since the Emperor wrote that he had divers important things to tell. That Cardinal should now be in Rome; for he left this in post on the 26th, going by way of Picenum. It is thought that the Bishop of Rome will do as the Emperor wishes as regards the Council and the League. The money given will be 40,000 or 50,000 cr. a month; but it is thought that the Emperor also wants the Bishop to give him the territory of Parma and Placentia, and perhaps also to have Sienna joined to his house, in gift to Duke Octavius. At Rome on 29 Nov. it was not certain that so many exploits (facinora) had been done in Saxony as was here and elsewhere in Italy believed. From Genoa it is understood that the galleys brought thither from Spain 450,000 cr. of the Emperor's. In the state of Milan they fortify the frontier towns.
Thinks he wrote before that this Signory has warned Peter Strozzi to depart, as exiled. That was doubtless at the instance of the Imperialists, and he obeyed. However, on 26 Nov., upon the summons of the French ambassador, he returned, together with the Count of Mirandula; and they are still here, and also Mons. de Satiglione (Châtillon), who is now well. They are continually with the French ambassador, and are suspected to have important business. If so, the nature of Frenchmen is such that they cannot long conceal it. It was said that in the Dauphin's name they tried to persuade the Signory that Germany's hurt was not useful to them, and therefore they ought to mediate therein, and he suggested a new league with the French king and the Prince of the Turks. Has not been able to learn that this has been done; and the Venetians are so slow and timid, and also so hopeful of benefit, that the writer cannot think they will innovate anything. The Venetian secretary in England continues to write that your Majesty wishes to have an Ambassador sent, perhaps with a view to some treaty. Has in this spoken to them as a private person and persuaded them to have an ambassador; but, the war of Germany supervening, they suspended their deliberation of the matter, and will send none while the war lasts, lest the Emperor take suspicion of it. Besides, they have some estimation of the Bishop of Rome, and think that your Majesty, on account of the distance, takes no interest in affairs here. Here is no news of weight from the Court of France. From Constantinople, notwithstanding what is said in the Emperor's Court of Dr. Gerardus, the Signory's letters of 20 Oct., besides what the writer last wrote, signify that the said Gerardus's fever has increased and was aggravated by dysentery. It may be, however, that the letters to the Emperor's camp are more recent. They add also that a German nobleman called Rocandolf has gone thither and was gladly received by those Bassas; and it is thought that his going was to persuade the Prince of the Turks to attack Vienna this year, pointing out the weakness of the place, the discontent of the populace, the impediment of the Emperor and King of the Romans, and the like. Venice, 4 Dec. 1546. Signed: Ludovicus ab Armis.
Lat., pp. 4. Add.
4 Dec. 497. Council of Ten to the Bailiff and Captain of Treviso.
v., No. 430.
One William, an Englishman, with four companions, lately went round the walls of Treviso marking the sources of the streams and examining the moats. Desire particulars of the matter.
5 Dec. 498. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 555.
Meeting at Westminster, 5 Dec. Present: "The Lord Chancellor, the ——" (sic). Business:—Robert Gadbury, servant to Mr. Aucher. had warrant to Cavendish for 500l. towards grain for the pieces beyond sea. Richard Knight and William Kettyll had warrant to Mr. Beawmont, receiver of the Wards, for l,000l. to be employed at the order of my lord Great Master. Francis Flemyng and Anthony Anthonye had warrant for l,000l. for munition. Bute herald, of Scotland, had passport and commission for post horses.
5 Dec. 499. Greenwich.
R. O. Bill, made 5 Dec. 38 Hen. VIII., witnessing receipt by Nicholas Dowsing, from Sir Ant. Denny, of 60l. in prest to be employed upon the King's gardens and orchards at Greenwich. Signed with a mark.
P. 1.
5 Dec. 500. Selve to the Queen [Dowager] of Scotland.
No. 73.
Has not had the means to reply earlier to hers of 19 Oct. to express his desire to serve in her affairs and those of the Queen her daughter. Was with her ambassadors in their audience with the Council, and immediately advertised the King of the difficulties made to us here upon the article of comprehension. Expects the King's reply in four or five days. About fifteen days ago the gentleman by whom she wrote went into France. Has since had letters of the 23rd ult. from the King, who was then at Folembray in good health, and is to be at Villiers Costray at the beginning of this month. London, 5 Dec. 1546.
5 Dec 501. Selve to the French Ambassador in Scotland.
No. 74.
Has not found means to reply earlier to his of 19 Oct. Relates result of the audience of the Scottish ambassadors. The two personages (fn. n7) who escaped from the castle of St. Andrews are said to be greatly caressed here; and there is no talk but of making war there, and by land. London, 5 Dec. 1546.
As bearer returns hither in haste, if you have anything important for the King it will be well to let me have it to forward, for the King is sometimes grieved not to have news of you so often as he would. You will find in this a letter to the Queen and also one which Mr. Adam Hotebourne writes to her, which he desired to be enclosed in my packet.
5 Dec. 502. Prince Edward to his Sister, Elizabeth.
Harl. MS.
5087. No. 28.
B. M.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of Edw.
VI. 31.
Change of place did not grieve him so much as her departure from him; and now nothing can be more agreeable to him than her letter, and especially that she wrote first and provoked him to write. It is a consolation that he hopes soon to see her, as his chamberlain reports. 5 Dec. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, ½ p. Printed also in Strype, Eccl. Mem., II. ii. App. L. No. 7, and a translation in Halliwell's Royal Letters, II. 21.
5 Dec. 503. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi., 363.
Encloses a letter from my lord of Westminster which reached him on the 4th inst., with another letter directed alternatively to Barptolomye Compagni or else Mr. Nicasius, Paget's secretary. Knows not from whence it came. Wrote to the Admiral about the merchants arrested at Bourdeaux, and encloses copy of his reply. By the league between King Ferdinand and Duke Morice, whatsoever they take from the Duke of Saxe of the "resorte and superiority" of Boeme shall be annexed to that realm, and whatsoever is under the Empire shall be Duke Morice's; and the Emperor shall deprive Duke Hanse Frederike and make Duke Morice and his heirs Electors. The French ambassador, Aramont, come from the Turk, says that the Turk is discontent with the Emperor and King of the Romans for not answering in time whether they would accept the truce he offered, and prepares for war next year. A friend reports that a gentleman of this Court has said that they will have Bulloyn again and are about a practice to take it. (fn. n8) Although this people often babble at large this was told as an earnest matter. The words used were surprendre Bulloyne. (fn. n8) Sends copy of the news from the Protestants at the dissolution of their army. Chauny, 5 Dec. 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.


  • n1. The original wording "whereat suddenly the Scots proudly and arrogantly began" has been altered,
  • n2. Bertheville.
  • n3. No doubt a misprint for "Melphi," i.e. Melfi, a bishopric which was then vacant.
  • n4. "Lettes" misprinted "letters" in St. P.
  • n5. Not printed in St. P.
  • n6. These items of news are in French.
  • n7. Normon Leslie and Henry Balnavis. See No. 461.
  • n8. These passages in cipher.