Henry VIII: September 1546, 16-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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'Henry VIII: September 1546, 16-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547, (London, 1910) pp. 43-56. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol21/no2/pp43-56 [accessed 13 April 2024]


September 1546, 16-20

16 Sept. 107. The Privy Council.
Dassent's A.P.C.,
Meeting at Guildford, 16 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Essex, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letters to Mr. Kerne and Mr. Rede that, after delivery of the letter to the tolner, Rede might return. Mr. Aucher, appointed to have charge of the victualling at Boulogne and New Haven, had letters to the Council at London for commission, for letters from Winchester, &c., for delivery of the good victual at Boulogne, and for 2,000l. in prest. Passport for Lucas Fringer. Geoffrey Wastlyne, yeoman of the Chamber, complaining that he had served at Boulogne "in all the bront and now newly dismissed," had letters to the Deputy, &c, there for his admission unless there was other cause for his dismission. To Mr. Stannop was signified the King's contentation for pulling down the mills of which he wrote and repair of the wall and bank. Letters to Moyle and the other Commissioners to make Sir Wm. Penyston a lease of the house of Beaulieu in the Boulonnois.
16 Sept. 108. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O. Send their opinion upon Mr. Moyle's articles, to be signified to the King. Have borrowed in the Mint 2,000l. for the payment at Bolen. Had already caused money to be paid for corn in discharge of Damsell's credit, and will give order for the rest as soon as may be. Made shift to pay Sir Richard Lee 300l. for taking up 800 pioneers, by his advice increasing the number "lest by sickness or other lacks there might be want of the number necessarily required there." London, 16 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
16 Sept. 109. The Privy Council to [the Council of Boulogne].
R. O. Whereas upon the conclusion of the peace it was signified to my lord Gray (altered from "you") that you should discharge the captains and divide the soldiers into the charge of vintners and other officers after the fashion at Calais, because it is now seen that things cannot, as your Lordship knows, be so certainly determined at Boloyn as at Calais, you shall cause the soldiers to be appointed by hundreds to captains again; admitting the captains last discharged to their places if they sue for it, and thus relieving both them and others who are meet to be placed.
Draft, corrected by Paget, p. 1. Endd.: From the Counsail [to my lord] Graye xvjo Septembr. 1546.
16 Sept. 110. Petre to [Paget].
R. O. These few lines are only to remind you for answer to our letters to the King on the 10th. We shall not meet again until we know his Highness', pleasure and meanwhile lie here idle, save that we have seen some of his "new pieces." Calice, 16 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
16 Sept. 111. Lord Grey to Paget.
R. O. Bearer (fn. n1) is "the party for whom I wrote unto you in my last letter" who desires allowance for his service in Scotland under Mr. Knevet. Bulloign, 16 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: xvijo (sic) Sept. 1546.
16 Sept. 112. Carne to Paget.
R. O.
St P., xi.,
On the 14th inst. arrived a post from the Emperor signifying that he encamped by Englestate so near the Landsgrave's camp that, the first day, the Landsgrave's artillery beat into his camp from morning till night and slew about 100 of his folk. That night the Imperials fortified their camp and raised mountains from which their artillery next day beat into the Landsgrave's camp and slew many. Thus they continued shooting day by day until the Landsgrave withdrew. It was then that the post was despatched. This morning arrived another post from the Emperor, with letters of the 8th inst. that the Landsgrave retires "towards the strong towns;" and the Emperor would not follow him until the arrival of Mons. de Buyre on the 14th. Yesterday arrived a post from Du Buyre who was on the 5th inst. near Norembergh, having met with no resistance nor lack of victuals. Some of the Emperor's camp write that the Landsgrave's army is 45,000, better furnished with horsemen of the country than footmen. The Emperor is not expected here till matters are pacified. On the 9th arrived a post from Rome; but Carne cannot learn what he brought. All captains of the frontier bands of Artois and Flanders are here or sent for. Some say it is because the Frenchmen arm about Maisers, nigh Luxemburgh and Liege, owing to the Lady Regent's making a fortress in the frontiers of Liege at a place where they were wont to pass, named Maryeburghe. Bruxelles, 16 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
16 Sept. 113. Charles V. to Van der Delft.
viii., No. 324.
Has received his of 16 Aug. relating his dealing with Paget about Duke Philip's detention and French designs in Italy. As to the first point, has not heard from his sister, but is sure that she will have explained it. The principal opposition here is from territories owing allegiance to Duke Philip's brother, although subject to the Emperor. The enclosed document, showing the progress of the enterprise hitherto, may be shown. There seems no present intention of a French move in Italy; but Van der Delft must continue to report all he hears, and particularly, secretly, what happens in England. Camp near Ratisbon, 16 Sept. 1546.
17 Sept. 114. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.
St. p.i.
Perceive by Nycasius the King's pleasure touching the obligation of the 500,000 cr. and the showing it to the Ambassador (fn. n2) for his "affirmation." Also received by Nycasius certain letters from a gentleman of Scotland touching the matter of St. Andrewes. It seems important to give some speedy relief, at least by setting some small force to the seas, which will both comfort "them" and protect us; for the Scots are reported to have taken a good number of English vessels. Also received copy of a letter from Mr. Wotton, and do not like the Frenchmen's maintaining of what they do against the treaty and "improving" of what we have justly done touching Bullingbergh. Considering therewith the advertisements of Mr. Moyle, we like the King's determination to put 4,000 or 5,000 men in order. The gentlemen pensioners and extraordinary men of arms might be commanded to be ready at an hour's warning.
We being here together this Friday, the Emperor's ambassador sent to invite us, the Chancellor, Great Master and Bp. of Winchester to dinner on Sunday next to meet the French ambassador's wife "who is lately arrived to see their fashion." Promised to be there, "which we require your Lordships to signify to the King's Majesty." Westm., 17 (fn. n3) Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John, Hertford and Gardiner.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd.: xvjo (sic) Septembr. 1546.
17 Sept. 115. Nicasius Yetsweirt to Paget.
R. O.
St. P. i.
This morning delivered the obligation to my Lord Chancellor (with whom was my lord of Hertford) in Holborn, who at once called Mr. Godsalve to write the exemplification. He appointed tomorrow for its collation with the original in presence of the rest of the Lords and the French ambassador, who will be asked to subscribe the exemplification with them and signify his master's commissioners thereof. Both lords were sorry to hear of the King's state again (for it seemed they had some inkling of it) and glad that his Majesty was so soon recovered. Declared to Hertford the advice to tarry at Dover until further word from Paget, and the King's pleasure that he should open all letters and communicate them to Mr. Petre. Hertford will take order at Boulloyn, Newhaven and Callays for the receipt of Paget's letters, and tomorrow at 9 a.m., goes to Gravesend by water. It will be hard to get money for the warrants I brought, my lord Chancellor telling me, laughing, that they were very dry; but he willed me to cause someone to attend upon him for it. I have charged Mr. Armil therewith, and instructed him for his proceedings with the man (fn. n4) you wot of. He will diligently advertise you, and not depart until you send for him. Commendations to my Lady. London, 17 Sept. 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
[17 Sept.] 116. Armigell Wade to Paget.
R. O. At my arrival here yesternight I declared my message to the Ambassador, who (only communing with me of the last part) thought it unreasonable that St. Blancard should pay 2,000 cr. before departing, after the King had promised the Baron de la Garde, when here, that the matter of the prize should be referred to the commissaries of both sides; for to pay 2,000 cr., though only in the name of expenses, would really condemn him in the whole. Describes further conversation, in which the writer protested that he had no commission to speak, but supposed that Captain Paston had been put to great charges and was indebted to friends for them, being himself but a younger brother. The Ambassador thought 2,000 cr. much for the expenses of the Baron and two servants for so small a time. Carefully kept to the words of Paget's French translation of the message delivered him by Mr. Nicasius. The Ambassador said that his zeal for the amity made him desire to make things sweet rather than sour, and this exacting of 2,000 cr. before hand seemed to trench upon the work of the Commissaries; but he invited the writer to dine with him, and meanwhile would speak with the Baron. Dined with him today, and he used much the same arguments, save that he thought it reasonable for the Baron to pay his charges before departing,—according to a just reckoning; "car (dit il) il y en va encores davantaige, by the which I reckon he meant the galley. In fine, he prayed me to signify thus much to your masterships, whose answer touching the moderation of those 2,000 crowns he attendeth, according whereunto he saith St. Blancard must govern his doings." London, this Friday at 3 p.m.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.
17 Sept. 117. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
The Admiral, who should answer touching Portet and the river's head, will not be at Court for four or five days yet, whatsoever be the cause of his tarrying. On the 16th, the King being at Chalons upon Sone in Burgundy, came General Bayard and Secretary Laube Espine to show that their master had that day received letters from his ambassador in England certifying that Henry required the men at Portet to cease working till it was tried whether that fortification was begun before the date of the treaty; and with this their King was content and had sent to stop the work, not doubting but that Henry would do the like with fortifications begun by his men. And they required Wotton to advertise this. As they seemed to mean that Henry's men should cease too, Wotton only answered that he would advertise it. Showed them that he had told their King that their commissioners for the river had not sufficient instructions to proceed according to the agreement. They answered that they had no charge therein, but the Admiral, President Remon and Bouchetell had advertised their commissioners of what was agreed upon. They also said that their master's commissioners for the 500,000 cr. met Henry's at the day appointed. Chaignye, 17 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
17 Sept. 118. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
Tallard is beheaded, on Friday 3rd inst. "Many men complain that their processe hang too long in the law. Peradventure he had no such cause to complain." Madame de Bellay withdraws from Court to lament, but probably will not absent herself past three or four months. On the 16th General Bayard and Secretary Laube Espyne said their King had letters from Regensburgh and Strazeburgh reporting that, on the 1st inst., the Protestants encamped nigh the Emperor's fortified camp at Engolstadt and tried to draw him out to battle; but it only led to a skirmish in which many of both sides were slain. Next day they tried again, but the Emperor kept his men within his fort. Now the Landgrave with the great army of the Protestants returns to meet Mons. de Bure, who marches towards the Emperor pursued by Ryfenbergh, Count Pyklyne and others with 25,000 men. De Bure must needs be overthrown unless the Emperor come out of his fort to succour him; and if the Emperor does so the Protestants will then turn back again and set upon him. They reckon here that De Bure and his camp go "straight to the butchery." They say also that, when De Bure passed the Ryne, the Protestants appointed to stop him retired to a fort near Francforde, in attacking which he lost men, especially his lieutenant, Mons. de Barbanson, and had some taken, including the Marquis of Barow. Finally, perceiving the foolishness of this enterprise, he left it and marched forwards. If Barbanson is dead it will be a great loss to Mons. de Bure, whose right hand he was, and who meant him to marry his only daughter and heir.
On the 15th inst. a gentleman named La Plance, whom Paget and the writer first knew in the Duke of Cleves' court, desired him to remind Paget of his bringing a letter to Calais from the Queen of Navarre. La Plance seems to desire an answer thereto and to hear from Paget. He follows Mons. de Longuevall, and says that all that side, des Dames, desire the continuance of this amity and that Longuevall "is much your friend." Chaignye, 17 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd
17 Sept. 119. Cardinal Pole to Cardinal———.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 180.
In your letter of the 11th in answer to mine about the Council I recognise your accustomed piety, prudence and kindness. I am glad you sent it to Card. Ardinghelli to be communicated to the Pope—the more so as it more fully discharges my duty to inform his Holiness of what occurs to me, trusting that God's Vicar will do for the best.
Our abbot (fn. n5) assures me that he gave no indication whatever that I was well enough (disposto) to write; indeed, on his departure having heard what the Camerlengo had written to me in his second letter, he had asked his Holiness what his intention was, whether I should set myself to write, postponing my cure, or the contrary, and he replied that I should attend to my cure with all diligence, putting aside every other consideration; and so I have written to the Camerlengo, as you will see by the enclosed copy. The legates have written to me several times that they wish to send me "il decreto che hora si attende a riformare," to know what I think; and I will not fail to let them know by whatever means I find most opportune, as I did, in some part, before I sent the Abbot to Rome. If it please God that I be again present at the session I will not fail. Padua, 17 Sept. 1546.
I know that it is not necessary to thank you for your great Christian courtesy used with the Marchioness, (fn. n6) nor ought I, she being given by God for a common mother to both of us: but such is the consolation I receive, "odendo esser supplito da un paro suo alli" miei infiniti mancamenti in questa parte, del che molte volte mi cruccio" that I cannot refrain from thanking you infinitely, while begging your pardon for it at the same time, "raccomandandomi sempre alle sue devote orationi, quando si trova innanzi il commune Padre, annichilata in se, se non quanto si trova participare del Spirito del Unigenito," &c.
18 Sept. 120. Selve to the French Commissioners.
No. 32 (2).
The Chancellor of England having asked him to look at the origina bond by virtue of which the 500,000 cr. odd mentioned in last treaty is demanded, and to compare it with a copy which the King of England was sending to his commissioners, the writer said that the original ought to be shown to the French commissioners, and he himself had no commission to make the said comparison. As the Chancellor replied that his master was unwilling to expose the original to the risk of the sea, and pressed him to write at least his opinion, he consented. The original is signed "Francoys," and on the fold "per Regem, Robertet" and sealed with the great seal in yellow wax. The copy, which as yet is only signed by a secretary of Chancery named John Godsalve, but is to be signed by the Chancellor and others, agrees in all particulars with the original and with the copy sent herewith. London, 18 Sept. 1546.
18 Sept. 121. Nicasius Yetsweirt to Paget.
R. O. The French ambassador came this afternoon, about 3 p.m., to my lord Chancellor's house in Holborn, the rest of the Lords being at their own houses; but, having no commission to hear or subscribe the exemplification, he could not satisfy my lord therein, and was with difficulty persuaded to collate it with the original. This he did with his secretary; and he was further content to make a duplicate and send it with letters to his master's commissioners by him that should carry that made by my Lords. These are to be ready to-morrow morning and are the cause of my tarrying. Herewith is a letter from John Bernardin received of Barth. Compagni and another from Mr. Vaughan delivered by his servant this day. London, 18 Sept. 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
18 Sept. 122. Council with the King to Council in London,
R. O.
St. P., i.,
The King has seen your letters concerning the answer to Mr. 870. Moyle's articles, and your opinion of the French king's answer and for relief by sea to them at St. Andrews. Mary ! his Majesty thinks that, weighing well Mr. Wotton's letters, you will find that the French king could say no more, (1) promising not to fortify at the entry of the haven, (2) offering to have the matter indifferently heard although his information is that his fortifications are permissible by the treaty and ours are not, and (3) expressing the utmost desire for continuance of the amity. As the French ambassador will probably dine with you to-morrow at the Emperor's ambassador's, you shall tell him that the said answer is very agreeable to the King, who thinks, however, that before the works on both sides proceed further, the matter should be determined by some good personages upon the frontier; and, therefore, that the French should cease fortifying at Portest and we at Bullingbergh. You shall move the ambassador to write therein; and tell him that as the Scots take our merchants upon the sea the King is fain to send out four or five ships, and notifies him of it that there may be no cause given for suspicion. As my lord Admiral is departed into his country for a time, you shall cause "them of the Admiralty" immediately to set forth six vessels for St. Andrews, with charge to scour the seas in their way thither and make a show of landing in the Fryth to draw away some of the enemy's force from St. Andrews. In taking Scottish ships regard must be had for Frenchmen and their goods therein. Those in the castle of St. Andrews shall, with salutations on the King's behalf, be relieved with necessaries (for which purpose the ships should carry extra victuals and munitions, especially powder) and told that a great force is coming to their succour very shortly. For performance of Kyrkawdyeis promise, the master of Rothous and lord of Graunge are to be required to send the Governor's son by sea to the King. You shall also write to the Warden of the West Marches to write to Oliver St. Cleare (who offers to come in) that whensoever he comes to Carlisle his pledge will be free to return into Scotland. As the lord Tulibarn much desires to return home, you shall give him 100 cr. towards his costs and make his passport to depart. We send the answer to Mr. Moyle's articles subscribed by us, for you also to subscribe and forward by his servant, who will be with you for it to-morrow night. Please take a copy of it, for which we had no time. Guildford, 18 Sept. 1546. Signed by Russell, Arundel, Essex, Browne and Paget.
In Paget's hand, pp. 6. Add. Endd.
R. O. 123. St. Andrews Castle.
St. P., v.,
Moved by continual complaints of depredations by the Scots at sea and for the relief of his friends and servants who remain besieged in St. Andrews castle, the King presently sends to the seas the Pauncey, Mynyon, Hart, Jennet, Dragon and Lyon, and appoints William Tyrrel, esq., to be admiral in this voyage. He shall sail in the Pauncey, taking the rule of the aforesaid ships and another vessel furnished with victual and munition for the castle, and they shall ply towards the Narrow Seas, and thence straight to St. Andrews. By the way, he shall "take advantage of" such Scots as he shall meet and is able to match, but show all humanity to Frenchmen and other the King's friends. Arriving within the Frith he shall land men to burn some small village and draw off some of the enemy's force from St. Andrews, then, approaching the castle, he shall signify to the Master of Rothers and lard of Grange that the King, in accordance with the request of Mr. Kyrkaldye, sends them the victual and munition which they lack; and so shall deliver it, telling them that a further force is ready if required. And, because Mr. Kyrkaldy, who is son and heir to the lard of Grange, at his late being with the King, offered on his father's behalf to deliver in hostage the son of the Earl of Arren whom they keep in the castle of St. Andrews, Tyrrel shall request them to do so and land him at the nearest convenient place in England, to be sent up by the chief ruler there in honest sort. The fleet shall then make again towards the Frith and remain, annoying the Scots until its victuals are spent.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 19. Endd: Mr. Tyrrelles instruccions for his voyage into the Northe Sees.
R. O. 2. Articles to the effect that if the gentlemen now keeping Sanctandros castle make conditions with the King he will see that they lack nothing, either for the setting forth of God's Word or of the peace promises and contract of marriage, and he will support all in Scotland who truly desire these things; and meanwhile the castle can have a galley or two with victuals, men or other munitions to help them.
With marginal notes, in the same hand, as to the scope of these articles.
In the handwriting of William Kirkcaldy of Grange, p. 1. Endd.: Tooching the keapers of the castle of St. Andrewes.
18 Sept. 124. Hertford to Paget.
R. O. This day spoke, as directed, with the French ambassador, who thanked the King for making him "participant of the occasion" of Hertford's going over, but was grieved to hear the bruits here of war between their Kings; adding that he thought there were many who wished it, and the sending of men of war and pioneers and preparing of ships gave it some appearance. Assured him that if his master observed the treaty so would the King; and they themselves were the occasion of the sending over of the men, by beginning a new fortification, contrary to the treaty, and by assembling men; and as for the ships, the robberies committed by the Scots, both on the coast of France and in the North, were the only occasion. The ambassador answered that his master would surely keep the treaty, and when their Admiral came to Court and had spoken with his master anything done contrary to the treaty would be reformed; he had not advertised his master of the preparations here, and would gladly promote the continuance of the amity.
Was yesterday with the lords of the Council at Westminster, as Paget would perceive by their letters, and meant to lie to-night at Scyttingborne; but a flux having come upon him in the night, he thinks it better to tarry one day here than lie two days by the way. To-morrow morning, will take his journey. London, 18 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
18 Sept. 125. Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O. This day I received a letter from Monsr. de Bies, sent by a gentleman of his "for surceasing of their fortification at Paulet Hill and dislodging of the men of war there" (copy herewith). As the messenger offered to take some gentleman to view the doing thereof, I appointed Sir Henry Palmer, master of your Ordnance, and the Clerk of your Council here, who (being instructed to provoke them to overthrow and make plain as before) reported that they found one curtain already overthrown by Mons. St. Jerman and the men tearing down their cabins and carrying away their hacquebuttes en crok and other engines and weapons. They spare the overthrowing of the rest till they hear again from Monsr. de Bies; for which I have written (copy enclosed). To explain the case, I have caused "them" (Palmer and the Clerk) to make a plat (herewith) and beg you "to take it in better part than the cunning of their workmanship deserveth." Bulloyne, 18 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
18 Sept. 126. Du Bies to Lord Grey.
R. O. Lately advertised the King of your writing to me to delay the fortification of Porter (sic), and, having no answer by reason of the distance, I have determined, so as not to exasperate things, to command the labourers at the Portet to cease work and the men of war to dislodge thence pending a friendly decision between our masters. Le Bies, 16 Sept. 1546.
ii. Lord Grey to Du Bies.
I understand from your last letters your determination to stop the work at the Portet and remove the men of war thence, as you have done; I doubt not that you will likewise fill in and level all that was there begun. Bulloigny sur la Mer, 18 Sept. 1546.
French. Copies, pp. 2.
19 Sept. 127. Boulogne.
R. O. "An order given" by the King to Anthony Aucher, esquire, master and treasurer of his Jewels, for the execution of the charge of chief victualler of Boloyn and Newhaven and their marches.
Articles 1 to 5 are the first six articles of No. 100, altered to suit Aucher's appointment. Article 7 forbids him to export victuals to other countries; but he may freely export the hides and fells of animals slaughtered here. Article 8 (which is entirely re-written by Paget) describes how he may periodically make his account and be discharged.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 4. Endd.: An order given, etc., xixo Sept. 1546.
R. O. 2. Later draft of the preceding, with further corrections in Paget's hand, and also in another hand.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Orders given by the King's Majesty to be observed by the Deputy and Council of Bolloyn and the marches of the same for the preservation of victuals.
3. "Orders given by the King's Majesty to be observed, as well by the Deputy and Council of Bolloyn and the marches of the same as all others having charge by these instruc[tions] to see to the preservation of corn and other victuals for the forts within the same."
[Being the last thirteen articles of No. 100].
Pp. 4.
19 Sept. 128. Selve to Francis I.
No. 31.
Dined to-day with the Emperor's ambassador; and met the Chancellor and Great Master of England and the bp. of Winchester, who took him into a chamber apart and said that they had just received a letter from their master commanding them to signify his pleasure at Francis' answer to his ambassador upon his complaint about the fortification of the Portel before Boulogne; if Francis would leave the fortification in its present state until commissioners might settle whether it was begun before or after the treaty he would similarly stop the fortification of Boullemberg; their master continued in the best disposition towards Francis.
The Earl of Hertford was to leave for Boulogne to-day. Went to see him the day before yesterday and begged him to allow no innovation there to the prejudice of the amity; and complained of the war preparations here. He answered that the rumour of them displeased him, as the preparations were rather for the reinforcement of the garrisons beyond sea than to attempt anything; the ships, he said, were to go against certain Scottish ships which were pillaging the English. Some fear that they go rather to succour those of the castle of St. Andrews in Scotland. London, 19 Sept. 1546.
19 Sept. 129. Selve to the Admiral [of France].
No. 32.
Wrote on the 14th that the Emperor's ambassador was going to Court, but his journey was, for some reason, put off at the last moment. Here was talk that the King was ill, but the Chancellor, to-day, said it was only a cold, and now cured. Was invited to the Chancellor's house, and there shown the original obligation in virtue of which this King claims the 500,000 cr., and was asked to compare it with a copy which was being sent to their commissioners at Guynes, the Chancellor saying that the French commissioners wished to see the original, which the King his master could not send because of the danger of the sea. Was asked to write a word to the Commissioners therein, and encloses copy of his letter. Was told yesterday that St. Blancard's galley was being refitted, of which no mention has been made since Morette's departure. London, 20 (sic)* (fn. n7) Sept. 1546.
Sends herewith an open letter of the "Seigneur Grono" to the Pope's nuncio in France. The widow of "Maistre Caumet" asks whether the King gave anyone a present destined for her late husband.
19 Sept. 130. Selve to Du Bies.
No. 33.
Begs him to forward this packet to the King. This King will suspend the works at Bulemberg if Francis stops those at Portel. Hertford is going over. London, 19 Sept. 1546.
19 Sept. 131. Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O. Albeit Monsr. St. Jerman yesterday spared the overthrowing of the whole work at Paulet Hill, "yet now, to the intent (as me seemeth) he would pick the thanks "from Mons. de Bies, he has overthrown and filled up all, and this day repaired hither to say so. He professed to have done this without command either of the French king or of Mons. de Bies, and sought to cause me confess the late overthrow thereof to have been by your commandment. To-morrow I will make a perfect view thereof. Bulloyne, 19 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 Sept. 132. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. By his servant, on the 18th, received theirs by which they take it that he is "troubled with the King's Majesty's accounts and merchants, by mistaking the one and mistrusting the other." Mistook the account, not knowing till now but that Bart. Compaigny should be paid here at his day, 15 Oct.; and, as to mistrusting the merchants, many of them for whom Chamberleyn, Damesell and he sent to know their readiness (that the strangers might be paid) answered that they could have their money ready shortly after their day, in angels, whereas Jeronimo Diodaty had answered precisely that he would take no more angels " than he had holpen us to pay to a friend of his," and Balbany that he would take none. Their Lordships know how often he has written in favour of our merchants, how hardly they can get money through these wars of Almayn and the stay of their cloth sales. True, he has gently prayed them to bring him such money as he could pay out again; and so they did, except a few who could bring no other than they had, viz., crowns of the rose.
The Fugger is this day paid all but 5,000l. Fl. of the money due 15 Aug.; and Vaughan has received from him fifteen of the obligations of London and will receive the sixteenth, when all is paid, to-morrow or next day. Jeronimo Dyodati, for Bonvyce, was also paid at his day 9,000l Fl.; and now Balbany is a paying. In consideration of their services, care shall be taken to please them and all other, as well for the debts as for the valued money and the provision which they demand, as the Council direct. About a month past Chr. Haller desired to have it signified that he and his friends would serve the King with 100,000 cr. Now that Vaughan has charge to talk with him therein, he swerves from his first offer. "By all likelihood, the money is not forthcoming." As for any bruit that either Vaughan, Chamberleyn or Damesell should make, as though all their payment were in angels, they made no such bruit, but had due respect to their charge. Lastly, the King's merchants honestly bring in their money, which he knows to be hardly and at their great charge obtained. The Council know better than any other how hard it is to do with many and please all. On the one side we must see the King's debt paid, on the other we must call on those appointed to pay, and if these complain "their complaint maketh answer for us."
Here is very little talk of the wars between the Emperor and the Protestants. Merchants of Almayn are afraid to bruit what they hear from thence. It is only said that the Count de Bure is nigh the Emperor, and that the Emperor is on one side of the river and the Protestants on the other, and no battle as yet. In whose hands shall the rest of the money remain when the payments here are all made? Andwerp, 19 Sept.
Would gladly depart when the King's debts now due are paid.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.
Sept. 133. Henry VIII. to Petre and Maye.
R. O. Has received their letters of their proceedings with the French commissioners touching the obligation of the 500,000 cr., and request to have the original, Thanks them, and sends by his servant Nicasius Yetsweirt, this bearer, the said orignal, to be kept and brought back safely. Signed at the head.
P. 1. Endd.: The K's l're signed and not sent to Mr. Petre, etc. —Sept. 1546.
20 Sept. 134. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.
St. P. i.,
Received their several letters, the one by Mr. Auchar, the other by the post (touching proceedings with the French ambassador, &c). Will gladly aid Mr. Auchar, whose commissions the Lord Chancellor has already ordered, and the Bp. of Winchester has, with Mr. Rither, resolved with Mr. Rochestre for delivery to him, by price, of the victuals already at Boulogne, here and at Calais. With difficulty made him warrant for 2,000l. out of the Mint; for the treasurers have almost nothing. Mr. Carowe says he is commanded to send all he has to Court, the Exchequer has nothing, the Chamber ministers nothing; so that all rests upon the Mint and the Augmentations, with Mr. Cofferer's receipt of the Contribution. This latter comes in so slackly that the Commissioners must be written to again. Suggest that they at Court should do it under the stamp,—and give the form of letter required. Yorkshire may be left out, for the President receives the money there and will need no pricking forward. These money matters import much and must be foreseen. The Ambassador of France hesitated to make collation of the obligation and write his testimony of it, having no commission, and the thing making against his master; but in the end he very gently consented, and Nichasius is despatched with that matter.
With regard to your second letters, we despatched Mr. Moyle with letters and the instructions (copy enclosed). Declared the effect of Mr. Wotton's letters yesterday, before dinner to the French ambassador, with the King's overture and desire that he should write. He said that the overture was most friendly and that he would write with all diligence both to his master and le Marishal de Beez. "Indeed the man seemeth gentle, wise and very well disposed. His wife is a right proper woman, and for her apparel was well trimmed." The Emperor's ambassador's wife, on the other hand, is of the meanest, but "seemeth also very honest, and that she lacketh in beauty she helpeth with gay geare." They of the Admiralty have only two ships ready, and cannot furnish the other four before the 4th prox. Desired the Lord Admiral's advice, being here at his house; but he was so sick that he could unneth peruse the letter, and desired us to proceed as we thought good; whereupon we delivered money for the presting of men, and the Lord Great Master provided for their victualling. It remains for the King to appoint and instruct their Admiral and let us know what extra powder to send. A pinnace went thitherwards on Monday was sevennight, (fn. n8) who shall comfort them at St. Andrews in the meanwhile and inform the rest of our ships, in their passage, how things stand. Enclose note of the ships appointed, to be shown to the King. Will write to the warden of the West Marches touching Oliver St. Clere, and despatch the lord Tulibarn.
Herewith are the declarations of the treasurers, with a note of the good service of our merchants in this exchange with the strangers. But our men, we dare say, shall pay two thousand pounds Flem. of their own purses, they be so troubled with this brabbling, fearing the King's Majesty should receive some evil opinion of them, as we have much ado to satisfy them." We send a note of alum received and lead delivered for it. As this alum will not be rid out of the King's hands this seven years, except at a loss (and, being peace, his Majesty shall gain little by it), we have set the merchants to see whether they can rid us of the rest (which must be delivered before Easter) save one ship already arrived; "for the lead is more ready money for his Majesty if need required."
Will take the desired order with Mr. Taylor and Mr. Shaxton. Saxe is sick in the country and cannot commune for the free chapel in Bury with Mr. Shaxton, who now desires, in lieu of it, the mastership of a poor hospital in Norwich, which the King might well give him. Fear that neither Chidley nor Henley will willingly take the chancellorship of Ireland; and suggest that Mr. Rede should have it, with a commission also for the dispensations, instead of being only a vicegerent. He is well learned and in Chancery matters experienced.
Have just spoken with Tulibarn, who desires much to take his leave of the King and to have placard for two or three geldings; promising much service. Await the King's pleasure therein. Westm., 20 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
P.S.—The Biscayan who daily molests us and cries for relief, yesterday got the Emperor's ambassador "to make an alarm with him, wherein ye, Master Secretary, were remembered." Now he is joined by one who sues a servant of Sir Thomas Semar's for piracy. Pray relieve us of them.
In Wriothesley's hand (not Gardiner's as stated in St. P.), pp. 8. Add. Endd.: 1546.
20 Sept.
R. O.
2. "Ships appointed by the King's Majesty's commandment to be in a readiness by the 4th of October next." [Giving numbers of men and names of masters, viz.]
The Pawnsey, 300 men, John Hankyn. Swepestak 220, John Wh[eler] (in margin "the Hart in place of Swepstake)." Mynyon, 220, Joh[n Alyet]. Jennet, 120, John T[ylney]. Lyon, 100, Thomas Own[es]. Dragon, 100, William Sowther[n].
To know who shall be admiral and what captains the King will appoint. "For the doing whereof Robert Leg desireth to have the sum of five hundreth pounds." Dated at the head: 20 Sept. 38 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Mutilated. Endd.
R. O. 3. Modern copy of § 2 made before the .mutilation.
P. 1.
20 Sept. 135. The Privy Council to the Abp. of York.
R. O. Direct him to deliver of the "Contribution" money 2,000l., by indenture, to John Wodall, treasurer for the payment of the King's garrisons "there." Westm., 20 Sept. 1546. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John, and Winchester.
P.S.—"We require your Lordship to se theis two l'res [herewith] deliv[er]ed wt spede according to their directions. You shall u]nderstande that we have addressed . . . . . . . . . . li. to be paide to Wodall for the . . . . . . . . . . . . [which doth ma]ke 6.000l. in all. Wh . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sir Edmunde P[ekham] * * *"
* P. 1. Mutilated. Add.
20 Sept. 136. Prince Edward to the Queen.
Harl. M.S.
5087, No. 22
B. M.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of
Edw. vi., 26.
When at Court with the King he received so many benefits from that his mind can hardly grasp them. Cannot rep them, but will do what he can, i.e. bear her much good will, and rejoice when he hears of her progress in virtue and goodness. And he thinks that she will hold nothing so acceptable as his letters, which he writes both for love and duty. 20 Sept. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, p. 1.
20 Sept. 137. Petre and Maye to Paget.
R. O. Fearing that their despatch to the King of the 10th inst. is not delivered they send a copy of it herewith. The French commissaries have thrice sent to know if they had answer, asking to-day, by the bailiff of Ardres and another, that if there was yet no answer a longer time might be appointed and they return home again. Answered that they showed more haste to return than they did to come, and they might depart if they would, but the writers had no commission to agree upon any other time. The messengers seemed content, and said that the Commissaries would tarry as long as we did. Thought it well to write this, to be signified to the King. Calice, 20 Sept. Signed: Will'm Petre: Wyll'm May.
P. 1. Add. Endd: 1546.
20 Sept. 138. Vaughan to Petre.
R. O. An Italian of much honesty who came very lately out of France has told an English merchant that the King should trust no bond or promise of the French king, "for the French king is fully persuaded not to be bound in conscience to keep promise, pact or covenant made with the King's Majesty being separate from the Bishop of Rome's authority." This may be the man's own device; but seeing this "sudden mutation even now immediately after the peace happened," men said as much here when they saw the Admiral's coming over protracted. This Italian says that the Admiral delayed in order that the French king might "work up his new fort at Bullen." Thinks this meet for the King's knowledge. Andwerp, 20 Sept.
Pray commend me to my lord Deputy, and tell him I received the money by my servant.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calles. Sealed. Endd.


  • n1. Petro Juan de Sciana. See No. 102.
  • n2. Seloe.
  • n3. Misread "16" in St. P., where also the handwriting is wrongly stated to be Gardiner's.
  • n4. Selve. See No. 116.
  • n5. Parpaglia.
  • n6. Of Pescara.
  • n7. Evidently "xx" should be "xix."
  • n8. Sept. 6th.