Henry VIII: August 1522, 11-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


, 'Henry VIII: August 1522, 11-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 1025-1037. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1025-1037 [accessed 18 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: August 1522, 11-20", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) 1025-1037. British History Online, accessed May 18, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1025-1037.

. "Henry VIII: August 1522, 11-20", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867). 1025-1037. British History Online. Web. 18 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1025-1037.


August 1522

11 Aug.
R. O.
St. P. I. 100.
Received letters this day from the Admiral, which he sends. By the prisoners lately taken it appears that eighteen or nineteen ships are ready to leave Newhaven and Dieppe northwards, to set on land 2,000 adventurers and Scotchmen, and attack Jersey and Guernsey. Is of opinion that Sir William Fitzwilliam should be dispatched to Portsmouth to signify the news to Lescano, and induce him to send part of his fleet into the narrow seas to join the English, and intercept the French fleet, or, if they have gone forward, to follow them. Westminster, 11 Aug. Signed.
In Tuke's hand, p. 1. Add.
13 Aug.
R. T. 137.
f. 122.
R. O.
Teulet, I. 39.
2435. FRANCIS I.
Instructions to François de Charron, ambassador to the king of Scotland, Albany and the Estates.
After delivering his letters of credence, he shall say that the King was anxious for universal peace, in order to resist the Turks, and that Scotland might be secure during the King's minority, but the ambition and cupidity of the king of England and the Emperor elect have induced them to make war on him, contrary to justice and their treaties, as the Scotch ambassadors who have been in France know. He has been forced by this war to keep up armies in Picardy and Guienne, and in Italy, to raise troops in Bretagne, Normandy, Languedoc and Provence, so that he will not be able to send as much assistance to Scotland as he had hoped. Has explained this to the ambassadors, who have a brevet, signed by his hand, of the aid which he can give, and of which he will not fail. The Scotch will probably complain of two things,—the smallness of the aid, which does not conform to the treaty of Rouen, and the delay in sending it. Charron must reply that Francis is very grieved he is not able to assist them more effectually, for he considers that money sent to Scotland is as profitable as if spent at home, for the prosperity of the one is the defence of the other. As to the treaty of Rouen, this case is not comprised in it, as their ambassadors have often been told; but he would willingly have done more than that treaty stipulates, if it had been possible for him. As to the delay, Charron may say it was owing to the English fleet being on the coast of Bretagne, and preventing their departure. He is to inform them of the state of things in Italy; that Francis holds the principal places, and many of the castles are victualled for a long time; that he has such good intelligence in the country that he hopes to recover the duchy in a short time; and that the Swiss are better disposed to him than ever, and send men to him on both sides of the mountains. In Guienne he has four or five strong places well victualled and garrisoned, so that he hopes to receive no injury on that side. In Picardy, Champagne and Burgundy, there is abundance of horse and foot, and the castles are strong and well garrisoned. Charron shall first show these instructions to Albany, by whom he shall be governed in everything. The King has spoken to the ambassadors about the marriage mentioned in the treaty of Rouen, and matters are in the same state as then. Blois, 13 Aug. 1522. Signed.
Fr., copy, pp. 3.
13 Aug.
R. O.
Book made 28 April 14 Hen. VIII. respecting works and repairs in Berwick.
Workmen and laborers employed from Monday 28 April to Saturday 7 June, in "drawing the Scotch pieces of ordnance from the storehouse on Walles Green to the Mason Dew to the ships;" drawing elm timber from the shoreside to the storehouse; working on the bulwark that Sir Wm. Tyler made upon the sands, and on the bulwark without the Bell tower; making wheelbarrows, handbarrows, &c.; sawing; mending the King's great boat; getting stones from the quarry, and carrying them to the boat.
The reckoning of John Schell, smith.—Working twenty-nine stone of iron, at 6d. the stone, (fn. 1) into the following articles: wedges for the quarry, limestone hammers, a great iron mill, wedges for limestone hammers, a kevell, a crane and a gin to ship the ordnance, a window to the smithy, an anchor, a lock for the storehouse door (6d.), chisels and mattocks.
To Rolle Jakson, for working the stone of iron into "hacche" nails and "lat" nails for barrows, and for sharpening eleven dozen points of picks and hacks, 2s. 5d. Thomas Schell, making hoops, "gojons," plates and nails, 18d.; four trowels for plasterers of the walls of the King's houses in the Nesse, and 200 spikings and 300 hache nails, 9d. To the lord of Barneborow, for wood to make twenty-six stone barrows, 4s.; carriage of the same from Barneborow Wood to Berwick, on horseback, 12d. A hawser rope for the crane, 6s. 8d. Eighteen baskets, 18d. Eighty fathom of small cord for the vice that took up the guns off their beds to be stowed in the ships, 2s. 10d. A hawser rope, 12d.
List of masons, wallers and quarriers, whose work "did no good, but was waste."
To John Nelson, cooper, for making four lime tubs, 12d. David Mordour, for dressing two hides for a pair of "relleys," 12d.
Total of payments in the first fortnight, 12l. 11s. 5d.; the second, 27l. 3s.; the third, 16l. 5s. 11½d. Signed: Rychard Caundyche.
Account for reparation of the King's houses at Berwick, by command of my lord of Carlisle and my lord Dacre, commencing 8 May 14 Hen. VIII.; sc., slaters, plasterers, quarriers, and others; signed by George Lawson.—Similar account, signed by Thomas Bolynton.
Account for making bulwarks of earth without the walls, stocking of guns, &c., ending 21 June; signed by Richard Caundyche.—Similar account by the same, ending 13 Aug.
Pp. 69.
14 Aug.
Vesp. F. XIII.
B. M. Ellis, 1 Ser.
I. 219.
Desires him to send in haste the "trussynn" bed of cloth of tissue, and the feather bed, with the fustians, mattrass, and counterpoint; and to deliver all her tents, pavilions and halls in his custody to her son Leonard. Bedwell, Thursday before the Assumption of Our Lady. Signed.
Add.: To Cromwell, my sonne Marquys servant. Endd.: My old lady Marques. (fn. 2)
14 Aug.
S. B.
Rym. XIII. 770.
Writs to the justices and others of various counties and the Cinque Ports to make proclamation that all dwellers on the seacoast, between the ages of sixty and sixteen, be in readiness to resist the French, prepare beacons, &c. Winchester, 24 June 14 Hen. VIII.
ii. Commission to Thomas earl of Arundel, Wm. lord Mautravers, Th. West lord Delawarre, Sir Th. West, and Sir David Owen to muster and array all dwellers on the seacoast near the haven of Porchester, as the King does not intend at present to use the Henry Grace de Dieu, which lies there. 16 June 14 Hen. VIII.
iii. Similar commission to Sir Arthur Plantagenet, Sir John Lisle, Wm. Pounde and Wm. Uvedale. Same date. (fn. 3)
Rym. XIII. 773. iv. Writ to the sheriffs of various counties to command all persons between the ages of sixty and sixteen to be in readiness at an hour's notice to set out with the earl of Shrewsbury, lieutenant-general of the northern parts, to resist the King's "ancient enemies," the Scots, who, at the instigation of the French, threaten an invasion at the beginning of September next. West., 14 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII.
Ib. v. Writ to the sheriffs of London to command all those having protections for the victualling of Calais, forthwith to provide bread, beer, &c. for the army there, and all other persons sending such provisions shall be exempt from paying custom thereon. Same date.
vi. Similar writs for Kent, Essex, Herts, Sussex, Hants, Dorset, Devon, Cinque Ports, Hants, Canterbury, Winchester, Rochester, Norfolk, Suffolk, Linc., Cornw. and Devon (sic, repeated).
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2,m. 21d.
14 Aug.
S. B.
Commission to George earl of Shrewsbury, steward of the Household, K.G., for muster and array against the Scots, in cos. Salop, Staff., Derby, Notts, York, Northumb. and Chester. Westm., 30 July 14 Hen. VIII.
Rym. XIII.
ii. Commission to the same to be lieutenant-general of the army against Scotland. Same date.
iii. Commission to the same to command all persons breaking the peace to appear before him and find bail for their good conduct. Westm., 28 July.
iv. Commission to the same, as lieutenant-general, to retain as many able men as he can find in the said counties, and furnish them with liveries, badges, &c. Westm., 30 July.
v. Letters patent addressed to George lord Home and David Home of Wederbourne, commending them for their allegiance to the king of Scots, and for taking his part against the duke of Albany; and promising them the King's protection and support in any future attempts to expel the said Duke from Scotland, and that the King will not make peace with the said Duke until he be expelled, and they restored to their former honors. Westm.,— (fn. 4) July 14 Hen. VIII.
vi. Commission to Thomas cardinal of York, in consequence of the hostile intentions of the French and Scots, to retain his tenants mediate and immediate of the archbishopric of York, the bishopric of Bath and Wells, the monastery of St. Alban's and the bishopric of Worcester, and the tenants of any of the chapters or dignitaries thereof, those of the chapters and collegiate churches of Suthwell, Beverley and Ripon, and those of the minsters and prebendaries of the same, and of every monastery of the Cardinal's foundation, to serve the King against the Scots, and hereafter abroad, in the Cardinal's retinue. Westm.,—* Aug. 14 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2,m. 12 and 13d.
15 Aug.
Vit. B. V. 79.
B. M.
2440. PACE to WOLSEY.
Has received the King's letters dated Bishop's Waltham, 29th June, ordering him to repair to Venice to treat on certain matters in his instructions. Consulted immediately with master Dean, and left Rome by the posts. Though ordered to use all possible haste, was not able to continue that mode of riding beyond two days and two nights, on account of the intolerable heats. Rode therefore quietly from Sienna, and arrived last night at Bologna, where he was honorably received by the servants of the cardinal De Medici and the nobles of the city. Intends in four days to be at Venice. Bologna, 15 Aug.
P.S.—Was desired by the card. De Medici to inquire to what he is bound by the league concluded between the King and the Emperor, in which he and the Florentines are comprised, in order that he may not appear negligent. He has this very hour received two letters from his servant John Matthæus, stating that the Pope had arrived at [Villa] Franca in Savoy, and from thence departed to Genoa, intending to go to Leghorn, whither the Cardinal was ordered to repair.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate.
15 Aug.
R. O.
"Right worshipful Sir." The matter between me and lord Mountjoye, as executor to Henry Kebyll, alderman of London, was to be determined before Hewgh Smyth, John Fayre, Robt. Baynham and Wm. Brayfeld at Calais; the bp. of London to be umpire. Fayre absented himself, and the others could make no determination, so the matter is now before the Bishop, who yesterday ordered each party to choose an indifferent person having knowledge in such reckoning, to relate the matter to him, when he will give final sentence. Mountjoy has chosen Ric. Farmer, and I have chosen you, and wish to know when you will be in the city, that I may instruct you further. London, Lady Day, 15 Aug. 1522.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: Mr. Chawfer.
R. O. 2. Proceedings in Chancery between Ric. Chauffer, alderman of Calais and merchant of the Staple, and lord Mountjoy, executor of Henry Kebyll, late alderman of London, containing,—1. & 3. Chauffer's petitions. 2. Lord Mountjoy's answer. 4. Chauffer's answer to Mountjoy's demands. 5. His reply to Mountjoy's answer. 6. His replication.
A large roll of papers.
16 Aug.
R. O.
Yesterday morning received his letter, stating what order he had taken with Capt. Pyscharo. Had already arranged both here and at Hampton for supplying the Spaniards with victuals tonight. Today went to Layscayne and Pyscharo, and told them he thought it best they should go over "with (to?) Sayne Hed," and if they did not find the French fleet there, proceed straight to the Downs, where they would be sure to meet them, if abroad. They said they could not do this, as they had only victuals for four days, and Lascayne said the Emperor sent them out with wages for two months and victuals for one, promising to send another month's victuals after them; of which he has heard nothing. Their victual is all spent, and the Emperor gave them no money for more, so that if the King wishes to employ them, he must either send them victuals into the Downs, or make their ambassador do it. Otherwise they will be obliged to go where they can get victuals. They do not care for money. Talked about the laying up the carrick here, which Lyscayne will not do as yet. Asked him about the dividing of the ships. He said he could not promise to keep either fifteen or twelve at sea, but he would keep as many as Pyscharo found the men left behind on land would furnish. He says there are 17,000 or 18,000. If so, they will furnish fifteen ships, in case the carrick is laid up. To my proposal to divide the ships when in the Downs into two parties of four Spaniards and four English, and three Spaniards and three English, he said there were no "ungraciouser" men in the world than his, for they were some of those who caused the mischief in Spain, and if they were on land with the English they would never come off the shore together again, but there would be brawling between them. Said he was surprised he spoke of this now, for it had been determined by Wolsey and their ambassador in Pyscharo's presence. They then asked Fitzwilliam to write to Wolsey to arrange for their victuals with the ambassador. In everything else they would be ordered by the King and Wolsey. Refused to write unless Lascayne would put it in writing, as it was an alteration from the resolution. He said there was no necessity for that, for he had written about it twice or thrice to the ambassador. Spoke also about bearing the flag, which he will be loath to put down. Will forbear to speak of it till he hears again from the King, as they may make a quarrel of it. Hears that they lack gunpowder.
Sends a book by which Wolsey will see what order he has taken here. Has given a copy of it to Betts and Palshid. Sets out tonight for the Downs. Sends back Sir Wm. Sydney, the bearer, thinking it not necessary to charge the King any longer with his wages. He has some money of the King's in his hands, but before his departure to Calais delivered 60l. to Jenyns for wages of the Spaniards, by warrant of the Admiral. Thos. Spert has found a place nearly a mile within the haven, where the Henry and the great galley can lie without spending half as much tackle as now, and they will be safer from rafts. Asks favor for Sydney, for he has been as careful in issuing the King's money as if it were his own. If, when in the Downs, he does not hear that the French are northwards, will land his men at Calais, and stay on board with Gonston till he hears from the King. Portsmouth, Saturday, 16 Aug., at 8 o'clock at night. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
16 Aug.
R. O.
On arriving at Dover last night, received a letter from the lord Admiral, saying that there is great scarcity of beer in Calais, and he has sent orders for all captains coming to the seacoast to remain in England till this is remedied. Landed here at Calais, at 9 o'clock this morning, with the money he had charge of. Soon perceived the scarcity of beer, and wishes Wolsey to send over 1,000 or at least 700 tuns. The Admiral has received the King's and your letters, to his great comfort. He has written to the lady Margaret for her advice, and to Isselstein, the Emperor's lieutenant general, to ask him to meet him on Monday next to deliberate. On his way hither, sent the King's commandment, as Wolsey directed, to Sittingbourne, Melton, Feversham, Ipswich and other places, for the speedy preparing of victuals. The greatest lack will be foists for beer. The forces in England should not come over till the victuals are ready. Calais, 16 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my [lord C]ardinal's grace, leg[ate] and chancellor.
17 Aug.
S. B.
2444. For JOHN GAGE.
To be comptroller of the town of Calais, on 'vacation by Rob. Wooten, who holds by patent, 17 Aug. 11 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1,m. 15.
18 Aug.
R. O.
"For me, Harre Lacy. A remembrans, the 18th day of Auguste 1522.
"Mr. Cromwelle. I hartely pray you for to haffe me in your remembrans as toshenge thes aretekels that here after ensuithe. Fyrste, I do delyvere yow here with a letter to Mr. Elldorton with a drawght of a privy salle; and after that Mr. Mayesavyce and mynd be knowne here in, I pray you ordere it than as you schall thenke gud for my beste sped tharein.
"Item, I delyver you herewish Sir John Torbolvell's rekenynge, latly drawne oute, and every thenge therein, as the vere trowthe is in dede, desyrenge you for to mend the forme thare of, and to make it perfytly lyko as it moste [be] schowde by fore the comyschoners in the Rolls."
P. 1. Endd. in the same hand.
18 Aug.
R. O.
Deposition of Perpoynte Devauntter, merchant of the Hanse, before Sir John Daunce, 18 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII.
Was sent, about March last, to the French king and the captain of Boulogne, with letters from the merchants of the Steelyard for the recovery of goods taken by the said Captain. Went first to the Captain, who offered restitution on his paying for the victuals of the ships that took the goods. Took counsel on this with George Strowez Hans, Robert Elvyshe, master of the posts at Calais, and Calais pursuivant. Meanwhile the Captain asked them to dinner, and they all came but Elvyshe, who had other business for Rob. ap Reynolds' goods. They were welcomed by the Captain, who took Perpoynt by the hand, "and led me to a great bay window, and said that I was a traitor, for because I came under the colour of an Englishman, and that I ware the livery of Sir Thomas Cheyney." Reminded the Captain he had never asked him what his country was. The Captain said an Englishman had told him he was born at Devaunte, under the bishop of Luke. Perpoynte acknowledged this, and the Captain said he loved him better a thousand times than before. They came to an understanding that the goods should be restored; and Perpoynte was about to take leave, when the Captain said, "If I would promise to be true unto him to bring him sure tidings of such things that I could know or perceive, as well in Flanders as in England, that he would obtain me such thanks and pleasures of his King and my Lady his mother that I should never lack whilst I lived. And I said I would be glad thereof, for I had had many misfortunes of losses." He gave Perpoynte a letter of credence to the Admiral at Lyons, where the French king was, saying that he was a person who could go to England and Flanders at all times without suspicion, and told him if the Admiral would not trust him he would give him letters to my Lady.
The Admiral asked him many questions about the number of ships rigged and the musters. Said many ships were rigging out, he supposed to conduct the Emperor to Spain, and that the musters were against the Scots. Was dismissed with letters from the French king to the Steads, and left Lyons about the 3rd May, and arrived at Boulogne about 10 p.m. (fn. 5) Saw the Captain again, who asked him if there were any likelihood of war. Said he saw none; for Cheyney had said, if there were, it would be the French king's fault. The Captain said he expected nothing but war, and desired him to pick up information, and next time he came to Boulogne he would teach him to write in cipher. Said he would trust no writing, but only himself; and if the Captain would get him a safeconduct to pass through France, he could get one himself to pass through England.
Left that night at one o'clock, got to Newneham Bridge by three, where he was let in because he had letters from Cheyney, and came to Calais "at opening of the gates." Discovered the premises to Sands, who gave him great thanks, and sent him to the court at Richmond to show the matter to Mr. Compton, to whom he also delivered certain dozens of hawks' bells from Cheyney, with two letters sent to him and Fitzwilliam. Compton informed the King, who sent Perpoynte to Wolsey at Hampton Court. On arriving, was told by Hennege and Forrest that he could not see Wolsey, "because the Queen's grace was there both dinner and supper." Accordingly, returned to London. Next day Wolsey came to Westminster. Hoped to have spoken with him the second day following, but was told "he was half a-crased." Returned to court, and told Compton, who said he had a letter from Sands about Perpoynte's disclosure, and that he deserved great thanks. Was examined in the King's chamber by Sir Henry Marney and Sir Thos. Bollen on two successive days, and allowed to return to France. Asked how he should conduct himself, and was told not to conceal what ships and men were prepared in England, nor how the Frenchmen were imprisoned because they treated the English so there. Marney advised him to look into any letters he might have in future from the captain of Boulogne or the French king's mother, or send them to England. Objected to this, that if he did he might not be allowed there again.
Went to Calais, and gave Sands letters from Mr. Compton to Sir Thos. Cheyney, which, at his request, Sands opened. Finding one of them mentioned Perpoynte's information, which might have caused him trouble if it were taken upon him, broke it, with the consent of Sands. Arrived at Boulogne about the end of May. Found the Captain had gone to Amyas with the duke of Vendôme, but spoke with the great bailiff of Caen, lieutenant of Boulogne, called mons. St. Obyne, who asked him the news in England. Told him there were fourteen or fifteen great ships rigging, and men mustering, for the conveyance of the Emperor to Spain. Was asked if he knew the lord Stafford, son of the late duke of Buckingham, and if he would undertake to go into Scotland. Said he was not the man to do such a thing. The bailiff said, if he were in Scotland, what between Ric. De la Pole and him they hoped to obtain above 50,000 Englishmen's hearts. Answered, that if it were so, England would set little by it.
Left for Mottrell and Abbeville, where he met the captain of Boulogne, who asked how the French were treated. Replied, as the English were in France. The Captain then asked if he had met the French queen's treasurer. Said he had met George Hampton, a servant of hers, but not her Treasurer, and a gentleman with six horses going to Mottrell, and that Hampton would have spoken to him, but was not allowed; so that he perceived he was a prisoner. The Captain asked what he was worth. Told him a hundred crowns; at which he was angry, and said he should pay 2,000 crowns before he should depart. Was then brought before the duke of Vendôme and Latremoyle, admiral of Brittany and Guienne. "Then said Mons. De Latremoyle, if case were that the king of England would proceed ware with France, he had not only hope (holp?) his father into the realm, as he did, but he trusteth to set his son out, by whom he meant was by the king of England."
Departed to court with letters from the Captain, to procure him a safeconduct by sea and land, in whatever ships he passed, provided they had no artillery; for which the company were to pay 1,000 crowns to the Captain and Mons. De Measur. Delivered the letters to the Admiral, the treasurer Robertet, Villeroy and Samersall. Was asked, among other things, about Scotland, and who should be Captain. Said it would be my lord Steward or his son, with 30,000 men. After Cheney left, news came of the slaughter of about 15,000 Englishmen, at which they rejoiced greatly, and said Albany had entered far into England. Next day was taken prisoner by the guard as an Englishman, after the King had left Lyons, and could speak to no one for nine days. Was delivered by the Admiral, and remained a long time upon his commission to receive the goods he sued for.
Returned from Lyons to Mottrell, where he found Vendôme, and the other captains, ready to go to Boulogne. Latremoyle told him that his nephew, De Measur, and the Captain had obtained a safeconduct for him and others, which would be of no use unless he agreed with him. Said he would give nothing for it, unless he should have it well assured. "Then said Mons. De Latremoyle, Seeing the king of England will have war with us, I trust to see the White Rose mingled with the Red Rose. He shall not need to seek us here, but we will seek him in England; and so bade me say unto the King." Said it would not become him to carry such a message to such a Prince, but he would convey it to such persons that it would come to the King's knowledge. Being asked by De Measur for some of the money for the safeconduct, said he had no money till he should receive some at Haven de Grace, "which lieth there in the justice of the Admiralty," and asked him to send a servant thither with him to receive it. This was done, but the Vice-admiral said the Englishmen had challenged both ships and goods; so he was kept three days without an answer. Saw there seven great ships, of two or three hundred a-piece, and two small barks, ready victualled to set forth on the 4th of this month of August; but they awaited the arrival of other ships, to the number of eight or nine. Scotland was said to be their destination.
Has put his goods in suit, to avoid suspicion from his often coming, but may remove it to any other court. The King's great ship, The Francis, lies within a mile of the haven, getting ready as fast as possible; but the mainmast is not yet up, and she cannot come forth till March. She has much ordnance to keep her. In coming away, brought letters from the Vice-admiral to Latremoyle and others, which he looked into, and found he had sure knowledge that the English navy was at Hampton revictualling to come thither, as they did to Morlesse, "howbeit, I had lever they tarried still upon the stream than to come hither." Delivered the letters at Mottrell on the 7th Aug., when they told him they could not let him leave without further communication next day, as De Measur had gone out with 300 horse. They did nothing, however; for the persons they went to displease had taken a castle by Hédin, called Le Counte, which belongs to Beaurain. Was asked by Vendôme who was captain. Said he could not tell, for he had not been in England for three months. "And then the Duke said, in the audience of many gentlemen, so that he had such an army of men as they had before Valenciennes, that they were in the midst of England, trying whom should have the better; for he said they were there 18,000 horsemen, over and besides 23,000 footmen."
On the 9th of August, the day of his departure, Vendôme gave him a passport for fifteen days, desiring him to give him noise, if possible, what number of men had come to Calais; for he said surely the Admiral was there already. He said the King intended to set Ric. De la Pole forward with a great number of men, and, with the help of Denmark, land him in England in those parts where the duke of Buckingham had lands, where they would burn and destroy man, woman and child. The French king would give him 50,000 crowns, and every nobleman and gentleman had promised him a contribution. On the 10th Aug. came to Boulogne, where the Captain was busy taking in all the victuals and wines from Basse Boulogne, being assured that the town would be besieged next Wednesday. The Captain bid him say that every man he saw there was three. He had word from Calais every day, and desired him to send him what news they purposed there. He knew they were only waiting for their horses, for their ordnance had arrived already. Came to Calais, and told my lord Admiral everything, bidding him give speedy warning of the coming of the French navy out of Havre; for they say the English ships are insufficiently manned, and are too hardy, passing not more than four together. Signed: Per me, Perpont Devanter.
The following particulars are added in six separate paragraphs, each signed as above.—The commonalty in France are dissatisfied that Bourbon bears no rule.—The French king's mother is very unpopular, even in the court. She and the Admiral are thought the cause of all their misfortunes, and they cry vengeance on her.—They say Wolsey "drove the drift to bring them together at Arde, and caused great goods to be spent between them" for his own profit, "and how they wished him there."—Ric. de la Pole came to Lyons after Cheyney's departure. Was conducted to his lodging by his secretary, when De la Pole told him "that I was born in a town where he hath made good cheer," asked when he was returning to England, and told him he had been sent for by the French king after the English ambassador's departure.—Within fourteen days after Pentecost saw 860 horseloads of guns, gunstones, powder, tents, &c. conveyed through Lyons, on the way to Paris, from beyond the mountains.—The towns, especially Boulogne, Motrell, Abvyle, Amyas and St. Quentin, are so fortified that they can only be reduced by starvation, which might be done in two years by keeping them from sowing corn or fishing; "for within this month victuals was so scant, I was fain to carry bread with me from place to place in my male. A halfpenny loaf cost me 2d., and so it was throughout all Normandy; insomuch they were fain to take wheat being green, and dry it in ovens to make their bread." This year's fruit will not last them till next growth, though they try to keep it secret from the English.
Pp. 14. Signed at the bottom of every page, as well as at the places above noted.
Power of attorney by Perpetuus Deornantur (endorsed Perpoynt Deonanter), merchant of the Hanse, to Robert Carter of the household of Thomas cardinal legate of York, _ Posyer, grocer, London, Th. Crumwell of London, gent., Gerard Van Warden, Henry Melman, George Guyse and Ulric_, in a suit against George Byrom of Salford, Lanc.
List of names of other parties to be sued.
Corrected draft, p. 1.
18 Aug.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
Begs credence for the Emperor's ambassadors, to whom she is writing. La Haye, 18 Aug. '22. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
18 Aug.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
On the 18th Aug. 1522, it was concluded by the admiral of England, &c. with the admiral of the Low Countries and the sieur Du Reux, marshal, that the armies of the Emperor and King shall unite on Wednesday next, 28th inst., at the place fixed by Beures and De Reux, provided that the count De Bure agrees thereto. If not, he shall advertise the English admiral.
Du Reux shall send on Wednesday next, before dinner, to the Admiral, a gentleman to lead his Spaniards to Gravelines, from which he will conduct them to the Emperor's camp. Du Reux will also enquire if it be possible to procure 200 chariots for the King's army, and will inform the Admiral.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
St. P. I. 101.
Yesterday, the Emperor's ambassadors came to Wolsey, declaring the news they had received from the Emperor, and delivered letters for the King, showing how prosperously the Emperor had arrived in Spain, and what loving obedience he had found in all his subjects. He wonderfully commends the King, by whose advice he had been induced to undertake this voyage. He declares furthermore, what execution has been done upon the Almains who served the French, and on his own rebellious subjects; the Pope's voyage to Rome; his resolution to visit his mother; the overtures for peace made him by France through the archbishop of Bari, offering to deliver Fonterabia, to acquit the pension of Naples, discharge the matters of Navarre and Gueldres, and release him from the treaty of Noyon, on condition that Francis retain Milan, or, if this be not agreeable, a truce for three years statu quo, &c.
Wolsey is glad to find that the Emperor is so well established. Thinks that the object of France is to sever the King and the Emperor. But remembering the great offers thus made to the Emperor, and similar offers by the duke of Bourbon, who proposes to marry the Emperor's sister, (fn. 6) the King must, with his "accustomable great wisdom, deeply consider this matter," by sending Charles letters of congratulation in his own hand, thanking him for these advertisements, and making assurance of similar demeanor, "causing also your Admiral, being now joined with his captains in _, to deal with them, like as I perceive by your Admiral's letters last sent he might politicly do;" for, should any suspicion of jealousy arise, it would be hard for the Emperor to refuse the French offers; and therefore all scruples of ingratitude and suspicion must be removed "till such time as, by politic practice, as good offers may be made unto your grace by the French King for peace or truce as be now made by him to the Emperor." To procure this, Wolsey proposes that the King should notice in his reply the offers made to the Emperor without any regard had to England, and should urge the Emperor that, if the peace or truce proceed, the French king should be informed that Charles "neither can ne will" do anything without Henry's express consent and assent. Wolsey thinks that the King might practise with the Emperor, his Chancellor and the Grand Master, so that the same offers should be made him as have been made the Emperor, on which he may decide at his pleasure; "for loth would I be that, your grace being so expert in archery, the Emperor should have more strings to his bow than ye."
Has told the Emperor's ambassadors of the lack of wages for his army in Picardy, and of wages and victual for his navy, which is likely to be prejudicial to their common good. They have promised to send posts to the Emperor and lady Margaret. Has never heard a word from Lascano since Wolsey provided him with money, nor of his ships. Has heard this day from Gunnestone (Gonson) that Lascano has furnished seven ships with victuals, which left the Downs on the 7th; he will therefore probably remain in the narrow seas.
19 Aug.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Immediately on the arrival of the treasurer of Calais, and the delivery of his letters and charge to me your lieutenant, I sent to ask Isselstein to meet me at Graveling to conclude upon our affairs, but as he was forced to keep his bed by a fervent ague, Mons. de Reux, marshal of their host, and Mons. Bevers, admiral of Flanders, met me with Mr. Treasurer, Sir Ric. Wingfield and Jerningham. After asking them many times what course we should pursue, and when and where they would join us, they would not come to any determination until we joined together in the field, when their captain would be present. We saw they had no wish to lay siege to these strong towns, and thought the year too far spent. They have appointed the meeting to be on the 28th at Wase, in the Boullonnois, 15 miles hence, 6 from Boulogne, and 10 from Terouenne. Send a copy of the resolutions they proposed yesterday in the hand of De Reux. The duke of Cleves will not allow the 1,000 horsemen that were promised to come out of his country for fear of Gueldres, but they promise as many of the Emperor's ordinary in their place. Yesterday it was agreed that the two armies should join at the day and place before named, but the place is so far within the county of ... that it was thought necessary each army should have provisions for eight days. Have therefore taken a new view. What can be furnished by this town and marches cannot suffice for the whole army. No beer can be had to carry with us on the march. As for bread, if the wind serve and the mills grind, there is some hope. Otherwise we shall not have enough to carry with us, but shall also be in great need, of which we have had good experience these two days; and if Mr. Treasurer had not taken great pains to grind wheat, with horse mills and handmills, day and night, and made provision from Gravelines and other places, a great part of the company would have been without [food], as many of them were. The rest of the army ought not to be sent over sea till better provision can be made, especially of beer. Calais, 19 Aug. Signed. Signatures burnt, perhaps some lost.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
19 Aug.
R. T. 137.
f. 22.
R. O.
Teulet, I. 37.
Desires credence for Theodoric de Reydt and Henry Schulten, canon of Udine (Utinensis), his secretary, on the affairs of the duke of Suffolk, which de Reydt has declared to him in Francis' name. Kiel, 1522, 19 Aug.
Copy, Lat., p. 1.
20 Aug.
R. T. 145.
R. O.
Desires them to take the part of the Emperor against Charles de Gueldres, or else to remain neutral, and refrain from assisting him. The Emperor is inclined to peace, for when he was in England Henry persuaded him to send the Archduchess power to treat with Gueldres, who would not agree to anything reasonable; and, not content with occupying Gueldres and several places in Friesland, he intends to attack Holland. Has undertaken the protection of the Low Countries during the Emperor's absence, and will be compelled to assist him to reconquer Gueldres and the places held by Charles. They can imagine the evils that may happen to them in consequence. Nyewale (Newhall), 20 Aug. 1522.
Copy, Fr., pp. 4.
20 Aug.
R. O.
This afternoon the lord Admiral has received from Sir John Wylshyre and Sir John Norton, at Dover, a copy of Wolsey's letter to them, ordering them to send over to Calais the soldiers remaining in England, not-withstanding the Admiral's letter to Wylshyre to delay their passage till Calais was better furnished with victuals, especially bread and beer. There is still great scarcity. There has been no wind for grinding wheat and malt, and there is a deficiency of wood for the bakehouses and brewhouses. The Admiral has already written more at large on this matter to the King and Wolsey. He and the council take Wolsey's orders to Wylshyre very heavily, considering the confusion that will be caused by their execution. Suppose Wolsey has heard that flour and beer are on their way to Calais. Enough to last the soldiers for seven or eight days after they enter France should be sent before they are transported. Calais, 20 Aug., 11 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal. Endd.
Instructions to Sir Rob. Wingfield for his abode in my lady Margaret's court for a season, and for making overtures as follows. He is to thank her for her good will; to show her a copy of the convention made between the King and the Emperor at Waltham, devised more for the Emperor's profit than for England's; in conformity with which he hath sent his Admiral to Calais with money and all things necessary. He is to urge her to hasten the contingents promised by the Emperor,—that the French being driven out of Italy and without succor, more evil may be done him than at the cost of 20,000l. hereafter. He is to complain that lord Isselstein has not communicated with the English admiral at Calais, though Flanders is bound to be ready by the treaty; to beg for 12 falcons for the field; to require the Flemish navy to join the English, and furnish carriage, without delay; to congratulate her on the safe arrival of the Emperor in Spain; to remind her of his promise to send ships for the narrow seas; to urge that the Scots be excluded from all parts of the Emperor's dominions. My lord Cardinal to be advertised from time to time.
Draft, pp. 9. The latter part in Ruthal's hand.
20 Aug.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
I take the opportunity to send news by the bearer, my fellow York. I arrived at Calais on Our Lady's Even. As it was late on Saturday before my horses landed, I rode on Monday in the lord Admiral's company to Gravelines, where Mons. De Rewse and De Bevyrs met him; and was present at the communications between them, which I suppose the Admiral has reported. I rode to Dunkirk that Monday night, and enquired what carriages were set forth out of those by the Emperor's officers for the conveyance of the King's artillery, what disposition was shown to victual the common army, and what ships were put upon the sea for their own defence, and to stop the French from fishing. I also enquired at Newport and Bruges. I find the carriages are already prested and in wages. Every one prepares victuals after his ability. The country is ill provided both with malt and water to brew, by reason of the great drought; but there will be no lack of Rhenish wine and other victuals. Everybody is glad to hear that the King's army has landed at Calais. Holland, Zealand, Antwerp, Ostend, Newport and Dunkirk have equipped 15 good ships. There is no certainty where my Lady is. She has been at the Haye, and may be there now, or at Buldwke, returning to these parts; and as my horses were in manner destroyed by being long at sea, it will be long before I can see her. Bruges, 20 Aug. 1522.
P. S.—Musters have been taken all over Flanders and Hainault. 60,000 men are now ready, well armed and officered. 10,000 or 12,000 men are ready to resort to their captains, at the toll of a bell, upon the frontiers.
Hol., pp. 2.
20 Aug.
Calig. E. I.
B. M.
I. "[Coppye des le]stres du sieur du Reux" (Henry de Croy) to [Surrey].
I found Mons. le conte [de Buren] ... general more sick than when I [parted] with him. Could not, in consequence, write before. De Buren thinks that his correspondent should take up his position before Terouenne. Since his arrival, has heard that the French have burned his house of Coutes. The captain left there was killed by a cannon ball. The French killed 15 or 16 of the garrison, notwithstanding their promise to spare their lives if they would surrender. Wassenare and Beaurain have taken the castles of Renty and Thiembronne. The French have laid siege to Renty. Hears they are going to store Terouenne with ammunition. Sends a letter. There is no time to be lost. St. Omer, 20 Aug.
Copy, Fr., mutilated, pp. 2. Add.: [A] mons. mons. l'admiral d'Angleterre et capitaine general de l'armee du Roy.
II. "Coppye de la lettre du bailly d'Aire (Jacques Dongu ...) au sieur ..." grand master and governor of Artois.—After dinner there came to Terouenne a post from Montreuil. A rumor ran that all but the bands of Tresnay and Monbruin would be required there by 6 o'clock in the morning; "et contynua c ... tout le soir. Neantmoins il arryva hier a ... chevaulx de crue, dont une partie sont acc ... de blanc, et les aultres tout de bleu, et ne s[cait] a la verite le dict personnaige a qui ilz sont, fors ... mande quil entent partye diceulx estre dess[ous] le grant maistre de France." About 2 o'clock came [a messenger] from Fauque[mberg], demanding to speak with Bryon immediately, stating that the Burgundians were there to the number of 10,000, who had made "ouvre ... [ba]rryeres dudict lieu" on the part of the Emperor. That was the reason that none have come out of Terouenne, as arranged yesterday. They are much astonished that our men ar a-field in such great numbers. They are every day busy in repairing their walls. Ayre, Monday evening, xv[iij.] Aug.
P.S.—This morning arrived the band of Mons. de Ra[venstein]. That of Mons. de la Beu[rain] will be there tomorrow.
Copy, Fr., mutilated, pp. 2.


  • 1. =12 Ib.
  • 2. This document is probably of an earlier date than 1522.
  • 3. Dated 24 Aug. in a modern copy in Harl. MS. 442, f. 41.
  • 4. Blank in orig.
  • 5. So in MS., as if it meant the same day; which, of course, is impossible.
  • 6. Eleanor.