Henry VIII: September 1522, 1-5

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: September 1522, 1-5', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 1047-1063. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1047-1063 [accessed 20 April 2024]

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September 1522

R. O. 2483. The LOAN.
"An annual grant, to be [made by the] spiritualty, for the King's personal [expenses in] France for the recovery of the [crown] of the same."
My lord Legate, MMMM. ... Archbishop of Canterbury, 1,000l.
Bishops.—Winchester, 2,000l. London, 333l. [6s. 8d.] Norwich, 1,000l. Ely, 1,000l. Lincoln, 1,000l. Lichfield, 1,000l. Exeter, 1,000l. Salisbury, 333l. 6s. 8d. Hereford, 333l. 6s. 8d. Chichester, 1,000l. Rochester, 200l. St. David's, 100l. Carlisle, 500l. St. Asse, 200l., ... cxxx. ...
Abbots.—St. Austin's, Canterbury, 666l. 13s. 4d. Westminster, 1,000l. Waltham, 200l. St. John's, Colchester, 200l. Colsale, 200l. Walden, 200l. Abingdon, 1,333l. 6s. 8d. Reading, 1,000l. Crowland, 200l. Peterborough, 666l. 13s. 4d. Woborne, 100l. Ramsey, 1,000l. Bermsey, 100l. St. Mary, York, 500l. * * Battle, 333l. [6s. 8d.] Glastonbury, 1,000l. Killingworth, 500l. Bexslee, 66l. 13s. 4d. Burton, 200l. Ensam, Worc. dioc., 500l. Parsha, Worc. dioc., 200l. Gloucester, 666l. 13s. 4d. Tewkesbury, 500l. Wincham, 500l. Chichester, 333l. 6s. 8d. St. Austin's, Bristowe, 200l. * * * Bury, 1,333l. 6s. 8d. Sherborne, 100l. Middilton, 100l. Abbot's Bury, 128l. 6s. 8d. Cerne, 200l. Notley, 100l. Mochelmen, Bath, 66l. 13s. 4d. Vale Royal, Lich., 66l. 13s. 4d. Donkeswel, Exon., 100l. Bulcestre, Exon., 100l. Hide, cxx. ... Halesowen, 66l. 13s. 4d. Hales, 100l. Kingswood, 40l. Hartland, 100l. Torre, 100l. Forde, 100l. Malmesbury, 200l. Titchfield, 66l. 13s. 4d. Newnam, 40l. Beaulieu, 66l. 13s. 4d. Quarre, Winton., 66l. 13s. 4d. Netley, 40l. Waverley, 20l. Berdemonsey, 100l. Windham, 100l. Westdereham, 66l. [13s. 4d.] * * Layston, 66l. 13s. 4d. Thorney, 66l. 13s. 4d. Flaxlee, 40l. Dorre, 20l. Basingworth, 40l. Valecrucis, 66l. 13s. 4d. Conway, 40l. Tynterney, 66l. 13s. 4d. Lanternam, 66l. 13s. 4d. Neath, 40l. Norgam, 40l. St. Dogmaele, 40l. Strata Florida, 40l. * * * Whitby, 133l. 6s. 8d. Welbeck, 133l. 6s. 8d. Shrewsbury, 133l. 6s. 8d. Feversam, 66l. 13s. 4d. St. Radigunde, Cant., 50l. Langdon, 20l. Boxley, 50l. The New Abbey by the Tower, London, 66l. 13s. 4d. Bileghe, 50l. Coksale, 60l. Legheses, 20l. Stanley, 40l. Byndon, 66l. 13s. 4d. Swyneshead, 66l. [13s. 4d.] B ... ne, 66l. 13s. 4d. Newboo, 40l. Bardeney, 66l. 13s. 4d. Barlings, 66l. 13s. 4d. Ravesby, 40l. Tupholme, 40l. Kirkstead, 66l. Loth Park, 40l. Hawneby, 50l. Wellowe, 20l. Thornton, 200l. Piperwell, 66l. 13s. 4d. St. James, Northampton, 50l. Sulby, 66l. 13s. 4d. Croxton, ... Oselveston, 40l. Osseney, 66l. 13s. 4d. Dorcestre, 40l. Rowle, 20l. Bruera, 40l. Butlesden, 40l. Launden, 40l. Medmenham, 20l. Warden, 66l. 13s. 4d. Roberts Brigge, 66l. 13s. 4d. Bergham, 40l. Dunforde, 40l. Keynsham, 40l. Athelney, 66l. [13s. 4d.] * * * Breueton, 66l. 13s. 4d. Combe, 66l. 13s. 4d. Stoneley, 40l. Meryval, 50l. Rouncetor, 66l. 13s. 4d. Crokesden, 66l. 13s. 4d. Derleighe, 66l. 13s. 4d. Dale, 66l. 13s. 4d. Beauchief, 66l. 13s. 4d. Hachemonde, 66l. 13s. 4d. Lilishul, 40l. Bildewas, 40l. Whall[ey], 66l. 13s. 4d. * *
Priors.—Christ's Church, Canterbury, 666l. 13s. 4d. Ledys, 333l. 6s. 8d. St. Bartholomew's, 200l. Charterhouse, London, 100l. Dorham, 333l. 6s. 8d. Lewes, 500l. Coventry, 333l. 6s. 8d. Haton, 66l. 13s. 4d. Worcester, 333l. 6s. 8d. Lantony, 200l. St. [Sw]ythin's, Winchester, 666l. 13s. 4d. Spalding, 200l. Bodmin, 100l. Southwik, 100l. Martyn, 133l. 6s. 8d. Schenep, 100l. Norwich, 200l. Walsingham, 333l. 6s. 8d. Ely, 666l. 13s. 4d. Lenton, 133l. 6s. 8d. St. Gregory's near Canterbury, 40l. Combewel, 20l. Horton, 40l. Christchurch, [Lon]don (?) ... Our Lady of Bedlem, London, 100l. The Hospital of Our Lady, Esing Spitel, 20l. King's Hatfield, 10l. Dunmowe, 66l. 13s. 4d. Royston, 40l. Tyl- teia, 40l. St. Botolph's, Colchester, 66l. 13s. 4d. Colme Comitis, 40l. Rochester, 66l. 13s. 4d. Mayndenbradley, 66l. 13s. 4d. St. ... ose, 40l. Farley, 40l. Bradney Stoke, 66l. 13s. 4d. Hurley, 66l. 13s. 4d. Buttelsham, 40l. Merkeby, 20l. Thorneholme, 40l. Smypringham, 40l. Asheby, 40l. Chacombe, 40l. Fyneshed, 20l. St. Andrew's, Northampton, 40l. Kyrkeby Bellers, 20l. Burcestre, 40l. Wroxton, 20l. Bradewel, 20l. Ramson, 20l. Newneham, 100l. Dunstable, 100l. Cheksande, 20l. Coldwell, 20l. Bisheved, 20l. Huntington, 66l. 13s. 4d. St. ... ., 66l. 13s. 4d. Boxgrave, 40l. Michelham, 50l. Tortington, 40l. Bath, 200l. Montagu, 40l. Mastok, 40l. Erdebury, 40l. Taunton, 40l. Oterie, 66l. 13s. 4d. Tutbury, 66l. 13s. 4d. Trentham, 66l. 13s. 4d. Repyngton, 40l. Bristowe, 20l. Malverne, 40l. Studley, 40l. Plymton, 66l. 13s. 4d. Bodmyn, 100l. St. Germyn, 66l. 13s. 4d. St. Nicholas, Exeter, 40l. Totneys, 40l. Twyneham, 40l. Southwike, 100l. Bremmo, 66l. 13s. 4d. Newarke, 40l. Rigate, 40l. Tandrigge, 20l. Schene, 133l. 13s. 4d. Castelacre, 100l. Westacre, 66l. 13s. 4d. Thetforde, 40l. Butlesaye, 133l. 6s. 8d. St. Mary, Overey, 66l. 13s. 4d. Barnewel, 66l. 13s. 4d. Angelsey, 100l. Wenlock ... Wormesley, 40l. Kermerden, 40l. Haverforde, 20l. Lanthony Premir, 20l. Pulla, 20l. Brecon, 20l.
Abbesses.—Schaftesbury, 1,000l. Wylton, 333l. 6s. 8d. Ammesbury, 200l. Our Lady of Winchester, 200l. Romsey, 133l. 6s. 8d. Warwel, 133l. 6s. 8d. Syon, 333l. 6s. 8d. Berking, 333l. 6s. 8d.
The rector of Hedyngton, c ...
Cathedral churches.—Salisbury, 500l. Lincoln, 333l. [6s. 8d.] Wells, 133l. 6s. 8d. Lichfield, 133l. 6s. 8d. Exeter, 333l. 6s. 8d. Polls (St. Paul's, London), 333l. 6s. 8d. St. Asse, 40l. Llandaf, 40l. St. Davys, 66l. 13s. 4d. Hereford, 66l. 13s. 4d. * * *
Collegiate churches.—Windsor, 333l. 6s. 8d. Eton, 200l. St. Stephen's, 333l. 6s. 8d. Our Lady, Winchester, 200l. Stoke College, 66l. 13s. 4d. The Hospital of St. Thomas, Sothewel, 40l. Metingham, 100l. Sudbury, 100l.
Colleges at Oxford.—Magdalen, cccxxx ...l. New, 336l. ... Al Sowle, 200l. Martyn, 133l. 6s. 8d. Corpus Christi, 133l. 6s. 8d. Lincoln, 100l. Oryal, 100l. University, 50l. Exeter, 40l. Bayly, 40l. Queen's, 40l.
Colleges at Cambridge.—King's, 333l. 6s. 8d. King's Hall, 333l. 6s. 8d. Queen's, 200l. Benet, 66l. 13s. 4d. St. John's, 100l. Christ's, 100l.
Spiritual persons.—The master of St. Thomas of Acres, 133l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Dolman, 200l. Mr. Polidorus Virgilius, 200l. Mr. Ricardus Edon, 200l. Mr. Whithers, 133l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Wilton, 133l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Dudley, 200l. The Arch[deacon?] of Lincoln, 333l. 6s. 8d. The Arch[deacon?] of Northampton, 133l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Denton, 200l. Archdeacon of Bedford, 200l. Archdeacon of ... tu ... Mr. John Ryse, of Exeter, 100l. Mr. Horsman, canon of Exeter, 133l. 6s. 8d. Mr. S. Sydnor, arch[deacon] of Cotton, 133l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Bekynsawe, 100l. Dr. Chamber, 333l. 6s. 8d. Mr. Jaffray Wren, 200l. Mr. Thos. Magnus, 100l. Mr. Chr. Plummer, 133l. [6s. 8d.] Dr. Taylor, 200l. Mr. Wm. Ogel, c ... Mr. John Underhill, c ... Dr. Bayly, of Ipswich ... Mr. Fox, archdeacon of Hants, 100l. Mr. Petrus Carmelianus, 333l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Edmunds, of Polls, 66l. 13s. 4d. Dr. Incents, of Polls, 66l. 13s. 4d. Mr. Nicholas Curlews, 66l. 13s. 4d. Archbishop of Canterbury's surveyor, Baxtar, 66l. 13s. 4d. Mr. Larke, 200l. Mr. Toneys, 100l. The archdeacon of Richmond, 333l. 6s. 8d. The dean of Lincoln, 133l. 6s. 8d. The dean of York, cc ... The treasurer of York, c ... Dr. Perter, c ... Mr. Robert Dicar, vicar of St. Sepulchre's, London, l ... * * *
Judges and Serjeants of the Common Law.—Robt. Brudenel, John Fitzjames. Lewis Pollarde. Ric. Broke. Humfrey Conysby. John More. Antony Fitzharbarde. John Halys.— (fn. 1) Elys. Wm. Wotton. John Rowe. Wm. Schelley. Thos. Willoughby. Thos. Farfax. John Newdigate. Robt. Norwich. John Porte. Wm. Rodhale. John Spylman. (The amounts for these names are not inserted.)
Pp. 28, mutilated.
R. O. 2. (fn. 2) First, of my lord Cardinal, 3,000l. My lords of Canterbury, 1,000l.; Winchester, 1,000l.; Ely, 500l.; Norwich, 500l.; London, 500 mks.; Exeter, 500 mks.; Lincoln, 500 mks. The executors of my lord of Sarum, 500 mks. Abbey of Glaustenbury, 1,000l. My lord of St. Davy, 1,000l. The abbots of St. Edmund's Bury, 500 mks.; Westminster, 500 mks.; Abyngdon, 1,000 mks.; Reading, 500 mks.; Ennsam, 500 mks.; Tewkesb[ury] ... Peterb[orough] ... Ramsey ... * * * My lord Marquis, 100l. My lord Arundel, 1,000l. My lord Steward, 100l. My lord of Northumberland, 500l. My lord of Worcester, 500 mks. My lady of Oxford, 500 mks. The executors of Sir Thos. Lovell, 1,000 mks. Sir Wm. Saye, 1,000 mks. Lord Dacre of the North, 1,000l. Lady Parre, 1,000 mks. Lord Clifford, 1,000 mks. Sir Ric. Windefelde, 100l. Sir Ric. Weston, 100l. Sir Wm. Compton, 500 mks. (?) Lord Darcy, c ... Lord Latymer, 100l. My lady of Norfolk, 1,000l. Master Palmer, 1,000l. James Byrche ... Sir Wm. Fitzw[illiam] the elder ... [Sir] W[illiam] Fitzw[illiam] th[e younger] ... John V ... clerk, receiver in Harf[ord], 40l. Ric. Haunden of Oxford, 100 mks. John of Baith, of Westbury, 50l. Roger Blake of Lacok, 50l. Thos. Seman of Bromham, 50l. Thos. Barkisdale of Kyvel (?), 50l. Thos. Bayley of Tirbrigge, 50l. John Smith of Norton, Essex, 100l. Robert Reve of Blandford, Dorset, 100l. Sir Wm. Mordaunt, 100l. Sir Wm. Tatton (?), clk., 50l. Ant. Pollard, 50l. Dr. Breton, 50l. Mr. Rawson, 20l. The [exe]cutors of Mr. Honywode, 100l. Mr. Denton, 50l. Mr. Fox, archdeacon of Hampshire, 50l. Dr. Norton, 50l. John Rice, 50l. ... Brudenel, 100l. (The next few names are illegible.) * * * The college of Newark, Leicester, 50l. My lord of Devonshire, 50l. My lord of St. John, 1,000l. My lord Monjoye, 100l. My lord Marney, 200l. Sir Ric. Sacheverell,_. Sir Robt. Dimok, 200l. Sir Davy Owen, 200l. Sir Thos. Boleyn, 200l. Sir Andrew Windesor, 200l. Sir Robard Drory, 100l. Sir Thos. Nevell, 100l. Sir Edmund Tame, 100l. Mr. Clarke of Northamptonshire, 100l. Mr. Sutton of Sion, 100l. Mr. Robt. Dorme, 200l. Mr. Wayneman of With ... Mr. Busshe of Cottesold ... Mr. Umpton ... Mr. Audeley ... yndon ... Mr. Roper ... Mr. Eden ... Dr. Dolman, 100l. The old lady of Oxford, 500 mks. The prior of St. Bartylmewes, 100 mks. The bishop of London, 100l. The bishop of Lincoln, 200l. Dr. Taylor, 100l. The Stilliarde of London, 1,000l. The Florentines, Venetians and Januese, 2,000l. Mr. Ric. Sutton, 100l. The house of Sion, 200l. The King's solicitor, 100l. Fenn, clerk of the crown of the King's Bench, 200l. Lord Marney, 500 mks. Boughton of Woolwich, 50l. The Recorder of London, 100l. ... of the Chancery, 100l. ... of the Common Place, 100l. * * * Mr. Holt of the Temple, 20l. Mr. Nicolas Clifton, attorney, 100 mks. Mr. Mayne, attorney, 100 mks. Wm. Ormsby, 100 mks. ... Lake, 100 mks. Nic. Harding, 100l. Thos. Barmeston ... Morrys of Make ... * * Robt. Gostewyk * * * (A whole page entirely defaced.) Dr. Adams, vicar of St. Pultre's, 50l. Mr. Porte, serjeant-at-law, 100l. Sir John St. John of Bedfordshire, 100l. Dr. Bayley of Ipswich, ... Edmund prior of Lanthonie, 200 mks. Mr. Wye, 50l. Gybbons, of Herforde, 50l. Erneley, besides Sarum, Esq., 50l. Webbe, Sarum, 200l. Sloper, vicar of Cannage, 40l. George Twyneho, 100l. The Abbot of Shirborne, 100l. Sir Thos. Fetyplace ... Dr. Burghyll, 50l. Mr. Sapecote, 50l. Sir John Hungerforde, 100 mks. Peny of ... vyll, 50l. Bushe of Northel ... 50l. Button of Alton ... * * * Lovell, woodward, Abendon, 50l. Sir Edm. Tame, 100l. Thos. Goddard of Horborne, 100l. Thos. Horton, vicar of Calne, 40l. Abbot of Milton, 100l. Abbot of Gloucester, 100l. The widow of Hunslowe, 50l. Wm. Watts of Reading, 50l. Thos. Becke, 50l. Thos. Everarde, 50l. Wm. Justice, 50l. Thos. Fachell, 50l. Corner, 50l.
Pp. 10, mutilated, and in most parts very illegible.
R. O. 3. Estimate of the yearly amount of the clerical subsidy during the five years of the payment.
The loan of the 4th of their possessions, 60,000l. The subsidy, the moiety of their benefices, will amount to 120,000l., which will be 24,000l. annually.
Estimate of the subsidy of the temporalities during the _ (fn. 3) years of payment. The first loan, 104,285l. 18s. 5½d. The second loan, 56,992l. 18s. 6½d. From lords, knights, &c. of London and Calais, received by Edw. Pekham, 43,147l. 9s. 4d. If there is no decay between the loans and the subsidy, the first payment of the latter will be 68,000l. Those under 100s., not assessed and rated in the loans, will amount at the first payment to_.† Of which subsidy, received "of the anticipation," 19,436l. 13s. 6d. By the tellers of the King's receipt, 30,050l. 13s. 5d.
P. 1, mutilated.
R. O. 2484. MUSTERS.
Instructions to the marquis of Dorset, Sir Henry Willoughby, Sir Edw. Grevyle and Sir Edw. Feryrs, Commissioners for Musters in co. Warwick.
As the former commission stated obscurely and in general terms that the value of all rents, revenues, goods, &c., spiritual and temporal, must be ascertained, and true estimates have been evaded, the King desires them to assemble the others joined in commission with them, and, after reading the letters, exhort them to search out the full values. The commissioners to divide themselves for different hundreds and wapentakes, and two or three of the King's said servants shall be joined with the other commissioners for each division, taking care that no rumor be spread as to the intent of the inquisition, except that it is to ascertain the rate at which each man must be assessed for the furnishing of harness when the case shall require. As the commission does not state the way in which the search is to be made, the following order is to be observed. The persons are to make declarations according to the oath which follows, and on which the commissioners shall act, unless they have reason to think the declaration is false. If so, they shall examine the neighbors, as to what is the substance of the persons by common report. The same method shall be used for all spiritual dignities and benefices, brotherhoods, guilds, chantries, hospitals, &c., including all property, debts, specialties, loans, merchandise, household implements, &c., excepting shrines, church plate and jewels. In towns and cities the commissioners shall take note of artificers and journeymen who have no settled habitation, if they are meet to serve the King in his wars, and what substance they have, if the commissioners think it worth certifying, that they may be enquired for if they move to any other place. In case the spiritual persons refuse to give their oaths to temporal commissioners, spiritual persons shall be deputed by the bishops to receive their oaths in presence of some of the commissioners, after which they shall make their declarations to the said commissioners. If any persons plead large debts as a reason for declaring themselves of less substance, the commissioners shall demand the names of the persons to whom they are indebted, and endeavor to know the truth. As the wardens, governors and fellows of the colleges at Oxford and Cambridge are bound by statutes and oaths not to declare what is left them for casualties of fire and maintenance of pleas, the commissioners shall not inquire of their substance, but leave that to the lord Legate. (Here follows the form of the oath.)
Having finished the inquiry, and made a book of the result, they are to call together such of the temporal personages as they shall think fit, and explain to them the King's necessity in the present state of war with France and Scotland; that France has attempted to invade England, and to besiege Calais and Guisnes; and large forces will be required against both powers, for which the King asks a loan at the following rates: from persons worth between 20l. and 300l., 10l. per 100l.; from 300l. to 1,000l., 20 mks. per 100l.; and for higher sums at the discretion of the commissioners; the loan to be repaid out of the grant at the next parliament. Those who have property in more than one shire shall be required to give a declaration on oath, and cautioned against incurring the penalties of perjury. The best, either in lands or goods, shall be taken by the commissioners for the King, and they shall endeavor to procure the immediate payment of the loan, or at least the half of it, promising that privy seals shall be delivered for repayment of the money, according to a form given, dated _ 14 Hen. VIII. As these instructions will be sent to many who have not taken an oath to keep secret the practising of the loan, as most of the councillors have done, the collectors of the loan are to be sworn to secrecy till they proceed to their task. The commissioners shall declare the values of their own property to the Marquis, &c., and the latter to the Legate and those of the council whom he shall appoint. Signed at the commencement by the King.
Pp. 9. Endd.: "Instructions for my lord Marquis and others for retaining of men for war."
R. O. 2485. LOAN.
Certificate sent to "Thomas lord cardinal archbishop of York, and chancellor of England," by Thos. Docwra, prior of St. John's, John abbot of Westminster, and Sir Andrew Windsor, commissioners, containing the names of all residents in Middlesex possessing 20l. in goods, or land to the same yearly value, with the amount of their property, and the sums in which they are taxed by way of loan.
The places included are Seint Johns Streate, Clerkenwelle, Iseldon, Harnesey, Hampested, Hack[ney], Shordiche, ..., ... bly, Whitechapelle, Totenham, Fin[chle]y and Freron Barnett, ..., Southmymms, ..., ... aton, the lord of St. John's household, ..., Herefeild, ... d, Brayneford, Ikenham, Harmondesworth, ... gton, Bysely, ..., Hease, Stanes, Asheford, ..., Lytryngton, Laleham, ... ton, Stanwelle, Estebedfounte, Hanworth, ..., Istelworth, Twykenham, Hendon, Harrowe, Pynnir, Egeware, Kingesbury, Stanner Parva, Stanner Magna, Westminster, Milesend, Seint Marten's in the Feild, Seint Giles in the Feild, Strond, ..., Cheswyke, Yellyng, Acton, Willesdon, Fynesbury, Bramleigh, Stratford at Bowe and Old Ford, Est Smythfeild, Lymehoste, P ..., St. Clement [Danys], the Towre and Towre Wharf and Seinte Katerins. Total, ...
Names of those examined on oath by the King's commissioners.
Westm.—Rob. Marleton, serjeant-at-arms, Wm. Bolton, the King's master cook, Rob. Awysse, yeoman of the Guard, John Dale, yeoman of the Larder, John Butler, serjeant-at-arms, John Willes, serjeant to the lord Cardinal.
The bishop of Durham's rents.—Humfrey Coke, the King's carpenter.
St. Gyles in the Feilds.—..., the King's serjeant.
Yellyng.—..., the King's master baker.
Est Smythfeild.—Ales Rowsley, widow, Flor[ence] Porter.
St. Clement Danys.—...
Strond.—Henry Bryan, yeoman of the King's garner.
Willesdon.—John Case, the Queen's chief cook.
Pp. 19, mutilated.
R. O. 2486. The LOAN.
Valuation of the lands and goods of the inhabitants of London.
* * *
Parish of St. John [the] Evangelist: Christopher Askew, "500l., 1,000l.;" (fn. 4) Henry Before, 60l., 300l.; John Hall, John Askew and others. St. Buttalle's parish without Aldersgate: Sir Wm. Musgrave, in lands, tenements and offices, 250 marks, in goods 200 marks; "Mr. Chamley may dispend by fees and offices, 21l. 6s. 8d.," and is worth in moveable goods 100l., 1,000l. Robert Cramwell, in lands 20l., in goods 20l., 100l. marks. "A brotherhood of the Holy Trinity may dispend in tenements 33l., whereof there is paid yearly out of that to two priests, and for obits, quitrents, wax and other charges, besides vacations and reparations, 18l." St. Michael's in Bassyngsawe: Peter Sterkye, in goods 80l., 200 marks; and others. St. Mary Mawdelen's, in Milk Street: Sir Th. Kytson, in goods 1,000 marks, 4,000 marks; in lands 600 marks. St. Benet's. St. Michael's: Dr. Yaxley, Th. Spensar, Th. Dudley, executor of Ralph Bate, John Dudley. St. Dunstan's in the West: Hen. Dacres, John Croke, Rob. Dacres, Rob. Bakon; extent of the yearly rents belonging to the brotherhood of Our Lady and St. Dunstan, 59l. 6s. 8d.; paid for quitrents, priests, wages, obits of benefactors, to almsmen, rent gatherers, &c., 67l. 7s.; value of the plate, money and goods belonging to the brotherhood, 100 marks. St. Christopher's. All Hallows, Barking: Sir Thomas Palmer; "Sir George Lawson, as he saith, seized in York, nichil;" Messrs. Demman, Mommouth and Broun, who says he is seized at Averinge a Bowre in Essex; Francis Towell, factor for Andrew Towel and others, counting yearly 300 tun of Gascon wine, 500l. St. Vedast's: John Sharpp; the company of Saddlers have _ and tenements worth yearly 20l.; the company of Brawderers, in moveable goods belonging to their hall, 30l. St. Bartholomew the Little: Philip de Barde, Bastyan Pynto, Alvero de Estodillio, Alvero de Medyna, Philip de Aranda, Peter Champion and Mark Morion, strangers. St. Olave's in the Tower ward: Sir John Aleyn, Christ. Villars, esq.; Christopher Koo, gent., 20l.; Philip of Wylde and Pety John, Frenchmen; John Cononcle, "stranger, serjeant of the Pastry, seasse (sessed?) at the court, in goods 20l." St. Peter the Power, in Bred Street: Lady Lumbard; Ric. Wadyngton and the executors of Sir Wm. Fitswilliam have of his goods 1,000 marks; John Pace, in lands and offices yearly, 40l., 100 marks. St. Mildred's in the Powltree in Cheap Ward: the Grocer[s'] Hall, "in moveable debts and goods," 160l.; in lands and tenements, 49l. 8s. 6d. St. Peter's upon Cornhill. St. Anne's within the Blak Freers: Lady More, in lands, 100 marks; Mary Uvedale; Doctor Heringe, one of the masters of the Chancery.
"Names of them that hath lodgings within the Blak Freers, and be sessed in their countries, as they sayen:" lord Zouche, lord Cobham, Sir Wm. Kyngston, Sir Hen. Wyatt, Sir Wm. Parr, Sir Th. Cheney, lady Jane Guylfford, Sir Ric. Graynffeld, Messrs. John Peryent, Vaulx, clerk comptroller, More, Paresse and Lucas.
St. Martin Orgar: Humph. Brown, serjeant-at-law; Bartholomew Penny, stranger, in fees of the King yearly, 25l. St. Olyve's in the Old Juerye: Maxillis van de More, stranger. St. Matthew's in Bred Street ward. All Hallows', in Bred Strete ward: lady Paregetour; the Salter's Hall, in lands yearly 68l. 7s. 8d., in goods, plate, money and stuff 38l. 16s.; and many others.
Pp. 17. First page mutilated. Endd.: "... the parishes."
R. O. 2. A valuation similar to the preceding; in a different hand.
* * * Rob. Heron. St. Alborowhe within Bishopgate. Parish of St. Andrew's Undershaft. St. Mary Axe: Sir Wm. Pykering, in lands yearly 30l., in fees 10l.; Francis Philip and Campoche, strangers. St. Andrew's in Holborn. St. Martin's in Iermonger Lane. St. Mary, Somerset: Wm. Cryant, Hen. Fysshe and John Wessalyng, strangers. All Hallows, in Lumbert Street. St. Gabriel, Fanchurche: Anth. Vyvalde and other strangers. St. Leonard's: Margaret Owtryde, widow. St. Alphe. St. Tewen's alias Awdoen's, within Newgate. St. Giles's without Crepulgate: lady Mary Willoughby, in lands yearly 500 marks, in goods 600l.; Mr. Garter, principal king-of-arms, 40l.; Charles Wreothesle, in lands and fees 38l. 6s. 8d., in goods 40l.; Norre, king-of-arms, in goods 40l., in fees 20l.; Sir Wm. Bulmer, in lands 30l.; the brotherhood of Our Lady and St. Giles, in lands 30l., in goods 60l.; "another box belonging to the same church," 20l. All Hallows the Less. St. Katharine Colman. St. Botholl without Algate. St. Andrew's in East Chepe: John Bygod, factor and stranger; Ellis Carivanell, stranger; Wm. Choster, yeoman of the King's slaughterhouse. St. George in Botol Lane: Wm. Forman, alderman, in goods 700 marks, 1,000l.; Gyllome Dewayte, minstrel and stranger, in fees 20l.; Marin Capell, merchant stranger. St. Michael's, Paternoster: John Hussey, in land 40 marks; the Innholder's Hall, in moveables 22l.; the Cutlers' Hall, "in London" (lands?) 24l. St. Mary Bouthawe: Wm. Freman, doctor of physic. Parish of Colchurche: the Mercers' Hall, "in lands, the charges deducted," 60l., in plate 88l. St. Nicholas Olave. "Value of the lands belonging to the fellowship of Corpus Christi, called the Salters," 138l. 16s. 8d.; in plate, money and jewels, 38l. 16s.; of which sums there is "asked to be allowed for the yearly charges, 70l. 9s. 1d."
Pp. 13. Nearly the whole of the first page lost. Only the most important names have been noticed.
R. O. 2487. SUBSIDY.
The first fifth in the province of York. For the archbishopric, 253l. 12s. 3¼d. For the archdeaconries of York with the church of Ripon, 1,537l. 1s. 8¾d. East Riding, with Beverley, 478l. 1s. 10¾d. Cleveland, 404l. 0s. 5¼d. Nottingham, with Southwell, 465l. 13s. 1¾d. Richmond, 400l. 15s. 1d. Total of York diocese, 3,539l. 4s. 6¾d. Durham diocese, 237l. 7s. 6¾d. Carlisle diocese, 156l. 7s. 6½d. Total for the province of York, 3,932l. 19s. 8d.
Lat., p. 1.
Titus, B. IV.
19.
B. M.
2488. [HENRY VIII. to the BP. OF _.]
Requiring him to send, within ten days, 1,000l. by way of loan, in aid of the war just declared against the French King.
Draft, pp. 3. Corrected by Ruthal.
Sept.
R. O.
2489. [WOLSEY to ALBANY.]
Understands, by his instructions addressed to the King, and by his letters to himself, that abstinence of war for a month, which is now nearly expired, had been concluded by the mediation of the Queen of Scots, and that she had advised Albany to send one of his servants to the King to prorogue it, and desired Wolsey to do what he could to promote peace. She is worthy of praise for her endeavors, but such a conclusion is unpleasant to the King, who, as his armies are prepared, wishes to try his righteous quarrel by force of battle. He wrote in his instructions that he intended to revenge the exploits done against Scotland by the King's garrisons; but God often turns vengeance against those who intend it,—"the precedents whereof needeth not to be specified." He need not wonder why the war was commenced, for in the King's letters sent by Clarencieux the reasons manifestly appear, "more sounding to the conservation of the King's nephew and his realm than to annoy or hurt the same." Although he says he left France without the knowledge or consent of the French king, yet perchance that was not the least cause of the rupture between the kings of England and France. Will, however, do what he can to promote peace in all countries. "And whereas it is by you required that not only the said truce should be prorogued to the feast of John Baptist"— Added by Tuke: "The rest followeth in the words, mutatis mutandis, as is written to the Queen."
Draft in Ruthal's hand. P.1.
1 Sept.
Galba, B. VII.
311.
B. M.
2490. SIR ROB. WINGFIELD to WOLSEY.
Wrote last from Berghes on the 25th. My Lady did not arrive till last night, having met with bad weather. This evening, between 5 and 6, I was brought to her presence in Berghes' house, where I delivered the King's letters, and declared my charge in all points necessary, omitting some things in my instructions which I knew were already accomplished; such as the provision of men-at-arms and others with carriages and falconets. The meeting of Issilstein with the lord Admiral, the setting forth of ships to the sea from these parts, which are already gone with a great number of fishers, each provided with artillery, putting the people in Flanders in readiness, have been done, as I wrote from Bruges. As to the victuals for the army, my lord Admiral wrote to my Lady from Calais on the 25th (copy enclosed), and yesterday all writings were despatched in accordance with the Admiral's d[esire]. My Lady expressed herself very glad of my coming, and said I should be made privy to everything from time to time, and that she was so devoted to the King, whatever has been said, she will never change her mind. Fearing she had heard something unpleasant, I said I was sure no lady had been better beloved in England. I also presented your letters. As to the article in the King's instructions touching the banishment of the Scots, she made me no answer, except that she had ordered placards to be made out for it, but had been too busy to learn whether it had been executed. Having taken leave of my Lady because her supper was on the board, I made your recommendations to Howstrate, who said he had received letters from you, and would always do his best to preserve the good will between the King and Emperor. Berghes also recommends himself to the King and you, saying that though he finds himself right unwieldly with age and a sore leg, he is young in desire to serve England. I can see that these countries, though they have been sore plucked, will aid the war, seeing the King's good will.
Wrote the above last night, 31 Aug. This morning Wm. de Barres came and showed me the following news: (1.) from Italy, that the Pope had arrived at Porta Veneris, beside Rome. (2.) From Naples, that the Turk was laying siege to Rhodes in person, and the Viceroy had sent thither 2,000 men-of-war and some carracks with victuals. (3.) From the bishop of Verulam, the Pope's ambassador in Switzerland, that not only the French cantons had granted 10,000 men to serve Francis, but those hitherto imperial have quarrelled with the Pope and the duke of Milan; with the first, for default of payment in the expedition of Modena; and with the latter, because his men had invaded their allies; and that money should be sent immediately to keep them in dissension. Merchants have come to Antwerp from Venice and Mantua, stating that the dukes of Milan, Ferarra and Urbino, the marquis of Mantua, Prosper Colonna and others, had met to defend the Duke and duchy of Milan against the French, and have sent to the Venetians to declare themselves within a month. A treasurer of the French king, who has been all this while in Milan Castle, is now come forth to pay 40,000 cr. for their bare bodies without any other goods; and the prisoners say there is so little victual in the castle that it can hold no while. Laurence Blew, Greffier of the Order, has showed me the form of the placards for providing victuals for the army; of which I send a copy. My Lady has sent me word that a Gueldrois has come with a view to peace. When she was in Holland, there was a meeting of commissioners of my Lady and the Duke, which took no effect. There is also come to the friars here a Provincial of France, who desires to speak with her. She has ordered Berghes this afternoon, when she has passed to Zealand, to examine the Provincial and the Gueldrois apart. She has written by this post to the King and you. This afternoon she has gone to Zealand by water; she returns tonight, and tomorrow leaves for Antwerp. The Church lords who were here to be at the diet left because she had not arrived at the time appointed; at which she is much displeased, and has ordered their goods to be confiscated, and a new diet to be held at Lyre; from which she will proceed to Ghent, and thence to the frontiers. Berghes in Brabant, 1 Sept. 1522.
Has sent by his post a letter from my Lady to the captain of Ayry for deliverance of the artillery left there; the letter to be delivered by Robt. Elvisshe to Sir. Wm. Skevington at Calais.
Hol., pp. 5, mutilated. Add.
1 Sept.
Galba, B. VII.
308.
B. M.
2491. MARGARET OF SAVOY to [WOLSEY].
Have received your cordial letter by my secretary, Wm. de Barres, who is returned, and have heard his credence. Sir Robt. Wingfield has arrived, and delivered the letters from the King and you. He will be a witness of my endeavors to promote the common affairs of the Emperor and the King. I have received your other letters, desiring me to order provisions to be sent after the army; and although, as my secretary told you, I have already ordered Fiennes to see to it during my absence in Holland, I have caused placards to be despatched anew to all the countries hereabouts, according to the desire of the English admiral. I have received letters from the King, desiring me to deliver to the master of his artillery the pieces left in guard of the town of Ayre, and have given orders accordingly. Berghes, 1 Sept. 1522.
P.S. in her own hand.—Does not write in her own hand because she is leaving Berghes for Antwerp. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2.
1 Sept.
Galba, B. VII.
309.
B. M.
2492. MARGARET OF SAVOY to [HENRY VIII.]
Same tenor as the preceding. Berghes, 1 Sept. 1522. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2.
1 Sept.
R. O.
2493. MARGARET OF SAVOY to SURREY.
Has received his letter, stating the need of victuals in the joint army, and desiring that those who would supply them should be exempted from tolls. Has issued placards accordingly, and written to the chief officers of the Emperor's countries to get the merchants to bring supplies. Berghes, 1 Sept. 1522. Signed.
P.S. in her own hand.—Wingfield has spoken to her upon the subject, to whom she has communicated her pleasure.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.: A mons. l'admiral d'Angleterre.
1 Sept.
Galba, B. VII.
310.
B. M.
2494. CHARLES V.
Copy of a proclamation granting exemption from tolls and respite of debts, during the time the allied army in Picardy is in the field, till 15 days after its return, to all who will supply it with provisions. Berghes sur le Zoom, 1 Sept. 1522.
Attested under the hand of Du Blioul. Fr., pp. 2.
1 Sept.
R. O.
2495. [The DOGE OF VENICE] to WOLSEY.
Cannot repay Wolsey's benefits to the republic. Besides what has been declared to them by the last letters of their ambassador, the recent arrival of Richard Pace, a man so famous for learning and virtue, is a new evidence of the good will of the King and Wolsey. Hopes, therefore, he will not let the holy work he has begun slip through his fingers. 1 Sept. 1522.
Lat., copy, p. 1. Headed: Rmo carli Ebor.
2 Sept.
Galba, B. IV.
1* b.
B. M.
2496. GUILLAUME DES BARRES to WOLSEY.
Has delivered his letters to Madame, and the answer given him by the King, with which she is much satisfied, and has provided for the victualling of the army. She requests letters from the King and Wolsey, as she has written, and as the ambassadors will explain. Hooghestraten also was very glad of Wolsey's letters, and writes in answer. Will send Wolsey some Rhine wine on the coming of Madame to Antwerp tomorrow. If such a secretary as Wolsey spoke of can be found here, he shall be sent to him. Berghes, 2 Sept. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Mons. le legat d'Angleterre.
Nero, B. VII. 28.
B. M.
Lambeth
MS. 245. f. 251. (fn. 5)
2497. INSTRUCTIONS to PACE for treating with VENICE.
After delivering the King's commendations and letters credential, is to remind them of the amity which has existed between the two states, from the time of his progenitors, and of the King's wish that they should always derive benefit from the treaties in which he is concerned; which they have acknowledged, not only by giving access to his subjects, but also by letters under their seals of lead, signifying their acceptance of the comprehension, especially in the late treaty of London between the kings of England and France and the Emperor. He hopes this amity will be per- manent, and that they will not assist the French king, who has acted so dishonorably to the Emperor and himself, as that would be contrary to the article of comprehension and to their letters patent.
First, it was provided in that treaty "that in case any of the principal contrahents should be invaded or disturbed by the other, the Prince not making invasion, being required by the party invaded, shall give aid against the invader;" on which ground the Emperor, "pretending himself not only to be invaded by the French king's captains and army in his realm of Navarre, but also disturbed in his possessions, dominions and countries by Robert de la March and others by the said French king's procuring," has often required the King to declare himself enemy to the French king, but he has rather endeavored to restore peace and friendship between them, and sent the Cardinal of York, his lieutenant, to Calais for that purpose. At the diet there, instructions and letters, signed by the French king, were brought forward to prove his invasion, and could not be refuted by the Chancellor and councillors there assembled; but Henry instructed his lieutenant to defer his declaration, and prolong the diet, in the hope that the variance might be pacified. Wolsey also, after his return, sent messengers and letters to the French king's mother to gain her mediation for a truce; but though fair and pleasant words were given from time to time, matters were always put off without any determination; and in the meantime the French king, contrary to his oath, sent Albany into Scotland, who "pretended himself heir apparent to the crown there," and invaded England, and endeavored to separate the King's sister from her husband, and contract matrimony with her, by sending Angus to France, there to be detained prisoner. He also "not only distrained the payment of the King's money, to the contentation whereof he is bound by his oath under the censures of the Church," but also entertains Richard de la Poole and other rebellious subjects, and arrested the persons and goods of the English merchants at Bordeaux, though letters of safeconduct had been granted under his great seal. "The like hath not been done of any Christian prince, nor scant of any infidel." His subjects have robbed the English at sea, under colour of peace, and have refused to make restitution. For these reasons, Henry has declared the French king an enemy, and all treaties between them void, and has sided with the Emperor. As the Venetians have till now assisted the French king, the King thinks it expedient, as a faithful friend, to tell them that, according to the treaty, they should assist him or the Emperor. Letters of requisition to this effect will be sent to Pace to be delivered to the Doge and Council. The Emperor is sending similar letters to his ambassadors.
They cannot remain neutral, as the article binds them to declare themselves enemies of the invader after the letters of requisition. It is not to be doubted that if they had been invaded by the French or any other, they would forthwith have required aid from the King and Emperor, which could not have been denied to them; so, if, in like case, they refuse aid when it is required, they must not expect to have the benefit of such comprehension in future, but be held promise breakers, and fall into enmity with the Pope, the Emperor and England. If, however, they declare the French enemies according to the article, they will continue in amity with the Pope and the other allies, and no one will have power to annoy them. Pace is also to say that no amity can continue "if they accomplish not the priority of the said requisition. And seeing the Frenchmen be now expelled out of Italy, there is no cause why they should make difficulty therein; and of their return again, they need not fear, considering how they shall be occupied, as well on this side as on the frontiers of Spain, by puissant armies." They ought therefore to side with the King and Emperor, "in avoiding danger and hostility which may ensue to them by this refusal, whereby their state might be put in danger."
It is also necessary for them to conclude a peace with the Emperor, as the truce with him will soon expire, which the Emperor says they have violated; but the King is willing to be a mediator. Ample commissions should be sent to their ambassadors with the King and the Emperor. If complaint is made of the galleys which were seized, which they say came under promise of protection, Pace is to say that the Emperor, on his arrival in England, perceiving them to be suitable for his journey to Spain, made special request that they should be prepared for that purpose. The King was unwilling to do this, remembering the amity between them; but being credibly informed that the French king was intending to take them with their merchandise, and use them against him and the Emperor, and hearing also that they had furnished their army in Italy to assist the French, he thought it better to detain them until he knew what their conduct would be. Although he intended to use them for a brief time for the purpose mentioned, yet the patrons and others having rule of the said galleys demeaned themselves so inhumanly and ungodly, by excessive demands and contumelious words, that the King thought it more expedient to forbear the use of them than to be in their danger. The galleys will be retained until the King shall know the Venetians' intentions in respect to the accomplishment of the requisition, but will be safe, if they comply. Pace is to obtain their answer as soon as possible, and to remain at Venice until further instructions. (fn. 6)
"These instructions be signed with the King's hand."
Modern copies, pp. 11, 19.
2 Sept.
Vit. B. V. 83.
B. M.
2498. PACE to WOLSEY.
Wrote last from Bologna on the 15th inst. (August). Arrived here as he expected in four days. The Doge and Senate, hearing by couriers whom they sent for the purpose, that he had come to Ferrara, ordered all the governors of their towns, both by land and water, to receive him honorably at their own cost, which they did in most loving manner. On arriving within two miles of this city, was met in the sea by twenty-four of the wisest men of the Senate, in their most pompous array, and conveyed to a monastery, with the best words touching the King that could be devised, declaring they esteemed him both for the perpetual amity, and for the intercourse they have had many years with England. They then brought Pace to the city to a fair house, prepared for him, and honorably decked, where he told them that his business required haste, and requested an audience with the Doge and Senate, which he had next morning.
Delivered the King's letters to the Doge, who is exceedingly old. He received them reverently, and said he was a true servant of the King, for the continued amity between England and the Venetians. He ordered his secretary read the letters; "and be[cause] they were not only credential, but also [tou]ched the requisition contained in the King's letters patents, and their declaration against the French king, according to the article of the King by them acc[ep]ted and improved," they asked leisure to deliberate, and that Pace should return in the morning to declare his credence. To this Pace agreed, on their promising a speedy answer. In the morning Pace declared his instructions, all but the part touching their galleys detained in England. At their request, he repeated it all again, that they might reply to each article. They told him the order of procedure in their matters would not allow of his having an answer before three days were over; which is true. Was, therefore, sent for yesterday by the Doge himself, who told him that they had drawn up an answer in writing, which he hoped would satisfy the King, and ordered it to be read by the secretary. They would not give Pace a copy, saying that it was against their custom, but said he might hear it read as often as he pleased, and they would send a copy to their ambassador. They showed, first, how acceptable Pace's coming was to them; secondly, to the King's offer to mediate a peace between them and the Emperor, "they say that they, [as they al]ways have done, most desired that peace, and for the performance of the same they do hourly look for such articles as were made by the said Emperor's Chancellor in England in that matter, and modified by your grace;" and that they had received letters from their ambassador in England, dated 13 July, stating that he had been told by the King himself, that the articles, modified by Wolsey, should be sent to Pace, and be there at his arrival. They have not yet come, which the Senate regrets, saying that the peace between them and the Emperor is delayed thereby. Meanwhile, they agree to send commissions and instructions, according to the King's desire, to their ambassadors in England and in the Emperor's court.
In answer to the King's demand to declare themselves enemies to France, according to the treaty of London accepted by them, they say it is a matter that requires great deliberation, because they have not yet concluded peace with the Emperor, and the Pope has been exhorting them to a universal peace, now that the Turk is beginning to invade Christendom; but that as soon as the peace is concluded between them and the Emperor, they suppose everything will succeed according to the King's desire; and that in all their dealings with the French king, they have had respect to their truce with the Emperor. They hope the King will not be displeased at their not hastily declaring themselves, as he himself did not do so on the first request of the Emperor, but sent Wolsey to Calais to examine the matter.
"His heri ita actis," today went with the Emperor's ambassador to the Senate, where they presented jointly their letters patent, urging them strongly to keep their faith as principal contrahents in the league of London. Pace told them he understood they only helped the French king to keep their promises, and urged stronger reasons for their keeping faith with England, as France had been in time past procurer of their destruction, while England has always been their friend; that Francis would have sold them to the late emperor Maximilian, and bound himself to take from them their cities in Italy, and put them into his hands, on condition that he should desist from the enterprise for the recovery of Milan, at the time Pace was in the field with the said Emperor, and brought the Swiss to join him. One or two of the senators confirmed what he had said, and the rest ordered their secretary to read the patents. This done, they asked time "to make answer to the same, wherewithal they appeared to be as sore abashed as they were with pope Julie's excommunication." Some of them marked the latter clause, showing that they must first admonish the French king to desist from war, and make restitution. This will serve them as a pretext for some delay. Would have despatched a courier t[his] day, the 27th Aug., if he could have had an answer when he was in the senate. If there be any such articles modified by Wolsey as above mentioned, they should be sent immediately to shorten their delay. Has no fear of anything but waste of time. They express themselves very desirous of the peace with the Emperor, and to have the greatest confidence in the King. Has been informed by an honorable man, whom he has promised not to name, that the bishop of Scardona, lately sent by the Pope to the French king, passed through Venice, after Pace had been in France, and in the secret audience told the Senate he was commanded by the Pope to tell them that he would never show more favor to the Emperor than to the French king. The Venetians would have given him a different answer if they had not heard this. Does not think the King can look for more favor from the Pope than the Emperor. The same man said he suspected the bishop of Scardona in the matter, and thought the Pope would not commit such a thing to him, as he is but a light person, but that it was more likely the French king had bribed him to say as above to the Venetians. The Bishop, when declaring these things, begged and obtained money from the Venetians. The Venetian ambassador in England is probably ignorant of all this.
Having written thus far, the Doge and Senate sent for Pace and the imperial ambassador, and gave them the following answer to the letters patent: that although they might say that the confederation of London was void by the death of pope Leo, principal contrahent, yet they would remit themselves to the answer which they had given Pace before, hoping the King would be contented with it. Pace said there was no reason in this, for Leo was not principal contrahent, except from the courtesy of the other princes, especially Henry. They made no answer, but spoke of the following matter. Pace had heard that the French ambassador and certain Venetians said that the French king intended to invade Italy this next winter, with the help of Venice, thinking the King's army could not oppose him, owing to the sea. Asked the Senate for an express answer to the clause [ut] desisterent ab auxilio Gallis præstando [con]tra Cæsarem, and for a statement of what they would do in such a case. They said that Pace's wisdom might well see that, from their proceedings at Cremona; and told him that when the French captains expelled from Milan came to Cremona they asked leave, by letters, to enter their dominion, which they refused. Answered "that I was Davus et non Œdipus," and could not [discover] their minds by obscure words and doubtful acts. They say they did this from respect to the Emperor; but the Emperor's captains say that they were afraid of an invasion by the Emperor's army and the Duke's. Asked for an answer without ambiguity, as the King had always dealt plainly with them, saying that if they were to assist the king of France, the King would treat them with open hostility. "Hic totus senatus perturbatus fuit, and the wisest of them arose out of their seats, and came to me," desiring him not to be moved because they did not give him an open answer at that time, but that he must accept their good intent. After dinner, one who is considered their wisest man came to him, and said they would commit everything to the King, and would send ample commissions for treating and concluding, as Pace had requested. Will not see the commissions, as they never show them to ambassadors. They have not spoken of the retention of the galleys. Venice, 2 Sept.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 17. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
R. O. P.S. [to the above].—This hour the senate have spoken with him about the detention of their galleys, and desired him to write to the King and Wolsey for their release, saying they were the King's friends. Declared to them the article of his instructions on this subject, on which they thanked the King that he had prevented their being intercepted by France and used against him and the Emperor. They say that when they learned the King would use them, they wrote immediately to England that he should have them, and if the patrons have behaved otherwise to the King than they ought to do, they shall be punished. They deny having "repared" their army to aid the French king after he was driven out of Milan, as the Emperor was informed. As to their declaration to be made against France, they said they had given Pace an answer that ought to satisfy the King of their good intent, which would appear more at large in their commission and instructions sent thither at this time. On his leaving the senate, one of their wisest men was deputed to tell him secretly that the Emperor's ambassador was displeased with them, "because he made great labor that all their matters might be finished and concluded by the said Emperor's chancellor, and that they would not agree thereunto, but would commit all to the King and your grace. And thus your grace hath understond all that I can get here."
Hol., pp. 3. Endd. by Agarde: "Letters from Ric. Pace to Cardinal Wolsey about his negotiation beyond seas, and when he was about the King. Quære si placet, &c. 29 June 1614."
3 Sept.
Calig. D. VIII. 255. B. M.
2499. [SURREY to HENRY VIII.] (fn. 7)
Last night, the [Emperor's] army, horse, Almains and Spaniards, came and made their camp within a mile of us. We had determined this day to draw towards the county of Boulonnois; but about 11 at night they sent to me, requesting me to stay this day to consider what is best to be done. Today we have been together three hours, and have determined to go tomorrow. If tomorrow evening we find we have victual enough for five days we shall take the nearest way to Da ... in the middle of that county, where we shall do all the damage we can, and thence draw between Therouenne and St. Omer, and so to Dorlans, Braye and Corby. The last place is four leagues from Amiens, where the French king is now. If we have not enough victual for five days, as the county of Boulonnois is so strong, it is thought best that we should go straight to Dorlans, where the Burgundians think the French king will give us battle, or leave his country to be burnt before his face, and we shall get victual out of the Emperor's countries. They think it would be lost labor to besiege Boulogne, Terouenne, or Monstreuil this year. All the noblemen here have very good will to serve you and their master. I think good letters should be written to those named in a bill enclosed. We have thoroughly discussed what is to be done, both with your council here and the Emperor, and think nothing notable can be done unless we have battle. To seek it we are determined to have victuals. Thinks it will be better to destroy the country near Amyas than to put off time in other places. In the camp at Arde, 3 Sept.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
3 Sept.
Calig. D. VIII. 257. B. M.
2500. SURREY to WOLSEY.
Today I received yours of the 30th Aug. The reason you had not heard sooner was the lack of wind; but I expect that three letters of divers dates have by this time reached you. Henceforth will despatch the posts from day to day. As to Sir Thomas More's letter, which you enclose, undoubtedly I desired Sir Wm. Skevington to show the King the credence of Boulogne, but I bade him say it was impossible to besiege it this year, for want of horsemen to convey victuals to us; and as to Terouenne that I thought De Beaurain made re[port] to me about cutting off the water from the town only to draw us thither for defence of the Emperor's countries, and not for any likelihood that Terouenne could be taken; for I did not think they really meant to lay siege to it. The council here are determined with me to seek battle with the French king near Amyas, as you will see by my letter to the King, if we shall have sufficient victuals, as the Emperor's council think we shall. Today 10,000l. have come to the field, for which we thank you. If the King desire us to proceed thus, I beg that more money be sent in convenient time. As to the keeping of the English pale, all here agree that it is impossible to keep even the marsh if the French wish to burn it. For the East March I have at Newnam ... soldiers, 50 at Hammes, 200 at the Straits within the ..., and 200 above the ordinary at Guisnes; which is considered sufficient. As to the "ill bruit" of the h[arm] done at the Causeway, the Welshmen were laid there long before my coming, and I never meddled with them; but when I saw how they lay, I said they were not well lod[ged], and advised that 100 archers on horseback, that were here before I came, should be laid with them, or else that they should be brought away; but my advice was not followed. As to the taking of the ship, when the Zealand fleet came thence, all the King's navy were at Portsmouth, and no men in the Narrow Sea but West's and Thos. Vaughan's two ships, of which I sent one to Zealand, to waft them, which was more than could well be spared. I also advised them to wait till the Vice-admiral came, but they would not, being in haste for Bartholomew Fair; yet if the ship had kept company with the wafter, like the others, she would not have been taken. It is too much for me to see to the sure keeping of the sea, and the business here too. In the field beside Arde, 3 Sept., at myd[night].
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
3 Sept.
Calig. B. VII. 152. B. M.
2501. SCOTLAND.
"The answer made [by Albany] to the Queen's grace upon it that the Lord Dacres hath sent."
Only an abstinence for a time can be arranged at present, which he will consent to for the Queen's sake, notwithstanding the injuries done by England, to begin on the 17th or 20th of this month, and endure six weeks or two months; during which time the Governor will, with the Queen's advice, by a safeconduct from England now at Berwick, send ambassadors for a peace. If no succors arrive before the commencement of this term he will accept the abstinence; on the understanding that, in case of their arrival, England shall inform him on what terms he may comprehend the allies of Scotland. Will send her the abstinence before next Sunday or the Tuesday after. Edinburgh, 3 Sept. 1522.
Copy by Tuke, pp. 2.
3 Sept.
R. O.
2502.[SIR ANT. UGHTRED], Capt. of Berwick, to [ALBANY].
Has received his letter dated Edinburgh, 30 Aug. Clarencieux has obtained a safeconduct from the King at Albany's request, and has sent it to Ughtred, with a letter asking him to inform Albany of it. Wishes to know by the bearer, a messenger of the King's chamber, whether Albany will have it after the manner and form which Ughtred has mentioned before. Berwick, 3 Sept.
Copy, p. 1.
4 Sept.
Calig. B. II. 99. B. M.
2503. EARL OF SHREWSBURY and others to WOLSEY.
Arrived yesterday, assembled the noblemen whose names are subscribed, desiring them to get ready their tenants to resist the invasion. Has just received his letter dated Westminster the 2d. Perceives thereby that in case Albany (upon notice from Dacre) move to the Marches after the musters upon Roosely Moor, the Earl is to give him battle with all speed. If he delay, the writer is to invade Scotland. 10,000l., to be sent by John Jenyns, will not be sufficient. Wages will be required for 24,000 men, at 8d. a day. The lords and gentlemen of the county think they were not well used in this respect on the last occasion. It will hardly suffice to convey the King's army to Newcastle. York, 4 Sept. Signed: G. Shrewsbury, H. Northumberland, Richard Latymer, W. Conyers. T. Darcy, R. Sacheverell, T. Magnus, and Richard Ro[keby].
Pp. 2. Add.: T[o my] lord Legate's grace. Endd.
5 Sept.
R. O.
2504. JULIUS CARD. DE MEDICI to WOLSEY.
Has already thanked him for his singular kindness, of which he has heard at great length from Jo. Mat. Giberti, his secretary, who has lately returned to Rome. Regrets that his services were not of sufficient value to deserve the King and Wolsey's generosity. Will always be at the disposal of both, if he can serve them in any way, as he has frequently signified to the King's ambassador at Rome, and written to Sylvester Darius. Rome, 5 Sept. 1522. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 2. Another copy of the same. Signed and addressed as above, and endd.
5 Sept.
R. O.
2505. The SAME to HENRY VIII.
Of the same tenor and date. Two copies; both Signed and addressed, and one endorsed.
5 Sept.
Vit. B. v. 80*. B. M.
2506. CAMPEGGIO to [WOLSEY].
The letters of the English ambassador and the briefs of his Holiness will have informed the King and Wolsey of the Pope's arrival at Rome. Never was such public joy. Every one judges, from his face, his words and his manners, that he is an excellent Pope. Wm. Enckwort is made datary, and will have great influence in signing documents. Campeggio is confirmed as president. The Pope has chosen the bishops of Feltri and Castellamare, three auditors of the Rota (Triultius, Simonetta and Cassiodorus,) and Burgos, John Vinckler and Copis, as his chief advisers. Will learn tomorrow what he will do. On that day he will first subscribe documents (libellis), of which there are 9,000 awaiting him, from his nomination to his entry into Rome. Sent lately his chamberlain to Wolsey along with John Clerk. Hannibal has been with him, whom he will always assist. Rome, 5 Sept. 1522. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.

Footnotes

  • 1. Blank in MS.
  • 2. This document is certainly not earlier than 1524, as it mentions the executors of the bishop of Salisbury, but is placed here for convenience.
  • 3. Blank in MS.
  • 4. The latter of these sums is in a different hand.
  • 5. Other modern copies will be found in Harl. MSS. 6260. f. 199; 7185. f. 112; 6345. f. 119; and Lansd. 258. f. 237.
  • 6. Dated—Aug. 1522, in Harl. 7185 and 6345.
  • 7. A fly leaf adjoining this letter is addressed "to my lord Legate's good grace" in the same hand; but the letter is evidently to Henry VIII.