Henry VIII: February 1523, 16-28

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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, 'Henry VIII: February 1523, 16-28', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 1188-1205. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1188-1205 [accessed 23 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: February 1523, 16-28", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) 1188-1205. British History Online, accessed May 23, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1188-1205.

. "Henry VIII: February 1523, 16-28", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867). 1188-1205. British History Online. Web. 23 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1188-1205.


February 1523

16 Feb.
R. O.
The present is a good time to show the enemy that they are determined to do him all the mischief in their power. Knows the English will not fail on their part. To secure mutual aid, has written to De Bryenne, the King's lieutenant general in Bourbon's absence in Picardy. They will join the English when wanted. Trusts the Deputy will take like measures on his part, being assured that he desires to maintain the alliance between these two Princes. St. Germain-en-Laye, 16 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
18 Feb.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 14th, when I told you the French king was dead. If it had been really so, many more would have prayed for his soul than do now for his life. But all must be as God wills, who has allowed him to recover after lying two days for dead, "and likewise to have taken all his limbs and senses, as those in all his one side, sight and other, as it is said; in so much that, as touching his own person, either in wit or activity for the war, he is not like to do any great feat. Such is the power of God to punish when and as it pleaseth Him." If he has been, as is said, the occasion of the Turk's enterprises, he has well deserved these touches in his person and in the slaughter of his army in Spain. Three days ago news was received at Antwerp, from Venice, that Rhodes had surrendered on the 20th Dec.; life and goods saved, and ten days allowed to the besieged to go out; which is not yet confirmed, and, it is hoped, is untrue. No other news. A courier came yesterday from Spain, but his letters were nine weeks old, and do not show what I trust the King and you will know before these arrive; for though it is certain the French have suffered great loss in men and ships, "yet the halting man is not come hither, though I trust verily he is now with the King's highness and your grace hitherward."
Last night my Lady supped with the cardinal of Liege, where were the bishop of Utrecht, Ravenstein, Bevers, Fauconberg, Howstrate and others. I was present, and heard that the king of Denmark had sent to my Lady for money (his Queen's dower being in arrear), and for licence to procure sail-cloths, cables, anchors and gunpowder. I advised my Lady against it, considering the favor he bears to France and Scotland. She says she has refused the licence desired, on the ground that the Emperor required munitions in these parts. Thus I hope this wicked King will fail; for a shipmaster in Zealand tells me his ships cannot stir without such provision, and that the Easterlings lie at siege before Stockholm, which he thinks cannot long hold out. I have a letter from John Jenkins, of whom I formerly wrote (who sent the messenger from Cambray to Bresse in Britanny), stating that he has finished his business. If he come here today, I will send him to you tomorrow, when you will be able to judge if he is likely to be of service. I think John Hackett, of whom I wrote from Ghent in December, as willing to be the King's solicitor here, would do good service. Malines, 18 Feb. 1522.
Encloses a letter just received from John Dymmok, which will show the truth of what he wrote about the king of Denmark's affairs.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4. Add.
18 Feb.
R. O.
Has received, by his servant Richard Bank, Darcy's writing and two books of his "noble acts of provision" for his soul. Never saw anything done with such foresight. Thanks him for the information touching the "said foundation;" for the books will be "an a b cy" for him with respect to that which he intends to establish, in order that prayers may be offered evermore both for Darcy and himself. Employs thirty-six workmen, and the building is half finished. "This county where I am is a busy country, and full of translations of minds, and evil to rule, except it be with him that knoweth them." His son desires to visit Darcy this Lent, young as he is: "I perceive well that the young cokerell will crow as he heareth the old." As to singers, both basses and children, will send round this Lent to his friends, and get the best for Darcy. Has word from London that Sir Richard Wyngfeld is made Chancellor of the duchy, and Master Marney made lord Privy Seal. Hornby, 18 Feb. Signed.
In Bank's hand, p. 1. Add.
18 Feb.
R. O.
Indenture, dated 18 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII., between Wolsey, Sir Henry Wyat, treasurer of the Chamber, Sir Andrew Windsor and John Daunce, for the King, and Sir John Tuchett lord Audley, and Laurence Bonvixi, merchant of Luke, on the other part, certifying that Wolsey, Windsor, Sir Thos. More and John Roper have recovered, by writs of entry in le post from lord Audley, the manors of Audley, Staff., Redcastell, Salop, Wollabyngton and Honybere, Somers., Buglauton, Cheshire, and land in Romsey, Hants, as security for the payment of 3,423l. 10s. 4½d., which Audley and Bonvixi owe to the King, and in payment of which they agree to deliver unto the King's wardrobe yearly, from All Saints, 1,535 velvets, satins, silks, linen and woollen cloth, furs, malvesie, &c. to the value of 2,000l. at certain fixed prices. The debt will be paid by the deduction from the value of 687l. 10s. for the first four years, and 673l. 10s. 4½d. the fifth year.
Parchment, mutilated. Signed by the King above, and by Wolsey, Wiat, Windsor, and Daunce below. One seal remaining.
18 Feb.
R. O.
Order him to pay to John Jenyns 220l. for Thos. Hatclif and Edw. Madison, on a prest for two months' wages and three months' victuals for Sir Henry Sherborne, admiral of the North Seas, Chr. Coo, Thos. Clere, Wm. Cook, Thos. Ellerker, Davy Myller and Chr. Thawaites, in all 728 men. Westm., 18 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1.
19 Feb.
R. O.
Mons. le Shaw and Mons. le Beawlew arrived here today at 4 p.m., on their way from the Emperor to the King, and will probably cross in two or three days, if wind and weather serve. Two hoys laden with masts for the King are lying here. Dares not send them for lack of conduct. Has not heard from Dover for a fortnight, owing to the wind and weather. Hears that The Galion of Depe has been "drowned" near Depe. Calais, 19 Feb. at 5 o'clock at night. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
19 Feb.
R. O.
Received on the 18th at 7 o'clock in the night, his letters stating his wish that the bishop of Elphen, commendatory of Welbeke, should have the benefice of Tryme, in Meythe diocese. Sent, on the 10th, his collation of the said benefice to Ireland, with his authority for the institution thereof, not knowing Wolsey's pleasure. Is sorry for it. Does not know what is done, or what speed Wolsey's messenger had. Wolsey can revoke all the Bishop's proceedings by his legatine authority, if he please. In the monastery of Drax, 19 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
20 Feb.
Vit. B. v. 148. B. M.
Hears the Pope is writing, and does not wish to lose the opportunity of sending a letter. Laments the capture of Rhodes. Sicily will be the next place attacked. A truce for three years is proposed, and ambassadors will be sent to arrange it. Rome, 20 Feb. 1523. Signed:
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. The address is pasted on the preceding leaf.
Otho, C. IX. 43. B. M. 2840._to HENRY GOLDE. (fn. 1)
Has received his letters. Would have written to him from Rhodes, which has now been stormed and taken by the Turks, and the society is expected to migrate to Sicily. The Venetians are most excellent Turks. They have banished two citizens who carried supplies to Rhodes. They are likely to be punished for it, as the Turk now hangs upon their necks. 60,000 Turks fell at Rhodes. There has been a great loss of the knights. The French had intercepted two of their vessels laden with provisions. Will learn from ... the rest of the news about the siege of Rhodes.
Add. Doctissimo et amicissimo meo magistro Henrico Goldo. Saluta meo nomine, amplissime Domine, præsidentem et Wilsonum et omnes singulosque vestri collegii socios, et imprimis Banum et Longfordium. Non vacat, et tantum non obruor."
Lat., p. 1, badly mutilated.
Hakluyt, II. 72. 2841. SIEGE OF RHODES.
"A brief relation of the siege and taking of the city of Rhodes by sultan Soliman, the Great Turk; translated out of French into English, at the motion of the Rev. lord Thos. Dockwray, great prior of the order of Jerusalem, in England, in the year 1524."
Rhodes was the only place in Levant that warred against the Turk. Selim, father of Soliman, left an injunction in his will to his son, to attack Belgrade first, and Rhodes afterwards. He had sent thither a Jewish physician as a spy, who remained after his death, and gave word of all that happened to Soliman. The Chancellor, Andrew de Merall, a Portuguese, also endeavored to betray the town, from envy at the election of Philip de Villiers Lisleadam, as Grand Master, after the death of Fabricius de Caretto, and sent a message to Constantinople, to say that part of the wall was taken down, that they had a new Grand Master, and were in trouble by reason of some Italian knights, so that he had the best possible opportunity for attacking the island. The reports of the army which the Turk was preparing against Rhodes were not believed in the island, but the Grand Master diligently repaired the defences, and laid in provisions, although the Great Commander, Gabriel de Pommerolles, the Turcoplier, Sir John Bourgh, an Englishman, and the Chancellor, told him to take no thought about it, for the town was well stored. Wine was obtained with great difficulty from Candia, and the corn in the island was cut when half-ripe. The captains of several ships which passed were induced to come in for the defence of the town. Musters were held in May. The men of the town were 3,000 or 4,000, besides 1,500 or 2,000 villagers.
On the 8th May, a letter was received from Soliman, announcing his intention to take the town, and offering to protect the knights, and receive them into his service, if they would surrender; to which they would give no answer, but that he should be received with good strokes of artillery. On the 14th June, the Turks, with 30 galleys, landed on the isle of Lango, belonging to the religion, and were driven back to their ships by the prior of St. Giles, Messire Pre John de Bidoux. The fleet consisted of 30 galliasses, 103 galleys, 15 taffours, 20 fusts, 64 great ships, 6 or 7 galleons and 30 galleres. The Turks landed on the island on the 24th, and on the same day the Great Master sent Sir Claude Dansoyville, called Villiers, and Sir Loys de Sidonia, a Spaniard, in a brigantine, to the Pope and the Empeor, to ask for succor. After the celebration of pontifical mass in the church of St. John Baptist, the Great Master presented the keys of the town to St. John, beseeching him to take it in his keeping. On the 8th July the Turkish women slaves were discovered in a plot to set fire to the town at the first assault. The Turkish artillery consisted of 6 cannons perriers, shooting a stone of 3½ft., 15 pieces of iron, for stones, of 5 or 6 spans, 14 great bumbards, for stones of 11 spans, and a great number of smaller pieces and handguns, including 12 potguns, that shot stones upwards "to make murder of people, which is a thing very inhuman and fearful," and little used amongst Christians. The same guns shot sometimes bullets of brass or copper, full of wild fire, which flamed forth in the air, and broke when they fell on the ground. On the 24th, Gabriel Martinengo and two other captains came to their assistance. The trenches were worked by 1,500 Turkish slaves, who did great service. The Great Turk arrived in person on the 25th. On the 15th August the Jewish physician, John Baptista, was executed for his treason. The besiegers constructed mounds of earth against the gates of Auvergne and Spain, and the gate of Italy, 10 or 12 feet higher than the walls. The steeple of St. John's church was beat down, but the guns on St. Nicholas' tower shot so well that the mantlets against them did not remain whole for an hour, and the Turks durst only shoot at night. Within a month the wall of England and Spain was beat down even with the barbican. Martinengo, who had been received into the order, and made first ancient of the Italian nation, made traverses upon the walls, and set guns to defend the breaches. The Turks trusted chiefly to their mines, of which it is said there were sixty. Many were met and destroyed, but on the 4th Sept. two were fired, at the postern of Spain and Auvergne, and at the bulwark of England. The latter was cast down, and the enemies made an assault with handguns, but were repulsed with the loss of 1,000 or more. Another breach was made in the wall of Spain, and the same day Gabriel de Pommerolles died from a fall off the wall. On the 9th Sept. another attack was made on the bulwark of England, and a mine fired: about 2,000 Turks were slain. And on the 17th they made another assault, in which Sir John Bourgh was killed with a handgun, while taking a standard from the enemy. Pre John was also shot through the neck, but recovered. On the 24th, the bulwark of Spain was lost, and won again. Sir Francis de Trenolz was killed, and Messire John de la Touz and Sir Wm. Weston were wounded.
After this assault, the Turk thought to put his captain, Mustapha Basha, to death, but was dissuaded, and sent him to Cairo. The janissaries refused to fight any more, and almost all the captains advised the Turk to go away, but Merall wrote to them of the state of the town, which induced them to continue the siege. On the 17th October they got into the barbican, at the bulwark of England, and won the foot of the wall. The plain of ground of Spain was won, for lack of gunshot, at the end of November. A few days after, a Genoese came to speak with a merchant of the town, and said he had a letter from the Grand Signior for the Lord Master, who refused to receive it, and forbade any one to speak with him. The people of the town, however, heard of it, and they sent in a petition to the Grand Master to surrender, which it was agreed to do, if possible, as provisions and men were failing. Soon after, a letter was sent by the Turk, offering to let all the people go with their goods and jewels, if the town was yielded; in answer to which Sir Passin and Robt. de Perruse, judge ordinary, were sent to him, and a truce was taken for three days, during which the enemy came to our repairs, and spoke and drank with our folk. The Turk denied having written to the Grand Master, but made similar offers to those in the letter. Sir Passin was entertained that day and the next by Acmek Basha, who told him that 64,000 men had been slain, and 40,000 or 50,000 died of sickness. On their return the commons refused to yield, as they had not been consulted. Other ambassadors were sent to ask for longer delay, but the Turk immediately broke the truce by ordering a fresh assault; and as the people of the town, after a day or two, refused to serve at the trenches, the Great Master finally determined to yield, on the 28th Dec., the Turk promising free leave to all to go away or stay, as they chose, the latter not to pay tribute for five years, and offering them ships to carry them away. Twenty-four knights were given as hostages, and a band of janissaries sent into the town to keep it, who plundered houses, took all the silver vessels with which the sick were served in the hospital called the Fermorie, destroyed all the tombs and images in the churches, &c. The Great Master himself went to the Turk the day after Christmas, and was well treated, and assured that the promises should be kept.
Begs in the name of the bishop of Worcester that some person, well known and trusted by the Bishop, may be appointed supervisor to the see, as the officials disagree with each other, which is a great loss to the Bishop. Hears that some are urging Wolsey to appoint them. It is necessary to have a man in the confidence of the Bishop, as the duty of the supervisor is to levy fines, spend money, and effect sales.
Hol. Lat., p. 1. Endd.
Grant of Jerome, bishop of Worcester, appointing John Gostewyk, John Russell, of Streynesham, co. Worc., and Thos. Russell his son and heir, supervisors of the lands of the bishopric, at a salary of 100l. a year.
Draft. Lat., pp. 2.
20 Feb.
Rym. XIII. 780.
Writ to the escheator of Worcestershire for restitution of the temporalities of the see of Worcester to Jerome de Ghinucci. Westm., 20 Feb.
ii. Similar writs for Gloucestershire and the Marches of Wales, Warwickshire and Middlesex.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2.
20 Feb.
S. B.
2845. For JOHN RICARD, Dean of Dublin.
Licence to absent himself from Ireland for 10 years, to live at court or elsewhere in England, without forfeiture of the revenues of his deanery or rectory of Trym, and to take with him horses, hawks, &c. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.
Addressed to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
21 Feb.
Galba, B. VII. 247. B. M.
Wrote last on the 18th, but omitted to enclose the letter from John Dymok which I mentioned, and therefore send it now.
John Jenkins of Antwerp, whom I said I expected on the 18th, only came this morning. I have sent him with a letter to you, and he has returned to Antwerp, intending to cross with the first wind. Was with the cardinal of Liege this morning. He expects that the Estates, now assembled here, will grant provision for 4,000 horse and 10,000 foot. He has helped to settle the differences between the lords here and lord Hoowstrate, for the seizure of Ravestein's lands in Holland, and Beevyrs' in Flanders. Berghes was angry with Hoowstrate for the seizure of Beevyrs' land, and Ravestein "hath not failed to speak right largely." The Cardinal has greatly helped to bring the Estates to better purposes than they would have come to of themselves, "for surely it is very hard to lead things to good purpose by governors which be not loved or esteemed."
The Cardinal received letters of the 8th from Rome, making no mention of the loss of Rhodes. The letters speak of the peril of the French king, both by a fall from his horse and by the stroke of another bearing beast, "of which he shall never be whole; for, as it is said, the disease is broken out in his leg beneath the knee, where courses been both dangerous and uneasy to heal, and with the fall one of his arms is in such case that he is not like to help himself with that this year."
He had also news from Nuremberg, where the Archduke had taken much pains to reconcile the card. of Mayence, the archbp. of Treves, the count Palatine, the landgrave van Hessen and Fras. van Seken, but to no purpose, "so that they are determined to set the said Francisque and his adherents beside the stool."
After this I rode to court, and spoke with Hoowstrate in the chamber of finances. He trusted the Estates would do their duty to their Emperor, but told me no particulars. In the other matters, he confirmed the Cardinal's statements, and said the French were assembling on the frontiers of Hainault. He professed not to have heard about the ambassador who came last night from Denmark, which may be so, for he arrived late, and is a doctor with only four or five servants, though they call him chancellor of Denmark. Malines, 21 Feb. 1522.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. and Endd.
[21] Feb. Vit. B. V. 137. B. M. 2847. PACE to [WOLSEY].
"The King's and the [Emperor's affairs] here" are now come to such a pass, that he must despatch this courier himself in order that such things as cannot be at present concluded may be advanced by the King's and Wolsey's letters, and by conferences with the Venetian ambassador in England. On the representations of Pace and the Emperor's ambassadors the Venetians have laid aside all craft and dissimulation, and have chosen three wise and discreet men to treat with them. They have even given up the condition on which they insisted, for the restitution of the towns taken from them by Maximilian, and made answer that they are willing to dissolve the league with France and make a new league with the Emperor, binding themselves to maintain at their own charge 800 men-at-arms and 6,000 foot against any invasion of Milan by the French king. The Imperial ambassadors have agreed with them upon this league, not requiring them to break with France in any other case, as their territory does not border upon France by land or sea. A difficulty, however, is made about an aid demanded for the defence of Naples, which they said was not mentioned to their ambassador in the Imperial court, and could not be granted, because, while employed in the defence of Naples, they might lose their dominions at home. The Imperial ambassadors said they would be contented with aid in money, but the Venetians would not agree. Three days afterwards, however, they granted the Emperor for the defence of Naples 10 galleys as strongly armed as could be devised, at their own cost. The Imperial ambassadors said they had no commission to accept a less aid for Naples than for Milan. This is one difficulty. Another is about "a recognition to be made to the said Emperor" of 500,000 ducats. The Venetians offer 200,000, to be paid in 10 years, but the ambassadors are dissatisfied both with the smallness of the sum and the delay of the payment. Pace thinks, if they could have 60,000 or 100,000 paid at first, [they would make no difficulty about the resi]due; and if the King and Wolsey would help by sending letters hither, and by conferring with the Venetian ambassador in England, it would make for the King's purpose, for he is informed by Hieronymo Adorno that all the money that can be got here at the first payment will be employed this summer in an expedition against Provence, where France is ill defended.
Has been asked to write for a commission to promise that the King will be conservator of the peace to be concluded here, and mediator in any difficulties that may arise. The Pope has promised to send a like commission to Campeggio's brother, who is come hither as his ambassador. He has also written to the Signory in favor of the Emperor's causes. The French ambassador here has fallen into a frenzy, perceiving that the Signory will forsake his master. It is said Francis feels the matter very sore, and has spoken many opprobrious words to the Venetian ambassador. He has reason to feel it, "for he loseth hereby all the reputation he had in Italy," and what he loses the Emperor and his friends gain. Letters from France say that the French king constantly meditates an enterprise by way of Scotland, and that he lately told the Venetian ambassador to write hither that he would be in Italy early in the spring, if Albany performed half his promises to him. Jerome Adorno has a commission from the Emperor to conclude with the duke of Ferrara on the restoration of Modena and Reggio for a sum of money, on condition of the Duke's forsaking the French. The Duke is nearly agreed, but cannot enter the treaty openly without the consent of the Pope, who pretends to some interest in the matter, and will not as yet agree to it, though the Emperor has written to him to do so. The King should advise the Pope to comply with the Emperor's wishes. We shall soon leave the French king without a friend, "et nulla penna qua volet Gallo relinquetur." Desires leave to speak with the Duke himself on his departure, for Ferrara is on his way. Venice, "this Friday of February."
P.S.—Is desired by the Senate to write that nothing has so much induced them to this agreement with the Emperor as their wish to continue in perpetual amity with England. They certainly appear to hold the King in high estimation.
f. 141. * * * "[have set] apart the obstacle of restitution of La ... as is afore expressed, and have begun to treat with us upon peace, amity and mo[ney] to be given to the Emperor as above, they thus did under this condition that the Emperor's ambassadors and I should labor and procure t[hat if] the Pope's holiness and the King's grace should move the said Emperor to restore unto them two towns, named Marane and Gradisca, [be]ing of no great importance, and this t[o] be done by the said Emperor's favor and benignity, and no band of confederation or article of peace," they in like manner will restore to the Emperor as many towns, and of greater value, [if] we promised thus to do. The ambassadors wrote immediately to the Pope, whose answer arrived last night, stating that he consent to do so, which is a great furtherance to our matters.
The ambassadors have asked Pace to desire the King "to write * * * [arri]vidde here comen from the Rhodes, who hath showed to this signory" that although 50,000 Turks were slain at the sieges, and the treason wrought within by the Chancellor had been discovered, for which he has been put to death, the town was still in jeopardy; but that even 500 men sent thither in time would cause the Great Turk to retire, as he only seeks such an occasion to depart with honor. The said Chancellor caused letters to be shot out of the town, bound to the arrows of a crossbow, to inform the Turk of all that was done within. The treason was discovered by a woman. 1,200 of the Rhodians are slain.
Has just been informed that letters have been received from Naples that a knight of Rhodes had arrived there to hasten the sending of succors, stating that 100,000 Turks had fallen by the sword or by sickness; among them 7,000 Janissaries, which is a severe loss to them, as they cannot supply horsemen so easily as foot. Their whole number of horse was not 11,000. Seventeen ships have left Naples for Rhodes with 4,000 good men, victuals and artillery. The weather is here so fair, that it is hoped they will arrive soon. A courier has just come with a copy of a letter to the viceroy of Naples, from a captain who came from Rhodes in great haste, stating that the Great Master had been compelled to surrender the town, on condition that he and the knights should depart with bag and baggage within ten days. This composition was made on the 21st Dec. "I pray God send us better tidings, for this is very sorrowful."
f. 143. * * * "We will labour here in the [best way] we can to bring these matters to an end, and in the meantime look for aid from the King and your grace; the said aid to be used in case that we shall not agree." This help must consist in two points; first, to induce the Venetians to give as much aid to the Emperor for the defence of Naples as they agree to give for Milan; 2dly, to induce them to give 300,000 ducats to the Emperor, if it may be; if not, to make the first payment of 200,000 ducats large, "as I have before written"; and as they have offered ten galleys for the defence of Naples, to induce them to add ten more. Rather than the matter should fail, the King might take something upon him as mediator, even if it were contrary to the Emperor's commission.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 13. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
23 Feb.
Vit. B. V. 145. B. M.
Gachard, Corresp. de Ch. V. et d'Adrian VI. 272. All the world knows the zeal of the late King and Queen Catholic (Ferdinand and Isabella) in behalf of the Catholic faith, whose footsteps Katharine has followed. Is writing to the King her husband touching the oppression of Christendom by the loss of Rhodes. Begs she will give effect to his exhortations like a good Catholic, and induce him to peace, or at least some good truce, by means of which the power of the Turk may be repressed. Rome, 23 Feb. 1523. Signed: A. pp. VI.
Sp., pp. 2. Add.
Vit. B. V. 146. B. M. 2849. [ADRIAN VI. to WOLSEY.]
After exhibiting his letters to the King and Queen, the Cardinal must inform them of the unfortunate loss of Rhodes, of which they have no doubt already heard. This and Belgrade were the outworks of Christendom, and now they are lost the Turk will with greater ease conquer Hungary, Sicily and Italy, and place the rest of Christendom and England itself in the greatest danger. He must show what a disgrace it would be if the see of the vicar of God were taken by them, owing to the dissensions of Christian princes, and the danger of Hungary, in which Henry is concerned by his connexion with the Emperor, whom he ought to assist, especially as it is well known that he is provided with ships and men, while Sicily and Italy are exhausted by war, and, considering themselves oppressed by the Emperor's viceroys, would not offer much resistance to the Turks.
Recommends public prayers and processions in England, on account of the sins of Christendom. Henry should act up to his title of Defender of the Faith against the present dangers, which are of more consequence than the schism, which he has almost extinguished. The first step should be a general peace, the report of which would restrain the Infidels from their attack, and give time to prepare for an invasion to recover from them what they have already taken. If a peace is objectionable, a truce for some years might be taken, to which the King could make no difficulty, as his affairs are in the best state, and it would be stipulated that things should remain as they now are. Rome would be the best place to negotiate it, because the ambassadors are there, and on account of the distrust felt by the sovereigns towards each other, and the difficulty of finding a mediator, a function which ought to belong to the Pope. Wishes Henry to send a mandate to his ambassador, with power to conclude a truce. If he refuse, Wolsey must tell him that Christendom does not deserve so badly of him as to be deserted at such a time, and to be refused such a small favor. Adrian also deserves as much consideration as his predecessor Leo. Has written to the same effect to Francis and the Emperor. The delay in writing arises from the doubt felt as to the truth of the reports about Rhodes. The last account states that the Grand Master, with the knights, had gone to Candia, while the Turk is repairing his fleet. The English ambassador should have power, not only to bind Henry to keep the truce, but also to declare himself enemy to those who break it.
Lat., pp. 4.
23 Feb.
Galba, B. VI. 6. B. M.
In behalf of a son of the maitre d'hotel, Brequeface, whom my Lady wishes to return in the company of a gentleman who is carrying a present of birds to the King. Malines, 23 Feb.
P.S. in his own hand.—No one rejoices more than the writer at Wolsey's good health and prosperity. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Mons. le legat d'Angleterre. Endd.
24 Feb.
Galba, B. VIII. 12. B. M.
Wrote last on the 21st from this town, enclosing a letter from John Dymmok to me, saying that Joos van Eely would come to me. He came last night, but told me nothing of importance about the king of Denmark beyond what I have already written, except that the ambassador who I said in my letter of the 21st had come hither, being so informed by a man of Dordrayght who travelled thence in his company, left Antwerp yesterday for Calais on his way to the King. He is Dr. Alixsaundyr, the Scotch doctor of physic, who was here with the king of Denmark. Eely says he would rather have gone to Scotland, if he could have found shipping, and will if possible go thither under the King's safeconduct.
I received yesterday, from Wm. Semper, your letters dated Westm., 4th inst., bidding me procure such writings from my Lady to her officers and subjects as will be necessary for the provision of the things which Semper has to purvey to the King. I sent to my Lady to ask an audience, and was appointed to be with her at five o'clock. She not only answered favorably, but called the Archbishop, who acts as Chancellor, and bid him take information of what was required, and then send out sufficient writings. I sent him an information this morning, and I hope the matter will be sped shortly. Semper has meanwhile gone to Antwerp on the same business. There is no news worth writing. Malines, 24 Feb. 1522.
Hol., pp. 2.
24 Feb.
R. O.
Mem. that by the Cardinal's warrant, dated 24 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII., Thos. Magnus received from Sir Henry Wyatt, for the army on the Scotch border, and to be issued for necessaries by command of the earl of Surrey, 20,000l.
Whereof: Advanced as prests to Sir Edw. Ringelay for providing cart horses, 260l. 14s. To Robt. Draper, Davy Milner, Thos. Atcliff and Edw. Madeson of Hull, for the ships, 2,358l. 16s. 2d. Coats and conduct money, 2,280l. Abode of certain persons at Newcastle before they entered into their month's wages, 830l. To Edw. Gray and others for keeping Wark castle, 55l. 12s. Wages from 25 March to 16 June: for the 1st month, 3,920l.; for the 2nd, 3,900l.; for the 3rd, 3,500l. Arrears: to the captain of Berwick and Candishe, 188l.; to the master of the ordnance, for finding the King's cart horses, &c., 589l. Wages of posts between London and Berwick, 57l. Rewards to Northumberland men, given by the lord Treasurer at the raid into Scotland, for pulling down Blaketer and other fortresses, 122l. 13s. 4d. At the raid, for pulling down Cesforth and other Fortresses in Tyvidaill, to the Bishopric men, 531l. 4s.; to the Northumberland men, 101l. Wages to persons for odd days before they were discharged homewards after the second month, 28l. 11s. 4d. Conduct money, 41l. 2s. 8d. Total, 16,575l. 13s. 6d.
Pp. 3.
25 Feb.
Vit. B. V. 149. B. M.
Three months ago sent over Paniagna, a servant of his, to find Bernardinus Berthelotus, who had been sent by the Pope some months before. The latter has returned, but the Archbishop can get no news of the other. The Pope has written to the duke of Albany, who had come hither, to exhort him to procure peace between the king of England and Scotland. Spoke to him in the Pope's name to the same effect. He consented to do so, and offered to send a messenger to Wolsey. Not knowing the King's and Wolsey's wishes, advised him to send his servant first to the lady Margaret, who would find out Wolsey's mind, and could give him a safeconduct. Asks Wolsey to give his servant leave to return. If it is true that Rhodes is taken, their two strongest fortresses against the Turk are gone. Poissy, 25 Feb. 1523. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
25 Feb.
Vit. B. V. 150. B. M.
Is probably unknown to her. When the Pope resolved to send a nuncio to each sovereign, was chosen to go to France. The duke of Albany is sending to England to arrange peace with Scotland, and, as two servants whom the writer had despatched to England have been detained for a long time, has advised him to send by Flanders. Asks her to send on the messenger with a safeconduct, and forward the enclosed letter to Wolsey, which is open for her to read. Urges her to use her influence with Henry and the Emperor in the interests of peace. Wishes she would write to the Emperor in that behalf. If so, will send her letters for him. Letters from Rome to the 14th state that the plague is abated, that the Pope is deliberating on the best defence against the Turks, and that he had recovered Rimini. The news from Spain of the 10th ult. is that the Emperor is at Valladolid, had liberated the duke of Calabria, &c. The French have succored Fontarabia, for the Spaniards were compelled to retreat by want of food. Poissy, 25 Feb. 1523. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add.
26 Feb.
R. O.
Has received his letter with marvellous news, "of which every true Christenman may take ensample to have perfect knowledge of Almighty God's works." Hopes God will make this a spectacle to them that they may forsake all things contrary to his pleasure. This is the greatest news that ever was heard, "and I think done for great ensample [to the in]tent that it may be seen that Almighty God is not pleased. His grace ... de us; we have enough to look upon." Has received the parliamentary writ, which he will obey to the uttermost of his power, but is now so weak he can neither go nor stand. Will send and tell the King of this, and let Darcy know his pleasure. Has never excused himself from serving his King, as the King's father knew. Darcy's acts will be more known and spoken of when he is dead than they are now. Has lived a long time, and seen much, but was never "so wholesomely set to school as your lordship hath taken pain to learn me." Hornby, 26 Feb. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add. Endorsement torn off.
28 Feb.
Galba, B. VIII. 13. B. M.
Wrote last on the xx[iv]. inst. that my Lady had ordered the archbp. of Palerme to make out the writings necessary for Wm. Sayntpeere to obtain the 5,000 last of barrels. I sent the Archbishop an instruction the next day in French; and, notwithstanding the great business by reason of the meeting of the general assembly this week, the Audiencer has been so diligent, that on the 26th I delivered to Sempere a fair commission under the Emperor's seal, authorizing him to do his business as fully as if for the Emperor. On the 24th a proposition was made, in presence of my Lady, the cardinal of Liege, and the estates spiritual and temporal, by the president of Malines, of which I enclose a copy. Although it lasted a long time, I was told my Lady spent half an hour in showing her mind, and adding points that had not been touched upon, in a manner that excited general admiration. Next day an answer was made by the estates, reciting the principal points of the former proposition, with thanks to the Emperor and my Lady, and requesting a respite till the 20th March, when they hoped to make an answer agreeable to the Emperor. The time was abridged by four days, and a peremptory answer is to be made on the 16th. Every one here is well disposed to help the Emperor.
The cardinal of Liege left on Wednesday, but will be here by the 16th. This morning I was with Hochstrate, who told me that the gentleman of Lorraine, who informed my Lady of the French king's intention to send 12,000 men with Ric. de la Pole into Scotland, now writes again from Ghent that everything is ready for De la Pole's passage. There is no other news of what the French king means to do. Seven vessels sent by the viceroy of Naples to Rhodes had arrived in safety. Two men of Holland who were sent to the king of Denmark in embassy, and detained a long time, causing the Danes here to be arrested until they were liberated, have returned, and state that the embassy from Denmark, now on its way to England, is sent to treat of peace for the Scots. The king of Denmark sees that, if the war continue, he can have no help against the Easterlings, either from the Emperor, the French king or the Scots. I have spoken with a man who came from Denmark 14 days after Christmas, who says their King and they do nothing but mischief to the King and his realm, and that he knows well the embassy is sent out of treachery; for France, Denmark and Scotland are linked together in enmity to England. Malines, 28 Feb. 1522.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
28 Feb.
Vit. B. V. 152. B. M.
2857. PACE to [WOLSEY].
* * * Sent a courier to the ... to say how far the [Em]peror's ambassadors and he had brought the Venetians. The matter is the same as then, except that the Venetians have added five [other] galleys to the ten mentioned in his said letter, for the defence of Naples. The Pope wishes the matter to come to an end, and has written to the Emperor's ambassadors rather to accept the conditions offered than let the conclusion of the peace against France slip, as the matter is of so much importance for the defence of the Emperor's lands in Italy. The ambassadors see the necessity, and the profit that would ensue, and "would * * data principis, licet ex altera parte urgeat necessitas." They have often written to know the Emperor's mind, but can get no answer; for he cannot send letters by land, and those by sea are often intercepted by French pirates. They have also asked the advice of the viceroy of Naples and the duke of Sessa, ambassador in place of don John Manuel, but both declined to meddle in such matters. Another difficulty is the restitution of Venetians banished for serving Maximilian against their country. The Emperor's ambassadors insist on the restitution of their property, while the Venetians will not restore more than a fourth. Was present at the discussion, and said it would be to the Emperor's eternal disgrace if he had not respect to those who had endangered themselves for his sake; that it was de jure gentium, and usual in such conclusions, while if they refused they would be reputed barbari potius quam viri civiles. To this they made no answer, but deferred it for further deliberation.
By letters from Messina finds that the succors sent to Rhodes have returned, hearing that the place was surrendered. There has been no letter from the Grand Master since 21 Dec. It is rumored that he and his knights have gone to Candia, and intend to come to Messina, while the Turk has returned to Constantinople. Venice, this last of Feb.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4.
Calig. E. III. 17. B. M. 2858. SANDYS to HENRY VIII.
Sends a schedule of news received from a spy. His son promises he will write to his father in all diligence. Desires munition for the castle. Hears there are 15,000 men of war at Langstrete, and others are secretly assembling. Certain ships are laden with munitions of war in Holland. Guisnes, 9 ... Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: To the [King's] majesty.
f. 19. ii. [The French spy] to his father.
The French king is very ill; the Dauphin said to be poisoned. Musters are taking place 18 leagues beyond Paris. The drum beats the villages to arms against the English.
Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Apparently enclosed in the preceding.
Calig. B. VI. 249. B. M. Ellis, 3 Ser. 320. 2859. FOX, BISHOP OF WINCHESTER, to WOLSEY.
Received his letter this evening, desiring to know whether the late King made any ordinance for the subduing of Scotland, and if Fox had any writings thereof, or, if none, what knowledge of the said enterprise. During the wars between Henry VII. and the Scots, was for the great part with his household at Norham. My lord Daubeney was appointed for the invasion, as Wm. Pawne can inform him; as also can my lord Chamberlain and Mr. Lovell. Knows not if there were any indentures for the war. No person indented for this, since the death of the earl of Northumberland, father to the Earl that now is. Thinks it desirable a warden should be made for the East and Middle Marches; and if Dacre would leave his son and brother upon the West Marches, he would be right meet to keep the East and the Middle. Gives his opinion as to their fees. Winchester, Thursday.
Pp. 3. Add.: My lord Cardinal, &c., chancellor and legate.
Calig. B. II. 305. B. M. 2860. SCOTLAND.
"Copy (by Magnus) of an article of the old league between France and Scotland," touching their mutual obligation to make war upon England.
P.1. Endd.
Inventory of goods belonging to the King by forfeiture of lady Agnes Hungerford, widow, attainted of murder, Hilary term 14 Hen. VIII. (fn. 2)
Plate and Jewels.—A silver basin and ewer, parcel gilt, with the Hungerford arms in the bottom. 2 wreathed salts, double gilt. 2 flat silver gilt bowls, with knots of sickles in the bottom. 2 silver gallon pots, wreathed with the Hungerford arms. A pair of double gilt salts, with roses. A silver shaving basin, with an ewer. A silver-gilt goblet, with a child on the cover. A "leyer" of silver, double gilt, with a strawberry on the top. A little silver bottle, with a chain, double gilt. 3 doz. silver spoons, with knots of sickles on the head. 6 silver gilt spoons, with maidens' heads on the end. A great silver double gilt spoon, with the Hungerford arms at the end. A silver spoon, with "myn assuryd truthe" written at the end. A silver gilt spoon, with "A" graved on the end. Two forks and spoons double gilt, for green ginger. A silver double gilt fork, with lyberts graved on the end. 3 double gilt silver "chales." 6 parcel gilt ernets. A double gilt Pax, with a crucifix, and Mary and John. A silver sacring bell. A silver holy water stock, with a knot of sickles on the side, and a silver holy water stick, &c.
Ornaments belonging' to the Chapel.—2 parchment mass books, with silver gilt clasps. A great French book of parchment, with 2 silver clasps. An altar-front of red damask, with a crucifix embroidered with Mary and John. A pair of vestments and a red damask cope. A front and a pair of vestments of white damask, with a blue cope. An altar-front and pair of vestments, of red and green satin of Bruges, embroidered with the garter. A crimson and green velvet corprax, embroidered with C and A in gold. 2 linen cloth fronts, with black letters. A "canabe" of russet velvet, fringed with red and green silk, with all things belonging to the sepulchre, &c.
The Hall.—Three pieces of red and green say paned. 4 tables, with forms. A cupboard.
The Parlor.—A spruce table, with 2 joined forms. A doz. joined stools.
The Chamber.—A trussing bed, with a red and green sarcenet sparver and curtains.
The Nursery.—A sparver of red and green say, and a cupboard.
The Queen's Chamber.—A hanging of red say, with a hundred pair of pine apples, embroidered with gold, to put on the hangings, &c.
The Middle Chamber.—A new arras hanging, a counterpane and a sparver paned with crimson tinsel and black velvet, with red and green sarcenet curtains. A joined cupboard, &c.
The Great Chamber.—A hanging, ceiler and tester of arras. A chest, with 2 red and green sarcenet sparvers.
The Chapel Chamber.—A hanging of red say, embroidered with branches. A sparver and curtains of red and green sarcenet, and a counterpoint of verder.
The Lylly Chamber.—Red say hanging and sparver, and a plain cupboard.
Knyghton Chamber.—Red say hanging. White ceiler and tester, with Cornish choughs upon it. A counterpoint, white quilt, joined cupboard, and carpet.
Wardrobe Chamber.—7 velvet cushions, divers colors, embroidered with C and A in gold. 4 russet damask cushions, with E. C. A.; one, black and white velvet, with A and C; other cushions embroidered with branches and roses. 6 fine carpets for cupboards. 4 great table carpets, of arras and verder. 7 bastard carpets, for cupboards and tables. A red and yellow silk quilt. A hanging for the chapel, of red and green say. 23 feather beds; 6 of down, on one of which 6 persons may lie. 2 feather beds at the Black Friars at Salisbury. 7 palett beds in the place of Hachebery. 10 pair of blankets. 2 red mantles.
The Gallery Chamber.—A great chest bound with iron, covered with leather, with 2 locks, containing 24 pr. of sheets of Normandy canvas, 4 chests with old writings, a spruce table and a bastard carpet. In a window, a great glass, and beneath it a carpet.
A Chamber within the Gallery.—A trussing bed, the sparver of white and black damask paned, embroidered in gold with A and D. A leather chest with 4 locks, containing sheets, and an ivory image with silver "gymalls." The hangings of red say. A glass in the window, with a knot of sickles in the cover. In a press in a closet, 2 pieces of "past" embroidered with gold letters C and A, and one piece with knots of sickles. A new horse harness of black velvet, with gilt bit and bosses. A side saddle covered with black velvet. Parcel gilt stirrups and spurs. A "sugre stue," containing 100 bags of white soap. A press full of glasses with waters in them. 2 crossbows, with their racks. A coffer with spices.
The Women's Chamber.—Red say hanging and sparver. A great chest, containing 34 down pillows, a pair of bryggyn irons with gilt knots of sickles, 2 crimson velvet horse harnesses, napkins of diaper and Normandy canvas, 5 new board cloths for the hall, &c. A coffer containing sheets and cupboard cloths, and the Hungerford pedigree. A great white box with the sickle on it, containing "my jointure and my husband's testament and his father's," with other writings.
The Cellar.—½ tun of Gascon wine. 12 torches of clean wax wrought with gold.
The Buttery.—Tablecloths and buckram napkins. 1½ doz. bell candlesticks. A sheath of carving knives with ivory hafts. 1½ doz. leathern pots.
The Kitchen.—"5 garnish pewter vessel." 6 "brochis," round and square. 4 racks and dripping pans.
The Storehouse.—21 pots. 4 chaffers. 20 pans and kettles; 6 of 2 bushels. 2 frying pans. 2 "gyrde irons." 4 dressing knives. 4 bowls for the larder. A laten straining basin. A pipe of bay salt. 2 brazen mortars.
The Brewhouse.—A furnace. 4 great vats. 6 kelders of 100 gallons. 30 beer barrels. 4 bowls. 4 buckets. 11 sacks. 2 winnowing sheets of sackcloth and canvas. 2 "heyrys" for the kiln.
Of sown grain.—240 acres, 120 being wheat. 80 acres meadow land.
The Grange Place.—10 great and 2 small cart horses. 2 plough oxen. A great grey colt, and a bay colt, for the saddle. A bay ambling gelding. 3 "comyng" saddles of white buff 2 iron-bound carts. A four-wheel wagon, iron-bound. Gear for the plough. 200 ewes, with their lambs.
Farley Castle.—6 score pair of Almain rivets and brigandines. 50 sheaf of arrows. 80 bills. A pipe full of mail "of a purves and gorgets." 200 saletts and a pavilion.
Raiment.—A crimson velvet gown, with French sleeves, lined and bordered with tinsel. Other gowns of russet and black velvet and tawny camlet; kirtles of purple and black satin, popyngay color and tawny camlet; sleeves of crimson tinsel, cloth of gold and damask, green tinsel and yellow satin; ribbons; gold frontlets lined with tawny velvet, crimson and white satin; a frontlet of green satin, with a gold caul, and flat gold underneath. 2 velvet bonnets. An egg of goldsmith work, "for a past," set with pearl; the weight 91b. 2 eggs of gold of damask, for the same past. 14 score pearls of 8d. each. 24 ropes of small pearl. 34 knots of small pearl, with truelove knots. A great golden flower, and in it "a saffer, an amytys (amethyst) and a gret perle." A flower of fine rubies, with a "trulufe." 3 orient pearls. "A flower of gold, full of sparks of diamonds, set about with pearls, and the Holy Ghost in the midst of it." A gold table, with the picture of St. Christopher. A heart of gold in hand, with a wide "shleve"(?) enamelled white and blue. A great gold brooch, with a man and a woman, value 4l. 2 gold brooches, with St. Katharine, 5 mks. 35 pr. of gold aglets, 4l. 13s. 4d. 6 gold buttons, with hearts enamelled on them. 6 gold buttons with E and A. A gold chain weighing 41 lb. A gold table with the Passion of Christ hanging from it. Smocks of holland and cambric. 8 partlets of Cyprus, garnished with gold and Spanish work. 3 white partlets, wrought with scole work; another of black satin, furred with black lamb. A casket of sewing silk containing 24 quarterns of Venice gold. 3 pipes of damask gold. "5s. of voyde money to dyvers seynts." 2 gold rings, one with "a nemrorde," with 4 sparks of diamonds. 2 gold hoops wrought like a strawberry. A scarlet gaberdine, guarded with velvet. Debts owing by Dame Anne Dawers, Wilts; Wm. Bonname, Wyshford; Wm. Jonnes, Marleborowe; Robt. Tommes, Red Aston; John Stanlake, Warnloster; and Ric. Inge, Hachebery.
In my husband's House at Charyng Crosse.—7 beds, 4 pots, 4 pans, 2 kettles, "a garnish and half vessell," &c.
At Greenwich Park, with Thos. Trossell.—2 nags, dun and skewed. 2 side saddles, black velvet and fustian.
At Fayrley.—100 loads of hay.
My husband's raiment in my son-in-law's keeping.—A black velvet gown lined with sarcenet, and the forequarters with tinsel. A yellow satin doublet, the foresleeves and "plagarde" of cloth of gold. A black tinsel jacket, which cost 15l. A crimson velvet coat laid under with cloth of silver. Doublet and coat of black satin. A bonnet of black velvet, with a brooch, 5 mks.
Pp. 22.
Feb./GRANTS. 2862. GRANTS in FEBRUARY 1523.
1. Rob. Draper. Protection for Th. Rede, of London, dyer, alias taverner, in his retinue. Signed and sealed by Draper. Del. Westm., 1 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
1. Wm. West, groom of the Privy Chamber. To be keeper of the King's counting house in Westminster Palace. Del. Westm., 1 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 16.
2. Ric. Warwyk. Lease of a watermill called "Halford mille," in the lordship of Snyterfeld, Warw., part of Warwick's lands, with "le yare" belonging to it, and land called "Lytelclosse" at Millefurdend, and the separate fishery of the river Store from the mill to Halfordebrigge, and thence with half the water to the higher end of Aylesyare; for 21 years; rent 40s., and 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 2 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
3. John Archer, of Epping, Essex. Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Del. Westm., 3 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
3. David de la Roche, captain of the Mawdlen of Powle. Protection for Edm. Akched, alias Patys, alias Hakhed, of Leeds, Yorkshire, alias of Derham, clothier, alias chapman. Signed by De la Roche. "Teste Rege," 3 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
4. Commissions of Gaol Delivery.—Norwich Circuit.—Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke and Th. Fitzhugh. Westm., 4 Feb.
Western Circuit.—John Fitzjamys, Rob. Norwyche and Th. Elyott. Westm., 4 Feb.
York Castle and City.—Anth. Fitzherbert, John Porte and Th. Stray. Westm., 4 Feb.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19d.
4. Th. Adams, of London, "pulter." Pardon for clipping and then uttering the current coin. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
4. Sir Edw. Gorges. Wardship of Thomas, s. and h. of John Arthure. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 8.
4. Th. Salisbury. Lease of a fulling mill in Maysmaynen, late in tenure of John ap Pellyn, in the lordship of Deffrencloid, with Ruthyn town, and watercourses thereto belonging; for 21 years; rent 10s., and 16s. 8d. of increase. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
4. Nich. Stanred, of London, butcher. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Anth. Ughtredd, captain of Berwick. Signed and sealed by Ughtredd. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
6. Commissions of Gaol Delivery.—Midland Circuit.—Sir Humph. Conyngesby, John Carell, and John Jenour. Westm., 6 Feb.
Oxford Circuit.—Sir Lewis Pollard, Thos. Inglefeld, and Rob. Brudenell, jun. Westm., 6 Feb.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19d.
6. Edw. Decka, yeoman of the Guard. To be forester of Sourby and Sourebyshyre, and keeper of "le Mote Hall" of Wakefeld, York, with 1½d. a day, and 6s. 8d. yearly for a cloak as forester, and 2d. a day as keeper. "T.," Westm., 6 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 23 (undated).
6. Miles Brykehed and Joan his wife. Lease of a watermill in the lordship of Thorp and Achurch, Northt, now in tenure of the said Miles, of pastures in the great close called Conygarth there, and of closes called Lytell Conygerth and Lyttylholme, "le Parke" in the castle there, Willougholte, and Cheker garden, parcel of the countess of Richmond's lands; for 21 years; rent 7l., and 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
6. Arthur Purde, student at Oxford. Grant, at the suit of his father, Wm. Purde, of the pension which the bishop elect of Worcester is bound to give to a clerk nominated by the King. Guildford, 24 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Feb.—P.S.
6. Peter Seman, captain of The Gabriell. Protection for Th. Heynes, of London, butcher. Signed by Seman. [Del.] 6 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
6. Peter Seman. Protection for Ric. Mychell, of London, butcher. Signed. [Del.] 6 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
6. Owen Whitton, yeoman usher of the Chamber. To be comptroller of the King's works and surveyor in the manors of Wodstok, Havebergh, Stonefeld and Wot ton, Oxf., with firewood, pasture, &c., on surrender by Rob. Weyghthill of patent 7 Feb. 1 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 10.
7. John Horner, of London, freeman, alias sherman. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 7 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII. (No date of delivery.)—P.S.
7. Sir Th. Norton, master of Burton St. Lazarus of Jerusalem in England, and keeper of St. Giles's hospital without the bars of the Old Temple, London. Protection. Westm., 7 Feb.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
8. Rob. Kyrke, captain of The Criste. Protection for Wm. Maunsell, of Gaytford, York. Signed by Kyrke. "Teste," 8 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
8. Rob. Kyrke. Protection for Nich. Ewen, of London, coppersmith. Signed. "Teste," 8 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
8. Rob. Kyrke. Protection for Wm. Courtman, of London, brewer. Signed. "Teste," 8 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
9. Ric. Jamys, of London, haberdasher. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Eltham, 2 Jan. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Feb.—P.S.
10. Blasius Lotyn, native of Flanders. Denization. Del. Westm. 10 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
11. Ralph Warbleton, yeoman of the Crown. Lease of the manor of Lytlehumbre, closes called Oxgrenes and Westgrenes, and a pasture called Newlond, in the lordship of Holdernesse, York, late of the duke of Buckingham, for 21 years; rent 12l. 13s. 4d. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. [14] Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Justices of Assize.
Western Circuit.—Th. Elyot, with John Fitzjames and Rob. Norwiche. Westm., 12 Feb.
Oxford Circuit.—Rob. Brudenell, jun., and John West, with Lewis Pollerd and Th. Englefild. Westm., 12 Feb.
Home Circuit.—Simon Fitz, with Sir John Fyneux and John More. Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15d.
12. Th. Benett, yeoman of the Guard. To be parker of "le Home Parke," alias New Park, in the lordship of Thornebury, Glouc., forfeited by Buckingham; with 4d. a day, and herbage and pannage from 13 May 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. [14] Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
12. John Huntley, groom of the Chamber. To be keeper of Morlewoode park, the warren called Mylbourne Heth, and the wood called Fylner, in the lordship of Thornebury, Glouc., with 4d. a day; forfeited by Buckingham. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
12. Th. Jameson, of York, merchant. Licence to export 100 sacks of Yorkshire wool, at Kingston-on-Hull. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
12. Geo. Kyrkham and Rob. Kyrkham. To be stewards and bailiffs of Rokyngham and Little Weldon, Northt., and keepers of the laund of Morehey in Rokyngham Forest, and of Horeshawes woods. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
12. Rob. Thomas, yeoman of the Guard. To be parker of Estwoode in the lordship of Thornebury, Glouc., forfeited by Buckingham; with 4d. a day. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
Contemporary copy of the preceding. Pp. 2.—R. O.
14. Commission of the Peace.
Wilts.—Th. card. of York, R. bp. of Winchester, Wm. lord Stourton, John Tuchett lord Audeley, John Fitzjames, Rob. Norwich, Sir John Bourchier, Sir Edw. Darell, Sir John Seymour, Sir Hen. Long, Wm. Paulett, Sir Edw. Beynton, John Skellyng, Jas. Lowder, Th. Elyott, Anth. Spylman, John Yorke, Barth. Husse, Rob. Keylewey, John Bonham and Hen. Pauncefote. Westm., 14 Feb.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
16. Commission of the Peace.
Hants.—Th. card. of York, W. abp. of Canterbury, R. bp. of Winchester, T. bp. of Bangor, Th. earl of Arundel, Wm. lord Mautravers, John Tuchett lord Audeley, Th. West lord de la Warre, John Fitzjames, chief baron of the Exchequer, Rob. Norwiche, Sir Wm. Sandis, Sir. Wm. Uvedale, Sir Arthur Plantagenett, Sir John Lysley, Sir Geo. Puttenham, Ric. Lyster, Jas. Worseley, Wm. Paulett, jun., Wm. Froste, Ralph Pexsall, Stephen Coope, John Kailwey, Wm. Pounde, Wm. Dysnay, Nich. Tychebourne, Ric. Andrewes and Peter Fylpott. Westm., 16 Feb.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
17. Th. Wasteleyn, of Borneby, Linc. Summons to appear before the surveyors of Crown lands at Westminster, in the Prince's Council Chamber, to answer the accusations of John Clerk, on penalty of 40l. Greenwich, 17 Feb. [14 Hen. VIII.]—P.S.b.
18. Philip Fulford and John Byrte. Lease of the fishery of the weirs of Poundewere, Lawndewere and Newmyll, in the lordship of Coryryvell, (fn. 3) parcel of the countess of Richmond's lands; for 21 years; rent 20s., and 26s. 8d. of newly approved rent. Del. Westm., 18 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
18. Peter Hewet, chaplain. Presentation to the church of Northcove, Norwich dioc., vice Th. Byngeley, resigned. Westm., 18 Feb.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6.
18. John Hyggons, chaplain. Presentation to Whitynton church, vice Wm. Hall, resigned. Westm., 18 Feb.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
18. Ric. Legh and John Freman. Grant of the corrody in the monastery of Spaldyng, surrendered by John Copynger, to whom and John Brent, alias Fitzakarley, deceased, it was granted by letters patent of the convent. Del. Westm., 18 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
20. John Mugrudge, clk. Presentation to the church of Winterbourn Erles, Salis. dioc., vice Geo. Sedenham, the King's chaplain, resigned. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
23. Jas. Willyamson, alias Johnson, of Addiswod, Chesh. Pardon for murder of Roger Woode. Del. Westm., 23 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
24. Rob. Collyngwode, of Estlyngton, Northumb. Annuity of 20 marks, during pleasure, from the customs of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and from the issue of the lands assigned for payment of the garrison of Berwick. Del. Westm., 24 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
25. John George, alias Arnold. Lease of certain fisheries in the honor of Walyngford, Oxf., for 21 years. Del. Westm., 25 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
25. Humph. Thomas, clk. Presentation to the church of Towey, co. Merioneth, Bangor dioc., vice Wm. Tofte (or Toste), clk., resigned. Greenwich, 22 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII. "Teste," Westm., 25 Feb.—P.S.
26. Peter Seman, captain of The Gabryell. Protection for Hen. Hasylhurste, of London, surgeon, alias barber. Signed by Seman. [Del.] 26 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
26. Wm. Tanckard. Lease of the toll near Bowbrigge, York, parcel of the lordships of Middilham and Richmond, called "le Lymyngtak & Milvytak;" for 21 years; rent 26s. 8d., and 13s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 26 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
28. John Newington, of London, mercer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais, to escape from his creditors. Del. Westm., 28 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII—S.B. Fr. 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
28. Jasper Penn. Protection for John Staunton, of London, brewer. Signed by Penn. [Del.] 28 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.


  • 1. Styles him "Suavis pater."
  • 2. She was hanged at Tyburn in Feb. 1523, and this inventory seems to have been drawn up by herself.
  • 3. Corywell on Pat. Roll.