Henry VIII: August 1523, 1-10

Pages 1338-1343

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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August 1523

1 Aug.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 50 b. B. M.
3215. DACRE to SURREY.
Sends a letter from Chr. Threlkeld, and two sent by him from Norham, where he remains, as Surrey wished. Sends also a letter to Surrey from the queen of Scots, which he opened on account of a clause in his servant's letter, but found nothing in it relating to the said clause. As Surrey will see, she would fain be away. Advises him to write to her, suggesting that if Albany does not keep his diet of coming, she should gain over all the lords she can, and bring about that the young King be taken forth. As to her request for the abbot of Yedworth, Surrey can say he has spoken to Dacre, and can send letters as she wishes. He had better send the letters for her directed to John More, Dacre's clerk, at Morpeth, as Dacre will be away, and More will send them on. Hexham, 1 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
2 Aug.
Galba, B. VIII. 42. B. M.
3216. TRADE with FRANCE.
Petition to the King by Collart le Mahieu, Jehan Caudry, Jehan Cornette, Baudouin Barbieur and Christopher Chocquel, for a licence to trade with France similar to that which they have obtained from the Emperor, of which a copy is attached; along with what Madame has written in that behalf to the sieur De Praet.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated.
Ibid. f. 43. ii. The licence above alluded to, granted by the Emperor for the term of a year, for all sorts of merchandize not expressly forbidden, except herrings. Brussels, 31 July 1523.
Fr., pp. 3, copy.
Ibid. f. 44. iii. Passport in pursuance of the above, by Florys d'Egmont, Count de Buren, captain general. Brussels, 2 Aug. 1523.
Fr., p. 1, copy.
2 Aug.
Vit. B. V. 197. B. M.
Commission to Russell to treat with Charles V. and the duke of Bourbon. London, 2 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII.
Draft, pp. 2. Lat.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 163.
2. Memorial of such things as Sir John Russell shall say to the duke of Bourbon; sc., that the King perceives, by the letters of Bewrayn, and the credence of the Duke's secretary Chasteau, the bearer, the agreement passed between the Duke and the Emperor as well for his marriage as for a war against France. Also that the King's ambassador, who was to have been present, could not be there in consequence of the danger of the way; for which the King is sorry, but has despatched afresh "his said trusty" servant in disguise, furnished with a commission and articles to be passed between the King and the Duke. Sir John shall then note what answer the Duke makes, and show him the paper containing the King's articles, "wherein is mentioned and contained none exception ne relation to the Emperor touching the acceptation of the King's grace by the said Duke as his natural and sovereign liege lord;" and he shall state that the articles are conformable with the clauses already passed "between the Emperor and him." He shall then receive from the Duke a similar book of articles, and take his oath for the performance thereof. He shall tell the Duke that if it would have suited his commodity, considering the lateness of the season, the King would have preferred the enterprise to have been put off till next summer. However, for the Duke's sake he is content to send an army into Picardy, according to the articles which Sir John shall deliver to the Duke. Should he then make any objection to recognize the King as his sovereign, Sir John shall use every argument to urge him thereto. If he does not succeed, he shall say that the King is content to have a book of articles passed, in which the clause touching recognition is qualified. He shall then request the Duke to send directly to his friends in Picardy to assist the King's army, and further the enterprise; and shall ask him where the 100,000 crowns, to be advanced by the King, shall be paid to the best exchange, telling him that the King has a puissant army in readiness, with artillery, to be transported to Calais the last day of this month.
When Sir John passes the lady Margaret, he shall make the King's recommendation, and deliver her Wolsey's letter, and shall ascertain her that his grace's army will be ready by the 25th, and desire that the 3,000 horse and 3,000 foot on the part of the Emperor may be ready.
In Tuke's hand.
2 Aug.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 60. B. M.
Has spoken today with master Heron. He asks for respite in sealing the indentures and obligation, but will keep the tryst with Sir Philip and the county, on Thursday next, at Harbottle, and wishes an answer to be sent to him there. He cannot fix a day to enter this month, as specified in the indentures, as he is very poor, and must have something in hand to begin with. He asks, therefore, for 20 marks beforehand of his fee, and for a loan of 20l., for which he will pledge his rent out of Caldwell, now in lady Curwen's hands, as part of her feoffment, and will assign her other lands in Northumberland; Caldwell to become Dacre's, if not redeemed in a certain time. If Dacre can do this, will seal the indentures and the obligation on Thursday, and enter immediately. If not, the matter must be postponed till he can speak with him. His request is for very necessity, and he will not "flytt" from Dacre, nor from what he has promised, whatever shift he has to make. Newcastle, 2 Aug. Signed also by Sir John Heron.
Hol., p. 1. Add. and sealed.
3 Aug.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 52. B. M.
Has received his letter, stating that "my cousin" Sir Wm. Heron cannot enter one day this month according to the indentures, and has therefore postponed the sealing of the obligation till Thursday, but will keep the tryst with Sir Philip and the country on that day; and that he desires to have, "by way of borowgate," 20 mks. as part of his fee, and to borrow 20l. upon his rents of Caldwell, which lady Curwen has in feoffment, assigning her other lands of the same value, and Caldwell to become Dacre's if not redeemed within a certain period. Has never seen wages paid or entry made, except at the term day, when everything shall be truly paid according to the indenture. Trusts Sir Wm. Heron will not fail on his part. If he enter now, as he promised Surrey, will move his Lordship to put some of the King's garrisons under him; and, until Dacre comes, those now there shall remain. Seeing that his son and Sir Wm. are so near allied, "remembering the Greys as passed," it does not become him to meddle with his lands, except by exchange, as his son will hereafter have his great strength in Northumberland by him and his. Naward, 3 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
3 Aug.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 56. B. M.
3220. SURREY to DACRE.
Received yesterday his letter with those enclosed, and has sent them to the Cardinal. Has written two letters to the queen of Scots, and encloses copies, that he may send both, one, or neither, as he thinks best. Has written one for the Scotch to see. He is to do as he thinks best about the abbot of Jedworth, without making him any assurance. Wishes him to put the Scots in some fear, that they may the more incline to good ways, and to practise by means of money with some of the noblemen for taking out the young King and forsaking Albany. Overton, 3 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
Add. MS.
24,965. f. 54. B. M.
Has received two letters from her of the 19th July. Begs her to trust the King, and assures her she will always find him what she would wish him to be. As to her wish that he should devise divers ways how her intended purpose may be brought about, wrote his mind on the matter by Wm. Hedrington when he went to the King. Will not speak of it now, as he distrusts the conveyers of this letter; but she shall hear shortly from Dacre. For peace there is only one way, which Hedrington showed her. Will be more glad to hear her speak of it than any one else. Asks her not to be displeased with him if more hurt is done to Scotland, which will be owing to the noblemen who so long believe Albany's feigned promises. Dacre shall show the abbot of Jedworth Surrey's mind, and, if he is good to her, Surrey will favor him. Will do what he can for her lands in the Marsh.
P. 1, copy.
Add. MS.
24,965. f. 55. B. M.
Hears that the Frenchmen in Scotland report that Albany is coming to Scotland with a great power, and that Ric. de la Pole will land in England, which she may be sure will not come to pass, nor would the French king dare to do it. They are but feigned words to beguile the noblemen of Scotland. Thinks that those who believe in Albany's coming will be deceived. The time is coming for doing more damage to Scotland than ever, by destroying their corn, and this will be done without fail, unless the lords act differently towards the King. Will be sorry for it, for her sake and her son's, but must do as he is commanded. Prays God to give the Scotch council grace to do what will be most to the weal of the King and realm, which, he thinks, is not to take part with one who favors De la Pole.
P. 1, copy.
4 Aug.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 53. B. M.
The King her brother is contented with her purposes and ways, as she will see by the Treasurer's letters now sent to her. The King's displeasure arose from her inclination to Albany, which she could not avoid, seeing she was in Scotland. Sends her another letter made by the Treasurer's advice, which she may show to those of the Lords whom she thinks most inclined to her and her son, to persuade them to set him at liberty. Naward, 4 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
4 Aug.
Add. M.S. 24,965. f. 52b. B. M.
The letters she sent by "the man ye wot of" for the good of peace were very long in coming, "as ye may perceive by your answer hereafter written made by me." Surrey is her good friend, and she may trust to his mediation for her with the King and Wolsey, if she will act for the safety of her son, and abandon the false contrived ways of Albany, who undoubtedly intends to assert his father's claim to the crown and to destroy her son. But the King will never condescend to peace, unless James's safety is plain to him and all other Christian princes, when he will be desirous of peace. He is sorry for the damage sustained by his nephew's subjects, and does not wish any great damage to be done before the Assumption, which is the time fixed for Albany's return; afterwards, unless the Lords leave Albany, and provide for the King's safety and their own honor, "the most troublous world to ensue immediately." If, however, any of the Lords would undertake to set the King at liberty, and allow him to rule with their advice and hers, they should be so treated, and their charges sustained, that they should be contented therewith. Thus Scotland would have peace with all realms, and their merchants gain wealth. The French will do them no good, but send fair w[ords] and promises, abusing them for their own pleasure, as they have always doen, especially when need required. If it be true that the Duke associates with "one of the vilest caitiffs of the world, named Richard de la Pole," for the prosecution of his claim to England, to the prejudice of the King and his issue, and in lack thereof to her prejudice and that of her son, it cannot be to her interest to favor him. Naward, 4 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
4 Aug.
Le Glay, Négoc. &c. II. 589.
League, offensive and defensive, between Charles V., Henry VIII., archduke Ferdinand and the duke of Bourbon. (fn. 1)
The Duke agrees to serve the Emperor without reserve. The king of England consents to the Emperor's wishes in everything, on condition of his giving his sister the queen of Portugal, or Madame Katharine, to Bourbon, before the end of the month, at Perpignan, with a dowry of 100,000 cr., to be paid in three portions. Bourbon will endow the Lady with 15,000 cr. a year, from Beaujunois and other lands.
The Emperor is to lead or send his army to Narbonne before the last of August, to provide 10,000 Almain foot to march with Bourbon within eight days after requisition, and 100,000 cr. for their pay, and that of the rest of his army, with whom he will march where he thinks best, immediately on the Emperor's entry into France. Henry will make a descent on Normandy during this month, and will furnish 100,000 cr. for Bourbon's army.
The Archduke to be comprehended in the league, and no appointment made without including Bourbon.
From the necessity of secrecy and haste, it has not been possible to have the presence of gentlemen of the long robe, according to custom; and Bourbon and Beaurain advise that this note be signed for the present.
Articles between Henry VIII. and Bourbon.
(1.) The treaty between them to be similar to that between Bourbon and the Emperor against Francis. (2.) Bourbon to assist Henry in recovering all his rights, titles, lands, &c. detained by Francis; and (3.) to declare himself an enemy of Francis, and assist Henry immediately on the descent of his army into France. (4.) Henry to invade Picardy, personally or by lieutenant, before the first (last) day of the present month of August. (5.) Bourbon promises to assist the said army by his friends and servants as much as possible, and, if Francis offer battle to the English, will march with all speed to join them, with his horse and foot, and the 10,000 lansquenets promised by the Emperor, to the pay of which Henry will contribute. (6.) When the said lansquenets are in his service, and he has declared against Francis, Henry will furnish 100,000 g. cr. to be paid from month to month by persons deputed by him. (7.) Henry is content that no appointment be made by any of the contrahents with France, without Bourbon. (8.) As to Henry's demand that Bourbon should recognise him as his sovereign, this point shall be remitted to the Emperor's pleasure. (9.) It not being possible to have lawyers, these will be the articles, without waiting for their being regularly drawn up. The above were signed by Henry, 4 Aug. 1523.
5 Aug.
R. O.
3226. SHIPS.
Notarial instrument, executed at Middleburgh, 5 Aug. 1523, by which Thos. Swordbrake, Englishman in the King's service, and Wm. Honthynck, Englishman, of Middleburgh, certify that Wm. Beynam, English merchant of the staple at Calais, has paid the wages of the crews of certain ships in the King's service, according to an agreement between the lady Margaret and Dr. Knight, and has offered wages to other crews at Camfer or Veere, who have refused to take them. Beynam does not dare to offer a larger sum than agreed upon, and has therefore carried home the money, amounting to 500 cr. of gold.
Vellum. Lat. Endd.: Indentures and other reckonings paid in Zeland for Semper.
6 Aug.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 61. B. M.
Asks him to write to the judges at the assize in Appulby on behalf of John Warrener, of Kendal, a poor man, whose farmhold was claimed by his brother, and whom Dacre assisted two years ago. His brother intends to make suit for it again, with the assistance of Sir Roger Bellingham. Kendal, 6 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
6 Aug.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 62. B. M.
3228. ADAM TRUMBULL, of Bullerwell, to DACRE.
Has received his letter desiring to ransom Rolland Atzensone. Sir Christopher and Dacre's servants have harried Trumbull many times, and Atzensone was taken at the burning of the laird of Farnehirst's lands, which Trumbull has "in tak." Has given no cause for this treatment. However, if Dacre will be good lord to him, will be reasonable in ransoming him. Bullerwell, "Fursday," 6 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
7 Aug.
Calig. E. I. 34. B. M.
3229. The TOWN OF CA[LAIS] to _.
As soon as they obtain news from their servant at the French court, will communicate their information for the King and Cardinal. Since the departure of the French king [to Bo]lleyn, the seigneur Ponderemy had spoken to Bougaynville, begging an introduction to their servant, who refused to have any communication with him till they heard from the King and Wolsey. Ponderemy and Fayete are at variance. The French king favors the latter against Ponderemy, Dourrier and other gentlemen of Picardy. Calais, 7 Aug.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
8 Aug.
P. S.
3230. HENRY VIII. To _.
As they have not paid the loan on the days appointed by the commissioners, orders them to pay Sir Thos. Lucy, appointed collector to receive the same, or else, without excuse and delay, appear personally before the King and Council at Westminster Palace within eight days. Richmond, 8 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII.
10 Aug.
R. O. St. P. I. 117.
Has just received from Pace very good news. Notwithstanding the difficulties occasioned by the delay of Don Ferdinand, a treaty has been concluded between the Emperor and the Venetians. Sends a summary of its contents. (fn. 2) Thinks this is the work and operation of Almighty God; and albeit the year has so far passed, notable effects will follow.
Is informed by his secretary in the Latin tongue (fn. 3) that, by letters of the duke of Ferrar to Gregory de Casalis, the said Duke has taken the order of France, and declines the order of the Garter. Westminster, 10 Aug. Signed.
10 Aug.
R. O. St. P. VI. 167.
The King is much surprised that he has received no letters since their last mentioning the arrival of Jernegan. This is a great disadvantage to his affairs, as the negotiations of Beaureyn with the Duke have been concluded, as they will see by the copy of his letter enclosed. Sends them also a copy of Russell's instructions. Though the King has received no word from the Emperor, and Beaureyn has staid long at Genoa, the King has set forward his army, which will be at Calais on the 25th. They are to urge the Emperor to follow his example. "Being this bearer, Master Hannibal, ready to depart," thought right to advertise him. Encloses copy of letters received from Michael [Abbatis], concerning the disposition of the Swiss. Has as yet heard nothing from the Venetians. Westminster, 10 Aug. Signed.


  • 1. Extracted from a letter of Lewis de Praet, imperial ambassador in England.
  • 2. See 29 July.
  • 3. Vannes.