Henry VIII: September 1523, 21-30

Pages 1393-1411

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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September 1523

21 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 292. B. M. St. P. IV. 28.
Received yesterday at noon, on coming to Berwick, a letter from the queen of Scots, of which he sends a copy, in answer to the letters he sent her last. Cannot draw towards Edinburgh as she desires, because he cannot get sufficient carriage for victuals. Had he not caused the soldiers to carry their victuals in wallets, and their drink in bottles, it would have been impossible for him to accomplish the enterprise. For a journey to Edinburgh, provision of carriage should be made beyond Yorkshire. Is obliged at present to get cart-horses out of Yorkswold. Dacre, who promised to come here with 3,000 men, insists on taking the shortest way through the waste part of Scotland. Fears that it will lead to a mishap, as the Scots are preparing against Surrey's invasion, and if they set upon him he will have much to do. He showed Wolsey before the Council that he would come that way, and will not alter his mind. When he joins Surrey, they will not have 9,000 men, quite insufficient to march to Edinburgh with. If victual will serve, however, he will go to Melrose, which is but 20 miles from Edinburgh, to make them think he will go thither. Dacre, who brings with him the best part of the West Border, carrying their victuals at the saddle-bow, will never consent to so far a journey, exposing his country to the lord Maxwell. Surrey is afraid the Scots will invade his own wardenry, even if he go no further than Jedworth.
Hears that the Queen has no credit now among the Lords, who look hourly for Albany's arrival. Thinks her desire for Surrey to come to Edinburgh is only to aid her escape. If she cannot by Tuesday get the King to come to Edinburgh, she sees that her case is hopeless. Is confirmed in this view by her making no mention of the Chancellor, Argyle and the bishop of Aberdeen. Sends copy of his letter written from Belford in answer to hers. Trusts she will receive it tomorrow night, and that he will have an answer by Tuesday within Scotland. Hopes to do as much hurt this time in Scotland as the duke of Gloster and the earl of Northumberland did with 40,000 men. Means to lie tomorrow within two miles of Jedworth. Berwick, 21 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate.
21 Sept.
Calig. B. III. 179. B. M.
The Governor has sent for the Lords to meet him on Michaelmas Day at Glasgow, and for lord Home and the lord of Wedderburne to be there. The Queen borrowed the writer's horses this Monday to ride to Newbotel, but changes her purpose to Tuesday. The Chancellor and the lords that were in the town have ridden this Monday. The Queen has a letter from the Governor, and sent him an answer this day by John Cawlere, whom she expects on Tuesday. "I pray you take no displeasure at this time what be said, but let the time ryn wyll (while, i.e. until) lawti and verite may be herd." Thinks it right for her to come to Newbotel. In 10 or 12 days she may hear and see the manner of the court. Hopes it will be Sunday before the Governor come to the town. "The Governor ys six thousand men or thereby." There is no tidings yet of the Council, but if the Frenchmen be true, she will be "reyst" of her neighbours of Wark and Norham. Edinburgh, this Monday.
P. 1. Add. at the top.
21 Sept.
R. O.
A view taken by Geoffrey Hughes, keeper of the ordnance at the Tower, 21 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII., of the artillery there ready for use.
Brazen ordnance.—7 bumbards, 2 bumbardelles, 4 double courtowes, 5 courtowes, 9 culverins, 16 serpentines, 3 chamber pieces with chambers, 4 fawkons, 1 fawkenett.
Iron guns.—1 "hoole welslang," 1 slang with a chamber, 10 stone guns with chambers, 19 serpentines, 2 new serpentines with chambers, 1 fawkon with a chamber, 30 hand guns.
13 lasts of serpentine powder, 11,000 ready-made yew bows, 6,000 bowstaves, 1,600 sheaves of livery arrows, 4,000 sheaves of arrows of 9 inches the feathers, 600 gross of bowstrings, 7,000 bills ready helved, 7,000 billheads, 1,400 spears and demilances lacking heads, and 4,000 not fully drawn and shot, 8,000 mawrespyks, 19 farecarts, 80 carts complete in cart-horse harness, 80,000 horseshoes, 500,000 horseshoe nails, 1,856 scythes, 6,000 hooks and sickles, 5,000 bits for carthorses, straks and nails for 70 carts, 505 latys galteropps, 6,000 archer stakes.
ii. A view of the artillery lacking in the Tower which should be provided in convenient time.
Iron fawkons with chambers for the King's field, hand gunpowder, bags and bottles to hold it, close carts for shot, iron shot, casting galterops, screws and fernes for ordnance, pulleys and tackling ropes, charging ladies, iron dice for shot, lead for shot, wheels for great and small ordnance, lymmers, cressets, cresset lights, spades, "shoulvys," "myndyng shoulvys," scoops, mattocks and pickaxes, hedging bills, irons for smiths to work in the field, felling axes, tenaunte saws and hand saws, hammers and piercers, fetters, horse combs, carpenters' and smiths' tools, nails, crows, spearheads, leather buckets, extrees, soap, tallow, vinegar, stone shot for mortars.
To know whether the King will have his new ordnance from Maquelyn stocked and bound, and who shall pay for it; and whether he will have any further provision of the said stores.
iii. Money owing in the office of ordnance, for stores made by command of the master of the ordnance, since 18 March last.
For timber and boards, 52l. 5s. 7d. For cart horses for fare carts, 18l. To Wm. Tempull, the King's fletcher, for arrows, 10l. 14s. 2d. Ironwork and gunstones, 769l. 18s. 11½d. Barrels, 50s. Fare carts and falcon wheels, 40l. 8s. 11d. To turners, 46l. 7s. 1d. To joiners and for secret works, 24l. 16s. 4d. Bowstrings, 30l. 16s. 8d. Necessaries, 75l. 5s. 4d.—Total, 1,071l. 3s. 0½d. The persons to whom the sums are due are all named. Begs the King to see that they are paid.
Pp. 11.
21 Sept. 3352. GUISNES CASTLE.
Commission to Sir Hen. Guldeforde, Geo. Throkmorton, Wm. Lane and Christ. Adyngton, executors of Sir Nich. Vaux, to deliver Guysnes Castle in Picardy to Wm. lord Sandis, treasurer of Calais. The More, 21 Sept.
ii. Commission to Wm. lord Sandys and Sir Rob. Wotton, comptroller of Calais, to receive the same. Same date.
iii. Commission to the same to inquire into the losses sustained by the King's subjects in the county of Guysnes from incursions, since the beginning of the war with France. Same date.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23d.
Calig. B. I. 182. B. M. St. P. IV. 30. 3353. SURREY to QUEEN MARGARET.
Has just received her letters. Declines to write to the Lords, seeing that the King has written his mind to her, and declared his pleasure long ago by Clarencieux before any great hurt was done. Has forborne to do any hurt since Midsummer, trusting that if the Duke had not come on the day prefixed, the Lords would have abandoned him. Must do some displeasure now to those who favor the Duke. If he have assurance by Wednesday next at Gedworth that the Lords will show themselves loyal, will forbear to do any great hurt. Desires her to show this letter to the Lords, who, to save time, may take it as addressed to them. Begs her not to write any more to dissuade him from doing hurt.
Copy by Surrey's secretary.
22 Sept.
Calig. B. I. 179. B. M. St. P. IV. 31.
Has received two letters from the queen of Scots by two Scotch spies, who arrived tonight, at midnight. Sends them to Wolsey, who will thus perceive that the King is not to come forth; and all that the Lords have caused her to write has been to gain time to prepare against Surrey's invasion. The Lords are in such fear of the Duke, who is hourly expected, that if they had given four of the best of their sons as hostages to forsake him, they would break the covenant. Will therefore be doing. Sends copy of his answer to the Queen, which she is to show the Lords. The Chancellor went to Edinburgh on Saturday, and made proclamations for all who could bear arms to be ready this day to come forward. They deceive the Queen, but shall not deceive Surrey. 22 Sept. 3 o'clock after midnight.
Hol. Add. and Endd. at ƒ. 184.
22 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 439. B. M. St. P. I. 140.
3355. MORE to WOLSEY.
After the King had supped, read him Wolsey's letter to the writer, dated 21 Sept., two letters of the queen of Scots directed to the King, two directed to Surrey, and two written by Wolsey in the King's name to the Queen herself. As, in reading lord Surrey's letter to Wolsey, "the King noted that my said Lord had already written unto the queen of Scots answer unto both her said letters, his grace requireth yours, that it may like you to send him the copies which his letters specifieth to have sent unto your grace." He thinks that the Humes and Douglas should be received on suitable hostages, and attempts made to win the Chancellor and other lords from the Duke. He also wishes to see Wolsey's instructions to Surrey, and that he should be advertised of the declaration of the duke of Bourbon, and the same be inserted, with exaggeration of the French king's tyranny in the letter which the Queen of Scots is to show to the Lords. The King requires Wolsey to consider well that clause in the Queen's letter in which she desires to be received in England. Woodstock, 22 Sept.
Hol. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
22 Sept.
Vit. B. V. 203*. B. M.
A month has elapsed since he despatched the Turcopolier and the Prior of their order to England, who have been delayed by the arrival of Lyle Adam at Rome, and by the illness of the Pope, who they hoped would have recovered. A few days before he died he ordered a brief to be prepared for the Turcopolier to convey to the King in commendation of their afflicted order. The bearer will deliver it. Romæ, in palatio pontificio, 22 Sept. 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
22 Sept.
Ibid. f. 203. B. M.
3357. The SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Same date. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
23 Sept.
Royal MS. 14 B. XXXII. B. M.
3358. "The NAVY on the sea between Wales and Ireland."
Declaration of Sir Ant. Poyntz, Vice-admiral, of expenses from 8 April 14 Hen. VIII. to 23 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.
Received from John Jenyns, 1 Mar. 14 Hen. VIII., 2,741l. 3s. 4d.; from Sir Rys ap Thomas, 17 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII., 66l. 13s. 4d.; from Sir John Daunce, 100l. Total, 2,807l. 16s. 8d.
Paid for the Mynyon: Wages of Sir Anthony Poyntz, 6s. 8d. a day; one master, one pilot, 50 soldiers, 60 mariners, and 10 gunners, at 5s. a month; 19 dedshares, at 5s. a month; one surgeon, at 10s. a month. Rewards to gunners, 6l. 5s. Victualling, 16d. a week each man for the first four months, 18d. for the remainder. Total, 481l. 15s.—The George of Fowey, 120 tons, Geo. Whitwayne, capt., 89 men, tonnage 6l. a month. Total, 357l. 7s.—The Christopher Arundell, 90 tons, Geo. Audeley, capt., 59 men, 250l. 7s.—The Mathew of Bristowe, 160 tons, Robt. Appleyard, capt., 99 men, 404l. 0s. 4d.—The Mary Boleyn, 100 tons, Wm. Symonds, capt., 79 men, 352l. 8s. 6½d.—The Berk of Truluff, 80 tons, Peter Grisley, capt., 59 men, 271l. 13s. 11¾d. The Mawdelen and Michell of Bristowe, and the Mary Galeye, 180 tons, Wm. Throgmorton and Hewe Clerk, capts., 118 men, 494l. 18s. 2d.—The Mawdeleyn of Pole, 120 tons, Robt. Kirk, capt., 79 men, 264l. 9s. 0½d.—The John of Grenewiche, Gabriel Joslyn, capt., 50 men, 160l. 1s. 1½d.
Cables, ropes, tar, iron work, &c., 94l. 12s. 3d. Costs of Clerk and Symonds conveying letters from Ireland to the King, 8l. Jas. Fawcet's costs conveying letters from Ireland, 3l. 13s. 4d. Hire of a ship from the Isle of Man to Scotland, to see if any men of war were on the coasts, 20s. Carriage of the King's money and ordnance from London to Bristowe at divers times, 15l. 14s. 8d. Conduct money for soldiers and mariners to Bristowe and Hungrode, 6d. for every 12 miles. Total for necessaries, 155l. 9s. Total expense, 3,193l. 19s. 2¼d., exceeding the receipts by 386l. 2s. 6¼d. Signed by Guthlac Overton, auditor.
A roll. Endd.
24 Sept.
Calig. B. I. 306. B. M. Ellis, 1 Ser. I. 210.
3359. [MORE to WOLSEY.]
Has received and presented to the King Wolsey's letter to himself dated this day, copies of Surrey's letters to the Queen of Scots, &c.; for all which the King gives him most hearty thanks, and has signed the letters devised by Wolsey to the Queen his sister. Woodstock, 24 Sept.
24 Sept.
Bodl. Tanner MS. 90. f. 47 b.
3360. [SURREY to WOLSEY.]
Entered Scotland on Tuesday (fn. 1) last. Lodged that night eight miles within it, and yesterday came to this camp beside Gedworth, at 2 p.m. Has made all possible destruction of corn and houses on the way. When Dacre had arrived at the far end of the town, Surrey surrounded it with his company. The Scots had unthatched their houses, "and laid it in the streets, and set fire on the same, so that the smoke was very noisome." The assault, however, was given in three places at once by Sir Arthur Darcy, Sir Marmaduke Constable, and Sir Ric. Tempest's brother and son. The Scots defended the place well, but were all taken, slain, and driven into the abbey, except those who escaped through the woods and cliffs.
"The said town doth stand the most dangerfully to be entered that ever I saw any,—environed with great steep cliffs and waters, so that none ordnance might be brought within the same; whereby the church, being vaulted roundabouts, and a strong steeple, could not be gotten; wherefore we were enforced to burn a great part of the same." Trusts that this day all the towers and piles about it will fall, although they have found means to prevent Surrey putting powder within the vaults, by filling them with turves and straw, and setting them on fire. Being informed of this before setting forth, Surrey covered the vessels of powder with salt hides, and provided pieces of timber to let the vessels run into the vaults "as wine doth into the cellar."
Tomorrow must return to England with his company; for though he wrote to all the lords and gentlemen of the army, and spoke to them himself to provide victual for four days and nights, they have not done so. Most of the army will have to drink water all this day and tomorrow. Could get only 18 wains in all Northumberland, there is such sickness among the cattle.
Heard yesterday that the duke of Albany had landed about Dumbarton with 8,000 men and [600 horses], which is confirmed by the Queen. 200 are barded horses. The Lords have ridden to meet him, with much joy. As there can be no doubt he will invade England shortly, wishes to know how to act,—whether to assemble all the power within his commission, or allow Albany to set forward first. Wishes also to know how long he shall retain the garrison of 2,000 Yorkshire men. Thinks it should not be discharged till the next moonlight be passed; for if Albany come to the East Border, he will have Wark, Etell, Ford, Fenton, Woller, and all the towns thereabouts, for any resistance the Northumberland men can make. Requires 8,000l. or 10,000l. more. 6,000l. or 7,000l. he is sure is spent already; and 20,000l. is the least sum that "can be occupied." Regrets that he has not now the companies of my lord Marquis, Mr. Compton, Mr. Kingston, and Mr. Parr.
Hol., pp. 3. From Surrey's letterbook.
25 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 456. B. M. St. P. IV. 32.
Has received his letter dated Morpeth, the 17th, with two from the queen of Scots, addressed to the King, and two to Surrey. Sent them to the King, who thanks Surrey for the trouble he has taken, and bids Wolsey explain his mind. He is glad the queen of Scots continues her efforts to get her son out of captivity, and induce the Lords to abandon Albany, of which there seems to be more hope by her letters than appeared by the report of Surrey's spies. The King sends two letters addressed to the Queen, one for herself, the other to be shown to the Lords, confirming all that Surrey has written. He is to encourage her in her determination, telling her of the King's anxiety to put an end to the discord between the two realms, and that if she cannot succeed after all, she shall be heartily welcome to England.
Although the King does not write to the persons she desires, as it would not be honorable to his highness to appear their suitor, Surrey may write to the Queen that they may take assurance from the letters already sent by Henry, that he will effectually defend them in this good quarrel. Surrey is to use his discretion in making war or forbearing, according to Wolsey's former letters, and not allow himself to be prevented by feigned drifts from seizing the opportunity of destroying the Scotch borders. If he think it will be better not to destroy the houses of George Douglas and David Home, he may admit them upon bonds and hostages never to return to Scotland till the young King be at his own rule; but he must remember they have broken their oaths to the King in time past, and do nothing rashly. The King trusts to Surrey to keep the queen of Scots in her good mind, to win the Lords named by her, and press the war, unless he is sure of their proceeding without delay.
To discourage the hopes they have in France, Surrey should take means to spread the news of Bourbon's enterprise and the army of Italy, the Emperor's invasion of Guienne and Languedoc, and the union of the English and Burgundian army, according to the postscript of Wolsey's last letter. The Scots may then consider whether the French king, having the duke of Bourbon in his bosom, with 800 men-of-arms and 10,000 foot, besides 10,000 lanceknights waged by the King and Emperor, can afford to give them assistance. More, 25th Sept. Signed.
Add. at. ƒ. 455.
25 Sept.
Bodl. Tanner MS. 90. f. 41.
Has sent the bearer, Patrick Sinclair, with her full mind, and articles to show him, and requests Surrey's plain mind in answer as soon as possible. There have come along with the Duke from the French king 6,000 foot, 100 men-of-arms, and 200 light horse, besides those that were here before. "Therefore loke the betar abowtis, beth at the Vest Border and the Eest, for thay volbe doyng somthing ryght soon; for they may not hald them lang, for the expensys is gret." The articles she sends will show how she is treated. Begs him to help her as soon as possible "vyth part of mone (?)," as she may not come till she get part. This Friday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Calig. B. VI. 287. B. M. 2. "Instructions given to Patrick Synkclere" by queen Margaret to show to the earl of Surrey.
1. That Albany is come to Scotland, and intends to invade England. 2. She will not be able to rescue her son, and if she could, none would dare take his part against the Governor. 3. Understands the French king sends with Albany 12 archers for the King's body guard, which she thinks very dangerous. 4. Reminds Surrey how, since his coming to the Borders, she has labored and procured through him the King her brother's leave to return to England. 5. She will not be able to oppose the Governor in anything he may do, even to the prejudice of her son. Since her last coming from England, she is not answered of her living. The forest of Ettrick should be worth 4,000 marks, and the earldom of March 500l. a year, but she receives nothing from them, and Albany keeps from her 80 chalder of victual of the lands of Dunbar. Has not from her other lands 1,000l. Scots a year to keep her house. The Duke has within these three months taken from her his pension, "which was but 150l. Scots," because she took part against him. She has been obliged to pledge her cupboard. 6. If she remain in Scotland the Duke will compel her "to write in all parts as he woll, and labor to other realms" for his own interest against her son's.
Desires to be informed—(1.) What steps she should take, and how many will be received along with her, as she is out of hope to return till the King is of age to rule himself, and the Duke out of Scotland. (2.) Where she shall abide to the honor of the King her brother. The French king offered her a pension of 6,000 crowns, which she refused; will not be his pensioner while she can have help from her brother of England. (3.) How soon the King wishes her to come, where to be met, and by whom. Desires Surrey to arrange a plan for her coming away. Will send her gowns and "cobord" before her, and bring her jewels herself. Must not bring everything, for fear of creating suspicion. Thanks Surrey for his kindness to the King her son and herself, and desires to be informed, without delay, of the King's mind on these points. Until she is answered, fears he will not be her "kind prince and brother," as he was before displeased with her in consequence of a false report that she took part with Albany.
Copy by Surrey's clerk, pp. 4.
26 Sept.
Calig. B. i. 301. B. M. St. P. I. 142.
3363. [MORE] to WOLSEY.
After the King supped, presented to him Wolsey's letter to More, dated yesterday, with letters of the queen of Scots to Surrey, &c. The King is glad that Surrey now perceives that "the lords of Scotland intend but only to drive over the time of their annoyance." The King would have been glad if Surrey had perceived this before. He does not like that Surrey, in his letter written to the Queen, to be shown to the lords of Scotland, "appointeth them the time and place where they shall send to him to Jedworth," as the Scots will thus be prepared. The King is sorry for the plague and agues which have befallen the army, and thinks it must be supplied with horsemen of those parts. More would be very unkind if he ever forgot, and blind if he did not perceive, the gracious favors that Wolsey has done him with the King. Woodstock, 26 Sept. Signature cut off.
Hol. Add.: To my lord Legate.
27 Sept.
Calig. B. II. 29. B. M. Ellis, 1st Ser. I. 214.
Returned to Berwick at 10 o'clock on Friday night, (fn. 2) "and all the garnysons to their places assigned; the bishopric men, my lord of Westmoreland and my lord Dacre in like wise, every man home with their companies." The only loss was eight or ten slain and some wounded in skirmishes and assaults at Gedworth, which town is so burnt that it must be rebuilt before new garrisons are lodged there. The burning was committed to two sure men, Sir William Bulmer and Thos. Tempest. The town was much stronger than he expected. It had twice as many houses as Berwick, and could have lodged 1,000 horse in garrison. It had six good towers, now completely thrown down. "No journey made into Scotland in no man's day living with so few a number is recounted to be so high an enterprise as this, both with these countrymen and Scottish men."
A misfortune happened in the end, by Surrey's orders not being attended to. At his entry into Scotland he had appointed Sir Wm. Bulmer and Sir Wm. Evers marshals of the army, the former for the van, and the latter for the rear, and my lord of Westmoreland as chief of the van. He took counsel with the marshals about the ordering of the quarters. The camp was so well surrounded with ordnance, carts and dykes, that it was hard to go in or out except at certain places. Surrey assigned the most commodious place to lord Dacre, next the water and next my lord of Westmoreland; but while Surrey was assaulting the abbey, which continued till two hours after night, Dacre lodged himself without the camp, much to his displeasure. Next day Surrey sent him to the stronghold of Fernherst, which belonged to his mortal enemy, accompanied by Sir Arthur Darcy, Sir Marmaduke Constable, 700 men and some ordnance. "Fernherst stood marvellously strong within a great wood," which the two knights entered with 300 Kendal men and Wolsey's servant, Strickland. In the wood they were sorely handled by hardy men that would not budge a foot. The "other" two knights were compelled to call for more of their men, yet could not bring their ordnance to the fortress till Dacre and some of his horsemen dismounted. After a long skirmish they at last got it out, gained possession of the house, and threw it down. Dacre and his brother Sir Christopher, Sir Arthur and Sir Marmaduke did marvels, and found the best resistance that has been seen since Surrey came. Above thirty Scots were slain, and not more than four English, but above sixty hurt. On returning, Dacre again refused to lodge within the camp; and, while with Surrey at supper, his horses broke loose, and ran from the field, creating great alarm among the standing watch, who shot at them divers guns, and above a hundred sheaf of arrows. At last they ran madly into the field, to the number of 1,500. Above fifty fell over a great rock, more than 250 ran into the town, being on fire, and were carried off by the women badly burnt. Thinks about 800 horses are lost by this folly, by not lying within the camp. "I dare not write the wonders that my lord Dacre and all his company do say they saw that night, six times, of sprights and fearful sights." They all say the devil was among them six times. "I assure your grace, I found the Scots at this time the boldest men and the hottest that ever I saw in any nation," keeping them in a continual skirmish. If they could muster 40,000 men as good as the 1,500 or 2,000 he saw, it would be hard to encounter them. Dacre brought with him 4,000 men, and lodged one night in Scotland, his mortal enemy's country. There is no hardier or better knight, but often he neglects order. Berwick, 27 Sept. Signed.
Add.: To my lord Legate.
27 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 313. B. M. St. P. IV. 37.
3365. SURREY to [WOLSEY].
Albany has arrived, it is said, with 8,000 men and 600 horses, of which 200 are barded. He states that Ric. De la Pole, whom he calls his cousin, the duke of Suffolk, parted with him at sea on Monday last with thirty sail, to invade England, where he expected not to be resisted. Does not believe that he has landed. The Duke will certainly invade England. Surrey will go tomorrow to Newcastle, and send out letters today to all the nobles and gentlemen in the shires within his commission, to be ready to advance at an hour's warning.
Came out of Scotland last Friday, and arrived at "this town" (Berwick) at 10 at night as weary as ever man was. Went next morning and saw Wolsey's castle of Norham, where he found the Chancellor of Durham (Frankeleyn) and Sir Wm. Bulmer. Viewed the house thoroughly, and devised certain platforms and ramparts which can be made in six days, so that Albany could not take the place in eight. The outer ward could not be held for one day; but there is no help for that. Went also to Wark, where he caused Caundishe to make new bulwarks, by which it will be able to sustain a ten days' siege. The outer ward might be lost in two days, and the enemy nothing nearer the donjon, "which is the strongest thing that I have seen. I would the keep at Guisnes were like it." Wishes Albany would come to try its strength, he has so trimmed it with ordnance.
Has also thoroughly viewed this town and castle, of which he has more fear than any other place, as it has no bulwarks or fawsbrayes, only ramparts and ditches. If Albany knew how thin the castle walls are, he would certainly attack it. They would not hold out eight hours against six cortowtes. There is no remedy but having plenty of men to defend the breaches. 6,000 would be necessary, the town being about 1¾ miles [circuit?], accord- ing to Caundish's measurement. It is sore visited with the great sickness; "and in the house where I lay two nights before my going now into Scotland one died, full of God's marks, before my return." Could not stand the danger but for the King's service. Cannot get men to come, they are so afraid of it.
Wishes a hundred gunners in all haste. Has but thirty-six for the field, and for Wark and Norham. Wrote for them long ago. Fears most that Albany will gather the power of the March, Teviotdale, the forest of Ettrick and the countries adjoining Edinburgh, to make an invasion for two or three days; for he can gather 30,000 men, while all Northumberland cannot make 2,500, some of whom will have to be put into garrison. Thinks Albany cannot gather and victual a force sufficient to lay a siege this moonlight, which is waned three days. Has good hope that he will be advised to attack Wark. Urges again the necessity of sending money. Does not expect the Homes and George Douglas to join him, if they can have any good way with the Duke. Intends that they shall have some displeasure, unless they put in good pledges tonight.
Desires to be relieved at All Hallow tide. If my lord Percy be not then ready to enter on the office of warden, Dacre might be his deputy. The people would put up with him if they knew lord Percy was coming shortly. "Scribbled this 27th day of September." Signed.
The last paragraph is in Surrey's hand.
28 Sept.
Galba, B. VIII. 69. B. M.
3366. KNIGHT to [WOLSEY].
On the 28th inst. my Lady sent to Marnix the copy of a letter from count Felix, dated at Tanne in Feretre, near the confines of Burgundy, the 21st inst., stating that the Emperor had sent for the duke of B.; that count Felix had marched to the French frontier, and had borrowed eight days' wages for the lanzknechts from the town of Stroseburgh, but required more money to keep them together, and that the noble did not pass there for more than two gold guldens and three stivers. Cannot tell what my Lady meant by sending the copy of this letter,—whether she would have the next payment at a lower price, or thought the King should have the charge of sending. She always says she wishes the King had some one here to see to the expenditure of his money. Thinks John Hacket, a gentleman of Ireland dwelling at Middleburgh, might be appointed to do this. He is more meet for such service than Spinelly was, being in favor here with the best, and acquainted with Latin, French, Spanish, Dutch and Italian. The Gueldrois have lately been in Holland, and taken a great booty. On their return they took a town of the bishop of Utrecht. Holstrate, being governor of Holland, leaves tomorrow with a company of horse and foot to make redress. Mechlin, 28 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
28 Sept.
Pet. Martyr, Ep. XXXVI. 785.
The king of England has sent over to France an army of 16,000 men, and promises to lead them in person, provided the other confederates observe their engagements. This army will be augmented from Flanders, by 10,000 Burgundians, &c. Bourbon's purposes have been betrayed by one of his household. On being summoned by Francis, he retired into Burgundy. The king of Denmark, deposed by his subjects for his cruelty, is living on alms in Flanders, with his Queen, the Emperor's sister. The Pope is suffering from an affection in the throat, brought on, as some say, by uncovering his head at some religious service; others, from indulging too freely at an entertainment given by cardinal S. Croce. A great storm visisted Rome at the early part of this month. Lacronii (Logroño), 4 kal. Oct. 1523.
29 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 379. B. M.
Has received the King her brother's letter, with Surrey's, this Tuesday. Is glad to perceive his grace is content with her, and thanks Surrey for his good offices. Leaves nothing undone to obtain knowledge of the Duke's purpose, but he "dressyth all hys matars to Glasgo." He has there held a council with the Lords, and means to march against England in 15 days. Scotland was never made so strong. Whether he will attack the East or West Borders, no one knows; Margaret thinks both, but that he will put his chief strength in the East. He has 28 cannons, and 4 double cannons "greater than ony that vass browht to Noram at the feld. Allsua he hath gret pavasys gangan a pon vhylyz vyth the artylery to schwt and to brek the hostys syndre; and of thys he hath mony, and every een of them hath tway scharpe swordys befoor them that nen may tawsche them." They have also much smaller artillery with ample ammunition, and 12 ships with victual and wine. They have sent four to the West Borders with four great cannons. There have arrived 4,000 foot, 100 men of arms, and 80 "bardyd hors." The French are in all 6,000 men, "and I here say schal be put in the vangard be cause he gyfyth not gret trast to the Scotys men." 3,000 Almains also are expected by the first fair wind. Everybody says "300,000 hath not made this fair provision." They have many crossbows, small handguns, pikes, and halberts. The "borwhs" (burgesses?) of every town are to "byd and kype thayr townz," but to furnish carriage for 17 days. They trust to win Berwick. If they have any advantage, Margaret and her son are undone. Richard de la Pwl is expected to invade England, where it is thought he will find adherents.
Begs to know how she is to get away, and to have some money. Has "ne thyng to fynd me my meet wyth." If the King do not help her, she must perforce ask help of the Duke, and he "wol cause me to do as he wyl, or elyz he wol gyff me no thyng." The Duke has not yet come to her, but he writes to her "veray good wrytenges of hys owne hand, and mony fayr wordys as can be devysyd," to which she gives no credence. Desires never to be in his company, so she can be sure of Henry's kindness. Prays Surrey to keep her letter secret, and when he sends to her to "caus Patryke Synklar to be ryght vysse in the doyng." Written on Tuesday.
f. 440. P.S.—Had forgot to write "the mannar how it is ordand." 1°. Arran has the rule of all Tevedal and the Marches, with Lothian, Stirlingshire and Lynthco. Huntlay has the north parts, Lennox the west parts, Argyll the Highlandmen, all to be ready by Tuesday "cum fyftyn days." Maxwell stays on his own border. Trusts the Duke will speak with the King her son in Stirling this Wednesday, and upon Saturday come to Edinburgh. Is warned that, if she go to Stirling, she will be kept there against her will. Remains therefore in Edinburgh awaiting the King's answer.
Hol., pp. 6. Add.: "My lord of Surrey."
* A copy of this letter is in Calig. B. II. 242, with marginal annotations by Wolsey in Tuke's hand.
Bodl. Tanner MS. 90. f. 47. 3369. [SURREY to QUEEN MARGARET.]
Has received her letter. Is informed the Duke has arrived, and desires to know what number of horse and foot have come with him, and what countrymen they be. Can give her no advice about her coming away, but will meet her in any part of the March, at what time she pleases. Thinks George of Douglas would escort her best for Angus' sake, and if she will promise him 100l. to do so, Surrey will pay him. Has forborne, for Margaret's sake, to hurt Bene Gedworth's house and Sondele. Assures her the news is true about Bourbon, whatever the Duke may say to the contrary; and great part of France is alienated from the French King, which will make the Frenchmen who have come with Albany unwilling to stay long in Scotland. Desires news when Albany is going to invade England. Warns her that he will be king if the King be not well guarded, "for the Frenchmen can empoison one, and yet he shall not die of a year after." Wishes she and her son were both here.
Hol., p. 1. From Surrey's letterbook.
29 Sept.
R. O.
Household expenses from 25 ... Hen. VIII. to Michaelmas 15 Hen. VIII.
Arrearages and receipts, 1,559l. 5s. 10¼d.
Payments.—4½ brawns 59s. 6d., 3 porks 21s. 4d., 49 oxen 59l. 14s., 1 bull 6s. 8d., 15 steers 10l. 18s. 10d., 4 kine 57s., 499 muttons 49l. 6s. 8d., expenses of buying them 5s. 6d., 44 Eastern lings 62s. 10d., 292 dry hakes 43s., 11 mersant congers 40s., 2,645 buckernes 35s. 10d., 24 puffins 13s. 4d., 8 salt salmon, 13s. 4d., 2½ barrels sturgeon 77s., 414 milwells 11l. 9s. 2d., 247 Western lings 5l. 5s. 2d., 328 dry congers 7l. 12s. 2½d., 192 stockfish 2l. 19s. 4d., 2 cades sprats 2s., 140 salt eels 1l. 14s. 6d., 5 barrels herrings 70s., 1 cade red herrings 10s., expenses 12s. 4d., 52 bush. salt 3l. 9s. 1d., expenses 4s., 9½ butt Runnes (Rhenish?) 28l. 16s., 3½ butts Malvesey 16l. 18s. 4d., 6 tuns 3 hhd. 1 tierce claret 29l., 1 tun red wine 6l. 13s. 4d., 3½ tuns white wine 14l. 1s. 8d., 1 pottle muscadels 8d., 1 butt Ossey 4l. 15s. 8d., expenses 58s. 1d., 200 lugg hakes 30s., 2 tuns "verges" and cider 2l. 13s. 4d., 127 qr. 2 bush. 3 pt. wheat and rye, 57s. 0s. 0¾d., ale and beer 142l. 11s. 9½d., 3 lb. "clawves" 16s., 13/4lb. mace 9s. 7½d., 4¾lb. cinnamon 31s., 13 lb. ginger 25s. 6d., 3 barrels 18 lbs. green ginger 22s., 1 lb. 3½. qr. saffron 25s. 11¼d., "nutmukes" nil, 443 Ibs. sugar 10l. 9s. 0¼d., 3 lb. turnesall 5s. 4d., 4 saunders 7s. 10d. 45¾ lb. marmalade 18s. 6d., 54 lb. succadoo 51s. 10d., 12 lb. almonds 15s., 596 lb. great raisins 27s. 11d., 17 lb. small raisins 4s. 11d., 35 lb. prunes 10s. 11d., 8 lb. liquorice 2s., 22 lb. comfits, "piscades and carewayes," 23s. 4d., 18 lb. rice 3s., sugar candy 1s. 8d., 18½ lb. dates 9s. 10½d., 1 topnet of figs 12d., fruit 2l. 19s. 10½d., tithing corn 26s. 8d., oats 10l. 6s. 8d., shoeing 3l. 17s. 1d., making hay 13s. 4d., a horse 2l. 6s. 8d., livery horses 4l. 16s., 196 lb. soap 38s., 311½ lb. wax 11l. 18s. 2d., 308 lb. tallow candles 38s. 1¾d., 100 st. tallow 7l. 15s. 10d., making candles 5s., 108¼ lb. wick yarn 21s. 7d., torch staves 35s., making wax 19s. 7d., felling wood and "frythyng" 16s. 3d., wood 10l. 18s. 7½d. Rewards: 50l. 8s. 5d., livery cloth 101l. 5s. 10½d., wages for 70 persons, with 53l. 6s. 8d. paid to my Lady, 190l. 15s. 8d. Board wages 4l. 1s. 4d., apparel for my Lady 32l. 4s. 1d., necessaries 99l. 8s. 7d., horse harness 5l. 15s. 2d., paid to the King 110l. 8s., to my Lord 200l., old debts 10l. 9s. 10½d., new year's gifts 49l. 17s., repairing stuff 17l. 0s. 5½d., alms 6l. 5s. 8d., offerings 18s. 4d., obits 7l. law costs 5l. 4s. 8½d., rushes 2l. 15s. 1d., foreign expenses 1l. 4s. 8½d., costs of riding and my Lady's hunting 30l. 8s. 3½d., costs of carriages 18l. 13s. 8d., fresh acates 150l. 7s. 10d., gold foil 2s. Total, 1,671l. 4s. 7d.
ii. Account of stock remaining, with the prices of each article. Total value, 75l. 15s. 5½d.
Pp. 5.
30 Sept.
Galba, B. VIII. 79. B. M.
Received this morning his letters of the 26th. Wolsey has done well in dissuading the King from attempting the siege of Boulogne. Regrets the lack of horses, limoners and chariots, by which the English have lost time, but has done all she could for her part, as the English ambassador knows. Hopes that in a few days there will be enough. It is not wonderful that so great a number cannot easily be procured, for last year many horses were lost. It has been necessary to send to Holland a quantity of artillery, with Holtstrate, to resist Charles of Gueldres. Has already despatched placards through the Emperor's countries, to bring victuals to the camp, and has written about it to the governors of Flanders, Lisle, Artois, and to the Bailly of Hainault. Has made De Fletres commissary, and will do all she can. Malines, 30 Sept. '23. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
30 Sept.
Burnet, pt. III. no. 7.
At this hour has received letters from the King's ambassadors resident in Rome, of the death of the Pope on the 14th ult. The King will see by the letters enclosed the state of matters for the election of the new Pope, to which Wolsey's only obstacle is his absence. Does not think that the Cardinals will agree upon any one there present; and though Wolsey considers himself unmeet for so high a dignity, and would rather continue in the King's service than be ten popes, yet, remembering the wish of the King for his advancement on the last occasion, will devise such instructions as were at the last time delivered to Pace. Sends several letters addressed to himself from such persons as have the greatest influence in bestowing the papacy. At the More, 30 Sept.
Vit. B. XX. 262. B. M.
Writes to tell how they have done since their setting [forth to] Don Fernando. Will pass over the hospitality [shown] to them [by] the bp. of Rochester, and the prompt diligence of the Viceadmiral in [their voyage] over sea, and confine himself to an account of their entertainment since entering Flanders. Passing [quickly] Dunkirk and Bruges, &c., on 20 Sept. [they] came to Antwerp. Next day the gover[nors] of the town came to them, and addressed them in French, welcoming them to the town. Assured them in reply of the King's favor. The governors then presented 24 ... of wine, and were asked in return to come to dinner, but [could] not, leaving their speaker. Next day left for Maklen (Mechlin), and entered accidentally on the same day as the lady Margaret. Next day Dr. Knight came to them to [summon] them to her court, where Morley presented the K[ing's] letter and Wolsey's. She promised them her good offices on their journey, as requested by Wolsey. Cannot too much praise the wisdom and good management of the almoner, Dr. Lee, who will do good service in this embassy. Signed: Harry Morley.
Mutilated, pp. 2.
Received at Hampton Darcy's letter, which he had sent to London at Bartylmewtide. Intended to have tarried at his own house a short time, and then gone to Yorkshire; but on his arrival in Hampshire, commissions were sent to him, some for the Isle of Wight, and others requiring immediate attention, which have prevented him from going to Darcy. Is sorry to hear that the wine has been taken by Frenchmen, and at his return to London will speak to the merchant about it. Will not forget to send silks and other things for the chapel. His servant, Harry Brome, shall take Darcy all the money he can get in Yorkshire from time to time. Will obtain the money from Devonshire and Kent next term. No certain news received of the duke of Suffolk and the army, but tidings expected daily. Stanbrige.
Hol. Add.
30 Sept.
R. O.
Account of receipts and disbursements in the household of the Princess, for the year ending 30th Sept. 14 (fn. 3) Hen. VIII.
Receipts.—From Sir Hen. Wyat, 1,100l. From Rob. Killing, of Hertford, for 72 rough hides of oxen, 9l. 9s. 8d. From John Cokks, of London, for 445 sheepskins, 12l. 7s. 11d. From John Dowset, of Kingston, for fat of the beefs and mutton, 11l. 18s. 7d.
Disbursements.—Bakehouse: For wheat in Oct., 16 qrs., 4l. 16s.; in November, 15 qrs., 4l.; in Dec., 17 qrs., 5l. 2s.; Jan., 15½ qrs., 4l. 9s. 8d.; Feb., 16 qrs. 5 bushels, 4l. 19s. 9d. March, 6 qrs. 2 bushels, 33s. 4d.; April, 11 qrs. 6 b., 62s. 8d.; May, 12 qrs. 7 b., 3l. 8s. 8d.; June, 3 qrs. 2 b., 16s. 10d.; July, 3½ qrs., 16s. 4d.; Aug., 8 qrs. 1½ b., 42s. 4d.; Sept., 15 qrs. 6 b., 4l. 16s. 9d. Total, 141 qrs. 5½ b., at 40l. 4s. 4d. Names of creditors given.
Butlery.—In Oct., 10 tuns of beer, 12l. 10s.; 1 "kind" (kilderkin) of beer, 2s.; 1 hhd. 10 "sex'," 1½ "pich'" of Gascon wine, 56s. 9½d. To Hugh ap Thomas, page, riding from Richmond to Bedwell, against the coming of the Princess, 2s. 2d. Nov., beer as above, with other expences. Dec., 11 tuns of beer, 13l. 15s.; 2 hogsheads of Gascon wine, 3l.; 32 "pich'" of wine of Reyne, 34s. 8d.; with other expenses for carriage. Jan., 12 tuns beer, 15l., &c. Feb., 10 tuns, 1 pipe ditto, 13l. 2s. 6d., &c. March, 5 tuns, 6l. 5s., &c. April, 8 tuns, 10l., &c. May, 10 tuns, 12l. 10s., &c. June, 3 tuns, 75s. July, 4 tuns, 5l., &c. Aug., 9 tuns, 11l. 5s.; 9 "sex'," 3 qts. of Gascon wine, 20s., &c. Sept., 13 tuns of beer, 16l. 5s.; 1 pipe, 4 "sex'," 1 "pich'," 3 qts. of Gascon wine, 3l. 7s. 6½d. Total, 169l. 1s. 1d.
Wardrobe.—October: 4 oz. of saffron, 3s. 4d.; ½ lb. cloves, 3s. 4d.; ½ lb. mace, 6s. 6d.; 6 lb. prunes, 18d.; 103 qrs. 2 lb. pure wax, 7l. 8s. 8d.; 4 doz. staves for "tortic'" (torches?), 5s. 4d.; 24 doz. of candles "P[er]is'" (Paris?), 30s.; 28 lb. soap, 5s. 10d.;½ ream 4 quires of white paper, 2s. 8d. Miscellaneous expenses for carriage from Richmond to Bedwell, &c. November: 1 lb. pepper, 2s.; 3 oz. saffron, 3s. 3d.; 4 oz. cloves, 20d.; 4 oz. mace, 2s. 11d.; 4 oz. cinnamon, 15d.; ½ lb. ginger, 1s.; 1 lb. dates, 5d.; 6 lb. prunes, 18d.; 2 lb. ras' cor' (currant raisins?), 3d.; 22 lb. sugar, 11s. 11d.; 100 lb. pure wax, 4l. 4s. 4d.; 4 doz. links of alloyed wax, 9s. 4d.; half hundred of links, 16s. 4d.; 3 doz. staves for torches (?), 10s. 8d.; 14½ doz. lb. candles "pis'," 18s. 1½d. Washing, carriage, &c. Among others to Christina Ludford, for hemming 44 ells of linen cloth, made into napkins and towels, and 12 napkins of diaper, 15½d.; napkins are charged at 4½d. the doz. December: 6 lb. pepper, 12s.; ½ lb. saffron, 7s.; 3 qts. cloves, 5s.; 3 qts. mace, 8s. 9d.; 1½ lb. cinnamon, 7s. 6d.; 2 lb. ginger, 3s. 4d.; ½ lb. nutmegs (nuc' muscat'), 6s.; 1 lb. grains, 14d.; 18 lb. dates, 7s. 6d.; 18 lb. prunes, 6s.; 16 lb. currant raisins, 4s. 8d.; 46 lb. sugar, 24s. 11d.; 8 lb. almonds, 20d.; 30 lb. large raisins (ras' gr'), 5s.; ½ lb. saunders, 10d.; 4 lb. powdered rice, 16d.; 1 lb. liquorice powder, 8d.; ½ lb. liquorice mynsed, 8d.; 3 lb. comfits of divers colors, 3s. 4d.; 2 lb. "turnesoill," 2s.; 2 lb. green ginger, 2s.; 2 lb. succades, 16d.; 200 lb. wax, pure, 8 lb., 6s. 8d.; 4 doz. links of base wax, weighing 56 lb., 9s. 4d.; 18½ doz. lb. of Paris (?) candles, 23s. 1½d.; 4 doz. stoves for torches, 5s. 4d.; 12 diaper napkins, 8s.; 8 ells of Holland, at 8½d. an ell; 40 ells of linen of Brussels, 6d. the ell; 2 ells canvas, 5d. the ell; 56 lb. soap, 2½d. the lb.; 1 piece of "strayners," 5s.; ½ ream white paper, 20d.; ½ hundred "aur' pur'" (gold paper?), 2s. 6d.; ½ hundred "aur' partit'" (parcel gilt?), 12d.; 12 "fob" of silver paper, 2s.; 6 "fob" of gold paper, 12d.; 1 pint of aqua vitæ, 4d.; 1 qt. rose water, 1s.; 4 lb. isinglass, 4s. 8d.; 1 wooden "fate" (vat) for the wax and spices, 12d.; with other expenses. ½ hundred oranges, 10½d.; &c. Expenses connected with the removal of the Princess from Bedwell to Havering.
January: 5 lb. pepper, 10s.; 6 oz. saffron, 5s.; 3 qt. cloves, 5s.; 3 qt. mace, 8s. 9d.; 1½ lb. cinnamon, 7s. 6d.; 1½ lb. ginger, 3s. 4d.; 4 oz. nutmegs, 3s. 4d.; 18 lb. prunes, 6s.; 14 lb. currant raisins, 3s.; 44 lb. sugar, 23s. 10d.; 8 lb. almonds, 20d.; 30 lb. great raisins, 3s. 4d.; ½ lb. saunders, 10d.; 1 lb. "turnesoill," 1s.; 3¾ lb. green ginger, 3s. 9d.; 3½ lb. succades, 2s. 4d.; 3 lb. marmalade, 2s.; 172 lb. pure wax, 6l. 17s. 4d.; 32 lb. wax, 24s.; 56 lb. links, 11s. 8d.; 6 doz. links of debased wax, 17s. 6d.; 18 doz. Paris candles, 22s. 6d.; 4 doz. staves for torches, 6s. 4d.; ½ hundred oranges, 16d.; ½ bundle black paper, 4d.; for carriage between Havering and Richmond, and from Havering to Stratford, Westminster and elsewhere, against the Princess's arrival. February: 4 oz. saffron, 4s.; 1 lb. pepper, 2s.; 4 oz. cloves, 20d.; 4 oz. mace, 2s. 11d.; ½ lb. cinnamon, 2s. 6d.; 1½ lb. ginger, 3s. 3d.; 12 lb. dates, 6s.; 8 lb. prunes, 2s. 4d.; 8 lb. currant raisons, 2s.; 36 lb. sugar, 18s.; 24 lb. almonds, 5s.; 3 lb. rice, 6d.; "2 topnettes fic' de orte" (garden figs?), 5s. 4d.; 101 qrs. pure wax, 104s. 2d.; 58 lb. links, 7s.; 5 doz. staves for torches, 6s. 8d.; 28 lb. soap, 7s. 6d.; 21 doz. lb. Paris candles, 26s. 3d.; 1 wax light of very pure wax, for the Princess's offering on Purification Day, 12s. 4J. Carriage between London and Richmond on the 20th.
March: 1 oz. of saffron, 13d.; 1 oz. cloves, 5d.; 1 oz. mace, 8¾d.; 1 oz. cinnamon, 3¾d.; 1 oz. ginger, 1½d.; 2 lb. dates, 14d.; 2 lb. prunes, 8d.; 1 lb. currant raisins, 3d.; 4 lb. sugar, 2s.; 4 lb. almonds, 10d.; 6 lb. large raisins, 4d.; 1 topnett of figs "de orto," 3s. 4d.; 28 lb. pure wax, 20s. 10d.; 8 doz. lb. Paris candles, 10s.; 1 bundle black paper, 8d.; &c. Carriage between Richmond and Hanworth, 6th March.
April: 1 lb. pepper, 20d.; 6 oz. saffron, 6s.; 10 oz. cloves, 4s. 2d.; 9 oz. mace, 3s. 10¼d.; 11 oz. ginger, 22d.; 7 oz. cinnamon, 23¼d.; 8½ lb. dates, 4s. 11d.; 7½ lb. prunes, 2s. 7d.; 9 lb. currant raisins, 3s. 4½d.; 37 lb. sugar, 18s. 6d.; 4 lb. almonds, 10d.; ½ hundred pure wax, 41s. 8d.; 8 doz. lb. Paris candles, 10s.; 11 carts, carrying the Princess's stuff between Hanworth and Richmond on the 13th.
May: ½ lb. pepper, 11½d.; 3½ oz. saffron, 3s. 6d.; ½ lb. cloves, 3s. 4d.; 4 oz. mace, 2s. 10d.; 6 oz. ginger, 23½d.; 6 oz. cinnamon, 2s.; 2 lb. dates, 4s.; 5 lb. prunes, 20d.; 11½ lb. currant raisins, 3s. 10d.; 58½ lb. sugar, varying in price between 5d. and 6d. a pound; 1 lb. almonds, 2½d.; ½ hundred pure wax, 41s. 8d.; 3 doz. staves for torches, 4s.; 8 doz. lb. Paris candles, 7s.; 19 lb. soap, 3s. 11½d.; carriage between Richmond and Merton on the 5th, with 26 carts, 21s. 8d.; and from Merton to Greenwich on the 22nd, in twelve carts, 18s.; and from Richmond to Merton, to prepare the chambers against the coming of the Princess, and thence to Greenwich for a similar reason. June: 4 doz. lb. Paris candles, 5s.; white paper, 18d.; carriage between Merton and Hanworth, on the 6th. July: 4 doz. lb. Paris candles, 5s.; carriage between Greenwich and Richmond on the 17th against the coming of the Princess.
August: 2 lb. pepper, 3s. 10d.; 7 oz. saffron, 7s. 9¾d.; 11 oz. cloves, 3s. 2½d.; 9 oz. mace, 5s. 9d.; 9 oz. cinnamon, 2s. 10d.; 13 oz. ginger, 2s. 4d.; 6 lb. dates, 8s.; 5 lb. prunes, 16d.; 13 lb. currant raisins, 3s. 11½d.; 32 lb. sugar, 5d. a lb.; ½ hundred pure wax, 41s. 8d.; 28 lb. liquorice (lic'), 7s.; 10 doz. lb. Paris candles, 12s. 6d.; 19 lb. soap, 4s. 9d.; carriage between Hanworth and Richmond on the 13th, 12s. September: 4 lb. pepper, 7s. 8d.; 5 oz. saffron, 6s. 2¼d.; 6 oz. cloves, 3s. 4½d.; 6 oz. mace, 4s. 6d.; 5 oz. cinnamon, 18d.; 9 oz. ginger, 18d.; 3½ lb. dates, 4s. 1d.; 2½ lb. prunes, 7½.; 8 lb. currant raisins, 2s. 4d.; 35 lb. sugar, 14s. 7d.; 1 hundred pure wax, 68s. 4d.; 15 lb. liquorice (lic'), 4s. 8d.; 17 doz. lb. Paris candles, 21s. 3d.; 4 doz. staves for torches, 5s. 4d.; 4 ells Holland, at 10d. the ell; 29 ells Brussels linen, 6d. the ell; 4½ yards of diaper for towels for the Princess, 20d., ¾ yd. wide; ½ piece of "straynors," 15 yds., 3s. 9d.; 1 ream white paper, 20d.; bundle of black paper, 8d.; carriage from London to Richmond, 2s. 2d.
Sum total of the Wardrobe, 115l. 8s. 7½d.
Kitchen.—Oct.: seafish, 45s. 10d.; laundress, for her diets extra hospitium, 5s. 2d., i.e. 2d. a day; Anth. Cotton and his fellows, for one week extra hospitium, terminating on the 22nd, because they have been with one Henry Silcok, who was infected with the plague, 28s. Servants' expenses:—on the 28th, riding between Richmond and Bedwell, 35s. 2d.; Richard Palmer, page of the Hall, for lodging extra hospitium, he being ill, 14d. a week. November: seafish, 65s. 8d.; laundress, as before, 5s. December: seafish, 78s. 4d.; laundress, 5s. 2d.; expenses for carrying letters to keepers of different parks in co. Essex; for does for the Princess's household at Christmas, 6s.
Jan.: seafish, 69s. 8d.; laundress, 5s. 2d.; to John Skelton, cook, helping 12 days at Christmas in the kitchen, 3s. 4d.; to Thomas Chaundeler and David Bateman, gilters, for their labour and the gilting of divers subtleties; for the banquet at Epiphany, 3s. 10d.; for a lad, sent from Havering to Richmond, against the arrival of the Princess, 3 days in the kitchen, 12d. Feb.: seafish, 65s. 4d.; laundress as before, 4s. 8d. March: seafish, 73s. 9d.; laundress, 5s. 2d. (so in every month); to Oliver Hunt, for diet 2 weeks' extra hospitium, as he had been with some persons suffering from the plague, 2s. 4d. April: seafish, 42s. May: ditto, 119s. 6d. June: ditto, 5s. July: ditto, 4s. 4d. Aug.: ditto, 62s. 1d.; Oliver Hunt, still ill, 4s. 8d. Sept.: seafish, 58s. 2d.
Total, 42l. 11s. 2d.
Accatry.—Oct.: 6 oxen, 1 at 20s., 5 at 18s.; 46 muttons, at 2s. 4d.; 19 calves, at 3s. 5d.; 59 little pigs, at 4d.; 1 piece of bacon, 10d.; 28½ "mor' p'" (morue parée, i. e., haberdine), at 12d. each; 10 bushels bay salt (salis gr'), 21d. a bushel; 4 bush. white salt, 19d. a bush.; freshwater fish, 4l. 13s. 9d.; for driving the oxen, &c. from Hanworth to Richmond, and thence to Bedwell, &c., 15s. 10d.; &c. Nov. 6 oxen, 113s.; 53 muttons, at 2s. 2½d.; 13 calves, at 3s. 9d.; 11 pigs, at 2s. 6d.; 5 little pigs, at 4d.; piece of bacon, 6d.; 19 haberdine, 15s. 10d.; 50 cods, 22s.; 6 salmon, 2s.; 10 stockfish, 20d.; 2 bush. white salt, at 16d.; 8 bushels of bay salt, at 17d.; fresh fish, 79s. 6½d.; to the rector of Bedwell, for pasturage, 2s. 3d.; for driving 20 muttons from Barnet to Bedwell, 6d.; 11 pigs from Leighton to Bedwell, 20d.; 60 muttons from Chertsey to Bedwell, 20d.; 10 oxen from Chertsey to Harrow, 20d. Dec.. 6 oxen, at 22s.; 55 muttons, at 2s. 4d.; 1 qr. beef, 6s. 8d.; ½ case of mutton, 1s.; ½ case of veal, 20d.; 5 calves, 3s. 4d.; 28 porkers at 2s. 6½d.; a fat pig, 6s.; 3 boars, 25s. 4d.; 30 little pigs, at 4d.; 10 marrow bones, at 12d.; 3 gang of ox feet, 6d.; 4 gang of calves' feet, 4d.; 19 haberdine, 15s. 10d.; 47 cods, 21s. 5d.; 4 stockfish, 8d.; 1 barrel of salmon, 35s.; 5 bushels of white salt, 6s. 8d.; 11 bush. of bay salt, 16s. 6d.; fresh fish, 6l. 2s. 2d.; expenses for pasturage, candles, scalding of the pigs and boars, oats for the same, and driving the same, &c. The household was at Waltham this month.
Jan.: 5 oxen, at 20s. 2d.; 54 muttons, at 2s. 1d.; 21 calves, at 3s. 7d.; 3 porkers, 10s.; 56 little pigs, at 4d.; 2 flitches bacon, 3s. 4d.; 2 gang of ox feet, 6d.; 2 ditto of calves' feet, 4d.; 35 haberdine, at 10d.; 13 ditto, 15s.; 41 cods, 17s. 10d.; 40 stockfish, 8s. 8d.; 5 salmon, 6s. 8d.; 8 bushels of bay salt, at 18d. the bushel; fresh fish, 105s. 2d.; expenses for driving, carriage, &c.
Feb.. 4 oxen, 4l.; 38 muttons, at 2s. 7d.; 17 calves, at 3s. 4d.; 45 little pigs, at 4d.; 2 flitches, 3s. 8d.; 64 haberdine, 59s. 10½d.; 76 cods, 39s. 8d.; 65 stockfish, 15s. 0½d.; ¼ barrel of sturgeon, 9s. 7d.; ½ barrel of eels, 11s. 8d.; 1 barrel salmon, 40s.; 1 barrel white herrings, 14s. 4d.; ½ cad of red herrings? (alec' sor'); 4 bushels of bay salt, 6s.; fresh fish, 10l. 9s. 11d.; expenses for driving, &c. from Kew to Richmond. March: 65 haberdine, 56s. 10½d.; 48 cod, 22s.; 39 stockfish, 8s. 1½d.; ¼ barrel sturgeon, 9s. 7d.; ½ barrel eels, 12s. 10d.; 1 barrel white herrings, 14s. 4d.; ½ cad red herrings, "sor'," 3s. 8d.; 2 cads of sprats, 2s.; fresh fish, 110s. 9d.; 1 bushel white salt, 16d.; &c.
April: 5 oxen, 6l.; 41 muttons, varying from 2s. 8d. to 3s. 8d.; 19 calves, from 4s. to 7s. 4d.; 35 haberdine, 30s. 7½d.; 12 stockfish, 2s. 6d.; ½ barrel salmon, 20s.; 1 cad sprats, 1s.; ½ barrel sturgeon, 20s. 4d.; 1 barrel white herring, 14s. 6d.; 3 bushels white salt, 4s. 6d.; other expenses for driving, &c.; payment to a man to keep the sheep, &c., for 8 weeks, 2s. 8d.; fresh fish, 37s. 4d. May: 5 oxen, 8l. 6s. 8d.; 37 muttons, 4l. 10s. 11d.; 15 calves, 46s. 8d.; 78 haberdine, 6s. 3d.; 35 stockfish, 7s. 3½d.; ½ barrel salmon, 20s.; 1 bush. bay salt, 16d.; 2 bush. white salt, 2s. 10d.; fresh fish, 100s. 1d.; driving to Chertsey, &c. June: 1 ox, 21s.; 11 muttons, 36s. 8d.; 7 calves, 20s. 10d.; 12 haberdine, 10s. 6d.; 2 stockfish, 5d.; 1 bush. bay salt, 16d.; ½ bush. white salt, 7d.; fresh fish, 6s. 2d.; driving, &c.
July: 2 oxen, 46s. 8d.; 9 muttons, 23s. 7d.; 8 calves, 26s. 6d.; 14 haberdine, 12s. 3d.; 2 bush. bay salt, 3s. 4d.; 1 bush. white salt, 20d.; fresh fish, 9s. 10½d.; &c. August: 4 oxen, 7l. 6s. 8d.; 1 ox, 21s.; 43 muttons, 113s. 6d.; 19 calves, 67s. 6d.; 57 haberdine, 49s. 10½d.; 28 stockfish, 5s. 10d.; 3 bush. bay salt, 5s.; 3 bush. white salt, 4s.; driving, &c. to Richmond; fresh fish, 4l. 10s. 5½d. September: 7 oxen, 6l. 7s.; 58 muttons, 7l. 10s. 8d.; 21 calves, 4l. 2s.; 33 little pigs, 11s.; 75 haberdine, 65s. 7½d.; 59 stockfish, 12s. 3½d.; 7 bush. bay salt, 11s. 8d.; 4 bush. white salt, 5s. 4d., &c.; rent to John Alayne of London, for a meadow near Chertsey, called Borset, 100s.; fresh fish, 108s.
Total, 273l. 6s. The purchases of oxen, &c. are made at Chilton, Colshull, in Essex, Northamptonshire, Berkshire, Leighton Buzzard, Derbyshire, Havering, Chelmsford, Horneden and Brentwood in Essex, Horsham, Hertford, Barking, Tooting, Hitcham, Chertsey, Staines, Wiltshire, Nottingham, &c. The fish and the salt were generally purchased in London.
Poultry.—Oct., 15l. 4s. 7d. Nov.. 16l. 8s. 1d. Dec.: 23l. 9s. 6d.; 5 lambs, 2s. 8d.; 4 flagons of honey, 5s. 5d. Jan.: 20l. 16s. 5d.; 18 lambs, 32s. 8d. Feb.: 12l. 18s. 10d.; 28 lambs, 37s. 4d.; ½ barrel oil, 14s. 6d. March: 3s. 7d.; ½ barrel oil, 14s. 6d. April: 11l. 7s. 9½d.; 68 lambs, 4l. 14s. May: 10l. 19s. 8½d.; 60 lambs, 64s. 8d. June: 31s. 11d.; 20 lambs, 24s. 8d. July: 27s. 3d.; 19 lambs, 24s. 2d. Aug.: 13l. 4s. 1d.; 1 lamb, 13d. Sept. 13l. 9s. 3½d. Total, 161l. 17s. 4½d.
Scullery.—Oct.: firewood, 144 quarters, 53s.; 60 qrs., 20s.; herbs, 2s. 7d., &c. Nov.. 664 qrs., 4l. 10s. 6d.; herbs, 2s. 6d. Dec.: 335 qrs., 112s. 7½d.; herbs, 2s. 7d.; to John Amere, of Romford, tinker (incrustator), for repairing locks and keys, &c., 3s. 10d. To Hen. Posier, of London, 1 bread grate, 2s.; 1 iron pestle, weighing 9 lb., 13½d.; 2 wooden pestles, 3s.; 4 wooden trays, 2s. 4d.; 4 wooden bowls, 22d.; 5 flaskets, 18d.; 1 brass ladle, 2s.; 1 brass filling ladle, 20d.; 1 mincing knife, 16d.; 1 noggin of pewter, 16d.; 2 leather bags for flour for the office of the Pastry, 21d.; 2 iron spits, 26lb. weight, 4s. 4d.; a brazen pipkin, holding 12 flagons, weighing 23½ lb., 8s. 9¾d.; 3 brass pots, weighing 75 lb., at 3½d. the lb. (deductions are made from this item for metal delivered from the stores of the Priness); 2 iron "bailles," to put over the two pots, 7d., and 3d. for a chest (?) to pack them in. To Th. Husthwait, of London, pewterer, for 2 doz. platters, 4 doz. dishes, 2 doz. saucers, weighing 135 lb., at 4½d. the lb.
Jan.. 280 qrs. firewood, 111s. 8d.; 32 new wooden covers, 2s. 8d.; herbs, 2s. 7d. Feb.: 140 qrs. firewood, 58s. 4d.; herbs, 2s. 4d., &c. March: 81 qrs. firewood, 30s. 4½d.; herbs, 15d. April: 145 qrs., 54s. 4½d.; herbs, 2s. 6d. May: 219 qrs., 73s.; herbs, 2s. 7d. June: 49 qrs., 16s. 4d.; herbs, 15d. July: 28 qrs., 9s. 4d.; herbs, 15d. Aug.: 120 qrs., 40s. 2d.; herbs, 2s. 0½d. Sept.: 215 qrs., 71s. 8d.; herbs, 2s. 6d., &c.
Total, 44l. 11s. 3¾d.
Saucery.—Oct.: 6 bush. wheat flour, 4s. 6d.; herbs for pastry, 18d.; etceteras, 10s. Nov.: herbs, 20d.; 5 bush. flour, at 8d.; etceteras, 7s. 8½d. Dec.: 2½ qrs. flour, 15s.; herbs, 18d.; etceteras, 11s. 8d. Jan.: 1 qr. flour, 6s.; herbs, 2s.; etceteras, 11s. 4d. Feb. 3 bush., 2s. 3d.; herbs, 20d.; etc., 8s. 4d. March: herbs, 10d.; etc., 9s. 4d. April: 3 bush. flour, 2s.; herbs, 20d.; etc., 8s. 10d. May: 6 bush. flour, 3s. 6d.; herbs, 20d.; etc., 15s. 8d. June: etc., 3s. 8d. July: ditto, 2s. 8d. Aug.: 7 bush. flour, 4s. 8d.; herbs, 2s. 0½d.; etc., 9s. 8d. Sept.: 6 bush. flour, 11s. 8d.; herbs, 2s.; etc., 10s. 4d. Total, 8l. 18s. 8d.
Hall and Chamber.—Oct.. 1550 "talwode," 47s. 4d., part for Hanworth, and part for Richmond; 2,100 faggots, 56s. 9d.; 9 doz. bundles of rushes (cirp'), 15s. 1d.; &c. Nov. 51 cartloads of fuel (focal'), 51s. 6½d.; (fn. 4) 47 bundles of rushes, 7s. 6d. Dec.. 37 cartloads of fuel, 15s. 5d.; 2,200 tallwood, 69s.; 2,000 faggots, 35s. 5d.; 15 doz. bun. rushes, 26s. 6d. Jan.: 3,300 tallwood, 6l. 11s. 7d.; 2,400 faggots, 64s. 2d.; 6 doz. bun. rushes, 9s. Feb.: 2,200 tallwood, 4l. 11s. 8d.; 1,200 faggots, 33s.; 3 doz. bun. rushes, 5s. 2d. March: 500 tallwood, 20s. 6d.; 900 faggots, 24s. 4d.; 12 bun. rushes, 18d. April: 350 tallwood, 14s. 7d.; 900 faggots, 24s. 9d.; 200 tallwood, 8s. 4d.; 350 faggots, 9s. 7½d.; 13 doz. bun. rushes, 4s. 7d.; 2 doz. ditto, 3s. May: 100 tallwood, 4s. 2d.; 3 doz. bun. rushes, 4s. 10d. June: 200 faggots, 5s. 4d.; 2 doz. bun. rushes, 1s. July: 200 faggots, 5s. 4d.; 20 bun. rushes, 20d. Aug.. 900 faggots, 24s. 7d.; 350 tallwood, 14s. 7d.; 150 faggots, 4s. 1½d.; 3 doz. bun. rushes, 4s. 7d. Sept.: 400 tallwood, 16s. 8d.; 800 faggots, 22s.; 6 doz. bun. rushes, 9s. 4d.; &c. Total, 45l. 4s. 8½d.
Stables.—Oct., for hay and litter of two great horses belonging to the Princess's litter, 20s. 8d. Nov., for the same, 18s. 3d. (fn. 5) Dec., ditto, 20s. 8d. Jan., 20s. 8d. Feb., 18s. 8d. March, 20s. 8d. April, 20s. May, for 10 days and one night, 7s. 1d. June, 20s. July, 20s. 8d. Aug., 20s. 8d. Sept., 20s. Shoeing for 10 months, 10s. 6d. Total, 11l. 19s. 1d.
Wages.—7 gentlemen, at 7½d. a day; 10 yeomen, at 3d.; 16 pages, at 10s. a qr.; a page of the litter, 3¾d. a day; 4 conducts, at 1d. a day. In April and the following months, terminating 30th Sept. 14 (15) Hen. VIII., these numbers are slightly increased.
Alms.—Dec.: 7 yds. frieze for a tunic, 5s.; oblations at Waltham on the 6th, 20d., and at Havering on Christmas Day, 20d. 9 Jan., offering at Stratford Abbey, 1s. June, Ascension day, at Merton, 3s. 4d.
Rewards.—Oct.: to one who brought 48 quinces, 8d.; carriage of a doe, 2s.; to the keeper of the King's and Queen's palfrey for attending the Princess between Richmond and Bedwell on the 17th and 18th; to the footmen of the Queen on the same occasion, 20d.; to John Wallenger, master of the Queen's barge, for conveying the Princess between Richmond and London by water on the 27th, 13s. 4d. Nov.: to Anthony Lowe, yeoman usher of the Queen's chamber, for bringing letters from the Queen to the Princess's council on the 24th, 3s. 4d. Dec.: to the servant of Sir Thomas Tirrell, for bringing 12 does from Essex to Havering for Christmas, 11s. 4d.; to 3 fifers of the French queen at Havering on the 30th, 3s. 4d.; to the clerks of St. Nicholas, and for lighting the parish church of Bedwell on his day, 3s. 4d.; for the keeper of the Queen's palfrey and yeomen of the litter, for attending the Princess between Bedwell and Havering, 10s.
Jan.: to Wm. Bruer, of Havering, for bringing 4 does and 2 fat capons, 6s.; to John Cotton, servant of the countess of Devonshire, for bringing a silver gilt image of the Blessed Virgin to the Princess on Circumcision Day, 20s.; to John Gostwike, servant of my lord Cardinal, bringing a saucer of gold and berall, for his gift, same day, 20s.; to a servant of Sir John Nevell, bringing half a flask of rose water, same day, 1s.; to a servant of the duke of Norfolk, bringing a silver cup for the Duke's gift, same day, 10s.; to divers players, on the 6th, 16s. 8d.; to a King's messenger bringing a letter from the Queen to the Princess's council, 20d.; to the Queen's bargemaster for conducting the Princess from Westminster to Richmond on the 12th, with 24 sailors, 20s.; to the Queen's footmen, 3s. 4d. Feb.: to Master Nicholas, curate of Richmond, for a wax taper offered in the Princess's chapel on the feast of the Purification, 6s. 8d. March: expenses of the ferry at Richmond, 6d. April: to a servant of Master Holande, bringing a kid on the 14th, 1s.; to a servant of Sir Henry Wyat, bringing a silver dish which had been mended in London, 1s. June: for bringing a stag from Foly Park to Richmond, 2s. Aug.: for carriage of a stag, 20d. Various entries for the same in Sept. To a King's messenger, bringing, on 12 Sept., the statutes of the last parliament for the Princess's council, and the commission for payment of the subsidy granted in the last parliament. To a clerk, for writing this account, 20s.
Sum total of the whole, 1,097l. 9s. 6¾d.
Table of wages paid to the servants of the Household for one whole year ending 30 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII., with their names.
Lat., pp. 99.
R. O. 2. Summary of the same, in English. Paid to Th. Tamworth for auditing the accounts, 100s.
Pp. 6, mutilated.
R. O. 3. Fragment of the same summary.
P. 1.
R. O. 4. Princess Mary's Wardrobe.
"First, 6 pieces of the story of Herculus." 8 pieces of "chekete verders." An old bed of estate, and a cowntrapoynt of crimson satin embroidered with hearts, lions and falcons. An old sparver of cloth of gold and green velvet paned. A cloth of estate of cloth of gold of tissue framed. A folding bed with vices and two leathern bags. A "seller" and a tester with a counterpoint, paned with crimson and blue velvet, with sarcenet curtains, paned crimson and blue. An old chair of estate, covered with blue cloth of gold. A green carpet of red lozenges, 4½ yds. by ¾ yd. A half carpet, 3¾ yds. by 1¾ yd. 2 little carpets for cupboards. 2 pr. of fustians for the Princess's bed. A crimson sarcenet travers. 3 down pillows. 4 counterpanes of green verders, and 4 pr. of blankets for pallets. A standard, 1½ yd. long. A little standard, 1 yd. long. 4 cart canvases. 4 "bareheyds" to cover the carts with. 9 old pieces "of thestory of vyneards." 4 of the story of Alyxaundre. A great bed and counterpane of bawdkyn. An old green satin sparver and curtains. An old crimson sarcenet canopy. An old cloth of estate of bawdkyn. An old broken bed with vices and leathern bags. A "celler," tester and counterpane of blue satin of Burges, with 3 curtains of blue sarcenet. 2 cushions of satin "fugury," 1¼ yd. long. 2 bawdkyn cushions. A crimson velvet cushion. Another crimson velvet cushion, 1¾ yd. long. A purple velvet cushion. A scarlet counterpane lined with fustian. A pane of white frieze. An old down feather bed for the Princess's bed. 4 feather beds with bolsters for pallets.
Pp. 2. Endd.: My lady Princes. And in Wolsey's hand: For my lady Princeps.
R. O. 5. Stuff in the Princess's Wardrobe of Beds.
6 pieces of hanging of the siege of Dams (Damascus?), 51 yds. by 4½ yds. 4 pieces of Ballam and Ballake, 28 yds. by 4 yds. 4 pieces of Henryke and Conrake, 28 yds. by 4 yds. 4 pieces of the Passion of our Lord, one piece lined. 1 piece of the Old Law and the New. 1 piece of Amys and Amylyon, cut in two for tappyngs, 6 yds. by 4. 8 pieces of yellow verdors, and 8 of cheker verdors, with the duke of Buckingham's arms in the border. 2 foot carpets; one 7 yds. by 2¼ yds.; the other, 4 yds. by 2 yds. 10 cupboard carpets. 2 beds with down bolsters. 8 feather beds with bolsters. A mattrass stuffed with wool; another with a quilt. 1 truss bed. A cyler and tester of blue velvet and right crimson satin, with counterpoints paned with the same, and sarsnet curtains of the same colour. 10 down pillows. 3 pair fustian blankets. 9 pair woollen blankets. A green sarsnet canopy with a gilt ball on the top. 6 counterpoints of verdus of tapestry. I scarlet counterpoint lined with fustian. A celer of yellow verdus with the duke of Buckingham's arms. 6 pieces "of the postylls," 27 yds. by 4 yds. A travers of russet and green sarsnet of 7 breadths. A cloth of estate of blue cloth of gold with the vallance, 5¼ yards by 3 breadths of the cloth. 3 cushions of red cloth of gold. A cloth of estate of crimson velvet, 5½ yds. by three breadths of the velvet. 3 crimson velvet cushions stuffed with down. A chair of timber work, covered with red cloth of gold. A chair of ironwork, covered with crimson velvet. 6 pieces of green say of middle size. 16 pair of sheets of 2½ breadths. 11 pillowberes. 3 standers bound with iron. 4 bear hides of leather. 5 cart canvases. 2 cloth say of leather and a tarsse of leather for the Princess's bed. 7 pallets easys. 8 trussing canneys. 2 hammes with 15 books kruchets. 2 pair of andirons, one pair broken, in the keeper's house at Richmond. 2 fire forks. 2 fire "schules" (shovels). 1 pair of tongs. 6 joined stools. 6 plates for the chamber. A wicker screen for the chamber. 2 call baskets lined with leather, broken.
Pp. 2, with many corrections.
Sept./GRANTS. 3376. GRANTS in SEPTEMBER 1523.
1. Sir Thos. Boleyn, knight for the Body, and Sir John Byron. Grant in survivorship of the office of keeper of Bekeswood Park, Notts, with herbage and pannage, and 4d. a day. _, 1 Sept.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21.
1. Sir Wm. Compton, knight for the Body. To be bailiff of Burley in the New Forest, Hants, with a profit there called "le lesse fee" or "le lesse free," viz., money, oats and eggs paid by the inhabitants for pasture for their cattle, with 6d. a day out of the issue of co. Hants; on surrender of patents 6 Nov. 5 Hen. VIII., and 15 Oct. 7 Hen. VIII., invalid. Del. Westm., 1 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
1. Ric. Palshyd, the King's servant. Grant, in fee, of a tenement with croft and garden adjoining, and a granary with a beerhouse, called "le Grehounde," in the town of Portesmouthe, Hants, on the south side of the High Strete, between Baker's Lane on the west, land of John Buteler on the east, and "le Kingishall Grene" on the south; to hold by fealty, the King reserving the right of appointing persons to brew in the said beerhouse in times of war. Del. Westm., 1 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
1. David ap Watkin, late of Radnourstowne, alias Radmerstowne, in South Wales, servingman, alias laborer. Pardon for the murder of David ap Moris, of Radnourstowne, priest. East Hampstead, 28 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII. Del. _, 1 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
1. Sir Ric. Wyngfeld. Release to him and his heirs of the rent of 40l., subject to which the castle and manor of Kymbalton, Hunts, part of Buckingham's lands, were granted to him by patent 25 Nov. 14 Hen. VIII. Also confirmation of the said grant, to hold by the service of one knight's fee. Also grant of an annual fair in the said manor, on St. Mary Magdalene's day. Also grant, in tail male, of the manor of Swyneshede alias Swanneshed, lands in Swyneshede and Tylbrok, Hunts, the manor of Hardewyk, and lands in Hardewyk, Overdene and Netherdene, Beds, part of Buckingham's lands; with a court called Swainmote annually, under Hardewyk wood, or elsewhere in the manor of Swyneshede. Also grant of view of the frankpledges of all tenants of the said manors and lands twice a year, at Mich. and Easter. Del. Westm., 1 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
3. Robert lord Curson and Sir Wm. Skevyngton. Certificate to all sheriffs, bailiffs, &c., that they have retained Ric. Lacy, of London, skinner, and Robt. Lacy, of London, linendraper, as victuallers for the King's army in France and elsewhere, and that they are under the King's protection. 27 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII. Signed only by "Wylliam Skeffyngton, master off the Kynges ordenaunce." T., 3 Sept. (year not stated).—P.S. b.
4. Walter Apie, of Mende, Heref. Pardon for burglary, at Daweswall, Heref., in the house of John à Court, with intent to murder him, for which he has been outlawed. Oking, 3 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
4. James Vaughan, gent, usher of the Chamber. To be receiver of the lordship of Huntingdon, marches of Wales, late of Buckingham, with 2d. a day, during good conduct. Del. Westm., 4 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
6. John Arscot, eldest son of John Arscot, of Holdisworthy. Grant of the next presentation to the church of Holdysworthy, Devon, Exeter dioc. Del. Hampton Court, 6 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
12. Sir John Byron. To be keeper [and] forester of the woods of Thornewood, of the deer in the southern bailiwick of Sherewood forest, Notts, with 4d. a day, as held by Hen. Parker or Simon Dygby; on surrender of patent 17 March 11 Hen. VIII. by Parker. Westm., 12 Sept.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21.
12. Hen. Norres, squire for the Body. Grant of the lordship of Langley Maresse, and the offices of keeper and master of the hunt of Perlaunte park, alias Langley new park, Bucks, with herbage and pannage. Del. Westm., 12 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
12. Hen. Norreys, squire for the Body. To be bailiff of the town and lordship of Watlyngton, and keeper of the parks and woods of Watlyngton and Netilbede, Oxf. Del. Westm., 12 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 13.
16. To the prior and convent of St. Mary's, Thetford. Writ to admit Ralph Pexsall, clerk of the Crown in Chancery, to a corrody in their monastery, vice John Lloid, deceased. Del. Hampton Court, 16 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
18. Ric. Thyrkyll, esq., captain of the Bonn Espoyer. Protection to John Perle, alias Parle, fuller, of London, in his retinue. T., 18 Sept.—P.S. b.


  • 1. 22 Sept.
  • 2. 25 Sept.
  • 3. 15 Hen. VIII. on the cover.
  • 4. In all these items carriage is included.
  • 5. The rate for each horse varies from 3½d. to 4d. a day.