Henry VIII: April 1521

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: April 1521', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 461-480. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp461-480 [accessed 19 April 2024]


April 1521

1 April.
R. O.
Rym. XIII.
1216. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Had granted to him and Campeggio the right of visiting monasteries exempt and non-exempt. On Campeggio's departure had granted the same powers to Wolsey sole for a year; then for two years. Extends the privilege for two years longer, with authority to appoint certain officers, legitimatise bastards, and other dispensing powers. Rome, 1521, kal. Aprilis, pont. 9.
Vellum, sub plumbo.
1 April.
Rym. XIII.
1217. JAMES V.
Commission to Thomas abbot of Kelso, Andrew Ker of Cesford, and Adam Ottirburn of Auldhame, to meet the commissioners of England, and arrange for an abstinence of war. Edinburgh, 1 April 1521, 8 James V.
3 April.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
I. 247.
Thanks the Cardinal for the friendly spirit in which he has received the present the Archbishop had sent him, as well as for the costly jewel the Cardinal had sent to the shrine of St. Thomas. Has received by Dr. Sampson the Lutheran books, and the MSS. of Wicliffe, containing no less dangerous and pestilent heresy. Will examine them at Otford, and the day after his return to Lambeth, 11 April, will consult with the Cardinal. Rejoices that England has so orthodox a sovereign as Henry VIII. From my house at Canterbury, 3 April. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Card. Ebor. archiep. apost. sedis a latere legato. Endd.
4 April.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Commission to Wolsey to receive the four hostages named by Francis in lieu of the four now remaining in England. 4 April 1521.
Copy, pp. 4, mutilated.
7 April.
Lamb. MSS.
602, p. 59.
1220. PACE to WOLSEY.
The King has commanded him to send letters received this day out of Ireland. He in no wise likes the news, and therefore desires Wolsey diligently to ponder the said letters. The King is content to accede to the wish of the council in Ireland for the preferment of the prior of Conall to the see of Lymbryke. Wolsey will receive by these such news as the King has had out of Almain, "which his grace had not read till this day after his dinner; and thus he commanded me to write unto your grace, declaring he was otherwise occupied; i.e., in scribendo contra Lutherum, as I do conjecture." Greenwich, 7 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
10 April.
R. O.
"Articles of misdemeanors and unfitting and suspicious words committed and said by the parson of Baddesworthe and John Goghe otherwise called John Strydley, within the county of Lancaster," for which they have been arrested and sent to the King by order of Edw. Stanley lord Monteagle, who beseeches his highness to take such order therein as may stand with his pleasure, "for, as far as I perceive, they intend to use themself unthriftly."
1. At the beginning of Lent they came to Manchester with a young woman of 18 or 19, whom the parson openly treated as any one else would his wife. 2. John Goghe openly said in various places that he had been in Rouen where he spoke with Ric. de la Pole, of whom he had good cheer, and whom he declared to be a valiant man, worthy to be a great captain; and that De la Pole had 900 ducats allowed him by the French king. When some of his hearers objected that De la Pole could have nothing from the French king, as there was peace between France and England, Goghe said he had 900 ducats assured him by the town of Rouen wherever he went. 3. He added that he would go beyond sea to get his living, for he knew the manner of the country. 4. The parson also said he would go beyond sea, but would be sorry to put my lord Monteagle in danger, for he was called his son. 5. When told that he could not go beyond sea without the King's licence, he said "he would make him a russet cloak like a palmer, with two keys before him and two behind him, and a staff in his hand as a pilgrim going to Rome." 6. Goghe said, in the house of Thos. Longton, Esq., in presence of divers persons at dinner, that it was no great business to get money in London. Being asked how, he said that in a tavern in London a man came to him and desired him to kill two men, saying that he had seen him do well in such a place, and he should be well rewarded. He desired their names to be written down, and where they dwelt, and on receiving the writing threatened to tell my lord Cardinal, so that the man was glad to give him 20 nobles to keep his counsel. Information of these facts having been given to lord Monteagle he ordered them to be arrested. Dated 10 April 12 Hen. VIII. Signed: "Per me, E. 1. MtEgle."
Pp. 3. Endd.
10 April.
Vit. B. IV. 89.
B. M.
As the bishop of Worcester is dying, begs that he may have the see upon the vacancy. It is now four years since he was made cardinal, and he is no better off than when he was simple bishop, having but 1,000 crowns (aureorum) a year. Worcester would be enough for the present, with the hope of Salisbury, on obtaining which he would resign the other. By the privilege granted to cardinals residing at Rome he would have no expenses in the despatch of bulls. The Pope would have written in his favor, but he declined his intercession, being sure of Wolsey's friendship, and unwilling to press him too strongly. If the King prefer another candidate, and wish to oblige the Pope, he might confer it on the bishop of Ascoli, the nuncio in England. Rome, 10 April 1521. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. in modern hand.
Harl. 6989,
f. 3.
B. M.
2. Duplicate of the preceding. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. and endd.
11 April.
Vit. B. XX.
B. M.
"Please it your grace to understand... I wrote my last letters unto the [same] ... ambassador the master of the Rolls showed me that the King's pleasure is he should return home, and leave me [in] his place for to advertise daily of the news occurrent... his commandment and the semblable he had... to the Emperor, the lord Chievres and to other of the council." Will acquit himself to the best of his power, referring Wolsey, however, to the Master of the Rolls. A gentleman of the duke of Bari told him that the son of the bishop of Toy had expressed great regret at the inclination of Chievres to the French. This was considered the Bishop's own sentiments.
"Moreover I signify unto your gr[ace] ... ay except that to him appeareth by divers ... allage of oone underth houses, haithe better counsel than the Emperor with so many realms and dom [inions, concl]uding to me his first desire at this time is the meeting between the King's highness and his majesty, not doubting [that] matters shall be ordered to the reason, and as the [confi]dence of the Emperor in the King required.
"[The g]ret beginning of Messire Roberto de la Marcha is dissol [ved] with small effect, and make many in this curte suspect it [shou]ld be grounded for to bring the Emperor to appax (a peace) with France... now groweth again the army the French king sende into Navarre in eschewing like occasions true or feigned that they be.
"The King's highness, under your grace's good correction, should be plain in the matter with the French king, and by virtue and according to your treaty require him to desist of all breach and invasion; and so doing I trust the evil counsel, lacking of colours, shall not be able to endure the Emperor to any new bargains, if his good renown and fame he hath amongst the generality is veritable, as it is to be esteemed, and specially not having as yet seen the contrary.
"[For] as much as I hear by sundry reports the Pope maketh [contin]ually instance to agree with the Emperor and for his going [into I]taly, saying in default thereof he cannot choose ... [joi]ne with the French king; the which proceeding by some ... his holiness hath none other(?) conveni[ent] ... which may not be without a cruel and almost an irremediable breach, and this is his principal conject...come to it, he shall be in surety of their correction, and might with less regard perforce ... ambition for no reason of the world wol being content with his own, he should fear any op[position] as one of the contrahents of your treaty and peace, nor that he looketh for any profit of the Emperor's presence in Italy, if he woll consider by the past experience the dissensions ensued betwixt the Roman church and the Emperors at all times they came thither."
On the second the archduke of Austria arrived with 300 horse in the Emperor's colors, "and 9 pages upon coursers, and great horses, with coats of velvet crimson bordered with [cloth] of gold." He was received by the Emperor, the electors, cardinals, and others, two English miles beyond the gates. He takes precedence above all others.
"As for the place where [he] shall accomplish his marriage, it is ... [wi]th the bishop of Samora and his company...en and overthrow them with great his ... person hurt. Nevertheless the constable of ... more solito writeth for the Emperor his short going."
The French are in little favor with the Swiss. Their answer to the Emperor's embassy is shortly expected.
"Written thus far, the provost of Caselles showed me that he is appointed to go in Viertenberg, and there assemble the estates of the country for the reformation of certain things concerning the justice, and also for to desire an aid of money by them offered heretofore for the recoverance of revenues mortgaged for the defence of the duchy, and amongst our (fn. 1) other devices he demanded of him what he heard or thought of the affairs with France, and by whose hands and means [they] be ruled. He answered me, there is nothing so clear as to [be]lieve the lord Chievres is totally to a concordie minded if [he c]an bring it to pass, resuming that he sayth dai[ly that the] Emperor is well with France, and shall be well with every man ... to the ministers for the performance thereof ... rnor mete for such charge as * * * [a whole line lost] * * * provost shall have the bishopric...of Luke, with whom he is agreed for e... And after the accustomed manner I have the premises related to your ambassador the m[aster of the Rolls], who by such and other his knowledges, secret communications, and answer, may better by writti[ng] inform the King's highness and your grace in the matter than I can." The Chancellor may be trusted not to increase the amity with France. Wolsey must manage the bishop of Helna, "dissimuling all, for, as the master of the Rolls perceiveth, not only he writeth that he may spy but peraventure more." Has good hope in the Emperor's constancy and singular affection to the King's highness, "[as] Armostorf, [who is in great] privy favor with his master, affer[meth]. And how he was never so bold to speak therein as ye know... and Fonseca; I do not forbear to show them that one of the principal occasions...to a new treaty with France must be the little mind he hath to go into Spain...im that having the same alliance no man might meddle in that affair, or give to them comfort; and that easily [if he might br]ing the Emperor thither they should be compelled to return to the due obeissance and subjection, the which [remons]trances they have taken as true, as they be, and [moreov]er great thanks given to me. Your grace may be [su]re at opportunity the said Duke and Fonseca woll not [be sl]ake to persuade the contrary the Emperor; and that his majesty should do nothing without your advice and council; as they have heretofore done. And in effect I know the new bargain with France so prejudiciable to the Emperor and his friends that I make no great difference from that to the war. The resolution of the diet is in eodem statu, with good hope and no conclusion." Worms, 11 April 1521.
The duke of Alba expects an answer touching the salwo con[duct], which he desires of the French king by the help of England.
Hol., cr., with decipher by Tuke, lost in many parts by mutilation, pp. 6.
11 April.
R. O.
Desires credence for the master of the Rolls, who is returning to England. Wished him to remain longer, as he is a man of zeal and of experience in their common affairs. Worms, 11 April 1521. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12 April.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
There are no sheriffs in Cumberland and Northumberland to serve the King's processes, or keep the sessions. John Lamplew, of Lamplew, Bennyngton, Wolsey's servant, Thomas Lamplew, of Dovenby, Richard Skelton, of Branthuayt, John Skelton, of Armetthuayt, or Christopher Curwen, son and heir of Sir Thomas, might be appointed for Cumberland. If he be allowed the nomination of the sheriff of Northumberland, according to indenture, he will appoint Henry Wallas, Wm. Threlkeld, or Christopher Leghe. If the King will break the indenture, there are Edward Gray, of Chillingham, William Heron, Nicholas Ridley, Ralph Fenwick, and Wm. Ellerker. The custos rotulorum in Cumberland is dead; there has been none this twelvemonth. The King may appoint William Beueley or Richard his son. According to Wolsey's instructions in his last, has communicated with the Scotch, and hopes to bring it to pass, but it will require time. Wark-upon-Tweed, 12 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's grace." Endd.
12 April.
Vit. B. XX.
B. M.
"Master Brian Tuke, after the a[ll due] recommendation, yesterday I wrote unto you my last letters for the direction of one to my lord Cardinal's grace, and sent it in the packet of the master of the Rolls, who immediately after departed a...hereof. Anthony is by the Emperor dispatched again to his ambassador the bishop of Elna. You shall [receive] this by him. The which having said, I would write for my particular affairs. I direct to you, desiring you to show to my said lord that at my coming home yesterday from convey[ing] on his way the master of the Rolls, the duke of Alba declared me that being in council with the Emperor for the matters of Spain, and the provision [that] should be made for the defence and conservation of Navarre, this business was made heavy and perilous; and how, saying the Emperor he doubted not thereof for the special confidence he hath in the king of England, his uncle, that shall not suffer the French king go aga[inst] the treaty, some answered, the reason woll so; nevertheless that, touching Messire Robert de la Mar[k, he] had not made such demonstration as the case did require. And there ended the purpose. Wherefore unto the duke of Alba is thought the King's highness should effectually remedy it with the French king, and write a good letter to the Emperor as far as the treaty and bonds consent, and charge to be to him delivered in his presence and of other of Spain, or upon credence like effect and substance [show]ed to his Majesty, to the intent the said Duke and those of his opinion might more boldly speak...the same that saith the going into Spain with the war in and out wol be a doubtful enterprise for to come to the prejudiciable peace by them desired. In the which case the Duke and Fonseca surely believe the Emperor shall not come there, supposing his counsellors as well in absence as in presence to appease the insurrection." Chievres will not go thither on any account, but will do whatever lies in his power, sooner than give up his place about his master. "And therefore it nedeth the King's highness and your grace (fn. 2) shall continue your faithful love and good counsel toward the Emperor, thinking if he meet with you he shall follow totally your minds, and take of you such instructions and documents, that the amity shall be for ever established without any more interruption or scruple." It will be difficult for Chievres to change the Emperor's purpose.
As to the Pope, they know (fn. 3) his Holiness procureth the going into Italy, and thake (that) it is only done for to put the war betwixt the two Princes. Signifying unto your grace (fn. 4) that Raphael de Medicis is ordered to go to Rome by post. The cause as yet I cannot tell, but I cannot believe he shall depart before the resolution of the diet.
"... lordships of the lord Chievres in the realm of Naples hath been... ducats, in so much as Belse[r] ... al shall amount to 200,000 ducats, and odd... have received foscoure tousan[d] ... towns sold the Emperor, and at as ... tousand of the haide his servant w... Settember cannot be had above se... ducats, and the remanent within six m[onths].
"And according my former letters, Belser is [bound to] repay the said sums within a certain term, wheresoever the Emperor be, but with a clause that the place shall be to him [declared] so much before, and being appointed to be evermore nigh at the lord Chievres his staring (tarrying) for to know his [determination;] as yet he hath not showed it, except that Sunday last the lord Chievres told him we shall need of the money at Augsburg. And going a little up and down by the chamber, he s[aid] again, Make no ground upon my words, and continue to come to me daily, and I wol tell you the Emperor his p[urpose], whereof I shall be incontinently (fn. 5) advertised, and thereby your grace (fn. 6) shall perceive somewhat of their i[nten]cion and progress after they have been in Flanders; the which deliberation consisteth upon the ... of the diet."
The bishop of Toy had given assurances that nothing should be done with France till the Emperor had spoken with the King; nevertheless that if new measures were not taken, things could hardly continue as they are.
Knows not why this bearer was sent to the bishop of Helna. Thinks that a meeting with the King should not be held till the Emperor's going to Flanders, so that Chievres and those who are inclined to France may not advance their object. The Emperor's ghostly father is "introducted in the secret matters" by Chievres, much to the disgust of the Spaniards. Worms, 12 April 1521.
Hol., cr., deciphered by Tuke, pp. 4. Add.: [To the w]orshipful maister [Brian] Tuke.
On the 8th inst., about midnight, I received by my servant Baudewyn Willoughby your letter to the French king, instructions signed by you, and a letter from Wolsey. As to the duke of Alva, he shall have his safe conduct. The matters of Scotland are answered after your own mind. I have written concerning all other things in my instructions to cardinal Wolsey. Yesterday the King told me he had not all the present ready, as horns and other things, when he sent you the last. He has sent to the Grand Equerry to provide a "gylder" for you. The painter did not do my portrait well, but I hope he will do better in England, as he made mine in haste. Here he is esteemed next to the King's painter, who is sick, and it is feared will not recover. You will have the cross-bows shortly. Signed.
P. 1. Headed in Fitzwilliam's hand: "The copy of thow King's letter with thow hanswar to an artykell I had forgoton whan I had clossed my letter."
Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
15 April.
Vit. B. IV. 98*.
B. M.
Is glad of the arrival of Jo. Clerk, to whom he has opened all his thoughts as he has done to no one else, as freely as if he had been speaking to Wolsey himself, from whom he had received an autograph letter. Entirely surrenders his wishes and thoughts to Wolsey, and desires it may be known to those whom they serve, what advantage will arise from this communication of their sentiments. Florence, 15 April 1521. Signature burnt off.
Hol., Lat., mutilated, p. 1.
15 April.
Vit. B. IV. 99.
B. M.
Has written to Wolsey of the perilous sickness of the bp. of Worcester. Begs he may have the bishopric in his place, to be translated to Salisbury when it is vacant. Rome, 15 April 152[1]. Signature burnt off.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. Add. in a modern hand.
15 April.
Vit. B. IV. 98.
B. M.
Notified in his last, of which he sends a copy, the dangerous sickness of the bp. of Worcester. Earnestly begs that he may have his vacant bishopric, as he can then wait for Salisbury. Has written to the King to the same purport. Rome, 15 April 15[21].
P.S.—The bishop of Worcester has had extreme unction,—is given over, and all things are ready for his burial. D. Johannes Chlerits (Clerk) has arrived at Florence, and is daily expected. Signature burnt off.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1.
15 April.
R. O.
Wrote lately that the bishop of Worcester was seriously ill. His life is now despaired of. His poverty compels him to solicit the King and Wolsey for the bishopric, with leave to resign it for Salisbury when that see falls vacant, especially as he will not incur any expense in the translation, owing to the privileges granted to cardinals living in the court. Asks Vannes' assistance in obtaining this. Desires to be remembered to John Tayler, Æneas, "aliosque Aulicos." Wishes the enclosed letters to be sent to John Penant. Rome, 15 April 1521. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: "R. D. Petro Vanni R. card. Eboracen. secretario."
15 April.
Lansd. MS.
I. f. 152.
B. M.
Considering that the revenues of the customs of Dartmouth are scarce half what they were in Henry VII's time, although the ports have been as much frequented, authorizes John Trevanion, mayor of Dartmouth, and his successors, to enter and examine all vessels coming to the port, and demand the customary dues by virtue of the office of water bailiff, which the King has already conferred on the mayors, bailiffs and burgesses in consideration of the decay of the town. All who can show cause why the customs are thus decreased, or who dispute the right of the mayors to demand water bailliage, are to appear at Michaelmas next before the council. Greenwich, 15 April 12 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
16 April.
Vit. B. IV. 96.
B. M.
Ellis, 2 Ser.
I. 286.
1233. [PACE] to WOLSEY.
At his arrival found the King reading a new book of Luther's, the same as that of which Wolsey had sent a copy written by Pace. On his dispraising the book, Pace presented the Pope's bull and brief, at which the King was well contented, "showing unto me that it was very joyous to have these tidings from the Pope's holiness, at such time as he had taken upon him the defence of Christ's church with his pen, afore the receipt of the said tidings; and that he will make an end of his book within these [few days]; and desiring your grace to provide that within the same space all such as be appointed to examine Luther's books may be congregated together for his highness perceiving." He is agreeable to everything desired by Wolsey, who is to write to the Emperor and the princes Electors. His book is to be sent "not only to Rome, but also into France and other nations, as shall appear convenient. So that all the church is more bound to this good and virtuous prince, for the vehement zeal he beareth unto the same, than I can express.
"As touching the said brief his grace is singularly well contented therewith, and read it every word at his second mass time, and after dinner showed the same unto my lords of Canterbury and Durham, with great praise and laud thereof. As to the said bull his grace showed himself very well contented with the coming of the same; howbeit, as touching the publication thereof he said he would have it well examined and diligently looked to afore it were published. Hereunto I answered, saying that your grace, my lord of Canterbury, my lord of Durham, with others by your grace appointed, should accomplish his mind therein, and that your grace would not publish the same unto such time that ye had made his highness privy thereunto. My lord of Durham would have come unto your grace, but the King would not suffer him so to do, but commanded him to tarry here for the examination of certain things of Buckingham's servants. My said lord sendeth unto your grace a letter written by the King's commandment to such as shall see to the [charge] of the said Duke's house during his a[bsence]." Greenwich, 16 April. Signature burnt off.
"Sir Richard Weston signifieth unto your grace that the King doth well approve such things as you communed with him this morning."
Hol. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
17 April.
R. O.
Rym. XIII.
1234. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Has sent letters to Germany against the heresy of Martin Luther, ordering his books to be publicly burned, and himself to come to Rome and revoke his errors. As the same books are circulated in England, thinks they should be burnt, and the reading of them forbidden. Wolsey and others may read and refute them. Pali, Portuen. dioc. 1521, 15 kal. Maii, pont. 9.
Lat. Vellum.
18 April.
R. O.
Rym. XIII.
Indenture for abstinence of war between Scotland and England from 10 April to 1 June, concluded by Thos. abbot of Kelso, Andrew Ker, of Cesford, warden of the Middle Marches, and Adam Otterburn, of Auldhame, of the King's council, for Scotland, and lord Dacre on the part of England, at Carhame, 18 April 1521. On the 20th Jan. 1520, commissioners met at Ridane, when it was agreed that the King should send ambassadors to England before April 9, and that an abstinence should be taken from that day till 30 June. The King has been unable to despatch the embassy, owing to the indisposition of those appointed, and the death of the archbishop of St. Andrew's. Signed by the Scotch commissioners.
Endd.: An indenture for abstinence of war for one year.
18 April.
R. O.
Desires him to pay the remainder of his daughter's marriage portion to "my brother" Sir Robt. Constabill, and to take a very special quittance, "for he is something trowbillus and dangerous." Templehurst, 18 April 12 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
19 April
R. O.
Will maintain the decisions of the council of Constance against a single friar, who maintains what is contrary to the belief of all Christendom. It would be great dishonor to him and to Germany, the defenders of the catholic faith, if these heresies continue. Having heard the pertinacious reply of Luther yesterday, will not hear him again, but proceed against him as a notorious heretic. 19 April 1521.
Copy, Fr., p. 1. At the end: Collacioun au vray original, escript de la main de lempereur. Endd.
21 April.
R. O.
1238. NIC. BP. OF ELY to WOLSEY.
Announces the death of Thos. Cotton, son and heir to Sir Rob. Cotton, knt., late of Cambridgeshire, deceased, by which the estates descend to the second son. Begs that he may have preference for the wardship, not so much for lucre as for the tender mind he has for the child, now 12 or 13 years old, whom he has had in his keeping for 5 or 6 years. Somersham, 21 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
For Chas. duke of Suffolk, Chas. earl of Worcester and Henry Marney, K.G.
Acquittance for receipt from Oliver de La Vernade, lord [de] Labastye, of the following hostages: Louis de Rochechouart, John de Grymault, Adrian de Meleun, Adrian de Hugueville, eldest son of lord de Hugueville, Francis de Montmorency, Anthony de Montpesat, Chas. Medony and Chas. de Morete.
To be chief justice of the King's Bench in Ireland during pleasure, with the usual fees.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
S. B. 1241. For PATRICK BERMYNGHAM, Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland.
Licence to come to England at any time he pleases.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
To be chancellor of the green wax of the Exchequer, Ireland; lately held by Nicholas St. Laurence, lord of Houth, by letters patent under the great seal of Ireland, with the assent of Gerald earl of Kildare, deputy.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
1243. IPSWICH, Suffolk.
Commission to John abbot of Bury St. Edmund's, Robert lord Curson, Sir Rob. Drury, Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir Philip Tylney, Lionel Talmach, and John Sulyard, to make inquisition and perambulation as to the metes and bounds of the liberty of the town of Ipswich, and as to those in which the mayor and bailiffs claim liberties.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 14d.
R. O. 1244. HENRY VIII.
Letters patent appointing Sir Richard [Jerningham] and Sir William Fitzwilliam the elder surveyors of woods and forests on this side Trent, with power to enclose, to levy fines on widows marrying without licence, to be surveyors of recognizances, &c., to copy all records and acts of parliament for the King's causes, at fee of 100l. per annum each, with a diet of 10s. a day when travelling. _, 12 Hen. VIII.
Draft, pp. 6.
22 April.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Have heard from the French king, since I wrote last, that count Felix and Mons. de Lene's folks have invaded France, and taken prisoners and cattle, and that Nassau has laid siege to a place of Robert De la Marche's within a quarter of a mile of the French frontier. They are making ready here as fast as possible. They have now at Troyes 24 pieces of field ordnance. I never saw fairer. Eight are great cannons, and eight such pieces as the King won at Terouenne, "which he called his wife," and eight somewhat less. The seneschal of Armagnac, master of the Artillery, says they will have as many other pieces shortly. Francis told me that 14,000 lanceknights had come to the Rhine, against the Emperor's will, declaring they will serve him. He has sent Tavans in post to take 8,000 of them. He will also have 6,000 Swiss, for they have promised him as many men as he likes. Mons. Say...is captain of the foot. Moye, Bocarde, Lorge and Payrot Mogerowme are captains under him. Chatillon is sent to Mons. Vandom in Picardy, and Dorval to keep the frontier of Champagne. Cannot learn every man's destination, "for me think the King here looketh somewhat strangely on me now, because he hath no answer of the articles he sent to the King's highness." He had a letter from his ambassador four days ago, saying the King had promised to make answer last Sunday week. They will not be quiet till they hear how the King takes it. I have been asked by the Admiral twice or thrice if I had any word from the King, and I said no. On his expressing disappointment, I told him you had been sick, and that the King would not make answer without consulting you. I wrote from Dijon "how Dom Provot [said, that] and the French king would send Robert Tete, the Emperor would send ... [to] meet him. Since we came from Dijon "the Chancellor nor Robert Tete c[an be found;] and I have inquired for them, and they say they be at Dijon [with] Dom Provot." Whether they are treating I know not. Robert Tete never staid behind since I came until now.
Asked the Admiral lately if nothing came of Dom Provot's offer. He looked upon me, and said, "I had as lief lose these two eyes as once to treat with th[em now;] they have gone too far for that." I have sent to Dijon to learn whether Robert Tete is left there for any such purpose or not. The French king told me my lord of Buckingham was in the Tower, and asked if I had heard of it. I said, no. He asked me what sort of a man he was. I said I thought he was a highminded man, "and a man that would speak s[ometimes] like a man that were in a rage. And he said he judged him for [such a] man, and so full of choler that there was nothing could content him. Then I showed him the King's grace had given him good lessons...and so good that, an he had had any grace, he would not have deserved [to have] been there. And he said it was honorably done of the King's grace to give him warning; and then I showed him I knew his grace had given him warning, as well by your grace as by his own... oftener than once; and he praised that very much."
Salviati came to Troyes last Friday. I asked him what Saynblanse said to him. He said, he had told him he should be rid there. Then I went to Saynblanse's, and asked what I should do further in the matter. He said the Admiral, the Great Master and he should give me answer after dinner. I asked him what he thought himself; but could get nothing more from him. So after dinner, I came where they were all together, and the generals with them, and they showed me it was never seen that the French king and the generals should be bound all in one band; and the generals said they had sent their obligation into England, and their money was not paid, and they thought it unreasonable to be asked for another bond. "They bade send for the bond t[hat] your grace had, and then they would make answer, for they said they w[ould] see that before they sealed any other." I said, if the King would seal the ratification, and they this obligation, I would bind myself that they should have the other, and all the money due to them. They said they would never consent that the King should sign that ratification, for it was never seen that the King and they should be included in one bond. I said I desired nothing but what they had passed before; the obligation changed no purpose; and that if Francis meant to keep his word, he ought not to make a difficulty. The Admiral promised me an answer which I might send to you when they came to Dijon five or six days hence. I have caused Bartholomew Salviati to go with Saynblanse "to feel ..." against we come to Dijon. I fear we shall [have no] answer to your appetite. Mounte Armyne, 22 April. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
23 April.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Two days ago, was told by Francis that Nassau with 15,000 or 16,000 men had taken a hold of Rob. De la March's that was nothing worth, and laid siege to another which he believed was strong enough. Francis had sent for all his captains of ordnance, and 8,000 lanceknights; he will have 6,000 Swiss and 14,000 adventurers of France. Mons. de Saynp[ol] will be captain of the French foot, and Mons. de Gu[iche] of the lanceknights. He has also raised anew 600 men-at-arms, so that he will have in all 2,000. This day the French king said he had word that Nassau was within a quarter of a league of his frontiers, and had intended to besiege a French town, which was so well garrisoned that they would not meddle with it, but sent couriers into the country, and took men and women; which has caused the inhabitants to retreat from the frontier. Thus, he says, he can no longer forbear, though he has long done so for Henry's sake; adding, "If Mons. de Nassau tarry where he is a month, it shall cost me 40,000 of my men's lives, and mine own withal, but he shall repent his bargain."
The Queen and my Lady came last night to Troyes. Visited my Lady today, who spoke about her late journey, and at last touched upon the subject of the King Catholic's conduct, saying, "Think ye not verily the breach of this amity cometh of the King Catholic ?" Thought it a hard question to answer, and said, "Madame, I am here where [I] hear but the one tale; howbeit, I take the King your son [to be a] prince of his word that I believe that that he sayeth, [and if there] be no more than he showeth me I think they be more [to blame than] he." She assured me Francis had shown me nothing but the truth. I told her my master would be glad to hear from the King his brother the occasion of the breach. Then she told me divers of Nassau's men were out of wages for lack of money. Francis also said to me, "[I] speak not this to you to the intent the King my brother should complain on the King Catholic, for I think myself enough to revenge me of any displeasure he can do me, [but I tell] you because I will do nothing but I will first [advertise the] King my brother." Saynblaunce arrived last night, and spoke with him. He has bidden me go to the Admiral and Great Master, and doubts not I shall be dispatched in ... days. Bartholomew Salviati is not yet come, but is expected tomorrow. Troyes in Champagne, 23 April. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
23 April.
Vit. B. IV.
B. M.
Wrote to him on the 10th and 15th of the sickness of the bishop of Worcester. He died on the 18th, and was buried on the 19th. On the 20th Jo. Clerk entered Rome, and was waited on by the retinue of Cam- peggio and card. Medici. Has nothing to add to what he has said already about the bishopric of Worcester. Rome, 23 April 1521.
Has not yet received his letters from Clerk. Signature burnt off.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1.
23 April.
Galba, B. VII.
24 B. M.
Yesterday I came to Malines, and spoke with the lady Margaret, telling her the King had recalled me, that I had taken leave of the Emperor, and I wished to know if I could do her any service. She hoped that matters not hitherto concluded would be treated, at the Emperor's coming down, to the satisfaction of all parties. I said the King was always willing to do what he could for the Emperor, saving his honor and conscience, and that the Emperor was well inclined also, but would be first assured what the King would do for him, and that I offered that the King would not only treat of their demands, but would consent to all reasonable points; with which they were not content unless all might be concluded forthwith, one after another. I desired her to persevere in her good mind toward the King, and to help the good intelligence betwixt the Emperor and the King; which she said she would do.
As to the wheat for which the King asked, and which was not granted, she said the people here, in Louvain and other towns, had mutinied on hearing that wheat was to be levied for exportation, although the dearth was not so great as heretofore; "wherefore, lest in the Emperor's absence the said mutinery under that pretext should have begun, albeit fain she would have accomplished the King's desire, yet, for entertainment of the people once moved," she durst not grant the quantity asked, and wished me to give this as her excuse to the King. She said this was not feigned, as the commotion of the people was openly known, and desired her most affectuous recommendations to the King and your grace; which the Lord Berges did likewise. Requested Berges to aid the good intelligence between the Emperor and the King, as he had hitherto done. He promised to do so; and said that, although he had made alliance with lord Chievres, yet, if he saw he did not mean well to the said intelligence, he would be plain with him, and do his best to stay him. I leave today for Antwerp, and then homewards. Malyns, 23 April. Signed.
Pp. 3, cipher, with mutilated decipher by Tuke in the margin. Add.: My lord cardinal of York, [lega]te de latere, &c. Endd.
24 April. 1249. CITY OF CANTERBURY.
Inspeximus to the mayor and commonalty of patent 3 Hen. VII., which, by reference to several other confirming documents, confirms charters of 18 and 40 Hen. III., granting the city to the citizens at a fee-farm of 60l. a year, and certain privileges; likewise of charters of 21 Hen. IV. and 26 and 31 Hen. VI., being grants of liberties, &c. to the city. Westm., 24 April.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p.3, m. 5–10.
26 April.
R. O.
1250. DARCY to LISTER.
Orders him to pay 6l. 13s. 4d. yearly to Master Mewtes, the King's secretary, for the exhibition and pension of Thos. Darcy. Templehirst, 26 April 13 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
P.S. on the dorse, desiring him to send Meautys a warrant for "some morsel of flesh for him and his bedfellow to make merry with," and to ask Arthur Darcy to do the same.
27 April.
R. O.
St. P. II. 63.
Two days after writing his last Sir William Darcy, who had been sent to the earl of Ormond to pacify the Irish, returned. "The said Earl and Sir William have so threatid the Irishmen with a great power coming hither with the earl of Kildare," that they have taken a truce till All Hallowtide. Thinks they will only remain quiet until they see what power comes with Sir John Wallop. Recommends Darcy for the customership of Drogheda and Dundalk. Cormoke Oge desires to become the King's subject, to attend parliament, to be made a baron, and hold his lands of the King. Sends a charter granted to Oge's grandfather by the King's predecessors. Dublin, 27 April. Signed.
R. O.
St. P. II. 65.
1252. INSTRUCTIONS for SIR JOHN PETCHIE, to be declared to the Earl of Surrey, lieutenant of Ireland.
The King is much pleased with Surrey's resolution, expressed in his letter delivered by Sir John Wallop, to continue to serve him either in Ireland or elsewhere, with small or great number, at the King's pleasure, and will not forget his devotion. Surrey has pointed out the danger of the four shires from confederacies between O'Neil and other rebels and the Scots, who mean to invade Ireland this summer, under Argyle, which the lieutenant is not furnished with sufficient number to resist. He has also pointed out the cause of O'Neil's breach of faith; viz., the earl of Kildare's not being sent to Ireland, and the information he has found in letters written by O'Neil to his friends and others, sent to him by the prior of Maguynes. Surrey is of opinion that there is no remedy but either to send a sufficient force, or to send over Kildare, who would make his adherents good Englishmen, and that the King should write threatening letters to the governors of Scotland to stop Argyle's project. The King knows that Surrey would not have written thus unless there had been some appearance of urgent need. Assistance should have been sent him but for other weighty matters.
The dispute between the Emperor and the French king is likely to become war, in which case the King will be bound to aid the invaded party. If, besides that, he were to send troops to Ireland, and be compelled, as seems likely, to make war upon Scotland on account of the violation of their promises by the Scots, who have allowed the truce to expire, and not sued for further abstinence, he would then have three armies to support. If Wallop's demand for 300 horse and 500 foot were complied with, it is estimated that the King's charges for the old and new armies for the defence of Ireland would amount to 16,000l. or 17,000l., and in this hard and dear year he could not expect that Parliament would vote any adequate subsidy, nor could it be levied within three years at least. It would be an intolerable charge to maintain such a costly army only for the defence of the four shires, and at the end of three years he would have to begin the reduction of the land anew, with his own treasure. He shall also tell Surrey, privately, that if the King were as well provided as heretofore with money for three armies he would not hesitate to send the aid desired, but the demand which may be made by the Emperor or the French king touches his honor. Surrey must use policy that his grace be not put to further charge till they know the end of the great matters before touched. Petchie shall here discuss with him what means may be used for the security of the country without further expenditure, and suggest that a bruit might be made both in England and Ireland, that the King was preparing a great army to send thither, and letters might be sent to the nobility and gentry of Cheshire, Lancashire and Wales to get ready a number of horse and foot to go thither forthwith, which army shall be put in such readiness that if the rebels cannot be otherwise repressed they may be sent over immediately; but Surrey must have due regard to the urgent considerations above mentioned. It would be dishonorable to the King, and much discourage his true subjects, to send over Kildare, who was discharged of his room, and has been long detained in England in prison. On receipt of Surrey's letter the King wrote to Dacre to make espial in Scotland to ascertain about Argyle's intention, and to show that if he made any attempt the King would make war upon them. The King expects an answer daily, and will inform Surrey with all diligence.
Draft, with corrections by Ruthal, pp. 16. On the front page is a short description of the document in Ruthal's hand, in which occurs the following clause: "Item, to cause the prior of Kilmainham and other lords, spiritual and temporal, to do their devoir for the defence of that land."
28 April.
R. O.
1253. TALLOW.
License to Michel Moucheron, merchant of Rouen, to buy in England and export 2,000 lbs. of tallow, on payment of customs. Greenwich, 28 April 13 Hen. VIII.
Copy, Fr., pp. 2. Endd.
28 April.
Calig. E. III.
1254. CHARLES V.
Protest by the Emperor against the assistance lent by France to Rob. De la Mark against the imperial subjects, for which the King of England had offered himself as arbitrator. Worms, 28 April 1521.
Fr., pp. 3.
Titus, B. I. 88. B. M. 2. "The copy of the article delivered to the French king's council," touching the articles submitted to Henry by the king of France, on the part of the king of the Romans, with the French king's answer, for removing the disputes between the two latter with regard to the homage for Flanders and the sovereignty of Naples To bring this to a satisfactory conclusion Sir Ric. Wingfield is to be sent into Germany.
Fr., pp. 4. Note in modern hand, in pencil: "My lord Russell, Mr. Wayt has that of Fitzwilliam signed by Hen. 8."
28 April.
Vit. B.XX. 231.
B. M.
"Au don prevost de par [l'Empereur].
"Reverend pere en Dieu, chier et feal, nous avon[s] ... a Richart, et entendu ce quil nons ha dit de bouche d[e par] vous ... le Roy] tres Cristien vous ha dit quil se tenoit pour defie par ... ye dela responce faicte a son ambassadeur mesmes a ... que se messire Robert de la Marcha, ou aultre quelconque ... comme veoit aucunement guerre ou nouvellite contre nou[s] ... pour rompture de traictie, veullant inferer que ces motz ... quelconque emportent rudes deffiances, que nous samble vo ... les paroles a rebout. Car a bien considerer la substance de nostre ... motz, ou aultre quelconque se doibuent referer aux aultres po ... [nom]mez au dit escript, questoient le fiz de Navarre, et mesire Charles de [Gueldres], et ceux qui dependent dudit roy tres Chretien, lesquelz sans son a[yde n'o]seroient entreprendre aucunement guerre contre nous. Et par telz m[otz, quant] oyres il seroient en toute generalite, sans avoir relation aux denno ... [ne] pourroit pour tant arguer aucunement deffiance, mesmes que nou ... bien tenir les traictez pour rompuz. Et a juste cause, sans pource voul ... ledit roy tres Chretien ne luy commencer la guerre. Et si la cause seroit i ... non de tenir les traictes pour rompuz, tant par ce que messire Rober[t] ... contre nous et noz subgectz, que aultrement lon le peult assez cognoistre sa [dite] deffiance de guerre; laquelle na este en nostre intention, par le contenu du dit ... Et que avons assez demonstre par efect, daultant que despuis linvasion du [dit] messire Robert, faicte en nostre duchie de Luxemburg, contre noz pays et soubge[tz], navons riens volu attempter coutre ledit roy tres Chretien, ses pays et subgect; ains seullement contre ledit messire Robert, et ses enfans, comme noz subge[tz] et rebelles; ainsi que justement et par droit faire pouvons, mesmes quant [aux] pieces quils tiengnent en noz pays et segnuries. Et quant eussions volu de[fier] le dit roy tres Chretien, ce que na este notre vouloir, certes y eussions pr[ocede] daultre sorte, avec lez sommacions et solempnitez en tel cas requises, en[tre les] princes; mes, non estant notre intention de commencer aucun debat, vous [avons] envoye ledit escript, ainsi que lavions fait dire et declairer a son ambass[adeur] estant ycy, afin que ledit roy tres Chretien eust cause de retenir que ... guerre fusit commence encontre nous, par ceux qui dependent de lu[y] ... si le dit roy tres Chretien veult entrepreter noz parolles aultrement [que ne] lentendons et prendre cela pour deffiance ce sera sans notre con[sentement, mais atten]drons ce que Dieu [e]n envoyera de sorte que Dieu et le monde con[noitront que] le debat naura commence par nostre faulte.
Et puis que la v ... ne peult avoir lieu pour preparer la vehue que mad[ite dame a] propose, ne seroit convenable que deusions la ... estiez mieulx instruict que nul aultre. Et quy navez mestier ...tions, et savez touz noz affairs. Neantmoins, pour ce que le roy ... [n]ous a dernierement adverty, quil semploieroit voluntiers a [ap]pointer [les di]fferens, si le dit roy tres Chretien desire que les choses soient bien enten[dues, et] que le droit, ou tort, dung chacun soit cogneu, pour mettre unne bonne [fin a t]ous les dits differens, et pour nous metre en plus que debvoir, nous serons [cont]ent, que le dit roy dEnglatere, quy est comme allye et amy de tous deulx, [et] que desire la paix dentre nous deux, soit le mediateur pour traicter et mo[y]enner lapoinctement de noz ditz defferens, et que, acest effect, soit prins unne journee, en lieu convenable et propice a ung chascun des troys, pour prendre en tout une bonne resolution. Et ainsi le pourrez dire et declairer de par nous audit roy tres Chretien et a madame sa mere; car de ce advertissons aussi le dit seygneur roy dAngleterre, afin quil cognoisce notre bonne intention, et quil sy emploie de sa part, comme savons quil fera voulentiers. De Vormes, le 28 de Avril 1521."
Pp. 2, badly mutilated.
30 April.
R. O.
On Wednesday the 24th a man, probably a gentleman, came to Lyberd's Myll, beside Havant, on foot, dressed in a coat of green camlet, lined with black damask, a coif of silk with a gold button, and a scarlet bonnet, with a sword at his side, and a white stick in his hand. He asked the wife what lords lived thereabouts. She told him Lord Arundel and Sir Arthur Plantagenet. He then asked her for some drink, of which she said she had none; and also offered his coat and a noble in exchange for an old coat of her husband's. She, suspecting him, said she would fetch her husband, who was in the town, meaning to have brought the officers; but when she returned he was gone. Heard nothing of this till one of his servants told him on the Saturday after. Has set a privy watch for him. Encloses a more detailed account from the bailiff of Portsmouth. Douneley, 30 April. Signed.
P.1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal and legate. Endd.
Calig. D. VIII.
168. B. M.
Has seen his letters to the Cardinal containing the French king's answers to his instructions, news from Almain, the articles sent by the Emperor to don Provost, and the French king's answers, touching the pension of N[aples], the enterprises of Robt. de la Marche, the duke of G[ueldres] and the young king of Navarre, the French king's request for the prorogation of the truce with Scotland, and other matters. Thanks him again for his continued diligence. As the French king continues to show his fraternal love, Fitzwilliam must declare the like to him on our part, desiring him not to believe sinister reports till he have heard the King's declaration therein. Is to contradict the bruits contrived in Almain, and notified to Francis by his ambassador, that Henry would assist the Emperor against France, and hold a new interview with him, of which there seemed to them to be much likelihood from the long communication between Chievres and the master of the Rolls. The King has instructed his ambassador to dissuade the Emperor from any attempt against France, and expressly to warn him that Henry was bound to give aid against invasion. As to the interview, it is true such an overture had been made by the Emperor's ambassador, but it was not listened to for fear of creating suspicion in Francis. The master of the Rolls is recalled, and on his return to England; whom Henry would have instructed to remain, if he had been favorable to the project. The King approves generally of the answers made by Francis to the articles sent to him by the Emperor, but thinks that made to the last article very hard; for though the Emperor went too far in surmising a rupture in consequence of attempts made without the knowledge of Francis, yet as the article is conditional, and Rob. de la Marche has, in deference to the French king, withdrawn his army, there is now no cause of rupture. Is to desire Francis to abstain from invading on such a small occasion. The variances are not so great but they may be adjusted, especially now that a diet is appointed between the o[rators] of the Emperor and Francis, as the King is informed by letters which the Emperor has himself written to his ambassador in England. Is to "touch this matter to the French king," and see what likelihood there is of concord.
The King has consented, at the request of Francis, to prolong the truce with Scotland till the feast of St. Andrew next, notwithstanding the great displeasures done by the Scots, as declared in previous instructions, which Jerningham shall "aggravate" in his best manner. Trusts that Francis will cause them to observe their promises better in future, or join with Henry to repress their temerity.
Draft, pp. 4, mutilated.
Calig. E. III.
f. 121.
B. M.
1258. _ to [FRANCIS I.]
The King has been informed by the French ambassador, and also by letters from his own ambassador in France, of the good words [of Francis] for the continuance of the cordial friendship existing between them. Thanks him for the gracious answer given to Sir William F[itzwilliam] when he last made overture of certain articles touching Scotland, the grievances alleged by the king of the Romans, and the suit made by don John Manuel for a marriage between that king and the king of Portugal's daughter, "disant que [ledit] roy des Romayns eust peu avoir madam le Princesse en] mariage sil eut volue." The King is glad Francis disbelieves these rumors, and has sent the writer to explain his meaning on each of those points.
1. As to the rumor mentioned by the French ambassador in Germany, that the King had promised to aid the king of the Romans against France, and that a new interview was to take place between Henry and Charles, which the ambassador thought likely, considering the long communication that had been between Chievres and the master of the Rolls, it is true that an interview between the King and the king of the Romans was proposed to the former by the ambassador of the latter, but Henry would not listen to it. 2. The King is surprised at Charles suing for a dispensation to marry the daughter of Portugal, as he has always advised him to observe his treaties with France. 3. It is true the king of the Romans has made overtures, both at Calais and since, to marry madame [the Princess]; but the King distinctly refused, on account of his engagement with France. 4. The King has seen the articles sent to Francis by the king of the Romans, and his answer. 5. And whereas the king of England has been informed by the ambassadors of the king of the Romans of a diet proposed between the [French ambassadors] and his. (fn. 7) 6. And as to what Francis has written to the King touching the prolongation of the truce with Scotland.*
Fr., corrected draft, mutilated, pp. 4.
Calig. E. III.
B. M.
ii. Another copy of the articles contained in the above.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 3.
Vit. B.XX.242.
B. M.
1259. [WOLSEY] to_.
1. "They showed also that the said king of Romans, according ... gave unto him at their being together in Calais had sent ... kyng not only to signify unto him that the King his master was [determined to remain] and continue" at peace with him, but also to keep all treaties and promises touching the alliance. Yet the said ambassadors reported tha[t the said] Provost, contrary to his commission and instructions, had made overture of [divers] matters for a new treaty between the king of the Romans an[d the French] king, and for a secret intelligence between them before all other princes; wherewith it is said the king of the Romans was highly displeased, [and is determined] to take care that the Provost shall not in future exceed his charge, nor meddle with like matters of importance; "which overture, I assure you, was contained by express arti[cles] in the instructions of the said Bishop and Mons. Delaroche, and by them uttered at [their] first audience."
2. As for the overture made by dom Provost, the King supposes the king of the Romans will do nothing by new treaties contrary to the old. He knows well enough that the French king will not assent to any practices redounding to his prejudice.
Draft, in Ruthal's hand, mutilated, p. 1. Two paragraphs apparently intended to be inserted in different parts of a despatch.
R. O.
Instructions for his steward "to see done to Mr. Lister and Thomas Strey."
Touching his rents; payment of 50 marks to my brother Constabill, before 9 May, "in full contentation of the whole marriage money, 800 marks, by me justly paid to him for his son that my daughter hath married."
"To show Mr. Aylmer, Sir Nicholas's merchant, that I have a primer written, with a silver clasp, of my lady his wife's; it shall be at his pleasure to give it me, or to have it sent."
"To take the water and commodities of Foss, which I have by patent in fee, 9l. &c. per annum; (fn. 8) to take, the same patent not hurted, all the whole water to farm, to use to my best profit, &c. fish, swans, &c., with all other commodities as bishop Savayge had it, paying so, which I think be 3l. 6s. 8d. per annum."
"Md., process came down against me, and I never took it."
For the punishment of accessories to the murder of my officer George Dean. To speak to my counsel and attorneys in the Exchequer to stop all processes "that none come out against me into no shire." "Three bonnets, one choice butt of Malvese of the best that can be chosen, 60 of the greatest Spanish and Sayntumber onions; of ather elyk (alike) many, the whitest and greatest that can be found. John Trumppet and Roye my brewer's wife, can help therein; and 2s. in nutmegs, and 12d. in setwaylle (citron ?). The premises convey with an honest sure carrier, and the wine with an honest man by see, couched under other wines or merchandize, to Hull to the customer or Wymond, to convey to me. (fn. 9) Mr. Lyster and Thomas Strey to remember my arrearages at Catyngham, Kent, and my fines in Devon. That Mr. Lister be of counsel with my lady Curwen as with myself." "To Mr. Lister and Arthur for my lady Vere or other as they can find, ward or other, that is worshipful and profitable." Signed: T. Darcy. Dated April 12 Hen. VIII.
In Darcy's hand, pp. 3. Endd.
"Receipts in the 11th year of king Henry VIII. for my Lord per Richard Lister," from Talworth, Calcott, Ormesby, Kent and Devon, with the names of the tenants.
ii. For the 12th year, with addition of Pomfret and Knaresborough.
iii. Payments in the 11th and 12th years;—to Thomas Grice, for loosing of my Lord's plate, 100 marks; a half year's rent of my Lord's house at Sion, 16s. 8d.; Lister's own fee, 66s. 8d.; and to various other persons. To the four Friars Observants at Greenwich, Hampton, Richmond and Newark, a half year at Mich., 6l. 13s. 4d. For a ring with a ruby, for the King's new year's gift, 4l. To Sir Wm. Sandys, for wine, 23l. 9s.
iv. Payments to be made for the next half year to Sir Rob. Constable, Arthur Darcy, Wm. Butry, lady Capell and others.
"My Lord, I pray you see how you can ryse the King's payment and loosing your plate, and my lord Cardinal have the rent of Talworth."
Pp. 4.
April./GRANTS. 1262. GRANTS in APRIL 1521.
4. Benedic de Opiciis. Licence to export 300 tuns of beer into foreign parts within two years. Westm., 4 April.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
8. Thomas lord Dacre of Gilleslond, Sir Christ. Dacre, Anne wife of Sir Humph. Conyngesby, John Bone, vicar of Lasyngby, Roland Thirkeld, rector of Melmorby, and John Whelpdall, of Penreth. Pardon for having acquired from Ambrose Crakenthorp, of Howgill, Westmor., the manors of Skyrwith and Ulseby, Cumb., without licence. Westm., 8 April.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.
8. Walter Devereux lord Ferrers of Charteley, and Mary his wife; and John Kyrton, Hen. Tyngylden, Wm. Shelley, John Baker, Wm. Daunson, chaplain, Christ. Rawson, John Nichelles, Hen. Dakers, Hugh Acton, Wm. Copland, John Gunne, Wm. Barnes, John Raymes, John Bounde and Wm. Basset. Pardon for alienating the manor of Chynnour, Oxon., by a fine levied in the Common Pleas in favor of Daunson. Westm., 8 April.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
8. Sir Ninian Markynfeld, Sir John Normanvyle, Rob. Skargyll, Rob. Gargrave, Rob. Calverley, junr., and Geo. Sneth. Pardon for having acquired, without licence, of Sir Th. Conyers, certain possessions (named) in Castell Carleton, Magna Carleton, Parva Carleton and "le Fennes," Linc., to hold to the use of Sir Thos. Conyers of Stokbourn, in co. of the bishopric of Durham, and Eliz. his wife, and their heris male. Westm., 8 April.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.
9. Sir Edm. Tame. To be steward of the lordship of Fayreford, Glouc., with 40s. a year. Westm., 9 April.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.
10. Wm. Horseley, yeoman of the Guard. Lease, for 21 years, of certain property in the lordship of Cropton, York, at annual rents amounting to 4l. 1s. 3d., and 2s. of increase. Del. Westm., 10 April 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 28.
12. John Burges, B.D. Presentation to the church of Howbye, Linc. dioc. Del. Westm., 12 April 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
16. Edw. Spence, of London, alias of Est Grenewich, Kent, stock-fishmonger, alias vintner. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 15 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 April.—P.S.
16. John Syer, of Lodyngton Broke, Northt. Pardon for having broken into the house of John Joynour, in the parish of St. Bride, in the ward of Faryngdon-without, London, with knives, and taken a carpet of fine verdure and a "wodeknyf," of the value of 26s. 8d. Del. Westm., 16 April 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
17. Wm. Laughton, Ralph Browne, Leonard Morton, Geo. Thomson, Th. Watson, John Burrell, Wm. Gardiner Rob. Warke, Ralph Warke, Rowland Shorton, Odnell Selby, John Shotton, and Wm. Walles, of the town of Berwick. Lease of the fishery of "the kynges waters of Twede," belonging to the town, for 21 years; rent, 52l. 13s. 4d., and 20d. of increase. Del. Westm., 17 April 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 20; and p. 2, m. 28.
17. Th. Leek, of Sutton-in-le-Dale, Derby, alias of London. Pardon. Greenwich, 1 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
18. Sir Henry Boyneton, of Sedbury, York. Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Del. Westm., 18 April 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
18. John Compton. Grant of the farm, custody and herbage of the castle of Old Sarum, Wilts, with meadows called "Jardyn" and "le Kyngesham," for 40 years; rent 41s., and 5s. 8d. of increase; on surrender of patent, 6 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII. (the proviso of which rendered him liable to be expelled from the custody if any one offered to pay more of increase than he,) granting the same to the said John at 40s. and 12d. of increase, his bail being Wm. Chafyn, of Bulford, Wilts, and Wm. Andrewes, of Ambresbury, Wilts. the same having been previously granted at 40s., with similar proviso, by patent 28 Jan. 12 Hen. VIII., to Sir Edw. Nevell, knight for the Body, his bail being John Asshe, of New Sarum, and Robt. Roby, of the parish of St. Bride, London, tailor. Del. Westm., 18 April 12 Hen. VIII. In the margin:—"Oportet irrotulari ao xij; Gilez."—S.B.
18. Wm. Horton, of Staunton near Corse, Worc., alias of Catton, Derby, alias of Tomworth, Warw. Pardon for the murder of John Pauncefote. Greenwich, 6 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
20. Th. Blakford. Lease of the watermill of Halford, in the lordship of Snyterfeld, Warw., belonging to the late earl of Warwick, with "le yare" belonging to the said mill, with land called "Littelclosse," at Millefurdend, and the fishery of the Store, from the mill to Halford Bridge, and from that bridge with half the water to the upper end of Aylesyare; for 21 years; rent 36s. 8d., and 3s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 20 April 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
20 John Parker, page of the Chamber. To be keeper of the manor and park of Wanstede, Essex, with 2d. a day, on surrender of patent 29 March 3 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Charles Brandon, now duke of Suffolk, vice Hugh Denys, deceased. Greenwich, 17 March 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
21. Nich. Coke, of Chemmysford, Essex, baker. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 2 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 April.—P.S.
21. Chas. Knyvet. Special protection for one year. Del. Westm., 21 April 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
John Haywode, the King's servant. Annuity of 10 marks, during pleasure, out of the issues of the manors of Maxsey and Torpull, North., as held by Th. Farthing, deceased; on surrender of patent 4 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII., invalid.—S.B. Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p.1, m. 20.
Robert Kirk, yeoman of the Chamber, and John Marshall, Commission, in survivorship, to make inquisition in all counties concerning false weights and measures; with 20l. a year out of the fines and forfeitures.—S.B. Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
Wm. Romsey, of Bycketon, Hants. Pardon for the homicide of John Weston.—S.B. Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16; and p. 2, m. 20.
Stephen Standisshe, groom of the royal Chamber. Annuity of 4l.—S.B. Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
Hugh Westwoode and Agnes his wife. Lease of the demesne lands of Chedworth, Glouc., part of the late earl of Warwick's lands; for 21 years; rent 4l., and 6s. 8d. of increase. Del. Westm.,—12 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
Th. Wildyng, yeoman of the Ewery. Lease of Burford mills and Upton mill, in the lordship of Burford, and a fulling mill in Burford, Oxon., part of the late earl of Warwick's lands; for 21 years; rent, 12l. 13s. 4d., and 4l. of increase.—S.B. Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.
22. Sir Wm. Rede, Edw. Hales and Th. Rede. Licence to alienate to Clement Rede and Agnes his wife, d. and h. of Th. Halys, of Henley-on-Thames, part of the manor of Gynge, &c., and in default of male issue to Sir Edw. Don, Sir Adrian Fortescue, Wm. Haut, Th. Langston, Leonard Rede, Christ. Hales, Simon Aissherenden and Peter Hayman, to the use of Mary, another d. and h. of Th. Halys, wife of Jas. Hales. Westm., 22 April.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.
24. Th. Enman, of Lobthorppe, Linc., alias of co. North. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Anth. Ughtredd, knight of the Body, captain of Berwick. Greenwich, 22 April 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 April.—P.S.
24. Wm. Wright, of London, salter, Protection; going in the retinue of lord Barnes, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 10 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
25. Launcelot Lisle and John Pate, groom of the Wardrobe of Beds. Grant, in survivorship, of the corrody in the monastery of Martyn Abbey, Surrey, held previously by Lisle only. Newhall, 9 March 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
26. Rob. Best, gunner. To be a gunner in the Tower of London, with 8d. a day, vice John Hamonde, deceased. Greenwich, 19 March 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 15.
26. Laurence Egglesfeld. Lease of a water mill, a messuage and land in Birdale, late in the tenure of Th. Glys; a close "juxta fosse," called "le Comyngarth;" a close called "le Ware Closse," near Hoton park, late in the tenure of John Brady; land lately in the tenures of Wm. Brady and Rob. Redhede, and a close called Dompell in the lordship of Sherefhoton, York; for 21 years, at various rents. Del. Westm., 26 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
26. Rob. Fissher, gunner in the Tower of London. Grant of the office of another gunner with 6d. a day, vice Ric. Fawconer, deceased, to the intent that he may be the King's gunpowder maker; to make a last of gunpowder for 7 marks, the King finding the materials, and he the implements. Greenwich, 18 March 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
26. John Sandforde and John Robynson. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of gunner in the Tower of London, with 6d. a day, which Ric. Fawconer, master gunner, deceased, lately held, vice Wm. Newport, deceased. Greenwich, 22 March 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
27. David Williams, of Haverford West, S. Wales, alias of London, mercer. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Maurice Barkley, lieut-general of Calais. Del. Westm., 27 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
28. Somerset and Gloucestershire. Commission to Sir Ric. Eliott, Sir Lewis Pollard, Sir Wm. Compton, and Sir Wm. Kingston to inquire into offences. Westm., 28 April.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27d.
28. Sir Henry Courteney, s. of Kath. countess of Devon, alias earl of Devon. To be keeper of the manor and new lodge of Birlyng, Kent, with other offices there. Westm., 28 April.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
28. Adam Thomson, of Southflete, Kent. Pardon for killing Th. Browne at Southflet with a dagger. Greenwich, 18 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
28. Hen. Webbe, "one of the quere de quere" of the Stable. To be keeper of the King's place called Creselowe, Bucks, in the King's gift by the dimission of James Hurleston. Greenwich, 9 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
29. Wm. Husey. To be steward of the manor of Tateshall, Linc., which office was granted by patent 15 Sept. 1 Hen. VIII. to Geoffrey Paynell. Greenwich, 7 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 2.
29. John Shukborow, alias Sheuxborowe, of London, Lamehith and Hertfordshire. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 5 April 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S.


  • 1. Sic.
  • 2. Corrected by Tuke into "my lord Cardinal's grace."
  • 3. "he knoweth" in Tuke's decipher.
  • 4. "you" in Tuke.
  • 5. So in text; "continually" in Tuke.
  • 6. Corrected to "I" by Tuke.
  • 7. Of these two articles only the preambles are given; the others appear also to be incomplete.
  • 8. Note, by Darcy: "Arthur to take it, and I to be his assyney."
  • 9. Note, by Darcy: "Mr. Lister to pay for."