Henry VIII: June 1521, 1-15

Pages 530-541

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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June 1521

Vit. B. IV.
B. M.
1325. [CARD. DE MEDICI to _.]
The ambassador "s ..." expressed a doubt in his conference with the Pope whether his Holiness would long continue of the same opinion; at which he would have been much offended if he thought it had proceeded from the King and Wolsey. None are so offensive to him as the French, and he can never trust them more, or ever become their friend. His correspondent is to examine if there be any foundation for this opinion, and to demand the grounds of it, in order to have it removed, and what security the Pope must give, in proof of his sincerity. Is to urge the writer's own request personally to Wolsey, on the ground of his great friendship, and assure him that the Pope is hearty in Wolsey's interests. The French have been tampering with the 2,000 Swiss * * *
Lat., p. 1.
1 June.
Vit. B. XX.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 29th "from Whor[mes by] ... huisshyer of the Emperor's chamber and kinsman ... physician being with the Queen's grace. On Thursday l[ast] the Emperor sent Hormestorffe to their lodging, desiring "me, Sir Ric. Wingfield," to come to him. The Emperor, who was accompanied by the Chancellor, governor [of] Bresse, the Great Esquire, the bishop of Palence, and Lasch[ault] ..., told Wingfield he had received letters from his ambassador in the French court, informing him that the French had invaded Navarre, and taken a place called Sainct Jehan de Pied de Po[rt]; that the French army had advanced to Pampeluna, and the French king was making preparations to invade other parts of his dominions. He caused the Chancellor to read certain articles of the letter to Wingfield, desiring him to inform the King of them as speedily as possible, and to ask for such aid as was secured by the treaties between them, especially the promise made at Canterbury. He then desired that Henry should be informed that he had made a "voue to God" to be revenged on the French king for the injury he had done him, and trusted Henry would not fail him in this, seeing he has been so ready to take him for a mediator, and if he had accepted the mediation of others there would have been now no variance between them.
Wingfield asked for a copy of dom. Provoste's writing, which the Emperor had promised to give him on his arrival at Mayence. He arrived about 6 p.m. yesterday, when Wingfield waited upon him "at his discent to londe out of hys barge," and accompanied him to the Castle. The Chancellor delivered us the enclosed copy about 11 o'clock, and said that the Emperor, having had no answer from his ambassador the bishop of Elna, was going to send the bearer, Master John de la Saulche, with credence to Henry VIII. His charge contains—(1.) That in A.D. 1516 a treaty was made between Henry VIII. and them, specifying the number with which they were to assist one another without request by patent or otherwise. (2.) That by the last treaty with the French King, "is not derogyd to the same, but expresse[ly provided that former] confederations shall remain in their streng[th]. (3.) To bring into the King's [remembrance the] oath and promise between him and the Emperor, written and signed with their own hands at Cant[erbury], which he has full confidence the King will adhere to. "Also the Chancellor showed us that, over and above the ... in the said copy of articles of dom. Provoste, he cha ... the messenger retournyd agayne to show by mouth that [Robert] Tett told him the French king his master knoweth" the King had business enough in his own realm without meddling with others; "wherein he had offered to assist him, if need be, personally." This seems more likely an invention of Provoste's, to the intent the Emperor should have less hope in Henry, than really to have been spoken "by suche a wyse man as Robert Tett is estymed." As to the Emperor's preparations against the French, hear that the army of the lord Nasso will be speedily reinforced. The cardinal of Sion and the duke of Bari are here, for what purpose we cannot tell. As mentioned in their last letters, the Emperor will have a good part of Lord Shevers' money, and that none of it will be transpo[rted] into France. They hear from the Chancellor "that by see th[e Emperor] is advertysed that the Connestable had overthrown the a...of the adjouncta, recoveryd all the ordnance, hanghyd Joh[n de Padilla] and divers other capitaynes, and that with a[ll celerity the] sayd Connestable intendyd to go to the succours of Navare." If so, the French will, perhaps, find more [r]esistance than they expected. The Emperor intends to leave for Cologne on Tuesday next. Mayence, 1 June. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 4. Add.: "To my lorde Cardinalles good grace."
[Calig. E. I. II.?]
I. 216.
B. M.
1327. [Answer made to the FRENCH AMBASSADOR by DOM. PROVOST.] "Ce que ma este respondu sur les articles de paix et ...a moy baillez est ce que sensuit."
There is no need to reply to the first 15 articles, as it is well known who broke the treaty and provoked the war. It was not done at the suggestion of the king of England, who has offered to become a mediator. Whenever articles are proposed satisfactory to the king of England and the Emperor, they will be acceptable. Refuses a separate arrangement. As to a truce, it might have been more easily concluded at the time it was proposed by the Pope, affairs standing in statu quo, as the Emperor and the king of England had sent their powers to this effect. Will give no other answer, except at the suggestion of England.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 2.
3 June.
Vit. B. xx.
B. M.
Wolsey will perceive by the former w[ritings, and by those he will] receive with these " made unto your grace, and the cause of ..." Saw the Emperor y[esterday after] he had heard mass in the cathedral ch[urch of this] city. Delivered the King's l[etters]. When the Emperor saw, by the direction, they were in Latin, he said he would have them l[ooked] upon by his Chancellor "at after dinner," and when he had learned their tenor, send for Wingfield to know his further charge, which he did about six o'clock. Told him the King's sickness was the cause of the delay of the letters. He replied to the charge, that he rejoiced the King was recovered, "and the same apperyd wele to be truthe by hys pleasant facion and countenance," especially considering the great need he had of his counsel; that he perfectly trusted the King would declare himself as the Emperor would in case [se]mbl[able]; "whereto, he said, his ambassador had advertised him that the King's highness was well determined, as he [also] perceived by the rapporte of your grace, which, I assure yow, w[as] to hym one other singuler joye and comforte. As to the matter of Luther he sayde to be ryght glad to kno[w that] the Kynge hys broder had wele takyn the manner of [his proceeding in] that behalf, sayenge that wher the sayde Luther h[ad] aswell prechyd as also wryttyn moche false doctryne to the abusion of the grosse and unlernyd people, that it was the parte and office of all princes, and specially his, to do their best for the reformation of his said false doctrine; which thing he trusted to do in such wise as should stand with the pleasure of God, and that the said people might be reduced fro suche errour as the said Luther may have set them in;" and thanked the King most highly for his exhortation and offered aid.
Touching the matter of the late duke of Buckingham, he said many reports had been going about his Court of the Duke's attachment, and it was difficult to keep folks from speaking. But he knew the King's great virtue and wisdom too well to suppose he would have had the Duke executed without great and just cause; and on Wingfield telling him the charges proved against him, and confessed by himself before his death, he said the King could not have done otherwise. Nevertheless he was sorry the Duke should have deserved to come to such an end; for he had taken him for a friend, supposing he had been a friend to the King. Delivered to the cardinal of Mayence the [King]'s letters with [his] highness's recommendation, and the letter to his brother the Elector. Will give the other two letters to the other two spiritual Electors at Covalence and Cologne, and send by the surest way the King's letter to the duke of Saxony, and to the Pa[latine. That] done, "and the Emperor arrived into his duchy...," thinks he had better return, especially as the Emperor is "in manner resolvyd" upon the points contained in his instruction, as Wolsey will see by De la Shawce's charge. His diets are consumed long ago by the extraordinary charges in these parts. Has heard nothing from Jerningham; suspects he has found the French king "much discost" from the King's desire. They will follow their own appetites when they see opportunity; but if the news of the distress of the commons in Spain be true, imagines their successes in Navarre will not be so great as they had thought. Mayence, 3 June. Signature burnt off.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's good grace."
Galba, B. IV.I.
B. M.
"...the hearty manner and ...subscribed only with your hand... by you and Sir Thos. Spinell. In your own letter ye [did not only decla]re substantially the order, form and manner that ye have used in the decl[aration of your] charge to the Emperor," but also notified particularly the Emperor's [answer] to every point. Has shown it to the King, who was much pleased both with that and his other provident [letters] addressed to Sir Ric. Jernyngham, and praised his circumspection. Is to thank [the Emperor] in the King's name for the confidence he shows in the King his uncle in being willing to accept him as mediator with France; is to assure him the King will [adhere] to the treaties, and trusts that the Emperor will "not be frustr[ate in] the hope and expectation that he hath in him," like as both his grace and I ha[ve] now of late declared particularly and at length to the Emperor's ambassador here resident, by [him] to be written and notified to his master in ciphers." Though the French at first were not inclined to the mediation of England, thinks the King's letters written with his own hand to the French king, and Wolsey's own to [my Lady] his mother and the Admiral, have smoothed over the difficulty. Will see by the answer [of Robert] Tet (Robertet) to the dom. Provost how loth they were to accept the mediation. The King has notified to the bishop of Elna the course he will pursue in either case. Doubts not at all events to have a "resolute answer" [from the French] king.
In Ruthal's hand, mutilated, p. 1. Endd.: "Old matters touching instructions given to Sir Richard Wyngfeld when he was in Flaundres with the Emperor."
4 June.
R. O.
"The cheker roll of Thos. Darcy, knt. lord Darcy, of his household and daily servants, made 4 June 13 Hen. VIII., then entering Thos. Gargrave, steward."
My Lord and Lady. Gentlewomen: Mistress Constable; Mistress Mary, Tirrell and Anne. Master Constable. Master Steward. Chaplains: Mr. Tenant, Mr. Bolton, Sir Nicholas, Sir Robert. Gentlemen: Hen. Evers, Thos. Slyngsby, Wm. Hothom, Robt. Ellerker, John Radclif, Gilbert Scott, Cuthbert Conyers, Wm. Hungate, junr., Thos. Wentworth, Ralph Middilton, Wm. Dynelay, Chas. Ilderton, John Gower, Chr. Hopton, Alex. Beamound, Matthew Ogillisthorp, Wm. Gascoigne, Nic. Ellys, Rawf Bawde, Rawf Claxton, Lawrence Hollingworth. 36 yeomen, all named. Hew of the Chapel. The arras maker. John and George Luyter, pages of the Chamber. 13 grooms. 4 boys of the kitchen. (fn. 1) Total, 80. The names of several servants of the gentlemen follow, but are struck out by Darcy, and this note added: "The others, with all my keepers and officers and council, to be welcome when they come, and when they be sent for besides for mine honor. T. D."
Pp. 2, corrected by Darcy.
6 June.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
On the 4th inst. at 7 a.m. Richmond arrived here with letters from Wingfield. We sent to the Admiral to ask when we could see the King; and as we were told that the King was sleeping and not well at ease, we arranged to see him tomorrow at dinner time. We then showed him, according to Wingfield's letter, that the Emperor was ready to submit to the King's mediation and cease from war, notwithstanding the many wrongs he had sustained, of which he had sent articles to the King, and that we trusted he would make no difficulty on his part. He replied that as he had showed us ten days ago, he believed well the Emperor would be content to put the matter into the King's hands, for he had sought tw[o] ways to bring the same to pass, and he could not blame him, for, if he had not done so, all the dishonor and wrong would have been with him. He said he had yesterday received letters from his ambassador and Montpesat, mentioning, among other things, that you had told his ambassador that if he did not consent to the King's arbitration, the King must give aid to the King Catholic; at which he was much surprised, as it seemed to be condemning him before you had seen the articles he laid to the charge of the King Catholic; [which articles La Batie is to declare to you, and which he says he will make good as a gentleman, and leave his crown at St. Denis to him that will say the contrary. (fn. 2) ] He says he will leave his crown at St. Denis, and justify as a gentleman that the breach proceeds from the King Catholic, as will appear by the articles which La Batie is instructed to declare. "Further, he said to us, I assure you that, an I were disposed to tre[at] th[is] saying of Mons. Cardinal in this behalf now cole... me greatly from the same, and I would he and all the world knew that that thing which I will do is only for th[e] love I bear to the King my brother, and the peace and quiet of all Christendom, and for no dread nor fear I have of no man living."
He refuses to withdraw his army, and says if the King Catholic be disposed to treat, he may send his demands and grievances to the King, that the King may judge who is in the right, and if the King please to send him the King Catholic's demands, he will do more for him than for all princes christened, and give him such answer as ought to satisfy him. Spoke with the Admiral much to the same effect. Afterwards went to my Lady, saying we hoped she would be a mean for the peace, as she had promised us the day before. She said she had talked with the King, and thought your saying very strange; but if the King Catholic was willing to treat, and send the King his demands and grievances, she had no doubt Francis would make a reasonable answer, and urged us to make haste with the despatch of this letter, and do the best we could. Desire an answer as soon as possible.
While writing, were sent for by the Admiral, with whom we found the Chancellor and the Privy Council. The Chancellor told Jerningham he supposed he had written something to the King that caused you to speak so hardly to their ambassadors. Jerningham replied by asking if their ambassador had [seen] any article he had written to the King otherwise than he ought to do. He said No, but they supposed I had written something from misunderstanding what the French king had said. Fitzwilliam said there was nothing written but what we had both written together, and we trusted we had said nothing but what was spoken to us. They then asked what it was the King had said to us, and we told them the substance of our letters. They admitted we had understood rightly. We desired them to advise their master to submit to the King's arbitration. The Chancellor said there were three modes of compromise: (1.) arbitration, which was never used among princes; (2.) mediation; and (3.) obligation. We said we were no clerks to discuss such things, but that jerningham was sent to desire their master to put all causes of difference in the King's hands. The whole council replied, they desired nothing but peace, and the war was not commenced by their master, nor any man in France. We desired an answer to the articles we had delivered them, and they read us a copy of the articles La Batie has. We asked for a copy. They said it was unnecessary, as La Batie would declare them to the King. "Furthermore the Admiral made a half quarrel to me, Richard Jerningham, and said I had written to the King my master that at mine arrival it was three days or I could have audience." I said I had so written, but it was true; for the first day the King was hunting, the second the Queen made her entry to Dijon, and the third, being Whit Sunday, (fn. 3) was occupied with ceremonies and healing sick folk. I beg you will tell the ambassador that I write nothing to hinder the peace, for I am treated as well as can be. They seem more inclined to the King's mediation than formerly. The French king also said the Emperor was daily augmenting his army. He formerly expected to have 6,000 Swiss, but will now have 10,000. When we were with the council they received a letter from Durvall, informing them that the Emperor had sent to his army 6,000 foot and 2,000 horse, and that the Imperialists had entered Ferot, and there taken and slain 30 persons. Being told that the king of Navarre was not prese[nt at the] winning of Navarre, we informed the King, who did not contradict it. The Admiral offered to send our letters by a post they were sending to England. Send them accordingly by this means, as we have written nothing but what they have told us themselves.
P.S.—Have despatched Richmond to Wingfield, that he may know what to do, and inform you what towardness he finds in the Emperor.
Draft, pp. 10, in Fitzwilliam's hand.
7 June.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 69.
1332. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for his efforts in extirpating the Lutheran heresy. Has learnt from the King's letters and those of the Nuncio, the bishop of Ascoli, that the Lutheran books have been burnt at a meeting of the most eminent persons of the realm, and before a great concourse of people. Thanks Wolsey for committing the administration of the see of Worcester to Julius de' Medici. Rome, 7 June 1521, pont. 9.
Vellum. Add.
Vit. B. IV. 95.
B. M.
The Pope is well pleased at the King and Wolsey's resolution touching the Lutheran heresy. The bull is [not] yet published for burning their books. The Pope sends a brief to the King, and another to Wolsey, thanking them for their zeal against the common enemy of Christendom, and is rejoiced to hear that the former will defend it with his pen as well as with his sword. He does not speak of the King's work in the briefs, as his correspondent has written from Wolsey to say that the King's book is at present a secret. Is to send it as soon as he gets it by an express courier. The Pope is glad to find that the King has induced the scholars of his realm to draw their pens against the heretics. The King is so active in this matter, that he will leave nothing to be done or even desired, unless it were God's good pleasure that Martin were there (in England). The Pope wishes the King should make it known that he had been notified by the Pope of the Emperor's good resolution. In accordance with Wolsey's prudent advice, the Pope has written a second time to all Christian princes against Luther. Sends two briefs about the collectorship; also certain works against Luther, for Wolsey to read at his leisure, and pass his judgment on.
From a piece patched on, apparently imperfect.—Is to urge Wolsey that the ambassador who goes to Germany shall not only thank the Emperor for what he and the diet have done in the condemnation of Luther, but...
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
8 June.
R.MS. 7 F. XIV.
B. M.
Notarial instrument, by which Julius Cardinal de' Medici, elect or administrator of the bishopric of Worcester, constitutes Cardinal Wolsey his proxy in procuring a papal provision for his preferment to that see, and in administering its affairs. Dated at the Cardinal's house at Florence on Saturday, 8 June 1521, Indiction 9.
8 June.
R. O.
Received his letter of 21 May, and perceives what is done about the see of Worcester. Although my necessity made me wish for something, your reasons show me that what has been done is more to my advantage. Spends letters of congratulation to the King on his deliverance from the plots of the traitors (impiorum). On the 7th the Sacred College, on the Pope's motion, bestowed the see of Worcester, according to the King's desire, on the cardinal de' Medici. His merits and faith are worthy of the King's liberality. In the same consistory it was resolved to bestow some honorable name or title on the King in return for his piety in resi sting the spread of the Lutheran heresy, but the matter is deferred on account of its importance. All here are pleased to hear of it. Rome, 8 June 1521. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Rmo, &c. Card. Ebor., Angliæ primati et S. D. N. et sedis ap legato de latere.
9 June.
Vit. B. IV. 113.
B. M.
Congratulates him on having escaped a great danger, "quoniam ab homine iniquo et consilio nefario M. v. sospitem intuemini." The whole consistory is delighted at the safety of one who has shown such piety to the Church, defended it with his pen, and damned the errors of Luther. Rome, 9 June 1521. Signature burnt off.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. Add. at f. 111* b.
9 June.
R. O.
The French King cannot be contented with answering the letters and credence brought by Mountepeyssarde by letter or messenger, but insists on sending Fitzwilliam or myself; and as I hurt my ancle in coming. he has sent Fitzwilliam. Am not so sore hurt but that I could have come if the King had not chosen to send Fitzwilliam. Though there was some difficulty about my charge, all is now at the King's pleasure, as Fitzwilliam will show. Francis wishes Fitzwilliam to return with news from Henry. He has so ordered himself that he has the favor of the King, my Lady, and the Admiral, and is in as good credence with them and the council as any man of his degree that has been here for a great space. Digion, 9 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
R. O. 1338. FRANCIS I.
The King having heard what Montpesat, gentleman of the chamber, was charged to say by the king of England and the card. of York, replied that Henry's friendship and alliance were dearer to him than that of any other prince. In answer to the requests made by Messires de Feuguillen (Fitzwilliam) and de Jarniguen (Jerningham), his ambassadors, that, paying no regard either to the injuries which have been inflicted upon him by the King Catholic, as Henry will have seen from what De la Basty told him, or to the great expense of his armies, he will be content to compose the differences between them, trusting that the damage he has received will be repaired; he is willing that Henry should send Wolsey to Calais to meet two or three persons from the King Catholic, with full power to treat, and will do the same himself. Since he is bound to make no treaty without the Pope's sanction, his holiness should be allowed to send envoys to watch over his interests. At the request of his mother, to whom he has always shown great obedience, will abstain from war with the King Catholic during the negotiations.
Fr., pp. 5.
Add. MS.
4622, f. 21.
B. M.
Declaration of Henry VIII. upon the articles delivered by the French king to Fitzwilliam, touching the settling of the matters in dispute between the French king and the elect king of the Romans.
Henry thanks him for overlooking the injuries done to him by the king of the Romans, and for consenting to submit the dispute to him. Will regard the honor and safety of Francis as his own, and make every endeavor for the reformation of the damage done to him. As Francis is contented to send two or three deputies to meet those of Charles and the Cardinal at Calais, Henry will send Wolsey thither; but "the form of a compromise" must be duly made by Francis and Charles, authorizing the King or his deputy to discuss the dispute, without which neither of them will have any power, except as private persons. Such letters of mediation should be sent to the French ambassador as soon as possible, to be delivered to the King when Charles's ambassador delivers the like from his master. Is content that Francis should desire the Pope to send some one to the conference, to watch his interests, as Francis is bound to make no treaty with Charles without the Pope's consent. Commends him for consenting to an abstinence of war during the conference, especially after his express determination not to do so, considering the expense he had already sustained. Nothing could be done without a truce. Requests him to send letters patent for a truce for eight months or a year, with a clause for its prorogation by the King if the differences are not determined by that time.
Modern copy, pp. 9.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
Instructions to Sir Ric. Wingfield, "containing such answer as he shall make to the Emperor up[on] the memorials to him given by the said Emperor to be decla[red] to the King's grace."
After delivering the King's letters in answer to those he brought with him, he is to say that the King has understood the charge entrusted to Wingfield by the Emperor, and heard the credence of his ambassador relative to the wrongs done him by the French king, desiring that Wolsey might be sent to Calais, under color of this mediation, to treat for a stricter amity between England and the Emperor, and demanding aid against the French king according to the treaty. Is to answer,—(1.) that the Emperor will find a fast friend in the King. (2.) That the King cannot send Wolsey to Calais unless he have powers from both parties to act as mediator, which he shall urge the Emperor to grant, on condition that they be not delivered to the King unless like powers be sent from France. (3.) That the King only desires such powers to induce the French king to send his ambassadors to Calais so that the stricter amity may be concluded without exciting his suspicions. (4.) That on this condition the King will be glad to send Wolsey to Calais with full powers. (5.) That although the King has no fear of the Emperor making peace with France, he would be glad if Charles would promise by letters under his own hand to abstain from so doing, and thus contradict the rumors to that effect. (6.) If the Emperor desire to have like assurance of the King, he is to say that the King, not being at war with France, has no cause to renew or augment intelligence with him, but would rather decrease it, matters standing as they do between him and the Emperor; but if the Emperor insist on reciprocity, is to say that on the Emperor's bond being sent to his ambassador in England, the King will deliver a bond on his part. (7.) As to the assistance to be given by the king, they cannot come to particulars until Wolsey's arrival at Calais; otherwise the French, if they heard of it, would refuse to send their ambassador; but everything will be discussed on Wolsey's arrival, who has orders to repair to the Emperor's presence, if his Majesty come near those parts.
Draft corrected by Ruthal, pp. 12, mutilated.
Galba, B. VII.
B. M.
2. The said Sir Ric. Wingfield, after he has obtained the Emperor's "letters of requisition and bands of assurance," shall desire him to despatch the Chancellor, lord Berghes, mons. de la Roche and others favorable to the amity, to Calais, at the end of this instant month of June, with authority to conclude a truce and abstinence of war with the French king or his commissioners, as long as the Cardinal remains on that side the sea, or longer if necessary; the truce to be taken before the Cardinal at the first meeting.
In case the Emperor makes any difficulty about the said "band," it may be urged that the King intends, under color of this meeting, to confirm the amity with the Emperor; and if this were known in France, it might endanger the King's pensions and payments there, and perhaps cause Francis to make large offers to the Emperor to fall in with him to the King's damage; and therefore he desires this "band," and not from any distrust. In like manner, when the French king perceives that the Cardinal in treating of these matters is inclined to the Emperor's part, he might perchance practise on the Emperor by making him large offers to renew the amity between them to the King's damage. This is another reason for making the said demand; and though the King does not believe the Emperor would fall in with the French king, yet, as an assurance against the inconveniences that might ensue, he trusts the Emperor, meaning good faith, will make no difficulty. "And if, &c."
Draft, in Ruthal's hand, of two paragraphs for insertion in a despatch; each written on a separate leaf.
Vit. B. XX.
B. M.
3. "And therefore the King's said ambassador shall procure and in[sist that letters compro]missorallys," authorizing the King to be a mediator, be sent by the Emperor to his ambassador, [not] to be delivered to the King unless similar letters be s[ent] by the French king; and shall assure the Emperor that in treating on the said differences, neither [the King nor] his Cardinal shall do anything without the assent [of the] Emperor or his ambassadors, and that Henry req[uires the] said letters only to induce the French king "the ra[ther to send] his ambassadors to Calais," so that he may not suspect anything will be treated but "that matter alone." Thus the other m[atter] of strict intelligence and communication may be secretly debated and concluded without suspicion, to which the Emperor will find the King as well disposed as the Emperor has declared himself by his ambassador (fn. 4) and by Wingfield; which intelligence once knit, all else between them will follow, and the King will send Wolsey to Calais fully instructed of his mind towards the Emperor.
Though Henry does not suspect the Emperor will make peace with France in the meantime, he would be better satisfied if the Emperor would write to him with his own hand, assuring him he will not, as it would "exclude such bruits as be made" to that effect. As soon as this letter and t[he powers] for mediation are received, Wolsey shall repair to Calais to satisfy the Emperor. And if he wish to have like [letters] of assurance of the King, the ambassador may say that the King, [not] being as yet at war with France, "hath no cause to re[new] any intelligence with him, but the matters standing between the Em[peror and the French] king as t[hey] do, his grace, for the aid of the said Emperor, could rath[er] * * * [As to] the aid and assistance required by the Emperor to be given to him by the King [against the F]rench king's invasion, the King's ambassador may say that albeit the King's grace [is determin]ed to perform all his promises made unto him," as the Emperor will clearly understand on the arrival of the Cardinal at Calais, yet it would be inexpedient to make any declaration thereof as yet, for if the French got an inkling of it they would not send their ambassadors to Calais. The Cardinal will more fully satisfy the Emperor upon this point on his arrival.
In Ruthal's hand, mutilated, pp. 2. (fn. 5)
10 June.
[Calig. E. I.
II.] IV. 259.
B. M.
Has received his letter and his message by Montp[esat] touching his offer of mediation between France and the King Catholic. The former is aggrieved at his treatment by the latter, and the menace contained in his articles, which the sieur de la Bastie will communicate. Filguilhan (Fitzwilliam) has been entrusted with the affair, and will be sent to England. France will submit himself to the King's determination, though he has two large armies on foot. "A la Margelle, près Dijon, le x. jour de Jui..." Signed.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: Au Roy. Endd.:...letters to the Kinges grace.
10 June.
[Calig. E. I. II.?]
I. 159.
B. M.
Has received his letter by the sieur de Montpesat. Is glad to hear of the King's recovery. To show his confidence in England, Francis is satisfied to accept Henry's mediation on the terms he (Francis) has submitted to Filguihen (Fitzwilliam). No other power in the world should have induced him to listen to an accommodation. "A la Margelle près Dijon," 10...Signed.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 2.
11 June.
Er. Ep. XIV.
1343. ERASMUS to PACE.
Of certain works of Pol. Vergil, now appearing from the press of Frobenius. Hears that More, from being councillor, is made treasurer. Is refreshed with the hope of seeing him in August. Is much vexed that he can hear nothing of his Commentaries, which he left at Rome. Will be satisfied if he can only recover the 2nd book Antibarbarorum. Begs Pace will spare no expense in recovering them. Anderlaco, 3 id. Jun. 1521.
12 June.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Last night at 8 o'clock I received your letter dated Dijon, 6th inst., from which, and the copies of your letters of the 24th and 29th ult., I see that the French king will not desist from war, as you have requested him. As for the Emperor, notwithstanding the ruffling which the French king has made in Navarre, he still wishes Henry to be mediator, although the variances are greater than before the invasion of Navarre, for which he trusts to have redress according to the treaty. He would hazard everything rather than lose the least village, and has good hope in God, his allies and his just quarrel. He says "that the French king shall not need to leave his crown at St. Denis, fo[r] to do arms in his own person, which cause is not suffr...," when it can be shown clearly that he is the breaker of the peace. Whatever the French king say, it cannot be shown that his dominions have been invaded by the Emperor; and if he had had just cause of war he would not have delayed his answer. He may be sure the saying of Wolsey to his ambassadors, which he finds strange, was not said without sure ground. Francis will find the Emperor does not sleep, if he compel him to war. The bearer came to Cologne on Thursday, where the Emperor arrived the night after. On Saturday morning I showed his Majesty part of what was contained in your letters. Would have sent the bearer sooner, but have never staid in one place since his arrival. In letters sent through him to Calais, to be forwarded to Brian Tuke, I have informed Wolsey of the receipt of your said letters and those sent by Richmond. Mastrike, 12 June. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
12 June.
P. S.
Reversion of the offices of constable of Walyngford Castle, and steward of the honor of Walyngford and St. Walric, and the four and a half hundreds of Chiltern; to hold for life on vacation by Sir Thomas Lovell, knight of the Body, to whom and Sir Wm. Stonore, knight of the Body (now deceased), the said offices were granted, in survivorship, by patent 3 March 4 Hen. VII. Richmond, 6 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 June.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17.
13 June.
S. B.
1346. For SIR WM. SIDNEY.
To be keeper of the great scales and common balance, and of the great balance and all weights in the city of London, for weighing merchandize "de havor de pois," vice Wm. Stafford, deceased, with the appointment of clerks, porters, &c. of the great scales and balance, and of the Iron Beam and the Beam of "le Hanzes Hanges," called "the Stylliard Beame," and of all other clerks, &c. belonging to the same office, during pleasure. Westm., 13 June 13 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
13 June.
Vit. B. XX.
B. M.
Has just received le[tters from the French king], written with his own hand, where he now declar[es himself willing] to compromit into the King's hands all matters depending [be]tween the Emperor and him, and condescend to such a truce and for as long as the King shall limit and appoint it. Sends c[opies] of the French king's letters, with others written by the h[ands] of his mother and the Admiral, with the articles given to Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam to be declared to Henry VIII., by which he will see that the French king is now resolved to stand to Henry's arbitrament in every behalf, and to take truce, so that both armies may be discharged and dismissed. As he last wrote, Wingfield is to solicit the Emperor to agree on his part to the compromise, and grant the truce for the term specified in Wolsey's said letters, with a clause of prorogation thereof to be made from time to time by the King or his lieutenant, "which shall be myself," as the case shall require. It being necessary for the ordering of these important matters that Wolsey, as the King's lieutenant, and some authorized persons from the Emperor, should come to Ca[lais], as the French king intends to do, before all o[ther] matters the truce must be granted, and the armies dis[charged], and also the Emperor's letters patent for ...
In Ruthal's hand, p. 1, mutilated.
13 June.
Vit. B. IV.
B. M.
Thanks him for his appointment to the see of Worcester, a favor he had neither expected nor asked for. Has written to Wolsey to return thanks for it. The Papal nuncio will tell him more. Florence, 13 June 1521. Signature burnt off.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
13 June.
Vit. B. IV.
B. M.
Expresses his gratitude for Wolsey's favors, and especially for the bpric. of Worcester. Will not trespass upon him with detailing what the Pope had said of the King and Wolsey's crusade against Luther, as the Pope intends to write, and the details will be sent to his Nuncio, the bishop of Ascoli. Has written briefly to the King. Florence, 13 June 1521. Signature burnt off.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2. Add. in modern hand.
15 June.
alig. D. VIII.
B. M.
On my arrival here yesterday, about 6 p.m., received your letter with the copy of that addressed by you to my lord Cardinal dated the 8th, showing the sudden change of the French king's mind since you wrote on the 6th by Richmond. Told the Emperor this morning the substance of your last; who replied that it was the fashion of the French, especially when they were strong in arms, to take their advantage under color of treaty. I said I thought, to avoid suspicion, both parties should lay down their arms; which he agreed to, provided restitution were made for the invasion of Navarre. Could make no direct answer to this, as your letters made no mention of what terms that kingdom stood in, or what was the disposition of Francis towards its restitution. The [Emperor] knows not but that the castle of Pampeluna still holds out. I said I thought the French king ought to restore that kingdom, and that the King would not advise him to the contrary. The Emperor's army has not yet crossed the boundary of his own dominions, but is employed only against rebels, who have laid siege to...; and if the French king give them aid, as it is reported, "I cannot see that his late deliberation shall take any good effect." The Emperor will not withdraw his army till he has taken and cast down several places occupied by them, and counts that only a matter between him and Robert de la Marck. I have just heard that Nassau has taken the castle of Floranges, and one of Robt. de la Mark's sons called Jamais. Has just received Jerningham's letter written at Boulogne on Thursday last, by Mr. Fitzwilliam, showing the cause of the hasty voyage of the latter. Brussels, 15 June.
I despatched your servant from Maestricht on Wednesday last. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
15 June.
S. B.
To be constable of Limerick castle, with the island there, and "le laxe were" of Lymeryke, during the pleasure of the King and Thos. earl of Surrey, lieutenant of Ireland. Del. Westm., 15 June 13 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.


  • 1. Added by Darcy in margin: "Never but three.
  • 2. This passage is scored out.
  • 3. 19 May.
  • 4. Corrected "the said audiencer" in Galba.
  • 5. This is an earlier draft of the latter part of the instructions as contained in no. 1. It appears that some alterations were afterwards made on the arrival of Hanneton.