Henry VIII: July 1521, 16-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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, 'Henry VIII: July 1521, 16-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 575-594. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp575-594 [accessed 20 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: July 1521, 16-30", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) 575-594. British History Online, accessed May 20, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp575-594.

. "Henry VIII: July 1521, 16-30", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867). 575-594. British History Online. Web. 20 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp575-594.


July 1521

16 July.
Galba, B. VII. 67. B. M.
Wrote yesterday by Antony, usher of the Emperor's chamber Dined that morning with Berghes, who said he would it should cost him 1,000 cr. of his own purse, so that Wolsey were come over, and some good conclusion might be taken between the Emperor and England; that Wolsey's prudence was not to be denied, but that it was necessary sometimes not to abide the extremity, "considering the Emperor is the prince that of God, nature, dominion and succession is ordained the first that ever was in Christendom." His success hitherto was auspicious of his future enterprises. Berghes, who has always chiefly promoted the amity, now more than ever insists that it shall be established, and urges Wolsey's speedy coming. He and D'Isselstein say the Emperor is to be at Namur by the 25th, and will enter France by the 1st of next month. His army, including Francis Seken's band, will be above 30,000 foot and 10,000 horse, besides the gentlemen of his horse and a good band of artillery. The nobles are preparing for that day with as much joy as they would go to a wedding. All the subjects are the better disposed by the good news from Spain and Italy. Berghes is continually petitioning to have 3,000 or 4,000 English archers.
Went yesterday to visit the Chancellor, who is a little indisposed with the gout. Met the governor of Bresse, who told us news from Italy, which we inclose, and showed us a great number of original letters of the French king, the Admiral and Lautree, to the Count de Carpi at Rome, which had been intercepted, showing the practices between the Pope and the French king for the invasion of Naples and Sicily by them and the Venetians, to whom it was once proposed to give a share of the booty, but afterwards to keep them waiting for it, considering that the Venetians were at their command. The Pope was to have had Ferrara, but the delay of the French king to perform his promises has caused his Holiness to take the Emperor's part; "with the which color the same excused himself." Thus Wolsey will see his Holiness's devotion to peace. All these discords are owing to his ambition.
Went to the Emperor, about 6 o'clock in the evening, to congratulate him on the good news from Navarre and Italy. Though some persons are elated, he bears the same good mind to the King, and says if his good uncle would put his hand to the present affairs there is every appearance that they would gain the advantage. He said he would leave today for Ghent, where he would remain for six or seven days; then return to Brussels for one night, thence go to Namur, and from Namur set forth with his army on the 1st August. He had received letters from the bishop of Elna, which were not deciphered, but it seemed Wolsey was preparing to come over by the 25th, of which he was very glad, and said that, though he might be withdrawn from these parts, he would not fail to return with a privy company to some place where they could confer together. The dean of Vretyslaue, a servant of Sion, says the Emperor has news from Rome that his master is created legate de latere to the Swiss, and that Armestorff is gone by post to hasten Francis Seken. This is confirmed by the governor of the Belzers, who says his payment is ready.
Have learnt from D'Issilstein that the king of Denmark's coming has been with a view to mediating between the Emperor and the French king. Berghes says it is better to keep him here, where he can do no harm, than send him home; and De la Roche told us he had greatly dissuaded the Emperor against attacking France, saying 20,000 men can do but little against a king who can bring 100,000 to the field.
Having written thus far, were sent for by the Emperor's secretary, John Aleman, and informed that the Emperor had word from the bishop of Elna how the Pope's ambassador and he had been with Wolsey, and delivered letters from both their masters, declaring the Pope's determination to join the confederacy against France; that Wolsey was determined to come to Calais, and expected to be ready by the 25th. A messenger is come from Navarre through France, who was present at the defeat of the French, and confirms former reports that no man of condition has escaped. Antwerp, 16 July, 9 p. m. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
18 July.
Calig. B. III. 175. B. M.
Has received his letter by Ross herald, dated Richmond, 31 May, assenting to the abstinence of war, at the mediation of France, till 2 Feb., and requesting an ambassador to be sent. Will gladly assent to the said prorogation as made at the request of France, although England has often offered the same, but never kept it. Thinks that the nearness of blood ought to have been a sufficient inducement for him to have assented to this prorogation. Stirling, 18 July. Signed: Thomas Hay.
P. 1. Add.
19 July.
Galba, B. VII. 74. B. M.
Wrote on the 17th from Antwerp. The Emperor has since come to Ghent, where the estates of Flanders were assembled. They had before his arrival agreed to grant him all he asked for, on condition that their aid should be employed against France, otherwise they would give nothing. This afternoon the Emperor's mind will be declared to them, and resolution taken immediately; which is a thing unaccustomed in times past. The answer made to the archbishop of Treves' official was, that the Emperor had chosen the King mediator between him and France, as the Emperor had promised the Electors to do, but was fully determined to continue his enterprise against France, expecting that the princes of the empire will do their duty; on which the official with new credentials promised that his master would come and serve his Majesty in person. The cardinal of Mayence will likewise come, and the archbishop of Cologne is preparing. The old duke of Brunswick, and the archbishop of Bremen with his old brother and his nephew, are here with the Emperor. These princes begin to come in without asking, so that the French king will have harder work than he supposes. Some of them have offered to furnish men with their own money, if the Emperor will deduct it from the aid granted to him at the diet of Worms.
On Sunday next there will be a solemn procession and bonfires in this town for the victory of Navarre. Last night the Emperor sent to us his secretary, John Aleman, to see if we had any news of your coming over. We said we had none from you, but that Wingfield had a letter from the treasurer of Calais, stating that two of Wolsey's officers had arrived on Tuesday last to make provision for his coming. Are told by the sovereign of Flanders, who is newly returned from the camp, that both armies lie still in their accustomed places, and that divers captains of such Almains as are with the French have promised to come to him, and serve the King, whenever the angels of England arrive. They have absolutely refused to serve the French against the Emperor; and being asked what they would do if the Emperor invaded France, they deferred making any answer. Dined this morning with the Chancellor, who gave them the news from Italy in the enclosed extract, which he delivered to us. The Chancellor says the Emperor is very glad of Wolsey's coming, and does not expect England, considering the shortness of the time, to do more than make the declaration and send a number of archers at this time, to be followed by 100,000 hereafter. Ghent, 19 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
ii. Headed: "Nova ex Italia."
Count Bartholomew de Villa Chara, with many other noble Brescians, have gone in favor of the exiles of Milan against the French. It was rumored that some of the Venetians wanted to join the French. On the 28th June the citadel of Milan was struck by lightning, and many were destroyed. On the 6th July, Prosper Colonna, with 1,000 lances, as many light-armed troops and 4,000 foot, had come to Bologna. On the 10th July, Melchior, agent of cardinal Sion, was at Trent, sent by the Pope to muster 7,000 foot in the name of his Holiness and the Emperor. Novara had rebelled against the French; and count Louis Bonromeus, one of the principal men in Milan, had entered in behalf of the Emperor and Duke. Near Reggio a great number of Milanese exiles had assembled against the French.
Lat., p. 1.
20 July.
Galba, B. VII. 76. B. M.
Has delayed writing to him since the return of Wingfield and the Audiencer, till he knew his intention about what the Pope's nuncio and the Emperor's ambassador had said to him. Is glad to learn the goodwill he bears towards his Holiness and himself. In order to bring the matter to a speedy conclusion, begs he will send Wolsey to Calais, where Charles's officers will conduct him to the Emperor. As Wolsey is the person in whom Henry reposes his chief confidence, Charles will declare to him the bottom of his heart. Ghent, 20 July.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2.
20 July.
Galba, B VI. 179. B. M.
Has written to the King. Begs him to come to Calais to meet his ambassadors, who will conduct him to his presence. Is desirous of laying open to him all his affairs. Intends going near Calais himself to save Wolsey trouble. Ghent, 20 July.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. card. d'York, le legat et primat d'Angleterre.
R. O. St. P. I. 11. 1424. WOLSEY to HENRY VIII.
The King will understand by his letters yesterday, as well as by his instructions to Sir Richard Wingfield and the ambassadors with the French king, (of which he sends copies,) the terms to which the Emperor is likely to agree. It would be dangerous if the King had no "other band of the Emperor" than he has of the French king. Has instructed Wingfield to obtain from the Emperor similar concessions to those the French king has made, and a promise not to treat with the French king without the consent of England. Has desired Marney to show the King his opinion on these points. The King will know what answer has been made to De la Baty, by Wolsey's letter to Fitzwilliam. De la Baty desires to see the King, to declare his charge, and Wolsey has accordingly appointed him to be at Windsor on Tuesday night. The letter for the lady Margaret must be sent with all diligence, for if Wingfield should arrive without it, she might be displeased. The King can sign it, or write it in his own hand. "I beseech your grace, though it shall be to your pain, to do somewhat therein, ne noceat. Ye know well enough that women must be pleased." Westminster. Signed.
20 July.
Galba, B. VII. 77. B. M. St. P. I. 12.
1425. PACE to [WOLSEY].
The King informs you that yesterday Montpezat arrived here with De la Batie, and disclosed his charge after dinner, showing (1.) that his master had lost his army in Navarre by listening to the King's peaceful counsels, which led him to diminish his forces; (2.) that his master accused the Pope of having had gallies ready to take the city of Genoa long before he attempted anything against Reggio; (3.) that Francis would send no ambassadors to Calais to treat for peace, but demanded the King's assistance against the Emperor, pretending that it was the latter that broke the peace. The King answered (1.) that he had never desired Francis to diminish his army, but had advised him to begin no war, as the end was doubtful, and many inconvenients might ensue. La Batye, hearing this, confirmed the King's answer, saying they had diminished their army, because they saw the Spaniards in no condition to attack them, but the Spaniards had suddenly gathered an army. The King said, if so, they ought rather to impute the loss of the field to their great captains than to him. (2.) Although the Pope had prepared his gallies before the enterprise against Reggio, the French king had before that put him in such fear and extreme subjection, that he was compelled to do as he had done. (3.) The King was surprised they would send no ambassador to Calais, when Francis had promised to do so, both by his letters missive and by patent under his broad seal; on which account the King had induced the Emperor to do the same; and now if the Emperor sent ambassadors, and Francis sent none, he might lose much reputation, especially in Italy, for it would appear to all men that the Pope, the Emperor, and England would join against him. (4.) That as to the assistance demanded, he was compelled in conscience to consider who was the violator of the peace, and could return no answer till he should have perfect knowledge on this subject. If he was to give a further deliberation, he ought to do it to two rather than to one, and for this reason he had sent Wolsey to Calais, by whom he hoped to be informed of the truth in everything. If the French king's complaint against the Emperor was so plain as they said, it could not appear so to him unless Francis sent ambassadors to Calais to meet Wolsey, when both parties might be heard. I send you the French king's letters to the King under his own hand. His highness wishes you to answer them in French, and send hither in haste, that he may write the same with his own hand, as he has promised to La Baty and Montpezat. He wishes you to put a clause in the letter, moving the French king to send his ambassadors to Calais, "for the said orators said unto the King that his reasons afore expressed were so good and so princely, that they were well assured the King their master would be glad to hear them, and especially touching the coming of the said orators to Calais."
All else the King commits to you to be written in some other letters or instruction to his ambassadors in France. Windsor, 20 July.
P.S.—Would have intimated these things to you before, but the King commanded me not to write of them except by the present messenger.
20 July.
R. O. St. P. I. 14.
Received by the bearer, to my great consolation, your honorable and bounteous remembrance with your gracious offers, for my relief in my voyage. "More joy in this life cannot come to my heart than to perceive that your highness doth in so good part accept and take my poor service." Understands, by Pace's letters, the King's prudent answer to Montpesate upon his charge. The answer made him before his arrival in the King's presence was to the same effect; so he may well see how the minds of both of us are concurrent, "which must needs cause your affairs prosperously to succeed." Since his coming, Wolsey has received letters from the ambassadors with the Emperor and the French king, saying that both sovereigns will send their ambassadors to meet him at Calais, and are desirous of his speedy arrival. Trusts a good effect will ensue, both for the settlement of their differences, and a strait conjunction with the Emperor. Does not despair of persuading an abstinence of war, although both princes make difficulties. Sees great likelihood of it on the French king's part, both from Fitzwilliam's letters, and De la Baty's and Mompesat's communications. Will omit nothing to bring the Emperor to terms, as Wolsey has shown more fully to the bp. of Ely, who is now going to the King to take leave. He will carry the ambassador's letters, which Wolsey begs to have again when the King has read them. Westminster, this Saturday. Signed.
20 July.
S. B.
1427. For SIR JOHN FYNEUX, Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
Annuity of 20l., during pleasure, out of the petty custom in the port of London. Del. Westm., 20 July 13 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 16.
21 July.
Galba, B. VII. 80. B. M.
Last night, visited the Chancellor, who is ill with the gout. He told me the bp. of Elna, in his letter of the 17th, had assured the Emperor of your good mind to him, and that this morning Wingfield should be answered that your coming to Calais was acceptable to him. Berghes, the Chancellor, and the Audiencer shall meet you there. In the meantime Berghes will come hither from Barrowe, and the Chancellor will prepare the requisite powers and instructions. They will be there about Saturday, and, if you wish to speak with the Emperor, will return to Bruges and accompany him. He will not fail to come, as he is very anxious to commune with you, but he will not be able to tarry long, being compelled to repair to his army, as he will write himself. Showed the Chancellor's devices to Wingfield before I went to bed. The Emperor is determined to continue his good fortune in person, in spite of all persuasions to the contrary; since they think they have a good opportunity, and have no hope of the King's assistance.
The duke of Alva says that as the French are suddenly elated in prosperity, so they are "pusyllanymes and rabbassed" in adversity, and that, "casting the worse of the Emperor's enterprises, an honorable appointment may not lack to him," now that Navarre is recovered, and Milan esteemed as lost. Think that such successes, without the King's participation, will be "as evil as other that might to the same ensue by any declaration or deliberation taken in the present affairs." If, as wise men think, the Emperor by himself will secure, at the worst, an honorable peace, the conditions will be much better if the King be joined with him. "This morning much feast and triumph in thanking God for the victoria of Navarre was made." This afternoon the king of Denmark has paid homage to the Emperor for certain pieces he holds of him. Gant, 21 July 1521.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
21 July.
R. O. St. P. I. 16.
1429. PACE to WOLSEY.
The King sends back his letters herein enclosed. He is glad to understand that the Emperor and the French king have agreed to send their ambassadors to meet Wolsey at Calais. Wishes to know whether Wolsey has received any letters, stating that the said princes are contented to defer the diet at Calais to the 8th August, as my lord of Ely has shown him. The King agrees to Wingfield's and Spinelly's opinion for the 4,000 archers to be sent to the Emperor, and said, at reading their letters, "Beati qui audiunt et non intelligunt." No such aid can be sent till the convention at Calais is concluded, as it would be a manifest derision to treat of peace, and send men to make war. The King hath promised to send by the messenger the French king's letter of his own hand, but has now deferred the writing of it till tomorrow. Here have been terrible rains and storms. Windsor, 21 July.
Hol. Add.
21 July.
Vit. B. IV. 132. B. M.
1430. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
"Pleaseth your Grace to understand that by my last [letters, which] I wrote unto your Grace the 9th of this month, I ans[wered] at large your Grace's letters of the 25th day of July. And, by the continue of my last letters, your Grace may perceive what displeasure the Pope's holiness hath taken against the Frenchmen, as well for such attemptats as was lately by them done at his city of Reggio, as for privily aiding and encouraging the duke of Ferrara and other rebels of the Church. Your Grace doth also perceive how that his Holiness hath joined with the Emperor, and how that, as well touching the compromise as all other his affairs, his Holiness is utterly resolved to do nothing whereunto the Emperor shall be disagreeable. I wrote unto your Grace also how that the Pope's holiness was utterly minded [to] set all his possible power with the Emperor for the driv[ing] of these Frenchmen out of Italy, and how that his Holiness instantly desiring the King's highness to help thereunto, and your Grace to be a mean in the same. This is to give your Grace advice how that his H[oliness] continueth still in the same purpose, and is very exs[tremely] set, and hath very good hope to bring all thing to good end. His Holiness showed me yesterday that the Frenchmen in the duchy of Milan were not 1,000 footmen, and not 500 spears; and that he had sent forwards his men-of-arms; and how that the lord Prosper Columna, who is under the marquis of Mantua, hath the general conduct of all his Holiness's host, was marched past Bononi; and how that his Holiness trusted that, by the midst of this next month, to have there above 12,000 footmen and 1,400 men-of-arms; which number he thought the Frenchmen, being none otherwise purveyed, should not be able to resist. I showed his Holiness that the Venetians had their power thereby, and how that it was thought they would help the French king, if need were. His Holiness said that they were but a few horsemen, and how that the Venetians could be content to see the Frenchmen have a shrewd turn. What counsel his Holiness hath I cannot show your Grace; but I assure your Grace his Hol[iness is] set, nor it availeth not to reason with his Holiness to the contrary. It seemeth that, as touching Milan, he maketh the matter so sure; and upon what ground his Holiness should so do I cannot tell, except he hath some privy intelligence, an[d] look for some general rebellion in the said duchy; which rebellion is likely enough to ensue, for t[he] Frenchmen have misintreated their subjects there a long season, and be there of the comyn[s] marvellously hated. Here is tidings come lately of an overthrow that the Frenchmen should have in Navarre, and that the Emperor's power did grea[tly] increase against the Frenchmen in those parts; which thing hath greatly encouraged [the] Pope's holiness, and such other as be of his affinity. I have eftsoons moved his Holiness divers [times] upon some honorable personage to be se[nt] to Calais, percase your Grace shall thither f[or] examination of these matters between these Prin[ces]. His Holiness said he trusted to see a shorter end in these matters than by that compromise. I assure your Grace his Holiness, and such as be of his counsel, speak of these matters as though the said matters could not be very long undecided by dint of sword. In all communications his Holiness doth ever, with great instance, desire me to write effectually unto the King's highness for help and assistance against the Frenchmen, saying that now is high time to punish their pride and insolency; and I assure your Grace, albeit I do promise his Holiness to write unto you as effectually as I can, yet at all seasons, to the best of my poor wit, I have discouraged his Holiness, and have ever showed his Holiness that the King's highness, to my supposal, would in no wise at this time consent to any war to be made against the Frenchmen; and his Holiness hath said unto me that I could not tell what mind the King's highness and your Grace would be of, where he should see the likelihood and possibility that should be against the Frenchmen, whereof there was never so much as now is. Here is tidings amongst merchants that the dissension in Spain between the nobles of the realm and ... kindled ag[ainst] ..."
My lord of Carlisle's bulls are almost ready. Will send them next week, and explain how my said Lord has been favored for Wolsey's sake in the Pope's great need of money. Rome, 21 July 1521.
Hol.; in cipher, undeciphered, all but the last paragraph; pp. 5.
21 July.
R. O.
Said in my last letters that I spent 120 ducats for a courier for the King by Almain, but, after closing my letter, induced the master of the couriers to reduce it to 110. Wrote also that I should "pay the advantage" to the courier; but the "advantage" between Rome and Lyons being only 7 ducats, I laid them out here, and sent a commission to your factors in Lyons, that they should send the letters in all haste, "taking that advantage of other men's letters that they could." "As for this letter cometh by an extraordinary way, I pray you see to the delivery thereof as fast as ye can," and send word how my future letters are to be sent, and how I shall be paid these 117 ducats. Only heard of this courier's departure an hour ago, and therefore cannot write of your children's matters. Will send my lord of Carlisle's bulls next week, and then write more at large. Rome, 21 July 1521. Signed: "Jo. Clerk, decanus."
P.S.—I wish to have special word of the receipt of these letters.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. D. Briano Tuke, S. Angliæ Regis postarum magistro, et ejusdem secretario. London.
22 July.
Galba, B. VII. 82. B. M.
Wrote yesterday that the Emperor would send persons to meet you at Calais. He was much pleased with the news contained in your letter, dated Hampton Court, 18th inst., which I declared to him this afternoon. He ordered the said persons to be ready to keep their day at Calais, saying he perceived well the King's affection, which he had always trusted, and that straiter conjunction should take effect soon after your coming. He thanks the King for consenting to assist him in person with his whole power, after the said straiter conjunction is made, and assures you he will do the like. Lest this news should become too common, I asked him to keep them to himself until your arrival, which he promised to do, but told me to show them to my Lady. She took them no less joyously than the Emperor, saying they were more comfortable to her than the news of the recovery of Navarre. Thinks there can be no delay for the conjunction on this side. The King should lose no time in making necessary preparations. There are 20 Spanish ships arrested in Zealand for the Emperor's journey to Spain, which the King could have sooner than his own, and more profitably by half.
I have often asked the King of Denmark when I could declare my credence, and this morning he told me to come to him at the White Friars. After high mass, he called me into the refectory, where were, besides his servants, the old duke of Brunswick, the archbishop of Brema, brother to the duke of Vyertenberghe, and an earl of Saxon, kinsman to the said Duke. He took my credence in good part, and offered his services to the King in general words, saying he came hither for the weal of Christendom. He sent Gotland, his herald, this afternoon, to ask if the King were coming to Calais, and to say that, if so, his master would visit him in pilgrim's habit to talk of matters which he could not write or trust to an ambassador. Wingfield said Wolsey would be there shortly, to whom he might declare everything, as to the King himself. The herald asked whether, if his master proposed a treaty with Wolsey, the King would accept it. I said I would advertise the King; and he departed, but immediately returned, saying his master was determined to send him to the King, "desiring to have address as well for his passage at Calais, as for the residue of his journey." Cannot tell what he means, but I suppose the herald's intelligence will do no harm touching the business of Scotland, where he says he has many friends. Gawnte, 22 July. Signed.
P. S. in Wingfield's hand.—Is instructed by the Emperor to tell Wolsey that he knows well the friendly offices Wolsey has always used in advancing his affairs, which he would take care to recompense. Today I have delivered to him the King's letters and yours for the affair of the duke of Alva's son. He replied that that bishopric of Toledo was of such importance that he would not make any provision thereof till he came to Spain, but would not fail to regard the King's recommendation of the Duke. I will, before meeting with you, make overture as of myself concerning the matter of which you spoke to me.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
22 July.
Galba, B. VII. 84. B. M.
Received yesterday at 8 a.m. two letters from you, both dated Windsor, the xv ... of this month, and went to the Emperor immediately after he had dined. Before I mentioned the subject, he said he had received letters from his ambassador the night before, by which he understood my charge, and had determined what answer to make to it, except that he would delay giving it till the receipt of other letters, which he looked for hourly. Thus the King will see the diligence of that ambassador. After learning the King's pleasure from you, as I received a packet along with your letters directed to the Audiencer, which I thought might contain the letters the Emperor expected, I delivered it to the Emperor. There was but one letter addressed to himself, from his ambassador, in cipher, and I was delayed till the evening, when it should be deciphered. It was, however, deferred until this morning at 8 o'clock, when the Emperor told me that he had already made answer to his ambassador on the points declared by me, and had written with his own hand to the King and you his letters of promise and obligation for your coming to Calais, which he had enclosed to his ambassador.
The Emperor was very glad to know of your passage to Calais, and had ordered Berghes, the Chancellor and the Audiencer to meet you at your landing; after conferring with whom, he wishes you to come to him and arrange the secret affairs. It might be prejudicial to him if you were to remain long in Calais, considering the great charge he would be at, as he will have above 8,000 persons in wages before the 8th of next month. On knowledge of your landing he will come to Bruges to receive you. He can by no means assent to a truce, for reasons which, when he sees you, he doubts not you will agree to. Forbore to press him upon this point, as you know by our former letters that he and all his council are determined. If he is to change purpose, it must be "by some influence from above put in your breast to be declared unto him at your meeting." He said the time was come if the King would attain the thing of which he bears the title, no longer to be contented with his pension. I said you would explain to him the feelings of the King's council on that matter, and all others. He then departed towards the great church to keep this solemnity, mentioned in former letters of Spinelly and me.
This letter was to have been conveyed by the Emperor's servant, who was despatched with letters to the ambassador, as the Emperor told me on his return from mass, but he has gone without it. John Laleman has been with me to excuse it, saying that the messenger, by name Severino, who was at the battle in Navarre, has a commission from the constable of Castile to the King, which required haste. Today the bishop of Utrecht desired his recommendations to the King, whom he was ready to serve with 1,000 horse. The Emperor has retained only those of his council who have always been well inclined to England. The Spaniards have been for days past in great suspicion, and almost in despair of the King's friendship, but the news of Wolsey's coming has much consoled them. Thinks, in Wolsey's absence, a good number of archers should be got ready for the aid of the Emperor, if your secret affairs take perfection, "for I would the King's highness might have part of the honor of the apparent victory." You are expected at Calais on Saturday at the furthest. Gawnte, x[xii] (fn. 1) July, 8 p.m.
This afternoon the king of Denmark has paid homage for certain places he holds of the Empire. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Cardinal.
23 July.
Galba, B. VIII. 41. B. M.
Desires credence for his ambassadors, whom he is sending to England, for the purpose of which Wolsey is aware. Ghent, 23 July.
Hol., p. 1. Fr. Add.: A mons. le cardinal d'Iorck, legat et primat d'Angleterre.
23 July.
Galba, B. VII. 86. B. M.
Wingfield being a little unwell, I went this morning to the Chancellor, who is not yet quite recovered of the gout. He said he would leave tomorrow with the Audiencer, lie that night at Bruges, and thence repair with all diligence to Calais to meet you. Berghes is looked for here today, and will be there as soon as the Chancellor, bringing with him Dr. Carvasiall, one of the Spanish council, and Dr. Joyse of this country. They are commanded by the Emperor to have no communication with the French, but to arrive at Calais before you, and meet you at the waterside. If the French should be there likewise, the Chancellor and his colleagues will give you notice by Wingfield, whom they will desire to be their guide in all matters. The principal persons in the Emperor's court will receive Wolsey in the way to Bruges at Gravelines, Dunkirk, Newport and Owdenborowe, with all the clergy of the towns, as ought to be done towards a legate de latere and lieutenant of the King. At Bruges the Emperor himself will meet you with the rest of his court, and convey you to his own lodging, where you shall be lodged in those places which have formerly served for my Lady. The Chancellor also says the shortness of the time has compelled the Emperor to make more haste than he would have done in his arrangements.
Today news has come from Rome that 300 spears that were in the Venetian service have joined the rebels of Milan; that lord Prospero Colonna was at Bologna waiting for the rest of the Neapolitan horse, to the number of 1,200 spears and 1,000 light horse, which were to be there in ten days, and along with the Pope's army invade the duchy of Milan; that the marquis of Mantua had brought 200 spears, and as many light horse of his own, into the Pope's service; that Jeronimo Adorno daily oppresses more and more the city of Genoa, and there was no doubt would be successful; that the sieur de Lescu was at Parma with 500 spears and 1,000 foot; and that the Emperor's ambassador had persuaded that of Venice to send overtures to his government to detach the Venetians from the French. Ghent, 23 July. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
23 July.
R. O.
1436. DARCY'S INSTRUCTIONS for ALLAN GEFFREYSON, at his going to London, 23 July 13 Hen. VIII.
To ask Mr. Lister, the King's solicitor, to find me a sure and good carrier for my plate. To send me half a barrel of fresh sturgeon and 12 dozen quails before the commissioners come, unless Clutton has already sent them; two garnish of pewter vessels of the newest and fairest fashion; 20 nobles worth of sugar, pepper, "greynes, claws and masses," "succayd, piscayd," marmalade, green ginger, "cappers," olives and oranges; 24 plates and trenchers of silver parcel gilt, in the best French fashion, from Amadas, "and now I am glad that we be in alliance;" a basket of 100 Spanish "or Saynt Tumber" onions; and 100 hops, if at a reasonable price; these are to be well chosen, a bill made, and the amount paid on St. Andrew's Day.
I am sure that Mr. Aylmer and Wm. Boodley will help you, if you and Arthur Baytton speak to them. Give my lord of Durham's band and letters to Roger Aytton to keep, by bill indented. Signed.
To ask Lister's advice, and inform me of their speed. Arthur Darcy shall help you. Given him in his purse to count upon, 20s.
Pp. 2. In Darcy's hand, and Signed by him.
24 July.
R. O. St. P. I. 19.
1437. PACE to WOLSEY.
The King intends shortly to leave this for Easthampstead, and as he will have no convenient lodging for the Princess, desires Wolsey to think of some lady fit to give attendance upon her. He thinks the old lady Oxford would be suitable, if she could be persuaded; if not, my lady Caltroppe, and her husband to be chamberlain to the Princess. Whereas you have lately advertised the King that Sir Richard Sacheverell, Sir William Fitzwilliam, Mr. Broke and Lister are made commissioners for Walmer and the New Forest, the King is surprised to hear that Sir Thomas Lovell is in the same commission, and thinks he has been brought in by Lister's procurement, and will do little against the earl of Arundel. As old men decay greatly, the King wishes young men to be acquainted with his affairs, and desires Wolsey to make Sir William Sandys and Sir Thomas More privy to the negociations at Calais. Windsor, 24 July.
Hol. Add.
24 July.
R. O.
1438. JOHN FULWOD, of London, tailor.
His will, dated 28 Oct. 1520. Probate, 24 July 1521. See also no. 1034. Pp. 2, large paper.
R. O. 2. Another copy of the probate. P. 1. Endd.
25 July.
R. O. St. P. I. 20.
I send herewith letters in the Emperor's own hand to your highness and to me, which I received from his ambassador, desiring me to repair to Calais. You will see how inclined he is "to the strait conjunction between your grace and him." The ambassador gave me also letters patent, binding the Emperor not to make any treaty with the French king while the diet is being held at Calais, or till the said conjunction is concluded, "without any such like bond by the said Emperor required of your highness; by reason whereof he standeth now bound, and your grace at large." By the words comprised touching the Pope, it seems that some secret capitulations have passed between him and the Emperor.
Perceives from De la Baty that Francis is inclined towards an abstinence from war, to which the Emperor will not consent. Will try to persuade him to it till the effect of the diet is seen.
Has written to my lady of Oxford and those about her, to induce her to undertake the governance of the Princess. Expects she will refuse on account of her ill health; if so, will write to Sir Philip Calthorp and his wife. Will speak to my lord of Oxford's mother, if your grace pleases. She is right discreet, and of a good age, and is near at hand. She can, at any rate, be tried for a season.
The judges think that as Sir Thomas Lovell is chief justice of the Forests, his name should be in the commission of the same, for form only. He does not intend to sit, and the residue of the commissioners will make the inquisitions, &c. Wishes to have the Emperor's letters returned when the King has read them. Westminster, 25 July. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
28 July.
Galba, B. VII. 87. B. M. St. P. I. 23.
1440. PACE to WOLSEY.
The King has determined, according to your advice, to get ready 5,000 or 6,000 archers against the time when you will have concluded with the Emperor. He trusts, considering the great towardness of the Emperor shown by his last letters, that you will bring everything to a good conclusion. He will consider about a great captain to conduct the army, and knights to attend upon him as councillors, "and such also as be meet to make men;" on which he desires your opinion. On talking with Mr. Marney and me, he thought one of these three should be the captain, my lord Marquis, the earl of Shrewsbury or the earl of Worcester. The knights named in the en- closed bill he thinks meet to attend upon him. He also wishes your opinion upon a secret device of his own. When other things have been concluded for the invasion of France, the two princes should provide for the destruction of the French navy. The King thinks this should be secretly broken to the Emperor, so that the enterprise might be made suddenly, "and the King taketh this for an high and great enterprise, if it may thus by wisdom and good policy be brought to pass." Windsor, 28 July.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate.
28 July.
Calig. D. VIII. 71. B.M.
On Friday last [the Admiral] left the Court, it is said for Guyenne, [and he] will have a large army, as I wrote in former letters, though he always told me he did not know whether he would go. When I heard it for certain, I went to him, and asked him to which of the council I should apply from time to time to know the King's pleasure, as I had been ordered to resort to him next after the King and his mother. He told me to resort to my Lady as formerly, and after her to Robert Tete. He said they wondered at hearing nothing from Montpesat, and asked me if I had any news. I said, "No;" so he left, with more strange countenance, as I thought, than his wont.
"As for other news, here be none, save that they reckon, as I hear say, to give a battle in Italy shortly to the [Pope's] folks and the Emperor's, and if [the] Moor's brother come not out of J. with some number of Almains, ... there be too weak for Frenchmen, and it be as they say. And to ascertain your grace what I think in these folks, I well perceive by them that they have the King our master in doubt, lest he will take part with the Emperor, and they provide therefor. Wherefore me seems it were good your grace had some espial at Brest and at the New Haven, to see whether they make any provision there by sea. Howbeit the French king himself speaks very familiarly to me still, but I see much more strangeness in them that be about him, than I was wont to do; and I assure your grace they marvel greatly, as they say, that Montpesat comes not again. Also, Sir, they have commanded through these countries, as at Dijon, Bayonne and Alsone (sic), and all the good towns, to provide them of victuals; and all the men of the country that hold of the King be commanded to be ready within an hour's warning, and Monsieur La Tramoyle shall be chief of all this s[aid] countries."
It is said all the Floreutines in France have been put in prison. The French queen's matters and my lord of Suffolk's are now brought to the same order "as the we ... time and the Admiral and such others as have take[n the said] dower afore, have it now by the help of mas[ter] Jerningham and me, and I assure your grace that and [it had] not been for our good help, I suppose it had not be[en] well brought to pass as it is." Comere, 28 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Part cipher, undeciphered. Mutilated.
Calig. D. VIII. 75. B. M. 1442. [FITZWILLIAM and JERNINGHAM to WOLSEY.]
*** Spoke the same day with my Lady, and desired her to be a mean to bring about the peace, which she promised she would be. Said we hoped the King her son would have been as well content "to have bedon thoword (the award) of thow King howr mayster," as the king of the Romans. She said her son was so piqued he could not do so with his honor, and my lady of Savoy had written a letter, in which she said they were sorry Francis took the peace as broken, but they would send to the King, and did not doubt that he would make some good arrangement. We answered, that when the King sent Wingfield to the King Catholic and Jerningham hither, there was no such motion made to him, and the reason he desired so much this peace proceeded only of himself. "Then," she said, "I will say a thing s ... but I charge you, show it to no man, [but only] advertise the King your master, how I h ... the mind he hath to bring this peace [to] pass is both honourable and meritorious, and y[ou] may write to him on your own heads, that ... Messancourt is won and rased, and that ye [think] the King Catholic's men will withdraw themselves to their holds, and that if they make no mo co[urses] into the French king's countries, ye think it is now [good] time to treat; and ye may assure the King your master, I will help to bring his honourable desire in this behalf to pass." Think, for all the King's rough words, from what my Lady says, as they have won Nav[arre], they would be content to have the matter t[aken] up. (fn. 2) She said the King her son was never better minded to do what the King desired, if consistent with his honour. Think the King would be glad to listen to a peace, "but he would be to the same often prayed." Omit nothing on our parts to urge him, yet Mr. Day Lanson (D'Alençon) departed yesterday as the King's lieutenant-general, with Saint Roche Brion, and all the gentlemen of the court, for the King Catholic's frontier adjoining Messancourt. Hear that Lautrec and the Grand Esquire will be here shortly, and some say the young king of Navarre. As far as we can see, the whole power of France is at this moment in arms, in Italy or on the Emperor's frontier. The duke of Wurtemberg has just come to the French king, who has received him very well.
Draft, pp. 4. In Jerningham's hand.
29 July.
R. O.
Commission for cardinal Wolsey to settle the differences between Francis I. and Charles V. London, 29 [July] 1521, 13 Hen. VIII. Signed. Great seal attached.
Vellum, very badly mutilated.
S. B. 2. Same as the preceding. London, 29 July 13 Hen. VIII.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 749. 3. Commission to the same, to treat for a closer amity with Francis I. London, 29 July 1521. Signed. Seal lost.
Vellum, badly mutilated.
S. B. 4. Same as the preceding.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 750. 5. Commission to the same, to treat for a confederation with the Pope, the Emperor, and the French king. London, 29 July 1521. Signed. Seal lost.
S. B. 6. Same as the preceding.
Galba, B. VII. 152. B.M. 7. Copy of the same.
S. B. 8. Commission to the same, to conclude a treaty for the marriage of princess Mary, the King's daughter, with the Emperor Charles. London, 29 July 13 Hen. VIII.
R. O. 9. Copy of the preceeding.
S. B. 10. Commission to the same, to conclude a treaty with Charles king of the Romans and Spain, Emperor elect, for the defence of their kingdoms, and for carrying on war against the French king to recover Henry's possessions in France. London, 29 July 13 Hen. VIII.
R. O. 11. Copy of the preceding.
29 July.
Lamb. 616. f. 37. St. P. II. 75.
The Irish are still confederated in O'Conor's country; and though Surrey has burnt his towns and corn, and taken his castle, they utterly refuse peace. Unless the Irish are oppressed with continual war, the English, and especially the county of Kildare, will take hurt. If the King intends to keep Ireland, O'Conor's castle is as necessary as Berwick is for Scotland. Wishes thanks to be sent to the earl of Ormond, who has made sharp was upon O'Kerrol. Has thrown into prison Richard Pepyr of Calais, and twenty others, for robbing two Breton ships. Desires a commission if they are to be executed, and that Patrick Brymyngham, C. J. of your Bench, Richard Delahyde, C. J. of the Common Pleas, and others, be joined in it. Desires authority to put to death all pirates, for this is "the very land of refuge that English pirates most resort unto." Dublin, 29 July. Signed.
29 July.
Galba, B. VI. 188b. B. M.
The seigneur Severin, who had carried the letters asked for by Wolsey from the Emperor before he left for Calais, returned hither last night with letters from the imperial ambassador, stating that the said Severin had come to London on Tuesday the 23rd instant, and that the letters were delivered to the Cardinal the same day, who was much pleased with their contents, but would not be able to be at Calais before Friday or Saturday. This delay is very unfortunate; 1st, because it is an impediment to the affair which so greatly concerns the Emperor; and, 2ndly it will have a bad effect upon people here. Expects my lords will remain here till Thursday next, when they will leave early "pour aller dune traicte disner a Calais." Dunkirk, 29 July.
Copy, Fr., p. 1.
30 July.
Le Glay, Négoc. II. 473. Lanz, Staats Papiere, Karls V. p. 1.
Matters are in such perplexity that it is difficult to determine whether you ought to continue the war here and beyond the mountains, or accept the proposed truce. For accepting a truce there are the following reasons:—(1.) The result of war is uncertain. (2.) No money can be obtained from Naples or Spain. (3.) The enterprises at Milan and Genoa have not had the effect expected, are costly, and will be hazardous to continue. (4.) The danger of the Swiss declaring for France, in Milan and Almain. (5.) The Spanish army in Navarre has retreated to Castile, and seems unwilling to do anything in France, owing to want of money and the news of the reduction of Toledo. (6.) Navarre is recovered. Messire Robert (fn. 3) has been punished. The French have gained nothing, and consequently the truce will not be dishonorable, especially as it will be at the request of the French, and of the king of England, who will prevent its being broken. (7.) The army cannot be ready much before winter; the September rains will come; the enemy will retire into the towns; money will be spent; and the Spaniards will be unable to cross the mountains for snow.
The following reasons may be alleged for continuing the war:—(1.) Charles has promised the Pope not to make peace or truce with France. (2.) The Pope declared for Charles, regardless of his own danger, as France had then gained Navarre, and the army of Naples was not ready. (3.) If Charles abandon the Pope, the latter could retract his grants of the investiture of Naples, and the dispensation for holding the empire. (4.) He will also lose his support as to the title of Navarre, the tenths, indulgences, crusade money (cruciate), and the nomination and presentation of benefices. (5.) The Pope would negotiate with France and Venice, and they would gain the Swiss, and shut the Emperor entirely out of Italy. (6.) His army is almost ready, the expense is over, and great things expected of it, so that he would lose reputation by a truce. (7.) His quarrel being just, the Emperor would set God against himself, if he did not help his subjects against their enemies. (8.) If he do not employ his soldiers now, they will not be so ready to serve him another time; (9.) nor will his subjects be so ready to pay another time, if they see him change his mind. (10.) Charles has had no opportunity as yet of making a reputation for himself. He is expected to do something worthy of the empire, now that Spain is reduced to obedience, Italy and Germany favorable, the Swiss not daring to declare against him, and his very enemies hesitating, as letters from England show.
Thinks the seven reasons for the truce may be considered as the Seven Deadly Sins, and the ten reasons against it as the Ten Commandments. Absolution must be found for the seven sins by seven arguments.
First, however, ventures to give the following advice. In order to retain the Pope, England and the Swiss, and to obtain a better truce with France, Charles should show courage, advance his army and that of Nassau, and send him the bridge to cross the river, if he sees an opportunity. The French are not equal in numbers to Nassau's band. They have no Swiss, and the reinforcements sent to Navarre cannot have returned. If they succour Italy, they cannot have a large force here, and Guise, Tournay and Terouenne can be easily taken, as their walls are in ruins. By any enterprise, even if only for a fortnight or a month, Charles will gain reputation, alarm his enemies and make his allies more firm. He will then have time to see the state of Italy, how the Swiss take the affair of Milan and Genoa, what the Spaniards intend, and how Wolsey behaves in the treaties now on foot. Most of the expense is made, and he cannot avoid paying at least two months' wages; so it would be folly to take a truce without doing anything. The Cardinal being here, and pressing the enemy, Charles will have better offers, and could meanwhile manage the Pope by means of Wolsey, promising that England would join them in a war the following summer, to which his Holiness would condescend more easily, seeing that you had done something, and were prepared to reassemble the army when necessary.
In answer to the said seven reasons:—The first does not apply to one who has been forced into war, for God gives the victory to the just cause.
2. Charles has money enough for the army for two months, and by doing something will more easily get the rest of the money from Naples, make his market at leisure, and have supplies sent from Spain or the Indies; and by satisfying the desires of his subjects, he will more easily obtain the aid granted for the war.
3. Although the enterprises of Milan and Genoa have not had such immediate success as was expected, they have preserved Naples and Sicily, which will now be lost, if Charles make truce without the Pope's consent. They have not so utterly failed but that there is still hope of them, and they prevent the French king from doing what he wishes here, and, more than anything else, have made him desirous of a truce. The continuance of the war costs only the 100,000 ducats, which must be paid, at any rate, to the regular soldiers, who cannot be better employed than in putting the enemy to expense, especially as you have large reinforcements from the Pope, the Florentines and others of the Duke's party. A truce would be of no little service to France, by sparing him the great expense there, which he can hardly sustain.
4. Nothing would incline the Swiss to France so much as making a truce and abandoning the enterprise of Milan; but if you keep the Pope firm, and push the enterprise in his name and yours, and for the profit of the Duke, it is not likely that the French, being invaders, will be able to make use of the Swiss; for the cardinal of Lyons writes to me that they will let their infantry go without leave, till they have received money, and then recall them.
5. Though the Spanish army has retired, it does not seem likely that it will return home. When they see that your pleasure is to make war on France by land and sea, they will not fail you, and there will be no lack of money, as they will gain much from the enemy.
The 6th reason seems worthless; for the honor of recovering Navarre belongs to your subjects, not to you, as they did it without your orders, presence or assistance; and if you make peace without doing anything yourself, after commencing the war by Messire Robert, you will be but little esteemed by those who know the necessities of France.
7. It is true you cannot remain two months in the field, but you can do something in that time, and have a more honorable and profitable truce in the winter. The King of England also will then be more inclined to serve you.
Thinks, on the whole, the Emperor had better abide by the Ten Commandments. Encloses letters from the ambassador Wingfield, of today, at Calais, stating that the Cardinal will not be there until Friday or Saturday. The French are at Ardre, waiting for the Chancellor and other gentlemen of the long robe. Lodgings are taken at Calais for a papal legate. (fn. 4) Dunkirk, 30 July 1521.
30 July.
Titus, B. XI. 419. B. M. St. P. II. 77.
Received his letters by John Tryce, the bearer, and with it 4,000l. Sir William Darcy is mistaken in his report that the King's profits from Ireland amount to 2,000 marks by the year. States the reason for the falling off of the revenue; it is now scarcely 1,400l. Irish. Has not been able to ascertain the charges of the King's army at present. It was thought by the council here and by the parliament lately holden that the lord Lieutenant should attack O'Conor's adherents. Gives an account of the war and its preparations, and the capture of O'Karwell's son, called Ferganam, by Edward Nogent of Westmeath. Surrey continued in O'Conor's country until the 23rd. In a skirmish with the enemy, Sir Edward Plunket, lord Dunsany, was slain. On the 28th tidings came that the rebels would burn the town of Nas, twelve miles from Dublin. Will make up his accounts on the Lieutenant's return. They will not, for reasons which he assigns, vary much from the first charge. Has heard nothing of the earl of Desmond. The carl of Ormonde has done much hurt to O'Karwell. O'Neell and O'Donell have made peace. The latter expects aid from the Scotch. Dublin, 30 July. Signed.
Calig. E. III. 6. B. M. 1448. [WOLSEY to HENRY VIII.]
*** "and albeit your highness hath named ... sort meet and able to have the conducting, ... yet inasmuch as this number of archers shall be ... require not as an army, but as an aid to join ... the puissance of the Emperor, therefore in my [poor opinion, as well for the] relieving of your costs and charges as for reserving ... of the other captains by you named for a great purpose a ... [captain] of lower degree might suffice for this time, and amongst other in m[yne opinion] a more valiant, apt, and convenient person could [not be] devised than Sir Wm. Sandes, your treasurer of Calais, who[se] ... and well determined mind to do unto you acceptable [service is well] known; which thing I remit to your high pleasure.
"And as unto the places and countries where the same ar[chers should go] I would have advertised your grace of mine opinion at this [time] of the Emperor's ambassadors repairing so near to Calais ... desirous of the acceleration of my coming th[ither] ... so ordered my journey that, God willing, I i[ntend to be at] Canterbury tomorrow before noon, where I purpose to pause ... not only for making of a substantial book to be sent to [your grace of] the appointing of the said archers with their captains, but also to send su[ch] ... stuff over before me as shall be necessary to be put in an ar[eadiness for] my transporting thither; which book touching the said [archers] I shall send [to your] highness by the next post, with the minute of such letters as shall be ... by your grace for preparation of the said archers; and as touching the enterprise for destroying of the French ky[ng's] ... ships, (fn. 5) I assure your grace if this conjunction proceed betwixt you a[nd] the Emperor, and that by mean thereof ye shall enter into the wars ag[ainst] France, a more higher and expedient enterprise could not for many causes be imag[ined]. Howbeit, if the same should be substantially performed, necessary it were to be done by common assent, and that your and the Emperor's navy were joined for that *** [re]member for your honor and ...
"[By] such letters as I have this day received from Mr. [Wingfield, the amba]ssadors now at Dunkirk have charge not to speak, intermeddle or accompany with ... my coming to the Emperor ... such things (as he affirmeth) is done ... not be bruited by the Frenchmen, that they we[re prepared to t]reat upon truce or abstinence of war. Howbeit, this dealing ... such purpose as my journey was appointed for afore as ... well the coming of the Emperor's ambassadors to Calais was ... for a communication to be had for pacifying of [differences be]twyxt the Emperor and the French king, so that under color thereof ... I might without suspicion resort to the Emperor for treating and [perfecting] the strait conjunction betwixt you and him. And if they now s ... [tr]eate upon the said differences before me, but would require m[e ... to r]epair to the Emperor, it might cause the French king and hy ... to think that your grace would break with them, and by that means make ... hostility on your party before ye had taken any con ... in your great matters; which were dangerous. And therefore ... t these ways on the Emperor's party which be set for[th] ... whereby the seeds of jealousy might be sowed betwixt you a[nd him, and by] that means to advance their matters the better. Whereunto I shall take s ... [c]olorable practices shall not empeche the principal charge [to m]e committed. And for that purpose I have instructed Mr. Wyng[field to] move the said Emperor's ambassadors [that leaving such byt ... shall treat upon the said differences at their coming to Calais ... and take such substantial ways as shall be most convenable ... ytyng of your great matters to the desired end (fn. 6).]
"At my coming to Calais in my presence they shall not refuse to have mutual conference [and] communication of and upon the differences betwixt their master and the [French] king, whereby not only the suspicion shall be amoved on the French king's part by the co ... treaty may be had upon the straiter conjunction."
Corrected draft, in Ruthal's hand, pp. 2, mutilated.
Before departing tomorrow, could think of nothing necessary to be mentioned to you, except to remind you to sign and send to me the letters to be sent to the Pope "[the one] ... and credence;" the other to be delivered when your book is presented to him. It will be well to send letters in your own hand [to the Emperor] and lady Margaret, in case I visit them. At my place bes[ide Westminster].
"And, Sir, it shall be much to my comfort to [know your] pleasure upon such letters as I sent unto th[e same] ... last past, for it shall be high wisdom to be ... eventum in good areadiness, the same not to [be] employed but for great effect." The signature mutilated.
P.1, mutilated. Add.
R. O. Burnet, III. C. 3. 1450. WOLSEY to HENRY VIII.
I send Mr. Tate with the book for the Pope, bound and dressed, "with a memorial of such other as be also to be sent by him with his authentic bulls to all other princes and universities." Although this book is "honorable, pleasant and fair, yet I assure your grace that which Hall hath written, which within four days will be perfected, is far more excellent and princely, and shall longer continue for your perpetual memory." I send also a choice of verses to be written with your own hand in the book, "with the subscription of your name to remain in Archivis Ecclesiæ ad perpetuam et immortalem vestræ majestatis gloriam, laudem et memoriam." Signed.
P.1. Add.
July./GRANTS. 1451. GRANTS in JULY 1521.
1. Commission of the Peace. Salop.—Th. cardinal of York, G. bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, C. bishop of Hereford, T. bishop of Bangor, Th. earl of Arundel, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Edw. Sutton lord Dudley, Sir Lewis Pollard, John Fitzjames, Wm. Uvedale, Sir Griffin Rice, Sir Th. Blounte, Peter Neuton, Geo. Bromeley, Ric. Horde, Ric. Foster, Ric. Selman, Th. Vernon, and John Corbett of Lee. Westm., 1 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2.
3. Fras. Brian. Grant, in tail male, of all the tenements in the parish of St. John the Baptist-super-Walbroke, London, late of Sir Ric. Charleton, attainted, which were granted by patent 23 March 1 Hen. VIII. to George Assheby, clerk of the signet, deceased. Richmond, 20 June 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
3. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam. Inspeximus and confirmation of—
i. Charter 3 Sept. 19 Hen. III., being a grant of free warren in Marham and Thorp to Ric. de Waltervill.
ii. Charter 23 Feb. 8 Edw. III., being a grant of free warren in Ciselond and Lodne, Norf., and Milton, Northt., to Ric. de la Pole.
Westm., 3 July.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2,m. 11.
3. Th. Maners lord Roos. Licence to grant to John Wyatt, rector of St. Margaret the Virgin, Cley-juxta-Mare, Norf., possessions in Cley-juxta-Mare, formerly of Th. Colles, lying between Cley churchyard, a messuage belonging to the guild of St. Margaret of Cley, and demesne lands of the lordship of Cley. Del. Westm., 3 July 13 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 17.
4. Wm. Rolt, serjeant-at-arms. To be ranger of Waltham forest, Essex, with 6d. a day, vice Sir John Heron, deceased. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.
6. Wm. Dale, of Hemyngford Grey, Hunts. Pardon for killing John Benson in self-defence. Westm., 6 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.
9. Commission of the Peace. Yorkshire, West Riding.—Th. cardinal of York, Hen. earl of Northumberland, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Hen. lord Clifford, Ric. Nevell lord Latemer, Th. lord Darcy, Anth. Fitzherbert, John Neuport, Sir John Nevell, Th. Fairfax, Sir Ric. Tempest, Ric. Lyster, Wm. Elson, Wm. Nevell, Ralph Roxby, Rob. Chaloner, John Pulleyn, Th. Gryce, Th. Beverley and Walter Bradford. Westm., 9 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
9. Lewis Bladwell. Pardon for killing Ric. Calverley in self-defence, as found by inquisition taken at Camppes ad Castrum, Camb., before Th. Tailour, coroner. Windsor Castle, 5 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
9. Walron de Choen, sewer of the Chamber, and Roger More, clerk of the King's bakehouse. Grant, in survivorship, of a corrody in the monastery of Wardon, Beds., nice Ric. Dycons, deceased. Windsor Castle, 7 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 July.—P.S.
9. John Smyth, of Chalk-Magna, Wilts. Pardon for having broken into the house of Hen. Peynter, at Knyghton, and taken 15 fleeces of white wool, value 10s. Del. Westm., 9 July 13 Hen. VIII.
Marginal note:—"Justiciarii ad gaolam deliberandam in comitatu Wiltes', quam propter exilem offensum prædictum, et quia prædictus Johannes Smyth eis quasi fatuus apparuit, et non prius in aliquâ feloniâ deliquit, prædiciti justiciarii executionem ipsius Johannis ad optinendum gratiam et pardonationem domini Regis inde respectarunt. Ric. Elyot, Joh'es Brook."—S.B.
10. Fras. Bryan, squire for the Body. To be steward of the lordship of Flampsted, Herts. Windsor Castle, 8 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
10. Sir Wm. Kyngeston, knight of the Body. To be steward of the lordships of Claredon alias Claverdon, Lighterne, Moreton, Brayls, Barkeswell and Bereford, Warw.; bailiff and provost of Moreton and Lighterne; and woodward of Barkeswell, Claverdon and Henley-in-Arderne; with 2d. a day for each of the said offices; also master of the hunts in the parks of Barkeswell, Claverdon and Henley-in-Arderne: as held by Sir Edw. Belknapp. Del. Westm., 10 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
10. Th. Robertz and John Peryent. To be auditors of the Crown lands, in survivorship, with 40 marks a year; on surrender of patent dated 8 May 9 Hen. VIII., granting the same office to Robertz and John Buttes, now deceased. Greenwich, 10 May 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
11. Justices of Assize.
Home Circuit.—Simon Fitz, with Sir John Fyneux and Sir John More. Westm 11 July.
Oxford Circuit.—Rob. Brudenell, jun. and John Weste, with Sir Lewis Pollers and John Fitzjames. Westm., 11 July.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
Norfolk Circuit.—Thos. Fitzhugh, witl Sir Rob. Brudenell and Sir Ric. Broke Westm., 11 July.
Midland Circuit.—John Jenour, with Sir Humph. Conyngesby and John Carell Westm., 11 July.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21d.
Western Circuit.—Thos. Elyot and Ric. Mathewe, with Ric. Elyot and ... Westm., 11 July.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27d.
11. John Birome. Commission to Sir Wm. Brereton, Anth. Fitzherbert, Wm. Venable, Ric. Grosvenour and ... Bunbery to make inquisition p. m. in Cheshire, concerning the lands and heir of John Birome, deceased. Westm., 11 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27d.
11. Nich. Medley and John Bradford. Commission to the prior of St. Oswald, Ric. Lister, John Pulleyn, Th. Beverley and Th. Grise to make inquisition in co. York, concerning the lands and heirs of Nich. Medley and John Bradford, deceased. Westm., 11 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11d.
11. Edw. Shovelar alias Showller, of Henley-on-Thames, Oxon., mercer, and Jane his wife. Pardon. Del. Westm., 11 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
12. Th. Philipps, yeoman of the guard. Pardon for killing Lawrence Fawkener in self-defence. Westm., 12 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
13. John Gosnalde, of Coksall, Essex, weaver. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Windsor Castle, 11 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 July.—P.S. Fr., m. 6.
13. Christ. Wren. Lease of the site of the manor of Cosegrove, Northt., late of the earl of Warwick, and a pasture called "the Mille" Homme, Bucks, which Wm. Yeleson lately held; for 21 years; rent, 8l. 8s., and 2s. of increase. Del. Westm., 13 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 1.
15. Concealed lands. Commission to Sir John Husey, Sir Rob. Constable, Sir Wm. Tirwhit, John Hennage, Ric. Clerk and John Mounson, to inquire touching concealed lands in Lincolnshire. Westm., 15 July.
Similar commissions, sc.:—
Essex and Herts.—Sir Wistan Broun, Sir John Marney, Rob. Norwich, Humph. Brown, John Smyth.
Yorkshire.—Anth. Fitzherbert, Th. Fair-fax, Ric. Lister, Th. Beverley, Walt. Bradford.
Somerset and Dorset.—Abbot of Glastonbury, Sir Nich. Wadham, Sir Giles Strangways, John Fitzjames, Ric. Lister, Wm. Wadham.
Warw. and Leic.—Sir John Digby, Sir Wm. Skevyngton, Ralph Swillyngton, Wm. Wigston.
Notts.—Sir Ric. Basset, Sir John Markham, John Porte, John Byron.
Hants and Wilts.—Sir Wm. Sandys, Wm. Paulet, Ric. Lyster, Th. More, Steph. Cope.
Worc., Glouc., and Heref.—Sir Edm. Tame, Sir Th. Berkeley, John Picher, sen., Ric. Warmecombe.
Leic., Staff., Derb., Salop, Cheshire.—Sir John Gifford, Sir Ralph Egerton, Sir Wm. Skevington, Anth. Fitzherbert, John Port, John Vernon, Geo. Bromley, Ralph Swillyngton.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11d.
15. Ric. Cecile, the King's servant. Reversion of the offices of bailiff of the lordship of Torpell, Northt., and keeper of the park, manor and woods there; with 5l. 14s. a year, and herbage and pannage; on vacation by John Birde. Windsor, Castle, 13 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 15 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
15. Wm. Ruggeley, yeoman of the Wardrobe of Beds. To be bailiff of the lordship of Yerdeley, Worc.; also, lease of the manor of Pype, alias Pipehall, Warw., for 30 years; rent, 8l. Windsor Castle, 13 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
16. Rob. Hogans, yeoman for the King's mouth in the kitchen. To be bailiff of Longe Newton, York, as held by Th. Philip, deceased; also lease of the farmhold of Long Newton. Windsor Castle, 16 July 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S. (No date of delivery.)
16. John Wellysburne, groom of the Privy Chamber. To be keeper of the writs or rolls of the Common Pleas at Westminster, vice Ric. Dycons, deceased. Del. Westm., 16 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 1.
Copy of the same. P.1.—R. O.
16. Th. Wynnesmor, of Bristol, mercer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 16 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
20. Fras. Bryan. To be steward of the lordships of Newhall, Boreham, Walkefare and Powers, Essex, with 100s. a year, and to be master of the hunt in Newhall park. Windsor Castle, 14 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 July. Endd.: "To Mr. Gostwyke wt my lord Cardynall."—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
20. Sir Th. Denys. Authority to grant licences for the export of tin. Del. Westm., 20 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 16. (fn. 7)
20. Th. Johns, and Th. his son. To be keepers of Witeley park, Surrey, in survivorship; on surrender by T. Johns, senr., of patent, 20 Sept. 6 Hen. VIII., granting the same to him and his son Robert, now deceased.—S.B. (undated). Westm., 20 July. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
20. Sir Ric. Tempest, knight of the Body. Reversion of the offices of steward of the town and lordship of Wakefeld, constable of Sandale castle, and master of the hunt of Sandale park, the parks and woods of Sandale, and those of Wakefeld, on vacation by Sir Th. Lovell. Del. Westm., 20 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
20. John Wellisburn, groom of the Privy Chamber. To be paler of perambulator of Wegenoke park, Warw., with the appointment of subambulators and subpalers, as held by Sir Edw. Belknap. To be woodward of Sutton Colefyld, Warw., with windfalls and 2d. a day. Del. Westm., 20 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 1.
22. Marg., wife of John Roye, of London, silkwoman. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 22 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
22. Geo. Throgmarton. To be woodward in the lordship and park of Tonworth, Warw., with 2d. a day and windfalls, as held by Sir Edw. Belknapp. Windsor Castle, 20 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 13.
23. Ralph Bulmer and Ánne his wife, and Richard Bowes and Elizabeth his wife. Livery of lands of Wm. Aske, deceased, of Roger, son and heir of the said William and Felicia his wife, of Margery Wyecliff, wife of the said Roger, and of such as William Curtes held; the said Anne and Elizabeth being daughters and heirs of the said Roger. Del. Westm., 23 July 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4.
24. Th. Ball, skinner, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Windsor Castle, 20 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 July.—P.S.
26. Ric. Vernon. Commission to Sir John Gifford, Sir Ralph Egerton, Sir Wm. Skevyngton, Anth. Fitzherbert and John Porte, serjeants-at-law, John Vernon, Geo. Bromeley and Ralph Skevyngton, to make inquisition in Leic., Staff., Derby, Salop, and Cheshire, concerning the possessions and heir of Ric. Vernon, deceased. Westm., 26 July.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12d.


  • 1. Dated 22 July in margin before the fire.
  • 2. Scored out.
  • 3. De la Marck.
  • 4. This last paragraph is not given by Lanz.
  • 5. This word is struck out.
  • 6. The words between these brackets are struck out.
  • 7. See 7 May 1522.
  • 8. The words between the asterisks are struck out.