Henry VIII: March 1522, 2-15

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: March 1522, 2-15', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 893-902. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp893-902 [accessed 12 April 2024]


March 1522

1. To take with him the King's letters of credence to lord Dacre, and tell him that the King perceives by the open letters under the Privy Seal of Scotland delivered by the three Estates to Clarencieux, and by letters from the Queen, Albany and Clarencieux, that they are determined to keep Albany in Scotland, in spite of the reasons urged in the King's letters addressed to them under his Privy Seal. It is needful, therefore, not only to provide for the defence of Berwick and the Borders, but to supply them with garrisons that may make excursions and annoy the Scots. Even if the grounds of their vindication of Albany were true, as they notoriously are not, seeing that he is sent covertly by the French king to annoy England, yet as the Duke was once excluded from the realm by the King's means, and has now undertaken to govern it in spite of the declaration that Henry will make no peace with Scotland during his abode there, it cannot stand with the King's honor now to abstain from war. He has therefore appointed 500 men to lie upon the Borders under Sir Robt., Sir Marmaduke, and Sir William Constable and Sir Wm. Bulmer. The Bishop is to repair thither, and join Dacre as his councillor and treasurer, to pay the wages of the garrison, and rewards, according to the advice of Dacre, to the gentlemen of the Borders. He shall take with him a rate of wages to be given to the captain and soldiers. Dacre is to consult on all exploits with the Bishop, the Constables, Sir Christ. Dacre, Sir Anth. Ughtred and Sir Wm. Bulmer, and to make good espial in Scotland, to know their intentions, both by land and sea, for security against invasion. The King intends shortly to send some nobleman to Yorkshire as his lieutenant, to set the country north of Trent in readiness. The King leaves it to Dacre and his council to appoint the places where the 500 men shall lie in garrison. Dacre, the Bishop and Sir Wm. Bulmer are to remain at Berwick to ascertain how it stands as to fortifications, and how it is furnished with artillery and victuals.
Pp. 4.
2 March.
Calig. D. VIII. 219. B. M.
Was told today by Francis that on the 23d Feb. the Swiss were ten miles from Milan, and were to lodge next day in the park adjoining the castle, as Sir Ric. Wingfield can inform him. Lautrec had got two towns, Lodi and Como; the Venetians had joined the Swiss, making in all 30,000 foot and 1,400 men-of-arms; the Spaniards had withdrawn into Milan, and he expected in five days to hear of an action or of their departure; the marquis of Mantua lay about Parma and Placentia. All this was said in his privy chamber. He seems very desirous of the King's amity, and professes to have no doubt of it. Was told also by my Lady that he is going into High Burgony, and thence to Lyons, and that the Queen and she go to see his children at Amboise, and from thence to meet him. The Swiss have christened his son Charles.
Received a letter today from a servant of Suffolk's, and another from some English merchants at Bordeaux, stating that certain ships laden with wine for the French queen, my lord of Durham and others, had been arrested after payment of customs. Mentioned this (though uncommissioned) to the Chancellor and Admiral, who said the ships had been bought there, and by the custom of the country there is "heritage," which enables sellers of ships to redeem them by a certain day. Requested the Admiral to [write] to the French queen, my lord of Durham and the others, as the wine was for their households, when he promised to make inquiry. He added, that there were as many French ships stopped in England, and the beginning of this business was not good. Has just been informed of the capture by the French of a ship of eight s ... going from Naples to Spain, which was taken to Marseilles. There were gentlemen in her going to the Pope, including the secretaries of cardinals De Medici and St. Cross. Writes nothing to the King of this or of the merchants. St. Germain's, 2 March. [Signature burnt off.]
Pp. 2, mutilated.
2 March.
R. O.
To the same effect as above, down to the words "his son Charles." There is no more news but what I write to my lord Cardinal. St. Germain's, 2 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
3 March.
R. O.
Has a disease on him, "the which is fulsome and not cleanly." Is ashamed that any man should know it. It is called the "emrodds." If Gold can get him a cunning surgeon and the counsel of a good physician, and they cannot help, "I shall drive out the time till it please Jesu to call me to his mercy." Wishes to have a little warm lodging, a bed for himself, and another for two or three servants; "and I must have a close stool, and I shall pay for it as largely as any man shall." Bletschow, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my wylbe lovyd master Gold at Seynt Jones in Chambrege.
3 March.
Galba, B. VII. 11. B. M.
Wrote last on the 26th from Brussels. Yesterday afternoon count De Horn and De la Roche conveyed us from our lodging to the new gallery, where were assembled the dowager queen Germaine of Arragon, with many other ladies, the cardinal of Liege and divers ambassadors. Shortly afterwards the Emperor arrived on horseback, with 10 nobles, armed at all points, each with a target on his shoulder, in place of the "grande garde," "having their demy trappers and bases of their coats all of white woollen cloth, and on their armettys great white plumaschis, in which form they saluted the ladies, and rode about the field and tilt with trumpets and taboryns; also noblemen on horseback, armed and barded, bearing spears after the manner; and soon after, upon that other side there came in the Infant Don Fernando, and in his company a ly[ke] number of noble men, in all points armed and dressed like unto the Emperor's company, except the colors of trappers, bases and feathers, which were white and yellow; which company, when they had saluted the ladies, and made their tour about the field and tilt, the Emperor began the play, and brake his spear upon one of his brother's company, and the next course the Infant did in like wise upon one of the Emperor's company, insomuch that the running lasted upon twain hours, for the hundred spears which were brought in to be broken came scantly to pass in that while, though that they ran very thick, for surely that day seemed not to be propice for any but for the Emperor only; for both his majesty handled his business in most gallant form, and brake mo spears than any other, and in the end, when all the said spears were broken, the Emperor mounted upon a sterynge horse, being disarmed of his armet and target, upon which horse, after that he had saluted the ladies, he sported himself in the place like the prince that may well be called the patron of horsemen."
Afterwards the Emperor and his band supped with the Great Squire, and the Infant with the lord of Nassau, and the lady Margaret feasted the before-mentioned Queen and the rest of the ladies. The provost of Cassel dined with us; he is lodged in the same house with the abbot of Vienne, ambassador for the duke of Lorraine. The Abbot is so familiar with him, that he said he wondered the Emperor and the French king could not agree to make peace, and so obtain the rule of all Christendom; for as to the king of England, it was not to be thought that either of them could make a good peace with him. This morning the Chancellor told us what news had been written to the Emperor out of Italy, which we inclose in a particular schedule. He said the Electors are now met at Nuremberg to consider how to recover Belgrade and other places won by the Turk in Hungary, and have sent a doctor to the Emperor to urge upon his consideration these and other matters, of which the business of Luther is not the least. They have also written to the Swiss, in the name of the empire, to take heed how they attempt anything against Milan. Brussels, 3 March 1521. Signed.
In Wingfield's hand, pp. 3. Add.: To my lord the Legate.
3 March.
R. O.
Inquisition taken at Windsor, 3 March 13 Hen. VIII., before Wm. Moleyns, escheator. Found that a priory of nuns of St. Benedict's Order, dedicated to St. Margaret, at Bromehall, was founded by the King's progenitors, and under the authority of the bishop of Salisbury; that Joan Rawlyns, prioress, resigned on 12 Sept. last; that two nuns were there, who, on 5 Dec., with Rawlyns, left the priory as a profane place, which is consequently dissolved; that the convent was seized of the church of St. Margaret, the churchyard, and of the site and grange of the monastery, which latter include a mansion, manor, watermill, gatehouse, gardens, &c. The church and churchyard are of no value, because set apart for divine service; the rest are worth 4s. a year. The convent was also seized of the manors of Bromehall [and] Chawrig alias Wingfeld, [Berks]. It held all its possessions in frank almoigne of the King, to whom they revert.
Pp. 4.
4 March. 2081. For the MONASTERY OF ST. MARY, CIRENCESTER, Worc. dioc.
Congé d'élire, vice John Hagborne, late abbot, deceased. Westm., 4 March.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
6 March.
Vit. B. V. 45. B. M.
Is obliged to have recourse again to Wolsey in his necessities, although he had been already relieved by him and the King by a pension for his services to the King and the Emperor. The French are now making an incursion into Milan, destroying everything, and Sion is stripped of his property. Begs some relief. Thinks Wolsey has heard of his conduct at the conclave. The election of the Pope was the work of the Holy Spirit, whose dictates all are bound to obey. Rome, prid. non. Mart. 1522. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
6 March.
Calig. B. VI. 229 b. B. M.
Has advertised her, by his servant Wm. Hathrington, of the King her brother's regret that she had not been answered of her "duties according as it was passed in contract" betwixt Henry and her son; and that she would doubtless be recompensed if she lose not the matter herself. Her answer, sent by word of mouth, displeased the King. Begs credence for "the lard of Barrow," the bearer. Harbotell, 6 March.
Copy by Dacre, p. 1.
1. That she shall show by the ambassadors now going to England to treat for peace what her grievances are, with a view of having them redressed. 2. That she is deceived by Albany, who pays her part only of her dues, in order that she should not lay it to his charge that she is not satisfied. 3. That Albany intends she shall not be provided for in the new peace, and claims the fourth part of her conjunct fee, sc., the earldom of March. 4. Her inconsistency in bearing favor to Albany, whom she had requested her brother to keep away from Scotland, for her own and her son's security. 5. That the King her husband would never take the said Duke as duke of Albany, because of his father's claim to the throne. 6. That her separation from Angus is contrary to agreement between them made by friar Chadworth; and the bruit runs that she was met outside Edinburgh by Sir James Hamilton, her husband's deadly enemy, and conveyed by him to Lithgow. 7. That it is dishonorable to leave her husband by any man's counsel, and as it is thought by Albany's, who is deceiving her. 8. That she was married by her father to the king of Scotland, in order to promote peace between the two kingdoms; and it is not for her wisdom to side with those who are enemies to the same. 9. That the keeping of her son "is right suspectious," as she cannot visit him "but with a few persons." His schoolmaster and others about him are of the Duke's appointing. 10. That few Scotchmen will give her good counsel, and therefore she should lean to such "as be naturally born" to advise her truly, and remember what dishonorable reports are spread of her for leaving her husband, and following those who will lead her to destruction. 11. That whilst she continues in this course she must not look for any favor from the King her brother.
Pp. 4.
6 March.
R. O.
Berwick is in good security. The Scots have made two or three great assemblies, and one of their great ships lay within two miles of Berwick three or four days. The assembly was formed by Albany, the lords Hamilton, Maxwell and others. His deputy levied 400 men without any charge to the King. The bishop of Murray (fn. 1) is made archbishop of St. Andrew's, and is in great favor with Albany. Berwick, 6 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Cardinal's good grace.
6 March.
S. B. Rym. XIII. 766.
To be deputy of Ireland, during pleasure, vice Gerald earl of Kildare, with appointment of all officers, except the chancellor, treasurer, justices, barons of the Exchequer and master of the Rolls. Westm., 6 March 13 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
2087. ii. For the PRIOR OF KYLMAYNHAM.
To be treasurer of Ireland, during pleasure. Westm., 8 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII.
2088. iii. For the BISHOP OF MEATH.
To be chancellor of Ireland, during pleasure. Westm., 8 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII.
6 March.
R. O. St. P. II. 94.
Thanks Wolsey for having procured his appointment as treasurer of the Exchequer, Ireland, when Surrey was with him, of which he is informed by the Earl. Reminds him that three years ago he obtained leave of absence, in order to go to Rhodes, at which time he was compelled to let certain farms to the earl of Kildare for life. Since the King revoked his licence, and compelled him to return with Surrey, it has been much to his hindrance. Begs credence for Surrey on the subject. Kilmainham, 6 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Cardinal of York, legate de latere and chancellor of England.
7 March.
Vit. B. V. 44. B. M.
2090. [ERASMUS to WOLSEY.]
* * * "Marinus Caracciola, quem mihi parum æquum reddidit Alean[der] ... [mor]dacissimis obtrectatoribus, quibus nimium credidit, homo irritabilis. Apud D[eum] ... esse poterat innocentia mea; sed apud homines boni viri est pro viribus fam ..." Before Luther had published his Assertions and his Babylonian Captivity, had always advised him against doing so; but the books pleased almost everybody. Had no connection with any Lutheran more than [Wolsey] himself (tua R. [D.]). Instead of upholding Luther, acknowledges him to be wrong in many things, and always said so, both to his friends and his enemies; witness the letters he wrote to Luther himself, if they will bring them forward. Many of his letters are circulated among his friends, especially one he wrote to the bishop of Rochester from Bruges, which he regrets has been published; but even this shows he did not approve of Luther's proceedings. Said the same thing to duke Frederic at Cologne, to the king of Denmark, and to the captain of the Bohemians, who made him the largest promises. Why, the Lutherans denounce him, and threaten him with spiteful pamphlets. How, then, came the rumor? Two divines at Louvain, who hate Erasmus and literature, aided by some monks, will do anything to ruin him. At first, it is true, "non probavi rem apud populum in ... moribus geri, quum adhuc malum esset medicabile;" if this had been done, the thing would not have gone so far. Now the evil must be rooted out, the contagion is so widely spread. If he were to declare himself in three words a Lutheran, we should see a very different game among us and the Germans. But he has not written against Luther? No; for he had no leisure to write books, but wrote letters. Thought he could serve Christianity better otherwise. Basil, non. Mart. 1522.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated.
7 March.
Galba, B. VI. 10. B. M.
Cannot understand why he has not replied to two letters under her own hand, unless he has forgotten her or taken some offence. He should be aware that all her efforts have been directed to the preservation of the amity between these two great Princes; which could not be in a better condition, at all events on the side of the Emperor her nephew, who will fulfil everything that he lately promised to Wolsey at Bruges. Will send her secretary, Guillaume des Bares, to England, to learn why she has not heard from him. Brussels, 7 March.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2; mutilated. Add.: Monsr. le legat d'Angleterre.
7 March.
R. O.
On Wednesday last, the King, Queen and my Lady came hither, and they go tomorrow to Fontayn le Blew, fifteen leagues hence, where they will stay ten days, as is contained in my letter, dated St. Germain's, 2nd inst. It is reported to the King as certain, that 12,000 Burgundian footmen and 400 men-of-arms have entered Picardy, and taken Lanker and the castle called Mallye. Mons. de Guise, who commands 3,000 Swiss at Abbeville, Mons. de St. Pol and Bryon were immediately sent to Picardy. Moy tells me he is going to Normandy, Montpesat to Gascony, Gernak to Angomois, Shawndiew to Torayne, Lucye to Angiew, Messiers to Burgonye and Lorgies to assemble infantry round this town. Catylyon tells me the King's money is ready to go to Calais in two days. I have heard nothing of Milan since my last letter, and know no more news, but that the Admiral wishes commissioners to be appointed on both sides for the redress of the late robberies at sea. I perceive, by what the Admiral says, that if the King would invite Francis to visit him in London, with twelve or twenty gentlemen, he would come with pleasure. I have not written to the King at this time. Paris, 7 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
8 March.
Calig. D. VIII. 220. B. M.
2093. CHARLES DUKE OF VENDOME, Lieutenant General and Governor of Picardy.
Passport to Geo. Hay, Albany's secretary, going to Middlebourg on his master's affairs. A La Fere Surrize, 8 March 1522. Signed.
Fr., p. 1.
8 March.
S. B.
2094. For TH. LYNACRES, the King's Physician.
To have a canonry in St. Stephen's, Westminster, vice Th. Waren, deceased. Del. Westm., 8 March 13 Hen. VIII.
9 March.
R. MS. 13 B. II. 310. B. M. Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 330.
When their Abbot was beginning to get old, the Benedictine monastery of Lundoris had been accustomed, with the King's consent, to appoint a successor. The present Abbot, Henry, although he has enlarged the buildings of the monastery, and adorned it by his life, considers that he shall not have accomplished the charge imposed upon him, unless he render the place secure "a secularium curialium aucupatu." Being now old, he has chosen John Philp, a priest, to whom he intends to resign his abbacy. Requests the Pope to accept the resignation, and promote Philp. Edinburgh, 9 March 1521.
R. MS.
13 B. II. 311. B. M. Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 332.
2096. ii. The SAME to CARDINAL [OF ANCONA].
To the same effect. Edinburgh, 9 March, &c.
Note in MS.—The Governor's signature to these letters was procured by John Adamson, provincial of the Black Friars, without the knowledge of Secretary Hay.
9 March.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 786.
Thanking him for the efforts he has made to recover one of their galleys wrongfully detained in Spain, and requesting he will continue his efforts, as he has promised their ambassador. Ducal Palace, 9 March 1522. Leaden seal.
Lat., on vellum. Add.
9 March.
Vit. B. V. 46. B. M.
Commission to Hannibal to treat for a league, offensive and defensive, with the Emperor Charles V. and John king of Portugal, against their common enemies, and those of Christendom. London, 9 March 1521, 13 Hen. VIII.
Draft, Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
10 March.
R. O.
Asks credence for his ambassadors, to whom he is writing. Has perfect confidence in Wolsey, as he has often written, and as he hopes to tell him when in England (par dela), which will be soon. Brussels, 10 March 1521. Signed. Countersigned: Lalemande.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le card. d'York, legat, primat et lieutenant general d'Angleterre, mon bon amy.
10 March.
Galba, B. VII. 12*. B. M.
Has written what occurred since he left England, to the bishop of Helna. Commends the bearer, who will notify, without boasting, of what service the writer's presence has been with my Lady. Will spare no labor, for the sake of their two majesties. Mechlin, 10 March 1521.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
11 March.
Calig. B. VI. 232. B. M.
Has received his letter. The articles "are right sharp, and specially at the ending of them." Has partly expressed her opinion of them by the bearer. Sends a servant to the King, touching her own interests "before the taking of the peace," declaring how she has been treated since her last coming to Scotland. The last peace was made without consulting her, and she received nothing but fair words. Friar Henry Redward promised from the King her brother that no peace should be made without her consent. "And mare, I com to my lord Angus agaynst all the lordys of Scotlandys vollys," trusting to have the King's help. If Angus desired her love, he would behave more kindly than he has done. On her coming lately to Edinburgh, he took her house without her consent, and withheld her living, and she had neither love of her lord nor help of her brother. She wrote from Edinburgh to Dacre, how the lords of Scotland did to Angus, desiring aid; and Dacre answered only in general words. She does not believe, as he accuses her, in Albany's fair words, but in the deeds he has done her. But for him she would have been constrained to put away her "jouels and coburd." Believes Albany will do the King her brother "as much stead in this realm and more than any other." Denies that enemies are about her son, "and I vayt viel thay loffe the Kyng my soon as viell as ony." He gives her no trouble about the earldom of March. "My lord Dakars, ze schuld not gyfe so lychtly kreden to ewel talys of me as ze doo. Vhol ze kno the trowth? Sopos ze bere gret faivor to my lord of Angus, as I se ze doo."
Must make herself agreeable where she lives. Did not come out of Edinburgh in the night, for all the lords knew of her coming away. For her brother's sake and the King her father's, he should not believe that she would disgrace her family. It is the bishop of Dunkeld who had put him up to write so sharply. She could not prevent Sir James Hamilton riding on the way, but he conveyed her not; it was other lords that brought her to Lithgow. They are sore and unkind words, if it be her brother's mind, that she follows her own dishonor, and therefore can expect no favor from him. Thinks it strange that Angus can make him so displeased, without any fault of hers. Her marriage with him lost her the custody of her son, her house at Stirling, and the rule of the realm; above all, he spake openly in dishonor of her. As she took Angus at her own pleasure, she "vol not be bostyd to take hym now." Dacre must excuse her for writing so plainly. At Stirling, 11 March.
Hol., pp. 5.
11 March.
R. O. S. P. II. 95.
Received on the 2nd the King's letters, dated Greenwich, 25th February, informing him that he had recalled my lord Admiral, lieutenant of Ireland, and appointed the earl of Ormonde deputy. Will exert himself to collect the revenues due to the King, to the day of the delivery of Ormonde's patent, though it will be difficult. The land is waste, and the people marvellously poor, the King's courts and records out of order, and himself not learned in the law or course of Exchequer. Wishes an expert clerk sent over, to oversee and sort the records before his departure. His account will be ready on the arrival of the auditor to be sent with my lord Lieutenant. The army is fully paid from the 26th April 12 Hen. VIII. to the 25th April now next coming, i.e. for two years, at the following rates. The gentlemen captains for their quarter fees, and the guard 6d. a day, except for the month * * * The number of the guard that go over with my lord [Lieutenant is ..] lxv. and three that went over at Christmas. Nine gunners go with the Lieutenant, of whose names he has a bill. Has reckoned with his lordship for other matters, including repairs of Dublin Castle, and of the galleys for victualling the castle of Monaster Oores, belonging to O'Connor when it was in the King's hands, and for carriage of ordnance thither. Has prevailed on my lord Lieutenant to account for these matters to the King. Dublin, 11 March 13 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add.
12 March.
R. O.
At my first coming the King signed the letters and instructions, but he will not write the letters in his own hand tonight. I will obtain them, and send them to you as soon as possible tomorrow. The King was well pleased with "the round manner" you used with the French king "for the restraints and other restitutions to be made by him, and also of the fair promises by Mons. Poilette, and that your grace would have faith to the deeds, and in the meantime no great credence to the words." I showed him also your pleasure concerning certain of his servants, not comprised in the commissions, "as well for the number, as also that some were not thought most meet, because they were not only towards his grace, but leaning too much towards other, and also that such might the rather be well known and tried out;" that in appointing the commissioners you took the advice of the best of the King's council and the Privy Council; that the number would have been too great if all the King's servants had been expressly named in the commission, and divers other things. "Finally, his grace thought that it should be a great displeasure and rebuke to some worshipful man his servant in a shire, to see his fellows in commission, and he omitted as not regarded, or in no favor with his master." He wishes, therefore, that you would, by some means, comfort his servants not comprised therein; and I told him that, if you had known his pleasure earlier, you would have done so. The only person he named was Mr. Walden, of Kent. Greenwich, 12 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
13 March.
Vit. B. XX. 258. B. M.
2104. DR. KNIGHT.
The Swiss ambassadors at Zurich, 13 March, notify the appearance of [Doctor] Knycht, ambassador of the king of England, at this diet, to effect a peace between the Emperor and France, and their reply. They thank the king of England for his exhortation. The ambassador, having no commission from the Emperor, suggested that the Swiss should recall their troops from Milan, now in the service of the king of France,—join neither side,—considering to what consequences hostilities might lead, and that the Turks would spill Christian blood more freely. The Swiss replied that they had made a league with France before the commencement of any warlike measures, and could not therefore recall their troops; they desired peace, and at the beginning of the war had sent ambassadors to Milan to make peace between the Emperor and France. They had no audience from the representatives of either. They fear therefore that the Emperor will not suffer their interference. Advised Knight to move the Emperor to appoint a place of meeting for the ambassadors of both sides, whither the Swiss might be summoned if they could help. Promised to employ all means with the French king and elsewhere to obtain peace. Signed: Casper Fry, Secretarius Thuricensis.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
Vit. B. XX.
257. B. M.
2. Copy of the preceding, mutilated.
14 March.
Vit. B. V. 47. B. M.
2105. PACE and CLERK to WOLSEY.
Have no certainty of the Pope's coming, but as the College here has received a letter from the Emperor it is thought he will be here shortly. All is in confusion sufficient to subvert the authority of the Church. The duke of Milan is at Piacenza with a puissant army, intending to join the marquis of Mantua and the Imperialists. The French have been worsted in a skirmish under Ludovico de Bozola, who has been taken prisoner. They are resolved the French shall win no honor in this enterprise. Cardinal Medici hears that his servant, now collector in England, sent by him to the Pope, is taken by the holy apostate friar Bernardo, the French king's pirate on the sea. Rome, 14 March 1522. Signed.
f. 48. P.S.—On the 8th the French were worsted before Milan, and lost four banners. The late duke of [Urbino], deprived by Pope Leo, is now agreed with card. Medici. The French, it is said, have removed from Milan, and the Swiss are returning home. Rome, 16 March 1522.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
14 March.
R. O.
2106. DACRE to WOLSEY.
"The French king's servant departed into Scotland upon Sunday last past. He sent a courier to the Duke for conducting of him;" who sent word "that he could not cause him to be conveyed in surety." Having, therefore, obtained licence of the Humes, Dacre sent a servant along with him. Albany's two ships of war, of which he wrote, went forth on the 11th, accompanied by a bark and five merchant ships from Leith. Angus and his brother have gone in them to France with lord Fleming and Thos. Hay, the King's secretary. Requests Wolsey to write to the Pope in favor of the bp. of Dunkeld, who, it is said, is postulate of St. Andrew's. Finds him altogether trustworthy, and it would make "a marvellous great break in Scotland; for he which has the gift of the Duke is the man that rules him most of any living." Begs Wolsey to write in favor of Andrew, brother of David Hume, who is at school at Oxford, for the priory of Coldringham. Finds nothing but truth in the Humes. Norham Castle, 14 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal.
15 March.
Vit. B. XX. 254. B. M.
Received on 28 Feb. the ambassador of the king of England, and his credentials, for which they [thank] him. Pray Wolsey to keep the King in his accustomed benevolent mind towards them. Zurich, id. March 1522.
P. 1, mutilated. Add.: Rmo Thomæ presb. Card. de latere legato, &c. Endd.: Literæ Helvetiorum.


  • 1. "Murray," an error for "Glasgow."