Henry VIII: June 1522, 1-15

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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, 'Henry VIII: June 1522, 1-15', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 974-983. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp974-983 [accessed 23 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: June 1522, 1-15", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) 974-983. British History Online, accessed May 23, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp974-983.

. "Henry VIII: June 1522, 1-15", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867). 974-983. British History Online. Web. 23 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp974-983.


June 1522

1 June.
Vit. B. XX. 269. B. M.
At Prague, this 1st day of June 1522, in presen[ce of the] nobility of the country, great rejoicings were made (fn. 1) ... The affairs of the King and herself he will hear more fully by the letters of Andrè de Burgo. Prague, the day and year [above written].
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
3 June.
Vit. B. XX. 260. B. M.
2300. [JAMES BANNISIUS (fn. 2) to CHARLES V.]
The Imperial army, with the duke of M[ilan], pressed hard upon Genoa. The city had begun to treat, when count Peter of Navarre came to the rescue with three triremes and two quadriremes or galleys, and the Genoese refused to capitulate. The generals then agreed to give the assault. At 2 p.m. the Spaniards began the attack on the side of the Lantern, where a great breach had been made; at six they broke into the city, which then attempted, too late, to offer terms. Thus the city was stormed; Octavian Fulgosius and count Peter of Navarre were taken prisoners. It was a brilliant victory, but disastrous to the city, and no gain to the Emperor's army, which is like to be dissolved. The soldiers are returning home, laden with booty, and it is to be feared the enemy will seize the opportunity to attack Milan. Trent, 3 June 1522.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
3 June
R. O.
The 3rd, June "there hath been and stryped the English pale, by common report, on horseback and on foot, to the number of 1,000 Frenchmen; notwithstanding, they have not taken all, but some prisoners and cattle." Is prepared for them, and trusts to make them even recompence. Begs an answer to his previous letters. Newnam Bridge, 3 June. Signed: Wm. Sandys, Morys Berkeley.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord [Cardinal's] grace, legate de [latere].
4 June.
R. O.
On Friday last, the day that the King left Dover, the wind changed to W.S.W., and blew so hard that they were obliged to go into the Downs and stay there all Saturday and Sunday. On Monday the wind changed to W. by N. Started for Hampton, intending to have stopped at every flood, and gone on with the tide. Was obliged to put back to the Downs, as the wind went back to S. W., in which quarter it keeps still. Will go to Hampton by the next wind. The Henry Grace Dieu sailed as well and rather better than any ship in the fleet. She weathered them all, save the Mary Rose; and on a wind, there would be a "hard chose" between them, The galley was next them, but if she "may vyere the shit, she will go from us all." All yesterday the wind blew "sore and strainably;" but the Henry rode as still and gently at anchor as the best ship in the fleet. Consulted Brygandenne, Gonson and the wisest masters in the fleet, about laying her up for the winter. All agreed the Cambre was not suitable, but, to make certain, sent John Browne, master of the Mary Roose, and John Clogge, of the Peter Pondegarnet, who sounded it with John Fletcher and John Swanne, two of the wisest masters in Rye, but could find no place fit for her. All say that Portsmouth or Dartmouth are the fittest places, and that it would be dangerous to bring her into the Thames again. In the Downs, Wednesday, 4 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
4 June.
R. O.
Acquittance of all rents and profits due to him as bishop of Worcester, of which he has been satisfied by Jeronimo, bishop of Ascoli, at whose disposal they were placed by Wolsey in the hands of Antonio de' Vivaldi, on or before 25 March 1522; ratifying all payments made to his secretary, John Matthew Gybertus, or to the said Anthony. Florence, 4 June 1522. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
[5 June.]
R. O.
Considering that the Venetians favor the king of France, your enemy, and do not intend any exploit against him, I advise you to discharge them of your service, giving them two months' protection in your ports, to load and depart. In this manner all your maritime expenses would be paid, of which no one would be more glad than I, "considering their untrue dealing and false intent, which I well perceive is only to cause me to tracte the time here unto the time the French king might be in better readiness." Signed.
P. 1. Add.
5 June.
R. O.
Richard Gibson's account of preparations for a joust to be held on the 4th and 5th June 14 Hen. VIII., at Greenwich, during the visit of the Emperor.
Cloth of gold of damask, from the King's store, 46½ yds. bought of Wm. Botre, 12 yds. at 46s. 8d., used for covering 2 whole bards, for 2 half bases and bards to match with mountains, and for mountains, hearts and "furnishments." Cloth of silver, 11 yds., at 40s., cut by Mortimer into mountains and wrought pictures of arms, &c. for the borders of bases and bards. Russet velvet, 26 yds., cut into borders, for 2 half bases to match the mountains and 2 half-bard coverings to match the cloth of gold. Venice gold fringe, 47 oz., bought of Eliz. Studlay, at 4s. 6d. the oz., for the bordering of 3 bases and 2 bards. Venice gold cordells, 44 oz., at 4s. 6d., bought of Eliz. Phelip. spent on the King's bard and apparel. Silk points and kordells, 207½ oz., at 14d., for 19 bards and apparels. Hempen tresses, 40 doz., at 5s. a doz., bought of Mrs. Crochet, for trussing 20 bards and their coverings for surety. Yellow satin, 97½ yds., at 7s. 6d., for 4 long coats with sleeves, and 20 short coats with sleeves, for Sir Rauf of A Gertun (Egerton), Gibson, Assamus, ... Johvell, armourers ... and for the 9 lords who ran on the King's side. Yellow sarsnet, 25 yds., at 4s., used by Nic. Mageor for wrapping buckles and thongs of 20 bards, for 20 sword girdles for those who ran, and 20 girdles for gentlemen waiters. Black buckram, 3 pieces, at 6s., used in the tents for embroidering the bases. Yellow kersey, 3 yds., at 2s. 6d., for hosen for Assamus and Jhowholle, armourers. To Wm. Mortimer, for embroidering 2 half bards of russet velvet, "with knights on horseback, riding upon mountains of gold, with broken spears in their hands, and ladies coming out of clouds, casting darts at the knights, and all the upper part of the same bare, powdered with clouds, purfled and wrought with Venice gold and Venice silver," 8l.; for embroidering 2 half bases with hearts, ciphers and hands, clouds, and sleeves and hands with darts, purfled with Venice gold, 3l. 6s.; embroidering 42 yds. of border on russet velvet, 11l. 11s. To Nic. Mageor, for 2 men making buckles, &c. for 4 days, at 8d. a day; 2 doz. great buckles, 4s.; leather and nails, 2s. To tailors, for workmanship, 8d. a day. To Lewes, of Queenhithe, for a barge and 6 rowers, for carrying the stuff to Greenwich, 16s.
For a meskeler and revels devised by Wm. Kornyche, gentleman of the Chapel:—
Black velvet, bought of Wm. Botre, 41¾ yds., at 10s. a yd., for 13 pairs of buskins and 15 Milan bonnets, given to the count Vaskort, the lord Vavery, the count Pursyn, the count Egmund, the marquis of Brannyngbry, the prince of Orange, the duke of Suffolk and the earl of Devon. Yellow sarsnet, 18 yds., at 4s., used for meskelers' girdles, and visor and bonnet bands, on Wednesday and Thursday, 4th and 5th june, at Greenwich, and on 15th June at Windsor Castle. Blue velvet, 8 yds., at 12s., for 4 pair buskins. Red silk cordells, 91 oz., at 14d., from Mrs. Philip, for bordering 8 Italian mantles, of crimson satin, with gold cyphers. 8 "kalls" of Venice gold, woven in tristram knots, at 23s. 4d. 8 fillets of coifs, woven with damask gold, at 3s. White sarsnet, 12 yds., at 4s., for furnishing 8 blue satin cloaks. 3 pieces of "Sypers" (Cyprus), at 3s., used by the ladies at Windsor when they wore the coifs and fillets. 3 gross of points, at 4s. a gross, for fastening sleeves, cloaks, bonnets, buskins, &c. To the tailor, for translating 6 coats and 6 mantles for the first maskeler, 6s. 8d.; for making 8 crimson satin mantles with Portingale hoods bordered with cordells, 53s. 4d., &c.; total, 8l. 1s. Carriage to Windsor and to London, 10s. To the King's shoemaker, for making 20 prs. of buskins, 5l. The apparel was given away as follows:—On the first night, at Greenwich, to the prince of Orange, the count Vaskort, mons. Whavery and mons. Egmond, long gowns of tinsel satin, pale, with double sleeves, with hoods of the same, velvet buskins and satin bonnets; to master Antony Brown, a gown.
Thursday, 5 June, at Greenwich. To the same gentlemen and count Pursyn, black velvet buskins and bonnets; to the marquis of Brannyngbry, the duke of Suffolk and the earl of Devonshire, black velvet coats and hoods embroidered with gold cut works, blue satin cloaks, blue velvet bonnets and black velvet buskins. These lords went into the Emperor's lodging, where all this apparel was given them. 2 pr. of black velvet buskins remain with Harry Norres and Wm. Carre. Mrs. Danet, Mrs. Darrell and Mrs. Kerrew, with the French queen, retain their bonnets of black velvet, gold coifs of tristram knots, and their "sypers." Costs for the revels of Wm. Kornyche:—46 yds. of crimson satin of Breges, at 2s. 8d., for 6 sleeved kirtles with French tucks and stomachers, and 2 doublets for ferrours; 2½ yds. white satin, at 2s. 4d., for an arming doublet; 22 yds. green sarsnet, at 4s., for 3 foresters' coats and hoods, and lining of hose and girdles; 12 yds. orange sarsnet, at 4s.; 7 yds. 1½ q. green kersey, at 3s., for hose. Bought of Richard Holt, 13 yds. of fine Kendal, at 14d. a yd., for 4 hunters' jackets; 2¾ yds. chequered Kendal, at 17d., for the keeper's hose; 31 yds. of black cotton, at 7d., for lining kirtles and jackets; "maylls" for kirtles, 6d.; thread, 2s. 240 ells of canvas from the King's store, for "wodwos" garments, covering the pageant, "and a stuffed body." Wages of 6 men, working at the pageant for nine days, 8d. a day. To the tailor, 30s. Boat hire and carriage, 3s. 6d. Costs of preparing the tents and pavilions which the King ordered to be pitched in places convenient for the "parellments" of himself and the Emperor; 13 carts for carrying them, 13s.; wages to carpenters and laborers for pitching the tents on Thursday the 5th, and striking them on Saturday the 8th (sic), 5d. a day.
Pp. 24, in Gibson's hand; mutilated, and in parts much faded.
[7] June.
Egerton, 763, no. 46. B. M.
2306. CHARLES V. to the SECRETARY _.
Left Brussels on the 23rd May; arrived at Calais, and embarked on the 26th. Had a good passage, as the fleet prepared by the king of England secured his crossing with 10,000 Englishmen. Landed at Dover, and was received by the cardinal of England, and afterwards by the King, with much joy and the greatest demonstrations of love. Came to the castle of Greenwich, where he met the Queen and Princess. Staid till yesterday, when they all entered London together, and met with a magnificent reception from a great company of knights and gentlemen, with solemn and costly pageants, to the great joy of all the people. The day before yesterday a herald arrived at Greenwich, who announced that he had defied the French king eight days before. A great number of English troops have already crossed to Calais to join the Emperor's. The King has also prepared a good army by sea, which will join the Emperor's in eight days. The two joined will amount to 18,000 men, English, Spanish and Germans; and, having dispersed the French navy on those coasts, will land in Flanders, Guienne or _ (fn. 3), which will put Italy in surety. Intends to leave on Monday for Hampton, where he expects to meet the navy which was got ready in Zealand for his passage to Spain. London,— (fn. 4) June 1522.
Spanish, original minute, pp. 2. Headed: El Rey. Subjoined is a memorandum that a similar letter was written to the conservator of Arragon.
8 June.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 769.
2307. CHARLES V.
Grant to Wolsey, lest he should suffer loss from his kindness, of a yearly pension of 9,000 crowns of the sun, the amount paid him by Francis I. as compensation for the bishopric of Tournay, to be paid in half-yearly instalments at London or Calais, commencing 1 Nov. next. London, 8 June 1522, 3 Charles V. Signed. Fragment of Charles V'.s great seal attached.
Endd.: "Obligatio Cæsareæ majestatis," &c.
8 June.
Calig. D. VIII. 243. B. M.
Today Sir Ric. Wingfield arrived with a memorial containing certain articles touching the King's pleasure and yours, after seeing which I sent for him and Jerningham, and debated with them, and we jointly thought it right to advertise you as follows. (1.) As to the King's wish for the advancement of the enterprise of the New Haven, considering his declaration to be made to the French king, and that his subjects have made "excourses" within the pale at Calais, the purveyors inform us that the gentlemen, soldiers, mariners and two months' victuals are ready to be embarked, but neither the Vice-admiral with his navy, nor the other ships appointed, can come till the wind change; and the expedition is therefore deferred, to our no little heaviness. When the wind changes "no time shall be slowthed in us." As to the Venetians' galleys, I the Admiral wrote to the King on the subject on Thursday last, and hourly look for an answer. The wind has been so "streynable in the west" since you left Dover, that no ships could go to the French shore to make espial of the provisions and fortifications. Posts should be laid between the King, your grace and us. Southa[mpton], 8 June.
After writing the above, at .. o'clock p.m., a small b[arque] has come from the navy with news that on Friday last they were driven by the weather into the Downs, the Harry having lost fore .. bowsprit, and her main topmast. As the navy cannot leave the Downs in this weather, to defend Jersey and Guernsey against the enterprise which it is said the French intend, we shall send the ships named in the enclosed bill, well manned and victualled, for that purpose, on Tuesday next, unless we hear from you to the contrary, or the wind will not serve.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
9 June.
Compte Rendu Com, Royale d'Hist. à Bruxelles, t. IX. 127.
Arrived at Calais 26 May. Next day, with a good wind, crossed to Dover in four hours, where he was received by the Legate and other great personages; the day after was met by the King, who has ever since shown him the utmost hospitality and friendship. The joy of the people, great and small, is shown in every possible way. On the 6th entered London in great triumph, not only like brothers of one mind, but in the same attire, On the day preceding, while at the tourney at Greenwich, the King received news that his herald Clarencieux had defied the French king eight days before, which gave universal satisfaction. The King has determined to send still more men to Calais, to join the Emperor's. The army by sea is getting ready for the enterprise you know of, in which there will be about 18,000 men if the Imperial army arrive in time. La Chaulx is aware of the Emperor's success in Italy. The Swiss and Venetians have withdrawn much beaten, and the few French remaining have retreated to Cremona, which they have engaged to surrender if not succored before the 26th. The Imperialists have taken the road to Genoa, which is probably now in their hands. Expects his galleys will not be sufficient for the expedition to Barcelona. Has therefore ordered his captains in Italy, if the French do not strictly adhere to the terms of their capitulation, to see that they do not return to France, for Francis will certainly not cross the mountains. Since this defiance he is already returning to Picardy to meet the chief danger. Will arrange with Henry to separate the Swiss and Venetians from France. Thus you will see the good condition in which we have set the affairs of the Church that were in danger. The enterprises of Renzo de Ceri, the Ursins and the cardinals who favored France, have been defeated.
Will leave today for Hampton, whence he will sail by the first good wind. London, 9 June 1522. (fn. 5)
10 June.
Calig. B. I. 140. B. M.
Letters of credence for his nephew, the chancellor of his kirk of Glasgow, master David Beaton. Edinburgh, 10 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinallis grace of Zork, primate, legat and chanceller of England.
11 June.
R. O.
Cardinal de Medici desires to resign the bishopric of Worcester to the auditor of the Chamber, now ambassador in England. Clerk joins in the recommendation. Rome, 11 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
11 June.
Compte Rendu Com. Royale d'Hist. à Bruxelles, t. VII. 122.
The Emperor has written to her that the king of England and those of his realm treat him as if he were their king, and Henry has defied France along with him. Orders processions and prayers to be made for the prosperity of both princes. Bruges, 11 June 1522.
11 June.
R. O.
This day cardinal Cesarin came to Sarogoza at 10 o'clock. Will deliver him Wolsey's letter tomorrow. The Pope left this day, at 4, for Tortusa. The Cardinal tarrieth "for a time, for he is very weary." Sends by Roger Basin the briefs touching Wolsey's expeditions. Has written many letters by the Emperor's post enclosed to the Emperor's ambassador in London. Such is the Pope's mind, there is nothing that Wolsey or the King desire but they shall have it. Has spoken to the Pope for John Matheo and succeeded. Saragossa, 11 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
ii. Another copy of the same.
Hol. Add.
12 June.
R. O.
Sends, in conformity with their talk of yesterday, his secretary, to whom he has given orders (par memoire) for the despatches that Wolsey knows about, and will understand by the bearer, who saves the necessity of a longer letter. Windsor, 12 June. Subsigned: Lalemand.
13 June.
R. O.
2315. SURREY and others to HENRY VIII.
This morning summoned the captains and patrons of the galleys to know why they are so slow in discharging their merchandise, "and how they intend to serve your highness in this voyage." They answered that the weather had prevented them from unloading, and that they would accompany the Emperor under my charge, till he be past the French coast, and defend him, if attacked; but they could not invade France without transgressing their commission, for which they would lose their heads. "I am fain to use unto them displeasant and sore terms," as they are so slack to serve; and "I fear that by their lachesness, it will be yet four or five days the longer or we shall be prest to make sail." They are not "so benevolently inclined to your service as they were at my first coming," which we think proceeds from some advertisements sent from their ambassadors with the Emperor and you.
Three barks have lately left Bouleyne, northward, and will do much hurt unless provision is made.
The Vice-admiral's victual has not come from London. It had better be brought here by the Christopher Davy, a good ship of 160 tons; and some of the Spaniards in the Thames, and our victuallers, shall wait for them with the rest of our victual, not yet ready. It will come to us on the coast of Brittany much safer thus than in small crayers.
The captains and patrons have just returned, and say they prefer to be in danger of your highness, than of their signory on their return, and refuse to do more than accompany the Emperor, without special commission from Venice. We, therefore, think we had better not lose any more time in hope to have them, especially as they say they have not victuals enough, though they said the contrary before. The bearer, Wm. Gonstone, will tell you more of the matter.
We think it advisable that all letters from these untrue Venetians and other strangers should be stopped or seen, lest they inform the French king of the setting forth of the army. Southampton, Friday, 13 June, at 6 p.m. Signed by the earl of Surrey, sir Richard Wingfield, sir William Fitzwilliam and sir R. Jarnegan.
Pp. 3. Add.
13 June.
Pet. Martyr. Ep. XXXV. 762.
The French have been compelled to evacuate Italy, retaining possession only of the castles of Milan, Cremona, and Novara. Attack of Genoa by Peschara. Its capture. The Emperor has written to say that he has been cordially received in England, and will be with them again before they expect him. In conjunction with England, he has defied France, and has written to desire that 4,000 foot may be sent to augment the English troops which are ready to cross to France. Victoria, id. Jun. 1522.
[14 June.]
R. O.
2317. SAMPSON to [WOLSEY].
Arrived this day at Windsor, at 8 of the clock. "The King's highness was yet in his bed, but after that his grace was risen, or that he were full ready, commanded that I should come into his chamber." Explained to the King the declaration made yesterday by Wolsey, in the presence of the Council and the judges, of the urgent causes the King had had before he would make any declaration of war, and Wolsey's ample and vehement expression of the same, moving marvellously such as had never heard them, and stirring the minds of those who had; at which the King was well pleased. Told the King of Wolsey's efforts for advancing the enterprise, especially since the news received from the treasurer of Calais. The King "esteemeth the descent of the Frenchmen very much, and the more because that his force to resist or invade is not in areadiness." The King perceives the difficulty of obtaining any great sum of money, but Sampson told him that Wolsey would use all diligence, as well for raising money as men. For Calais and Guisnes, the King thinks letters should be sent to De Isyllston to assemble all his puissance of Flanders, to resist the French. He wishes to have with speed these letters to Isyllston and those to my lord Admiral. The victuals conveyed by Symonds are passed in good assurance with the Emperor's company, as the King is advertised. The King is in one opinion with Wolsey concerning the Scotch now. He desires, besides Mr. More, "some personages about him, as well to receive strangers that shall chance to come, as also that the same strangers shall not find him so bare without some noble and wise sage personages about him." Windsor, Saturday.
Hol., pp. 4.
14 June.
Calig. B. VI. 271. B. M.
2318. WOLSEY to DACRE.
Understands by letters of the bishop of Carlisle that he cannot repair to these Borders, as he cannot reside out of his diocese. The King desires Dacre should receive, by indenture from the Bishop, the money now in his hands. He is to pay the captains on the Borders 4s. per day, petty captains, 2s., horsemen, 8d. John Lorde will be sent as his clerk. He is to move the soldiers to exert themselves. Has received no letters from Dacre lately. Hopes he will be more diligent in future. The King has sent letters of thanks to Sir Wm. Percy, Sir Rob., Sir Marm. and Sir Wm. Constable, and Sir Wm. Bulmer. "At my manor of Hampton Court," 14 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my loving friend my lord Dacre of the North, the King's warden of the East Marches foreanenste Scotland.
14 June.
R. O.
Requests him to send, without further delay, all the reckoning and accounts between them, and all his rents, &c. that are due, and the Easter half-year's fee of the duchy. Will trust [Lister's] own account, as he has often said; but his expenses for musters, and for "rigging and trimming" Arthur Darcy's company, are so heavy, that he requires all the money he can raise. Lord Dacre has written, that he expects today a Scotch raid under Albany. Anxious to know if there will be war with France, as that makes disturbances with Scotland.
P.S.—Desires his advice in the matters of the bishop of Durham and Rydley. Gives directions for transmitting the fee for the duchy. Wishes a copy of the lease Lister has made of Devon, and hopes that it has been stipulated that he shall have congers and puffins.
Hol., pp. 2. Dated at the top by Darcy, "the 14th day of June" (corrected from "May").
15 June.
R. O.
"Pleaseth it your grace to understand that this morning, before six of the clock, Gonston brought me in your letter; and incontinently calling unto me Sir Richard Wingfield, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, Vice-admiral, and Mr. Jernyngham, I sent for the captain and patrons of the Venetian galleys, and by no means cannot find how to get promise to [ha]ve them all ready to go forth within twelve days' respite, notwithstanding that at this time the most party of their lading is discharged; and, further, I cannot get any one of them to be ready to go with me under eight days' space, at the least. Whereupon, considering that we trust here, before that time, to be upon the coasts of our enemies, I thought not good to remain here so long for them; and, by the advice of the King's council here, have shewed unto them, that the King's pleasure is, that, all excuses set apart, they shall, with all diligence, prepare all their three galleys to await upon the Emperor to go with him toward the parties of Spain, unto the time he be past the danger of his enemies; whereunto, with some difficulty, they be agreeable, so that the King's grace send unto them his high commandment so to do, whereby it may appear to the signory of Venice that his grace hath compelled them thereunto; and within twelve days they say they will be ready. Notwithstanding, if the King's grace would have them to go forth, after mine opinion, it were well done one fit (?) man were app[ointed in] ty[me] to see that they put them in devoir so to do, for I perceive evidently they will do no service with good will.
"And where your grace's pleasure is that I should cause their sails and rudders to be laid on land, I shall cause their sails to be carried to Porchester Castle; and because they cannot bring their galleys on land to caulk, make clean, and tallow, without their rudders, I shall tomorrow take out of them all their ordnance, and carry the same unto Portsmouth, which shall not only serve well for defence of the haven there, but also put in surety that they can do no hurt with their said galleys, having neither sails nor ordnance, and yet, without the same, may put them in as good areadiness as though all were within their board.
"As touching the laying of the greate (?) ship at Portsmouth, I have, according to your commandment, appointed ... [o]f the tallest mariners in her, and fifty gunners, and fifty of John Flemmyng's soldiers to remain in her, and the said John Flemmyng to be captain in her. Also I have appointed two barks, of fifty tons apiece, to be running off and on, without the Isle of Wight, to see if any (fn. 6) enemies would come to make any enterprise on them; they to give warning to that Isle, and they of the [Isle] to make fires, so that, the same being perceived by them at Portsmouth, the country may come to the resue. And the said [i]j. [b]arks shall [put] the King's grace to no charge, but only tonnage, for they shall have ... and victuals of the Henry Grace á Dieu's complement. And where Gonston hath showed unto me that your grace's pleasure is that I should send for the casks to London as remained in the Vice-Admiral's ships, undoubtedly all that cannot suffice for the beer that shall be brewed at Portsmouth for my victualling; and, after mine opinion, much more shift may be made at London than there.
"Furthermore, I send your grace, herein enclosed, a letter sent by Welden to the Vice-admiral, and a bill of such beer as he desireth to have brewed there, and also the answer of my letter sent to Richard Palshide, for that intent, [by] which your grace may perceive how that of likelihood we shall not have a full complement of victual, which, if it might be otherwise, were pity. If God give us good weather, and that our victual serve us, I trust your grace shall hear of that doing (?) that shall be nothing pleasant unto the French king, whereunto I ascertain your grace shall lack neither diligence nor goodwill of all this company; beseeching your grace that Bettis and Palshide [may] have with diligence 600l. sent unto them, without which, undoubtedly, they shall not perform their victual, as they have this day declared unto me before the King's council here, and as your grace may perceive by a bill herein closed, signed with their hands. I trust, God willing, if wind will serve, we shall be all under sail on Wednesday or Thursday at the furthest.
"Also, please it your grace to be advertised that there be here many small ships, which will serve well to bring our next month's victual from hence; but forasmuch as there is ships to the portage of 1,000 tons promised to come out of Flanders, of whom, as yet, we hear no word, I beseech your grace I may know your pleasure by Wednesday noon, whether I shall trust upon ... and discharge these, or else to keep these here still. And if it might like your grace to advertise us of the news out of Italy and other places, it should be much to our comforts here, beseeching God to give us occasion to write unto your grace some pleasant tidings." Southampton, 15 [June]. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated, and the ink very much faded.
15 June.
R.MS. 13 B. II. 313. B. M. Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 335.
Requests his aid in the reformation of his monastery, which had suffered by the neglect of former abbots, seeing that the abbot of St. Victor has promoted the reformation of their rule, and Patrick Paniter, Alexander's predecessor, lately deceased in France, would have instituted a reform, if death had not stopped him. Having received from the Pope the care of this place by arrangement (traditio) with Paniter, feels bound to carry out his design. Requires for this, the aid of learned men, who were formerly more plentiful than they are now. To increase their number, must send novitiates to the universities. Desires a few to be educated in St. Victor's college. Requests to know his mind upon the subject, and how much will be required for the habit and portion of each. Cambuskenneth, 15 June 1522.


  • 1. Probably in honor of the alliance of the Emperor and England.
  • 2. Name supplied from marginal note made before the Fire.
  • 3. Blank in MS.
  • 4. Blank in MS.
  • 5. There is a letter of the same date addressed by the Emperor to Adrian VI. in Gachard's "Correspondance de Charles V. et d'Adrien VI.," p. 89; but it throws no light on English history.
  • 6. "see if any." These words are doubtful.