Henry VIII: July 1526, 16-31

Pages 1041-1055

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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July 1526

16 July.
Cal. D.IX. 226. B. M.
Since writing to him, has received from him several letters, the last being of the 30 June. His discreet conduct has given great satisfaction to the King and Wolsey, who are much gratified by the kindness shown him by Francis. No one desires the honor and welfare of that King more "than the King's grace his good brother doth." In presenting the King's recommendations, ye shall not forget humbly to have me also recommended. It has been urged by the Chancellor of Alençon and by De Vaulx that the proposed article, for neither King to make overtures to the Emperor without the consent of the other, is hard upon the French king. To remove which Wolsey had proposed certain obligations preventing England from taking any unfair advantage of its present relations with the Emperor. This proposition is approved of by the Chancellor and De Vaulx, and sent to France; but, strangely, no answer was returned until lately, when De Vaulx was authorized to conclude the reciprocal obligation, but after another sort than Wolsey proposed. He has, with the acquiescence of the King, made overtures of reciprocity as large and as ample as in De Vaulx's instructions, only in different terms. Shows in what way De Vaulx's instructions would have been prejudicial to Henry's interests. Sends two forms agreed upon between himself and De Vaulx, one marked [symbol] and containing a clause, sc., quod prædictus illustrissimus Angliæ Rex non debet per se, &c. In this, the league of Italy is not specially mentioned; in the other, where it is, a clause is inserted for the pension to be assigned out of the duchy of Milan.
Although either of these clauses is sufficient, De Vaulx could not take upon himself to conclude without knowing his master's pleasure. He promised to obtain an answer in eight days. Sends copy for Tayler to study. The King has altered his intention of sending an ambassador to the Imperial court to require the liberation of the hostages, the withdrawal of his army in Italy, &c.,—considering the distance, the loss of time, and the heat of the weather,—and has instructed his ambassadors already there to declare the King's mind; and he has appointed a gentleman, named Osborn Ichingham, who is acquainted with the country, to ride post.
Sends copy of the King's letters, written in French, so that the ambassador may not in the least digress from it. The King is of opinion "that there be secret matters which in time past have occurred between the King's grace and the said Emperor, of such nature, quality, and sort as his Highness verily believeth wo[ll] cause the Emperor deeply to consider and regard this the King's admonition and exhortation, and well to be ware or ever he denie or refuse the same." He shall read the copy to the French King and his ministers, taking care that he does not leave it with them, or let them take a copy of it, saying "it is not convenient to give out a copy of the King's letter sent to another prince." He shall add, likewise, if they ask him whether that is all, that the King has given other secret charges to his ambassador how to acquit himself for the desired purpose, which must not be communicated.
If he find the French king resolved on concluding one of the forms aforesaid, Ichingham is to be sent on diligently to the Emperor. If, however, he says that he will send to England shortly for this purpose, Ichingham must make short stages until the French king's instructions arrive; for it would be very inconvenient for him to reach Spain until the reciprocity is concluded. My lord of Bath will leave this in two days for the French court.
Has proposed a commission for revising the league of Italy, which he sends. Westminster, 16 July. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 12.
16 July.
Calig. B. VIII. 164. B. M.
Thanks him for his kindness to his brother (germanus) John Gostwick. Has been told by Cromwell, his patron, that Wolsey wished to see some of Gostwick's Latin letters (me tuæ magnificentiæ literas propria lucubrationc fictas editurum, casque tuæ benignitati placuisse expostulare). Wolsey had given him a rectory. London, 16 July. (fn. 1)
P. 1. Endd. by (Vannes ?). Add.: "Remo, &c., Cardinali, de latere etiam Legato."
R. O. 2. Grant 'by Wolsey, as bishop of Durham, to John Gostwyk, Thos. Alvarde, and Thos. Crumwell, of the wardship of Ralph son of Ralph Swynowe, Antony son of Will. White,_Conyars, Francis son of Will. Kylingale, and Roman son of John Fetherstonehaugh.
Draft, Lat., pp. 4.
16 July. 2322. THE SUBSIDY.
Release to Edm. Whalley, abbot of St. Mary's, York, receiver of the subsidy in the province of York, of the following sums received by him; viz., 2,048l. 17s. 11½d. by indenture between him, Edm. prior of St. Bega's, and Ric. prior of St. Martin's, York, and John Heron on the other part. 1,903l. 16s. 6d. of the first of two tenths from the clergy of the province; 1,435l. 8¼d., second tenth of do.; 6,002l. 5s. 6d. of Jo. bishop of Carlisle and others; 3,678l. 2s. 6d. of Thomas Dalby, archdeacon of Richmond; 3,483l. 15s. 8d., of the first part of a fifth; 3,616l. 3½d. and ½ farthing, of the second part of that fifth; 110l. 2s. from Jo. bishop of Carlisle, of the same fifth; 3,000l. by the hand of John Jenyns, late of the above monastery; 20,000l. of Sir Hen. Wyat, treasurer of the King's chamber, by the hand of *Thos. Draper; 2,000l. from the same by Thos. Wyat, Esq.; another 2,000l. from and by the same; 2,000l. from the same by (fn. 2) Thos. Draper; 4,000l. by Geo. Law son; 843l. 13s. 4d. and 1,846l. 12s. 4d. by Wm. Frankeleyn, clk. of the chancery of the bishopric of Durham. [Total, 57,968l. 6s. 9¼ 1/8d.] Del. Westm., 16 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Pat. p. 2,m. 2.
18 July.
R. O.
Has not been to Wolsey, as he ought, because he and his household have been suffering with the sweating sickness. Has not sent him any red deer venison, as it is not wholesome in times of contagion; but if Wolsey please, he will come to him and send him his fee stag. If Wolsey will come into the forest one day next week, after Monday, and dine under a tree, so as not to come near any infected place, he would show him a stag or two, and make him some good sport. His wife sends "part of such houswyverye as she hath made." The manor of Guildford, 18 July. Signed.
P.1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
18 July.
Galba, B. IX. 25. B. M.
Wrote last from Oudenarde on the 9th. Has since received no letter from Wolsey. Begs him to keep the contents of his former letter secret. Encloses two letters from capta[in] Guyot to the King and Wolsey. He asked Hacket to recommend him to Wolsey; "and so I do, as far as please your Grace, and no farther." After sending of the artillery and powder, Lylgrave wrote to him to ask my Lady for licence for other powder not mentioned in the previous passports, and also for some of the merchant adventurers to export a few thousand bowstaves. My Lady referred it to her council, who, after three days' consultation, granted it. Mechlin, 18 July 1526.
Wolsey owes him the answers of five letters, dated the 14th and the 31st May, the 16th June, and the 4th and 9th of July, all sent to Mr. Wingfield at Calais, and thence to London to Brian Tuke.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. at. ƒ 26*.
19 July.
R. O. St. P. I. 165.
I have received letters from your ambassadors from Rome, Venice, and elsewhere, and have with me John Joachim and others. I send you a summary of all communications, with copies of the most important. Though the Swiss men-at-arms appointed by Francis to serve in Italy were slack in setting forward, the Pope and the Venetians have not only taken Lodi and slain 700 Spaniards, but repulsed the marquis of Guast. The siege of the castle of Milan is dissolved, sundry towns taken, and more good feats done by the League. The Emperor's army is dispersed, with appearance soon to be defeated. Hugo de Moncada has made the Pope great offers, undertaking that the duke of Milan shall continue in his duchy; the Emperor's army to be sent to Naples, and the foot to the defence of Hungary. But the Pope remains firm to the League, and will enter into no negotiations without the consent of yourself and the French king. He begs, however, that you will enter the league, and become protector of it; secondly, that you will animate the French king in its behalf, as he has hitherto proceeded coldly. If the Pope and the Venetians conclude with the Emperor, Francis will find it more difficult to recover his children. Thirdly, they wish, if you be inclined to enter the league, that you would lend or give them a sum of money. I have satisfied them on all these three heads; and I shall despatch letters to the bishop of Bath, who has started already, and to Dr. Tayler. Matters are now in such train that the Emperor shall, upon intimation from your ambassador, have occasion to condescend to reasonable conditions; and so your Highness shall have the great merit of concluding a universal peace in Christendom. I send letters from Tayler and the Almoner (Lee) at the Imperial court, requesting they may be sent back to me. I send also a commission to be signed by you for the bishop of Bath. Westminster, 19 July. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add.
19 July.
R. O.
Has given his token to the King, who is contented that Sir Wm. Morgan shall be made vice-chamberlain. Has spoken to him about sending a groom of the chamber to the king of Scots, but he says he has very few here fit for the purpose. He will, however, decide on one today, and send him to Wolsey tomorrow. Has not yet spoken about his own matter, but will do so as soon as he finds the King at leisure, and then bring Wolsey his pleasure. Guildford, 19 July.
The King approves of the order Wolsey has taken about lady Galthrop. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
19 July.
Vit. B. VIII. 101. B.M.
Begs credence for John Baptista Sanga, whom he sends to the King at the present time. Rome, 19 July 1526.
Lat., vellum, mutilated. Add.
19 July.
R. O.
The Pope is sending, on important matters concerning Christendom, J. Baptista Sanga, a very learned man, and much valued by his Holiness. Desires credence for him. Rome, 19 July 1526.
The Datary confides everything to Sanga. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
19 July.
R. O.
Sent him lately 6 doz. quails. Desires word by bearer whether his matter be at a point or not. Calais, 19 July 1526.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To his right trusty friend master Cromwell beside the Fryer Augustynes at London.
19 July.
R. O.
2330. SAVELL and DARCY.
"For the stresses of Hadilsay taken by H. Savell['s] servant, Costan Robinson."
"First, that parson Ardyngton and Charles Ilderton, afore four of the most honest tenants of the three Hadilsays, desire and charge Savell's servant from me in the King's name as steward of the honour to show unto me" by what authority he takes the said stresses. 2. That Oswald Grice, receiver and surveyor there, offered to deliver the farms to Henry Savell, and has bound himself to Darcy's steward, that if Savell can prove Suttell's title before the council of Pomfret, the duke of Richmond or my lord Cardinal, he will be ordered as the said Council command him.
Dated at the top: 19 July 18 Hen. VIII.
Pp.2. In Darcy's hand.
20 July.
Vit. C. I. 36. B. M.
2331. INSTRUCTIONS to the PRINCESS'S COUNCIL, dated 20 July 18 Hen. VIII.
1. To meet once a month at least, and consult on the health of the Princess, her virtuous education, &c.; taking into communication my lady Governess and the Princess, if expedient.
2. Leave to compound with offenders in the province; six to be a quorum.
3. Rewards for her servants within the same limits, out of the said forfeitures, to the amount of 300 marks;—on certain conditions, specified.
4. The murderer who has taken sanctuary at Beudeley "for slaying of his wife's father and mother" to have condign punishment unless the town can establish its right to sanctuary.
5. The harness at Cardiff to be safely kept; an inventory of it to be made by Sir Mat. Cradock, and delivered to the Princess's Council before August next.
6. To punish all persons who levy any comortha or other exaction, contrary to the King's former instructions.
7. To compound with and pardon outlaws in the said precincts.
8. To make proclamations for good order, if necessary.
9. To call before them all persons, spiritual or temporal, who claim lordships royal, binding them to the same conditions as were enforced by Henry VII.
10. To make inquisition for missing forfeitures.
11. Quo warranto to be put in execution against all pretended sanctuaries and liberties.
Pp. 4. Copy in hand of 17th century.
Cott. App. (No. 38.) XXIX. 51. B. M. 2. Officers and councillors appointed to be resident about the person of my lady Princess in the marches of Wales:
Marquis Dorset, lord Master. Bishop of Exeter, president of the Council. Dr. Denton, chancellor. Lord Dudley, chamberlain. Sir Ph. Calthrop, vice-chamberlain. Lord Ferres, steward of Household. Sir Rauf Egerton, treasurer of Household. Sir Thos. Denys, comptroller. Sir John Style, treasurer of the Chamber. Mr. Sydnore, surveyor and general receiver.
Councillors:—Bromley, "Debite" justice of North Wales. Salter, "Debite" justice of South Wales. Crofts. Port, sergeant-at-law. Russel, secretary. Chr. Hales, attorney. Dr. Burnel, almoner. The lady Mistress that now is, with the rest of the gentlewomen. Dr. Federston, schoolmaster. Dr. Fynch, physician.
P. 1. Endd.
21 July.
Lettere di Principi, I. 231.
No protest has yet been made to the Emperor, because we have been waiting, according to the French king's desire, for the king of England to send his herald, which he has not done. I doubt whether he ever will do so, as he apparently wishes to be judge of appeals. Rome, 21 July 1526.
21 July.
Vit. B. VIII. 101 (fn. 3). B. M.
After his last letters on the 12th, the news is that 5,000 Grisons are daily expected by the army, and 3,000 Swiss sent by the French king, and 7,000 more are expected in a short time.
The duke of Milan, on the 17th, about 4 o'clock at night, sent out of the castle 500 people, viz., children, servants, women, and others unfit for arms, who escaped safe to the Papal army, notwithstanding the opposition of the Spaniards. They said that when the Papal army and the Venetians approached Milan, the Spaniards had collected their baggage, intending to leave the town. The Pope, finding many difficulties, has sent Sanga to the King, to ask aid and advice. Sends another sheet of the catalogue of Greek books. Rome, 21 July 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
22 July.
R. O.
Thanks him for the goodness he has at all times shown him. Sends him two bucks. Downeley, 22 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
23 July.
R. O. St. P. IV. 504.
Received by Clarencieux at Melrose on the 19th July, Henry's letters, dated Windsor, 30 June. Thanks Henry for his anxiety for the protection of his person and authority. Has been so well supported by his lieges that the intended insurrection was suppressed. Sent lately Patrick Sinclare fully instructed of his mind in divers matters. Jedburgh Abbey, 23 July. Signed.
Add. Endd.
23 July.
Rym. XIV.179.
Credence for Marc' Antonio Venier. Ducal Palace, 23 July 1526.
23 July.
R. O.
Evidences relating to the above, to 23 July 18 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 24, parchment.
24 July.
S. B.
2338. THE MINT.
Commission to Tho. cardinal of York for increasing the sterling value of the coinage to an equality with the rates of foreign currency. Del. Westm., 24 July 18 Hen. VIII.
S.B. 2. Warrant for the Mint to execute such ordinances as the Cardinal shall appoint in performance of the above commission. Del. Westm., 24 July 18 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1 d.
R. O. 3. Modern copy of No. 1.
R. O. 4. Statement to show that when the Mint Master receives to be coined 1 lb. weight of angel gold, valued at 23 carats 3½ qr. with 30 small grains of alloy, worth in current money 27l., by adding alloy in the proportion of one to eleven, it amounts to 29l. 6s. 0d. 1½f., of which 11s. is allowed to him for alloy and coinage. In return he gives the merchant 108 cr. of the rose at 5s., really worth but 4s. 10½d., that is, 26l. 6s. 8d., making a clear gain of 48s. 4d. 1½f., "which he taketh from the King and the merchant, contrary to right.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 5. Mem. concerning the shere: to demand of the jury how much they find that heavy groats vary from light in a lb. weight; and the same of crowns. Concerning the waste: how much the Mint Master takes for waste malliarum, after the comptroller hath allowed it. Concerning the three standards in the treasury bag, one silver and two gold: whether they are good and able to perform the words of the indenture.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 6. "Another" assay of silver, made on the same day (die et anno prædictis), before Wolsey and others, at the Tower; of silver coined between 1 June 14 Hen. VIII. and 26 Oct. 15 Hen. VIII.;—the King having ordained, by a warrant dated 31 May 14 Hen. VIII., that to encourage the importation of bullion those who brought it in should have an increased profit of 2s. on the lb.
A roll of paper.
R. O. 7. Accounts of Sir Henry Wyate, controller of the Mint, showing the weight of gold and silver coined at the Tower, in various years from 1 to 18 Hen. VIII.
24 July.
Vit. B. VIII. 102. B. M.
Stipulations by Fras. Sforza for the surrender of Milan to the duke of Bourbon. 24 July.
Lat., pp. 2.
24 July.
Rym. XIV.179.
Quitclaim by Robert bishop of Chichester and William Flesshemonger, dean of Chichester, to the dean and canons of Cardinal's College, Oxford, of the monastery of Calceto, and the manors of Calceto, Sulham, Bourne, and Lymyster, Sussex, with appurtenances. Chapter House, 24 July 18 Hen. VIII. Names of the Chapter given.
Rym. XIV. 180. 2. Quitclaim by Robert, prior, Anthony Wolney, sub-prior, and the convent of St. Pancras, Lewes, to the dean and canons of Cardinal's College, Oxford, of the manors of Stanesgate, Tillingham, Totham-Magna, and other places, with appurtenances. Chapter House, 24 July 18 Hen. VIII. Names of the Chapter given.
Rym. XIV.181. 3. Mandate to Wm. Shelley, sergeant-at-law, to receive the cognovit of the bishop and dean of Chichester, touching the quitclaim above mentioned. Westm., 25 July 18 Hen. VIII. With Shelley's certificate annexed, dated 5 Nov.
Rym. XIV.183. 4. Similar mandate to Shelley, to receive the cognovit of the priory of Lewes, touching the quitclaim of Stanesgate, &c. Westm., 25 July 18 Hen. VIII. With his certificate annexed.
25 July.
R. O.
2341. FULLER and MUNDY.
i. Testimony by Thos. Hynman, grazier, now farmer of Grafton, Northampt., that five or six years ago he had offered to Thos. Fuller, citizen and mercer of London, to take a 12 years' lease of lands in the Isle of Sheppey, on terms which he would willingly accept now. 8 April 15 Hen. VIII.
ii. Letter of John Mayny to John Hales, baron of the Exchequer, dated 8 Aug. 16 Hen. VIII., touching the value of Fuller's lands in Sheppey, which Sir John Mundy has in execution, and which Mr. John Huntingdon offered to take.
iii. Testimony by John Denssell and John Mayny that Fuller, since the award between him and Sir John Mundy, has done all he could to make Sir John sure of all his lands in Sheppey, according to the indenture drawn up by John Hales, baron of the Exchequer, and that Sir John and his counsel have refused to accept it. St. Valentine's day, 16 Hen. VIII.
iv. Lease by Thos. Fuller to Thos. Hynman, late of Lubthorpe, Linc., grazier, dated 6 Sept. 17 Hen. VIII., of his lands in Sheppey for 130l. a year for 20 years; Fuller to keep the mansion, barn, and sea walls in repair.
v. Award by Rowland Philipps and Willm. Gooderyche, arbitrators between Mundy and Fuller. 25 July 18 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3. Copies.
R. O. 2. By the decree of the lord Legate in the Chancery, Thos. Fuller owes to Sir John Mundye 1,059l. 7s., from which the following deductions are to be made:—for certain lands valued at 85l. 18s. 4½d. a year, which he has in allowance for 5½ years, 427l. 18s. 10d.; for ferme paid to the master of St. Katherine's, 66l. = 493l. 18s. 10d.
There is also a ferme which Mundy must pay to the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury.
P. 1. Enda.
26 July.
R. O.
2342. CLERK to WOLSEY.
Arrived at Calais safely on Monday morning last. Though the first night, coming to Dertford, Mr. Dean felt "somewhat grudgyd," it was but weariness, and in the morning he was merry and lusty. Heard at Canterbury of the deaths at Dover, and therefore made less haste till the ship was ready. Arrived there about 7 p.m. on Sunday, and took ship about eight o'clock with a fair wind; but when at sea it changed, and they were forced to land at Whitsond bay, in Picardy, six miles from Calais, at three a.m. Refreshed themselves as well as they could in such a village, and went to Calais "upon the villayns' marys without sadils or sterops." Had to wait till today for their horses, which were left at Dover for lack of shipping. Left Calais today at noon, and arrived this evening at Boulogne. Were met at the gate by the captain on horseback, who welcomed him with gay words, took him to his lodging, and sent him wine. After supper he came to see Clerk, who could get no news from him except that the French king was at Tours, and Bourbon at Genoa, without any number of soldiers, but he will not say whether he has done any feat. Will proceed on their journey tomorrow. Boulogne, Thursday, 26 July. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
26 July.
R. O.
Has been here two days to put the place in order after the King's visit. Said in his former letter that the King intended to have stopped at Stanstyd and Southwike; but as the parish in which the former stands is infected with plague, he will go to Warblington, a house of my lady of Salisbury, two miles distant. Thence he will go to Porchester Castle, and next day to Winchester. Guildford, 26 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
27 July.
R. O.
The King wishes him to be treasurer of the household, but has not told him how long he shall continue in the office of Guisnes, or how he shall depart from it. Supposes he will speak to Wolsey first.
Said that Wolsey wished to see him and Broke about the county of Guisnes, but the King told him to wait till he met Wolsey at the More.
Has a "snyte deere" for Wolsey. Asks whether he shall kill it and send it to the More or elsewhere. Guildford, 27 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
27 July.
Galba, B. IX. 25. B.M.
Desires credence for the provost of Cassel, councillor and master of requests to the Emperor. Malines, 27 July 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
27 July.
Ibid. f. 26. B. M.
The sieur Des Mares, being ill, and having business here, will return, and the provost of Cassel is going to take his place. Desires credence for him. Malines, 27 July 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
27 July.
R. O.
Thanks him for his kindness, and hopes to make amends. Hears from Richard Banks that Cromwell is a special friend to lord Mounteagle, his master. He only wants three years to be of age. Hopes he will then repay those who have been kind to him during his minority. Supposes his fellow Banks has written to Cromwell for letters from Wolsey, that they may occupy the benefice of Wellyng, the demesnes of Horneby, Cateham, Farleton, and Horneby Park, as executors of the late Lord. Banks says also that he left a paper with Cromwell of wrongs done to Starkey by the bishop of London and the abbess of Syon, in which he asks his help. The Bishop has outlawed him and put in the writ, knowing that it was wrongfully done. Was bound for the late lord Mounteagle to Chr. Ursewyk for the farm of a benefice, which was paid for 18 years before his decease, but now the Bishop has sued him for it in Middlesex, and had him condemned in 30l., and 4l. costs, of which nothing is due. Asks for his help. Sends 6s. 8d. in gold as a memorial, and will remember him better when his client Ric. Coupland comes. Horneby, Lanc., 27 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To Mr. Cromwell, one of my lord Cardinal's council.
Was bound for the late lord Mounteagle to Chr. Ursewyk in several obligations, for two of which lord Fitzjames and Mr. Fitzherbert have awarded him and two others to be bound to Ursewyk's executors to pay 35l. at certain days, which bond must be delivered to the justices or vice-chancellors at Lancaster assizes, Monday after Vincula S. Petri. Other obligations are yet depending. Wishes to know Wolsey's pleasure, for if he does not keep his bond, it will ruin him. Hears that his adversary has laid an untrue information against him to Norfolk, to prevent him from keeping his day. The bearer will tell him how Wolsey bade him find surety to be forthcoming, and take the serjeant-at-arms with him, or go to the Fleet and take a keeper, and he should be set at large. Told Wolsey that the term was done, and the gentlemen of his country departed. Wishes him to ask Wolsey why he must find surety, for he knows not.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To Mr. Cromwell, councillor to my lord Cardinal's grace.
28 July.
R. O.
Received at 11 yesterday, Wolsey's letter and a packet of others addressed to Henry, which he immediately took to him; but as he was going out to have a shot at a stag, he asked Fitzwilliam to keep them till the evening. On his return he read Wolsey's letter and the memorial in Latin, and declared the tenor thereof to Fitzwilliam and the Chamberlain; but the night being far spent, he said he would defer the reading of the Almoner's letter till the morning. His Highness is not sorry at the loss of the Spaniards, and thinks the Emperor's affairs are in as bad case as possible, and that it was great folly in him not to have known the King's goodness to him. In the morning the King told him that the lord Marquis was going to Wolsey with his letters. He said he perceived by the letters that the Emperor had deferred sending his ambassador, and that he would go by France, but that at his coming he would declare what would content the King; however, he thought the Emperor was deferring it till there was no other remedy, at which time he would deserve small thanks. He approves of the Pope's answer to Don Hugo's offers.
Writes without commission. Supposes the Marquis will tell him the King's mind. Guildford, 28 July.
Sends a letter from Dr. Wolman and the King's seal. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
28 July.
Cal. D.IX.232. B.M.
2350. TAYLER to [WOLSEY].
Osborn Ichingham arrived 24 July, bringing with him various papers. The preface of your "gracious letter I translated into Italian, that I might read every word thereof to the King." On the 26th, "because the King was in his pleasures of hunting, so that it was late in the night or he came to Amboise," went to the Chancellor, telling him that the King and Wolsey marvelled that the papers had not come. He said that Robertet had them already, but had taken them with him to his house at Blois. He said also that De Vaulx had sent two books "of the obligation reciproque,"—that the King had determined on the one sine pensione. Showed him a copy of the letter sent to the Emperor, with which he was well satisfied.
On the 27th, after dinner, the King had long communication with the Papal and Venetian ambassadors; which done, he took me to the window, and I read him in Italian the preface of your letters. On mentioning the mutual obligation, he said he was sending to England to declare his mind and content your Grace. Caused Ichingham to deliver the letters from De Vaulx. Offered to show his Grace the copy of the letter to the Emperor; but he said it needed not, as he had been informed of its contents by his Chancellor. He thought that the King "wrote very clementer et mite in the clause of intimation;"—that it should be done openly, for then the Spaniards would know their peril if the Emperor refused the King's counsel. Told him that the ambassadors with the Emperor had instructions for this purpose. He was very anxious for the King to enter the Italian league; and I think little will be done without it; for greater regard is had for England than for all the other contrahents. Has made great speed, and the post has promised me to be with your Grace in four days. Francis desires that Ichingham should return by this way to know how he speeds with the Emperor. Desires instructions as to this. Hears that the Pope is levying a new army besides that in Lombardy. The Venetians are preparing to keep the Straits and hinder the Archduke's reinforcements. Sends packets from Rome and Venice to Brian Tuke, and Peter Vannes. Amboise, 28 July 1526.
P.S. in Taylor's hand: Sent a packet of letters from Poitiers on the 12th. Signed.
Pp. 5, mutilated.
28 July.
R. O.
After packing and delivering his letters, perceived that the Chancellor had not sent with the other treaties the article of the French queen's dower. He tells Tayler that Robertet has it, but it shall shortly be sent to Mons. Vaulx. Will speak to the King if there is any delay. If Wolsey would send a copy as he wishes to have it, Tayler would urge on the expedition thereof. Does not know the terms of the article. Amboys, 28 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
28 July.
R. O.
2352. ITALY.
From letters of the Prothonotary Casale, 28 July, Venice.
Before the duke of Milan had come to the Venetian camp, the Proveditor of the army advised him not to go to Como, as he had agreed, and he has therefore put it off. Bourbon had sent on a servant of his, but the Duke could not find out from him what he had brought to Como, and therefore suspects some trick. All the chiefs of the Venetian army have sounded the Duke's mind, whether he means to be really duke of Milan, and act with energy to recover and preserve his duchy;—in which case they will all help him, and he should send in his own name to Lodi; but if he had any other intention, they, too, would change their purpose. He replied that he was bound in honor to go to Como, that he would afterwards send to Venice and Rome, and follow the advice he gets thence. Many think the Duke does not wish to refuse the conditions offered by the Emperor, doubtful and bad as they are, unless the Pope and Venetians promise him something in case things do not succeed. The Venetians gave no answer to these proposals of the Duke's ambassador, saying that they could do nothing without consent of the confederates.
They have sent to the camp to know his plans, that they may send to France, and determine about duke Maximilian. Bourbon is trying to get into his power the bishop of Alexandria, who is in the castle of Cremona with several thousand crowns, but the Venetians will try and prevent it. It is thought that the Spaniards will not give up Como to the duke of Milan, nor allow him to enter accompanied by troops of the league.
The Imperialists are fortifying their camp at Milan, and Bourbon intends to quarter the chief part of the forces in the suburbs. While the Proveditor of the Venetian army and the duke of Urbino were deliberating, the Duke said he would finish the whole business if they would give it to him. The Swiss were expected, and news had come that within 20 days the French king would attack Flanders, and that already protestations had been sent into Spain.
The Doge today sent for the ambassadors of the Pope and French king and Casale. Among other things he spoke much of the surrender of the citadel, which might have been prevented if the French king had performed his promises in time, as the others did, and if the king of England and the Legate had done what they promised when urging the treaty; but, notwithstanding this loss, the Duke hoped things would prosper if the allies would act with courage. The Doge advised the ambassador of the duke of Ferrara to make an agreement with the Pope, for if he commenced new practices against the Pope, the Venetians would regard him as an enemy. The duke of Milan, at his meeting with Bourbon, did not bind himself to surrender the castle of Cremona, which is still kept in his name. The French ambassador said to Casale, as if in joke, that the king of England had done nothing but make ineffectual demonstrations. Answered him seriously that the French king had not done what he promised.
Has declared to the Doge what Wolsey wrote, shown him a copy of the King's letter to the Emperor, and told him about sending most ample commissions, about which they said they had news from their secretary, but could not answer immediately, as they did not know what the King would do, but they would write to the Pope, and they wished to please Wolsey as much as they could.
They seemed displeased that the King promises nothing in his own name. They think sending the commissions is useless, if the King waits for an answer from Spain before entering the treaty, for by that time their affairs will be either in good case, or so bad that it will be difficult to help them, or they will meanwhile adopt some other plan, and not need to ask assistance from anyone.
Lat., pp. 4.
28 July.
R. O.
2353. JOHN CASALE, the Prothonotary, to WOLSEY.
The signory are sending D. Marc Antonio Venier as ambassador to England, a man of the greatest authority, worth and learning, who leaves high offices at home and abroad to fulfil this duty. Begs that he may be kindly and honorably received. Venice, 28 July 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
28 July.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 185.
Asking credence for Marco Antonio Venier. Ducal Palace, 28 July 1526.
Vellum. Lat. Leaden seal attached.
28 July.
Theiner, p. 555.
Thanks him for his favors. Being very anxious in promoting the welfare of his college at Oxford, begs certain corrections and alterations in the Papal rescripts. London, 28 July 1526.
28 July.
R. O.
Wm. Bryswood, surveyor of the works and mayor, died soon after midnight. He has appointed Fitzwilliam, Wingfield and Robt. Fowler executors, and the lord Chamberlain supervisor. He has "been grudged and sickly" 10 or 12 days, but his friends did not think him in danger till after he had taken the sacrament yesterday.
His friends did not know whether he had made a testament, and his ghostly father asked Wingfield to speak to him about it, as he thought he would die sleeping. Found him very weak, but he sent for the town clerk, who had written his will, and whom he caused to read it before Wingfield, his ghostly father, and Thomas, Robt. Fowler's brother. He added some legacies, signed it with his hand, and spoke to Fowler about the reckoning between himself and the King, which seems in good order. He cannot be so wealthy as it was thought. To his wife, who is with child, he has left only 100l. and some stuff, not worth much. To his two sons by Wingfield's niece, and his daughter by lord Berkeley's kinswoman, his present wife, he has left but 20l. each. He wills his lands and houses to be sold, and the money divided equally among his wife and children. None of the executors, except Wingfield, are here, nor the Supervisor. Wishes him to inform Fitzwilliam, as the lady is near of his kin. In the castle at Calais, 28 July 1526.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
30 July.
R. O. St. P. VI. 541.
After his last of the 21st inst., the duke of Milan informed the Pope and the Venetians that he should be compelled to surrender unless he was succored within eight days. On the 25th, according to his arrangement with Bourbon and others, reached the Papal and Venetian army, and came to Monza, where he will stay until the Spaniards put him in possession of Como. Two captains have been appointed to the castle of Milan. It is supposed that the Papal and Venetian army will draw off from Marignano. Rome, 30 July 1526. Signed.
Lat. Add.
30 July.
Er. Ep. p. 944.
Will easily receive satisfaction from Philip (qu. Melancthon ?) Thinks it was William Nesenus that instigated Luther to write as he did against the King of England and against Cochlæus. Is endeavoring to return the best thanks he can to Albert Durer, who is worthy of lasting fame. If Erasmus's picture does not correspond to expectations, no wonder; he is not the man he was five years ago. Describes his complaints. Basle. 30 July 1526.
31 July.
R. O.
"Hospicium ducis Richemond et Somersett apud London, abbathiam de Marten, Colyweston, Ebor., et Sherefhutton."
View of account of Geo. Lawson, the Duke's cofferer, from 12 June 17 Hen. VIII. to 31 July 18 Hen. VIII.
Total receipt, 5,345l. 4s. 1d. ½q., obtained in stated proportions from Sir Hen. Wyot, Mr. Frankelyn, the abbot of St. Mary's, York (in loan), Sir Will. Parr, from the proceeds of the Duke's office of receiver of Middelham and Sherefhutton, and from the sale of cattle, hides, fleeces, &c.
Expenditure in diets, wages, and fuel, robes, alms, &c., 4,860l. 16s. 10½d. Balance remaining, 484l. 7s. 2½d. ½q.
Pp. 2, large paper. Endd.
R. O.
Account of fees levied in different dioceses throughout England, from July 1525 to July 1526 (including one or two of May and June in the former year), for priests' orders, pluralities, matrimony within forbidden degrees, marrying without bans, non-residence of priests, capacities for monks, unions of parish churches, &c. Among the more interesting entries are: for a licence to remain in marriage contracted in ignorance within the third and fourth degree of affinity, 23s. 4d.; to hold a benefice at the age of sixteen, 3l.; to contract matrimony in fourth degree of consanguinity, 23s. 4d.; in the third and fourth, 26s. 8d.; where the mother of the bridegroom was godmother of the bride, 26s. 8d.; where a former wife of the bridegroom had been godmother of the bride, ... (mutilated); for marriage without bans, 20s. Union of the churches of Folketon, York dioc., and Wemme, Cov. and Lich., during the incumbency of John Dakre, LL.B., of noble birth, ... (mutilated), &c.
There are in all 110 cases, in all of which the names are given.
Pp. 6.
Expatiates on his liberality to scholars personally, and in founding six lectures at Oxford. Asks to be appointed lecturer in philosophy, which he has studied for nine years.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Omnium archiepiscoporum atque Cardinalium decori Laurencius Barberus, S.D.P.
July./GRANTS. 2362. GRANTS in JULY 1526.
1. Tho. Jones alias Johnson, of Southwerk, Surrey. Pardon for having killed Rob. Colbrande. Del. Westm., 1 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
3. John Milborne, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. More, 2 July 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 July.—P.S.
4. The abbot and convent of Leiston. Inspeximus and confirmation of various early grants to the abbey from Sir Gilb. Peche, Nich. de Falsham, John s. of Wm. de Lyvermere and Matilda his wife, and Nich. s. of lord Hamo de Falsham. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
4. John Norreys, of Yatenden, Berks. Cancel of a recognizance for 900 marks. Monastery of Cherseye, 4 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Walter Nunne, of Whepsted, Suff., carpenter. Pardon for having killed John Box. Del. Westm., 4 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
4. Sir Henry Pynago. Licence to import 100 tuns of Gascon wine from Bordeaux. Windsor Castle, 5 July 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July 18 Hen. VIII. Marginal note: "J.C. rotulo Franco."—P.S.
4. James Vaughan, master of the horse to the Princess. Reversion of the offices of steward, chancellor and surveyor of the manors of Haverford West and Rowse, in the marches of Wales, granted to Sir Ralph Egerton 23 Aug. 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
4. Ric. Woleman, clk. Presentation to Amersham church, Linc. dioc., void by death. Del. Westm., 4 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
6. Manor of Asshe, Hants. Commission to Arthur viscount Lysle, Sir Wm. Pawlett, Ralph Pexsall, Hen. Whyte and Ric. Andrews to make inquisition touching a petition presented by Eliz. West, widow, showing that Rob. Checheley, John Rogers, Hugh Bedill and Hen. Johnson were seized of the above manor, and enfeoffed John Morton, LL.D., John Paulet, Ric. Hill, then vicar of Fordyngdon (14 Edw. IV.), Peter Boyle, chaplain, Chris. Syngleton, Ric. Dagenall, and Wm. Bedwale, to the use of Sir Morgan Kydwelly and heirs, upon which a fine was levied (12 Hen. VII.) between Th. Baro, dean of Wynborne, and Wm. Fillok, pls., and Ric. Potyer or Fenys and Morgan Kidwelly, defs., who admitted the claim of plfs. who granted the manor to Potyer for one month, with remainder to Kidwelly and Joan his wife, and afterwards to the said Potyer or Fenys and Elizabeth then his wife (the petitioner), and his heirs, who dying leaves a son and heir Edward. Sir Morgan Kidwelly now dying leaves Joan his wife in possession, when an inquisition was made at Molsont (21 Hen. VII.) before Tho. Daverichecourt, escheator of Hants, and 15 others named; the question being whether the manor of Asshe was not forfeited by attainder of Ric. III., to whose use Sir Morgan was seized; but by a patent of the same year Joan enters upon the manor as freehold, and so dies. Westm., 6 July.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1.
6. Francis Browne. Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Del. Westm., 6 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
6. John Hasyll, of Bury St. Edmund's, butcher. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 30 Jan. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 July.—P.S.
8. John Petite, tailor, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Calais, 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 July 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
10. Tho. Hall. To be clerk of the Hanaper, with an annuity of 40l., and 18d. for every day he has to ride with the Chancellor. Del. Westm., 10 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
10. Th. Wolff. Lease of the manor of Heydon, Essex, parcel of Buckingham's lands, for 21 years; rent 4l. 13s. 4d., and 3s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 10 July 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
11. Ann widow of John Hopton, late comptroller of the navy and keeper of the newly-built store-houses at Ereth and Depford, and of the store-house at Portesmouth. Pardon and release. Del. Westm., 11 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 11.
11. John More. Inspeximus of,—i. A writ of certiorari, 8 Hen. VIII., concerning a plea, 27 Edw. I., before John de Berewyke and other justices in eyre at Cambridge, between the Crown and Tho. de Scalariis and Eliz. his wife, claiming view of frankpledge and assize of bread and beer, a gallows, and free-warren in Whaddon. ii. and iii. On the same matter. iv. Plea of the Crown in same suit, Cambridge, 27 Edw. I., where it appears that Tho. de Scalariis relinquished the claim of assize, but maintains that of the other privileges, on the strength of a grant from Hen. III. to his father Geoffrey; in which the jury concurred. Westm., 11 July.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2.
11. Ric. Page, prior of the church of Iderose (Ederosæ Ivychurch). Presentation to Clutton church, Bath and Wells dioc., in the King's gift by the minority of Anne and Blanche, ds. and hs. of Edw. Willoughby. Del. 11 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
11. John Tydder, haberdasher, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Del. 11 July 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
12. Owin Hensheman, clk. To have a perpetual chantry in Cleobury-Mortimer church. Heref. dioc., vice John Taylor. Del. Westm., 12 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
12. Francis Pointz and Joan Browne, daughter of Sir Matthew Browne. Grant, in survivorship, of the manor of Maudeley, Staff., late of Edward duke of Buckingham, with reservation of knight's fees, advowsons, and villeins. Moore, 1 July 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 13.
15. Tho. Leventhorp. Wardship of Humphrey son and heir of Henry Torell. Del. Westm., 15 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
16. Tho. Walker alias Watkyn, of Marton, Yorksh., wheelwright. Pardon. Del. 16 July 18 Hen. VIII. "Teste," 14 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
16. Baldwin Willughby. Grant of the manor and park of Kyngshunt, Warw., late of Sir Simon Mountford, attainted. Del. Westm., 16 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Vacated on personal surrender, 4 March 25 Hen. VIII., that the manor might be granted to Simon Mountford.—Pat. p. 2, m. 29.
20. Maurice à Parry, yeoman for the King's mouth in the cellar. Grant of two tenements in Fenchurch Street and Distaff Lane, late of Wm. Meryman, deceased. Del. Westm., 20 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
21. Rob. Seymour. To be steward of the 1p. and hundred of Ambresbury, the 1p. of Wynterborne * Erle and hundred of Alworthbury, Wilts. Greenwich, 18 Feb. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 July 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
22. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam and Tho. Englefelde, serjeant-at-law. Wardship of Wm. s. and h. of Sir Tho. Parr. Also release of 20l. of the annual rent of 161l. at which they hold the custody of the manor of Mykylton, Rumbald, Ovyngton and other possessions of Sir Tho. Parr to the use of his widow Matilda, by patent 6 Dec. 12 Hen. VIII., to them and Henry lord Marney, deceased. Del. Westm., 22 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
26. Rob. Byngleye, of Tottenham. Pardon for the murder of Jas. Fletcher of Tottenham. Guildford, 26 July 18 Hen. VIII.
26. Wm. Nooke, grocer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Oking, 26 July 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
26. Rob. Tyrwhyt. Licence to import 500 tuns of Gascon wine and Toulouse woad from Bordeaux. Del. Westm., 26 July 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.


  • 1. The year is quite uncertain.
  • 2. "Rob. Draper" on the Signed Bill.
  • 3. This letter is erroneously assigned to the year 1528 in the State Papers. The King was not at Windsor, but at Tittenhanger, on the 30th June 1528.