Henry VIII: April 1524, 26-30

Pages 115-126

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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April 1524

26 April.
R. O.
Hears from the bp. of Bath and from his letters of 25 March, that what the Pope had written to him of the state of affairs at that time had been well received. The Pope will always be faithful to Henry, of whose high character and wisdom his opinion is daily confirmed. Has lately sent Nicholas, archbishop of Capua, for the formation of a general peace. After treating with the other princes he will go to Henry. Expects he will be with him by the time he receives this brief, and therefore writes to him about Italian affairs, as well as to Melchior Langus. Rome, 26 April 1524, pont. 1.
Lat. Vellum. Add. Endd.
27 April.
Galba, B. VIII. 113. B. M.
Was sent for this morning by the Council and told that my Lady had letters last night stating that the French king was come with a great force to Bapaume, intending to besiege Arras, that their only hope of succor was in the King, and that they begged to be helped with 4,000, 3,000, 2,000, or 1,000 men. Even 500 would help by the report being spread of more. They said Chr. Mores, a servant of the King, intended to remove the ordnance at Valenciennes, which might cause a suspicion that the good understanding between the King and Emperor was not so strong as it had been, and wished letters sent to Calais to allow them as many of the men there as could be spared. Said I had already written at the request of my Lady, and given letters of credence to Sir John Russell, but as matters were pressing I would write immediately. Has sent letters to Mores, advising him to let the King's ordnance remain, as Valenciennes is considered to be one of the strongest towns in these parts. Told the Council he did not know the number of men at Calais, but suspected no aid could be had from that quarter, without orders from the King. Is informed that John de la Shaw leaves for England tomorrow or next day. Antwerp, 27 April.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
28 April.
R. O.
Has just received his letters, dated Westm., 23 inst., ordering him to send the spy whom he received from the marquis of Arscott's servants at Bourbourche. His steward, the bearer, and other of his servants shall deliver him to whom Wolsey directs. No one has spoken with him since he came from Bourbourche, except Wingfield's constable, who always accompanied the man who took him meat and drink, to make sure that no questions were asked him. Calais Castle, 28 April 1524.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 April.
R. O.
The master of the posts here and others between this and Calais tell him that they are more than a year behind of their wages, and that being poor men they cannot do good service without being paid. Writes at their request, because now it is requisite that the posts should serve with more diligence than for a long time past. Antwerp, 28 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
30 April.
R. O.
Desires safe–conduct for Richard Bothvile, Hugh Douglas, Francis Bothvile, John Marjorybanks, John Crummy, and Stephen Law, merchants. Edinburgh, 30 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
30 April.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 223. B.M.
If, as she says in her letter to the King, she has not seen Albany since his arrival in Scotland, and will not, by her will, as long as he remains there, the King and Wolsey are pleased with her and commend her wisdom. Among the letters brought by Pawlyn there was a paper sealed with her seal without any direction, being the copy of an instrument in French of certain conventions between her and the Duke, and also a letter from her to Surrey of a contrary sort. The King and Wolsey are much surprised, and are sure that it was done against her will, and, if not, that she has not done well, for her father married her honorably and provided for her living to be paid yearly during her life wherever she chose, and the Estates and some of the towns of Scotland were bound for her surety. If she has agreed that in case Angus returns to Scotland and meddles with her goods Albany shall take her to France, where the King will give her an honorable dwelling, and if necessary the Duke will send some of his servants to remain with her, and that the French king shall maintain her against every one excepting only her son and Albany, it is to the King's great displeasure and dishonor; and he thinks she has "largely overseen" herself to her own loss and reproach, by promising to leave her kingdom and her son, and to go to a strange country the King of which is her brother's chief enemy. The King wishes to know whether she did consent by her own will, why it was done, whether she sent the copy of the deed, or, if not, who did, and to what intent. Hexham (corrected from Whittingham), 30 (fn. 1) April 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie, &c.
30 April.
Add. MS. 24,965, f.222b. B. M.
The King and Cardinal have received her letters brought by her servant Pawlyn, and have ordered him to answer her. They are well contented with her determination to follow the King's advice and with her remaining continually with her son. She asks to be allowed to mediate for peace; Dacre would be glad to see her do so, and assures her that the King wishes for her son's surety during his minority, and that ambassadors in his name and the Estates' would be thankfully received and favorably despatched. Letters of requests for safe-conducts were sent hither by Albany, and safe-conducts were sent to Dacre, and still remain with him. Thinks his requests are "frustrate" by reason of his many letters asking for peace or abstinence, and promising to send up ambassadors, which he has never done, and perhaps never intended. Considering what he has written to his agents in France, for the profit of the French king and himself and not of Scotland, "business" is likely to ensue unless some good peace is taken by her means. The King will not grant a safe-conduct for a ship to pass into France to further the promotion of her son's schoolmaster, for he thinks that she does not write voluntarily but at the suit of the Duke, that he may be able to send his writings to and from France while the safe-conduct lasts. Hexham, (fn. 2) 30 April (fn. 3) 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie, &c.
30 April.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 225. B. M.
291. DACRE to LORD_.
Thinks he is not privy to the letters sent by Albany to Surrey, desiring truce in the name of the king of Scots, from the date of his writings, last Dec. to Midsummer or earlier, during which time the Duke would go to France, and would remain there till the King came of age, provided the truce were prorogued till then, and confederates were comprehended. Safe-conducts were sent to Dacre for Scotch ambassadors, and the King is ready to grant a truce to endure till his nephew comes of age if Albany will keep out of Scotland, but French matters could not be brought in by a mere comprehension, but might be discussed by either French or Scotch ambassadors authorized by the French king. A clause was inserted in the safe-conducts that they should be void if the ambassadors spoke of the affairs of France. The differences between the two kingdoms are easy to settle, if they will take heed to their own weal and the profit of the realm, which would not have been "in cumber" now if Albany had not remained in Scotland.
Besides his letters to Surrey, Albany wrote to Wolsey and to Dacre to make similar requests. Answer has been made to him that if he sends the ambassadors a surceance of war shall be granted, and they shall have favorable hearing. Although the Duke has in all his writings declared his wish for peace, yet, under colour of sending these letters, he has "tracted the time" with England, abused the people of Scotland, and sent servants and writings to his agents in France, only for the advantage of the French king and himself, and not for that of the king or people of Scotland. Wolsey has written to the Duke, quoting what he wrote to his agents in France, and the King will hereafter put less confidence in him, as he neither regards truth, faith, nor honor. Perhaps he will declare to the Queen and the lords that his writings sent to France proceed from our desires, but the contrary is true. As long as the Duke remains in Scotland and uses two faces under one hood, no good way of peace is likely to appear unless they will send up ambassadors to take peace during their sovereign's minority. If they send none, the blame will be theirs, and he fears that when they wish for peace it will not be granted them so soon or so well as it would be now. Hexham, 30 April 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3. Headed: Copie of a lettre sent by the lorde Dacres to sundry lordes of Scotlande.
30 April.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 221. B. M.
Perceives by his letter to Wolsey, dated Edinburgh, 13 April, that Albany thanks the Cardinal for his efforts towards peace. Reminds him that in former letters to Wolsey and my lord Treasurer as well as to himself, Albany had urged abstinence of war with comprehension of confederates, and desired safe-conducts for Scotch ambassadors who would be ready to go to the King, on being assured that they were prepared. Answers have always been sent promising the safe-conducts to treat for peace, with provisions to which Albany was made privy, that the ambassadors should not speak of any comprehension of France. Though Albany professes great anxiety for peace, his letters to agents in France show that his purpose is only to put off time for his own and the French king's advantage. This is confirmed by the excuses continually made in his letters to Wolsey and Dacre since John de Barbon's departure, during which time Albany has been in correspondence with France without the privity of the Estates of Scotland. This double dealing shall appear to all Christian princes, as he will perceive by Wolsey's answer to his last letter, quoting part of the very words written by Albany to his agents. Unless therefore the ambassadors for whom Dacre obtained a safe-conduct to endure till the last of May inst., which shall be prorogued if necessary, be sent quickly for making peace, a mere truce being made meanwhile till their return, Wolsey will have nothing more to do with him. Hexham, the last day of April (fn. 4) 16 Hen. VIII., 1524.
Pp. 3. Headed: Copie of a lettre sent with Unicorne pursevant to the duc of Albany, upon my lord Cardinalles lettre hereafter insewed, bering date at his place beside Westm., 24 April.
April. P. S. b. 293. PROTECTIONS.
83 flats and petitions from the following captains and officers to the lord Chancellor and the keeper of the Privy Seal for letters patent of protection to the under-mentioned persons, whom they had retained to serve in their retinues during the war with France. All these documents are signed by the captains, and many of them are sealed, but none are dated, and they bear no memoranda of their delivery to the Chancellor or lord Keeper. They are contained in the Privy Seal bundle for the 15th year of Hen. VIII.
David Appowell's retinue.—John Clarell, gent., Wm. Soper and John Thomson, haberdashers, all of London.
John Bourchier lord Berners, deputy of Calais.—John Billington, of London, Redyng, and Bristowe, draper and merchant-tailor (two fiats). Philip Conner, alias Conwey, brewer, of London. John Dalton, of Westminster, draper. John Dowse, alias Dawes, of Maldon, Essex, and London, merchant adventurer, vintner, and haberdasher. Martin Fysher, citizen and tallow chandler, of London, alias merchant adventurer. Th. Malpas, of Cambridge, London, and Stoneley Abbey, Hunts, fishmonger. Nich. Mores, of Calais, tailor, draper, and victualler. Th. Power, of London, grocer and merchant. Ric. Saunders, of Redyng, Berks, vintner. Wm. Skelley, of London, goldsmith. John Wyar, of London, salter.
John Catesbe.—Nich. Turnour, of London, yeoman.
Philip Conway, "owner of The Mare Malerel and The Barbara, victualler to Calais."—Wm. Jenyns, of London, skinner.
Christopher Coo.—Ric. Hatche, of Harow-upon-the-Hill, Middx., maltman.
Richard Coo, captain of The Myhell of Deppe.–Wm. Hatche, of Egeware, in the parish of Whytchurche, Middx., husbandman. John Potter, of London, fruiterer, costermonger, and baker. Th. Webb, of Holbrun, Middx., tallowchandler and haberdasher.
Sir Nicholas Crasset, or Crescet.—Peter Bell, of Ledys, Yorksh., clothier, Rob. Whytmer, of Wolverhampton, Staff., innholder and merchant of the Staple of Calais.
David De la Roche, captain of The Mawdlen of Powle.—John Baker, of London and York, grocer. Ric. Boyvyll, citizen and merchant tailor, of London. Martin Dyllyngham, parson of Hengrave, Suff. Ric. Heton, of Ledys, Yorksh., draper. Ric. Mytton, of London, draper. John Phelypp, of Seynt Jones Strete, Middx., surgeon. Tylman Skull, of London, goldsmith. James Woodhowse, of Ledys, Yorksh., sherman.
Walter Devereux, lord Ferrers, captain.—Th. Nott, citizen and grocer, of London.
John Flymyng, captain of The Great Nycalas.—Th. Coiner, of Westlow, Cornw. John Hepborne, of London, cooper. John Hobard, of London, mariner. Th. Pere, of London, sherman.
Lord John Grey.—John Laurance, of London, skinner.
John Hopton.—John Bedwyn, of Chilton, Bucks, husbandman.
William Hunton, captain of The Bark of Sandewyche.—Rob. Hatche, of Harowe-on-the-Hill, Middx., maltman and husbandman.
William Hutton.—Thomas Hoore, of London, woolman.
William Huxley, clerk of the Ordnance.—Valentine Petit, citizen and woolman of London.
William Knyvett, captain of The Gret Spanyard that the Emperor gave the King.—Wm. Ryce, of Stratford-atte-Bowe, Middx., baker, alias of London, yeoman. Ric. Segborowe, alias Segeburgh, of Milton, Camb., and of Denny, Camb., husbandman. Humph. Tytley, of Neweall, Cheshire, and of Tyttley, Cheshire, gent.
Robert Kyrke, captain of The Rowe Barge, alias Swepestake, of The Mynyon, and of The John of London.—Edward Bronde, alias Brownde, of More-Barons in the parish of Maddyngley, Camb., husbandman. John Deborow, of Bastable, Devon, merchant and mariner. John Townny, of London, salter.
Robert Longmed, master and captain of The Gret Nyklas.—Ric. Waplode, of St. Botolph's-without-Bishopsgate, London, fishmonger and hackneyman.
Henry lord Montague.—Wm. Partriche, of London, leatherseller.
Richard Paxfford, captain of Lee Kateryne Fortune.—Rob. Bellous, of Great Jernemuth (Yarmouth), Norf., mariner, and Th. York, of North Todenham, Norf., yeoman. (One document.)
Jasper Pen, captain of The Harry Tothill.—John Elys, of London, goldfiner. Ric. Russell, of Exeter, Devon, bellfounder. John Wyllard, of Dertford and Tunbrigge, Kent, husbandman.
John Pyrton, captain of The Barbara.—Wm. Dode, alias Dalyan, late of Evesham, Worc., mercer and spicer, and of London, draper. Rob. Saxson, alias Saxton, citizen and merchant tailor of London. Th. Smarte, of Exeter, merchant.
Sir William Pyrton, captain.—Ric. Lyon, of London, "coryer."
Sir John Russell.—Wm. Yerdylley, of London, sherman, alias citizen and merchant.
John Sampton.—Peter Fryer, citizen and skinner of London.
Sir William Skeffington, master of the Ordnance.—Rob. Best, alias Gelstone, of London, yeoman. Geo. Burnand, of St. Giles's-without-Cripplegate, London, gent., bailiff of the liberty of Fynsbury, Middx., alias bailiff of "Fynsbury Corte." Hen. Consaunt, citizen and grocer of London. Wm. Coo, citizen and mercer of Norwich, Wm. Johnson, of London, citizen and merchant tailor, alias skinner. Randulph Molyneux, citizen and fishmonger of London. Hugh Nalynghurst, of London, merchant tailor. Wm. Norton, citizen and merchant haberdasher of London.
Thomas Sutton.—James Otterson, alias Monke, of Suthwarke, Surrey, beer brewer.
Richard Thyrkyll, captain of The Bonn Espoyer.—Hugh Brabhand, yeoman of the Crown. Lawrence Nichols, of London and Feversham, Kent, tallow chandler.
Sir John Towenly, captain.—John Coke or Cooke, of London, sherman.
Sir Robert Ughtred, one of the King's captains at the castle and town of Guisnes.—Leonard Mowbray, of co. Hertford, warrener. Ric. Neuman, citizen and fishmonger of London. Rob. Waller, of Norwich, merchant.
Wm...—Henry West, of London, dyer.
Richard Wethyrs (or Whethars), captain of The Bark de Morlese.—Rob. Blagrave, citizen and barber-surgeon of London. Hen. Clevelond, of Maldon, Essex, draper. Rob. Ilderton, of London, yeoman. John Woodman, citizen and haberdasher of London.
Sir George Whytwham (or Wytwang), captain of The Goreg (George ?) of London. Wm. Byrte, alias Byrche, of Crayndon, Bucks, yeoman. Rob. Notyngham, of Norwich and Higham, Norf., draper.
Sir Christopher Vylybe (Willoughby).—Miles Nelson, husbandman, and Thomas Faireforth, carpenter, both of Belcheforth, Linc. (One document.)
W. [lord] Wyllugchby.—John Staunton.
All on parchment (?).
R. O.
294. KEXBY.
Indenture declaring that John Aleyn, alderman of London, has delivered to Wolsey certain deeds and charters relating to the manor of Kexby and lands in Kexby and Catton, co. York, according to an indenture between them dated 13 April 15 Hen. VIII., and another between Aleyn and Sir Robt. Ughtred, 19 Feb. 15 Hen. VIII. April 15 Hen. VIII.
Draft, in Cromwell's hand.
Vit. B. IX. 119.
B. M.
1. The Emperor's reply to the propositions made to him for a general truce, on the part of the Pope, by the archbishop of Capua. (fn. 5)
He is glad to hear from the Archbishop of the Pope's desire for peace and a crusade against the Turks. He has been always ready to accept it, provided that just conditions were offered to himself, the king of England and their confederates; and he consents to send his great Chancellor into Italy for that purpose. But as the terms for a truce offered by the Archbishop are not satisfactory, he thinks that a peace should rather be the object. If this cannot be accomplished, he offers the following articles:—
1. A truce to be agreed on by the several parties, and if in the interval the Turk invade Europe the truce is to go on, and continue six months after the completion of the war. 2. The status quo to be observed: the limits as to the state of Milan to be determined by common consent. 3. If any contracting party take a town or fortress belonging to another, he shall restore it within a month, or the truce be considered as violated. 4. The Pope to pass ecclesiastical censures on the violator of the truce, and all to take up arms against him. 5. When the truce is concluded, the army in the state of Milan may be disbanded on both sides. No foreign soldiers to be retained, except such as are required for the defence of the towns, fortresses, &c. 6. The Venetians not to pass the Adda in the interval. 7. Each party can name their own confederates, and shall be accountable for the conduct of those he names. 8. No contracting party to complot with the allies of any other. 9. At the lapse of the truce all things to return to their former conditions. 10. All to be bound to the defence of Hungary. 11. All sequestration to be taken off the benefices of any Cardinals, &c. 12. The Pope to be nominated the Protector. 13. The notice (prælocutio) to last three months, "finiendos per totum mensem Junii proximum."
Besides the above articles, it is stipulated, for the security of Bourbon and his adherents, that if the Swiss be comprehended no confederate shall hire soldiers from them, no private claim be prosecuted;—that all shall be done with the consent of the king of England by adding to or diminishing from the above, as shall be agreed upon with him or his ambassador.
Lat., mutilated, pp.7.
R. O. 2. [The same apostyled.]
That a truce be made for such time as shall be agreed upon between the ambassadors of the Emperor, England and France with his Holiness. (In margin: The term should be expressed, to the end of April 1525.) And if during that time the Turk make war upon Christians, it shall be held to continue to the end of such war, and for six months after. (In margin: This clause to be struck out, lest the truce be considered perpetual.) 2. Each party to retain what he holds at present, except Milan, which will be the subject of special arrangement between the Pope and the ambassadors. (In margin: A provision should be made for England, who is nothing but a loser, that this arrangement may not cancel his treaties with the Emperor, especially about the indemnity.) 3. Places taken by either party after the truce to be restored within a month. 4. The Pope and College of Cardinals are to promise, if the truce be violated, to declare themselves enemy to the violator of it within one month afterwards, pronounce ecclesiastical censures against him, and call in the secular arm, if necessary. 5. All foot soldiers on either side to evacuate the duchy of Milan, except such garrisons as shall be thought needful for protection. (In margin: Care must be taken lest, the Spanish soldiers being removed, the French invade the duchy before they can return at the end of the truce.) 6. The Venetians must not cross the Adda during the truce, except in defence of the duchy of Milan, according to the treaty between them and the Emperor; and no musters must be made in the duchy. 7. Each party may name what confederates he pleases, but shall be bound for their observance of the truce as much as for his own. 8. None of the contracting parties to treat with the subjects or confederates of any other to disturb the relations formerly existing between them. (In margin: A snake lurks in this article, in reference both to the Swiss and to the Scots. There should, therefore, be a reciprocal article that the French may not treat with the Scots or Swiss, &c. any more than the others.) 9. The truce not to expire at the end of the time prefixed until the parties give three months' notice of its termination. (In margin: This article to be struck out or altered--"until one of the parties gives one month's notice.") 10. Each power to send a sum of money agreed upon between them, for defence of Hungary; and the Pope to call upon all other princes to send ambassadors. (In margin: This article not to be inserted in the truce; but if anything be done about it, "fiat ad partem.") 11. All sequestrations &c. On the 13th article it is remarked: This article serves no purpose. On the additional article that no private claim be prosecuted: Care must be taken lest the king of England lose his rights, and be prevented from urging them in the event of a treaty; and the same for the Emperor. (fn. 6)
Lat., pp. 8. The leaves of this document were found apart.
Lettere di
Principi,I. 123.
296. GIO. MATT. GIBERTO, Datary, to MARCHIONNE LANGUS Nuncio in England.
I wrote fully on the 8th to you and the archbishop [of Capua ?]. Gives Italian news. It is proposed that Bourbon should invade France with 7,000 Germans, 3,000 Spaniards, 700 lances,—c. But peace is requisite for Christendom. The affair of Achmet Pasha, on which so much trust was reposed, has not been successful; and the Turk is preparing an army against Hungary. Supposes the Archbishop is on his way from Spain to England. Breves are being sent to the King and the cardinal of York. Lutheranism is increasing, to the peril of Christendom, and it will be necessary for Langus to discourse on that subject when presenting the breves. The diet of Nuremberg has proposed to hold a diet at Spires to discuss the doctrines of Christianity. The Pope has written to the Emperor to warn him that the Germans are endeavoring to annul his edict at Worms. Would God that all other princes had from the commencement taken this matter as much to heart as the king of England, who has declared both his mind and his piety to all the world, not only by taking precautions that this plague should not enter his kingdom, but also by his most learned and Christian volume in defence of the sacraments; and who has gained no less glory with the pen than with the arms which he has constantly taken up against the enemies of the See Apostolic. The Pope, therefore, looks to him for aid, and would desire him to write warmly to the Emperor to send a man of authority into Germany with commission to resent the affront offered to religion and to his Majesty, and to prohibit the proposed diet at Spires. If simple remedies will not suffice, the Emperor should use fire and the sword. Should the diet take place, it would become the King's piety to send thither as his ambassadors some learned and prud ent men, of whom he possesses as great abundance as any other Christian prince; and they would do much good either by protesting that Germany alone has no right to interfere with questions relating to the faith without licence from the See Apostolic, or else by confuting, with the king's authority, their wicked and malicious arguments, which evidently tend to the universal ruin of the Christian faith. The Pope expects great results from the King's assistance, considering the recent efforts of the cardinal of York to prevent this horrible plague from planting its foot in his kingdom. The King has gained great honor by being the first to oppose this monster. The Pope is the pilot of the ship, which will perish with him if his warnings be not regarded; for, although Luther strikes only at the See Apostolic, he is working the ruin of all Christian princes, who, owing to these dissensions, will be unable to resist the Turk.
We have received your letters of the 7th, 12th, 16th, and 21st ult. The Pope commends your prudence in your conversations with the cardinal of York touching the mission of the monk there and his practices. Lose no opportunity of writing, although the Cardinal tell you to wait till you have had a second interview. Beware of committing your discussions to paper. If the Archbishop has not informed the Cardinal of the Pope's desire to have a secret understanding with him, you are to do so, representing the great benefits that will result to Christendom, and that no movement can then take place without the express consent of his Holiness and the King, and consequently of the Cardinal. The Pope wishes to arrange the affairs of Italy, and that the French should be expelled from it. It will be necessary to gain the Swiss in the manner of which I informed you. The Spaniards, having been so fortunate, should not forget to reward their friends with some of their acquisitions; and this you are to represent to the King and Cardinal. The duke of Milan must be established in his duchy, and a wife found for him; and the Emperor should be moderate in his demands for the repayment of his expenses. You are to exhort the King and Cardinal to use their good offices in these matters, but in such a manner that the Emperor may not discover their prompter. With respect to the Council to which the Cardinal alluded, say that the Pope will not fear it when it can take place to the benefit of Christendom, and that he has no fear of deprivation, as he has never given cause of calumny.
April./GRANTS. 297. GRANTS in APRIL 1524.
1. John Bosey, Th. Asby, and Robt. Asby, mariners, and Thomasina Boreman, midwife, all of Sandwich, Kent. Pardon for stealing certain cloths. Del. Westm., 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
1. Ralph Swillyngton. To be Attorney-general. Del. Westm., 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
1. David Ap Rees Ap. Gruff' [Griffith ?] Ap Howell, late of the lordship of Mohauntzdale, Wales. Pardon for the murder of Gruff' Ap Llewellin(?) [Lli] Ap Howell. Del. Westm., 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
1. Sir Hen. Wyat. Licence to found a chantry, to be called Sir Henry Wyat's, of two chaplains in the old chapel of St. Mary, in Melton church, near Gravesend, Kent; which, with other buildings, occupy the site of a mansion formerly belonging to the master and three brethern of an hospital of regular priests. The chaplains are to be a body corporate, and to have a common seal, &c. Also, licence to grant to the chaplains the said site, with tenements, &c. in kent and Essex, to the annual value of 20l., formerly belonging to the ancient chantry. Del. Westm., 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
1. Chr. Mores, overseer of the Ordnance. Protection for Robt. Mounteney. T. 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
1. Ric. Beynard, gunner. To be one of the King's gunners in the Tower of London, with 12d. a day. Westm., 4 April.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
3. John Averey, groom for the mouth in the King's cellar. Annuity of 10 marks out of the issues of the lordship of Denbigh, North Wales. Del. Westm., 3 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20. Endd.
7. Robt. Hogan, cook for the mouth in the King's private kitchen. To be bailiff of the lordship of Sutton, in Galtresse forest, York, on surrender by John Thomlynson, alias Cowper (deceased), and William Hoggesson, in survivorship. Del. Westm., 7 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
8. Thomas Ap Robertes. Lease (by the advice of J. Daunce and J. Hales) of the mill of Uskk, and Oldewith mill, in the lordship of Uskk, parcel of the earldom of March; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 40s. for Uskk mill, and 33s. 4d. for Oldewith mill.—S. B. Endd.: "T. viij. Aprilis."
13. Wm. Strachey, chaplain of Plecy College, London dioc. To be warden of the said college, vice John Scotte, deceased; in the King's patronage by the attainder of the duke of Buckingham: the president and chapter elected the said Wm. and John Peche also chaplain of the college, and sent them to the King. Del. Westm., 13 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
14. Morgan Jonez. Lease of all lands, &c. in Tewkysbury (Glouc.), late of Henry Glover, of Staundon, and now in the tenure of Geoffrey Bradford, which John Gybbes lately held, parcel of Warwick's lands, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 20s. and 12d. of increase. Del. Westm. 14 April 15 Hen. VIII. Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 16.—S. B.
14. Robt. Myllyngton. Grant of the pension which the new abbot of the monastery of Chestre is bound to give at the King's nomination. Del. Westm., 14 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
14. Robert Piers, of St. Peter's, Marches of Calais, also of London, yeoman. Pardon for the murder of Mallyn Malyard, a native of Flanders. Del. Westm., 14 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
14. Wm. Fitzwilliam, knight of the Body, and Sir Christopher Conyers, of Conyers, son and heir of Wm. Lord Conyers, deceased. Grant, in survivorship, of several offices in the lordship of Barnard's Castle, with the same wages as the said Wm. Conyers had. Also offices in the fee of Richemond, and castle of Middleham, York, with fees of 50l. 6s. 4d. a year. Also, lands in Yorksh., called Scale Park, and Rande, which Wm. Conyers held of King Hen. VII. Del. Westm., 14 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
14. Ric. Tomson, of London, als. of Westmynstre, draper. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 14 April 15 Hen. VIII. P. S.—Newhall, 7 Apr. 15 Hen. VIII.—Fr., m. 3.
14. Sir Ant. Ughtredd, captain of Berwyk. Protection for Robt. Combe, als. Cumbe, of London, leatherseller. Del. Westm., 14 April 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
14. Rob. Hudson. Inspeximus of an indenture 5 Hen. VIII. between Ralph Bulmer, master of and the brethern of Stayndropp College, and Wm. Doinham, vicar of Brigham church, Cumberland, John Hudson, of Gaytkarth, Cumb., the said Robert Hudson and Peter Hudson, relating to Brigham church. Westm., 14 Apr.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
14. For Humph. Smerte, s. and h. of Thos. Smerte and Joan his wife. Livery of lands in the honor of Gloucester, lately belonging to Edw. duke of Buckingham. Westm., 14 April.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
15. John Bourgchier, lord Berners. Protection for Th. Power, of London, grocer. Del. Westm., 15 April 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
16. Nicholuccio Ninacciesi, merchant of Florence. Licence to import jewels, which are to be shown to the King first, and to export those remaining unsold without paying the customs. Also licence for the same purpose, to proceed into foreign parts, "with one servant and two horses, ambling or trotting." Beaulieu, 16 April 15 Hen. VIII. S. B. "Franc." in margin.
16. John Lawrence, grocer, of London, alias," stipendiatus" of Calais. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Beaulieu, 14 April 15 Hen. VIII—Del. Westm., 16 April 15 Hen. VIII.&P. S.
18. Ric. Benson, of London, merchant tailor, als. of Herscham, Westmor. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Bernes. Beaulieu, 17 April 15 Hen. VIII.—Del. Westm., 18 April 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
18. Commission of the Peace. Sussex: Thos. card. of York, W. abp. of Canterbury, R. bp. of Winchester, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Thos. earl of Arundel, Hen. Earl of Northumberland, Arthur viscount Lysley, Geo. Nevyll, lord Burgavenney, Wm. Lord Mautravers, Thos. West lord de la Warr, Thos. Fynes lord Dacre, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir John Fyneux, Sir Edw. Oxenbrigge, Sir Wm. Fynche, Wm. Shelley, Ric. Sakevyle, sen., John Dawtrey. Ric. Sherley, Edw. Lewkenour, Ric. Devenyssh., Rog. Copley, Thos. Thetcher, John Thetcher, Wm. Scardevile, Ric. Sakevile, jun., John Stanney, Elias Prestall, Wm. Staple. Westm., 18 April.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11d.
19. Sir Anthony Ughtredd, captain of Berwick-on-Tweed. Protection for John Stoerr, of London, haberdasher. T. 19 April,—P. S.
19. Edw. Restwold. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Ric., s. and h. of Thos. Restwold. Westm., 19 April.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 22.
20. John Lengran, the King's jeweller, merchant, of Valecyne-beyond-Sea. Licence to resort to England freely for six years, and import ewels, of which the King shall have first choice. Westm., 20 April.—Fr., 15 Hen. VIII. m2.
20. Francis Da Regi and Hannibal de Modono. Licence to import 400 tuns of Toulouse woad. Westm., 20 April—Fr., 15 Hen. VIII. m. 3.
20. Wm. Gonson, gentleman usher of the Chamber. Licence to export from Bristol or elsewhere 500 wey of beans and pease, and 500 qrs of wheat, not exceeding the value of 6s. 8d. the quarter. Westm., 20 April.—Fr. 15 Hen. VIII. m. 3.
21. Henry earl of Essex. Wardship of John, s. and h. of Sir Nic. Baryngton, who was enfeoffed of John Newport and John Leventhorp to the use of John, s. and h. of Wm. Hauchet, as of his manor of Lecheworth alias Mountfichet, held by the service of a third part of a knight's fee; John Hauchet being a minor. Del. Westm., 21 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 26.
21. Thomas Vaux. Lease of the manor of Raskell, York, parcel of the lordship of Sherefhoton, with appurtenances; reserving, inter alia, the site of the said manor, a mill, the herbage of the park, and a close called Towthorpclosse; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 38l. 4s. 5d., and 20s. 11 ¼d. of increase. Del. Westm., 21 April 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
21. Nicholas de Seuynhows. Inspeximus of grants from Ric. de Lucy, Wm. de Wabertwait and James de Wabertwait, in the 6th and 14th of Ric. II., to the above and to Walter de Seuynhows, consisting of lands, &c. in Neuton, with quit-claim of Duretoll and support of foresters among other conditions, also in Bolton Fell, also between Stokedelbek and Bleugesfate, in town of Bolton and in the neighbourhood of Laykwilgram, Somerholme, and Toddolrigholmes. The names of the witnesses to each charter are given. Westm., 21 April.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2. m. 14.
21. Margaret Marshall alias Carnaby, native of Scotland, daughter of Edw. Marshall and wife of Thos. Karnabe of Halton, Northb. Denization. Westm., 21 April.—Pat. Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
21. Thos. Maynours, page of the Queen's Chamber. To be constable of Hawerden castle in the lordship of Hawarden, and keeper of the Little Park, vice Rob. Hylton; which offices are in the hands of the King by the minority of Edw. Stanley, the King's ward, s. of Thos. Stanley, earl of Derby. Westm., 21 April.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
John Maknelus, native of Scotland. Denization.—S. B.
Th. Alverd. Licence to hold his office of customer of Ipswich by deputy, as he is retained in the service of cardinal Wolsey.—S. B.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
Sir Tho. Boleyn, treasurer of the Household. To be parker at Thundersley, Essex, with herbage, pannage, and 3d. a day out of the issues of the manor and the honor of Raylegh.—S. B.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
Robt. Downe, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais; and meanwhile to be quit of all pleas,—c. (except pleas of dower,—c.) from 1 Jan. 14 Hen. VIII. to the present time.—S. B.—Fr., m. 6.
Th. Coweley, of London, pouch maker. Pardon for the murder of John Cooke, skinner, late servant of Thomas Aleyn, skinner, of London.—S. B.
Ric. Banke, late of Lekynfeld, York, alias of Horneby, Lanc., also of Carleton near Skipton in Craven, York. Protection; going in the retinue of William lord Sandys, treasurer of Calais.—S. B.
Sir Henry Owen, of Midherst, kt., and Robert Knight, Richard Strong, and John Hertley, of Forde, Sussex, husbandmen. Protection; going to serve in the war on the sea.—S. B.
Wm. Milnes, of Ascheford, Derby, husbandman. Pardon for having on 8th September 9 Hen. VIII., at Yolgrene, Derby, in Porteweyzate, murdered John Seller.—S. B.
Sir Edward Guldeford, kt. Licence (within one year) to export hops, madder, 200 dikers of leather, and 300 "chawders of seecoles," to France or elsewhere, and import 500 tuns of wine or woad, and 200 packs or "fardelles" of canvas; the King taking the wine, woad, and canvas under his protection.—S. B. Fr., m. 4.
Wm ... awe, Ric. Candyshe, John Eston, Hugh Boyvyle, and Peter Filius. Appointment, as general searchers and triers of gold, silver, lead, iron, steel, tin, and copper ores found on any one's land, and power to break ground in any spot where they think proper for finding ore; a ninth part of the rough ore to be given to the owners of the land whence it is obtained. This commission does not extend to the towns of Devon and Cornwall. All persons knowing where ore is to be found are charged to certify the same, as they will answer the King in that behalf.—S. B.
Thomas Hanyball, clk., keeper of the records of Chancery. To cancel a recognizance of 200 marks, made by Sir Henry Guldeford, of Ledys, Kent, and Sir Th. West, of Halnaked, Sussex. Also nine recognizances, of 200 marks each, made by the said Henry with Sir Ant. Poyntz, son and heir of Sir Robt. Poyntz, in co. Glouc., Edward Beynton, of Bremham, Wilts, George Crowmer, clk., master of Cobham college, Kent, George Guldeford, of Benynden, Kent, John Crow- merr, of Sethyngbourne, Kent, Sir Edward Guldeford, of Rolvynden, Kent, Sir Wm. Compton. of Compton, Warw., Sir Wm. Crowmer, of Tunstal, Kent, and Wm. Hawte, of Bysshoppesburne, Kent.—S. B.
Thomas cardinal of York. Warrant to make additional grants of certain franchises which the King intended should have been included in former grants of lands, late of the duke of Buckingham, but which were omitted from the same.—S. B.
For Ric. Cook, of London, cook. Pardon for having shot a stag in Windsor Forest. No date.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
For John à Pary alias Ap Harry, of London. Pardon for having killed John Middelton. No date.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
For Hen. Norres, esquire of the Royal Body. Grant of the lordship of Langley Maresse, Bucks; and of the office of keeper of Perlaunte park, alias Langley New park, and master of the hunt of the said park, with the herbage and pannage thereof. No date.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 14.
Commission of the Peace.
Cumberland: T. card. of York, J. bp. of Carlisle, Thos. lord Dacre and Greystok, Anth. Fitzherbert, John Porte, Sir Christ. Dacres, Sir Wm. Hilton, Christ. Curwen, Geoff. Lancastre, Wm. Bentley, Wm. Lancastre. Westm.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10d.
24. George Lawson. To be chief carpenter at Berwick, with 12d. a day, the appointment of one of the soldiers in the said town, with 6l. a year for his wages, and 20s. a year for a yeoman under him; on surrender of patent, 3 Nov. 15 Hen. VII., granting the same to Humphrey Cooke. Del. Westm., 24 April 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
25. Robert abbot of St. Mary, Lylleshull, Salop. Licence to acquire lands, &c., to the annual value of four marks. Del. Westm., 25 April 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
26. Ric. Wethyrs, captain of the "Barke de Morlese." Protection to Robt. Saxton, of London, tailor, going to the wars. Del. Westm., 26 April 16 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
28. Sir Wm. Paston and Robt. Reynolde, of Estberholde, Suff. Custody of two thirds of the manor of Frammesden, Suff., in the King's hands by an inquisition taken at Becclys, 30 Oct. 15 Hen. VIII., before John Brampton, escheator, on the death of Joan widow of Sir Edmund Arundell, deceased, and formerly wife of Th. Ratclyffe, deceased, and by reason of the minority of Eliz. Lovell and Eliz. Spilman, Eliz. Lovell being daughter and heir of Eleanor Lovell, deceased, one of the three daughters and heirs of Geoffrey Ratclyff, deceased, son and heir of the said Thomas, and Eliz. Spilman being daughter and heir of the said Geoffrey; to hold the said custody in survivorship during the minority of the said Eliz. Lovell and Eliz. Spilman, at the annual rent of 33l. 4s. 5d. Del. Westm., 28 April 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
28. Th. Forster. Grant of two messuages in the parish of St. Michael in Cornehill, London, between a tenement of the prioress of St. Ellen's near Bisshoppisgate, London, on the east, and Fenkeslane on the west, and a messuage and eight cottages also situate in the said lane, which lately belonged to Sir Ric. Charleton attained; on surrender, by Wm. Hoggeson, yeoman of the butlery, of patent 30 May 5 Hen. VIII., granting in survivorship, to the said William and John Brent, page for the King's mouth in the cellar, now deceased, the annual rent of 6l. 10s., (at which the premises were leased to Nich. Warde (on the surety of Th. Warde, of London, yeoman, and Wm. Danby, of London, tailor), for the term of five years, and the reversion of the premises on the expiration of the said lease. Del. Westm., 28 April 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
28. Wm. Knesall, of Burton-on-Trent, alias of Derby, butcher. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Bewlieu, 18 April 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April.—P. S.
28. Th. Ware and Wm. Canyngis, clks. Pardon for having acquired, with Edm. Wilford, clk., lands without licence, from John Compton. Westm., 28 April.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
28. Th. Grengres. Licence to enfeoff John and Nich. Grengres, Nich. Rocwode, Geo. Drury, John Wodward, jun., and Robt. Wodward, and their heirs, of lands in Great Fakenham and Shafton, Suff. Westm., 28 April.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
28. Martin Coffyn, bookbinder, native of Normandy. Denization. Westm., 28 April.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 40.
29. Arthur Somerset and George Brown, lancers of Calais. To be masters of the artillery and habiliments of war in the above town; with 12d. a day for themselves and certain yeomen under them; the office having been granted to the said Arthur alone. Westm., 29 April.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2,. m. 5.
30. Geo. Wytwang. Protection for Wm. Pratte, of Norwich, worsted weaver als. carrier; going to serve in the war. Westm., 30 April 16 Hen. VIII.—P. S.


  • 1. Dated in margin, 4 May, in the same hand as the letter.
  • 2. Corrected from Whittingham.
  • 3. The date 4 May is placed in the margin.
  • 4. The words "last" and "April" are written on an erasure in place of 7 May, which date also occurs in the margin.
  • 5. Nicholas Schomberg.
  • 6. See another copy in Bergenroth's Span. Calendar, II. 623.