Henry VIII: February 1527, 16-28

Pages 1291-1310

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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February 1527

16 Feb.
Vit. B. IX. 54.
B. M.
It is very difficult to determine the full sense of this document, in consequence of the mutilation; but it appears that Philip de Villers Lisle Adam, master of the Rhodian knights, who had lately returned from France, and stayed at Calais, wishing to collect money and other property belonging to the Order, was prevented from so doing by an order from the King of England that no money or men should be allowed to leave the kingdom. The Pope writes to Wolsey to have this order repealed, and to use his influence to further the interests of the knights. Rome, 16 [Feb. 1527], 4 Clement VII.
Lat. Add. Endd. in modern hand: 16 Feb. 1527.
16 Feb.
Vit. B. IX. 15.
B. M.
News has come from Lombardy that ... Vistarinus has taken six ships bringing provisions to the Spaniards, and has had an engagement with the Imperialists, with little loss to himself, and much to them. The Germans who were at Milan had collected their baggage with a view to their departure, but afterward changed their minds. The Venetian horse made excursions into the suburbs of Milan without opposition. The Pope is very angry at a haughty letter written by Fieramosca to the Legate. Renzo has not yet taken his departure, but is busy in levying troops, &c.
News from Lombardy. The Modenese have taken in successful ambush provisions sent by the duke of Ferrara to Carpi. The Marquis of Saluzzo has taken 100 prisoners in the mountains of Pla ... Other news of little moment.
Lat., pp. 3. Headed: Ex literis D. Gregorii, xvi. [Feb.], Romæ datis.
In Vannes' hand.
16 Feb.
R. O.
Since the last letters from himself and Russell, the Pope has changed his opinion. He had before intended to remain with the French and them, but now wishes Russell to go to the Viceroy to bring back the commission he has for treating for a suspension of arms. D. Albertus (fn. 1) and the other French try to prevent this, as they do not think it suitable at present, but advise waiting till the Viceroy proposes it himself, to which he will be compelled by need. Two days after, the Pope signified to him that it should be deferred, and that he would not send Russell, but he would carry on the war vigorously in several places, as he is doing. He has sent 2,000 foot to Tarracina; and D. de Vadimonte is going thither with the galleys to make some attempt on the Neapolitan territory. The Pope was contented that Renzo should spend the money sent by the Christian king on the expedition to Abruzzo. He has sent to take a town called Rokka Papæ, which stopped the supplies of his army.
Russell, on leaving, said to his Holiness that he would not treat for a suspension of arms with the Viceroy alone; but it would be concluded for Lombardy as well, where Bourbon has the upper hand. Russell advised the Pope not to make the suspension, unless the Viceroy would give up a town in Lombardy to be held by the king of England as security for its observance, and the Pope will gladly do the same, though it would be more just for the Imperialists to do it, as they will keep more forces in Lombardy. Does not himself wish for a suspension, for the true way to peace will not be so open as by active war. The sole injury which it will inflict on the Imperialists will be the difficulty, during a suspension, of entertaining so great a body of fresh Germans. They will be able to keep the Germans and Spaniards in Milan and Naples in the customary way, but it will not be so easy with the others.
Letters from Gabriel Cesanus, who is staying with Guicciardini at Piacenza, and from others at the same place, say that the marquis of Guasto sent to the prince of Orange four handsome horses, which have been intercepted by Paulus Luciaskus. The Prince, enraged at the insult, marched against Piacenza, and was met by the forces of Luciaskus, Claudius Rangoni, Ludovico de Fermo, and the marquis of Mantua, who defeated him, and captured captains Zuckarus, Skalange, and Grugnus, 150 horsemen, and 100 harquebuss-men. Claudius Rangoni nearly took prisoner the Prince, who had a horse killed under him.
The Ambassador of the duke of Urbino has lately arrived, and told him all his master says about the war. He says that if the Pope allows them to carry it on, he will be sure to conquer, for the Spaniards and Germans can take no towns, and, if they want to do anything, will be forced to go to Florence, where they will be easily broken up. This message was very distressing to the Pope. Russell and Casale urged him to send a good number of foot to Florence, and to punish those there. If he does this, Bourbon and the Viceroy will not be able to do any damage without a miracle. He seems willing to do it, and Casale's great anxiety is to bring it about. The Pope has ordered nine Florentines who spoke against him to be arrested.
Letters from Bourbon to the Viceroy have been intercepted, asking him to come to an agreement with the Pope as soon as possible, that he may the sooner send money, without which it is impossible to keep the Germans any longer; and asking him whether he wished for two dukes of Milan. Supposes he said this on account of the talk of the division of the duchy, and that each should keep the towns he held. The Pope and the Court derive great consolation from the fact that the King takes his part not only by assisting him, but by advising him, and that Russell has warned the French king that it is time to leave off hunting. The Pope feels safe. The King has surpassed all expectations. Russell left four days ago, but there has been no news from him as yet.
Pp. 4, Lat. Headed: Ex l'ris d'ni Gregorii, die 16 Febr. datis.
17 Feb.
Cal. D. IX.
B. M.
2892. [FRANCIS I.] to DE VAULX.
Leaves the reply to his two letters to his ambassadors now going to England, who, he hopes, will express his great and daily obligations to the King and Cardinal. Has news from Venice that the Pope has consented to an eight days' truce in Naples with a view to one for three years, which the Signory refuses to enter, as discreditable to the Pope, and a breach of faith with France. Has called to council the ambassadors of Venice and the duke of Milan, and exposed the dangers of such a truce in presence of the bishop of Bath. Is determined to hold fast by his league with the Venetians, and counteract the designs of the Emperor. The bishop of Bath is writing on this matter to Wolsey. Hopes England will not suffer from the total ruin of Italy, which is certain, unless prompt measures be taken. St. Germain-en-Laye, 17 Feb.
Copy? Fr., mutilated, pp. 5. Begins: Mons. de Vaulx. Endd.: ... "du Roy du xvijme jour."
17 Feb.
Gal. B. IX. 7.
B. M.
On behalf of Mathisse Rynesset, native of Brabant, widow of Thos. Com, Englishman. She and her son are refused his property in England, his relations saying that the son, being born out of England, cannot inherit. Malines, 17 Feb. 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
18 Feb.
Cal. D. X. 21.
B. M.
2894. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
* * * "[cal]lyd the captain Suc[caro, one who is of great] name and fame amongst [them] ... also that he would depeche immediately to Rome ... he sent by him unto the Pope 20,000 d[ucats] ... Pope 50,000 ducats, which resteth ... dismes, and said that the Pope should gath[er] ... and that the Pope might, if necessity should s ... there by merchants, though he should leese v ... the whole. That to encourage the Pope he had [sent word] that without doubt he had concluded the matrym[ony with my] lady Princess, and that without doubt withi[n a short time] both he and also his brother the king of England [would be in] readiness to encamp themselves against the Emperor ... [two months (fn. 2) ] exhorting his Holiness all that he can by [all means] possible not to forsake the League. He said also that [it would assist] and help much to his purpose, that the King's high[ness send some] man thither to encourage his Holiness, this is ... hath shewed me to advertise the King's high[ness and your] Grace." [St.] Germains, where lieth the French coor[t]. [18] Feb.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: [To] my lord Legate's good [grac]e. Endd.: xviij. ...
18 Feb.
Cal. E. II. 10.
B. M.
2895. [FRANCIS I.] to Mons. DE VAULX.
Since writing last has had letters from the marquis of Saluces, dated the 8th and 9th inst., informing him of "la f..." of the suspension of arms made by the Pope with the viceroy of Naples for eight days (j[ours]). The suspension has had little [effect], for the papal army has raised the siege of Frizolon, and greatly damaged the Viceroy's army, so that it is said to be defeated.
Has seen a letter to this effect from cardinal Trevoulx, legate with the army, to Guichardin, "... de sa saintedé, estant à Parmes avec ledit ma[rquis]," advising the Pope to refuse the terms offered by the Viceroy through Ce[sar] Ferramousque, and the general of St. Francis, and saying that it would be better to employ the 200,000 cr. which they wish to extort from him, in exterminating the enemy. Desires him to communicate this to the king of [England] and the cardinal of York, and also to inform them that before Piacenza, Captain S ... and Gigarro, a Burgundian captain, have been taken, and the prince of Orange narrowly escaped. Encloses the Marquis's letter. He must urge the King and Cardinal to send quickly to Rome to support the Pope, for the King's authority and the Cardinal's advice are of much weight. If the war is carried on for a few months, the enemy will be ruined. St. Germain-en-Laye, 18 Feb.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 2.
18 Feb.
[Cal. E. I. II ?]
B. M.
2896. [ROBERTET to the FRENCH AMBASSADOR in England.]
His last letters and the honorable proposals of the king of England and Wolsey have been very agreeable [to the King].
Has had very important news from Rome, "et de grande per ... de perdre le Pape, qui estait commencement de dissolu[tion] de ceste Saincte Ligue." The King wished him to be informed of it, as well as of the victory of his Holiness's army, and he feels sure that by assisting his Holiness in the expences of the war, they will retain him in the League, and thus ruin the enemies of the League. He, therefore, desires the Ambassador, besides what Mons. de Ba[yonne] has written, and also the Papal and Venetian ambassadors, to persuade the King and Cardinal to encourage and assist his Holiness.
Have just heard "que [l'armee de] sadite Sainctete apres avoir leve le Vice[roy] toute son armee du siege Fresolon, et ... en tel desordre qu'on en peut faire in ... roupture, a tellement poursuivy ledit Vice[roy qu'on] espere quil naura moyen ny temps de se so ..." The King has made all the preparations he thought necessary, and no time shall be lost on his side.
It is necessary for him to remain "a lentour de mondit Sieur le..." and he can be with the ambassadors, whom he will find men of honor and tractable. The King, Madame, and the queen of Navarre are well. St. Germain-en-Laye, 18 Feb.
Fr., pp. 3, mutilated. Endd.: De Mons. ... Robertet, du 18me.
Cal. D. x. 20.
B. M.
2897. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
* * * my logyng Monsieur ... ambassators now deputyd from he ... shewyd me that he was and his com[pany depe]chyd from the Kyng and shold by the ... hens as this day to Inglond wardys ... [ex]cuse that he was depechyd no rather, a[nd] ... sayd that one cause was by cause he shold l ... to go unto the Kyngs highnes in soche a m[aner] ... the Kyng her as that day had giffyn hym h ... Michaell, whiche att that tyme he had abowt ... gaff as right harty thankys therfor on to the [King,] for who is saake it was giffyn hym as he ... Kyng his master that gaff [it] hym with ... he is a taall personage and wel spokyn an ... moche the Frenche king your Grace wyl ... veray well as I sayd, he sayd thatt this ... set forwardis; not wythstondyng I ... be gone to Parise wher they h * * *
Hol. Mutilated, and very much defaced.
"Ex literis Romæ diei vi. et ex curia Christianissimi diei xviii. Præsentis mensis."
The duke of Urbino had crossed the Po with all his forces, numbering 15,000 foot, 1,400 heavy armed horse, and 2,000 light. The enemy were united, the Germans at Pontenurum, five miles beyond Placentia; the Spaniards near Placentia, at Trebia, eight miles from the German camp. Placentia is well fortified. Count Guido is within. It is supposed the enemy will rather invade Tuscany (Thuscia) or Romandiola. The Germans had not all that time more than two gold pieces and one pair of shoes, but they made no complaint. The duke of Ferrara had given them money, but did not dare to trust himself to them, lest he should be taken, and have to expend his treasures. There is skirmishing about Placentia, in which our side has always come off victorious. The Imperial captains Zuccaro and Scandini have been taken, with 80 horse, and the prince of Orange has had a narrow escape. Victory over the Viceroy. The lord Vademont had arrived with 30,000 [men ?]. Russell was in Civita Vecchia, and was expected next day at Rome, where a lodging was made ready for him in the Papal palace.
The abbot of Farfa, of the Orsini family, had been taken and confined in the castle of St. Angelo, for a conspiracy against the Pope. The French king was going to send Langes to Rome on the 19th inst., with 20,000 gold crowns, and promised to send 20,000 more to Peter of Navarre, for 5,000 or 6,000 foot to man the fleet. He had also assigned 50,000 others to the Nuncio in France, "ut possit se de illis valere." He will now follow Wolsey's advice, and reject the practices of the Emperor. "Fere fuit acceptata conditio servitutis propter frigida opera suæ Majestatis." The Pope has delayed returning thanks to the King and Wolsey till he should speak with Russell.
Lat., p. 1.
18 Feb.
R. O.
"Ex litteris oratoris Veneti apud Chrm Regem, date (sic) die 18 hujus."
On the 17th, letters came from Italy, dated 8 Feb., from the marquis of Saluzzo to the French king, that on the 4th (?) dom. Renzo de Ceri "liberavit ab obsidione Forsolene in qua erat Vicerex," and killed some who were in custody there, on which the Viceroy left the castle "sine pulsatione tubarum." They left some munitions, iron balls and baggage, but took away their guns, though many fled in disorder. The Pope's men pursued. The legate Triulci writes from the camp that if the Pope were now to send ten cartloads of breves (curus brevorum) to procure a suspension of arms, he would not be obeyed. The Marquis also writes that the duke of Bourbon (dux Barbonius), with the Spaniards and lanceknights, went towards Tuscany, "et cum ei apareret pessima via, et quod provisum ubique erat, rediere, tentare vellens si Placentiam obtinere possent. Ex Placentia exiit d. Paulus Luzascus (?) com aliquibus viris bonis et congressere simul, onbe (unde ?) fugaverunt gentes illas, et capti sunt quatuor capita, inter quos est capitaneus Zucarus et Scalengus."
The ambassadors of the French king were to be at Boulogne on the 21st; "et hoc quia Rev. episcopus de Terbe erat indispositus, et mansere per diem Montarol" (Montreuil).
The ambassador also writes that he sent me "litteras publicas" on the 16th, and informed me of the provisions made in favor of the League by Francis; which letters have not yet arrived.
Lat., p. 1.
19 Feb.
R. O.
Extract from letters of the duke of Milan, dated 19 Feb.
Acknowledges that the 50,000 ducats given him by the King (ista Christianissima Majestas) in the late war was the chief cause of his victory, and the recovery of his dominion. Hopes the King will still support him and befriend Italy. Considering his expences in maintaining armies against France and Scotland, would sooner have taxed his subjects, and mortgaged all his rents for two years, than ask aid of him; but has no other resource. The issue of the war cannot be doubtful, unless it be for want of money. Has written the enclosed letters to the King and Cardinal, whose intercession his correspondent is to bespeak for him.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.
19 Feb. 2901. For ATHELNEY ABBEY.
Congé d'élire on the death of John Harte, last abbot.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4.
19 Feb.
R. O.
Since they wrote to him, have endeavored to complete their journey in all possible diligence, but have been compelled to make some stay, as the bishop of Tarbe had an attack of megrims, and is tonight obliged to take medicine. Will, however, under any circumstances, resume their journey after tomorrow, considering how urgent Francis is that they should do so. De Vaulx may use his discretion about informing the king of England and Wolsey. Montereuil-sur-la-Mer, 19 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. de Vaulx, [am]bassadeur pour [le] Roy en Engleterre.
[20] Feb.
Galba, B. VI. 4.
B. M.
Since writing last has received no letters from Wolsey. Trusts that he now has ample information of the execution done upon English books in Antwerp and Barrow. They will also try the other books sent by Wolsey with the signature of the bishop of London. Wrote to Tuke that Scotch merchants buy these books, and convey them to Edinburgh and St. Andrew's. While he was at Barow, hearing that the Scotch ships were in Zealand, went thither, hoping to make a fire of the books, but the ships had left a day before his arrival, "so I must a taken patience for all my labor, with lewyng my lady ... is letters and good instruction with my lord of Bevers and the rent master of ... concerning the foresaid business."
The margrave of Antwerp and the drossard of Berghes asked to have sent from England a [notifi]cation of particular articles of heresy contained in the said books, so that they might lawfully burn the books, and punish the printers, buyers, and sellers, in body and goods; otherwise they cannot legally do so.
The ambassadors of the king of Bohemia have made their proposition the ... inst., as privily as possible. Only my Lady, the lords of the Order, and the lord of Palermo were present, and the council chamber was kept by two of her stewards in place of ushers, so that no one could enter. During the making of the proposition by Dr. Fabry, was with the earl of Orthynboroghz, called Salamanke. The effect of the proposition is to have aid to resist the attack which the Turk intends to make upon Christendom, beginning with Hungary, and proceeding to Austria, and as far as he can without meeting competent resistance. To this my lord of Palermo answered, that my Lady would communicate with her Council, and give him a reply in three days. The reply has been more secret than the proposition, but Hacket is informed that the Ambassador wished the States of the countries to be assembled at Mechlin, so that they might make a general proposition, ending with a petition of aid from the States. The Emperor or lady Margaret has lately made a petition for 900,000 fl. from Brabant, to be paid in five years, to which consent has not yet been given; but they trust that before Fabry's return from England it will be, and then they will assist him according to the Emperor's pleasure.
Salamanke left here for England on Sunday, with 30 or 32 horses, of which 18 are his, and the remainder belong to gentlemen of Dutchland, who go with him to see the countries at their own expence.
Hochstrate tells Hacket that the King has sent much money with Russell to deliver to the Pope, if the game was coming to his advantage, but not otherwise. He says also that he hears from Dutchland that Wallop has been seen at Venice. Replied that he knew nothing of it, but that it was certain all that the King and Wolsey did was for the peace of Christendom. He answered, that if it were so, he trusted the Emperor knew it, for it was time that Christian princes should take some good conclusion together. Told him that the Emperor has written to lady Margaret that the Pope has written to say that he wishes to come to him in Spain. Hears that Mr. George (Fronsperg), the captain of the Dutchmen in Italy, is as great a Lutheran as may be, and much inclined to displease the Holy Church.
The last publication of gold and silver on Jan. 1, of which he sent Wolsey a copy before Christmas, is well kept through all these countries. Another publication will be made on March 1, that gold and silver shall go after the old manner, at the rate of 14s. 2d. F. the r ... noble, 12s. 6d. the Henricus, 9s. 6d. the angel, "and all other gold and silver ... avenant."
Since the last publication, 47,000 marks of bullion have come to Antwerp, and enough cannot be forged to satisfy the commonalty, "for now it is found ... the third penny of all payments that was wont to go in thy ... is now but byllon (bullion)."
Has lately received a letter from "mons. le Mr. Hesdynge, w[ho] is, with the cardinal of Luke, much made of," (neither of whom comes to the court, for the Cardinal will not, and Hesdynge cannot,) asking to be recommended to Wolsey, and to send news of him. Mechlin, ... Feb. (fn. 3)
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: My lord Legate.
20 Feb.
Galba, B. IX.
B. M.
Yesterday one of the master stewards of lady Margaret dined with him. He said my Lady had bidden him send Hackett wine, as his predecessors have had; but Hoghestrat, being present, said that there was no need to give wine to solicitors, as it is the pre-eminence of ambassadors. Sees that [Hoghestrat], for all his fair words, loves him no more than he does the King or Wolsey. Thanked the steward, and told him that his Grace, who gives him meat, can also give him drink, ... "chereys him and my said Lady's gentle[men] when it pleases them to come to my per..." Spoke this on his own authority, trusting that Wolsey will be good and gracious unto him. Machlyng, 20 Feb. 1526.
P.S.—Hopes Wolsey will allow the forty marks he received here by his commandment for the extraordinary expences he has had in coming, going and abiding at Antwerp, Barrow and elsewhere, and the inquisitions he has done at Ghent, Bruges, Brussels, Louvain and elsewhere, about the heretical books.
Hol., pp. 2.
20 Feb. 2905. ELIZ. LADY CLIFFORD.
Her will. Proved, 20 Feb. 1526. Printed in Nicholas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 626.
21 Feb.
R. O.
Writ by Wolsey for the citation of Ric. and Thos. Wodwarde, and Wm. Lockewodde, of London, to appear before him at St. Paul's, to answer certain articles at the suit of Margaret Haworthe. Westm., 21 Feb. 1526.
Copy, Lat. Endd.: C. contra Lockwood.
[21 Feb.] (fn. 4)
Vit. B. IX. 55.
B. M.
2907. [GREGORY CASALE to _.]
The post was not sent out last night, as had been intended; for Laurentius Toscanus urged the same arguments as he had used before to Langeais, and created doubts. This day Sanga arrived from the Datary with news that the Viceroy had retreated to Ceperano, and had requested the Legate to send a commissioner. Sanga wishes efforts to be made for peace. Russell and I told them that we would not promise for the king of England to be conservator of it, nor would we urge the King to it, except we had good security on the part of the Pope, "et eorum receptis prius bonis promissionibus bancorum de bona summa pecuniarum vel potius locorum munitorum." All the conditions, as I showed, were exclusively favorable to the Emperor. Hereupon the Imperialists were in a rage, and were supported by the archbishop of Capua, who arrogantly affirmed that Russell had assured them he would confirm the arrangement in the name of the King. Urged that no conclusion should be made without consulting the Venetians, who would gladly come to an arrangement on condition that the Viceroy would consent to send away his German troops into Germany, and his Spaniards into Hungary. Two hours were wasted in this dispute. In the end the General agreed with me, and was anxious for a general suspension of arms. We reported all to the Datary, urging him to use his influence with the Pope not to consent to any arrangement absque nostra securitate. Are now going to his Holiness to remonstrate against any arrangement without the French and the Venetians; and we offer, in case that he is pressed for money, that the King and Wolsey shall supply it.
News of various movements in Italy. The mole of Gaeta has been taken by Andrea Doria. The Venetians have laid siege to Cechanum. The Pope has promised St. Leo (Sanctum Leum) to the duke of Urbino. Russell will go to Venice to urge a suspension of arms. (fn. 5) In case of necessity, the French and English kings, it was said, would consent to it. As this can now be done with good security, Russell will ask the Venetians to join. The Pope took advice of the archbishop of Capua. He is content to wait until the return of his Legate from the Viceroy.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 5. In Vannes' hand. The last leaf separated from the others.
21 Feb.
Calig. D. x.
B. M.
2908. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
* * * "the Pope being in a ... [d]etermined to have concluded a ... under such form and manner as [will appear] by my last letters, he did also go ... suspension of armour for eight days ... might in the mean season have [knowledge of] the Venetians consent and accession to ... but it should seem that the Viceroy," who is besieging the castle of ... would not [consent] thereto, hoping to take it, as it was destitute of victuals. The Pope's legate, and the other governors of his army, have now caused him to raise the siege, and retreat [with his] whole army shamefully; in which flight ... slain and taken.
"Item, that the a ... being chief and head of the Ursyns ... and fair promises by thim * * * Florence was right well furny[shed, and had resolved to] defend themselves, and had wri[tten to the king of] Navarre to be their captain." The ... and Venetians were ready to ... lanceknights, but there was some controversy which should go first. The Imperialists were in great confusion. [Bourbon] and the Viceroy accused each other of slowness. They are without money. The Pope has great cause for thankfulness. He ought to take courage at this success, and not to be so h[asty in] concluding with the Viceroy.
The King tells him that signor Renzo Ursino is the Pope's captain, and that they came so near the Viceroy "that they shot ..., and that the Viceroy had burned his powder, and by force of ... haul away his artillery;" that in the flight Renzo had taken and slain twelve banners and companies, and put the residue to total ruin; "that the Pope hereupon had taken * * * great hurt done th... self is gone to Naples, the most ... themself in certain castles of the ... delivered the King's money, and therewith ... life and spirit in his body again ... such help as they have promised and ... still. It should seem that Master Russell is comy ... in this matter, then all the help the French king ... months afore." Poissy, 21 [Feb.]
The prior of Rome, (fn. 6) the Legate's brother, has returned, for whose entertainment [they] do give most hearty thanks. Is sure the Legate will remember it.
Pp. 3. Part in his own hand. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: ... Feb.
23 Feb.
Otho, C. IX.
B. M.
Wrote lately the reason "cur Niciæ tanto ... prius ad conventum meum non venerim." The business of Sampford could not be managed without a decree of the general chapter. Thos. Docray, the prior, has now received orders to do as Wolsey wishes. Begs him to induce the King to revoke his letter forbidding any goods belonging to the Order to be carried out of the kingdom, and ordering all the English knights to repair to Calais. Hopes he will assist them to establish the order ... [Viterb]o, 23 Feb. 1527. Signed.
Pp. 2, Lat., mutilated.
23 Feb.
Vit. B. IX. 59.
B. M.
The messenger sent to the Viceroy has returned to the Legate. The Viceroy has shown him letters from the Emperor, urging him to make peace, and therefore the Legate should not wonder that the war proceeded tardily. This is looked upon as a Neapolitan trick, for he is transporting his artillery across the river. Renzo has come to Rome. Paulus Rezius has told the Pope that the king of France has promised him to move against Navarre in March. The Pope is more inclined than ever to a truce, saying that Langeais has only brought 20,000 instead of 100,000 scudi. He will, however, forbear till Russell returns from Venice. What he is most moved by is the danger of Florence, and, from his concern to sacrifice all measures to its security, he cannot be moved. He urged that any suspension of arms was considered inexpedient by the king of England without extreme necessity, and there was none such at present.
ii. Letters from the same of the 26 Feb.
On the approach of the Imperialists to St. Don. ... Guicciardini and Saluzzo retired to Regiana, ten miles from Parma. Count Guido has entered Modena, and we have endeavored to fortify the Pope against this ill news. He told us he had received several letters urging him to a suspension of arms. We told him to remember what Guicciardini and others had written, that Florence was wholly impregnable, especially after it had been fortified after the plans of Peter of Navarre. Combated his fears with various arguments. He says if he is the cause of bringing an army into Tuscany, all his relatives will be banished. For these and other reasons, and the tardiness of aid from France, the Pope is much inclined to an arrangement. Sends information of the conditions between the Pope and Feramosca, and of an action at Piacenza, in which captains Brandon and Nau were taken.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 4. In Vannes' hand.
23 Feb.
R. O.
2911. REVENUE.
Account of moneys derived from taxes in the hands of the tellers of the Exchequer, audited by Sir Will. Compton, under-treasurer of England, 23 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII., viz., in the hands of—
1. John Hasylwod:—Of the 15ths and 10ths granted in the 4th year, 70s.; of those granted in the 7th, 55l. 1s. 6d. Of the subsidy of 110,000l., 75s. Of the subsidy of 6d. per £, 14l. 19s. 4d. Of the first payment of subsidy, 8l. 2s. 8d; of the second, 422l. 4s. 11d.; of the third, 298l. 11s.; of the fourth, 126l. 2s. 8d. Total, 932l. 7s. 1d.
2. Will. Gonson (the items classified as above, under different headings): total, 861l. 16s. 8d.
3. Hen. Everard: total, 2,186l. 1s. 10d.
4. Rob. Fowler: total, 140l. 4s. 4½d.
Total, paid over to Sir Hen. Wyatt, 4,120l. 9s. 11½d.
ii. Moneys derived from the Crown revenues in the tellers' hands, 15 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.; viz., John Hasylwod, 788l. 8s. 5d.; Hen. Everard, 751l.; Will. Gonson, 392l. 13s. 8d. Total, paid to Wyat, 1,932l. 2s. 1d.
Pp. 3. Endd.
R. O. Fly leaf of a similar account, endorsed "A view of account made to Sir William Cumpton of the King's revenues in the Exchequer, from Ester to Mychelmas, in the 18th year of Kyng H. the VIIIth."
R. O. 2. A view of accounts of the tellers of the Exchequer, from Mich. 18 to Easter 19 Hen. VIII., by Sir Will. Compton, under-treasurer of England, showing the sums in the hands of John Hasylwod, Hen. Everard, and Will. Gonson. In all, 1,932l. 2s. 1d.
Pp. 3.
24 Feb.
Vit. B. IX. 61.
B. M.
Found [the Viceroy] in a town of the Pope's called Ciprane, and with him all the great princes of Naples. Declared his commission [urging] him to peace;—that the Emperor was inclined to the same, and had requested the King to interpose in that behalf. He replied he would be glad to do the King as much service as he could; saying further "that the doon Huge Moncale and the ge[neral of] St. Francis order had authority to do the same;"—that he had not failed in this respect, but had sent Cæsar Feramosca to conclude. I showed the Viceroy that "if he sent in commission to restore the Colloigneiz," or to demand any such sums of money as he had done before, his labour was vain. He urged that the Pope had consented to give 200,000 ducats for the departure of the lanceknights, and the truce of three years. Russell replied that the offer had never been concluded, and asked the Viceroy what answer he had to give to the proposals made to him by the King and Wolsey. He referred them to Feramosca; whereupon Feramosca, who takes the Imperialists' more than the Pope's part, proposed a suspension of arms for twelve months (the Viceroy wished it for three years), omitting all former demands, or any security to the Pope.
"Then Sir Gregory and I went to the Pope to know what he had done, and he showed us of the before rehearsed." We told him it was not the King's mind or Wolsey's that he should conclude the peace alone, nor was it for his honor and profit to do so. On this he sent for the French and Venetians, and endeavoured in vain to induce them to join. He is much urged by the Florentines and the bishop of Capua to conclude the treaty, so that we have been with him three or four days, five or six hours at a time, to oppose their arguments. He complains of poverty, and if he had not been helped by the King, he must have consented to the terms of the Viceroy. He is afraid that Florence will be sacked by the Spaniards and Almains, and make an arrangement without him;—that the duke of Urbino sticks on the other side of the Po, and will not join the French king's army, and now, either from go[ut] or ague, has retired 25 miles from his forces. The Duke asked the Pope for a castle "which Pope Leo did win, and now the Florentines hath it." It is thought that the Duke is discontented, and the Pope said the Duke did not love him, and he was sorry he commanded the Venetian army, for he would do nothing for his profit or safety. Had much ado to prevent the Pope from making this appointment without security.
Have now made the Imperialists give security for 200,000 ducats, but delay it as much as possible, hoping that some arrangement in the meantime may be made in England. For this purpose Russell offered to go to Venice to speak with the Signory and the bishop of Bayeux. When Langiez departed, he promised to return at the end of this month, and bring 100,000 crowns, and the Pope engaged to do nothing till his return. He will also wait for Russell's return, who will endeavour to persuade the Venetians to enter the League, or join the Pope's army effectually. He complains very much of Francis, from whom he has only received 20,000 ducats for two months, and is now behind four or five. He was also to have had 50,000 ducats of the [crusade] levied in France, of which the King gets 300,000 ducats. The Neapolitans are disaffected towards the Imperialists. Rome, 24 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 5, mutilated. Add.: [To my] lorde [Legate]s grace.
25 Feb.
R. O.
2913. ITALY.
1. [The Signory of Venice] to their Ambassador at Rome.
(Headed:)—Oratori in Curia, die 25 Februarii.
We received yesterday your letters of the 19th, 20th, and 21st, informing us that Russell had returned to the Pope with Cæsar Feramosca, and proposed a truce on the conditions contained in the articles, and that his Holiness, contrary to our expectation, was inclined to listen to it. Are much grieved at the intelligence, especially considering the success they have had by sea and land against the Viceroy, and here in Lombardy by the accession of the count Gaiaco. Believe that Paulus Regius must be with his Holiness, as they understand from their ambassador in France that he left that court on the 13th, having an excellent dispatch from the French king, who is most eager to continue the war, and was going to send Langeais with 20,000 crowns over and above those which he sends in the way of tenth every month to the Pope. Have no doubt that the Pope sees clearly the pious disposition of England both towards the Church and towards Italy, and that he knows well Henry would not fail to send him aid. Are assured by their ambassador that the King and Wolsey are continually urging Francis to help his Holiness and also Italy, which they trust will be benefited by the intended marriage. There need be no fear of Lombardy, and they trust that Tuscany is safe, for they cannot suppose the Imperialists will take that road, otherwise they will be in danger of perishing from hunger, having behind them the allied army, which will pursue them everywhere.
Is to urge the Pope to persevere in the war without fear, and not make peace or truce without the consent of France and England. The Pope knows what expences they are at by land and sea, yet they were willing to pay half the wages of 7,000 foot, along with the Florentines; and, as they declared in their letters of the 14th, they are ready to shed their own blood in behalf of his Holiness. The expedition cannot fail to have a prosperous issue, if the Pope do but remain stedfast; and in order to keep him so they will give him, notwithstanding their great expences, 30,000 crowns for these two months, sending one half to Rome next month, and the remainder in April.
Lat., Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. "Exemplum capitulorum tractatorum cum D. Cæsare Ferramosca."
An armistice agreed upon between the Emperor, France, and Venice, which Francis shall be allowed till the 10th April, and Venice till the 23rd March to accept. Each party to retain what they have, except places taken by the Pope in the kingdom of Naples, or by the Imperialists in the States of the Church, which shall be restored. All rebellions of vassals to be pardoned, except the intrigues of the Colonnas and their accomplices with don Hugo, and the attack on Rome. Portus Herculis to be restored to Sienna, on their restoring the artillery they have taken to the Church and the Florentines. The Venetians to be at liberty to receive in their ports the armed vessels of allies. The contracting parties to be bound to mutual defence;—the Pope, if necessary, to protect Naples and Sienna with 300 horse of heavy, and 500 of light armour, and 3,000 foot, and the States of the Church and Florentines with 800 heavy and 1,000 light horse, and 6,000 foot. Armies and fleets to be withdrawn on both sides. Free enjoyment of benefices to be permitted to the owners.
If, however, before the terms of this armistice reach England, any negotiations for peace or suspension of hostilities have been concluded by the King and Wolsey, the conclusion made in England is to take precedence of this, and the present conditions regarded as merely supplementary, or, if opposed to the other, as wholly null. The king of England is asked to be protector of this arrangement. The parties to be bound to each other in 200,000 ducats for its observance. The Pope to suspend all interdicts made in consequence of the war, and trade to be free, &c.
Lat., Pp. 8. Endd.
25 Feb.
Vesp. C. IV. 43. B. M.
2914. LEE to HENRY VIII.
Sent a duplicate of the despatch entrusted to Chr. Mores, who left on the 1st. Salcedo, the Queen's servant, returns with a physician, who is right honest, and of a good stock in Biscay, "neither Judæus ne Maranus ne Maurus, which is here rare." It was thought convenient to take him, as he has no wife, and thus avoid seeking for new physicians, "which, if they be good and without spot of evil generation, be hard to get here." He has been in practice eight years. He has practised at Montpelier. Thought this information important, as he is to serve the King as well as the Queen. News has come out out of Italy that the Viceroy with 28,000 men is within six leagues of Rome, and Bourbon has left Milan with 10,000 men. The young Princes are in Alpando, and it is thought will be had to Segovia. The Empress entered the 22nd, and because she is with child, was carried more than 400 English miles in a litter on men's backs,—eight before, and eight behind.
News is come from don Ferdinand that the Turk intends to return. It is feared he will be joined by Bayoer, who has usurped the crown of Hungary. A knight of Prussia sues to the Emperor, declaring that their Grand Master has become a Lutheran, and married the sister of the usurping king of Denmark,—has taken in fee the lands belonging to the Order, and holds them of the king of Poland as his vassal. You see how all things go backwards, and nothing towards the advancement of tranquillity in Christendom; but all proceeds from worse to worse whilst these two Princes are not agreed. Valladolid, 25 Feb.
Hears that posts still run between the Pope and the Viceroy.
Hol., Pp. 3. Endd.: "The 15th of February 1527" (sic).
25 Feb.
Otho, C. IX. 49. B. M.
After the taking of Rhodes, the Pope granted Viterbo to the Order as a residence, until some more convenient place could be found. Wished to hold a general chapter, to deliberate about the interests of the religion, but the brethren could not assemble, [on account of the wars,] which were raging everywhere, especially in Italy. "Ecce literis quorund[am] ... volentium certior efficior Christianissimum regem Galliarum, qui paulo ante a milite Cæsar ... ipsum Cæsarem proficisci cum summa spe componendæpacis." Thought this gave him an opportunity of revenging their injuries, and that such princes would not refuse a fleet and army. Went therefore to the Emperor at Toledo, but was disappointed, and came away with the grants of several privileges, after the making of a peace which would not last. Intended to sail from Bourdeaux to visit the king of England, but was recalled by the Pope to his convent, as the recovery of Rhodes and other matters were to be deliberated upon, "cujus alias R. V. Mtem adm ... quippe obsides hujus rei tenemus," as he will hear from Docray. Returned, therefore, and embarked at Nice in their fleet, which lay at Villafranca, and which was with difficulty preserved from the fleets of the Emperor and king of France. Arrived at last with 70 brethren, and received letters which had been kept for some time at Rome, stating that the King had forbidden the goods of the Order to be carried out of England, and calling all the English knights to serve at Calais. Fears this will set an example to other princes. Begs him not to do so, but to favor them as before. Has received his letters from Greenwich, 14 Jan., and will try to accomplish what he wishes. [Vit]erbio, where the convent resides, 25 Feb. 1527. Signed.
Lat., Pp. 2, mutilated.
26 Feb.
R. O.
Attributes to the King's generosity and Wolsey's influence with him the kindness shown to Bernard de Salviati, the Pope's nephew. Rome, 26 Feb. 1527.
Lat. Add.
26 Feb.
R. O.
2917. ITALY.
The Signory [of Venice to their ambassador in England].
"In literis ill. Dominii, diei xxvj. Februarii."
Were exceedingly delighted with your letters of 31 Jan., and 4th and 6th Feb., showing how the King and Cardinal persevered in their good offices in behalf of the Holy League, and in supplying the Pope with the money sent by Russell, and how they had urged the French king to take up arms against the Emperor. Contrary to their expectation, their ambassador at Rome informs them, by letters of the 21st, that the Pope was again treating for an armistice with the Emperor, on conditions of which they send a copy,—a thing most inopportune and injurious both to Italy and England. Have accordingly written to their ambassador a letter, of which they send a copy. Have done their best to dissuade his Holiness from this abstinence, and, besides the aid given to him and the Florentines by their army, have now offered him 30,000 crowns, and to pay 7,000 foot along with the Florentines, provided the Pope will adhere to the League. Desire him to represent to the King and Wolsey the great expence they have been at in giving this new aid, and to request them to exhort the Pope to remain constant, and to help him with money.
As to the Spaniards, when they had decamped from Piacenza towards Parma, count Guido Rangone repaired to Modena, and the Venetian Proveditor-General, along with the marquis of Saluzzo, issued out of Parma, and went to Reggio to pursue the enemy wherever he went. The rest of their army is on the Po. Their captain, the duke of Urbino, has been eight days ill of a fever. Count Gaiaco has gone over from the Emperor to the Pope with 130 horse and 1,200 foot. Are much rejoiced to hear that the French king is sending three ambassadors to England for the conclusion of the marriage. Trust it will lead to a universal peace. When it is concluded the ambassador is to exhibit all those tokens of joy which may express their satisfaction.
Have just received letters from Rome of the 23rd, stating that Russell, who was present when the armistice was negociated, will be shortly at Venice.
Lat., Pp. 3, copy.
26 Feb.
Vit. B. IX. 63*. B. M.
Giving him instructions to despatch his letters by the courier, and send them to the Prothonotary (Gambara), in the matters concerning Venice and the duke of Ferrara, translating them into French that he may understand them better. The Pope is sorry to hear of Russell's misfortune, and sends him a mule and a litter, of which he may make choice. Rome, 26 Feb.
Fr., p. 1. Headed: Copia literarum, &c.
26 Feb.
Vit. B. IX. 64. B. M.
As he wrote on the 10th, Russell went in the name of the Pope and of Henry to the Viceroy, who, though he pretended he could not make truce without money being paid for the dismissal of the Germans, showed that he had no small respect for the King's authority, especially since the late unhappy battle, for at the very time Russell returned he sent hither Cæsar Feramosca to treat once more; and though at first he made but little concession, his offers now satisfy the Pope. He no longer asks for money or land in security, nor for the restitution of the Colonnas; and the Pope, thinking the opportunity should not be lost, would have concluded a truce by this time but that Russell urged that the Signory's consent should be obtained. The Pope, though afraid of a reverse in Lombardy or Tuscany, did not like to refuse; and Russell went off yesterday to Venice to persuade the Signory to enter it. Has no doubt it will be thought very impolitic in his Holiness to submit now, when Tuscany, which has been threatened by the Germans during the last three months, has not yet been invaded; but, considering the little aid they get from France, and the danger of the Florentines making terms for themselves, he is quite right. Certainly, but for the news of Russell's coming with the 30,000 cr., he would have accepted the far worse terms which Feramosca offered before.
We must acknowledge all our late success is owing to the King, whose money has gained for the Pope those 200,000 [cr.] and the cities with which he was going to have bought the truce, and freed him from the necessity of restoring the Colonnas, which went more against the grain with him than anything else. Of all the thousands spent by the King and Wolsey in behalf of the Holy See this has produced most fruit, and, except a victory, the Pope could desire no better issue than this. Nor does this truce invalidate anything that may have been concluded there (istic) beforehand; for there is a special article to that effect, giving the preference to anything that may have been concluded beforehand by the King and Wolsey. It is agreed besides that England is to promise for the observance of agreements on both sides. But as I know by your letters, and by what Wolsey always told me, that he does not disapprove of a truce, I need hardly defend his Holiness at such length.
Wrote in my last of the conditions offered by the Pope to the duke of Ferrara, which no one doubted he would accept. He has, however, refused, professing at the same time not to have any hostile intentions towards the Pope. We are sure he is soliciting Bourbon to come on, and that the Germans will move. Have heard that they were joined by the Spaniards on the 20th, and were to remove their camp next day, some think to attack Modena, others to invade Tuscany. To add to our misfortunes, the duke of Urbino, who is ill with fever and gout, went first to Casal Major, then to Gazolum; but it is said, if the Pope would give him St. Leo, he would be well and active again. The hope held out to him by Guicciardini is not enough. Thus every one expects concessions from the Pope which no one else will make for nothing.
The King and Wolsey should warn Francis that amid his enjoyment of hunting he should not let the expedition against the heretics drop, but consider that after the ruin of the Papacy his own will be near at hand. If even at the coming of Langeais they had opened their eyes, things would have been in better state. Has no doubt the intentions of Francis are good, and that he does not desire a victory, but regrets that he has not learned from past calamities to be more careful about the present than about former expeditions. Have warned him thousands of times, yet the French take no heed, believing, as Henry very well said, that they can afterwards raise the dead. You know what urgency we had to use about the war beyond the mountains, and I am sure the Pope would not have concluded the league without that article; for if the Emperor was attacked only in Italy, he could send thither as many troops as he pleased from Spain and Germany.
The Pope is not less magnanimous now than when he was a cardinal, but cannot expose his person to the same dangers when the fate of the Church, of Italy and of Christendom is bound up with his. If he falls the Church and Italy will fall with him; otherwise he would sacrifice himself willingly. He has good reason for fearing the fate of Florence. There has already been a conspiracy there in favor of the Germans.
The act of the Imperial minister in presenting the letters for a council was wanting in modesty. They contained a reply to a brief of the Pope modestly complaining of his treatment, and in the end they concluded that, as there was no suitable judge between the Pope and the Emperor, a council should be held, not mentioning where. It is true that Pompey Colonna appealed to a council at Spires, but the Pope does not care for the words of a madman. The brief was sent into Spain to the Nuncio, and next day letters were sent him that he should not present it, but use it only for his instructions. The letter did not come in time, so the brief was presented. The Emperor was willing to observe the same moderation (eumdem modum); for in another letter, dated the next day, he said he wished to be a good son of the Church, and not speak of a council. I hope the indignation felt by the King and Wolsey on that head will be of service when it comes to the ears of the Emperor. The Pope thanks him. He is expecting with great anxiety a matrimonial alliance between the kings of France and England, as the peace of Christendom depends upon it. Francis was frequently advised about raising up some rival to the Emperor among the princes of Germany, in which the dukes of Bavaria could be employed. On this point Francis had some negotiations with the Count Palatine, but we don't know what has become of it. The king of England wishes to interpose. These dukes are powerful; and in this matter, and in favoring the new king of Hungary, the King and Wolsey have great influence. If the Archduke attempts the expedition he has in hand, it may produce great trouble, and drive the Waywode to an alliance with the Turk; but in this matter it is necessary to strike at once, and not spare cost.
Are somewhat alarmed at the loan expected from Spain by the Emperor. The advice of burning the fleet when it arrived was impracticable. The duke of Ferrara would ridicule the proposition to make him king of Naples. Aquila has revolted to the Pope. Renzo has given orders for raising 3,000 foot. News of various unimportant movements in Italy.
The Pope is sorry to hear of Russell's accident, and that he cannot go to Venice. Does not think the accident serious.
Feramosca left yesterday. He does not think the Viceroy will comply with the terms. We are in great difficulties about provisions for the troops. Triulzi has written to say they have been three days without bread, and deserters are numerous.
Suggest to Wolsey to send his aid in time, and the money that Russell promised if the Pope did not comply with the conditions offered. The French fleet is on the rocks at Savona, and Peter Navarre cannot leave it. The French intend that the 20,000 cr. to be brought by Langeais should be used for Renzo to help the Neapolitan expedition. We shall be obliged, therefore, to work a miracle with five barley loaves and two small fishes.
Lat., mutilated, Pp. 14. Headed: "Roma, xxvj. Februarii."
26 Feb.
R. O. St. P. VI. 566.
Wolsey will know from his last letters what good Russell's arrival in Italy has done, and how it has confirmed the Pope. Hears from Rome that his Holiness has sent Russell to the Viceroy to treat of the truce which the King and Wolsey desired. The Viceroy, however, would not retreat from his first demands about the money, the security, and the restoration of the Colonnas, as Wolsey will see more fully in his brother's letters, which he sends to Mr. Peter (Vannes). Soon after the Viceroy sent Cæsar Feramosca to the Pope; and he, passing over the above demands, gave the Pope a blank sheet, on which the latter wrote his demands, and made an agreement with him, but it has not yet been confirmed or signed. Venice was distressed at this.
Went to the Senate to ask how certain they were of it, and found that they had received the same news as he had. They told him they feared the matter would soon be settled, if it was not now; and they wondered that, now the affairs of the allies were so prosperous, the English ambassadors should arrange a suspension of arms, for they heard that it was Russell who had gone to the Pope to do so. Told them that his brother and Russell had procured this with the consent of the French king and the Venetians, and they ought all to agree about it. Quieted them thus, and advised them to try and keep the Pope from joining this particular convention, and to order their troops to advance to oppose the Germans; for whenever Florence is safe, the Pope is not so eager for a composition. They promised, and ordered their general, Urbino being ill, to move the camp, and make what attempts were necessary.
Yesterday, in consilio Rogatorum, it was decreed to write to the Pope to dissuade him from joining, as it would spoil everything; and the last letters from France state that Mons. Langeais had been dispatched by the King with money, and the Pope ought to recollect Henry's offers of help. They will pay him 30,000 cr. to enable him to resist the enemy, and will do all they can to keep him from this step, which would ruin the whole world. Sends letters he has just received from his brother. The Lords here fear that the next letters will say that the Pope has signed the agreement; and they suspect the English ambassadors of having promoted it, which is not the case. Russell is coming here, and will explain to them his charge. Hopes matters will turn out well. If not, will act so that they may see they are the cause, and not the King or Wolsey. Will protract the matter, and keep the Pope in the right way as much as possible, and will write of his success by the next courier. Venice, 26 Feb. 1527. Signed.
Lat., Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
27 [Feb.]
Vit. B. IX. 73. B. M.
"Ex literis D. Gregorii die xxvij. [Februarii. (fn. 7) ]"
"Comes Hugo et orator Venetus, quibus Pontifex fid ... ex Florentia scribit, qualiter Florentini forti sunt [animo] et optimam faciunt deliberationem obstandi Cæsarianis (sic) venerint; et ex harum literarum occasione conati sumus propulsare timorem quem heri ejus Sanctitas conceperat, eo maxime quod Cæsariani adhuc se non dimoverant a Burgo Saint (fn. 8) Dounino." It is said that Malatesta will go on with the Venetian troops if the duke of Urbino's illness continue. The writer, along with the French and Venetian ambassadors, has remonstrated with the Pope on his unreasonable fears, showing that the enemy, if they went on, would not find one town friendly, while the allies now number 25,000 foot and a large number of horse; that the Imperialists relied on the duke of Ferrara for money, which he will not give unless Modena is taken, and that is impregnable; and that the Duke is inclined to listen to the Pope's terms. The Pope spoke of the complaints of the Florentines, which proceed only from Philip Strozzi, and "necessitatem Fresoloni, de qua diximus esse tacendum et ei occurrrendum, quum ex negligentia accidisset." Expect "provisiones" from the Venetians, especially about Lombardy, which may put the Pope out of all fear. The Pope promised to wait till Russell's return, unless he was compelled, i.e., unless the Imperialists invaded Tuscany.
The Pope has just told Renzo to go on boldly, and he will make no peace if he get help elsewhere. The whole court is delighted that he has been kept from concluding this truce.
Lat., mutilated, Pp. 2.
28 Feb.
R. O.
Names of the prebends, rectories, &c. of the college of Southwell, with their incumbents, to the value of 8l. inclusive and above. Taken 28 Feb. 1526, and including the yearly value and 5th part.
Thos. Wynter's prebend, the highest of all, is valued at 40l. yearly.
Pp. 10, large paper.
ii. Extracts from the grants of the clerical subsidy in convocation.
Pp. 2.
Galba, B. VIII. (157.) B. M.
In behalf of the count Dortembourg, sent by her nephew the king of Hungary to England, for causes touching the Catholic faith and the good of Christendom. Malines,—Feb. '26. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
Galba, B. IX. 9*. B. M.
Asks his favor for the affairs of the king of Hungary, who is sending to him Messire Gabriel de Salamanca conte d'Ortembourg, his councillor and chamberlain. Malines,— (fn. 9) Feb. 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 26 Feb. 1526.
R. O. 2925. BUTLERAGE.
"Declaration of the charges of the provision of 40 tuns French wine, provided for the King's grace at Roene, by Alyn King, in the month of February last past," viz., 18 Hen. VIII.:—
Wine of Bayonne, at 43 francs a tun, each franc being worth 2s. 3d. stg.; "ulage" of the same, 2 hogsheads. Wine of Ancerous, at 23 fr.=51s. 9d. stg. a tun; ulage, 5 puncheons. Wine of Orleans, at 25 fr.; ulage, 3 hhds.
ii. Ordinary charges beyond sea: "for gyndaige, average, prymage, stowage, and brymage," at 10 sous=13½d. sterling a tun. To the "poure menz box" at Roene, 15 deniers a tun. To the vizcount of the town for custom, 2 sous a tun. The officers of the town, and to the vizcount's clerks, for their fees, 4 francs. Freight of wine laden in the Mary of Feckham, at 10s. a tun. To the master of the said ship, "for a pair of hosen, as it is accustomed," 3 francs. For lodemaynage of the said ship in the river of Rone, 4 francs. Freight of 11 tuns laden in the Margaret of Fekham, at 9s. a tun. To the master, for a pair of hosen, 3 francs. For the lodemanage in the river of Rone, 5 francs. Freight of 14 tuns laden in the Christopher of Fekham, at 9s. a tun. To the master, for a pair of hosen, 3 francs. For lodemanage in the river of Rone, 4 francs.
iii. Charges at London:—for "lodemanage, gyndage, average, prymage, stowage, and brymage," 6d. a tun; lighterage, 2d. a tun; carriage, 2d. a tun; cellarage in the storehouse in the Vintry, London, at 4d. a tun; carriage of 17 tuns 2 puncheons "from beneath the bridge to Baynard's Castle," at 12d. a tun. For gauging, 4d. a tun. To the coopers, for filling, at 4d. a tun; for setting on 80 hoops, 6s. 8d. To Alyn King, for his services, 4s. a day. Total, 157l. 17s. 1½d.; of which the said Alayne King has received from the King by way of prest 500 golden crowns, each crown worth 4s. 6d.; also from the King's cofferer in further prest, 200 crowns.
Pp. 3.
Asks him to excuse the attendance of Sir Edw. Croft, one of this council, who is summoned to account for the sheriffwick of Hertfordshire for the year ending at Michaelmas last. He has been much absent by his attendance at this council, and his deputy, Thos. Havard, can best answer therein. The King has ordered Crofte and others of the Council to take a journey for the good order of the Marches, from the end of this week till about the beginning of March. Beaud[ley], ..., 18 Hen. VIII. Signed: Jo. Exon.—Water Devereux—Ja. Denton—Jo. Burnell—John Salter—John Russell.
P. 1, badly mutilated. Add.
Feb./GRANTS. 2927. GRANTS in FEBRUARY 1527.
1. John Rogers. To be clerk of the change and money in the Tower of London, vice John Porth, as held by John Blakeney, John Sandes or Tho. Wilde, in the time of Hen. VI. and Edw. IV. Greenwich, 13 Jan. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
1. Ric. Yarrowe, groom brewer of the Pantry. To be sergeant of the lp. of Radnorland, marches of Wales, with 14s. a year, vice Mores Clune, deceased. Greenwich, 25 Jan. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S.
2. Wm. Crane, master of the Chapel Royal boys. Licence to import Toulouse woad and Gascon wine. Del. Westm., 2 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Chr. Mores. To be chief gunner in the Tower, with 12d. a day. Greenwich, 30 Jan. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Feb.—P.S.
6. Walter Bradford and Tho. Beverley. Wardship of Tho. Witham, kinsman and heir of Margaret Tocottes. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. Rob. Hoggekyns, of Stevynnage, Herts. Pardon for having killed John Lokke, of Walton-at-Stone, Herts, cordwainer, in self-defence. Westm., 8 Feb.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4.
8. Wm. Howlte, of Scotton, Linc., Lindesey. Pardon for having killed Wm. Adam, according to an inquisition taken at Scotton, 22 July 17 Hen. VIII., before Rob. Brokylsbee, coroner. Greenwich, 4 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
8. Geo. Parker, of Waldon, Essex. Pardon for having killed Ralph Russell in self-defence. Westm., 8 Feb.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4.
8. John Poope, of Pettywales, Barking parish, in the city of London, native of Gueldres. Denization. Greenwich, 8 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
10. Wm. Castell, of Marleburgh, Wilts, butcher. Pardon for having broken into the close of Sir John Seymore at Burbage, and stolen two oxen. Del. Westm., 10 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
11. Tho. Warde. Wardship of Wm. s. and h. of Rob. Leghe. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
12. Associations of Justices of Assize.
Oxford Circuit: Tho. Brudenell and John Weste, with Sir John Porte and Wm. Rudhale.
Norfolk Circuit: Tho. Fitzhugh and Wm. Wyat, with Sir Rob. Brudenell and Sir Ric. Broke.
Midland Circuit: John Jenour, with Sir Humphrey Conyngesby and Rob. Norwich. Westm., 12 Feb.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6d.
12. Maurice à Parry, yeoman for the King's mouth in the Cellar. To be clerk of the courts of Radnor and Melenyth, marches of Wales, vice Maurice Clune, with 6l. 13s. 4d. Greenwich, 12 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
12. John Gurre. To be a King's brigadier, vice Wm. Gurre, with 10l. a year. Greenwich, 9 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
12. Geo. Joiner. Licence to export fourscore hundred thousand billets. 8 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Feb.—S.B.
12. Tho. Spencer. Lease of Woking Mills, in the lp. of Woking, Surrey, for 21 years, at a rent of 9l. a year and 6s. 8d. increase. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
14. John Tyndale. To be chief gunner of the senior retinue (de seniori retinuer') of the town of Berwick, and to have a watchman under him; with 6d. a day for himself, and 10 marks a year for the watchman. Greenwich, 15 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 (sic) Feb.—P.S.
15. John Cave, John Byrt, Nich. Fytzjames and John Cuff. Commission to make inquisition p.m. concerning the lands and heir of Tho. Champnes. Westm., 15 Feb.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19d.
16. Walter Walshe, page of the Chamber. To be steward of the lp. of Shenston, Staff., vice Sir Wm. Smyth, deceased, with 4l. a year. Greenwich, 14 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
18. Tho. Robyns. Lease of 25 vats of salt water and 3 salt pits or "seales," and 3 "cribbes" of a leaden vessel, in Droitwich, Worc., part of Warwick's lands, with wood from Owood forest, for 21 years; rent 13l. 18s. 4d., and 20d. of increase, payable to the lp. of Wich and Saleworpe. Del. Westm., 18 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
19. James Lyon, barber, of Calais. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 19 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 Feb.—P.S.
19. Roger Radclyff, gentleman-usher. Custody of the possessions of Nicholas s. and h. of John Clony, he being an idiot. Del. Westm., 19 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
20. Wm. Blount lord Mountjoy. Cancel of his recognizance made 23 Nov. 1 Hen. VIII. to Sir Tho. Lovell, Hen. Marney and Tho. Englefeld, in the sum of 60l. for payment of 50l. to the King. Greenwich, 20 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
20. Wm. Russell, vicar of Holyngton, Sussex. Pardon for the death of George Sprall. Greenwich, 13 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
20. Francis de Villegas, merchant, of Spain. Denization. Stonystratford, 21 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
21. John Care, yeoman of the Privy Chamber. Grant of lands in Pole called White's lands, vice John Verdon and Tho. Wilding, deceased. Greenwich, 21 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. (No date of delivery.)—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 22 (undated).
22. Sir Wm. Compton. Pardon, with licence to keep his bat [on in the King's presence]. Westm., 22 Feb. (This is only the latter portion of a document, and is cancelled.)—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2.
22. John Husie, of London, mercer. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 19 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 Feb.—P.S.
25. John Jenkin. Licence to import Gascon wine and Toulouse woad. Del. Westm., 25 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
25. Tho. Stanley. Presentation to the church of Berwike in Elmet, York dioc., void by death. Greenwich, 22 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
26. Anth. Doget, clk. Presentation to the church of Orston Mary, Salisbury dioc., at the King's disposal by the attainder of Edward duke of Buckingham; vice Henry Ferman, clk., deceased. Greenwich, 22 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
26. Wm. Huchyns, gentleman of the Chapel. Custody of messuages and appurtenances in Saltashe, Cornw., late of Rob. Slugge, collector of customs at Exeter. Del. Westm., 26 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
28. Walter Devyse, yeoman of the Chamber. Grant of lands in Chipras, Graunt Pound, Tregous and Penryn, Cornw., of the annual value of 69s. 7d., as appears by the account of Sir Peter Eggecombe, escheator of the duchy of Cornwall, and formerly belonging to Ralph Trenowth, outlawed at the suit of Margaret widow of John Tregous. To hold rent-free; but his heirs shall pay 69s. 7d. a year. Westm., 28 Feb.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 24.


  • 1. Count Carpi.
  • 2. These words are struck out.
  • 3. A modern marginal note says 20 Feb.
  • 4. So dated in margin.
  • 5. f. 73*.
  • 6. Bern. de Salviati.
  • 7. Supplied from margin.
  • 8. Sic.
  • 9. Blank in MS.