Henry VIII: March 1527, 11-20

Pages 1323-1333

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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March 1527

11 March.
Vesp. F. I. 78. B.M.
Received gladly the charge of his ambassador. Encloses a copy of his reply, from which the King will see his title to the crown of Hungary since the death of king Lewis, and that the count of Scepuse, the waywode of Transylvania, has most unjustly invaded the kingdom, and occupied as much of it as he could, to its great injury. He refused to succor Nandoralba (Belgrade) when besieged by the Turks, and sent no forces to assist the King. The loss of that town gave the Turk free access to Hungary and other Christian countries. He similarly delayed to send his forces to assist king Lewis at Mohatsch. If he had not acted thus, Buda would have been safe, and the King alive. His sole object has been to attain the crown. He caused himself to be crowned, notwithstanding the hereditary rights which Ferdinand has through his wife, Unless he be put down shortly, his example will be dangerous to other princes. He is quite unable to protect Hungary from the Turk, but must either surrender it or make a disgraceful peace, for what Christian prince will help such a usurper? Ferdinand, on the other hand, has an undoubtedly lawful title to the kingdom, and can protect it, with the help of Austria, Styria, and Bohemia, his hereditary dominions, and the Emperor his brother. Asks the King to assist him in defending his rights, and to order his ambassador to communicate his charge to him, and recognize him as king of Hungary, that they may consult about resisting the common enemy. Prague, 11 March 1527, 1 Ferd. Signed.
Lat., Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
12 March.
Vit. B. XXI. 28. B. M.
Wrote last on Jan. 12 from Augsburg. Came hither four days before the King made his entry, which was Feb. 5. Met him at his desire four miles out of the city. He sent the count of Saulin and his uncle to tell Wallop not to declare his commission at that time. Presented him the King's letters, and, after asking after the King, he told Wallop to ride with the Pope's ambassador, who was next to him and the Queen. As he approached the city he was met by divers nobles, by the Jews, who met him with procession and singing, by the clergy, and last by the burgesses. There were in all 5,000 horsemen. He, with the Queen and all their folks, rode in black. He went through the city to the castle, and then to the cathedral church, where they made their offerings. Went to him three or four days after, and found all the noblemen with him. Gave him the King's letters, which were openly read and praised, and then declared his commission. He called together his council for some time, and then thanked the King, and said he would give an answer shortly. Dined alone with him on Sunday. The same day he sent to Wallop's lodging a cartload of wine, a hart, an ox, 50 capons, and a cartload of eels. After dinner he told him how untruly the Wayda served the king of Hungary at the battle, with the intent to make himself king; showed him his own title by his wife, and of the contr[act] by which, if the late King died without issue. the crown should go to the house of Austria; said that whereas Wallop was sent to aid the Wayda against the Turk, he did not believe he had any intention of attacking him, but would rather take his part, and if he would do so he had not the power, and he trusted the King would never help the Wayda against the Emperor or himself. He would give no answer yet, until he had consulted his council.
"The 21 day of Feb. he sent [to] me, saying I should [have an a]nswer incontinent in Latin, praying me to take patience till his cou[ncil] were [met. I prayed his G]race that I might have it in French or in Spanish for th ... his Grace said that it should be openly ... noblemen of Bem (Bohemia) in Latin, and afterward he would give me my answer in French; and incontinently afore [the no]belmen the ambassador of Hungary, who is here for them of Hungary that be the king of Beme's friends, [did d]eclare to me my answer," which he encloses. Dined with him and the Queen. After dinner the King called him apart, and said that as his letters were to the propugnator of Hungary, or king, if any such be, he should deliver them to him, for he would take upon himself to be propugnator, and was the right king; the other was a false traitor, and betrayed his master for the sake of the crown; and he trusts the King will assist him, for he was ready to defend his country against the Turk all the last year. Told him that his commission was to him that was elected king and propugnator, living in the country of Transylvania, and he would deliver the King's letters to none other. Told him that there was nothing in the commission that could be prejudicial to him, for it was only to give aid to the defence of Hungary against the Turks; that the King would not support anything against the right or interest of the Emperor or Ferdinand, or any other person, but only succor the present calamity of the kingdom. Asked for leave to go to Hungary; at which Ferdinand, being stirred with choler, said that if he went the king of England would do a great displeasure to the Emperor and to him; he was sure that if the King knew the truth Wallop would go no further; he trusted that the King would help him not only to make war upon the Turk, but also to gain Hungary; and he desired him to send one of his servants to the King in post, for he might have an answer in a month.
Answered, that if he stopped him the King would consider it unkind, for neither he nor the Emperor had any reason to mistrust his Highness, and spoke of the labor made to induce the King to enter the League. His Grace said he might do as he pleased, but he should have no other answer. Asked respite for a day or two. On consideration, durst not take upon him to go farther without knowing the King's pleasure, as there is nothing being done against the Turk in Hungary. The Turk is now only fortifying what he has gained, and the Wayda allows him to do so, "wherefore I c[an see lite]ll to go thither without it were to advance the King's highness ma[tters, which I can do here] as well as thoug[h I] were there, for I have caused ... r Luter['s] causes to write to the Pope's ambassador that is in Hungary of my being here." Has promised the king of Bohemia not to proceed till he hears from the King.
The King was crowned on Feb. 24, and the Queen on the 25th, followed by jousts and tourneys for two or three days. News has come that Constantyn, a captain of the king of Poland, has killed 20,000 Tartars, and taken one of the Emperor's sons. The king of Poland has peace with the Muscovites for seven years. The King's answer to Luther is in print throughout the country. Hears that it has been seen in print at Trent. The Pope's ambassador and the bishop of Trent say it is the best answer they ever saw or heard of. It is said that the Turk intends to besiege certain Venetian towns in Dalmatia. By the end of May it will be known what way he will take. Wishes to know what to do if he does not come. Will want money if he stays longer than August. Trusts that if the Turk comes the bill of exchange will be ready, or else they will judge the worst, for news has come that the King has sent a great sum to the Pope. An ambassador of Poland has come to negotiate between the king of Bohemia and the king of Hungary. A Russian ambassador is also here. Will deliver to them the letters for their kings. Prague, 12 March 152 ...
Hol., mutilated, Pp. 3. Add.: To my lo[rd Legate's] grace.
12 March.
Vesp. F. I. 69. B. M.
Writes this letter apart for his servant to carry privily out of the packet, lest he is searched by the way. The king of Hungary sent a letter secretly by his secretary to know whether Wallop was sent to him or not; in answer to which he wrote to say that he was sent to him, but that he was stopped by the king of Bem (Bohemia), and had written to the King and Wolsey to know their pleasure. Asked divers questions of his servant, and showed him what reports were made by his master of his untruth; to the which he answered that more was reported than was true.
As far as Wallop can see, the Hungarians of the king of Beme's party have little power; they have neither town nor castle, and are fain to dwell at Presburg where the queen of Hungary is. If the king of Beme makes war, the king of Hungary will be obliged to make peace with the Turk, and ask his aid, which he is quite sure of obtaining, but he says he will not make peace unless compelled.
Does not think the king of Beme can make war, for he was obliged to take away the jewels in all his churches in Ostryge and Teroll, to pay for his coronation, at which the people grudged sore. The noblemen of Almain are not likely to aid him in conquering Hungary, for they think he has too much already. The Electors have sent an ambassador to the king of Hungary, and he has sent or will send one to them. All the noblemen disdain him, except the two brethren of the marquis of Branbroke who were with him at his coronation. Salamanka's going to England, of which Wallop wrote, was feigned, that he might pass through the country more safely, for the Almains love the King's highness more than either the Emperor or his brother.
The further Wallop goes, the better he is treated, especially in Bavaria, where dwell dukes William and Lodowick and the bishop of Passo, all brothers. Did not spend a penny for man or horse in their towns, and had presents sent to his lodgings besides. Did not speak with them, for they were not in his way, but they have sent to ask him to write to the King, offering their services, and to say that Lodowick wished to visit the King, but would first send two gentlemen to know his pleasure. Said he would write to the King, and advise the Duke; for he thought if the Duke sent, and the King did not wish him to come, it would be a trouble to him to say Nay; and also the man who came would look for a great reward. If the King does not wish him to come, he had better write a letter of thanks for their goodwill and the kindness they have shown to Wallop. Duke Lodowic sends word that he will serve the King with 10,000 Almains whenever he pleases, and that the French king wants him, but he will not comply.
Many of the noblemen wish that Henry was king of the Romans; and he has been sent to by great men, who say that, if he would, it might be brought to pass. Thinks it would be much more for his honor than his profit. They will not have the king of Bem, though he is a virtuous prince. It is said that the diet to be held at Regensburgh will not be held, and that the king of Hungary is assembling a great number of men, but it is not known what he intends, though some say he will attack Moravia, which is now subject to the king of Bohemia, but was formerly to the king of Hungary, as Slecia was also. Prague, 12 March.
Pp. 2, Hol. Add.: To my lo[rd Legate's] grace.
12 March.
Lettere di Principi, II. 59. b.
Cæsar (Feramosca) and Langeais arrived yesterday. The French king is ardent for the continuation of the war. He will not consent to any agreement [with the Emperor], even though the Pope should do so. The French are confident that they have the king of England on their side, and say that if the Pope makes a separate agreement he will be the first to repent of it. When the French king heard that the Pope intended to come to terms on the arrival of Cæsar, he was greatly grieved, but hoped the retreat of the Viceroy, the successes of our army here, and the capture of Zucchero, would confirm the Pope. Langeais has left 20,000 crowns in the hands of Salviati (Legate in France). The French king has assigned 20,000 more for count Peter of Navarre. He has promised to give securities for the 50,000 cr. which he pays to the Pope on account of the tithes he has received. But our disease cannot await such tardy remedies as these, although they hold out hopes that if the matrimonal alliance be concluded, as they expect for certain, very great assistance will be obtained from that quarter. The Pope's disposition is consequently very bad. All day yesterday he was holding conferences, first with Cæsar, then with Langeais, respecting this agreement. Whether it will be concluded or not will be known within two days. We have letters from England, but they only exhort the Pope not to lose courage. They were in hopes of concluding the marriage with the French king very shortly. Rome, 12 March 1527.
12 March.
R. O.
In favor of Hanso Holm, who has suffered great losses in England, as appears by his enclosed petition. Though he has received 1,000 fl. through the Lord Admiral and Sir John Backer, he doubts not that the King will grant him the remaining sum. Szueryn, 12 March 1527.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
14 March.
R. O.
Has received his letters, dated Pomfret the last day of Feb., demanding redress for injuries done by those of Ledisdaile and other places on the Borders, of which repeated complaints have been made to the wardens without effect. Has called his council and wardens together. Understands that sufficient redress has been made for Scotch subjects on the East and Middle Marches. As to those of Lydisdaill and others, as the Armstrongs, Niksons, Elwalds, and Crosiers, has caused Angus the warden and others "to pass in hosting upon the said broken men," as will be explained by the bearer, the Duke's servant. Would have been more prompt but for his journey to the North of Scotland. Edinburgh, 14 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
14 March.
R. O.
Received on the 11 March his letter, dated Harbottle the 7th, mentioning that my lord of Richmond had complained to the king of Scots of the attemptates of the Armstrangs, Elwolds, Crossers, and Nyxsons, and that Angus's lieutenants have made good redress. Had fully intended, in accordance with his King's commands, to have invaded the broken men and surnames on the Borders, but has had no leisure. Will soon see, however, to the pacifying of the country, to the satisfaction of all parties. Edinburgh, 14 March.
Copy, p. 1.
15 March.
Cal. D. x. 32. B. M.
2966. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
* * * "[ambassa]dors in Spain ... [bec]ause I knew well it could ... be known in the court that such ... from thence. I went thither immedi[ately, had audience of] the King, and showed him of the arry[val] ... messenger, he demanded of me wh[ether he brought] any good tidings. I said if he bro[ught those things which] were contained in such letters as were ... Grace, which were unknown unto m ... I said that the King's ambassadors had [written to] me in general words that the Emperor made [much out] warde demonstration that he would take [effectual] ways with the King's highness for the repaye[ment of the] money, and also that he would be much orde[red by him] in condescending unto this general peace ... him also, how that the messenger reported ... that the successes of Italy against the Viceroy ... there unknown. He said that the Emperor h[ad before] time given fair words of his conformity [with] the King's highness, and all to alienate a[nd create a] discord and dissension, whereby this ma[rriage may be] let between him and my lady Princ[ess] ... that he saith that the Emperor h ... divulged * * * demanded of ... that the King their master w[as free from an]y other contract with any other woman ... lady Princess or not, and that his sa[id ambassadors a]nswered that they having commission to de[mand my la]dy Princess in marriage for their master [do su]ppose that their master did think himself [free to marry her o]r any other woman, or else of his honor he w[ould] have given them no such commission." Where[fore he] asked Clerk to write that, on the [faith] of a gentleman and a prince, he knows himself clear, by law and conscience, for Eleonora or any other woman; otherwise he would never speak of this marriage. He says he has written to Elenora, but only by the advice of his council, and so that there is nothing to bind him. He said also "that your Grace ... his orators to have entered by and by the communication [for the] universal peace, and willed me to write unto [your Grace th]at he hath given express commission unto his [orators that] they shall not meddle therein unto such * * *
A [Burgo]nyan had a wife w[hich had mis]used herself with another young m[an, who not long after] fell at a variance with him, and fo[r to have means] to show him displeasure, upon a seas[on she informed] her husband, who did greatly suspec[t her of this] matter, that true it was that the s[aid young man did] woo and sue unto her for such inten[t; but she said, and] ye will, ye may easily quiet your my[nd] ... and thereupon they agreed both together ([as the infor]mation runneth) that the woman should [appoint unto the] said young man a night to come unto her in ... and that then the husband should be ready with co[mpany to] slay him; and in very deed in a night the [young man] came to the house, and there was slain and c[arried no one] can tell whither. This is the information a ... with a longer and a more heinous process th ... of time, and for your Grace's honor, I can or need t ... this time. It is truth that the man alleg[eth certain] things for his excuse, but the information ... upon the same is very sore, and great ly[kelihood] that the man should be guilty. This ... lord Curson's means of whom he ... obtained the King's highness's * * * ... the King's ... ke your Grace to advertise the ... he may make some recognisance of thi ... French ambassadors there, for I think ... aas is strange, she looketh therefore. As for n[ews] ... ly I remit myself to such letters as y[our Grace ... sha]ll now receive from the King's ambassadors." Poissy, 15 March.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
15 March.
R. O.
Has just received letters, of which he sends a copy, though he doubts not Wolsey is better informed of everything by the bishop of Bath. Congratulates him and Christendom that affairs are in such a state that there is some hope of an end being put to all their evils. Requests him to appoint an hour for an interview tomorrow. London, 15 March. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: "Cardinali Eboracensi, legato." Endd.
16 March.
Vit. B. XXI. 146. B. M. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 134.
Has caused a German translation to be made of the King's book against Luther, who has since attacked more the translation than the argument. Sends a Latin translation of Luther's work. Dresden, 1527. pridie Dominicæ Reminiscere, 16 March. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 March.
P. S. Rym. XIV. 193.
Commission to Richard Street, archdeacon of Shrewsbury, B.D., canon of Lichfield, and Wm. Clayborough, LL.D., canon of York, for suppression of the priory of St. Mary, Farewell, and translation of the monks and sisters to other monasteries. The goods of the house to go to the dean and chapter of Lichfield, for the support of the choristers. Hampton Court, 18 March 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm, 19 March. (fn. 1)
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22d.
20 March.
R. O.
2970. THOS. BUTLER, deceased.
Complaint addressed to Sir Rob. Wingfield, deputy of Calais, and the Council there, by Thos. Kitchen and Anne his wife, daughter and executrix of Thos. Butler, soldier of the King's retinue at Calais, against Katharine Dekyn, widow, for having, immediately after Butler's death, taken out of his house certain documents, a ring, and some articles of furniture, dress, &c., which she still detains.
ii. Witness produced by Kitchen, 9 March 18 Hen. VIII., Agnes Gruffith, widow. Among the articles taken were, "2 great andirons of cast work, with faces and images," 1 image of alabaster, 1 pr. small andirons, 2 great fire-shovels, 2 pr. tongs, 2 little platters, 2 sawcers, and 1 salt of tin, 2 quarts and 1 pint, a tester of a bed of say, and "a hanging about the house of green say, but the house is but little;" a second ring, which deponent thought worth 2 nobles, though she could not say whether it was gold, silver gilt, or copper gilt, and 2 tables, one of which had 2 tressles. Did not see her take "a doublet clocked with tynsen satin, with a plackard clocked with the same," though she has seen Thos. Butler wear such a doublet.
Further examined, 20 March, before the under marshal:—The andirons were not those produced to her in the council chamber.
iii. Answer of Katharine Decon.—The Friday before Butler died, two neighbours asked lady Bannaster to come and exhort him to be shriven. She sent Katharine Decon to give him advice; and he desired her, after he was dead, to take certain pardon letters out of his chest, and put them in his winding sheet. She accordingly afterwards opened his chest, and took them out of his till; in which also were certain quittances, which she put in a small casket of bone, in presence of all those that were there. Keeps the casket in her possession. Saw no bags of writings or evidences, and took no ring. Saw nothing of several of the other articles. The tongs, saucers, platters, and image remain in the hands of Thos. Wells for a debt, as she told Thos. Kitchen's wife fourteen days ago, while sitting by the fire in my lady Bannaster's kitchen.
iv. Statement of dame Margaret Banister, widow, addressed to the Deputy and Council, confirming the preceding.—She was called in because she had Butler's brother in marriage, "to inform him to be the servant of God." After his death she went to the commissary, Sir William Peterson, showing that the landlady and divers poor people demanded great debts; on which she was authorized by him to take the goods in her hands. This she did, and delivered again to Kitchen and his wife "of such as was there," delivering the parcels which have been brought before the Council to Thos. Wells for a debt which Butler owed him.
v. Witnesses produced by Katharine Decon, 20 March 18 Hen. VIII. :—
1. Ric. Staunford, porter. Was present in Butler's house two or three times while he lay sick, and at the visit of Katharine Decon after his death. Saw her take out of his purse a blank and a brass penny, and some writings in a linen bag out of a chest; also a signet of brass from the strings of the purse.
2. Thos. Baker. Was present, but did not see Katharine Decon do anything.
3. Thos. Wogan, servant to Mrs. Smyth. He and his mistress came to Butler's house after his death, and saw Katharine Decon take a groat out of his purse, and no more. Did not see her open any chest, or carry away writings. There was nothing in the house but a bed and bedstead, a painted cloth hanging at the head, a table, a chest, and a pair of andirons, now in the council chamber; also a quart-pot standing by the fire. His mistress came to see what goods there were to distrain for her rent, which was 53s. 4d. gr.; and as the stuff was not worth it, he went to lady Bannaster, who became debtor to him for the sum.
4. Adryan Story, widow. Was present, but did not see Katharine Decon do anything till next day, when she came to sew the body up in the winding sheet. She then took some writings out of a box, and cast them on a table. He saw in the house a table, 2 tressles, 2 old chests, 1 cupboard, 1 image of alabaster, 2 little feather beds, 2 andirons, now in the council chamber, 1 little "creper," 1 little skillet, 1 chair, and a piece of rotten old say hanging against the wall. The gold ring she never saw.
5. Jacomyn, wife of Ric. Cockes, spinner. Was present, but did not see Katharine Decon take anything out of the house. Was Butler's laundress, and knew everything that was in the house. Gives a list, differing from the preceding in not mentioning some articles of furniture, but adding, "a hanging round about the house, some of naughty painted cloths, and some of broken say," I pair of sheets, 5 shirts, 2 gowns (1 russet cotton and 1 russet cloth furred with cats), and a fustian doublet full of vermin, which was burnt in the street. The tester was half of painted cloths and half of "naughty say."
6. Marian, the wife of Maurice Cogan. Went to lady Banaster for Katharine Decon before Butler's death, as he objected to be shriven. Did not see Katharine Decon take anything out of the house.
vi. List of Butler's household stuff brought by Katharine Decon into the council chamber, 20 March 18 Hen. VIII., which were offered to Thomas Kitchen, but refused.
Pp. 5.
20 March.
Vit. B. IX. 75. B. M.
Went to the Pope the ... after the receipt of Wolsey's letter, and read it to his Holiness. He admitted the force of Wolsey's arguments, and said it would have been the surest way, if it had been practicable. Told him that if he had adhered to the League as he promised, a good peace would shortly have been made in England; and that owing to him there will be more wars in Italy than ever, and the Emperor will increase his demands. The Pope seems very sorry, and says he concluded the suspension, much against his will, for lack of money only. Even now he gets daily worse tidings from his camp; and the letters he received from cardinal Cibo, the legate at Bologna, put him in great fear. The Venetians remain inactive; the French are crying out for pay; and the Swiss say they will go their ways. It is the fault of the Venetians, who receive 40,000 ducats a month from France, and have only sent 9,000 at this crisis.
On the 14th there was a great mutiny among the Imperialists for pay, and Bourbon was fain to withdraw to a castle of the marquis de Guast; but on receiving money from the duke of Ferrara to pay them a crown a man, on the 17th they agreed to set forward. Have urged the Pope to provide money in case Florence be attacked. He says he can get none, and if the Imperialists advance he is undone. He cannot even pay his army on the confines of Naples, which is ready to dissolve. Signor Rans promised ... weeks ago that if he had 50,000 crowns he would deliver him the whole realm of Naples shortly, but the Pope could do nothing; and though Langeais has now brought bills of exchange for 20,000 crowns, the Pope says it is only for three things; viz., for him, for signor Rans, and for the army on the confines of Naples. Langeais, when he departed, had promised the Pope 100,000 ducats, and this assignment of 50,000 is due only at Whitsuntide.
It is said the Viceroy lies this night at the Pope's town of Terrazyn, where Trevolche, the legate of the camp, will meet him, and accompany him hither. He is expected on Saturday next, the 23rd. The Pope had promised that if he did not arrive here by tomorrow, he would take no appointment with him; but he now says that as he has entered the territory of the Church, he must needs keep the appointment. Think it is not merely the want of money that has driven him to conclude this suspension, for he might have raised money by making cardinals; but he is afraid for Florence, distrusts the duke of Urbino, and believes the French and Venetians have not money to maintain the war. He says, though not expressed in the capitulations, the Imperialists have promised to give the French and Venetians long days to enter the League. Cautioned the Pope not to make any further appointment when the Viceroy came, and "lose all princes christened." He assured them he would make no further concessions. Rome, 20 March. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
20 March.
R. O.
Assessment of persons belonging to the King's chamber :—
Sir John Gage, in land, 73l. 6s. 8d.; Sir Will. Kingston, in lands and fees, 280l.; Sir Thos. More, do., 340l.; Sir Wm. Compton, do., 1,100l.; Sir Th. Chaney, do., 266l.; Sir Wm. Tyler, do., 280l.; Sir Francis Bryan, do., 400l.; Sir Edw. Nevell, do., 220l.; Sir Arthur Pool, 63l.; Sir Edw. Bruton, do., 230l.; Sir Anth. Broune, do., 88l.; Sir Oliver Maners, do., 54l. 6s. 8d.; Sir Rauff Eldelker, do., 50l.; Sir Ric. Weston, do., 400l.; Sir Jas. Worsley, do., 80l.; Sir John Russell, do., 134l. 6s. 8d.; Sir Edw. Ryngeley, do., 66l. 13s. 4d.; Sir Gilb. Talbosse, do., 66l. 13s. 4d.; Sir Wm. Hussey, do., 66l. 13s. 4d.; Wm. Karre (Cary), do., 333l. 6s. 8d.; Harry Norres, do., 104l. 6s. 8d.; John Bolles, do., 80l.; Frances Pownes, do., 54l.; Thos. Palmer, do., 105l.; and 12 others.
R. O. Household of the princess Mary:—65 men with Sir Philip Calthrop at the head as Chamberlain, from 200l. to 26s. 8d.
R. O. Same household, second payment.
R. O. Certificate of what is leviable.
R. O. Household of Mary the French queen and the duke of Suffolk:—44 men, 7 gentlewomen, assessed from 50l. to 26s. 8d. the former, and 4l. to 40s. the the latter, at the rate of 5 per cent.
R. O. Same household, second payment:—38 men, 6 gentlewomen, with Sir Thos. Wentworth at the head, assessed at 50l.
R. O. Wolsey's household (first payment):—429 men, commencing with Sir Thos. Denys, who pays 13l. 6s., and ending with Miles Boswell, who pays 5s.
R. O. Wolsey's Household:—275 men, commencing with Sir Thos. Denys, assessed at 266l. 13s. 4d., Sir Will. Gascoigne 266l. 13s. 4d., and ranging down to 20s. in one instance, generally 40s. There were 29 grooms of the stable at 26s. 8d. a year. Mention is made of John and Rob. Cromwell, but not Thomas; and of Thos. Audeley.
R. O. Wolsey's Household:—fourth collection on moveable goods, containing 16 persons, beginning with Ric. Waren, at 300l. In this collection, which was made 20 March 18 Hen. VIII., the name of Thos. Cromwell appears, assessed in goods at 50l.
R. O. Certificate of Geoffrey, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, for the first payment, on lord Dudley, tax 21l. 14s.
R. O. Certificate by Sir Jo. Daunce and Ric. Lyster, commissioners by virtue of patent 12 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.:—Geo. lord Burgavenny, assessed at 500l.; Hen. 1. Morley, 233l. 6s. 8d.; Will. 1. Willoughby, 666l. 13s. 4d.; Will. 1. Mountjoy, 1,000l.; Hen. 1. Montague (not taxed, because under 50l. a year); Thos. 1. Graystoke, 400l.; Mary lady Hastings and Hungerford, wife of Sir Ric. Sacheverell, 1,333l. 6s. 8d. (cancelled because accounted for elsewhere); Cecilia marchioness dowager of Dorset, 923l. 19s. 4½d.; John earl of Oxford, 740l.; Hen. earl of Essex, 568l. 11s. 2d.; Eliz. countess dowager of Oxford, 940l.; Anne countess of Derby, 538l. 10s. 2d.; Rob. viscount Fitzwalter, 550l.; Thos. viscount Rocheford, 800l.; Thos. lord Berkeley, nil, because taxed by John Fitzjames, chief justice.
R. O. Certificates, 25 Feb. anno 15, and 18 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII., by John bp. of Carlisle, and Brian Higden, dean of York, for assessment of the first and second payments of which Thos. Dalby, archdeacon of Richmond, is appointed a collector.
Ralph earl of Westmoreland, 40l.; Hen. 1. Clifford, 1,198l. 18s. 51/8d.; from which allowed, for the jointure of Florence, widow of Hen. 1. Clifford his father, 149l. (fn. 2) Ric. 1. Latimer, 877l. 9s.; Thos. 1. Darcy, 1,050l.; Hen. 1. Scrope, 500 m.; Chr. 1. Conyers, 382l. 16s. 8d. (being so much less than 800l., returned last year by his father in consequence of his mother's jointure and other deductions (fn. 3) ); John 1. Lumley, 164l. 3s. 2d.; Thomas 1. Dacre is not included in the assessment, as he has been living in London before the delivery of the said commission, and though notice has been given him he has made no return.*
R. O. Ditto, 18 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII. for the third payment.
R. O. Certificates of Will. abp. of Canterbury, for two payments to be made by Thos. lord Cobham, assessed at 200l., and Edw. 1. Clinton, 50l.
R. O. Certificate, 20 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII., of Ric. bp. of Winchester and Will. Paulet. Arthur Plantagenet viscount Lisle, assessed at 900l.; John Touchet 1. Audeley, 200l.; Will 1. Sandys, not assessed, as being at Calais. Signed by Paulet.
R. O. Estreat for subsidy leviable on the Queen's household, Feb. 15 Hen. VIII. for the first payment; and certificate by Will. lord Mountjoy, chamberlain, Sir E. Darell, vice-chamberlain, R. Dymock, chancellor, and others, for the second payment.
Amount of tax.—Lady Lucy, 45s.; Mrs. Jerningham, 4l.; Mrs. Cooke, 50s.; Sir Edw. Darell, 12l.; Sir Rob. Dymock, 50l.; Sir Thos. Tyrell, 7l. 10s.; Dr. Fernando, for fees, 16l. 13s. 4d.; Griffith Richards, for fees, 61s. 9½d.; and 17 other gentlemen. Yeomen of the chamber, John Madison, 22s., and 23 others at various rates. 14 grooms and pages, from 5s. 8d. to 1s. The stable, 39, from 20s. to 2s. The Lord Chamberlain's servants, 13, from 2s. 8d. to 4d. The Vice-chamberlain's servants, eight, all at 2s. The Chancellor's servants, six, from 2s. to 4d. The Master of the Horse's servants, four, do. Other grooms and pages, 68.
R. O. Ditto for payment of the third subsidy. Only six names given.
R. O. Certificate, 10 May 18 Hen. VIII., by Geo. carl of Shrewsbury, steward of the household, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, and others, of the third payment chargeable on the King's household servants for lands, &c., of 50l. and upwards. Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, treasurer, 666l. 13s. 4d.; Sir Hen. Guldeford, 520l.; John Shurley, 262l. 9s. 5d.; Nic. Hurleton, 60l.; Edm. Pecham, 126l.; Roger Mynors, 100l.; Jo. Ketylby, 66l. 13s. 4d.; Massy Vyleyard, 50l.; Will. Honnyng, 50l.; Thos. Horden, 80l.; Will. Wolverstone, yeoman seafisher, 100l.; Steph. Cope, 66l. 13s. 4d.; Sir Nich. Carowe, 400l.; Will. Pawne, 80l. Signed.
R. O. Certificate, 10 May 16 Hen. VIII., by Sir Ric. Jerningham and Sir William Kingston, of the subsidy levied in the King's household on Sir Arthur Pole, Maurice and Will. Butler, Piers Griffith, John Amyas, Lancaster, and Mountorgule. No sums returned, as they could not be distrained. A schedule is attached of the sums assessed.
R. O. Compotus of Thos. Dalby, collector of the second payment.
R. O. Compotus of John Moyne, archdeacon of Taunton, collector of the second payment. Contributors: Thos. lord Berkeley, 25 marks; John lord Zouche, 25 marks; John lord Fitzwaren, 50 marks; Edw. lord Stourton, 23l. 6s. 8d.; Hen. lord Daubeny, 23l. 6s. 8d.
R. O. Certificate by Wolsey of noblemen of the degree of baron and above, assessed for the subsidy 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. The first of four annual payments levied, 13 May 16 Hen. VIII.
Cuthbert bishop of London, as Privy Seal, taxed upon 365l.; duke of Suffolk upon 1,000l.; earl of Worcester, 3,000 marks; earl of Devon, 900 marks; countess of Salisbury, 1,220l.; Will. lord Sandys, 2,000 marks; Thos. earl of Surrey, treasurer, 1,000l.; Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, 2,100 marks; earl of Northumberland, 2,920l.; Thos. lord Roose, 100l.; Geo. lord Hastings, 600 marks. Sum of the tax, 616l. 18s. 4d. Signed.
20 March. 2973. JOHN LORD ZOUCHE.
His will, 8 Oct. 1525. Proved, 20 March 1526. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 619.


  • 1. The form of the privy seal and the date of its delivery differ from the enrolment; but the effect is the same.
  • 2. She was not living in the county.
  • 3. These memoranda apply only to the second payments.