Henry VIII: April 1527, 21-30

Pages 1372-1386

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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April 1527

21 April.
R. O.
Is told that the bearer, Wellys, is minded "to come into tho quarters." Thinks it well to remind Darcy of the Act passed in the King's first year, debarring all grants made by the Chancellor of the duchy. Knows that he holds certain offices of the duchy, and that he has vexed and troubled Wellys, who also holds certain offices; advises him not to trouble him in those he holds from the King. The Act was used lately against the Chancellor, who tried to deprive Compton of the constableship of Killingworth, which he holds from the King.
Hopes he will be a good husband for such reckoning "as consist your prisoner and mine," for money is very scarce. Greenwich, 21 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "Mr. Compton is lettre. Md to look upon the Act passed by Parliament touching offices given by the Chancellor of the duchy."
22 April.
R. O.
Bill, dated 22 April, 18 (19?) Hen. VIII., by which Sir Robt. Ughtred pawns to Thos. Stevenson, of London, pasteler, a purple satin frock, furred with lucernes; a black velvet gown, furred with bogye, and faced with sables; a black cloth Spanish cloak, with an embroidered guard of black velvet; a black velvet doublet, cut and lined with sarcenet; a white satin doublet, embroidered with silver; and two obligations of Stevenson to Ughtred of 200 marks and 12l., dated 28 Feb. 18 Hen. VIII.—for 13l. to be repaid on May 28. Signed by Ughtred.
P. 1. Endd.
23 April.
R. O. Rym. XIV. p. 195.
3059. FRANCIS I.
Commission of Francis I. to Gabriel bishop of Tarbes, [the viscount of] Turenne, Ant. de Fresnes, president of the Parliament of [Paris], and John Joachim de Passan, to treat with Henry VIII. about the marriage of the duke of Orleans, a defensive league, the debts due to Henry, the restoration of [his children]. Sealed and signed: In castro nostro Nemoris Vivenarum (Nemours). April 23, 1527, post Pasch.
Cal. D. X. 5.
B. M.
2. Copy.
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated.
23 April.
Cal. D. X. 41. B. M.
3060. [CLERK] to WOLSEY.
* * * [amb]assadors, and rejoiced [and did give] unto your Grace both great law[de and praise for the] pains and travail ye have t[aken therein], and of all manner of difficulties he sh[owed me that] he was advertised by his ambassador [there, and that he] reckoned himself much bound unto [your Grace] ... to me, most heartily praying your Grace ... forwards specially in the accelerating ... whereof he seemed to be as desirous as of [any]thing. He showed how your Grace with buys[iness was] half sick, and he was very sorry therefore ... I had of my Lady, and she showed me th[at at my] last being with her she was very evil con[tented]. I showed her that I had so written unto [your Grace], and that she was angry with your Grace. She d[esired me] to redubbe that matter now by my letters, assury[ng me] that at this present time she could not but [be very] well contented with your Grace. The tidings o ... been these. The King shewed me that Bu[ren and the] rest of the Imperial captains did ther b[est] ... feigning to have induced the army [to have condescended to the] truce, which to do the said army [hath altogether] refused, and hath cons[p]yr[ed] * * * ... th proclaimed the ... captains rebels to the Emperor ... in to Tuscany, to treat with Bourbon and th ... and hath given caution of 100,000 ducats ... himself in Rome again within twenty days. Th ... King saith that the Viceroy dare not come [unto] the Almains, ne in place where Bourbon may [do] him displeasure. The said Bourbon with the ar[my has] passed Bononye, and intended to lay siege [to the] city of Imola, twenty miles beyond Bononye. The V[enetians] do send their army that ways as fast as t[hey can].
The news that shall come thence next been ly[kely to be] very strange. What the Pope will do, here [is] no certainty, other than by imagination, th[at is] to say, that he will train himself for the ... seeing there is now for him none other assury[d] remedy. Paris, 23 April.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add.: To my Lord's grace.
23 April.
Ashmole MS. 773 and 1109.
"Orders touching the Lievetenant," &c. 23 April 19 Hen. VIII.
25 April.
Vit. B. IX. 93. B. M.
3062. ITALY.
From letters of Gregory Casale, dated Rome, 25 April.
Cannot relate with what arguments and importunity "co[nati] simus Pontificem rursus lucri facere." The Venetian ambassador, too, has used every effort. Meanwhile letters came from Wolsey that the King could not believe such a league had been concluded by his Holiness. Showed everything to the Pope, who had nothing to object to Wolsey's arguments, and lost not a moment in making such other arrangements as he could. The old treaty (capitulatio) about Naples is not now declared, for want of time: Signor Alberto (Carpi) neglected to remind the Pope of it. Its effect is that Naples be given to one of Francis's sons, reserving a pension to the Pope. The charge which Francis was to have, to be about 4,000 foot and 400 lances. An honorable place seems to be assigned to the King, whose contribution is left to his own liberality. Then Naples is again mentioned, and the King is made judge and conservator. The Pope and the allies are bound to acknowledge a head as necessary, lest the Pope change too much henceforth, or Francis delay preparations. If these terms are observed, victory will soon follow. The Venetians, too, should give the Pope security, not because there is any fear of them, but that the Pope may give them security in turn. He might put the citadel of Ravenna and Rimini in the French king's hands.
As Wolsey has written for Russell's recall, we have advised that the Datary be not sent to France or England. Russell will discharge his mission to Francis, and perhaps more faith will be given to him than to the Datary. He will warn Francis, if he see fit, not to hurt his own interests by delay, as he would have done; and that the obstinacy of the Germans made the Pope return and take our part. Langeais, who promised the Pope 20,000 cr., now says he has only 10,000. Signor Lorenzo has asked us to supply the other 10,000. We said we had no commission to do so, but would endeavor to raise the amount in our own names by money and mortgages, lest any suspicion be given to the Pope in this first payment. The Pope does not think it advisable that the treaty should speak of capturing the Viceroy and the other lords; but we will do our best to bind him to it. He asked us to be with him tomorrow, probably about Russell's despatch. Nothing can be more ugly than to see these wretched Germans; "quod si diligenter occurratur, omnia bene succedent."
Lat., mutilated, pp. 4.
25 April.
Vit. B. IX. 95. B. M.
3063. ITALY.
As the truce made by the Pope with the Imperialists, with a view to the peace of Christendom, had not taken the desired effect, and his confederates had urged that there would be no security against the trickery of the Imperialists, except by recourse to arms, the Pope hereby revokes the conditions made with the Viceroy and others, land renews the union which existed between himself and them, especially in all matters which pertain to the king of England and cardinal Wolsey.
1. Arrangements for carrying on the war in Italy and beyond the mountains. 2. Contributions to be made by the Venetians, and the French king to meet the increased forces of the Imperialists and their fleet. 3. The troops to be posted wherever there is the greatest need, and aid to be given to Tuscany, 4. The nature of the ships to be furnished by Francis. 5. Arrangements for the kingdom of Naples, in the event of its being recovered. 6. Declaration by the Pope that it has been forfeited by the Emperor. 7. Covenant for payment of the money, sc. 50,000 ducats by way of tithes, and pensions of 20,000 ducats promised by Francis to the Pope, and not paid. 8. Ecclesiastical censures against the Imperialists, especially the duke of Bourbon. 9. Promise by the Venetians of 15,000 ducats, in augmentation of their present subsidy. 10. Engagements that no parties included in the league shall make terms with the enemy: all which the king of England undertakes to see made good;—the Pope to give security. 11. The agents of the French king to pay down 40,000 ducats in defence of Rome, of which 20,000 have been brought by Langeais. 12. Part of the fleet to be at once despatched to Sicily to Agrigentum, to procure corn. Rome, 25 April 1527. "Ita promittimus—D. Capi'—D. Venorius (Venetus?) orator." Present, John Russell and Gregory Casale.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 4.
25 April.
R. O.
"For the prepayerments of apparells for justs to be holldyn at the Kyngs plesyer begun the Tewsday the 19th day of Feveryer, anno 18th."
Bought of Wm. Botre, mercer, 17 yds. of purple velvet of Florence, at 15s.; 1 yd. of cloth of gold damask, 40s.; 2 pr. of tailor's shears, 3s. 4d.; 4 lb. thread, 4s.
Wages of 15 tailors, 6d. a day, 5 cutters, 8d., until Thursday, 5 March.
Bought of Eliz. Philip, 15 lb. 13 oz. silk, 13s. 4d. a lb.; 20 yds. of Venice gold fringe, 52s. 6d.; purple and gold round lace, 23½ oz. gold, at 5s.; 6 oz. silk, at 14d.; 52 oz. yellow and white silk laces for points for the challengers' bards, 20 April, 12d. an oz.
Thursday, 25 April. Wages of 4 tailors for the challengers.
Pp. 7.
26 April.
Vit. B. IX. 97. B. M.
Received his letters of the 20 March, "advertising us [how your Grace had heard] by the Venetians' ambassador, of the Pope's appointment ... consent and procurement being present, whereof as well the [said] French king's and Venetians' ambassadors here knoweth the [truth], as your Grace may perceive by our continual advertisements [if they] be come to your hands." Has not exceeded his instructions about the delivery of the money, for the French had delivered theirs three days before, and had so little suspicion of the Pope that they delivered another sum eight days after. The Pope was inclined to a new league, even before Wolsey's letters arrived, so that the capitulation enclosed was agreed to by all the ambassadors. "The first demand and appointment that the [Viceroy] made here with the Pope was of 60,000 ducats, and after [he] departed to Florence toward the camp to cause Bourbon ac[cord] to the same, which [he] would not do, but demanded 100,000 ... and while they treated further they asked 150,000 ducats, [and] now increasing are come to 300,000 ducats, and that at the furthest to be paid in six days, whereof the Viceroy should pay 80,000 ducats, who hath always showed to have gladly and directly willed the accord with great words and promises, as well in favor of the Pope as in the displeasure of Bourbon." He has now, however, retired to Senes, for fear of the Almains, as he says, but as we think to get out of the Pope's hands, for he might have been as safe in Florence.
It is a great thing to have conquered the Pope's timidity, and "returned him into the war." He desires them to say that, with the aid of the King and Wolsey, and the French king, on whom he relies, he will spend "the uttermost he may make." As he could not spare the Datary, he desired Russell to return, and to declare to the French king in passing the Pope's necessity. Will set out five or six days after he has seen these matters in good train. The Pope's poverty is unfeigned. He has within these two days been applying to all his friends in Rome, and cannot raise 4,000 ducats, and without speedy help from France he will lose his reputation in Italy. Send a letter from the Pope's camp touching the state of the Imperial army, and a letter in Latin about the well-disposed condition of the League, which it may help the treaties of peace for Wolsey to show the Imperial ambassador. The general goes shortly to Spain, and the Pope sends one with him to complain of the deceit which his men practise against him. They are worse than Turks, committing outrages on monks, nuns, and priests, and desecrating the host at this time of Easter, "when men should have received their Maker." Such enormities were never practised as by this company of Lutherans and Marraines. Thinks, if the universal peace were concluded, the Emperor has no power to order them out of Italy. Rome, 26 April. Signed.
Pp. 2.
26 April.
Vit. B. IX. 100. B. M.
The Pope has labored hard for peace, and has incurred much discredit. Owing to the perversity of the Spaniards and Germans, he has been compelled to accept this truce, as you will see by the capitulation we send. He is, however, very anxious for war, and is strongly supported in this by his friends and the populace. The Imperialists will not be able to make a stand much longer. The Viceroy is anxious for a truce, seeing his perils, and is consequently at variance with Bourbon. The Swabians and Spaniards commit horrible atrocities. They have burned houses to the value of 200,000,000 ducats, all the churches, images, and priests that fell into their hands. They compelled the priests and monks to violate the nuns. Wherever they were received without opposition they burned the place. They did not spare the boys, and carried off the girls; and whenever they found the sacrament of the Church, they threw it into a river, or the vilest place they could find. If God does not punish such cruelty and wickedness, we shall infer that he does not trouble himself about the affairs of this world. Are anxious that the King and Wolsey should remonstrate with the Emperor. Wo to us, wo to the Emperor, if these Germans and Spaniards get the upper hand! If they once march into Naples, they will not easily be satisfied. Rome, 26 April 1527. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
26 April.
R. O. St. P. VI. 527.
Wrote last on the 12th of an ambassador of the king of Poland sent to the king of Bohemia (Ferdinand) for a peace between him and Wavoda. The King will not accept it; but has made a truce till the middle of June. Has visited the queen of Hungary at Presburgh, and presented her the King's commendations; also a letter from the Queen, expressing anxiety to have assisted her. When she heard that she fell a-weeping, and expressed her thanks, and her hopes that the King would assist her brother Ferdinand. Gives an account of the news respecting Hungary; the supposed death of the Turk, and of a Moor, who claimed to be emperor of Constantinople. Canvasses the chances of Ferdinand's success.
Arrived at the Court on St. George's even. The King took the Queen with him to the Cathedral next day to do honor to the Garter. I declared to him the effect of the King's letter. He asked me how the King had styled the Waywode, and very much disliked my going to him. He desired that I should wait till he heard from England. It is certain he will not let me go to Hungary. I urged upon him to labor with the Emperor for a universal peace. Dr. Fabre, who was with Salamancka in England, has made a good report of the King and you. Ferdinand has gone towards Prague. Wolmys (Olmütz) in Moravya, 26 April.
Hol. Add. Endd.
Vesp. F. I. 38.
B. M.
3068. HUNGARY.
[Speech of one of Ferdinand's councillors to Wallop.]
"Magnifice domine orator." Ferdinand thanks the king of England for the kindness shown in his letters and in the ambassador's credence, and for his spontaneous offer of assisting the orthodox Faith, which is in danger, restoring the once famous kingdom of Hungary, and revenging the slaughter of the late King, especially as he is the furthest removed from the common enemy of Christendom. Ferdinand has turned all his strength to the protection of the frontier. He assisted Nandor Alba (Belgrade) while it was besieged, and has preserved to the present time the remains of the kingdom of Croatia, at great expense to himself; and he begs the King to act upon his intentions. As to the other part of his charge, that he is sent to the king of Hungary who has succeeded on the death of king Lewis, informs him that Ferdinand is the true and legitimate king of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia and Sclavonia. The Vayvode has seized the crown, contrary to all laws and customs, and to the injury of the royal family. He anticipated the lawful assembly convened by the Palatine by assembling another, and threatening those who did not appear, though he gave such short notice that not even the inhabitants of the adjacent provinces could be present. The forum was surrounded by his own guards, and he was elected by their clamors, not by any votes. Ferdinand, however, although the kingdom is his by right, preferred to be chosen by a free election. Since the death of St. Stephen, first king of Hungary, all offices have been in the gift of the King, except that of the Palatine, which is awarded by vote of the prelates and barons. At the King's death he holds the royal castles, convokes the assembly for the election of a new king, and himself has the first vote, is lieutenant when the King is absent, and captain-general in war. After the death of Lewis the Palatine accordingly convoked an assembly, and explained that, in consequence of the devastation and destitution of the country, it was necessary to have a powerful king to recover what was lost, and to resist any future attempts of the Turks, and that Ferdinand seemed the only one fit among neighboring princes. Ferdinand's ambassadors were then heard in support of his claim, and produced treaties between Frederic emperor of Rome and Matthias king of Hungary, and between Maximilian and Wla- dislaus, leaving the kingdom to the heirs of Maximilian if the King died without heirs, but giving the Hungarians leave to choose among the heirs of the former, if there were more than one; and they promised that, if he were elected, he would govern according to law, and would turn all his strength to the recovery of Nandor Alba and the defence of the kingdom. The ambassadors of Mary queen of Hungary then spoke concerning the old customs of Hungary, and their adherence to the royal family, showing that since 1310 all the kings except Matthias succeeded by the female line. Ferdinand, therefore, ought to succeed in right of his wife Anne, as kings Aba and Albert and the emperor Sigismund succeeded by a like title. They then advised the Estates to consider the power of the Emperor and Ferdinand, and to accept their favor and assistance, for Ferdinand could not and would not neglect his rights, especially as his subjects urge him to assert them; and they promised the Queen's influence in favor of her brothers. When this had been heard and discussed, Ferdinand was elected, and ambassadors were sent to invite him to take possession of the kingdom, which he would have done immediately if he had not been obliged to go to Bohemia to be crowned. The English ambassador will, therefore, see that Ferdinand is lawfully elected, and he should not hesitate to treat with him, according to his instructions. Ferdinand will show him all favor, and they may conclude what will be beneficial to all Christendom and glorious to both Kings.
Lat., pp. 8. Endd.: Declaratio electionis Ferdinandi in regem Hungariæ.
R. O. 2. Copy of the same.
27 April.
R. O.
John Stakhouse, the Duke's bailiff of Cotingham, is dead. The office, which is in my Lord's gift, is worth 6l. a year. Propose to appoint Geo. Hartwell, if the King and Wolsey agree. The appointment by them of divers persons not in my Lord's service to various offices in the Duke's gift has much discouraged his servants. York, 27 April. Signed: Brian Higdon—Wyll'm Parr—W. Bulmer—Godfrey Foljambe—T. Tempest—William Taite—Robert Bowis.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
27 April.
Teulet, I. 61.
Will follow the instructions in his two ciphers. Today the Cardinal told us that the queen of Scotland wished to retire into France because her son desired her to banish one Estohart (Henry Stuart), who keeps her (qui l'antretient), and to live more honestly. She hopes to get Francis to use his influence with the Pope to obtain a divorce for her from Angus, that she may marry Albany. Wolsey has asked us to write to Francis not to receive her, but, if she go to him, to send her to the King. I shall see the King tomorrow. 27 April.
Fr. The original is in cipher.
27 April.
Vit. B. IX. 98. B. M.
3071. ITALY.
Letters from the duke of Tuscany to his ambassador in France, 27 A[pril].
Have been visited by the Viceroy. Are compelled to accede to his terms in consequence of the delay in their aids from Venice. He has gone to visit Bourbon, who has always shown a fair face; but from his letters intercepted by us his deceit is apparent, and he wishes to attack and burn Florence. Unwilling as we are to speak evil of princes, these designs square exactly with the character of Bourbon; and, though he will thereby receive no advantage, he is willing to betray Tuscany to the Lutherans. Bourbon hopes by undermining the Viceroy to become Cæsar's lieutenant in Italy, and has struck up a great friendship with the marquis of Mantua and the duke of Ferrara. We are resolved to defend ourselves. The convention between the Pope and the Viceroy has been very prejudicial, and we have been compelled to confirm it through necessity, intending, as soon as it is expired, to recur to arms. We hope for assistance from France. The Swiss and the soldiers under Saluzzi must be paid. The Venetians must be urged to send speedy relief, and Peter of Navarre to assist us with his fleet. The enemy are near Anghiaro to the number of 18,000 foot and 3,500 horse. Arrangements for defence. The duke of Urbino is at Bologna, and, to make him more energetic, we propose to give him St. Leo. Various news of the position of the forces.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 4.
28 April.
Vit. B. IX. 101. B. M.
The Pope has been compelled to change his intentions of sending the bishop of Verona to England. When Bourbon and the Germans were informed of the arrangement between the Pope and the Viceroy they opposed it, and, treating it with contempt, burned the towns in Bologna, and plundered everywhere; then, advancing into Tuscany, and camping twelve miles from Florence, they intended, when that was done, to lay siege to Rome. The Pope has been compelled to put himself on the defensive. His enemies are partly Lutherans and partly Marrans, who care as much to destroy religion itself as to trample on Italy. Hopes the King will defend them. These letters will be presented by Russell. Has an attack of the gout. Rome, 28 April 1527. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
28 April.
R. O.
Has declared and read to the King what Wolsey gave him today in writing. He likes it right well. Has spoken with the officers of the Household, who doubt not that everything will be ready in time.
The King is contented to allow Piere de Wartewe 100 marks in money or plate, as a reward. Greenwich, Sunday, 28 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
29 April.
Vit. B. IX. 102*. B. M.
The Pope trusts that his conduct will be better approved by the King and Wolsey when they hear Russell's report, and know the danger of the Church, whose ruin is threatened by this filthy horde of Germans (hæc Germana illuvies). There is as much gained in revealing the enemies' deceit, with whom there can be no peace, as there is lost in laying down arms, which he trusts are now to be taken up again. Rome, 29 April 1527. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
29 April.
Galba, B. IX. 55*. B. M.
Has received his letters by the count of Ortembourg, ambassador of the king of Hungary and Bohemia. Thanks him for his advice. Before his arrival, had sent the sieur de Rosimboz to the Emperor. It is not her fault that there is not a good peace between the Emperor and France. Knows that Wolsey will do his best, that Christian forces may be turned against the Turk. Malines, 29 April 1527. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
29 April.
Galba, B. IX. 116. B. M.
Has spoken to my Lady as Wolsey charged him at his departure, declaring his Grace's affection for the Emperor and for the peace of Christendom, so that all princes may turn their forces against the Turks; and begging her from him to use her influence with the Emperor to the same effect. She thinks Wolsey has always wished to preserve peace, and now sends Rosimboz to Spain for that purpose. Malines, 29 April 1527. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. and endd. at ƒ. 117 b.: "From the erle of Ortenburgh, the last of January."
30 April.
R. O.
3077. ITALY.
From the letters of the signory [of Venice], 25 April.
Nothing could be more pleasing to them than the movements arising out of the suspension of arms between the Pope and Viceroy; and his recent letters about the goodwill of the King and Cardinal, confirm their hopes of a good end. The march of the captain general across the Apennines, to join the marquis of Saluzzo, and assist the Florentines, will be more successful if the assistance from the French and English kings arrives, and the latter joins the treaty; which alone, they think, can save Italy and all Christendom. The Emperor would then be more easily forced to peace, and his troops in Italy scattered without trouble.
Send a copy of a letter in cipher from Bourbon to Ant. de Leva, dated S. Peter in Balneo, 19 April, which they wish him to show to the King and Wolsey, and beg their assistance.
ii. Bourbon's intercepted letter.
Has arrived at S. Peter in Balneo. Will lose no time on the march, as the enemy are unprepared. His army is short of corn, but bear everything, longing for the plunder of Florence. Wishes Leva to attempt something where he is.
iii. From letters of the Signory, 30 April.
The duke of Urbino has crossed the Alps and arrived at Florence, in time to pacify a sedition which began on the 26th. The city is very grateful, and preparing for defence. The Venetian and French army was about to encamp in some place suitable for the defence of Florence. The enemy are 26 miles from the city. The Viceroy, having left Sienna, obtained 17 cannons for the Spanish army, which shows his mind towards the Pope. Two days ago received letters from their ambassador at the court, that the Pope has renewed the first treaty with them, and that their ambassador has given assent, although without authority, as the Pope and the French ambassadors were very eager for him to do so.
For the sake of the Church and Florence, would have endured any load they could bear; but some of the conditions are even harder than those in the first treaty. Enclose them to be shown to the King and Wolsey. Their expences have been increasing, and they can hardly support them. Their captain has just crossed the Alps. They have a fleet at sea, and a new army for the defence of Lodi and Bergamo, towards which places Ant. de Leva is hastening. Have written on the subject to their ambassador in France, and they think that Francis, on whom the articles press equally, will not approve of them. Russell has endeavored to dissuade the Pope from the suspension, and has been of very great service, as also have been the Casali (Mag. Domini Cansalenses).
Lat., pp. 3.
30 April.
Nero, B. VI. 124. B. M.
3078. ITALY.
Extract of a letter from the prothonotary Casale, dated Venice, 30 April.
Sends a copy of the new capitulation entered into by the Pope. The Signory have not yet resolved about it, as far as Casale can tell, but they are pleased with the good intentions which the Pope has resumed. They are not unwilling to assist the Pope with money, but they wish to pay it themselves, as he needs it, lest he should use it for attacking towns and territories, and either recommence war or make peace without the consent of the others, as he lately did with regard to the places taken in the kingdom (Naples) by the allied forces. They think the Pope ought to be bound to provide money, which is not the case in the new capitulation, which says generally that he will do all he can. This does not please them, but it will easily be arranged. It is very necessary that this new capitulation should succeed.
Asked them last night to determine, as delay was dangerous. Was told that two ambassadors had come from the Florentines to make arrangements with them, offering to provide 10,000 foot. The Venetian forces have therefore crossed the mountains to assist the Florentines, and the Signory seems inclined to trust them rather than the Pope, and will conclude their obligations with them first, lest they should make the agreement with the Pope a pretext for evading other treaties, as they are not distinctly bound to anything either in the treaty with the Pope or the Viceroy; they do not think the Pope can rule the Florentines, as a new tumult has arisen there.
Letters from Florence of the 26th April state that the three Cardinals and Hippolitus de Medici went out of the town to meet the duke of Urbino, who was on his way thither; and in their absence several of the citizens seized the palace, and refused to give it up when the Duke and the others entered the town, unless liberty was promised them. They had detained Frederic Bozolo and other captains, and began to fire on the forces who kept the forum. The Duke then ordered guns to be placed against the palace; and the people seeing this, and that there were more troops than they dared resist, began to call out, "Gallia, Gallia, Marcus, Marcus," and demanded merely liberty, and to be freed from the administration of the Medicis, which they treated for through Bozolo. The Venetians, therefore, think that Florence was preserved for the Pope and the Medicis by their means; but they do not think his Holiness has much power there. The Venetian ambassador at Rome writes that the Pope has determined to create cardinals, that he may the easier defend himself. The French ambassador here thinks his master will not easily admit all the recent capitulations of the Pope. The duke of Urbino, after a long consultation with the Florentine lords, determined to march out of the town, and go as near to Bourbon as he could, and not to lose any opportunity.
Lat., pp. 4. Headed: Ex literis D. Prothonotarii Casalii die ultima Aprilis, Venetiis datis.
30 April.
R. O.
Congratulates him on his promotion through Wolsey's favor. Would be glad if Crumwell could despatch his affair with Sir Godard Oxenbridge, for which Lacy has promised him 100 mks., and place it before Wolsey in the Chancery. He has the copy of Robt. Oxenbrige's will, late the husband of Lacy's wife, of which Sir Godard is executor.
The bearer is his cousin Ric. Lacy, soldier of Calais. Has sent a book of the behavior of his wife, who has left him and gone to Master Stok, her daughter's husband.
She says she will complain to the King and Wolsey, being supported by lord Mountjoy, Sir Wm. Kingston and Walter Walche. She never regards the trouble Lacy has had about her property and lands, which he has increased 30l. a year. Oye, six miles from Calais, 30 April 1527.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell, my lord Cardinal's servant, and of his council.
30 April.
R. O. Du Mont, IV. pt. 1, 476.
1. Treaty concluded by Gabriel bp. of Tarbes, Francis viscount of Turenne, Anthony le Viste lord de Fresnes, John Joachim de Passano lord de Vaulx, and Thomas duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Thomas Bolen viscount Rochefort, Sir William Fitzwilliam, Treasurer of the Household, and Sir Thomas More, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster.
(1.) Nothing in this treaty to invalidate the treaty of More, 30 Aug. 1525, between Louise, then regent of France, and the said Princes. (2) Neither party to treat with Charles the Emperor elect, about the ransom of Francis's sons, or Henry's rights, without common consent. (3.) Two ambassadors to be sent to the Emperor to treat for the deliverance of Francis's sons and payment of money due to Henry. (4.) Princess Mary, Henry's daughter, to be married either to Francis or his second son, Henry duke of Orleans. (5 and 7.) Within a month after the marriage is determined on, the treaty of perpetual peace of this date shall be ratified. (6 and 8.) If Mary or her children succeed not to the English throne, or if the war against Charles be not carried on, the said treaty shall be void. (9.) If the Emperor refuse the conditions offered by the allies, or if he detain their ambassadors, a summons of war shall be sent him. (10.) Though the marriage do not take place, Francis shall pay Henry's expences in the war, and shall deliver to him, within the months of May, June, and July, black salt to the value of 15,000 g. crowns, the crown being equal to 35s. of Tours, &c. (11.) If Henry hinder the marriage, Francis is not bound to pay the expences of the war; or if Francis hinder the marriage, he is bound to pay Henry double the expences. (12.) Concerning the meeting of the two Kings at Calais;—it is not to be so pompous and costly as the former one. (13.) This treaty to be ratified with a month. Then are recited Francis and Henry's commissions to the persons above named. [Said to be] signed and sealed by the French commissioners. Westminster, 30 April 1527. Signed by the bishop of Tarbes and Le Viste.
Add. MSS.
25,114, f. 1. B. M.
2. The same.
Lat., pp. 35. Contemporary copy.
MS. I. f. 233. B. M.
3. Proclamation of peace between Henry VIII. and Francis I., in which the Emperor, Margaret duchess of Savoy, and their subjects, with all the old allies and confederates of the king of England, are comprehended. No previous treaties are injured by this peace. All injuries done to Englishmen by Frenchmen before the publication of the last war, and any done hereafter, will be redressed by the order of the bishop of London, and the chief president of Rouen. All prisoners on both sides under the degree of an earl will be set free without ransom. Anno xix. H. Oct.
Pp. 2.
30 April.
Léonard, Receuil des Traités de Paix, p. 259.
3081. CHARLES V.
Declaration of the deputies of Hen. VIII. that if Charles V. liberate the French princes, &c., war shall not be made against him. Westm., 30 April 1527.
April. 3082. CONVENT OF NOTLEY, Bucks.
Congé d'élire to the prior and convent, vice John, late abbot, resigned; in the hands of the King by the attainder of the late duke of Buckingham. Westm.,_April.
Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
Congé d'élire on the resignation of Robert'late prior; in the King's hands by the minority of Edward earl of Derby. Hampton Court, _ April.
Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
R. O.
"Expences of the King's honorable household for such years as the expences of the said household hath exceeded the assignment, with the pollis and prices of the gross provisions in the said years expended as hereafter ensueth."
10 Hen. VIII. Spent, as appears by the account in the Exchequer, 20,378l.6s. 5¼d.; whereof spent in wheat, 2,639 quarters, 5 bushels, 3 pecks, at 4s. 8d. a qr. French wine, 301 tuns, 6 s. 3 p. 3 qrt., at 4l. 15s. a tun. Ale and beer, 1,249 tuns, at 25s. a tun. Beefs, 1,420½ carcasses, at 16s. 8d. the carcass. Muttons, 7,650 carcasses, at 18½d. the carcass. Oats, 3,749 qrs., at 2s. 5½d. a qr.
12 Hen.VIII. Spent 21,567l. 16s. 11d.; whereof, in wheat 2,952 qrs., at 10s. 8½d. a qr. Wine, 342 tuns,½ f., at 4l. 13s. 10½d. a tun. Ale and beer, 1,392 tuns, 184 gallons, at 29s. 9d. a gallon. Beefs, 1,470 carcasses, at 16s. 7d. a carcass. Muttons, 8,322 carcasses, 3 qrt., at 21¼d. a carcass. Oats, 3,488 qrs. 6 bushels, at 3s. 5d. a qr.
13 Hen. VIII. Spent 21,665l. 14s. 3d.; whereof spent in wheat, 2,897 qrs., at 8s. 0¾d. a qr. Wine, 317 tuns, at 110s. 10d. a tun. Ale and beer, 1,400 tuns, 160 g. Beefs, 1,467 carcasses, at 21s. 1d. the carcass. Muttons, 7,751 carcasses, at 23¼d. a carcass. Oats, 3,505 qrs. 4 bushels, at 2s. 6½d. a qr.
18 Hen. VIII. Spent 20,254l. 3s. 11d.; whereof spent in wheat, 2,927 qrs. 7 bushels, at 7s. 4d. a qr. Wine, 276 tuns, 3 hogshds., at 4l. 14s. 10d. a tun. Ale and beer, 1,405 tuns, 1 hogshd., at 25s. a tun. Beefs, 1,342 carcasses, 3qrs., at 15s. 10d. a carcass. Muttons, 7,666 carcasses, at 21½d. a carcass. Oats, 3,482 qrs., at 3s. a qr.
The expences of this 19th year will exceed any of the foresaid years in the following items:—In every qr. of wheat, 2s. 8d.; in every tun of wine, 30s.; of ale and beer, 4s.; oats 8d. a qr.;—making in all a difference of 1,150l. Annuities, charged only in the 18th year, to the King's old servants, 373l. 18s. 10d. Liveries for the guards and household servants, 321l. 3s. Charges for the King's dining and supping apart, 100l.; for the ambassadors and strangers at court, 500l. Increase of 8 messes of meat, 320l. Total, 2,765l. 1s. 10d.; which, added to 21,665l. 14s. 3d., the expences of the 13th year, amounts to 24,430l. 16s. 1d.
Pp. 3.
Stuff and plate in the custody of Ric. Rawson, chaplain and clerk of the Closet to the King, as appears by two indentures, one between Geffrey Wren, late clerk of the Closet, and Rawson, and the other between Sir Henry Wyatt, master of the jewels, and Rawson.
The contents of Wren's indenture.
Two rich arras altar fronts of the Three Kings of Colleyn; three others of Our Lady. The Three Kings and the crucifix. A piece of arras of the Passion of Our Lord, lined with sarcenet. 2 arras altar fronts of the Assumption and the Salutation, with images of St. John Baptist and St. John the Evangelist. 2 white damask altar fronts with the Salutation, and roses crowned. 2 black velvet altar fronts, embroidered with a crucifix. A pair of linen altar cloths, "sore worne" vestments. Cloth of gold with roses and columbines, and the orferey with roses and portcullis; cloth of tissue, the orferey nynell work; crimson velvet, worn; white damask, with branches and roses, the orfery with a crucifix; black velvet; tawny velvet. Three bawdkyns: two red, one damask. 2 corporax cases, and 3 corporax. 3 superaltares, 2 red sarcenet traverses, one old. 3 red sarcenet curtains, old; 2 cloth of gold cushions, worn, an old carpet, a parchment salter, covered with blue damask, and two silver gilt clasps. A "portues" of parchment, covered with blue velvet, with 4 tassels and 2 gold clasps; another covered with red leather, with two silver gilt clasps. A parchment primer, covered with black leather, with 2 clasps. A silver gilt register, 5 gold and silver gilt brooches, and 13 of other metals. A vellum mass book, covered with broken satin, and one silver gilt clasp; another, parchment, covered with black velvet, with 4 red silk knots, and 2 gilt copper clasps. A vellum prayer book, covered with purple velvet, with gold clasps enamelled with images. A parchment primer, covered with crimson velvet, and a gold clasp; another, cloth of gold, with two silver gilt clasps; 4 half portuesses, printed on paper, covered with red leather. A bag of satin fugery, green, for the King's books. 2 old paper printed mass books. 2 trussing coffers, a standard, a long coffer for tapers, a little coffer of timber.
"The contents of Sir Henry Wyat's indenture."
A gold crucifix with three pointed diamonds, and an image with a ruby in his side. A gilt chalice and a paten; another small plain gilt, 2 gilt chased basons, a holy-water stock and sprintle. A silver gilt bell and an iron clapper. 2 gilt cruets. Images of Mary Magdalen, with a box in her hand, of St. Margaret with a dragon, of St. Barbara with a tower, and of St. John Baptist with a lamb. 2 gilt chapel candlesticks. Images of St. Peter, with a book, a key, and a diadem with six glasses; of Our Lady, with a child, a bull and a lily, and a crown with glasses; of St. Leonard, with two naked men, with a gilt chain of St. George, gilt, with a dragon, one wing broken; a silver gilt crucifix, with an image of Our Lady and the King, crowned, with a sceptre, and 2 rolls with scripture, standing on a base, and a leather case for it. A gold bessande. A gilt candlestick with pannier and inkhorn, a pair of snuffers hanging by a chain, and a crown garnished with roses, sheaves of arrows and pomegranates. A little candlestick for syses. A pair of gilt snuffers with portcullis; a little parcel gilt coffer with four relics.
Pp. 4. Endd.: A remembrance of the King's stuffe delyvered to Mr. Rawson, clerk of the Kinge's closett.
R. O. 3086. JOHN CREKE.
Bill in Chancery.—John Creke, merchant, against Ralph Dodmer, alderman of London, and Dr. Shurton, dean of Wolsey's chapel, executors of Will. Moncaster, whose factor, Creke, was in Spain.
Corrected draft, in Wriothesley's hand; pp. 4. Endd.: "Termino Paschæ, anno xvij. et xviij. H. Oct."
R. O. 2. Bond given by Rob. Shirton and Ralph Dodmer, to abide the award of John Champeneys, skinner, London, and Martin de Gynnya, merchant of Spain, in the above matter. Dated 4 Feb. 18 Hen VIII.
Copy, pp. 2.
April./GRANTS. 3087. GRANTS in APRIL 1527.
1. Tho. Strangwisshe. To be marshal of Berwick, an office lately held by Sir Tho. Foster. Del. Westm., 1 April 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Rob. Shorton, D.D. To have a canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of St. Mary and St. George in Windsor Castle, vice Ralph Wrenne. Del. Westm., 4 April 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
5. Elias Hilton and Leonard Skevyngton. To be yeomen of the King's works, in survivorship, on surrender by the former of a grant of 6d. a day as yeoman of the Chamber. Hampton Court, 23 March 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
5. John Tyll and David Burton, gentlemen of the Chapel. Grant of the fee farm of the manors of Camberwell and Peckham, being 7l. per ann. paid by John Scott, of Camberwell, who held the lands of the duke of Buckingham. Greenwich, 11 March 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 April.—P.S.
11. Nich. Frechewell, sewer of the Chamber. Licence to import 200 tuns of Toulouse woad and Gascon wines. Hampton Court, 11 April.—Fr. 19 Hen. VIII. m. 3.
12. Tho. Grenehall, of Norwich, merchant. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Hampton Court, 8 April 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 April.
16. Elyas Edwards, of the King's bakehouse. To be keeper of the wood in Eyton park, Bromfelde. Greenwich, 15 April 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 April.—P.S.
18. Thos. Doland, of Istelworth, Midd., capper. Pardon for having stolen a sorrel horse of John Bukmaster at Yelding (Ealing), Midd., for which he was arraigned before the justices of Newgate. Del. Westm., 18 April 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
Hen. Anderson, alderman of the town of Newcastle. Pardon for the death of Wm. White.—S.B.
Sir Wm. Bulmer, sen., of Wylton, York. Pardon and release. Also exemption from serving on juries, and from being made trier, sheriff, escheator or other officer.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21.
Wm. Cary, squire for the Body. Grant of the manors and appurtenances of Parva Brykhyll, Burton and Essyngton, Bucks, and the lordship (?) of Buckingham, late of Edw. duke of Buckingham. John lord Marney held them by virtue of an act of Parliament, but died without issue male.—S.B.
Wm. Cholmeley. To be overseer, &c. of the 1p. of Ruthin alias Diferentloide, with 20 marks a year.—S.B.
John Clerk, chaplain. Grant of the free chapel of St. George, in Southampton Castle, void by death, with 10l. a year.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5.
Sir Wm. Compton, under-treasurer of the Exchequer. Grant of three tenements near the dock at Byllyngysgate, Greenwich, Kent, and lands in Estgrenewich, Westgrenewich, Depford, Leuesham, Kedbroke, Charleton, Wolwich, Beknam and Chesseleste, and the neighborhood. Del. Westm.,—18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
Wm. lord Dacre and Grestoke. To be steward of the manors of Penrith, Castilsourby, Scotbye, Gamlesby and Quemershames, with 100s. a year. Westm., _.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
Sir Will. Fitzwilliam and Sir Anthony Brown. To be bailiffs of Surrey, alias Bagshottes Ballies, in Wyndesour forest, with 6d. a day out of the issues of the manor of Wokyng, Surrey; on surrender of patent 5 March 7 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Fitzwilliam, in conjunction with John Bigge.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam and Sir Anth. Browne. To be keepers of Guldeford park, in Survivorship, with 6d. a day, and stewards of the lps. of Warplesdon and Wytley, Surrey, and masters of the hunt in the latter; on surrender of patent 27 June 3 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Fitzwilliam and Wm. Cope, deceased.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17.
Wm. Fyndern, of Estnorton, Leic., laborer. Pardon for the death of Tho. Grey, slain at Estnorton.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.
Tho. Hakluyt, clerk of the King's council. Commission to order all things belonging to the office of clerk of the King's council in the principality of South and North Wales, and in cos. Salop, Heref., Glouc., Worc., Chester, Flint and the marches, lately held by Henry Knyght.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p.1, m. 30.
Tho. Hawerde or Havert. To be feodary of the Crown lands in co. Heref. and the marches of Wales; with authority to take into the King's hands the persons of heirs under age, and deliver them to Tho. Englefeld, justice of Common Pleas, and Sir Wm. Pawlett, keepers and masters of such heirs. Westm.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.
Ralph Lawrence, of Redyng, Berks. Pardon for the death of John Goodgame, clk.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27.
Wm. Lelegrawe. Grant of possessions in the parish of Sutton-on-Darwent, York; on surrender by Ric. Pole, yeoman usher of the Chamber, who held the same from the decease of Tho. Lynam.—S.B.
Sir Tho. Palmer. To be one of the ushers of the receipt of Exchequer, and to have the custody of the "Starre Chamber," in Westminster Palace.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
Joan Penne, wife of Jasper Penne. Licence to collect alms for the ransom of the said Jasper, taken prisoner during the French war.—S.B.
Edward Rogers, of Martok, Somers, alias of London, alias of Powdrom, Devon, alias of Lamporte, Somers. Pardon of all felonies, &c.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
Wm. Underhyll. Wardship of Edward Underhyll, kinsman and heir of John, and s. and h. of Tho. Underhill.—S.B.
Sir Roland Velavyle, of Beaumaris, Anglesea, N. Wales. To be constable of Beaumaris Castle. Pardon and release.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
Sir Nich. Wadham. Inspeximus of pleas between the Crown and Peter Corbett and Rob. de Dynham, concerning the manors of Sylferton and Lusteslegh, before Solomon de Roff' (Rochester), justice at Exeter, 9 & 10 Edw. I. Westm., _. Also of four other documents touching the same matter.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 28.
Geo. Warcope. Lease of lands, &c. in Persebrigge, Wiat and Esthall, parcel of the manor of Gaynesford, in the lp. of Baynard Castle, in the bpric. of Durham, lately in the tenure of John Stevenson; rent 5l. 13s. 4d., and increase of 6s. 8d.—P.S.
John Waterton. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Robert, s. and h. of Thomas and Margaret Waterton, viz., of the manor of Woddall, in Staynley, near Wakefeld, York, concerning which an inquisition was taken 3 March 21 Hen. VII. before the prior of Pomfret and others, when it was found that Sir Rob. Waterton had enfeoffed lord Leo Wellys and others of the manor without the King's licence, and that they had given it to the said Thomas, a bastard son of Sir Robert and Margaret his wife.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 14.
Sir Henry Willoughby, knight for the Body. Exemption from serving on juries, &c.—S.B. Westm., _. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.
James Worsley. To be searcher in the port of Pole. Westm., _.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2.
Nine undated protections to the following persons retained in the suite of lord Berners; viz., Tho. Agard, of Grantham, merchant of the staple—Geo. Whelpeley, of London, haberdasher—Edw. Bechyng, of Bevenden, Kent, clothman—Barth. Canne, of Buknam, Norf., butcher—Steph. Bothwinsell, of Norwich—John Fletcher, of Southampton, merchant—Tho. Davy, of Cranbroke, Kent, grocer—Nich. Banestre, of London, tailor—and Wm. Dale, of Bristoll, merchant. All signed by Berners.—P.S. b.
22. Ric. Trees. To be receiver of the sums assigned by Parliament 1 Hen. VIII. for the expences of the King's household, and appointed by Parliament 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. to be paid yearly to the treasurer of the King's chamber; with 20l. a year. Del. Hampton Court, 22 April 19 Hen. VIII.—Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
22. Giovachino Osteteri, merchant of Augsburg. Licence to import and export merchandise for 10 years.—S.B. Del. Hampton Court, 22 April 19 Hen. VIII.
24. Rob. Draper. Licence to alienate the manor of Asshyll alias Uphall, 30 messuages, 1660 acres of land and 100s. rent in Asshill alias Up-Hall, Sohamptony, South-pykenham, Houghton-juxta-Pykenham and Hall, and the advowson of Asshill church, Norf., to Sir Henry Wyat. Westm., 24 April.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
26. Wm. Brereton, groom of the Chamber. Grant of 200 acres of land in Chorleton, Hampton and Shokeliche, Cheshire, late the inheritance of Edw. ap Hoell, but which, reverting to Sir Wm. Stanley, were forfeited to the Crown on his attainder. Del. Westm., 26 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.