Henry VIII: May 1524, 26-31

Pages 156-170

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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May 1524

26 May.
Add. MS. 24,965,f.240b. B. M.
Marvels that so great a post of the Church as he, with so much authority in the realm, has no regard to the weal of peace, and will not persuade the lords to send an ambassy to England to treat during the King's minority, but follows the behests of France and the colorable devices of Albany, who acts only for the pleasure of the French king and himself, as they will soon perceive in Scotland. Advises him to send ambassadors with diligence, to avoid further trouble, for France and the French army is going all to wreck. Hears by post today that Fontarabia has surrendered after a siege of six weeks, and that fifteen French ships, laden with victuals for the garrison, were taken. The duke of Milan has recovered from the wound in the shoulder given him by the traitor hired by the French king. 7,000 of the French army were slain, and many taken, at the battle fought in Milan. The Imperial army pursued them to Cremona, where they killed 3,000 of them, and as far as Vegevano, by which time they were so reduced that they could not encounter half the Italian army. The castle of Cremona surrendered to the duke of Milan; and the other towns into which they dispersed themselves were taken. The booty obtained is worth 1,000 cr. to each man, and there are many prisoners who will not be ransomed for 20,000 cr. The French, being reduced to 4,000 foot and 300 men-at-arms, fled to Noarra to wait for succors, and lost part of their ordnance on the way. 4,000 Grisons were sent by the French to Bergamaske to draw the Venetians away from the army; but they raised 7,000 foot and 400 men-at-arms under John de Medicis, who forced them to ask for peace. Francis wanted 8,000 Swiss and 400 men-of-arms, but he could get but 5,000 stragglers and 200 spears, worth nothing. They came to a town within ten miles of Noarra, and wrote to the Admiral to join them, but both were afraid of the Italian army. When the Admiral attempted to join them, he was attacked, and lost seven guns, much baggage, six powder carts, 300 Swiss, and many horse and foot. He stopped at a town half-way, and sent Bayard, Rochepot and others to conduct the Swiss; but the marquis of Pescara met them; Bayard was killed by a gun-shot wound in the shoulder; Montmorency was severely wounded and likely to die, and other captains slain; so that the Admiral was forced to come out and fight, when Bourbon and the Viceroy also came up with the rest of the Italian army.
The Admiral was struck in the arm by a shot, and six bones taken out, so that he is not likely to escape. Vandome, Palice's brother, is also severely wounded; the rest fled, leaving their artillery and baggage. Mons. de Pontever writes on the 3rd March, from the camp at Buron, that the Admiral, Rochepot and another are taken by the Swiss for money due to them. Bourbon pursued the French into their own country, and the Swiss have also gone home. Knows it is true, from the relation of Bourbon's servant, who was present, and by letters from the Duke, Beawrayne and the countie of Pontever, and all merchants. The archbishop of Capua also, who has been with the King and left London on the 23rd May, heard it from the French king's own mouth. He was in the court when the news came to the King's mother, who would not tell it to the King, but found means that he should go to a place where his sister was; and the first word she told him was "Sire, vous aves tout perdu in Italie;" whereupon he was not seen to come abroad in two days. Bourbon and the Viceroy are pursuing into France, and will not cease till they have fought the French king.
Advises him to look in time to the safety of Scotland, and take example of the king of Navarre, who lost his name, crown and kingdom for France,—the late king of Scotland, who lost his life for France,—and the duke of Wirtemberg, who lost his duchy for France, which Dacre hopes Albany will do, seeing that they are abused by his double-dealing. Whittingham, Corpus Christi day, 26 May 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 5. Headed: Copie, &c.
27 May.
Add. MS. 24,965,f.244b. B. M.
Has received her letter dated Stirling, 19 May. She knows what good mind the King bears to peace, for which she might do much if she would go "the fruitful way;" that is, if an embassy were sent in the name of her son and the Estates. Doubts not they would be well received, and peace granted. If they are not sent, much trouble must ensue, which might have been remedied if she and the lords had applied themselves to it, and left France and the Duke, who dares not do anything but for the French king's advantage. As to her denial that she has assented to the bond enclosed in her letter, it is well known both in Scotland and here that she has done so, and that it has passed her sign manual and seal, for which the Duke gave her the wardship and marriage of the young earl of Huntley, and others, with other gifts and rewards, which is great dishonor to her brother, and perhaps will little avail her. Marvels that she says she does not know the effect of the business between him and Albany; for in his last letter to her he gave her an answer to what she wrote to the King and Wolsey touching the writings passed between him and Albany, and the safe-conduct for her son's schoolmaster. Is surprised she has made no mention of it in her letter. Fears that Albany's abuses will bring upon him the fate of the late King, the king of Navarre and the duke of Wirtemburg, for the French are driven out of Italy. Gives her an account of the French defeat. The king of England in person, or his army, will cross the sea in 15 days, to join Bourbon and the Viceroy. Unless ambassadors come from Scotland for peace, sees no other way but battle. Whittingham, 27 May 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 5. Headed: Copie, &c.
27 May.
R. O.
Wm. Douglas, Angus's brother, is come into these parts, merely, as he says, for the conveyance of letters which Knight encloses from his brother to the King and my lord Admiral. Hears from him that Angus is determined to escape from France, and go to the King. He does not bring the letters himself, as he is sued by a Scotch gentleman in the Court of Rome, and must appear there on the 10th of June. He says that the French king is at Bloys in great perplexity; and that if Bourbon passes the mountains with any force, most of the French noblemen will join him. Antwerp, 27 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
28 May.
Camb. MS. 173, No. 3.
"The inventory of all such goods, stuff, plate, jewels, and quick catell which late were the right honorable lord Thomas duke of Norff. (fn. 1) remaining in the castle of Framyngham, and thereabout, in the county of Suff., taken by John Seint-clere, Esq., appreciator general to the most reverente father in God, Thomas lord legate, cardinal and archbishop of York, the xxviii. day of the month of May, A.D. 1524."
Pp. 30.
28 May.
Vit. B. VI. 58. B. M. St. P. VI. 288.
374. WOLSEY to [PACE].
Has received his letters from Mechlin, dated the 18th (fn. 2), expressing his willingness, notwithstanding his absence and long travel, to return to Bourbon, and accomplish the King's pleasure in these weighty affairs. Trusts by the time he gets these letters, "ye shall been arrived with the said Duke," and received the commission sent. The archbishop of Capua has been lately here. He was sent first to France, then to the Emperor, then to England to solicit peace. Will see the answers made him by the letters sent to Rome, copies of which Wolsey forwards.
As the King is not resolved in person or by his lieutenant to cross the seas, he requires trustworthy information, to govern himself accordingly; for as the year is advanced, there is no likelihood of any exploit by the time that Bourbon shall have entered France, notwithstanding he has written to the King to say that he intends to follow up his victory. The army is in readiness, if, on the Duke's advance into France, any revolution should arise which would require the King's presence. Is to encourage the Duke to enter France, though the King is not minded to assist until he sees his advantage.
The King has agreed to grant 100,000 crowns, and the Emperor as much, for maintaining the Duke's army when it is in France. Sir John Russell has left with 20,000l., to be conveyed to some convenient place, "between him and you to be decided." But the King is not bound to contribute any longer when his army sets forward nor incur any charge until the Duke has taken his oath of fidelity to the King "as his subject to his crown of France." Therefore the said money is not to be paid, if he refuse the oath, or does not cross the mountains. This article was inserted by Wolsey's means to oblige the Duke to the oath, who, by refusing it, would lose the King's and Emperor's contribution.
Another point has been added, of which no ambassador knows, that though the King is acquitted of his obligation to the Duke, if he refuse the oath, it is provided, "unless than it be otherwise thought good to their orators and agents being with the said Duke." Explains the reason of this reservation. Instructs [Pace] how he is to conduct himself in this matter.
If the Duke should urge that the contribution is not sufficient for the purpose, is to combat his objections, and suggest, if the case require, that the King and Emperor will contribute more. The Duke is to urge the Pope, the Venetians, and others to contribute, considering the advantage they are likely to receive if they are delivered from the French. If needful, he is to write letters unto the said estates, in the King's behalf.
As, upon the arrival of the archbishop of Capua at Rome, discussions for the truce will commence, and its success will depend on the events in Italy, the truth of which can only be known by [Pace's] advertisements, he must set aside all partiality and hasty credence, sending the most trustworthy information, that the King and his ambassadors at Rome may take their measures accordingly. If the Duke prospers, the truce is to be delayed; if otherwise, accelerated. Sends him the King's credentials to the dukes of Milan and Bourbon, and the Viceroy of Naples. Westminster, 28 May.
Harl. MS. 283,
f. 59. B. M.
2. Copy of the same.
R. O. 3. Two modern copies.
R. O.
Vit. B. VI. 66. B. M. Harl. MS. 297, f. 164. B. M. St. P. VI. 295.
Has received their letters of the 25th ult., showing the towardly mind of the Pope, the success of the Imperial army in Italy, the loss of the French since their departure from Noarra, &c. Since their letters the archbishop of Capua has arrived, and was despatched three days past. His prime object was to procure peace, at first refused by the French king, who, since his reverses, has become more willing to accept it according to certain conditions enclosed. On repairing to the Emperor, the Archbishop found him less inclined to peace; but as he would make no determination without the King's consent, certain articles were proposed to the Archbishop, to be showed to the King, according to which a truce is to be taken, if it is to be had. Sends a copy.
The Archbishop had also a secret charge from the Pope, advising the two powers not to make peace with France except to their own advantage; offering to keep himself neutral, that he might be called in as a mediator, and procure a peace to the King's and the Emperor's satisfaction, for which they are very grateful.
On this subject long deliberations were had "by the King's highness and me with the said archbishop of Capua, unto whom, because he of courtesy refused to lie with me in my bed, the King's highness and I gave mine own lodgings and chambers in Greenwich, and I removed unto another." Six days were spent in deliberation, and certain articles devised on the King's behalf, by which the truce is to be modified. Sends a copy.
Are to tell the Pope, considering the base estate of the common enemy by the King's excessive charges, he ought to be pressed still further by the invasion of the duke of Bourbon, and such other means as shall compel him to an inviolable peace. For this purpose, the King and the Emperor have sent money to the Duke, and countermanded Pace, who is instructed to reside with him, and conclude with him certain articles, and send information of matters from time to time.
If, during the Pope's communications with the French and Imperial ambassadors, any notable revolution should follow on Bourbon's invasion, whereby any great portion of France might be recovered for the King, then the truce is to be delayed; if otherwise, not. If the truce advance, the Pope must find means that a proper person be sent from France to England; and after it is concluded, it will be desirable for the Pope to appoint a place near the frontiers of Calais, and to summon a diet there for deliberation. Any such convention would be hopeless, unless everything were put in due train in England; nor would Wolsey cross the sea in the King's name, unless matters were in a state of readiness here, "by sending of a personage from the French king." The King's claims to France and Scotland are of so delicate a nature that they cannot be determined by any other arrangement. Not that anything is meant to be done without the Emperor's knowledge and consent. In passing the truce, regard must be had to the King's indemnity, for which the Emperor stands bound.
28 May.
Vit. B. VI. 64. B. M.
Have very li[ttle news]. It was determined to invade France, keeping only 4,000 Spaniards in Italy, but now it is resolved that all the Spaniards shall accompany Bourbon. They think they have iiij ... lance-knights left, and want 4,000 more, for whom the Viceroy has written to the Archduke. They reckon that Bourbon will have, of the Emperor's and his own provision, 800 men-at-arms and as many light horse. The duke of Milan furnishes Bourbon with artillery. A good number of men are sent by sea, and the ships for them are being prepared at Genoa. The Pope fears Bourbon will not have help enough to maintain the army. The ambassadors of the Emperor and Milan say there is no doubt the army will be maintained well enough, but the number of footmen is very small, and they cannot increase it without help, and therefore daily look for an answer from the King to Bourbon. It seems that the marquis of Pescara, who is a noble and valiant captain, will lead the army into France, They say that as soon as Alexandria is surrendered, which will be shortly, he, with all the Spaniards, will take ship at Jean, and land near Marseilles, where they think he will do a notable feat before the French know of his coming. Think it will be the beginning of July before Bourbon passes the mountains. The bull ad partem for Wolsey's college at Oxford is sped cum clausula motus proprii. It was sped more than a month ago, but not as Clerk liked, and he had it altered without making a new suit to the Pope, that he might be more ready to extend Wolsey's faculties at Hannibal's departing. Now that Hannibal is going, they find his Holiness very remiss, and he says the officers would cry out if more was granted. "The Datarye opynly will not be a knowen" but that he does his best, but they think he is waiting to see Wolsey's success in getting the pension for him from the King. Advises Wolsey not to stick at it, as he may be useful. Rome, 28 May.
P.S.—Letters have come from the duke of My[lan] of 4 May, saying that the Swiss and French are divided; one half of the Swiss are gone with the French army towards Tu[rin] and so to France, and the rest home, so discontented that they were near ransacking the French camp; the French army passed by Susa, leaving Turin on their left. Other "particular" letters say that the Swiss have taken with them the Admiral and Memorancye, and that the French army is totally ruined; but no letters of credence say more than that the French have departed with the loss above said. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. at ƒ. 73* b.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: "Roma. Reddit. xiij. Junii;" and in pencil in a modern hand, "Rom., 28 May, John Clerk."
28 May.
R. O.
He and his fellow commissioners can no further execute their authority with respect to the subsidy till they have Darcy's advice, for this reason: All the commons in Craven and other places were well disposed, giving in their bills, till they heard of the misbehavior of the commons of Richmondshire, when they would proceed no further, nor indent with the Commissioners, who can therefore make no return into the Exchequer. Desires to know whether any reasonable answer will be admitted in the Exchequer, or no. Skypton, 28 May. Signed: H. Clyfford.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
"Cousin, at the reverence of God, without delay or tract of time take some sad and discreet direction betwixt my lord Clifford and you, and such other commissioners as be joined with you for your quarters, for the speedy return of the money sessed, with the names of the collectors." If this be not done with diligence, "all we that be in the said commission shall run in the King's high displeasure," as may be seen by his late letters missive sent to all the commissioners of the subsidy, "and besides that, run in great penalties in the Exchequer," and be "noted lag;" for all the other commissioners are ready to make their returns, and tarry "upon your quarters, and quarters assigned to Sir Wm. Gascon by his desire, who will be advised by my said Lord, and appoint with him, as he showed my servant." The others were ready "before my departure over sea (?)." Urges him to appoint meetings, and determine when they will be meet for the return; "and of all these parts ye shall not be tarried three hours."
Draft, in Darcy's hand, p. 1. Endd.: A copy of the letter sent to Sir Ric. Tempest.
28 May.
R. O.
Spanish counterpart of the treaty between Charles V. and Henry VIII. for the invasion of France by the duke of Bourbon. Signed at London, 24 May 1524, by the King and Throkmorton; by De Praet on the 28th. Signed and sealed by De Praet.
30 May.
R. O.
Since writing last, a trumpet has come from the captain of Boulogne about prisoners, and brought word that Pont de Remye was at home, and wished for an answer about his prisoners. Sent Calais to him; but when he arrived at Boulogne, the captain told him Pont de Remye had not come from the court; and when Calais complained of his having sent such a message, he answered, that he was assured he had come, and that he would send word as soon as he did. Will be quite sure Pont de Remy has returned before he sends Calais again. Corn in France is rising to a marvellous price. What he has seen on the ground is the worst he ever saw, and he hears it is the same throughout. Has ordered those who have safeguards in these quarters, as the lordships of Fynez and Arde, to bring their corn for sale to Guisnes, instead of Boulogne, as they do now, so that the enemy may have no relief. Wishes for orders in case they refuse. Owing to the safeguards given by the Emperor's captains, and the lands given by the Emperor to Frenchmen who bribe the captains for safeguards, his men have to go far into the country to do any good. Has been offered bribes by the Burgundians for safeguards, but will not give them, "nor they shall have no such yooke to leye in my nekke." Guisnes, 30 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
31 May.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 251. B. M. Hearne's Otterbourne, II. 609.
Has received his writing dated May 27. Is surprised it is so sharp, as she wrote her mind plainly, and answered what he wrote about. As he does not give credence to her writing, does not know why she should write. What he says about the bond is not true. She has not done and will not do anything contrary to her honor or her son's weal. He says that unless she labors for-peace there is likely to be great trouble. God knows she has labored continually to the King, but she was not heard nor answered. Sent her servant lately, and he could not get a passage, so her laboring cannot come to effect through the false report of her "onfryndys," who can never be so "stedabyl" to the King as she. Marvels that he writes to her as he does about the wardship of the earl of Huntley, considering that she knows better what she has done than he can by false report. He should be better advised before he imputes to her what is not true. If Surrey had been where Dacre is, he would not have written thus, but she cannot get his kindness for anything she does. It shall be known indeed that she has done and will do nothing for profit, that is not to her honor and the weal of her son. What she has received is not for what he says, and is not as much as he thinks. Will say no more till she understands her brother's mind, which she hopes and trusts is better than Dacre's, or else she would think herself ill rewarded, and take the best remedy for herself that she could. Must live as long as God pleases, and seek the best way she can to live to her honor, and not like a poor woman, as she has done this long time, without any help or favor.
When it was ordained by the Lords that she should be put away from her son, she informed her brother, sent him the Lords' writing, and asked what she should do, promising, if he would help her, to withstand the Duke and the Lords to the uttermost; but she has had no answer since Surrey departed; which might have brought her into great trouble, and her son into danger. Thinks it very unkind that she found no help or favor, but trusts it did not come from the King, but from the soliciting of her enemies. Hopes he will soon find that she can "do him stead." Will answer for anything she does to God and the world, and will keep as good part to her brother as any other will. If Dacre does as well as she, he will deserve the less reproof and displeasure from the King; "and therfor, my Lord, repreff not me in the thyng that is not trauth, for I vol answer for myselfe." As to the Duke's "abusions," cannot answer for the Lords; but she will not be abused by them, for she looks not that way, and will not look to anything that may hurt her son or his realm. If the King is minded to do anything for his nephew, he can show it best by making a good peace, and sending his mind thereupon to the Lords. If they refuse it he will have more cause to do displeasure here; but otherwise she thinks he should do no evil to her son or his realm. 31 May.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.
31 May.
Calig. B. II. 246. B. M. Ellis, 1 Ser. I. 240.
Hears by spies that the Scotch lords continued together in Edinburgh all Whitsun week, and held councils in the Tolbooth on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday last. The duke of Albany demanded of them the following articles:—(1.) Three months' licence to depart into France, and return for the defence of the kingdom; which the Lords at first refused as being unseasonable, when they were threatened with an English invasion, but afterwards granted, with a commission to master David Beton, a clerk and a herald, to go along with him. (2.) That the bond made at Rouen by the bishop of Dunkeld, the secretary, and the bishop of Ross, should be kept towards the French king, and no peace taken with England in his absence without the advice of the French king and himself;—which was agreed to on condition that the French king would keep the bond made to the king of Scots, unless they were compelled to make peace by England invading with its main power. (3.) That the Queen and Lords should keep the King in Stirling till his return, the Queen being bound not to confederate with England;—which the Queen partly declined, as in his absence "she must needs do for herself." The Lords agreed. (4.) That his servant Grisels (Gonzolles) might remain as treasurer of Scotland till his return. The Lords answered any servant he should leave would be welcome, but they thought him unfit for the office. (5.) That the Queen should be obeyed in all her rights. Agreed to. (6.) That he might borrow 40,000 "crowns of the son" from the Scotch merchants, for certain wages, and for the equipment of his ships;—which was refused as impossible. The Lords offered, if he would remain, that they would "war with him their bodies and goods." The Duke took leave of them on Friday, rode that night to Lithquo, on Saturday to Stirling, where he took leave of the King and Queen on Sunday, determining to be in Glasgow yesterday, and at Dumbarton on Tuesday, where he would embark. Dacre is promised intelligence when he has fairly sailed. Whittingham, the last day of May, at three o'clock in the morning. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: "To my lord Legate's grace." Endd.: "A domino Dacres dat' ultimo Maij, reddit' quinto Junii."
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 248b. B. M.
2. Copy of the preceding, from Dacre's Letter-book. Dated Whittingham, penult. May 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3.
31 May.
R. O.
Acknowledges receipt of money, according to indentures, by his servants John Sympson and Thos. Talentyre, whom he sends again for more. Requires 3,000l. for the pay of the garrisons and jackets to be given them, according to the commands of the King and Wolsey; for the wages of 1,200 men for a month amount to upwards of 1,300l. Whittingham, 31 May 16 Hen. VIII. 1524. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
ii. [Dacre] to the Same.
Acknowledges money received by his servants. Sends Robert Moyses and Thos. Talentyre for 1,300l. for one month's pay of the garrisons on the Borders. Morpeth, 28 July 16 Hen. VIII.
Added in his own hand: Begs him to be good Lord to his brother Sir Christopher in the matter of "the theand of Bromfelld," of which he wrote last. [Signature lost by mutilation.]
P. 1. Add.
iii. Three receipts (two of which are badly mutilated), by Moyses, Talentyre and Humphrey P ..., for money paid by the Abbot by virtue of Wolsey's orders, 15 [and 16?] Hen. VIII.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 248. B. M.
2. Copy of § i. in Dacre's Letter-book.
Ib. f. 302. 3. Copy of § ii. in Dacre's Letter-book.
31 May.
R. O.
Has heard nothing yet of Ponderemye's coming home. Will send Calais to him as soon as he comes. Twenty-eight prisoners and a booty were taken by the garrison of Guisnes last Friday. The Frenchmen pursued and attacked them three times, but were beaten off. Sent out Palmer with 100 horse, and Isley, Basfort and Wingfield with 200 foot, to lie in two ambushes within a league of Belle Castle, and sevenscore adventurers to drive the country and return between them. They were pursued by the bailly of Samer de Boys, lieutenant to mons. de Verviegne, with 150 men-at-arms and 100 peasants, but the adventurers did not allow them to come on far enough, but turned upon them before they came up to the men in ambush who, seeing the fight, went to their assistance. The French fled to a castle near. Many of them were killed, and 56 taken, 32 of whom were men of war from Boulogne. The Bailly himself escaped very hardly, for Robt. ap Reynolds ran his man through with a staff hard at his back. They brought home also above eightscore kine and mares. The prisoners say that Mons. de Byes promised to meet them with 200 horse, "which, an it had pleased God, I would he had done." If he could have found conveyance for two curtaulx from Calais, the castle that saved the French and divers others would not have been standing this morning. Corn is so dear in France that the people are crying out for peace. Isley, the bearer, and his fellow Basfort, have asked him to write to the King in favor of their suits, which he has done. Refers him to Suffolk, my lord Treasurer, lord Sandys, Sir Richard Wingfield and others of the Council, who have seen what they have done in the King's service. Guisnes, 31 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.: Guyens. A Will'mo Fiztwill'ms, dat. ult. Maii, reddit. quinto Junii.
R. O. 385. RIC. CROKE, of London, goldsmith.
Bill in Chancery, setting forth that he had bound himself, at the request of Wm. Dode, vintner, in the sum of 200l. to one Twyn of London, barber, to save him harmless against Walter Lamberde, goldsmith, to whom Dede and Twyn are bound to pay 140l. at the coming Feast of Pentecost, 16 Hen. VIII. Twyn has commenced an action of debt against him in the court of the mayor of London, though he has sustained no harm from the bond to Lamberd, which is not due yet. Asks for a writ of certiorari to the Mayor.
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd.
R. O.
Lease, dated _ May 16 Hen. VIII., by lord Ric. Grey, of the manor of Keyingham and appurtenances in Holderness, Yorks., to Ric. Kyney, John Bake, John à Lokington, and Hen. Johneson, for 22l. a year, during lord Grey's life. If Ric. Johnson, tenant to the said lord, marry before the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, he shall occupy the fourth part of the premises, paying the fourth part of the rent.
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, pp. 3.
R. O.
Declaration of Robt. Shether, Ric. Gresham and Edm. Kemp, who have examined, by order of the Governor and assistants of the Merchants Adventurers, John Copland and John Googe as to a sum which the former claimed of the latter at the late gold mart at Barrow. Copland has produced bills of Googe's, to the amount of 70l. 13s., Fl., which Googe confesses, but says that he paid part to John Newington, who denies having received any part thereof. May 10 Hen. VIII.
Draft, corrected by Cromwell, p. 1.
R. O.
Costs of the recovery of the manor of Kexby, co. York, Easter term, 15 and 16 Henry VIII., and for a fine levied by Sir Robt. Ughtred, and John Haselwode and Robt. Henton, mercers.
Total 12l. 12s. 9d., of which several items amounting to 3l. 3s. 7d. are stated to have been paid by Crumwell.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 2. Item. An indenture between Thos. cardinal of York and legate, and John Aleyn, alderman of London, dated 13 May 16 Hen. VIII. Another between Wolsey and Sir Robt. Ughtred, reciting all the covenants, grants, and agreements between them and John Aleyn, dated 15 May 16 Hen. VIII. A deed of feoffment by John Aleyn, John Haselwood, and Robt. Henton to Wolsey, Cuthbert bishop of London, John bishop of Lincoln, John bishop of Bath, Sir Wm. Gascoyne, &c., dated 14 May 16 Hen. VIII. A release of the manor of Kexby, from Ughtred to Wolsey, &c., dated 22 May 16 Hen. VIII. A release from John Haselwood and Robt. Henton, at the instance of John Aleyn, to Wolsey, &c., dated 20 May 16 Hen. VIII.
In Cromwell's hand. P. 1. Endd.: Mr. Aleyn.
R. O. 3. Receipt by John Aleyn, citizen and alderman of London, of 966l. 13s. 4d. from Wolsey, by the hands of Thos. Hennege, for the manor of Kexby, Yorks., and appurtenances in Kexby and Catton, which he had bought from Sir Robt. Ughtred. 6 April 15 Hen. VIII.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 4. Release by Sir Robt. Ughtred, kinsman and heir of Sir Robt. Ughtred, and son and heir of Sir Hen. Ughtred, to Sir Ant. Ughtred, captain of Berwick, of the reversion of the manors of Kylneweke, Tolthorp, Fymour, and Owelesthrop, Yorks., leased to Sir Antony and his brother Christopher for the life of the longer liver by their father Sir Robt. Ughtred, senior. 22 March 15 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.: Lepington and Bathorp.
R. O. 5. Release by Sir Robt. Ughtred to Robt. Hogeson of a rent of 20 mks. which was reserved out of the manor of Wassand when he sold it to Hogeson. Hogeson will pay 200l. for this release, 106l. 13s. 4d. at once, and 20l. a year from Lammas day 1525.
Imperfect, pp. 5.
R. O. 6. Account of Richard Trew to Sir Robt. Ughtred.
"Charge."—Trew owes to Sir Robt. Ughtred for 1½ year's rent ending at the Annunciation 15 Hen. VIII. 26l. 10s. Received of Ant. Ughtred 46s. 8d., for two kine left with him 20s., 2 nags 10s., five wedders 6s. 8d., household furniture, grazing, and wood sold. Total, 36l. 12s. 4d.
"Discharge."—22l. 8s. 4d. due to him by Sir Robt. Ughtred by bill, dated 9 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII. Servants' wages. ½ yard black velvet for my mistress, 6s. Her costs at York, 2s. 3d. Healing your roan horse, 3s. 4d.½ qr. "wotys" 12d. Horse-meat at York for a week, 6d. Scouring harness, 8s. For enclosing Cawood closes, Chaffer close, and Cokshot lease, 18s. Meat and drink of Master Antony, my master's brother. For 1 yr. and 10 wks., 3l. 18s. John's costs of London, 5s. 6d. Meat of two horses, one at Paccrych and the other at the George at Stawmford, 33s. 4d., &c. Total, 48l. 10s. 11d. Due to him, 11l. 18s. 7d.
ii. Account of Wm. Skayffe.
"Charge."—12,000 kydds, otherwise called bavens, 14 Hen. VIII., 12l. 3s.
"Discharge."—For making the said kydds, 12s. per 1,000. 26 loads of kydds paid for "the tene," or enclosing the wood where the said kydds grew, 26s. Given to Mr. Antony, 4l. 13s. A black gelding, 53s. 4d. Hedging the high wood, 6s. Expenses on the highway, 2s. 4d. Costs from Kexby to London and tarrying there 12 days, 16s. 8d. Meat and drink for a horsekeeper 26 weeks, 1l. 17s. 2d. An ell of sarcenet for his mistress, 5s. For binding certain old kydds, 11s. His fee for two years, 13s. 4d. Total, 16l. 4s. Due to him, 4l. 18s.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 7. Catalogue of 85 deeds of various dates, chiefly from 13 to 15 Hen. VIII., and relating to the Ughtred family and the manor of Kexby, Yorksh. Among these are the following:—
1. Bargain and sale of Kexby, with lands in Catton, to John Aleyn, alderman of London, by Sir Rob. Ughtred. Dated 19 Feb. 15 Hen. VIII.
2. (fn. 3) Deed of feoffment, 1 March 15 Hen. VIII., by Simon Webbe and others, to Walter Pateshale and Thos. Crumwell, of lands in Kexby.
3.* Deed of feoffment, 1 March 15 Hen. VIII., by Sir John Zowche and others, to Walter Pateshale and Thos. Crumwell, of the manor of Kexby and all lands in Catton which the grantors had of Sir Rob. Ughtred, to the use of Ric. Patten, barber of London.
4. Deed of feoffment, 3 March 15 Hen. VIII., by Jos. Ughtred and Ric. Idell, at the instance of Sir Rob. Ughtred, son and h. of Sir Henry, of the manor of Kexby, to Pateshull and Crumwell, to the use of John Aleyn.
5. Release by Chr. Ughtred, to Simon Webbe and others, of the pasture called More Close, 10 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII., and a number of other documents about the same pasture.
6. An indenture touching the manor of Kylnewyck.
7. Deed touching a mill in Cukwold. (Cancelled. In margin: "Not material.")
8. Documents, temp. Edw. III., touching the Ughtred family, &c.
9. "A piece called a release by Sir Anthony Ughtred to Tho. Crumwell and Walter Pateshale remaining in the hands of Mr. Broke, judge."
Pp. 10, large paper.
8. Duplicate of the preceding.
R. O. 9. Questions to be asked of Symond Webbe on the Cardinal's behalf.
(1.) What he knows of Kexby manor, Yorks.; and whether he knows of any conveyance by deeds of entail or wills, or other incumbrance, that might cause trouble in time to come? (2.) Whether he was privy to the forging of a deed of entail showed to the Cardinal by Sir Ant. Oughtred; to what extent it was forged, and by whom? (3.) What evidences, court-rolls, rent-rolls, &c. he has concerning the manor'; and whether he knows any one else who has such? To demand of him (4) an obligation of the statute of the staple at Westminster, by which Sir Robt. Oughtred is bound to him in 300l., which statute should have been delivered to John Alyn, alderman of London; (5) and a pedigree of the Oughtreds. (6.) What new covenant or contract has been concluded between Sir Robt. and him, or any other, since 22 March last?
P. 1. Endd.
10. Part of a document relating to the manor of Kexby.
P. 1.
Vit. B. VI. 39. B. M.
"... scripte al suo ambassadore in corte de M ... [Gr]isoni venero fino a Cabrino, impero non ardireno passare il fiume," on the other side of which were the forces of the Venetians and Joanino de Medicis. Renzo da Chieri was obliged to fly in consequence of a mutiny. Their leaders came as ambassadors to the duke of Milan to excuse themselves, saying that the Grisons had moved without their leave. Joanino de Medici, with the duke of Milan, has taken Biagrassa. Our men have also taken Briona by assault. The Swiss, expecting succors from the French, arrived at Smirea (Ivrea?) on the 25th, and after carrying off four pieces of artillery went on the 27th to Briona. The French issued from Novara on the 27th, and drew near Gattinara, leaving at the former place 800 foot. They joined the Swiss at Romagnone on the 28th. The Genoese followed them within a mile, and a great skirmish ensued till night overtook them. [On the] 29th the enemy left Romagnone. In passing the river [Sciesa] (fn. 4) some of our light horsemen and musketeers attacked their rearguard, and made them abandon 10 pieces of artillery and eight carts of munitions. A skirmish ensued, in which we burned their powder and took two French standards, the one the Admiral's, the other the Grand Master's, and two bands of Swiss, with many carriages, &c., and seven pieces of artillery. Next morning we pursued the enemy further, and made them leave behind two other pieces of artillery. The Swiss at length made a stand with some French men-at-arms, when the marquis of Pescara came up, and another skirmish took place, which lasted some time. In the end the Swiss withdrew. In their retreat Bayard was shot in the side by one of our musketeers, and fell from his horse, and gave himself up as prisoner, but died shortly after ... was also so wounded that doubts are entertained of his life, and Memoransi the same. Vandenes (Vendôme) also is reported wounded.
A post is said to have been intercepted with letters of the 25th Aril from the French king in Paris, by which it appeared the Admiral was to return to France, and that the French had great confidence in what the archbishop of Capua is treating. On the 3rd May the Swiss abandoned the French, and went home by the Val d'Agosta. They took with them the artillery, meaning to leave it in some sure place by the way, and have carried off the Admiral as security for their pay. The French men-of-arms took the road to Susa, leaving Turin on the left; and I hear from a courier just arrived from Lyons, "haveno trovati tra Vigliana et Susa ali quatro sul tarde, gente tutto straciata, sua ... et pochi con arme, et che si erano rincontrati con li quatro cento la[ncie le] quale conduceva Longavilla, et tutti uniti insieme, se ne andavan ..." The Swiss were in great dissension among themselves, and would have stripped the French of their baggage. St. Pol had to beg his life from them on his knees. Those who came last have only received a crown per man. I have reported how the enemy abandoned Bosco and Capriata on hearing of the retreat of their men.
Ital., pp. 3, mutilated. Headed in the margin (by the King?): "... des lettres [des succ]essos de Bourbon, [du Viceroy] de Naples, duc Durbin, marquis de Pescayre, et aultres cappitaines." Endd.: "XXV. Junii."
May./GRANTS. 390. GRANTS in MAY 1524.
2. Th. Stevyns. Grant for 30 years of the offices of constable of the castle and bailiff of the manor of Trym in Ireland, lately held by John Rocheford, of the King with the assent of Gerald, earl of Kildare, late deputy of Ireland, with 10l. a year as constable and the usual fees as bailiff; on surrender by Sir John Walop of patent 1 March 13 Hen. VIII., which was a similar grant witnessed by the earl of Surrey, without the King's authority, and consequently invalid according to the statute of Hen. VII. Del. Westm., 2 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
2. Wm. Barners, one of the King's auditors. Lease of the water mills in the lordship of Bollesover, Notts and Derby, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 35s. 6d., and 3s. 4d. newly approved. Del. Westm., 2 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2. m. 16.
2. Monastery of St. Mary, Derley, Cov. and Lichfield dioc. Writ to the escheator of Notts and Derby for the restitution of the temporalities on the election of Thos. Grevys, canon of that house, as abbot, whose fealty has been commanded to be taken by the abbot of Dale and the prior of Rapyndon. Westm., 2 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 33.
2. Commissions of the Peace.
Notts: Thos. card. of York, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, Sir Hen. Willoughby, Sir Wm. Meryng, Sir Wm. Perpoynt, Sir John Markham, Sir John Willoughby, Ric. Stannop, Wm. Clerkeson, Anth. Babyngton, Rob. Broun, Nich. Strelley, Thos. Meryng, Rob. Nevell. Westm., 2 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1d.
Gloucestershire: Thos. card. of York, G. bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, C. bp. of Hereford, _ abbot of Gloucester, Walt. Devereux lord Ferrers, Thos. Barkeley lord Berkeley, Sir Ric. Wyngfelde, Sir Lewis Pollard, Thos. Inglefelde, Sir Wm. Uvedale, Sir John Hungerford, Sir Wm. Kyngeston, Sir Thos. Cornewall, Sir Peter Newton, Sir Alex. Baynham, Sir Edm. Tame, Sir Wm. Denys, Sir Edw. Wadham, Sir Christ. Baynham, Wm. Rudhale, John Whytyngton, Geo. Bromley, Rob. Chaunterell, Rob. Wytney, Wm. Tracy, John Arnolde, Rob. Wye, Thos. Matson, Rog. Porter, John Pakyngton, Jas. Clyfford. Westm., 2 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1d.
3. John Baker. To be forester in the lordship of Radnor, vice John Baker, his father, deceased; with 40s. a year, payable at the exchequer of Radnor, as Th. Clonne held the same. Del. Westm., 3 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Wm. Knyvet, captain of the "Great Spaniard" that the Emperor gave the King. Protection for Jas. Aleyn, of London, sherman; going to the wars. Del. Westm., 4 May 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
Copy of the preceding in R. O.
6. Lord Berners. Protection to Thos. Ewstas, of Highgate, Middx., 6 May 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
6. Eliz. Lawson. Lease of the manor of Arkylgarthdall, parcel of the lordship of Middilham, York; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 42l. 3s. 3d. Del. Westm., 6 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
6. Commission of the Peace.
Suffolk: Thos. card. of York, R. bp. of Norwich, N. bp. of Ely, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Chas. duke of Suffolk, Thos. earl of Surrey, John abbot of Bury St. Edmund's, Rob. Radclyff lord Fitzwauter, Wm. lord Willoughby, Sir Ric. Wyngfelde, Sir Rob. Curson, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir Rob. Drury, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Wm. Walgrave, Sir Anth. Wyngfeld, Sir Wm. Clopton, Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir Philip Tylney, Humph. Wyngfeld, Thos. Lucas, Lionel Talmage, John Sulyard, Thos. Russhe, John Hennyngham, John Harvy, of Oulton, Edm. Lee, Rob. Reynolde son of Rob. Reynoldsen. Westm., 6 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1d.
7. Jas. Colle, of the lordship of Kemyse, Pembroke, alias of Llwngwyair. Pardon of all felonies, &c. committed before 1 Jan. last. Del. Westm., 7 May.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 30.—It appears by the petition in the S.B. that he had been unknowingly an accessory to his kinsmen, who stole six beasts and sold them.
7. Ric. Salford, of London, alias of Compton, Surrey. Pardon for the murder of John Stutfold at Compton, in the road leading from the rectory to the village called Hertmede, Surrey. Westm., 7 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
7. Ric. Phillips. Lease of the fishery of Canford from Steresmyll to Reddeford, and the moiety of the fishery of Canford lately occupied by Wm. Atwull, and leased to John Baker, and the other moiety of the same leased to John Humber, and the fishery of the Dedewater, lately in the tenure of John Flaxmore, and leased to John Downere, in the lordship of Canford, Dors., late of the countess of Richmound; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 12s. 4d., and 3s. 8d. newly approved. Del. Westm., 7 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 16.
7. Geo. Wytwang. Protection for John Hamwoode, alias Hamonde, of Wilton, mercer; going to the wars. Del. Westm., 7 May 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
7. Ric. Wethyrs, captain of the bark "De Morlese." Protection for Robt. Blagrave, of London, barber, who is to serve in the war. 7 May 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
8. Robt. Kyrke. Protection to John Dawes, of Maldon, Essex, mercer. Beaulieu, 27 April 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 May.—P.S.
8. Thomas Story, of Southe-tyndale, Northumb. Pardon. Westm., 8 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 38.
9. Ric. Nevile, of Hereford, butcher. Pardon for having killed in self-defence Philip Miles, of Hereford, butcher, who interfered between the said Ric. and Ric. Barret, butcher, who assaulted the said Ric. Nevile, as appears by the record of Wm. Synagh, the mayor and coroner. Westm., 9 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
9. Wm. Brayllont, of London, "brawderer," a native of Normandy. Denization. Westm., 9 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2. m. 3.
10. Robt. Baynham, Ric. Hussher, John Atwell, and Th. Knight, wardens of the brotherhood of the Holy Trinity and the Virgin Mary, in the parish church of St. Mary, Calais. Licence to acquire lands, &c. in the town and marches of Calais to the annual value of 20l., in aid of the poor of the said fraternity, which was founded by patent 1 Aug. 20 Edw. IV. Del. Westm., 10 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 30._It appears by the S.B. that this patent is granted at the suit of Richard Long, one of the men-at-arms of Calais.
10. Roger Drewe, M.A. Presentation to the church of Highbray, Exeter dioc., void by death, and at the King's disposal by the wardship of Robt., son and heir of Nich. Dillon, who held of the King as of the duchy of Exeter. Del. Westm., 10 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
11. John lord Berners. Protection for Thos. Fypps, of Erneton, Oxon, husbandman; going to the wars. 11 May 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
11. Rob. Albert, of Marshe Felde, Glouc., alias of Bristol, yeoman. Pardon. Westm., 11 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5.
12. Sir Wm. Ayscugh, wardship of Elizabeth, d. and h. of Wm. Hansard, deceased, who, holding of the King in chief by knight service as of the duchy of Lancaster, invalidated a patent under the seal of the duchy, dated London, 16 July 15 Hen. VIII., to the same effect as the present. Del. Westm., 12 May 16 Hen. VIII. S.B.—Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
12. Commission of the Peace.
Lincoln, Lyndesey: T. card. of York, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. earl of Surrey, Wm. lord Willoughby, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, John Constable, clk., dean of Lincoln cathedral, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, Sir Rob. Dymmok, Sir Christ. Willoughby, Sir Wm. Askewe, Sir Thos. Burgh, jun., Sir Andrew Billesby, Wm. Skipwith, Wm. Tyrwhit, John Mounson, John Seyntpoll, John Topclyff, John Fulvetby, John Hennege, sen., Edw. Forman, Thos. Hennege, Gilb. Tailboys, Thos. Myssenden, Ric. Clerke, John Hennege, jun., Wm. Dalyson, Edw. Forsett. Westm., 12 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1d.
14. Thos. Highfeld, subprior of St. Warburg's monastery, Chester dioc. Assent to his election as abbot, vice John Birchynsha; the said Thos. having been nominated by Thos. card. of York. Westm., 14 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 33.
14. Wm. Lokkewoode. Lease of lands in the lordship of Sherefhoton, York. Wm. Benson and Robt. Tasker are mentioned as late tenants of some of the possessions, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 4l. 10s. 2d., and 9s. 10d. increase. Del. Westm., 14 May 16 Hen. VIII. S.B.—Pat. p. 1, m. 39.
18. Th. Strebilhill, yeoman of the Guard. To be bailiff of the lordship of Risburgh Principis, Bucks, parcel of the honor of Walingford, belonging to the duchy of Cornwall, with 3l. a year. Del. Westm., 18 May 16 Hen. VIII.—Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
19. Th. Marshall, M.A. in the university of Oxenford. Grant of the pension which the abbot of Osney is bound to give to a clerk of the King's nomination. Del. Westm., 19 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
20. Geoffrey Thomas, student in Oxonford university. Presentation to the church of Penderyn, St. David's dioc., vice Hugh Ap David, resigned. Del. Westm., 20 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
22. Wm. Dodde, vintner? of London. Licence to import within three years 1,000 tons of merchandize, viz., wine or woad of Toulouse, bay salt, canvas and other linen cloth, &c., and export woollen cloths, kerseys, tin, lead, leather, &c., to any part, except Scotland. Del. Westm., 22 May (?) 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
24. John Glynne, LL.D. Presentation to the church of Holy Trinity, with the chapel of St. Peter annexed, in Dorchester, Salisb. dioc., void by death. Del. Westm., 24 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
24. John Brekenrig, of Scotland. Denization; and to all his children. Westm., 24 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 39.
26. Th. Hanyball, master of the Rolls. To cancel a recognizance of 500 marks, made 28 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII., by Th. Bele, D.D., regular canon of the new hospital of St. Mary without Bisshoppesgate, London, on condition that from that time he should well behave himself, and not offend the King, his people or laws, nor preach in any place without the licence of the King, or of Thomas cardinal, abp. of York. Greenwich, 26 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. Sir Edward Guldefford, knight of the Body. Licence to import within three years 2,000 tons of merchandize, viz., wine or woad of Toulouse, bay salt, canvas and other linen cloths, French bonnets or caps, &c. Del. Westm., 26 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. Gerard Chauncy, of London, stockfishmonger. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 7 Feb. 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 May 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
27. George earl of Shrewsbury, steward of the household. To be steward of the lordships of Horseley and Bollesover, Derb., which Sir Th. Lovell, deceased, held. Del. Westm., 27 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
27. Thomas Parker, LL.B. Grant of the deanery of St. Mary and Bartholomew, in the collegiate church of Stafford, vice John Thower, in the King's hand by the attainder of the duke of Buckingham. Westm., 27 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 38.
28. Sir Wm. Kingeston, knight of the Body. To be constable of the Tower of London, which office Sir Th. Lovell lately held; with 100l. a year. Del. Westm., 28 May 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Copy of the preceding.—R.O.
30. Thomas Gettens, captain of the Cattern galley. Protection for Robt. Combe, of London, leatherseller. 30 May 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
30. William Babyngton of London. Pardon for having killed Robt. Wolfe, alias Ulpe, on 27 Dec. 15 Hen. VIII. in "le Flete" messuage in the parish of St. Bride, London; the said Wm. being at the time "master de miserule," at the Christmas games, as appears by inquisition taken at London, in the said messuage, before John Wilford, coroner, Mich. Englishe and Nic. Jenyns, sheriffs. Westm., 30 May.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.


  • 1. Died 18 May 1524, according to Martin's Thetford, p. 122.
  • 2. 26th in the two modern copies in the R.O.
  • 3. These two are transcribed in full.
  • 4. Supplied from a modern abstract in the margin.