Henry VIII: November 1527, 16-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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'Henry VIII: November 1527, 16-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, (London, 1875) pp. 1610-1628. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp1610-1628 [accessed 12 April 2024]


November 1527

16 Nov.
S. B.
Cumb.—Sir John Lother, *Sir Edw. Musgrave, John Lamplewe.
Northumb.—*Sir John Delavale, Ralph Fenwick, Thos. Eryngton.
York.—*Sir John Nevell, of Chet, Sir Ninian Markenfeld, Sir Wm. Percy.
Notts. and Derb.—Anthony Babyngton, John Hersey, *Sir John Byron.
Lincoln.—*Thos. Portyngton, Geo. Fitzwilliam, John Turney.
Warw. and Leic.—*Sir Thos. Pulteney, John Harryngton, Sir John Villers.
Salop.—Robt. Nedham, Ric. Maynwaryng, *Sir John Talbot.
Staff.—Geo. Gresley, Wm. Bassett, *John Vernon.
Heref.—*Thos. Baskervile, Thos. Monyngton, Wm. Clynton.
Glouc.—Sir Anthony Poyntz, Robt. Witney, *Sir Wm. Denys.
Oxon and Berks.—John Broun, Edw. Fynes, *Thos. Eliott.
Northt.—Edw. Mountague, *Nich. Odell, Sir Wm. Gascoigne.
Camb. and Hunts.—* Robt. Ap Rice, Giles Alyngton, Thos. Sutton.
Beds and Bucks.—Sir Edward Donne, Sir John Hampden, *Francis Pygott.
Norf. and Suff.—Sir Wm. Paston, John Tyndale, *Sir Philip Tylney.
Essex and Herts.—Hen. Mackwilliam, John Brocket, *Edw. Tyrrell.
Kent.—Sir Thos. Cheyny, Wm. Kemp, *Sir John Scott.
Surrey and Sussex.—Sir Nich. Carewe, John Sackvyle, *Ric Bellyngeham.
Hants.—Sir Wm. Paulett, *Sir Wm. Barckley, Ralph Pexsall.
Wilts.—*Sir Anthony Hungerford, Walter Hungerford, John Erneley (?).
Somers and Dors.—Andrew Lutterell, John ..., Sir Edw. ... (fn. 1)
Devon.—[*Sir Thos Denys.]
Cornw.—[ *Hugh Trevanyon.]
Rutland.—[ *Edward Sapcote.] Westm., 16 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.
Signed by the King.
* The names with asterisks are marked with a cross in the margin; but in some places neither the marks nor names are discernible, the document being much defaced at the end.
16 Nov.
R. O.
Demanding restitution to be made to Evangelist Passar, Neapolitan, factor of Camelo Daschatte, merchant of Florence dwelling in Antwerp, of a sum of 600 ducats, with which he was returning to Flanders in a Flemish vessel, when, the ship being driven into Tynemouth by stress of weather and taken by the Abbot there, though he had the Emperor's safe-conduct, he placed the money in the hands of "ane clerk in the said abbay callit Maistir Doctour." Edinburgh, 16 Nov. Signed.
Add. Endd.
17 Nov.
R. O.
Hears from his Chancellor that Wolsey is displeased with him (the Chancellor), in consequence of sinister information, and because he has laid claim to a parish church and prebend that Mr. Dowman had, and that Wolsey has ordered him not to depart without special licence. Asks Wolsey to hear together the Chancellor and those who gave the information, and doubts not that he will find he has acted uprightly. He has sufficient learning and experience for his charge, and is wise, discreet and circumspect in giving judgments, with good will, diligence and boldness. Does not think there are two men in the shire who will complain of him. Doubts not that he can show Wolsey his title to the said benefices, and that he will be ordered according to Wolsey's pleasure.
Wants his Chancellor daily, and especially for the keeping of his consistories, of which the next will be on the Saturday after the feast of St. Andrew, and for a visitation in the new college of St. Mary beside Winchester. Asks that he may return, and, if Wolsey wishes, he can appear before him in Hilary term. Marwell, 17 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To, &c. my lord cardinal of York, legate of England and Chancellor.
17 Nov.
Nero, B. VII. 81. B. M.
3584. JOHN CASALE, the Prothonotary, to WOLSEY.
Wrote lately that the ambassadors of the confederates were on their way to Ferrara to receive the Duke into the treaty. Though from the beginning he had shown himself ready to accept the conditions, still his demands seemed so great, and he promised so little on his side, that it was doubtful whether the ambassadors would not return without doing anything. Sends the heads of his demands. At length the ambassadors thought fit to send Casale's brother, the knight (equitem fratrem) to the cardinals at Parma, to persuade them to ratify his demands in the Pope's name as far as they concerned his Holiness; which was done. The Venetians do not seem likely to grant what he demands of them, and it is thought he will give them up, and that the matter will soon be settled. Will write to Wolsey when it is published. Hears from Florence that the Pope has accepted conditions from the Imperialists. Sends copies of his brother's letters about this and the duke of Ferrara. While writing is told that the treaty with Ferrara has been signed and published. Venice, 17 Nov. 1527. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
18 Nov.
Vesp. C. IV. 218. B. M.
The Emperor marvels why all this time he gets no answer either from France or from the King and Wolsey. Some of the Council say 40 days have passed, but the Emperor gives us 16 days more. It is said he will set forward in 14 days for Valencia, and from that go into Arragon, leaving here the Emperor and his council of Castile. Since the news of the Viceroy's death they have been trying many ways to send into Italy. They applied to De Tarbes for a safe-conduct which he had for one to be sent for the Pope's deliverance, but he, fearing they would use it for their own affairs, said he had kept it for some time, and sent it back to France because no man asked for it. Believe they have found means to send both by sea and land. News came on the 15th from France of the Pope's deliverance, whether with or without conditions does not appear. J. Almain says the Almains keep the Datary and Salviati's father in their hands as hostages for arrears due to them. He says it is they only, and not the Emperor, who kept the Pope in captivity. Almain was much more close than he used to be; "and yet he had of us much occasion; which thing and the despatch of a currer by De Tarbies at this time without any sufficient cause known to us,—albeit he pretended cause to have licence to come home,—maketh us somewhat to suspect."
The Emperor makes no concession about Sforza, except that the Council say when the answer comes they will see what can be done. De Tarbes says he has offered the duchy to the count of Geneva. Almain told De Tarbes that Gregory de Casale had said openly to Lautrec, before some of the Emperor's side, that the King would give Francis no more money for the war of Italy. The Emperor will receive from Valencia, Arragon, &c., 600,000 ducats, only if he come there to take his oath. Numbers offer the Emperor 800,000 or 900,000 ducats, to be quit of the Inquisition, "and may stand for their purgation when anything shall be to them objected." The Inquisition is a right great court, evermore following the Emperor. He intends to raise money by mortgaging certain lands.
The duke of Ferrara has joined the league, and his son is gone into France to marry the lady Renate. It is said the marquis of Mantua has turned likewise. Burgos, 18 Nov. Signed.
Hol. by Lee; pp. 3; part in cipher deciphered. Add. Endd.: 1527, 28 Nov.
R. O. 3586. [GHINUCCI] to _.
"_nisi forte ea via videre voluisset an Alemandus sibi secretus esset vel non." It is not easy to see what the French ambassadors can treat with the Emperor that they do not wish the English to know, for it is unlikely that they are seeking anything besides peace, which they know the English desire more than themselves. Expresses his suspicions with regard to a courier sent by the bishop of Tarbes to the Emperor, which he thinks indicates a better understanding with the Imperialists than they are willing to allow.
Lat., in Vannes' hand, pp. 2. Apparently a decipher.
18 Nov.
R. O.
3587. CORN.
Commission to John bishop of Lincoln, Hugh abbot of Redyng, [Sir] Thos. Inglefeld, Sir Will. Compton, Sir Will. Essex, Sir Geo. Foster; Roger Lupton, clk., Jo. Norres, Will. Stafford, Hen. Brigges, Will. Fetiplace, Will. Yonge, Walter Chaldecote, Jo. Latton, Thos. Warde, Walter Barton, Thos. Ap Rice, Thos. Everrard, Jo. Hynton, Ric. Parkyns, Thos. Bullok, Ric. Wodcoke, Will. Hyde, Jo. Yate, Philip Fetiplace, Thos. Vachell, Thos. Ayleston, Silvester Peke, and the mayor of Windsor;—setting forth that, owing to forestalling, regrating and engrossing of wheat in all shires of England, "more scarcity of corn is pretended to be within this our said realm than, God be thanked, there is in very truth;" and authorizing them to search the barns and stacks in co. Berks, and follow out the instructions annexed to this commission; (fn. 2) putting at the same time into execution the statute of Winchester against vagabonds and unlawful games. Westm., 18 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.
Great Seal formerly attached.
R. O. 2. Similar commission for the county of Northampton, to John bishop of Lincoln, lord John Grey, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam the elder, Sir Will. Gascoigne, Sir Will. Parre, Sir Humph. Stafford, Sir Walter Mauncell, Sir Thos. Tresham; Ric. Knyghtley, jun., Edmund Knyghtley, Ric. Burton, Thos. Lovett, Thos. Brudenell, Edw. Montague, Ric. Humfrey, Will. Saunders, Rob. Chaunterell, Edw. Warner, Fras. Conyers, Ric. Tresham, John Lane, Maurice Osborne, Giles Pulton, Will. Kyngsman, John Mullysworth, Edw. Grene, Rob. Brudenell, jun., Edw. Brydde, Euseby Isham, John Turnour, Geo. Quarles, Ric. Hamelyn de Isham, Rob. Mulso, and the mayor of Northampton.
Great seal (mutilated) attached.
R. O. 3. Proclamation that all owners of grain who have more than enough for their households shall sell it at the nearest market. Commissioners are to make inquiry in every town and village if there be any corn concealed, and any owner neglecting to bring his grain to market to be reported to the council at Westminster by the quinzaine of St. Hilary; also to inquire concerning persons forestalling, regrating or engrossing, whom the commissioners, being justices of the peace, shall not only try at the next sessions but enjoin to appear before the Council as above. Justices to enforce the statute of Winchester, and other statutes concerning beggars and vagabonds, unlawful games, and putting down alehouses and inns at villages' and towns' ends, idle persons having of late very much increased, which has led to continual thefts, burglaries and murders.
Broad sheet, printed by Pynson.
R. O. 4. Form of a commission premising that certain farmers and others in the county of_, having sufficient grain both for their own households and to supply the markets, do nevertheless, in the hope of scarcity, abstain from selling it. The commissioners are commanded to divide themselves into different companies in different parts of the shire, to view the store of corn in all barns and houses, to weigh how much may be spared to the market, and command every one to bring a portion to the next market town every market day, as they think meet. The commissioners shall also make certificate of the whole numbers and quantity of corn in the county, and of the portions limited to each man for the supply of the markets, that they may be used according to a proclamation in pursuance of a statute made in the _ (fn. 3) year of the King's reign. They are also to inquire of all persons regrating corn, and they are to set the example themselves of sending their own corn into the market, and certify their proceedings to the Council.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 5. i. Certificate of Sir Tho. Tresham, Geo. Kyrkham, and Edw. Mountagu, commissioners of co. Northampton, for the hundreds of Pokebroke and Namsford, and eight towns in the hund. of Hukyslow, of the search made. Of grain in 208 towns in certain persons' hands, above the finding of their houses and seeding of their grounds, 1,368 qrs. Since their first view the markets have been sufficiently supplied.
ii. Certificate of Rich. Humfrey, Edw. Warner, Giles Poulton, Wm. Kynseman, John Layn, Euseve Isham and Rich. Hamlyn, commissioners for the hundreds of Orlyngbere, Amfordshoo, Hygham Ferrez, Spelho and eight towns of Hokylowe. Over and above their own needs, 3,510 qrs.; and since, &c.
iii. Certificate of Tho. Lovet and Edm. Knyghtley, commissioners for hundreds of Falwesley, Sutton and Wardon, within the said co. Over and above their own needs, 1,660 qrs.; and since, &c.
iv. Certificate of Wm. Saunders, commissioner for the hund. of Gillesburgh, co. Northt. Over and above, &c., 750 qrs.; and since, &c.
v. Certificate of Rob. Brudenell, Sir Humph. Stafford ... Rich. Tressham, and Tho. Brudenell, S ... hundred of Corby and Rothewell, within the said co. Over and above 2,269 qrs.; and since, &c.
Pp. 5.
19 Nov.
R. O.
3588. HOLLYS and HALL.
Bond given by Wm. Hollys and Wm. Dauntesey, merchants, of London, and of the staple of Calais, to John Hall, grocer, London, merchant, of the same staple. Dated Westminster, 19 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.
Seals of the parties attached.
21 Nov.
R. O.
Gold has been written to this day about her son Leonard's being here. His counsel and hers are to meet here on St. Andrew's eve; so, if her counsel do not get ready the books against the escheators' sitting, "ye know what holde ther ys in my son Leenard. And what craft or sotelty he dothe entend y can not tel." Begs Gold, when he comes home on Saturday, to bring with him his brother, who may make it his excuse that he comes to my Lord "for his duty that my husband did owe to him." Would like to have Master Baker here also. Knole, 21 Nov. "By the same whom ye know."
P. 1. Add. Endd. in a modern hand: "From lady Rede."
21 Nov.
R. O.
3590. THE MINT.
Assay of silver in the Star Chamber, 21 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII., before card. Wolsey, the duke of Norfolk, and others.
22 Nov.
R. O.
No news since the departure of my lord Lysley and Master Carew. The King is hunting at Fontainebleau, and is expected home on Saturday. My Lady remains here. Has only spoken with her once since he came, for as yet he cannot leave his chamber. Poynez spoke with the King the day he went forth last, and twice since with my Lady, who has informed him fully of the state of Italy, and shown him letters the contents of which he will report to Wolsey. Received letters yesterday for Peter Van from Gregory de Casalis, which he sends by Poynez. It is said that the Pope is delivered. Begs Wolsey's favor touching his prebend of St. Stephens. Has written to his kinsman, Robert Dacres, to deliver a resignation of it to Wolsey. Paris, 22 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
Calig. E. I.
18. B. M.
Has learned from the sieur De Poyntz, on his return from Spain, the state in which he has left matters there. As she is in greater need of advice than ever, has written by him to the King. Hopes the alliance between the two crowns will continue.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: [Au] Roy d'Angleterre. Endd.: The French kynges mother with Maister Pointes at his retorne from Spayne.
[Calig. E. I. II.]
I. 29. B. M.
Understands by the sieur De Poyntz, who is coming from Spain, the state of things there. There has not been much change since the last letters. Wishes for his advice and attention to the state of affairs.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Mons. le Legat.
Galba, B. IX. 93.
B. M.
Since last writing has received no letters of his. On the 25th Sept., after the conclusion of marriage, had tidings of Wolsey's return from France to Guisnes. The next day prepared to come to him at Calais; but on arriving at Bruges, on the 26th, received letters from Calais that he had crossed the sea on the 24th. Returned accordingly to the Court, and has delayed writing till now for lack of matter. Yesterday morning received the enclosed two letters. Seeing that both were addressed by the same man, but that the one for Wolsey was not like the other, either in the closing of the paper or in the sealing, asked the messenger who had broken it, and who had given it to him. He said he knew not who had done so, and said that he received them from a Spaniard who came from Spain and was going to the king of Bohemia. Gave him 4 placks for his labour. Has heard lately that the Emperor has written duplicate letters to my Lady about the great trouble that the King and Wolsey are taking to make peace between the French king and him, and has sent the copy of all the articles and offers made to him by them and the French king's ambassadors, with his resolute answer, by which he means to stand, desiring my Lady to show them to the great Lords here. My Lady has done this according to his desire, so that there are here now the card. of Luke, lords Rawystayn, Berghes, Burre, Fyenys, Bewyrs, the marquis of Arskot, now prince of Simay, with the other principal Lords.
Is daily asked to great dinners and banquets, where he hears many discussions about peace and war. Some of the principal persons say that Wolsey is the cause why the King, by manner of mediation, will compel the Emperor to make peace with the French king, greatly to his dishonor. Others say that the Emperor's ambassador in France has written to his master that Wolsey told him it was not convenient for the weal of Christendom that his master should have all his will of the king of France, for he should wax too great a lord. The Emperor, therefore, supposes that Wolsey wishes to keep him low, if he can. Some, however, say, on the contrary, that the King and Wolsey have showed more love and favour to the Emperor than any other Christian princes, and that if they had not meddled, all Flanders and Artoys might have been destroyed by this time.
On Sunday last dined at Hoghstrate's house with the cardinal of Luke, the lords of Palermo, Rawystayn, the earl [of] Porsyen, mons. de Burre, and other young lords. They think that the Emperor will not be content with the Fre[nch king's] absolute offers, and they expect war rather than peace. God send us better tidings out of Spain, and the good people here pray for good tidings from In[gland]. Dined yesterday with the Cardinal, there being present lords Rawystayn and Burre, the marquis of Arskot, count de Porsyen and others. There was no speech but for making of good cheer. After dinner the Cardinal desired him to offer his loving recommendations to Wolsey, saying, "Vous ly pues escripre franquement que il n'y a plessyr ne servyce que bonnement me soyt possyble de ferre pour le Roy vostre maistre, ou pour sa bone grace, que me truveront prest à ce ferre." Thanked him in the names of the King and Wolsey, and promised to write accordingly. This afternoon my Lady asked for news from England. Said he had none, and asked if she had any from elsewhere worth writing. She said the news from Italy was good, and that the king of Bohemia had written to confirm the news she had received on Sept. 27 of his victory over the Waywoode, who fled with 400 horse after the battle. The King's army takes castles and towns daily. She begged to be recommended to the King and Wolsey, and said that now is the time for them to show their love to the Emperor, and she doubts not they can bring all things to a good end, as they know the Emperor's "interior mind and intent."
Hol., pp. 4.
22 Nov.
Galba, B. IX. 91. B. M.
Since his last, has endeavored to find out the reason of the congregation of all these lords to the Court.
As far as he can tell, it was in consequence of certain letters sent by the Emperor to ... with the offers and presentations made by the French king to him, his answers, and the articles he has sent to the King and Wolsey to arrange a peace, which they now consider here that the King and Wolsey have entirely in their own hands.
Prays God to give [them] the grace to choose the best for our own part and the weal of Christendom. Some in authority think we favor the Fr[ench] side more than theirs. They have concluded in this Parliament to keep their frontiers and towns [safe] from the enemy, and to restrict the exportation of corn and munitions of war, till they know their friends.
Was last night with my Lady in her council chamber, there being present the lords of Palermo and Berghes. She asked for news out of England. Told her there was none but what was good. She said she had heard from the Imperial ambassador that for all the triumph and good semblance the King and Wolsey show to the French ambassador, he does not mistrust their love and favor to the Emperor. She desires to be recommended to Wolsey, but excuses her writing, as the Emperor has written at length, and she trusts that by your Grace's good means all will come to a good perfection. She said that the king of Bohemia had written of his prosperity in Hungary. He had received letters from Antony de Leva stating that he is strong enough to keep the town and castle of Milan for three months, but needed reinforcement from Dutchland to resist his enemies and assist the Imperial army. Ferdinand has, therefore, sent 10,000 men from Ausbourge. A gentleman of credit tells him that the king of Bohemia wrote that he trusts in five months to make an end of the business in Hungary, and he will then go with his whole army to make an end of the business in Italy. My Lady did not tell Hacket this, perhaps because he knows such things are sooner said than done.
The cardinal of Liege, Messrs. de Berghes, Burre and Bewyrs, have been trying to mitigate the anger of my Lady and Hoeghestrat against good Mr. Hesdyng; to which she would not listen, unless he would "sou[bmit] himself to prison and to purge." They said that he was ready to answer at all times in the Emperor's great council of Machlyng, and to the procurer general, and would lose his head if any fault was found in him. She said "she had justice of her own to corrige her own servants;" and if the Emperor himself wrote otherwise, she would rather give up her governance than change her purpose; so he must take patience as long as my Lady and Hoghstrat have the governance. A day or two after this, being with the said lords at Berghes' house, the Cardinal told him this in French, and Mons. de Burre confirmed it. The Cardinal then spoke the following words: "Mons. l'embassadeur, je vous sertefye que ce n'est pas Madame que fet la guerre à Hesdyng, mes ce sont des aultres esperyts que craynoyent que ledit Hesdyng estoyt trop bon Engloyss, les quellys quydoyent mestre quelque jeloysse entre l'Empereur et le Roy votre maystre, et de ferre quelque allianssys avecques les Franssoys, donct quelque grand Maystres de par de sa que je ne veux nomer ont este contrayres, et Hesdyng en porte la penetence." Hesdyng knows that these lords have told him of the communication they have had with my Lady and Hoghestrat, and asks Hacket to write to Wolsey to allow him to come to him.
f. 90. Encloses two letters from Hesdyng to Wolsey and to himself; knows that Hesdyng is well beloved by a party of the greatest lords here, and has matters to show which he dares not write. The king of Bohemia was crowned king of Hungary on the 3rd inst., and the Queen on the 4th, with greater solemnity than others in past time. He writes that he will return to Bohemia, leaving governors in Hungary, and go thence to the journey Imperial at Ratisbon, hoping to arrange then for defence against the Turks, if they attack Hungary next summer. A man lately come from Surry (Syria) says that the Turks are making great preparation to attack some part of Christendom next summer. Thinks Wolsey knows already the Viceroy of Naples' death. Now of late ... of this high council has followed him. Mons. de Rendon, of the French king's chamber, and now of the Emperor's retinue, is here. He says many things that might be kept in silence; among others, that he was sent, when the Turk was in Hungary, to bribe the principal personages in Bohemia with 30,000 cr. not to assist the king of Hungary,—which they did not; that the Regent had sent a special messenger to ask Wolsey to persuade the King to send no men nor money thither, in consequence of which the King's money did not come in time. If he can come to speech with him, will examine him somewhat further.
Dares not trouble Wolsey with writing of his own necessities, but commits himself to his remembrance. Machlyng, 22 Nov. 1527.
Hol., pp. 6. Add. Endd. at ƒ. 95 b.
22 Nov.
Lanz, Corr. des K. Karl V., vol. i. 256.
Has heard by letters from France of his deliverance, although his ministers have not written of it. Is greatly rejoiced, for he much regretted his detention, for which he was in no way responsible. Will do all in his power to restore the greatness of the Holy See. Burgos, 22 Nov. 1527.
22 Nov.
R. O.
3597. DE TARBES and PRESIDENT CALVIMONT, the French Ambassadors in Spain, to _.
We have done our best since we wrote last to conquer the difficulties, but are continually put off till the arrival of the courier, whose delay is complained of by the Imperialists. Although they say that it is to determine them to war, and to look to their own affairs, they make no show of abating the difficulty when the resolution comes, especially as to the restitution of the towns taken in the duchy of Milan; but, perhaps, when we come to speak of it, God will inspire them. You will have understood by our letters of 27 Oct. what the sieur de Bouclans said to Poinctz at his departure, that there was nothing the Emperor would not do for England if they spoke apart. Afterwards Nassau asked me, the President, why we did not ask the duchy of Milan for Francis, not for Sforza. Bouclans said as much the other day to me, De Tarbes; but, knowing it was their policy always to sow suspicion, and that if we made any overture to them they would make use of it to their profit with the confederates, we paid no attention to it. They lose not a moment in devising means to find money, and put forth many inventions. 1. They say that there are 90,000 parishes in Spain, from each of which the Emperor can obtain two marks. 2. He proposes to sell his rights in the Spicery to the king of Portugal, who, they say, will give a million of gold for them (and probably he would give some money, if he were assured of the bargain). 3. He proposes to abolish the process by the Inquisition against heretics, and leave it to common law, by which he will obtain 400,000 or 500,000 ducats. It is true this will displease all good men in his kingdom, but for that he cares little. 4. He intends to sell the reversions of the commandries of the Three Orders of Spain; and the conscience of the Spaniards is so good, he will make money by it. Moreover, he means to sell for 50,000 crowns the royal rights called juros, by which he may obtain 500,000 ducats and the revenue of the cortes of Arragon, Catalonia and Valencia. He is going to Valencia in fifteen or twenty days to make his entry, and be sworn in (se faire jurer), whence he will come to Mousson, in Arragon, to hold the Estates. During his journey the Empress and Madame Eleanor will remain here, at Burgos. He has confirmed the revenue of the masterships of the Orders for five years, at 800,000 ducats, and has taken an advance from some Genoese merchants, as of the Santurions, and also from one at Lyons. This Francis must look to. Warn him of various devices used for transmitting money.
The Emperor has great confidence in his brother; and if nothing occurred to hinder it, perhaps his hopes are not misplaced. Cardinal Salviati wrote on 22 Sept. to the Pope's nuncio at this court, that Francis had sent us a blank safe-conduct for whomever the Emperor would send to Rome for the deliverance of the Pope, with orders that we should be hostages for the surety of the person sent. The Nuncio did nothing about it until the Eve of all Saints', when the death of the viceroy of Naples was known here. Then he applied to us for the safe-conduct, which we, considering the state of affairs in Italy, and that the Pope's safe-conduct did not move the Emperor, who would by this means be able to advance his interests in Naples, told him was no longer in our power, because we had sent it back to Francis by the sieur de Poinctz. He pressed us very much, which increased our suspicions. At last we told him that, for the Pope's service, we would willingly despatch a courier to Francis, and ask him to send back the safe-conduct. He then went to the Emperor, and reported what we had said; and we know not if they have agreed together. We have no doubt they mean, under the protection of this safe-conduct, to send instructions to don Hugo de Moncada, with whom rests the charge of the kingdom of Naples until the Emperor has otherwise provided. Various persons, both Spaniards and Flemings, have been named (for the vice-royalty); but it is believed that it will be given to the Count Palatine, which will greatly dissatisfy the Spaniards, especially as the Great Mastership has been given to Gourgou (Gorrevod), governor of Bresse. Those here receive and send letters by Monneque, which you had better look to.
You know the treaties which have been made with England, and what we must come to if the Emperor is not reasonable. We doubt not that, if they really supposed here that words would be followed by deeds, they would not have spoken, or they would have used other language; but they rely upon the English. John Lalemant a few days ago told me, De Tarbes, that the Emperor was sure the king of England would not declare war against him, and was willing to lay a wager upon it with me. He said, besides, that that King had fulfilled his promise about the pay of the army of Italy, as he had been lately informed from Italy. The knight Casalis, in Lautrec's camp, had said so, and that he would not pay a sou more. About three weeks ago one Ponge, a servant of cardinal Cæsarinus, arrived at this court in post from Italy, and went on to England, for what matter we know not,—he says, to get Wolsey to petition Francis that Lautrec should leave Milan, and go to Rome. He came here under a safe-conduct of Francis for six months, and is doing great injury to his interests, pretending that the number of his army in Italy is very small, and giving great hope to the Imperialists. All the ambassadors of the Confederates think he was despatched by the viceroy of Naples. He proposed to carry the charge of the Emperor instead of that of the Pope, and to pass through France with letters from us, which we have dissembled to him. You may judge if he return shortly that he carries nothing of importance, or you can keep him in France for some time. Mention a ship laden with harness, which is going from Flanders to Naples.
Have been a long time without speaking to the Emperor's council, "pour le renvoy que dessus," and for the little hope of peace which they themselves profess. Are waiting for instructions from Francis what to do. On Wednesday last De Tarbes went to some of the Emperor's council on pretence of getting a safe-conduct, required by a harbinger of the Dauphin. Was received like an enemy, both on account of a letter which had been brought from Navarre, by which it appeared that there had been 800 men of Francis's at the capture of Basques, and for the bad news they had from Italy. I spoke them fair until I found it was no use, and answered without anger, that they might see they were only injuring their master's interests. We began talking about the evils of war, and each apologising for his master. The other, at last, asked me to tell him plainly wherein I thought the difficulty lay. I said I knew but one, for I was sure the Emperor would not stick about the hostages, and would be satisfied if he was assured of his due by merchants or otherwise, without talking of those who had been named. This he granted. I said also, that the Emperor would not stick about the Venetians and Florentines; which he also granted, saying he was sure both parties would be reasonable. He then spoke of Francis's refusal to surrender the towns; which I justified, as they were not in his hands. He proposed, and I approved, that the Emperor should do justice to Sforza, and yet show mercy, and that Sforza should remain his vassal; and asked what Francis would propose should be done after his death, about which I had no instructions. He also asked what Francis would give, if the Emperor should give the investiture to the seigneur d'Angoulême. He afterwards said, he wondered that all this while we had not spoken of any new marriage, seeing that Francis had daughters, while the Emperor had one son, and the king of Hungary another. Upon this we had a good deal of talk.
This morning he said he had reported all our conversation to the Emperor, who had particularly approved of the marriages and the interview. Desire instructions on the subject, for if matters come to a war, it is likely to last long. There is here a servant of a foreign gentleman, who continually presses us to write to Francis, that his master will take his part, and that he has great influence in Naples. Since the last courier arrived, they attach great importance to the retreat of the army, saying that Francis had spoken to a gentleman of the Emperor's chamber, who lately passed through France, and had told him that he would in no case withdraw his army, unless peace were made, and the children delivered into France. This, they said, the Emperor would never agree to, assuming a very high tone. De Tarbes replied that the Emperor had no occasion to talk in that strain, for he had only to assign a term for the children's deliverance at the withdrawal of his armies. They report here that the Emperor has appointed captains to send into Sicily and Italy with 8,000 or 10,000 foot, and that they will embark at Calix (Cadiz ?) The Emperor has asked the merchants of this town for a loan of 40,000 ducats, considering his necessity. They replied, that four or five years ago they lent him 14,000, which he promised to repay with interest, but has not done, and that the amount is thus increased to 28,000 ducats, and that only if he will give them security for its payment they will lend him 10,000 crowns. With this answer he is much disappointed. The Chancellor and don Juan Manuel have been twice with the Pope's nuncio for four or five hours, and it is said they are arranging some amity between the Pope and the Emperor. We are also assured that the Emperor has made change of 100,000 crowns for Germany, by means of the Focars, which has been despatched by two or three ways.
French, copy, pp. 14. Endd.: "Double de la lettre escripte en chiffre du xxijo Novembre 1527, par Messrs. De Tarbes et president Calvymont, ambassadeurs pour le Roy devers lempereur estant en Espaigne."
Vit. B. IX. 138.
B. M.
3598. ITALY.
The Pope is content to have intelligence with Mons. de Lau[trec], but it must be kept secret, and rather the co[ntrary] said in public, to prevent its injuring the Pope and the King. I have induced the Pope to dissemble with the enemy, and not to deliver Civita Castellana and la Roche de Forly, till he knows that Lautrec is on his way, and he will do the like about delivering his nephews as hostages, which the capitulation compels.
He will not ratify the treaty with the duke of Ferrara, but will temporise with him.
He complains that Venice is the cause of his ruin, and has written to insist on having Ravenna and Cervia. The Signory have sent word to the castle of St. Angelo, that they have occupied them to preserve them for his Holiness. He has ordered me to tell the gonfalonier of Florence that he will take no more trouble about that city, but he will be pleased to see its affairs flourishing.
Fr., pp. 2.
23 Nov.
R. O.
The agreement with the duke of Ferrara has been published in the city of Ferrara. Sends a copy of its publication, which, as John Joachim and Casale report, was not made without much remonstrance. Francis had better ratify it as soon as possible, as the Duke's contribution only begins on the day he receives the ratification; and whenever it arrives he intends to send his son Hercules to the French king. It will also encourage the other cardinals to ratify it, if Francis get it ratified by Salviati, who is now in his court. The Duke has already given a bond to pay 10,000 crowns, including 1,000 crowns a month, for the payment of the 100 men-at-arms. He has dismissed George Franspergh and also André de Borgo, who was with him for the archduke of Austria.
Will now see about getting the marquis of Mantua to join the League, which would leave the Emperor no road open, except by the Grisons, and that could easily be shut up. Thinks the offers which Francis proposes to make to him should be effectual, namely, the pension and company of men-at-arms which his father used to have. Ferrara approves of offering him the captainship of the army for the defence of Milan in Lautrec's absence. Does not know if he would accept it; and, besides, the Venetians would have to be consulted. Hears there is great discord among the enemy at Rome. Thinks it strange that the Pope should have made an agreement, such as it is said.
The Venetians press Lautrec to go on. The Cardinals here do the same. Has replied that as he had no news from the Pope since he made the said agreement, he did not think it fitting to proceed, for he had perhaps made this agreement in order to get out of the hands of his enemies, and they might close in again upon him if Lautrec advanced. Has urged the Cardinals to get this town, and others belonging to the Church, to furnish money for the enterprise, but cannot prevail. The Venetians last month only paid 3,500 Swiss, instead of 5,000 as formerly. There was a muster of 7,000 for the month, but they almost all left immediately after. There are 5,500 pays due for the last two months. They decline to pay the whole 5,000 until the 10,000 lanceknights arrive. Parma, 23 Nov.
P.S.—Sends news from Rome of the 13th, received from the Venetian ambassador.
Fr., pp. 3. Endd.: "Double de la lettre que Monsieur de Lautrec a escripte au Roy du xxiijme jour de Novembre 1527."
23 Nov.
R. O.
3600. ITALY.
"Ex literis D. Gregorii die xxiij. Novembris Parmæ datis."
One of his messengers whom he sent to the Pope has returned. He has had several conversations with his Holiness, whom he encouraged by telling him that Sir Gregory was here with money for the briefs which he desired of him. The Pope intimated that he would grant everything most readily, whenever the prothonotary Gambara arrived, and that I might signify this to Wolsey. (fn. 4) I learned afterwards that the said Prothonotary had obtained a safe-conduct, and was on his way to Rome with Dr. Knight. The Pope notified to me that the Spaniards would on no account allow me a safeconduct, as they knew I did nothing but oppose them. Joachim and I have come hither for two causes; first, to gain this Duke (Ferrara); and, secondly, that the marquis of Mantua should, if possible, be sent to the expedition of Milan, to which if besides those hundred lances the French king's title be added, and the Venetians fulfil their compact, the city will be gained in two months. (fn. 5) Joachim and I keep urging Lautrec to go on. He has hitherto alleged innumerable reasons for delay, but now that we have the Duke on our side we shall lose all esteem if we do not proceed. The Imperialists at Rome spare no cruelty. Lately, John of Urbino threatened to carry off the Pope and the Cardinals to Gaeta, unless money were paid him. The Pope replied nothing more agreeable could happen to him than to be killed, and he feared no greater dangers. He has now prepared his mind for death, and the Germans have hanged the hostages.
One article of the agreement with the duke of Ferrara is that the allies are bound to help him, even unasked. But the Duke does not seem to think much of it, if it be not confirmed by the King or Francis. Joachim and I will not leave this city until we have finished the business of the money. These Cardinals cannot be got to collect money; and Lautrec, unless it is procured, will lay waste this city. This must be stopped, else these cardinals will make the Pope an Imperialist. Lautrec must be relieved. He is very angry with the chancellor of France, and threatens to kill him. Wolsey should urge Francis to send money. Lautrec implores us to write to the King for the same cause, alioquin in portu Victoriœ peribimus.
Lat., pp. 3. In Vannes' hand.
23 Nov.
R. O.
3601. ITALY.
"Ex literis D. Gregorii die xxiij. Novembris Parmæ datis."
By letters of the cardinal of Pisa, written in the castle of St. Angelo on the 13th November, it appears there was little hope of agreement with the Imperialists, on account of the difficulty about money, which the Pope could not procure. All the Spaniards have returned to Rome, except 400, who have laid waste two towns of Ascanio Colonna. They conspired together and invaded Naples; but their captains, in fear of their own men, shut themselves up in the castle of St. Angelo. It is thought that the Pope will put off payment for our sake, that we may come sufficiently near to effect his liberation. Lautrec is accordingly urged to go on, and he will do so whenever he hears that those Germans have come into Italy.
The city and also Piacenza and Bologna are willing to advance money to Lautrec;—much to the displeasure of these Cardinals, who would nowise agree to it, as they do not wish this city to be guarded by his troops. Hopes, nevertheless, that means will be found, viz., that count Guido will cause the citadel to be kept by his brother in the name of the Church, and bind himself to allow Lautrec free passage and aid at all times. Has got the Cardinals to promise that they will advance large sums if the practices proceed for having the Germans who are at Rome. For this Lautrec has agreed to send forward the Germans whom we got from Ferrara. Joachim will also go to Genoa to raise 15,000 scudi for this purpose. Dom. Laurentius Toscanus will go in his place with me to Mantua, when this business is settled.
Lat., p. 2. In Vannes' hand.
R. O. 3602. _ to _.
Is much troubled because Lautrec does not go forward. All think he is waiting for a concord between the Emperor and the French king. Fears the Emperor holds out this hope in order to stop the army of the League. The Venetian ambassador, with the consent of the writer, asked Lautrec to decide whether he would go on or stay; if the latter, the Venetians would spend no more money in the expedition, for it would only ruin them. This produced no result. Will go with the ambassador tomorrow, and obtain answer from Lautrec.
Reports from Rome say the Pope is using all his efforts, and implores our progress with tears. Lautrec says he is waiting to be asked by the Pope to go on and set him free. A man sent by count Guido (Rangoni) has just returned from the Pope, begging Lautrec in his name to send the said Count to him. Guido thinks he intends to escape after entering the concord, after which he will enjoy more liberty. The Count, therefore, is going to some place near Rome, with 50 swift horses; and he is so bold and resolute, that if the Pope has any spirit he will escape. He often expresses his wish to serve the King and Wolsey. He is like a brother to the writer, and has offered to obtain any request for him from the Pope. Told him to urge the Pope to grant what Gambara and Knight request. Is waiting to know Wolsey's pleasure, whether, when the Pope is in count Guido's hands, he shall ask him about the commission Wolsey commanded him to burn, or whether he shall get the Count to help on the despatch of Gambara. Says this because Guido has so much influence with the Pope, and will have more if he obtains his liberation.
Lat., in Vannes' hand, pp. 2.
25 Nov.
R. O.
Apologises for the delay of Michael Marcator, the King's servant, in returning to England. He has been detained in this town in making for Buren "une piece d'orghels," which has occupied him longer than he expected. The King has, doubtless, been informed of the appointment between the Emperor and Gueldres. Grave, 25 Nov. '27. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd. by an English hand: Messr. Florys a Gravelyng, xxv. jour de Novembre.
26 Nov.
Vit. B. IX. 182. B. M.
Has received today letters from the bishop of Vaison, brought from the castle at Rome by a servant of card. Rodolphi, and written in the Pope's name. He says that the negotiation with the Imperial army is entirely broken off. The Pope allowed it to proceed, hoping for the arrival of Lautrec, of whose slowness he complains, for he is certain of victory if he proceeds. The Spaniards and Germans are at enmity with each other. He thinks the latter could be easily brought to our side, and also the cardinal Colonna and his party. The hostages are in the hands of the Germans, and are treated with ignominy.
The prothonotary Gambara has arrived at Rome, about the hat of the Great Chancellor and Wolsey's business. The Pope will send everything as soon as possible, by Mariotti, Gambara's servant. He begged the Cardinals here to send word to the Pope of Lautrec's arrival. They all went to him, imploring him to hasten to Rome; but he answered as before, that he could not do so before the arrival of the Germans, who were said to be at Lyons on the 12th. They will probably be in Italy by the end of the month. On their arrival at Turin he will immediately go to Rome.
The cardinal of Mantua sends a servant of his to the Pope to inform him of what is being done here. Has desired him to tell the Pope that Lautrec will hasten to Rome as soon as the Germans are in Italy; to warn him not to pay any money till they either give him a safe opportunity of flight, or his liberty, and to assure him that we are daily working for his liberty. Has shown him also how to persuade the Pope to despatch Wolsey's affair, and, when despatched, to give it to Gambara. Hopes the man will arrive safe, "propterea quod ad fratrem dicti cardinalis Mantuæ mictitur, qui Romæ est cum Cæsarianis." Parma, 26 Nov. 1527. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
26 Nov.
Vit. B. XXI. 38. B. M.
Hears from Inspruck that Andrea de Burgo wrote to the rulers there on Oct. 11 that the duke of Aranea had sent from Sienna to Rome 100,000 ducats, and the Imperial forces are going to free Milan from the blockade.
The bishop of Trent writes on Oct. 23 that a man had come from Mantua, saying that the Marquis had received news that the Pope was reconciled to the Emperor, and he had written to Monsignior de Luerich (Lautrec), the French general, that he need not trouble himself further. There is no certain news about the treaty. The merchants have received letters from Venice that some of the Imperialist soldiers have been paid, and they are going towards Milan, but that there is now no fear for Naples. On the 25th, Friday, three persons were burned at Salzburg who had been rebaptized,—one of whom was a priest, and had been degraded by the Bishop. An insurrection was expected by their fellows. Two women were drowned, and three beheaded and then burnt. These recanted, and died as good Christians. "Ipso die Simonis et Judæ [apud W]yssenberg in Ungaria, debebat coronari rex Ferdinandus."
The Wida is said to have fled to Wallachia.
On Oct. 13, at Oven or Buda, the whole Hungarian nation assembled. Much was said about the treasons of the Wida, which were proved by information received from the Black Man, and by his intercepted letters. Ferdinand is expected in Wittenberg a month before Christmas. He will punish Lutherans and heretics. All Hungary has contributed to his voyage. There is a rumor that the Turk has made a treaty for 10 years with the Emperor. A diet is fixed at Ratisbon for next Lent. Cologne, 6 cal. Dec. 1527.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4, Lat.
26 Nov.
Le Grand, III. 48.
Articles between the Pope and the Imperialist captains. Castle of St. Angelo, Rome, Tuesday, 26 Nov. 1527.
26 Nov.
R. O.
Clause from the will of Henry Sewarde, of Childe Compton, Somerset, Esq.
His manor of Stony Litelton, in the parish of Wellowe, Somers., to be left to Wm. Popley, of Bristowe, in exchange for the manor of Henton Blewett, which he bought of the testator for 212l. 14s., in consideration of 40l. more, which he has paid for Stony Littleton.
His other manors, &c. to be applied to payment of his debts. 26 Nov. 1527.
Copy, p. 1.
26 Nov.
R. O.
3608. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Desiring restitution to be made to Evangelist Passar, a Neapolitan, factor for Camelo Daschett, merchant of Florence, at Antwerp, who, having received from his creditors in Scotland 600 ducats, and returning in a Flemish ship, was driven by stress of weather into Tynemouth, when the ship was taken by the abbot of Tynemouth. Evangelist delivered the money to a clerk, called Master Doctor, for sure keeping, who refuses to return it. Edinburgh, 26 Nov. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.: Thomas archibischop of Zork, cardinale and chancellar of Ingland, &c. Endd.
27 Nov.
Le Grand, III. 25.
Has fulfilled the solemnities required to receive the Order sent by Francis through the Grand Master. No honor could be more agreeable to him, for it has rooted still more deeply the affection which he had already, as the Grand Master can show more fully. Greenwich, 11 Nov. 1527.
Fr. Add.
27 Nov.
R. O.
According to what they before wrote, have come to Newcastle, and kept a warden court and sessions of peace. Have been there 10 days. One Colingwod has been executed, a notable offender in March treason, who was brought in by Rob. Colingwod, chief of his name. Many persons were indicted for robbery. Have adjourned their arraignment till the coming of the justices of assize to Durham in Lent; they have not been accustomed to go to Newcastle, except once a year, at Lammas. Hope by Midlent to have a good number of offenders brought before them for an example. Can get little knowledge of the offenders in Tyndale and Riddisdale, but hope, by frequent visits to Northumberland, to establish better rule. Sir Chr. Dacre and Sir Will. Eure have departed to meet the vicewardens of Scotland for redress. The gentlemen of Northumberland have behaved well in giving their verdicts and evidence. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 27 Nov. Signed: T. Magnus—W. Bulmer—Thomas Tempest—Robert Bowis—Jo. Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Wrote last on the 12th, and with it sent a letter to Wolsey by Wm. Marche, a vintner of Calais, from whom he yesterday received a letter informing him of my Lord's pleasure. Thanks Gardiner for helping his dispatch. Hopes he will keep my Lord in remembrance of the supplication of the soldiers of Calais, who have now served three quarters of a year without wages, and can get no credit. Begs him to speak a good word for Master Hackett, the King's ambassador with Lady Margaret, whose servant is the bearer of these. Doubts not Wolsey befriends him, but is too busy for the most part to attend to his solicitations. "He would see his diets augmented," having been put to great charge, and has had none to further his causes but Master Secretary and Master Tuke, of whom the one is away from England, and the other has been long absent from the court through sickness. Calais, 27 Nov. 1527.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To the right honourable doctor of boothe Lawis, Master Stevyn Gardyner, beinge with my lorde Legatys grace, these be delyvered.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Has received his letters, dated Beaulieu Castle, 15 Aug., in answer to his sent by John Wode and Ross Herald, asking for redress for ships and goods belonging to Robt. Bertoun, of Ovir Berntoun, and two ships of Lyn, driven on shore at Werkwyth and Bamburgh castles, which letters desire Berton to bring his case before the Admiral's Court in London. Redress for ships has been made on the Borders for many years. Has sent to the lady Margaret his letter about the ships spoiled by Spaniards, and through them his subjects hope to get redress. Asks him to consult the treaties between the kingdoms for the last 30 years, and he will see that all injuries are to be redressed by the wardens. As they and their lieutenants are often negligent, asks him to send commissioners to the Borders, and he will do the like. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. 1527. Signature mutilated.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
3613. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
In behalf of David Falconare, of Leith, who complains that he cannot obtain payment for a ship laden with salt which he sold to Rob. Bewmond, Englishman, for 72 marks stg., and another bought by Will. Brigham of Newcastle, for 103 marks, for which he stood surety. Though an Englishman, Master Hallis received in his name 44l. 13s. 4d. stg. from the said Bewmond and Will. Bird. Has written on the subject to the King. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
To the same effect. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
R. O. 3615. ANGUS to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed: Ard Erl of Angus.
P. 1. Add.
R. O. 3616. WORKS.
"1527.—Reparations at Awdersons, the 9th day of November, to the making of the bridge and the draught." Payments for days' labours on the 16th and 27th November, to Wm. Rewell and others.
P. 1.
29 Nov.
R. O.
3617. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Asks him to support the request he has made to the Pope for the promotion of George [Crichton] (fn. 6) abbot of Halyrude hous, keeper of the Privy Seal to the bishopric of Dunkeld, for his many services to himself and his progenitors. Edinburgh, 29 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Thos. Card. of York, great chancellor and legate of England.
30 Nov.
Vit. B. IX. 187. B. M.
Desires credence for Hieronymus Ferrof[inus] the bearer. Ferrara, 30 Nov. 1527. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.
Account of the payment which Francis I. has ordered John Joaquin de Passano to make at Calais in Nov. 1527, in accordance with the treaty made at More, 30 Aug. 1525.
To the king of England, 47,368 cr. of the sun, 16 sous Tournois. To Mary queen dowager of France, 4,375 cr. of 40 sous each, equivalent to 5,000 cr. of 35 sous, for the sixth payment of the arrears of her dower. To Wolsey, 12,500 cr. for his pension and other causes not here declared. To Thos. duke of Norfolk, 437½ cr. To Charles duke of Suffolk, 437½ cr. To George earl of Shrewsbury, 437½ cr. To Thos. marquis of Dorset, 218¾ cr. To Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the King's household, 175 cr. To Sir Thos. More, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, 150 cr. To Sir Thos. Cheyne, 150 cr. To M. Brientuk (Brian Tuke), 150 cr. To Thos. Larli (Lark), the Cardinal's confessor, 100 cr. To Peter Larli (Lark), 25 cr. To "Myllord Sen" (Sands), great chamberlain, 262½ cr. To Bollan viscount Rochford, 262½ cr. To Guildford, controller of the Household, 218¾ cr. Total, 67,218 cr., 16 sous Tournois; which, at 40 sous to a cr.=134,436 livres 16 sous Tournois.
ii. Warrant of Francis I. to Joaquim for payment of the above. Dated _, _ 1527.
Copy, Fr., pp. 3.
Cal. D. X. 129. B. M.
* * * "Grace to advise me that ... Spanyarde pretending himself to ha ... against the Frenchmen lately took ap ... Frensshe shippes laden with marchaundise w ... within the King's haven there, I signify unto ... pleasure is, that forasmuch as it is not y[et known] whether the said Spaniard took the said [ships] ... lawfully, or that of right and justice the s[ame] ought to be delivered unto them, they being [within the] said haven, ye shall in no wise suffer ... ships or any parcell of the goods or marchandise ... therein being to depart out of the said hav[en] ... see the same, safely, surely, or indifferently, to ... in your hands unto such season as the very [truth] and right of that case may be tried here, and [until the] King's further pleasure be known to you in th[e same]; and nevertheless ye to permit or suffer the said S[paniard] to depart with his ship, goods and other his ow[n goods and] necessaries to try this his cause good at his [leisure].
"Whereas the 6th day of this present month [I and the] counsel here avised your Grace by our letters [of the affair] before mentioned, we by the same letters [wrote unto your] Grace that the twain vessels, w ... Spaniard, were twain Fr[ench ships] ... called Haynes, without * * * [su]fficient ... of 36l. sterling to the s ... assignes, if within 50 days next e[nsuing] ... bring a sure certificate from your Grace ... boats were of good pryse, by which mean ... fisher boats were dispatched hence in contyn ... the bond remaining, as before is mention[ed] ... Wherefore now that we have advertised yo[ur Grace] how the case stands, it may please you to [order] the rest as your Grace shall think meet. A[nd where] the Spaniard hath desired of us to have [a certificate] where the said boats were taken because the ... themselves did confess themselves by for ... taken before Dieppe, we have made them [such] a certificate which by just equity we [could] not goodly refuse." The Sp[aniard] shall have his pinnace, and all that belongs thereto. Calais ... Nov. 1527.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
Otho, E. IX. 24. B. M.
... "laden with bras[ell] ... weys goods and the same shippe ... brasell and here lay pesably before the t[own]" ... About 1 o'clock this afternoon, three great Fle[mish ships of] war entered the port, one with four tops, one with three, and one with two, trimmed with ordnance three chest deep [and other] ordnance besides. Thought they were [merchant]men, for three such ships are expected from the south with Malseys, so that neither the Breton nor they mistrusted them till they were ... the town, when two of them boarded the Breton, and have taken her away. Four of us went on board, and commanded them in the King's name to consider the amity between him and the Emperor, and not to meddle with the ship, as she was a merchant ship, within the King's streams; but they could not persuade them. They have taken her away, and lie under the Isle of Wight. Do not know how the King will take it, but it was not in their power to prevent it, for they have no ordnance fit to encounter them. Thinks there were 1,000 men in the ships, and as full of ordnance as could be. "Wherefore we most humbly * * * [n]ot be merry till we have som[e] ... your good lordship." Southampton, this Saturday ... Nov. The [Mayor] and his breth[ren] of Southampton.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
Nov./GRANTS. 3622. GRANTS in NOVEMBER 1527.
4. Edw. Brown, alias Thornell, of Nouyngton, Kent. Pardon for having robbed the premises of Wm. Bele. Del. Westm., 4 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 11.
6. Jerard Ede, of London, haberdasher. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 6 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
8. Urian Brereton, page of the Privy Chamber. Annuity of 20 marks, vice Sir Wm. Tyler, deceased, out of the issues of co. Devon. Del. Westm., 8 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 13.
8. Richard alias Dyryk Shelbury, native of Flanders, of Colchester, Essex, haberdasher. Denization. Westm., 8 Nov.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
8. Sir Anthony Ughtred. Licence to export woollen cloths, &c. The More, 8 Nov.—Fr., 18 and 19 Hen. VIII. m. 5.
9. Raynold Cobham. Licence to export 60 tons of tallow. Greenwich, 30 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 2.
9. Wm. Dod, of London, vintner. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Richmond, 21 Sept. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Nov.—P.S.
9. Walter Horpyn, of St. Sepulchre's without the Bars of St. John the Baptist, butcher. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 30 Aug. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Nov.—P.S.
9. Tho. Parker, of Enderby, Leic. Pardon for the death of Tho. Otfelde; and release from all abjuration of the realm. Beaulieu, 24 Aug. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
12. Wm. Bowman, page of the Butlery, and Rob. Troughton, page of the Chamber. Custody of the person and lands of John Frysmare, an idiot. Del. Westm., 12 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
12. Rob. viscount Fitzwanter. Grant of the manor of Norton, Essex, lately held by Sir Wm. Tyler, who died without heir male. Del. Westm., 12 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
12. The Redhood. Wardship of John s. and h. of Tho. Beckingham, with an annuity of 5l. 0s. 8d. out of the manor of Claycourt and lands in Shrevenham and Burton, Berks. Del. Westm., 12 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
15. Wm. Brereton, groom of the Chamber. To be chief and master steward and receiver of the castles of Lyons or Holt and Chirke, and of the lps. of Holte, Bromfelde, Yale, Chirkeland, Kynnleth, and Owen, with 48l. 6s. 8d. a year; lately held by Sir Ralph Egerton. Beaulieu, 12 Aug. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Nov.—P.S.
16. Thos. Stanley, King's chaplain. To have the pension which the prior elect of the monastery of Coventry is bound to give to a clerk of the King's nomination. Greenwich, 21 Sept. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Nov.—P.S.
17. John Southcote. To be clerk of the peace, clerk of the Crown, justice of oyer and terminer, and justice of gaol delivery in co. Devon; on surrender of patent, 5 Nov. 22 Hen. VII., granting the same to Wm. Hals. Windsor, 8 July 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
19. Ric. Blake, of London, haberdasher. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 19 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
20. Edm. Moore, mercer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Richmond, 23 Sept. 19 Hen. VIII. "Teste," 20 Nov.—P.S.
24. James Dyggs, of Bereham, Kent. Exemption from serving on juries, &c. &c. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 13.
26. Sir John Gaynesford. Wardship of Wm. Aylove, s. and h. of Wm. Aylove. Westm., 26 Nov.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2.
27. Hen. Norreys, squire for the Body, and Hector Assheley, Custody of the site of the manor, &c. of Hunnesdon, Herts, and to be bailiff of the same, with several daily fees amounting to 1s. Greenwich, 22 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Nov.—P.S.
28. John Throgmerton, groom of the Chamber. To be keeper of Tomworth Park, Warw., as John Waleston held the like office. Greenwich, 26 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Nov.—P.S.
28. John Warde, groom of the Scaldinghouse. Custody of the lands and person of Rob. Alen, an idiot; son of Hen. Alen. Greenwich, 22 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Nov.—P.S.
29. Wm. Mordaunt, page for the Mouth in the cellar. Annuity of 100s. for life, vice Sir Wm. Tyler. Westm., 29 Nov.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.
29. Tho. Smithe, of Southmolton, Devon. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 22 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Nov.—P.S.
30. Anth. Haryson, of Coventry, draper. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 30 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
30. Wm. Pownde, of London, merchant. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 19 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Nov.—P.S.


  • 1. The sheriff of Somerset and Dorset in 1527–8 was Sir John Russell.
  • 2. Not now annexed.
  • 3. Blank in original.
  • 4. This passage is marked in the margin, probably by Wolsey.
  • 5. "Cui si præter illas centum lanceas Regis Chr. adderetur titulus, et Veneti impleant conventa, spacio duorum mensium potiretur illa civitate."
  • 6. Macfarlane, in his note to Keith's Scottish Bishops, p. 57, says he has not found George Crichton as bishop of Dunkeld in any record before 1527. Keith himself only mentions him as bishop in Feb. 1527–8.