Henry VIII: November 1529, 1-13

Pages 2688-2704

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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November 1529

1 Nov.
R. O.
Has received his letters by Hugh Whalley, and sends the release of the French queen and the duke of Suffolk. Is right sorrowful for my Lord's heaviness, beseeching God to be his aid and comfort, and send him his prince's favor again, for which all the company of the college here shall daily pray.
Asks whether Wolsey wishes him to come up to him, and bring his books. The auditor can tell how he stands. If he is to stay, wishes to know how many he must retain at the college. The tenants here daily exclaim for their old leases again. Answers according to the law, and does his best to pacify them. Sends dame Caston's letter. Asks him and Rushe to settle with her for her lease. Expects a subpœna from her. Wishes them to settle Veysey's lease also, for he sorely vexes the tenants. The Cardinal's College, Gipswiche, Allhallowen Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful, &c., Mr. Thomas Cromwell.
1 Nov.
S. B.
Receipt by Henry VIII. of 47,368 cr. of the sun, and 16s. Tours, in part payment of 1,894,736 cr. due to Henry by Francis I. 1 Nov. 1529, 21 Hen. VIII.
2 Nov. Le Grand, III. 381. 6041. DU BELLAY to MONTMORENCY.
Besides what I have written to Francis, I need not say much to you, especially considering the assurance you give me of my seeing you so soon, which is as great a blessing to me as if I were elected your bishop. Not that I am weary of serving, here or elsewhere; for if I have endured to see most of my servants fall dead before me, expecting every hour the same fate myself, (for the danger was much greater than I was willing to write to you, for fear of creating too great alarm,) it is not to be supposed but that I would have endured a little longer inconvenience. But as I hear that the urgency with which I have asked for my recall has not been well taken, I mean to have the first word when I get back.
You will see what I have written to Francis about his affairs; of which I wish to send information, although I am hourly expecting my brother, principally to intimate that this King is not without some suspicion at seeing you enter into closer relations with the person whom he loves least in the world; while, on the other hand, before his own people, and especially in much company, in speaking of Francis he justifies all his acts, and says all he possibly can. To me, privately, however, he always makes some little degree of complaint. I think our Dukes desire to keep their master in goodwill, and wish it to be known that they have not in past time behaved towards you in such wise as they suppose Wolsey has given to understand; but, on the contrary, it was he who, in spite of his master and all the world, led you into the labyrinth in which you have been so long. One day, when they came to see me, they regaled themselves a whole supper time and four hours more, with such discourses, alleging to me various reasons, some of which I know to be true, and others very probable. In short, they are anxious that people should have as much confidence in them as they had in the Cardinal; and although I doubt not but my brother will have enough of credence to report to them, I think it would be well that Francis by his first despatch should make it appear, by letters to me, that I had given him information of it, and that he instructed me in return to thank them with many good offers. That would be of more effect than a credence, which they think might be forged on the anvil of an ambassador, and would occasion less jealousy to the others than if letters were addressed to themselves. I do not speak of my lord of Rocheford, who is, as it were, one with them, nor of his daughter; for I imagine that as to them you have provided in my brother's despatch, so that there would be no need of reply. And if, on his return from here, you had served them with the meat which I believe he told you of, you would have expedition of everything which you demanded there. I do not see now any means of obtaining it, for they will not do the deed and undo it (?) (car ils ne vouldront faire le faict et le deffaict), knowing the nature of the man with whom they have to deal, who is not so easy to manage as is supposed. I expect that by the time the despatch of which I have spoken arrives, I shall have already left. But it will be all one, as the letter can be shown by my successor. The new Chancellor and Fitzwilliam also profess that they will do wonders about this amity, and it seems they have a good mind to it. London, 2 Nov.
Fr. Add.
S. B. 6042. HENRY VIII. to WOLSEY.
Commanding him to issue writs under the Great Seal summoning a Parliament to London on the 3 Nov. next.
3 Nov.
Rolls of Parl.
Begun at the Black Friars, London, 3 Nov. 21 Hen. VIII., the King being present the first day. Sir Thos. More as chancellor declared the cause of its being summoned, (fn. 1) viz., to reform such things as have been used or permitted in England by inadvertence, or by the changes of time have become inexpedient, and to make new statutes and laws where it is thought fit. On these errors and abuses he discoursed in a long and elegant speech, declaring with great eloquence what was needful for their reformation, and in the end he ordered the Commons in the King's name to assemble next day in their accustomed house and choose a Speaker, whom they should present to the King. That grievances might be examined, receivers and triers of petitions were appointed for the present Parliament, whose names were read out in French by the clerk of the Parliaments in the usual fashion.
Receivers of petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:—Sir John Taillour, Sir Will. Knyght, Sir John Wolman, Sir Roger Lupton. Of Gascony and parts beyond sea:—Sir Steph. Gardiner, Sir Jo. Throkmerton, Sir Thos. Newman.
Triers of petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:—The archbishop of Canterbury, the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the marquises of Dorset and Exeter, the bishop of London, the earl of Shrewsbury, viscounts Lisle, Fitzwater, and Rocheford, the abbot of Westminster, and Sir John FitzJames. From Gascony and beyond sea:—The bishop of Exeter, the earls of Arundel, Northumberland and Rutland, lords Audeley, Mountjoy, and Sandes, the abbot of the Good St. Edmund, and Sir Rob. Brudnell.
After this the Parliament, on account of the plague, adjourned to Westminster, to meet there next day, viz., Thursday 4 Nov.
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday the 4th inst. [Dec.], the Commons presented Thos. Audeley to the King as their Speaker, who, after making his excuse, which was not admitted, made protestation that if he should declare anything on the part of the Commons, he should be at liberty to correct it; which was conceded by the Chancellor by command of the King.
1. Act of general pardon.
2. Concerning such as take sanctuary.
3. Concerning delays in assizes.
4. Concerning executors.
5. Fines for probates. (fn. 2)
6. Taking of mortuaries.
7. Against servants withdrawing themselves with their masters' goods.
8. For rearing of calves.
9. Limiting the prices of woollen hats made beyond sea.
10. Against exportation of laten brass and mixed metal.
11. For restitution to persons robbed by felons.
12. For true making of cables in Burporte, Dorset.
13. Against spiritual persons taking farms, pluralities, &c.
14. For the linendrapers in London.
15. Tenants may falsify only for their terms recoveries made by covyn.
16. Concerning strangers handicraftsmen.
17. Repeal of grant to citizens of York for shipping of wools to Hull.
18. Concerning shipping of merchandize at Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
19. Concerning avowries.
20. To associate the president of the King's Council with the chancellor and treasurer of England and keeper of the Privy Seal in executing the statute of liveries.
21. Concerning the making of worsteds at Yarmouth.
22. For Tho. D. of Norfolk.
23. Concerning the will of John Rooper the elder, of Canterbury.
24. Release to the King of money had by way of loan.
25. No person to be injured by the attainder of the Cardinal.
26. For Eliz. D. of Norfolk.
R. O. 2. [List of the Parliament.]
i. "Nomina [militum.]"
Northumb.: [Sir] Cuthbert Ratclyf, [Sir] Rob. Collyngwod. Cumb.: [Sir] Chr. Dacre, John Leigh. Westmor.: Sir Wm. Musgrave, Thos. Blenkensop. Lanc.: Hen. Faryngton, And. Barton. York.: Sir John Nevile now lord Latymer, Sir Marm. Conestable. Lincolnsh.: Sir John Husee now lord Husee, *Sir Gilb. Tailboys late lord Tailbois. Notts: Sir John Mar ... m, Sir John Beron. Derb.: Sir Rog. Mynors, Sir Wm. Coff[in]. Leic.: Sir Rich. Sacheverell, Sir Wm. Skev[in]gton. Warw.: Sir Geo. Th[ro]gmerton, Sir Edw. F[err]ers. Rutland: Sir Everard [Di]gby, Sir John Harryng[ton]. [Northampt.]: Sir Wm. Parre, ... Knightley. _: Sir Wm. Gascoyn, Geo. Acworth. _. Sir And. now lord Wyndesore, Sir John Russell. Camb.: Sir Rob. Payton, Sir Giles Alyngton. Hunts: Sir Nich. Harvy, Sir Laur. Taillard. Norf.: Sir Rog. Towneshende, Sir Jas. Bolleyn. [Suff.]: Sir Anth. Wyngfelde, Tho. Wentworth now lord Wentworth. [Es]sex: Tho. Bonham, Sir Tho. Audeley. [He]rts: *Hen. Barley, Sir John Butler. Middx.: Rob. Wroth, Rich. Hawkes. Kent: Sir Edw. Guldeforde, Sir Hen. Guldeforde. Surr.. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliams, Sir Nich. Carewe. Suss.: Sir John Gaige, Sir Rich. Shirley. Oxon: Sir John Dauntesey, Sir Wm. Barentyne. Berks: Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Rich. Weston. Salop: Sir Tho. Co[r]newall, *John Blount. Staff.: Sir John Gylfo[rd], Sir Edw. Lytilton. Heref.: Sir Rich. Cornwall, *John Rudale. Glouc.: Sir Wm. Kingeston, Sir John Bryges. Worc.: Sir Gilb. Talbot, Sir John Russell. Wilts: *Sir Edw. Darrell, Sir Edw. Baynton. Hants: Sir Wm. Paulet, Sir Rich. Sandis. Soms.: Sir Nich. Wadham, Sir Wm. Sturton. Dors.: Sir Giles Strangweys, Sir John Horsey. Devon: Sir Wm. Courteney, Sir Tho. Denys. Cornw.: Sir Piers Edgecombe, Sir Rich. Grenfelde.
ii. "Nomina civium et burgensium."
London: Sir Tho. Semer, John Baker, John Petyt, Paul Wythypoll. York: *Pet. Jakson, alderman, Sir Geo. Lawson. Norwich: Edw. Rede, Reg. Lytilprowe. Coventry: Rog. Wygstone, John Bonde. Lincoln: Vincent Grantham, Wm. Scoumys. Bristol: Tho. Jubbes, Rich. Abyngdon. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Sir Tho. Tempest, Hen. Anderson. Cinque Ports: [Folkstone?] ... *Calveley, Tho. Shosewell. [Deal?]: Nich. Sutton, John Fleccher. Winchelsea: Tho. Ensing, Geo. Lowys. Rumney: Rich. Gybson, John Buntyng. Hithe: John Hall, Steph. Harryes. Dover: Rob. Nethersale, John Warren. Sandwich: Vincent Engeham, John Boys. Berwick: John Martyn, *John Couper. Carlisle: Edw. Aglyonby, John Coldeale. Apulby: Sir Rich. Tempest, Tho. Wharton. Kingston-upon-Hull: Geo. Madyson, Edw. Madyson. Scarborough: Sir Ralph Ellercare, Geo. Flynton. Stamford: John Hardgreave, Maur. Johnson. Grynsby: Sir Wm. Askewe, John Hennege. Grauntham: Sir Wm. Husee, Fran. Hall. Nottingham: Sir Anth. Babyngton, Hen. Statham. Derby: Tho. Warde, Hen. Aynesworth. Leicester: Tho. Brokesby, Rob. Harward. Warwick: Sir Wm. Newenham, Tho. Holte. Northampton: Laur. Manley, Nich. Rous. Bedford: John Baker, Wm. Bourne. Buckingham: John Hasilwood, Edw. Sooll. Wycombe: Wm. Wyndesore, Robt. Dormer. Cambridge: Tho. Braken, Rob. Chapman. Huntingdon: Tho. Hall, Wm. Webbe. Bishops Lynn: Tho. Miller, Rich. Bewcher. Yarmouth: Humf. Wyngfelde, John Ladde. Ipswich: Tho. Russhe, Tho. Heywarde. Donwich: Sir Rob. Rous, Chr. Jenny. Colchester: Sir John Raynesford, Rich. Riche. Malden: Tho. Tey, Edw. Payton. Orforde: Erasmus Paston, Rich. Hunte. Canterbury: Tho. Wodde, John Brydgis. Rochester: *Nich. Hurleton, Rob. Fyssher. Guyldeforde: Sir Tho. Palmer, John Dale. Bleching Lee: Nich. Lygh, John Seynt John. Reygate: John Skynner, Tho. Michell. Southwark: *Sir John Sylsterne, Rob. Acton. Gatton: John Guldeforde, Wm. Saunders. Chichester: Rob. Bowyer, Rob. Trygges. East Grenested: Wm. Rutter, Edw. Godewyn. Lewes: Sir Edw. Bray, John Batenore. Horsham: Alvard Berwyk, Hen. Husee. Shoreham: John Covert, John Michell. Steynyng: Tho. Shurley, John Morreys. Arundell: Rich. Sakevyle, Tho. Prestall. Midherst: Geo. Gyfforde, John Basset. Brambre: Hen. Lee, Wm. Roper. Oxford: John Latton, Wm. Flemyng. Wallyngforde: Sir Edw. Chamberleyn, Guthlac (Godelacius) Overton. Reading: Tho. Vachell, John Raymonde. Windsor: Tho. Warde, Wm. Symondes. Stafford: (fn. 3) Tho. Stampford, John Bykeley. Newcastle-under-Lyne: John Persall, Ric. Grey. Salop: Rob. Dudeley, Adam Mitton. Bridgenorth: Humph. Goldeston, Geo. Haywarde. Ludlow: Wm. Fox, John Cother. Wenlocke: John Foster, Edw. Hall. Heref.: Rich. Warmecombe, Tho. Hawarde. Lempster: John Bell, John Hillesley. Gloucester: John Rawlyns, Adam Apowell. Worcester: *Hugh Dee, *John Brennyng. New Sarum: Wm. Webbe, Tho. Chaffyn. Wilton: Geoffrey Pole, Edm. Knightley. Old Sarum: Tho. Hylton, Wm. Lambert. Ludgareshale: Hen. Bridges, Rich. Brydgis. Wotton Bassett: Rich. Tracy, Walt. Wynston. Le Devise: John Poyntz, Rich. Mytton. Malmesbury: Tho. Edgare, Wm. Stamp. Bodwyn: *Wm. Newdygate, John Berwyke. Cryklade: Rob. Coursone, Wm. Rede. Marleburth: Edm. Darrell, Hen. Baggot. Dounton: Nich. Hare, Wm. Horwod. Calne: Wm. Crouche, John Turgeys. Chipnam: Wm. Button, Tho. Wylkes. Hynden: John Hynde, John Bawdewyne. Westbury: Tho. Kyrton, Tho. Temys. Heytesbury: Sir John Seymour, Rob. Seymour. Winchester: Wm. Halles, *Tho. Coke. Southampton: Nich. Dey, John Milles. Portsmouth Geoffray Lee, Fran. Digneley. Bath: John Byrde. Tho. Welpeley. Wells: John Cutte, John Mawdelyn. Taunton: Tho. Crumwell, Wm. Portman. Bridgewater: Hen. Thorneton, Hugh Trotter. Shaftesbury: Wm. More, John Mathew. Wareham: John Orenge, Wm. Grymston. Dorchester: Jasper Fyloll, Wm. Nanfan. Bridport: Wm. Chard, jun., Rich. Furlok. Melcombe: Rich. Philips, Oliv. Laurence. Weymouth: Wm. Bonde, Rob. Aley. Poole: Wm. Thornehill, Wm. Betylcombe. Lyme: *John Pyne, Tho. B[ur]gh. Exeter: Hen. Hamplyn, John Blakaller. Dartmouth: John Trevanyan, Wm. Hollande. Plympton: Tho. Gregorie, John Mertyn, jun. Tavistock: Wm. Honychurche, Jas. Dynham. Barstable: Hugh Yowe, Anth. Bury. Tottenesshe: John Jelys, Adam Raylegh. Plymouth: Tho. Vowell, John Pollarde. Helston: Edm. Smyth, John Holdiche. Bodmyn: Tho. Trefry, Gilb. Flamoke. Leskeret: Jas. Trevyniarde, Hen. Pyne. Lestwithiell: John Tredenyke, Rich. Bryan. Trerewe: Rog. Corbet, John Thomas. Downeshed: Edw. Ryngeley, John Rastell. Launston: Sim. Mounforde, Wm. Harries. Preston in Aldernes: Chr. Heydoke, *Jas. Walton. Lancaster: Laur. Starky, Rich. Southworthe, Thetford: Giles Heron. Wm. Dauntesey.
Pp. 17.
R. O. 3. A list of twenty-nine bills of Parliament, viz., on decay of husbandry, weights and measures, for sheriffs, for the cobblers, for the excessive fees in the Exchequer, gold and silver, saddlers, cloths not to be carried over (exported) unwrought, articles for the marts beyond the seas, calves, tanners, fresh rivers, recoveries and fines to uses, marshes and marsh lands, fullers and sheremen, ruin and decay of houses and tillage. "A bill put up to the King in his Parliament by his Commons in ao Dñi 1410, concerning the temporal possessions being in the hands of the Church." Of "prymier seasons," farms, the merchant adventurers, statute of the great subsidy, conveyance of coin out of the realm, repealing of attainders, another bill on marshes and marsh lands, statutes of Lambeth, pulling down of towns, heresies, against pluralities, and on merchant adventurers taking great brokes and exactions.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "A bill of the names of the Parliament papers remaining in our counting house."
R. O.
Statutes, III.
4. Act releasing to the King all such sums as were due upon loans.
Pp. 10. Endd.
R. O. 5. Another copy.
R. O. 6. Draft bill for remedying the inconvenience of defective titles to land, proposing to enact that from 1 Jan. next all entails be annulled, and all possessions be held in fee simple; that no use be available or of any effect in the law unless recorded in the Court of Common Pleas, and that registers be kept in every shire. The fee for such records to be 2s., and for registering and writing them 1d. for eight lines of ten inches long. That after the seller has sealed the deed of gift, and possession is taken, the said deed be openly read upon a holyday next following in the church or churches of the parishes in which the land lies, at such time as most people are present; and so read, the vicar, parish priest, or curate "to fyrme" the said deed, which is then to be registered in the shire town where the said land lies. The mayor or bailiff to affix the seal of the town, or such seal as is appointed, and to charge only 2s. This Act is not to affect the estates of noblemen within the degree of baron, but their lands to remain entailed, and no man is to buy any nobleman's estate, unless the nobleman have first obtained the King's licence under his broad seal. Possessions purchased according to the above order shall not be devict, evict, or recovered out of the possession of the purchaser in any court. That all lands and other possessions, "of which, before this time, recovery hath been had or fine levied upon, and five years past after the fine or recovery, be taken for fee simple." That all persons whose ancestors have peaceably possessed lands, &c. for 40 years, without any claim having been made, shall enjoy the same without any action being admitted against them.
Pp. 4, draft. Endd.: "Concerning forging of false evidences."
R. O. 7. Draft of an Act concerning the fees levied by the prelates and ordinaries for administering the "sacraments and sacramentals" of the Church. See "Statutes of the Realm," III. 285.
Pp. 7. Corrected by Cromwell. Headed by him: "Concerning an order to be taken and set in the spiritualty."
R. O. 8. Part of a bill in Parliament, defective at the beginning, for the remission of a rent of 15s. a year, which has been in arrear from 7 Nov. 17 Hen. VIII., formerly paid to the Exchequer by the prior of the Hospital [of St. John ?] through the sheriffs of London, for the site of two forges, apparently in Fleet Street, which were destroyed in Jack Straw's insurrection in the time of Richard II., and have not been allowed to be rebuilt since, "[b]y cause of the great instraighting, noysaunce, and deformytie of the said strete," and that the King may resume the site into his hands.
Pp. 2.
Hall, p. 765. 9. Grievances charged by the Commons upon the Spiritualty:—1. Excessive fines for probates of testaments. Sir Henry Guilford complained that, as executor of Sir William Compton, he had paid the Cardinal and archbishop Warham 1,000 marks sterling for probate duty. 2. Extreme exactions for mortuaries. 3. Against priests becoming stewards and farmers to bishops and abbots. 4. Against abbots keeping tan-houses, and buying and selling wool. 5. The non-residence of the clergy. 6. Against pluralities and unlearned ministers. On this Hall remarks:—"These things before this time might in nowise be touched, nor yet talked of by no man, except he would be made an heretic, or lose all that he had; for the bishops were chancellors, and had all the rule about the King, so that no man durst once presume to attempt anything contrary to their profit or commodity."
Titus, B. IV.
B. M.
"Articles condescended and agreed by the King's highness and the noblemen of this his realm of England, being assembled in this present Parliament, begun in the 3rd day of November in the 21st year of his most noble reign, to be ingrossed in due form, and to be enacted by authority of the same Parliament in the next full court thereof, after the prorogation of the same hereafter to be had."
1. The King shall have the wardship of the whole heritage of the heirs under age of persons holding lands of him in chief by knight's service, and also lands of other lords, except the fees of the archbishop of Canterbury, "and of the Bishop of difference between Tyne and Tese."
2. In similar cases, the land being in feoffment or recovery to the holder's use, and no will, jointure or other limitation of use thereof declared, the King shall have the whole in ward.
3. Notwithstanding any will, jointure or other use to the contrary, the King shall have the third part of the lands and tenants.
4. When part of the lands are held of the King by knight's service in chief, and other lands held of other men in socage or otherwise, the King shall have that portion not put in use by will, jointure, or otherwise, or else the third part, at his pleasure.
5. If the lands held of the King do not extend to the third part of his whole estate, the King shall have the lands held of him, and as much of the residue as will make up the third part.
6. In case of the death of any tenant for life or in dower of a King's ward, the King shall have the lands wholly if the possession or use comes to the said ward.
7. In the case of lands held not in chief, the King shall have the third part, notwithstanding any will, use, or jointure; but if there be none, the whole.
8. If the heir in the King's ward sues out his livery in three months after being of full age, and finds sufficient surety to pay a third part of one year's profits of the lands from which the King took profit during his nonage, he shall have his livery with the whole profit from the time of his attaining full age.
9. If he do not sue within three months, the King shall take the profit of the lands until he shall have sued livery.
10. If he sue livery of any reversion or use of reversion which came to him while he was in the King's ward, he shall pay the third part of one year's value thereof.
11. If he will not sue his livery of a reversion till the possession comes to him, he shall pay the half of one year's profits; and if he do not sue within three months, the King shall be answered of the mean profits from the death of the tenant till he shall have sued his livery.
12. An heir of full age at his ancestor's death shall have his livery with profits since his ancestor's death, on sueing for it within three months, and finding sureties to pay the King the half of one year's profits; but if he do not sue within that time, the King shall have the profits till he do sue.
13. In cases of reversion, he shall also pay half one year's profits.
14. No gift in tail or other device to exclude the King from his profits shall be of avail.
15. If any new device is contrived by which the King and his successors might derive more profit than from the above Articles, the King is contented that it be enacted that he take these profits and none others.
16. Writs of right may be sued out of the Chancery, for the surety of jointures, &c., paying the same fine as for writs of entry "in the post," and recoveries may be had thereupon.
17. Such recoveries shall be a bar against any pe ons named in the recovery and their heirs.
18. If any person agreeing to these Articles die before they are enacted by Parliament, they shall nevertheless take full effect between the King and the person's heirs.
19. All persons of whom land is held by knight's service shall have the wardship of the third part of the land, as is devised in these Articles, for land held of the King by knight's service and not in chief.
20. If the lands descended in possession or use do not suffice to make the third part due to the King, he may take part of the lands appointed for performance of the ancestor's will, or else of those appointed for the jointure.
21. These Articles shall not give the King any profit in the case of dowers, jointures, and other particular estates for term of life, until after the death of the tenant.
22. The King and every other lord shall have advantage of Gard pur cause de Garde after the nature of their tenures; no benefit shall be taken for the marriage of any heir in the life of the ancestor.
23. Any heir beyond sea at the death of his ancestor shall have five months to make suit for his livery.
Signed: Henry R.—Thomas More, cancellarius—T. Norfolk—Charlys Suffolk (fn. 4) —Thomas Dorset—H. Exeter—W. Arrundell—John Oxynford—E. Derby—H. Worcester—Thomas Rutland—T. Wylsher—Robt. Sussex—Arthur Lysle—G. Bergevenny—Audelay—T. Berkeley—Henry Mountagu—Willm. Dacre—Harry Morley—Edward Grey—William Graye—John Berners—W. Mountjoy—Henry Daubney—T. Darcy—T. Mountegle—John Husey—A. Wyndesore—T. Wentworth—Thomas Burgh—Edmond Bray.
Modern copy, pp. 9.
Cleop. F. 1. 91.
B. M.
Though it is desirable that everything hurtful to the common weal should be reformed, nothing requires more speedy reformation than a certain ordinance lately procured in the court of Arches at London, by means of the proctors there in their own interest, who have suggested to the archbishop of Canterbury that whereas there were formerly 20 or 24 proctors, and his Grace always at liberty to admit more or fewer, no man should be admitted henceforth until the number were reduced to ten, which should never afterwards be exceeded. Then, lest the Archbishop, out of the love he always bears to the common weal, should afterwards repeal this statute, as his predecessors did a similar one, they caused it to be confirmed by the chapter and convent of Christchurch, Canterbury, which, as they allege, deprives him of the power to alter it. Thus they have made a sort of corporation among themselves, though they do not call it so; wherein be it considered whether they have not broken the law. This statute ought to be annulled by the present Parliament. First, because it is the occasion of lengthened litigation, business being thrown into so few hands. Second, men may be deprived of counsel altogether, and many good causes be lost, for want of looking to. Third, the fewer the proctors are, they will the more easily agree to grant each other delays. Fourth, these proctors omit commonly an oath called juramentum calumniæ, which is the best provision in the civil and the canon law against protracted suits. Fifth, the statute evidently tends to the maladministration of justice; for no proctor would dare to be retained or to do his best for a client whom the judges favored, as they are removable at their pleasure; and this much more in cases of office where the judge is concerned. They have been often threatened with expulsion for speaking freely. A greater number would not be so subject to the judges, and it would be better to make them removable only for certain Offences proved before indifferent judges. Now, the more partial the judge is, the less use the proctor is to his client. To remedy this partiality, appeal was invented, but is now abused to prevent execution of justice. The right of appeal should be limited, as tending to make suits infinite, and this may be done the easier as there are two legates in England to determine all spiritual matters. Sixth, if a powerful man sue a poor man, he will be able to retain most of the proctors; and the others, being so wealthy from their fewness, will not care to take the poor man's fee, or, taking it, will be slack for fear of the rich man. With a greater number, their offices will not be so gainful, and they will regard their fees more than any man's pleasure. Seventh, it will discourage young men from study, as there will he fewer rewards, and probably the proctors themselves would become less learned and diligent, as there would be less choice. Eighth, it is contrary to their own law of civil and canon, which permits every man to be proctor for other, with certain exceptions, as a woman, a child, a madman, &c. The law is approved by the opinions of many wise clerks, and by the usage of divers countries, but the statute is for the private advantage of a few. It is more reasonable that a man should choose a person whom he can best trust, than be restricted to a few.
A middle way between the law and the statute is best. If unlearned and unexpert men were admitted as proctors it would cause tumult and disorder, but such a small number is not sufficient for the cases. It should, therefore, be enacted by the present Parliament, that as many of those sufficiently learned and exercised in ihe court should be admitted as seem sufficient to my lord of Canterbury and the other presidents for the business of the court, without fixing any limit, as was the custom before this statute was passed. The number of causes varies, and it were better to have too many proctors than too few; and that they should be removeable only for stated offences, to be tried by judges chosen by their own consent. The King should appoint two proctors sworn only to promote his Grace's interest in the court, as the proctors when admitted swear never to be against the liberties and jurisdiction of the court, and there may be actions relating to the King's prerogative against the court. They should also be ready to defend any of the King's subjects who desire them, and should be removeable only by the King and Council. These enactments would remedy the above abuses, and others not mentioned.
Pp. 10.
Bill in Parliament in behalf of the mayor and corporation of the town of Oxford to protect them from the jurisdiction of the University, whose powers have been made more arbitrary by the liberties granted to them at Wolsey's suit, by patent 1 April 18 Hen. VIII. This patent the commissioners pray may be cancelled.
1. [List of persons summoned to the Convocation of the province of Canterbury,] arranged in dioceses. (N.B. Opposite the names marked with an asterisk the word "personaliter" is written.)
Canterbury diocese:—*Thomas prior of Christchurch, Canterbury. The chapter of the same, by the prior. Will. Warham, archdeacon of Canterbury, by Peter Ligham. *John abbot of St. Augustine's, Canterbury. John abbot of Feversham. Will. abbot of St. Radegund. Will. prior of St. Martin's, Dovor. Rob. prior of Folkeston. Will. abbot of Langdon. *Ric. prior of Horton. *Arthur prior of Ledes. *Thos. prior of Combwell, John abbot of Boxley. John prior of Bilsyngton (personally and by the prior of Overey). Proctors of the clergy: *Peter Ligham, *John Leffe.
London dioc.:—Ric. Pace, dean of St. Paul's. The chapter, by Dr. Smyth._Archdeaconry of London: *Will. Clyff, archdeacon. Hen. abbot of Graces by the Tower. *Nich. prior of Holy Trinity. Will. prior of St. Bartholomew's, by the prior of Walsyngham. *Thos. prior of St. Mary's, Bishopsgate. *John prior of Elsyngspitell. The master of Acon. The master of St. Bartholomew's, Smythfeld. The master of the college of St. Laurence Pultney. Will. Weston, prior of St. John's._Archdeaconry of Essex:—*Ric. Rawson, archdeacon. *Will. abbot of Stratford. *John abbot of Bylegh. Thos. prior of Lyes, by the prior of St. Mary's without Bishopsgate. The priors of Pritwell, Bykenaker, Blakamore, Toby and Stanysgate (suppressed)._ Archdy. of Middlesex:—* Ric. Edyn, archdeacon. *John abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster. *Rob. abbot of Waltham. *Roger abbot of Tyltey (personally and by abbot of Graces). *Geoffrey prior of Dunmowe. *Edmund prior of Hatfeld Regis. The prior of Royston, by the prior of Holy Trinity, London. The prior of Latton. _Archdy. of Colchester:—*Edw. Lee, archdeacon. * John abbot of St. John's, Colchester. John abbot of St. Osith's, by the abbot of St. John's, Colchester. *John abbot of Cockshall, pers. and by the abbot of Graces. John abbot of Walden, by the prior of Elsyng Spitell. *Thos. prior of St. Bartholomew's, Colchester. *John abbot of Malden alias Bilegh, pers. and by _. The priors of Colne, Tremhale and Hatfeld Peverell. _ Proctors of the clergy: Rob. Rydley and Will Cleff.
Winchester dioc:—*Hen. prior of the Cathedral. The chapter, by brother Will. Basyng. *The abbot of Hyde. The abbot of Beaulieu. *John commendatory of Tychefeld, pers. and by abbot of Bilegh. Thos. abbot of Lettele (Netley), by the prior of Bromyare. *Will. abbot of Quarrea, pers. and by abbot of Graces. *John abbot of Waverle. Rob. abbot of Bermondsey. Will. prior of Southwyke, by the prior of Marton. *Will. prior of Brommore. Will. prior of St. Denis, Southampton, by the prior of Overey. The prior of Shelborne. *The prior of Merton. *Will. prior of St. Mary, Overey. *Thos. prior of New Place (de Novo Loco). (fn. 5) John prior of Reygate, pers. and by prior of Overey. *John prior of Tanrigge, pers. and by prior of Overey. *John prior of Mottisfont, by prior of Overey, and John abbot of Chertsey, by the abbot of Gloucester and Bermondsey. [William (fn. 6) ] Boleyn, now (modo) archdeacon of Winchester. _ archdeacon of Surrey. (fn. 7) Proctors of the clergy: *John Insent and *Nich. Harpisfeld.
Rochester dioc.:—*Will. prior of the Cathedral, pers. and by abbot of St. John's, Colchester. The chapter, by brother Walter Boxley. *Nich. Metcalf, archdeacon. The priors of Tunbrige and Lesnes (suppressed). Proctors of the clergy: *Rob. Johnson and *John Wilbore.
Bath and Wells dioc.:—*Ric. Wolman, dean of Wells. The chapter, by Mr. Fitz James. *Thomas prior of Bath, pers. and by Mr. Ligham. The chapter. *Ric. abbot of Glastonbury. *Rob. abbot of Keynsham, p. and by abbot of St. Austin's, Bristol. John abbot of Muchilney, by abbot of Glastonbury. Thos. abbot of Athilney, by prior of Holy Trin., London. *Will. abbot of Clive, p. and by abbot of Ford. Will. prior of Bruton. *Will. prior of Taunton, p. and by prior of Overey. Thos. prior of Montacute. John prior of Berliche, p. and by prior of Overey. The master of the hosp. of St. John's, Briggewater. The abbot of St. Saviour's. The prior of St. John's, Bath. *Polidore Virgil, archdeacon of Wells. *Steph. Gardiner, archdeacon of Taunton. (fn. 8) *Rob. Shorton, archdeacon of Bath. Proctors of the clergy: *Walter Crethyng and *Jas Fitz James.
Lincoln dioc.:—Geo. Henege, dean, by Mr. Raynes. The chapter. Ric. Pate, archdeacon of Lincoln, by Mr. London. Gilbert Smyth, archdeacon of Northampton. *Nich. Wilson, archdeacon of Oxford. *Will. Knyght, archd. of Huntingdon. *Ric. Maudeley, archd. of Leicester. *John Chamber, archd. of Bedford. Edw. Derley, archd. of Stowe. *John Taylor, archd. of Bucks.
Archdy. of Lincoln:—*Ric. abbot of Kyrkested. Thos. abbot of Ramsey, p. and by abbot of Graces. *Geo. abbot of abbot of Louth Park (de Parco Ludo). *John abbot of Swyneshede. Hen. abbot de Valle Dei. Chr. abbot of Newson. The abbot of Haunby. John abbot of Tuppeholme. Ric. abbot of Newbo, by abbot of Tichefeld. The abbot of Bourne, by the abbot of Crowland. *John abbot of Crowland, p. and by abbot of Westminster. *Will. abbot of Bardeney, p. and by abbot of Crowland. Stephen abbot of Humbreston. John abbot of Thornton Curtes, by prior of Overey. Rob. abbot of Welhowe. _ abbot of Brimire. Thos. abbot of Belvero (Belvoir). The priors of Spalding and St. Leonard's, Stafford. Ralph prior of Kyme. John prior of Markebey. Thos. prior of Elsham, by the prior of Merton. Ric. prior de Parco Nocton, by prior of Merton. The priors of Newstead (de Novo Loco), by Stamford, of the Black Monks, Lincoln, of Freston, and of Depyng. John abbot of Hagneby. *Thos. prior of Newsted. John prior of Sempringham. Ric. prior of Bullyngton. Jas. prior of Sixhole. The priors of Ormysby and Almyngham. *Rob. prior of St. Katharine's without Lincoln. The priors of Haverholme and Catteley, and Thos. prior de Novo Loco, by the prior of St. Katharine's, Lincoln. *Thos. abbot of Pipwell, by the abbot of Graces._abbot of Sulby. *_abbot of Peterborough, by the abbot of Hide. Hen. abbot of St. Jas., Northampton, by Mr. Cockys. *Will. prior of St. Andrew, Northampton. Thos. prior of Chaucombe, by the prior of Dunstable. Ric. prior of Asshebi Canons. The priors of Fynneshede, Broke and Luffeld. _ prior of Daventre (suppressed).
Archdy. of Oxon:—*Rob. abbot of Thame, p. and by abbot of Graces. John abbot of Bruera, by abbot of Ford. John abbot of Rewley (de Regali Loco). *_abbot of Eynesham. *The abbot of Oseney, p. and by prior of Holy Trin., London. The abbot of Dorchester. W. prior of Burcestre. Thos. prior of Wroxton. The priors of Clatercote, Colnorton and St. Frideswide's.
Archdy. of Buckingham:—The abbots of Bytlesden and Medmenham. *Will. abbot of Lavendon, p. and by abbot of Bylegh. *Ric. abbot of Noteley, p. and by priors of Merton. John abbot of Myssenden. The priors of Tykford, Ravenston, Chetwode and Newporte. *Hugh prior of Smelleshale.
Archdy. of Huntingdon:_abbot of St. Alban's. *Ric. abbot of Saltrey. *The abbot of Ramesey, p. and by abbot of Peterborough (de Burgo). The prior of Herteford. John prior of St. Neots. Will. prior of the canons of Huntingdon. The priors of Stoneley and Wymundesley. Thos. rector of the college of Assherige.
Archdy. of Leicester:—Thos. abbot of Garwardon, by abbot of Byllesden. Elias abbot of Croxston, by abbot of Derham. Ric. abbot de Pratis, Leicester, by prior of Merton. John abbot of Oselweston. John prior of Launde (Landa). The prior of Kyrkby. Geoffrey prior of Ulmescrofte, by the prior of Overey, Thos. Ratlyff, master of Burton St. Lazarus. The priors of Bredon, Langley, and Braddeley.
Archdy. of Bedford:—Augustine abbot of Warden, by abbot of Graces. *Rob. abbot of Wouborne. The prior of Beaulieu. John prior of Newenham, by prior of Overley (Overey ?). John prior of Caldwell. *Jervase prior of Dunstaple. *Nich. prior of Bissemede. *John prior of the Gilbertine priory of Chiksand.
Archdy. of Stowe.—Matthew abbot of Barlyng, by prior of St. Katharine's, Lincoln. George prior of Therneholme._prior of Torkesey.
Proctors of the clergy for Lincoln dioc.:—*John Raynes and *John London.
Ely dioc.:—*Rob. prior of Ely, p. and by abbot of Crowland. The chapter, by the prior. *Nich. Hawkyns, archdeacon of Ely. *_abbot of Thornehey, p. and by abbot of Hide. *Thos. prior of Brenewell. John prior of Anglesey. Proctors of the clergy: *Nich. Hawkyns and *Rob. Cliff.
Norwich dioc.:—*Rob. prior of Norwich, p. and by abbot of St. Alban's. The chapter, by abbot of St. Benet's. *Geo, Windeham, archdeacon of Norwich. *Thos. Wynter, archdeacon of Norfolk. (fn. 9) *Ric. Wulman, archdeacon of Sudbury. *Ric. Sampson, archdeacon of Suffolk. *John abbot of Bury St. Edmund's. *John abbot of St. Benet's. Hen. abbot of Sibeton, by abbot of Graces. *_abbot of Leyston, by abbot of Norton. Will. abbot of Wymundham, by abbot of St. Benet's. Thos. prior of Butteley, by prior of Walsingham. *Ric. prior of Walsingham, p. and by prior of Overey. _prior of St. Faith, Horsham, and the priors of Penteney and Bynham. *Thos. prior of Castelacre. Will. prior of Westacre, by prior of Walsingham. Rob. abbot of Langeley, by abbot of Tichfeld. Ric. abbot of Westderham. The priors of Ipworthe and Eye. Will. prior of Thetford. *Thos. prior of Coxford, p. and by prior of Holy Trin., London. The priors of Holy Trinity and St. Peter's, Ipswich. Geo. abbot of Wendling._dean of stoke college. The priors of Flichehame, Bromehelme, Wodbrige, Heringsflete, Wangstede, Runburgh, Filchestow, Blytheburgh, Letheryngham, Hempton, Shetford, (q. Thetford ?), Mountjoy (de Monte Gaudii), Modney, Shuldeham (by prior of St. Katharine's, Lincoln), Heckling, Ingham, and Fordham. Proctors of the clergy: *John Pelles and Thos. Bygges.
Exeter dioc.:—Ric. Poole, dean of Exeter, p. and by Nich. Hawkyns. The chapter, by Master Brerewod. *Adam Traveis, archdeacon of Exeter. *Ric. Sidner, archdeacon of Totton. *Thos. Brerewod, archdeacon of Barnstaple. *Roland Lee, archdeacon of Cornwall. John abbot of Hertlond. *_abbot of Tavestoke. Simon abbot of Torre, by abbot of Tichefeld. _abbot of Bukesestre (Buckfastre). *Thos. abbot of Forde. *Ric. abbot of Nywenham, p. and by abbot of Graces. John abbot of Dounkeswell. John abbot of Bokeland. John prior of Plympton. John prior of Launceston. Thos. prior of St. German's. _prior of Bodmyn. _prior of Frythelstoke. Thos. prior of Totton. _prior of Pylton. John, abbot of Bukefast. The priors of Cowyke, St. Nicholas, and St. John's, Exeter. Thos. prior of Tywardreth. _ prior of Cawke. Proctors of the clergy: *Thos. Brerewod and *Thos. Southehern.
Salisbury dioc.:—Ric. Pace (fn. 10), dean of Salisbury. The chapter, by Mr. Hyller. John Stokesley, archdeacon of Dorset, by Mr. Insent. *Rob. Awdeley, archdeacon of Berks. *Ric. Ducke, archdeacon of Salisbury. Edw. Finche, archdeacon of Wiltshire, by Mr. Knight. *John abbot of Mylton, p. and by abbot of Glastonbury. Thos. abbot of Scerne, by abbot of Midelton. John abbot of Shirbourne, by Mr. Ric. Hilley. John abbot of Abbotysbury, by the abbot of Winchecombe. *Thos. abbot of Abbendon, p. and by the abbot of Hide. *Hugh abbot of Reading. Ric. abbot of Malmesbury, by the abbot of Shrewsbury. Thos, abbot of Stanley. _prior of Wallingford. Ric. prior of Burstelesham. _ prior of Hurley. _ *Will. prior of Bradstocke, p. and by Mr. Ric. Hilley. *The prior of Ferleigh. Ric. prior of Ivychurch (Ederose), by prior of Brymore. *John rector of Edington, p. and by abbot of Stanley. _ prior of Donyngton. Thos. abbot of Byndon, by abbot of Stratford. Ric. prior of Maydonbradley. The priors of Marlborough and Pulton, by the prior of St. Katharine's, Lincoln. Proctors of the clergy: Ric. Hylley and John Baker.
Coventry and Lichfield dioc.:—Thos. prior of Coventry, by the abbots of Evesham and Westminster. The chapter. Jas. Denton, dean of Lichfield, by Messrs. Snede and Strete. The chapter. John Blight, sen., archdeacon of Coventry. *John Taylour, (fn. 11) archdeacon of Derby. "Johannes Junior Blight," (fn. 12) archdeacon of Stafford. *Ric. Strete, archdeacon of Salop. Will. Knyght, archdeacon of Chester. _ abbot of Shrewsbury. Will. abbot. of Burton. Thos. abbot of Derley. John abbot of Whalley. Will. abbot of Vale Royal. Chr. abbot of Cumbermere. Will. abbot of Roucestre. Thos. abbot of Dieulancres. Thos. abbot of Haghmond. Rob. abbot of Lylleshull. John abbot of Hilton. Oliver abbot of Combe (Cumba). Will. abbot of Mereval (de Mira Valle). Rob. abbot of Stoneley. John abbot of Dale. Ric. abbot of Croxden. John abbot of Beauchief (de Bello Capite). Will. abbot of Kenylworth. Ric. prior of Tuttebury. Will. prior of Stone. _ prior of Maxstock. Will. prior of Erdebury. _ prior of Avecote. John prior of St. Thomas, by Stafford. _ prior of Trencham. Thos. prior of Routon. The priors of Colewich, Dudeley, and Repindon. John prior of Greisley. Stephen abbot of Buyldwas. _ prior of Wombrige. John abbot of St. Werburgh (Chester). *_ abbot of Norton. Rob. prior of Burslough. John prior of Birkynhede. _ prior of Holland. Proctors of the clergy: *Ralph Snede and *Ric. Strete.
Worcester dioc.:—*Will. prior of Worcester, p. and by abbot of Winchcombe. The chapter. *Stephen Gardiner, archdeacon of Worcester. *John Bell, archdeacon of Gloucester. *Clement abbot of Evesham. John abbot of Pereshere, by abbot of Abingdon. John abbot of Berdesley, by Mr. Parker. Will. abbot of Hayles Owen, by abbot of Stratford. _ abbot of Alyncestre. *Will. abbot of St. Peter's, Gloucester, p. and by prior of Owenny. Hen. abbot of Tewkesbury. John abbot of Cirencester. *Ric. abbot of Winchcombe. Will. abbot of St. Augustine's, Bristol, by the prior of Walsingham. Stephen abbot of Hayles, by abbot of Straford. John prior of Stodeley. Thos. prior of Great Malvern, by the prior of Worcester. John prior of Little Malvern. *Ric. prior of Lantoni, p. and by the abbot of Oseney. _ prior of Dyrhurst. The dean of the collegiate church, Warwick. Thos. abbot of Kyngeswod. _abbot of Cokehill. _ prior of St. Sepulchre's, Warwick. *Will. prior of St. Oswald, Gloucester, and by prior of Overey. _ prior of St. Bartholomew's, Gloucester. Proctors of the clergy: John Bell and Thos. Parker.
Chichester dioc.:—*Will. Flesmonger, dean of Chichester. The chapter. *Will. Norbury, archdeacon of Chichester. *Edw. More, archdeacon of Lewes. *John abbot of Battle, p. and by abbot of Westminster. Thos. abbot of Robertsbridge. *Hen. abbot of Dureford, p. and by prior of Overey. *Rob. prior of Lewes. Thos. prior of Michilham. Thos. prior of Hastyngs, by prior of Hardham. Thos. prior of Boxgrave. *John prior of Tortyngton. *Rob. prior of Hardham, p. and by prior of Overy. *Geo. prior of Shelbrede, p. and by prior of Holy Trin., London. The abbot of Beyham and prior of Causay (Calceto). These are suppressed. Proctors of the clergy: Laurence Wadcok and Leonard Savell.
Hereford dioc.:—*Gamaliel Clyfton, dean of Hereford. The chapter. *John Both, archdeacon of Hereford. *Humph. Ogle, archdeacon of Salop. *Will. abbot of Faxley, p. and by abbot of Graces. John abbot of Dora. John abbot of Wigmore. The priors of Hereford and Monmouth. John prior of Wormesley. The priors of Leomyster and Bromfeld. Oliver prior of Churbury. John prior of Wenlok, by prior of Lewes. _ prior of Clyfford. Proctors of the clergy: Rowland Philyppys, Humph. Ogle and John Bothe.
St. David's dioc.:—Thos. Lloyd, precentor, by Lewis Gryffyth. The chapter. Andrew Wyttney, archdeacon of St. David's. Edw. Jonys, archdeacon of Kermerden. Ric. Fetherstone, archdeacon of Brechon. John Lonteley, archdeacon of Cardygan, by Peter Ligham. _ abbot of St. Dogmael's. *Will. abbot of Whitland (Alba Landa), p. and by abbot of Graces. The abbots of Strata Florida, Talley and Comhore. Griffin, prior of Kermerden. The priors of Haverford, Pulla, *Brechon, Lanthony Prima, and Penbroche alias Monkton. Proctors of the clergy: Peter Ligham and Lewes Griffith.
St. Asaph's dioc.:—Fouke (Focus) Salisbury, dean, by Mr. Buckley. The chapter. Peter Conway, archdeacon of St. Asaph's, by Ric. Haryson. _abbot of Conway. Nich. abbot of Basingwerke. _ abbot of Strata Marcella. Rob. abbot of Valle Crucis. Proctors of the clergy: Ric. Haryson and Adam Hakynshale.
Bangor dioc.:—John Glyn, dean of Bangor, by Mr. Buckley. The chapter. Thos. Runckon, archdeacon of Bangor. *Will. Glyn, archdeacon of Anglesea. *Will. Roberts, archdeacon of Merioneth, p. and by Mr. Buckley. _ provost of Clannok. *Will. Glyn, rector of Castry Cabii. John abbot of Bardesia. *John prior of Penmon. _ prior of Bethhelorth (Beddgelert). Lewis abbot of Kymmer, by abbot of Graces. _ provost of Ruthyn. Proctors of the clergy: *Will. Glyn and Arthur Buckley.
Llandaff dioc.:—The chapter of Llandaff, by Mr. Quarr. *John Quarr, archdeacon of Llandaff. *Leson abbot of Neth. Lewis abbot of Morgan. *Morgan abbot of Lanternam. *_ prior of Ewenney. _ prior of Abergevenye. *John prior of Chepstowe. Proctors of the clergy: *Lewis Johns and *Henry Morgan.
Pp. 44. Endd.: "The names of divers spiritual persons within the diocese of Canterbury."
Wilkins' Con.
III. 717.
2. Proceedings of Convocation.
Nov. 8. Richard Wolman elected prolocutor. Nov. 12. Conference for removal of abuses; sc., ordination, morals of the clergy, excess of apparel, simony, appropriations, reform of regulars. Nov. 15. For procession against the Turks. Nov. 22. Order for abuses. Nov. 26. Articles against heretics. Nov. 29. At discussion of the same, the bishop of Bath produced a list of heretical books. Dec. 3. Provisions against heretics read. Prorogued to April 29 [1530];—q.v.
R. O. 3. Grant to the King, by the Convocation of the province of Canterbury begun at St. Paul's, 5 Nov. 1529, of 100,000l. to be levied on the goods of the clergy at their own cost, the said costs amounting to 3,444l. This grant is in consideration of the dangers which beset the Church by Lutherans, whose books are everywhere dispersed with a view to bring the clergy into hatred, and deprive them of their possessions, and from whom they look to Henry VIII. for protection.
Draft, pp. 8. Endd.
4 Nov.
Er. Ep. p. 1743.
Thanking him for his letter received by Quirinus. Is glad to hear that he is pleased with the painting. Her mother, her husband, brother, and two sisters desire their remembrance. London, 4 Nov. 1529.
4 Nov.
Add. MS.
28,579, f. 260.
Touching the Emperor's entry into Bologna, to take place the day following.
We spoke to the Pope in presence of the ambassadors of Hungary and England, and he said that as regards the court of Rome it is clear that the English have precedence, because their King styles himself king of France, but that he had heard that in your Majesty's court the ambassador of Hungary has precedence. On this we had some further conversation, which we shall tell you tomorrow. What has been arranged for tomorrow is, that since the English ambassadors will not go out to your Majesty, the señor de Breda may come, &c. Bologna, Thursday, 4 Nov. 1529.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 3.
5 Nov.
Theiner, p. 588.
I did not cross the sea till the 26th ult., owing to the various hindrances which met me between London and Dover. At Boulogne I received your letters of 25 Sept., so that it was impossible for me to speak to the king of England respecting the affairs of Hungary and Germany, but I had done my best in that matter before my departure. A gentleman of the King's crossed the sea in my company who was going to king Ferdinand, I suppose on this account, as the King is disposed to assist in extinguishing this conflagration.
Last evening I arrived at Paris. The king (Francis) is expected here every day. Today I have received yours of 17 Aug. and 3 Sept., with the breves for my recall, which travelled from here to Flanders, and have been returned hither. I have not yet seen the Pope's nuncios. The bearer is Thaddeus, who is proceeding from England to Rome.
Immediately after my departure from London, the designs against the cardinal of York commenced to develope with great violence, so that before I crossed the sea I learned they had deprived him of the Seal, and of the management of all affairs, and of a great part of his servants; and an inquiry was being made respecting his moneys and other possessions, with very evident signs of his tending to ruin. He has done nothing in the past, so far as ecclesiastical matters are concerned, to merit such disgrace; and therefore, it may be thought, his Majesty will not go to extremes, but act considerately in this matter, as he is accustomed to do in all his actions. Paris, 5 Nov. 1529.
5 Nov.
R. O.
St. P. IV. 569.
Notwithstanding his loving letters by Dingwel for good redress and peace, the English wardens and lieutenants keep no days of meeting, but allow Scotch rebels to commit slaughters. Has had great difficulty in restraining his own subjects from retaliating. Is daily more grateful as he grows in age for what Henry has done for him in times past, and trusts he will not suffer traitors to mar their friendship, as he hopes Henry has understood by the credence sent with Magnus, and will know further by the bearer, David Wod. Drumfres, 5 Nov. 17 Jac. V. Signed.
Exemplification, under the seal of the Court of Common Pleas, of a recovery suffered by Ric. Nevyll lord Latymer, to Cuthbert bishop of London and others, of the manor of Wyngrave, in Mich. 21 Hen. VIII. Westm., 6 Nov. 21 Hen. VIII.
8 Nov.
Theiner, p. 588.
As the French king desired to give audience first to the Papal nuncios and the English ambassadors, he deferred my audience for one day. I had audience of him today. We discussed the affair of the bishop of Como. Francis said that if the Pope would repair to Piacenza and the Emperor to Asti, he would repair to Turin; and then a meeting could be arranged. I leave hence tomorrow. Paris, (fn. 13) 8 Nov. 1529.
9 Nov.
R. O.
6054. FRANCIS I.
Warrant to the usher of Parliament to make immediate payment to George Fa(?) of all the debts due to him. Rouen, 9 Nov. 1529, 15 Francis I.
9 Nov.
R. O.
Sent by Hugh Whalley the release of the French queen and Suffolk. The writing Cromwell mentioned as coming from the duke of Norfolk to be sealed has not arrived. Is in great agony, having no instructions what he is to do, nor counsel from his friends, of whom he has very few in these parts. Wishes to know whether he shall come to London to my lord, or sue to the King in the causes concerning the college. Cannot be quiet till he hears. Gipswiche, 9 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Thomas Cromwell.
11 Nov.
Theiner, p. 567.
Exhorts him to a crusade against the Turk, as he had desired by Paul Casale. Has found great pleasure in communicating with the Emperor on matters of moment and a crusade, and suggests that the peace of Italy is the prime object of concern deserving of the King's attention. The Emperor is his loving brother. Bologna, 11 Nov. 1529.
[13 Nov.]
Add. MS.
28,579, f. 270.
6057. NEWS.
Extract from a letter written by Erasmus Mercader to Juan Piquer about the 13 Nov.
The cardinal of England fell by a turn of fortune. He has been deprived of all his offices, and all his goods are taken. They are worth 600,000 angelots, besides what he has spent in building (en carpentear) houses and castles, which was more than 300,000 angelots. He is said also to have lent 500,000 angelots without the King's knowledge to the count Veyda (the Waywode), who has lost them to the captains of the Turk, thereby encouraging him to come to Hungary. This he is believed to have done out of ill-will to the Emperor. In France the goods of all the treasurers have been confiscated for their oppression of the people.
Sp., modern copy, pp.2. Endd.: Las nuevas que se saben de Flandes de cardinal de Ynglaterra.


  • 1. See his speech in Hall, wherein he speaks of Wolsey as "the great wether which is of late fallen, as you all know, so craftily, so scabbedly, yea, and so untruly juggled with the King."—Hall, p. 764.
  • 2. It was in reference to this Act, according to Hall, that bishop Fisher said openly in Parliament, "My lords, you see daily what bills come hither from the Common House, and all is to the destruction of the Church. For God's sake, see what a realm the kingdom of Boheme was, and when the Church went down then fell the glory of the kingdom. Now with the Commons is nothing but. 'Down with the Church!' And all this, meseemeth, is for lack of faith only." This speech brought out a remonstrance from the Commons, who accused the Bishop, by Audley their speaker, before the King, for saying they were no better than heretics. After their departure the King sent for the bishop of Rochester and others; on which Fisher excused himself.—Hall, p. 766.
  • 3. The word "mortuus" is written in the margin against each of these names.
  • 4. Wrongly copied "Sussex."
  • 5. Aldenbury near Guildford, according to Tanner.
  • 6. Blank in MS. William Boleyn succeeded to the archdeaconry in 1529.
  • 7. According to Le Neve, Stokesley was archdeacon of Surrey before he was made bishop of London, and John Fox held the office after Stokesley.
  • 8. According to Le Neve, the archdeaconry of Taunton was held by Cranmer from 1525 till 1533, when he was made archbishop of Canterbury, and Gardiner is not mentioned as having held it at all.
  • 9. According to Le Neve, Gardiner succeeded Thos. Winter as archdeacon of Norfolk, 1 March 1529, and held the archdeaconry till he became bishop, in 1531. This is surely a mistake.
  • 10. So in MS. But qu. Pate ? According to Le Neve the dean's name was Reymund Pade.
  • 11. Ric. Street is said in Le Neve to have held this archdeaconry in 1528, after Jo. Taylor.
  • 12. According to Le Neve, Geoff. Blythe held this archdeaconry "a few days in 1530," and after him John Blythe, "collated 3 Oct. 1530."
  • 13. 9th at the commencement.