Henry VIII: April 1530, 16-28

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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'Henry VIII: April 1530, 16-28', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, (London, 1875), pp. 2847-2858. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp2847-2858 [accessed 24 June 2024].

. "Henry VIII: April 1530, 16-28", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, (London, 1875) 2847-2858. British History Online, accessed June 24, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp2847-2858.

. "Henry VIII: April 1530, 16-28", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, (London, 1875). 2847-2858. British History Online. Web. 24 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp2847-2858.


April 1530

16 April.
Vit. B. XIII. 67. B. M.
Trusting in father Francis George, I sent your letters to the King, commending your learning and assistance in his cause. The King will shortly write and send a reward. As I have paid you 40 cr., I am much vexed to see that you are acting deceitfully, and obtaining people to write on the other side. Complains of the danger to himself, and requests Crucinus to reconsider his conduct, and obtain the signatures of theologians to conclussions which have been approved by three great universities. Promises that his labor shall not be lost. Venice, 16 April.
Draft, hol., p. 1.
16 April.
R. O.
Quotes various texts of Scripture in favor of the King's cause.
What Crucinus has written for Croke is the truth, for he did not know whose the cause was. Might dispose of the suspicions of which Croke writes, if they could meet. Considers Croke in everything. Sends an account of expences, signed by a notary. Will send other things when a fitting messenger is found. Encloses the writings of the senator Lewis Ciconia. Ambrosius Curio has returned to Cremona, and says that the case is difficult. Thinks his labor should be rewarded. Has not spent much money. Is glad to oblige him, and do what he can for the king of England.
Has done more than Croke asked, as his last writing is not to be produced as evidence. Is sorry he did not know the facts of the case. Has spoken on the subject with Sir Gregory Casale. Milan, 16 April 1530.
Lat., pp. 3. Endd. by Croke: Copia literæ Crucini ex quibus constat Gregorium de Casalis prodidisse causam istam fuisse regis.
18 April.
R. O. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 174.
Has received his letter, dated Peterborough, the 12th, asking leave to occupy for a time Magnus' house at Sibthorpe, his own at Southwell being out of order. Will have to give up for a season his house at St. James', in consequence of the expences he has sustained in the North, "with such recompense as your Grace can consider," and the King's laws are now so strait he must lie on one of his benefices. But, as Wolsey knows, he has only two in his diocese, viz., Sibthorpe, and a poor benefice of 20 marks in the far parts of Yorkshire. Will have to go to the former, which is unmeet for Wolsey, unless Magnus were there to receive him for a short time, in default of a better lodging. It has but three chambers suitable for lodgings, the rest being applied to corn and husbandry, by which his priests and servants are maintained. "And thither I have refuge for livery of mine horses, which, as the law proceedeth now, cannot be remedied by taking anything to farm for mine own ease." Has not sufficient lodging even for his servants when he goes thither; but, if Wolsey pleases, he shall have "the hall, kitchen, buttery, and pantry, all in one, the cellar, a little dining chamber, two chambers, one within another, and a chapel; and the nether end of the hall to be reserved for myself against my coming." There is no lodging to be had in the village, nor fuel within 10 or 12 miles. Wynnessoor, 18 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Unto my lord Cardinal's grace.
18 April.
Lansd. MS. 94, f. 2. B. M. Strype Eccl. Mem. App. 38.
"An liceat cuiquam ducere uxorem fratris sui vita defuncti absque liberis."
Pp. 4.
Lansd. MS. 94, f. 7. Strype Eccl. Mem. App. 39. 2. Contra basim libelli Abelis.
Pp. 3.
19 April.
R. O.
On Easter Day last (17 April), received your letters, dated Peterborough, 15 April, wondering we do so long tarry here, and stating that the wind and weather were propitious with you. They are not so with us. You allege that the masters and mariners of our ships are, at this feast of Easter, at home with their wives and children, and that is the reason of our long abode. If the wind had served us, there is never a shipmaster but should have kept his Easter at Hull. You state that you intend to "keep your giests after this time, though it shall be to your great cost and pain," if more speed be not made by us. I required the mariners to lose no time, and begged my old lady of Oxford to command them, on pain of her displeasure, "which be her tenants," to make all the speed they can; which she has accordingly done. I have been with Mr. Sayntclere, living twelve miles off, who has also urged the mariners to speed. I delivered your letters of thanks to my lady of Oxford, "and I ensure your Grace I have not lightly seen so noble a woman rejoice in a letter." She commanded her steward to have me to the cellar, and sent for all my fellows in the town to have supper at her house. Mr. Wolsaye has received 4l. of Ric. Attye, and will account to you for disbursing of the same. Wevenhow, Tuesday, 19 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: My lord Cardinal, &c.
R. O. 6344. [WOLSEY to HENRY VIII.]
According to your pleasure, I have come into my diocese "unfurnished, to my extreme heaviness, of everything that I and my poor folks should be entertained with; for the 1,000 marks which it pleased your Highness of your abundant charity to advance unto me beforehand of the pension assigned to me out of the bishopric of Winchester, [ (fn. 1) with all that I could borrow besides,] is clearly gone and spent. I have neither corn nor cattle, ne any other thing to keep household with, nor know not where to borrow anything in these parts towards the provision of the same. [*It will be Lammas or I can receive any part of my rents in these parts, which shall be the least to defray such expences as I shall sustain in the meantime.] My houses be, by the oversight, despoil, and evil behavior of such as I did trust, in such ruin and decay, as well in the roofs and floors [*which be almost ready to fall down,] as in all other implements of household, that [*the whole] a great parti of the portion assigned unto me to live with for one year will scantily, in a very base and mean fashion, repair and make the same mete to be inhabited." His creditors are importunate, and he cannot satisfy them. His baggage, which he sent by sea, has not arrived. He is "wrapped in misery and need on every side; not knowing where to be succoured or relieved, but only at your Highness' most merciful and charitable hands. The great virtue, nobleness, pity, compassion and charity that I have always known to be in your most noble heart, with the firm trust that I have and ever have had in your royal Majesty, that ye will not suffer your own poor creature, whom ye have made and renovate of nought, and who hath so entirely observed and loved your Highness, doing unto the same so long painful service, and such poor pleasures as hath lyne in his lytest power, to perish for lack, somewhat emboldeth me to recur unto your excellent goodness for succour, comfort, and relief, most lowly prostrate at your feet, beseeching your royal Majesty graciously and benignly to consider the premises, and to have pity and compassion on your poor Cardinal, who is and ever shall be, his life during, your faithful and most obedient creature, daily beadsman, and slave; as our Lord knoweth, to whom I shall incessantly pray for the continuance of your most noble and royal estate."
Pp. 2. Endd.: "My lord Cardinal." The words in italics are in Wolsey's hand.
Cott. App. 23. B. M. 6345. WOLSEY to PERCY.
Whatever may have been reported to him by Sir Rob. Constable, need not fear the King's displeasure for his behavior towards Wolsey since his repair to those parts. The King has advertised Northumberland, Sir Robt., and others, that he will not be dissatisfied with those who show favor to Wolsey, and treat him as his dignity requires, and assist him in all his causes. "Howbeyt I am rygth sory that my lorde your owen (?) beryth nat onto yow hys good wyl wych at my jorne [to] this partes I schalbe glade by all good meanys to knowe (?) [if] ye may atteyne." Needs have no doubt touching the inquisitions on the lands purchased of the Uttereds, "ner ye [shall not] nede to appear at York for the same, for thys ... only for my college of Oxford." Shall be amply informed at Wolsey's repair to those parts. Sends him a warrant for two bucks out of his park at Beverley. "From my manor of Scroby."
Draft in Wolsey's hand, mutilated, pp. 2.
R. O. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 177. 6346. BONNER to CROMWELL.
As you wished to make me a good Italian some time since, by promising to lend me the "Triumphs of Petrarch," I beg you to send it by Mr. Augustine's servant, and specially if you have it, the Cortigiano in Italian. At Scroby, with my lord's Grace.
Hol. Add.
19 April.
P. S.
6347. For THOMAS BENOLT, Clarencieux King at Arms of the South, East, and West, from the River Trent southward.
Notifying that he intends to hold a visitation of his province. Windsor Castle, 6 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 April.
20 April.
P. S. Rym. XIV. 387.
6348. For JOHN STOKESLEY, Bishop Elect of London.
Grant of all sums of money due to the King for the custody of the temporalities of the see, granted to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, at the rent of 1,000l. a year during such voidance. Windsor Castle, 20 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 20 April.
Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 34.
21 April.
R. MS. 7 C. XVI. f. 53. B. M.
6349. JEWELRY.
Memorandum of the delivery by Cornelius Heyes, goldsmith, to Henry VIII. at Windsor, 21 April 21 Hen. VIII., of 12 ballaces standing in colletts; one great ballace standing in a K, with a hanging pearl; 30 pearls; 5 pieces of a carcanet, weighing 3 oz.; and 6 emeralds standing in flowers, with 17 pearls. Received by Heyes from the King, 7¼ oz. of broken gold.
P. 1. Endd.
22 April.
R. O.
6350. S. PAGNINI, of Lucca, to HENRY VIII.
Is delighted with the King's letter, which he has done nothing to deserve. Will send, as the King desires, the letters and a copy of what he has written and intends to write in this cause, to the bishops of Verona and Chieti. Begs the King's favor to Florence, in which the writer was brought up. Is very anxious in its behalf. Who would not grieve to see a city of 30,000 inhabitants unjustly besieged, or deplore the inclemency of our pastor Clement? If the King will interpose, the siege may be broken up. Lyons, 22 April 1530. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd. by the King: S. Paganinus.
23 April.
Ashmol. 1109, f. 129.
6351. FEAST of ST. GEORGE.
Celebration of the feast of St. George, 22 Hen. VIII.
23 April.
Vit. B. XIII. 74. B. M.
6352. [CROKE to HENRY VIII.]
Received his letters on 4 April. The same day delivered the King's letters to father Francis, who showed Croke a copy of them from the ambassador here, to his marvellous discomfort; for, to prevent the inconvenience that would assuredly have happened, Croke always told him that he had not written and would not write in the King's favor, without licence from the Pope or the Senate.
The ambassador broke open the packet addressed to Croke, and detained the copies of letters from his brother and the bishop of Worcester to the bishops of Verona and Chieti. He saw by the copy of the King's letters to the Senate that the King desired no credence to be given to Croke, who had no means to gain credence but by showing the King's letters to himself, and that by showing them Croke would bring father Francis into danger, and cause others to fear favoring the King's cause; he therefore would not procure Croke any credence at the Senate, nor inform him when he would deliver the King's letters, nor would he deliver them before April 10. "At the which delivery he, as he said, had obtained [that] none other should be present but such as he na[med ...] I think and trust that in recom[pense] of his old negligence he wol so order ... connuance that there shall appear" * * * Croke, being privily informed of his going to the Senate, went with him. He secretly spoke in Italian to the Duke, telling Croke afterwards that he said to the Duke that Croke was sent only to solicit him. The Duke's answer was that they had so much business that they could not answer the King's letters till afterwards. Perceives that he is sorely annoyed and jealous that the King ordered him only to deliver the letters, and Croke to obtain the answer Fears not only bodily harm, but secret impediment of the King's causes, which Croke has almost brought to the desired effect. Venice, 23 April.
Hol., draft, pp. 3, mutilated.
R. O. Records of the Reformation, I. 296. 6353. THE KING'S LETTERS.
"Tenor literarum Regiarum missarum, ut scribit Wigorniensis, ad se et reliquos oratores."
It will be expedient to hire as many Italian doctors as possible to defend the King's cause against opponents. As theologians are rare here, who do not live in or profess religion, it would be advisable to gain as many provincials of the Orders as possible. The theologians should be urged to assert that the prohibition, being of divine law, cannot be dispensed with; and the jurists, to assert at least that it is of divine right, if nothing more can be obtained from them. It is most necessary that as many theologians and jurists as possible should be engaged to assist, and those who disagree, not to oppose. Attempts must be made to gain as many as possible to his Majesty's side, by help of friar Francis George, so that he may conquer by numbers as well as by justice and truth. The sayings of the Jews about Deuteronomy and Leviticus, and whatever else can be found anywhere to aid the cause, must be sent with the greatest diligence to his Majesty. They are to write to the bishops of Chieti and Verona to assist. Although he has hitherto desired everything to be done secretly, now that friar Francis suspects, it is thought better first to find out the opinion of the persons to be engaged, and then to treat with them by name, propose a reward, and promise gratitude, which his Majesty will, without doubt, perform; and he trusts that the disclosure of his name will make them more ready to serve him.
The doctors of the canon law must write concerning the divine character of the prohibition; and those engaged for his Majesty must be carefully examined about the falsity of the brief, the sufficiency of the bull of dispensation in consequence of the minority [of the King], during which he could not prefer a supplication, and on account of his subsequent refusal. All means must be tried to obtain the approval of the University. The King writes to the signory of Venice and Francis George; of which letters copies are enclosed. He writes to the prothonotary Casale to present the letters to the Signory, to whom their ambassador in England also writes. All the above he sends as extracts ([excer]pta) from your Majesty's letters, with this title, "Tenor literarum regiarum."
ii. From a letter of the bishop of Worcester, dated "[ex Bon]onia," 31 March.
What I wrote about learned theologians, who you say are rare in Italy has been provided for by the King, who does not wish so much to obtain excellent ones, as all.
Lat., pp. 2. In Croke's hand.
Vit. B. XIII. 71 b. B. M. 2. Another copy, also by Croke, headed "Tenor literarum regiarum."
R. O. 3. Another copy.
Endd.: "The tenor of the King's letters and instructions sent to me, in the King's name, by my lord of Worcester."
23 April.
Vit. B. XIII. 83 b. B. M.
6354. [CROKE to HENRY VIII.]
[Sends] the subscriptions which he promised, copied from the originals by Thomas Omnibonus, prior of the Venetian Dominicans. Will bring the originals himself, to avoid the danger of sending them by a messenger. Sent lately to him new writings in Hebrew in defence of his cause, the letter of Basil, with commentaries, and some other Greek writings, authenticated by a notary. Sends now all the Greek writings again, and many extracts from the catena of Greek commentaries on the Old Testament. Some of the extracts are what were alleged by their opponents, and some will not seem applicable at first, but their purpose will hereafter appear from the writings of learned men for the King. Friar Paulinus, of the order of Reformed Dominicans, writes on the King's side, in Greek and Latin, and his writings will be subscribed by some others whom the King owes to the bishop of Verona. Not one of these will write without leave from the Pope or the superor. The bishop of Verona has ordered his vicar not only to favor the King's cause, but in his absence to assemble theologians, and urge them to write. He himself will subscribe. He has written to the bishop of Chieti, who replied that he had always venerated the King, but dared not meddle with this business; he advised the King to procure from the Pope permission for theologians to discuss the case, by which the King would gain, as he has justice on his side. Asked the bishop of Verona to write to the King; but he said that it was not fit for him to write first to such a great prince, and, in case the Pope asked him, he wished to subscribe in consequence of the justness of the cause, and not from favor to the King. His vicar and all the lawyers have asked Croke for the bull and the dispensation, but he cannot obtain from the ambassador or from the bishop of Worcester either the bull or the brief, or any book on either side of the cause. Is sure they have them, as appears by their writings. By Croke's help alone, the King has gained father Francis and father Thomas Omnibonus, and, by their influence, not only those mentioned in the last letter, but all those whose signatures are annexed.
Many whom Francis has obtained are not there, as he is now absent on the King's business. He also gained Simonetus, the public reader of theology at Padua, whom all the theologians of the Signory venerate as a god. Expects that tomorrow he will write to the King, as he promised Croke and Leonicus, and in three days he will send the book on the King's cause. Has engaged also John Francis Marinus, minister of the Conventuals at Venice and provincial here. "[Habeo] penes me ipsius syngrapham qua se obligat omnibus viribus ... rum jure divino, naturali et morali, Papæ indispensabili ... relictam a fratre, frater ducat et etiam paraturum quotquot" * * *
As the King ordered, communicated everything sincerely to the bishop of Worcester. Before engaging John Francis Marinus, asked the Bishop to write secretly to him to encourage him to obtain others. He communicated this to Gregory de Cassalis, and they wrote back to Croke jointly. Would not have known what hindrance they caused, if Francis had not sent for him, and, full of fear, asked him to return his bond, and take back the money, saying that the ambassador had asked him to write for the King, which he said he refused. Does not know whether he did so, but the ambassador tried to persuade Croke not to press for an answer, for the Senate might refuse permission, as he said he had heard from his friends, and every one would then refuse to serve the King. Marinus said also that he had been warned by many Venetian nobles and chief men not to meddle with this cause, for the Signory would be much displeased with any one who assisted the King. He besought Croke to return the bond, promising to do much more when the Senate had once granted permission to speak freely. If these complaints are true, how secretly must the ambassador have managed the King's business? Any one can see his falseness. The friar put no faith in Croke's promise of secresy, and said that if he did not return the bond he would deny that it was his. Considered therefore that his bond would be the best proof to the King that many would support him, if they had no fears. Thought it best to keep this pledge of his fidelity, and replied that he could not return it without great danger to himself; for he had a commission to engage all the persons he could, but not to set any free. After communication with the bishop of Worcester, he put confidence in Croke, and entrusted everything to Herwell to be sent to the King. "Est autem iste hic et pro se et pro Farniano illo." Wishes the Cassali (isti) were as diligent in obtaining new persons as in soliciting those already obtained. This Easter the Prothonotary went to Omnibonus, the prior of the Dominicans, and obtained from him a conclusion, not of much profit. The bishop of Worcester wrote that Gregory de Cassalis asked of him 50 crowns he had left with Crucinus * * * Why then should Cassale wish to pay him 50 gold pieces, when he is already so well paid, unless he wishes to spend the King's money uselessly, and cheat the industry of others? To deceive his hopes sends a long work by Crucinus, formerly sent to Francis. Sends also a copy of the formula of Crucinus, of which he keeps the autograph, signed and sealed by seven doctors. If Francis were here, would send the writings of two noted theologians against the King, which he has obtained through Crucinus. Sees much fraud everywhere. If he had funds, or could go where he pleased, his diligence would be much more profitable to the King. Despairs of obtaining admission to the library at Rome; for Alexander, the keeper of it, is the King's most bitter enemy. Can purchase for 60 gold pieces one of the oldest books of the Greek Nomocanones and the letters of Basil, but he waits for the King's orders. 23 April.
Hol., draft, Lat., mutilated, pp. 3.
24 April.
R. O. St. P. VII. 234.
By the Almoner, who now goes to you, you will know how stiffly the Emperor is set against your cause. He is much guided by the Chancellor, who affirms that the greatest number of divines is against you; and his ambassador in England is led the same way. The Pope is governed by the Emperor, and the Italian divines will support his authority. They are dissatisfied with the Emperor's conduct in Italy, for he has pleased his enemies, and done nothing for his friends. There is great dissension between the Spaniards and the Almains. If the Emperor should fall out with the French king, I think the former would seek to you. When I go to France I shall learn more. I keep with me Alexander, the messenger. Lyons, morrow of St. George's Day.
Hol. Add. Endd.
26 April.
S. B.
Authority to Sir Tho. More, chancellor, Robert earl of Sussex, and Cuthbert bishop of Durham, to prorogue the Parliament from this present day, Tuesday, (fn. 2) to the 22nd of June next, on account of the pestilence in London and its suburbs. Del. Westm., 26 April 22 Hen. VIII.
26 April.
Rym. XIV. 389. P.S.
6357. DENIS HARRYS, of London, Merchant.
To be master, governor, protector, or consul of all merchants, subjects of the King, frequenting the island or city of Candye. Windsor, 20 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 26 April 22 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
27 April.
MS. Bibl. Nat. 3,094, f. 11.
The affair of the princess De la Roche sur Yon ought not to stop the delivery of my children. Gives him instructions with regard to the 32,000 fl. due to the king of England. Has done nothing to prevent the advocates of the queen of England obtaining the opinion of the university of Paris, and has summoned the president of Paris to appear before him to inquire into the circumstance. Will investigate the affair at Hédin. Angoulême, 27 April 1530.
Fr. From a transcript.
28 April.
Add. MS. 28,579, f. 391. B. M.
Has had audience of the Doge and Senate on the 19th, about the affair of the queen of England, and they all disapprove of the King's intention, and will not authorize its being brought before the university of Padua. * * * Venice, 28 April 1530.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 7.
28 April.
R. O.
Commences with a string of biblical quotations concerning kings. Does not think that kings ought to be judged without being heard. Knows but little of the case. The King's cause runs upon this rock, that it seems to be impossible to have legitimate children when he makes this complaint. The contention about his heir is known, perhaps, only to God, and to him to whom he has revealed it. It is a Divine judgment. The King, and his kingdom too, are brought into great danger. On one side, an unhallowed connection; on the other, the weakening of leagues sought to be made with other Christian princes by marriage, under papal authority. The latter is of great moment, now that Christendom is so disturbed by wars and heresies. God acts and judges while men are disputing about his judgments. Fears that while men sincerely and purely wish to retract the dispensation, sin may be increased by withdrawing the shield of dispensation, and the Divine judgment provoked. Milan, 28 April 1530.
Lat., pp. 3. Copy by Croke. Endd.: "Copia literæ Crucini ex quibus constat scandalose apertam regis causam Crucino."
28 April.
R. O.
Thanks him for his letters and other kindnesses. Will do all he can for the bearer, Mr. Bowreman, Russell's brother, and will give him exemplification, under my Lord's seal, of the registers touching the church of Broke. Advises him to write to my Lord to ask him to settle the variance between the parson of Freshwater, the parson of Broke, and Mr. Bowreman, and he can say that the matter was begun under the late bishop of Winchester, and that Cooke, having been registrar, can give information about it. London, 28 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. MS. 7 F. XIV. No. 27. B. M.
List of all Cardinals living in April 1530.
Florentines:—J. Anconitanus,† J. Antonius de Monte,† L. Sanctorum Quatuor,† L. Rodulphus,† L. Salviatus, C. Gadi,† C. Medicis, C. Rhavenna.†
Genoese:—L. Cibo,† C. Spinola,† C. Grimaldus, C. Auria.
Romans:—A. Fernesius,† L. Cesis,† L. Ægidius,† L. de Valle, L. Cæsarinus, L. Trani,† L. Colonna, L. Ursinus.†
Neapolitans:—L. Gayetanus, C. Neapolis, C. S. Severinus,† C. Mathera.
Venetians:—L. Pisanus,† C. Grimanus.†
Piedmontese:—C. Gattinaria, L. Ivrea.†
Bolognese:—L. Campegius.
Siennese:—L. Picolominus.
Milanese:—L. Trivultius.†
C. Mantua,† the brother of the Marquis. 32, all Italian.
French:—L. Lorraine,† J. Aux,† L. Bourbon,† C. the Chancellor,† C. Bourges.†
Spanish:—C. Sancta Crux, C. the Emperor's Confessor, L. Portugalia.
English:—L. York.†
Flemings: L. Liège, L. Toledo, Ad. Drincfort, C. Moriana.
Germans:—J. Corcensis, C. Trent, L. Mayence, L. Cologne. 17 of different nations.
"Summa, XLV[III], quorum XXV. † signati te[nent cum] Chrmo et Sermo regibus.
"Decedente Juli[o] ... anni MD.[XIII.] ... omnium nat[ionum] ...
"Leo successor qui obiit in mense Decembris a Nativitate MD. [XXI.]... creavit cardinales numero ...
"Adrianus successor qui obiit in [mense Septembris] MD. XXIII. solum creavit C[ardinalem] ...
"Clemens modernus Pontifex hu[cus] que in ... præsentem mensis Aprilis MD.XXX. a Nativitate, creavit cardinales numero ...
"Summa, cardinales, numero, L ...
"Ex quibus superstites modo sunt ...
De Adriano vero Cornetano cardinale, per L[e]one[m] deposito adhuc incertum est, quid sit. Unum tamen est, quod in seculo non reperitur."
Of the above cardinals, those created by Alexander VI. are marked with an initial A.; those created by Julius II., with J.; and those created by Leo. X., with L.
Endd. Vannes' hand.
April./GRANTS. 6363. GRANTS in APRIL 1530.
1. Geo. Neville lord Bergevenny. Grant, in fee, (in consideration of 1,000 marks paid to Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the Chamber, and of 1,000 marks to be paid, 3 March next, on account of a recognisance dated 27 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII.) of the manor of Byrlyng, and lands and rents in Byrlyng, Ryarsshe, and Adyngton, Kent, the advowson of Byrlyng church, all lands imparked in the parks of Byrlyng, the lands there late of Robt. abbot of St. Saviour's, Bermondsey, the rectory of All Saints, Byrlyng, the lands there late of Sir Matthew Browne, except the lands of Reginald Pekham, jun., and Sir Rob. Wotton; all which lord Bergevenny bargained and sold to the King by indenture, dated 27 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII., and which came to the King's hand by reason of the recognisance made by him and Mary his wife, Sir Thos. Nevile and Katharine his wife, and Sir Edw. Nevile and Eleanor his wife, and by reason that Sir Tho. More, Tho. card. of York, Ric. Lyster, chief baron of the Exchequer, and Ric. Weston, undertreasurer, by their charter dated 28 Feb. 21 Hen. VIII. demised and confirmed the premises to the King. Del. Westm., 1 April 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Ric. Raynshawe, yeoman of the guard. Lease of the manor of Pratis alias Pray, Herts, and 6 messuages, 2 cottages, 100 acres of land, and 100 acres of wood in Pratis, with the fair there, which have escheated to the King by the dissolution of the monastery or priory of St. Mary de Pratis; for 30 years, at the annual rent of 7l. Windsor Castle, 19 March 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
5. William Barlee, bachelor in the decrees. Presentation to the canonry or prebend in the collegiate church of Bridgenorth, Salop, vice Robt. Paunsunte, resigned. Westm., 5 April.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
5. Sir Wm. Gascoigne and Edmund Copindale. Presentation to the mastership of the college of Lowthorp, York, now void, and at the King's disposal by the minority of Francis Huthum. The Moore, 5 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 5 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
6. Sir Rob. Brudenell. Licence to alienate the manor of Arley, Staff., to Ric. Littleton, Rob. Wynter, Tho. Asteley, Eustace Broun, Anthony Litelton, Christ. Westcot, John Lytelton, clk., Ric. Sheldon, Roger Rydell, and Robt. Middelmore, to hold to John Lytelton and his heirs for ever. Westm., 6 April.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18.
6. John Hikling, yeoman of the guard. To be bailiff of the lordship of Multon, Northt., and keeper of the warren there, in the King's hands by the death of Leonard Slade; with 1d. a day as bailiff, and 40s. a year as keeper of the warren. Le More, 30 March 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 6 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
6. John Johnson. Presentation to the parish church of Chepingongre, London dioc., void by death, and in the King's hands by the attainder of Edw. duke of Buckingham. Windsor Castle, 8 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 (sic) April.—Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
8. William Moreton, groom of the chamber. To be bailiff of the lordship of Harrold, Beds., and keeper of the park there; in the King's hands by reason of the nonage of Peter, s. and h. of Sir Wm. Compton, deceased. Windsor Castle, 28 March 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 April.—P.S.
8. Gerald Fitzgerald, earl of Kildare. General pardon. Del. Chelsehithe, 8 April 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
11. Nich. Calcott, merchant alias merchant adventurer of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Windsor Castle, 8 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 11 April.—P.S.
13. John Baldwyn. To be attorney-general of Wales and its marches, and of the county palatine of Chester and Flint, vice William Ruddall. Del. Westm., 13 April 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 35._Vacated on surrender 24 Hen. VIII., in order that the said office might be granted to Richard Riche.
16. George Cotton. To be keeper of Geddington Woods, Northt., with 3d. a day, vice William Woodforde. Windsor Castle, 13 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 16 April.—P.S.
16. Wm. Jenons alias Jenyns, draper, of Coventry. Exemption from being made mayor, sheriff, &c. of the city of Coventry, or of any county, town, or borough in England. Westm., 16 April.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
20. Sir Ric. Warde, priest. To have the pension which the abbot of the monastery of Hyde, Southampton, is bound to give to a clerk of the King's nomination till he be promoted to a competent benefice. York Place, 18 Feb. 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 20 April.—P.S.
20. Giles Churchehyll, "gromettus balistorum." Custody of Totenham wood, Middx., parcel of the manor of Totenham, with all interest therein belonging to the Crown, during the minority of Peter, s. and h. of Sir William Compton; of which manor Sir Ric. Broke, chief baron of the Exchequer, Wm. Dyngley, and John Dyngley, now surviving, with others deceased, were seized to the use of the said William and his heirs; with licence to the said Giles to cut down the underwood growing upon 12 acres of the said wood; at the rent of as many pheasants and partridges and other fowl as he can take yearly. Windsor Castle, 16 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 20 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
20. Henry Conwey, one of the clerks of the Signet. To have the pension which the abbot of the monastery of St. Benett's, Norf., is bound to give to a clerk of the King's nomination till he be promoted to a competent benefice. Windsor Castle, 13 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 April.—P.S.
20. Hugh Davy, yeoman of the guard. To have the fee of the Crown of 6d. a day, vice Hugh Dye, deceased. Windsor Castle, 10 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 20 April.—P.S.
Sir Wm. Askugh. Custody of possessions in Graynesby and Grymsby, Linc., late of Robt. Vicars, deceased, who held of John Barkley, a ward of the King's; during the minority of Wm. s. and h. of the said Robt.—S.B. Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1.
Sir Edward Beynton. Grant, in tail male, of a messuage, 12 acres of land, 16 acres of meadow, 80 acres of pasture, and 6 acres of wood in Cawlne, Wilts, parcel of the manor of Chiriell, parcel of Warwick's lands, now held by Hen. Persons.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
John Lambert, hosier, of London, native of Valenciennes, in Hennago. Denization.—S.B. Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
John Rydley, parson of the parish church of Chilton Folyot, Salisb. dioc. Presentation to the vicarage of Hautwysell, Durham dioc., vice Thos. Balgay, who exchanges.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
Sir Robt. Ughtred of Kexby, York, alias of London. Pardon.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5.
York: Commission to Edmund Gower, Ralph Pulleyn, and Lancelot Stapulton, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Robt. Conyers, "super Wiske."—Vacated.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19d.
York: Sir Ric. Tempest, Sir Wm. Middelton, Roger Lassels, Wm. Legh, Tho. Strey, and Walt. Bradford. Commission to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heir of lady Elizabeth Legh, wife of Edward Redmayn.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19d.
22. Tho. Hall. Grant of the manor of Bournehall, in Whersted, Suff., and all messuages, &c. thereto belonging, with reservations of the advowsons of the churches or rectories of St. Peter, St. Nicholas, St. Mary ad Clavem, and St. Clement, in Ipswich, Suff., and all lands, &c. in the town of Ipswich, which came to the King's hands by the attainder of Tho. cardinal archbishop of York. Greenwich, 21 April 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 22 April, "anno subscripto."—P.S. Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
22. Rob. Byrte, chaplain, To be warden of St. Michael's hospital, Warwick, and governor of the "Lazar-houses" there. Greenwich, 19 April 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 22 April.—P.S.
25. Mariona Turren', late of Seynte Omers, in Artoys, alias of Graves Ende, Kent. Pardon for having stolen a goblet belonging to Christ. Clerk, of Gravesende. Windsor, 18 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 25 April 22 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
25. John Cooke, merchant tailor, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfelde. Windsor, 25 April 22 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
25. Rob. Herde, haberdasher, of London. Licence to export 120 quarters of beans. Windsor, 21 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 25 April 22 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
28. Sir Mathew Broune. Licence to alienate the manor of Wycam Breux, Kent, and the advowson of the parish church there, to Lucy Broune, widow of Sir Ant. Broune, and the heirs male of the said Sir Ant. and Lucy. Westm., 28 April.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3.
29. Tho. Vicarie. To be serjeant of the King's surgeons, and chief surgeon to the King, with allowances both "le bouge the Courte" of the King's household, and of wine, &c. for cures; which office of serjeant was granted by patent 6 Aug. 5 Hen. VIII. to Marcellus de la More, chief surgeon to the King. Also grant, in reversion, to the said Tho. of the annuity of 40 marks which was granted to the said Marcellus by patent 3 Nov. 7 Hen. VIII., to hold from the time when the said office shall be vacant. Windsor, 20 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 April 22 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
29. Hen. marquis of Exeter, and his heirs. Grant of the manors of Edelmeton alias Saysbury, and Dyphams, with the lands, tenements, &c., called Claverynges, in Edelmeton, Midd., also the manors of Swalclyf and Covelehall, and all messuages, &c. in Woxbregge, Midd., and lands, &c. called Hersies, Little Helyndon, and Gre[at] Helyndon, in Helyndon, Midd., on surrender of patent 17 Nov. 13 Hen. VIII., granting the premises to the said Hen., by the name of Sir Hen. Courteney, in reversion. Windsor Castle, 20 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 29 April 22 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 1.
29. Rob. Bowes of South Coulton, York. Custody of the possessions of Ralph Swynhoo, of Rokke, Northb., deceased, who held of Tho. cardinal archbishop of Durham, as of his bishopric of Durham, during the minority of John, s. and h. of the said Ralph; with the wardship of the said heir. Also custody of the possessions of Wm. White, of Rodelinghe, in the bishopric of Durham, who held as above, during the minority of Ant. Whyte, s. and h. of the said Wm., with the wardship of the said Ant. The More, 27 April 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
30. Tho. Treheron. To be Nottingham pursuivant with the King's son, Hen. duke of Richmond and Somerset, and earl of Nottingham, with an annuity of 10l., vice Ric. Croke, deceased. Windsor, 16 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 April 22 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.


  • 1. These passages are struck out by Wolsey.
  • 2. The 26th of April fell on a Tuesday in 1530.