Henry VIII: June 1530, 17-30

Pages 2902-2921

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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June 1530

17 June.
Le Grand, III. 482.
Yesterday morning I communicated to the King in detail all that you wrote to me on the 14th, adding such remarks as occurred to me; among other things, that I had heard you were slightly indisposed from the labor daily imposed upon you, and that your illness might well have been increased by these last news received from here. On this he asked me if I had written anything to you to give you pain, for his intention had been quite the contrary. I said I had obeyed his commands, and that by your answer you were aware of his satisfaction with your services, but that you were afraid he was in some trouble or perplexity about the above matter, which is what you have been doing everything in your power to avoid. I assure you if you had heard his answer you would have been greatly pleased. Finally, I told him the substance of your two letters, when he expressed himself greatl satisfied with all you had done, and said that he was very glad so good an issue had been found on either side, and that in your answer to the Admiral you had so fully followed his intention. I think this is all that you can expect at present, until you return, when you will be at leisure to consider what more can be done. You may be sure Madame will be your friend in everything, as I suppose your sister has taken care to let you know.
I had a little conversation with the Admiral on the subject, much like what I had before, and told him of your answer to what I had written to you. On which he cut me short, expressing himself honorably about the loving answer you had made him, and repeating part of the charge either to the secretary, who in your letters might have added by accident a touch of the pen more than you had passed, or else to the occasion that was given you that Rabaudanges had not understood his answer. I did not discuss the matter with him further, though you will see that imputing it either to the secretary or Rabaudanges is to justify his cause, and condemn yours; for which reason I have always pressed upon the King, that, considering the situation in which you are placed, you could have done no less than you did, and that you would not have dissembled so much for your own father as you did for the other. I hope you have noted what I lately wrote to you to the elect of Tours. I have been all day where the King is, in the country; but as Madame has risen late, and the King has not left here all day, I have not been able to speak with him. I have, however, at length communicated with your sister, to whom I told what was pressing before the arrival of the King and the Admiral.
Here follow some jocular details relating to Mons. St. Mor, of no historical importance.
The king of England's matter has been proposed at Paris. Where there was no possibility of withdrawing, Beda played the demoniac, "et s'est party la chose sans rien faire." The King wishes it to be begun again, and, if necessary, that Beda be sent to him, for it is a mere pretence (?) (car sans fondement et de ses semblables, est) that he ought not (to vote), even if the King commanded him, without orders from the Pope. The Emperor's ambassadors last night made great remonstrances about it. The King showed them clearly that he cannot deny, either to friend or enemy, liberty to clear his conscience of scruples by consulting the learned men of his kingdom. So that at last they did not know what to reply, except to demand a safeguard for the Spanish doctors of Paris, that the English ambassadors should not kill them, which was readily granted to them. Believe me, that, in spite of several commands addressed by the King to my brother to get this business to proceed, he has done everything possible to stop it, and has been very lukewarm while I was at Bayonne. This evening the Prince de la Rochesur-Yon is to come and thank the King for the benefit conferred on him. Bordeaux, 17 June.
Fr. Add.
17 June.
R. O.
Is much dissatisfied with the conduct of Beda and others at the assembly of divines at Paris, who met to give an opinion on the king of England's divorce. The President must order him to correct his fault, else Francis will punish him. If he say it is a matter of conscience on which he must consult the Pope, you must forbid him, as this would be against the rights and privileges of the kingdom. If hereafter he (Francis) should happen to be at war with the Pope, there is nothing in the said kingdom from which he would more vigorously defend himself, in virtue of the said privileges, than from the Gallican council and the faculty of Theology. (fn. 1) Bordeaulx, 17 June 1530.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Coppie de la lectre escripte a Mons. le premier president de Paris.
17 June.
R. O.
Thanks him for his promise about the expedition of the King's letter for the sealing of his letter by Wolsey. His servant Clotton also told him that Cromwell would send the patent yesterday, or this Corpus Christi Day, but it has not yet arrived. Is staying here only to wait for it. Windsor, 17 June. Signed.
P 1. Add.: To, &c. Mr. Cromwell, at London.
R. O. 2. Grant by Wolsey to William lord Sands, of the Vine, Hants, the King's chamberlain, of the office of keeper of the manor or lordship of Farnham, Surrey.
Draft, pp. 2, large paper.
R. O. 3. Draft of the latter part of a grant by Wolsey as bishop of Winchester to Lord Sands, of the office of keeper of the castle of Farnham with an annuity of 100 marks; confirmed by Hen. Broke, S.T.B., prior of St. Swithin's, Winchester.
18 June.
Le Grand, III. 471.
Thanks him for his devotion to England, and for his entertainment, and assistance given from time to time to Sir Francis Bryan. The King had fully expected a perfect resolution, by this time, on his matter proposed to the university of Paris; but he has been informed by his agents there that the matter is strangely altered; for whereas 56 doctors had been instructed (informé) on his side, and 7 on the opposite side, at the Congregation lately held there were 36 doctors opposed to his purpose, and only 22 on his side. This looks suspicious. I trust you will use your influence with your master to obtain the desired object at Paris. Windsor, 18 June 1530.
R. O. 6462. [BENET] to HENRY VIII.
By our common letters in Latin, sent by bearer, and by a Latin letter of the 13th of last month, written by my lord of Worcester and subscribed by me, and by another of the 23rd ditto, from my lord of Worcester. Mr. Gregory, and me, you will have fully understood what has been done since my coming here in your cause, and the proceedings of the Queen's agents. Because of your special instructions sent to my lord of London, that I should be wary in coming here, and suffer nothing to pass to the innovation of any process, or to the prejudice of your cause, I have omitted nothing that might confer to the same; and by myself, as well as with my lord of Worcester and Mr. Gregory, have used my best efforts. When I was with the Pope alone he communicated to me what I write apart in this letter. I was with him on the Saturday after Corpus Christi Day, when my lord of Worcester was diseased. The day after Corpus Christi Day the Emperor's ambassador had with great exclamations obtained of the Pope to send for Capusuke, ordering him to proceed in the King's cause according to justice, which he might not let. When my lord of Worcester and I had knowledge of this, as Worcester was ill, I went alone to the Pope, lamenting his departure from the order he had taken with Capusuke three days before, seeing that from such variation many inconveniences would follow. At last, after the Pope had resolved what he would do for stopping the Emperor's ambassador not to follow that process, the Pope fell into communication of your matter, and said that Maius, the Emperor's ambassador, had showed him there were many of the Emperor's council here, who feared that my lord of London's tarrying at Bonony and his going to Venice was for no other purpose but to get as many opinions of the divines as he and others of your agents could obtain between this and September; and for that reason your Highness desired suspension till then, and that then, without regarding the authority of the Church, you would attempt something to the prejudice of the Queen; and that was the reason the Imperialists desired quick process. Maius had told him he feared no such thing, "for he said there be in this matter many articles, amongst the which one is, that the Queen was not known by your Highness' brother;" and this must be determined by law, and both parties must have the benefit of the law. "I said that my lord of London only tarried at Bonony, that your Highness had ap[poin]ted that he and [I ?] should have come hither unto his Holiness," as he knew by the letters which I brought, but because he was sickly at the time he could not come; that you wished the opinions of divines for the rectification of your conscience and the justification of your cause; and for proof of the article desired, it was very easy, for that prince Arthur and the Queen had been many nights together, as was proved before his Legate. He said that the Imperial ambassador objected to the depositions received before the Legate, "and said because they were received post" * * *
Hol., corrected draft, imperfect, pp. 4, mutilated.
19 June.
Vit. B. XIII. 88. B. M.
* * * "as I am informed by great learned men in Greek, Lat[in] and all other things, passeth all the friars in Italy, and I s[hall] have sundry letters to get him to the King's part." Howbeit Paul de Cassalis has been over all these parts, and has spoken with those whom Croke had already retained. Thus he and his brother have got into their hands the counsel of Peter Zanniboni, of Verona, prior of the Servites, written at Croke's instance. Has now given him better instructions, and he has promised to write again, and get as many subscriptions as he can. He told Croke of Dionysius, procurator of their order, who pretends to have written for us, and has written against us, and he and friar Angelus of Bologna have taken the writings to Rome. He and Croke have attempted Jews here, but they say they have such advice from Venice that they dare not write. At Vincenza, showed Anshelmus a copy, without names, of the ambassador's letters to friar Francis. After reading them he ran in a fume to an altar, took out the super altare, kissed the m[ass], and sware by God's altar and the Gospels that he never told nor wrote to the bishop of Vaison about the subscriptions, friar Francis, or any man who moved him in the King's cause at Vincence. He desired Croke to tell Francis that even in this heat he would go to Rome to defend his honor. He said also that no man moved him to do anything in the King's cause; that he never saw Silvester's name subscribed, and therefore that suggestion could not be true; that the ambassador was in the country with the bishop of Vaison, and at Vicenza at the house of Mark Antony de Godis; that the Bishop came to Vicenza to hear Francis preach, and afterwards had this matter disputed in his house, at which the only words that Anshelmus spoke were that he knew that the question had been formerly discussed at Bologna; that his friendship with the bishop of Vaison was too great for him to need to go about to win favor of him, for they were brought up together as children; Rome was the place, and not Vicenza, to make suit for the Pope's favor.
Has much to tell him about Francis, which he will not write. Begs him, as he loves the advancement of the King's matters, not to delay his coming hither. "I shall not much more prevail t ... King's causes than I have, nor they nother; they [have] so encumbered the King's causes themselves, for e[nvy] ... Paulus de Cassalis hath been renewed." * * *Remembers that the ambassador told him that the bishop of Verona would not meddle.
Asks his advice. Is sick. This is not the first time he has put his life in jeopardy to serve the King. Fears from misreports that he will have no thank, but blame. "In the [b]erge toward Venice from Padua," Sunday, 19 June.
Hol., pp. 2, draft, mutilated.
20 June.
MS. Bibl. Nat. 3005, f. 42.
Thanks him for the good news in his letter from Bayonne, the 6th, informing him that his charge there is despatched, and there is no obstacle now to the deliverance [of the children], a result in which you think that the King my master will take great pleasure. Compliments him on his dexterity, and hopes the union of the two Kings will be lasting, for which Norfolk will employ all his energies. Windsor, 20 June 1530.
Fr., from a transcript.
21 June.
R. O. Records of the Reformation, I. 325.
Certain matters have caused trouble in the King's cause, as he wrote before, and as the bishop of London and Croke will explain. The Pope has summoned him to his presence by a brief, which they have seen. Hopes to advance the King's cause there as much as here. Will always be a faithful servant to the King. A free permission from the Pope would be of great advantage, as every one would come more readily and openly to an agreement, and the writer would be able to act more freely and effectually at Rome. Venice, 21 June 1530.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
21 June.
Addit. 19,398, f. 25. B. M.
Privy Signet touching the complaint of the bearer, a Breton, who was carried prisoner to England during the last war. Having received licence to depart and return for payment of his ransom, he was spoiled of his goods on his return; and, notwithstanding he received letters under the Privy Seal for restitution, Wolsey by special letters caused the goods to be redelivered to the plunderers. Commands him to certify the Council of his reasons. Windsor, 21 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add: "My Lord Cardinal of York."
R. O. 6467. [WOLSEY to HENRY VIII.]
Has received the King's letter, dated Windsor, 21 June, touching the complaint made against Wolsey by a Breton, the bearer of the said letter, which set forth that having been taken prisoner in the last war, and brought to England, he was allowed to depart and return to England with merchandize for payment of his ransom, but on his return was robbed of his goods by Englishmen in the same ship with him; and that, the goods having been put under arrest during his suit for justice, Wolsey, though he had given letters of privy seal to the contrary, caused them to be delivered to the said malefactors. "Although it is long since this took place," and "by reason of my great age, great heaviness and calamity, my remembrance is not so fresh and quick as it hath been," will relate the matter to the best of his recollection. In 14 Hen. VIII. during the war with France, a Breton ship was taken by Will. Gardyner and Rob. Chapplain, and being brought to Jersey, not only it, but the captor's ship, was put under arrest at the suit of the owner, on the ground that the capture had been made within the limits of the Island. Complaint was made to Wolsey, who was then chancellor, who, finding that the prize was taken on the high seas, and that the officers of the Island were not indifferent judges, ordered that the attachment should be discharged, and that the matter should be heard before the Council. He accordingly made out letters to this effect, dated at Hampton Court, 19 Sept., not knowing that any other matter was in dispute except whether the capture was within the jurisdiction of the Isle. Shortly afterwards, being with the King at Newhall, he was informed by Sir Ric. Wingfield that the ship belonged to some Bretons who were his prisoners, who were coming to England under a safe-conduct from my lord Admiral with the said goods for payment of their ransom. On this, Wolsey and others of the Council devised a placard, dated at Newhall, 27 Sept., for the attaching not only of the goods and ship but of the said Will. Gardyner and Rob. Chaplayn, as this bearer can testify. Wingfield thus recovered most of his goods, and Gardyner was committed to the Tower till he should make restitution of the rest. Thus Wolsey's letters to discharge the arrest made at Jersey were passed before the King's letters of placard were obtained. Begs Henry upon his knees not to think that he ever willingly did as Chancellor anything not consonant with equity. "From my poor manor of Suthwell, &c."
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 10.
Cott. App.
XLVIII. 14. B. M.
2. Draft of the preceding in Wolsey's own hand.
Pp. 4.
21 June.
Add. MS. 28,580, f. 182. B. M.
6468. MAI to CHARLES V.
Wrote on the 15th what took place that day with the English ambassador at vespers, and how the Auditor had revoked all the terms (los terminos) which he had made in the cause, although nothing remained except to give in the articles which were already made, and the time was amply sufficient to obtain before the holidays compulsory powers (compulsoriales) to try the matter during the holidays. But since they have revoked them, it will not be possible to make new arrangements before that time.
I complained of this to the Pope lately, and expressed myself as temperately as I could. He answered that he would remedy it, and accordingly sent for the commissary, and ordered him to prosecute the cause and do justice. I have since used all efforts with the commissary to ascertain if this be an evasion on the part of the Pope, but I have been able to obtain no other answer.
The other day the Pope sent me to Sanga, saying that he had spoken with the English ambassador, and saw a fair way of terminating the cause well, and that he wished me to know it, because he could do nothing before the holidays, as there are but three or four audiences, and more than twelve would be required to renew the terms (reiterar los terminos); that it would be better to concede graciously what could not be sold, especially as he did not believe the commission to proceed in the holidays could be granted.
Discussions with the Pope on the subject. Conversations with Cardinal Osma.
The Pope at last agreed to prosecute my terms until an answer should be received from Your Majesty to my former letter, when the prorogation could be made with greater authority. * * * Rome, 21 June 1530.
Sp., pp. 6,modern copy from Simancas.
22 June.
S. B.
Authority to Sir Tho. More, chancellor, Thomas duke of Norfolk, treasurer, Robert earl of Sussex, and John bishop of Carlisle to prorogue the Parliament from this present day, Wednesday, to the 1st of October next, on account of the pestilence in London and its suburbs. Del. Westm., 22 June 22 Hen. VIII.
22 June.
R. O. St. P. VII. 241.
Is uncertain whether his letters, and the bills, books, and writings which he has sent to the King, have come to his hands. Fears that the whole or great part of his letters have been kept from his knowledge. There never was noble prince so abused by the malice and craft of those whom he trusts. If men had been diligent, the cause would long ago have been approved by all the doctors of Italy, considering that now, although the Pope, and the Emperor threaten all who approve, the King has already, by Croke's diligence, 80 subscriptions and counsels, besides those that were burnt. These, father Francis said, numbered 30,—9 being doctors, whose names, with the new names got by Simonetus, Thomas, and Francis, Croke encloses. The whole number is therefore 110,—74 being doctors, and the others Observants of good reputation and learning. John Francis Marinus has yet sent none; and none have come from Verona, though many have promised writings and subscriptions, if they can get licence. Since the ambassador was there, the Pope has written a sharp letter to the bishop of Verona, dated 21 May, by the desire of the Imperial ambassador, who, with the bishop of Vaison, made search for the letters of the bishop of Verona to the bishop of Chieti in the King's favor. No one knew of these letters but Croke and the ambassador. He is familiar with the Imperial ambassador, and was with the bishop of Vaison in the country, when he came to Vicenza to burn father Francis' writing, and was with Mark Antony de Godis, a doctor of law at Vicenza, who was content to write for the King, and took instructions of father Francis, but he afterwards returned them, and refused to meddle. His enclosed letter to father Francis is untrue. The King can judge what Sir Gregory has done at Milan by the enclosed copy of Crucinus' letters, whom, as appears by other letters also enclosed, father Francis has again reconciled to us. Sends also instructions in the hand of Ghinucci's servant. The mention of the King's protestation therein slanders the King's cause, and has alienated many men. Thinks this clause was put in by the Italians to injure the cause. They attempt secretly to hinder it, to ascribe other men's pains to themselves, and to inform the Pope of every man's doing to his hurt. The Pope now knows of Pagninus' writings.
The Senate's answer was procured by the ambassador, concerning whose behavior he encloses a letter of father Francis. Doubts not that the bishop of London will also inform the King of it. Incurs great danger by writing thus openly, for Casale and others have such friends about the King that they know the tenor of his letters ten days before they arrive, and are advised of all that Croke and others write. Not long ago Ghinucci's servant asked a servant of Croke's to find out when he would return to England, and to inform the Bishop. Fears at his return not only bodily harm, but the loss of all the original writings and subscriptions, unless the King makes it known that he will require of their hands the death of his servants, or any harm that may happen to them. Doubts not many of his letters are kept from the King's knowledge. Has kept copies of them in a book. Asks for a commission and instructions. His diets are expended. Has no money to prosecute the King's causes.
Little good will be done here, but the profit will be in the other towns in the dominion of Venice and the dukedom of Milan. If the King wishes him to travel, must ask for provision both for diets and retaining men. The Pope has sent a brief to father Francis, as men say, to make him cardinal. Venice, 22 June 1530.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd. by the King: "Crocus."
Vit. B. XIII. 89.
B. M.
2. Draft of the same.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3.
22 June.
R. O.
6471. CROKE to [HENRY VIII.]
Asks pardon for writing such a long letter, and desires him to take the trouble to hear it read himself. Unless the King does so, Croke can never remedy the great impediments which are daily contrived to hinder his proceeding with the King's cause, nor will he ever know whether the King has received the seven letters sent to him. Kept a copy of everything sent; but his fear is the greater, because he sent with each letter other letters which it behoved the King "not for much money to lack the knowledge of." Venice, 22 June.
Hol., p. 1.
Vit. B. XIII.
90 b. B.M.
2. Draft of the same in Croke's hand.
P. 1.
22 June.
R. O.
In consequence of the dangers he may incur from those who secretly injure or openly oppose the King's cause, begs him to allow no one to read these letters. Has tried to serve the King in his cause, but hindrances have been caused by certain persons. When Croke first entrusted the King's cause to him, everything went on well; but when the copy of the King's letter to him came into the hands of the person to whom, as Croke had advised, he had pretended that he would not undertake the cause, fortune soon became adverse. While working with success at Vicenza, was attacked by the bishop of Vaison, nuncio apostolic, who spoke against him to the governor of the city, and then to the provincial of his Order, who was about to sign, using many accusations and threats of excommunication against Georgio and all who were about to sign. The matter was then brought before the Senate, where he defended himself and the cause, declaring that he was acting for the cause of justice, that he had taken up the cause not as the King's but God's, and that he was neither a breaker of the laws nor a conspirator against the Emperor or the Pope. Easily cleared himself in this way, the Senate being well disposed to the King, and wishes he could as easily get free from those who secretly oppose him.
While at Vicenza, had obtained a promise from Dr. Mark Antony de Godis not only to write, but also gain his father, a celebrated advocate, in whose house the prothonotary Casale was staying, but he afterwards sent back the instructions, and refused to meddle. Again, had gained by means of Francis Crucinus, a Milanese noble, almost all the doctors of theology and law; and Crucinus' treatise had been approved by seven famous doctors and the bishop of London. Croke then wrote to Ghinucci for money for the doctors who had signed, but received in answer directions to be sparing, and entertain them with hope. Nevertheless, Francis writes that he was offered 50 crs. through Sir Gregory de Casalis, with whom we had not communicated. What is worse, it has been divulged that the cause was the King's, as Crucinus writes, though without mentioning names. Has had great difficulty in conciliating him. Without these obstacles would have had little difficulty in gaining most of the learned men here. The obstacles are caused by the envy of those who have done nothing in the cause, and ought to have done much. Venice, 1530, 10 kal. Julii.
Lat., hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
22 June.
R. O.
Confession of John Lawrence, formerly servant to Mrs. Lacie, of London, widow, and of Robert Turner, late of Warton, co. Lanc., taken before Sir John Dunham and Wm. Disney, treasurer of the Household, and Hugh Fuller, auditor to cardinal Wolsey, at Southwell, 20 June 22 Hen. VIII.—Was servant with Mrs. Lacie at St. Antonine's, London, where a priest named Richard, a sanctuary man of St. Alban's, or else falsely professing priesthood, had a wife named Charity. The same Richard sent a man to Lawrence, then in the church of St. Thomas Acres, who brought certain picklocks under a Spanish cloak. Next day Lawrence rode into Kent to Mrs. Knevet, daughter to Lacie, who gave him a noble for her mother, of which she denied the receipt; whereupon Lawrence, taking offence, visited the sanctuary man at St. Martin's, when they agreed to meet at the Libberd's Head, in St. Sythe (Osith's), London, 25 April, and agreed with one Robert Turner to rob Mrs. Lacie. Description of the way the robbery was committed, and a list of the goods stolen, consisting chiefly of silver and other valuables; also of the persons to whom part of the property was delivered. The sanctuary man is described as being "whitely visaged," with a sharp nose, light abren (auburn) hair, a little beard, near of the same color, and commonly accustomed to wear a Spanish cape, and sometimes a coat of Orange tawny, and white hosen.
Pp. 6. Endd.
24 June.
R. O.
I have seen what you have communicated to me, sc. the objection which they make against our determination, founded on the "lost chapter de Divortiis;" to which I have made answer, as you will see below. I have seen the brief and sententious reply of our Pisan friend, whom for a long time I have regarded as a most learned man, and of the safest opinions. He agrees with ours. I have also seen the whole decretal of Innocent, from which is extracted the first chapter to Augustine, bishop of England; upon which I have founded our reply. Although the canonists consider the said objection to be of some moment, it has no weight with a theologian.
I return to you the copy of our writings, because Piacenza has no qualified professor of our own or any other Order. They will have to be corroborated by subscription in our convents of Lombardy. They are simply readers, not judges. On this account I desire you to show our writings to the late father-regent and the present regents of the Dominicans and Franciscans." Ask, without being influenced by any affection for me to subscribe, whether I have written the truth; if not, let them state their objections. This is the duty of a true doctor, and not to acquire a name by soliciting votes. As for several days I have suffered from spitting blood, I must write no more. Piacenza, 24 June 1530.
Hol., Ital., pp. 2. Commences: "Signor Cavalier."
ii. Reply to the Pope's objection to Casale's argument. Reference is made to the case of the people of Livonia, who were accustomed to marry their brothers' widows, for which, on their conversion to Christianity, they received dispensations from the Pope; also to a letter of Pope Gregory to Augustine.
Lat., pp. 2.
25 June.
R. O.
6475. RIC. LYSTER (Chief Baron) to WOLSEY.
I have received your letter dated Southwell, 19 June, and perceive that you are discomfited at the process against you directed to the sheriff of Yorkshire. I do not consider it dangerous, and as I have examined the clerks, it was of common course. I was not privy to it, nor your council, else the matter might have been discharged without further process. You may be sure of favorable justice; and though the writ may import hard words, it is but a common writ for the King. No man's person or land was ever attached by such a writ, and therefore I advertise you for your quietness not to think anything of it. You may be always sure of lawful speed here, according to justice, as I am bound, and as the King's pleasure is continually notified to me and others, according to his accustomed manner for administering indifferent justice to all his subjects. Westm., 25 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord Cardinal's Grace.
25 June.
Add. MS. 28,580, f. 185. B. M.
"From his last letter he has learnt that the king of France and the king of England not only encourage the Florentines, but send them also money. That is clear from the correspondence which Scalengues has taken from the messenger of Malatesta Baglione. Since that time this news has been confirmed by letters of the papal nuncio in France, who writes that the Imperial ambassador at the French court has discovered the same intrigue.
"Another piece of news of importance is this. Malatesta Baglione informed the Colonel Pirro very secretly that the Florentines attempted to poison the Pope, and that they were sending for that purpose a man to Rome, with all the instruments necessary for poisoning. He gave a description of that man, saying that although he served the Florentines as captain general, he despised such dishonorable deeds, and was in all other respects a servant of the Pope.
"Pirro, who is a colonel in the Imperial army, watched the poisoner and caught him. When he was searched a great number of small bottles were found full of poison, and certain tablillas, which those were to take who were to prepare the salve for the Pope (fn. 2) in order not to be envenomed by the poison. Pirro conducted the prisoner to the prince (of Orange), where he confessed the whole conspiracy, and named certain very confidential servants of the Pope as complices. The Prince sent the colonel Pirro and the poison and the instruments to Rome. Communicated the whole affair to the Pope, who is very thankful to the Prince and to Malatesta Baglione. It is probable that Malatesta, who has not received the letters (from France and England), is ready to surrender, and wishes to gain the friendship of the Pope.
"The Pope has ordered strict investigations in order to discover the whole conspiracy. It is, however, necessary to treat this affair with great secrecy, in order not to betray Malatesta Sigismundo da Rimini, &c. Rome, 25 June 1530.
"Addressed:—To his Sacred Imperial and Catholic Majesty. Spanish, autograph, cipher, contemporary deciphering. Pp. 4."
English abstract.
27 June.
Add. MS. 28,580, f. 201. B.M.
"He is to do all he can to send the prince of Orange the 1,600 ducats he has asked for the pay of the army. The same he is to do with respect to the money Alarcon asks for the pay of the infantry.
"Affairs of the kingdom of Naples.
"The ambassador at Rome has written that the affair of the marriage of the abbot of Farfa (with a niece of the Cardinal) is so much advanced that it cannot be undone. Reminds him of his promises to prevent this marriage from taking place. He is to do all he can to oppose it.
"Supposes that he knows already that the king of England is determined to be divorced from his wife the Queen. The Pope has ordered that the case shall be decided in Rome. The English, however, do all in their power to procure so many opinions of universities and other learned bodies and scholars in favor of the demand of the king of England, that he (the Emperor) is forced also to have recourse to this irregular expedient. Has therefore ordered a short resumé of the divorce case to be drawn up at Rome. Sends it him, and begs him to cause the universities and other scientific institutions in the kingdom of Naples, as well as distinguished theologians and lawyers, to give their opinions in writing. These opinions must be signed by their authors. Recommends him great care and speed.
"Superscribed:—To the Cardinal Colonna, from Augsburg, 27 June 1530.
"Spanish, draft, written by Alfonso de Valdes, pp. 4."
English abstract.
27 June.
Add. MS. 28,580, f. 198. B. M.
6478. MAI to CHARLES V.
* * *
Awaits the Emperor's answer to what he wrote about the cause of England. I have learned that the English ambassadors have written to their court that the revocation of the terms was with my consent. Thinks they did this either to gain credit for diligence, or to discredit the affair with the English, pretending that the Emperor did not care about it. (Marginal note:—The Em- peror is convinced that this is true, and that it would be well to send notice of it to England. Let a memorandum be given to Granvelle to write to the ambassador.) The Pope has promised to write to the king of France that the vote of Paris be not given, and I will solicit him for it. (Marginal note:—Let him procure it.) The English are much hurt at the brief that no one should give an opinion on the cause except according to conscience. They have declined the proposal I made to them, that they should submit to the judgment of the Pope, if the matter were prorogued to October; so that I have told the Pope they clearly show how they distrust him (que las han con el). I do not know if he will grant the commission that we seek. I fear not, there is so little warmth in him. The English complain much of his Holiness. (Marginal note:—He is to use all diligence, as he has written.)
Hears that the auditor of the Chamber has written that all the good lawyers and cardinals are of opinion that the King is right, and that if he were a cardinal no one would dare to contradict it in the college in his presence.
He is using every effort to be made one. (Marginal note:—His Holiness must remember the case of Tarbes, and take care what he writes.) The letter for the cardinal Egidius will be of much importance, and it would be well that the Emperor should write to the cardinal of Gaeta de S. Sisto. The coming of Ortiz will also be much to the purpose. The English are still procuring votes by money in Italy, thinking that Italian opinions will gain more credit as being neutral. Thinks 1,000 ducats ought to be spent for the service of the Queen, as we can do more with 1,000 than they with 25,000. Has already written to suggest this to her Highness. (Marginal note:—He has done well.) * * * Rome, 27 June 1530.
Sp., pp. 5, modern copy from Simancas.
28 June.
Add. MS. 28,580, f. 202. B. M.
* * *
Wrote on the 18th of the coming of the bishop of London, and how till that day he had not gone to the College. He remained here six or seven days, and had communication with two Jews whether the Pope could dispense or not. Having obtained their opinions they left for Padua, along with the English ambassador here. When I knew they were gone, I told the College that the bishop of London had been here to ask them to allow their doctors to consult upon this matter, and to instruct the doctors of Padua to give their opinion, but that, finding that the Signory would not consent to anything so wicked, they had gone to Padua to get an opinion from the professors there. They told me they were sure none of the doctors would give it, but that they would consult about it; and they called their Council of Ten, whom I exhorted to remain firm in this matter. The Doge replied to me that the College at Bologna had given an unanimous opinion in favor of the king of England; at which I expressed my astonishment, as that college was founded by a Spaniard in a city of the Church. This he told me apparently to give additional value to what they would do. Has written to Mai about it. * * * Venice, 28 June 1530.
Sp., pp. 11, modern copy from Simancas.
28 June.
Add. 25,114, f. 34. B. M.
Has fulfilled his promise made in his last letter. The diet at Augsburg commenced on the 13th kal. of July (19 June). Certain princes of Germany who favor Luther produced their propositions, feeble, and, to say the truth, not fit to be listened to. Were it not for the obstinacy of the heretics, would be in good hope of bringing them back to the way of Christ. The piety of the Emperor and Ferdinand is a great encouragement. The proceedings of Henry, though so far away, had much contributed; and the reports of his burning the books of heretics, which have much added to his renown and strengthened others. On the 4th kal. of June (29 May), heard that Empoli, belonging to Florence, had fallen into the hands of the enemy. The Florentines are in despair, as it was their great emporium. Letters of the Nuncio bring daily expectations of victory. They were in hopes that Volataire had yielded to the Pope. Sends a copy of a letter relating to Turkish news. Augsburg, 4 kal. Jul. 1530.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd. by Wriothesley: "At Auguste, the 4 kalends of July. D. Campegius."
29 June.
R. O. Records of the Reformation, I. 559.
Has done as Foxe bade him, and committed the matter to Stella and Brunellus, the most celebrated professors of this university. Though their occupations prevent them from at present explaining copiously their opinions in writing, they have told Wotton what course they will pursue. Brunellus says that he will prove that Sybilla in this case may leave Fontaneus on her own authority, though he allows that the ordinary way by the authority of a judge would be safer and easier. If she does separate on her own authority, he does not see how her freedom to marry again can be defended; but if she actually marries again, this second marriage will be valid. If the ordinary or the Pope orders her to return to her former husband, or not to remain with her second, she will have an appeal, either to the Pope or a future Council, and thus she will remain with her second husband, and, instead of being obliged to act as prosecutor, as in the ordinary way, will be by this method the defendant. As to the intercourse between Fontaneus and Priscilla, it will be sufficient to prove their frequent use of the same bed when of lawful age. Though the confession of a man tending to dissolve marriage is not usually believed, still, as there are other proofs, this will add some strength. One thing Foxe has omitted, which they wish to know,—whether the connection of Fontaneus and Priscilla was publicly known. For the fame of it, which might be proved by two witnesses, would assist the proof, and be an additional excuse for Sybilla's leaving him.
Stella scarcely dares to advise Sybilla to marry again after leaving h husband on her own authority, if justice can be obtained in the ordinary way but if she has married, he does not doubt that the second marriage will be a true one. If any mandates are issued against the marriage, she can protect herself by appealing to a future Council;—which differs but little from th answer of Brunellus. They agree about the proof of copulation. This the sum of what they said, and they will at leisure put the proofs fully i writing. Sybilla will then be well counselled, and almost as Foxe most wished. He must see about a handsome reward for them, which Wotton has promised in his name. Wishes he had known how much to offer. They would perhaps have been more diligent. Fears that they doubt his performance of his magnificent promises. Has given the courier a teston, i.e., 12 French sous. Orleans, Day of SS. Peter and Paul.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add.: To, &c., Mr. Foxe, a la Rue de la Madeleine, au Lyon d'Or, à Paris. Endd.
R. O. 2. Modern copy of the above.
30 June.
App. XLVIII. 32. B. M.
(First leaf wanting.)
"as to send your Grace any quails, it is not possible, for there is none that will carry them. As for seeds, I will send you by the next. Master Stubbis saith he will provide baudekyn for your Grace. I am sorry for him; he is sued in a primineri by Burges, which was once elect president of Maudlen College. I think it will cost him money or he get out. My Lord Chancellor hath promised that Mrs. Lacye shall bear the costs therein, that shall bring up John Laurans and Robert Turner. I beseech your Grace to be so good Lord as to send me a gelding, and I trust shortly after to see your Grace by the assistance of our Lord, whom I most heartily beseech to preserve your Grace in long life, good health, and much honor. At London, the last day of June."
P.1, draft in Cromwell's hand, mutilated.
30 June,
R. O.
6483. ITALY.
Extract from letters from the secretary of card. Farnese, dated Rome, 30 June.
A fortnight ago letters were intercepted stating that the Florentines had arranged to poison the Pope. His cellarer, one of his cupbearers, and others of his household, were put in prison, and, some say, confessed, but others deny it. It is enough that Christ's vicar cannot live safe by reason of wicked men. His Holiness endeavored to seize the abbot of Farfa, who was in a castle called Vicovaro, which he had taken away from his brothers, but he escaped with one servant to Monte Fortino, a castle belonging to the Magnifico Julius, brother of card. Columna; "ubi desponsavit filiam ipsius, et consummavit matrimonium, ut affirmatur." To appease the Pope, who was angry with him for keeping the Abbot, and for having by force recovered the foot soldiers whom the Papal troops took in the said castle, Julius sent away the Abbot yesterday, who, suspecting this, had levied soldiers, and begun to devastate the country. It is said that the Abbot went to the Castle of Bracciano, which was surrounded by 1,200 Papal infantry under Sciarra Columna and the count of Anguillara. Some cavalry and good part of the Papal guard, with 1,200 newly levied foot, have gone to their aid. Are expecting hourly to hear of their success. Heard today that one of the captains of the Germans in the Pope's guard was wounded to death. Unless an end is made of this matter, the roads will be full of assassins.
Lat., p. 1.
Cott. App. XLVIII. 31. B. M. Ellis, 2 Ser. II. 29.
Although I granted, at my Lord Chancellor's (More's) desire, the use of my house at Batirsey to his son-in-law, young Daunce, if any death or other inconvenience compelled him to remove from his own house, I never intended that my servant, John Oxynherde, who married my kinswoman, should be expelled, but that they should have liberty to reside there. Oxynherde's wife, her husband being on the sea conveying Wolsey's stuff hither, has come to complain that she is ordered to move, and she has no place for herself and her children. Is much surprised at this. Young Daunce promised they should not be disturbed. Asks him to see to it. They must have, besides what they have now, part of the pasture reserved for the household at the ordinary rent. Southwell, ... June. Signed.
P.2, mutilated. Add.: To my right trusty and well beloved counseller and servant Thomas Crumwell.
Soc. Antiq. Proclamations I. 55.
A proclamation, printed by Berthelet, against beggars and vagabonds. If within two days after publication of this proclamation any are found out of the hundred where they were born, or have resided for three years before, and have not demanded a billet to convey them thither, they are to be stripped naked from the privy parts upwards and sharply scourged, old and sick persons, and women with child, alone excepted; after which a billet is to be delivered to them certifying the infliction of the punishment, according to a form annexed, signed by the justices. The vagrant must then lose no time on his way homeward, on pain of a repetition of the punishment.
Modern copy.
Pleadings in Trinity Term 22 Hen. VIII., in a suit brought by John abbot of Ramsey against card. Wolsey, John bishop of Lincoln, and Richard Nepe, clerk, for the presentation to the parish church of St. Andrew, Barnwell, to which the Abbot had presented on the resignation of William Pargetour.
Copy, Lat., pp. 2.
R. O. Wilkins' Concilia, III. 740.
Proclamation, dated June 22 Hen. VIII., against heretical books.
In consequence of the diffusion of a number of pestiferous English books printed in foreign regions, the King has called to him the primates of his realm, and a body of divines of Oxford and Cambridge, desiring their advice and judgment as to the approbation or rejection of suspected publications, and of translations of the Old and New Testament. After full discussion, it has been agreed that the books entitled "The Wicked Mammona," "The Obedience of a Christian Man," "The Supplication of Beggars," "The Revelation of Anti-Christ," "The Summary of Scripture," and others printed beyond sea, contain pestiferous errors and blasphemies. All persons are therefore cautioned, under pain of the King's displeasure, not to buy or receive such books, either in English, or in French, or Dutch. Any person who may possess copies is to bring them within fifteen days to the bishop of his diocese, or the curate or parish priest; and if any person hereafter be known to buy or keep any such works, they are to be brought before the King's council. No person hereafter shall print new books in English concerning Holy Scripture until they have been examined by the ordinary of the diocese, and the name of the examiners shall be printed with the books.
As it is reported that many persons urge the expediency of having the New and Old Testament in the English tongue, the King has referred this subject also to the said divines, who have come to the conclusion that it is not necessary to have the Scriptures in English in the hands of the common people, but that the permission or denial thereof should depend upon the discretion of the superiors; and, considering the malignity of the present time, a translation into English would tend to the increase of error. It is, therefore, more expedient that the people have the Scripture expounded to them by preachers in their sermons as heretofore. If, in future, the people abandon their present perverse opinions, the King intends that the Scripture shall be translated into English by "great learned and Catholic persons." Meanwhile, all translations now in circulation are to be delivered up.
Copy. Printed by Berthelet. Another printed copy is in the British Museum, in a volume entitled, "Fragmenta Antiqua."
Roll, Trin. 22 Hen. VIII. rot. 12. R. O.
Memoranda of indictments against the bishops of Coventry and Lichfield, Norwich, St. Asaph's, Ely, Bangor, Rochester, Bath and Wells, and Chichester; Martin abbot of Bury, Edward Fynche archdeacon of Wilts, Edmund Frocetor dean of Hereford, the abbot of Waltham Holy Cross, John abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster, and Giles Hakluyt subdean of Salisbury.
Opposite the first of these entries is written in the margin, "Pardonatur virtute actus parliamenti;" and opposite each of the others, "Pardonatur."
Account of moneys spent by Will. Brereton, Edw. Leighton, and Thos. Writhesley, who were sent to divers parts of England by the King; command.
The following are the chief items:—At Windsor, for two cases of boards to carry the writings, 16d.; for two sheepskins to cover them, 8d.; for a yard of yellow lining, 6d. 1 lb. of wool "to truss withal for saving the scales," 4d. Hire of 8 horses from Windsor to St. Albans, with their meat for two days, and a man to take them home again, 12s. 6d. Post horses at St. Alban's, 9s. 4d.; our dinners there, 3s. 9d. For the meat of Mr. Welsh's norses at St. Alban's, 14d. To the mayor's wife at Bedford, 2s. For a guide from St. Alban's, 12d. For post horses and their meat at Huntingdon, 9s. 5d. For a guide there, 12d. To the guide from Bedford, 12d. "To a fellow that called ns," 2d. For stuffing three saddles, 8d. For "fere, &c." at Huntingdon, 13d. For 7 horses at Stanforde, 4s. 8d. For delivery of the abbot of Peterborough's letters, 20d. For post horses at Grauntham, 5s.; for our supper there, 23d. Hire of a horse at Grantham, 12d. Guide to Southwell, 12d. For one that watched to call us up, 4d. Shoeing horses, 13d. Mending saddles, 17d. For our guide from Grantham to Southwell, and so to Wyngfeld, 5s. To my Lord Steward's servant, 5s. For seven post horses from Rotherham to Dancastre, 4s. 8d.; to the guide, 8d. Mending a saddle at Doncaster, 6d. Another horse hired from Mannefeld, 12d. For horses' meat, standing at Shereburn before our coming, 20d. Post horses to York, 5s.; our dinners there, 22d. For two "kevershenes" at Snape, 2s. Two guides from York thither, 16d. Dinners at Dernton (Darlington ?), 2s. Post horses to Dereham (Durham), 3s. 4d. Mending saddles there, 4d. For post horses at Dernton to Northallerton, thence to Helperley, and thence to York. To my lord Lumley's servant, 3s. 4d. For suppers and breakfasts at York, 4s. For a horse and man to my lord Conyers, 3s. 4d. For the like to my lord of Cumberland, 4s. The like to Selby, 2s. 4d. Post horses to Shereburne, 5s. For horses' meat kept at Danc[aster], 20d.; for the horse that Walter L. left there, 8d. For baiting at Gayesburgh, 2s. 8d.; for the horse Walter L. left there, 4d. Mending saddles, 4d. Baiting at Lincoln, 3s. 1d.; at Slyford, 2s. 4d. For Walter Lynche's horse meat, 5d. Post horses to Burne, and thence to Peterborough, Someram, Huntingdon and Ely. For baiting at Milnalle, 3s; at Thetford, 2s. Post-horses at Oxston, and from Snape to Dernton. Baiting between York and Northallerton. Horses for Mr. Brereton, from Snape to Dernton, 3s. A saddler at Peterborough, 9d. To my lord of Bury's servant coming with a letter, 2s. To a fellow that brought the abbot of St. Benet's letter, 20d. To minstrels, 12d. To a fellow that went for my lord of St. Benet's, 20d. Dinners at Hoxston, 2s. 8d. Post horses to Ipswich, and thence to Colchester, Witham, Chemsforde and Brendwood. Horse meat at Westminster. Post horses to Hampton Court, to Colbroke, to Henley, to Abingdon, to Faringdon, to Cicester, and to Hayles. Gratuities to servants of my lord of Cicester and my lord of Hayles. 6 yards cotton, 3s. Post horses to Oxford, and expences there. Horse meat at Hayles and Chipingmerton. Suppers at Oxford. Post horses to Thetford, Wykeham, Colebroke, Hampton Court, London, Waltham, Hadham, Tyltey, Mark Hall, Waltham, London, Hunsloo and Oking. Expences of Thos. Wrythesleye at Reygate, riding to my lord of Canterbury, 4s. Horse meat, &c., at Otford, Reygate and Oking.
ii. "Expences of Mr. Brereton riding afore by himself at divers times; viz., at Dernton, at Durham, for a guide to lord Lumley's, and so to Deram, at Dernton, from Northallerton to Helperley, at York, from Millnall to Birre. For bringing a letter to Hoxston from the abbot of St. Benet's. For two horses and a guide to Neddam, to Ipswich, to Colchester. 1½ lb. of wool, bought at Guildford for trussing the coffers, 6d. 1 lb. of fine wool at London, 5d.½ lb. red wax, 5d.
iii. "Charges of Walter Lynche, riding before for laying of horses."
Total, 40l. 16s. 10d. Signed by Brereton, Leyghton and Wriothesley.
Pp. 19.
June./GRANTS. 6490. GRANTS in JUNE 1530.
1. Ric. Eden, clk., and Thos. Eden. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of clerk of the King's council, with 40 marks a year and the usual summer and winter livery, as John Roydon, John Baldiswell, or any other had at the Great Wardrobe; on surrender of patent 20 Oct. 4 Hen. VIII. granting the office to the said Ric. alone. Windsor, 20 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 June 22 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
1. Hugh Lloitt. Lease of all lands escheated, under the name of farm, in the vill of Abergelle Place, and English and Welsh acres in the lordship of Denbigh, marches of Wales, with 2 mansion houses upon 2 parcels thereof, containing 32 acres of land; with reservations; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 33s. 8d., and 13s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 1 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
1. Peter Dowse, native of Picardy, and Mark Dowse, a native of Flanders. Denization. Windsor, 6 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 June.—Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
1. Devon: Rob. Dillond, John Pasmere, and Wm. Burgeyn. Commission to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of John Whytyng. Westm., 1 June.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26d.
3. Sutton Coldfelde, Warw. Inspeximus and confirmation of an indenture made 7 Dec. 20 Hen. VIII. between John bishop of Exeter on the one part, and Sir John Mordaunt and Roger Wigston, general-surveyors of the King's woods, on the other, whereby the latter agree to sell to the former the oaks and other gross timber growing within the precincts of the lordship, manor, park, and chase of Sutton Coldfelde, Warw., for 500l., which is to be paid by annual instalments of 100l. The surveyors reserve to themselves the right of disposing of the premises more advantageously before the end of June next ensuing. Hampton Court, 28 May 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 2.
3. Fulk Middylton and Margaret his wife, and John and Ric. their sons. Lease of the manor of Astrett and the mill of Skybyon, in the commote of Kymerch, in the lordship of Denbeigh; 11 acres of land and pasture in the fields near the fishpond in the commotes of Issalet, in the said lordship, and the pasture near the same; 26½ acres of land late of Thos. Pygot; 3½ acres 30 perches late of Ric. Skynner; 9 acres of close in Segroyt park late of Thos. Pygot; 9½ acres late of the same Thomas; 2½ acres late of John Rumour in Weynonok Canon in the same commote; 40 acres of land late in the tenure of Rob. Dolbyn, called Wallesfeld, in the same commote; divers parcels of land lately escheated in the vill of Archwhedlok, in the commote of Ughalet, in the said lordship; divers lands, &c., in the commote of Istulas, and the herbage of Galghill park, in the commote of Issalet; with reservations; for 21 years, as formerly occupied by David Middylton, at certain stated old and increased rents. Del. Westm., 3 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
3. Thos. Fowler, one of the soldiers in the retinue of the Exchequer. To be receiver of the manors of Marke and Oye, marches of Calais, with 20l. a year out of the issues of the said manors. York Place, 23 May 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 June.—P.S._Vacated on surrender 15 Nov. 37 Hen. VIII. in order that another patent might be granted toBroke.—Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
4. Will. Grete of Calais, soldier. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wing feld. York Place, 24 May 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 4 June.—P.S.
5. John Haydon of Devon, merchant, Grant (in consideration of his having built a ship for the King's navy, called John the Evangelist, of Toppesham, of 110 tons, which lately came to London with merchandize whereon certain sums are due for customs,) of 27l. out of the said customs due on the cargo, and out of such customs as shall be due on the exports of the said vessel from the same port of London. York Place, 17 May 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
6. Ric. Tate. Grant, in fee simple, of 4 messuages, 1 free place of land, and 1 wharf in the parish of St. Michael, Queenhithe, London, lately belonging to Sir Ric. Charleton, attainted. Windsor, 6 June 22 Hen. VIII. No date of delivery.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27. (Undated.)
10. John Salusbury, squire of the Body, and Thos. Salusbury. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of steward of the lordship of Denbigh alias Denbighland, N. Wales, and constable and doorward of Denbigh castle, N. Wales, with the appointment of a recorder of the said manor, &c., with stated annual fees in each of the said offices. Windsor, 5 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
11. Will. Brereton, page of the Privy Chamber. To be chamberlain of the county palatine of Chester vice Sir Ranulph Brereton. Windsor Castle, 8 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 11 June.—P.S. Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
14. Edward Stephynson, labourer, late of London. Pardon. Hampton Court, 28 May 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
14. Cuthbert bishop of Durham's Mint at Durham. Warrant to John Copynger, warden and keeper of the Mint in the tower of London, to deliver to the Mint of Durham, belonging to the Bishop, coining irons; viz., piles and trussels for pence only; for the use of which the usual rates are to be paid. Also warrant to_, master of the Mint, Durham, to take as many monyers and coiners as required for the Mint belonging to the said Bishop. Del. Westm., 14 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
14. Yorkshire. Commission of the Peace. Cuthbert bp. of Durham, Brian Higden, clk., dean of York, Tho. Magnus, archdeacon of the East Riding, Wm. Tate, clk., Sir John Nevell of Snap, Sir Wm. Bulmer, Sir Tho. Tempest, Sir Marmaduke Constable, Sir Wm. Eure, Tho. Fairfax, serjeant-at-law, Rob. Bowes, and Wm. Babthorp, as justices of the peace and commissioners in Yorkshire, York, and Kingston-on-Hull. Del. Westm., 14 June 22 Hen. VIII. In the margin: "Tho. More, miles, cancellarius."—S.B.
Copy of the same in R.O.
20. Commissions of Gaol Delivery.
Bedford Castle: Sir Henry Grey, Sir John Mordaunt, Sir Francis Brian, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Michael Fyssher, Walter Luke, Wm. Marshall, Nicholas Hardyng, and Geo. Akeworth.
Aylesbury: Andrew Lord Wyndesore, Sir Robert Brudenell, Sir John Daunce, Sir John Mordaunt, Sir Francis Brian, Sir Edward Donne, Sir Rob. Lee, John Cheyney, John Baldewyn, Paul Darell and John Gifford.
Cambridge Castle: Sir Rob. Payton, Sir Thos. Elyot, Giles Alyngton, Philip Parys, John Hudleston, John More, Thos. Checheley, John Hynde, and Chris. Burgoyn.
Launceston Castle, Cornw.: Sir John Arundell de la Hern, Sir Piers Eggecombe, Rich. Greynvyle, John Arundell of Talfern, John Chaymound, Rob. Vyvyan, Wm. Lowre, Rich. Penrose, and Rob. Langdon.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 5d.
Derby Gaol: Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, Sir John Porte, Sir Godfrey Fuljambe, Sir Roger Mynours, Sir Henry Sacheverell, Anthony Babyngton, William Coffyn, John Fitzherbert, German Pole, and Arthur Eyr.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 5d.
Dorchester Gaol, Dorset: Sir John Fitzjames, Sir Giles Strangways, Sir Wm. Stourton, Sir Thos. Trenchard, Sir John Rogers, John Horsey, sen., Wm. Hodye, John Horsey, jun., Nicholas Willoughby, Wm. Thornell, and John Brytt.
Exeler Castle, Devon: Sir Wm. Courteney, Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Wm. Carewe, John Rowe, serjeant-at law, Baldwin Malett, Philip Champernon, Andrew Hyllarsden, Ric. Hals, Ric. Yerd, and Humphrey Colles.
Colchester Castle, Essex: John earl of Oxford, Henry earl of Essex, Sir John More, Sir Roger Wentworth, Sir Thos. Tyrell of Hern, Sir John Reynesforth, Sir Wm. Pyrton, Rob. Norwich, Humphrey Broun, Thos. Bonham, John Seyntclere, Thos. Audeley, Rich. Riche, and Wm. Bradebury.
York Castle: Sir Wm. Percy, Sir John Nevell of Snape, Sir Wm. Bulmer, Sir Rich. Tempest, Sir Thos. Tempest, Thos. Fayrfax, John Norton, Rob. Bowes, John Poleyn, Wm. Bapthorp, and Rob. Chaloner.
Gloucester Castle: Sir Wm. Kyngeston, Sir Edmund Tame, Sir Thos. Cornewaill, Sir Edw. Crofte, Sir Wm. Denys, Sir Anthony Hungerford, Nicholas Wykes, Rob. Witney, Thomas Matson, John Arnold, Rob. Wye, and Thos. Lane.
Hertford Castle: Sir Humphrey Conyngesby, Sir John More, Sir Griffin Donne, Sir Philip Butler, Thos. Peryent, sen., John Brokett, George Hyde, Edward Brokett, John Peryent, jun., John Conyngesby.
Huntingdon Castle: Sir John Mordaunte, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir John Seyntjohn, Nicholas Harvy, Wm. Tanfeld, Anthony Malory, Walter Luke, Edw. Mountague, John Hynde, Thos. Hall, and Thos. Megge.
Hereford Castle: Sir Thos. Cornewall, Sir Rich. Vaughan, Sir Roger Mynours, James Baskervyle, John Skudamore, Thomas Bodenham, Wm. Clynton, Rich. Warmecombe, Nicholas Chippenham, and John Beryton.
Canterbury Castle: Sir John More, Sir Henry Guldeford, Sir Henry Wyatt, Sir Thos. Nevell, Edward Guldeford, Sir Wm. Haute, John Hales, Thos. Willoughby, serjeant-at-law, Chris. Hales, Wm. Rooper, Thos. Woode, Anthony Seyntleger.
Lincoln Castle: John lord Husey, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, sen., Sir Rob. Tyrwhite, Wm. Askewe, Wm. Skipwith, John Littelbury, Francis Broun, John Mounson, Thos. Gyldon, and Anthony Eirby.
Leicester Gaol: Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Rich. Sacheverell, Sir John Dygby, Sir Everard Dygby, Roger Wigston, Wm. Leigh, Thos. Trye, Wm. Assheby, Thos. Brokesby, Edward Warner, and John Fowler.
Northampton Castle: Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Wm. Parre, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Rich. Knyghtley, Edmund Knyghtley, Anthony Ralegh, Edward Mountague, John Hasilwood, Edward Warner, and Wm. Saunders.
Nottingham Gaol: Sir John Byron, Sir Wm. Perpoynt, Sir John Markham, Anth. Babyngton, Wm. Clerkeson, Roger Grenall.
Norwich Castle: Thomas duke of Norfolk, Chas. duke of Suffolk, Sir Roger Townesend, Sir Wm. Paston, Sir James Boleyn, Sir John Heydon, John Shelton, Sir Thos. Beuyngfeld, Wm. Elys, John Spelman, serjeant-at-law, Wm. Conyngesby. Francis Moundeford, and John Tyndale.
Oxford Castle, in counties Oxon and Berks: Chas. duke of Suffolk, Thos. Inglefeld, Sir John Dauuce, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Adrian Fortescue, Sir Simon Harecourte, Sir Wm. Barantyne, Sir Thos. Elyott, Edward Fetyplace, Wm. Fermour, Wm. Yong, Thos. Denton, John Latton, Thos. Warde, and John Osbaldeston.
Okeham Castle, Rutland: Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir John Dygby, Rich. Sapcotes, John Harynton, Francis Broune, Edward Mountague, George Makeworth, and John Caldcote.
Guldeford Castle: Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, jun., Sir John More, Wm. Shelley, Sir Ric. Weston, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir John Gage, Sir Matthew Broune, Sir John Gaynesford, John Scott, Chris. More, Thos. Stydall, Wm. Westbroke, and John Davestre.
Stafford Gaol, Staff.: Sir John Porte, Sir Anthony Fizherbert, Sir John Talbott, Sir John Gifford, John Vernon, George Greysley, William Horwood, John Grosvenour, and Thos. Moreton.
Shrewsbury Castle, Salop: George earl of Shrewsbury, Sir John Porte, Sir John Talbott, Sir Edward Croftes, John Salter, George Bromeley, John Leighton, Richard Hoorde, Richard Selman, Thos. Lakyn, Thos. Newporte, and Wm. Chorleton.
Winchester Castle, Hants: Rich. Lister, chief baron of the Exchequer, Sir Wm. Paulett, Sir Thos. Lysle, Sir Rich. Sandys, Sir Robt. Wallop, Sir Wm. Gifford, Ralph Pexsall, Rich. Andrewes, Stephen Cope, Nich. Tychebourn, and Edmund Mervyn.
Ipswich Gaol, Suff.: Thos. duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Sir Robt. Drury, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Anthony Wyngfeld, Sir Thos. Tyrell of Gippyng, Humphrey Wyngfeld, John Sulyard, Lionel Talmage, John Jernegan, John Harvy of Oulton, Thos. Russhe, and Thos. Barnardeston.
Yevylchestre (Ilchester) Gaol, Somers.: Sir John Fitzjames, Sir Wm. Stourton, Sir Nicholas Wadham, Sir Henry Longe, Baldwin Malett, John Horsey, sen., John Brytt, John Fitzjames, jun., Philip Fulford, Thos. Jubbes, Wm. Vowell, and Wm. Portman.
Lewes Castle, Sussex: Ric. Lister, chief baron of the Exchequer, Wm. Shelley, John Hales, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir John Gage, Sir John Dawtrey, Sir Richard Shirley, Sir Edward Bray, John Sakevyle, Ric. Covert, Rich. Devenysshe, Rich. Sakevyle, and Wm. Skardevyle.
Fyssherton Gaol, Wilts: Sir John Fitzjames, Rich. Lister, chief baron of the Exchequer, Rob. Bainham, Barth. Husey, Chas. Bulkeley, John Bonham, Anthony Stylman, and Thos. Yorke.
Worcester Castle: Sir Edward Crofte, Sir Gilbert Talbott, Sir George Throkmarton, John Salter, George Bromley, Thos. Nevell, John Pakyngton, Roger Wynter, Wm. Nevell, and Edmund Harwell.
Warwick Gaol, Warw.: Sir Edward Ferrers, Sir George Throkmarton, Roger Wygston, John Grevile, Wm. Legh, Wm. Feldyng, Thos. Trye, Rich. Verney, Wm. Wyllyngton, and Reginald Dygby.
Westm., 20 June.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 5d, 6d.
21. John Leylond, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Peppeling, in the marches of Calais; void by death. Windsor, 17 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 June.—P.S.
22. Sir Wm. Skevington, King's councillor. To be deputy of Henry duke of Richmond and Somerset, lieutenant of Ireland, on account of the youth of the said Duke. Del. Westm., 22 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
ii. Copy of the above.
23. Thos. Wyat, Squire of the Body. To be marshal of the town, &c. of Calais, with the same number of soldiers as Sir John Wallop or Sir Edward Guldeforde or any other marshal of the said town and marches had and with the same fees. Windsor Castle, 11 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
23. Sir John Walop. To be lieutenant of Calais Castle from 6 Oct. last, with 49 soldiers, one of them to be constable of the castle, 29 of the said soldiers to be armed infantry, and the remaining 20 to be bowmen, with 2s. a day, and 20l. a year for himself, 8d. a day for each of the infantry, and 6d. a day for each bowman, in the same manner as Sir John Donne, Sir Anth. Browne, Sir Nich. Carewe, Maurice lord Barkeley, Sir Robt. Wyngfeld, or Wm. Fytzwilliam held the same; on surrender of patent 27 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII., (fn. 3) by which the office was granted to Wm. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the King's household, on surrender of patent 10 Oct. 15 Hen. VIII. * granting it to Sir Robt. Wingfield. Windsor Castle, 13 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
23. Sir John Gage, vice-chamberlain of the King's Chamber. Grant of the lordship of Stewton, Linc., and of the annual rent of 8l. 13s. 4d. paid by John Hennage as mentioned in patent 8 Feb. 19 Hen. VIII.; the annual rent of 21l. mentioned in the same patent as paid by John Jackson; the reversion of all rents and farms of lands of tenants, at will or otherwise, in Saltfletby, in the said lordship, on the expiration of the lease thereof to John Hennage; and the reversion of the site of the manor of Stewton and of the demesne lands in Stewton, &c.; of the tenements there called Esthowse and Westhowse, and 5 acres of land called Hedlande in Stewton, now held to farm by the said John Jackson, and all other messuages, &c. in Stewton, with reservations; on surrender (on account of their invalidity) of patent 8 Feb. 19 Hen. VIII. granting the said lordship of Stewton and other possessions to Anth. Browne and Alice his wife, and of patent 5 Aug. 21 Hen. VIII., granting to the said Sir John Gage the lordship and town of Nantwich ("Wici Albani" alias "Wici Malbe"), Cheshire, and the manors and lordships of Cowlane, Weston Wood alias Ulston Wood and Acton, lately belonging to Sir Wm. Stanley of London, attainted, temp. Hen. VII. which were parcel of the barony of Wick, as appears by inquisition taken before Wm. Brereton, escheator at North Wich, 26 April (then) last past. Westm., 23 June.
Vacated on personal surrender, 12 April 22 Hen. VIII., in consideration of a patent of that date granting to the said Sir John the manors of Borham and Rokeland, Essex.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
23. Sir Ant. Brown, knight of the Body, and Alice his wife. Grant of the lordship and town of Nantwich ("Wicam Albani," alias "Wici Malbe," alias "Wici Malbani,") Cheshire; the manors and lordships of Cowlane, Weston Woode alias Wolston Woode, Acton Newhall, and Coppenhall, Cheshire; 66l. 4s. 2d. rent in Wick, Newhall, Cowlane, Coppenhall, Weston Wood and Acton, Chesh.; the manor of Egylton, Rutland, with advowsons, &c. belonging to the said manors, &c.; all which, except the said manor of Egylton, were parcel of the barony of Nantwich, and came to the hands of Henry VII. by the attainder of Sir Wm. Stanley, and which said manor of Egylton came to the King's hands by the attainder of Edward duke of Buckingham; at the annual rent of 17l. This patent is granted on surrender (on account of their invalidity) of patent 8 Feb. 19 Hen. VIII., granting to the said Sir Anth. and Alice his wife the lordship or manor of Stewton, Linc., and other possessions, and of patent 5 Aug. 21 Hen. VIII. granting to Sir John Gage, vice-chamberlain of the Chamber, certain of the above possessions. Westm., 23 June.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12.
24. Wm. Lyte, alias Light, of Lytiscary, Somers. Pardon. Del. Westm., 24 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
27. John Johnson, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Cheping Ongre, London dioc. Windsor, 12 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 June.—P.S
28. For the earl of Desmond. Licence to export from England to Ireland 500 quarters of beans and peason, for the relief of the people there. Hampton Court, 25 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 June.—P.S.
28. Elizabeth Milborn of London. Pardon for having, on 25 March 13 Hen. VIII., stolen certain goods belonging to John Roy, at Westminster. Del. Westm., 28 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
28. Cecilia Flegge of London. Pardon for having, on 13 Feb. 1 Hen. VIII., stolen certain goods belonging to John Horselett. Del. Westm., 28 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
28. Geo. Bevys of Weldgullet, Essex, yeoman. Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Hampton Court, 25 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 June—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
28. Joan Corbett of London. Pardon for having, on 6 Oct. 5 Hen. VIII., stolen certain goods belonging to John Walpole of London. Del. Westm., 28 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
28. Gaol Delivery.
Bedford Castle: at Bedford. Sir Robt. Brudenell, Ric. Lyster, chief baron of the Exchequer, Thos. Fitzhugh and Wm. Wyat.
Aylesbury Gaol: at Aylesbury, Bucks.
Cambridge Castle: at the Castle.
Huntyngdon Castle: at Huntingdon.
Ipswich Gaol: at Henhowe, Suff.
Norwich Castle: at Norwich.
Bury St. Edmunds Gaol: at Henhowe, Suff.
Canterbury Castle: at Maydeston. Sir John More, Thos. Inglefeld, and Ric. Lyndesell.
Colchester Castle: at Chelmesford, Essex.
Hertford Castle: at Hertford.
Lewys Castle: at Horsham, Sussex.
Guldeford Castle: at Guldeford, Surrey.
Lincoln Castle: at the castle. Sir Humphrey Conyngesby, Robt. Norwiche and John Jenour.
Lincoln City Gaol: at the city.
Northampton Castle: at the castle.
Okeham Gaol: at Bradecrofte, Rutland.
Notyngham Gaol: at Nottingham.
Notyngham Town Gaol: at the town.
Derby County Gaol: at Derby.
Leycester Gaol: at Leicester.
Coventry Gaol: at the city.
Warwick County Gaol: at Warwick.
Worcester Castle: at Worcester. Sir John Porte, Thos. Willoughby, and Thos. Brudenell, sen.
Hereford Castle: at Ludford, Heref.
Shrewsbury Castle: at Shrewsbury, Salop.
Stafford Gaol: at Stafford.
Gloucester Castle: at Gloucester.
Oxford Castle: at Oxford, Oxon and Berks.
Winchester Castle: at Winchester, Hants.
Fyssherton Anger Gaol: at Salisbury, Wilts.
Dorchester Gaol: at Shaftesbury, Dorset.
Yevylchestre (Ilchester) Gaol: at Somerton, Somers.
Exeter Castle: at Exeter, Devon.
Launceston Castle: at Launceston, Cornw.
York Castle: at the Castle. Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, John Spelman and James Fox.
York City Gaol: at the city.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Gaol: at the town.
Carlisle Castle: at Penreth, Cumb.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Castle: at the castle.
Appulby Castle: at Appulby, Westmor.
Westm., 28 June.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 7d.
29. Robt. Fodryngey of Sandwich, Kent, sherman. Pardon. Del. Westm., 29 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
29. Joan wife of Wm. Pate of London, fuller. Pardon for having, on 3 Jan. 19 Hen. VIII., abetted Thomas Fowle, "woleman," of London, in stealing certain goods belonging to Christ, Crowe, surgeon, in the parish of St. Michael, Paternoster, London. Del. Westm., 29 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
29. Margaret Lyle of London. Pardon for having, on 21 Jan. 13 Hen. VIII., stolen certain goods belonging to Thos. Clerke and John Wylson, at Shordyche, Middx. Del. Westm., 29 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
29. Elizabeth Bedell, alias Akyrman, of London. Pardon for having, on 24 Aug. 19 Hen. VIII., stolen certain monies belonging to John Granger, draper, at the priory of St. Bartholomew the Greater in Westsmythfield, London. Del. Westm., 29 June 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
29. Ric. Chalmor. Presentation to the perpetual chantry of lord Beauchamp in St. Paul's cathedral, London, vice Robt. Rawson, clk., resigned. Hampton Court, 26 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 June.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.—Addressed to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's.
29. Robt. Latymer of Duntishe, Dorset, alias of Bristol, alias of London, servingman, alias "saynctuaryman." Pardon. Hampton Court, 25 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
29. Thos. Hobbys, S.T.D. Collation to the deanery of St. George, Windsor Castle. Greenwich, 28 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 June.—P.S.
29. John Hurt, LL.B. Presentation to the parish church of Upham, Winchester dioc., void by death. Hampton Court, 25 June 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.


  • 1. "de quoy je me voulsisse myeulx deffendre, en vertu desd. privilleges, que du Concille Gallican et de la faculté de Theologie."
  • 2. la salva al Papa.
  • 3. Neither of these patents is found on the rolls, nor is there any record of either among the privy seals or signed bills.