Henry VIII: October 1524, 28-31

Pages 346-356

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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October 1524

28 Oct.
Vit. B. VI. 220. B. M.
Has reported to him what the archbishop of Capua wrote on the 5th to Bernardin de la Barba about the retreat, &c. Has written to the duke of Milan to victual Milan, Pavia, Cremona, Lodi and Alexandria, about which he is not so diligent as he ought to be. Has also sent to Bourbon and Pescara to hasten the army, which had passed Nice, and was coming by the river of Gennes; and they answer that they are making haste. White at Aste, collected the men-at-arms and 2,000 foot, and with the duke de Trayette, Alarcon, Anthoine de Lyeve, and others, determined to hold the place because the marquis of Saluce had men near, and part of the French army was at Coingne and Pingnorel. Desired Bourbon and Pescara to march straight for Pavia, as he heard from a gentleman of the duke of Genoese on Tuesday 17th (fn. 1) inst. that Francis would enter Turin at 21 hours on that day. Left Aste, on Wednesday 18th† inst., for Alexandria, and left there 2,000 foot and 6 guns. Heard on that day the French van was marching with great speed, and was then lodged at Saint Ya. Left Alexandria, and arrived at Pavia on Thursday at midday. In the evening heard that Jeronimo Mouron had abandoned Milan, telling the people that as they would not assist they must do the best they could.
An officer of the treasury at Naples, named Peres, returning to Milan, wrote to encourage the city to do their duty, promising that they should not be abandoned, and that the Duke would come with a good army the day following.
He reported that the city was despairing, and that unless it was provided for it would be lost. Sent Alarcon to speak to them. As he entered by one gate there were at another 300 French men-at-arms demanding quarters, "et dedans le palaiz ja la justice changée par le roy de France." Alarcon wrote that the Duke was coming with the army. Bourbon, Pescara and the rest agreed to visit the city to see if it could be held, and, if not, to hold Pavia, Lodi, Cremona and Alexandria. Found at the gate a herald with three ambassadors whom they had sent to Francis. At night guarded the town with their men. News came that all the French had crossed the Ticino, and were at Biagras and Rosaer, and the vanguard four miles from Milan.
In the morning they marched towards the town.
All were of opinion that as the Duke and Jeronimo Mouron had not come, as there were no victuals, and only 3,000 Spaniards, who could guard but two miles of rampart, leaving nine unguarded, and as there were no townspeople owing to the great mortality, it would be better to retreat to Lodi; which was done without the loss of one man or carriage. Left 300 men in the castle of Milan, at the request of the castellan. The duke of Milan is at Cremona, Anthoine de Lyeve and the count of Sorne with the Almains at Pavia, and the marquis of Civitad Santangle at Lodi. Francis is at Cassin, and his army at Benasque, la Serelle, and other places between Pavia and Lodi. Heard yesterday from the imperial ambassador at Venice that the Signory is making haste with their army. Will guard the towns above mentioned. Expects 10,000 Almains, and then hopes to do good service, but the inconvenience from want of money is very great. There is due to the army just returned from France 114,000 ducats, exclusive of the ordinary men-at-arms. They must be paid and supported for the future. If neither he nor Henry can supply money, a truce should be taken, for without money all will be lost, and Naples in great danger. En Soucousin (Soresina) pres de Cremone, 28 Oct. 1524.
Fr., copy, pp. 4.
28 Oct.
R. O.
Is sending to the Emperor, Cornelius Duplicius Scepperus, his vice-chancellor, and John Juytland herald. Asks him to give them a safe-conduct to pass through England, and letters of recommendation to his ambassadors in Spain and to the Emperor. Mechlin, 28 Oct. 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
29 Oct.
Titus, B.I. 222. B. M.
Desires credence of the sieur de Reus, going to England. Souresyne, 29 Oct. Signed.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: "Monseigneur mon tresbon cousin et pere Mons. le Lesguad." Endorsed erroneously, "28th of October."
Vit. B. v. 199. B. M. 779. BOURBON.
"Memoire de ce que le Sieur du R[eux aura] a faire de la part de Mons. de [Bourbon]."
1. Considering the state of affairs here, Du Reux must hasten his journey to England, and get a speedy answer from the King. 2. If he meet the Archduke on the way he must not stay with him more than two or three days, in which case he will inform him of the condition of affairs and the cause of his going to the King. 3. He shall ask, if the King should think it advisable for Bourbon to invade France at this late season by Burgundy, what assistance would the Archduke give him with artillery and munitions? 4. If the Archduke be against doing anything this winter, Du Reux may reply that the French king being now in Italy, and France bare of people and money, a better opportunity offers to invade France than in summer, when the King is there; and that Bourbon does not intend to stop before any strong place, but go straight on to Paris or Lyons, through the Archduke's countries, if he will allow it. 5. He shall communicate the Archduke's answer to Bourbon, and then go to Madame, whom he shall inform of the whole matter, and learn what assistance she can give. 6. He shall then go to the King of England, and urge him to invade France in person, or at least send an army immediately, showing that France can offer little resistance, as it is well known that Francis has put all his strength into Italy. 7. If the King think the season too late for him to invade France, either in person or otherwise, and is willing to give Bourbon money to raise a force, he will send it into France within a month after he knows the King's pleasure, as stated in the memorandum last sent to the King by his ambassador. 8. The Emperor has supplied the sum of 200,000 cr. of gold, which have been employed for the enterprise of France, although there has been some loss by exchange.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 3. Endd by Tuke: "Copy of the memorial given to Mons. de Beaureyn by the duke of Bourbon."
30 Oct.
Vesp. C. II. 370. B. M.
Wrote last on the 18th. On the 22nd the Emperor went to an abbey three leagues hence, for change of air, leaving his court at Valladolid. Nassau, now called Mons. le Marquis, and Mons. de la Schaux, alone went with him. Three or four days after came news from Bourbon of the siege of Marseilles, and of the favor shown him by the people. He wants, however, both money and men. Last letters from the camp were on the 24th Sept. The viceroy of Naples was ill pleased at Bourbon having the lead, but is now said to do well. Pace has written of the arrival of the King's money;—shows that the obstructions to the enterprise arise 'from the Emperor's being ill provided. This has quickened their activity. The Viceroy is to furnish another 100,000 ducats. For the marriage of the Emperor's sister with Portugal the town of Naples pays half. The dispensation came on the 4th; the marriage was made per verba de presenti. "All Spain hath great desire to have the queen of Portugal's sister for the Emperor." News came at the end of September that Jerningham had demanded of the lady Margaret the Emperor's contingent for the invasion of France, with 5,000 Almains and 2,000 horse, to co-operate with 20,000 foot from England. "Of this army some were very glad; some feared the time of the year, as it hath been with other armies. One of the schif (chief) of the Emperor's council (and yet was it not the Chancellor) seyd that syns the King (sic, qu. Emperor ?) had differid the setting forth of this armye so long, the King's highness might have many good colours to withdraw his armys whan so ever that he wold, and be that dissimulacion the French king might use al his force to recover Italia, for nowthir the King's highness nor yet your Grace sculd lose ony peace of lond be that means. To whom I aunswered as my pour wit servid me, that hitherto nowthir the Emperor nor he or any othir hath seyn ony such demenour be the King's highness towardis the Emperor to suspecte ony such matir, with othir wordis as I thouth necessary. Then he seyd that he trustid it sculd not be so, but many men ther ware in many opinions, and the being of the French man in England so long and festid divers tyms with great chere, and of his matirs and being there nothing known to the Emperor's council, causith men to suspecte rather yl then wel, and al the council that be there not only doth much mystrust. Thes wordis he spakke to me secretly, Mounsir de Nassau protesting that nowthir the Emperor nor he belevid ony such thing, and that he is the King's servant in al that he migth; but the handelyng of the matirs thus aparte wyl cause men to conjectour the worst, and cast os farre os othir may doo. Notwithstondyng the Emperor is of no jcylose ayenst the King's grace in no maner of wise, as I may perceyve be such as be most favorars to the King's grace."
In the beginning of October visited the Emperor at the monastery, and requested him to thank the duke of Savoy for his treatment of Sir John Russell. Spoke with him of the King's passing. On the 12th, Peteroy died, one well disposed to England. The beginning of this month the ambassador of Poland came again to solicit aid against the Infidels; on the 10th an ambassador from Naples, complaining of the Viceroy. On the 14th received Wolsey's letters of the 26th September. Was sent for by the Chancellor next day, the Emperor being still unwell. Had a long conference about the truce and the great enterprise. The Chancellor had never heard of "the indemnity to be transported upon the duchy of Milan"; said the complaint of the Frenchman that his charge was hindered by an overture of marriage on this side was untrue, and intended to create suspicion, and that he had used craft to remain in England for the same purpose. The Chancellor then told Sampson the news from Marseilles; that it was determined to raise the siege lest the French should pass the river, cut off their supplies, and besiege Aex. As to the next step they were divided. Bourbon and Mr. Pace were for giving battle to the French; the marquis of Pescaro, Beaurayne and the other captains, for withdrawing into Piedmont. No being able to induce them to battle, Bourbon proposed a final assault on the town, which was also resisted for some time. A breach was effected wide enough for three men, after breaking three or four pieces of artillery; after which the artillery was re-embarked on the river for Piedmont, whither the army is now returned. Beaurayne took 50 light horsemen prisoners. The Chancellor accordingly sees but two alternatives, either a peace or truce or the main enterprise next year.
The Emperor is much displeased with the viceroy of Naples. Eight days before the siege was raised the archbishop of Capua went to the French king. He is expected here every day.
"Moreover he showed me that he feareth this dissension betwixt the capitains. And os concerning the great enterprice and expedicion I schal schewe your Grace my pour opinion clerely. Fyrst, the Emperor is now in a quartana, I assure your Grace, very feoble, and nothing apt for the warre. His remedy is in Godis hande. Secondo, he is in extreme poverty: notwithstanding, to his inestimable hynder and losse, he may fynde money to passe the chargis of it, os I think. Tercio, thow his Majesty be of the best mynde to observe his appoinctment, os withowgth fayle I think he is, yet the preparations and othir ordering of the hole matir must chiffely passe be the Spaniardis handis here in Spayne, or els they wyl not fayle to use means the more to hyndyr thaffayres, and the socour of Spayne, be ther owe proverbe, be very late and tarde, os be good experience I have seyn here, and your Grace assuridly knowith. Quarto, al the reaulme of Spayne is very desiros of peace and os wery of warre, esspecially syns they have known the retorne of the duke of Bourbon into Italya, and the losse of that expedicion; wherefore, I feare ony appoinctement for the great expedicion, onlesse that owthir it schal clerely fayle on this side, or [be] differrid and set forth so late that al the hole dawngier of the yere schal rest uppon the Kingis armie. Morovir it is my power opinion that if the King's highness intend to set ony thing forth to his owe advawncement or profet, that he schld oonly trust to his owe armie and streynth, and if be appoinctement ony othir help or eyde schulde wel chaunce, take it for the more advauntage, for in effect it is every man for him self."
Two ambassadors are here from the king of Poland, who lays claim to the county of Bari. Had an audience with the Emperor (who is still ill) on the 24th, at Tourdesillas, where the Queen lodges; told him Wolsey's opinion. With the return of Bourbon to Italy, the opportunity for invading France this year is past; other means must be adopted. The Emperor positively declares that he can be ready for the great expedition;—that the Pope is desirous to have peace for three years. Apprehensive of the increase of the French power, Charles says he has no power to transport the pension to Milan. He expects great riches from the Indies;—marvels much at the entertainment of the Frenchman in England,— would not himself have kept such a person 10 days without informing the English ambassador. The siege has been raised for want of money, owing in part to Mr. Gregory's information that Henry would not have an army transported till Bourbon had crossed the Rhone. Was informed on the 29th that they will be governed by Bourbon and the viceroy of Naples, in regard to a truce. The Chancellor's sharp and unsatisfactory answers to the overtures and remonstrances of Sampson;—that lady Margaret and De Buren should not be asked to do more than the treaty requires;—and that he imputed Bourbon's loss to England, which ought to have diverted the French power. The army set forth by the Spaniards is very paltry. Sampson cannot ascertain their true mind. Thinks that if Francis pass into Italy, the Emperor cannot undertake the great expedition. Complained to him of the shortness and sharpness of the Chancellor's language. He retorted that much was said to his dishonor in England; but that he fully intends to pay the indemnity. Valladolid, 30 Oct.
Hol.; part cipher, undeciphered; pp. 17. Add.
31 Oct.
R. O.
Hearing that after victualling Terouenne the French infantry had retired to Fawconberge, and the cavalry to Montreuil, sent Guisnes pursuivant to Pont Dermy, with a feigned message, asking him to sell him a tun or two of wine, as he had certain gentlemen with him, and was not well provided. He brought word that the French were disbanded, that Vendome, Dommartyn, and the other captains had retired, and that no one was left but Pont de Remy and the usual garrisons. Accordingly made the "course" mentioned in his last letters. Pont de Remy sent word he might have the wine if he sent a safe-conduct for the mares, waggons, and carters, offered to do him any other pleasure he could, "reserving the quarrels of our masters, which he trusted should not last ever," and asked if Fitzwilliam could send him some Rhenish. On Guisnes returning with the money and safe-conduct, Bocanveld (Bougainville), Pont de Remy's maitre d'hotel, told him he was as good an Englishman as he,—that he was taken at Moundedere, and that Suffolk, lord Sandys, and Wingfield knew him well enough,—that he knew a place where the Somme could be passed with ordnance, and all requisites for an army, the water not being above a horse's knees; and he said that if Fitzwilliam would give his master wheat for his house in return for wine, he would come to him, as if to see the said wheat, and tell him everything. Could not have a better spy if he is as true an Englishman as he says. Wishes to know if he shall meddle any further with him, and whether he shall promise him a pension, or leave it till Sandys comes over. Guysnes, 31 Oct. (fn. 2) Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's grace."
R. O.
Accounts of Ric. Sidnor, treasurer, from Oct. 15 Hen. VIII. to Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.
The sums lost by mutilation.
Calig. B. III. 128. B. M. St. P. IV. 205.
783. [WOLSEY] to [NORFOLK].
Has received this day his letter dated Newcastle, the 23rd inst. Supposes he has by this time let Angus enter Scotland, either with or without the consent of the Queen and Arran. As there seems now no hope of the Earl's reconciliation to Margaret, he is not to wait the answer to be given to Magnus and Ratcliff. It is evident Arran favors Albany, and there seems great likelihood of the late Chancellor taking the part of Angus. The killing of lord Flemmyng shows that Angus does not favor the French; and Lennox and many others are anxious for his return. Norfolk must, therefore, let him go at once, and promise him the King's assistance in maintaining the young King's authority; but advise him to be moderate at first, remaining quietly among his friends for awhile till it be seen if the Queen relent at the last remonstrances made by Magnus. Is to consult with the Earl what is to be done if these fail, and is to reserve his brother, not as a hostage, but under such good color as was mentioned in Wolsey's last.
Will answer his two last letters more particularly by next post. Magnus and Ratcliff have already received instructions about giving money to the Queen and others. They may use their own discretion about giving some to the young King.
Vit. B. VI. 12. B. M. 784. [CLEMENT VII.] to JAMES V.
Is grieved to hear of his having imprisoned James archbishop of St. Andrew's, and Gavin bishop of Aberdeen. Does not know the cause. Such violence ought not to have been used, but an accusation made against them before him. Does not mean to be indulgent towards the crimes of priests, who ought to be punished with greater severity, but to preserve the Papal authority intact. Desires him, therefore, to send to be examined "persona[s et] causas istorum fratrum," and promises to do justice.
Lat., copy, p. 1, mutilated. Endd. at ƒ. 7 b: Copia brevis missi ad Regem Scotiæ.
Vit. B. IX. 152. B. M. 785. ROBERT BISHOP OF DUNKELD to the POPE.
Has been recently translated from the see of Ross on the death of Gavin bishop of Dunkeld. Complains to the Pope of the pension of 200 ducats claimed by Jas. Creichton, of the order of Friars Preachers. The bishopric is taxed in the apostolic chancery at 450 florins, and there is reserved a pension of 100 ducats to Octavian de Oleariis.
Lat., p. 1.
Information given to the general Morelet, on his way from Italy.
The vidosme of Syon has captured a gentleman named Symon Gantyrt, sire d'Ancyer, coming from the castle of Milan, and one of the governors of Besançon, on the Little St. Bernard mountain, with 24 coffers of cloth of gold, jewels and plate. The prisoners say that D'Aussan, captain of the castle of Milan, has refused to allow Ant. de Lesve to enter, saying that Bourbon charged him to give it up to no one except the Emperor or himself. De Lesve has left Milan with his army, and joined the Venetians at Marignan, where each party has a bridge for their victuals. The camp of the Venetians is very strong, and they make daily sallies, in one of which they killed the son of messire Georges de Fonsperg and five chief captains. News has come from Alexandria that Peter de Navarre is keeping Pavia, Alexandria and other fortresses from being victualled. The conte Bellejoyeuse and Trymeil are trying to supply the town of Navarre.
Fr., pp. 2. Endd.: Advertissement envoye au Roy par monseigneur le general Morelet.
October./GRANTS. 787. GRANTS for OCTOBER 1524.
6. James Vaughan. Wardship of Nic., s. and h. of Thomas Wallwen, of Longford, deceased, who held of Edward duke of Buckingham. Del. Westm., 6 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 33.
12. Giles Violet, native of Normandy. Denization. Del. Westm., 12 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
12. Ric. Gilling, yeoman of the Guard. To be keeper of Wiltshire common gaol. Manor of Beaulieu, 10 April 15 Hen. VIII.—Del. Westm., 12 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
14. Christopher Harryson, cordwainer, a native of Holland. Denization. Del. Westm., 14 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 11.
14. Bristol. Assent to the election of John Hutton as mayor, and John Cabull and John Edwardes as constables of the staple of wool, hides, fleeces and lead. Westm., 14 Oct.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 7.
16. Thomas Burton. Wardship of Paul, s. and h. of William Atkyrke. Del. Westm., 16 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 17.
18. Wm. Uvedale. Licence to exercise his office of comptroller and collector of customs at Pole by deputy. Del. Westm., 18 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
18. Thomas Keyle, of London, merchant. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Monastery of Wooborn, 13 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Oct.—P.S.
18. John a Banke, of Southwark, Surrey, dyer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Amtell, 17 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Oct.—P.S.
18. Anth. Kyngeston and Dorothy his wife, d. and h. of Rob. Harper, and kinswoman and h. of Wm. Harper. Licence to alienate the moiety of the manor of Latton, Essex, to Geo. Harper, kinsman and h. of Ric. Harper, sen.; to hold to him and the heirs of the body of Ric. Harper, jun., father of the said George; with remainder to Humph. Harper, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Ric. Harper, sen. Westm., Oct. 18.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6.
20. Roger Hyll. Wardship of John, s. and h. of Wm. Nethewey. Westm., 20 Oct.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 40.
21. Ric. Halse. Wardship of John, son and heir of Thos. Prideaux. 21 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
21. Robt. Norton, of Romsey, Hants., clothier. Protection; going in the retinue of John lord Berners. 21 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
28. Staff., Salop, and Chester: Com. to Ranulph Pole, clk., Sir Wm. Pole, Sir Peter Legh, Hen. Ellton, Ric. Grovener and Thos. Sprotte to make inquisition p. m. on the possessions and heir of John Egerton. Westm., 28 Oct.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26d.
24. Thos. Wall, alias Rougecross pursuivant. To be Windsor herald. Greenwich, 25 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Oct. anno subscripto (sic.)—P.S.
29. Com. of Gaol Delivery.
Newgate: Wm. Bayly, mayor of London, Sir John Fyneux, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir John Fitzjamys, Sir ... Conyngesby, Sir John More, Sir Lewis Pollard, Sir Ric. Broke, Anth. Fitzherbert and William Shelley, serjeant ... Westm., 29 Oct.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31d.
31. John Boys, of Sock, Mudford, Somers. Pardon for killing in self-defence Roger Hore, according to the record of Nich. Fitzjames, coroner; the said John having been committed to the Marshalsea prison. Westm., 31 Oct.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
... Com. of Gaol Delivery.
Hereford Castle: Sir John Lyngeyn, Wm. Rudhale, serjeant-at-law, Geo. Bromley, Rouland Moreton, Ralph Hakelett, W ... and Thos. Bodenham. ... Oct.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31d.
R. O. 788. [SAMPSON to WOLSEY.]
The Emperor says that he [is] content with the truce, if it please the King and your Grace, because he thinks it necessary at this tim[e], and he has written to his ambassadors at Rome to attempt no truce, unless the King's ambassadors have power to treat jointly with them. It is much feared here that the French king will enter Milan, and thus be lord of Italy. He would then have the Pope at his pleasure, could make himself Emperor, and have the leading of the army against the Turks, and all others would follow him, not for devotion, but for ambition.
Asked the Chancellor what army the Emperor w[as raising]. He said the same that [was] appointed before, as they wrote to their ambassadors ... "ships with the 3,000 men are not yet in a readiness, but now they say t ... 30,000 be paid out for the same, and they fear the [T]urk in the seas." ... "The truth is that the Chancellor fears [for the duchy] of Milan, and this causeth him all that he may to have army[es to] re[str]a[yne] the French king;" which wise men think expedient for other considerations. Does not see any haste to prepare an army. Thinks many have warning to be in a[readiness, but] there is yet no visage or great semblance. Thinks the Emperor will shortly have his army, for the people are well willing, and he believes the noblemen are of the same towardness. As far as he can perceive, the Emperor will not use them till necessary, for they esteem a little service so much, and for the same solicit importunately great [rewards].
P. 1. In Tuke's hand. Probably a decipher on a fly leaf of the original letter. Mutilated. Add. in Sampson's hand: To my lord Legate's grace.
Calig. D. IX. 128. B. M. 789. FRENCH NEWS.
* * * "que ... cez tant envers luy qu'il me ay[dera] ... doit au moys de Mars prouchain venant ... grant affaire d'argent, et si, suis desmonté de ..." The King has been long before P[avia], where he has lost the duke of Longueville and another captain, and many good men. He intends to turn the course of the Ticino, is making trenches about the town, and has ordered several assaults, which have been bravely repulsed. Powder failed him ten days ago, but he got more out of France. "Il se fait quelque parlement par l'ambassadeur du P[ape] pour eulx appoincter. Le Pape a une nyepce, lo ... que ce sera pour le conte de Sainct Pol." Bourbon, the viceroy of Naples, and the marquis of Pescara are at Cremona, Piacenza, and ... and may give the King some trouble if he do not take Pavia. They are raising foot soldiers and money to send the King. There are four galleons at Honnefl[eur] getting ready to go Marcelles under the charge of John Fl ... "Aussi les Angloys ont pris f ... de vins et de sel. Item ung nommé Plan[tas] * * * et ledict Plantas est naguaires ..." The Florentines and Milanese who were at the fair of Lyons on All Saints' day [have lent] the King 40,000 cr., "dont la mère du [Roi et] ceulx de Lyon sont obligez pour ladite somme." 250 lances have been sent to keep Normandy and Pica[rdy], and as many to Languedoc. The governors of Normandy are the Senéchal and the young sieur de Moy. Lautrec is governor of Languedoc. About All Saints' day a sea captain, Belleville, with two ships, boarded a carrack of Genoa, near Marseilles, when the vessels burned each other, and only eight or ten men escaped. They have taken comfort, however, at the capture of the Mignon, of England, which is now at Brest. Two men, who profess to be servants of the French ambassador now in England, and who pass frequently by Calais under safe-conduct of the Cardinal, carry news into France of all that is done in England. [If] they were searched [more] closely letters [would be found] under their arms, * * *Francis has some Spaniards, Swiss, and Italians with him, who care only for his pay. "Le duc d'Albanie n'a aucune charge d[u Roi]," but is under suspicion as being allied to Bourbon.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 3.
Calig. D. IX. 1 c. B. M. 790. FRENCH NEWS. (fn. 3)
* * * "... non, pour vray il est ... [Ca]pne Danneregue, et deux ault[res] ... pye lesquelz soit fort comp ... y est advenu denpuis la conep ... Or est il vray que longtemp[s le] Roy avoit faict tourner la ryviere d[e Ty]syn hors de son cours affin de [b]atre p ... ladite ville de Pavye, mais les pluy[es ont] est si grandes par l'espace de x .. jo[urs que] ladite ryviere a reprins son prem[ier cou]rs. Et dempuis encores le Roy f[aisait tou]rner ladite ryviere, et en cuydant apro[cher] son artillerye par le coste de ladite ryv[iere] ... et en passant par ou estoit le cours, p[uis a] perdu la plus grant part de ladite artil[lerie].
"Item, il est vray que dempuis icelles p ... les gensd'armes ont perdu grant nom[bre de] leur chevaulx et ont necessite de v[ivres].
"L'on dit que le Pape est pour la part de F[rance] ... que on luy ayde pour la duche de Urb[ino] ... aydera au Roy, mais l'on n'y a [aucune] fiance.
f. 1 c. b. "Les Venitiens ne se * * * ... l'on a mandé force ... pour aller dela les mons et ... doubte de la personne du ... qui est la avecques luy en gran ...
"Item, le lundy et mardy devan[t] ... ung aultre assault à ladite ville de ... les aventuriers Francoys et Italy[ens] ... de ladite ville y ont faict hard[iment] ... et y demeura environ deux ... et aussi les cappitaines cy apres non ... Montmorency, la Grue, Carpon ... et trois cappitaines d'Itallye.
"Item, le duc de Bourbon est [a] Marignen a qu ... lieues de Millan avec dix mille hommes ... sieur Don Fernando à Dyske et Veronne a[veques] vii. mille Allemans, et le marquiz de M ... pres desdits Sieurs avec huit mille hommes ... oultre ce ung aultre grant seigneur avec de[ux] mille hommes.
f. 1 d. "[It]em, audit assault y eult pleusieurs sieurs F[rançois ble]ssez; assavoir le Sieur de Bussy, le m ... sse, le Sieur de Mailly danj ... re d'aultres et l'on tienne p ... * * * se retournoient ... e feirent plus de mal a ... rre.
"[Le corps de la] feue Reyne estoit encoires a Bloys ... par la l'on avoit [fait ?] savoir aux Paris[iens] ... sont prests a la recepvoir le xxvj. [jour] d'A[ou]st passé, mais l'on dit qu'elle sera ... à Clery près Orleans pour éviter coustaiges ... maistre a la charge de la faire ensepult ...
"La mere du Roy estoit retournée de Bourges en ... et alloit avec le Roy à Lyon, et le Daulphin ... accompaigner ladite feue dame, mais ces jou[rs] ... elle est partye de Bloys pour aller vers le ... est bien desplaisante que les affaires ne ... mieulx à l'encontre du duc de Bourbon, ... le hait trop et faict faire chacun jour ... parmy le royaulme à l'encontre de luy ... De la mort de ladite Reyne l'on en parle tr ... le medecyn qui la pensoit est en priso[n] ... qui n'est pas des ordinaires du Roy n[i de la dite] Reyne morte, mais est ung medecyn q ... ba ... la mise la ou elle est.
f. 1 d. b. "Le R[oy son] mary luy bailla la gorre a s ... Lyon environ a ung an, et la prinse ... laquelle vendoit cloutz à Lyon ... le visage tout deffigu[ré] * * * faire espouser ladite dame ...
"Item, le Chancellier du duc de Bo[urbon] ... en la prison de la Bastille.
"Le Sieur de Sainct Vallyer est à Loch ... est le Sieur des Kars et aultres ... oien ... parti dudit Duc. La Regente voulsist bi[en que] on les feist tous mourir, et a esté ledit Sieur de [Sainct] Vallyer sur lecharfault pour luy trencher la te[ste;] toutes fois il a eu grace.
"Item, il y a à Bloys es prisons ung bon personna[ge,] grant astrologien et grant saige homme, qui [a] dit que les Angloys auront Guyenne, Languedoc, Gascoigne, Lorrayne, Bourgoigne [et] force d'aultres pais, et que l'Empereur et le [duc] de Bourbon auront France; et sera le Roy bien[tost] prins ou mort et sa mère tuée; et pareille[ment] ung prebstre estant prisonnier a Paris a dit [au] Chancellier que le Roy perdroit par mort la n ... personne de son royaume et qu'il ne vivr[oit pas] ung an apres.
f. 1 e. "... Monsieur de Bourbon a faict r ... x p ... ence que le Roy avoit d ... es ang ... lloient six mille livres de ren[te] ... ns le viije jour de Septembre * * * ... e Bourbon delibe ... en Prouvence ... t nouvelles que quelques ... este deffaitz des gens du duc de ... [de]squelz y furent tuez cent hommes d'[armes et gra]nt nombre de gens de pye, et d ... [seigne]urs Francoys se sont renduz avec ledit d[uc cinq] ou six mille lansquenetz du Roy, qui a donné ... au Roy de se retirer à Lyon, et n'a passé plus ... ledit Sieur estant a Lyon est tumbe mallade.
"Il est à noter que tous les enfans des bonnes [villes] d'Auvergne, Forest et Agenest et de Bourbo[nnois] se sont montez et armez, ont prins congye [de leurs] peres et amys et sont allez vers ledit duc de [Bourbon,] qui est pour ceste heure seigneur de toute Pr[ovence,] car Marcelles se composoit audit Sieur quant ... de pardela il y a trois sepmaynes.
"Item, apres que le Roy a sceu la puissance du ... les gens qui s'en alloient à luy de plussieurs [parties] de France, a faict marcher aucuns gens d'ar[mes qui n']estoient encore pas joinctz avec son ar[mée, et] oultre a mande aultres gensd'armes de ... compaignyes qui estoient ordonnez pour la g[uerre en] Picardye, l'on les a faict marcher en d ... Lyon, et aussi les francs archiers et aven[turiers de toutes] les partyes de France, excepte cer ...
f. 1 e. b. "Item, le Roy a envoye querir qu ... Paris, dont les * * * ... y a quartier en la ... vij. ou viii. sous pour ... q[ue] le peuple n'en peult plus ... et destruyre par ses gens d'ar[mes] ... plus riens en leur maisons.
"Au regard de bledz en la pluspart d ... pour les nourrir quatre moys et ... ung camp sy le Roy en voulloit fa ... po[ur] l'espace de six sepmaynes et pour verite il n'y [a] ville au royaulme qui soit avitaillée pour xv. j[ours]. Il n'y a abondance de bledz en tout France, fors en Nor[mandie] et Bourgoigne, toutesfoiz ilz n'en ont pas pour les ... ung an.
"Le Sieur de Vendosme a envoye vers le Grant Maresch[al] de Normandye qui est pres de Rouen affin q[u'il] luy envoye du ble a Abeville, mais les Norman[ds ne] le veullent souffrir, car ilz n'en ont que pour eu[xmemes,] et aussi les Parisyens en demandent en Bourgo[igne] et aux aultres lieux ou il y en a, et vault le sep[tier] cent sous, et avant qu'il soit Noel il vauldroit p[lus de] dix livres Tournois.
"Aussi par la mer ne se fera point d'armée, car il[z n'ont] nulles vitailles, et ne sauroient les navires [estre p]restz d'icy a ung an. Vray est que ceulx de ... aultres environ ont quelques navires q ... ses entretiennent et sont le plus en me ... tures, mais cela n'est pas armée.
f. 1 f. ... s de Normandye appoincte * * * ... marcher or ... [Norma]ndye et quant v ... en plus grande sceurté ... rrez avoir victuailles par ... [p]ar ou vous passerez. Et si aur ... ur de vous gros bourgaiges et vi ... le pais de Caux ou il y a des ble[ds] ... plus que environ Paris, et sy vous n'aur[ez] ... que a garder le secours qui leur pourr ... par Paris et du costé de France. Car de ... Normandye ils ne pourront estre secouruz ... en y allant il vous fauldra abatre Gys[ors,] Gournay et le Neufchatel, affin qu'il ne ... nuysent à voz victuailles; et ce faict vou ... qui vous empesche depuys Somme que Beau[vais, et] depuis Paris jusques à Rouen.
"Item, ce sont tous les plus beaux denyers q ... ait que de Normandye, et Rouen prins ... l'argent viendra ak vous de toute la du[ché] ... pays de Caux, qui est tant en ordinaire ... extraordinaire par chacun an deux myl ... sept cens mille escuz d'or soleil, qui est ... vingt et sept cens mille escuz soleil.
"Item, il y a une ryvyere au dessus ... peult estre tournée hors de son c[ours] ... hommes en l'espace de deux l ... aultre ryvyere a Harfl[eur] * * * ... assez pour g ... ladite ville de [Rou]en ... xv. jours à l'encontre dudit ost ... Et d'aller à Paris du premier ... present an il n'y a vivres co ... de trente lieues qui ne vendr ... pour en avoir.
"Item, aux Salynes de Bretaigne il y [a] p[our] le mo ... quatre vingts navires tous chargez de sel e[t] deux navires de guerre pour les conduyr[e] ... et sortiront en mer avant la Sainct Michie[l] ... venant, et si quatre ou six bons navires ... Angleterre bien esquippez en guerre se ve ... mectre en mer et tirer vers ledit quartier de ... Bretaigne, ilz ne fauldroient point d'avo[ir] ... et prendre tous les dits navires de sel.".
Badly mutilated.


  • 1. The 17th October was Monday, and the 18th Tuesday, in 1524.
  • 2. See no. 2817 in vol. III., referring to the same transaction.
  • 3. What is here printed as one document is not improbably more than one, and of different dates. The MS. has been so injured by the Cottonian fire that the order of the pages cannot be clearly ascertained. It is written on four leaves inserted in the beginning of the volume, and numbered 1 c, 1d, 1 e, and 1 f. The place where each page begins will be found in the margin.