Henry VIII: November 1524, 16-30

Pages 372-392

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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November 1524

16 Nov.
R. O. St. P. IV. 248.
Has received this afternoon a letter from Magnus and Ratcliff to Wolsey, one to himself, and the copy of a letter sent long ago by the lords of Scotland to the King. Wolsey has, no doubt, already received the letter from the Lords, which Norfolk forwarded by the last post. Wishes to know if he shall give money to the bishop of Dunkeld, as he delivered 100l. to the Marshall of Berwick, for the earl of Cassillis. Will write to Magnus to assure the Bishop he shall not lack money if he disclose the matters. Wishes an answer to his letter of Saturday. 12 sail of merchandise left on Monday for the mart in Zealand. Could not induce them to wait for the wafters. The King's hulk, a rich ship, remains here till some men-of-war come. Has written three times to Paxford, and those that keep the North Seas, to come and waft her and the Zealand fleet. Newcastle, 16 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
16 Nov. 833. ABBEY OF OSSENEY (Linc. dioc.)
Writ to the escheator of Oxon and Berks for restitution of temporalities on election of John Burton as abbot. Westm., 16 Nov.
Similar writs for Bucks, Staffordshire, Northamptonshire, Gloucestershire, and London.
Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 37.
18 Nov.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 27.
834. JAMES V.
Commission to Robt. bp. of Dunkeld, Gilbert earl of Cassillis lord Kennedy, and Alex. abbot of Cambus Kynneth, to treat for a marriage between James and _, (fn. 1) daughter of Henry VIII.; and for a peace, either perpetual, or for the lives of the two Princes, or till James comes of age, or for a temporary peace of seven, five, or three years. Edinburgh, 18 Nov. 1524, 12 Jas. V. Signature cut off.
[19 Nov.]
Calig. B. VII. 40. B. M. St. P. IV. 249.
Has had several letters from them since they arrived in Scotland, the last dated Edinburgh, the 10th inst. To all, except the last, answers have been sent to the duke of Norfolk. The King thanks them for their discretion and diligence. Everything depends now upon one of two points, whether the Queen and Lords will train their King to the amity of England, or of France. These things are far more material than the sending of ambassadors, pacification of private quarrels, or entertainment of guards. The King thinks that as Margaret, notwithstanding her wilfulness towards her husband, means to send forward the ambassadors, she should be encouraged in so doing, and not be sharply dealt with. The archbishop of St. Andrew's, too, should be entertained according to his demonstrations, and if he can be induced to come in the embassy so much the better. Has written to him a letter for the purpose, which he sends, with a copy. Reconciliation of Angus with the queen of Scots and Arran is not to be insisted on, though it is strange he should be forbidden to come to Parliament, unless the Lords mean to pass something to his prejudice. No evidence has appeared, since he came to Scotland, that he is so well beloved there as was reported. It is more probable they would be jealous of his authority as husband to the Queen, and that this is why they have devised to train him to Berwick. The Queen says it is against her honor to send him to Scotland without her consent, not considering how much it would be to the King's dishonor either to have detained him longer here, or to allure him to Berwick merely for her pleasure, especially if anything be done against him in his absence.
Wonder they consented to it without knowing some good ground why it was asked for, but if the King's honor be not touched it is not a thing the King would have them stick in. If the payment of 100l. for the 200 men is done already, it may be suffered, considering the good disposition of the Queen and Lords. Wonder they delayed the delivery of the King's letters to the Lords, as they contained nothing to the Queen's dishonor, and were not devised without mature deliberation. It is not strange that things go wrong, when what has been devised here is altered, or not put in execution. If Wolsey's letter to the abp. of St. Andrew's had been delivered at the time, there is no doubt better effect would have ensued. If the King's letters are not yet delivered, they are to be delivered at once; they will confirm the Lords in their devotion rather than otherwise. The more they sue for the good will of the Queen and Lords, the prouder they will be. They must declare roundly to her what they are commissioned to declare, and she will see that the King's interference is only for the weal of her son and herself, otherwise she will think the King dare not refuse her anything. Wrote to Norfolk in his last how her ingratitude was to be clearly pointed out to her; the Duke altered it "far from the fashion that it was in;" yet the ambassadors would not deliver it, as if their sending ambassadors was highly to the King's benefit. Wonders they consented to give the Queen a groat unless she was of another mind; and if the money be not paid already, they had better not be too hasty about it.
It is strange that the Scots should wish them to go home again after being sent with such presents for kindness. This does not look like cordiality to England; but they may get leave to stay, urging that they can explain some things when the ambassadors arrive, better than can be done by letter.
Endd.: "Copy of my lord's letter to Mr. Magnus."
19 Nov.
Acts of the Parl. of Scot. II. 285.
Edinburgh, Nov. 14, 16. As Albany has not fulfilled his promise to return by 1 Sept. last, he is removed from the office of governor; the Queen to have the rule of her son, &c. Bishops of St. Andrew's and Aberdeen, and earls of Arran and Argyle, to be of the secret council. Ambassadors to treat for peace with England, and to ask restitution of the ship "Mare Katryne" alias "The bark of Sandwich," taken by the English in time of peace, and conveyed to Flanders, "as sall be previt apone the bordoris according to the lawis requirit therto." Act for "stanching of theft through all the realm, and specially in Liddisdale." For the Queen's conjunct fee. The ambassadors to England to have power to take perpetual peace, or for the times of the reigning kings, or till James's majority, or for seven, five, or three years, &c.
19 Nov. Bishop of Dunkeld and earl of Cassilis asked instruments to show their charge as ambassadors to England. Parliament continued to 15 Feb. 1525.
19 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. 228. B. M. St. P. VI. 359.
At the Datary's (fn. 2) departure, of which Clerk wrote in his last, the Emperor's affairs were so very doubtful that it was thought the Viceroy would have been glad of his intercession with the French king. Since his arrival he has "found them nothing afeard of their matters," and unwilling to listen to any truce unless the French will surrender Milan and evacuate the duchy. With this answer he departed for Lodi, towards the French king. Being there, he heard of the death of De Longavilla, and how that the French king had beaten the town of Pavia in four places very sore, and in the assault lost 2,000 men, and amongst them the king of Navarre. The same night Pescara took the castle of Melzo, belonging to the Trivulci.
Since then the Datary has written of his gracious reception by the French king, whom he found less disposed to the truce than the Imperialists. He is not dismayed by his losses. He says that his mother is sending him 12,000 foot and 400 men-at-arms, and that he will divert the Ticino, and assault Pavia on the weak side. It is certain the French have suffered great losses, and will be right well advised before they attempt Pavia again.
The French king has demanded of the Pope passage for 700 men-at-arms and 7,000 foot to be sent into the realm of Naples, which is in the hands of the Emperor. He says that he helps the Emperor privily with money as much as he can; but the Emperor's ambassadors complain very sore, and say they can get nothing from him but fair words. He desires Wolsey to favor Campeggio's interests. Rome, 19 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. 233. B. M. 838. PAVIA.
Copy of the letter of the Mantuan ambassador to his prince.
The news about Pavia is confirmed. News first came to the duke of Milan that the French had lost at the assault 400 gentlemen, and more than 3,000 foot, and that Francis was determined to take the city or die there. At Melzum have been taken prisoners count Jo[hannes] de Fermo, who surrendered to Piscara, and count Hieronymos Trivulcius, who, refusing to surrender to the marquis de Guasto, was taken by him after receiving three severe wounds. They were forewarned, but neglected to escape. 60 men-at-arms and 150 archers were taken, and 300 foot slain. Trivulcius has since died.
Lat., p. 1.
19 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. 231. B. M.
A gentleman who was present at the two assaults of Pavia sent the following account to the marquis of Mantua.—On the 8th, Francis determined to give a somewhat feeble assault to try the courage of the garrison; who defended themselves in a similar way, using no artillery, but only handguns. The same night he determined on a violent assault the following day in four places, thinking the defence would be equally weak. To make them negligent, he did not attack till 10 o'clock, when he attacked as fiercely as possible; setting forward and reinforcing his men. The garrison defended themselves with equal courage, never shooting their artillery till the extreme force of the French was upon them.
In half an hour they slew 2,000 men. De la Palyza was mortally wounded. Longa Villa was slain, not at the assault, but two days before, at the bridge of the city. The assault continued till 4 o'clock. 3,000 foot and 400 gentlemen were slain, without counting the loss at Melze. The two captains taken there, count Jerome Tryulce and count John Ferme, are great men, and the chief authors of this business in Italy. It is not yet certain whether he will raise the siege or continue it. If he assault again with equal loss, even though he took the city, he would be at the mercy of the Imperial and Venetian army.
The Viceroy has sent for Almains, nominally 10,000, but really 7,000, who, on the 11th, were within 18 miles of Trent; and the money was ready for their wages. If Francis raise the siege, he can only go to Novara and Viglevano, and retreat across the Ticino, losing his reputation and the city of Milan. If he keep the parts of the duchy across the Ticino during the winter by way of truce or by force, it will be very costly. He cannot forsake the duchy without much greater loss than he has yet had. Knows no hope he can have, except that the Imperial army may lack money; which he also lacks, as appears by letters of Genoese merchants, from whom he wants to borrow, in consequence of his disappointment at Milan. The Viceroy is compelled to make all shifts for money. Believes he has got together 120,000 ducats, 50,000 of which lately passed this city. He fears lest the loss of Italy should be [laid] to his charge. The Imperial army will be assisted with meat and drink by the towns and villages in the duchy; and they have taken courage since the defeat of the French at Pavia. Besides, the Pope and other Italian powers, who always favor the successful side, may give more help than the Emperor knows of. Asks for directions about Bourbon. Cannot forsake him without orders, considering the appointment between them at leaving Provence. A gentleman of the duke of Milan has just arrived with a similar account of the assault, but he had not heard of De la Palyza's wound, and said that Mons. Egremount was slain. Knows for certain that the Datary has had for answer from Bourbon and the Viceroy that they will take no truce unless Francis gives up Milan. Mantua, 19 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
19 Nov.
Ibid. f. 230. B. M.
840. THE SAME to [WOLSEY].
The taking of Milan, and the suspicion felt by the Emperor's agents of the Pope, have really been the salvation of the duchy, as Francis got no money from Milan, and the Imperialists have been more diligent than they would otherwise have been. The continuance of this suspicion can, however, produce no good effect, and might be amended by the King's mediation. The reason is, that the Pope says he is a good friend to the Emperor, but does nothing for him. If the King means to join the war, the Pope must be kept up to it, for otherwise the Venetians will be in great perplexity, and compelled to follow him. One great cause of the suspicion is that he sent lately certain articles, which he insisted on the duke of Ferrara's accepting, that he should restore the castle of Rubera and the city of Reggio, recovered by him sede vacante, with no recompence but a small town and the investiture of Ferrara. The Emperor thus loses 150,000 ducats, which the Duke would have paid him for the restitution of Modena and Reggio, the Pope being agreeable thereunto, as he was procurer in the late Pope's days. After accepting the articles by a letter in his own hand, he has refused to restore the castle and city,—as the Pope thinks, in consequence of the Emperor's agents, who say that the Emperor has just title to the said castle and city, and threaten him with deprivation of the title which his ancestors have had to Modena and Reggio for 200 years. Fears harm will come of it. Was told today that the Datary demanded of the Viceroy the investiture of Milan for the Duke, and of Parma and Placentia for the Pope, thinking those requests would be granted, as the Emperor has need of the Pope. Does not think he has obtained them, as the Emperor must be consulted. Hopes the Viceroy has given him good words. It seems the Pope wishes to have quid pro quo. Some impute the duke of Ferrara's denial to the French king. Fears some evil may happen if the Pope does not have his way. Mantua, 19 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2.
Ibid. f. 232*. B. M. P.S.—Has certain information from Rome that the abbot of Nagera, sent by Bourbon and the Viceroy to ask the Pope for aid, was despatched well contented, and with some secret aid. If his Holiness continue in this mind, the French king is in worse case than ever.
The Datary wrote to the marquis of Mantua on the 15th that he had done nothing about truce, and that Francis asked him seriously whether the arrival of 10,000 Almains was true. He is now trying to divert the Ticino from Pavia, but the great rain baffles him.
The said Almains passed Trent on the 15th inst. Signed.
P. 1.
R. O. St. P. VI. 364. 841. WOLSEY to SAMPSON.
Received his last, dated Valladolid, 18 Sept. Has since despatched other letters informing him of the King's intentions as to the peace, Bourbon, and the invasion; also of John Joachym's visit. Since then divers changes have ensued. There has been so great delay in the Viceroy and the Emperor's contribution, that the French king had leisure to gather strength, and pass to Avynon, and afterwards into Italy, "where he now is, having in his hands the city of Milan."
What will be the issue, it is hard to judge. From intercepted letters of the French king, it appears that he intends to pass from Milan to recover Naples. On letters received from Bourbon, Piscarye and others in Province, the King had intended to have sent an army into France under Suffolk, of which he advertised Bourbon, by Sir Gregory Cassalis. He sent also instruction to the Bishop of Bath, at Rome, not to be too hasty in the truce. Sends copies of the letters.
Seeing the success of the French, the unprovided state of the Emperor's army, the danger of Naples, the King, out of respect to the Emperor, has ordered his said Ambassador to urge on the truce. And though, in the first instance, he only desired that it should continue till May next, to remove all objections he is content that it shall continue till May twelvemonth, and longer, by consent of the contrahents, doing all he can to detach the Pope "from intelligence with the French king, if there be any such, as the King's highness and I suppose and trust verily there is not." (fn. 3)
As to the jealousy of Joachym's remaining in England, and specially as the Emperor is not advertised thereof, Wolsey had already written, that if the French king was desirous of peace he should send some one to England. The same reply was made to the archbishop of Capua, the French monk, and the Pope. Wolsey stated in his last that Joachym made no progress, and it was never intended he should. He stays here under various pretexts. As a proof that nothing has been done with him, sends copies of last letters received out of France, touching such overtures he had made to Joachym, of "lands and countries, as I thought his master should depart with, both unto the Emperor and the King." Is to complain to the Emperor that hindrance ensues from his failure in keeping his promises, and his want of candour. Considering he is to marry the King's only child, and the cost Henry has sustained in his behalf, it is only reasonable that the King should be better acquainted with the Emperor's secret intentions. It is necessary to know his determination as to the successes in Italy, the proceeding with the French king, the truce, &c. By his present manner of dealing, all things are done out of season, and damage ensues. The King can do no more till he receives this information. Is to insist upon this at great length.
If the Emperor and the Pope imagine that by inducing the King to make an attempt in hope of the Emperor's concurrence, and then, when the time cometh, the Emperor is to fail in his promise, not only will the King's money be consumed, but the Emperor will be disappointed of his hopes, to the great rejoicing of his enemies. The Emperor must not have such special regard to Italy as to neglect all other matters. Naples, Spain, and the Low Countries are not in a state of loyalty. If he finds the Emperor is not prepared, he shall represent what benefit he has received from the wars exclusively, and how proper it is that he should now unite with the King in obtaining some compensation for his Majesty, else it will be thought that he has little consideration for his friends, provided he can secure his own interests.* Signed.
19 Nov.
S. B.
Grant of the return and execution of writs, &c. in his possessions and those of the prior of St. Andrew's, Rochester, according to the composition between Boniface archbishop of Canterbury and Lawrence bishop of Rochester, xiv. kal. Aug. 43 Hen. III.; also grant of the goods and chattels of felons; all fines and redemptions, and cognizance of all pleas of debt, &c. in Hallyng, Borscull, Cokston, Trottescoyne, Bromlegh, Dertforde, Stone, West Mallyng, Ewell, Middelton, and Feckenham, with a court of pie powder in the said manors; also licence to construct wears in the Medway at Hallyng, on the lands of his church, and to hold at Bromeley a market on Tuesdays, and a fair on the eve, day and morrow of St. James the Apostle; besides the fair on the day and morrow of St. Blaise. Also grant to the Sub-prior and Convent of the possessions of the priory during vacancies. Grants of sanctuary, except in cases of treason. Proviso that nothing herein shall be prejudicial to William archbishop of Canterbury or his successors. Del. Westm., 19 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
21 Nov.
Lettere di Principi, I. 140.
Describes the state of the war in Italy. The Datary's mission to the French king and the Viceroy was unsuccessful, as both parties were confident of victory, and would listen to no overtures of peace. The Pope has determined to maintain neutrality. If the Emperor were inclined to peace, England could not refuse it, as you wrote from Lyons on the 5th; for the consent of two parties would prevail against the unreasonable obstinacy of one, on whom the Emperor cannot rely, not through any fault of the Prince (Henry), but of that other person (Wolsey) you know of. If it were possible to content him (Henry) without hindering the negotiations for the agreement, the Pope would be greatly pleased, as such an alliance is necessary and honorable to the See Apostolic. It will be requisite, therefore, to quiet him either with a sum of money, which would perhaps be the least difficult matter, or by leaving him some place there on the borders of France,—though we know not how this condition would please the French king,—or by solely elevating the Cardinal of York to some pre-eminence, such perchance as the legation in Scotland, or something similar, or else by means of some marriage, although it does not seem very probable that the daughter of the king of England will bring that kingdom with her as dower to either of the two Princes. As you are not near England, you must proceed at first with secrecy, and afterwards with greater publicity. Italian news. Rome, 21 Nov. 1524.
22 Nov.
R. O.
Have received great help in all their causes from the archbishop of St. Andrew's. Were with him this day, meaning to urge the setting forth of the ambassadors, and the answer to be made by the Lords to the King's letters, when he told them that his brother the abbot of Murehouse (Melrose) was dead, and the monks meant to send two of their number to Rivalles, in Yorkshire, their head house. Have accordingly written to Norfolk for a safe-conduct, but desire one of Wolsey also, as one of the two is to pass to Sistewes (Citeaux). The Archbishop also desires that Gilbert Makmath, a servant of his physician, who was taken in the bark of Sandwich when on his way to France for medicines, may be set at liberty; and that the bearer, Mr. Peter Howeston, who accompanies the monk to France, may also have a safe-conduct. Edinburgh, 22 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Unto [my l]ord Legate's good [grac]e. Endd.
22 Nov.
R. O.
Asks for a safe-conduct for one year for Edw. Kyncaid and John Crummy, merchants of Edinburgh, to trade in England. Edinburgh, 22 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
22 Nov.
R. O.
Asks him to set at liberty George Hay, a young clerk and student of Paris, who was taken in Flanders and brought to England. He has neither benefice nor office, and comes but of sober kin; but from his knowledge of literature will be useful in Scotland. Halyrudehouse, 22 Nov. 1524. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
22 Nov.
R. O.
To the same effect. Halyrudehous, 22 Nov. 1524. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
23 Nov.
R. O.
848. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
For the release of master George Hay, clerk, who was taken prisoner in Flanders while in Francis' service, was sent to England, and is now in the Tower. He has nothing to ransom himself with. Edinburgh, 23 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord card. of York, primate, legate, and chancellor. Endd.
23 Nov.
Rym. XIV. 29.
Declaration by Thos. duke of Norfolk, in commission with John bishop of Carlisle and Thos. lord Dacre, empowering Dacre to take an abstinence. 23 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.
24 Nov.
R. O.
Inspeximus of certain provisions in the Act of attainder of the duke of Buckingham, securing to Henry earl of Essex the manors of Estley, Chigenhale, Zoyne, Norton, Southorp, and Polemersh, Essex, the advowson of the church of Westhorrock, Essex, and the manor of Bedmystre, Somerset. Westm., 24 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.
24 Nov.
R. O.
Asks for a safe-conduct for Wm. Quhite, burgess of Abirdene, his two factors, ships and goods, to trade in England for a year. Edinburgh, 24 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. MS. 13B. II. 326. B. M. Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 350.
In behalf of John Maxwell, canon of the priory of St. Martin's [Whithorn], whom the Pope had previously appointed abbot of Dundrenane, and who is now chosen prior of St. Martin's, the principal dignity in Galloway after the bishopric, and confirmed by Quintin abbot of Soulseat, superior of the Premonstratene order in Scotland. As the church of Whithorn is much visited by the English and Irish on account of the miracles of St. Ninian, and is situated at the extremity of the kingdom, it requires a man who will both show hospitality to pilgrims, and protect the country from piratical assaults. Begs that Maxwell may be allowed to retain the Cistercian abbacy of Dundrenane along with Whithorn. Holyrood,—Nov. 1524.
Lat., copy.
25 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. 235. B. M.
Wrote last on the 19th. On the 20th fresh letters came from the Datary that Albany would leave in two days for Naples; and that, seeing the strength of the French, and the King's determination to send thither, and the little provisions in Parma and Placentia, he wrote to the governor of those towns and Bononye to allow them to pass, and lodge there, and buy victuals. The Emperor's agents here and all Rome are much astonished. They and Clerk went to the Pope, remonstrating that if he did not care for Italy and his allies, it was dangerous for him to have the French on both sides, and protested as much as they could. Clerk told him that he had been considered a great cardinal, and that he should make himself a great pope; but if he allowed the French to pass, it would turn to his dishonor. He always asks what they would have him do, saying that the French are strong, that he cannot resist them, that the army wants money, and he has none, that the Emperor is far off, and no help comes from him. He has told the Imperialists that he doubts whether the King will continue the wars.
Told him there would be no doubt of that, if his Holiness continued there; but that if he was slack, the King might be the same. They harp and hope greatly upon the King's money here. He complains of the Viceroy and the Emperor's agents in Italy, for not writing to him more than once since they left Provence, saying that if he shares their danger they should make him privy to their acts. In truth they have done as much as they could to alienate the Pope from them. He is in great perplexity, for if the French win, although Clerk thinks they have made large promises to him, which he will not confess, he will be in very evil case, considering their doubleness. He will not be much better off if the Spaniards win. They have threatened him already for not following their mind. It is true he has not done what he ought, but in consequence of their demeanor he has done less than he would. He blames the Emperor for refusing the investiture to the duke of Milan; for if he had granted it, the commons would have stuck to the Duke, and defended the duchy better than now, at half the expence. They would not have forsaken him if there had been a chance of his establishment. They say that last year they suffered much in driving away the French, hoping to have been ruled by him, and not by Spaniards, whose rule, they say, is worse than the French; and Clerk thinks it is, without comparison. One of the Pope's council said the same day, that his Holiness must either actually assist the Emperor, or preserve his neutrality, or make some appointment with the French king. The first he is unable to do, owing to the exhaustion consequent on Leo's wars, and the smallness of his revenues by reason of the little resort for expeditions. As to the second, if it is dangerous to trust Francis with bonds, it would be much worse without, and therefore he must make some appointment with him for the safety of his "peacis," and specially Florence. The Pope himself has spoken to Clerk, but not so plainly. Believes he wishes the French king to bind himself not to meddle with Parma, Placentia, Bologna and Florence, if he keeps neutral and allows the French army to pass to Naples. Has told him that neither he nor the Church are so poor but that he can give this little aid. They have 1,200 spears, the Venetians have 800, and the Pope has 500 at Parma and Placentia, which united would prevent the French army from separating or sending men to Naples; that he had better use Parma and Placentia than allow the French to take Naples, which would ruin the enterprise and the Pope too. The Imperialists have been very hot, without any good results, for the Pope changes his purpose hourly as the affairs at Milan prosper or otherwise. If the former, he says they can have no need of him; if the latter, that his help would be of no avail, that he thinks it better to save his stake than risk everything. In Leo's time, the Spaniards drew him into the war, and then left him to sustain all the charges, and he is afraid of being served the same way. This is one reason for his inaction; another is, that the Spaniards are so angry with him, that Clerk thinks he fears them more than the French. He would keep both nations out of Lombardy if he could.
The Viceroy, as soon as the army returned from Provence, sent for 8,000 lanceknights, who are arrived in Lombardy, and the Archduke is coming to the confines, which increases the suspicion that the Emperor intends to make him duke of Milan. If the Emperor were to establish the present Duke, he would gain many friends; for neither the Pope nor the Venetians would wish either the Emperor or Francis to have both Naples and Milan, but would prefer each power to have one, and are trying to establish either the present Duke or the French king. This is another reason why the Pope does not help the Emperor. He has sent to propose to the Viceroy that the Emperor should be contented with Naples, and leave Milan, rather than lose both; but Clerk is sure the Viceroy will not listen to him. Does not see how they can defend both Milan and Naples, if Francis sends to the latter, especially as they are not sure of the Venetians, who will not serve the Emperor much if the Pope does not meddle. This is the chief inconvenience of the Pope's neutrality.
Received on 23 Nov. Wolsey's letters of 21 Oct. The courier was detained 14 days at Dover by the weather, according to a letter testimonial of 9 Nov. he has brought from Dr. Knight in F[landers]. Delivered to the Pope the King's, Queen's, and Wolsey's letters, containing thanks for the rose, briefs, &c. As matters are now altered, and much worse for the Emperor than Joachim knew, there could be no worse time to talk of truce. Thought best, therefore, not to mention it to the Pope, but to wait for fresh letters. Apologised to the Pope for the delay in the letter, and said another would come shortly, telling him that Wolsey would not believe Joachim's report of the retreat from Marseilles. Gave him the king of Scots' letter. He will suspend provision for benefices till he writes for them. Neither Albany nor the French king have written about the liberation of the prelates imprisoned in Scotland, but he is loth to commit it to Wolsey, who, he thinks, would not be considered impartial; but when any request is made about them, Clerk shall know, and he will do nothing but what will be to the honor of the young King and Wolsey's pleasure. Rome, 25 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 8, mutilated.
26 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 121. B. M. St. P. IV. 256.
On Wednesday last, about four in the morning, Angus, Lennox, the master of Kylmawres, the lord of Bewclough, and others came suddenly over the walls of Edinburgh, opened the gates, and entered with 400 men. At the Cross they made proclamation that they came as faithful subjects to serve the King, and commanded their followers to pay for everything they took. The two Earls then went to the lords of the Council, viz., St. Andrew's, Argyle, Aberdeen, Dunkeld, the abbots of Holyrood and Camskynell (Cambuskenneth), &c.; said that, owing to evil counsellors about the young King, they had commands given them, upon pain of treason, contrary to their deserts, and desired the Lords to take the government into their own hand. They were, they said, faithful subjects, and desired no authority but that of barons of the realm, like their ancestors. On this the Council deputed Aberdeen and the abbot of Camskynell to go down to the Queen at the abbey, accompanied, at the special request of the Lords, by the writers, "because we were Englishmen, and supposed therefore to be better heard than Scotchmen," to induce her to countermand for a time the order she had given that the town should be fired upon from the castle. At the abbey divers lords with 400 or 500 men in harness "did set forth afore the utter gaits such small guns as they had, hakbushes and other," ready to attack the two Earls. The Queen sent for Aberdeen and the Abbot, and ordered Magnus and Radcliff "right roundly" to go home, and not meddle with Scottish matters. Meantime a gun was shot from the castle, and killed two merchants, a priest, and a woman. All that day the Earls had complete control of the town, allowed none to pass but at their pleasure, but did no displeasure to their enemies; till at four in the afternoon, by the King's commandment, they left and went to Dawkeeth. The Queen then with her son departed by torchlight into Edinburgh Castle, where she remains, all the Lords having also left, except Murray, "fully of the French fashion and newly comen into favour," who is reported by the abbots of Holyrood and Passelewe, "two good and honorable men," to be conspiring with one that was Albany's secretary things as dangerous to the King as the Duke's being here. Wolsey shall understand very shortly how all this comes about. Edinburgh, 26 Nov.
"This last article would not be moved to the earl of Cassillis till the coming up of Roger Radcliff; for the said Earl is allied and assistant to the young privy council (sic) here about the Queen's grace, and shall have privy expedition of her causes at his coming up." He must send back a post from London four or five days after his arrival. Signed.
26 Nov.
R. O.
Desires credence for Robt. bishop of Dunkeld, Gilbert earl of Cassillis lord Kennedy, and Alexander abbot of Cambuskenneth, whom he is sending as ambassadors to the King, by the advice of his mother and the Parliament. Edinburgh, 26 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
Asks for a safe-conduct for David bishop of Galloway, of the Chapel Royal at Stirling, to pass through England on his way to and from Rome, with 24 persons. Edinburgh, 26 Nov. 12 Jas. V. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "The xvjth"; and in another place, "xxvjo."
26 Nov.
R. O.
857. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
In behalf of George Hay. (See 22 Nov.) Holyrood, 26 Nov. 1524. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
Asks him to release Dougal Campbell and his servant, who were taken by English subjects in time of war. Edinburgh, 26 Nov. 12 Jas. V. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
Request a safe-conduct for a year to Alexander, commendatory of the abbey of Scone. Edinburgh, _ (fn. 4) day of _.* Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Nov.
R. O.
860. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Requests the liberation of master George Hay, a young student of Paris, of Scotch blood, taken in Flanders and sent prisoner to England. He has neither office nor benefice, but is cunning in literature. Holyrood, 26 Nov. 1524. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Requests him to write to the Pope for expedition of the promotions of Melrose and Dundrannane, informing his Holiness of the King's assumption of the government. Requests safe-conducts through England and Germany for the bearers John Lauder and Walter Maxwell, servant of lord Maxwell, with letters to the bankers for their finances. Understands he is solicited to write to the Pope in favor of Will. Douglas for the priory of Coldynghame, which the King has given to Adam Blacadir. Hopes he will not comply, as it would create trouble in the realm. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Has received her letter by her servant, master Ratcleif, ambassador. Desires to be commended to the lady Princess. [Edin]burgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Have received his letters dated Oking, 15 Aug., with others from Magnus and Roger Ratclif, gentleman of the Privy Chamber, dated at Windsor Castle, 26 Sept., by which they perceive his desire for the surety and honor of the King his nephew. Assure him that they will never fail to serve truly their sovereign, and no private emolument or fraudful persuasion shall withdraw them from their love for him. Now that the causes of Henry's displeasure, of which he complains in his letter, have ceased, they beg him to be a true friend to his nephew, whereby they may nourish perpetual peace between the two realms. Edinburgh, 27 Nov.
Pp. 2. Add.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Thanks him for the ambassadors sent to Scotland, and his writings, and the credence by them. Desires credence for Robt. bishop of Dunkeld, Gilbert earl of Cassilis lord Kennedy, and Alex. abbot of Cambuskenneth, who are sent with the King's answer. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
Calig. B. VII. 50. B. M. 2. Duplicate of the above. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
27 Nov.
R. O.
The earl of Angus, at the instigation of the king of France and the duke of Albany, has "broken his word," and left France without James's licence, and come to England, where, by his sinister information, he has obtained the favor of the King. He has lately come into this realm to try and persuade the lords and barons to disobey the King's authority, and has assembled broken men and rebels, and brought them into the King's presence, causing great damage to his true subjects. Asks Henry to "reform the entry and arriving" of Angus within the realm of Scotland, and to retain him in England till he has licence from the King to return. Desires credence for Gilbert earl of Cassillis, lord Kennedy. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: xvijth.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Thanks him for having sent his ambassadors. Sends in answer Robt. bishop of Dunkeld, Gilbert earl of Cassillis lord Kennedy, and Alexander abbot of Cambuskenneth. Desires credence for the Bishop. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
A similar letter, desiring credence for the abbot of Cambuskenneth. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
To the same effect. Edinburgh, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal. Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
Requests him to give effect to a licence granted by the King her brother to John Bertoun to procure a certain quantity of "barley quheit" in England for the households of herself and the King her son, as the crops have somewhat failed here. A restraint has since been made on the exportation of grain in England. Bertoun brings "als gude stufe" to England (salmon and other fish) as he takes out of it. Edinburgh Castle, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal.
R. O. St. P. IV. 259. 870. SCOTLAND.
"Thir ar the artikilles gyffine be me, Margret queine of Scottis, to the erle of Cassillis in my name and behalff to the Kingis grace my broder, desiring ansuring in every point":—
1. The ambassadors are sent to the King for peace at her solicitation. 2. They are the first she ever caused to be sent, and she hopes she and her son need seek no friend but Henry. 3. The three Estates in the last Parliament gave her principal charge of her son's person. 4. This realm is in hope to have a lasting peace by marriage of her son with the King's daughter. 5. She cannot with honor desire this realm to make a final peace with England excluding all other realms, else it would be thought she cared more for her brother than for her son, but she will do what she can for Henry's pleasure otherwise.
ii. "Thir ar the artikillis that I desir to be ansurit to the erle of Cassillis, and thar followis my desyris herapoun."
1. If the marriage can be concluded, she is willing to leave out the confederates of Scotland; otherwise not. 2. Cannot honorably consent to leave out confederates for a term of years. 3. If the marriage come not to pass, and they "get but certain years," confederates must be comprised. 4. The sending of Angus to Scotland has caused great trouble, as she foretold it would. 5. Hopes Henry will not assist any Scotch subject, except at the king of Scots' desire; 6. That he will not solicit Scotch benefices at Rome without special writing of the King her son; otherwise it will create trouble, as in the case of Angus's brother, who has taken Coldingham as of the king of England's gift.
The Earl is also to represent that, since the making of the truce between Norfolk and himself, the great seals being exchanged on both sides, Margaret caused her controller, Robert of Bartoun, to send a ship to France for wine for her son's and her own household, which ship was taken by two English ships, and a Fleming, a merchant and a mariner slain, and the master and six mariners mutilated. Redress to be demanded according to a memorial the ambassadors shall take with them. The takers were master Gorwntallis ship and a small bark. The men were sent to Dunkirk, and the goods disposed of.
Pp. 7.
Cal. B. VI. 191. B. M. 2. Another copy of the preceding.
27 Nov.
Galba, B. VIII. 131. B. M.
871. KNIGHT to [WOLSEY].
Letters came today from the Viceroy, stating that Pavia has been twice assaulted, and the French king has lost 4,000 men. La Palice is wounded; Longueville and about 100 other gentlemen slain. The Viceroy hoped that the Almains, who were mustered at Isebroke at St. Martin's tide, would be with him in two days, when he would press the French king so near that he must fight or fly. The duke of Urbino was getting ready with the Venetians to assist the Viceroy. The Pope had been taken by surprise with the French king's sudden descent, but is now reassured, and preparing for the defence of Italy with the confederation. These news were communicated to Knighte and Jerningham today by my Lady, and, though Jerningham left immediately after, they agreed to send them by post. Brussels, 27 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2.
27 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. 239. B. M.
(A leaf missing.)
"King shalbe as long kepte there as he hathe been or shalbe at P[avia] and with lyke losse, if he shall assaulte the same, and semblably ... Cremona, whiche order is takyn for to waste and consume the [said] King's mony and his men in this winter warr."
The Duke desires the King to consider the chance he has of annoying his enemy now by an expedition into his realm. If Henry will make a personal invasion, Bourbon is willing to join him. If not, he would like to invade Burgundy by Henry's aid, going towards his own country or Paris to make some revolution until the King can enter. He has 6,000 or 7,000 Almains, 1,500 Burgundian horse and artillery of the Archduke's at Brysakke, and with 200,000 cr. he could achieve a good exploit in three months. Asked him if any of his friends would contribute. He said the Emperor could not help him, as he is put to great expence by his army here; that the reason he makes this request now is, that if the Emperor's army has no aid on that side, the Viceroy cannot maintain his army longer than Feb. 15, and will be compelled to make some truce, dishonorable to his master and his friends, at least for a year, as Francis will accept no shorter time. Said that if they took a truce without Henry's consent, he perhaps would not accept it. He answered that the King could do as he liked, but that the Viceroy would be compelled to, rather than lose Milan and Naples. Asked if he knew anything of the new amity between the Pope and Francis. He said he did not, but he feared the Pope would declare for the French if Pavia were lost. Asked him if the Viceroy intended to go to Naples. He said, No. The senior John de Medicis, near kinsman to the Pope, takes French pay, and has raised 2,000 foot and some horse in the Pope's lands. This makes the Pope suspected, though his acts cannot be judged by the said John, who is a very light person, and regards neither Pope nor Christ, but follows his own fancies. The Swiss in the French camp lately cried out for money; whereupon the King commanded a tax of 36,000 ducats to be levied in the city of Milan, which was refused, but they were compelled to pay some, and agreed upon ... ducats, as the King is diminishing his army to send to Naples. He has sent for Swiss and Grisons to supply the deficiency thus caused. The expedition will serve two purposes,—cause the Pope to declare for him, and the Viceroy to leave Milan. The Ursynys, who pretend to all the Colonyes land in Naples, will assist the expedition. The French king's mother does all she can to help him, knowing that he cannot retreat over the mountains at this season without great loss. Asks the King's pleasure concerning Bourbon, to whom he has promised to stay in Trent till an answer comes to these letters. Verona, 27 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Endd.: Paceo, 17 Novembris.
27 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. f. 240*. B. M.
873. THE SAME to [WOLSEY].
The war is now come to this point, that the side to which the Pope inclines is most likely to win.
The Datary, when with Bourbon and the Viceroy, said that the Pope would be neutral. If the amity published between him and Francis be true, they intend to divide the duchy of Milan and Naples between them, the Venetians being between them, and thus compelled either to agree with them, or sustain the war alone, which they neither can nor will. Verona, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1.
28 Nov.
Theiner, p. 547.
Has learnt from his letters of 5 Oct. his advancement to the crown, and his good understanding with England. Rome, 28 Nov. 1524.
28 Nov.
Vat. Trans. XXXVII. 147. B. M. St. P. IV. 266.
Notifies that he has assumed the government, Albany not having returned on the day he promised. Requests that the Pope will observe the privileges granted to the kings of Scotland by his predecessors, and await for eight months the King's letters before granting any Scotch benefice, treating any application of Albany's meanwhile as null and void. The Pope will not disregard this his first request. Edinburgh Castle, 28 Nov. 1524.
Lat. Add.
28 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 254. B. M. St. P. IV. 262. Green's Royal Letters, I. 357.
Has done her diligence to cause ambassadors to pass into England, who have received instructions from the King her son, herself, and the three estates, as to the points they are to confer upon. Has put them in articles to the King her brother. Begs him to remember the pains she has taken in these matters. It will be great honor to Henry to have good peace, seeing that her son is young, and the Scots will abandon other realms if the King will be content with the points contained in her articles. Scotland is in trouble at this time, owing to Margaret's warnings to the King her brother having not been regarded. Has done everything with the advice of the King her brother, and many wonder that he now abandons her by sending in Angus. Must do her best to keep herself from her unfriends; and if they get assistance against her, she must make friends of her foes. Henry will then understand what part she has kept towards him. Angus is daily endeavoring to take her son from her, but she will never willingly put herself into their hands, even if she leave the realm, for other princes will have pity on her. 28 Nov.
28 Nov. 877. SIR R. BRANDON.
His will, 22 Feb. 1522. Proved, 28 Nov. 1524. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 600.
28 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 94. B. M. St. P. IV. 264.
Will fulfil to the best of his power the articles betwixt his Grace and himself. Has made his offers to the Queen, as Ratcliff can inform him; but she will hear of no concord, and seeks his destruction. She has given the money sent her by Henry to his enemies "for till invaid me." Trusts to Henry's promise to take his part against her if she do not listen to his counsels, and begs no more money may be sent her. Requests Wolsey for the bulls of the bishopric of Murray and abbey of Melrose, and promises to pay the costs. The ambassadors going to England are appointed by the Queen, and are his greatest enemies. Harry Stewart and Cassillis are cousins german. The bishop of Dunkeld, Wolsey knows, "was evir ane gud Frenschman," and the great cause of the war between England and Scotland. The third he knows no ill of; he is a good churchman. Has written to the King for 200 men to serve the King his sovereign. Tentallon, 28 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardonellis grace of Ingland."
28 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 98. B. M.
By Henry's desire has done his best to fulfil certain articles for the service of the King his sovereign, and to the pleasure of the Queen his mother, &c. [Substantially the same as the preceding.] Tentallon, 28 Nov. Signed: "Archbald erl of Angus."
P. 1. Add.
28 Nov.
R. O.
There is no news here but that the Scots are coming up, and that one Munsure de Bewer, who has come on an embassy from Italy, says that the French king besieged Pav[ia], but was repulsed, and 6,000 of his men killed. Is content that Bank should have the ward and marriage of lord Mountegle as Darcy wishes; but he must first see that the King is paid what is behind, for which Bank must give surety. He has been in hand with the lord Marquis for his marriage, as Darcy will see by the Marquis's letter. Desires credence for Bank and Bowyer, Darcy's servant. Starkey cannot be "extruded" or put out. He tells Hussey that he has made acquittance to no one, and will not do so without Darcy's consent. Will send his steward to him shortly. London, 28 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
28 Nov.
R. O.
881. The LOAN.
Account of Hen. lord Scrope of Bolton, Ric. Sygeswyk, Robt. Wyvell, and James Metcalf, collectors of the first loan in the wapentakes of Hangeweste and Gillyngest, Yorks.
Persons having goods and cattle of 400 marks value, 20 marks in each 100l. Those with goods, &c. worth 20l. to 400l., 2s. in 1l. Hangeweste, 64l. 13s. 4d.; Gillyngeste, 10l.=74l. 13s. 4d.
Delivered to Thos. Dalby, archdeacon of Richmond, 17 and 24 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII., 70l. 13s. 4d. To Sir Hen. Wiatt, 28 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII., 40s. Remainder, 40s.
Loan of Ralph Batty, Esq., not yet paid, 40s.
P. 1.
29 Nov.
Galba, B. VIII. 132. B. M. St. P. I. 151. Ellis, 1 Ser. I. 253.
Yesternight he came to the King, who was very glad to hear of Wolsey's health. The King was surprised on More's saying that Wolsey had no word by John Joachim. "No had," quoth he, "I much marvel thereof, for Joachim had a servant come to him two days ago." More replied, that Wolsey had despatched him yesterday afternoon with letters from Knight and Pace, and wished to have them back to show to Joachim, "for the contents be such as will do him little pleasure." He read all the letters, and commented on them to the Queen, who said she was glad that the Spaniards had done something in Italy in return for their departure from Provence. More said that Wolsey thought that Francis would lose his estimation, finding his enemies strong, being twice repulsed at Pavia, and disappointed of the money he hoped for at Milan; and that Louise will have to send for him back again. The King laughed, and said he thought it would be hard for him to get thence.
To Knight's letter he said not much, but that if Bewreyn came he would be plain with him. If not, he desired Wolsey to be very direct with Bewreyn in the Imperial matters. He is glad to find that the affairs of Scotland are in a good train, and will be loth to have them ruffled by Angus. He approves of Wolsey's advice to make Angus an instrument for the due management of Scotland. Has spoken about Mr. Broke, who, More perceives, has promised the King not to marry without his advice, as he is intended for one of the Queen's maidens. Hertford, 29 Nov. Signed.
29 Nov.
Lettere di Principi, I. 143.
The French king has despatched the duke of Albany with 4,000 foot and 500 lances for the enterprise of the kingdom (of Naples), trusting that the Pope, being neutral, would not refuse them passage through his territory. The Pope, not being able to prevent it, has sent to the Viceroy to inform him of this, and to urge an agreement. The Spaniards are dissatisfied with the Pope, and suspect him to be French, laying the blame of all their failures upon him. When it was determined to send the army into Provence, the Pope opposed it, and predicted the result, as he was sure the king of England would not cross the sea, or send an army sufficient to divert the French from that quarter. Rome, 26 and 29 Nov. 1524.
29 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. 242*. B. M. Sadoleti, Ep. Pont. XCV.
Thanks him for his letters, and that Lorenzo has been recommended by him to the bishopric of Salisbury. He is now in Germany. Has commanded Melchior Langus to inform him that war has burst out again in Italy. Rome, 29 Nov. 1524.
Badly mutilated.
29 Nov.
R. O.
Thanks him for his letters of the 2 Nov. nominating him to the see of Salisbury. Vienna, 29 Nov. 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
29 Nov. Vit. B. VI. 241. B. M. 886. CAMPEGGIO to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for the letters of 2 and 11 Nov. from the King and himself, which he received on the 27th, and which inform him of his nomination to the bishopric of Salisbury.
Acknowledges that it is their benevolence and not his deserts, and the difficulty caused by his being a foreigner. By zeal and faithfulness will prevent Wolsey from repenting his kindness. He has saved Campeggio's dignity and fortune from destruction. His agents will attend to the business at Rome. Hopes Wolsey will see to his duties to the King and the church at Salisbury, and inform him or "Jacobum meum" what else is to be done. Refers him to Giacomo for an account of his embassy. Vienna, 29 Nov. 1524. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
29 Nov.
Vit. B. VI. 233*. B. M.
Congratulates him on his accession to the throne, by the advice of the nobles and the assistance of his uncle the king of England, according to his letters of 5 Oct. Is glad to hear of peace between the two kingdoms; and wishes it were the same through all Christendom. Labors unceasingly for this object. Exhorts him to be grateful to God, and to preserve justice and peace. Will do nothing but what is just about the privileges he mentions. Rome, 29 Nov. 1524. Anno secundo.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
29 Nov.
Add. MS. 15,387, f. 149. B. M.
In favor of John Lauder, clerk, who is going to Rome. Edinburgh, 3 kal. Dec. 1524.
Lat., pp. 2, copy.
29 Nov.
Calig. B. II. 306. B. M. St. P. IV. 267.
Have received his letters, dated Westminster, the 19th. Are sorry they have not given satisfaction. Thought the delivery of the two letters sent by Norfolk would have done some hindrance. Understand that they are to remain if they can without showing any great desire for it. It was not the Lords who wished them away, as the Queen pretended; if the Lords had consented to the Queen's opinion, they would not have got leave to remain fourteen days after their arrival. They are all in favor of England, and sorry that the ambassadors are not better entertained. They say the young King is likely to perish rather than to prosper, if Henry do not see to it. Have been afraid to write of late, as their posts have been taken by the way. Even now the Queen has told them that as the ambassadors are about to set out, they may go. Have, therefore, arranged that Radcliff shall go up to inform the King of things they dare not write, and Magnus will remain here.
The two points on which Wolsey says everything turns, are answered in their letter of the 20th; yet they can only appear by continuance of time; and meanwhile the other causes afore rehearsed have occurred, which they thought necessary to show Wolsey. Have delivered Wolsey's letter to the archbishop of St. Andrew's, which, as his answer shows, was much to his comfort. He is the man of greatest substance next the King, and most esteemed for wisdom; but he is not yet inclined to come to England. He says he has no doubt he could do Henry great service if either he had an old master, or that there were here an old council. Have forborne to meddle in the variance between the Queen and Angus and the earl of Arran, or any other matters lightly regarded, of which they wrote on the 20th, and since; but the Earl is the most popular of temporal men next the King in Scotland. As to what Wolsey says, that the 100l. given to the Queen, and the wages for 200 men, may be suffered, if paid already, they were authorized by Wolsey to give her 200 marks and Arran 100l., and they only gave her 100l., on finding her better pacified than she was when Angus first came in. As for the wages, the month began when they came to Scotland; and if they had not been paid when the Queen was so urgent, think things would not have gone so well for their purpose. Another month will begin on Tuesday, and Wolsey must determine what shall be done then.
Have insisted fully, both with the Scotch parliament, and with each of the nobles apart, that the King only interferes for the sake of his nephew and his sister, considering the possibility of the young King's succession. The delay in sending the ambassadors was because they were not fully authorized by the three estates, "as now they say they be;" but the special cause was want of money, which had to be borrowed. This day they set forward for England. Hope, when Wolsey understands their minds more fully, he will not think they have had here a commodious and pleasant pastime. Edinburgh, 27 November.
P.S.—The ambassadors have only departed this Tuesday the 29th. One is the abbot of Camskynnell, a familiar friend of the archbishop of St. Andrew's, who is clearly against France. The Queen, it is said, is writing much with her own hand, by Davy Wood, to the King or some other. The archbishop of St. Andrew's wishes Wolsey to delay the letters to Rome, lately sent up, till the arrival of Roger Radcliff, about St. Thomas's day before Christmas. Edinburgh, 29 Nov. Signed.
29 Nov.
R. O.
Ask for a safe-conduct, for two years, for Nicholl Carntorse, Thos. Ramsay, and Martin Balkeskey, burgesses of Edinburgh, to send a ship or ships of 100 tons, laden with fish or other lawful goods, to any English port, and to buy grain or other goods there, to take to Scotland. Edinburgh, 29 Nov. 12 Jas. V. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: The last of Novembre.
29 Nov.
R. O.
Has written to the King on behalf of Jas. Cant, a Scotsman, cousin to her servant John Cant, in Leith, who is imprisoned in the Fleet for reckless words spoken at Boustoun. Requests Wolsey's intercession for him. Edinburgh, 29 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord cardinale of Zork.
29 Nov.
Rym. XIV. 28.
Indenture between Robert bp. of Dunkeld, Gilbert earl of Cassillis, and Alexander abbot of Kampiskynnell, on the one part, and Thos. lord Dacre on the other, for the continuation of the abstinence to end 26 January following.
30 Nov.
R. O.
All his council here are distressed by the complaints of the people of the robberies and other outrages committed by the men of Tyndall, Ryddisdall, Gillysland, and Bewcastel dale. While the duke of Norfolk was here they partly ceased, but now have recommenced. Cannot redress the matter, as the offenders are not resident within Wolsey's jurisdiction, but the country will be ruined unless some remedy be found. The lords, gentlemen, and freeholders have deputed Sir Wm. Bulmer, Sir Wm. Eures, and Sir Thos. Tempest to go to consult Wolsey. Durham, 30 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
Nov. Vit. B. VI. 234* * B. M. 894. CLEMENT VII. to HENRY VIII.
On behalf of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of which he hears several houses have been instituted in England. Rome, ... ii. Nov. 1524.
Lat., vellum, mutilated. Add.
Nov./GRANTS. 895. GRANTS in NOVEMBER 1524.
3. Sir Thos. Delalynde. Wardship of Eliz. d. and h. of Wm. Long.—Westm., 3 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 40.
4. Norwich. Licence to the mayor, &c. to acquire possessions, to the value of 20 marks, from Leonard Spencer. Westm., 4 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
5. John Herreson, of Carerost, in the township of Auston, York. Pardon for killing Nich. Thomson in self-defence. Westm., 5 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
5. Walter Grene, clk. Grant of the free chapel or prebend of Dover Castle, void by the resignation of Thomas Hall, minister of the Chapel Royal. Del. Westm., 5 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
5. Thos. à Lake, of Tewkesbury, Glouc., merchant. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 5 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
7. Edward Weldon, clerk comptroller of the household. To have the corrody in the monastery of Malmesbury, which William Cornyshe, deceased, late had. Del. Westm., 7 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
10. Norwich. Licence to the mayor, sheriffs, &c., to alienate lands, to the annual value of 20 marks, to the prior and convent of Holy Trinity Cathedral, Norwich. Westm., 10 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
11. Katharine duchess of Devon, the King's grand aunt. Wardship of Ric. s. and h. of Wm. Chudlegh, deceased, who held of the King in chief as of the duchy of Lancaster, or of the duchy of Exeter. Del. Westm., 11 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 40.
12. Commission of the Peace.
Hants: Thos. card. of York, W. abp. of Canterbury, R. bp. of Winchester, T. bp. of Bangor, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Arthur viscount Lisle, John Tuchet lord Audeley, Thos. West lord De la Warre, Sir Wm. Sandys lord Sandys, Sir John Fitzjames chief baron of the Exchequer, Rob. Norwiche serjeant-at-law. Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Wm. Uvedale, Sir Wm. Gyfford, Sir Geo. Pakenham, Wm. Paulet, Ric. Lister, Jas. Worseley, Anth. Willoughby, Wm. Frost, Ralph Pexsall, Jas. Bettys, Stephen Coope, John Kailwey, Lewis Wyngfeld, Wm. Pounde, Wm. Dysney, Rob. Bulkeley, Nich. Tychebourn, Ric. Andrewes. Westm., 12 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4d.
15. Wm. Staverton, of London, grocer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 12 Nov. Del. Westm., 15 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
19. Tho. Lysley, and Mary his wife. Livery of lands as kinsman and heir of Sir John Lysley, viz., son of John, son of George, son of John, father of Sir John, father of Sir Nich., father of the said Sir John Lysley; and to the said Mary as kinswoman and heir of the said Sir John Lysley, viz., daughter of Alianora, daughter of the said Sir Nich., father of the said Sir John. Del. Westm., 19 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 36.
20. Commission of the Peace.
Somerset: Thos. card. of York, R. bp. of Winchester, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Hen. earl of Devon, W. bp. of Megara, Ric. abbot of Glastonbury, John Bourchier lord Fitzwaren, Edw. lord Stourton, Hen. lord Daubeney, Sir John Fitzjames chief baron of the Exchequer, Rob. Norwich, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Wm. Hody, Sir Wm. Compton, Sir Nich. Wadham, Sir Edw. George, Andrew Lutterell, John Moyne, clk., Geo. Speke, John Horsey, John Bryt, Baldwin Malet, John Fitzjames, jun., Philip Fulford, Thos. Jubbes, Wm. Vowell, Rog. Yorke, John Cave, John Porter, Wm. Portman. Westm., 20 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4d.
21. Herefordshire: Commission to Wm. Rudall, serjeant-at-law, Thos. Monyngton, John Abrall, and Wm. Clynton, ... to make inquisition p. m. on the possessions and heir of Thos. Ap Harry. Westm., 4 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26d.
22. Com. of Gaol Delivery.
Warwick (town) Gaol: Sir Edw. Grevyle, Sir Edw. Willoughby, Rob. Fulwode, Wm. Boughton, and Ric. Willys ... Baldwin Porter ... 22 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31d.
23. Nottingham: Commission to the abbot of Welbek, the abbot of Rafford, the prior of Newsted, Sir Brian Stapleton, Sir Ric. Basset, Sir John Vyllers, and John Hercy to survey and report into Chancery the condition of Nottingham Castle, the parks of Nottingham, Beskewood, and Clypston, the manor of Clypston, the forest of Shirwoode, and the woods of Thornewoods, and at the said castle, with the habiliments of war, and also the deer in the said manors, &c. Westm., 23 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 22d.
24. Sir John Ragland. Grant of the manor of Pentkelly Anglican, in S. Wales, lately belonging to Edward duke of Buckingham. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 34; and p. 2, m. 10.
25. Sir Thos. Boleyn, treasurer of the Household, and John Sakvyld. To have the collation and disposal of the next prebend in the collegiate chapel of St. Stephen's, Westminster Palace. Westm., 25 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
25. Richard Lyster, King's solicitor. To be bailiff of the river Aven, from Harnam Bridge, near Salisbury, Wilts, to the town of Christchurch, Hants, and thence to the sea, and of the King's and other swans in the said river; also grant of all poaching implements and stray swans found in the river. Del. Westm., 25 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
25. Sir Ric. Sandes and Ric. Lyster, King's solicitor. To be lieutenant of the forest of Claryngdon, Paunsett, Groveley, Bukholte, and Melchuyt, Wilts and Hants, and controller and surveyor of the deer, woods, and coppices, granaries, hay, and works, &c. in the said forests, in survivorship; and all mansions which any other lieutenant had by virtue of his office. Del. Westm., 25 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 28.
26. Sir Arthur Plantagenet, viscount Lysle. To be warden and keeper of the forest and park of Claryngdon, and of the forests and chases of Paunsett, Groveley, Bukholt, and Melchuyt, Wilts and Hants, and keeper of the deer, woods, coppices, granaries, and hay in the said forests, &c. Del. Westm., 26 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 28.
26. John Ford. To be feodary of all possessions of the King; and to take into the King's hands all heirs under age in co. Devon, and deliver them to Sir Ric. Weston, warden or master of such heirs. Westm., 26 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 35.
26. Commission of the Peace.
Middlesex: Thos. card. of York, W. abp. of Canterbury, C. bp. of London, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Chas. duke of Suffolk, Chas. earl of Worcester, John abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster, Thos. prior of St. John's of Jerusalem in England, Thos. lord Roos, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir Andrew Wyndesore, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam. sen., Sir Hen. Wyat, Sir John Daunce, Sir Thos. More, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir John Brigges, Sir Thos. Exmewe, John Hales, Wm. Elys, Ralph Swillyngton, John Neudegate, Wm. Shelley, John Spylman, Thos. Stanley, Ric. Page, Thos. Hennege, John Barett, Hen. Frowyke, John Kyrton, Roger Cholmeley, jun., Rob. Wroth, John Pakyngton. Westm., 26 Nov.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4d.
28. Ric. Gawen. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, Greenwich, 20 Nov. 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Nov.—P.S.
—. Henry Webb, sewer of the Chamber. Licence to export 80 tuns of beer to Flanders or elsewhere. Del. Westm.,—Nov. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr., m. 4.


  • 1. Blank in MS.
  • 2. Ghiberto.
  • 3. This paragraph is in cipher.
  • 4. Blanks in MS.