Henry VIII: March 1525, 18-31

Pages 523-538

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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March 1525

18 March.
R. O.
Grant to Sir Wm. Bulmer, sen., of wardship and marriage of George s. and h. of the late Sir Ralph Bowes, which he holds by a grant of bishop Ruthal, dated Durham Place, by Charing Cross, 26 Jan. 14 Hen. VIII. 18 March 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 3, copy.
19 March.
Vit. B. VII. 84.
B. M.
Ellis, 2 Ser.
I. 305. (fn. 1)
1197. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
Did not know the particulars of the victory when he wrote last. Will not now rehearse them, as Wolsey must have heard already from Casale and others. Casale left Lombardy on the 10th, and has a passport from the French king to go through France. He will inform Wolsey of the mutiny of the 4,000 Almains in [Pa]via, and the distress of the Viceroy for lack of money. The Viceroy has written to Clerk about it, and he is doing all he can with the merchants for the delivery of the money to the Emperor's agents. Retained the third letter of each exchange, and has shown them to the Imperialists, saying that Wolsey had sent them, but that the others had not yet arrived. If he had not done this, they would have thought that Wolsey "scornyd withe them," and they said so till they saw Clerk urging the merchants to make the payments. Does so because he thinks it expedient to give them some hope of the King after this victory.
The Pope says plainly he has no money. The merchants want all their bills, or else quittances, which he has no commission to give, but he has offered to be bound that they shall have their letters or a sufficient quittance by a certain day. Five per cent. will be lost, which loss the Imperialists shall ... unto. The Venetians are in great fear, now they are at the discretion of the Imperialists, whom they have not treated well. They are arming themselves, and pressing the Pope to do the same, "and have ... a discription of grett and highe matters with his Holynes," as he showed Clerk, to take no man's rights from him, but to maintain and defend their own; that if the Imperialists would ask anything of them, they might answer boldly that they should have nothing. The effect is that the Pope, Venice, Florence, the duke of Ferrara, Senys, Luke, Mantua, and other mean powers are to make a league for the defence of Italy, which they think the duke of Milan would gladly enter, who, as they suppose, will be for some years in no less captivity than the French king. It is reckoned that amongst them they could raise 2,000 spears, 15,000 Swiss, and as many Italian foot as would be needed, as for this purpose they would get three times as many as for any other. It is proposed that the Pope should cede to the duke of Milan, who now holds the castles of Milan and Cremona, Parma and Placentia, receiving for them the same pension as now; that the duke of Ferrara should have his investiture in Modena and Reggio, paying for them in ready money ... ducats, and that the Pope should have Naples, which will doubtless be easily obtained. These things have been devised by the French faction and the Venetians, who show the Pope that this is the best way that he could take for his honor and surety, and for the liberty of Italy, which otherwise would be subject to the Spaniards, who are barbarous and hateful to this people.
When the Pope showed him this, Clerk told him that he had no need of such a plan for his surety, for he had done nothing but what he could justify, and might hope for the best from the Emperor; that the King would not su[ffer] him to be any way [out]ragyd; that the Venetians had offended, but that was only a money matter, in which he might mediate, and if they would not be ordered he should forsake them. Said that although this devise had a fair face as matters now stand, as the Imperialists are so far behindhand with their army, and have so little money, still his Holiness must see the inconveniences that might ensue; for although the army in Lombardy might be in some perplexity for a season, the Emperor and the other princes would not give the matter up, but would reinforce the army, with their own persons, if necessary, so that three such powers as Italy could not resist them, and if Italy did resist, the war would be more cruel and universal than the last; that he might be able to keep the Emperor out of Italy, but, if so, he would be excluded from the help of other princes, and would not be in the best case among the Italian powers,—reminding him how the Venetians had encroached upon the lands of the Ch[urch], withholding Imola, Ravenna, and other cities in Romania; and how the duchies of Ferrara, Modena, and Reggio, the Bentivollis, Bonon[ye], the Balions in Peruse, and other factions, gave the Church continual trouble until other princes assisted, in the days of popes Alexander, Julius, and since. Told him the Pope was never like a pope till he had the concurrence of other princes, and that if he was deprived of it there was no doubt that many of the mean powers of Italy would plume his feathers, and not set a groat by him, especially the Venetians, of whom of all men he ought to beware.
He answered he had perceived the evil that might ensue, and thanked God, who had put him in mind not to follow it. He still intends to enter what league the King and Emperor deem best. But Clerk thinks he wished him to inform Wolsey of this, that his Grace might see that he could have consented; and Clerk thinks it well for Wolsey to know what is proposed in Italy, in case the Emperor should not fulfil his promises. Is sure that the Pope is restrained from entering it only by his hope that the King will see that this victory is moderately used as far as concerns Italy. As for France, it seems he does not much care. He suggested lately that for the good of peace they might make the French king's son king of France, giving him as small a portion as they would, "taking the rest as they could agree;" so that there would still be a king in France, but so plumed that his "coportioners" and neighbours might live in rest without charge. Francis would thus end his miserable life in captivity.
Assures him that the Emperor will be more at his devotion than ever, and that the King and Wolsey will take care that it is so. Urges the Imperialists to make such a demonstration to the Pope. Doubts not Wolsey will show himself mindful of the Pope's good will and trust. Such a demonstration in times like these will never be forgotten.
The archbishop of Capua has returned since the battle, and says that Wolsey considers him French, which he would not think if he knew how the French had treated him, [keeping] him in France, not in prison, but hunting for two months against his will,—a pastime to which he was never accustomed in the cloister. Advises Wolsey to write the Archbishop a letter, saying that whatever has been written he takes him for the King's faithful servant and his own friend. He and the Datary can do everything, and it would be well to entertain him, for the Pope's nuncio writes many mad matters, and of what Wolsey speaks makes tanquam ex musca elep[hantem].
The Pope once determined to send the Datary to the Emperor, and the bishop of Worcester to the King; but he has since determined to send neither till he has made up his mind on every point, which he cannot do till he hears again from the Emperor. The bishop of Worcester had gone as far as Bononye before he was countermanded. Has obtained leave for him to visit the King, Wolsey, and his diocese, hoping that he will do as much for him when he arrives. He will proceed slowly, as he has no commission yet. Albany has been driven from place to place by the Collonysys, and escaped with difficulty. Some of his men were driven into Rome, 200 of them being killed near the town, and some taken close to the Pope's palace, at which his Holiness was much displeased. If the Pope had not considered that the Duke was in the lands of the Church by his sufferance, he would have been the King's prisoner by this time. Has spared no labor to obtain this, and has offered the Colonysis large sums to deliver him, but the Pope, for the above reason, and because he married his kinswoman, thinks he can do no less than save him. The Duke, therefore, by the Pope's means, has licensed his footmen and many of his men-at-arms, and the rest will take shipping at Civita Vetula for France, unless the Emperor's army at Jean stop them. He is without money, and in vain tried to borrow 100 ducats from a friend. Has just come from the Pope, where he learned only that the Pope had heard, but not with certainty, that the French king's mother is determined to go to the Emperor, partly to move his pity, and partly because she thinks herself most fit to treat with him. His Holiness said he thought other help was needed besides woman's tears. Rome, _ March.
P.S.—Has just received Wolsey's letters of the 24th concerning the Scotch prelates, about whom he will speak to the Pope. Wrote about the bishop of Dunkeld in his last letter, and is trying to obtain a pension here for the Friar, that he may resign the one on the said bishopric.
Has already spoken so much evil of the archbishop of St. Andrew's that he [must] go study how he may conveniently speak w[ell]. Is glad, however, that Wolsey has rec[ommended] him. Albany was lately asked [by] one whom he took for his friend, what he would do now that the world was so turned. He answered that he should go to France, where he could not fail of honorable entertainment in this scarcity of captains; and being asked what he would do if that failed, he said he should go to Scotland, where he had friends, the Archbishop being the chief. It seems now that he is wrong in his reckoning. Will tell the Pope so, who will be glad thereof, and will show the Archbishop that he will fare none the worse for the King's and Wolsey's commendation. The bishop of Dunkeld's servant is come. Does all he can to help him in his master's causes, as Wolsey orders. Has received the King's letters for the bishopric of Murray and the abbey of Paisley, but those for the archbishop of St. Andrew's have not arrived. There are many Scotchmen here, but none with commission from the Archbishop. They all favor rather his adversary the archbishop of Glasgow. Rome, 19 March. Signed.
Pp. 16, mutilated.
20 March.
R. O.
1198. WORKS.
Receipt by Sir Thos. Boleyn, treasurer of the Household, for 100 marks from Sir John Daniel, for repairs of the King's manors of Tunbridge and Penshurst, and the stone bridge at Tunbridge. 20 March 16 Hen. VIII. Signed.
21 March.
R. O.
1199. SUBSIDY.
Commission to Wolsey to treat with the city of London for a subsidy for the French war, the King intending a personal invasion. Westm., 21 March 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., vellum. Endd.
21 March.
S. B.
D. Keeper's
Rep. XXVI.
p. 23.
Henry VIII. to Sir Tho. Cornewale, Sir Ralph Egerton, and the other Commissioners for raising a voluntary aid in the county of Chester.
Doubts not they have heard of the happy results of his assistance in men and money to the duke of Bourbon and other great personages in Italy, of the defeat and captivity of the French king and the king of Navarre. Has consulted with his Council how to turn the victory to the best account; sends to them Randolph Bryertonne and Sir Ralph Egerton with instructions. Are to give credence to Henry Clyfford and Thomas Darcy. Greenwich, 21 March 16 Hen. VIII.
21 March.
R. O.
Indenture by which Lord Henry Percy, s. and h. of Hen. earl of Northumberland, binds himself to John Coupland, merchant tailor of London, for goods supplied by him, to make over an estate of 10l. a year for his use, his wife's, and son's when he is married, in his father's lifetime; and when his father dies, an estate of 20l. for their lives in place thereof. When this indenture is executed, and obligation of Henry Percy and Thos. Arundell for 200 marks will be cancelled. 21 March 16 Hen. VIII.
Corrected draft, pp. 5.
R. O. 2. Another copy, substituting 100l. for the "goods," and other alterations. 25 March 16 Hen. VIII.
22 March.
Vit. B. VII. 82.
B. M.
Does not wish Sir Gregory de Casale to go without a letter. Heard from him the King's wishes, and has endeavored to execute them. The effect of the victory has been as good as could be wished. Refers to Casale for particulars. Begs him to consider two things;—the time, and that he who wishes to spend little in war must spend enough, and act on the information of those who are in the midst of it (chi hanno da ponere le mano in la massa). Milan, 22 March 1525. Signed: Humyl syervo el mar[chese] de P es[cara].
Ital., p. 1, mutilated.
22 March.
Vesp. C. III.
22* b.
B. M.
1203. SAMPSON to [WOLSEY].
Heard of the taking of the French king on the 10th March. The Emperor is disposed to peace, and, as he hears from the Chancellor, wishes the King to have an army ready, but not to enter it if good means of peace can be found. The Emperor does not seem ambitious, and says expressly that he will not renew the old claims. Has not seen the conditions of peace which are likely to be proposed; but the Chancellor says that it will be stipulated for the King that Francis must satisfy the King's claims. Thinks much of this matter should be referred to the Emperor, who shows as constant love to the King as ever. He is much displeased at the interception of his ambassador's letters, and has sent word that he dares write no more. Will write more at length by the next post, but that is not likely to be before letters come from England. Madrid, 22 March.
Hol., p. 1. Cipher, deciphered by Tuke.
22 March.
R. O.
Will of Richard Smyth, citizen and merchant tailor of London.
To be buried in the tomb constructed by him in the church of St. John the Evangelist, Watling Street. Bequeaths 13s. 4d. to the high altar for tithes neglected; 6l. 13s. 4d. for the marriages of 20 poor maidens, who are to pray for his soul; to each Order of the Friars Preachers, Minors, Carmelites, and Augustines, 13s. 4d., to bring his body to the church, and sing dirige and requiem the next two days; the brotherhoods of Pappay, in London, and St. Nicholas of the Clerks, London, for messes, &c., 10s. each. 16 torches and 4 great tapers to be burnt at his burial, and afterwards to be given as follows: 4 torches to the church of St. John the Evangelist; 1 to Allhallows, Bread Street; 1 to St. Margaret Moyses; 2 to St. Matthew, Friday Street; 2 to St. Augustine's, Watling Street; 2 to Typton church, Staff.; 2 to the brotherhood of Jesus "in Pollys in the Crowdys;" 1 to the church of Stapulford Tawny, Essex; and 1 to the church of Garnon Tawne. Twenty honest poor men, householders, to hold the torches and tapers the day of the dirige and mass, and to have 3 yds. of black gown cloth at 2s., and the money according to the customs of the city. To the church of St. John's, one silver parcel-gilt bason; three copes, for priest, deacon, and subdeacon, now in their possession, and two double altar cloths. The residue to his son John Smyth. The executors are, his son and John Bylsedon, citizen and grocer, and the overseers John Nychells, Wm. Fawke and Ric. Riche, all of whom are to have 5l. 22 March 1524, 16 Hen. VIII.
Copy, p. 1.
22 March.
R. O.
St. P. IV. 343.
Understands that Henry has been solicited by some great personage of this realm to get the Pope to revoke the exemption given to the bishop of Glasgow, who has been master to her son. Requests him to instruct the bishop of Bath at Rome not to solicit any such thing. Written the 22 March.
Hol. Add.
23 March.
Rym. XIV. 35.
Truce taken, 23 March 1524, between the bishop of Dunkell, the earl of Cassilis, and the abbot of Cambuskenneth, for Scotland, and Thomas lord Dacre for England.
24 March.
R. O.
Received his letter, and accordingly went to Newton and examined the Scotch woman. Encloses a bill of her sayings. Has spoken to Frankeleyn's sister about keeping her safely. Hears that since Frankeleyn's departure, all this last year, there has been a Scotchman very familiar both with Thos. Haswell and the Horse Marshal. Is told that he calls himself a surgeon, and is a little man, wanting one ear, which has probably been cut off for some misdeed. Advises him to examine Haswell and the Marshall about him, as he is probably one of their confederates, and some say one of the worst. Has made search and "laid" for him, so that he hopes to have him soon, unless he has fled the country. If he catch him, will send him to Durham gaol till he knows Frankeleyn's pleasure. Walworth, 24 March.
P. 1. Hol. Add.: To, &c. Mr. Wm. Frankeleyn, chancellor of the bishopric of Durham, at St. John's in Bedfurth. Endd.: "A letter directed to the chancellor of Durham, with the confession of a Scottish woman being a spy and taken at Durham."
25 March.
Le Glay,
p. 205.
The King her son is in good health. Is sending count De Reulx to her, with his (the Emperor's) written resolution. Desires the release of the prince of Orange and others. Madrid, 25 March 1525.
Papiers d'Etat,
I. 263.
ii. Demands made by the Emperor to the King of France.
(1.) The duchy of Burgundy. (2.) The comtés of Vermandois and Boulogne, the river Somme, and the "ressort" of Flanders. (3.) That he shall renounce Provence and the duchy of Milan, with his Neapolitan pension. (4.) That he shall surrender to the king of England the duchies of Normandy, Guienne, and Gascony, with the "levées."
Add. MS.
18,741, f. 18.
B. M.
I. 259.
When she heard of the fortune that has befallen her son, she thanked God that he had fallen into the hands of that prince whom she loves most in the world; and she hopes he will not forget their nearness of blood, and what great good would come to Christendom by their union and friendship. Hopes he will have her son treated as the honor of both requires, and that he will allow her to have frequent news of his safety. By so doing Charles will oblige one whom he has always addressed as mother. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. mon bon fils l'Empereur.
25 March.
Add. MS.
6113, f. 207 b.
B. M.
Warrant of Wolsey to Mr. Wyatt to pay to Richmond Herald 40l., being a crown a day for 200 days, as his expences when sent into Spain, commencing from 26 March 16 Hen. VIII. York Place, 25 March 16 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy.
[26 Mar.] (fn. 2)
Com. Royale
d'Hist. à
t. vii. 127.
Congratulates him on his convalescence, and on the victory by which he has made the French king prisoner. But for the length of the voyage to Spain, would have sent Wolsey to congratulate and confer with him. Sends the bishop of London and Sir Ric. Wingfield instead.
[26 Mar.]
R. O.
St. P. VI. 412.
1. Henry VIII. to Tunstal and Sir Ric. Wingfield.
Are to take with them their several commissions and various letters, and with Dr. Sampson to visit the Emperor, and congratulate him on his recovery, on the success of his arms in Italy, and the great benefit to Christendom now that the inordinate pride of his enemy has been repressed. Are to say that the King is desirous of taking good counsel at this conjuncture, and if the Legate had not grown "now to great age," he would not have failed to visit the Emperor in person; but he has sent Tunstal and Wingfield, who have his full confidence.
Here they shall pause, and govern their communication accordingly as they discover the Emperor's intention of keeping the French king in Italy, or conveying him to Spain. If they cannot discover it, they shall proceed as follows: First, they shall insist on the King's desire to do service to Christendom, the increase of Lutheranism, and the confusion that has arisen mainly from the pride of the French king; and if the present occasion be not followed, God's indignation is to be feared. No tranquillity can be expected from a tyrant who seeks means of sowing dissension, and usurping the patrimony of others, such as the English king's dominions in France, and the Emperor's countries, not least in Italy; insomuch that no Emperor has been able for a long time to enjoy the rights of his empire. And although the French king is now prisoner, if he be restored he will not fail to seek opportunities of revenging himself; therefore the only means of meeting the danger is, that he and his succession should be utterly abolished.
Here they shall pause to ascertain the Emperor's intentions, which either (1) will be the total disappointment of the French king and his lineage, or (2) his restoration upon ransom. Supposing the first, they will have to consider its feasibility; next, who is to succeed; and thirdly, they may propose the duke of Bourbon, who is not likely to be accepted; and fourthly, if Henry had France, suspicion might be created that it would not be advantageous to the empire. For the first, they are to urge the necessity of instant invasion by the Emperor and the King in person, offering as much as 200,000 cr., and the personal aid of Henry in accompanying the Emperor to Rome; by which means, and the possibility of his marriage to the princess Mary, he shall eventually become lord and owner of all Christendom. If the Emperor will not undertake the invasion in person, arguments are to be used to induce him to raise an army for the purpose under Bourbon. Secondly, as to the succession, they are to put the Emperor in mind of his secret promise made to the King's highness and Wolsey at sundry times and places, all tending to the expulsion of the king of France, and setting up the King in his place. Arguments against the third head. For the fourth, they shall insist on the King's title to the crown of France, and the Emperor's interest in the same by his future marriage; the King's willingness to resign portions of France to the Emperor and to Bourbon.
Arguments to be employed by them in the event of the Emperor demanding greater surety, and objecting that communications had been opened for marrying the Princess to the French king and also to the king of Scots, both of which they shall in substance contradict. But if these arguments be not considered satisfactory, they shall say that if the Emperor will deliver Francis into the King's hands as security, he will be content to deliver the Princess, re-delivering him to the Emperor when she is come to lawful age and the marriage performed. Or they may offer that if the Emperor will make a personal invasion, and meet Henry at Paris, he will transport the Princess thither, and, as soon as he is crowned king of France, deliver her to the Emperor. If the Emperor objects that this will require time, they shall of themselves demand what towns or hostages he will offer for the fulfilment of his obligations with the Princess.
Arguments to be used by them if they find that the Emperor declines making a personal invasion this year. If he cannot be ready, as mentioned in the treaty, by June or July, they are to offer the beginning of August. If he cannot be induced to this, they are to bind him from making any convention with the French king, as contrary to the treaty.
In the event that the Emperor will not consent to exclude the French king, they are to show that by the treaty neither party may make an agreement with Francis without the consent of the other; and they shall demand, in the King's behalf, Normandy, Gascony, Guienne, &c., Britanny, and Picardy. How they are to act in the event of these claims not being accepted They are in all cases to stick to the claim on Picardy, with 100,000 cr. pension. In all these discussions they are to take order for the French queen's dower and its arrears.
As certain sinister rumors have been in circulation, they are to explain the cause of the residence here of John Joachim and the president of Rouen (Brinon), and other matters, for which they shall take copies of the correspondence of Gregory (Casale), Pace, and Russell. They are to show the Emperor that if the King were minded to forsake his alliance, there want not offers for that purpose. If the Emperor is resolved to go to Rome, and not meet the King at Paris, they shall take their leaves, and Dr. Sampson shall attend on the Emperor. Signed by the King.
In Tuke's hand.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
2. Commission of Henry VIII. to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield, and Sampson to treat with Charles V. for a joint personal invasion of France during the present year, for the recovery of the crown, unjustly withheld from the kings of England by those of France, and for the partition of the kingdom between Henry and Charles. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 5.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III,
B. M.
3. Commission of Henry VIII. to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield and Sampson, to treat with Clement VII., Charles V., and other princes for a general league for the defence of Christendom against the Turk. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 3.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
4. Commission of Henry VIII. to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield and Sampson, to treat with Charles V. about assistance to be given to him for the obtaining of the Imperial crown, in return for his assistance in recovering the crown of France. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 3.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III.
154 b.
B. M.
5. Commission of Henry VIII. to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield and Sampson, to treat with Charles V. for an invasion of France, either personal or by their captains. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 4. The end of the document is not at. ƒ 156, but at. ƒ 23.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III. 23.
B. M.
6. Commission of Henry VIII. to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield, and Sampson to treat with Charles V. about the delivery to him of the princess Mary, even before marriageable age if expedient. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 3.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III.
24 b.
B. M.
7. Commission to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield, and Sampson to treat, with the Emperor's consent, for a peace or truce between England, the Emperor, and France, the restitution of part of France to the king of England or his heirs, and the payment of an annual pension. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 5.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III.
26 b.
B. M.
8. Commission to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield, and Sampson to treat with the Emperor about certain sums of money due from him to the King. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 3.
26 March.
Vesp. C. III. 28.
B. M.
9. Commission of Henry VIII. to Tunstal, Sir Ric. Wingfield, and Sampson to treat with Clement VII., Charles V., and all other princes and nations, for an invasion of France. London, 26 March 1525, 16 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, pp. 3. The end of the document is at. ƒ 156.
(* These commissions are continuous, as if from a book; but the leaves have been transposed.)
26 March.
Lanz, I. 157.
1213. CHARLES V. to his Ambassador in England, LOUIS DE FLANDRE, SIEUR DE PRAET.
Has gained a victory over the French king and his army. Sends a list of those who have been killed or taken prisoners, to be shown to the King and Cardinal, who are also to be informed of the defeat of the White Rose (De la Pole) and of the danger which the duke of Albany is in. Madame (Louise) the regent of France desires peace, and not without reason, for otherwise she will never see the King her son again. Has always desired peace, but requires the restitution of all that justly belongs to himself. Bourbon has done him good service. Desires to have peace by fair means, and not to make war upon a prisoner who cannot defend himself. Wishes to use the virtues of magnamity and clemency, if not provoked by a refusal of peace, for which he has sent demands both on his own part, and on behalf of the king of England, the duke of Bourbon, and his other allies and subjects. Hopes soon to know the resolution of the king of France and his mother. Is sending Beaurain to the Regent, and also to the French king. Bourbon and the Viceroy are to instruct De Praet what he is to say and do.
De Praet is to inform Henry and the Cardinal that the Emperor will not disarm, and does not wish the King to disarm, but to make all preparations necessary for war, in case peace should be refused. Bourbon and the Viceroy will acquaint De Praet with its acceptance or rejection. The fair words of the French are intended to obtain delay. If the English wish for war, leaves to them the responsibility of it. Has written to Madame his aunt (Margaret) to furnish aid, both of troops and provisions, to the English, at their own expence, unless she thinks it best to dissemble, in which case she can pretend to wish first to consult the Emperor. It would be unfortunate to lose their friendship. De Praet has no power to enter into any negotiation for rendering them assistance from Flanders, in case of war, at the Emperor's own expence. He is to tell them that the Emperor's affairs have greatly changed since he dispatched Cilly to England, and to recommend them to send instructions to their Ambassador here to treat upon that matter.
Has understood, by the servant of the abbot of Middleburgh, De Praet's indignation at the seizure of his letters. He is, however, not to show his displeasure. Will write to the King, and complain of the Cardinal's proceeding. Wishes some good means might be found to punish the Cardinal. Has written to Madame to recall the lord de Bevres and the other Flemish ambassadors, if they are still there (in England). Madrid, 26 March 1525.
Titus, B. I. 219.
B. M.
Thanks Henry for his expressions of kindness. He will be rejoiced to hear of Charles's victory over their common enemy. Has received Henry's credence. Great injury has been done him in the reports that have been circulated. Does not believe that his ambassador Du Prat would have written anything with a bad purpose, or what had not been told him. Begs Henry to take it in good part, and believe that nothing will separate their friendship.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: "A Mons. bon [P]ere et frere le [Ro]y d'Engleterre."
26 March.
Galba, B. VIII.
B. M.
Is writing to De Bevres, the president of the Council, and John de la Sauch, what she can do about the matter in which the King has made answer to their overture. They are to ask permission to return, leaving La Sauch until the Emperor, to whom she is writing, [sends another] ambassador. Brussels, 26 March '24, avant Pasques. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
27 March.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 409.
Lady Margaret says that, in conformity with Wolsey's pleasure, De Praett is commanded to return, and Jehan de le Shaw to remain. De Praett's conduct is much abhorred, but it is hoped that Wolsey will not visit it on the Emperor. Brussels, 27 March.
Hol. Add.
27 March.
R. O.
1217. HÉDIN to WOLSEY.
Has learned from friends at Mais (Metz) in Lorraine, that he who was called Blanche Rose, and died in battle beyond the mountains, has left some goods in that town, of no great amount. Though it will not be easy, will endeavor, by the King's authority, to obtain them for such persons as Wolsey may designate. Requests the gift of them himself. "Bryencuck" (Brian Tuke ?), who is ambassador here, and a gentleman of the town, will help him to obtain them. Brussels, 27 March 1524, avant Pasques. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
27 March.
Calig. B. III.
B. M.
On Monday last assembled at York minister, read their commission, adjourned to Guildhall, showed the new mayor and the aldermen the King's great displeasure towards them in choosing their officers and hindering of justice, on which account the King had appointed a new mayor. They showed themselves very humble. Appointed them to meet again on Wednesday next, when the town requested the commission should not be opened until they had made their submission to the King. The Mayor has promised to send the recorder with their charters to London. York, 27 March. Signed: Robert Brudenell—Rychard Latymer—William Conyers—Edmund abbot of Yorke—Brian Higdon—Wyll'm Constable—Hugh Assheton.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal's grace.
29 March.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 409.
1219. _ to _
Last Sunday, 26 March, set out for Pizighiton to visit the French king, according to the Pope's order. Arrived on Monday morning, and found him in bed, as it is his habit to rise late. Spoke meanwhile to Alarcon, who was at first more haughty than all the others, but in course of conversation became more courteous. Met the King when he was ready to go to mass. He tried to seem pleased at the writer's arrival, though evidently oppressed by grief. Gave him the Pope's brief, which he read attentively and handed to Alarcon, saying that he was assigned as his secretary. Many Spaniards were present, as the King had said from the beginning that the writer would not be allowed to see him except in their presence. Could not, therefore, offer him much consolation, and did so in a manner that he thought would please the King and satisfy the Spaniards.
Francis said, in reply, that the Pope had no less cause to condole with him than to congratulate the Viceroy on the victory, for he knew there was as much union between the Pope and him as between the Pope and the Emperor. He begged the Pope to use all his influence to procure peace in Christendom; gratefully accepted the offers made by the writer in the Pope's name, and requested his Holiness to endeavor to bring about what he promised for his liberation and the conservation of his property, as he knew he had great power with the Emperor. He had good hopes from the Emperor's uprightness.
Accompanied the King to a chapel hung with black cloth. The King wore an ash-colored dress, trimmed with marten skins of little value, which he has not changed since he was taken prisoner. He stood up at the Gospel, rubbing his head with his right hand. Noticed no other sign of anxiety in him. After mass Alarcon allowed him to speak with the King privately, which he at first refused for fear of creating suspicion. Directly the King saw that Alarcon was not behind him, he asked eagerly about the duke of Albany. Told him of his success, and that he thought the fleet would have left by this time. The King made him repeat it, exclaiming in French, "Etty possibile ?" He then asked after John de Medicis, whom the writer said he had lately seen, and hoped he would soon be able to ride. Told the King that all was lost; at which he was much moved, saying nothing else was to be expected. I added, "Percutiam pastorem et dispergentur oves." Nothing more was said.
The King went to breakfast, at the commencement of which Alarcon drank to him, and held the napkin to wipe his hands. After breakfast asked him for any message to the Pope; and after he had said many things before to all his attendants, asked if there was anything else; to which he answered, "Non altro; raccomandatemi a N. S. La fortuna,"—and turned away abruptly to the wall, not looking at the writer as he went out. It was a pitiable sight, for he does not seem to be the prisoner of the Emperor and his captains so much as of his guards, who all claim a right in him. He behaves courteously and liberally, and jokes with them, thinking it no less virtue to accommodate himself to fortune than to command a kingdom. Montmorency is his only comfort. Milan, 29 March.
Lat., pp. 3. In Vannes' hand. Endd.: Copia.
29 March.
Cal. B. VII. 96.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 343.
Has received Wolsey's letters, dated Bridewell, the 16th, by which it appears Henry is glad of the establishment of certain noble and wise lords about the King's person, but is much displeased at the conduct of those who have caused Cassillis to be despatched with such a meagre and unfruitful resolution;—that he wishes a perpetual peace taken "or" (before ?) the return of said Earl, and thinks Beton's coming to England would do good, for which he sends a safe-conduct. Though a council has been appointed, trouble will arise, unless some persons be removed who give occasion to the young Prince of insolence. Had no mind to the good of France, but agreed with the other Lords to a truce, that a peace might be negotiated in the meantime. This arrangement cannot be now in short time altered, as Cassillis had entered England before Henry's letters came, and the King and Lords of his Secret Council are on the north of Tay, while Beton and Angus are in Edinburgh to take care of the Borders. Wolsey had better send him a safe-conduct in more ample form for the space of a year, to pass through England to the Pope, so that he may be able to put the realm in order. Cannot suddenly leave his great charge, both spiritual and temporal, to repair to England alone. Edinburgh, 29 March.
Hol. Add.
29 March.
R. O.
Has received his letter, dated London, 15 March, and others to the Secret Council, desiring that the conclusion about peace sent by Cassillis might be altered.
Before the receipt of his letter, it was determined in Parliament that an abstinence of war should be taken, and meanwhile a perpetual or temporal peace labored for. This cannot be altered in short time, except in Parliament, which is now dissolved. Cassillis has returned to England. The King and most of the Lords have departed home. Aberdeen has gone to his see. The Archbishop and Angus are left here to stop the enormities on the Borders, and have taken bonds under heavy penalties from the lords, lairds, and great men of the East and Middle Borders to observe good order between the realms. Wishes him to ask the Cardinal to cause the same to be done in England. He will see that this kingdom cannot be easily reassembled to alter the said conclusion; and he must solicit the King and Cardinal to grant the abstinence. Edinburgh, 29 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
29 March.
Calig. B. VI.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 345.
1222. ANGUS to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for his letters, dated Bridewell, the 16th. Has done his best to fulfil the points and articles desired by the King and Wolsey at his departure. Is desired to defer meddling with the Queen's lands, the King having written to her sharply at this time, in hopes she might be better minded. Is sorry he has taken so much fruitless pains. Desires only to "intromit" so far as he is justly entitled. Has got no answer to his request of either the bishopric of Murray or abbey of Melrose for his brother. Wishes to know if he has got the bulls of Coldingham. Has advised the King, through Magnus, to send some little tokens for Angus to deliver to James. Edinburgh, 29 March. Signed.
30 March.
R. O.
On coming hither the people were much vexed by thieves, lately dwelling in Tyndaill, who have joined with others from Bewcastle-daill and Gillesland, and with banished men, both English and Scotch, to the number of 400 and more. It is thought this is done "upon sinister policy," to make the King think that the country cannot be quieted without the help of Dacre and his adherents, and so he might be restored to the government of the country, which is supposed to be a ready means to bring it to desolation. The said thieves send their wives and servants to the markets at Carlisle, Pereth, and Hexham, where they are allowed to buy necessaries without hindrance, which would not be the case if the rulers did not favor them.
"The King's subjects and yours" will be utterly undone, unless some provision is made. Advises that a letter be sent, in Dacre's name, to his brother Sir Christopher, commanding him to take Thom Charlton, of Careketh, Wm. Rydeley, and other of their captains, whom Dacre best knows; and adding that unless he do this, both he and his brother will be in danger "anempst the King's highness." Sir Christopher can, no doubt, do this if he try. Lord Dacre should be prevented from speaking with his countrymen or servants till this is done, lest any contrary word be sent to Sir Christopher. The thieves say they durst not make such enterprises without support. Kept the assize at Durham three days ago. Twenty-one were arraigned of felony;—of whom six were executed, two women remain because they are with child, four men were acquitted, and seven delivered by proclamation. Durham, 30 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal.
31 March.
Calig. B. VII. 3.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 347.
Received on the 21st Wolsey's letters dated Bridewell, the 16th, with the others. The King and Queen had gone northwards, and the Lords dispersed. Crossed the water immediately to Dunfermline, and delivered Wolsey's letters to the archbishop of St. Andrew's, now chancellor, and Angus, which they received most thankfully. As they were coming to Edinburgh to order the causes on the Borders, it was arranged that Magnus should go to the King and Queen at St. Johnstoune, and return to the Lords at Edinburgh. Reported at St. Johnstoune the news of the French king's overthrow in Italy, which was coldly received. Some thought it impossible; others, indignant, said, "Thus the king of England can sit at home, and cause the king of France to be vanquished and subdued by his own subject."
Delivered the King's letters to the Queen in private, when she was so moved it was an hour before she could stop weeping. She said such a letter had never been written to any noble woman; but Magnus desired her to note every part of it, and be as well content with it as the King was with her letter, and with one written by Angus to the King at her instigation, threatening that ambassadors should not come to England if Angus were allowed to enter Scotland. Reminded her also of the money the King had spent in behalf of herself and her son, and the ill return she had made in not following the King's advice or sending ambassadors with any favorable commission for peace. Touched also on her suspected intelligence with France, and her desire to be divorced from Angus. She denies favoring Albany, and refers to the King her son, who, Magnus thinks, follows her instructions too well. Thinks she will reform, now that the King threatens to withdraw from her his support, on which her influence in Scotland depends. She brings up her son badly, however; and the Council fear it will create trouble when he comes of age. When she takes displeasure with any lords she makes him "look down and glowme upon them," and give them sharp words. Angus keeps him in good humor with hawks and hounds; but lately, at the Queen's instigation, he pressed the Earl to get a divorce from her, which the latter will not agree to without Henry's consent.
The Queen was angry with Magnus, who, she says, is better believed by Henry than herself. She said she would not answer the King's letter, for fear of writing too sharply, nor receive any other letter from him till she knew its contents; for another such would be her death. Has thought it advisable not to deliver the King's letter to Angus, as he is willing to forbear meddling till Whitsunday.
Saw the archbishop of Glasgow, and Argyle and Lennox, at St. Johnstoune, and told them he doubted the King would be dissatisfied with the overture sent by Cassillis, and that if peace were delayed he would prosecute those who obstructed it. They said they were fully in favor of peace, but hoped the King would grant the abstinence that they might discharge themselves to France. Warned them, if they delayed, they might be unable to get peace when they wanted it, and might find themselves shut out of all commerce with England, France, Flanders, or Spain. These words they thought sore spoken, and desired patience till the King's coming to Edinburgh on Saturday before Palm Sunday.
Went from St. Johnstoune to Dunblane, where he spoke with the Bishop, a right honest and sober man of the Privy Council, and kinsman of the bishop of Aberdeen. Returned through Stirling and Lithco to Edinburgh, where he met my lord Chancellor and Angus, as appointed.
Could not persuade the Chancellor to come to England immediately. He said it would be Easter holidays before the Lords assembled, that the abstinence had been determined by the three Estates, and nothing could be done but by another Act of Parliament, for which 40 days' notice would have to be given, so that he could not set forward till August, when he means to go to Rome to do his master's homage, and visit the King and Wolsey in passing. Going and coming he could conclude everything for a perfect peace.
The overthrow of Francis is certainly thought much of by the Scots, especially for the loss of their friends. The Chancellor takes it lightly, saying he cares not for France, for Scotland thereby has lost many of her kings and nobles. Angus is glad of it; and if the King pass into France, is ready to serve him with 500 or 1,000 men. He is made warden of the East and Middle Marches;—a post, he says, he has accepted only to do the King service, hoping that Henry will appoint good wardens on the English side, and not allow offenders to be received. Thinks Dacre should have the rule. The lords of the Marches here have bound themselves to keep good order on the Borders. Angus desires him to remind Wolsey of the benefices he wrote about for his brother. He thinks the Chancellor will be steadfast.
Has got his safe-conduct, which expires next Thursday, prolonged for a month. Begs Wolsey to remember the great charge he has of the King to answer for the wards, lands, &c., having only a poor priest for his deputy. Edinburgh, 31 March. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Wriothesley.
Calig. B. VII.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 356.
Has received by Magnus his letter dated 23 March, which was right sore and sharp. Has always sought to please Henry, and begs him not listen to others who love him not. Took a great matter on hand at his request, and has had much trouble with the duke of Albany for his sake; yet now that she has plainly told the Duke she follows Henry's pleasure, Henry abandons her. Had she failed in what she undertook, she would have been destroyed. Caused her son to claim his own authority, got "the office of reall mageste" assigned to herself, and the Governor discharged of his office by Parliament. All this she alone solicited for Henry's sake; and if Henry will not be kind to her, hopes he will not at least cause Angus to trouble her in her living. Has a plea against Angus before the Pope, and he cannot interfere with her by law. Trusts there is no nobleman of Scotland will do her displeasure while the King her son lives. "Written_ (fn. 3)."
Endd. by Magnus: "Copy of the Queen of Scots' letter addressed to the King's highness, dated a good time past."
31 March.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 134.
Credence for Lorenzo Orio. Ducal Palace, 31 March 1525.
31 March.
R. O.
Account of John Grene for money received and spent for Sir Thos. Lucy, from 5 Dec. 15 Hen. VIII. to 31 March 16 Hen. VIII. Made 12 March 16 Hen. VIII.
Received at various times from his master, Lady Lucy, Ric. Woodshaw, Harry Palmer, for the rent of Baggnall, from the vicar of Watford, Raff Warren of London, merchant, Geo. Patenson, bailiff of Haversham, Thos. Hardyng, bailiff of Wylden, Wm. Allen, farmer of Carleton, Laurence Robinson, _ Mogryche, for the rent of Compton Chamberlen, Roger Slye, Thos. and Ric. Woodshawe, Nic. Bocher of Estchepe, Mr. Empson's servant, Thos. Oldenall, Ric. Hoppare, &c., 172l. 15s. 8d. Paid to his master, Antony Whytt, Ric. Courte, Ric. Holmes, John Peryent, Raff Warren, Sir Harry Wyatt, and John Fitzjefferey, Esq. A horse for Mr. Empson, 6l. To Benyfeld; to Thomas Clark, fishmonger. Lewes ap Hoell for horse meat; Patrick, the tailor, the beer brewer of London; Robt. Mason of London, ale brewer; Jonne of Barnett, Cornelyse wife; and Hoppare, of London, tailor. For wine, 8l. 13s. 4d. (Claret, 33s. and 40s. a hhd.; muskedell, 13s. 4d. a vessel; and red wine, 36s. 8d. a hhd.) Wages: his own, for 1¾ yr., 60s.; Ric. Spencer, 13s. 4d.; Harry Palmer, 6s. 8d.; Thos. Adyngson, 3s. 4d. Rewards, 41s. Greene's expences going to and from London and other places, 79l. 6s. 6½d. Total, 191l. 6s. 0½d., leaving 19l. (fn. 4) 10s. 4½d. due to him.
Pp. 4.
31 March.
R. O.
The abbot of Forde refuses to comply with Wolsey's letters addressed to him and the bishop of Bangor for the promotion of dan Will. Parsons to be abbot of Newenham, "being of my lady my mother's foundation." Coventry, 31 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Cardinal.
Cal. D. X. 249.
[X. 15.]
B. M.
I. 266.
Would have written to him before if he had been permitted to do so by the viceroy of Naples. Places all his hopes on the magnanimity of the Emperor. Will ever be the Emperor's servant if he is treated with generosity.
P.S.—Desire credence for Don Hugo [de Moncada] and Bryon.
p. 130.
Modern copy, mutilated. (fn. 5)
1. Ric. Cecile, page of the Chamber. To be bailiff of the lordship of Borne, Linc., vice Ric. Paxford. Westm., 1 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17.
1. John Woodman, haberdasher of London. Revocation of protection; having remained in London instead of going in the company of Ric. Wythers, captain of "le Berke of Morles," as certified by Ralph Dormor and Wm. Roche, sheriffs of London. Westm., 1 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
2. Thos. Stephyns. To be constable of Trym castle, and bailiff of the lordship, for 30 years, lately held by John Rocheford; with 10l. (Irish) a year as constable, and the usual fees of the other office; on surrender of patent 13 Hen. VIII., under the Great Seal of Ireland, granting the same to Sir John Walop. Westm., 2 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
2. Dan Thos. Notyngham, alias dan Thos. Hobson. Custody of the priory of Lenton, Notts, at the King's disposal by the death of Thos. Guyllam, the last prior. Westm., 2 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6.
3. Sir John Mundy, Robert Wrothe and William Browne, mercers of London. Grant of the next presentation to the rectory of Symenburn, Durham dioc. Del. Westm., 3 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 28.
3. George Cotton. Custody of the manors of Hatton, Hyneheth and Haddeley, which belonged to Sir Richard Corbett, deceased, during the minority of Richard, his son and heir. Del. Westm., 3 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
4. Lord Berners. Protection for Ric. Tyrrell, of Bridgewater, Somers., merchant; going to the wars. Del. Westm., 4 March 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
[4 ?] Lord Berners. Protection for Alex. Skelton, of Bridgewater, Somers., merchant; going to the wars. Del. Westm., ".. to die Martii," 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
13. Robert Woodhed, of Northland, in the township of Rusworth, York, W.R., clothmaker. Pardon. Del. Westm., 13 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 13.
16. Giles Harryson, "beer-brewer," native of Dermount, Flanders. Denization. Westm., 16 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12.
16. Nich. Hoyer alias Nich. Jacobson, a native of Campen, in the bishopric of Utrecht. Denization. Westm., 16 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12.
17. Wm. Saunders. Wardship of Thos. s. and h. of Wm. Haddon, with custody of the manor of Ever Cornewallys, Bucks. Westm., 17 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
23. Thos. Fouleshurste. Livery of lands as brother and heir of Edward, and s. and h. of Robert Fouleshurste, both deceased, in co. Chester. Likewise to Rob. Fouleshurste, clk., Ric. Egerton, Thos. Witteney, Sir Wm. Brereton, William Moreton, Ralph Fouleshurste and Ric. Snede. Westm., 23 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18.
23. Henry Sayvyll and Elizabeth his wife, and William Copley and Dorothy his wife. Livery of lands as kinswomen and heirs of William Fitzwilliam, of Sprotburgh, and of John Fitzwilliam, of Athewyk, and Anne d. and h. of the said John; Elizabeth being d. and h. of Margaret, widow of Thomas Sotehill, one of the ds. and hs. of Sir William Fitzwilliam; and Dorothy, another of the ds. and hs. of Sir William, father of John, father of the said William Fitzwilliam, of Sprotburgh, &c. Del. Westm., 23 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 13.
24. Lord Berners. Protection to Thos. Ball, of London, mercer; going to the wars. 24 March 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
27. Leonard Slade. To be bailiff in reversion of the warren in the lordship of Multon, Northt., now held by John Benson. Del. Westm., 27 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
27. David ap Rice. To be ragler in co. Carmarthen, at the annual rent of 6s. 8d.; on surrender of a patent of Arthur prince of Wales, 9 Sept. 7 Hen. VII., granting the same to Jevan Sant. Del. Westm., 27 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 22 and 28.
28. Roger Radcliff, gentleman usher of the Chamber. To be keeper of the park of Malewik, in the lordship of Denbigh, vice Sir Richard Jernegan. Del. Westm., 28 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
28. Roger Radclyffe, gentleman usher of the Chamber. Wardship of Nich. s. and h. of John Cluny. Del. Westm., 28 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
28. John Wren. Lease of a pasture in the commote of Colion, called Pole park, late in the tenure of John Pillesdon, in the lordship of Dreffencloid, marches of Wales, for 21 years; rent, 26s. 8d., and 3s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 28 March 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
30. Hen. Somerset lord Herbert and Tho. Palmer. Offices of coroner of the lordships of Uske, Llibeugth and Trelek, constable of Kaerlyon castle, approver, beadle, castle reeve and court clerk of the lordship of Uske, as previously held by Palmer alone. Westm., 30 March.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.


  • 1. Only a portion is printed by Ellis.
  • 2. Date taken from the margin of a modern copy, from which the document is printed in the archives of Belgium.
  • 3. Blank MS.
  • 4. Sic.
  • 5. In Granvelle from a perfect copy.