Henry VIII: July 1525, 16-31

Pages 673-691

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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July 1525

16 July.
S. B. Rym. XIV. 42.
1500. For HENRY DUKE OF RICHMOND,&c. (fn. 1)
To be admiral of England, Wales, Ireland, Normandy, Gascony, and Aquitaine, for life, with the appointment of commissioners, lieutenants, vice-admirals,&c. Del. Westm., 16 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
17 July.
R. O.
He must see that the bearer have more money for the finishing of the bridge at Ton[bridge], the covering of the castle there, and the necessary r[epa]rations at Penshurst, or else it cannot be do[ne] according to the King's commandment. A small sum will finish it for a long time. If it be not finished, all the previous cost will be lost, and it must be done at length. The bearer will say how the money has been spent, and how much will finish it. Asks him to send back the bearer quickly, as there are masons and laborers on the bridge, and if he be not there to oversee them, they will work at "ley[sure]." Hever, 17 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
17 July.
R. O.
Received his letter on the 17th. Such suits as he writes of do not come often to Woleman's hands, but are decided otherwise. Has therefore showed the King the effect of the letters, with which he is well contented. Oking, 17 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add: To my lord Legate's good Grace.
17 July.
S. B. Rym. XIV. 43.
Reversion of the castles, honors, advowsons,&c. of Folkyngham, Cathorpe, Westburgh, Stupton, Dodyngton,&c., the tenements of Hungate and Beaumont, and rents in the county of the city of Lincoln; held by the services of two knight's fees; all which possessions were granted to the said Duke for his lifetime only, by patent 1 Feb. 5 Hen. VIII., and were confirmed by Parliament. Del. Westm., 17 July 17 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4.
18 July.
Galba, B. VIII. 190. B. M.
Wrote last from Breda on the 15th, about his interview with my Lady, when she promised on the next occasion to speak more fully. Has not seen her again till this day between three and four p.m., when she was about to enter her litter for Holland, so that she had no opportunity of saying much more, and omitted altogether to touch upon the point she said she would discuss with the French ambassador. To satisfy the Regent, she was going to send a gentleman to the Emperor through France. She had passed the abstinence of war, and dispatched the ambassador, who left yesterday evening. Although she seemed unwilling to hear more, Wingfield told her he thought the abstinence hastily concluded, no notice having been given to the King. "She made no direct answer, but, with her laughing manner, both brought forth and also renewed divers things, to which I could make no direct answer for lack of knowledge,"—among other things, the abstinence made this year between the King's garrisons and that of Boulogne,—and said at their next interview she would show him marvels, which she thought I knew nothing about. Wingfield said (though she would have been gladly rid of him) he fully believed she had heard marvels, seeing that while the French had an open way into Spain, England and Brabant, they were studying nothing so much as to show marvels, and make them up "with innumerable leasings;" but there was nothing treated so secretly, either in Spain, England or Brabant, that they would not declare if it served their purpose. On this, making haste to her litter, as it was past four o'clock, she said, "Have patience till we meet again, for then I will not fail to show you the said marvels. Whereupon, when I had holpen her into her litter, I departed."
Before yesterday there came a post from the Emperor, who passed by Calais. Has heard by friends who had letters through that post, that the Emperor stands firm to the King. Does not know whether my Lady or Hochstrate are of that opinion. The abstinence was concluded only by Hochstrate, Berghes, the archbishop of Palermo and the Audiencer; for De Bure, as he has already written, had left to levy foot, and chastise the insolence of Bolduke; and Berghes has fallen so ill that his recovery is doubtful. Was told by Hochstrate that my Lady had a letter from the Viceroy, written at Valence, which came through France, stating that the Emperor had written to him to place the French king in a castle near Valence, in the keeping of a Spaniard named Cabanylls, and come to him by post. From this Hochstrate thought he would be despatched again to Italy. He also showed Wingfield a letter to my Lady from the Archduke, who said the Viceroy had written to him on his landing in Spain to send an embassy to the Emperor, urging him to peace; which he had done, considering the great commotions in Almain. One of the ambassadors was an earl, and the other Andrea de Bourge, who passed through France. It did not appear that the Archduke had completely pacified the Tyrolese, but he had held several diets with them. Remained here tonight to write these news. Intends tomorrow to overtake my Lady. Bredaw, 18 July 1525.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
18 July.
R. O.
Wrote lately that the Chancellor and Council had agreed to prorogue the peace for 15 days. It is now concluded that it be further prorogued 20 days, beginning Saturday next, the 22nd. Hopes good order will be taken by this Parliament. Edinburgh, 18 July. Signed.
P.S.—Has just received sure knowledge that a good peace will be made.
P. 1. Add.: To,&c., Sir William Evres, knight, lieutenant of the Middle Marches of England for anenst Scotland.
21 July.
R. O.
Arrived at Bologna on 13 kal. Aug. Wolsey's letter of 31 May was brought to him there from Buda. It made him forget the trouble of his long journey, to hear of Wolsey's health and kindness to him (on which his friend Giacomo enlarged), and of the arrangements for paying the revenues of Salisbury to Giacomo. Would wish to stay here during August, to rest himself, his servants and cattle, and to avoid the heat of the city, but the state of affairs and the Pope's wishes prevent it. Is less vexed at this, as he knows that Wolsey and the King will employ him there. Will not stay here longer than family matters compel him. Bologna, 21 July 1525. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
Reminds him of his request that of the two houses occupied by Francis Bombarderio in the cathedral of Salisbury, the smaller may be taken from him, and the keys sent to the Cardinal. Signed. (fn. 3)
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Illmo,&c. Carli Eboracen. Endd.
21 July.
R. O.
The French ambassador arrived here about 6 o'clock p. m. yesterday. All diligence has been used for his transit, and he will cross today at two. Told him of the capture of a fisherman of Calais, and two English ships laden with wheat and cloth, which were taken before Dunkirk, since the declaration of abstinence of war. He has promised to write to the captain of Boulogne to keep the cargoes whole till the determination of the case. Showed him also that the merchants of the Staple sell their wool to the Flemings, undertaking all risks, by tempest or capture, till their delivery in Flanders; "to which inconveniences of adventure the said merchants of the Staple doth knowledge themselves to be driven of very necessity to make sales, otherwise their goods should remain unsold. To which this article the said ambassador abideth upon unto such time as he shall know your pleasure, for that shall be to be done hereafter in that behalf, for so much as he findeth difficulty therein that might grow by reason of color that might be used." He is willing, however, to write that ships laden with wool so sold, and now ready, shall not be stopped by French ships, but, after they have passed, the merchants must abstain from such sales for six or eight days till I hear your pleasure. Calais, 21 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace, legate de latere.
22 July.
R. O. St. P. VI. 449.
Lying on his death-bed, commends his wife and children to Wolsey. Toledo, 22 July. Signed.
22 July.
S. B.
To be warden general of the Marches of Scotland. Del. Westm., 22 July 17 Hen. VIII.
23 July.
R. O.
According to Wolsey's letters, on the 21st presented to the King the abbot of Welbeck concerning his promotion to the bishopric of Elfen. He received him graciously, but deferred taking his homage and giving him his oath till this Sunday the 23rd, which has been done in presence of Suffolk and other noblemen. Guldeford, 23 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
24 July.
R. O.
"The expences of my Lord's household and other charges from Monday the 12th day of June unto Monday the 24th day of July, so following by the space of forty-two days."
The bakehouse and pastry, 11l. 18s. 8½d. Buttery, 36l. 15s. 8d. Wood, coal and rushes, 9l. 4s. 8d. Slaughterhouse, 53l. 13s. 4d. Poultry, 52l. 17s. 2d. Chandlery and sawcery, 118s. 9d. "The grocer, wax and fruit," 15l. 17s. 3d. "The fishmonger, fresh-water fish and pikemonger," 23l. 17s. 4d. The milkwife, 36s. 8d. The laundry, 28s. Bargemen and watermen hired, 10l. 17s. 3d. Necessary payments for "gyspyns," cruses, earthen pots and other utensils, 38l. 5s. 2d. Paid at Windsor, for my Lord's installation, 33l. 5s. Board wages at Windsor and Hampton Court, 35l. 10s. For standards "gardevyans," coffers,&c., 46l. 14s. 10d. For a pair of virginals, 40s. For 5 tuns of wine spent at Durham Place and Merton Abbey during my Lord's abode there, (except 2 tuns sent into the North,) 33l. 6s. 8d. To Sir Edwd. Seymour, master of the Horse, for horses,&c., 60l. To master Pexsall, for sealing and writing the patents of creation of the earldom of Nottingham and dukedom of Richmond and Somerset, 13l. 6s. 8d. Total, 523l. 3s. 1½d. Signed: Henry Wiat—W. Bulmer—Godffrey Foljambe—Thomas Tempest—Brianus Higden—W. Frankeleyn—T. Dalby—W. Taite—Also, at the foot: Jo. Palsgrave—Rycharde Page—George Lawson.
Roll of accounts of the household of the duke of Richmond, viz.: 1. For the stable, 109l. 8s. 7¼d.; spent on black velvet, buckles of copper, and gilt for reins, gold and silk buttons for the harness; cloth of silver and other stuffs for garnishing a horse litter, given to the Duke by my lord Cardinal,&c. 2. For stuff for the Duke's chapel, delivered to William Swallow, clerk of the closet, 50l. 12s. 9d.; spent on altar cloths, two of blue bawdekyn, lined with green buckram and fringed with silk; albs of linen cloth and amyses,&c. 3. For ornaments,&c. for the Duke's closet, 12l. 1s. 3½d.; spent on "a vestment of purple velvet, the cross of crimson tissue," cloth of gold,&c. 4. For garments for the Duke's footmen, 32l. 7s. 6d.; spent on doublets of blue and yellow,&c. 5. For liveries for the Duke's councillors, gentlemen, and servants, 513l. 10s. 1d. 6. Stuff for sundry officers of the Duke's household, 99l. 14s. 4¼d. Total expences touching the duke of Richmond, 1,193l. 8s. 9¾d. Total expences, both of the Princess and the Duke of Richmond, besides stuffs delivered out of the wardrobe, and here not valued, 2,793l. 3s. 1¾d. So the payments exceed the sum above charged, 207l. 12s. 3½d.
A roll, originally of six pieces of paper, of which the first two are lost.
"An ordinary diet by estimacion for my Lord's persone, his bords ende, and for his chambre and houshold. All the flesch days, frome Estir untyll Mychellmes, when it is thought convenyent he shall sit furth by thadvyse of his counsaill, and shalbe nedefull to have a bords ende, and if he sit not furth, then it to be ordered and mytigated yn parte or yn the hoole, as shalbe thought nedefull to the said counsaill." (This is struck out.)
Dinner.—First course:—Pottage; boiled meat, 12d.; beef and mutton, 8d.; 4 green geese, 20d.; 3 roast capons, 3s.; 1 q. of roast veal, 9d.; fryaunce or custard, 16d. Second course:—Half a lamb or kid, 12d.; 6 rabbits, 10d.; 14 pigeons, 6d.; a wildfowl, 2s.; "tairt or bakenmete," 16d.; fructor, 2d.; "in xx. ch. and xii. trenchers, for his dener with wayters," 8d.; 4 gal. ale, 4d.; 2 pitchers of wine, 16d.; fruits, 6d. = 17s. 1d.
Supper.—First course:—Pottage; boiled meat, as chickens, 7 for 7d.; 1 qr. of roast mutton, 5d.; 3 roast capons, 3s.; 10 rabbits, 10d.; 12 ducetts, 8d. Second course:—Half a lamb or kid, 12d.; 12 roast chickens, 12d.; 14 pigeons, 6d.; a wildfowl, 16d.; 2 tarts, 16d.; fruits, 6d.; in xx. ch. and xii. trenchers, 8d.; 4 gals. ale, 4d.; 2 pitchers wine, 16d.; salt and sauces, 4d.; spices for the day, 20d.; wax and white lights, 8d. = 16s. 8d.
Total for the day, 1l. 13s. 9d.
"An ordinary diet for my Lord and his board from Michaelmas until Shrovetide, upon all flesh days."
Dinner.—First course:—Pottage; 2 rounds of brawn, 12d.; beef and mutton, 8d.; swan or goose, 3s. 4d.; 1 qr. of roast veal, 9d.; 3 roast capons, 3s.; a baken meat, 16d. Second course:—Pottage; 4 roast conies, 4d.; 14 pigeons, 6d.; 4 partridges or pheasants, 3s. 4d.; a wildfowl, 16d.; fructor, 4d.; fruits, 6d.; a baken meat, 16d.; 32 "ch. and trench.," 8d.; 4 gals. ale, 4d.; 2 pitchers wine, 16d. = 20s. 5d.
Supper.—First course:—Pottage; boiled meat, 6d.; 1 qr. of roast mutton, 5d.; 3 capons or hens, 20d.; a wildfowl, 16d.; ducetts, 6d. Second course:—5 roast conies, 8d.; 14 pigeons, 6d.; 2 wildfowl, 2s. 8d.; 2 tarts, 16d.; fruits, 6d.; "ch. and trench.," ale, wine, salt, sauces, spice, and lights as before. = 15s. 1d.
For the day, 35s. 6d.
"An ordinary diet for my Lord and his board from Easter until Lent, of Fridays and Saturdays."
Dinner.—First course:—Butter, 1d.; ling and cod, 8d.; half a salt salmon, 6d.; 2 pikes, 3s.; seafish, 16d.; fresh-water fish, 10d.; baken meat, 2s. Second course:—Turbot or conger, 20d.; fresh salmon, 20d.; 2 seafish, 4s.; fresh-water fish, 16d.; shrimps, 4d.; tarts, 16d.; fruits, 6d.; "ch. and trench.," ale, wine, salt,&c., as before. Supper, same. Total for the day, 45s. 10d.
"An ordinary diet for my Lord and his board throughout the whole Lent, if he sit abroad."
Dinner.—First course:—Pottage; ling and cod, 8d.; salt salmon, 6d.; 4 salt eels, 12d.; boiled pike or some other fresh-water fish, 2s. 8d.; a sea fish, 16d.; fried meat, 12d.; baken meat, 20d. Second course:—Sturgeon, with whelks, 2s.; half a fresh salmon, 2s.; sea fish of head, 2 dishes, 2s. 8d.; freshwater fish, 12d.; fried meat, 8d.; "ch. and trench.," ale, fruits, spices,&c. =1l. 2s. 4d.
Supper.—First course:—2 ling and cod, 8d.; half a salt salmon, 6d.; boiled pike, or some other dish, 2s. 8d.; 2 dishes of seafish, 2s. 8d. Second course:—Fresh salmon, 16d.; fresh conger, 16d.; turbot or soles, 16d.; freshwater fish, 16d.; shrimps or creves (crayfish), 6d.; baken meat, 20d.; "ch. and trench.,"&c. = 16s. 4d.
Total for the day, 1l. 18s. 8d.
Diet for the chancellor, chamberlain, steward, treasurer, and comptroller on Sundays, Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays.
Dinner.—First course:—Pottage; beef and mutton, boiled, 6d.; roast veal, 5d.; roast goose or pig, 4d.; roast capon, 6d.; fryaunce or custard, 4d. Second course:—2 conies, 4d.; wildfowl, 4d.; a fretor or venison, 2d.
Supper.—First course:—Pottage; "beef slyssed," 2d.; chines of boiled mutton, 1d.; roast mutton, 4d.; capon or hen, 6d.; a wildfowl, 4d.; dullcets, 2d. Second course:—2 conies, 4d.; a wildfowl or venison, 4d.; 16 "ch.," 4d.; 3 gal. ale, 3d.; 1 pitcher wine, 8d. Total for the day, 6s. 5d.
Diet for the cofferer, marshal, and clerks of the kitchen.
Dinner.—First course:—Pottage; beef, 3d.; roast goose or pig, 3d.; roast veal, 3d.; fryaunce, 3d. "Reward:"—cony, 2d.; fretor, 1d.; 6 "ch.," 1½d.; 2 gal. ale, 2d.; 1 qt. wine, 2d.
Supper.—First course:—Pottage; slyssed beef, 1d.; boiled meat,½d.; roast mutton, 2d.; hen, 3d.; dulcets, 2d. "Rewayrd:"—cony or wildfowl, 2d.; 6 "ch.," 1d.; 2 gals. ale, 2d.; 1 qt. wine, 2d. Total for the day, 3s. 0½d.
Diet for gentlemen, waiters, and chaplains.
Dinner.—Pottage; beef, 2d.; goose, pig or veal, 3d.; fryaunce, 2d.; cony, 2d.; fretor, 2d.; 3 "ch.,"¾d.; 1 gal. ale, 1d.
Supper.—Pottage, slyssed beef, 1d.; boiled meat,½d.; roast mutton, 2d.; ducets,½d.; cony, 2d.; 3 "ch.,"¾d.; 1 gal. ale, 1d. Total, 1s. 7¾d.
Diet for yeomen.
Dinner.—Pottage; beef, 2½d.; roast veal or beef, 3d.; a baken meat, 2d.; 3 "ch.,"¾d.; 1 gal. ale, 1d.
Supper.—Pottage; sliced beef, 1d.; roast mutton, 2d.; dulcets,½d.; "ch." and ale. Total, 1s. 2½d.
Grooms, like fare, with no baken meat, 1s.
Breakfasts.—My Lord at pleasure. Chancellor and treasurer of the chamber, beef or mutton, 2 ch.,½ gal. The chamber[lain], 1 breakfast, beef or mutton, 2 ch.,½ gal. General receiver, with the other councillors, the same. Almoner, schoolmaster, physician, and secretary, 1 breakfast, beef, 1 ch., 1 qt. Chaplains, 1 breakfast, 1 ch., 1 qt. Gentlemen ushers and gentlemen waiters, 2 breakfasts, beef. Yeomen ushers and yeomen of the chamber, 4 breakfasts, beef and bones, 2 ch., 1 gal. Steward, treasurer, and comptroller, 1 breakfast, beef or mutton, 2 ch., 1 gal. Cofferer, clerk of the Green Cloth, with other clerks, 1 breakfast, beef, 1 ch.,½ gal. Yeomen, officers, and grooms, 2 breakfasts, beef and bones, 2 ch., 1 gal. Porters and cart takers, 1 breakfast, beef and bones, 1 ch., 1 gal. Bakehouse, 1 breakfast, bones, 1 ch., 1 qt. Cooks, 1 breakfast, beef and bones, 1 ch.,½ qt. Children and laborers, 1 breakfast, beef and bones, 1 ch.,½ qt. The stables, 2 breakfasts, bones, 2 ch.,½ qt.
Liveries at night:—For the chancellor, chamberlain, vice-chamberlain, steward, treasurer, comptroller, dean of the chapel, and general receiver, to each of them, a chete loaf, a manchet, 1 qt. of ale, 1 qt. of wine, 1 pryket, 2 sysses,½ lb. white lights, 4 fagots, 3 white cups, weekly. For the cofferer, the clerk of the Green Cloth, the clerk comptroller, the clerk of the kitchen, the schoolmaster, the secretary, the almoner, the physician, the general attorney, and the other councillors, a chete loaf,½ qt. of ale, 1 qt. wine, 4 white lights, 2 fagots, 1 white cup, weekly. For every gentleman lodged within the place,½ chete loaf,½ gal. ale, 2 white lights, 1 fagot.
The hall at night, 1 ch. 1 gal. From Michaelmas (mistake for Candlemas) to Hallowmas, the liveries of wood, candles, and coal to be but half the above.
Number of messes to be daily served at dinner and supper, with the charges, including breakfasts and all liveries:—
My Lord with his board, 2 messes, 33s. 4d. The chancellor, chamberlain, vice-chamberlain, and almoner, with strangers, and, if any come, the steward, dean of the chapel, master treasurer of the Chamber, and the secretary, the treasurer, comptroller, serjeant Farfax, the attorney, schoolmaster, and strangers, 3 messes at 6s. 5d. The cofferer, clerk of the Green Cloth, clerk comptroller, the marshals and clerks of the kitchen, 3 messes at 3s. 0½d. Chaplains and gentlemen waiters, 5 messes at 19½d. Yeomen, 13 messes at 14½d. Grooms and pages, 14 messes at 12d. Gentlemen servants, besides 10 messes of servants waiting on their masters, 12 messes at 12d. "Providyd alwey that the stroks for the hed officers be large, to thentent that the servaunts of theym may oonly be servyde with the reversion of the same." Spices, 20d. daily; salt and sauces, 8d.; wax and white lights for the chapel and household, 8d.; and fruits, 6d.; besides those for my Lord's board. Wood and coals, 2s. 6d. a day. Necessaries, as rushes, ashen cups, cruses,&c., 8d. Total for the day, 5l. 18s. 3½d.; for a year, 2,158l. 16s. 5½d.
Liveries:—For the chamberlain, vice-chamberlain, steward, treasurer, and comptroller, 3½ yds. of cloth at 8s.; for 17 councillors and officers, 3½ yds. at 6s.; for 23 gentlemen and chaplains, 3 yds. at 5s.; for 55 yeomen, 3 yds. at 4s.; for 57 grooms and pages, 3 yds. at 3s. 4d. =103l. 12s.
Estimate of horses and charges of the stable:—2 hobbies for my Lord, 2 "male (mail) horses," 1 horse of estate, 4 sumpter horses, 2 mulets for a litter, 2 cator horses, 1 post horse, 3 horses for the master of the horse, 1 for the clerk of the avery, 1 for the yeoman of the horses, 2 for Mrs. Partriche, and 5 for grooms of the stable=26.
Yearly allowance for every horse:—3 loads of hay, at 3s. 4d.; 3 loads litter, at 1s. 4d.; 52 b. oats, at 2d.; shoes and nails, 4s.; apparel and "remanyng," 6s. 8d. Total, 43l. 6s. 8d.
Estimate of necessaries and foreign charges yearly:—For every office, 66l. 13s. 4d.; entertainment of strangers, removing carriages,&c., 66l. 13s. 4d.
Total charges for a year, by estimation, 2,439l. 1s. 9½d.
Pp 18, vellum. Endd.: A proporcion of my lord of Richemond's howshold.
"Warderobe stuffe appoynted for my lorde Henry."
Hangings for his hall, chapel, and closet; for his great, dining, bed, council, and strangers' chambers, and for a chamber when he journeyeth by the way. Two cloths of estate; 4 chairs, one cloth of gold, one velvet, and 2 for the strangers' chambers; 9 cushions, 3 cloth of gold and 6 velvet; 4 great carpets, cupboard carpets, and 20 small carpets; 2 sarcenet traverses; 5 trussing beds; 4 great paliotts, and 12 small ones; 6 pr. of fustians of 4 breadths, and 6 pr. of 5 breadths; 12 pr. woollen broadcloth blankets 3 yds. in length and 1½ breadth, at 14d. a yard; 4 pr. of sheets for my Lord's own bed, 3 breadths, at 2s. the ell; 12 pr. of sheets for the other 4 nursing beds, of 3 breadths, 16d. the ell; 12 pr. of sheets, of 4 breadths, for the great paliotts, 12d. the ell; 36 pr., of 2 breadths, for the small paliotts, at 8d. the ell; 24 down pillows, 1 yd. long, and of the breadth of fustian; 8 pillowberes for my lord Henry's own bed, an ell long, 2s. the ell; 40 pillowberes of the same length, at 16d; 2 ceilers, testers, and counterpoints for my Lord's own bed; 1 scarlet counterpoint for him; counterpoints of verdors, 4 of 20 ells at 20d., 4 of 30 ells at 20d., and 16 of 20 ells at 14d.
Pp 4. Endd.
26 July.
R. T. 137. R. O.
Expects that before he receives this letter the Chancellor will be in England, and that he will have executed his commission immediately afterwards. Hopes they will both do their best to bring the treaty to a conclusion as soon as possible, so that it may be published immediately afterwards. Has sent on the packet of letters from De Vaulx to the English ambassadors with the Emperor. The negotiations in Italy with Venice, Rome, and the duke De Bar are in very satisfactory condition,—all the potentates being determined to enter the league against the Emperor. Sends copies of the abstinence of war made by sieur Douarty (De Warty) with Madame Margaret, which they may show the Cardinal, telling him it is chiefly for the benefit of Italy. It seems the Emperor wishes a like truce for his part. Lyons, 26 July.
Fr., copy, pp. 2. Add.
26 July.
Calig. B. II. 260. B. M.
Has received letters from Angus and Magnus, which he encloses. The rebels of Tynedale are in a place called Lushburn Houmez,—are worn out, and ready to submit. If Sir Ralph Fenwick had done his duty, the rebels by this time would have made large offers of submission. Sends a bill of the saying of Edward Charlton. Hexham, 26 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's good grace."
ii. Edward, of Charlton, heard Sande Corbell say, as they rode to Tynedale, that my lord Dacre had [ordered] Sir Chr. Dacre to warn John Bell, of Bow[esbank], and John Bell, of Clowes, Geyll, Hob, and Peter Tweddell, ... two of Stapleton's, to shift, as they were complained of by the gentlemen of the bishopric, especially with the baron of Helton. Chr. Dacre gave warning to Bell's wife that if they went to the rebels of Tynedale it would be the worse for them. Long Sym Harmstran said openly at Carlisle, when he was sitting at drink, that Sir Will. Eure and Sir Ralph Fenwick should have other things to think of than lying in the garrison there. None should bear rule there except lord Dacre. John of Charlton said openly that Sir Chr. Daker would give them warning, "or he rayd of them."
P. 1.
27 July.
R. O.
Examination of witnesses touching John Roper's will, by mandate of William archbishop of Canterbury, 27 July 1525.
John Kebyll, of London, serving-man to my lady Bradbury, was Roper's servant before his death, and knew that he made a will, dated 27 January 1523, which was openly read upon Easter Day 1524, in presence of deponent and Elizabeth Roper, the testator's daughter, and one Sir James, a priest, now deceased. It was signed by the testator, "and after all the contents was written these words,—per me, Johannem Roper, except with the hand of this deponent." Never heard that Jane Roper, testator's wife, caused him to alter anything to the prejudice of his eldest son. Testator was of good mind at the time.
Deponent was urged by the said Jane to testify what he knew, and would be sorry to have given such long attendance in the suit, had it not been for the performance of his master's testament. The will was entirely written in the hand of this deponent, except two or three words, which were added on reading it. Got no reward, nor promise of reward, from the said Jane.
John Abery was servant to the testator for 30 years, and was present in his master's chamber in Bridewell, on Friday in Passion week 1523; when the will was read. And on Easter day before his master's death, the testator himself read the will, which he believes was his last, which was signed by him. John Kebyll wrote by his direction the words, per me, Johannem Roper, at the end. Master Brooke said that the 1,000 marks given in the will was a great sum for a gentleman, and that 500 would have been enough.
Ann Wareyne, widow, servant to the testator, deposes generally to the same effect. The will named my Lord (the prior) of Christchurch, [Canterbury,] my lord Fyneux, Jane Roper, John Hales, Christ. Hales, and others, including Abery, as executors.
Elizabeth Roper was present at the reading of the will, but never saw her father subscribe it, though she remembers his calling for pen and ink to do so.
John Seth, of Herne, says he had the testator's will in his keeping for a year and a half before he died, but cannot tell if it is his last one. Had heard Jane Roper often say, when she was merry, and her husband in good health, "Would God you would let Christopher your son have your manor in St. Dunstan's without Canterbury, and your eldest son some other thing;" but never heard her counsel him to do so at the time of making the will.
Examination of John Abery before John Cockes, LL.D., commissary of the archbishop of Canterbury, 23 March 1526, in the course of which he deposes that John Roper was of sound mind, and that after the reading of his will on one occasion he said to his son William, "All trust and familiarity is set apart between thee and me."
Notarial copy from the register; pp. 10. Endd.
It has not been through forgetfulness she has kept Charles so long here, and not answered her good letter enquiring of her health. The long absence of the King and the Princess troubles her. Her health is meetly good, "and I trust in God he that sent me the last doth it to the best, and will shortly turn it to the first to come to good effect." Meantime is glad to hear from her, especially that her health is mended. "As for your writing in Latin, I am glad that ye shall change from me to master Federston, for that shall do you much good to learn by him to write right, but yet sometimes I would be glad when ye do write to master Federston of your own inditing, when he hath read it, that I may see it, for it shall be a great comfort to me to see you keep your Latin and fair writing and all; and so I pray you to recommend me to my lady of Salisbury. At Oborne, this Friday night." Signed.
28 July.
Vesp.C.III.78. B. M. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 20.
On the 15th, Wingfield, chancellor of your duchy, fell sick. Next day we attended a great feast at the bishop of Avila's, and Wingfield was with us, and did eat melons, and drank wine without water, and afterwards beer made of bitter hops. After his return his sickness continued with continual fever and voiding of blood. Finding the physician could do him no good, he received the sacrament, and died on the 20th. We suffer great loss from the want of his experience. He made a most devout end, and submission to God, in French and Italian, so that all were moved to tears. Before his death he wrote a letter, herewith sent, to his wife and his children. He wished to be buried at the Friars Observants in this city, where no man is buried except of the blood royal, and by leave of the Emperor. The Emperor granted his request.
Three days before the Chancellor communicated to us the terms from the president of Paris; that his master was content to desire his liberty by way of clemency without any ransom, the other by way of justice for a reasonable sum. As for the first, the Chancellor told him his master would not buy renown so dear; and for the second, he must restore to the Emperor what had been detained from him. He then claimed the duchy of Burgundy, but neither could agree. As for Bourbon, the President said as he was subject to France his case must be left to the Emperor. On our enquiry he told us he had made no proposition respecting your Highness. Four days after Wingfield's death he sent for us again, and told me, the bishop of London, that they had had another meeting, and the Emperor claimed as a preliminary the duchy of Burgundy. I told him I thought "the Emperor having his enemy in his hand, made the best argument that could be." He then showed me how Salviati, the Pope's legate, had arrived at Barcelona for the peace, and the French king should be kept at Madrid.
I am told the viceroy of Naples has urged the dowager of Portugal to take the French king, who is a much better match than the duke of Bourbon. On the Emperor asking us for news, we told him that none had come since the letters by Spinoloza, containing your answer to his demand for delivery of the Princess. He said he was not content that Spinoloza had omitted a part of his instructions, either of which might have served. He said he would be moderate in his demands, to make the better bargain for his confederates. We desire a commission for the truce as expressed in our letter of the 10th. The Emperor has given Wingfield's servants 300 ducats. Toledo, 28 July. (fn. 4) Signed.
Pp 7. Add. Endd.
28 July.
Vit.B.VII.178. B. M.
1521. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
Master Gregory left on the 11th. Sent a letter by him; and as the Pope wished him to go by France, sent copies of the letters by Almayne by the posts. Hopes both have arrived by this time. The duke of Suessa lately complained to the Pope that the Emperor's ambassador at Venice has certain information from members of the Council of the Emperor's faction that the Pope is planning a new league be[tween] France, England, himself, and the Venetians a[gainst] the Emperor. The Pope told Clerk that he had set a good face upon it, and told the Duke that it was not so. He said to Clerk that it was dangerous meddling with the Venetians, for no great matter can pass without many of them being made privy thereunto. He said also that the Venetians are determined not to conclude their negotiations with the Emperor until they see how matters pass between England and France.
Letters have come from Spain of the 27th ult., but none to the Pope from his ambassador. It is supposed they are intercepted. The other letters, which are from men of no great credit, state that the Emperor is totally inclined to marry the king of Portugal's sister; that he has changed his mind about coming to Italy this summer; that the French king is in a castle called Shatina, and the Emperor has removed to La Valbe de Oliva; so it seems they will not meet yet. It is thought that, to give a better color to what is past, the Emperor will forbear, and take strangely the coming of the French king into Spain, and the Viceroy's demeanor. From the marriage with Portugal, it is thought the Emperor will conclude a peace with France, but all is mere conjecture.
The friars here begin to make business against Wolsey's legacy. The Black Friars are content to submit their suits to the Pope, and sue to Wolsey. The Gen[eral] of that Order, a very wise, learned, and virtuous man, writes now to Wolsey, and Clerk advises Wolsey to deal somewhat better with them, as they take this way. The Grey Friars Observants are somewhat obstinate, and there is a great multitude at their general chapter here. The Pope has had somewhat ... with them, but Wolsey shall not need to ... Has promised the Pope that Wolsey will not do anything against them [more] than becomes him, and "that your Grace ... lieth somewhat upon this matter." His Holiness wishes me to exhort you once again, in his name, to deal moderately with them, for they are clamorous, import[unate], bold, and past shame, because they have nothing to lose, have great assistance here [in the] court, and credit everywhere amongst the lay people. Told the Pope that no lucre, nor glory, nor envy could move Wolsey to do anything against them, for they were poor, evil, and few, and of little estimation compared to other religions in England. He said he knew this right well, and has put the matter off till the coming of the General. Told him that it concerned Wolsey's honor that he should not too easily credit their vain and untrue complaints. He said he could do no less than hear them, and would perhaps write some brief, which Clerk should see, to exhort Wolsey to be good to the religion; but he said there should be nothing in the brief derogatory to Wolsey's legateship, which he would rather increase than diminish. Rome, 28 July. Signed.
Pp 4, mutilated. The passage in italics is in cipher, with a marginal decipher.
Lettere di Principi, I. 171.
Having learned the resolution which you lately received from the signory of Venice, I was surprised I received no letters from you; but at length I have received yours of the 10th, 15th, and 18th inst. We are anxiously awaiting from France an answer to our demands. The Pope perseveres in his purpose, as M. Sigismondo will have informed Madame (Louise). According to letters we had today from England, dated the 30th ult., the agreement with France was on the point of conclusion, although, in order the better to dissemble the matter, the cardinal of York pretended the negotiation had been interrupted. Madame should give Madame d'Alen-çon to the duke of Milan. Rome,—July 1525.
28 July.
Lettere di Principi, I, 171 b.
I count the hours, which appear to be days, expecting information from M. Sigismondo (fn. 5) as to what we are to hope for from France. By letters of the 27th ult. from the Imperial court, we hear that the marriage between the Emperor and the sister of the king of Portugal has been concluded. If this be so, his friendship with England will be entirely destroyed, and consequently that king will be reunited with France. As he has lost the friendship of England, if Madame (Louise) and France refuse any conditions proposed by Spain, the Emperor's power will be restricted to his own forces. Do not cease writing, and put a bridle on them, in order that they may not blindly rush into an agreement with the Emperor; for I am fearful, seeing how they have behaved in the past. Rome, 28 July 1525.
28 July.
R. O.
On Friday the 28th received his letters, stating that the King wished him to meet Wolsey at Richmond on Monday next. Cannot do so without great danger to his health, but will come as soon as he can. Somersham, 28 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
29 July.
R. T. 137. R. O.
On Thursday the 27th, came from London to Richmond, whither Wolsey had retired for fear of the pestilence. Presented her letters of credence with a Latin speech, and told him they had other and very secret letters from her addressed to him. Then entered on the "principal propos," and continued yesterday. As to the 2,000,000 cr., tried to persuade him to be satisfied with the three parts, viz., the rest of the 1,000,000 of London, the part of Tournay, and the obligation of the generals, of which three there would be 50,000 cr. payable 30 days after the publication, and 100,000 a year payable 1 Nov. and 1 May, at 40s. a crown; secondly, that if anything remained due after the king of England's death, it should be paid at the rate of 30,000 cr., in consideration of the 1,000,000 of London and of Tournay, and that, the other parts being fully paid, the obligation of the generals should be discharged at the rate of 7,000 cr. of the sun yearly; also, that the obligation of the merchants, on which that of the generals had been founded, should be given up to us, and also what remained to be paid.
These two points were discussed at great length for two days. As to the 2,000,000 crs., he finally replied that he had done his utmost to dissuade his master from making war upon us, but that the King had been solicited on all sides to do so; and that in order to make terms with us, without having gained lands to justify it, he had "fait fondement" of the said sum of 2,000,000 crs., from which there could be no abatement. As to the sum payable 30 days after the publication, considering the arrears of London and Tournay, we ought to pay his master 456,000 crs. He offered to content himself with 50,000 crs. ready money, the rest to be added to the amount. As to the valuation of the crowns, he showed by two letters that in the last treaties they were estimated at 38 sous, and that he would sooner lose his arm than enhance them, otherwise people would take him for a dreamer, for the crown of the sun was not worth more according to the true value and purity of the gold. He would be content to receive payment in crowns of the sun according to the number agreed on, viz., 50,000 ready money, and 100,000 a year, and if they were not to be had in France they must be coined. This point he firmly insisted on; and after many remonstrances, on which we left his Grace to sleep, we were not able to gain anything, either as to this, or as to the sum which should remain payable after the present King's death. After long discussions we have agreed to the payment of 50,000 crs. one month after the publication, and 100,000 a year as above, at the rate of 35 sous the crown, or 38 sous the crown of the sun; and if the King die before the whole sum be paid, 50,000 crowns a year to his successors. By so doing, Madame, you increase in money without yielding a foot of land. Give reasons. Hope in time to save about the third part of the sum added to the obligations, to complete the 2,000,000 crs.
Agreed as to the defensive league at the expence of the party requiring it, to omit the clause not to take into our pay strangers, and that the clause touching rebels should be put in without mention of Bourbon. As to allies, there was great difficulty about the Scots. At last we have agreed that they shall be comprehended, but that a declaration shall be made to them similar to that in the two preceding treaties; viz., the treaty with Louis XII., and the last made with Francis, which was shown to us, signed, sealed, and ratified by him. Send a copy. We have had much discussion touching these declarations, which at first sight appear strange; but they say that without them they should never live at peace with the Scots, and could do nothing with us that would hold. They also demanded a declaration about Albany similar to the former one; and, on our remonstrances, have declared to us that they only intend it for 10 months, within which time the minority of the king of Scots will terminate. As to the comprehension of the Emperor and his brother, the discussion was in regard to the states of Italy, which he has tyrannically usurped, the towns of Tournay and Ardre, and the resort and sovereignty of Flanders. Agreed at length that the Emperor should not be defended in the occupation of lands which he had taken from the crown of France, on either side of the mountains, since the last treaty, made between France and England in 1518, but that England should not be bound to aid us in their recovery. They have agreed also to the comprehension of Navarre and of the present king of Denmark, but they will also name on their side the King his nephew, whom he expelled the kingdom.
Discussed next the sureties, about the form of which Wolsey told us his master had made great difficulty. We at last agreed that they should be ratified by you, and further by Francis, as soon as he shall be delivered, with letters written and signed with his hand "dès à present," containing the form of ratification of what shall be done by Madame; the obligations and ratifications of the duke of Vendôme, cardinal Bourbon, the count of St. Pol, the duke of Longueville, and Lautrec; the decrees of the parliaments of Paris, of Rouen, of Toulouse, and of Bordeaux; the obligations of the towns of Paris, Rouen, Toulouse, Lyons, and Amiens. He said he would like four or five more, which he will name to us. He insisted particularly on the Estates. Finally, we have agreed that he shall have the obligations of the estates of Normandy and Languedoc, which are the two parts of France holding the form of Estates, and no others. This done, he required hostages until he should have them. We replied, that you trusted in his faith, and that he ought to trust yours; that giving hostages was a thing unaccustomed in France, and they would not do it. On this he expressed himself satisfied (?). (fn. 6) As to our power, he demanded that we should have special power to pass the obligation of the 2,000,000, and other declarations, which we at last agreed to. We then discussed the form of the treaty. He said he had looked at the articles we had delivered to him, but that he would draw up others, which he would deliver to us next day, and would then send for the great personages of the realm to pass the treaty. Meanwhile he would send us the bishop of Gaily (Ely) and the under treasurer Maure (More) to negotiate. During these conferences Wolsey repeatedly said, that when these things were concluded, he would take further measures for the liberation of Francis, and humiliation of the Emperor. As to the marriage of the Princess, they considered themselves released before six months were over; and they had written, both by France and by sea, to their ambassadors the order of the things treated with us, commanding them to dissemble and treat with the Emperor, and also to speak with Francis, if possible, advising him not to bind himself hastily to the Emperor, or grant lands,—as he might, by delay, be in a better position. If they cannot speak with Francis, they are to confer with Mons. d'Ambrun, or the president of Paris. For your sake, he had also provided that his master should not yield to the request made to him, on the Emperor's behalf, by the commander Spurocose (Penalosa). He had also broken off other practices, and says that if you will follow his counsel Francis will very shortly be delivered; for the King had found the Spaniards the most ungrateful nation in their prosperity, and was anxious to do what was agreeable to France. Wolsey thanked Madame for her second letters, saying that he would not speak of his affairs till he had completed those of the King.
The secretary of the signory of Venice has shown us letters from his government, touching the message brought by Mons. de Bayeux, of which he says he had spoken to the Cardinal, who was much pleased on hearing of the Bishop's arrival there. Richmond, 29 July.
Fr., copy, pp. 7.
29 July.
R. O.
Mem. that Sir Thos. More has taken out of a box marked "Fraunces" a confirmation of a treaty made by the French king at Arde, and an obligation for payment to the King of certain sums. 28 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII. In More's hand.
29 July 17 Hen. VIII., More received the same box, with ten writings, for the Legate at Richmond; and another box, with a different mark, containing five writings.
P. 1.
30 July.
R. O.
Met the lieutenant of the Middle March of Scotland at Coklawe, at a day of trew, on Thursday 27th inst., when many bills were filed on both sides, and good redress made. Have appointed another day of trew for Thursday next, 3 Aug. On Saturday, 29 July, the outlaws of Tynedale came to him at Hexham. As he knew nothing of the King's pleasure, and the money that was in the prior of Durham's hands is spent, took order with them, as Wolsey will see by a paper enclosed. Hexham, 30 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
30 July.
Vit. B. VII. 180. B. M.
1528. RUSSELL to [WOLSEY].
The duke of Zesse (Suessa) has written hither concerning the mission of Sir Gregory to the Pope, which was very evil taken by the Imperialists. At his return he passed through Novara, where Bourbon and Pescara were, without speaking to them; whereat they marvelled greatly. They and the other captains return towards Piemont on the 1st of August, to assemble the men of war, whatever happens, for since these tidings from Rome they fear lest some inconvenience should occur; and also because the Venetians keep their 10,000 men still together.
A servant of Bourbon's came from Spain with letters from the Emperor in cipher, and was detained at Lyons by the Regent 15 days. These letters say that the Emperor had demanded my lady Princess of the King, or else the King is to be contented with his marrying the king of Portugal's sister; that the King had answered that he could not suffer his daughter to leave the realm, as he had no more children, but that he intends to marry her to the king of Scots, and is contented that the Emperor should marry the king of Portugal's sister, which is now concluded.
It is stated also that the amity between the Emperor and the King continues in good manner, though the contrary had been much feared here, especially by Bourbon, who greatly desires the said amity, and has spoken largely to those who wish the contrary; that the Emperor would gladly have gone this year into Italy to enjoy his crowns Imperial, but the King will not agree, and he will not come without his consent. Thinks he is still willing to do it. The galleys that brought Francis to Spain are still at Barcelona, though they were appointed to fetch Bourbon a month ago. He is ready, and would have gone if he could have had sure passage. He looks for the galleys daily, and thinks if they do not arrive in 15 days the Emperor will come.
The duke of Lorraine has sent a gentleman to Bourbon with instructions sent to him by the Regent, desiring Bourbon to help to a peace between the Emperor and Francis, and promising him what appointment he likes in France, saying that he will never have the Emperor's sister, and that there are plenty of marriages in France, both maidens and widows, which will be honorable and profitable to him; and asking him, if he will not meddle with the peace, to advise them as to the best means. Bourbon answered that it was too great a matter for him to meddle with; that the King and Emperor had wise men in their councils to whom the Duke might speak; that though he were sure the Emperor would not perform his promises, he would never be French, but rather live poorly all his life; and he prayed the Duke to tempt him no more. Milan, 30 July. Signed.
31 July.
Vesp. F. XIII, 206 b. B. M.
Makes use of the opportunity of the Venetian ambassador going to England, who has called at his house, to express his obligations to his benefactors. Is sought after more than the other nobles who are drawn to this city by its literary fame,—not on his own account, of which they know nothing, but on account of the King who sent him. Requests that either the King or Wolsey will express to the ambassador their satisfaction with the courtesy shown to himself. Hopes he will not be forgotten in his absence, or thought alone ungrateful out of the many who have received Wolsey's favors. "Patavii, pridie calendas sextiles."
Hol., Lat., p. 1.
31 July.
R. O.
Parcels of account belonging to the duke of Richmond's household:—Provisions for the kitchen, pantry, cellar,&c. Among other items: in the hall, chaffers for water. In the buttery: leathern pots, of a gallon; 10 ash cups. Hangings for the chambers; carpets; altar cloths; bed furniture; sheets; blankets; down pillows, 1 yard long; pillow beres; counterpanes of scarlet, and other colors; 5 gentlemen in velvet, blue, yellow, and white; 29 in damask, of the same colours; 46 yeomen; 3 pages; 63 grooms; 79 gentlemen's servants in broad cloth of the same colors. The Duke's robes of estate, of crimson velvet, and blue velvet lined with sarcenet, with other appurtenances belonging to the Garter. Members of the household, with their liveries, among whom is my lord Marquis's son. 11 warrants and indentures for various things belonging to the above account, in the months of July and August. One of the most curious is the furniture for the chapel, and for the Duke's bed and bed room.
In all 15 documents.
31 July.
R. T. 137. R. O.
Since writing last on July 29, Wolsey has postponed giving them a passport until now. Discussed with him for five hours the sum of money, which he wished to increase to 2,000,000 cr. Have finally agreed to the sum mentioned in the last letter.
Have agreed, after much discussion, to exhibit a power from Louise, with the publication and verification of the parliament of Paris, which must be sent with diligence.
Wolsey desires obligations to perform the treaty from Madame, Vendôme, the card. of Bourbon, St. Pol, Longueville, Lautrec, Brienne, Montmorency, the seneschal of Normandy, and the towns of Paris, Rouen, Lyons, Angers, Tours, Amiens, and Toulouse; and also decrees of the parliaments of Paris, Rouen, Toulouse, and Bordeaux. Could not get him to agree that the obligations should be void when Francis ratifies the treaty.
The article concerning rebels is granted, with a clause for robbers and criminals. No mention is made of foreign soldiers. Wolsey will not allow the Emperor to be named for reservation, but that the declaration should be made in general terms. The article concerning depredations will be reformed. They persist in the Scotch article, and have again shown us the ratification signed and sealed by Francis, and the declaration for the duke of Albany. Will send everything shortly.
Have found Wolsey very obstinate about the clause for the continuance of the payment until the King's death. They wished to have it couched "captieusement; but after innumerable overtures we have got it arranged, "ejus vitâ durante et non aliter." (I could have wished the expression non ultra.) The King fears being excluded from his title and arms. There were present at the discussion the archbishop of Canterbury, the bishop of Exeter, the lord Chamberlain, "maistre Maurop" (More ?), Briantduc (Tuke), and another secretary of the long robe. Will agree tomorrow upon the forms of the powers. Richmond, 31 July.
The article about the hostages is excluded, and that about Normandy and Languedoc is adjourned.
Fr., pp. 2.
31 July.
Bradford, p. 140. Le Glay, Négociations, II. 610. Lanx, I.
Montmorency has come to me, and requested me to send a safe-conduct for the duchess of Alençon, who is empowered to treat for peace; to arrange that the French king may be brought here in order that he may be consulted without delay during the negotiation for peace; and to agree to an abstinence of war, with free passage by land and by sea for the ambassadors of both courts. I have delivered the safe-conduct to Montmorency, who has promised the like shall be made out for Bourbon. I have ordered that the French king shall be brought to Madrid; and if I go to Segovia, he shall be brought to Coca. The English ambassadors here have power to treat either for peace or truce; and I have consented that abstinence shall be prolonged till the end of December. Montmorency will obtain the ratification from France. (fn. 7)
I am still waiting for the consent of England to my marriage with Portugal, and have put off my Italian journey till next March. I have heard of the adverse practices in Italy, and intend that the Venetians shall. pay 100,000 ducats, and Francis Sforza have possession of Milan on payment of 600,000 ducats, and other conditions. I have made an arrangement about the salt. Pescara is to be captain-general in Lombardy. Toledo, 31 July 1525.
P.S.—D'Anguien is coming here to settle about the lands of Burgundy.
July./GRANTS. 1533. GRANTS in JULY 1525.
1. Commission of Gaol Delivery.
Canterbury: Sir John Scott, Sir John Norton, Sir John Fogge, Sir Edw. Ryngeley, John Hales, Tho. Woode, John Colman, Edw. Thwaytes, Tho. Wyngefeld, Tho. Hartys, John Creyford. Westm., 1 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23d.
1. Robert Gane, of Beggebury, Kent, Lytton, Dorset, and Cadbury, Soms. Pardon. He states, in his petition, that when of the age of 16 years he was falsely suspected of stealing a silver chalice belonging to his master, Sir Robert Garnett, parson of Lytton, in 9 Hen. VIII.; whereupon he took a horse of Sir Robert's, worth 30s., and rode to London and other places to make inquiries, but, being unsuccessful, was afraid to return, and sold the horse. Del. Westm., 1 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Thomas Ap Grono. Lease of lands in the vill of Eryveat and Wenenok-Wittus, in the commote of Issalett, late in the tenure of his father; for 21 years; rent, 38s. 4d., and 20d. of increase; on surrender of patent 12 May 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Wm. Crouche. Lease of the lp. of Laverton, parcel of the earldom of Huntingdon, Somers.; for 21 years; rent 16l., and 26s. 8d. of increase. Del. Westm., 4 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
4. Richard bishop of Meath. Inspeximus of the grants to the bishops of Meath of the advowsons of the churches of Trym and Rathwere by patents of 24 Edw. III. and 9 Edw. IV. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 33.
4. Christ. Robyns, butcher, of Feversham, Kent. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Windsor, 4 July 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July—P.S. Fr., 17 and 18 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
6. Hugh Dee and Ric. Bildeford, bailiffs of the city of Worcester, and the citizens and commonalty of Worcester. Lease of all Warwick's, Spencer's and Coopercioners' lands in Worcester, lately held by Wm. Sheldon, of Beley, Worc., with the accustomed rents to the crown, lord Latymer, lord Lysle and lady Howeth which were leased to Ric. Cam. Westm., 6 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
6. Henry Horlowe, of Westgrenewich, Kent. Pardon for having killed John Dobson at Estgrenewiche. Del. Westm., 6 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
6. Rob. Musgrave, of Heyburgh, Linc. Pardon for having killed, in self-defence, Nic. Weston. Westm., 6 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
6. Ric. Nutbroune. Pardon for having killed, in self-defence, Rob. Hocchouson, of Waldeby, in the east riding of Yorkshire, Westm., 6 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 28.
6. Ric. Petit, of Hanley, Worc. Pardon of all felonies before 28 April last. Westm., 6 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 41.
6. Sir Gilbert Tayleboys. Lease of the herbage and pannage of Tatishall park, Linc., parcel of the lands of the late countess of Richmond, for 21 years; rent 26s. 8d., and 20d. of increase. Del. Westm., 6 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat.p.1, m. 33.
7. Wm. Coo, mercer, of Norwich, alias of Aysshill, Norf. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Del. Westm., 7 July 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
7. Philip Parrys and Marg. his wife. Inspeximus of a petition presented by John More and Joan his wife, widow of Tho. Bowes, mercer, of London, to file a bill touching the will of Bowes, to whose use Th. Riche, of London, and others, were enfeoffed of lands in Hunesdon and Stansted Abbot, Herts. Other lands mentioned in the will are Estwyke, Roydon and Arundell, Suss., and those purchased of Sir John Gysshyng, priest. The will, which was proved by Hen. Hikman, vicar of Chigwell, Essex, and then of Our Lady of Aldermanbury, London, and John Hosyer, of London, is in favor of Joan the wife, Joan the sister, Marg. and Eliz. the daughters, Thomas the son, and Ric. and John the brothers, of Tho. Bowes. Westm., 7 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
8. Richard de la Towres. To be pursuivant-at-arms with the duke of Richemounte and Somerset, and earl of Nottingham,&c., with 10l. a year. Windsor Castle, 5 July 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 July.—P.S.
8(?) John Hewster, yeoman of the Crown. To be searcher of the ports of Chester, Lirpole and Beaumares. Del. Westm., 8 (?) July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. Tho. Langton, "boron de Walton," and Edw. Stanley. Next presentation to the church of Calstoke, Cornw., Exeter dioc. Westm., 8 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5.
10. Wm. Shelley, serjeant-at-law. Next presentation to the church of Crecke, Northt., Linc. dioc. Del. Westm., 10 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
10. George earl of Shrewsbury and Francis Talbot his s. and h. To be constable and door-ward, steward and master of the hunt, in survivorship, of sundry lordships in the earldom of March. Del. Westm., 10 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
11. Commissions of Gaol Delivery.
Home Circuit: Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Simon Fitz.
Norwich Circuit: Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Tho. Fitzhugh.
Oxford Circuit: Sir Lewis Pollard, Tho. Inglefeld, Rob. Brudenell, jun.
Northern Circuit: Sir Anth. Fitzherbert, Tho. Fairfax, Tho. Strey.
Western Circuit: Sir John Fitzjames, Rob. Norwiche, Tho. Elyott.
Midland Circuit: Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, John Jenour. Westm., 11 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23d.
11. John Cavalcanti, merchant of Florence, gent. usher of the Chamber. Licence to import 200 tons of baysalt from Burwage, in Britanny; with protection for the ships importing, for nine months. Del. Westm., 11 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
11. Henry marquis of Exeter, steward of the duchy of Cornwall, John bp. of Exeter, Sir John Arundel, receiver general of the duchy, Sir Peter Eggecombe, Sir Tho. Denys, Sir John Chamound, John Turnour and Guthlac Overton, auditors of the same, John Godolghan, controller of the coinage of tin in Cornwall and Devon. Wm. Lowre, John Tregian, Walter Borlace and Tho. Cokk. To be commissioners and assessors of all lands now assessable, and of all stannaries, tolls of tin, moors and wastes, belonging to the duchy in Cornwall and Devon, as well those which were leased to freemen as those held by bondmen. Del. Westm., 11 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 35d.
11. Ranulph Jakson, alias Mount Argule. To be Chester herald, with 20 marks a year, and one livery yearly from the Great Wardrobe; on surrender of patent 7 April 7 Hen. VIII., appointing him Mount Argule herald. Windsor Castle, 5 [July] 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 July.—P.S.
11. Wm. Martyn, yeoman, of Calais. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Westm., 11 July ao 17.—P.S.
12. Sir John Dannett and Anne his wife. Livery of lands, the said Anne being d. and h. of Tho. Elmeryge or Elyngbryge, and sister and h. of John Elyngbryge. Also livery to John Skynner, seized to the use of the said Anne of lands in Maundbryan alias Marshermaunde, Rysbury, Heref., Aspeley, Staff., Elmebryge, and Droitwich, Worc., Morecott in Mynsterworth, Glouc., and Tylsopp, Salop. Also to George Seyntleger, Sir John Gaynsford, of Crowhurst, and John Madok, seized to the use of the said Anne of lands in Chalvedon, Aldebury, Croham, Merscham alias Mayscham, Gatton, Blecchynglee, Shepsted, Croydon, Saunderstede and Adyngton, Surrey. Del. Westm., 12 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
12. Nich. Denys. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Wm., s. and h. of John Denys. Del. Westm., 12 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 16.
12. Tho. Hyll, mercer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Anthony Ughtred. Greenwich, 10 July 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 July.—P.S.
12. Tho. Jonson, of Harmeston, Linc. Pardon for the murder of Chris. Browne, of Harmeston. Del. Westm., 12 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
12. Sir John Nevell. Lease for 21 years of the herbage and pannage of Old park, in the lordship of Wakefeld, at an annual rent of 40s., and 5l. 10s. of newly approved [rent] and 12l. 10s. of increase. Del. Westm., 12 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Wm. Shale alias Fryer, of Kyngeston, Surrey, yeoman of the Crown; Wm. Chaundler and Lewis Thomas, of Southwarke, being his bail. Custody of 3 rents of 26 acres of land in Boseham, in the tenure of Wm. Lane, of Fessheborne, for 30 years, at the annual rent of 15s. 6d., and 4d. of increase. Westm., 12 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
12. Ric. Southwell. Livery of lands as heir of Sir Rob. Southwell, deceased, viz., son of Francis, brother of the said Robert. Also, livery to Tho. duke of Norfolk, Sir Rob. Drury, Sir Rob. Clere, Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir John Hevyngham, Sir Tho. Tirrell, Sir Roger Wentworth, Sir Philip Calthorp, Sir Wm. Walgrave, Sir John Grene, Wm. Wotton, baron of the Exchequer, Philip Calthorpe, John Berney, Ralph Berney, Tho. Lucas, John Sturges, Ric. Sampson, clk., Hen. Fermour, Tho. Soterton, Francis Jenney, Henry Russell, Tho. Jermyn, Wm. Hewyard, clk., Ric. Method, Anth. Hansard, John Shaxton, Tho. Candela, Rob. Holdych, Wm. Gorney, Wm. Bardewell, John Grey, Simon Tirryngton, clk., Tho. Mongomery, and Hen. Palmer, seized to the use of Ric. Southwell, of all possessions on the death of Eliz. countess of Oxford, and on the death of Katharine Southwell, widow. Westm., 12 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 17.
12. John Whytyng and Anne his wife. Livery of lands, Anne being a sister and heir of Peter, s. and h. of Walter Pauncefote (who held in chief of Hen. VII. as of his manor of Parva Henton or Henyngton,) viz., the moieties of the manor and advowson of the church of Compton Pauncefote, Somst., held of John Bourchier, lord Fitzwaren, Sir John Zouch, Sir John Arundell, and Sir Wm. Compton, of possessions in Blakford, Somers., held of Richard abbot of Glastonbury, (these moieties having been held by Isabella wife of the said Walter, for life,) of lands in Broughton, Hants, held of John Rise, clk., master of the almshouse of Portismouth, and of lands in Britford (Bradford), Wilts, held of Sir Richard Sacheverell and Mary his wife, lady Hungerford. Del. Westm., 12 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
13. Justices of Assize.
Northern Circuit: Anth. Fitzherbert and John Porte. Westm., 13 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23d.
16. Wm. Somaistre. To be comptroller of the customs and subsidies of wools, hides, and fleeces, and of tonnage and poundage, in the port of Chichester. Westm., 16 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
17. Wm. Smallbrowe alias Smallebrave, skinner, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Wm. Skeffyngton. Del. Westm., 17 July 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
18. Giles Heron. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir John Heron, Windsor, ... July ... Del. Westm., 18 July.—P.S. (badly mutilated.) Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17.
19. Ric. Cootes, one of the King's chaplains. Presentation to Assheby church, Carlisle dioc., in the King's gift by the minority of Anne, d. and h. of Sir Chris. Pykering. Oking, 12 July 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 19 July.—P.S.
22. Ric. Page. Licence to appoint a clerk as his deputy in the office of controller of the customs in the port of London, granted him by patent 22 Dec. 14 Hen. VIII., notwithstanding the Act of 4 Hen. IV. Del. Westm., 22 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
24. Hugh Mervyn. Lease of the herbage of the little forest in the lp. of Brechon, S. Wales, parcel of Buckingham's lands, for 21 years; rent 7l., and 6s. 8d. of increase. Del. Westm., 24 July 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
26. John Fowll, victualler, of Canterbury. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Del. Richmond, 26 July 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
26. The abbot of Dale, Sir Henry Sacheverell, John Vernon, Roger Meynours, Tho. Aleyn, clk., and Ric. Clerk. To make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of John Bradburne, in co. Derby. Westm., 26 July.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29d.


  • 1. The King speaks of him thus: "ob sinceram æternamque affectionem quam erga præcharissimum nostrum Henricum (etc.), de prosapia nostra ortum, gerimus et habemus." In support of his title, the King granted him the manors, castles,&c. of Middilham, Carleton, Coverdaill, Ketilwell, Crakehall, Baynbrig, Bowis, Arkilgarthdale, Sherefhotton, Stamforthbriggis, Busbye, Faceby-cum-Carleton, Kimpton (?), Skirpynbek, Elvyngton, Sutton super-Darwent, Rascall, Cotyngham, Langton, and Cristall (Kirkstall), in Yorkshire; Frampton, Wykes, Skirbek, Boston, Jeserhall, Tattershall, Est Depyng, West Depyng, Burne and Byllingburgh, in Lincolnshire; Thorpp Watervyle and Achurche, Billyng Magna, Oveston, Chapilbrampton, Eyden, Maxhey, and Torpill, in Northt.; Wrastlyngworth, in Bedfordshire; Bassyngburne, in Cambridgeshire; Cheshunt, Tidburste, Kendall and Maydecrofte, in Herts; Bedhampton, in Hants; Lammersche and Colnewake, in Essex; Canford, Corffe Castle,&c. in Dorset; Curryrivell, Camell Reginæ, Martok, Kyngysbury, Langporte Estover, Langporte Westover, in Somersetshire; Toryton Maner, Fremyngton Maner, Bovytracie, Sanford Paverell, in Devon; Dartford, Chydlyngton and Lychefelde, in Kent; Kendall, Londesdaill and Wyresdaill, Marton and Kyrby in Kendall, in Westmoreland; Dalby, Lees and Wrexworth, in Derbyshire; Rydlington, in Rutland; Dartwith, in Worcestershire; Walsale, in Staffordshire; Ormesby and Bishop's Lynn, in Norfolk; Dere and Pennalen, in Pembroke; Escoyd and Gwynnyonneth, in Cardiganshire,&c.
  • 2. See No. 1198, ántè.
  • 3. The date is uncertain.
  • 4. See St. P. VI. 450 n.
  • 5. Subsequent letters show that he was taken prisoner in Switzerland while on his way to France, his papers being seized.
  • 6. "Sur quoy il sest restourne et contente de ceulx qui y estoient, ce que nous ne luy avons voulu consentir." The passage as it stands is not very intelligible. Perhaps there is some omission in the transcript.
  • 7. All that follows has been omitted by Lang and Le Glay.