Henry VIII: April 1524, 1-10

Pages 82-94

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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April 1524

1 April.
214. The LOAN for the WAR with FRANCE.
Account by Sir Henry Wiat, treasurer of the Chamber, of the money paid to him by the collectors of divers shires. 14 Hen. VIII.
Loan money from Mich. 14 Hen. VIII. to 28 Feb.
Sussex. Collectors, John Dawtry, Thos. Chaloner, Sir Wm. Fynche, Wm. Pelham, Wm. Everarde, Edw. Lewkenour, and Roger Coppeley, 3,841l. 2s. 4d. Berks. Collectors, Thos. Warde, John Hall, Thos. Inglefeld, Sir Wm. Essex, 3,704l. 12s. 8d. Surrey. Wm. Lussher, Thos. Heron, Sir John Gaynneforde, 2,252l. 3s. 8d. Middx. Sir And. Windsor, Lord of St. Johns, Abbot of Westm., 899l. 8s. 8d. Dorset. Wm. Uvedall, Ric. Phillips, 2,669l. 15s. 9d. Southamptonsh. Sir W. Paulet, Ric. Andrewes, Hen. Huttoft (for Southampton, 182l. 6s. 8d.), Lewis Wyngfelde, John Andrewes, Thos. Hobbes, 4,000l. 12s. Suffolk. Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir Robt. Drury, 7,222l. 11s. 5d. Oxon. Thos. Unton, Wm. Fermor, Humfrey Elmes, Wm. Gadbury, John Broune, Sir Simon Harcourte, 2,058l. 4s. Wilts. Sir John Seymour, Sir Edw. Darrell, Sir Henry Long, John Skelyng, 8,436l. 15s. 8d. Herts. Wm. Purde, 1,846l. 4s. 8d. Shropsh. Peter Newton, John Salter, 989l. 16s. 4d. Herefordsh. Edw. Crofte, 572l. Cheshire. Sir Ralph Egerton, 602l. 6s. 8d. Staffordsh. Sir John Gifforde, 705l. 0s. 1d. Northamptonsh. Sir Ric. Knightley, Sir Thos. Lucy, 4,331l. 10s. 6d. Leicestersh. Sir John Digby, Wm. Assheby, 1,240l. 8s. 8d. Essex. Sir Thos. Tay, John Sakvile, Earl of Essex, John Turell, Sir Wm. Pirton, Sir John Greve, Sir Ric. Fitzlewes, Sir Roger Wentworth, Sir Thos. Tirrell, John Josselyn, Ant. Darcy, Edw. Tirrel, Walter Froste, Henry Makwilliam, John Coolle, 7,433l. 2s. Hunts. Ant. Mallery, John Castell, 1,475l. 3s. 5d. Norfolk. Wm. Wotton, Thos. Bedingfelde, Sir Roger Townesende, 7,648l. 18s. 10d. Lincolnsh. Sir John Hussey, John Robynson, Andrew Billesdon, 4,254l. 19s. 2d. Gloucestersh. Thos. Ap Guillam, Chr. Tolle, Hen. Marmyon, Geffrey Todde, 3,596l. 7s. 4d. Worcestersh. Wm. Muklowe, Giles Grevell, Humfrey Dedicote, 1,189l. 6s. 8d. Cornwall. Roger Grenefelde, 1,298l. 10s. 8d. Devon. Sir John Kirkham, John Bodelegh, Thos. Copleston, 5,549l. 11s. Somerset. John Moyne, clk., 4,811l. 3s. 4d. Notts. Robt. Broune, Sir John Markham, Thos. Mellowes, 664l. 6s. Warwicksh. Thos. Trye, Wm. Boughton, Wm. Cooke, Thos. Slade, lady Eliz. Spencer, 2,248l. 1s. 6d. Beds. Sir John Seynt John, 1,286l. 15s. 4d. Bucks. Sir And. Windesore, Sir Robt. Legh, Thos. Hampden, Wm. Bulstrode, 1,577l. 12s. Kent. Sir Hen. Guldeforde, Thos. Baschurche, clk., John Rooper, John Lucas, Lord Cobham, Geo. Guldeforde, John Hayle, Wm. Mills, 9,239l. 5s. 10d. Cambridgesh. Robt. Smyth, John Huddleston, John Hynde, Thos. Meggis, 2,115l. 12s. 8d. Derbysh. Roger Mynours, Sir Godfrey Fulgeham, 714l. 1s. 4d. Total, 100,475l. 10s. 2d.
More receipts of the first loan, from March 1 to June 30. Middx., 209l. 3s. 4d. Northamptonsh., 74l. 9s. 4d. Essex, 232l. 18s. Somerset, 79l. 4s. 8d. Herts, 55l. 2s. Norfolk, 197l. 4s. 4d. Kent, 167l. 16s. 10d. Wilts, 119l. Dorset, 32l. 8s. 9d. Oxon, 4l. Suffolk. Sir Wm. Waldegrave, 104l. 7s. 9d. Devon, 108l. Staffordsh., 19l. 17s. 4d. Rutland, Fras. Broune, 304l. 8s. 8d. Total, 1,708l. 1s.
1 July 15 Hen. VIII. to 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.—Dorset, 69l. 17s. Middx., 2l. 17s. 4d. Devon, 52l. Kent, 147l. 18s. 1½d. Suffolk, 81l. 6s. 8d. Essex, 267l. 18s. Norfolk, 191l. 9s. 2d. Southamptonsh., 4l. Hunts, 57l. 13s. 4d. Rutland. Edw. Sapcote, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, sen., 124l. 12s. Oxon, 48l. 2s. 8d. Lincolnsh., 22l. Notts, 22l. Worcestersh., 9l. Surrey, 52l. 19s. Beds, 34l. 13s. 4d. Sussex. Robt. bp. of Chichester, Sir David Owen, Thos. Fynes lord Dacre, 140l. Cambridgesh., 23l. Bucks, 31l. Cornwall, 4l. Berks, 4l. Herts, 2l. Somerset. John lord Fitzwaren, 43l. 7s. 4d. Loans of John earl of Oxford, 100l. Thos. Blounte lord Mountjoy, 500l. Total, 2,102l. 7s. 3½d.
Received from the King by Wm. Caree, Esq., at Greenwich, 7 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII., 40,000l., and 22 Oct. 15 Hen. VIII., 9,000l., to be employed upon the wars.
The second loan, from subjects between the values of 5l. and 20l., paid before June 30, 15 Hen. VIII. Norfolk. Thos. Straunge, Sir John Heydon, Sir Wm. Paston, Sir Thos. Woodhous, Jas. Bullayne, Fras. Mountforde, Walter Hubbert, Chr. Jenney, Edw. White, Robt. Clere, Sir John Shelton, John Tyndall, Sir John Audeley, Ralph Berney, Wm. Conyngesby, Leonard Spencer, Wm. Layne, 3,438l. 6s. 3d. Dorset. Sir Giles Stranguisshe, Wm. Hoody, Thos. Thornhull, Sir John Rogers, 1,864l. 14s. 10d. Essex. Jas. Morres, Sir Edw. Tirrell, John Maykyn, Thos. Bonham, Hen. Torrell, Sir Geoffrey Gaites, Andrew Edmondes, &c., 3,010l. 3s. 4d. Wilts. Jas. Lowther, Thos. Eliott, Barth. Husey, Edw. Baynton, John Erneley, &c., 2,566l. 3s. 10d. Kent. John Sideley, Sir Thos. Nevill, Wm. Whatnow, Hen. Fayne, Sir John Wilteshire, John Colman, Thos. Willoughby, Alex. Culpeper, John Roper, 3,282l. 17s. 8d. (of which 230l. 11s. is of the first loan). Southamptonsh. Sir John Lisle, lord Audeley, Sir Arthur Plantagenet, Ant. Windsor, Wm. Kingeswell, Ric. Morton, Lionel Norres, Nic. Tycheborne, Peter Morren, 1,712l. 8s. 2d. Sussex. Sir Godard Oxenbridge, Ric. Sakvile, John Thatcher, Sir Thos. West, Edm. Bocher, Thos. Barden, &c., 1,746l. 8s. 3d. Hunts. Thos. Hall, Wm. Grace, Wm. Tanfelde, 810l. 7s. 10d. Berks. Walter Barton, Hen. Bridges, 1,324l. 11s. Herts. Thos. Knyghton, Hen. Barley, Ric. Drewell, Humfrey Conyngesby, Ph. Butler, Thos. Leventhorp, Thos. Pyrren, Humfrey Fitzherbert, John Broket, Thos. Blake, Robt. Trobilfelde, 1,147l. 16s. 3d. Oxon. Ric. Pigot, John Basberd, Wm. Counser, Walter Bolstrode, Humfrey Elmes, Thos. Denton, Geoffrey Dormer, 973l. 0s. 8d. Cambridgesh. Peter Feldyng, John Broket, 1,037l. 12s. 6d. Surrey. Chr. More, Sir Robt. Johns, 1,228l. 7s. 5d. Suffolk. Sir Thos. Turell, Sir Ph. Tilney, Wm. Grevey, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir John Hynnyngham, Thos. Russhe, Wm. Stysted, 2,789l. 8s. 9d. Leicestersh. Thos. Poulteney, Thos. Hasilgrave, Thos. Entwesill, Sir John Villers, John Warner, Wm. Bolte, 1,432l. 19s. 5d. Warwicksh. John Ardern, Robt. Fulwode, Hen. Pifforde, John Verney, 881l. 15s. 8d. Northamptonsh. John Moulsho, Sir Wm. Fitz William, Wm. Saundres, lord Brudenell, Walter Mantell, John Hartwell, Geo. Quarles, Sir John Clark, Wm. Throkmarton, 2,514l. 10s. Bucks. Roger Gifforde, 974l. 6s. 11d. Lincolnsh. John Monson, Ant. Irby, John Halton, Thos. Hollande, Wm. Skipwith, Edw. Forset, Sir John Markham, 3,018l. 15s. 9d. Beds. Wm. Marshall, Geo. Atwich, Nic. Harding, Walter Luke, Sir Wm. Gascoigne, 1,069l. 19s. 6½d. Staffordsh. Edw. Litleton, Ph. Deacotes, Ant. Fitzherbert, John Wells, Lewis Bigot, 770l. 17s. 4d. Middx. John Wrothe, Sir John Daunce, 508l. 12s. 3d. Notts. Wm. Parpointe, Robt. Broune, 325l. 3s. 6d. Rutland. John Harington, 281l. 4s. 8d. Somerset. Sir Amyas Paulet, Geo. Speke, John Sidenham, Edw. George, Ph. Fulforde, John Fitzjames, Wm. Woywell, 4,112l. 14s. Devon. Andrew Hillersdon, Sir John Zouche, 4,862l. 4s. 7d. Herefordsh. Thos. Bodenham and Thos. Wulwell, 513l. 12s. Cornwall. Geoffrey Becket, Wm. Kenne, John Trygian, 1,651l. 6s. 2d. Gloucestersh. Sir Wm. Denice, Edw. Wadham, Sir Thos. Barkley, Hen. Betts, Ant. Bradstone, Sir John Hungerforde, Edm. Tame, Jas. Clifforde, Wm. Owseley, 1,416l. 15s. 6d. Derbysh. Ant. Babington, Wm. Coffyn, Thos. Curson, John Porte, Ric. Knyston, 238l. 0s. 10d. Total receipt of the second loan, 51,505l. 4s. 10½d.
More receipts of the second loan from 30 June 15 Hen. VIII. to 1 April next. Oxon. Thos. Lentall, John Travers, 283l. 10s. Worcestersh. Thos. Nevill, John Ketilby, Hugh Dee, Roger Wynter, John Middilton, Peter Blount, John Littilton, John Russell, Edm. Hartwell, 856l. 19s. 8d. Herts, 19l. 4s. 9d. Essex, 262l. 15s. 4d. Gloucestersh. Thos. Matson, Edw. Mille, John Faulconer, Wm. Tracy, Alex. Baynham, 837l. 2s. Dorset, 25l. 12s. Berks, 1l. 11s. 4d. Cambridgesh. Ph. Pares, 145l. 16s. Southamptonsh. Sir Geo. Puttenham; Ric. Lyster, Jas. Betts, John Pecock, Wm. Pallet, 390l. 3s. 8d. Lincolnsh. Chr. Askewe, &c., 121l. 2s. 5½d. Cornwall, 152l. 2s. 10d. Derbysh. John Porthe, 13s. 6d. Sussex, 82l. 17s. 3d. Norfolk. Robt. Broune, John Berney, 295l. 10s. Notts. Thos. Mellours, Sir John Byron, Sir John Markham, 54l. Wilts, 67l. 17s. 8d. Kent. Simon Asshenden, clerk, &c., 326l. 2s. 9d. Hants, 185l. 13s. 3d. Shropsh. Robt. Duddeney, Ric. Forster, Thos. Blounte, Ric. Horde, John Corbett, Sir John Talbot, Ric. Selman, Thos. Skreven, Sir Peter Newton, 259l. 3s. 4d. Northamptonsh. Sir Robt. Brudenell, &c., 74l. 7s. 1d. Middx. 86l. 17s. 6d. Staffordsh. Edw. Sutton, Lord Dudley, &c., 4l. 2s. 8d. Suffolk. Humfrey Wingfelde, Thos. Pye, 246l. 14s. Bucks. Thos. Harrington, &c., 78l. 4s. 8d. Surrey. Erasmus Forde, Swithin Skerne, 97l. 12s. 3d. Rutland. 2l. 2s. 8d. Leicestersh. Sir Ric. Sacheverell, Sir Thos. Poulteney, 129l. 2s. Somerset. Sir Nic. Wadham, Sir John Fitzjames, Sir Edw. Gorge, John Brent, 50l. 1s. 4d. Beds. Sir John Mordaunt, 21l. 15s. 3d. Warwicksh. 90l. 13s. 4d. Yorks. Sir Robt. Nevill, Thos. Grice, 132l. 15s. 10d. Herefordsh. 2l. 4s. Devon. Baldwin Mallet, 4l. Chesh. Sir Ralph Brereton, 59l. 13s. 4d. Total, 5,487l. 13s. 8½d.
Received from Edm. Pekham, by warrant from Wolsey, dated Oct. ao 15, 5,300l. for the last loan in London, and 500l. from the Fellowship of the Staple.
Total receipts, Mich. ao 14, to 1 April ao 15, 216,078l. 17s. 0½d.
Payments of the loan money made by Wiat, by warrant of the Cardinal, and the bishop of Durham and the Admiral in his absence, with the allowance to the collectors of 10s. in 100l.
Mich. 14 Hen. VIII. to 28 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII.
To John Jenyns, two months' wages and one month's victual for the navy, 723l. 14s. 3d. For Wm. Gonson and his company, 302l. 11s. 1d. Wages and victual of the King's Great Bark to 28 Nov., and for anchors, &c., 250l. A month's wages and victuals for the James of London and the Erasmus of London, 41l. 10 Nov., to Thos. Wharton, to be conveyed to Robt. Fowler, for wages of the crew at Calais, 3,000l.; his costs, 6l. 13s. 4d. 18 Nov., to Ric. Palshed, for the garrison at Portsmouth, 200l. To Thos. Sperte, for masters and shipkeepers at Portsmouth, one month ending Nov. 26, 113l. 10s. To Wm. Pawne, for fortifications there, 133l. 16s. 9d. To Robt. Brigandyne, for caulking the overlops of 8 ships, 52l. 5s. 8d. To John Jenyns, wages of Wm. Symonds, capt. of the Trinity Ditton, for three months ending Nov. 26, 146l. 19s. To Jas. Bettes, a month's wages of the gunners at Portsmouth, 171l. 5s. 4d. To John Shurley, for the King's household, 2,000l. To Robt. Lorde, one month's wages of Sir Edw. Ichingham's company at sea, 10 ships, 549l. 19s. 2d. To John Jenyns, one month's wages of Wm. West and his company, 48l. 0s. 6d. To Thos. Sperte, one month's wages for keeping the ships at Portsmouth, to 21 Jan., 113l. 15s. To John Johnson, capt. of the Trynytie George, one month's wages, &c. of 60 men, 32l. 12s. To Sir Edw. Ringeley, for a month's wages of three ships, 135l. 8s. 4d. To John Fletcher, of Rye, a month's wages, ending 12th Dec., to 100 mariners in four barks, 33l. 6s. 8d. To Chr. Coo, capt. of John Baptiste, four months' wages, 193l. 0s. 8d. To John Jenyns, for the navy, 1,000l. To Sir Wm. Skevington, master of the ordnance, for bows and arrows, casting guns, &c., 1,286l. 11s. 3d. To Robt. Diricke, for mending Almayn rivets, 20l. To Sir J. Daunce, for the wars, 40,000l. To Magnus, for the Scotch war, 20,000l.
Expenses of collection. To John More, clerk of the Privy Seal, for wax and privy seals for the loan spiritual and temporal. Half a fardell of Normandy canvas for bags, 3l. 10s. 2d. For eight carts carrying the money from Westminster and the Black Friars to the Tower, 8s. 10¾ yds. green cloth, at 3s. 4d., to lay upon tables to tell money upon. Four new coffers, 4l. Ten quires of paper, 20d. A leather bag for books, 6d. Two "forelles," and binding the paper in them, 4d. 30 ells of canvas for bags, at 5½d. 12 yds. green cloth for tables at Westminster, at 4s. 200 fagots, 7s. 8d. To Fox, for making 41 doz. bags, 13s. 8d.; needles, thread, and tying for the bags, 12d. Rewards to the collectors of Sussex, Warwick, Kent, Southampton, Oxon, Surrey, Bucks, Wilts, Berks, Beds, Cambridge, Lincoln, Essex, Stafford, Dorset, Northampton, Norfolk, Leicester Derby, Hunts, Worcester, Gloucester, Devon, Somerset, Notts, Shropshire, Cornwall, and Suffolk.
Total, 70,995l. 18s. 7d.
1 March 14 Hen. VIII. to 1 July 15 Hen. VIII. 28 March, to Sir Wm. Sandes and Robt. Fowler, expenses at Calais, Guisnes, and Hammes, 6,666l. 13s. 4d. To Jerningham, sent into Spain, by Wolsey's warrant, dated 31 May, ao 15, 1,000l. To Windsor herald, going with him, 22 May, 20l. Delivered by the King's commandment, by warrant, 8 June, ao 15, 30,000l. To Richard Gresham, for "gables" (cables), running glasses, compasses, &c. delivered to John Hopton, 1,165l. 19s. To Daunce, for the wars, by Wolsey's warrant, dated 13 June ao 15, 5,000l. Allowances to receivers for the second loan. Total, 44,041l. 9s. 4d.
1 July to 1 April 15 Hen. VIII. Allowances to receivers of both loans. Two boxes for the schedules indented of the two loans, 21d. Eight baskets for conveying money from Greenwich, 6s. 2d. Eight locks for them, 3s. A boat to carry them to Greenwich, 8d. Three boats to bring them to the Tower, 3s. 4d. To More's clerk for writing the privy seals, 6s. 8d. To Sir Hermann Ryng, merchant of the Styllyarde, for 11 pair of harness for demi-lances, 20l. To Lord Montague, for 80 pair of harness for demi-lances, 133l. 6s. 8d. To John Jenyns, three months' wages of the garrison at Portsmouth, 636l. 6s. 8d. Sent by Thos. Wiatt, to be conveyed to St. Mary's Abbey, York, for the King's affairs in the North, 26 Oct., 2,000l., and 20 Nov., 2000l.; his costs, 17l. 1s. To Nic. Stathum, for gunpowder brought in Flanders, 1,000l. To the abbot of St. Mary's, York, 23 July ao 15, 10,000l. To Robt. Draper, for conveying it to York, 22l. 1s. 9d. To Sir J. Daunce, for the King's affairs, 13 July, 4,000l.; 3 Aug., 5,000; 19 Aug., 10,000l. 19 Aug., to Sir Andrew Windsor, treasurer of the wars beyond sea, 24,000l. 10 Sept., to Robt. Draper, to be taken to Calais, 8,000l. for Sir A. Windesore, and 12,000l. for Robt, Fowler. Conveyance of the same to Calais, 13l. 2s. 8d. To Martin Bowes and Ric. Fox, 27 Oct., for Sir Andrew Windesore, 20,000l. 7 Nov., for Wm. Briswood, for repairs of the castle at Guisnes, 500l. 16 Sept., to Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, for money lent to the King, 200l. 17 Oct., to Wm. Gonson, for the ships and garrison at Portsmouth, 1,150l. 9 Dec., to Mr. Toneys, for the same sum, paid to Magnus by Wolsey's receivers in the North, for the King's affairs, 2,000l. 18 Feb., sent to the abbot of St. Mary's, for the garrisons on the Marches, 2,000l. 4 March, to Sir J. Daunce, for the wars, 6,000l. To Thos. Hall, for two new books for the receipts and payments of the loans, and the writing of the anticipation and subsidy, 4s. 8d. 14 March, to Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, for the crews at Calais, Guisnes, and Hammes, 3,000l. To Fox's wife, for 30 doz. canvas bags, 10s. Total, 113,869l. 2s. 9d.
Total, from Mich. ao 14 to 1 April ao 15, 228,906l. 10s. 8d.
Pp. 71, of which 8 are blank.
1 April.
Cal. B. VI. 150.
215. [DACRE] to ALBANY.
"Copy of a letter to the Duke of Albany." Has received his letter, dated Edinburgh, 27 March, by Unicorn pursuivant, with a copy of Albany's letter to the Cardinal, stating that no ambassadors could be sent to England without the consent of the confederates. Cannot permit Albany's servants to carry the letters, but has sent them by post, and hopes to have answer within ten days. Detains Albany's servants meanwhile, and sends Carrick with this letter. If Albany really desire a truce he should labor for a longer period than a month or forty days, at least to All Hallowtide or St. Andrew's Day. Morpeth, 1 April.
Copy by Dacre, pp. 2.
1 April.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 195b.
2. Another copy from Dacre's Letter-book.
Headed: "Copie of a lettre sent by Carrik pursevant to the due of Albany; aunswere to the copie of his lettre hereunto annexed." (fn. 1) Dated Morpeth, 1 April 15 Hen. VIII. 1524.
Pp. 2.
In margin: "Med the Duke's lettre sent to my Lord, whereupon this aunswere was made, was sent up by post, 1 April; and the copy of his aunswere was sent up by post fro me, 17 April."
1 April.
Cal. B.I. 209. B.M. Green's Princesses, IV. 364.
Has written several times to him since he left the Borders, but has had no answer from the King, nor from him. Thinks they have forgotten her. This displeases her, considering the state she is in, and that she has few friends to comfort her, except her son, who cannot do for her what he would, though she trusts in short time he will be able to do so, for he grows both in wisdom and in person. Has never left him since Surrey departed from the Borders, and will not do so till she hears the King's mind and Surrey's, for he will not let her leave him. He will do anything she bids him; loves her and her friends, and hates those whom he thinks his enemies. The governor says he has had many messages and presents, both from Wolsey and Dacre, since Surrey left; but she does not know their effect. It is said here that a peace will be made, which she prays God may be the case. If so, hopes her brother will let her be the laborer thereof. However it be made, trusts neither he nor Surrey will forget her. Will do all she can to please the King, if she is informed how he would have her behave, for her son will do what she pleases. Marvels that the Governor is allowed to treat with England without her, considering what displeasure she bears from him for their sake, and that she has denied him many things, and, to please her brother, refused great profits which she might have had from him. It is hard "to be out with the Governor here," and not to know what the King will do for her. If she would have "aplaudyt to the Governor," she might have had great profits, but she will not take them till she knows her brother's mind. Has not spoken with the Governor since Surrey left, and will not do so as long as he remains in Scotland. They are therefore not contented with each other. Asks him to inform her of the King's mind, for her future conduct, and wishes to know the news. Asks credence for the bearer, her servant. Asks him to cause the supplication about which she wrote by Sir Wm. Bulmer to be sped in Rome. Striveling, 1 April.
Could not write in her own hand, as she has been sick, but he must not regard it the less on that account. Asks for an answer, or she will think that the King is not content with her, and that Surrey has forgotten her. "I thynke ryght lange tyll ze come to thyz borderz agayn, for I vol nothar vryt nor send to non othar vhol I get you." (This paragraph only is in her own hand.)
Pp. 3. Add.
1 April.
Cal. B. III. 142.
Desires a pass for the bearer, whom she wishes to send into England. Thinks him unkind never to have written since Surrey's departure. Stirling, 1 April. Signed.
Add.: "To my lord Dacris," &c.
1 April.
Add. M.S.
24,965, f. 195.
Reminds him that when Surrey left, he consented to become warden of the East and Middle Marches till Easter, before which Surrey promised to persuade the King to appoint another, "seing myne age, debilitie, diseas of the gowte and my leg, which troubleth me very sore." Wolsey has now written to him to prepare to annoy the Scots unless they send ambassadors, which will keep him on these Borders till the last of May. Cannot remain longer without danger to himself and to the West March. Asks Surrey to see that some one else is sent. Complains of Wolsey's believing the surmises lately made by his "small friends" of Northumberland. Will come after the end of May to make his declaration, if he can ride. Asks him to speak to Wolsey about sending money, and on behalf of Sir Rauf Fenwick. Morpath, 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie, &c.
1 April.
Add. M.S.
24,965, f. 193.
Sir Wm. Bulmer and Sir W. Evre were here on March 17. Showed them the King's pleasure, as contained in Wolsey's last letter. They say they shall not have the companies assigned to them till Thursday in Easter week, for which reason such sharp and actual war could not be made as Dacre intended. Wolsey shall hear soon after the garrisons are established, which he thinks will be before next Sunday. While Bulmer and Evre were deliberating with him a letter came from Albany, asking for a cessation of incursions till Barbon's return, which Dacre granted till he heard from the King or Wolsey, and advertised Albany thereof. Sends the Duke's letter and his answer. Did not forward Wolsey's last letter to him, with his writings, according to Wolsey's commandment, of which he sends a copy, till Good Friday, in order that they might not come to him before the garrisons were furnished, lest he might cause the wardens to make excourses. Has received the 2,000l. he sent to York. Is surprised that he sent no more, as he has appointed 1,200 men for the garrisons, and, as Dacre said, he had spent the rest a month ago. When the wages due to the last garrison, and 84l. to Sir Wm. Bulmer for his wages when absent, are paid, there will only be left sufficient to pay the 1,200 men their conduct money and one month's wages. Begs him to send more, for men will not stay unless they are paid their wages beforehand.
Last night his servant returned from Albany with the Duke's apothecary and a pursuivant, whom he wishes sent on to Wolsey with his letters. Will detain them till he knows Wolsey's pleasure, as he hears nothing of his sending ambassadors, and thinks he merely wishes to prolong the time. Sends Albany's letter to himself, and a copy of the one to Wolsey, as they would not deliver the original. They have also letters to the French king, his mother and wife, and to Barbon, which are all open, and a packet for Rome about benefices. They showed also articles in French, which they say are their instructions from the Duke but they are not signed by him. One article states that Albany would be glad of a surceance of war between the wardens for a month, 40 days or longer; that if Barbon does not bring home from France what will content the King, a wise clerk of Scotland and a Frenchman of substance may be sent to declare his mind more fully; and if their coming does any good, he might send up more honorable ambassadors. Thinks an abstinence till St. Andrew's Day would not only save the King much money, but would make the French king displeased with the Duke. Has no grounds for saying this but the sight of the articles, on which he does not rely, as the Duke has given no letter of credence to his servants, and has not signed them. Sir Wm. Bulmer and Sir Wm. Eure, who are appointed by the King's placards to have retinues of 400 and 200 men, ask for wages for a captain and petty captain for each 100. Has told them he can only allow one captain each, and one petty captain for each 100, which they have refused. Wishes for orders about it, and about the jackets for the garrisons for which they demand money. 1,200 jackets at 40d. will amount to 200l. Sir Rauff Fenwyk, who is keeper of Tyndale by patent, complains that Sir Nic. Rydley has obtained from the King Plenmellor and other lands which belong to the office, and are the principal profit thereof; and that he will not keep the office unless he has them. Will carry out his instructions about the garrisons and annoying Scotland. Morpath, 1 April 15 Hen. VIII. 1524.
Pp. 4. Headed: Copie, &c.
1 April.
Add. M.S. 24,965, f. 190. B.M.
Received on the 14th inst. his letter without date by Sir Wm. Bulmer, and on the 16th by post his letter dated the 10th; in the first of which he complained of the disorderly state of the Borders, and that open robberies had even been committed by daylight in Hexham and elsewhere, for which the King blames him, and will compel him to make recompense himself. The information is not true. Since Surrey departed there has been neither murder, burning, nor robbery to the amount of 12d. in the regality of Hexham. Sir Wm. Heron and Sir Rauf Fenwick must answer for Tindale and Redesdale, as they have the rule there. Has always assisted them in apprehending and punishing malefactors. Would not show any partiality or remiss dealing, if he heard of any offenders haunting open markets or towns. In times past the King's second son was nearly always warden, and lately the earl of Warwick, duke of Gloucester, earls of Salisbury and Northumberland and other noblemen, in whose days no warden was ever compelled to make restitution for the acts of any man who could not be apprehended or came not to the King's laws, unless he maintained or received him.
Will pay Bulmer's wages, as Wolsey desires, but trusts it will prove that he had not as many as 24 men with him, which was the number lacking at the musters. Has not discharged any of the garrison of Norham, which consisted of 20 gunners, 70 archers and 100 horse, with seven or eight countrymen for watchers, but checked for the King's advantage all who were absent from musters. Will send Bulmer more men when necessary, as Wolsey wishes. As to the eight persons who are to be attached, will do all he can to apprehend the two who live in the West Marches; but as the other six belong to Tindale, begs Wolsey to charge Sir Rauf Fenwick to apprehend them. As to Wolsey's complaint that he wrote to Albany in such a manner that the Scotch were encouraged, and were "stranger for peace" than before, and that the King is not pleased with his having discharged so many of the garrison without orders, and with his having left the East Marches, wrote to the Duke to the best intent he could devise, though his wit is not so ripe or quick of intelligence as when he was young; and he is sure that nothing dishonorable passed his pen, and that he did not write so largely as Wolsey commanded in his letter. Nothing concerning communication of peace from this side can have been seen in his letter. Discharged no southern men, but only the few who were countrymen, which Wolsey approved in his letter of Dec. 24. Since Surrey departed never went to see his charge in Cumberland till Saturday 13 Feb., when he heard that two gentlewomen and a laundress of his son Lord Graistok's wife had died suddenly, and they did not know what sickness it was. Went to see them conveyed into fresh air, and also in consequence of a letter from the bishop of Carlisle and the dean of York, asking for the declaration of the value of his lands and moveables, which are principally in Cumberland and Westmoreland. Had not heard of the proviso granted in the Act for the inhabitants of those shires. Did not tarry more than six days, and returned in all haste, with the bishop of Carlisle, to Newcastle, where they met the Dean, and gave him the declaration, which, he supposes, Wolsey has by this time. While in Newcastle the earl of Levenox, newly made warden, and the other wardens, burnt part of Forde and two other waste villages.
Thinks Wolsey puts too great faith in reports, and has written too sharply, considering all he has done at his own cost these two years, which was more for the King's pleasure than for any wages he has had. Seeing that he has remained here on the East borders, away from his own charge, for the pleasure of the King and Wolsey, and not for his own profit or ease, thinks that his services deserved better thanks. Before the last of May will see the King's money so employed upon the garrisons that it shall not be wasted, and will put the lieutenants and garrisons in occupation, and for that purpose will lie as near the Borders as any other, with which he hopes the King and Wolsey will be content. Had not intended keeping the charge of East and Middle Marches after Easter last, as he wrote when he accepted the wardenship. Asks that another warden may come down before the end of May, for he cannot hold it longer, considering his infirmities, and that his charge in the West is likely to fall in ruin during his absence. During the reigns of Henry VI., Edward IV., and Henry VII. the expense of defending the West Border was sustained by the King; but Dacre has kept it at his own charge for the last twelve months, with no help from the King except 30 gunners and spies. Asks again that he may be dispatched from the East and Middle Marches at the end of May, that during his last days he may keep his own charge in the West, where he will have trusty tenants and friends about him in any time of danger, whereas here he has few true friends. Will do his best to serve the King during the next two months, and then, if he can ride, would gladly come up to make declaration concerning the surmises made upon him, and to give account of the King's money, "thinking in the mean season the same surmyses expressed in your said sharp writing a ponderus burding lyeing upon me." Morpeth, 1 April 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 6. Headed: Copie, &c.
1 April.
Agreement made at Tempilhirst, 1 April 15 Hen. VIII., between [T. lord] Darcy, Sir John Hussy, Sir Alex. Ratcliff and Richard B[ankes], executors of E. Stanlay, late lord Mounteagle.
Bankes to make two inventories of the goods and chattels and of the lands, and to obtain reversal of the outlawry. The heir to marry one of Hussy's daughters. Hussy to have 30l. a year for the young lord's finding during his minority. The King's farm and debts to be paid. The church and hospital to be completed. Starky not to interfere in the administration of the goods. Other arrangements.
"Concordat cum originale." Signed: T. Darcy—Ric. Bank. In form of a roll.
2 April.
Vit. B. VI. 24. B.M.
Thanks him for appointing him protector of the English nation. The King's letters have just been brought to him from Rome. Thanks him also for writing to the Pope in his commendation. Wishes he were at Rome to undertake his duties as protector, but the Pope's will and the calamities of the times compel him to undertake the present most odious charge. Will write about other matters to Wolsey. Nuremberg, 2 April 1524. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated. Add.
4 April.
Cal. B. I. 185. B.M.
1. Queen Margaret to Wolsey.
Regrets she has not heard from him for so long. Sends her servant with a letter to her brother. Begs his countenance, and that he will labor for peace. Albany is desirous of it. 4 April.
Hol., pp.2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal.
Cal. B. I. 176.
2. Queen Margaret to Henry VIII.
Has labored much for the peace of the two realms, trusting his Grace would exert himself on her behalf. Desires a peace universal. Trusts that he and the Cardinal know the good mind of Albany, and how he labors for the same. 4 April.
Hol., p. 1.
Cal. B.I. 177.
3. [Queen Margaret to Henry VIII.]
"Ze sal vyt that I am of force pwt a vay fre the Kyng, as in a part ze may se be othar letarz that thyz berar vyl schau you, vyth credenz tyl hym and aunswar, for it vaz never se gret mystar, th[ar] for lat me vyt the utrast in all hast.
"Vryten ze vayt vhay."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "To the ryght hy and myghty prynce, my deryst brothar the Kyng."
* No. 3. is pasted on the fly leaf containing the address of § 2.
4 April.
Lanz, I. 115.
The cardinal of Liege, the count of Bueren and the lords Beures and Barbençon have combined with the lord Berghes to persecute the provost of Utrecht. If they have done him wrong, they have shown want of reverence to the Emperor, and to Margaret, who fills his place. Had proposed to keep the matter secret, and thought there was no report of it; but the English ambassador has informed her, on behalf of the King his master and the Legate (Wolsey), that they had heard that most of the great lords here who are acquainted with the French provost had told her that he ought not to be present at the Council during the negotiations between the Emperor and the King (Henry); and, therefore, the Ambassador requested her to remove the Provost from any place where she might be, and order him to reside where he could obtain information neither from the Council, nor from any of his friends in it. He declared that, if she refused to do so, the King and Legate would not allow her to take part in the negotiations.
Is astonished that any of the Emperor's subjects should, for satisfaction of private malice, resort to the King and Legate, and not to the Emperor himself. The Ambassador has given her a copy of the article in the King's letters. He says Berghes had informed him that the Provost was French; that it would be very dangerous if he became cognisant of the affairs of the King and the Emperor; and that he and others had assured Margaret they would not attend the Council if the Provost were present.
Told the Ambassador that he was not ambassador to lord de Berghes or any other subject of the Emperor, and declared to him the truth of the matter, and the innocence of the Provost. Proved to him that the King and the Legate ought to trust the Emperor and Margaret with the government of their own councillors; and did not forget to touch upon the reports here that the Legate and other chief ministers of the King are French. Gave him her answer in writing, and requested him to send it to the Legate.
The cardinal of Liege denies having written to England on this subject, but he knew Berghes had spoken to the English ambassador. The only object of De Beuren and De Beures was to please Berghes. Barbençon acted without consideration. Berghes practised this intrigue to avoid delivering up the seals of the Order to the Provost, with whom and others he has long been aggrieved. Has said nothing to him, as he is old, and has lost his judgment and memory. Intends in time, after the answer of the King and Legate, to recall the Provost into the Council. The Emperor should give her authority to assemble the knights of his Order, and then to deliver the seals to the Provost. Dated at the commencement, "4 April 1524." (fn. 2)
5 April.
Cal. B. VI. 151. B. M.
225. ALBANY to [DACRE].
Has received his letter by Wm. Hetherington. Perceives that neither Dacre nor the Cardinal is well inclined to peace. Had hoped, as Dacre proposed, that the armistice might have been arranged betwixt Warden and Warden, after which a further prolongation might have been determined. Thinks he could not have done better than he has done. His servant might have been allowed to pass, and been sent back if the Cardinal did not agree. It is commonly said John de Barboun is returned on this side the sea. Trusts he may be sent to him (Albany) without delay, and if there be any dissimulation in his errand it shall be disclosed. Edinburgh, 5 April. Signed.
Pp. 2.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 197. B. M.
2. Copy of the preceding in Dacre's Letter-book.
Headed: Copy of letter sent from the duke of Albany to my lord Dacres by Carrik pursuivant; the principal letter sent up by post, 17 April.
5 April.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 196. B. M.
Since Dacre has forwarded to Wolsey the copies of the letters and memoirs, it is not needful for his servants to pass on to him. Asks Dacre to send them back if Wolsey does not think good for them to proceed. It will be seen by his answer whether every one is as well disposed to peace as has been said. Edinburgh, 5 April. Signed and sealed.
P. 1. Add.
5 April. R. O. 227. [RICHARD BANK to LORD DARCY.]
Sends by this bearer, Oliver Thomson, servant of his old Lord (fn. 3) and master, the following parcels:—(1.) For [Darcy], a collar and garters of gold, with a George set with stones, and two garters with buckles and pendants of gold. (2.) For Sir John Hussy, a salt of gold, set with stone and pearl, and a horse. (3.) For the King, a small gold ring, with a table or square diamond in it, and 100l. of coined gold. (4.) For the Cardinal, a small gold ring with a point of a diamond in it, and 20l. Sends also 83l. 5s. 4d. for my Lord's debts to the King;—20l. of which might be appointed to St. George's Chapel, and five marks to the Dean and choristers. Reminds him of my Lord's book of the Garters, to be delivered to the chapel, according to custom. Sends a letter from himself to master Starky for my Lord's (fn. 4) causes. Has delivered the litter to Darcy's servant, who is accompanied by two servants,—"plain Lancashire men, as ye shall perceive by their words and manner." Has been requested by the young lord Clifford to be at his father's burial. Darcy must write to Hussy to show the King that, when the bequest is delivered to him, all my Lord's debts are paid.
In Bank's hand, pp. 2, imperfect.
R. O. 2. Copy of the above.
Headed by Darcy: A true copy, sent this 5 day of April from Bank to me.
5 April.
Vit. B. XX. 268.* B. M.
Received by a herald his letters dated 12 Feb., filled with pious admonitions and orthodox ardour. They have given him great pleasure. Will give every assistance to the establishment and protection of Christian unity, to the restraining of the devilish crimes of Luther, and the quieting of the excitement in Germany. Inspruck, 5 April. Signed.
Mutilated, p. 1. Add.
9 April.
[Calig. E. I. II. ?] I. 60 b. B. M.
Makes every effort to provide finances. The King has great pleasure in hearing of the state of the army. He is continually reproached with the descent of the Swiss, of which they have heard no news. Has just heard from Boursigault confirming it. Hopes he shall never be employed again in soliciting money: he never was so ill treated before. The King is the Marshal's best friend. Has more reliance on him and the Admiral than on all the rest of France, and every day at his table speaks marvels of them. Madame is still unwell. The King has told him that the army that was at Fontarabia is entirely dispersed, but he thinks it is that the King Catholic may be better provided for Italy. Bloys, Palm Sunday.
Copy, Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
9 April.
Cal. B. III. 143. B. M.
Thinks he ought not to have stopped the messengers Albany had sent, considering the importance of their mission to the interest of peace. Begs him to send them back whenever he learns the Cardinal's mind. North Berwick, 9 April. Signed.
Add.: "To my cusing, my lord Dacres, lieutenant and warden of the Inglis merchis."
P. 1.
9 April.
Cal. B. VI. 152. B. M.
"Copy of a letter sent to the duke of Albany, answer of his letter hereto annexed."
Has received by Carrick pursuivant his letter dated Edinburgh, 5th April. As Albany has always been told, Henry is well-minded for peace with his nephew of Scotland, but can never agree to the comprehension of France, which is unprecedented. France has formerly comprised Scotland in truce, but never Scotland France. Had told Albany the reason of stopping his servants; sends them back as required. Albany himself had requested the armistice to be of sufficient length to allow of an answer being returned from England to the message of John de Barboun, when, if it pleased Henry, he would send "a spiritual man of Scotland, and a good man of France," with further offers, (the French gentleman going thence to his own country,) and after that an embassy. Dacre thought a year would be little enough for all this; but, meanwhile, if Albany desire it, and Henry is willing, all grudges shall cease. Had told John de Barboun's brother it was ill likelihood of peace that the earl of Lennox, warden of the East Marches, and Andrew Carr, of Cesford, made "a rode" to Fordetoun; on which Albany had written to him on the 14th March that he was willing all great incursions with "wardein roodes" should cease till the return of John de Barboun. To this Dacre agreed in his letter of the 17th March, warning him on the 24th, that unless the Scotch ambassadors came without delay war would ensue. Whittingham, 9 April.
Copy by Dacre.
Add. MS.
24,295, f. 200b. B. M.
2. Another copy of the same, in Dacre's Letter-book.
9 April.
Cal. B. VI. 153. B. M.
"Copy of a letter to the duke of Albany, when my Lord's Grace's letter went unto him."
Has received a packet of letters from the King; one from Wolsey to Albany he forwards by post, in answer to that sent by Albany's "poticary" and pursuivant. Thinks, as Wolsey shows so much regard for him in his letters, Albany ought to act with zeal and fidelity. He will find none so favorable to peace as Wolsey. All depends upon Albany, who, being heir apparent of Scotland and governor of the King, ought to provide for the administration of justice. Has dispatched Carrick this day at 10. Whittingham, 9 April, "at seven of the clock at night."
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 201b. B. M.
2. Another copy of the same, in Dacre's Letter-book.
10 April.
Vesp. C. II. 308. B. M.
Has spoken frequently of Wolsey's pension, but here in Spain, "tam facile ex saxo durissimo sugi mel potest quam ex eorum manibus haberi pecuniæ." The Emperor has borrowed all the money for the vacations of that and Toledo. Not a merchant will trust them with any sum. The treasurers in Spain are great bribers. Will borrow of the Emperor as much as he can. But for his importunity Wolsey would not have received a penny. Had written by Jerningham on this subject. The president of the Council is the bp. of Palance;—acknowledges himself much obliged to the queen [Katharine]. Burgos, 10 April.
Hol., pp. 3.
10 April.
Fiddes' Wolsey, Coll. No. 23.
Complimentary to Wolsey, to whom they offer their statutes for revision. Cambridge, 10 April 1524.
Fiddes, ib. 43. 2. Oration delivered by Henry Bullock, apparently on the same occasion.
10 April.
R. O.
Has sent 100 wethers to Templenewseham. Will bring with him the gown, arras, plate, and jewels. Has spoken with the deans of Lonysdale and Kendale and Amoundrenes, who are "chief doers here for Mr. Archdeacon;" one of them will be here to see the inventory praised. They doubt not there will be leisure, without danger, for the probation of the testament. (fn. 6) Has caused my Lord's twelvemonth's mind to be made for the wealth of his soul. My lord of Fournes was here with all his pontifical stuff. Though they desired but 30 priests, above 80 came;—to every priest 4d. and his dinner. Money distributed to the poor, and to everybody a dole of meat and drink at the castle's gates. "And so now we break up house: God send it well to knit again!" "All my Lord's servants and friends are marvellously mazed and in miscomfort that my young Lord is departed from your Lordship." They would give 30l. more yearly for his finding if he might be brought up with Darcy, and choose his wife where he list." Hornby Castle, 10 April.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.


  • 1. See 27 March, anté.
  • 2. See a document relating to this affair in Calendar III., p. 1585.
  • 3. Lord Monteagle.
  • 4. Lord Monteagle.
  • 5. Printed in 1515 in error.
  • 6. Of lord Monteagle.