Henry VIII: April 1526, 2-15

Pages 930-943

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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April 1526

2 April.
R. O. Rymer, XIV. 133.
2066. TREATY of the MOORE.
Commission of Francis I. for delivering and receiving confirmations of the treaty of the Moore. 2 April 1526.
Lat. Sealed.
3 April. 2067. For ST. PETER'S, DUNSTABLE.
Writ to the escheator of Herts for restitution of temporalties on election of Gervase Markeham as prior. Westm., 3 April.
Similar writs for Beds and Bucks, Northt., Derby, Leic., and Oxon.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
4 April.
Cal. D. IX. 175. B. M. St. P. VI. 527.
2068. [TAYLER to WOLSEY.]
Since the 19 March, when he wrote of the King's arrival at Bayonne, has had nothing to write about, except that on the 20 March, the third day after his arrival, there were processions through the city, and lauds to God for his liberation. The bp. of Vance preached at the cathedral on the text Domine, in virtute tua lætabitur Rex. The same bp. made the sermon the day Madame took her oath. "The cardinal Bourbon bare the sacrament under a canopy. The King and his mother followed with tapers of virgin wax brynnyng in their hands, and all the lords torches, and so went a procession about the cloister, and after solemnly the Cardinal sung high mass." On the 21st the King and Madame departed by water three leagues from Bayonne. On the 28th Francis came to Montmarchant in Aquitaine belonging to the king of Navarre, where he kept Easter, "to my great patience, for in 8 days no servant I had come in any bed." Received the same day Wolsey's letters, dated York Place, the 13 March, which comforted him so much, "that in good faith I could not of [long] time read them for weeping, and specially for that I had know[ledge] that the King's highness and your Grace were content with my poor ser[vices] in these parts." Most of their contents were "implied" in his letters from Bayonne; but Francis, on hearing that he had letters from England, sent for him by Joachyn; "and [at] ... of the clock in the night upon Good Friday, after he had made [his] collation, his Grace come to me into his gardaroba, where were [but] few persons; and there to his Grace sitting upon a bed side, b[eing] present Mons. Joachyn, I made cordial salutations on the King's behalf," and from Wolsey, as instructed, showing their great satisfaction at Francis's return, and the peace he had made with the Emperor, but complaining that they had had no particulars of the latter from France, though articles of it had reached England from Spain, Rome, Venice, and Flanders, and imputing negligence to M. Joachin. He then showed Francis copies of Wolsey's letters to himself; adding that the King would shortly send a gentleman of his secret chamber to show him more effectually his desire for the increase of his honor.
Francis made answer by again acknowledging his obligations to the King and Wolsey, saying they had made him and his realm their slaves and bondmen for ever; that he would never forget their kindness; "that he spake those words both as king and as a gentleman, the fidelity whereof he set as much by as by his Majesty;" and that if they continued in this amity he trusted they would give laws to all the world. He took the blame himself for the delay of the treaty and articles, because, after promising at Bayonne that Joachin should be despatched in two days, he heard that ambassadors had come from the Pope and the Venetians, and wished to let Henry know the effect of their coming, as he meant to do nothing without his counsel. He promises that Joachin shall be despatched shortly, as Tayler is informed by the Chancellor, who will write to him by Wolsey. Francis also said there came to him yesterday from the Emperor De Pratte and Schamler Spinulose (Penalosa), "that wa[s with] your Grace in England, from the Emperor after the field," who required him to confirm all things done in Spain. He asked if they had authority to ask and receive such things of him, and, if so, they should come on the morrow, and his Council would make them. De Prat was somewhat moved with this, and said, "Sir, these things concern your own deed, and require no counsel. Y[e] have promised to perform them as soon as ye come into your r[ealm]." The King answered "that he had learned that in S[pain] of the Emperor, for there was never an article in the treaty of pey[ce but] he had with his Council well examined, discussed and determined to his most profit, where he had nother counsel, nor was in liberty to dispute it; wherefore now he would as well use his own cou[nsel] in the confirmation of the same as the Emperor did in the making." These delays he makes, that he may in the meantime show the treaties and particulars to Henry.
He had a letter in his hand, which he said he had received from the Pope, and had not then read. He expected it was an answer to what he had desired of the Pope when in Spain. When he heard that the Pope had taken delays with the Emperor while the peace was negociating, he desired the Viceroy and others who had charge of him not to let any Italian come to him, for they would not be content that he should renounce the title of Italy. On this the Italians were the more anxious to get access to him; and one, a knight of St. John, he sent to the Pope, desiring him to make no new treaty till he had returned to France. He said also the Viceroy had written to him "that he would confirm the promise made in Spain that he might bring the lady Eleanor into France, for if it was longer deferred he could not do it," as he was commanded to go to Naples. Francis answered that he might bring her when he would, but he was sure she would not be brought till he had confirmed the treaties. He said also he would resort more to Picardy, to hear more speedily from England. My Lady has been ill, but he will deliver Wolsey's commendations to her as soon as possible, and also to Madame d'Alençon. "She is a wise and marvellous well-spoken woman, and speaketh much honor of your Grace."
Thanks him for a promise of money. Has received visits from the Pope's nuncio and the Venetian ambassador. The former says he has been desired by the Pope to consult with Tayler about everything. So also writes Gregory de Casalis, who has sent him a cipher, and, as it were, orders him to write to him the secrets here, which he thinks overstepping his province. Told the Nuncio he would willingly do him any service, but touching his office he would not communicare cum Deo without Wolsey's orders. In answer to inquiries about the peace Tayler told him the truth, knowing that they had sent copies of the articles into England from Rome and Venice, though nothing was known here.
Other news Wolsey will learn by Joachin, who has been very friendly to him. Montmarchant in Aquitaine, 4 April 1526. Signature burnt off.
Pp. 5, mutilated.
4 April.
R. O.
Desire him, by virtue of the, Cardinal's warrant lately sent to him for repairs at Wark castle, to pay to Geo. Lawson, cofferer of my Lord's household, 50l. for the said repairs. Shirefhoton Castle, 4 April 17 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1.
5 April.
R. O.
2070. BERWICK.
Receipt by George Lawson of 300l. for repairs on the walls of Berwick, from Edm. abbot of York, by virtue of a warrant from Wolsey, dated 23 March. 5 April 17 Hen. VIII. Signed.
6 April.
R. O.
2071. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for the advice and instructions sent by Patrick Sinclair, by which he will be guided. Hears that sundry great matters relating to other princes and to the Pope are not to be discussed before the King by their ambassadors. Begs Wolsey to stand good friend to him and his kingdom, and, if need be, to send him advice. At our palace of Edinburgh, 6 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c. the card. of York and legate of England.
6 April.
R. O.
2072. JAMES V. to MAGNUS.
Asks him to forward to Wolsey the writings which the bearer Patrick Synclair will give him, and to send hither any answer that may arrive. Desires to be recommended to the duke of Richmond. Edinburgh, 6 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c. Maister Thomas Magnus, Arsden of Estryden.
6 April.
R. O.
1. Recantation before Wolsey's commissaries, Ric. Duke, D.D., canon of [York], Will. Benet and John Bell, LL.D. canons of Sarum and Lichfield, of the following heretical opinion:—1. That we should not pray for the dead. 2. That there is no purgatory. 3. That all prelates but the Apostles are false prophets and anti-Christs. 4. That no image ought to be honored. 5. That fasting is not obligatory, and was not instituted by Christ. 6. That pilgrimages are not profitable. 7. That no prayers should be used but the Paternoster. 8. That he had read Luther's books "in the Dutch tongue" since they were condemned, and praised his opinions. 9. That he had written a little book, setting forth texts of Scripture in defence of his error. Signed.
The above-named abjured his heresies in the Chapter-house of Westminster, 6 April 1526, in presence of Alan Cooke, LL.D., John Underhill, LL.B., John Sympson, LL.B., and others.
R. O. 2. On 6 April 1526, in the chapter-house at Westminster, Andrew Smyth, notary public, presented to Richard Duck, S.T.P., William Benet, and John Bell, doctors-of-law, a commission from cardinal Wolsey, by virtue of which they proceeded to decree, in presence of John Stretly, vicar of Hyllyngdon, and Matthew Grefton, notary public, and examined Adrian Delevyn alias Deryke, on oath, in certain articles touching heresy.
On the afternoon of the same day he appeared again before the judges, was absolved from the sentence of greater excommunication, and read his abjuration.
Lat., p. 1.
Calig. E. I. 13.
B. M.
Sends John Joachyn into England, who will communicate with Wolsey.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "A Mons. le Legat mon bon amy."
7 April.
R. O.
Arrived here between 7 and 8 a.m. yesterday, and heard that Dr. Tayler would be at dinner. When we met, we communicated to each other our charges; and at the same time John Joachyn, the bearer, came to us, saying that he was going to your Grace. He showed us some great parchments under the French king's seal, and said, "Masters, here is for you, and now I am going to the King and my Lady to take my leave." Hope he will satisfy you with everything concerning our charges, as you will see also by Tayler's letter. Have not yet seen the King, and shall not do so till Monday, as he comes tomorrow night or Monday morning. Tayler and Joachin advise staying till he comes. Bordeaux, 7 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
7 April.
R. O.
Writes in favor of the young lord of Slane, who is the King's ward, and has few friends in England, that a decree may be observed which was given in favor of the late Lord by Wolsey and the Council, touching the possession of the manors of High Bray and Credehoo, with the advowson of High Bray church, in Devonshire, when his claim was contested by Nicholas Dillon and Patrick Belleu, chaplain. By virtue of this decree Elizabeth, the late Baron's wife, afterwards wife of Wolsey's servant, Thomas Dudley, obtained possession, which she enjoyed till her death; but on the death of the parson of High Bray, Belleu and Dillon's heir presented to the advowson, and ordered the tenants of the manor to pay no more rents to the Lord's feoffees. Belleu is still in the Tower for disobeying the decree. Requests Wolsey to command Dudley to give up the evidences to the prior of Barnstaple, who has the custody of other documents. Begs also that he will dispatch Sir Bartholomew Dillon, who has been so long a suitor to the Council for Kildare. "At my manor of Kilcaa," 7 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
7 April.
[Cal. E.I. II. ?] I. 218.
2077. _ to the GRAND MASTER DE REUX.
Has received his letters. Cannot allow him the use of the men that he wishes. Sands and his lieutenant, who have the charge of Guisnes and Newlan (Newnham) bridge, are away in England, and the writer has no authority. His men belong to the ordnance, and are only sufficient for the defence of the town. ..., 7 April.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
8 April.
R. O.
The King her son sends the bearer, De Valux, back to England, to inform Henry of his deliverance, and of what has been treated between the Emperor and him. Desires credence for him. Cadillac, 8 April.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. le Cardinal, mon bon filz.
8 April.
Calig. D. IX. 178. B. M.
2079. TAYLER to [WOLSEY].
After Joachin's despatch at Mont Machant, Tayler came straight to Bordeaux with the Chancellor. Arrived on the 6 April, and found Mr. Cheyny, who had arrived that morning, very weary with the great haste he had made. Read Wolsey's letter and the instructions to them both. By the letters sent with Joachim he will see the French king's mind, and those of his mother and the Council, about the observance of the contracts made in Spain. Was told by Francis himself nothing should be done about them or the marriage of Madame Eleanor till Henry's advice is known. For this purpose he studies delay. Cannot perceive that he purposes to fulfil any of the articles, and he would neither hear nor read them when Tayler offered to show them, but referred everything to Joachim, adding these words, "After I have my dear brother's council and my lord Legate's, I shall take off my maskyr;" that is, he will refuse to perform the promises made in his captivity. On Wednesday in Easter week, Madame told him that her son would send one of his secret chamber into England, and draw near the Borders for more easy communication; and, "rownding in my ear," she said she trusted they should come nearer together. "I think she meant that the two Kings should speak together." Wishes to hear from Wolsey what more he would have done, as the "Chancellor telled me there remaineth nothing to be do by the King, saving the renewing of the oath in his own person." Burdoyse, 8 April 1526.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
9 April.
R. O.
Was sent by the King with a letter to Wolsey, and one to Magnus. On the 8th, while passing towards the new castle at Wollar, was met by a servant of the captain of Berwick, who came to tell him of Magnus's departure, and asking him to meet the captain at Berwick, if he had any business; which he did that night. The letters Sinclair sends come from the King's loving mind to Wolsey and Magnus. Hopes shortly either to come to Wolsey, or else to post more letters to him. An ambassador is coming from France. The King will ask advice of Henry and Wolsey about his charge. The King is much altered, and given to virtue and good manners. "I have ben weray wak in curt thes quhell by past, consernying my fawwor towart Ingland." The Queen and archbishop of St. Andrew's are out of credence at the King's hands. Has gained over James Ersken, the secretary, and Sir Jas. Ingles, who is pleasant in verses and making plays, and that passes well the time with young princes. Encloses a copy of the King's letter to Wolsey. Letters should be written to Ersken and Ingles, and also to the King. Berwick, 9 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
9 April.
Cott. Appx. (36), XLVII. 133. B. M.
In behalf of Agnes Clerc, widow, the bearer. Symon Prior, lately appointed by him yeoman purveyor to the dukè of Richmond, contrary to their orders, took 200 fat wethers and 30 fat oxen of hers for 60l., at Willoughby on the Wold, on pretence of their being for the Duke's household, but none were delivered to his use.
Hear that his goods have been arrested for some misdemeanor at Tottenham, Middx., and they wish her to be recompensed from them. Sheriffhutton, 9 April. Signed.
P. 1.
9 April.
S. B.
Licence to Ric. bishop of Winchester, John bishop of Rochester, and Chas. earl of Worcester, executors of Margaret late countess of Richmond and Derby, to give lands and revenues to St. John's College, Cambridge, to the yearly value of 200l., on surrender of patent 10 July 7 Hen. VIII., which was invalid. No fees to be paid in the Hanaper beyond 20s. 4d. Del. Westm., 9 April 17 Hen. VIII.
9 April. 2083. For SELBY ABBEY, YORK.
Congé d'élire on the death of John Barwick, abbot. Westm., 9 April.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
10 April.
Add. MS. 15,387, f. 174. B. M. Theiner, p. 554.
In favour of James archbishop of St. Andrew's. Greenwich, 10 April 1526.
Lat. Modern copy.
10 April. S. B. 2085. For ROB. GILBERD or GILBERT, Chaplain to the late Duke of Buckingham.
Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Del. Westm., 10 April 17 Hen. VIII.
11 April.
Harl. 442, f. 60. B. M.
2086. HAWKS and HAND GUNS.
Proclamation for the due execution of two several statutes, one against transportation of hawks, and another against shooting with cross bows and hand guns. Westm., 11 April 17 Hen. VIII.
12 April.
Calig. D. IX. 179. B. M.
On Monday the 9th, the French king, his mother and sister, arrived here by water about 3 p.m. After supper Tayler and he were sent for, and as soon as they had entered the gate were heartily welcomed by the Grand Master, and brought into the King's presence. He advanced almost to the middle of the chamber to meet them, "and embraced me after a very kindly manner." After offering their commendations, Francis said, "I like your coming a great deal better now than I did at your last being with me;" adding, "My brother hath begun that thing with me which I had thought to have begun with him." Morette is appointed to go to your Grace. He then took them apart, and heard their message. His answer to the same Master Tayler and I have written to my lord Cardinal, as it is somewhat long. "He commanded me to use myself in his chamber at all hours, as your Grace have appointed me in yours." Delivered their letters next day to my lady Regent and my Lady his sister, who received them very lovingly, "as and they had been your own subjects." Bordeaux, 12 April. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
12 April.
R. O. Chron. of Calais, p. 208.
2088. HENRY VIII. to LORD BERNERS, Deputy of Calais, LORD SANDYS, Captain of Guisnes, and SIR RIC. WESTON, Treasurer of the Town and Marches.
Has appointed Sir Rob. Jerningham keeper of the new fortress at Newnhambridge. He will retain his wages as a spear at Calais, and have four "dede pays," at 6d. a day, for his own use. They are to appoint 20 men to serve under him,—archers on horseback at 8d., and footmen at 6d.,—to be taken from the men of the Treasurer, the Lieutenant, Thos. Tate, Rauf Broke, John Rawlyns, Fisher, Ric. Gildforde, and John Highfilde. Indentures must be made of the ordnance, &c. in the fortress, which is to be considered as a member of Calais, and to be governed accordingly. Greenwich, 12 April 17 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2.
Calig. E. II.
162. B. M.
2. Duplicate (?) of the same.
Pp. 3, mutilated.
12 April.
R. O.
Is much pleased to hear of the measures taken by Wolsey against the Lutheran heretics when he ordered their books to be burned. Cannot express how much the Pope was gratified. Has assured his Holiness that Wolsey will persevere. Hears that Francis was delivered on the 17th, and had reached Bayonne. Reports are daily increasing that the Turk will attack the Christians next summer by sea and land, especially Hungary. The King, nobles and clergy have subscribed each to his power for the defence of the kingdom; but they rely on other princes, especially England. Stephen Brodoricus, formerly Hungarian ambassador at Rome, has been created Chancellor of the kingdom, and bishop of Sirmisch (Sirmiensis, corrected from Jauriensis.) He is held in very high esteem. Rome, 12 April 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 1. Add. Endd.
12 April.
R. O.
Recommends Dan John Sale, of the order of Cisteaux, for the ... now vacant by the [death] of William late incumbent. The place is in the West, among the King's Irish disobedient subjects, where it is important to have a loyal man. The revenues are so small that few persons in the Englishry would care for it. Dublin, 12 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Cardinal.
13 April.
Calig. D. IX. 180. B. M.
On the 9th had an audience with Francis, who received Cheyne very graciously, and after he had discreetly declared his charge, answered him as he had done Tayler, adding that his deliverance was due "to his good brother and best friend, the king of England;"—"for if any man had occasion to have been cruel against him, considering the war betwixt them and the time of his captivity, it was the king of England." He avowed he would make no conclusion with the Emperor until he had contented the King with such sums of money as the Emperor owed him. He said, as a great secret, when he took leave of the Emperor, the latter said, "Now, brother, you shall return into your realm, I pray you, if the king of England do molest or trouble my Low Countries by you in Flanders, that you will aid and succour them;"—showing he had no trust in England. Being in captivity, he said, he would make no promise; "and of his own courage, without any motion, he began to [tell] us how he was intreated in Spain, and that they menaced him [to] lay irons upon him, and to keep him in prison during his life. Upon which threatening and evil entertainment he had good occas[ion] to make protestations that whatsoever he did there in durance and captivity, he did it for fear." Francis has certified the King and Wolsey of this by Joachim. He will not deliver Burgundy, for the Spaniards demanded hostages of him, and if he delivered Burgundy they would keep both. He is willing to redeem his children by money. He says also that the Pope and Italians are afraid of the Emperor, fearing to be treated worse than Francis was treated in Spain; "and, to tell your Grace the truth, he wished them all at the Devil." On this Cheyne, whom Francis had commanded to come to his chamber whenever he pleased, delivered him Wolsey's letters; to whom he professed himself much bounden, as one to whose counsel he owed his deliverance. Next day visited the ladies, who expressed their pleasure at the amity, and their hope of its continuance by Wolsey's means. On Wednesday delivered the letters of Robertet and the Chancellor, who told us that his master read the King and Wolsey's three times, professing, quasi cum lachrymis, he were greatly unkind if ever he could forget their goodness.
At his entry into Bordeaux, the Portuguese ambassador would have had my place next the Emperor's ambassador, and because he would not come after me he went with the Emperor's ambassador. When the Great Master ordered him to keep his place, for he should make no new laws there, he rode still, and at the next lane end one took his mule by the head and turned him up the lane, and so he departed with shame enough. On referring to this subject in the evening, Tayler told the King that he trusted his Grace would consider the honor of the King of England. He answered, "Yea, by his soul, as much as his own (with these words): What, a poticary orator w[ould] presume to go before the King of England's orator! Let him [go] to Calicut, and there make laws among his speciaries (spiceries), for here he should make none." Bordeaux, 13 April. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
14 April.
Calig. D. IX. 182. B. M.
2092. CHEYNE to [WOLSEY].
Whereas in his and Tayler's last letters it was mentioned that Cheyne should resort to his chamber at all hours, he would not be so presumptuous; whereupon Francis sent Morette to state that he was afraid Cheyne was not satisfied. Went to court, found the King in his night-gown looking out of the window with Robertet and six others. Entered with Morette and about 24 more. When the King was washing his hands the Grand Master made Cheyne present the towel, "saying that the King my master used him so at his being in England." Then the King went to mass, "riding on a fair jenet; and as he was going forth of his gate, came in my Lady his sister on foot. And as I was going forth before him to leap upon my horse, I met her, and bade her good morrow, and began to fall further in communication with her. Whereupon the King alighted from his horse, and talked with her more than a quarter of an hour." On remounting, he ordered Cheyne to ride beside him, and talked on the subjects contained in their last letters, saving that he said that the Pope would make four or five Cardinals, of which the Emperor's Chancellor should be one, and Friar Nicolas that was in England another. There is at present no sure word of the Queen's coming. Morette desired him to say that his master had promised him he should never ride more in post; nevertheless he is right well contented, and says that he would rather ride into England, were it as far again, than a quarter so far to any other prince living. Bordeaux, 14 April. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 2.
14 April.
R. O. St. P. VI. 87.
To the same effect. Bordeaux, 14 April.
15 April.
Vesp. C. III. 239. B. M.
2094. LEE to [HENRY VIII.]
Has at last, after many delays, of which he has written to Wolsey, received the Emperor's answer by his Chancellor touching the King's debts, &c., that he had now determined to send, as ambassador to the King, Don Inigo de Mendosa, the Constable's nephew, "a man having spiritual lands, an abbey with other things, but not as yet being within order, ne bearing the habit thereof," although 50 years old, and wise, as I am informed; that he should be despatched with all speed, and had promised the Emperor, who had taken order with him for payment of the 150,000 cr., by bills, to make all possible diligence. For the indemnity, the Emperor sends to the French king "to declare to you his Highness his bond to discharge the Emperor thereof;" and as for the old debt, he writes to my lady Margaret to see in the books what it is, on which the ambassador shall take order with the King. Could get no other answer, and hardly expected to have been able to write this, as this answer was given at 9 p. m., and the post was to have gone off that morning.
The Emperor doubts if the French king will keep his promises. Francis has asked that his wife be sent to him, and that he may "redeem the restitution of Burgoyn with money." A secretary of his has come hither, who has sent Lee word that he would come to him but for the suspicions it would excite; that his master had informed the Emperor he would willingly fulfil his promises, but the nobles and realm of France would none thereof. This will nearly constrain them to the King's purpose in all things. "The Emperor hath also tidings out of Italy that pleaseth not. The ambassadors of Milan from the city be of late comen hither; and they, with the Pope's ambassador and all other ambassadors of Italy, make request to the Emperor to suffer the duke of Milan to live in rest, and to withdraw his army of Spaniards out of Italy," as they cannot tolerate them any longer, especially the Milanese, whom they devour with intolerable charges. "Now the stern is in your Highness' hand. The affiance of Italy is in your Grace. The French king trusteth you most of all princes, as he hath cause." The Emperor, like a good Christian prince, has patiently abstained from communion, on account of the commandment he gave for the execution of the bp. of Samora, before he was degraded or committed to the lay power. The absolution has not yet arrived.
The Emperor has marvellously altered since his marriage. "He is full of dumps and solitary musing, sometimes alone three or four hours together. There is no mirth ne comfort with him." It is thought if he had to marry he would not do as he has done. He is afraid how the King will take it. Declares, when he hears anything said, that the King is resolved to maintain the old amity. Thinks that this is the wisest course, as it will put affairs in better trim, and serve the tranquillity of Christendom. Thinks that the Emperor is swayed by La Chault. "He is yet young, but time and experience of successes shall drive in him, perceiving how he hath been led out of the way." Civil, 15 April.
Hol.; part cipher, deciphered by Tuke; pp. 6.
15 April
Vesp. C. III. 232. B. M.
2095. LEE to [WOLSEY].
Wrote from Civill, on the 12th and 21st March, of the Emperor's answer touching the Emperor's debts to the King, and his intention to send an ambassador for that purpose; his declining to answer Lee that day, promising to do so the next. Went on the third day, and found him as unready as before. Told him he was writing to England, and if he had no answer he would be accused of negligence, or the Emperor of ingratitude. My eyes are so bad I can scarce sustain to write. Perceiving their unwillingness to disburse so great a sum at once, and much crying for money, as well of the Emperor's servants as others, I proposed, if the payment at once of the 150,000 crowns was too large, that if the Emperor would pay the greater part in ready money, and give security for the rest, I would move the King to be content. Could get no other response than that the Chancellor would make him an answer as soon as possible. Had this answer on 21 March.
After four or five days asked the Chancellor whether he had spoken to the Emperor on that subject. He replied he had not, but would keep it in remembrance next time he saw the Emperor. Saw him three or four days after, and was told that the Emperor had commissioned La Chaulte and others to speak with certain persons for one to be an ambassador in England. Went to La Chaulte, and asked whether any arrangement had been made for the King's debts. He replied that he doubted not the Emperor would make good answer therein, and it should be considered at the next Council. This was the week before Easter. They deliberated about sending an ambassador, but nothing about the King's payments. On Tuesday or Wednesday before Easter "the Emperor sequestered himself a communione ceu excommunicatus by reason of commandment given for execution to be done upon the bishop of Samora," formerly a great captain in the insurrection at Toledo, who in March last killed his keeper, being in prison. The Emperor is waiting for an absolution from Rome, and despatched a courier for that purpose on Good Friday, on a promise to return within 24 days.
On Easter day (1 April), after evensong, being at service with the Chancellor in a monastery, asked when I should have answer for the King. He said at the Council after the holidays. Heard from John Almain that he was negociating with a person to be ambassador to England, which no one likes since the dissolution of the marriage alliance with the Princess. Went on the Sunday (Dominica in Albis) to the Chancellor for information; who said that one would be appointed to England as ambassador, but he could make no answer for payment of the King's debts in ready money. On telling him that the Emperor had appointed him to give me an answer, he said the Emperor had never spoken of it, and I had better speak to the Emperor myself. Augurs no good from it. Went to John Almain, and heard that the person appointed to go as ambassador had refused, and another must be found. I said, "Here is no answer to my request of ready payment of the King's debts;" that I marvelled at the delay, considering how much he was indebted to the King of England, and that, in consequence of that debt, he had received larger sums from his subjects. He denied that this was a fact. I showed him it was so by the Acts of Parliament here imprinted; that the Emperor was bound to have paid the debts within a year, and had promised to do it on his word of honor, and it is now nearly four years past. He wondered the Chancellor had made me no answer. I told him he referred me to the Emperor; "and that so I run in an endless circle from one to another, without any answer, which nothing soundeth to the Emperor's honor; wherefore I told him I would do my best to speak with the Emperor again." As if he disliked this, and wished to stop me, he said "that the Emperor, the Sunday afore, bade him tell me that I should have answer at the furthest by Tuesday,"—which I suppose he feigned,—adding that I should make a memorandum for him, that he would repair to the Emperor, and give me an answer tomorrow;—which I did, adding many reasons for its payment.
Sent for an answer next day, Tuesday, in the morning. He said he had not been with the Emperor, but would let me hear that night. Sent at night; when he said that the Emperor had received many letters, but would let me hear tomorrow. On returning from the Council that day at nine at night, he sent me word by my servant, who waited all that day for an answer, that it had been agreed my lord Chancellor should give me the answer; "albeit he thought it would be night first, the morrow after being Thursday, or he could give me answer. This answer made me to muse, and to suspect that yet they devised some further delay." Sent next day to the Chancellor to know when he would speak with him. He said he must speak again with the Emperor before he could see me. I commanded my servant to tell him if he perceived any delay that I must needs write to the King, and it was therefore time that I had an answer. He said he might begin to write, and he trusted I should have full answer. Thinks that they thus drive off till the post is gone. Sent to John Almain to desire that I might have the answer in writing; for, when the Chancellor comes home, there is no opportunity of seeing him, as "he is wont to go to bed at seven o'clock if he may," and he does not rise up till eight o'clock, before which time the post is off. He sent word that I could have no answer for the King until the ambassador was appointed, and that he who had been appointed the second time, Don John Stunica, refused to go.
Thinks he shall get no other answer to the King's demands, and does not expect that anybody will act as ambassador if it be left at his option. Applied again to the Chancellor, desiring an answer touching the King's request for ready payment. He told me he was going that day, Thursday, to the Emperor, who, as he thought, had found an ambassador, and I should have an answer; that he trusted the Emperor would make no difficulty in paying the new debt, i.e. the 150,000 cr. I asked how ? He replied, by money or bills. "By bills, said I, I think the King should be so long unanswered of that debt. Yes, said he, the King shall be so well answered per billas cambii." Touching the indemnity and the other old debts, he said there were pledges enough. On my urging other debts, he said the settlement of them must be remitted to Flanders, where the books were, and the ambassador shall make good answer for all. Was told, upon inquiry, that the ambassador was the nephew to the Constable of Castile. Is informed that he is about 50, "and a good wise man, called Inigo de Mendosa." Was promised that the courier should not start till his letters were ready. Sent my servant to him, according to his own arrangement, at nine o'clock, but he answered "that the morrow he would not fail but give me answer at his coming from the court at even."
I met with him on Friday, as he was returning home, and then he gave me much the same answer as before,—that Don Inigo should be despatched, and only required three or four days before he started; that the Emperor will arrange with him to give bills for the 150,000 cr., and order him to speak with the Viceroy to move the French king about the indemnity; that he was writing to the lady Margaret respecting the overture, and the King should be contented. I asked him whether, by virtue of these bills, the King would be paid at sight, as he would expect the whole in ready money;—that I did not anticipate the French king would take upon himself the obligations of the Emperor, and I marvelled that after so long a delay I had received no better answer. The Chancellor shook his head, and said, "The King's highness, I doubt not, shall be content."
Thinks when the ambassador comes Wolsey will be able to handle him at his pleasure, for they much doubt whether the French king will keep his covenants, and they must have recourse to the king of England as one upon whom their prosperity depends. Sends the words of the Acts in the Parliament held here, by which Wolsey will perceive the Emperor's practice to get money of his subjects, to pay the King's debts. The merchants here complain they cannot get the same price for their cloths as before, the Portuguese saying that the king of England had robbed them of their money. Finds one obstacle in his intercourse with the court: the Emperor "hath no pleasure to speak Latin, although he understand; and I can speak no French, ne well understand it." Is in hopes of getting ready money for the 150,000 cr. for the indemnity. The Emperor has spoken to two merchants: the one called Briges, the alderman's brother; the other, "a right towards young man as any lightly belongeth to England, called Thorne." They are here of great credence.
Hears that the Emperor is very pensive, and is afraid the King will fall from him, especially if the debt be paid. Does not understand, therefore, why an ambassador is going to England for that purpose. Civil, 15 April.
Hol.; partly cipher, deciphered by Tuke; pp. 12.
15 April.
Harl. 295. f. 128. B. M.
2096. [LEE to WOLSEY.]
In his last letter of the 8th April, spoke of his communication with John Almain; and again, in the communication reported in their common letters, he said that Henry and Wolsey, moved by Don Inachus at the Emperor's command, refused to take the pension which the Emperor offered, saying that he would be free, and principally have respect to God's cause. To which Inachus answered that the Emperor knew that, and had great confidence therein, but would perhaps think that Wolsey refused it from a dislike of pleasing him; and Wolsey then said he did not refuse it, but would peradventure take it. Almain now says, "Why should your Grace refuse it; in any wise your Grace must take it;" and that now the Emperor trusts you, though for a while he doubted you. Told him that Wolsey was well disposed to the Emperor, and showed him passages in his letters. Reminded him of the pension of Tournay and the arrears. He said that at the conclusion of this peace the first payment should be made to the King, and then the arrears should be paid to the Cardinal, with 100,000 ducats for his labor, "but he must help that the sum of money be great, although it be the less, yet, Sir, that is all we look for, and yet he shall have 6,000 ducats of new pension made sure in Castile until he have recompense in spiritual lands." As for the 9,000 cr., he did not know whether they should be answered here or in Flanders, but had formerly said it would be here. He also said that if Wolsey would be good to Bourbon he should have 20,000 ducats a year more for him and his heirs for ever out of the duchy of Milan. Told him that Wolsey would have consideration for him for his labour about the pension of Tournay.
Copy in Tuke's hand, p. 1.
15 April
Vesp. C. III. 238. B. M.
2097. LEE to [WOLSEY].
Has caused John Almain to speak with the bishop of Palence for Wolsey's pension of 1,000 ducats due for the half year ended at Christmas. He has promised payment, but none is yet received, as Almain has the commission, and cannot attend to it. I think he will receive it in a few days. Begs leave to appropriate 100l. of it, for which Wolsey can get payment of Wyat on the 10 May next, and from his proctors, out of his "livelod." Desires to know his pleasure by next post. Is ashamed to be so importunate; but begs him, for the King's honor, to have his diet increased. My lord of London and Mr. [Sampson] know how dear things are, and the Emperor is going to Granata and Valencia, where it will cost more to hire a house than in England to buy a like one. The Archbishop will not pay Wolsey's pension unless he first see his bulls. Desires Wolsey to send a copy, and to name Almain in his commission. Almain will do his best about the heirs of Peter de la Mota, late bishop of Palence. Wolsey knows, by Mr. Dean's letters, the Emperor's answer that he hopes Wolsey will spare him as yet, for he has much need of money. "I think if your Grace speak something thereof to the Emperor's ambassador that now shall come, I think they will be glad to see your Grace content." Civil, 15 April.
Hol., pp. 2. The passage in cipher undeciphered.
15 April.
Vit. B. VIII. 24. B. M.
Wrote yesterday by an Englishman returning home. The French king was set free a few days ago. The Imperial ambassadors are pressing him to ratify the terms; but he answers that he will follow the example of the Emperor, who does nothing of importance without the decision of his Council, and they must therefore suffer him to go to Paris to hear the opinion of his nobles. From this answer, and because he has left the places where he should have married Leonora, many think he will not keep the compact; and in this almost all the letters from France agree. Besides, he is diligently fortifying Burgundy, so that it seems certain that, unless some milder terms are agreed on, arms will again be taken up, especially as the Imperialists have occupied the duchy of Milan, and are besieging the Duke in the Citadel. If they succeed, all the powers of Italy will be alarmed at the increase of the Emperor's power, which every one says ought to be resisted.
The Pope is thinking of peace, to prevent the effusion of Christian blood, and to resist the Turk, who, as Campeggio has often written, is preparing immense forces, and will certainly invade Hungary in the summer. The King, nobles, and churchmen are writing for help, and collecting money, but they cannot defend themselves without aid. They hope other Christian princes, and especially the king of England, will not fail them. The king of Hungary has lately appointed Silvester Brodoric to the chancellorship. He has been lately on an embassy to the Pope, and is much loved by the princes of his country. The Pope has hired Andreas Doryus with eight galleys to protect the shore of Campania, and the whole sea, from the Infidel pirates.
The Venetians have sent one of their chief men as ambassador to the Pope, two others to congratulate the Emperor on his marriage, and two to congratulate Francis on recovering his liberty. Rome, 15 April 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
Nero, B. VI. 48.
B. M.
P.S.—By letters from France it appears the Emperor's ambassadors have demanded of the King the observance of the treaties made when he was set at liberty; to which he replied evasively that he would do nothing without the advice of his ministers. The Pope has appointed Andrea Doria, with eight galleys, to protect the coast of Campania from pirates. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
15 April.
Galba, B. IX. 17. B. M.
Has forborne to write, as he dispatched, on the 10th, packets to Tuke from Mr. Almoner in Spain, and Sir Gregory Casale at Rome. At the general assembly of the Estates, Ric. Pernowlte, a Burgundian, lately come from the Emperor, bringing also letters from the French king and his mother, declared the articles of the peace, and showed the Emperor's reasons for concluding it so favorably and friendly to the French king;—which were (1) his desire for the preservation of peaceableness, that erroneous sects may be extirpated and the Church reformed, and order be taken for a war against the Turk; (2) the great expence his subjects have endured, and his own debts, in consequence of the war, and his coming voyage to Italy;—that the peace is so interlaced by interchangeable marriages that the houses must continue for ever friends. He then read the letters from the King and his mother, that my Lady might obtain favor for having, as it appeared by the letters, procured the peace. However, it appears now, that though she was not afraid to desire that the wolf might be let loose, she now begins to be in doubt how the wolf will govern himself.
Dined with Berghes two days ago. He said, now that all the world had become French, it was meet for him to leave the world, but he thought that if he lasted three years more, he would see greater changes than have been seen for many years. He could not trust the promises of the French, for their words are always forged according to their appetite, and seldom concur with the truth; that the common report in France is, that the King, in making peace with France, has renounced his old title to France, to verify which they show the treaty signed by the King, and sealed with his broad seal; but he thought both were counterfeit. He had the less appetite to live because the knot of marriage between England and Burgundy, which he had gone about to knit for many years, is now clearly dissolved.
Answered, as to the deceitfulness of France, that if it be a th[ing] given them by nature and permitted by God, folks must be content to drink of what they brew; that as to the marriage, no one knew better than Wingfield himself how it had been dissolved, not only by relation, but by 17 years' experience in what both the King and he thought the best means to preserve it; that it was in part due to Berghes having refused the guardianship of the young Emperor, which Chievres then obtained; that when the King, the late Emperor, and the present Emperor were together at Tournay and Lisle, it was determined that Chievres should no longer have the said charge, but he remained in greater authority, and was stimulated to break the knot of marriage, and by help of my Lady, contrary to the old Emperor's wish, sent De la Roche to cause a delay, and so the first knot was dissolved. The second was dissolved by the "nowry[ture]" of Chievres, Hoowstrate, La Chaw, and the Viceroy; by La Chaw, because he was voided out of the Emperor's company, being disliked by my Lady; and Hoowstrate, because Wolsey, at Berghes' suggestion, told the Emperor that his authority was not to the Emperor's honor or profit, "hath not only conveyed my Lady, but also the Viceroy, who is his near kinsman, to spur Bayard, and force him into the same pit in which he is now." The good old man could not deny any part of this, and in excusing himself, the water was in his eyes.
He desired to be recommended to the King and Wolsey, as one too old to change his coat, though he knows few who are likely to accompany him in the same livery.
Thinks the King has heard from Mr. Almoner that the Viceroy is made great master of the Emperor's house, and the earl of Egmond great squire. It is said that the Viceroy is to bring queen Eleanor into France, and that the Dauphin and his brother are in the hands of the constable of Spain. Malines, 15 April 1526.
Hol., pp. 6.
15 April.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 134.
2100. TREATY of the MOORE.
Confirmation by Francis I. of the treaty with England made by his mother Louise, regent of France. Bordeaux, 15 April 1526.
Lat. Signed and sealed.
R. T. 137. 2. Minute of the same.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 145.
3. Confirmation by the same of the treaty for the arrears of Mary the French queen's dowry. Bordeaux, 15 April 1526.
Lat. Signed; seal gone.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 147.
4. Confirmation by the same of the treaty for depredations. Bordeaux, 15 April 1526.
Lat. Signed and sealed.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 151.
5. Confirmation by the same of the article for comprehending Scotland in the treaty. Bordeaux, 15 April 1526.
Lat. Signed and sealed.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 153.
6. Confirmation by the same of the article excluding the duke of Albany from the treaty. Bordeaux, 15 April 1526.
Lat. Signed and sealed.
R. O. 7. Minutes of a treaty touching depredations, between Henry VIII. and Francis I., containing the articles printed in Rymer, XIV. 148–150.
Imperfect, pp. 4. Lat.
On the dorse there are a few memoranda respecting the indentures of Stafford, Palmer, and others.