Henry VIII: May 1526, 1-15

Pages 956-974

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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May 1526

1 May.
Vesp. C. III. 242. B. M.
2133. LEE to HENRY VIII.
Having the occasion of a post, and doubting whether the King has received his letters from Toledo and Civil, writes to say that on the 14 April the Emperor sent him word by his Chancellor that an ambassador had been appointed to England to arrange for payment of the King's debts, and the French king had been written to touching the indemnity. I answered that the King would expect the whole debt, as on that pretence the Emperor had obtained from the Parliament 400,000 ducats. Absolution has not yet come about the affair of the bp. of Samora. The Italians and Milanese ambassadors had requested the Emperor to remove the Spaniards from Italy. They are afraid the King will join with France. The absolution has arrived. "The Infant of Portugal entereth this day, the first of May, at Civil."
Hol., pp. 3. The cipher deciphered by Tuke. Add.
1 May.
R. O.
2134. LEE to TUKE.
Has sent him packets of Feb. 13, March 12 and 21, and April 15 and 20; and now sends Wolsey the effect of them all "opon sodayne warneng by Lyens." Civil, 1 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1 May.
Calig. D. IX. 187. B. M.
On Saturday last Francis came to Cognac. Went to him this day, when they found him talking with the Papal and Venetian ambassadors. He afterwards took them into his privy chamber, and said he had news from England of the reception of De Vaulx;—that by what his ambassadors reported, and by the overtures we had made about the performance of his promises to the Emperor, he was daily more bound to the King and Wolsey;—that the King "rejoiced" as much for his sons as if they had been his own, especially Orleans, "who is his godson and much resembleth his Highness; which thing, we assure your Grace, he did accept marvellous heartily, as it appeareth both by his words and countenance;"—and that the Viceroy and Alarcon will be here in 6 or [7] days with 300 horse, "to preese him as much as in them shall lie" for the performance of the treaty of Madrid; on which he wishes to have the King's advice, and will do nothing without it. He says two ambassadors are coming from Venice, on what mission he cannot tell;—that the Papal and Venetian ambassadors here have pressed him quickly to conclude the league of Italy, fearing lest the coming of the Viceroy and Alarcon should alter his mind.
On their pressing him to take his oath, he said he would do it with as good a will as ever he did anything; and for the meeting he would be ready at all times, "so as the King woll take the pain [to come] over the sea, and that it might be done without other [pomp] or ceremony," but that all other things should be concluded first, so that then they should have only to make merry. He said Morette's tarrying was only for the Viceroy's coming that he might report his communications to the King and Wolsey. Think, however, he is waiting to hear from them. Are anxious to hear if Wolsey has received all their letters since De Vaulx's departure. Send the bearer Wyatt, "who can show your Grace of a part of the commodities belonging to this house," and in likewise of the n[ames] and countenance of the noblemen and gentlemen hereunto ... daily; for he hath been at the court with us from time to [time], and, as we think, hath as much wit to mark and remember everything he saith as any young man hath in England." Cognac, 1 May. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
1 May.
R. O.
The French king came here on Saturday, and yesterday "killed a hart a force, which held up nine hours or he died." Today Taylor and I went to him after dinner, and found him talking with the Papal and Venetian ambassadors. When he had finished, he took us into his privy chamber, and showed us that he had word from his ambassadors concerning your Highness, which rejoiced him much. He passes his time in his usual manner, but does not go a maskring as he was wont. We send Wyatt with this, because the matter is important, and requires great haste, as you will see by the Cardinal's letters. He can show you the countenance of the noble men towards us. He has been with us at the court, and "can show your Grace a part of the commodities belonging to this house." Cognyac, 1 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 May.
R. O.
1. Confirmation by Henry VIII. of divers charters. Westm., 1 May 18 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Vellum. Signed by Hannibal.
R. O. 2. Draft of letters patent confirming the bull, dated 11 March 1526, for uniting and incorporating certain benefices, &c. to Cardinal's College at Oxford.
Lat., pp. 9.
Rym. XIV.
p. 155.
3. Power to renew or amend existing grants without warrant or fee to the Hanaper, &c. Del. Westm., 1 May.—S.B.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
R. O. 4. Draft of the same.
Drafts of Wolsey's commission for the suppression of the monasteries, and other formal documents relating to the foundation of the college.
Six documents.
R. O. 2. Drafts of the inquisitions taken before the escheators upon the dissolution or suppression of the monastery of St. Frideswide.
Lat., pp. 19.
R. O. 3. Form of a licence to [Wolsey] to endow his college, when founded, with lands to the yearly value of 2,000l.
Lat., pp. 3. Commencement wanting.
R. O. 4. Memoranda of errors and omissions in the grants to Cardinal's College.
Begins: "Also where as ys wrytten in my Lorde his graunte made to the colledge, this clause,—ac etiam portiones decimarum in Solthorn, Baynton, Ascot, Cowley, Coldenorton, Takeley, Steple, Barton; there is no mo of these places wherein ys any porcyon, but in Solthorn and Baynton. The residue must be but among the rents of londs belonging to Frediswides."
Pp. 5.
1 May.
Add. MS. 6113,f.207 b. B. M.
Warrant to Wyatt to pay to Richmond Herald 37l. due for his diets while attending on the bishop of London, late ambassador in Spain, for 180 days. Greenwich, 1 May 18 Hen. VIII.
Mod. copy.
2 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 30. B. M.
"Ill. et R. &c. Die xxx. mensis Aprilis recepim[us literas] D. v. R. datas xvij. ejusdem mensis, et expositis S.D.N. omnibus quæ in manda[tis] habuimus Papa post affectuosissimas gratiarum actiones Regi Angliæ et Dominationi vestræ reverendissimæ de bona eorum mente et dispositi[o]ne erga suam Sanctitatem, postque conmendationem prudentissimæ operationis Regis nostri et D. v. R. circa conmissionem datam Thomæ Cene, cui simile[m] etiam ad agentes suos dedit, necnon adprobationem consultissimæ electionis de persona domini Bathoniensis ad id quod scribi ... et post laudationem prudentissimorum consiliorum ac juditi[o]rum suorum, respondit se resolutum esse tam in præsentiarum qua[m] in futurum sequi prudentissima consilia et sana juditia Regis nostti et D. v. R., cognoscens ob rationes prudenter et congrue per D. v. R. in suis licteris allegatas id tute posse facere; quo vero ad particularia dixit Regem nostrum et D. v. R. esse certificatos de mente et voluntate sua ex eis quæ prothonotarius Ganbarus ei [et] D. v. R. exposuit, quæ cum conformia videat (fn. 1) eis quæ de mente Regis nostri et D. v. R. esse nunc certificatur, laudat Deum quod ipsos ita inspiraverit ut cum bene sentientibus bene senserit. Videtur itaque Sanctitati suæ propter evidentia pericula quæ huic negocio dilatio afferre posset, et quæ D. v. R. nota esse ex licterarum suarum tenore percipit, ut absque aliqua mora fœdus de quo agitur concludatur, ipsiusque finis et intenctio justa (juxta) opinionem D. v. R. ad universalem pacem dirigatur, ad quam veniri non potest nisi liberatis cum honestis conditionibus filiis Gallorum Regis, et quod ad hunc effectum, tam ad oratorem suum qui est in Gallia, quam per unum civem Florentinum, magnæ autoritatis et prudentiæ nunc in Galliam missum misit plenissimum mandatum et instructionem una cum capitulis faciendis, ipsisque et eorum cuilibet etiam nunc scribit, ut statim fœdus hoc concludi omni diligentia procurent, ipsumque pro parte sua ineant.
"Dicta autem capitula eamet sunt quæ superio[ri]bus diebus cum agentibus pro Gallis tractata sunt, cum eorum Rex aduc per Cæsarem captivus detineretur. Eorum vero capitulorum tenorem non exprimimus, quia Regi nostro et D. v. R. notissimum præsupponimus; et si forte secus esset, Papa nobis instantibus per latorem præsentium de novo ad suos agentes in Gallia scribit ut ipsorum capitulorum copiam oratori Regis Angliæ, ibi existenti, isthuc mittendam statim tradat. Quia vero in mentem nobis venit posse contingere ut circa capitula hæc aliqua oriretur difficultas quæ fœderis procrasti[natio]nem causare posset, de hoc Pap. advertimus ... Sanctitas sua dixit se hoc præcogitasse, et quoad ea in qui[bus] verisimiliter aliqua difficultas oriri posse[t] ad eff[e]ctum tollendæ retardationis suis agentibus in Gallia mandasse, ut ea prudentia et juditio Regis nostri et D. v. R. resolvi curarent, injunsitque eis ut omnia quæ ibi tract[an]da essent, ministris Regis nostri ea confidenti[a] comunicarent et aper[i] rent, qua ipsimet. Putat autem articula facile concludenda cum Rex Gallorum declaraverit contentari ut modernu [s Dux] sit dux, et quoad pecunias solum agitur de triginta seu quadraginta milibus. Q[uod] autem spectat ad particularem intelligentiam cum Rege Angliæ dix [it] Papa se id omni desiderio desiderare et velle; credimusque super hoc eum ad plenum prothonotarium moniturum.
"Novi hic nihil habere dici[t] Papa, nisi quod populus Mediolanensis ab otto diebus citra bis insurrexit contra Cæsareos ibi existentes, et quod aliquorum ex principalioribus domo[s] depopulatus est, quamplures etiam ex peditibus et equitibus trucidavit. Quoad id quod scribit D. v. R. de prothonotario Ganbaro dicit Papa D. v. R. posse omnia tutissime cum eo communicare, cum is talis sit de quo nullo [modo] dubitandum sit. Unum non ommittemus, quod Papa pro certo tenet Regem nostrum exnunc fœdus hoc aperte intraturum, putatque quod si id non fieret, præter id quod Rex noster non posset se juvare opera confœderatorum circa sui recuperationem, provincia hæc multo difficilior redderetur forsam optatum finem non consequeretur." Rome, 2 May 1526. Signed.
Cipher, undeciphered; pp. 4; mutilated. Endd.
2 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 29*. B. M.
Visited the Pope this morning along with Casale, and took occasion to urge his Holiness as of himself to remove any doubt the king of England might entertain for his having departed from the practices begun with the King and Wolsey without giving them notice. After some discussion, he agreed to give them security (cautos reddere) by a schedule under his own hand, which he promised to deliver to the ambassadors. Rome, 2 May 1526. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. Cipher, with modern decipher interlined.
2 May.
Cal. D. IX. 189. B. M.
2142. TAYLER to [WOLSEY].
Before leaving Bordeaux Tayler had moved the Chancellor for the King's confirmation according to the instructions brought by Cheyne, giving him a summary of the particulars. He said, "It was but business," for all these things would be included in the confirmation brought by Vaux under seal, signed by the King, and in the oath to be made by the King; but if Wolsey would have them separately it should be done, minutes being first made by the Council, with the consent of the ambassadors there, and sent hither. Wishes to know his pleasure; for of the treaties Deprædationum,—Qualificationis Comprehensionis Scotorum,—de Duce Albaniæ ne ingrediatur Scotiam,—de Douagerio Ill. D. Reginæ Franciæ,—he neither has instructions, nor has seen the originals. Cognac in Guienne, 2 May 1526.
Hol., mutilated, p. 1.
2 May.
Galba, B. IX. 11. B. M.
Wrote last on the x ... of the last month, from Antwerp.
My Lady's journey is postponed, as so dry an answer was returned when Mons. de Rewxe sent to the castle of Hesdynge for its delivery, that it was thought best to send a post to De Praate for more perfect knowledge. The post returned yesterday, and he has learnt the news from friends. The French king has delayed to take the oath he promised to take immediately on his arrival at Bayonne. A respite of five months is given for the delivery of Burgoyne and Hesdynge. The Emperor has sent the Viceroy to summon Francis to keep his promise or to make express denial. While the Viceroy remains in France to obtain an answer De Prate will return to these parts. Does not think he will come to Gawnte, for many people think that if he, the Viceroy, or Howstrate were here while this news was warm, they were like to pay toll or they went. It is thought that my Lady will move hence to Gawnte on Monday, to receive an answer from the Estates to the demand made in the Emperor's name. If she do so, some think Howstrate should remain here, as detained by the gout. Malines, 2 May 1526.
Hol., pp. 2.
3 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 32. B. M.
"Ill. ac R., &c. Cum hodie cum S. D. N. de h[is quæ] in aliis literis continetur sermo haberetur, dixit Stas sua quod consideraverat in capitulis mi[ssis] esse aliqua addenda et reformanda, quia tamen si de hoc nunc actum fuisset potu[isset] causari dilatio, quæ ex causis alias per D. Gregorium ad D. v. R. scriptis, et ei notis, magnum præjudicium huic negocio afferre posset, visum est ei, præsertim Gallis id petentibus, capitula prædicta mictere, quare rogat D. v. R. ut statim cum diligentia mandatum Regis nostri in Galliam mitti et cum his capitulis concludi curet, ad hoc ut res in tuto sint. Postea autem videtur ei quod D. v. R. alia capitula formari faciat per quæ omnia arbitrio [Regis ct] D. v. R. ad eam formam aptentur, quæ ipsa pro reipublicæ Christianæ tranquillitate et bono publico expedire judicabit. Post hæc dixit quod Rex noster et D. v. R. nullo modo dubitarent quod ipse de cætero aures aliquo modo præbiturus esset praticis Cæsa[r]is, aut a proposito confœderationis, de qua agitur, descederet, et quod non solum per [schedu]lam manu ejus propria scriptam, sed omnibus aliis viis cautos redderet Regem nostrum et D. v. R. quod ipse intraret fœdus, quo de agitur, cum capitulis missis, quandocu[m]que Rex noster illud intraret, et quod praticis Cæsareis aures non præberet, obtulit se parat [um] ad beneplacitum nostrum hanc cedulam facere. Erimus itaque cras ad hoc cu[m] Ste sua et per alium cursorem quem non diu post hunc istic esse speramus D. v. R. de successu certiorem faciemus. Et fœliciter valeat," &c. Rome, 3 May 1526. Signed.
Cipher, undeciphered; mutilated. Headed: Duplicate literarum nostrarum sub data [i]ij. Maii.
3 May.
Add. MS. 15,387, f. 180. B.M. Theiner, p. 554.
Has received his letter in recommendation of Gambara, sent on the recall of Melchior Langus. Recommends the latter. Greenwich, 3 May 1526.
Lat. Modern copy.
3 May. 2146. RICH. DRUELL.
His will, dated 3 May 1526. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 625.
[4 May.] (fn. 2) Calig. E.I. 14. B. M. 2147. FRANCIS I. to WOLSEY.
Credence for Morette, whom he sends at this time into England.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "A Mons. le Cardinal [mon] bon amy."
4 May.
Cal.D.IX.190. B. M.
Has received Tayler's letters, dated Montmarchant, 3 April; others from both, of the 14th. Showed them to the King, who is glad to hear of Francis's return. Has also the commission of John Joachim, who has lately arrived [with] the chancellor of Alençon. Sends information consequent upon Joachim's charge:—
1. Joachim has brought all the ratifications required since the King's release, and his determination not to fulfil the exorbitant demands of the Emperor.
2. To the king and council of England it appears by the treaty between the French king and the Emperor that the terms have been extorted by the Emperor through fear and menaces, owing to the King's imprisonment and sickness, "the fear whereof would have compelled the most constant [prince] or person living rather to show demonstration outward o... unto any unreasonable demands, whatsoever they were, [than] put himself into such extreme danger, though inwardly he had no such mind," as appears by the French king's own words and his protestations in Spain. Therefore neither he nor his subjects are bound in conscience, law, or reason to fulfil engagements not made in liberty, especially as the Emperor put no faith in him, but required hostages. Proceeds to show that they are not binding: (1) because they are impossible; (2) they are unreasonable; (3) they are not observable, but prejudicial to the peace of Christendom.
3. Francis is to do all he can for the recovery of the hostages, in which the King will assist him by war, so far as it is not contrary to his oath and promise; for which purpose a bond of union shall be entered into between the kings of France and England, binding them not to treat with the Emperor to the prejudice of the other, and that Francis shall do nothing to fulfil any obligation made in his captivity without the consent of the king of England. It is thought that when the Emperor learns the state of Italy, and that Henry will act as a mediator, he will become more moderate. States the arguments which ought to be used to prevent the marriage of Francis with the Emperor's sister.
4. The defensive league between the Pope, the French, and the Venetians, of which the King is to be protector, to be speedily concluded, the more so as the Emperor has an army already in Italy. Neither party to make any contract with the Emperor to the prejudice of the said league. Henry is not to give the Emperor any aid by virtue of any past treaties, if the league attempt anything against him, "o[r] ... than he first deliver the hostages upon reasonable conditions, [withdraw] his army in Italy, forbear his enterprise of the same, and ... satisfy the debts which he oweth unto the King's highness ... interest that his Grace hath also in the realms of Castell [and of] Lyons." This is as much as the King can do at present, till he can find opportunity to accept the said protection. It would not be reasonable that he should leave one war and enter another, jeopardising the goods of his subjects in the Emperor's country, and the 3,000,000 owed him by the Emperor. It would be in inestimable loss to make such a declaration without some device for getting hold of such goods and debts, "and without some honest jus[tifica]cion preceding, as well towards Almighty God as to the King's subj[ects] and all the world, so as, if his Grace should break with th'em[peror] hereafter, it may appear that the same is not done but u[pon] just ground and cause reasonable." The King will send an ambassador to the Emperor, urging him to release the hostages for a reasonable sum, which, if put to himself, the King will fix at 1,000,000 or more. He shall also require the Emperor to desist from molesting the potentates of Italy, as they have applied to Henry for his aid and advice. If the Emperor urges that he must needs go into Italy for the Imperial crown, he may do so, provided it be done without danger to the said potentates, or the crown shall be sent him. The third proposal to be made to the Emperor is prompt payment of his debts, seeing the days are so long past, "and also to do re[compense to] the King's grace for such interesse as his Highness doth pr[etend to] in the realms of Castile and Lyons, whereunto his Grace [hath] title clear and evidently apparent." If the Emperor complies, Henry will grant him competent terms, moderating his claims in Castile, &c. If, in three months, he refuses, the King may not only accept the protection of the League unconditionally, but also a straiter amity with France, for recovery of the hostages and his rights in Castile and Lyons.
If the Emperor will not give a direct answer, and advances his designs on Italy, his delay shall be taken as refusal, and the King, within three months, will join the league, provided he is not charged to contribute more than 25,000 ducats a month. He is to have the yearly pension out of Milan, as was proposed with other terms.
It is proposed that the league shall be universal, which will induce the Emperor to join it, and restrain his ambition.
The above is the substance of the discussions at the Council board.
They shall add, in Wolsey's behalf, the obvious advantages of the amity between the two princes, in which he trusts to be so far assistant as to promote the honor and surety of both, after which peace may be concluded at a friendly and personal interview. Wolsey thinks that a lady "of more tender years and nature, a[nd] of better education, beauty, and other virtues," would be a more suitable match for Francis, "wherein, if at any time I may know his desire, I sha[ll be] a broker and mediator for him to the best of my power." They are to be diligent in observing and sending information. Since the access of Joachim to the King on Saturday, 28th ult., at Greenwich, he and the Chancellor have behaved themselves as well as any that ever came into this realm. The Chancellor's oration was "so elegant, so well pronounced, his countenance and gesture so appropred unto the purpose, declaring thereby manifestly his great erudition ... his profound wisdom, his approved gravity," as to create a marvel in the minds of the King, the ambassadors, the lords spiritual and temporal, and the King has ordered it to be printed.
Are to call for the ratification and other writings, and send them diligently. The Papal and Venetian ambassadors have no doubt of concluding the aforesaid league, and the French king must lose no time in it. They are to advertise in ciphers Gregory de Casalis at Rome of the French King's inclination. They are to spare no cost in sending news. Westminster, 4 May. Signed.
Pp. 21, mutilated. Add. Endd. by Tayler: "Received the 14th day of May 1526." Noted throughout by Tayler in Latin in the margin.
4 May.
Vit. B. VIII.33. B. M.
Thanks him for his affection and for his kind reception of Gambara on hearing that he was his friend. He is worthy of the same kindness for his many virtues.
Will help him to find some learned man to teach Latin and Greek in his college, but it will not be an easy task. The Pope has been three years trying to find such a person for Florence. Some who could undertake it are contented with their position, and do not like the labor of teaching; others will not leave their wives and families. England, especially, is looked upon as another world. Wolsey's name may perhaps allure some one. Will send the catalogue of the Papal library, that Wolsey may choose what he wishes to have transcribed. There are but few transcribers here, especially Greeks. Will help Peter Vannes, as Wolsey wishes, and would have done so for his own sake. The bishop of Lucca (Lucensis) is absent, but he will communicate with him. Rome, 4 May 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
His will, dated 4 May 1526. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 620.
4 May.
R. O.
Letters patent confirming various grants and liberties. Westm., 4 May 18 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Vellum. Great seal attached.
Rym.XIV. 158. 2. Charter reciting the same verbatim. Westm., 5 May, attested by Wolsey, Warham, Tunstal, Clerk, the dukes of Richmond, Norfolk, and Suffolk, the marquesses of Dorset and Exeter, the earls of Oxford and Shrewsbury, lord Sandys of the Vyne, and lord Ferrers, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, Sir Hen. Guldeford, and Sir T. More. Westm., 5 May.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.
5 May.
R. O.
Confirmation to the college of all the possessions granted to them by the King. Westm., 5 May 18 Hen. VIII. Signed: Hannibal.
Lat. Vellum. Great seal attached with white and green silk. In the initial letter there is a splendid miniature of Henry VIII., done by an artist of considerable ability; and in the top margin are the King's supporters, the crown, rose, and pomegranates, and a castle, the emblem of Castile; the whole work beautifully executed.
5 May.
Harl. 442, f. 61. B. M.
Proclamation against the using of unlawful games and pastimes, and for maintenance of archery.
Pp. 3. Modern copy.
5 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 35. B. M.
"Ill. ac R. &c. Quia per alias meas pa ... licteras innui D. v. R. habuisse cum S. D. N. quosdam sermones, quos tunc ob te[mporis] penuriam D. v. R. scribere non poteram, visum est mihi præsertim ob materia[m] de qua actum est, id ei ad præsens scribere. Cum vidissem Papam aliquantulu[m] turbatum quod collega et ego ei diceremus, inter alia, id quod in licte[ris] suis D. v. R. nobis præcipiebat, ut Sanctitas sua certam aliqua[m] resolutionem cui fidi possit nobis daret, velletque in proposito et deliberatione in quibus nunc se ostendebat perseverare, Stas sua, dum eum eadem die pro nonn[ullis] particularibus accessissem, et in hos sermones incideretur, conquesta aliquali[ter] fuisset quasi nos de inconstantia et verbi sui inobservatione cum redarguissemus.
"Ego ei respondi quod certe Rex noster et D. v. R. i[n] eorum licteris de hoc Sanctitatem suam non taxabant, licet si Sanctitas su [a] bene actiones suas considerare volebat, non unam sed plures, nec leves quide[m] aut debiles causas, ad hoc dedisset; et cum ex hoc videretur eti[am] magis turbari, instans ut ego causas illas declararem, dixi sibi quod præter id quod Rex Angliæ hanc sedem pecuniis, armis et sanguine, ac novissime calamo et auctoritate sua, foverat et protexerat, per quod, me teste, ad solam Leonis ejus patruelis instantiam, in firma Cæsaris et Regis Gallorum amicitia esset, et ab utroque eorum, nedum honoraretur, sed quasi adoraretur, licet regno suo magis expedire cognosceret in utriusque amicitia [per]severare, et ad hoc quod etiam ipsi Leoni et Sedi Apostolicæ magis expedire videbatur [ut omn]es ejus dirigeret actiones; rogatus tamen ipsius Leonis nomine omne [p]rivatum conmodum pos[t]ponens ab alterius amicitia discesserat, ut hæc omitterentur quæ licet in patruelem collata fuerant etc., ipsi in partem profuerant, et ex ex (fn. 3) eis dignitatis, auctoritatis et bonorum suorum conservatio, quæ ad fastigium in quo est ipsum adduxerat, provenerat, cum postea, favore et auctoritate sua etiam non parum in hoc operante, ad pontificatum pervenisset, si non [n]ullam, saltem levissimam, de Rege nostro, rationem habuerat: primo enim Regem Gallorum tunc suæ majestatis inimicum ex provincia Provinciæ in Italiam, ut fama est, adduxerat, Rege nostro et ejus ministris inconsultis, quod quidem non in minorem ipsius, qui cum Cæsare, ut notorium est, colligatus erat, quam ipsius Cæsaris præjudicium tendebat. Post hæc cum Rege Gallorum, similiter inconsulto Rege nostro, nescio quod fœdus seu conventionem inivit, nulla suæ Majestatis habita ratione; deinde similiter inscio Rege nostro ab hoc fœdere, seu conventione, discedens, nescio quam confœderationem seu unionem cum Cæsare fecit, quæ talem rerum alterationem peperit, ut Cæsarem usque ad astra evexerit. Postremo, cum de fœdere de quo nunc agitur tractaretur, idque in tantum processisset ut solum de conficiendis [de] superscripturis ageretur, Sanctitas sua Rege nostro et aliis supplantatis, et clam ab eis, certum novum fœdus seu concordiam cum Cæsare fecerat; quæ quidem præter id quod dignitati et auc[toritati] suæ mirum in modum ob inconstantiam et principum spretum (fn. 4) detra[xerit], Reg. nostrum, a quo multa beneficia gratis (nihil enim prætendit Rex noster in Italia), receperat, a quo nulla mala, quod forte de nullo alio principe vere dici potes[t], receperat, supplantavit et contenpsit; quæ si alteri principi, non ejus boni[tatis] et religionis, non ejus erga hanc sedem devotionis, cujus Rex noster est, contigi[sset,] forsan res suæ in eo statu, in quo ad præsens sunt, non existerent. Itaque non [dee]rant causæ quare ea quæ Sanctitati suæ dicta fuerant dicerentur, ut privati[m] tanquam ejus servus absque adulatione ei dicerem veritatem.
"Multa alia etiam [ad] hæc hincinde dicta sunt, et tandem tanta est vis veritatis ut Sanc[titas] sua visa sit cum animi quiete et absque aliqua desplicentia remanere ... dem, tum quia exigit hoc debitum meum et ita mihi alias D. v. R. mandavit ut omnia occurrentia ad eam scribentur, tum quia possibile e[s]t ut forte aliquo tempore aliquid circa hoc, vel ipsiusmet Papæ vel alterius cura et opera, ad notitiam D. v. R. deveniret, non a[bs re] visum est mihi D. v. R. ei (ea ?) significare, cui ne molestus sim alia in præsentiarum non scr[ibo] sed finem faciam, comendando me," &c. Rome, 5 May 1526.
Cipher undeciphered; mutilated.
6 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 37. B.M.
"R. ac Ill. &c. Scripsi per literas communes cum D. Gre[gorio]ij. et iij. hujus mensis quantum occurrebat, quod non replicabo, quia cum præsentibus mitto ad [D. v.] R. copiam, ex quibus, si forte aliæ non pervenerint, omnia intelligere poterit. Nunc autem nil habeo de novo dicendum, nisi quod Papæ quotidie, ut ipsemet asserit, innuitur, tam per aliquos hic existentes, quam per litteras diversorum locorum (quod non sine mister[ia] fieri puto), etiam ex Gallia, quod Rex Gallorum promovet cum Cæsare et Cæsar cum eo novos tractatus, honestiores et tollerabiliores, quam hi, de quibus inter eos in Hispania actum erat; et in spetie dicit tractari quod promissio de restituenda Burgundia commutetur in certam notabilem pecuniarum summam, qua data, filii Regis Gallorum relaxentur.
"Hæc autem, licet ostendat Papa non curare, immo hoc et aliis non obstantibus dicat (fn. 5) velle omnino procedere ad conclusionem fœderis, de quo D. v. R. scribit, et quandocumque nos cum eo loquimur, quod pluries his diebus fecimus, semper instet apud nos ut scribamus omni diligentia, et curemus apud Regem nostrum et D. v. R. quod ut dictum (fn. 6) fœdus statim statim (fn. 7) concludatur, semper hoc subnectens, quod hoc modo amputabuntur omnes aliæ praticæ inter Cæsarem et Regem Gallorum; tamen cum videam ipsum non omnino de his praticis se securum tenere, sciamque ipsum esse talis animi et naturæ ut facile ei, præsertim dum suspenso est animo, et metus incuti et persuaderi posset; præsertim si fucata aliqua, ut alias fictum est, sibi præponantur, quæ commodum aliquod afferre, et talem qualem, saltem ad tempus, [qui]etem, ac a [sus]pendiis liberationem polliceri videantur; pro debito servitutis meæ reduco ad memoriam D. v. R. ut, si omnino velit secura esse et quieta, quod homo hic omnino mentem ejus avertat et tollat a Cæsare et ejus [practici]s, et intret fœdus de quo agitur, absque aliqua mora, eo negocium fœderis perducat, ut videat Papa rem non solum ad hoc non esse integram, sed omnino finitam et terminatam, ita ut mentem suam firmet, et prospiciat non esse ulterius cogitandum nisi de optato fine et affectu initi fœderis.
"Dubitans ego oriri posse in Gallia ex capitulis per Papam eis aliquam differentiam in tractatu hujus fœderis, quæ, si Stas sua de novo consulenda fuisset, dilationem, et ex consequenti periculuam, allatura esset, licet S. D. N. pridie (prout per literas communes scriptum est) dixit se ipsorum capitulorum moderationem, quoad quædan circa quæ conjecturari posset aliquid forsan dubii emersurum, Regis nostri et D. v. R. arbitrio subjecisse, insteti una cum collega, de novo, ut agentibus suis in Gallia liberiores (fn. 8) habenas ad cautelam concedere dignaretur. Respondit se satis liberas habenas etiam per ultimas licteras pridie missas dedisse, sed de hoc dubitandum non esse, quia prævideri non poterat difficultatem aliquam nascituram, nisi a Gallis, a quibus non dubitabat (fn. 9) nasci in hoc difficultatem, quia agen[te]s hic pro eis expresse petierant a Sanctitate sua mitti illamet capitula, et justa (juxta) ea, ad hoc ut semel res finita et terminata esset, conmitti agentibus pro Papa ut concluderent; subjunsitque de novo Papa (quod etiam per communes scriptum est) quod, fœdere concluso justa illa capitula, possent omnia per Regem nostrum et D.v. R. moderari, et quod tam respectu interesse particulari cujuslibet ex cumfœderatis, quam respectu publicorum et concernentium universæ Christianæ reipublicæ quietem, quilibet acquiesceret prudentissimis et sincerissimis eorum consiliis. Alia non occurrunt," &c. Rome, 6 May 1526. Signed.
Cipher undeciphered; mutilated.
6 May.
Vit.B. VIII. 38. B. M.
"Ill. ac R. &c. Orta erat a[liqua] difficultas super tenore cedulæ de quo in aliis, præsertim cu[m Papa] innueret se ita velle Regem Angliæ obligare quatenus etiam ipse int[ra]ret fœdus de quo agitur; tandem, nobis dicentibus non posse [nos] in hoc consentire cum non haberemus hoc in conmissione, fui[t] contentus quod de hoc nulla fieret mentio, confidens, ut dixit, quod Rex noster et D. v. R. non persuadeant sibi aliquid, ob quod, si in necessitate[m] aliquam deveniat, sint Papam relicturi; voluit tamen obligationem suam ad certum tempus limitari, asserens non esse honestum ut, si forte Rex Gallorum nollet concludere, Sanctitas sua esset prohibita cum a[liis] tractare; posuit itaque terminum unius mensis intra quem, si cum Rege Gallorum con[c]ludatur, ipse censeatur intrasse fœdus, sin minus lapso mense sit liber. Interim, autem, durante mense promittit nullas praticas Cæsaris audire et [quod] omnis promissio R. Angliæ in cedula dirigatur. Mihi instanti (fn. 10) pro longiori tempore Papa dixit satis esse de uno mense, cum res inter eu[m] et Regem Gallorum sint ita digestæ ut nil remaneat nisi concludere. Alia non occurrunt," &c. Rome, 6 May 1526. Signed.
Cipher undeciphered; mutilated.
In a schedule attached is added, with decipher interlined: "Nunc habuimus scedulam, et quia jam diximus tenor non replicabitur. Sexta Maii."
6 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 38*. B. M.
"Ill. ac R. &c. Ultra ea quæ per alias ad D. v. R. scribo visum est mihi ei significare quod si (fn. 11) fœdus de quo agitur (prout sperandum est) concludatur, puto facile evenire posse, ut in uniendis potentatibus Italiæ aliqua difficultas oriatur; propterea quod aliqui ex ipsis potentatibus, præter id quod partes Cæsaris fovere videntur, de pontifice nullo modo vel parum confidunt; et licet hi potentatus tales sint ut et solus Pontifex possit eos armis, (fn. 12) si necesse fuerit, compescere, quia tamen rerum harum eventus incertus est, et aliquando res aliter succedunt quam debuissent aut cogitari potuisset, quia etiam possent a potentioribus, si in desperationem adducerentur, foveri et nutriri, ut vires Pontificis hoc modo dividerentur et a locis ubi magis eis noceri posset (fn. 13) diverterentur, quod non posset nisi rebus majoribus turbationem parere; puto expedire ut cum illis via amicabili agatur, et ita puto tentaturum Pontificem: sed quia videns forte pontifex illos ei non confidere, nos forsitan sicut et alios oratores requiret, ut promis- sorum, quæ illis ad eorum securationem forsan faciet, nomine Regiæ Majestatis observationem polliceamur, quasi hæc rebus communibus ob supradicta expediant, visum est mihi in hoc prævenire D. v. R.; ut is forte ad hoc deveniatur, sciamus quæ sit mens S. Regis nostri et D. v. R. super hoc et intentio. Dignetur itaque quamprimum id fieri poterit nobis id significare. Alia non occurrunt," &c. Rome, 6 May 1526.
Cipher, mutilated.
Vit. B. VIII. 39.
2. Decipher of the foregoing in the hand of Vannes.
6 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 40. B. M.
Has received his letters of the 17th ult. The Pope has consented to Wolsey's request about the bulls for Ipswich. Although the assistance of the archbishop of Capua and the Datary was not necessary, the latter has offered it in that and all other matters. Send the bull, according to Wolsey's minute, by the bearer, and thought it advisable to insert that the publication could be either at the Feast of St. James in July, or at the Nativity of the Vir[gin]. Spoke to the Pope about the bishopric of Lucca (Lucensis) for Peter Vannes, but his Holiness had not heard that the present Bishop wanted to resign. If so, he will show favor to Vannes. The Datary has undertaken to manage it, from friendship to Vannes, and has told a friend of the Bishop to write to him as he is absent. Has spoken to the Datary about the learned men whom Wolsey wishes for, and he will try to find some, but it will be difficult. As to the books, he will arrange for copies, not only from the Papal library, but also from that of Venice, where he thinks there may be some which are not here. He will send a catalogue for Wolsey to choose from.
The Pope will carry out the King's and Wolsey's wishes about the archbishop of St. Andrew's. The Archbishop's agent has been told only that they are ordered by the King and Wolsey to show him favor in his affairs, as if they were the Cardinal's. "Expectamus itaque ab hoc homine interpe ... si faciet." Will act so as to satisfy the Archbishop and Wolsey. Spoke to his Holiness about alum, in which, as in other things, he will satisfy the King. The matter can now be arranged with the Pope's ambassador in England.
News of the affairs between the Emperor and Francis are eagerly expected. Some say the concord will remain, others not. Hope the arms of Christians will be turned against the Infidel; but fear it will soon be too late, if affairs go on in Hungary as they have begun. Send the letters in cipher by a different way. Rome, 6 May 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3; slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.: 6 May 1527.
6 May.
R. O.
Expence of a supper and a banquet royal held at Greenwich, Monday, 6 May 18 Hen. VIII. in the Gallery within the Tiltyard, given by the King to the Queen, the French queen, the lady princess, the ambassadors of the Pope, the French king and the Venetians, and to nobles of the realm.
The Bakehouse:—12 b. 1 pt. of fine flour for chete bread and manchet, for the kitchen and wafery, 2s. 4d. a bushel; furnage of do., 2d. a bus.
Pantry:—Bread, 12d. a doz. 297 chete loaves = 1 qr. 3 b. wheat, 9s. 2d.
Buttery and Cellar:—377 gals. ale, at 1¼d. 1 hhd. beer, 5s. 4 gals. Malvesey, at 12d. 3 gals. Rumney, at 10d. 53 sex. (quarts) 1½ pitcher French and Gascon wine, at 22d. the sex. Carriage, &c. = 7l. 15s. 7¾d.
The Spicery:—49 lbs. white wax, at 1s. 4d. 581 lbs. yellow wax, wrought in quariers, syses and prikketts, 46s. the 100, and 5d. the lb. 226½ ells of Brussels, 7½d. the ell. 8¾ ells of canvas, at 6d. and 6½d. the ell. 1 gal. salad oil, 4s. 4½ 1b. pepper, at 20d. the lb. 1 lb. saffron, 17s. 3 lb. 2 oz. cloves, at 7s. 6d. the lb. 1 lb. 2 oz. mace, at 13s. 4d. the lb. 9 lb. ginger, at 2s. Cinnamon powder, at 4s. Cinnamon "elect," at 6s. the lb. 3 lb. grains, at 22d. the lb. 2½ lb. nutmeg, at 3s. 4d. 1 lb. "saunders," 2s. 14 lb. of sugar, at 6¾d. 64 lb. almonds, at 2d. 26 lb. dates, at 3d. 24 lb. prunes, at 2d. 27 lb. raisin currants, at 3d. 9½ lb. of flour of rice, at 4d. 2lb. "anez" powder, at 4d. 2 lb. liquorice powder, at 6d. 4 lb. long comfits, at 2s. 1,300 fine gold, at 6s. the 100. 400 party-gold, at 2s. the 100. 4 lb. comfits, white and red, at 7d. 8 "quayres" white paper, at 2d. the quire.½ bundle of brown paper, 6d. 8 yards "strayner," at 2d. the yard. 4 lb. "ginger verd.," at 10d. 4 lb. "sukett," at 8d. 8 lb. orange flour conserved, at 10d. 7½ lb. marmalade, at 8d. 1 gal. sweet oil, 3s. 4d.½ lb. "galingale," 20d. 550 oranges, at 18d. the 100. 1 lb. damask powder, 4s. 60 lb. isinglass, at 1s. the lb. 2 gallons rose water, at 3s. 4d. a gallon. 2 gal. damask water, at 5s. 4d. the gal. 13 lb. "pyscades," at 10d. 6 lb. carraways, at 8d. 9½ lb. "turnesolle," at 16d. 10 pomegranates, at 1s. each. "6 g. potte sugar, at 12d. the g." 6 lb. soap at 2½d. John Portingale, 1,250 oranges, at 8d. a 100; and for "battillage" of the same from Blackwall to Greenwich, 10d. 4 yds. white cotton for Jelly-bags, with the making, 2s. =61l. 10s. 11d.
The Accatry and Kitchen:—8 "caces" of mutton, at 3s. 8d. 3 veals, at 4s. 4 stone of dubbing, at 6d. 34 ox tongues, at 2d. 24 doz. flail bones, at 3s. the doz. 80 gang calves' feet, at½d. the gang. 120 calves' tongues, at½d. 6 g. ox feet, at 6d. 2 hogs of "gre" (grease), at 11s. 1 bushel "prikks," at 6d. 14 congers, at 2s. 9 byrts, at 2s. 13 luces from Cambridge, at 4s. By Norroy, 24 breams and 10 tench from the Lady St. John's waters at Berwick, 30s. Reward to the bearer of 24 great carp from Master Comptroller, 27s. 2 calver salmons, at 13s.; &c. Wages of 7 cooks, 4 days at 20d., for making a subtilty, with a dungeon and a manor place, set upon 2 marchpanes, garnished with swans and cygnets swimming about the manor, 13s. 4d. 7 cooks at 8d., and 5 laborers at 4d. a day. 1,000 wafers, of sundry colours, 4s. 8d. To Hugh, master cook to the Princess, for cutting of a tower set on a marchpane, and 2 chess boards and chessmen, garnished with 100 fine gold, 5s. 600 wafers, 3s. 4 green paper, 6d. 4 white silver paper, 6d. 4 sinaper paper, 6d. One paper of fine gold, 2d. 1 quire white paper, 2d. 4 doz. "vanys," 2d. Vermillion, 4d. Green, 2d. "Bisse," 8d. Silver, 4d. Sinaper, 2d. For making the said Tower, 10s.; two men employed by him 6 days=25l. 8s. 2d.
The Poultry:—18 cranes, at 6s. 2 doz. herons, at 2s. 15 peacocks, at 2s. 8d. 22 pheasants, at 2s. 4d. 3 doz. capons "gre," at 2s. 4d. Capons "cours," 4d. 9 doz. green geese, at 8s. the doz. 16 kids, at 2s. 4d. 8 lambs, at 18d. 9 doz. "renners," at 2s. the doz. 8 doz. rabbits, at 18d. the doz. 30 doz. chickens, at 16d. the doz. 18 "chicks pypers," at 2d. each. 18 doz. and 6 "peions" (pigeons), at 1s. the doz. 466 dishes of butter, at 1d. a piece. 3,875 eggs, at 15d. the 100. 3 dishes "gre" butter, at 3d. 103 quarters of apples, at 1s. the 100. 32 gallons cream, at 8d. 15 gal. milk, at 1½d. 400 pippins, at 3s. 9d. the 100. Charges for a man sent into Flanders to make provision. Wm. Welsh, for lettuce, spinach, and carrot roots, bought of him for salads. Carriage of a great "parmasyne" from Westminster to Greenwich. Wages, &c.=39l. 16s. 5¾d.
The Scullery:—110 qrs. coals, at 4½d. 6 great branches of rosemary, 16d.; bushel of ditto, 8d.; ditto, of parsley, 8d; ditto, of thyme, 10d.; ditto, of lettuce and spinach, 12d.; of tansy, 4d. Laborers in the kitchen, 4d. a day. Bricklayer, 6d. Smith, for 9 lbs. iron, 1½d. the lb.; for cross garnets, 13½d. 4 keys, 16d. A pair of "gemewis" for the dresser, 4d.; &c. Expences for carpentering, various. For a standard, 25s. For 12 "handpeles," 1s. Expences for flaskets, brushes, &c., various. 8 "treene" candlesticks, ladles, pots, &c., at various prices. Ditto for planks, boards, &c.; for various kitchen utensils, and their carriage from Greenwich to London. =21l. 6s. 7d.
The Saucery and Pastry:—8 bushels of fine flour, 2s. 8d. 20 gallons vinegar, at 4d. Verjuice, 2d. 3 men at 20d. each the day; their laborers, at 4d. a day.
The Woodyard:—tallwood, fagots, and rushes, 30s. 9d.
Total, 162l. 10s. 5½d.; of which re-delivered in wax and other sundries, 9l. 11s. 6d.
Account of articles remaining.
Signed by Sir Hen. Guldeford.
Pp. 9. Endd.
6 May.
Galba, B. IX. 20. B. M.
Wrote last on the 2nd inst., and on the 4th to Tuke, enclosing two packets received the same day from Mr. Almoner, by a courier who had come from Seville in 14 days. Dined today with Howstrate, Berghes and divers others of the Council being present. After dinner, Berghes said he had heard of the great rejoicing in England at the ratification of peace between England and France, of which he was right glad, because the King would not fail to do what he and his father have always done, to restrain the French from oppressing their neighbours.
Howstrate said that my Lady had received news from Spain and Almain, and intended to have sent for Wingfield; but, hearing that they were to dine together, had bid him tell him the news. She had received a ratification from the Emperor of the appointment made with the king of Denmark; that Francis had sent a secretary to the Emperor with letters excusing himself for not performing his promises within the time limited, for the delay is only to do what is necessary for them both, and he desired to have the Viceroy sent to him, that he may show him his whole intent to carry out his promise in all points; that the Viceroy has accordingly gone thither; that the Emperor has given De Praate an office about his person, but he will return hither to put his things in order; that he has appointed an ambassador to reside in England, and has instructed my Lady and his subjects here to behave so as to preserve the ancient amity with England. Having thanked my Lady for communicating this to him, asked when she intended to proceed toward Gawnte. Howstrate said she would start on Tuesday next. Malines, 6 May 1526.
My Lady hears for certain that the Turk assembled his army to invade Hungary on March 6, and has caused bridges to be made over the Danube, and collected a great number of mighty boats to be filled with victuals; he has taken one of the strongest holds upon the Hungarian frontier, and intends to accompany one division of his army. He is probably now in Hungary. If so, it must be lost. The cardinal of Gorce's subjects have besieged him again in Salsburg Castle; so that, unless God holds his holy hand over us, that tyrant may go where he will without resistance, the world being so divided into sects.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
7 May.
R. .O. St. P. VI. 533.
Wrote yesterday. Sent a servant to Antwerp with his letter, as the King's posts have been broken up more than a month; and after doing so Hacket arrived with Wolsey's letters dated Hampton Court, 18th ult., stating that Hacket was to take his place in these parts, and that Wingfield was to present him to my Lady, and then return to Calais. Thanks him for his and the King's approbation of his services. Cannot present Hacket here, as my Lady leaves tomorrow for Ghent; but Hacket has gone on to Louvain on business of Wolsey's. Will present him at Ghent, and return to Calais before the feast of the Holy Spirit. Malines, 7 May 1526.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
8 May.
Add. MS. 19,398, f. 40. B. M.
Sends a bill, signed by himself, of the wages of the posts between London and Scotland, amounting to 205l. 5s., and orders him to pay them out of the King's money in his hands. Westm., 8 May 18 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 May.
R. O. St. P. I. 158.
Has received a letter from the King's ambassadors resident in France, brought by a messenger of the French king, who met the president of Rouen (Brinon) on his way to Dover. John Joachim was in his company part of the same way. Has also a letter directed to them by Francis, showing that he was resolved to have nothing to do with the viceroy of Naples and Alarcon till he hears Henry's opinion. Wolsey has sent an ample answer, and long instructions have been given to Sir Thomas Cheyne and Tayler, "which I trust be arrived there by this time." Sends a duplicate of the former instructions and of the despatches for "young Wyat," with such additions as are "requisite concerning the coming" of the Viceroy and Alarcon. Sends also four letters for the expedition of Brinon. Westm., 6 May. Signed.
10 May.
Calig. D. IX. 200 b. B.M.
The King is pleased with his services for the ratification of the treaty. The following papers are required: 1. The oath similar to that of the king of England. 2. His submission and recognition, with those of the Regent, mutatis mutandis. 3. Ratification of the treaties of peace, depredations, comprehension of the Scots, duke of Albany, and the French queen's dower. Westm., 10 May. Signed and sealed.
Mutilated, p. 1. Add. Endd. by Tayler: Received the 18th of May at Cognak.
10 May.
Cal. D. IX. 201. B. M.
Report of a conference held at Cognac, Friday, 10 May 1526, between the French council and the Imperial deputies, Lannoy and De Praet, touching the ratification of the treaty of Madrid, showing the arguments of the French for refusing it, and the answers of the Imperialists.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 11.
ii. A report of the above made by the Imperialists to the Emperor, containing also their reply to the new overtures made by Madame the Regent.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 16.
10 May.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 175.
2166. TREATY of the MOORE.
Oath of Francis I. for the observance of the treaty of peace. Cognac, 10 May 1526.
R. O.
Rym, XIV. 175.
2. Notarial attestation by Jean Jaques Hamolin and François Bouret, of the same oath. Cognac, 10 May 1526.
10 May.
P.S. Rym. XIV. 174.
1. Mortmain licence to cardinal Wolsey to appropriate and unite the rectories of Preston Magna, Preston Parva, Welton, West Haddon, Starton, Norton, Colde Asshebye, Daventre and Thorpe Monwell, Northt.; Foxston, Scalforde, Denton, Basset, Bakedale, Leic.; Bysbrok, Rutland; Ravenston, Chicheley, Newporte Paynell, Bradwell, Astwod, Wyllin and Ellesburge, Bucks; Aston, Bromewich, Warw.; Westbromewich, Staff.; Chaddelworth and Kyngestowne, Berks. Greenwich, 8 May 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 May.
Rym. XIV. 173.
2. The same with the rectories of Hedyngton, Marston, Sydeley, Churchill, Fritzwell, Ellesfelde, Saundeforde, Oxon; Worneall, Ocle, Bryll and Borstall, Bucks. Greenwich, 8 May 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 May.
Rym. XIV. 172.
3. The same with the rectories of Gingemountney, Blakamore, Stanesgate, Steple, Tiptre, Tolleshunte, Horkesley, Wormyngford or Wythermonford, Wyk, Alnethley, Reynham and Elmonden, Essex; Mariborne or Tyborne, Midd.; Hormed, Herts; Chettisham, Swillond, Falkenham, Snape, Freston, Bedyngfelde and Denarston, Suff. Greenwich, 8 May 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 May.
P.S. Rym. XIV. 173. 4. The same with the rectories of Newington, Marden, Tewedley, Brenchesley, Leigh, Yaldyng, Pepingbury, and West Greenwich or Depford, Kent; Godstone, Surrey; Begham, Haylesham and Helingle, Suss. Greenwich, 8 May 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., May 10.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 9.
R. O. 5. Letters patent of No. 1. Signed by Hannibal.
Lat. Vellum. Great seal attached.
R. O. 6. Letters patent of No. 2.
Lat. Vellum. Great seal attached. Fine miniature of the King in the initial letter.
R. O. 7. Letters patent of No. 3.
Lat. Vellum. Great seal attached. Fine minature of the King in the initial letter.
R. O. 8. Letters patent of No. 4.
Lat. Vellum. Great seal (mutilated) attached. Fine miniature of the King in the initial letter.
R. O. 9. Protestation of J. H., proctor of Cardinal's College in Oxford, made in the presence of the commissaries of cardinal Wolsey, for the incorporation and annexation to the college of certain churches belonging to the lately dissolved monasteries.
Draft, Lat., pp. 11. Endd.
11 May
R. O.
On behalf of Jacob Egerth, accused of Lutheranism in England. His uterine brother, John Furste, merchant and citizen of Dantzic, and six others, have sworn that he is innocent. Dantzic, 11 May 1526, ao regni 20. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12 May
R. O.
Has already written on behalf of citizens of Dantzic in England, accused of Lutheranism, but who say that they are innocent. Asks also for leave for George Van Telchten, who was accused in the House of the Germans in London in his absence, to return, and to carry on the business of himself and his partner, Ulric Wise, councillor of Dantzic. No Lutheran books were found in his chamber. Dantzic, 12 May 1526, ao regni 20. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12 May
R. O.
To the same effect. Dantzic, 12 May 1526, anno regni 20. Signed. Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12 May
R. O.
Bond by Bernard Ughuccioni and Nicholuccio Vivaccesi, procurators of Barth. Welser and his fellowship, of Antwerp, on one side, and John Capponi, for the heirs of Guido Portynary, on the other, that they will abide by the award of Laurence Bonvixi and Luke Lucari. If they cannot agree, Pantalyn Spynell is to decide. London, 12 May 1526.
Copy. Endd.
ii. Bond by the above, assenting to the further demands made by Richard Maryot, administrator of the heirs of the said Guido. 12 May 1526. (fn. 14)
13 May.
Vit. B. VIII. 42. B. M.
2172. Campeggio to [Wolsey] Wrote on the 6th that the Turk had sent an army by sea and land to invade Hungary, intending to follow it. The cardinals are in great apprehension, and have, at their own expence, sent an aid of money. There has been a riot in Milan on account of the subsidy imposed by the Spaniards. It is now quieted, because the Imperialists have delivered a large quantity of salt at a fixed price. There is so much animosity between them that the peace cannot be trusted. The viceroy of Naples has been sent by the Emperor to Francis to urge him to keep his word, and it is expected that they will arrange milder conditions. The Emperor is sending Hugo de Moncada to command the army in Italy. Andrea Doria, the Pope's admiral, has arrived at Leghorn. The plague has in some degree abated. Rome, 13 May 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
13 May.
Vesp. C. III. 244. B. M.
2173. LEE to HENRY VIII.
Wrote on the 15 and 20 April and 10 May of the despatch of the ambassador and the King's debts. He has not yet been despatched. Thinks they will regulate their conduct by their success with France. Urged the Emperor yesterday to despatch the ambassador. He replied he would despatch him that day, and he desired nothing more than a renewal of the amity with England. Has heard that many Spaniards had been slain in Italy. The prince of Orange writes that Francis has sent into Burgundy 400 men-at-arms and 500 or 600 foot. De Rieux writes that the French will not deliver Hédin. After Hugo de Moncada has suppressed the Moors in Valencia, he is to go into France, thence to Milan, to entreat with the Duke there. The Emperor goes this day towards Granata. Civil, 13 May.
Hol., pp. 3. The cipher deciphered by Tuke. Add. Endd.
13 May.
Vesp. C. III. 246. B. M.
2174. LEE to WOLSEY.
Resumes the substance of his letter to the King. Has since spoken to the Emperor, urging that the ambassador might be sent at once, before he left for Granada, as the King would expect him. He was despatched the same day. The course of their affairs with France makes these people know themselves better. If they had been very successful they would have made very high demands. 15,000 or 16,000 Moors have risen in Valencia. Has only received one letter from him, dated Richmond, 24 Dec. Had letters of the 8 May from Sir Rob. Wingfield out of Brabant. Whether the parcel contained letters from the King or Wolsey, knows not, as they could not be found. The bringer excuses himself that he delivered them to one of the Emperor's privy chamber. Has complained to the Emperor, who has ordered proclamation to be made for them on pain of death. "He of the privy chamber saith they lay on his table with an hundred mo, and that they be stolen from thence." The bringer, Curtevil, was here almost three days, and neither told me nor mine of them. Sent to inquire for them of the person of the privy chamber, and was told there was none for him; "but Saturday in the morning, by all likelihood, he had learned his lesson to say that there they were amongst other, but he knew not how they were imbecilled." Thinks that La Schau may be at the bottom of it, as Curtevile was his servant. Civil, 13 May.
Hol., pp. 3. Part cipher, with marginal decipher by Tuke. Add.
13 May
R. O.
2175. LEE to WOLSEY.
Has received no money for him as yet from the bp. of Palance. John Almaigne has the commission, and, when required by Lee to sign an acquittance for the Bishop, sent it subscribed sub nomine personæ publicæ, with these words, rogatus a præfato domino oratore ceu persona publica, which was not sufficient, as there was no expression of his authority. Will do his best when Wolsey's commission comes. Civil, 13 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
13 May.
Cal. B. VI. 409. B. M.
Has received from Magnus, last St. Peter's ad Vincula, his patents for the vice-wardenship of the Middle Marches, with Tyndale and Redesdale; for the first with the usual fees, for the second 40l., for Redesdale 40 marks, 33l. from the duke of Richmond to make up his fee 100l. for the lieutenantship. His household fee from the Duke is to cease. Hopes he has taken such measures to serve the King that Tyndale and Redesdale will be quiet. Except in the case of four persons, William and John Charlton, William and Matthew Dod, Sir Wm. Lisle has complained to the Council of the Duke at Newcastle without reason.
Begs that Wolsey will consider his great charges, as shown in the bill enclosed. The four rebels have been hunted down, and have taken refuge amongst the Armstrongs, contrary to the truce. The Armstrongs are very troublesome. Thinks they ought to be put down, and delivered to the wardens to answer for their offences. Before the conclusion of the last truce the earl of Angus and Mark Carre, his deputy, met the lieutenants of England, and filed bills to 21 November for settling offences done by the inhabitants of Liddersdale and Tevedale. Cannot prevail on the earl of Angus to complete the arrangement, nor to give satisfaction for injuries done by the Armstrongs, Elwoldes, Croosyers and Nixsonns. George and Mark Carre and David Carre of Farnyhurst refer him to Angus. Harbottle, 13 May. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: "To my lord Legate's grace."
14 May
R. O.
Arrived at lady Margaret's court at Mechlin on the 6th, after dinner. Next day went to Lowayn to see Conradus Gocolenius, who thanks Wolsey for his offers; and, as soon as he can be rid of some charges that he has, he will come over to Wolsey. He says he would not leave his practice and profit at Lowayn, and other benefices that he is attending, for 40l. a year; but Hackett has given him hopes of advancement, and he will commit himself to Wolsey's pleasure. For other matters refers to Wingfield's letter. Has not yet spoken Wolsey's verbal credence to Madame, but will do so at time convenient. Now Wingfield is leaving, I must not "spare hand neither paper, like as I have done till now." Gant, 14 May 1526.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
14 May
R. O.
When last at Canterbury, was informed of a White Monk, of Sutton, Suffolk, who reported that Wolsey had suppressed that house, and expelled the religious men, taking away their lands and goods, so that they were obliged to beg or use some craft.
He offered to sew at a tailor's and other occupations. Examined him, when he confessed having spread the report, but said that it was not true. Sends him to Wolsey. Mr. Hales, baron of the Exchequer, can tell Wolsey more thereof. Otford, 14 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c. my lord Cardinal of York and legate de latere.
15 May.
Nero, B. II. 99*. B. M.
Writes on behalf of John Molenbecke, of Dantzig, who has fled from London in consequence of an accusation of heresy. He asserts that nothing can be proved from his words, and that no books were found at his house in London. Commends the King's zeal in restraining the pest of heresy, with which he himself is much troubled. Asks leave for Molenbecke to return to his business. Dantzig, 15 May 1526, "regni nostri 20." Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.


  • 1. "reri at" in the cipher.
  • 2. See Brown's Calendar, vol. III. p. 546.
  • 3. So in cipher; qu. ex eis ejus ?
  • 4. Sic.
  • 5. decat in cipher.
  • 6. dactum in cipher.
  • 7. Sic, repeated.
  • 8. liferiores in cipher.
  • 9. dubitabut in cipher.
  • 10. in statim in cipher.
  • 11. The decipher omits this word si, and reads fœdus ... concludetur.
  • 12. armis. This word is omitted in the decipher.
  • 13. eis noceri posset. The decipher reads ei nocere possent.
  • 14. See 28 May.