Henry VIII: December 1532, 16-31

Pages 681-700

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5, 1531-1532. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

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December 1531, 16-31

16 Dec.
R. O.
1636. John Abbot Of St. Osith's to Cromwell.
I have received your second letters, and am sorry my answer did not please you; and though this is the first thing that you ever received of us, "I pray you take it as no nay," for the thing is not in our liberty, as Master Christr. Haale, Master Pyrton, and Master Sinclair can inform you, whatever Master Draner, who was here on the 1st Dec., may say. He threatened me with the King's letters. St. Osys, 16 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
17 Dec.
Lanz, II. 41.
1637. Charles V. to Mary Of Hungary.
Approves of her policy in sending the gerfalcon (see No. 1584) and tarcelet to the king of France. The French proposal for an interview is much like what they make when they see that they may gain something and can lose nothing by it if it be followed up. Believes the Queen is sincere in wishing for it as well as Mary; but reminds her that Francis tried the same policy a year ago towards himself. Has already written to her how she might disentangle herself from such proposals, and thinks this more necessary now than ever, as the French would get all the advantage of such a meeting, while it might even injure the Emperor. But it must not appear that the negociation is broken off by the Emperor, but by circumstances. Delays Varas five or six days that she may have the better excuse, &c. Bologna, 17 Dec.
17 Dec.
R. O.
1638. Sir Arthur Darcy to Cromwell.
On Thursday last the Lord Warden, with the garrison and 2,000 countrymen, were in Scotland, and burned Donglas and 12 other towns : 2,000 cattle and more sheep were taken. Such a "roode" has not been seen in winter this 200 years. The Douglases devised it. Their services are wholly to the King. The King wrote a letter, marvelling that we did not ride, but our instructions were not to do so, unless a notable act and a day foray were done by the Scots.
Thought we were too busy in what we had done, for when thieves rode our thieves rode against them, and no act was done by the wardens or by foray but we did "reacquit" it. Feared to pass the King's instructions, but now his pleasure is declared we will be busy as the weather and our horses serve. Victuals are extremely dear; oats at 12s. the qr. in Berwick, and 7s. amongst the garrison. Hay has risen within these three days, in consequence of the storms. Fears if the weather break not, riding will be stopped for a while. 17 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Thos. Cromwell. Endd.
17 Dec.
R. O.
1639. Cromwell's Accounts.
View of the account of Thos. Cromwell of money received and paid by him for the King, from Mich. to 17 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII.
Arrearages of the last account, 608l. 17s. 3d. 3¼q.
Received to the King's use since 2 April, 25,655l. 11s. 10½d.
Total, 26,264l. 9s. 2d. 1½q.
Paid for the King, 24,606l. 8s. 8d. Due to the King, 1,658l. 0s. 6d. 1½q.
Remaining in the charge of Wm. Body, Cromwell's servant, 2,253l. 12s. 0d. ½q.
Lent by Cromwell to sundry persons, 593l. 6s. 8d.
ii. Fines for knights assessed by Cromwell and not paid, as appears by the obligations examined, 17 Dec., 2,180l. 6s. 8d. Fines made with sundry persons, spiritual and temporal, and unpaid, with 400l. for the fine of the elect bishop of Chester, 12,250l. 5s. 1d. Money lent by the King's commandment, 2,020l. Forfeits for conveying corn, 1,580l. 13s. 4d. Total, 18,031l. 5s. 1d.
Pp. 3. Endd.
18 Dec.
R. O.
1640. Henry Lacy to Cromwell.
Touching my business, you desired me at your departure from Calais to inform you if it went not forward, and you would send another commission for its better expedition. I therefore send you two books, the first being "a good instruction of my said business," and the second containing a copy of the King's commission, with my bill of complaint, and also "the King's general surveyors of his lands, two letters," and the copies of two privy seals. I trust to you for the recompense of the 60l. I lost for your sake; and you will find in the book of instruction 100l. to your own advantage. I have also shown how the King is deceived in some things. A speedy remedy is required, else great inconvenience may arise in the Court at Marke to the King's lands, and to me his tenant. I refer you to the bearer, John Walla (Whalley), merchant, of London. Calais, 18 Dec. 1532.
I shall send you by the next ship "a shar" (chair) [wrapped in canvas] (fn. 1) of the best fashion out of Flanders, with your name written on it. "Felype Crahor was ryght glad for to brenge your mastershepe the sad shar without takyng any freght therfor." For better speed I have sent this letter and the books by Craher, though my good friend has written to his friend John Walley to pursue the matter. The four pannels of the said "schar" are trussed underneath the seat.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
[19] Dec.
R. O.
1641. Reynold Lytylprow to Cromwell.
There is a Frenchman to whom I bear favor, who has been much vexed in the time of wars by Sir Edwd. Bolen, and spoiled of all he had. He desires to be a denizen, in which you can help him. Send me two words what the charge shall be. If it is great, it cannot be borne, for the man is poor. Norwich, Thursday before St. Thomas's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Cromwell, dwelling at Austen Friars.
19 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 183. B. M.
1642. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received her letter of 19 Nov.
Has already written that the King did not send a mandate by the end of Oct., and that, after some discussion, the Pope, before he left Rome, confirmed by a decree the conclusion of the Consistory, but would not give the sentence por contradictas, as he was just leaving Rome. Hopes to persuade the Emperor to urge the Pope to order the case to be proceeded with in the Rota, and that report be made to his Holiness here before the Emperor leaves. As the other side has not answered, the sentence is certain; and they cannot complain that it is given by favor, as no other could be gives. I send a copy of my letter to his Majesty from Bologna. The brief has been despatched and sent to Rome to be notified, "en la Yglesia de contradictas." It will shortly be sent to Flanders to be notified and printed. Sends a copy of it, and also a letter from queen Katharine. Advises the Empress to preserve the Queen's letters, as some day they will be valued as relics.
The interview between the kings of England and France is finished. The cardinals of Agrimonte (Grammont) and Tornon are expected here, but I do not know their purpose. I thank God the King has not married that Anna. In the brief the Pope has annulled any marriage the King may make.
It is reported from England that it is customary for the King and Queen to send jewels when they send messages to each other (se embian a visitar), but lately the King had ordered the Queen not to do so. Before the interview, however, he sent to ask her for all her jewels, which she at first refused to send, in accordance with his previous order, but on a repetition she complied.
The ambassadors at first thought I had better stay in Rome; but as there was nothing to do there, I came here. Bolonia, 19 Dec. 1532.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
Ibid., f. 186. 2. English abstract of the above.

Add. MS. 28,585, f. 204. B. M.
1643. [The Imperial Ambassador In Portugal] to —.
"Respuesta del Rey de Portugal sobre el negocio de la Reina de Ynglaterra."
On the 29th ult. the King replied as follows to us, don Esteban Dalmeyda and myself. That the Emperor had informed him, through me, of what the queen of England had written about her husband's intentions, and desired him to unite in sending ambassadors to England. To this he had replied that he was ready to do so, and had chosen persons to send; but the Emperor had let him know nothing of what the King had done since. He did not know whether the Empress was assisting in the cause. When there was any matter of difference between common persons, it was usual to know the cause before meddling in it; and this was still more necessary in a matter concerning princes. He would order don Pedro Mascareñas to enquire of the Emperor what steps he had hitherto taken with the king of England; and would likewise order his ambassador in Rome to request the Pope to treat this case as it deserved, and to inform him how it was going on. He should then know what to do to fulfil his duty to his aunt.
His lawyers had discovered that the Queen's right was clear. He would send their opinions to the Emperor if he wished.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
19 Dec.
R. O.
1644. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
Has received [letters] from Mr. Hacket, who desired him to send on one directed to Cromwell by a sure man. Sends it by Mr. Allayn King. It is said "the corvesters (?) woll have the Emperor to be iteratt crowned in Rome." Ever since you left we have had great frost and snow, with stormy weather. "Now it breaks, and like to do much harm." Calais, 19 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master [Cr]umwell, councillor to the King's Highness, and master of his Jewels House.
19 Dec.
R. O.
1645. Thomas Earl Of Rutland.
Warrant to Thos. Cromwell, master and treasurer of the Jewels, to pay 200l. to Thos. earl of Rutland, by way of prest and loan, to be repaid at the Feast of the Purification, 1534. Westm., 19 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Vellum, mutilated.
20 Dec.
R. O.
1646. Dr. Thomas Lee.
Warrant under the sign manual to Cromwell, as master of the Jewels, to pay to Thos. Lee, D.C.L., who is appointed ambassador to Denmark, 60l., for his diets, at 20s. a day, beginning 21 Dec. Westm., 20 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII.
20 Dec.
Faustina, C. VII. 100. B. M.
1647. Canons Of Christchurch, Oxford, to Cromwell.
Have written a letter to the King concerning the death of their dean, (fn. 2) and desire him to make any alterations therein which he thinks advisable. Send Croke as messenger to the King. He will do nothing without consulting Cromwell. Wish the new dean to be one of themselves. Complain of their poverty. Without his help many of them will not be able to keep off hunger this Christmas. Oxford, 13 kal. Jan. "Regii Oxoniensis Collegii canonici."
Lat., p. 1. Add. : Clarissimo et unico Mæcenati nostro, domino Thomæ Crumwello, regio consiliario dignissimo.
20 Dec.
R. O. Pocock, II. 355.
1648. Sir Gregory Da Casale to Gardiner.
Guronus writes that I did wrong not to go to Rome, and that I should go; but as I cannot tell whether he had your authority for this, I shall remain here till I hear from you. When I received your last letters I was on the point of going thither, when my brother notified to me the process they were agitating at Rome against the King; and I remained, as I wrote to you, fearing to make a mistake; for, as I was well known to be a servant of the King, my presence might have been to the advantage of the opposite party. I am perplexed, not knowing whether the King wishes me to obstruct this process of the Pope's, or to leave it alone; and whether, if I do, I should speak as if on my own authority. For this reason, I sent my brother to Rome instead; and I now send Guronus to you to learn your mind and the King's.
I learned, by letters of Guronus of the 10th ult., of his despatch, and of the letters you obtained from the King to the king of the Romans, for my brother's liberation; for which I and all my brothers are for ever bound to you. I await the return of Guronus before departing to Rome, that I may be certain of what he wrote to me. When I first received his letters I despatched a servant to my brother, and wrote to him to use all means to prevent the Pope proceeding in the King's cause till I came.
Lat., pp. 2. Headed : Ex literis D. Gregorii Casalii die xx. Decembris Bononiæ datis ad D. Secretarium. Endd. by Gardiner : From Sir Gregory de Cassales to me.
20 Dec.
S. B.
1649. A Convert To Christianity.
"By the King.
"Henry R.
"Trusty and welbelovyd we grett you well. And where ye be accustumyd to pay yerely to all and synguler such person and persons whych be from tyme to tyme whyth yn this our Royalme of Englond convertyd to our Crystyan and most Catholyke fayth from any other erronyous fayth and mysbeleve, thre half pens by the day duryng the naturall lyfe of every such person and persons, for and towardys ther relefe and fyndyng, ye havyng from us knowelege of our pleasour by our warrante to you dyrectyd in that behalf; We late you wyte that for as moche as Kateryn Wheteley, some tyme callyd Aysa Pudewya, refusyd her erronyous fayth and beleve, and toke and receyvyd baptysme, and our Cristyan and most Catholyke beleve within this our Roylme of Englond, our will and pleasour is that ye pay or doo to be payd yerely unto the sayd Marye (sic) during her lyfe naturall thre half pens every day. And this byll sygned wyth our hand shalbe to you a suffycyent warrante for thaskyng and havyng of your allowaunce in our Eschequer from tyme to tyme in that behalf. Yoven at our manor of Westminstre, the xxth day of Decembre in the xxiiijth yere of our reygne.
"To our trustye and wellbelovyd Clerke and Counceller, Master John Tayler, Master of our Rolles and Recordes in our Chauncerye, and to the Master of the Rolles for the tyme beyng, and in his absens to his deputie there."
S. B. 2. Similar warrant for Marye Coke, alias Omell Faytt Isya. Westm., 20 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII.
20 Dec.
R. O.
1650. Sir Robert Corson to Cromwell.
Desires to know what to do with the priest's money and horses. Divers abbots and priors that he took money of are here, desiring to recover part and forgive the rest, but I told them I would wait your orders. I would have sent a servant of my own with this letter, but as your servant, Sir Will. Lawrence, was in the town, I thought it best to send by him. I pray you befriend me in the matter Mr. Alvard showed you of between Sir Weston Brown and me; also to speak to the King about our parish church.
It would be meritorious for you and the duke of Norfolk to show the King of the great dearth of grain in Suffolk and Norfolk. Barley and malt were never at so high a price,—5s. a comb, and like to be higher, as those who have "newynges" of corn of their own will not thresh it, but buy 300 or 400 comb to keep it in their hands. There is also great complaint of the scarcity of cheese and butter. Cheese is 24s. or 26s. 8d. the wey, which used to be 10s. or 12s.; and butter, which was 8d. a gallon, is now 16d.,—all from persons buying it up and exporting it from Woodbrege; whether into Flanders, Calais, or London would be known if the customer there did his duty. Is told upwards of 200 wey are shipped this day. Ipswich, Friday, St.Thomas's Even the Apostle. Signed.
Pp. 2. Begins : Mastyr Cromwell.
20 Dec.
R. O.
1651. R. Chapman, Mayor of Cambridge, to Cromwell.
The corporation of Cambridge send him, by Thos. Braken, the bearer, 20 pikes and 10 tenches, for the service they owe him, and for his favor in their causes. Cambridge, 20 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right honorable Master Cromwell.
21 Dec.
R. O.
1652. William Noxton, Prior of Southwick, to Lady Lisle.
Thinks it seven years since he heard from my Lord and her Ladyship. Is sorry that he has no "deutees" to send to them towards their great charge at the King's coming to Calais. Has never seen everything so scarce. Southwick, St. Thomas's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 Dec.
R. O.
1653. John Daunce to Cromwell.
Recommends the abbot of Thame, who had obtained of the King a grant for the next voidance of Shipton under Wichewodde. It has been found, however, that Dr. Bawgh, one of the King's chaplains, had a further grant of the same. Hopes he will use his influence with the King, that when any other benefice shall be vacant the abbot may be remembered. Heard Cromwell, at the table of my lord of the Great Seal, speak highly of the Abbot. Nether Wynchingedon, 22 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1654. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
Begs his favor for the bearer, who has a suit to the King to sign a bill for 6d. a day in this town. Calais, 23 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Crumwell, councillor to the King's grace, and Master of Jewels House. Endd.
23 Dec.
R. O. St. P. IV. 630.
1655. Sir Geo. Lawson to Henry VIII.
This Monday, 23 Dec., my lord Warden, accompanied by Sir Thos. Clifford, Sir Arthur Darcy, and Sir Ric. Tempest, with your whole garrisons, both of the first 1,000 men and of the 1,500 men laid on the Borders, laid siege to a pele called Cawe Mylles, in Scotland, outside Berwick, which, after a long defence, yielded, and has been delivered to the keeping of Angus. The first garrison of 1,000 men is paid to the 8th January next, but the 1,500 men are only paid to the 25th Dec. Has only 150l. in his hands. Berwick, 23 Dec. Signed.
23 Dec.
R. O.
1656. Cardinal Campeggio.
His commission of the peace for the city of Salisbury, addressed to Sir John Fitz-James, chief justice of the King's Bench, Sir Ric. Lyster, chief baron of the Exchequer, Ric. Hilley, the Cardinal's vicar general, Sir Edw. Baynton, the mayor of Salisbury, Barth. Husey, Chas. Bulkeley, John Stone, John Barowe, sen., and Rob. Southe, with powers to put in execution the statutes against beggars and vagabonds, &c. Salisbury, 23 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Seal mutilated.
24 (fn. 3) Dec.
Vit. B. XIII. 225. B. M. Pocock, II. 357.
1657. Augustine to Cromwell.
Pays him very fulsome compliments on his reputation and progress in the King's favor. Is never so miserable but that, when he hears something said in Cromwell's honor, he feels himself wonderfully exhilarated. Has written very frequently. Will say nothing of the constant promises made by the king of England for his compensation by La Pommeraye, the French ambassador. Begs he will communicate respecting the business with Frescobald, since, if he can meet with no better success, he will return to England in the spring. The Pope, on the 19th day after he left the city, came to this town. He was mounted on a Turkish horse, and wore a red cloak. The Emperor arrived on [Friday] the 13th, and was met at seven miles distance by the Cardinals, who waited two hours for his arrival. Gives an account of his reception, and his kneeling to the Pope to kiss his toe, which the Pope would not permit. When he entered the church, and saw Campeggio in the throng, he turned some steps out of the way to embrace him, and asked after his health. Mentions a saying that Friday was a lucky day with the Emperor, according to the report of the Spaniards. On which some one said, "Because the progenitors of you Spaniards crucified the Lord of Heaven and Earth on a Friday, you imagine that whatever you undertake on that day will be successful, but you will find yourselves mistaken." Grammont and Tournon are expected. I need scarcely tell you how great is the anxiety, for they come with instructions from both Kings, and fortified with much learning. News of the proceedings of prince Doria, the Turks and Hungarians. They say a portent has happened here,—that a lion on a column in the night time turned its face to the east, which was formerly turned to the west. They look upon this as a symptom of the destruction of the Turkish empire. News of the German princes. Bologna, [24] Dec. 1532.
Lat., hol., mutilated. Add. Endd.
24 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 394.
1658. Edmund Bonner to Cromwell.
Thanks for your kindness touching the benefice of Chery Burton near Beverley, wherein Mr. Winter hath otherwise used me than I have given cause. Also your remembrance made for me to the King concerning Ribchester, late one of the promotions of Mr. Clayton, of which, with your favor to Dr. Bagard, archdeacon Bell lately informed me. On the 18th Nov. the Pope with six cardinals and a small train took his way to Bologna, not by Florence but by Perugia, "six other Cardinals to make up a brown dozen, and yet not all good saints," making their journey by Florence with the rest. As the road was very foul by continued rain, the Pope was often compelled to go on foot for a mile or two; "and his company, beside that pleasure and pastime, for lack of a feather bed compelled to lie in the straw, where, if I had been harbinger, I would other have caused them to lie on the boards with sorrow, or else have set fire in the straw." Since then we have not had a fair day for a month. No man "doth sing Salve festa dies, either for the pleasure he had or the winning." The Pope entered Bologna twice,—first on Our Lady's Eve, the Conception (7 Dec.), privately; and the next day, with the usual ceremonies, in his long white kirtle, and his rochet upon the same, and a stole about his neck. Of any miracle that was done upon the halt or lame I heard not. In consequence of the rain and a full moon on Thursday, which is not thought propitious, the Emperor's entry was put off till Friday. He was received at the gates by 12 cardinals, having a canopy borne over his head, with the two eldest cardinals on each side of him. In his company were the dukes of Mantua, Milan, &c., but the whole were not more than 500. He rode in a coat of gold; but, from the foulness of the weather, or other reasons, showed no great joy in the ceremony. Describes the interview between the Emperor and the Pope. He made one low obeisance, and, going a little further, a second; and, thirdly, on reaching the Pope he would have kneeled down to kiss his foot, which the Pope would have prevented, but in the end he kissed his foot, his hand, and lastly his cheek. He was then conducted along a platform large enough only for the Pope and himself to pass from the steps of the church to the gate of the palace, where the Emperor made a low courtesy to the Pope, and departed to his lodgings. The citizens would not have allowed the Spaniards to lodge in the town. There are 5,000 lanceknights to keep order. They treat the Bolognese after the Gospel; for in what house they enter they will eat and drink such as they find, paying nothing therefor; and, beside the Gospel, they will well favoredly beat their host. The Spaniards have as much good love in these parts as a man may buy for a halfpenny. On the third Sunday in Advent, the Emperor heard an oration by a "freer flaterabunter" in the Pope's chapel. Card. Ægidius and the card. of Ancona are dead; as is also Aloysius Gonzaga, the Pope's captain. The old abbot of Farfa has been reconciled so so to the Pope, and has of late been at Rome. Andrea Doria is at Naples. The two French cardinals have not yet come. I send you a dialogue between Marforius and Pasquillus. Marforius, as you well remember, is a great statue lying beneath the capitol. Pasquillus you know very well. Desires to be recommended to my lord of Winchester, Mr. Alm[on]er, archdeacon Bell, Mr. Heneage, Welsh, and Brereton. Bologna, 24 Dec.
Hol. Add.
24 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 401.
1659. Benet to Henry VIII.
Received on the 19th the King's letters, dated Calais, 7 Nov., by Thomas. Though, as your Majesty will perceive, by our common letters written on the Pope's departure from Rome, we were in good hope of the Pope, to confirm him I told him of Sir Gregory's coming from England with such things as would please him. Though the Pope would make no promise, yet he persists in the suspension of the process till Sir Gregory's coming. I therefore forbear the delivery of your letter to him of the 2nd Oct. I have never found him more tractable; and when I told him that he might find means to satisfy you while the Emperor was with him, and have you as great a friend as ever, he said he would give a joint of his hand if some means could be found, and called to remembrance what he said two years ago, that the opinion of the lawyers was more favorable to your cause than that of the divines. Details further his conference with the Pope on this subject. Had Ancona lived, the Pope would have followed his opinion, and I expect good fruit from his nephew. Therefore, I could not resist the deliverance of such things as Sir Gregory delivered him. Advises the King to write a gentle letter to the Pope. The two French cardinals have not yet arrived. Bologna, 24 Dec. 1532. Signed.
Add. Endd.
24 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 404.
1660. Haukins to Henry VIII.
For your English dialogue, (fn. 4) I send you "a dialogue for my small eloquence Latinised." I could, if it pleased you, have "conversed" it into English or French Latin, but I perpended that for England that in English was sufficient, and for France that which you have commanded to be transposed into French; and men, I trust, will by little and little acknowledge the truth. The difficulty is in the Italians, who are so curious and delicate, that if the writing please them not, they abject it, and for this cause very many of them "fastide" the study of Scripture. I have, therefore, accommodated it to their tastes. I have added and suppressed certain passages, e.g., "for that God maketh evil," &c. is added, and marked with strikes that you may perceive these alterations at once. I have "omisid" the sayings of councils, &c., because I lack the quotations; and you will please to command Cranmer or Gudric to write them in as they are in the originals. Also I have not interpreted the preface.
Three days ago, one belonging to Cranmer came to me out of Almain, saying that the duke of Saxe trusts to be king of the Romans, and is favored by the princes of Germany; that the dukes of Bavaria are displeased with don Ferdinand; that a week since, being at Augsburg, he spoke with Laurence Stabar, asking if he had anything for Cranmer. He answered, None other, but I supped with the king of Hungary here in one of Focar's houses. On enquiring of Focar's clerk, found it was a duke of Hungary pertaining to the Waywode.
I had rather write the secrets of your Grace's realm than of this country, for here I know more of your secrets than many do there. It is said the duke of Milan will marry the Pope's niece. The Pope and the Emperor lodge here in the same house. He has 6,000 Almains in the city; 500 watch without and 200 in his lodging. If he had a law suit, would rather have such a judge than be a judge himself. Hears from Augustine, Campeggio's physician, that the Emperor has given his master a bishopric, and did him great honor, as he sat among the Cardinals. Will be glad if the King will send him his book "De Potestate Papæ," and that also which he did set in order. Learns from Benet and Bonner that they may be of service. Has had great kindness from both, and strongly recommends Bonner's just petition to the King. Bologna, Christmas Eve, 1532.
It is said that the Emperor's natural daughter (Margaret) is to be married to the Pope's brother's natural son.
Hol. Part cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd.
24 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 406.
1661. Haukins to Cromwell.
Has written to him, and begs his favor in a small matter. All other ambassadors have their meat vessels for their tables of silver, as Cranmer can inform him. Howbeit, he had none, nor have I. Judge you how they are content to be served in tin or pewter, who are accustomed to dine at home off silver. I have much plate here of the King's, but, except the salt, the bason and ewer, two flagons, and the spoons, all unprofitable. Wishes to know if he may turn the unprofitable plate into profitable. Will bear the charge of the making. Begs him to be good in Bonner's case. Bononi, Christmas Eve, 1532.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
24 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 397.
1662. [Benet and Sir G. Da Casale to Henry VIII.]
Urged the Pope that the best thing he could do was to bring the Emperor to a sense of justice. For this he admitted that no one was so fit as cardinal Aucona; but as the Cardinal was too old to travel to Bologna, he had wished the Emperor to come to Rome. Happily, the cardinal of Ravenna, Ancona's nephew, was favorable to your cause. We urged the Pope to have him in the place of Ancona, who has since died. The Pope sent for him, to learn what were his uncle's opinions. Ravenna told him that he had always been of counsel with his uncle in this cause. He professes his readiness to serve your Majesty, knowing his uncle's great reputation, and "that the Pope will believe that Ravenna doth say," as he is rather Imperial than otherwise. I, Sir Gregory, have delivered him the writing that I brought from England in order to confirm him in his good will, and because he knew what your Highness had given and promised. The 3,000 ducats we left at Lyons, but have bound ourselves to pay it him in a month. We should have paid it before if we had not been kept in suspense by the letters of my lord of Winchester, who ordered us not to pay unless the matters excusatory were admitted. On this we could not insist.
Ravenna has been in hand with the Pope, who enquired much into this matter; and has answered him in such a manner as we had agreed upon. The Pope is much pleased at the proof he had of Ravenna's acquaintance with the opinion of his uncle. This day Ravenna was visited by the Emperor's ambassador, who told him that the Emperor was marvellously pleased at his procuring the writings and vote of his uncle in this case, and would more believe the said vote than all the men and books in the world. The Cardinal answered, that in time convenient he would freely declare his uncle's vote. You will see how important this man is to the cause.
Headed : Common letters of the 24th Dec. Copy by Tuke. Endd.
25 Dec.
R. O.
1663. The Minories.
Computus of Roger Hog ... of the convent of Minorisses beyond Algate, London, from Christmas 23 [Hen.] VIII. to Christmas 24 [Hen.] VIII.
[Balance] from last account, 25l. 3s. 1d.
"[De] ... is sive ... reddit'" :—Prior of Newark, prior of Esingspittle, Beatrice Whitewell; tenements late belonging to John Barnes, John Paris, and John Wyssyngsettes, the wardens of London Bridge, quit rent from the Cocke at Dowgate, 52s. 10d.
Olde Fisshe Street : Wm. Honyng, 6l.
Woode Street : Thos. Watts, Thos. Raynton, John Bankes, 4l. 6s. 8d.
Lade Lane : Robt. Marshall, Nic. Richardson, Edmund Atkynson, Wm. Hickson, Ric. Writte, John Masson, Wm. Bradeshaw, 5l. 18s.
Seynt Laurence Lane : Wm. Gressam, Thos. Habraham, Wm. Gressent, 8l. 13s. 4d.
Bow Lane : Thos. Paris, Wm. Gressam, Roger Monyngton.
Dowgate : Edw. Grene, Wm. Mabbeson, Wm. Roggers, Wm. Sargent, Wm. Horbury, "Ihus (Jesus') comons," 11l. 15s.
Vyntre : Adam Heyre, 40s.
Abbeschurche Lane : Ric. Boyes, John Busshe, Robt. Amadas, Matthew Wyntur, Laurence Cokkes, Luke Feryng, Jas. Curdner, Joice Moyste, Robt. Leigh, Ric. Grene, 19l. 16s. 8d.
Lumbert St. : Geo. Tadlowe, John Devereux, John Percywall, Edw. Barbour, Robt. Cressy, Chr. Samon, John Robson, 32l.
Lothebury : Patrick Prowse, 66s. 8d.
Paternoster Row : 26s. 8d.
Ostergate : Robt. Baylye, 100s.
Sithebourne Lane : Ric. Game, Martin — (fn. 5), Thos. Masse, Wm. Carpenter, Hen. Barker, Alice Grene, John Riche, 5l. 19s. 4d.
Elena Bowyer, for a tenement outside the great gate of the Minorisses, 10s.
Total, 148l. 4s. 11d.
Rents paid : To Thos. Lane, rector of Trinity the Less, London; the warden of Moch Wakering church, Essex; the prior and convent of Christchurch, London; the abbot of Bermondsey; the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury; the master of St. Katharine's Hospital near the Tower; the master of St. Thomas's Hospital, Southwark; the prior and convent of Esingspitle : the wardens of St. Pancras church; the dean of St. Paul's; the chamberlain of Westminster Abbey; the prior of Smithfield; the collector of the rents of the chamber of London; the sheriffs of London; and the abbess of the Minorisses. Total, 9l. 14s.
Decays of rent, 26s. 3½d. Vacancies of tenements, 70s. 8d. Victuals bought, 64l. 9s. 11¼d.
Repairs at the monastery and tenements belonging to it, 39l. 5s. 5d. Necessary expences, 29s. 2d. Total, 119l. 15s. 5¾d.
"Super." Arrears due from Paul Pylgryme, alien, Robt. Westcott, Wm. Makson, Thos. Alicour, Elizabeth Stoner, Wm. Sergeant, Thos. Blagbourne, Collette Sweatter, Simon Bowen, Ric. Game, Robt. Levyn, John Yrelondes, Luke Feryng, John Riche, Robt. Crassy, Thos. Bee, 22l. 14s. 7d.; Ralph Down, Ric. Bois, Thos. Masse, Hen. Barker.
A paper roll, mutilated.

R. O.
1664. Christopher Coo to Cromwell.
I beg you will put the King in remembrance to have compassion of me this high feastful time. My remaining so long in such hard captivity will be a general warning to other merchants. Further urges mercy.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right noble Master Cromwell, of the King's honorable Council.
25 Dec.
R. O.
1665. Thos. Legh to Cromwell.
Please ask the abbot of Westminster when he is elected to take the bearer into his service. By this you will do a charitable deed. 25 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
27 Dec.
Harl. MS. 6,989, f. 17. B. M.
1666. Ghinucci to Cromwell.
Hears by the letters of Augustine, his nephew, of Cromwell's kindness to himself. Begs him to see that the present chancellor of his bishopric manages matters better than his predecessor. Recommends Augustine. Bologna, 27 Dec. 1532. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
[27 Dec. (fn. 6) ]
Vit. B. XIII. 227*. B. M. Pocock, II. 363.
1667. [Dr. Augustine to Cromwell.]
Wrote three days ago in the packet of Dr. Benet. Begs he will urge that the long promised compensation may be paid him, and the 20l. transmitted. Has always found Cromwell his good friend. Intends returning to England.
News of Doria. They are always at prayers here, with more ceremonies than Jews at their synagogues. I am still starving, and have never passed a more gloomy day than when, in the mass for Christmas Day, I was compelled to remain without food or drink for many hours. The Emperor offered water for the Pope to wash his hands. Desires to be remembered to Norfolk and Wiltshire.
Lat., hol., mutilated.
27 Dec.
R. O.
1668. Garrison Of Calais.
Warrant under the sign manual to Cromwell, as master of the Jewels, to deliver to Rob. Fouler, vice-treasurer of Calais, 4,000l. for the garrison. Greenwich, 27 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII.
28 Dec.
R. O.
1669. Edward Abp. Of York to Cromwell.
I thank you for your goodness, especially of late, in two things : first, for the dissolving of the injunction; and, second, for the licence you have obtained for me to be absent from the Parliament,—a great boon, as I have no horse, stuff, nor provision, and my late coming hither has been so chargeable. Cawod, 28 Dec. 1532 (fn. 7) (?) Signed.
P. 1. Add.
28 Dec.
R. O.
1670. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Received his letter dated London, the 21st inst., at Berwick on the 26th. Has accordingly sent the King an account of all monies that have come into his hands in these parts. There remains little in his hands. Wrote to the King that there remained 150l., but since then he has paid three days' more wages to the new garrison of 1,500 men, so that they are fully paid, both conduct money and wages, up to the present day. The first garrison of 1,000 men is paid up to the 8th Jan. next. The new garrison make great exclamation for money for their coats. The 500 marks about which the King desired to be certified, that Sir Thos. Clifford and Lawson had for provision of corn, were spent this last summer. There is rye and malt remaining unsold within the King's garners in Berwick, and other part sold to the soldiers upon their next half year's wages. Has thus received about 200l. from the sale of the corn. The remainder of the said 500 mks. will not be received till Midsummer next, or after the half year's wages of Berwick are paid. Has no money in hand for the repairs ordered by the King at Berwick, as of the tower of the White Wall, which is sore undermined by water, and the King's bakehouses, brewhouses, mills, garners, and storehouse, as well in the Nesse and Walles Green in Berwick as within the castle, which are much decayed, owing to the late tempestuous weather. It is very hard to get hay and oats, which Cromwell has desired to be laid in. Two or three ships laden with beans and malt have been waiting for wind to come hither six weeks and more. Has sent a servant into Norfolk and Lincolnshire to provide corn. Berwick, 28 Dec.
Has not received a penny of Mr. Wynter's money all this year, for he has been little at York since before Michaelmas. Believes Thos. Barton will send money shortly. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Maister Cromwell, esquier, and of the Kinges most honorable Counsaill.
R. O. 2. Sir George Lawson's account of moneys received for the King's affairs in the North from 14 Sept. 24 Hen. VIII.
Received of the abbot of St. Mary's, York, 3,333l. 6s. 8d.; and from Mr. Cromwell, by John Gostwyk, 2,500l.
Paid for conduct money of 1,000 men of the first garrison on the Borders, 324l. 8s. 3d. For four months' wages of the said garrison, ending 8 Jan. next, 3,994l. 13s. 4d. To fletchers at Newcastle, for trimming and mending 700 bows and 600 sheaves of arrows, 7l. 6s. 8d. Conduct money and wages for 1,500 men of the new garrison, paid to the 28th day "of this month of December," 1,455l. 13s. 8d. For hire of horses for carriage of ordnance and for laborers' wages at the first road to Dunglasse in Scotland, and at the road made to the Cawemylles, 6l. 11s. 9d.
In Lawson's hand, large paper, p. 1.
ii. Another copy of the preceding, with additions; viz., an additional sum of 2,034l. 13s. 4d., received from Cromwell by the hands of his kinsman Ric. Morgan, and a schedule of claims on the balance in hand, i.e. for wages to the 1,500 men to 5 Feb. and to 5 March next, and for their coats.
Large paper, p. 1.
28 Dec.
R. O.
1671. The Scotch Borders.
Warrant under the sign manual to Cromwell, as master of the Jewels, to convey to Sir Geo. Lawson 2,034l. 13s. 4d., to be employed on the King's affairs in the marches of Scotland. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII.
29 Dec.
R. O.
1672. Peter Ligham to Cromwell.
I have received letters from Dr. Tregonwell, of Dr. Guent, mentioning your kindness to move the King for my preferment. Having the King's favor I intend to take no benefice with cure, but there is a little benefice indued with a vicar in Rumney Marsh, called Newchurch, of the yearly value of 8l., late held by Mr. Ingram, of which the presentation is in the King's hands by the death of my lord of Canterbury, which I should be glad to have. Canterbury, 29 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
29 Dec.
R. O.
1673. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Sent by the last post to the King and Cromwell accounts of the money he had received in these parts. Has since laid out over 40l. to help the poor soldiers in the garrison. Is ready to pay more if the King commands it. Has arranged for provision of beans, oats, and malt. This provision of corn I make out of the portion of the 500 marks received by Clifford and me last summer. My Lord Warden and others here have written to the King to explain why they have not discharged 500 men of the garrison. If they are to be kept, hopes Cromwell will send money. The new garrison is very clamorous for money for their coats; for which he has written to the King, and to my Lord Warden and others here for the sure mustering of the said garrison, recommending that they should make their abode here. My Lord Warden has commanded my attendance at Newcastle at this time. Newcastle, 29 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell, Esq., and of the King's most honorable Council.
29 Dec.
R. O.
1674. Sir Thomas Clyfford to Cromwell.
Writes to the King about some affairs of the Borders, and making request for a ship of Scotland, taken by his servants at sea, which had been restrained and taken from them by order of the mayor of Hull. Begs Cromwell to second his suit. Sends copy of his letter to the King. Berwick, 29 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell, of the King's most honorable Council. Endd.
29 Dec.
R. O. St. P. II. 161.
1675. Walter Cowley to Cromwell.
It is reported by several who have lately come from Ireland that my lord of Kildare, for the maintenance of his son-in-law, Fergenanym O'Karroll, besieged a castle belonging to the adversaries of his said son-in-law, who were in strife with him for the lordship of O'Karroll, and that Kildare was shot with a handgun under the ribs, and was lying in great danger. My lord Butler is married to the late earl of Desmond's daughter and heir general. "And for the great lachenes my lord of Ossory hath imputed in me in the expedition of my suit there, he hath made so quick speed" that Dermott McGilpatrick, the murderer of his son, is taken and put in durance. Bristol, St. Thomas's Day in Christmas.
Hol. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
29 Dec.
Vesp. F. III. 87 b. B. M.
1676. Mary Of Hungary to the Commissary General Of The Order Of St. Francis De Observantia, in the Province of France.
Desires him to stop the warden of the Franciscan monastery at Ghent from going to England, as his preaching is so useful at the present time. Mons, in Hainault, 29 Dec. 1532. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
30 Dec.
R. O.
1677. John Santford to Cromwell.
I caused your writing in my favor to be delivered to my lord of Cumberland, in Craven, the morrow of St. Katherine's Day. He was sorry for me, and sent the writ against Roland Faderstonhalf to the under-sheriff, Sir John Loder, to serve on Roland and on Robt. Warcop; whereon Roland threatened me, and rode to Berwick. I believe he was little welcome to Sir Thos. Clifford. The said Roland stole my gelding from my servant, Ric. Panttre, the 9th May, as he rode on my errands with other things. Tuesday sevennight before St. Katharine's Day, he and his friends got a rope about a fat cow in my house, and carried her off. Gives further particulars.
I sent your letter to the sheriff of Northumberland, to serve on Alexander Faderstonhalf for riots. Sir John Dellavalle and Sir Thos. Percy cannot be served as yet. The said Alexander will sue of the King 25 marks, my late wife's inheritance. He was her son, and Thos. Blenkinsop another sister's son. I beseech you defer the matter till Easter term. One called Lying Wil has come into the country, and says he is your spy into Scotland. Don't trust him. I have not heard such a lying Jack. 30 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
30 Dec.
R. O.
1678. Sir Edw. Guldeford to Cromwell.
I am told you have written a letter to John Mayne, of Biddynden, commanding the feoffees of the chantry there of Dr. Clement Browne, to put out Sir Will. Christemas, the chantry priest, which is an honest man, and put in Sir Richard Gleys, an Irishman, as unthrifty a priest as is between this and Ireland. As this touches me, I beg you will suspend further proceedings until my coming to London at the next Parliament. Sir Richard discharged himself of the chantry; and if he shóuld enjoy it, it will be contrary to the will of the founder. One part of the parish is in my park, and within my rule of the seven hundreds. He handled the matter in such a way that you should not be made aware of his abominable unthriftiness. "If he had not brought your letter, I would have laid a yoke in his neck which should have been too heavy for him to have borne." Halden, 30 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd. : G. Lettres ao xxiiij. et xxvto R. H. VIII."
30 Dec.
R. O.
1679. William Nevill.
"Accusations declared by Thomas Wood, gentleman, against William Nevyll, 30mo die Decembris anno 24to."
1. That Nevill had told him that he should be earl of Warwick; and on his asking how he knew it, said "that one Jonys of Oxford had by his cunning raised four king devils, which brought the said Jones into a tower, and showed him there the picture of the said William Nevyll standing in a robe of velvet and a cronall on his head, and said it was he that should be earl of Warwick." Wood advised him not to trust thereto, for devils would lie. But he answered that Jones and others, who had cunning, could "so bind them that they shall not lie."
2. Another time he had been about Michaelmas last at Warwick, and viewed the castle there; when an old man met him, and, having learned his name, said he was welcome to his own.
3. Nevill also showed him that the King would shortly over sea, and should never return, and that he knew by divers prophesies he should not reign the full term of 24 years; also that before this Christmas the king of Scots should make three battles in England, "and should come in by Worcester and obtain; and that he would be at one of these battles himself, for he had one would show him when time should best be, and who should obtain, to whom he would lean and be retained."
4. Another time Nevill asked him who should be his officers and of his council when he was earl of Warwick. To which Wood replied, that he knew that best himself. Nevill then named Roger Wynter, John Walsh, Wm. Gower, sad gentlemen of Worcestershire, and Ric. Sheldon, to be his officers and of his council, John Morgan to be his marshal of the hall, and Thos. Wood to be master of his buckhounds and of his parks. Wood then inquired how he was to come by the earldom, by the King's gift or otherwise? To which Nevill answered, "Not by the King, for he shall not reign, but by my right inheritance." And on Wood remarking that lord Latymer should have it first, "Nay, said he, my brother shall be slain at one of the said battles, and then shall I have the ward of his son, and have both his lands and the earldom of Warwick." All the time the King was last beyond sea, Nevill had a servant lying at London for news; and for a fortnight after the King's return, he would have laid wagers that he had not come, and would not come back. He accordingly desired Wood to help get him men, for he that had strength should rule; also to sell his corn and goods to make money, and to sow no corn this year, for those who sowed should not reap it.
5. He had employed one — Wade, a simple person, "to labor in astronomy for him;" and Wade assured him he should be earl of Warwick within five years. He had also shown Wood a letter he had received from Jones, written "with the highest style and recommendation that ever he heard, that he was not worthy to write to his Excellency;" and addressed, "To the right honorable William Nevile earl of Warwick, &c."
6. He had also told Wood "that a bear, which had been long tied to a stake, should arise and make peace and unity," and explained the bear to mean himself as earl of Warwick.
7. He had also told Wood that one Nashe, a calker, had said that he should be earl of Warwick, and that he would desire much to lie in a place of the Earl's beside London, near the Thames.
8. He also told Wood that he should find great treasure in Warwick castle; for the earl of Warwick, when he went to battle, had hid his treasure in a tower there; that he would "translate and build the same castle of new," and so find the treasure.
9. He also confessed that he had made his new gallery at Wyk that he might keep there 100 or 200 men, with drawdoors and other privy doors to convey them at his pleasure. Signed : By me, Thomas Woode.
Pp. 5. Endd.
R. O. 2. The confession of William Nevile.
Detailing his communication before Christmas "was twelvemonth," and at other times, with Nashe of Cicestre [Cirencester], who had assured Neville that his wife should die, and that he should marry an heiress of Graystoke's kindred, and become lord Latymer. On the recommendation of Nashe, he had also dealt with one Johns at Oxford, in whose chamber he saw certain "styllatoryes, alembykes, and odre instruments of glasse," and a sceptre and other things pertaining "to the conjuration of the iiij. kyngs." The astrologer promised to give him and his brother each a ring to obtain favor of great men, such as my lord Cardinal had. He also said that if the King went over, his Grace should marry my lady marquess of Pembroke before he returned, and that it would be dangerous to him and most of the nobles that went with him. The wizard warned him against the northern wars; that "there should be a felde in the North sone [after?] All Halow-tyde," in which his brother should be slain, and recommended him to seize Warwick castle for his own security. Nevile replied that the late duke of Buckingham, "Yong Ryse," and others, had cast themselves away by too much trust in prophecies. He also spoke to him of Agrippa's book De Occulta Philosophia, and of two masters of art who had been "sore punished in the time of Henry VII. for keeping magical images." (fn. 8) Johns also told him "that none of Cadwaladre's blode shulde reign longer than xxiiij. yeres;" and "that prynce Edward (fn. 9) had issue a sonne which was conveyed over see, and there had issue a sonne who is yet alyve, eythre in Spayne or Almayne," and that either he or the king of Scots should reign after the present King. (fn. 8) At another time Nashe said "that there should be three battles in those parts betwixte the thre masses : one at Hynam Crosse beside Glocetor; another on the sevyn downes," where the duke of Suffolk would be slain; and the third "at a towne besyde Abyngton;" and that Neville should be created earl of Warwick within a few years. To which the said Neville had replied, that lord Montague was more likely to be so promoted; and was informed that he "need not care for that, for his eye should be out or that time." Neville afterwards related this conversation to Thomas Wodde, who remarked "that if it were such a troublouse worlde, he wolde have his parte amongs them, specyally of thabbot of Pershore and the parson of Fladbury." (fn. 8) He had also been informed by his brother George that Johns had said, "If the Kyngs grace came home, his Hygnes should be dryven ou[t] agayne by his comons;" (fn. 8) and one William Wade told him "that the King's grace shulde spede very well beyonde the see, but his Highnes shulde not marry before his Graces retorne," &c.
Pp. 8. Headed : "Ih'us." Not signed.
R. O. 3. A paper [by George Neville, addressed to the King's council], entitled, "These are answers off Rychard Jones, as concerning my brother Williamis fortune, the whych he desyryd to know off as farre as I know by them both." Giving an account of the dealings of William [Neville] with the said Jones, a necromancer, who had promised him "by his scyence" the earldom of Warwick, and to bring him into such favor with the King "that he shuld not dessyre that thynge off his Grace lyeghtly, but he shuld obteyne it." The writer speaks also of his brother Christopher [Neville], as also of his having written to his brother William, whom he calls "my lord," to avoid taking part in the Northern wars.
P. 1. Not signed.
R. O. 4. [Thos. Wood] to the Lords [of the Council]. Confessing his conversations with William Nevele at Weke and at Oxford, who had inquired of him whether it would be possible to have a ring which should bring a man in favor with his prince, such as Wolsey had. "And Master Cromwell, when he and I (Nevill?) were servants in my lord Cardinal's house, did haunt to the company of one that was seen in your faculty; and shortly after no man so great with my lord Cardinal as Master Cromwell was."
Speaks of the metal of Solomon's ring, &c.; of Wade, who had told Nevill that he should be a great man. With the exception of Sir Gr. Done, Kt., who wished to have "Mastres Elezebeth Gere," he had made no moulds for rings for any one. The country knows more of Will. Nevel's matter than he does, except that at his foolish desire he wrote a foolish letter or two, "to make pastime to laugh at." But he will undertake to make for the King the philosopher's stone within twelve months, and is willing to be kept in prison till it is done.
Pp. 3.

R. O.
1680. Ric. Jones to [Cromwell].
Next to God and my prince you have my heart. I wish you would inform the King I will be bound in 100l. to make the philosopher's stone in twelve months and a half "upon Soule," and in twelve months upon "Lune." It is a precious thing. For the love of God admit me to your service, not as a servant but as one of your dogs. I will give any sureties you please, and will bind my friends, whether you will to my lord of Worcester or to Sir Will. Morgan, steward where I was born.
P.S.—If it had pleased you that I should have written to Oxford, as Master Lieutenant promised, concerning Dr. London, "ye had been certified or this of that that would a made him smoke, and other two of his 'finity or this time." Because I talked of my lady Marques (fn. 10) and you largely, they owe me a privy malice, but, as they dare not show it, they devise to bring me to confusion some other way. They varied before my face for my stuff, as Mr. Whyttakyr and Mr. Gethyn can tell. I wish the King knew Mr. Nevell as well as the country knows him. He made much pastime with his continuance there, but no treason. "The most that I have offended was in laughing at his countenance."
Hol., pp 2. Endd. : Lettres, anno xxiv. et xxvto R. H. VIII.

R. O.
1681. — to —.
" ... rd, so hyt is that I am in trubul her[e b]y menes of ... Bornet. He sayth that I entysyd yow to lewe the [King's?] workes, and to worke for me. And also he sayth that I shuld say thes wordes, 'Thow prest, I kno that thow haste thys science, and therefor let not [the] Kyng have hyt, for ferre lest he wyl spend hyt vantoly and in tyrany;' wyche I do deny, and so I trust ye wyl, for hyt can not helpe to do me hurt. Wherfor I [pr]ay yow to sey thes wordes, that yff ye obtayne thys science, kepe sum in store to ket the a bysshopryke. And [if] ye shal be sent unto by the Consell let thes be the [wor]des, for I have kepyd a cope of (fn. 11), so that youres and myne [ma]y agre. And so shal he that entendyth to vex yow and me be ... And for your ..."
A letter in fragments pasted together on a sheet of paper, which is endd. in a contemporary hand : A lettre pasted uppon paper.
[30] Dec.
R. O.
1682. John Windebancke to Cromwell.
In answer to requests made to you at your last being here, in favor of your late kinsman Mr. Basford's widow and children, your pleasure was to receive of her into your custody, a warrant to be signed by the King for the arrears of his fee and money disbursed by him on the repairs of the castle of Guisnes. I therefore beg you to get the said warrant signed. The widow sends you a toothpick and a gold whistle, which Mr. Basford was wont to wear about his neck, only as a token, hoping to recompense your pains hereafter. Guisnes, — Dec. 1532.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
30 Dec.
R. O.
1683. Jane Basford, widow, to Robert Fowler.
According to Mr. Cromwell's grant for the obtaining of the King's warrant, we have sent him letters of remembrance. We beg you at your being there to urge him to get it signed, according to his promise made before you when he was last at Calais. Guisnes, 30 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Robert Fowler, vice-treasurer of Calais, at London.
31 Dec.
R. O.
1684. Robert Abbot Of Waltham to Cromwell.
I have, according to your letter, assembled my convent for sealing the deed and "departure" of the lands comprised in the same. I much doubt their consent to the exchange of such lands as the King would have. You had better, therefore, come over and speak with them in the King's behalf, as your politic wisdom shall see best, "and then to perceve the matter that resteth in their heads." Waltham, 31 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
R. O.
1685. Anne Boleyn.
Parcels of plate given by the King's highness to my lady marques of Penbroke, m. Decembris anno xxiiij. regni sui, as followeth.
A gilt cup with a cover, Spanish fashion, chased with "holines leaves," with a tower on the top.
A gilt cup of assay. 2 gilt cups of assay with the King's arms in the bottom. 6 plain gilt bowls with a cover. A pair of gilt pots chased with daisies. A pair of great gilt pots, plain, with the King's arms in the bussells. A pair of gilt pots, plain, without plaits in the bussels in the top of the cover. 2 gilt layers, chased, upright. 18 gilt trenchers of Flanders touch. A pair of covered gilt basons; one chased wreathen, the other upright with beasts. A cup with a cover, of Almain making, and on the pomell of the cover a man holding the King's arms. A great double cup, "gilte arsed," of Almain making. A double cup gilt, with white leaves of silver about the borders. A pair of gilt pots with high tirrettes on the lids. 2 gilt pots. A pair of flagons with roses embossed upon the sides, with plaits in the midst, and therein the King's arms. A gilt cup with a cover, with three borders enamelled blue, with the King's arms in the bussells. 6 gilt bowls stricken with martlets. 2 pairs of gilt pots chased with damask flowers. 3 goblets chased with drops and scriptures about them. 3 goblets chased, feather fashion, having a boy bearing a shield with the King's arms. 3 gilt salts; another of antike work, with white and red roses and scallop shells. 2 gilt basons with ewers, graven with roses and flower deluces. 2 gilt standing trenchers with salts at the corners. 5 gilt chaundillers plain, parcel of the King's plate at York Place, in Sir Thos. Alvard's charge. 5 parcel-gilt bowls without a cover, with martelotes.
ii. Plate late Sir Henry Guldeford's.
Two gilt pots with round knops behind the covers. A pair of gilt flagons or bottles with the arms of France. 6 plain gilt bowls without a cover. 3 low salts, gilt with a cover of Paris touch. 12 gilt spoons with half knops at the end. A pair of parcel-gilt pots with round knops behind the cover. Two pairs of parcel-gilt pots. 6 parcel-gilt bowls with a cover. 2 parcel-gilt basins and ewers. 11 white spoons, with roses at the ends. 4 white chaundillers with high sockets. A round bason of silver for a chamber, and a silver pot with a lid. A chafing dish, parcel-gilt.
Total : gilt, 4196 oz. at 4s. 8d. = 979l. 1s. 4d.
Parcel-gilt, 1047 oz. 2½ qu. at 4s. = 209l. 10s. 6d.
Total, 1,188l. 11s. 10d.
Pp. 4. Endd. : Plate given unto the Queen by the King's highness.

R. O.
1686. William Umpton, prisoner, to Cromwell.
I beg you will have remembrance of me, who have been in prison and irons a year and five months, by which I have lost my legs and limbs, and from extreme cold and lack of clothing such a disease has fallen into my hands and my body that I am undone. What ingratitude have I deserved for my faithful service? (fn. 12) My whole trust is in you.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.

R. O.
1687. William Umpton, prisoner, to Cromwell.
Whereas I understand by Mr. Lieutenant that you intend to remember my supplication made before the King's departure, I am in great hopes. I am as innocent as a child newly born, and have rather deserved the King's gracious favor than such ingratitude as I have so long sustained.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.
R. O.
1688. Thomas Barton to Cromwell.
Received on the 9th his letter dated London, 28 Nov., marvelling much that I have not brought up to you such sums of money as are due unto my master, Mr. Wynter, of the revenues of his provostry at this last audit. Please to remember that at your last interview with Wynter and me for conclusion of such covenants betwixt him and [you] concerning his said provostry by your advice, I stand [bound] to make payment yearly at York to Sir Geo. Lawson at certain periods. I have not been so negligent as you think, but kept the days appointed; but Lawson was not at home, but at the Bor[ders] on the King's business. Mr. Fuller, the auditor to my master, delivered to Lawson's chaplain my account with the whole charges of this year, being 96l. 0s. 8d. I should be sorry to give you any offence, or be subject to the law for such matters. If I had known that you wished to have the money, I would have brought it up to you myself. I have nothing to do with the revenues of the archdeaconry of York. Palmes is the receiver thereof, and pays to the hands of ... Barton, steward to the household of the archbishop of York. I wish to know your pleasure, as I did not dare send the money by this bearer. If you write to [Lawson], he will ascertain you of the truth of this matter. I wish to know at what time you will have the trotting colt my master gave you. Beverley, .. Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell at London. Endd.
R. O.
1689. The Meeting at Bologna.
Copy of a letter written from Bologna, "a di —," giving an account of the celebration of Christmas by the Pope and the Emperor.
Ital., pp. 2.

R. O.
1690. The Customs Of London.
A statement showing that the King is yearly deceived of great sums of money in the Custom-house of London. There are six customers and three controllers, making nine head officers, who have nine clerks under them, making 18 persons in all. One of the said nine clerks, who had been there but few years, grew to good substance, and after his death his master was offered 200 marks for the clerkship, and refused it. One clerk has been offered for his place over 200 marks and a pension of 5l., and has not yet accepted. Jasper Fyloll, late gentleman usher of the Chamber, is ready to prove the premises, and desires to be made surveyor of the said Custom-house in like manner as John Mylles and John Heron held the office.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.

R. O.
1691. R. Wrothe to Cromwell.
I hope you will not be displeased that I have not sent you any venison. Does are so ill with me that I dare not send you one. If you wish to have one as they are, it shall be done, though it will be right bare. Be good to my servant, the bearer, that he may enjoy such lease as he has hitherto done, of the prioress of Halywell, "of such her lands as the late prior of Christchurch, London, lately held to farm." Have my poor bill in remembrance for the great benefice of Cresshall. I would gladly be at a point in that matter, for the priest now singing there has more for his stipend than the fruits thereof do extend. Enfield, Friday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master of the King's jewels. Endd.

R. O.
1692. R. Wrothe to Cromwell.
The bearer has shown me a replevin made by Sir Thos. Nevill, steward of the monastery of Westminster, showing me that it is your pleasure I should advertise you whether you may make out a like warrant or not. I think not by law, unless you had a patent of your office; but perhaps that is unknown in the country, and you might get your patent afterwards. So I think you may make a new warrant or send letters to Edw. Clayton not to distrain in Will. Pynshon's ground, late Thos. Stamer's, till you have examined the cause. Gray's Inn, Monday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master of the Jewels and Councillor.
Dec./Grants. 1693. Grants in December 1532.
1. Thos. Dyer, one of the stewards of the King's chamber. Lease of the farm called Charleton Camvyle upon Horethowdon, Somers., and lands, &c. thereto belonging, in the manor or lordship of Charleton, which farm was late in the tenure of Ric. Palmer, and now of Rob. Gilbert of Whitcombe, Somers., and a toft there called "le Estbroke;" with reservations; for 40 years from the death of the said Rob. Gilbert, or from the expiration of his 21 years' lease of the premises which he holds by patent 4 July 9 Hen. VIII., at the annual rent of 14l. 14s. 8d.; viz., for the farm, 8l. 13s. 4d.; for the toft, 8s., and 5l. 13s. 4d. of increase. Windsor, 1 Sept. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
2. Philip Wilde and John Belson, yeomen of the Guard. Grant in survivorship of the office of bailiff of the lordship of Longe Newton, Yorks., lately held by Rob. Huggen, deceased. Greenwich, 27 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
3. Edw. Nevell, clk. Grant of the prebend of Ringmer in the college of Estmalling, Sussex, void by the death of Ingram Bedell, and at the King's disposal by reason of the voidance of the see of Canterbury. Greenwich, 30 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
4. Guido Jennet, a native of Fano (?) ("in partibus Fanes' oriund.") Denization, with power to hold benefices in England to the annual value of 100 marks, and to be nonresident notwithstanding the statutes. Eltham, 23 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
There is a copy of the preceding patent on parchment in R. O. without date, and endorsed "Literæ naturalitatis pro Guidone Jenetto secretario Equiti Cassalio." There is also a Signed Bill for it in Vesp. c. XIV. 275, B. M.
5. Francis Coket, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Grant in reversion of the offices of one of the walking foresters and one of the riding foresters of Galtresse forest, Yorks., now held by Roger Cholmeley; this reversion having been granted by patent 23 June 23 Hen. VIII. to Rob. Hogan, master pro ore in the King's kitchen, now deceased. Greenwich, 1 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoxton, 7 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
6. Adam Carus, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Wyninandermer, York dioc., vice master Wm. Cleyton, doctor of decrees, deceased. Greenwich, 6 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 31.
7. Ric. Coren, clk. Presentation to the rectory of St. Michael, Croked Lane, London, vice Ingram Bedyll, deceased, at the King's disposal by reason of the voidance of the see of Canterbury. Addressed to the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury. Westm., 16 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoxton, 17 Dec.—P.S. Pat. (9 Jan.) p. 1, m. 28.
8. Peter Clerck, a native of Flanders. Denization. Westm., 16 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
9. Devon. Commission to Baldwin Malet and John Ford to make inquisition concerning wards and idiots and their lands. Westm., 19 Dec.— Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21 d.
10. Thos. Cromwell. Licence to import 4 tuns of wine. Westm., 20 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. —S.B.
11. Will. Grisling. Licence to import 80 tons, 1 hogshead, 1 tierce of Gascon wine, laden in a ship called the Bona Venturé of Plymouth. Westm., 18 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. 23 Dec.—P.S.
12. Ric. Deane, clk. Grant of the free chapel or hermitage of St. Margaret near Conyngesborowe, Yorks., vice Chr. Hewster, deceased. Westm., 22 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoggeston, 27 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 31.


  • 1. These words are crossed through.
  • 2. John Higden died 13 Jan. 1532-3, according to Le Neve (vol. III. 511). Can this date be wrong?
  • 3. Supplied from marginal note made before the Fire.
  • 4. The "Glass of Truth."
  • 5. Blank in MS.
  • 6. Supplied from note made before the Fire, which dates the letter 27 Dec. 1532.
  • 7. The last figure is a little doubtful.
  • 8. Each of these passages is scored down the side with a "no'" (notandum) in the margin, apparently in the King's hand.
  • 9. The son of Hen. VI., who was betrothed (not married, though it is often said so) to a daughter of Warwick the king-maker.
  • 10. Qu. of Pembroke?
  • 11. So in MS.
  • 12. See Vol. IV. 105, 2751.