Henry VIII: June 1533, 26-30

Pages 313-334

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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June 1533, 26-30

26 June.
Harl. MSS. 6,148, f. 22b. B. M. C.'s Letters, 247.
703. Cranmer to the Master Of Jesus College, Cambridge.
Sends a buck for the company in the college, and a noble towards baking and seasoning it, from the master's purse, since he has more money and less need at this season than Cranmer. Will repay the money when he is as much beforehand as he is now behindhand. Croydon, 26 June.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book. Add.
26 June.
Harl. MSS. 6,148, f. 22b. B. M. C.'s Letters, 248.
704. Cranmer to —.
At the instance of my friends, I have overcharged my house with servants. Please keep your son W. at home with you until my business is overpast. I can only dismiss such of my servants as have friends to go to. I would "lether" be bold of friends than of strangers, who might take it unkindly. I have spoken in your favor with Dr. Clyfton,* who has "taken day with me to St. James' Day next," in order that he may ascertain what the chapel of St. Marget is worth yearly. Croydon, 26 June.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
26 June.
R. O.
705. Friar Henry Elston to Thomas Sydynhame, Warden of the Observant Friars in Greenwich.
Has received his letters. Desires him to write to the father warden, asking him to provide for Elston, as he did for his brethren, and promising to send to his convent, in recompense, "part of such things as God sendeth you." Thinks the warden will take it for great kindness. Is much bounden to him and all the brethren. Sends other letters, not long, because carriers are often negligent. Antwerp, the feast of SS. John and Paul.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To Father Thomas Sydynhame, &c., at the Cross Keys in St. Magnus' parish.
26 June.
R. O.
706. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
Requires him to admit Barth. Petres to the room of surgeon within the town of Calais, for which he has a bill signed by the King. Will do his best to bring the matters to good effect, about which Lisle has written for the town of Calais. London, 26 June. Signed.
Added in Cromwell's own hand : "I write to your Lordship for this bearer by the King's express commandment."
Mutilated, p. 1. Add.
26 June.
Camusat, 131b.
707. Francis I. to the Bailly Of Troyes.
Has received his letters of the 9th and 13th, stating that he had received those of Francis of the 29th May, and had shown the king of England the letters of cardinals Tournon and Grammont. Has noted Henry's remarks on the said letter, and his reply to the request in favor of Caro, (fn. 1) touching the collar of his order.
Has not heard anything about the declaration made on his behalf at Rome against the Lutherans, which Henry mentioned. Does not suppose it to be true, as the Cardinals had no such charge. Will take his advice about informing the German princes that nothing prejudicial to them will be done at the interview. The Bailly may tell him that Francis will not grant the Pope anything he does not think reasonable, or that can prejudice either King. Henry must be very ill-informed from Rome. There is no reason for the interview, except what he has already heard. Desires him to thank the King for his offers and advice. Is glad to hear from Henry, and the Bailly's letter of the 13th, that the king of England has arranged a meeting of commissioners at Newcastle to treat for truce with Scotland. Has heard a rumour, but nothing certain, of the intended attack on Italy by the Turk, which the Venetian ambassador mentioned to the king of England.
The Scotch ambassador is returned to Scotland. Encloses a copy of a letter he has sent by him. Does not wish it to be shown, but if the King asks questions he may say that Francis has written to James to persuade him to make peace with England, and making certain offers concerning the marriage which had been already proposed by Beauvais and Fleury. The Ambassador was intending to go through England, or embark at Dieppe, according to circumstances. Lyon, 26 June 1533.
26 June.
Howard's Letters, 311.
708. Anne Lady Berkeley (fn. 2) to Cromwell.
One Anthony has made suit to Sir John Dawneye (Dauncy) for a piece of land called Hampstalls, adjoining the castle of Berkeley, and boasts that he shall have it. This will be a great hindrance to her and her husband. She is willing to pay as much rent for it as another, and her father and herself have hitherto held it without impediment. Begs he will speak to Sir John Dawneye about it. Berkeley, 26 June.
Add. : Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most hon. Council.
[26] June.
R. O.
709. Robert Hogan to Cromwell.
Begs his favor for the baily of Bongeay touching his obligations to the King. He finds that he has a respite till Michaelmas term. I send my servant Christopher to know your pleasure whether he shall wait upon you this term or not. He is diseased, and can abide no winter journey. He sends you by my servant 5 marks 6s. 8d. for two years' farm of Wissett tithe. The whole farm amounts to 7 nobles a year, bating 20s. "for proksye and seennage." Est Brodeham, Thursday after Midsummer Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's Councillors. Sealed.
26 June.
R. O.
710. Lincolnshire Sewers.
Fines and amerciaments taken at Lawmford Brygges (Glanford Bridge) in Lyndsey, co. Linc., 26 June 25 Hen. VIII., before Sir Will. Aiscough, Edw. Forman, Nic. Gyrlyngton, Thos. Moigne, Vincent Grantham, and Edm. Skerne, justices of sewers, "from the bridges called Byshoppe Brygges, as the water of Ankholme runneth, and the gutters and streams coming thereunto, unto the bridges called Ferybe Bryggez, unto the water of Humber, as the same water of Ankholme and gutters and streams thereunto coming doth run, or in the borders and confines of the same by rage of the sea flowing and reflowing."
Of the abbot of Roche, for not scouring of 11 score roods, 110 marks. Of the duke of Suffolk, for not "escoryng" and repairing 40 roods in Appleby, 6l. 13s. 4d. Of the "lorde" and township of Feriby, and of Thos. Medilton, similar fines.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
27 June.
R. O.
711. Sir John Dudley to Cromwell.
I perceive by Mr. Botton that you are willing to write to my lord deputy of Calais about the matter between Mr. Hide and me. I doubt not it will thus take good effect, and both I and Mr. Hide will be grateful. Richmond, 27 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
27 June.
R. O.
712. Robert Huse to Cromwell.
I thank you for your letter, and have sent up my money by the bearer, with a poor remembrance I beg you to accept. Linwodde, 27 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
27 June.
R. O.
713. Thomas Lord Lawarr to Cromwell.
I thank you for your goodness to me and my friend. I send you a buck. At my poor house, 27 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To my very special good friend, Mr. Cromwell. Endd.
27 June.
R. O.
714. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I sped the election at Burton, and the compromission is in me and Mr. Strett to nominate one of the convent before 1 Aug. Burton, 27 June.
I tarry here at Lichfield till I hear of Malmesbury matters.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : My most entire friend. Endd.
27 June.
R. O.
715. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I have received three letters from you since my coming to Lichfield and Burton for the election of the abbot there. The cause has been compromitted to me and Mr. Strett. I trust all things will proceed as I wrote to you by Sir Piers Dutton, according to yours and the King's most gracious pleasure, "whos native goodnesse is not to be exstemyd. As I here frome you for Malmsbury, so shall be my return." We have till the 1st Aug. to nominate the abbot. 27 June.
"At that time ye shall have the money for the bishopric of Lichfield ; it is the longer for me in coming."
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my most entire friend Mr. Thomas Cromwell.
27 June.
R. O.
716. Ric. Watkyns to Cromwell.
This day the monks of Burton-on-Trent compromitted the business of their election to Rowland Lee and Ric. Strete, on condition of one of their own body being chosen as abbot before the 1st Aug. The King has now the election of the abbot. Burton-upon-Trent, 27 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
28 June.
R. O.
717. Cromwell's Accounts.
A declaration of moneys received by Thos. Crumwell, master of the Jewels, from Mich. 24 Hen. VIII. to 28 June 25 Hen. VIII. ; viz., from "suppressed lands," fines for appropriation of houses and restitutions of temporalities, money received out of the Tower of London, farms and feefarms, conduct money given to the King by the Merchants Adventurers for wafters, fines for the knights, and money received of the prior of Worcester, abbot of Borsley, and abbot of Pershore, for provisions. Total receipts with arrears, 12,496l. 16s. 11¾d. ; whereof,—
Money paid to ambassadors and others for diets ; viz., to Dr. Lee, in full payment of his diets in Denmark, for 92 days at 20s. a day, 32l. To Dytkyn Rotlof, the king of Denmark's ambassador, 23l. 6s. 8d. To Humph. Wingfeld, speaker of the Parliament, for his reward, 50l. To And. Botnykkes and his fellows, servants to the duke of Bever (Bavaria?), 23l. 6s. 8d. To Dr. Jas. Calchus, by way of reward, 23l. 6s. 8d. To Sir Will. Heron, 20l. To John Heron, 10l. To Edw. Leighton, 6l. 13s. 4d. To Dr. Nich. de Burgo, 6l. 13s. 4d. To the duke of Albany's secretary, 50 cr. of the sun = 11l. 13s. 4d. To Hubaldyne, the Pope's ambassador, 46l. 13s. 4d. To the Grand Master of France's gentlemen, 46l. 13s. 4d. To Mons. de Reustan (?), "the French king's valet of his Chamber," 23l. 6s. 8d. To Sir Fras. Bryan, by way of reward, 200l. To Gurrone Bartane, by way of reward, 70l. To Chr. Mounte, "for translating of books," 6l. 13s. 4d. To little More, by way of reward, 23l. 6s. 8d. To Augustine de Augustynes, by way of reward, 100l. To Rowland Lee, 20l.
Also payments for ink, paper, parchment, and sealing-wax. To Benedict, the King's tomb-maker, 21l. 9s. 10d. To Jasper Melyon (?), merchant of the Steelyard, 21l. 10s. 10½d. for 23 cwt. 3 qr. 21 lb. of copper to be employed on the said tomb.
Paid to the King's privy coffers, 1,000l. To Rowland Legh, LL.D., to be conveyed to Sir Geo. Lawson, 3,000l. To Launcelot Colyns, to be conveyed to Sir Geo. Lawson, 2,500l. To Thos. Alverd, to be employed on the King's works at Westminster, 1,000l. To Mary Hemyngham, for her half-year's pension, 5l. To Roger Basyng, for the wages of the mariners of the Mynyon and the George Rose, 100l. To Edmund Pekham, the King's cofferer, "for provision ;" viz., 10l. for the abbot of Pershore, 33l. 6s. 8d. for the prior of Worcester, and 5l. for the abbot of Borsley. To John Rowlte, serjeant-at-arms, in loan, 30l.
To various creditors of the Wardrobe named, 3,591l. 14s. 1d. To Cornelius Hayes, the King's goldsmith, in part payment, 300l.
Large paper, pp. 6. In Cromwell's
28 June.
R. O.
718. Sir Fras. Bryan to Cromwell.
Today a courier arrived at Moleyns, and departed so suddenly that the duke of Norfolk sent a post after him to bring him back that he might bring his letters to England. He had no time to write to you. By letters brought by the courier, I perceive that the French king intends to meet the Duke at Ryon in Auvarne, instead of at Notre Dame de Piesse, and will send a gentleman to conduct him through the country, who is expected at Moleyns tonight or tomorrow night, and the Duke will leave when he arrives. Today the French king left Lyons (in his pilgrimage to Notre Dame de Piesse (fn. 3) ), and is going with all speed to Ryon, which is only 15 leagues from Moleyns. Afterwards he will go to Notre Dame de Payse. Norfolk has been hitherto marvellously well treated, and I think his treatment will be no worse, but every day better. Recommend me to my friends in the Court, and to the King when you have leisure with him, if you think it convenient. Moleyns, St. Peter's even. Signed.
Enclosed is a letter for Antony Denny.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Privy Council. Endd.
28 June.
R. O.
719. Oudart Du Bies to Lord Lisle.
It is some days since I arrived in this town. I intended the very next day to send to you and learn how you were, and all the other news, but I put off in the hope of obtaining a mule which I might send to you, but they are rather difficult to get. I thank you for the handsome present you have made me of the hackney, and Madame for the cramp-rings. Boulogne, 28 June. Signed.
Since writing I have received yours, with the handsome present of venison, for which I thank you. The bearer will give you news of me more at length. I intended to have sent him this day to you, but have been prevented by business. I send some artichokes from my garden to Madame.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
28 June.b Vienna Archives. 720. Chapuys to Charles V.
Having received your Majesty's letters of 31 May, together with those of the Queen, a duplicate of the instructions for Rome, and other copies therein mentioned, and having deciphered those in cipher, and translated into Spanish the said copies, I sent the whole to the Queen, which I thought better than going to see her, both to avoid wasting days in seeking for leave to do so, and to avert the suspicions of the King and his Council, which would have impaired the influence which I think I have gained with them. I feared also that if I asked leave to go there, the King would again have asked me to endeavor to get the Queen to consent to the Archbishop's sentence. The Queen has written to me of the inestimable consolation she has received from the said despatch. I think she will write and thank your Majesty. She has written that she was well advised not to send any one here at present for the reasons mentioned in your letters, and that the time for doing it will be when the sentence is given, as I have heretofore written. And when it comes to this you will be pleased to consider that the greater and more influential the embassy shall be, it will be both more powerful, either with the King, if God should inspire him to any extent, or with the people to put them in better hope, and preserve the incredible goodwill they bear to your Majesty and the Queen. And it would be well if those that come, if they perceive that special remonstrances made to the King are useless, should have charge to propose the case in public (en oblie, qu. en public?) even before Parliament, if by chance they be then assembled ; and if the Queen would consent to this last point, viz., to lay it before Parliament, "quil est bien a doubter tant plus se mectre il en la presumpcion de son peuple," who, on the refusal of the King, would be all the more curious to know the proposition which it was intended to make to them, and which on that account might be all the more easily published.
As to the other points contained in the said instructions, the Queen has written to me that it is a year since any of those who used to advise her have dared to interfere, as I well knew, and that her sole refuge in the management of her affairs was myself, for which reason she desired me to consider the whole matter, and write to Rome. The whole contents of the said instructions have been so wisely devised that nothing could be added to them ; and certainly the way of justice that your Majesty wishes to follow is the true right and the sentence of this matter. And this is what I have always presupposed myself before coming to more rigorous remedies ; and I held for certain, as your Majesty wrote to me on your last departure from Bologna, that the Pope, as soon as he had returned to Rome, if the King did not send a mandate (procure), would proceed to the declaration and definitive sentence. And since this has not been done, yet there is no other means to arrive at it shortly, as the exigency of the case demands, but that proposed by your Majesty, to procure the intervention of the Princes to whom you have written ; which, besides that it will excuse you somewhat to the King, who says you alone of all the Queen's kindred oppose him, will help to induce the Pope to shorten the business, and will also mollify the King and encourage the Queen's friends, who are certainly the whole of this kingdom, except, perhaps, a dozen. I think for these reasons it would be well that the duke of Savoy were called upon, as the case touches him by reason of his wife. (fn. 4) Also because the King has always fortified himself by the consent of Parliament, it would be advisable that the Cortes of Aragon and Castile, or at least the Grandees, should write to his Holiness, as this King has made his own do ; and further to get them to make a request to your Majesty by all means to remedy this case of the Queen ; and that out of pity and consideration for the good and virtuous Queen, and for the immortal memory of the King and Queen Catholic, they should offer their persons and goods, as I think they will not refuse to do, giving them privately an exemption from such an offer and promise ; which offer published here, together with the other remedies, will be of inestimable service.
As to the favor of the king of France, there is little hope, seeing that, notwithstanding all the favorable language he has held, he has shown himself so partial to the King, and that he tries also to entertain the Lady, to whom eight days ago he sent by the écuyer St. Julien a fine rich litter and three mules, with their caparisons. He may, perhaps, pretend some excuse until the sentence is given. What can be done at present is secretly to get his wife to write in the matter.
The instructions being so well drawn, I should refrain from adding anything, not to show my ignorance. Nevertheless, in obedience to your Majesty's commands, I have written to the count of Cifuentes what your Majesty will see by a copy enclosed ; and I say nothing more here, but to remind you that it is very necessary that the sentence should be given before the Lady is brought to bed ; for if a son be born, as I have written to the Count, the King would immediately get fealty sworn to him as a prince, in Parliament.
As to other news here, it is reported commonly that truce is made with the Scots, both by sea and land, for one year beginning today. The King's Council has of late been proposing to prohibit the great assemblies of armed people which meet here on the eves of St. John and St. Peter, and this only for fear of mutiny, of which they are more afraid than anything else. They are also considering about increasing the dower lands that the Queen had of prince Arthur, so that she may maintain her own household without the daily allowance the King has hitherto given her. It would be very advisable that if your Majesty send an embassy with the sentence, there should go in company with them ambassadors from the Princes above mentioned, and from the queens of France and Hungary, your sisters.
Since writing the above, the King's Council sent to ask me to come to them, which I did very readily ; and they proposed on the King's part that, as he had always found in me the most perfect inclination to peace and great expertness in affairs, as they were pleased in mockery to say of me, he wished to notify me that, having by the declaration of the Church taken a lawful wife, and made her, as I might know, to be crowned as Queen of this kingdom, in which there could not properly be two Queens, he intended that the Queen henceforward should give up that title for various weighty considerations, and for the same reason he would not make her the same allowance as he had hitherto done ; but, considering her bounty and virtue, and the quality of her kinsmen, he would treat her humanely, and partly in deference to my advice, which was the reason why he had called me,—with other gracious words of like import. I replied, after thanking the King for the opinion he held of me, that they knew well enough that what the King had done, or the archbishop of Canterbury either, could in no way prejudice the Queen's right, the determination of which depended on the Pope's sentence, who was the sole competent judge ; and although I had no charge to speak further on these matters, yet, to show the affection I always had to the King's service, since it pleased him to consult me, I would say two words. As regards the Queen's name, it seemed to me that as the King acknowledged she had once been lawful Queen, and that the Princess was born in lawful wedlock, and as she had done nothing by which she merited to lose such a name, and being come of royal blood,—seeing also that the name did not prejudice the King, and that women commonly take pleasure in such titles, the said name ought to be preserved to her as some solace and comfort,—all the more as the duchess of Suffolk was commonly styled queen of France ; and the king of France, who was in such close friendship with them, was not offended at Henry taking the title of king of France.
Further, as I had told the duke of Norfolk and Cromwell before, since the King put his divorce on a scruple of conscience, without which, as he said, he would not for all the world change his Queen, what scruple could he pretend to take from her the same title and illtreat her, or change in any way her accustomed treatment, which was no great expence, at least to a King so wealthy? And he might be well assured that the Queen would not employ the goods he gave her to send them out of the country to your Majesty or any other, or to build castles or fortresses, or raise armies against the King, but would employ them all in maintaining gentlemen and marrying gentlewomen, which the King himself would be bound to do. And as to asking advice how he ought to treat the Queen, that was superfluous ; for he being so courteous, prudent, liberal, and magnanimous, as it was a question of the treatment of a royal person, no one could know better the requirements of the case. And if the King asked how to treat her, he might be answered as king Porus of India answered Alexander the Great, being his prisoner, "Royally." And for my part I must refrain from meddling further as to the moderation of the Queen's treatment, or persuading her to do anything prejudicial to her right ; for my charge was chiefly for the preservation of peace ; and, secondly, to do my best in the maintenance of the Queen's rights ; and I thought the King so virtuous that he would not require me to do anything that I ought not. Also I could not but thank him for his courtesy in communicating these things to me, of which I would write to your Majesty. On this they retired, and communicated together. After which they praised the affection I had shown for peace, and for the King's interests. And as to the above observations, and others, which for shortness I have omitted, they knew not what to reply till they had reported them to the King, and ascertained his will. So, after filling their ears with the good intention with which I had solicited the treatment of the Queen, and made them feel as favorable as possible, at least in seeming, I returned home.
On my return I met the French ambassador and the écuyer Julien, who was returning from Greenwich, having presented the litter, which the Lady immediately used to go three miles thence. I talked with them a good while, but learned nothing worth writing.
The Princess has been a little unwell, but has recovered, and removed yesterday from a house of the archbishop of Canterbury, where she had been more than a year, to one belonging to the King, about forty miles from this. Being thus indisposed, she asked leave of the King to have the Queen's physician and apothecary, which the King was very well pleased to grant. The Queen has sent to her as often as she pleased, and I think will not be forbidden to do so. I have just heard that the duchess of Suffolk, late queen of France, is dead ; by which the French King will gain 30,000 cr. a year of dower.
Is ashamed to ask for more favors of the Emperor, but necessity and his own desire of greater power to do service embolden him to ask to be considered at the first distribution of benefices. London, 28 June 1533.
Fr., hol., pp. 8. From a modern copy.
29 June.
R. O. Rym.XIV.476.
721. Henry VIII. and Clement VII.
Appeal of Henry the Eighth to a future General Council in case he should be excommunicated by the Pope on account of his divorce from Katharine of Arragon. Made before Edward archbishop of York, at Greenwich, on the 29th June 1533, indiction 6, 10 Clement VII. Witnesses : Ric. Sampson, LL.D., archdeacon of Suffolk, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, and Thos. Cromwell.
Two copies. Both endd. by Tunstall. Seal of the archbp. of York attached.
30 June.
Calig. B. VII. 199. B. M.
722. [Beauvais] to Henry VIII.
Has delayed to write in the hope of sending the resolution of all things. Thinks propositions have been made without the King's knowledge. On his arrival at Newcastle found the Scotch commissioners empowered to make truce pure et simple ; but at the last moment the English insisted on a new article, to which the Scotch would not agree, but proposed another. Transmits both. Thinks the Scotch proposition reasonable. The garrison of Berwick have taken some old houses in Scotland, not worth speaking of, in which Angus and his brother have placed men. Desires him not to mistrust the young Prince, but remove those that desire to make trouble ; otherwise he will give him cause to think "that for nothing and a thing of naught you would hold your foot upon his throat." Begs that the pain the King his brother has taken may not be in vain ; "the case toucheth me as him that hath procured all matters to be reduct and brought to a good point." Hopes his efforts will not fail, now that he has brought the Scots to Newcastle. They have leave to remain but five days. Newcastle, 30 June.
Pp. 2. Copy.
30 June.
Camusat, 133.
723. The Bailly Of Troyes to Francis I.
Wrote three days ago of the death of the queen Mary, duchess of Suffolk, who was much beloved in the country and by the common people of this town. Sends back the letters of the cardinals Tournon and Grammont, having shown them to the King, who says that the Pope neither ought to nor can say that he has done anything against God and reason, "et que si vous vous mettez de sa part vous affectionnant pour luy, que ce n'est qu'avec le droict et la raison." The King is very ill-pleased with the news from Rome that the Pope has refused his excusator, a thing which he says concerns not only him but Francis and all other Christian princes, whom the Pope will treat similarly when there is occasion. He thanks Francis for De Beauvois' letter, which the Bailly will send on. Beauvois writes that the King is wrongly informed that the Scotch king has ships at sea. Expects Beauvois is now at Newcastle (Neufchastel), where the commissioners for truce are assembled.
Has received the copy of Francis' letter to the treasurer Fitzwilliam. He is very ready to do pleasure and service to the French. Has told the King about Norfolk's journey. He had already heard of it, and thanks Francis for the great honor he has done him. He said he had sent a post to bid him go to seek Francis. Replied that Francis had arranged the shortest way for him, and that he would have finished his journey to Puy and be returning before the Duke was at Avignon. He replied that he wished the Duke at all events to seek the King, as he had something to say which Henry was very anxious for Francis to hear. The King has heard from his Ambassador with the Emperor that since his arrival in Spain he has had trouble with his soldiers for want of payment, and he has been obliged to pay them, and send them back to Italy. Dated in the margin, 30 June 1533.
Fr. Headed : Lettres au Roy de M. le Bailly de Troyes, du dernier Juin 1533. Coppie.
30 June.
R. O.
724. Hackett to Cromwell.
Wrote last on the 6 June. Has since received his letters by John Roo, and will, according to his instructions, maintain "the sincerity, rightfulness, and conscience" of the King's great matter ; "whose Grace is well armed with his own device, Dieu et mon droit ; and this people here confondyth with the devyse of his Hyghnys is garter, which is Hony soyt y quy mal y pence, for they think ill where there is but good." You have made me no answer to the article of my old arrears, which I intended to employ "in sylver wassel" for the King's honor.
I send you a packet of letters received this day from the Emperor's postmaster here, which he says came from Spain to my lord of Wiltshire. I have written to his Lordship in the said packet that I have directed it to you. No news but that yesterday the gentlemen of the Queen's household have made a tourney on foot ;—four entrepreneurs against all assailants. The Queen was pleased, especially as no one was hurt, except one gentleman, who had got a crooked finger from a blow. Yesterday evening my lords of Burre, Palermo, and others, came unwarned to collation with me. Yesterday I dined with the duke of Arscot and other lords ; and today the seneschal of Henegow, captain Ive, and others, came to dinner with me. So far as I see, they intend nothing but well, and some who used their tongues freely before are now more wary. Brussels, 30 June 1533.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
30 June.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 296. B. M.
725. Rodrigo Davalos to the Comendador Mayor De Leon.
Last Friday the reference (relacion) of the principal cause was examined in the Consistory. Tomorrow, Monday, the Pope has ordered those of the Rota to examine the case and give their opinion to the Consistory. If they decide that it is proved, it is enough, and I think the sentence will be given before the vacation ; but I am not certain that our proof is as well founded as it should be. If so, it is May's fault. All the remissorias are not presented, as the time is short ; but the others will have to be presented when there is time, which will be in two months or more, if the Pope goes to meet the French king. This case has been managed as if it concerned the poorest woman in the world. The advocates and others have not been paid. Documents have to be written out, but I cannot pay for them. Money would be very useful just now to prevent the lawyers taking up other cases. I am sure the Pope will not make a declaration this week, and next week all business stops. The Count and I shall ask the Pope to postpone the vacation, though this is unusual, on account of the importance of the case. If the theological points are entered on we shall not finish them in four months, though Ortiz is well prepared. The count of Cifuentes is jealous of the cardinal of Jaen. Rome, 30 June 1533.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
30 June.
R. O.
726. John Coke, clerk to the Merchant Adventurers at Antwerp, to Cromwell.
Here at Antwerp are one friar Petowe and other friars of Greenwich, Richmond, and Canterbury, who write books against the King's marriage with queen Anne. I am making secret inquiry for their books, and have, by policy, got hold of three letters (enclosed), which some of them gave to an innocent person of Canterbury to be delivered in England. Antwerp, 30 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
30 June.
R. O.
727. Nicholas Jakson to Cromwell.
You promised me the farm of Canne Hall, for which several persons are making labour with the King. Make what haste you can, and let the lease endure for 60 or 80 years. As I am the King's servant, I should have it as well as another. Though it is called Canne Hall, there are no houses on it, but two old barns and a little cottage. I trust the gentleman of Gray's Inn is a suitor to you for me. Whatever he promises I will perform. Harleston, 30 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Privy Council. Endd. On the back are the following memoranda in Cromwell's hand : "In whose name the council in Wales shall direct their letters and process from hence forwards. Item, Lutterell's bill of Ireland. Item, for to remember to the justice sewers. Item, to remember the pavilion of Nicholas Rusticus."
30 June.
Titus, B. I. 154. B. M.
728. Will. London to Lord Lisle.
Thanks lord and lady Lisle for the kindness shown to him and his wife. The King is favorable to him in his suit touching the Staple Inn. On St. Peter's Day (fn. 5) lord William was married in the King's chapel at Westminster to Mrs. Gamage. Lord Thomas and Mr. Manars led her to church. At two o'clock a carrack was prepared like a ship of war upon a lighter of 40 tons, and three other lighters were made like the Turks' small galleys with oars, to take the said carrack. Sir Umfrey Ratclyff was captain of the carrack, which was well charged with ordnance, and well furnished with men. Mr. Hen. Knevett was captain of the foists. Sir Chr. Mores and many other gentlemen were with them in harness. They discharged their ordnance, and assaulted each other marvellous well. With the shooting one foist clave in the middle, and John Sandes was nearly lost. Two gunners had their legs broken. When all was over, a gentleman named Gates, being in harness, tried to leap into another boat, and fell short and was drowned. "Men did not marvel greatly that knew him, of his misfortune, because he was so great a swearer." After this lord Thomas, Mr. Knevet, Mr. Parr, Mr. Barkley, Mr. Chamber, Parker and Vaughan, and one other, ran at the tilt and brake staves very well, though they missed and crossed more than they brake. London, 30 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais, at Calais.
Royal MS. 18 B. VI. 19. B. M.
729. James V. to Francis I.
Has received his letters and credence from Guido à Fleuerere, and perceived thereby "quanto studio a te elaboratum sit ut res nostræ nunquam regni ad otium deducerentur." Will take a truce with the king of England as Francis desires. Has spoken to the French ambassador about his marriage, but the abbot of Arbrothe will declare more on the subject. Stirling, June 1533.
Copy, Lat., p. 1. This and other letters concerning marriage are marked in the margin "γαμικα."
R. O.
730. The Duke Of Milan.
Treaty for the marriage of the duke of Milan to Christierna, second daughter of Christiern king of Denmark, as concluded between Los Covos and Granvelle for the Emperor, and Francis Taberna and Thos. Galaratus for the duke of Milan. Barcelona, — June 1533.
Lat., pp. 4.

Vit. B. XIV. 128. B. M.
731.(fn. 6) to [the Lords Of The Council?]
"My most noble ... upon a doubtful ... be the opposites a ... with the cause. Th ... whose little shoulder ... to follow the wise men ... and thus I will say that ... if we may so call them, that is to say, one ... in the Emperor's court. In the Emperor's court, war, and [in the court of] Rome rigour of justice ; and as touching the war in f ... nothing else but that most noble saying that was sp[oken by] the King's Majesty, "If the Emperor will begin the war [he shall not] leave nor end it when he would ;" and so me seemeth [his Grace] is puissant enough not only to defend this realm [against the] Emperor, but against all the world by mean of th[e] ... of the place and by strength of the people, and by the ... of the heads and rulers of the same. And touching th[at, no] man can deny it, for I remember not that I hav[e read since] the time of Julius Cæsar that England was ever co[nquered by] any strangers, but rather to have conquered oth[er nations] and kings, as appeareth in the histories. Let us [speak without] offending, and then we may say that our King is [rich both] in counsel and money, so that he is able and [puissant to make] war out of his own realm against other wt ... offended. I will speak nothing of the b ... King, and ... his * * * * desire war, then ... t the Emperor in mine ... re whereof all these ... to intreat of. Now [as touching] ... [at the co]urte of Rome, rigour of justice ... [th]at is to say, first that the French ... sse tha[t] this council or convention may ... [i]f his Majesty would write to Rome after the opinion [of Sir Gre]gory, it were best after my judgment that it were ... if anything be grievous or displeasant to your lordships ... [su]che a letter should cause that the King should shortly know [the Pope]s mind, whether he would have this council or not ... [afte]rwards to determine whatsoever should please his Majesty ... lye that our most noble King should write to the Pope a [letter, and] also another to the whole consistory, which letters should [neither] contain rigour, threatening, nor flattery, alleging that [he had] done that which is done, not without cause nor unadvisedly, [and n]ot only for one cause but for many causes, which if [his Holiness will] he shall and may know of Gurone or of the King's [ambassad]ors, and after that to write to such cardinals [as are] his Majesty's friends some things which be rather ... [a]nd friendly than rigorous or displeasant, always [remembering] the justice and equity of his Majesty's cause ... all his noble * * * me such a burd[en] ... not as sent on th ... for the declaration ... counsayles and of ... be done with all celery[ty] ... shall arrive and ... me thinketh it were convenyent [that they should write] also to the French King, of whom I should als[o] ... either by mouth or by writing, and if by letters th[ey will] write conformable to Gurone's message to the Po[pe] ... and peradventure if (fn. 7) the French king will [ask of me] what I shall say to the Pope's Holiness, I can not [tell him] without your advice otherwise than it shall please [you to give] me in commission. And now I will [rehearse (fn. 8) ] [unto] your lordships what seemeth me most convenient [that I should say] to the Pope and the whole Consistory. First, I say th ... Holy father and ye most reverend cardinals ... remember, the xxiiij. day of August next co[ming it] shall be two years sithens I was sent on the King's be[half and] his counsaile, and finally by all the nobles an[d people] of the realm to beseech your Holiness that the s[ame might ponder] justly the King's cause, alleging the gratitud[es conferred by his] highness towards the same see, et (fn. 9) beseechin[g] ... of the realm, and chiefly of the * * * without the realm ... all such things coming ... er things which to ... y were well interpreted ... and if he did ... not to believe them. Now ... orne, and but a poor man in regard [of your lordshi]ppes ; and forasmuch as I do perceive that this [will b]e the last destruction of this See, I could do no less [than su]pplie to your (fn. 10) Holiness that before such mischief [should] happen, he (ye?) would suffer me, like one of your poor servants, [to she]w mine opinion in such things as I knew, upon this ... ll was deliberately determined, not because I am [taken] to be a wise man in his court, but for that I am an Italian, [wherefo]re ye may the rather trust me. It was determined [that I] should come to declare his Majesty's mind, and of his [coun]sailors and whole realm, which is, that the matrimony [that] he hath contracted with the most noble queen Anne [doth rema]ine holy and irrevocable, considering that by so many [wise] men, and so many universities, and his most sage parliament ... [fi]nally by his conscience, it hath been approved ... [therefore this See supp ... (fn. 11) ]. He intendeth not, therefore, ... [thi]s cause any longer in your court, [which is ‡] [as he hath done] heretofore, which is unjust, as his Majesty * * * in time and pl[ace convenient] ... that ye reverend ... ye care not nei[ther] ... hollie trusteth yo[urself] ... at the one ear and ... briefly make your discou[rse] ... inhibitions and excommunications, he wh[olly] ... whereunto I answer and declare the mind [of him and] his nobles, which if it seem to your Holiness and to [these holy] fathers to be expedient, then do what ye wil ... promise you that they shall as much regard and care ... as you do care for my words and much less ... I heard the King say, and all his councillors, that [if your Holiness] would declare this matrimony to be firm it shou[ld be a great comfort] to him and all his, and should be thought here i ... other provinces a thing certain ; but for him and his ... he is satisfied, and more it grieveth him that [you should lose] such a friend as he was then all that ye can [do against] him. "Most holy father, and all ye most reverend [fathers, I have] declared the king of England's mind, and [the things which] I have spoken I know be true. Now ... me I shall shew * * * ... er that this See was ... aces there came thither ... Christendom and finally ... th that very few ... ocyon of the people and ... [t]rew ye may perceive it by the ... ym was thought to be all devotion. Now ye [know b]etter than I how the matter goeth, if we come to [German]ye, if not the whole yet the more part of them careth not [what re]gardeth this See, therefore by the Hungarians ye have ... your devotion with the other your obedience, and why for your [rigour]ousnes and extremity which ye have used towards them ... ne sent thither I can not tell what cardinals, which ... with rigorous disputations and excommunications compel them ... affections, and so by rigour ye have lost them. It is [a prov]erbe, he that desireth too much for the most part hath [nothi]ng ; behold, therefore, seeing that ye have an example [before] your eyes, lest ye fall into another error worse than the [first], which should be if ye should lose the realm of [Englan]d, and so consequently the realm of France, which [being b]oth lost, it were also to be doubted of the most part [of Christendom]. Is there any man here or in Rome that can show [any kindnes]s or pleasure that the Emperor hath done for this [See?].
"... t the * * * he hath done w ... I know well ... axe what the ... known to every ... is also known.
"I can not tell what A ... were no hurt if he did write soun[dry things which had] been spoken to him by the King or by the duke [of Norfolk].
Afterwards, if it shall be necessary, I will go [to all] the cardinals, or at the least to the most part, ... crying and preaching the destruction of the See, ax[eing them that no] new matter be innovate against the King. I sh[all show] also by many arguments and persuasions that this ... convention may succeed, not by the King's commyss[ion] ... it would appear that it had been committed unto m[e] ... none other remedy to be to please these ij.nobl[e] ... but only with this counsaile, which undoubted[ly, if it be] not had, will be a great trouble and irritation ...
Many things might be explained and declar[ed] ... through mine occasion in reasoning with these ... for I presuppose that these imperials ... lyes, that is to say, that the lady Kath[arine] ... folks, and that the * * * ... answered to these ... [w]ise man but a ... to judge of another ... the course of nature ... thing which may be such ... come not to Nysia he shall not proceed ... sly against the King. And when the matter is [settl]ed, as the proverb goeth, by pleading and lawing, [nough]t is acquired. The lady Katharine is out of possession [and it] shall grieve more her and the Emperor than the King and the Queen ... [I] might also say to the Pope and the Cardinals that [the]y were causers of this matrimony, and that by many [rea]sons which they cannot answer, for they be true. [B]ut I suppose that his Majesty would that I should [pass]e those things in silence, and that they should be spoken [by] some other man of greater authority, and therefore I shall .. [a]bout these things as much as I can by other means, as [best it] shall seem to his orators, to whose judgment I shall [alway]es submit myself, that I may obtain the King's [purpose in p]arte if not in all.
... of the knowledge of the truth as of th * * * lordships ... speak mine ... say that th ... it hath been ... hath been good hol ... that hath also been approbate by ... it should not seem to be inconvenient for th ... if he woll not come to this council, his Ma[jesty] ... that upon this point his Holiness would deter[mine] ... But that that moveth me, which I th[ink that the] French king will never suffer, that the Pope [should] pronounce sentence there against the King, after ... willing this thing not to be corroborate, doubt ... have nor obtain a contrary sentence if he would not asse ... the Pope ever may find an excusation with him ... (if he be not diabolic) in some thing serve your [lordships].
If the Pope would complain of such things ... on the King's behalf, I will tell him th ... done shall be done if they will not be * * * ... your lordships to ... ce and accept ... nce and fidelity which I profess ... the usage of the prelates ... [kin]g's Majesty. I pray you also ... my simplicity, for all men can not do all [thi]nges, and therefore it shall be good that this my [lo]ng and tedious writing be castigate and reformed [b]y some man."
Mutilated. Copy or translation.

Vit. B. XIV. 91. B. M.
732. Ghinucci to [Cromwell].
"Venit responsum ... juxta id quod in ... lectis literis adivit ... colloquium Sanctitas ejus habeba[t] ... eundo his temporibus, sed pot ... debebit cautior fieri, quod ea concluderetur in colloqu[io] ... in ultimis literis et quod non habeat tractari de aliis particular ... quod Pontifex ex ejus voluntate non curaret de temporibus calidis ... regis Gallorum, sed posset fieri propter potentiam et auctoritatem ... maxime si Cæsar per se vel per suos annuerit pontifici quæ sit s ... ut est verisimile, et ut habentur indicia, sed hæc tantummo[do] ... ipsi autem secundum eorum prudentiam credent.
Verum circa hoc, quod esset bonum si rex Gallorum ostenderet se liberale[m] ... facere quum det, videlicet, consentiendo dilationi ad minus periculosum te[mpus] ... augmentando cautionem circa id quod habet tractari in colloquio ... velle vel nolle, et si nolit non deficient modi satis colorati quibus ... ea vero quæ superius dicta sunt non possunt nisi rem ubique facili ... partim auferretur Cæsari et Cardinalibus occasio annihilandi colloqu[ium] ... Quidam Cardinalis dixit oratorem Cæsareum fecisse practicam cum eo ut c ... sub colore incolumitatis pontificis in quo potest videri quod ea ... cum uno fecit, et cum aliis et hinc potest comprehendi quod ... [col]loquium sed non vult omnia simul facere nam s .. ll * * * * odum ex domino Benet ple ... [fun]damentum quod regia Majestas ... rit sed instat super neg ... quod Pontifex voluerit intelligi ... [d]eclaratum quid sit paritura hæc ... ejus vel quod Cæsareis magis verum ad propositum rem dif ... utra ex his opinionibus sit verior, sed in quantum possum comprehen[dere] ... is Pontificis Pontifici placet cum proponuntur ei res coloratæ quæ ... [possunt] servire apud Cæsarem in excusationem. Alii addunt quod Cæsarei ex ... [res]ponsum Cæsaris et interim citationibus et contradictis, tenent rem vivam [si daret]ur occasio volui tentare quæ esset intentio Pontificis super matri[monio nupe]r secuto, et inter sermocinandum cum Pontifice visum est posse com ... quod Pontifex vellet dissimulare circa processum propter matrimonium nuper [secutum, sed] nescit invenire modum quo possit resistere Cæsareis quos arbitratur non ... facere instantiam quod procederetur ad censuras sed eos hanc rem pro ... moturos. Tandem hoc viso rogavi ejus Sanctitatem quod bene consideraret hanc ... [qui]d ex ea posset succedere si procederetur ad censuras contra regiam [Majestatem]. Pontifex respondit quod necesse erat etiam considerare quid posset succedere ... unde veni ad multas particularitates inconvenientium quæ possent [succedere. Inter] quæ dixi quod ante omnia habebat considerare quod Cæsarei quere ... erat videlicet interponere tantam discordiam inter regiam [Majestatem] ... hoc ... tem perpetuo * * * * Dixi præterea quod d ... cum negotium esset c ... eum moveret faciend[um] ... ut aiunt) plumbeo ... censuras non facturas exec ... terea quod omnia supradicta dixeram ... plura alia ad hoc propositum quæ longum esset referre ... [Ponti]fex bene notaverit.
Puto quod Cæsar capiet viam medii circa matrimonium nuper secut[um] ... rem tutatus sit non potest facere quum et nunc defendat sed quia non p ... regiæ Majestati nisi exponat magnam summam pecuniarum quod nolet facere i ... ideo defendet causam faciendo quod procedatur super negotio principali ... tradictis ad tenendam rem vivam expectans partum temporis.
Tenet pro certo quod Cæsar difficillime impetrabit censuras a Ponti[fice].
f. 93. Esset fortasse bo[num] ... quereretur quod in ... capitula de his q ... ab eo quæritur et quod ... et posset fieri quod Cardinali ... se habere ordinem literas d ... casu quo colloquium hoc facia ... proposit ...
Cum essem Bononiæ intellexi quod instando Cæsar apud Pont[ificem] ... dixit se esse contentum si alii principes essent contenti et circa hoc ... [in]ducias pro tribus annis, ego tenendo pro certissimo quod Pontifex nolit ... etiam pro certo quod nollet treguam sive inducias, et ideo verum quod Gal ... rent facere difficultatem."
Mutilated. Endd. : "Ex Wigornien[sis literis]."

R. O.
733. Anne Boleyn.
Examination of Sir [Thomas] Gebons, priest, complainant, and Sir Rauf Wendon, taken by Thos. Bedyl, clerk of the Council, on certain words spoken by Wendon to Gebons at King's Sutton in Warwickshire, that the Queen was a whore and a harlot, and that there was a prophecy that a many should be burned in Smithfield, and he trusted it would be the end of queen Anne. Said upon a Saturday, about St. George's Day, A.D. 1533.
Gebons asserted that he had declared this matter to the bishop of Exeter about Whitsuntide last, on the 15 June.
ii. Affidavit by the bishop of Exeter that Gebons had never declared any such words to him. Signed : Jo. Exon.
iii. Affirmation of Gebons that Thos. Gebons and Chr. Veysy were present at the conversation with the bishop of Exeter ; which is denied by the former.
iv. Articles administered to Thos. Gebons (the younger).
v. Examination of Chr. Veysy, also denying the statement of Gebons the elder.
Pp. 11.
R. O. 2. Draft of the questions to be put to Christopher Veisy on the above subject, viz., whether the bishop of Exeter said to him in his chapel that he suspected him to be "a stirrer of this matter that Thomas Gebons moved upon Sir Windon for words spoken by (i.e. against) the Queen's grace ;" whether he replied, "that he would not at any time, for 40l., but he should have done as he did ;" also, whether he told the accusation of Sir Windon to his brother Richard Veisy, Humph. Gebons, Henry Arosmithe or others, and what words he used, since it was told to my lord of Exeter. On what occasion my Lord said, if Thos. Gebons moved such words as he had showed him the night before, he, doubtless, would be cast into prison. Also, whether there were any communication of Sir Windon when my said [Lord] had communication with Gebons in his chapel of his going into Cornwall.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O.
734. Nich. Hau[kins] to Rowland Bacchus.
I received your letters dated London, 6 May, on the 18 June. I desire you to move my friends, and especially my curates, to promote my matters. Touching the benefice of Snaylwell, I wrote to Dr. Thirlby to say I was content you should have it for a year, if my cousin Meggis was content, leaving him a part of the house. As for my official, I have written to Dr. Goderyke desiring him to go to Mr. Cromwell, and offer him to put in the principal of St. Nicholas' hostel, as he desired. I have written to my lord of Canterbury concerning my visitation. You are to see that I do not take temporalia but spiritualia in my visitation. I marvel what you mean to prevent him holding the room who has hitherto held it under me. The indentures for Diram were made from the old copy. I pray my nephews may lack nothing as you promised, for I understand that one of them lacks bedding. Whenever occasion serves, visit my aunt Meggis in my behalf, and likewise Mr. Besteneye. Certify me how my kinsfolk do since my Lord's departing.
Thomson, the beer-brewer of Estdirham, is in trouble. I have written to that effect to my lord of Wiltshire, that he may resort to my Lord and to my lord of Canterbury for succour.
Pp. 3. With corrections and additions in Hawkins' own hand. Add. : To Rowlande Bacchus be this delivered in Suapham (Swaffham) priory.
R. O.
735. [Henry VIII.] to Dr. Higdon, Dean of York.
Understands that the dean of "our college" in Oxford has promised the farm and parsonage of Elington, parcel of the prebend of Witwong, to John God, Higdon's servant, and that John Acclom, Esq., late farmer, is expelled therefrom.
As Dr. Lee, (fn. 12) on resigning the said prebend, promised Mr. Trafford, late incumbent, (fn. 13) that Acclom should enjoy the remainder of his lease, the King has ordered the dean of his college to allow him to enjoy it, and orders Higdon to cause his servant to leave it. Westm., — June. Not signed.
P. 1. Add.

R. O.
736. Sir Brian Tuke to Cromwell.
Hearing of my lord of Suffolk's arrival at the Court, I send you a book of the late French queen's debts, with other particulars.
P.S.—Touching the 1,000l. Sir Fras. Brian had, he asks allowance of most part of it for money paid to a jeweller and other folks in Paris ; also to certain learned men in Italy ; and 500 cr. delivered to Sir Greg. de Casalis, which the latter pretends was a gift to him from the King. When I mentioned it to the King he remembered it well enough. The direct way for Suffolk to be discharged of the 1,000l. would be to get me a warrant to pay to Fras. Brian 1,000l. upon a prest of money laid out for the King, and then to deliver it to me, and for me to charge myself and give him an acquittance.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.
June./Grants. 737. Grants in June 1533.
1. Wm. Lye. Licence to import 100 tuns of Gascon wine and Toulouse woad, in vessels of Spain, France, Flanders, or Brittany. Greenwich, 28 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 June.—P.S.
2. Wm. Morgan John, one of the sewers of the Chamber. Grant of certain parcels (about 60 acres) of land and pasture in Weelande, in the parish of Petreston, commote of Wentllong, marches of Wales, late in the possession of Morgan Thomas, grandfather of the said William ; with reservations ; parcel of the lands of Edw. late duke of Buckingham, now held by Eleanor, widow of the said Edward, for life, by virtue of the act 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. ; on surrender, on account of its invalidity, of a patent to the same effect, under the seal of the chancery of Newport, in the commote of Wentlong, dated 1 March 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
3. Richard Hoo of Meryden, Warw. Pardon for having on 3 March 23 Hen. VIII. abetted and entertained George Gooderich of London, and Anthony Grey and Robert Spencer of London, yeomen, knowing them to have, on the day before, feloniously broken and entered the parish church of St. Peter, Aston, near Birmingham, and stolen therefrom a silver-gilt cross and other valuables belonging to the parishioners, and in the custody of Wm. Rogers and Wm. Tilbens, churchwardens ; as appears by two inquisitions taken at Warwick, the first on Tuesday after Easter 24 Hen. VIII., and the second on Friday 19 June 24 Hen. VIII. Westm., 31 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 6 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
4. Sir John Gifford and the lady Elizabeth his wife. Licence to depart out of the realm on a pilgrimage to St. John at Amyas in Picardy, with 12 persons and 6 horses in their company, and with 60l. in money, baggage, &c. Westm., 5 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 6 June.—S.B.
5. Master Polidor Virgil, archdeacon of Wells. Licence to go beyond the sea on business, with 6 servants and 6 horses, baggage, &c. Greenwich, 1 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 June.—S.B.
6. Ric. ap Jenkynns of Brecknoke, marches of Wales, and Rob. Walboef, of the same. Pardon for having assaulted and robbed Alex. Wagge in the highway at Welford, Staff., on 11 March 24 Hen. VIII. Westm., 6 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
7. Inspeximus and exemplification of a writ of certiorari, dated 30 May 25 Hen. VIII., to Thomas abp. of Canterbury, and the return thereon, touching the sentence given of the invalidity of the King's marriage with Katharine, and of the validity of his marriage with Anne, the queen consort. The former sentence was given in the convent church of the Augustine monastery of Dunstable, Linc. dioc., on the 23 May 1533 ; present, Gervase prior of St. Peter's, Dunstable, master Simon Haynes, S.T.P., John Newman, M.A., Ric. Watkyns, Tho. Neve, and Ric. Marche, notaries public ; and is authenticated by Wm. Potkyn, clk., of the dioc. of Canterbury. The latter, concerning the validity of the King's marriage with Anne Boleyn, was given in a certain wellknown high gallery in the manor of Lamhith, on Wednesday, 28 May 1533 ; present, Tho. Crumwell, Tho. Legh, LL.D., Tho. Alverd, John Gooderick, and Henry Stokheth ; and is authenticated by Tho. Argall, of Winchester dioc., notary public. Dated (as to the sealing thereof) in the manor of Lamhith, 4 June 1533. Westm., 6 June. —Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8. Rym. XIV. 467.
8. Guydo de Flewry, a servant of the French king. Licence to depart the realm, with his servants, baggage, &c. Greenwich, 8 June 25 Hen. VIII. Witnessed at Westm., 9 June.—S.B.
9. Lord Sandys, the King's chamberlain, lieutenant of Guysnes. Licence to export yearly from the ports of Dover and Sandwich, or any other port in England, sufficient grain of any kind for the victualling of the castle, town, and county of Guysnes, so long as he is captain there. Westm., 6 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 9 June.—P.S.
10. Doctor Hilley, chancellor of the dioc. of Salisbury. For letters patent to the justices to assist him in reforming certain enormities used in the monastery of Wilton, Wilts, and all persons and officers belonging to the same. Del. Westm., 14 June 25 Hen. VIII. —S.B.
11. David ap Howell, of Belt, S. Wales. Pardon for the murder of Roger Herbert alias ... (mutilated) of Belt. Del. Westm., 15 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Thos. earl of Wiltshire and Ormond. Grant of a fair at the town of Blyklyng, Norf., on St. John Baptist's Day and the day following. T. R. Westm., 15 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
13. John Turney. Licence to alienate 8 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, 36 acres of pasture, and 10 acres of wood in Wulverton and Rode, Somers., to Alex. Longford, Thos. Long, Will. Alyn, Will. Pyarde, and Thos. Harvy. Westm., 15 June.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
14. Edm. Knyvet. Livery of lands as kinsman and heir of Sir Wm. Knyvet, viz., son and heir of Thomas, son of Edmund, son of the said William, including reversions on the death of Eleanor widow of the said Edmund, in England, Wales, and Calais, and lands of which Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Sir Rob. Radclyff, late ld. Fitzwater, now earl of Sussex, Ric. Baynard and Tho. Man, or any others, were seised to the use of the said Thomas, Edmund, and William ; and those of which Sir Edw. Knyvet, deceased, was seised with reversion to the said Wm. Knyvet, which reversion should descend to the said Edmund as heir of the said William, because the said Edward died without heir of his body. Greenwich, 12 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
15. John Tregonwell, clk., and William Bryttayn, clk., LL.D., and Thomas Bedyll, clk., the King's councillors. Commission to proceed upon a cause brought before the King in Chancery on the part of Thomas Stanceby and Eliz. Lutton, for the redress of certain grievances which they allege themselves to have suffered at the instance and persuasion of Wm. Clyff, LL.D., Tho. Lutton, layman, and Geo. Palmys, from E. abp. of York. Westm., 17 June.— Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 43d.
16. Ric. Forster. To be one of the King's serjeants-at-arms, vice Ambrose Bradman, deceased ; with fees of 12d. a day from 16 April 24 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 13 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 June.— P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
17. Paul Creeke, a native of Britanny. Denization. Greenwich, 8 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
18. For the Benedictine monastery of Adelney. Assent to the election of Rob. Hamlyn, a Benedictine monk, as abbot. Del. Westm., 22 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
ii. Petition for the above, by the prior and convent. 14 June.
19. Sir George Conyers, tenant of the under-mentioned places. Inspeximus and confirmation of—
i. Charter 22 July 37 Hen. III., being a grant of free warren to John de Cugneres in his demesne lands in co. York.
ii. Patent 12 June 18 Hen. VI., inspecting and confirming to Robert Conyers and his heirs patent 17 April 51 Edw. III., inspecting and confirming—
1. A charter of Hen. I., dated at Udestoc (Woodstock), granting to Alan son of Ragm' Belet the lands which his father held of the King in chief on the day of his death.
2. Another charter of Hen. I., dated at Portsmouth, granting to Ragm' Belet certain lands, &c. in Hotona, Prestitona, and Ebustitona, with liberties. Westm., 25 June.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
20. Thos. Treffry, one of the gentlemen ushers of the Chamber. To be collector of customs in the ports of Plymouth and Fowey, with the usual fees. Del. Westm., 28 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
21. Tho. Hall. Wardship and marriage of Chr., son and heir of Wm. Goddall, deceased. Greenwich, 26 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
22. Ric. Longe, one of the esquires of the Stable. To be steward of the lordship of Sharston, Wilts, with same fees as enjoyed by Sir Rob. Poyntz or Sir Anth. Poyntz. Greenwich, 23 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 June.—P.S.
23. Adrian Richardson of Canterbury, shoemaker, a native of Delf, in Holland, in the dominions of Charles the emperor. Denization. Greenwich, 17 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 6.
24. James seigneur de St. Julian, servant of the French king. Licence to leave the realm, with his servants, ten horses, and baggage. Greenwich, the last day of June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.

R. O. Pocock, II. 487.
738. The King's Marriage.
"There be, I think, in this realm that be not in their minds full pleased and contented that our Sovereign hath married as he hath done, some bearing their favor to the lady Katheryn princess dowager, some to the lady Mary, some because the Pope's authority was not therein. And for this they lay the blame alonely in some of the prelates. And albeit that the prelates have none otherwise done in this matter but as it became them, and according to the very law of God, yet many of the inconstant commons be not therewith satisfied. And though they forbear to speak at large for fear of punishment, yet they mutter together secretly ; which muttering and secret grudge within this realm, I think, doth not a little embolden the King's adversaries without the realm." And as this muttering is not against the King (for every one says he is the most geutle and upright prince that ever reigned), but only against some of the prelates, especially the archbishop of Canterbury, I think he ought to show that he has done nothing but according to the very law of God. And though the suspicions and muttering against him are untrue, he should endeavour to pluck it out of their heads by loving manner. Also if the Pope be excluded out of this realm, the Archbishop must be chief of the clergy here ; which will be lightly accepted in the people's hearts, because it has been so long otherwise, unless the people find themselves by the alteration in better case than they were before. I think therefore the Archbishop should make out a book, not over long, to declare that what he has done is not only according to the law of God, but for the wealth and quietness of the realm. It should be addressed to all the clergy of the realm, exhorting them, especially those in high authority, as bishops, abbots, &c., to remember that they are not called to those rooms for their own sakes, but for the people, and that they should not seek lucre or ease, but labor to ease the people of their burthens. "For woe to us, let him say, if we do not thus. And let him thunder out here and there the vehement exclamations of prophets, and specially of Jeremie, against spiritual pastors," and persuade the clergy to avoid all pomp, pride, and vainglory, and especially covetousness, that has been the cause of so much evil in the church of Christ. "Let them avoid all ambition, all delicate fare, and to be ready with heart and mind to depart and dispose among the people of this realm lands, goods, money, and whatsoever other thing they now possess superfluously ; and that they never hereafter seek for the riches or lordship of this world, but diligently to seek for the kingdom of Heaven, and there to make their treasure." He should exhort his brethren to this effect, adding, "If you, most dear bretheren, will gladly go with me this way at my loving exhortation, ye shall greatly merit for your obedience ; but in case ye will not, I will compel you by the law of God thus to do ; and then ye shall lose your merit of obedience."
If he would set out such a little book, though he never brought his purpose about, he would thus greatly content the people's minds, and make them think that they be happy thus to be rid of the Pope's oppression ; and that the Archbishop is a perfect and a good bishop, who did nothing so much to win promotion as for truth's sake, seeing he pretendeth to stamp under foot all pleasure. For it has always been my mind that the King should not be seen to be most busy to defend his righteous cause himself, but to let the clergy do it. But if there be any so stubborn that he will not believe the truth, let the King punish him according to the laws in that case provided. "For I wot well, if it come to the hearing of the Pope and the Emperor, that the whole clergy of England is fully bent to defend our Sovereign lord the King's cause to the very death, they will not meddle much further."
Pp. 6. In the hand of one of Cromwell's clerks. Endd. in a later hand : "Reasons to clear the clergy for condescending to the King's second marriage, and for abolishing the Pope's supremacy."

R. O.
739. Dr. John London to Thomas Bedell.
I thank you for your intercession with my honorable master. (fn. 14) I was with him yesterday before supper. He mentioned to me the complaint of my kinsman, which is utterly untrue. I hope my master considers what I have written in defence of this matrimony. I was the second person who took a corporal oath in Oxford before my lord of Lincoln and the mayor, then commissioners, to maintain it. [I] would not be so unwise as to say to this young man anything contrary to my oath, and I hope my credit and his words will not be considered of equal weight. My master is, as he ought to be, a strait examiner in the King's matter, yet I do not mistrust his wisdom. Though my kinsman is, I am sure, set on by him that laboreth for my farm in Hornchurch, I shall be never the worse to him, but if my master so command me, will yet help him to further learning if he return thereto. I am bound to my master as much as to all men in the world ; but I must find means to free myself of suspicion. I will make suit to him to be taken into the King's service, merely that I may obtain favor, not promotion. I have often told you sincerely that I would leave the best part of my living ; but if my master think, at your motion, I am worthy to serve the King, I shall be ready at all times to do my best, though I may not have the wit, learning, and experience of others. To be frank, I have no mind to be a daily waiter. "I may spend little beside my college, which I must then needs depart from." I mean only to be a chaplain. I pray you move the matter if you do not think it will be accounted presumption in me.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Mr. Thomas Bedell, one of the King's grace's most honorable Council. Sealed. Endd.

R. O.
740. [Instructions To An Ambassador In France.]
"It hath been offered heretofore, if the King's highness would condescend (fn. 15) to make a proxy and grant the Pope's jurisdiction, that the Pope would then 'a made a commission to two cardinals, whereof the one should be cardinal de Monte, to determine the cause at Cambray, which place is much more propyce and tute and sure for the King than Avynyon."
As to the proxy, what need is there to send one when the French king has several times promised to be proctor himself at this interview?
As the French king and all his council acknowledge the King's cause to be just, how can they deny that it is honorable for the Pope to give sentence in the principal cause?
As to the innovations, the King has always kept his promise to innovate nothing so long as the Pope did the same. All that the King has done has been because the Pope not only received "witness" out of Spain and published the same, but suffered unlawful process against his Highness to be sent secretly into Flanders, without punishing the procurers thereof at Rome, as he afterwards promised to do. This compelled the King to innovate.
The French king says, "Or I go, I will make sure that cannot be done now shall be done another time," which shall always be his condition with the Pope, and that "he had liever than 15,000 ducats he had never concluded this marriage." But it seems the Pope never thought to do anything in the King's matter at the French king's request, justice standing with the King when the process at Rome was abandoned on which he was to have given sentence ; so it is clear the Pope mocks with the French king. And as to the marriage Francis promised, not only at Calais but several times since by his ambassadors, that if the Pope would not give sentence for the King, he would never conclude any marriage with the Pope.
"Touching the winning of the Princess Dowager's proctor who confessed to the Great Master that the dispensation was naught, that matter would be practised to see if he might be induced to confess the same by writing."
Although Francis said "he would have a brief in his hand what the end should be hereafter," it may be expected the Pope will hereafter "discent" from any such brief, as he has heretofore "discentyd" from his decretal and many other promises.
"As touching the prorogation of the censures, that the King's highness should for any fear desire or require them, the (fn. 16) hath made a marvellous good answer thereunto."
To remember specially the Pope's words at Ancona touching the justness of the King's cause in the principal matter, when he acknowledged it to the cardinal of Ravenna, Gregory, and others.
"Item, to provoke as may be the General Council, which will more fear the Pope than all other thing."
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, pp. 3.

R. O.
741. Edward Hall (fn. 17) to Cromwell.
I beg you will ask the King to grant me some venison at my reading the week after Lammas.
P.S.—I send you a map of Hungary and a picture of Andrew Doria.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.

R. O.
742. Cromwell's "Remembrances."
"Woolf, his wife, Gerrard, Stanley, Westall.—Murder and felony committed upon Jeronimo George. (fn. 18) The 100l. ppid (sic) money coming out of France, from John H. Johachyn. Touching the freres, (fn. 19) and what I have done therein. Touching the Staple, and what I have done therein. Touching the devise for the bochers in London, and to consult upon the same. Item, to remember Edward Hall for a buck and a stag."
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd.


  • 1. Sir Nicholas Carew. Elected Knight of the Garter 23 April 28 Hen. VIII.
  • 2. Second wife of Thomas lord Berkeley, who succeeded his father in 1533, and died Sept. 1534.
  • 3. These words are struck out.
  • 4. Mary Beatrice, daughter of Emmanuel king of Portugal, and sister of the Empress. Her mother was Mary, a sister of Katharine of Arragon, and also of Emmanuel's first wife Isabel.
  • 5. 29 June (SS. Peter and Paul).
  • 6. It is strange that there should be any difficulty in ascertaining the authorship of this letter. It was certainly written in the spring or summer of 1533 ; and the writer, who states in one place that he is an Italian, says that he was sent on the 24th August, two years before, to remonstrate with the Pope on behalf of the king and realm of England. Yet there is nothing in the correspondence of 1531 that elucidates this statement.
  • 7. Corrected from "because."
  • 8. This word is in the text, but is struck out.
  • 9. Sic in MS.
  • 10. "your," corrected into "his ;" but apparently the correction is wrong.
  • 11. Struck out.
  • 12. Not mentioned as holding this prebend in Le Neve. Edw. Lee was prebendary of Dunnington 1530-31, before he was abp. But this is probably Roland Lee.
  • 13. Henry Trafford was prebendary of Wetwang in York cathedral from 1502 to 1529. when he became chancellor of York. He was succeeded by John Higden, dean of Cardinal's, afterwards Henry VIII.'s, College, Oxford, who died in December 1532. This letter may be of the year 1532.
  • 14. Cromwell.
  • 15. Above this paragraph has been written, and should probably be inserted here, "upon the seeking of Mounsire Langez of the appointment of two legates, the one a Frenchman, the other of the Pope's, chosen to determine the matter in Avynyon, the same"—
  • 16. Sic.
  • 17. The Chronicler. He was summer reader at Gray's Inn in 1533.
  • 18. This murder was committed on 16 July 1533. See Stat. 25 Hen. VIII. c. 34.
  • 19. Peto and Elston.