Henry VIII: July 1533, 16-20

Pages 370-382

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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July 1533, 16-20

16 July.
R. O. St. P. VII. 483.
838. Haukins to Henry VIII.
The Empress was sick and like to die. On the 13th the Emperor himself arrived at Mountson. News of Corone and the Turks. The Venetians have lost two galleys, taken by the Moors. The Sophy has taken Trebizonde. An Englishman (fn. 1) in the Emperor's court four years ago went to the Sophy to provoke him to war upon the Turk. It has been reported that you and the Pope were dead. The Pope and the Emperor will not meet this year. The country where they are now is very barren, and deficient in water. Almunia, 16 July 1533.
Hol. Add.
16 July.
R. O.
839. Arthur Lord Lisle to Cromwell.
I have received your letters of 12 July by Mr. Blunt. As to the agreement of the town and garrison of Calais upon the articles devised by the King and Council when his Grace was last at Calais, you will receive letters by the bearer. You wrote that it was the King's pleasure Mr. Blunt should have 8d. a day here in Calais till the room of a spear should be void, and that then he should have it. I will endeavour to obey with all diligence, although I have the gift of all the spears in my patent, and all others of the retinue, except only the lieutenant of the castle, the lord controller, the marshal, the porter, and their retinues. But one Thos. Alen has obtained the next avoidance of a spear under the King's broad seal, and divers others, as it is reported. I desire, therefore, to know what to do. Calais, 16 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
ii. On the back is a rough draft, apparently of an intended addition to the above letter, as follows :—
"And further advertising you that [on the 15th July] (fn. 2) I rode over the Marres ground by the East Pale and the West, and so over at Nele bridge, and so to the bridge where Mr. Walop was like to be drowned ; and then I swore certain persons to inquire and present to the Council what things were need of reformation." I shall advertise you of their depositions as soon as the book is made. The enclosed bill was exhibited before me the day of the receipt of your letters ; "the which Marres ground therein specified, after the receipt of the verdicts, that I may with convenient leisure to know the King's pleasure what is most meet and convenient to be done herein."
16 July.
R. O.
840. Sir Robert Wingfield to Cromwell.
Since your being here with the King I have written divers letters to you, of which the last was dated 29 Jan. last. I know from my servant that they were all delivered, but I have heard nothing from you, so that I doubt my servant's truth.
Complains bitterly of the damage he has suffered for the want of a letter of justice from the King, which he has never known to be so long delayed from any man as it has been from him. For lack of such a letter, divers riots have been committed, and divers of his servants have been in jeopardy of their lives. Money due to him last Lady Day has not been paid. The delay in answering the articles devised by the King's Council at his being here was caused by the sickness of Lord Berners, late deputy, and the lack of learning and experience, "meddyld" with wilfulness, of the councillors here. This appears by the answer to the articles, which was not sent till Berners was "at the laste caste."
In one article the King was desired to withdraw from the mayor a toll called pickage, pavage, and stallage, which was granted in express words by charter. Wingfield, Sir Ric. Whethyll, and Wm. Sympson, the undermarshall, who are all sworn burgesses, refused to put their hands to the book on this account. If a copy of the book is sent to Cromwell, protests that he does not agree to this article, by doing which he would be forsworn.
Matters cannot be duly reformed and surely established till the King places two sufficiently learned men in the Commission, that the deputy's patent and the mayor's charter may be scanned, and their authority determined. By usurping one upon another, much disorder and business has been bred and is daily continued. The Commissioners should examine all patents and placards granting offices in the town and marches, and also the collection of tolls, so that the whole body may be reformed, from the highest to the lowest. When this is done the town will not fail to be peaceable and wealthy. Calais, 16 July 1533.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
16 July.
R. O.
841. William Body.
"A declaration, as well of the receipt of all such sums of money as have been received to my master his own use by me, William Body, as of all such payments and deliveries as have been made by me, the same William Body, for my master his own use and by his command, from the 1st day of January inclusive, anno r. R. H. VIII. xxiiij., unto the 16th day of July then next ensuing, exclusive."
i. Receipts.—"Barton for Mr.Wynter," 7 Jan., for the revenues of the provostry of Beverley due to my master for the debt of Mr. Wynter, 96l. 0s. 8d. Of John Williamson, out of my master's coffers, on 8, 9, and 29 Jan. and 24 March, total 299l. 19s. 4d. Of Anth. Cassadonye, for cellarage, 11 Jan., 4l. 10s. Of Will. Johnson, 22 Jan, for sale of wines, 4l. Of John Judd, for the revenues of the clerkship of the Hanaper, due to my master, 7 Feb. and 9 April, 66l. 17s. 4d. Of the abbot of Furneys, 12 Feb., for my master's fee for the year ended at Mich. last, 4l. Of Thos. Cusake, 21 Feb., for my master's use, 10l. For the wardship of Anthony Stydolfe, 4l. 12s. 11d. Of Geoffrey Chamber, 22 Feb., for an obligation, 33l. 6s. 8d. Of Thos. Serle, 12 March, in part payment of fine for the lease of the parsonage of Elmedon, 6l. Of Rob. Cokeyn, 13 March, 10l. Of Morgan Kemys, 22 March, for the revenues of Rumpney, 12l. 13s. 10d. Of the bishop of Winchester, 25 March, 66l. 13s. 4d. Of my lady Guldeford, 28 March, in allowance of ½ oz. 1½ dwt. lacking in the weight of a chain of gold remaining with my master to the King's use, 23s. Of John Freman, "for satisfaction of a pair of gilt flagons, which he received of my master for the furniture of certain plate given by the King to Mons. Mompesarte," 40l. 11s. 2d. Of my lord of St. John's, 8 April, for my master's fee for three quarters of a year ended at the Annunciation of Our Lady last, 7l. 10s. Of John Haselwood, for my master's half year's fee of the Jewel-house, 25l. Of John Haselwood, 24 April, for my master's half-year's fee of the chancellorship of the Exchequer ended at Easter last, 13l. 6s. 8d. Total, 706l. 4s. 11d.
ii. Payments.—To Will. Fraunceys, for the works at Canbury, in seven payments, from 5 to 25 Jan., 15l. To John Merynge, in eight payments, from 27 Jan. to 10 April, 57l. To John Merynge, 8 Jan., to be employed in my master's household, 5l. ; and on 18 Jan., 8l. To John Kyrkeby, 20 Jan., to be employed in my master's household ; and 11 other payments, to 12 April, 86l.
Paid into my master's coffers to John Williamson, in five instalments, 333l. 10s. Delivered by way of prest to Thos. and John Aleyn, of Rayley, 200l. To my lord of Canterbury, 333l. 6s. 8d. To Sir Will. Skevyngton, 40l. To Sir Geoff. Pole, 40l. To Mr. Norreys, 300l. To Mr. Longe, 25l. To Cornelys Hayes, 100l. To Ric. Crumwell, 4l. 6s. 8d. To Thos. Stydolfe, for the revenues of the wardship of Ant. Stydolfe, 4l. 12s. 11d. To my lady Guldeford, 18l. 6s. 6d., parcel of the proceeds of silver vessel sold to my lord of Norfolk, 18l. 6s. 6d.
Total payments. 1,570l. 2s. 9d., leaving a "superplusage" (deficit) of 864l. 17s. 10d., which the accountant has taken by his master's command at divers times out of moneys remaining in his hands of the King's receipt.
Against which are placed certain other sums received in repayment of prests and other debts from Mr. Longe, John Hall, John Bernaby, John Brett, Thos. Adyngton, Cornelys Hayes, Rob. Acton, and Ric. Osborne ;— in all, 212l. 13s. 4d. Also of Will. Cavendisshe, for arrears of the revenues of Canbury, 18l. 10s. 4d. Of the prior of St. Bartholomew's, for my master's half-year's fee ended at the Annunciation of Our Lady last past, 10l. Of the abbot of Athelney, for his whole year's fee ended at that feast, 53s. 4d. Of my lord of St. John's, for a quarter ended at the Nativity of St. John, 50s. Money out of my master's coffers, 100l. Total, 346l. 7s. ;—of which 71l. 11s. 3d. was delivered to John Kyrkeby to be spent in my master's household, and 40l. to Ant. Bonvyse by way of exchange, to be paid to Mr. Wynter at Venice ; leaving 234l. 15s. 9d. due by this accountant. "To the which also is charged 928l. 10s. above prested to divers persons ;" and so remains 1,163l. 5s. 9d., whereof allowed for the aforesaid superplusage 864l. 17s. 10d., leaving 298l. 7s. 11d.
Large paper, pp. 7. With memoranda in Cromwell's hand on the back of the last leaf, relating to the same matters.
16 July.
R. O.
842. Sir Thos. Audeley to [Cromwell].
Sends two warrants showed him by a servant of his, brother to Sir Thomas Abell, chaplain to the lady Katharine, princess dowager. Begs he will advertise the King thereof. Has made great search for Abell, in order to examine him who wrote and procured the two warrants. Abell is not to be found, except he be in the house of the said Princess. As soon as Audeley can conveniently come by him, he will learn the truth, "for I perceive that there is secret confederacies." Begs his warrants may be signed. Sends a quittance and a warrant for the French king. "Ye are privy to it." If the King will sign it, it shall be despatched with speed. Has so many suitors he cannot leave the city for recreation. Begs he will remember the King's grace for him. London, Wednesday, 16 July.
Hol., p. 1.
16 July.
R. O.
843. [Sir] Edward Boughton to Cromwell.
The King's works at Lesenes are much hindered because the cesses are unpaid. Thinks the defaulters should be distrained. Begs he will direct a warrant dormant to Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the Chamber, to pay such "cessements" as may be due from the King. The bearer, who is deputy to the abbot of St. Austin's collector for assessment, knows not to whom to sue. My lord of Wiltshire refuses to interfere, but advises application to you and the Lord Chancellor. The Lord Chancellor refuses, and advises that a bill should be submitted to the King, who is our great owner there, and owes 21l. for 420 acres, and 35l. in all. The cessement varies from 8d. to 1s. Hereafter 4d. or 6d. will be sufficient. His accounts have been sent to Ashton and Mymmes, auditors appointed by the duke of Norfolk and the Council. Wants money for the laborers. Woolwich, 16 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council, and Chancellor of the Exchequer. Endd. : Edward Boughton.

R. O.
844. Thomas Fuller to Sir Edw. Boughton.
The work is not getting on well. "The rent is within 2 rods of the growyne in the swache that Loggett last made, and the growyne ys not over the swache as they reckon hit must go," so that the earthmen cannot come to it until "the growynez be mett together." The workmen care neither for Clerke nor any man else. Divers of Loggett's company are sick, "and some lachez their work," as Boughton will learn at his coming. Lessenez, Wednesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Unto his right worshipful master, Sir Edward Boughton, knt. Endd.
16 July.
Cal. E. I. 65. B. M.
845. Du Bies to Lord Lisle.
Thanks him for a present of four lyme hounds. Is sorry he has no opportunity at present of doing him service. "Quant a ce qu'il vous a pleu me faire s[avoir que] aves entendu que mons. le conte de Richemont est ap ... ye a trespas, toutes choses peuvent advenir mais je ne ... [en]coire neantmoins que depuis peu de tamps jay eu nouvelle[s] ... [de] la court et ne men made (mande) lon riens." The French king is going to Nostre Dame du Puis and Toulouze, and will return thence to Lyons to meet the Pope, as arranged, as Lisle may have been informed (pour se trouver a lentreveue du Pape e ... luy quy est conclue). B[oulogne], 16 July.
"[Mons.] le Debitis, mon bon voisin ... mois d'Aoust aller a Boullogne ... comme jay dit a vostre serviteur." Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add. : Mons de Lille, etc., gouverneur de Calais.
16 July.
Camusat, 133 b.
846. Francis I. to the Bailly of Troyes.
Is grieved to hear by his last letter of June 30 of the death of Queen Mary, duchess of Suffolk. As to what the King said, on being shown the letters of cardinals Tournon and Grammont, of his discontent with the Pope's conduct, will make no other answer except that when he and the Pope meet, he will so occupy himself in Henry's interest that all present will acknowledge that he esteems the King's affairs as his own, and he will continue to do what he can to prevent the Pope from taking any steps prejudicial to the King.
The cardinals Tournon and Grammont write on the 28th ult. that the Pope is quite determined to be at Nice immediately after the first rains of August, and this he has declared to the Imperial ambassador and others. M. de Savoy's agent has told the Pope that his master will place the town and castle of Nice in his hands, for the interview. Sees nothing now to prevent it.
The duke of Norfolk has been with him for four or five days. Has been much pleased with what he has said on the King's part. Was glad of his arrival, both on account of the affection he bears to the Duke, and because he would have been sorry to see him travel further on account of his recent illness. Has thought it advisable for him to go to Lyons, and remain there till the King's return from Toulouse. The Duke can then meet him at Avignon, and go on to the interview at Nice. At Lyons he can have frequent news from England, Rome, and elsewhere, and Francis will forward him what news he receives. Has sent the bishop of Paris and the sieurs de Morette, de Vaulx, de la Hargerie, and others, to accompany him. He and his company are much pleased with their entertainment in all the places they have passed through. A nephew of the escuier Merveilles has come hither in great haste from Milan, which he left on Tuesday, with news of the execution of Merveilles by the duke of Milan on the preceding day. Had sent him as an Ambassador to the Duke. Is determined to resent it. Desires him to mention the fact to the King, and ask his advice. Sends an extract from letters from his Ambassador at Venice. Villeneufve, in Auvergne, 16 July 1533.
17 July.
R. O.
847. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I have brought the election at Malmesbury to my arbitrament and Mr. Bawgh jointly. I trust it will meet the King's pleasure. I shall not fail to do your pleasure, and meet you at the court on Sunday. Mr. Bayneton will write you his mind, as he told me, and will be glad of your favor. "The chambere and the cosyner be mayd proctores to cum to the courte to present the compromisse." 17 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Thomas Crumwell. Endd.
17 July.
R. O.
848. Henry Lockwoode to Cromwell.
Thanks for your goodness to me and the colleges. It is now a full twelvemonth since I began my suit for the signing of our book for the college lands. It has been very costly, and I have made hard shift to get money. Therefore help us, or limit this bearer, Mr. Wiatt, what time he shall wait upon you. We shall be glad if we can have any of our arrears, and to see liberally to your pains. At my last being with you I thought to have given you half a tun of wine, that I might have called for a cup thereof for me or my friend. But I feared the deceitfulness of the merchants ; therefore I would have given you the price that your steward might have provided what was meet for you, but I could not have you at any opportunity. I therefore send it by the bearer. Christ's College, Cambridge, 17 July.
Hol., but not in his own hand, p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
17 July.
R. O.
849. J. Lord Husey to Cromwell.
I received yours, and have showed my Lady the King's commandment for the delivery of the Princess's jewels to Mrs. Elmer. As yet I never saw them, except when the Princess wore them. The bearer will show you my Lady's answer. Let me know the King's pleasure and yours what shall further be done. Bewelow, 17 July. Sealed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
17 July. 850. Peter Vannes, Papal Collector.
See Grants in July, No. 43.
17 July. 851. Eustace Chapuys, Imperial Ambassador.
See Grants in July, No. 45.
17 July.
R. O.
852. The Cow Bridge, Calais.
Gervon de Vader, "th'Antonye man of Arde," 17 July 25 Hen. VIII., says that he brought the abbot of St. James, of Paris, and 10 horses with him, of his own servants, into Calais, over the marsh ground called the Cow Bridge, and saw at the same time seven or eight carts driven before them laden. He has seen this marsh full of water and mud, so that neither man nor horse could pass without loss of life ; but now it is so hard that any car may pass over it as in the streets of Calais.
P. 1. Endd.
17 July.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 316. B. M.
853. Clement VII. to Charles V.
As Rodrigo Davalos is leaving, writes in answer to the letter from the Emperor, which he received from him, and another received from Capt. Aponti. Is pleased to hear of the Empress's convalescence. Cannot sufficiently praise his resolution concerning Coron, which he doubts not will succeed with the help of God.
As to the English matter, when Rodrigo arrived the Queen's cause was already begun to be pressed by considerations of justice, as the Emperor will know by the letters of the count of Cifuentes and from Davalos. The principal cause has not been concluded, but proceedings have been taken super attentatis, not from the Pope's fault, but in consequence of defects in the process, and other difficulties arising from the Queen's agents. When the time comes, the principal cause will be proceeded with, without fail, to its due termination. Trusts the Emperor will give him assistance, without which all efforts on this side will be in vain.
As to the interview with the French king, has determined to go to Nice. Rome, 17 July 1533.
17 July.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 319. B. M.
854. Cardinal of Jaen to Charles V.
It was a good plan to send a special person to manage the English matter, as the Ambassador has done much since Rodrigo Davalos' arrival which would not otherwise have been done. The Pope, influenced by my persuasion, will be inclined to give sentence. The auditors of the Rota and College of Cardinals have been very diligent lately. As the process on the Queen's part was found to be defective, as your Majesty will see by the instruction sent separately, the case has been proceeded with super attemptatis. I have managed, with some trouble, that this shall be done by sentence with all the usual solemnities. Sends a copy of the sentence, and others must be sent to Flanders and England. It gives the Queen all that can be granted to her for the principal cause (por la principal). There is nothing in it to be discussed, except whether or not it will be obeyed. As a consolation for not having obtained the principal sentence, your Majesty will see the result of the interview between Francis and the Pope, and be able to make preparations to act in accordance with your duty and honor. During these holidays, the lawyers are altering and preparing what is necessary for the process.
I have abstained from speaking about any other matters, as the Ambassador gives me no information. Rome, 17 July 1533.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
18 July.
R. O.
855. Nic. Haukins to Henry VIII.
Thos. Beeston arrived this morning with the King's letters and instructions. Does not find among them the Pope's brief which he sent out in November last, but only the brief of Julius dispensing with the matrimony. Beeston has made as much speed as possible, both by horse and on foot. Not being able to find out where the Emperor was, he was obliged to ride to and fro sundry ways, where he could get no horses.
Last night a post came to the Emperor with news that Barbarossa with 40 foists and 8 galleys had put to flight the 19 Spanish galleys which went after Andrew Doria to the succour of Corone. Today the duke of Savoy is arrived in Mountson. Nothing is said here of the cause of his coming. Almunia, 18 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
18 July.
R. O.
856. Nic. Haukins to Cromwell.
Thanks for his gentle and comfortable letters, and the prudent and friendly advertisements therein. Thanks God, the King, and Cromwell that he has occasion, time, and place to expedite such great and weighty matters, especially seeing that the Emperor has very much business of his own, what with his courts and what with Corone.
The remainder is similar to the letter to the King of the same date. Almunia, 18 July 1533.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
18 July.
R. O.
857. Lord Leonard Gray to Cromwell.
Has repaid him the money he lent him on his plate when he was going to Calais with the King. Cromwell's servant Williamson has sent a pair of flagons that are not Lord Leonard's, and he wishes the right pair to be given to his chaplain, Sir William. Encloses a copy of a letter from his sister Kildare to the King, and she desires Cromwell to favor her suit.
She wishes to have in farm of the King, for her and her son Gerald Fitzgerald, the manors of Rathwere, Castell Rycard, Rathcoure, Salsheagh, and Salrayne, in Meath. Divers such leases have been already granted to lord Butler, the baron of Delven, and others. 18 July.
She wishes this to be labored secretly, that her husband may not know of the suit, for he would rather have the manor for his eldest son than for hers. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell.
18 July.
R. O.
858. Sir Thomas Audeley and Cromwell to Will. Haukyns and Will. Randall, Bailiffs of Weymouth.
Warrant for the delivery into the nearest prison of six prisoners taken in a ship, the Trinity, of Hull, laden with wine according to an indenture made with Edw. Waters, produced by Will. Gonson of London. London, 18 July 25 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
18 July.
R. O.
859. Thomas Beyston to Master Ansley, Yeoman of the Cellars.
Has safely arrived, with the King's affairs, at the Emperor's court, after great pain, hunger, thirst, and lack of lodging, and much trouble in getting horses. The Emperor lies in the barrenest country in the world, in a poor town of Arragon called Monson, and there keeps a Parliament. He is forced to keep it here, as the countries made answer, each that they would not come into the other country, the third would come into neither of the two, and the fourth into neither of the three, until it was agreed they should all come to Monson as a neutral place. An infidel called Barbe Rowsse has taken eight of the Emperor's galleys. The town of Barcelona has risen against the Emperor for a small matter of a blow given, and, before it was appeased, slew 30 of the Emperor's men. A sea captain of the Emperor's has taken two towns from the Turks, who have since besieged them, and given two assaults ; but the Emperor has sent Andrea Doria to succour them. Allmonye, 18 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
18 July.
R. O.
860. [Sir] Edward Boughton to Cromwell.
Puts him in remembrance of a commission of sewers for the safety of the Marshes. Is so much engaged in the inning of the Marshes, that he cannot attend to those who owe money for divers cesses. Without a commission Plumsted and Lesenes will be in danger. Cannot stir without great pain. Woolwich, 18 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
18 July.
R. O.
861. The Lord Chancellor.
Receipt given by Sir Thos. Awdelay, lord chancellor, to Cromwell as treasurer of the King's jewels, for the sum of ... due "for my wex" at Mich. [last]. 18 July 25 Hen. VIII.
Corrected draft, in Cromwell's hand. P. 1, large paper.
18 July.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 78 b. B. M.
862. Slyndon Park.
Warrant by [Cranmer] archbishop of Canterbury for the delivery of a buck from the park of Slyndon, Sussex, to Edmond Smyth, esquire of the Body for the King.
Imperfect. Copy. 6 lines.
Ib. C.'s Letters, 250. ii. Warrant [by Cranmer] for a buck from Slyndon park to be brought to Otford against the 22nd inst. Otford, 18 July 25 Hen. VIII. "the first year of our consecration."
Copy, p. 1.
18 July.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 311. B. M.
863. Henry VIII.'s Divorce.
"Relacion de lo que escribe el conde de Cifuentes y el cardenal de Jaen, 16, 17, 18 de Jullio 1533."
Cardinal Pistoya has already gone to Nice [where the interview between Francis and the Pope will be held] by land, he who spoke so well in Consistory about the English case. (Marginal note : A letter of thanks to this Cardinal.)
The Nuncios in France and England write that the king of England is vexed at the interview, though he was not so at first, fearing that something will be treated against him. (Marginal note : Let him inform himself, and report on this with care.)
Jacobo Salviatis says that the duke of Norfolk was not well received by the people at Paris, because his King did not observe the laws of the Church, but that the French king showed him great favor.
In a letter of the 18th of the same month he relates what passed with the Pope concerning the sentence which he gave in the case of the queen of England. His Holiness gave him to understand that it would never be concluded, as there was so much opposition, unless it was by him ; and that he has always had great consideration for the Emperor.
Doubtless he has been very desirous of doing justice. Both Rodrigo Davalos and Dr. Ortiz have worked well in the cause. (Marginal note : The Emperor wishes for a decision in the principal cause, and he is writing to the Pope.) Doctors Aragonia and Anguiano have given up all other business for this. (Marginal note : Their salaries are ordered to be paid.) The sentence will be printed and sent to many places. (Marginal note : It shall be done.)
The Pope said that unless the Queen was very sure of her servants that they would not give her poison, she should leave the kingdom. ("Que si la reyna no tuviese muy buen recaudo de criados que la guardasen y de confianza para que no le diesen yervas que no se saliese del reyno y que sino que se saliese.") (Marginal note : It has already been written to him that it is not advisable that she should leave England for these reasons. She is fully advised by the Emperor.)
Jacobo Salviati said that the Emperor must determine about the execution of the sentence in the principal cause, and speak clearly, otherwise it is doubtful if the Pope will give sentence. (Marginal note : The Pope may be assured that the Emperor will do what is right, and that after the sentence and censures the English people will favor the Queen.)
The cardinal of Jaen writes on the 17th to approve of Davalos having been sent, and that this sentence gives as much to the Queen as one in the principal cause could have done. (Marginal note : Thanks to be given to him.) Davalos' persuasions were, in fact, the cause of this sentence.
The Queen's process is defective in many parts.
Sp., pp. 9. Modern copy from Simancas.
19 July.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 27. B. M. C.'s Letters, 250.
864. Cranmer to [Sir William] Kingston.
"Cousin Kyngeston," I have received your letters in which you marvel at my using the "old process," by which you think the matter is frustrate, and your son Antony also. I did so for conscience sake. I acted as I think every just judge ought. I took new depositions of witnesses upon your son's words, trusting they would "countervail" the first 16 brought by you. The Dean of Arches, and both his counsel and hers, who were with me at the time, said the first 16 witnesses could not be countervailed unless proved not honest men or not unbiassed ; which I think impossible, though Dorothy Harper says she can do it. Am at a loss to counsel you. Even if you take the way of your son's impotency, I do not think it will serve. The witnesses, if they speak falsely, and you who called them, have lost your son ; if they speak the truth the matter must stand as it is. If your son and his wife would agree together it would be a great comfort both to them and their friends. Unless I see better cause for divorce, I will never consent that he should live in adultery with another woman, and she with another man. If he were my son I would rather he begged all his life than did so. Otford, 19 July.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
19 July.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 28. B. M. C.'s Letters, 251.
865. Cranmer to certain Curates.
Circular desiring them to hold collections in their parishes in aid of the church of Malling, which requires repair. Otford, 19 July. Add. : "To certain curates."
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
19 July.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 28. B. M. C.'s Letters, 251.
866. Cranmer to the Abbot of Westminster.
Desires the Abbot to remember his promise to Cranmer of the next vacancy among the beadmen of the foundation of Henry VII. for one John Fyssher. Otford, 19 July,
Add. : "My brother abbot of Westminster."
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 28. B. M. C.'s Letters, 252.
867. Cranmer to his Chancellor.
Send me the process of the judges delegatory and the depositions of witnesses in the case of "variance of matrimony" between Thos. Perry and Jane Benbowe. If you have done so already, then warn the parties to appear before me on Monday next.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
19 July.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 28 b. B. M. C.'s Letters, 252.
868. Cranmer to Cromwell.
The Prior of the Friars Preachers of Bristol (fn. 3) sues me for licence to preach. Send word by bearer if the Council have so discharged him that I may grant licence. Otford, 19 July.
Moreover, please favor the preferment of this bearer to the room, now in the King's hands, of "esquire bedell of arts" at Oxford. The appointment, by way of resignation, made by the University without the King's consent, is frustrate. Otford, 19 July.
Add. Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 28 b. B. M. C.'s Letters, 252.
869. Cranmer to the Prioress [of St. Sepulchre's, Canterbury].
Summons to bring her nun, "which was some time at Courteupstrete," before Cranmer, at Otford, against Wednesday next. Otford, &c.
Add. : "To the Prioress."
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
19 July.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 29. B. M. C.'s Letters, 253.
870. Cranmer to Lord Abergavenny.
Divers of his tenants of Mayfield inform him that they have certain liberties, always maintained by his predecessors, which one Wm. Smythe has attempted to infringe by serving a supplicavit on John Kydder, tenant there. Desires Burgavenny to punish the offender and redress such offences in future. Otford, 19 July.
Add. : "Lord of Burgavenny."
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
19 July.
R. O.
871. "Thomas Letteley, Abbott," (fn. 4) to Lady Lisle.
Is glad to hear of the good health of lord and lady Lisle. My lord of Hyde (fn. 5) was sore sick and like to die, but now is in good health, and so are all her old poor loving neighbours in these parts. At my little manor of Townhill, St. Margaret's even. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : At Calais. Endd.
19 July.
R. O.
872. Cromwell to Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, Judge of the Common Bench, and Walter Luke.
A nisi prius is to be tried before them at the next assizes at Lincoln, concerning the title of Antony Stydolffe, my ward. It has been secretly sued out, and may be prejudicial to me. The bearer will show you deeds and writings proving my title. I require you to stay the trial till you have further knowledge ; the more so as I am credibly informed the inquest is already so partially empannelled, that it is thought they will pass directly against the truth. I therefore require you to foresee and provide my indemnity in this part. London, 19 July.
Desires credence for the bearer. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
19 July.
R. O.
873. Ric. Jones to the Mayor of Bristol.
You are well reported of by all that love God. His Spirit speaks in all them whom He has chosen, and in no other. I am informed of this by no friend of yours, but by an uncharitable bedeman of yours, one Mr. Hybarden, "a good Papesman, and a faithful, for he believes in the Holy Father, the Poucke ; for the Poucke is he cannot err, and by him must we be justified ;" of which Scripture makes no mention ; for, whatever the clergy does, they cannot err. I answered, that is not so ; "for a lady Katryne be king Henry's wife the Church hath erred ; if she be not, the Church hath erred." Then Hybarden said, "I think the world is nigh at a point." And I said "Haye, Sere, perseve ye me that plures sunt animales saserdotes (sic) quam homines bene facientes." If ye can[not?] interpret this "asked" (ask it) of Mr. Latimer's boy, "for [he] can declared" (declare it). You shall understand what prayers your bedeman Hybarden says for good Mr. Cromwell and you ;—three psalms of the Psalter every day, three times kneeling on his knees, with the whole ceremony and suffrage pertaining to the Holy Father the "Powcke's" charity. Which psalms begin, Judica, Domine, nocentes me, &c. (ps. 47). The second, Deus judicium tuum Regi da (ps. 89). The third, Deus laudem meam (ps. 131) ; which is a strange charity. Your unacquainted orator, prisoner in the Tower of London, and bedfellow with Hybarden three days after he came into the Tower. 19 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Headed : 1533.
[19 July ?]
R. O.
874. Will. Tyldysley to Cromwell.
I have delivered the Council's letter to the Ambassador, who will meet them at Oking (fn. 6) at the time appointed. He will not leave London till tomorrow, and will come to dinner. London, Saturday.
Hol., p. 2. Add. : Of the Council.
20 July.
R. O.
875. Edw. Lee, Archbishop of York, to Cromwell.
Commends the bearer, Dr. Bentley, an old friend of his, and a right honest man. He has a suit to make to Cromwell. The manor of Stockwell, 20 July 1533. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
20 July.
Cal. B. III. 30. B. M.
876. William Lord Dacre to Henry VIII.
Received his letter, dated Westminster, the 6th, on the 9th. In reference to his last, touching the injuries done at Beawcastledale, for which he is accused of negligence, at that time the King's commissioners at Newcastle commanded him to proclaim an abstinence for fifteen days. Caused his servant Thomas Dacre to invade the west of Tevidale, and make reprisals. West Tevidale is far off, and the ground bad. Great losses are incurred by the inhabitants leaving their houses undefended. Thinks it belongs to the warden of the Middle Marches to have a good look-out against invasions, as he will do on the West Borders. Reminds the King that he wrote for ordnance to cast down the steeple of Annande, six miles within Scotland, which has done much annoyance. A person calling himself James Griffith, of Wales, son to Sir Rice ap Thomas, who had been prisoner in London, and has with him in Edinburgh his wife and daughter, sent two servants from St.Ninian's into Wales. He has not yet seen the King, but has begged of the Lords of the Council that during the war he may remain in Scotland, and, in case of peace, be transferred to the Emperor. He says he and his friends can raise 10,000 men. Has written about him before. Begs that the assize may be kept in Carlisle, and not at Penrith, as appointed by the justice. It will be dangerous for the gentlemen and freeholders to go so far from the Borders. Naward, 20 July. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
20 July.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 126. B. M.
877. Duke of Suffolk to Cromwell.
Has received his letters and a bill signed by the more part of the office of arms, affirming that the officers for whom Cromwell has written to him are able and sufficient to have their rooms. Desires him to move the King on their behalf. Ewelme, 20 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell. Endd.
20 July.
R. O.
878. [Cromwell] to "Master Mustiam."
Desires him to allow the bearer to enjoy a lease of the ferme or parsonage of Brokesley, in the parish of Deptford, Kent, demised to him by Mr. Otywell of Westminster, deceased. London, 19 July.
Draft, p. 1.
ii. [Cromwell] to "Master Mustyam."
The bearer complains that Mustyam intends to wrong him by taking the tithe corn of Brokleye, otherwise West Greenwich, to which Cromwell thinks he has no title, and advises him not to do anything until he can make an honest claim, London, 20 July,
Hol., draft, p. 1.
20 July.
R. O.
879. Sir Wm. Kyngston to Lord Lisle.
My poor wife sends compliments to you and my Lady. I thank you for my cheese. We have little news. We are like to have war with Scotland, for I hear they are wilful and keep promise like Scots ; but, God willing, the King will provide for them. The King and Queen are well and merry, and all the Court, for I came home within these two days. Your friend, my lord of Carlisle, is very sick and keeps his bed. If I can get any good red deer I will send you some, but the King is very "dangerous of that flesh." Commend me to Master Porter and Master Marshal. Wanstead, 20 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais.


  • 1. Robert Brancetour.
  • 2. This date, with a number of other corrections in this place, is struck out.
  • 3. John Hilsey, afterwards bishop of Rochester.
  • 4. Thomas Stevens, abbot of Netley, otherwise called Letteley.
  • 5. John Salcot or Capon, abbot of Hyde, who was promoted to the see of Bangor 19 April 1534.
  • 6. The Court, which had been staying at Windsor during the preceding week, was at Woking on Friday, 25 July. This letter may have been written on Saturday, the 19th.