Henry VIII: August 1533, 11-20

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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'Henry VIII: August 1533, 11-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533, ed. James Gairdner( London, 1882), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol6/pp418-432 [accessed 19 July 2024].

'Henry VIII: August 1533, 11-20', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Edited by James Gairdner( London, 1882), British History Online, accessed July 19, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol6/pp418-432.

"Henry VIII: August 1533, 11-20". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Ed. James Gairdner(London, 1882), , British History Online. Web. 19 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol6/pp418-432.


August 1533, 11-20

11 Aug.
R. O.
967. R. Gwent Of The Arches to Cromwell.
"When my lord of Canterbury had examined the nun of Canterbury upon your interrogatories, she began to come near home, and desired to speak with my Lord apart ; and then she confessed many mad follies. And most was that at Whitsuntide last, she, being in a trance, had partly an answer of the King's Highness and of the Queen's Grace ; but it was no certain answer what end they should have in the matter. But she had this answer that without fail at the next trance she shall have a determinate answer ; and therefore she desired licence of my Lord to go to Cortopstrete, and there this week she shall have a trance, and then she shall know perfectly." My Lord has given her leave to go thither and return to him, hoping then to perceive her foolish dissimulation. But for your interrogatories she would have confessed nothing ; "for my Lord doth yet but dally with her, as he did believe her every word ; and as soon as he hath all he can get of her she shall be sent to you." My Lord wishes to know the King's pleasure who shall intimate his appeal, and hopes the King will write letters that it may be done by those whom he puts in trust, so that 12 more may be made ready. Two points are very necessary, of which I moved the King's Highness, viz., quod fiat intimatio, at que etiam requirantur Papa et Cardinales ad prfigendum Concilium. I beg you to thank the King for the buck he gave me at your desire. It did me more honesty than 20 nobles. London, 11 Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Of the King's Council.

Hist. MS. Com. Report, VI. 444.
968. The Earl Of Derby to Lord Dacres.
"I perceive by your letter directed to Sir Robert Bellincham, kt., dated at Naward on the 11th of August, that you be informed by the lord of Northumberland that the Scottish king intendeth to invade this our Sovereign Lord's realm, wherefore ye desire him in the King's name, with all the horsemen he may muster upon an hour's warning, to be in readiness to resist the same. And forasmuch as Sir Robert is steward to my Lady, my mother, and me, of our tenants near to Farness (Furness?) and far from the borders of Scotland, I desire you to be contented that Sir Robert, with the tenants aforesaid and such other as he can make, may serve the King under me, if any such case shall fortune, ye having otherwise sufficient number and power for the Borders and Marches of the realm." 25 Hen. VIII.

Ib. 445.
969. The Earl Of Derby to Sir Robert Bellyncham.
Mentions the letter to Lord Dacres, and asks Sir Robert to send to Dacres to learn his further mind herein.
12 Aug.
R. O.
970. Guild In St. Olave's, Southwark.
Indenture, dated 11 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII., between Cromwell on the one part and Thos. Brews, Thos. Purdon, Rob. Leighton, and Thos. Dunmowe, wardens of the guild of the Name of Jesu, lately founded in St. Olave's church, Southwark, by which the latter are bound, on purchasing lands under a patent lately granted them by the King, to pay a fine to Cromwell as clerk of the Hanaper, to the King's use, as follows ; viz., for every 20s. rent acquired at five years' purchase 5l., and of every 40s. rent by them so purchased 10l., until they have bought lands to the value to them limited of 40l. Each payment to be made within a year after the purchase.
Corrected draft, pp. 2, large paper.
ii. Bond of 200l. by the said wardens for the fulfilment of the above indenture. Dated 12 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII.
Lat., p. 1. Corrected draft.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the preceding.
Large paper, pp. 2.
12 Aug.
R. O.
971. Richard Prior Of Bustlesham to Cromwell.
Accept this poor young man in his great necessity, as it pleased you to show great love to lord Mountague, founder of our monastery. He has been a good religious man in his conversation among us, and we should have been glad to have retained him still, but our many charges and changes of priors have brought our house behindhand. Byssham, 12 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
12 Aug.
R. O.
972. [Lord Lisle to Cromwell.]
This day John Fleccher of Rye arrived with a hoy laden with wood. On their way they saw 11 sail of great ships, each with two or three tops, and fully furnished with men. From one of them came a boat aboard to the said hoy ; on seeing which Fleccher confesses he went under hatches. The hoymen were asked whence they were, and answered they were of Dunkirk. The men of war replied, "Thou art of Calais, and carriest this wood thither." Then answered the hoymen, "Whence soever we be we have war with no man." The men of war said, "We have war with none but with the Hollanders and Englishmen." Some say there are 17 sail. I have also news that the Hollanders arm 30 sail of great ships against the Lubecks. Anthony Morys, pursuivant of the Staple, who came this day from Bruges, says there come 100 men of war to Gravelines, to what intent hitherto is unknown. While writing this, there came four sail of French ships to Calais haven for succour, who say that the foresaid ships have robbed an Englishman in the Downs. Calais, 12 Aug. 1533.
P. 1. Begins : Right honorable Sir.
12 Aug.
Camusat, 135.
973. Francis I. to the Bailly Of Troyes.
Has received his letter of the 18th, with an account of what the king of England says concerning the outrage committed by duke Francis Sforza in beheading Merveilles. Intends to write to all Christian princes about it, as he does to Henry. Sends a copy of the letter and an account of the proceedings by Merveilles' nephew, to be shown to the King, whose advice he desires.
Had heard of the sentence given at Rome before receiving his letter. Is much displeased. Hoped that the affair would be remitted to the interview between the Pope and himself. Does not despair of redressing matters at the interview, and will do his best then. Norfolk has just sent Brian with the news of the sentence. Has told him his mind. Hears that Mr. de Rochefort has returned from England to the duke of Norfolk, who has now left Lyons to come to Francis. Narbonne, 12 Aug. 1533.
13 Aug.
Le Glay, Analectes Hist., p. 198.
974. Clement VII.
"Bulle du Pape Clment VII. contenant la sentence rendue contre le roi d'Angleterre Henri VIII. au sujet de sa sparation d'avec Catherine d'Aragon et son mariage avec Anne de Boleyn, avec ordre audit Roi de reprendre ladite Catherine sous peine d'excommunication. Rome, 13 Aug. 1533."
13 Aug.
Vienna Archives.
975. Chapuys to Charles V.
Instead of giving me an audience, as I wrote, on Sunday the 4th, the King sent a gentleman to me to say that as his physician and some others in the court had been taken by the sweat, he had been compelled to retire to a private house with none but those of his chamber ; but if our charge could only be explained to himself alone, we might have an interview with his Council, who would report to him. This we did, and found them in a house in a park 22 miles from London. They amused us with hunting. We found there only the bishop of Winchester, chief secretary, Cromwell, and the dean of the chapel. They told us that the King was sorry that he had not been able to give us audience, but made his account in taking us hunting and feasting us. We submitted our case touching the innovations with regard to the Staple of Calais, which had been shut, against the custom of the wool trade, asking if this was done by order of the King. Details particulars of the interview, and the reasons they used. Their answer was not final, as the King himself intended to reply by mouth, and Cromwell had undertaken to stay to conduct us to Court ; but as one of Norfolk's servants was come from Lyons he was forced to leave at midnight, telling us not to go to Court until we heard from him.
Following the track of which I wrote to you lately, and finding good opportunities to speak to Cromwell, who sought to converse with me, I proceeded to humour and flatter him, telling him that I often regretted that he had not come to the notice of his master when the Cardinal did ; for as his wit and ability were greater than the Cardinal's, there were a thousand occasions more than now for aggrandising himself, and he would have been a much greater man than the Cardinal, and his master's affairs would have been much better managed. I insisted much upon this, drawing the comparison between the past and the present, and that the King was very fortunate to have got such an excellent servant, considering especially the troubles of the times. Seeing by his face how extremely agreeable this was to him, I passed on to say that now was the time when he might do more service to his master than any man ; for since sentence had been given in favor of the Queen, as he confessed to me, there was no longer any hope of that, which some persons, reckoning without their host, had suggested to the King, his master, viz., that you and the Pope would consent to the divorce ; and it must be thought that the King, being a prince of so much sense and virtue, would not persist in this error, or stain with such an infamy his great gifts of grace and nature. I urged him therefore to persuade the King to return to the right path, which he could do with more credit and authority than any man, as he was now of the King's Council, and was not at the time when this cursed affair was invented ; that the chief hope the Queen had of redressing her affairs rested in him, and if she were restored he would find her a good mistress and better for his purpose than I could tell him. He thanked me much for what I said, assuring me that he and the rest of the Council are well disposed to your Majesty, and he added that he would do all good offices he could, and he hoped all would go well. He did not say, as he used to do, that you and the Queen would do well to consent, and judging from his words, with the long time the King has been away from the Lady, that he has begun to repent. He had told me before that he was to come in two days to London, and we should go hunting together, or wherever else it pleased me ; but as various despatches have arrived from France and Rome, he has not yet had leisure to keep his promise. I lay out all my threads to catch him, always keeping a watchful eye not to adventure myself too far, as I know not whom to trust.
In anticipation of the presumed repentance to which I have alluded, it is probable that, if the Pope refuse to hear the duke of Norfolk and other ambassadors until he have in his power the archbishop of Canterbury and others who have assisted in the sentence, this King will put water in the wine. He finds himself, it is said, in great perplexity from what has been done at Rome, and his Council is very much troubled both at having to send so many despatches to Rome, and also to obviate the censures which the Pope will promulgate ; for which purpose he has already once more projected (de nouveaul jectee) an appeal to the future Council. Another thing "le pacque bien en I'oreille," viz., the interview of the Pope and the king of France ; of which he was formerly very desirous, but now I am told he wishes to hinder it, fearing the Pope will win over the king of France.
The King, desiring peace or truce with the Scots, has granted the points demanded by them, of which I informed your Majesty lately ; and on this Beauvoys despatched one of his servants to the king of Scotland, who returned yesterday. I know not if he will have done anything. At the return of the French ambassador here resident and of Beauvoys, who immediately on the arrival of the said man went to Court, we shall know the truth. The said Scots, as the Scotch ambassador who last returned to France told the King, have not been well pleased at what the French and English kings have published, viz., that peace had been made between them and the English, as nothing had been concluded, and it did not look even probable. It seemed as if they wished to give the world to understand that the king of Scots was under the guidance of one or other of them ; which was enough to make the Scots draw back, whom they hold to be rather savage. "Et ce se paignist" (qu. ce Roy se plaignist?) to the said Ambassador that the Scots in the raids they had made in this kingdom had spread writings in defamation of himself and his subjects, accusing them of tyranny (les intitulant de enterannerie), infidelity, and schism. London, 13 Aug. 1533.
Hol., Fr., pp. 4. From a modern copy.
14 Aug.
R. O.
976. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
I received lately by your servant Candisshe a book of paper concerning the state of the late monastery of Christchurch, and four paper rolls of its possessions, except London. I will see to the matter as soon as God sends me health ; but as it appears by the draft of the said offices that the late prior gave the monastery and its possessions to the King, I ought to see the grant. You may send it in a box under your seal. My stomach is very feeble, and I have a great pain in the back of my head. Moreover, six or seven of my servants have fallen sick of an ague in my house, and I shall have to move for change of air. I am sorry I cannot wait on the King according to my duty. Bretaynes, 14 Aug. Signed : Thomas Audeley, k., Chancelor.
P. 1. Add. : To his heartily beloved friend Mr. Cromwell, Esq.
14 Aug.
R. O.
977. Thomas Cortun, Abbot of Cerne, to Cromwell.
I thank you for accepting of me, at the desire of Sir Thomas Arundell, the poor yearly remembrance that I send by him. I would gladly have done my duty, and seen you at my being in these parts, but you were that time with the King. I therefore desire credence for Mr. Arundell. I ask your lawful favor, as I am so watched with neighbours whom I cannot wrong if I would, but shall daily suffer from them. Westm., 14 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
ii. On the back of the preceding are memoranda in Crumwell's hand as follows :
To know the King's pleasure of the men attainted in Surrey.Docket to be made by the King's attorney how many are at the King's suit, and how far they be in suit.To know the King's pleasure about the number of persons outlawed in all the shires.What order the King will take if the Scots do not sue for peace after the truce, and what provision should be made as the truce lasts but a year.To remember the King for the reparations of his navy.A letter to be sent to Cholmeley, cofferer to the lady Mary, for the names of such as be in her Checker roll.Another letter to be sent eftsoons to the prior of Ely not to meddle with the revenues of the bishopric.
14 Aug.
Camusat, 136 b.
978. Francis I. to the Bailly Of Troyes.
Understands, by his last letter to the bishop of Paris, the state of affairs concerning the truce between England and Scotland. Thinks that the obstacle to its conclusion is of so little consequence that neither party ought to stick at it, considering the great advantage of a truce to both. He must present the accompanying letter of credence to the King, and request him to put the place which is in dispute in the hands of Francis, if the Scotch king agrees, to do with it hereafter as they both think fit. If he agrees, the Bailly can send a gentleman with one or two servants to keep the place. Has sent the Great Master to Provence to prepare for the interview, and doubts not that he will see the duke of Norfolk on the way. Besiers, 14 Aug. 1533.
14 Aug.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 335. B. M.
979. Count Of Cifuentes to Charles V.
I suppose your Majesty has heard from England that the King ordered his ambassadors here to leave when he heard of the sentence, and also the duke of Noffolc to return from France. As the Duke had not yet seen the French king, he ordered his baggage and the chief part of his horses to return, but intended to visit the King with a few followers before returning to England. It is thought that he was ordered to return partly on account of a suspicion the King has of him, as well as from anger at the sentence. The king of England has not written to the Pope, but his ambassadors have received the order. The Pope laid it before the Consistory, but the Cardinals decided that the King had no reason to complain or act as he has done. It was proposed that the Pope should recall his Nuncio. It was remembered that he was waiting for what the King would say to him, and that he would do what the Imperial ambassador did. The Pope himself told me about the ambassadors and the duke of Norfolk.
Told his Holiness that he had executed justice as a good Pope was bound to do ; that the King had no reason to complain or act as he had done towards the Queen, whom he had treated badly on account of the delay in giving sentence, and what the Pope had done to the king of England he was bound to do as soon as he knew of the marriage.
In public the Pope shows himself grieved at the King's order, but in private he told me was contented with it, as it would be a pretext for breaking off the interview without his appearing to refuse it.
There have been no letters from France for 30 days, and it is said openly that the Council does not approve of the marriage between the duke of Orleans and the Pope's niece being consummated at present, but wishes them only to be betrothed. Rome, 14 Aug. 1533.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 3.
Ibid., f. 325.
B. M.
2. "Relacion de lo que escrive el conde de Cifuentes," 5-14 Aug.
With marginal notes.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 9.
Ibid., f. 333. 3. "Relacion de lo que escrive el conde de Cifuentes en xiiij. de Agosto 1533."
With marginal notes.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 2.
14 Aug.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 337. B. M.
980. Cardinal Of Jaen to Cobos.
Has received letters from the Emperor and Cobos of 29 ult. by don Diego Ossorio, who went on the same day to Naples.
The day before yesterday a post came from England with orders to the ambassadors here to return immediately ; which must have been issued directly news was received of the sentence given in favor of the Queen. It seems that the King desires a divorce not only from his wife, but also from the Church. Advises the Emperor to write and encourage the Pope, who is troubled at this. Tells him that he has nothing to fear, as he has done his duty ; if he loses the obedience of one unfruitful island, he will gain the obedience of many more important kingdoms. This news may cause some hesitation about the interview at Nice, and perhaps be a legitimate hindrance, because the Pope hears that [the King] sent at the same time to order the duke of "Sufork" (Norfolk?), who was going to the interview, not to wait for it, but to take leave (?) of the French king, (fn. 1) and return immediately. Rome, 14 Aug. 1533.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 3.
15 Aug.
R. O.
981. Roland Lee to Cromwell.
All our lords here are in good health. I have not seen Gregory as yet. Tomorrow I intend thitherward. I send you 10 partridges. Ashden, 15 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my most entirely beloved friend, Mr. Thomas Crumwell.
15 Aug.
R. O.
982. John Graynfylde to Lord Lisle.
Has received his letter stating that he has a hawk for the writer, and wishing him to fetch it. It was only on the 10th Aug. his fever left him of such hard metal that nothing remains but skin and bone. Sent Lisle's last letter to his Lord. (fn. 2) At soon as he is well will visit Lisle, and bring with him the assurances of his benefice and other things. Begs he will send the hawk by Guyllam, Lisle's falconer. My Lord my master is very sick of a fever, and half a dozen of his house. This sickness reigns marvellously in this country. 15 Aug.
P. 1. Add.
15 Aug.
R. O.
983. Sir Ric. Whettehyll to Sir Wm. Kingston.
I and my wife recommend us to you and my good lady your wife. I beg your help to prevent the King condescending to spears to sell their rooms, whereby it will be long ere my son Robert shall have one, of which I obtained from the King the reversion by the aid of Sir John Rousell, to whom I have written also. Mr. Blunt, who was your servant, is not able to furnish the room. "Jorge Broun is about to sell hys that sold most labor to they King for a new levyng, and hys Grace to be new schargyd with hym," so that it will be a good deed to keep him in, or else "bargain with them that the King hath granted the rooms afore." Bartelet is seeking to obtain the passage from the mayor and burgesses of this town, which has been theirs since Calais was English ; and now my good lord Lisle and others of the King's council would not rest but I must be mayor this year ; so that I must labor against the said Barteley, for if he should obtain it the town would be unable to sustain the charges to which it is bound. I beg you therefore to stop his suits as much as you may. Calais, 15 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Captain of the Guard.
16 Aug.
R. O.
984. Lord Lisle.
"Anno 1533, Henrici Octavi 25.Warrants granted by my lord [Lisle] since his hither coming, for Hammes, Risebancke, and others."
1. To Thos. Fortune and Will. Bentall to deliver to Jas. Burschier half a last of gunpowder and a dozen of "shood sholvis" for Hammes castle, out of the store in charge of Sir Will. Skevington, master of the ordnance here. Calais, 16 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII. Signed : Jamys Bourchier.
2. To Will. Lentall and Thos. Fortune to deliver to John Culverhouse, constable of Rysebanke tower, a pair of new wheels for the culverine, half a last of gunpowder, 100 lead shot, and 100 iron shot for serpentines and other artillery stores. Calais, 16 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII. Signed : John Cowlluerhows.
Pp. 2.
16 Aug.
R. O.
985. Thos. Legh to Cromwell.
I am "instantly labored to" by the abbots of Fountains and Byland' visitors of the Cistercian Order in the North, to write in favor of one monk of Tholme, named dan Gawyn Boradall, who has done the King good service, but now is kept out of his house by malice and wrong information sent to you. The said Abbots and the whole country testify his innocency. They desire to have a commission to sit upon him and his accusers, according to the statutes and rules of their religion ; and that he may be punished if he has offended, or restored to his house. Ryvaus abbey (where business every day will be brought to effect according to my Lord's mind and yours), 16 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.

R. O.
986. Gawyne Boradalle, monk of Tholme Coltrane, to Cromwell.
Has been lying in Furnes Abbey, out of his own house, for 20 weeks, to his great pain, on the authority of Cromwell's letters given on the information of Robert Cokett, of Bolton Parsye, Yorkshire, who has slanderously accused him of poisoning Mr. Devyas, late abbot of Tholme. Desires letters to his good father of Furnes, with a commission to the abbots of Funtance and Byland, visitors of the Cistercian order, to examine the matter. Or let Cromwell send for him himself, which is his most inward desire. "At Furnes Abbey, the ." (Date left blank.)
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful master, Mr. Thomas Cromwell. Endd.

R. O.
987. John Abbot Of Byland to Cromwell.
Has received his letters to take into custody Gawyn Boradalle, monk of Tholme (Holme Cultram), who accordingly has been sent to him by the abbot of Furnesse. Desires authority to restore him to his house again, as it is well known his accusers cannot verify their statements ; or else send a commission to inquire. From Bylande.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master T. Cromwell. Endd.

R. O.
988. Abbey Of Holme Cultram.
Examination by the abbot Yerbye of Holme, concerning the death of Deveys, late abbot of Holme Coltram.
Dan Wm. Watson knows nothing but from "the rehearse" of dan Ric. Godfraye, who said that if dan Mathew Deveys were chosen abbot he should not continue one year. Godfraye also says that dan Gawen Boradaill said if he were not abbot, the youngest monk in the house within seven years should not covet to be abbot.
Dan Robart Langton, dan John Jacson, dan Christopher Neveynson, dan Wm. Symondson, and dan Wm. Marschall say the same. Dan Ric. Wytte says that dan Antony Rycson says that Deveys knew the same words before he was abbot.
Dan Thomas Grayam says the young man Godfraye will prove what Boradaill said, and that "I myself" am afraid to drink anything he ministered, and durst not drink anything since Deveys' death.
Dan Thos. Brown says he heard nothing "but that Boradaill should say that if he were not abbot he should within two years make the brethren, from the youngest to the eldest, and that place in that taken that they should not be able to go upon election."
Dan Arthur Necolson confirms Watson's statement, and says that when Deveys was sick, "the Sawray" went to Penrith, and as he went, asked dan John Ydille after their master, and being told he was sore sick, said he would be past sickness before they returned.
Dan Nicholl Pygnaye says nothing.
Dan John Alambye says that Borradail said before some persons of the London house that rather than dan Matthew were abbot, he would kill him with his own hand, and other like words.
Dan John Ydyll confirms the statements of the others.
Dan Ric. Godfraye says that Boradaill said that if Deveis were made abbot he would not be abbot for a year ; "and for probation of the same he is sent unto your father-head."
After Ydyll had been examined, he came in of his own accord, and said that when Deveis first fell sick he asked him for leave to go to Penrith, and on the way asked Borradaill how the abbot was, and what he trusted of him, "and he said, he would soon have done that he would in this world."
Dan Antony Wedderall says he knows nothing about Borodall "but that he should speak, or he went without the abbotship, he should make that the youngest man in the house should not labor to him." (fn. 3) He took his mother Annes Deveis' goods so soon after his death, and that was "a ewyll suspect to hym that he schulde be giltye."
Dan Ric. Darwens, dan Robt. Banks, and Ric. Pattyson say as the others do.
ii. The examination of temporal men and women who were about him when sick.
Robt. Chamber, the younger, fell sick when Deveys was dead. His sickness commenced with a great coldness and then a great heat. He went home and lay on his bed, and then fell into a great sweat and a great laxe for two days. "How I com to it I do not know, but by the voice of the country as other did."
Thos. Cokett, Deveis' uncle, fell sick in the same way.
These two were with him night and day, and ate and drank with him. He has made good that Boradaill was at the dresser at the second course the night before he sickened. Wm. Deveys, "his carnal brother," has proved that Boradaill was at the first and second courses on the said night, and that he stood on the cook's right hand, although he at first denied it.
Ric. Stanelaye says that if any man was the occasion of Deveys' death, it was Boradaill, because of the great disdain he had to him for his promotion.
Janett Astow, who was with him day and night, says that he was plain poisoned, and no other sickness dealt with him. His own mother says the same.
Boradaill left his servant Charles to fetch him as soon as Deveys was dead ; and he and Stephen of Schelton rode to him at Penrith in 3 hours, the distance being 20 miles.
Pp. 3. Docketed in the same hand.
R.O. 2. Another copy of the above, i. and ii. being on separate papers.
Pp. 3, 2.
[16 Aug.]
R. O.
989. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I am sorry I could not speak to you before you rode to court on Sunday last. "My lord Norwich" has been expecting you at Gosest all this week from Wednesday last, and would stir no game near the place that you might have your pleasure. Both he and I pray you to speed hitherward. I hope your greyhounds are better than mine. Gosest, Saturday night after the Assumption of Our Lady.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Crumwell, master of the King's Jewels.
16 Aug.
R. O.
990. Chancellor Of Denmark to Henry VIII.
In consequence of the death of the King (Frederick I.), the government of the kingdom has devolved upon the writer by his authority as Chancellor and by the commission of the kingdom. Writes in favor of Alexander Leyll, a merchant of Helsingforen, whose ship, being driven ashore near Hull, was plundered, and his nephew, the master, imprisoned. The guilty persons were Wm. Krack and Robt. Ha. Leyll, being unable to obtain justice, has desired the Chancellor to allow him to take an English ship, which has just arrived in Helsingforen, the Cudbert, of Hull, Albert Kar, master, and Gerard Mathie, Jas. Jone, Jonas Brown, Thos. Williemy, and Edw. Sheffeld, merchants. Has allowed him to take part of the goods, the value of which is 2,000 florins less than his loss, and to retain two of the Englishmen as pledges till his nephew and goods are restored.
Asks the King to do justice. This is the ninth or tenth case of violence done by Englishmen. Roschilde, the morrow after the Assumption of Our Lady, 1533.
English translation, pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Fragment of a petition addressed to the King, complaining of the piratical seizure of a ship in the river Humber, which was conveyed to Whitby and sold to the abbot of Whitby and others.
P. 1, broad sheet. Draft in Wriothesley's hand, corrected by Cromwell.
16 Aug.
Nero, B. VI. 135. B. M.
991. John Casalis to the Duke Of Norfolk.
Most of the news they receive here comes from Rome, whence, doubtless, it goes quicker to England than from Venice. Writes, nevertheless, that he may not seem to fail in his duty.
Letters of June 24 have lately come from Constantinople with news that the Ambassador of the king of the Romans had left when his business was nearly concluded, although at first the king of the Turks had entertained him with honorable gifts. Peace was to be made on condition that the king of the Romans should restore Strigonia to king John ; but other points were left to be settled between them, and the Turk will not interfere. It was agreed that each should retain what he holds, but that Strigonia should be restored, that the dowry of queen Mary might be safe without further bond. The letters stated also that when "they" exhorted the Turk in the Emperor's name to make peace with the other princes of Christendom, he replied that he would treat about this if they had any commission. The Turk is building four galleys called bastarde, under the superintendence of Aloysius Gritti. A prince who had been expelled from his kingdom by the Sophy, and restored by the help of the Turk, has revolted from the latter, and caused other peoples to do the same. As to Coron, it was reported at Rome a few days ago that Andrea Doria was informed that the famous Jewish pirate had prepared a strong fleet to meet the Spanish galleys which are to join Dorias' nineteen. He had heard also that the Turkish fleet had received an addition of 20 ships, and therefore he did not think of moving to carry aid to Coron, except in company with the Spanish ships. The Pope was reported to have decided to go to Spezzia by land, on hearing of the pirate's fleet. It may be that the 20 ships added to the Turkish fleet are those of the pirate.
Was in the church of St. Mark this morning with the other ambassadors, when certain Jews were baptized in the presence of the Doge. Was told by the Imperial ambassador that he had letters of July 28 from the viceroy of Sicily, saying that Doria was in Sicily with 26 galleys,I belonging to the Pope, 15 to himself, 4 to the religion of Rhodes, 4 to Antony Doria, who has 16, and 1 lately built by the Viceroy. There were 20 other sail,ships, galleons, and carracks. The 19 galleys were expected from Spain, and another from the Viceroy, but Doria did not wish to wait longer than the 4th or 5th of August. There are in the fleet 2,200 Spanish infantry, 1,000 Italians, and 1,000 others whom Doria brought from Genoa, with many noblemen, including the sons of the viceroy of Naples.
They are carrying 40,000 modii of corn for Coron, and 200 brass cannon of good size, 50 brass "smeriglii," 50 of iron, and 400 "cantarii," each of 200 lbs., and a great quantity of sulphur, saltpetre, iron cannon-balls, armour, &c. ; 1,000 casks of wine and vinegar, salt meat, cheese, and vegetables, to supply the garrison for 20 months. Venice, 16 Aug. 1533.
Letters of the 16th July have just come from Constantinople to the Signory, saying that their ambassador, or Baylus as they call him, has arrived, but giving no news about the peace between the Turk and the king of the Romans, or the increase of the Turkish fleet for Coron, but saying that Aloysius Gritti is slightly ill. The French king has written to his Ambassador here to tell the Signory that the duke of Milan has undeservedly put to death his ambassador Captain Maraviglia. The King's version is different to that received here. He intimates to the Signory that he intends to avenge him. This is of great importance. Writes it on a separate page that it may not be read by many. Asks him to send a copy to the King. A courier has just come from Hungary with letters from the King's secretary. Sends a copy. Signed.
Lat., pp. 4. Add. : Duci Nepholci Angli primati.
17 Aug.
R. O. St. P. I. 404.
992. Tuke to Cromwell.
Finds by his letters of the 12th there is great fault in the posts. Gives directions about them. Knows that in times past people have antedated their letters a day or two. There are two posts between London and the court : one a robust fellow, badly treated by the harbingers for lack of horseroom ; the other very laborious. Desires Cromwell to let him know which of the two is in fault. Begs that my lord of Northumberland will write on the back of his packets the hour and day of their despatch. As counterposts fall on the same day, the men have sometimes to ride both northward and southward, which is much for one horse or one man. Despatches come from my lords of Northumberland, Dacre, and sometimes from Sir George Lawson, one after another. From my house, 17 Aug. 1533.
P.S.Has received his letters of the 12th and 13th : one for letters of the French ambassador, the other for 300l. for Wm. Gonson. Has received only 2,000l. in the King's exchequer, and not 4,000l. as the King supposed ; of which Gonson had 900l. The rest was assigned by warrants before it was received. Since then has paid little less than 5,000l.
Hol. Add. : Thos. Cromwell, councillor, &c., and Master of the Jewels.
17 Aug.
R. O.
993. The Mayor Of Kingston-on-Hull to Cromwell.
Whereas you have directed your letters to us to restore to Will. Orrell all such goods as were forfeited by him by the death of John Lownd, and were given to him by the King with pardon for his offences, (fn. 4) this day as well Thos. Thomson, late mayor, and John Harrison, late sheriff, (fn. 5) as Mrs. Orrell, have comen afore us, and affirmed that they have sent in their accounts to the Exchequer, and answered for these goods, and therefore cannot accomplish your commandment. Kingston-upon-Hull, 17 Aug.
Hol., v. 1. Add. : Of the Council.

R. O.
994. William Orrell to Cromwell.
Petitions him to move the King in such of these suits as shall like his mastership.
1. For the customership of Kingston-upon-Hull, "which John Lambart bought over my head of Anthony Knyvett," and has occupied for five years "without any deputy or non recydendo." Will give Cromwell 100l. for it.
2. To have 10l. a year with the searchership of Hull, as the searchers of Bristol have 14l.
3. That he may enjoy the office of searchership according to his letters patent, for which he has paid dearly.
4. To have an annuity of 10l. a year for his services to the King, "punishment of my body," and loss of time and goods.
P. 2. Add. at the head : Sir Thomas Cromwell, knight, of the King's most hon. Council.
17 Aug.
R. O.
995. Alan Hawte to Cromwell.
I lately received from you two letters directed to my master, which I despatched, and received other letters. My master wished me to make a warrant for such sums of money as he has paid of late by your direction on the King's affairs. He begs you will procure an assignment for such sums of money, and also for that which was paid to the duke of Norfolk and his colleagues at their departure. Londo[n], 17 Aug. 1533.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
17 Aug.
Camusat, 8.
996. Cardinal Tournon to Francis I.
Has declared to the Pope what Francis wrote respecting the king of England's business, and how Francis could not help resenting what had been done against him. The Pope said he was sorry he could not satisfy Francis with respect to that which he had so often requested, but that the king of England has constrained and almost forced him to do what he has done, especially since he has seen that the King was not contented with effecting the marriage in spite of the briefs and inhibitions against it, but has caused to be published laws to the great detriment of the authority of his Holiness and the Apostolic See, and has further caused the archbishop of Canterbury to proceed to sentence, who styles himself, in a copy which we have seen in full Consistory, Legate born in England of the Apostolic See. The greater part of the cardinals would have been exasperated with the Pope if he had not done what he has. Believes that Grammont will tell Francis the same. Francis will do not a little for Henry, if he can retain the duke of Norfolk at this interview ; for, as the Cardinal has already written, however little appearance the king of England makes of repairing what he has done and obeying the Pope, the latter is willing to conciliate the King, (fn. 6) if he can do so with honor ; and perhaps when they [the Pope and Francis] meet, there will be found expedients which it would be difficult to discover if the duke of Norfolk were not present. What the writer says on this subject proceeds from his desire to serve the king of England. Believes Francis is aware that Henry has recalled his Ambassadors hence, and commanded Dr. Bennet to take leave of the Pope.
Extract from a letter of 17 Aug. 1533. Fr.
18 Aug.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 339. B. M.
997. Cardinal Of Jaen to Charles V.
Has received his letter of the 29th ult. Will execute the Emperor's orders in the matter of England. This practice was not originated by the Cardinal, but was the Pope's own doing. Does not think there will be much risk in negotiating it. If it lead to nothing else, it will cause jealousy between France and England ; and as the English are naturally suspicious, some dissension may arise among themselves ; but, as the Emperor orders, will say nothing more about it. The Pope secretly shows much vexation at the King's recall of his Ambassadors, saying that he shall lose the kingdom. Encouraged him by saying that the King would probably be ruined, and that the Holy See would not lose the obedience of the kingdom for this cause ; and if it did, it was an unprofitable island ; and the Pope's conduct would gain the affection of more important kingdoms. The Pope said that it was very necessary, and that he had said so often to the Ambassador, that during those three months that the king of England has for repentance the Emperor should send to tell him (the Pope) what he means to do towards executing the sentence against the King, and his deprivation of his kingdom. Advises the Emperor to do so, but to delay a final answer until the Pope returns from the interview, lest the Pope make use of his knowledge of his Majesty's intention for other purposes. Rome, 18 Aug. 1533.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
18 Aug.
Strype's Cranmer, No. IV.
998. Henry VIII. to Bonner.
Orders him to intimate to the Pope that he appeals from his sentence. Windsor, 18 Aug.
R. O. 2. Appeal of Henry VIII. to the next General Council against the acts of Clement VII., who had, contrary to his promise, revoked the King's cause of matrimony to Rome, pronounced the marriage with Anne Boleyn void, and required him to take back Katharine as his wife.
Pp. 10, large paper.

R. O.
999. [Cromwell's] Remembrances.
The despatch of the King's letters into France. To send my lord of Canterbury's appeal and money to Sir John Wallop and Sir Fras. Bryan. To write to Sir Fras. Bryan and Sir John Wallop. To write to Dr. Boner. To send for the aldermen of the Stylyyer.
Hol., p. 1. Endd. : Remembrances.
18 [Aug.]
R. O.
1000. John, Minister Of Waverley, to Cromwell.
This present Monday I received the letter enclosed from Mr. Myle, recorder of Hampton, desiring me to present myself with his letter ; but I am in great fear to approach you until your pleasure be known, as we are troubled in these parts with the sweat, though my house is clean. I send you the letter by the bearer. Waverley, the 18th instant.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell. Sealed.
18 Aug.
R. O.
1001. Harry Huttoft to Cromwell.
I thank you for your goodness to me, especially of late. I think you are aware of the death of the bishop of Bangor ; "and for the succeede of him in Beauly" I am a petitioner to you for one of the same religion, a good man, the abbot of Waverley. He will do his duty every way, and if you knew of his manner of living, you would be his assured good master. 18 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
19 Aug.
R. O.
1002. Sir Ric. Lyster to [Lord Lisle].
I thank you for your letter in your own hand received by your servant. I am glad to hear "of your honorable entertainer at Calais." Will not fail to send Mr. Windsor your patent. As to the report made of your servants, I know them to be of another fashion, and trust they never had cause so to report ; yet I hear of many such light sayings towards me by servants, which I never regard when I know them to be untrue. I beg you to continue my good Lord. Stanbridge, 19 Aug.
The bishop of Bangor died on Sunday last. Who shall succeed him is not yet known.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: My Lord Chief Baron.
19 Aug.
R. O.
1003. John [Capon], Abbot of Hyde, to Lord Lisle.
Master James, your young gentleman now at Reading, is in good health ; and my prior, who was with him of late, tells me he is very well ordered. The bishop of Bangor died lately. Has great need of rain. They all much miss his Lordship. His son George is in good health, increases in his learning, and is as good a child as ever was seen. Hyde Abbey, Tuesday after the Assumption.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
19 Aug.
R. O.
1004. Geo. Tayllour to Lady Lisle.
Asks her to be good lady to the bearer, Mr. George Gaynesford's son, of Calais, who has now no master, and to desire lord Lisle to take him into his service. The King and Queen are in good health and merry. On Thursday next they will come by water from Windsor to Westminster, and on Tuesday following to Greenwich, where the Queen intends to take her chamber. London, 19 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : At Calais.
20 Aug.
Harl. MS. 6,989, f. 20. B. M.
1005. Fr. Dionysius Laurerius, Procurator-General of the Servites, to Henry VIII.
The King has heard what he has done for his cause from his ambassador, D. Benedictus (Benet), D. Edoardus (Karne), and Bonner. Is much troubled at the unhappy issue, which is the result of the perfidy of others. Rome, 20 Aug. 1533. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
20 Aug.
R. O. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 279.
1006. Sir Will. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
I am informed of the death of the abbot of Beaudeley (Beaulieu), bishop of Bangor, who was in the King's displeasure for offences in these parts against the King's game. I chanced, in communication with the King, to mention one who was a virtuous man and a good husband, and had ever been good to his game, though the forests of Wolmer and Windsor and other places are about his house, and I thought he would make a good abbot of Beaudeley. On his asking who he was, I replied, the abbot of Waverley. He said it was truth, and willed me to write unto you to put him in remembrance, on his coming to London, that he might take order for the same. I assure you the suggestion came from myself alone, and not from any solicitation of the Abbot. Windsor, Thursday, 20 (fn. 7) Aug.
Pp. 2. Add. : Right worshipful.
20 Aug.
R. O.
1007. John Lord Audeley to the Duke of Suffolk.
The bishop of Bangor, late abbot of Bewley, died on Sunday last. Much suit is made for his room. Whoever is appointed abbot should be "a man of good gravity, and circumspect, and not base of stomach or faint of heart when need shall require, the place standeth so wildly ; and it is a great sanctuary, and boundeth upon a great forest and upon the seacoast, where sanctuary men may do much displeasure if they be not very well and substantially looked upon." Is urged by his neighbours on this account to write to the Duke, and my Lord Chief Baron will also certify his Grace thereof. Begs him to move the King in the matter. Wade, 20 Aug.
P. 1. Add.
20 Aug.
R. O.
1008. Harry Huttoft to Lord Lisle.
William Greate, one of his retinue, has long owed the writer 20l. 13s. 4d. Begs Lisle will use his influence to have him paid. 20 Aug.
My lord of Bangor is dead.
P. 1. Add. Endd.


  • 1. "que tomasse hija del Rey de Francia," which is evidently a mistake.
  • 2. Sir Thomas Audeley.
  • 3. "labor to have it" in 2.
  • 4. See Grants in July, No. 44.
  • 5. Thomson was mayor and Harrison sheriff in 23 Hen. VIII., 1531-2.Tickell's Hist. of Hull, 675.
  • 6. "de faire pour le dit Roy."
  • 7. An error, as the 20th was a Wednesday.