Henry VIII: September 1533, 1-10

Pages 449-466

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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September 1533, 1-10

1 Sept.
Otho, C. X. 167 b. B. M. Pocock's Records, II.509.
1062. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
Received his letters begging him to obtain from the Archbishop such determinations of the Universities as were exhibited to him at Dunstable. The Archbishop had similar notice, and for that cause rode to the Court this morning. As he will not come to Otford tomorrow night, will not be able to obtain them, but if he has not taken them to the King, Bedyll will bring them to London as soon as he can. Before they are sent out of the kingdom, desires that they should be carefully looked over ; for some make not best for the purpose, and lean much [to the point quod Papa ex causa possit dispensare contra jus divinum. The bishop of Winchester and the Almoner (fn. 1) will easily separate those which make most for our purpose from those that halt. Otford, Monday, 1 Sept.
Hol., mutilated. Add. : Of the Council.
1 Sept.
R. O.
1063. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
Has received his letter by the King's pursuivant this Monday, very early in the morning, showing that the King desires his attendance tonight or early tomorrow. Is sorry that from the state of his health, of which he wrote in his last, he cannot comply without peril of his life. Will repair to London by as long stages as he can bear, but cannot hope to be there before Thursday night. Colchester, 1 Sept. Signed : Thomas Audeley, k., Chauncelor.
P. 1. Add. : To his most loving friend Mr. Cromwell, Esquire.
1 Sept.
R. O.
1064. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
The King is displeased at the desire of Lisle and the mayor of Calais to have new provisions for restraining of corn, and thinks he ought not to be importuned for such like business. Marvels that Lisle is so soon inclined to every man's device. "... ye and ... reportyd ... nite meon (?) ... causes as me semythe ... nother ... ne gentilwymen ; for although my lady be right honorable and wise, yet in soche causes as longeth to your auctorite, her advice and discretion can little prevail." London, 1 Sept. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add.
1 Sept.
R. O.
1065. News From Flanders.
Within eight days the Easterlings took at sea two ships of Flanders laden with herring, and gave a bill in payment to the Flemings, directed to the fellowship of Easterlings at Bruges, by whom it has been cashed. The two ships are therefore retained to assist the Easterlings, as well in England as in the Eastland. They say they intend to do a great act before Michaelmas. The King has been judged in the court of Rome to take back the Queen his wife, and his daughter as legitimate and right heir to the Crown ; ["upon the which sentence his Grace hath appealed ; after the which appellation the Pope"] ; (fn. 2) and if the King will not obey, he and all princes who assist him will be excommunicated, and his realm interdicted. The Emperor intends sending an ambassador to the King with loving letters urging him to incline to the Pope's ordinance, and not incur the indignation of God. If the King will not consent the Pope will summon all Christian princes to make war on England by Easter next. They say in Flanders "that the King is abused by the new Queen, and that his gentlemen goeth daily a playing where they woll, and his Grace abides by her all the day long, and dare not go out for the rumor of the people. Also they say the said new Queen is brought a-bed with a monster, or else that she bare is born dead. Also these gentlemen of Flanders liketh the King's grace to the count Bawdewyn of Flanders, the which was abused by diabolic illusions."
Pp. 2. Dated at the head, 1 Sept.
2 Sept.
R. O.
1066. John Coke to Cromwell.
A post from Ancona to certain merchant strangers brings news that Andres Doreo on the 2 Aug. left Sicily with 29 galleys, 23 ships, and about 10,000 men, well appointed, to rescue Corona besieged with 60 galleys by the Turks. The Morea is in insurrection. The Sophi has begun war against the Turk with a great host. Two gentlemen have come to Antwerp with 8 sumpter mules of the duke of Milan's ambassador, gorgeously accoutred. The Ambassador himself is coming through Germany to accomplish the marriage of the Duke and the eldest daughter of the king of Denmark. Antwerp, 2 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.
2 Sept.
R. O.
1067. John Abbot Of Hyde to Cromwell.
Is wholly bound to Cromwell for his goodness. Has received by Wriothesley his letter of 30 Aug., declaring the King's goodness in nominating him to be bishop of Bangor, and desiring his presence in 14 days. Your favor has comforted me in my sickness more than I can express. As Mr. Wriothesley showed me your pleasure that I should give the names of those who have spoken evil against me and my house, although it is not my part to be accuser, yet for the public weal I will do so. Thos. Merwell, of Penton, Hants, on the 17th May last asked of Rafe Gunter, of Andever, in presence of Joan his wife, whether he would go to London to see the news ; and on Gunter saying No, used the words reported by Gunter himself in the enclosed letter under his hand. Hyde, 2 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the King's Council. Sealed.
2 Sept.
R. O.
1068. Oudart Du Bies to Lord Lisle.
I send you the head of a boar killed yesterday, which destroyed two of my best greyhounds in hunting it. I must try and get other greyhounds. If you like the boar's head let me know, and I will try and get more. Boulogne, 2 Sept. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
3 Sept.
Vienna Archives.
1069. Chapuys to Charles V.
Six days ago I received your letters of 18 July, with those addressed to the Queen, which I immediately sent to her, informing her of the rest of the news, as commanded. She has written to me that she has received more joy and consolation from the said letters than from the news brought to her at the same instant of the sentence given at Rome in her favor. And not without cause ought she to prefer the continuance of your Majesty's good will to the news of the sentence, for your support may help her ; but without it, considering the obstinacy of those concerned, the sentence will do little good ; in contempt of which (en dessaie en relipende, qu. defiance ou vilipende?) the King has lately taken into his hands the revenues of the bishoprics of cardinal Campeggio and of the auditor of the Chamber,—which shows very little inclination to obey the sentence ; though some think this a much better sign, because he is so desperate and makes such brags, that after his anger is over he will put water in his wine, and return to the right road, provided that the Pope is resolute, whom he is trying by these grimaces to intimidate. Of this I think the Queen will inform you by the first messenger, if the spies round about give her an opportunity (luy donnant les espiez quella au tourd relaiz de pouvoer escripre), which she has not been able to do yet ; and she has begged me to excuse her to your Majesty, and request you on her part if you will be so gracious as to send persons to persuade the King to obey the sentence, to instruct them to remonstrate with him, and, if necessary, with the Parliament, against making any change in the goods she has hitherto had assigned for her support and dower (arrez matrimoniales), of which it is reported they mean to deprive her in the coming Parliament, which will begin about the end of October. At this she is more afflicted than with anything else that has hitherto occurred ; for she always thought that so long as she kept this, which is the usual portion of queens, that she was not entirely dispossessed of her estate and dignity ; and, moreover, it will deprive some of her domestic servants of the remuneration she had given them out of the said goods. Thinks it superfluous to write about sending men to make these persuasions, but as the Queen has written to him twice about it, could not omit to mention it. Till now no change has been made in her treatment, whatever threats have been used. I am endeavouring to obtain the treaties and documents about the said consignation de biens, which being obtained I will do my best to prevent the said injury.
In regard to what the duke of Norfolk said to me about the interview of the Pope and king of France, there has been no question about it since.
The authors of those proposals still profess (?) (se tiennent par le bec) never to have put them forward, because their suggestions are turned into ridicule. As to those about Andrea Doria, it has been equally out of the question to revive them, but if there were an opportunity I should not fail to reply according to your command.
The duke of Norfolk arrived at Court the day before yesterday, having come from France in post. Immediately on his arrival it was proposed to send to this meeting at Nice, to the king of France, the bishop of Winchester, who left this morning. There is some report also that the archbishop of Canterbury will follow him ; and I have not yet learned whether he is going to the Pope, or to whom. The duke of Richmond is also returning from France to marry the daughter of Norfolk, and it is said the King will send him to Ireland as governor of that country. There has lately been sent to the Tower a Scotch gentleman, taken upon the sea, who was going to Rome to solicit, in the name of the Scotch king, against the archbishop of St. Andrew's, who, as I have written, is attainted of treason. This capture will not promote the peace or truce for which Beauvois is still here awaiting a new commission and letters from the king of France to return to Scotland. Some think the king of Scots will for all this consent to a truce, to give him time to accomplish his marriage and to make some alliance, without which he does not intend to make any enterprise for the invasion of this kingdom ; for if money fail him the angelots and practices of those here might make his men stumble, and do him an ill turn, as has happened to several of his predecessors.
The ships of Lubeck wishing to fight the 15 hulks which had arrived at Rye, as I wrote in my last, caused one of their chief captains to land, to obtain the favor of the inhabitants of the said port, and ask them to allow them to land some artillery, the better to injure the said hulks. But those of the said port having received the King's command, granted at my solicitation, to assist your Majesty's subjects, not only refused his request, but apprehended him ; on which the said ships, astonished, drew down their flags, and hoisted sail for their own country, leaving their captain prisoner, who gives assurance (se fait fort) that everything that has been taken will be restored to the English and Spaniards, provided they will let him go to Lubeck on parole. But the King and Council, who have taken the affair much to heart, will not accept his assurance, but require him to get the Easterlings to pay or give security on his behalf. As for the seven ships which I wrote were in the fleet of Lubeck, two were Spaniards, of which they gave congé to one and to all the men, giving them letters to the factor of Portugal at Antwerp, for recompence of their damages in an action which one of the company raised against the said factor.
The King holding it certain by the report of his physicians and astrologers that the Lady would bear a son, has determined to hold rejoicings and solemn jousts to make up for (pour regor de) the shortcomings of the last, which were shameful and beggarly, and already some of the Lady's favorites have sent to Flanders to buy horses. The King has taken from his treasures one of the richest and most triumphant beds (lictz) which was given for the ransom of a duke of Alençon. It was well for the Lady that it was delivered to her two months ago, for she would not have had it now ; because, being full of jealousy, and not without cause, she used some words to the King at which he was displeased, and told her that she must shut her eyes, and endure as well as more worthy persons (aussy bien que vailloient mieulx quelle), and that she ought to know that it was in his power to humble her again in a moment more than he had exalted her. By reason of which words there has been some grudge, and façon de faire, so that the King has been two or three days without speaking to her. No doubt these things are lovers' quarrels, to which we must not attach too great importance, yet many who know the King's disposition consider them a very favorable commencement for the recall of the Queen.
On Sunday next the duke of Suffolk will be married to the daughter of a Spanish lady named lady Willoughby. She was promised to his son, but he is only ten years old ; and although it is not worth writing to your Majesty the novelty of the case made me mention it.
The Duke will have done a service to the ladies who can point to his example when they are reproached, as is usual, with marrying again immediately after the death of their husbands. The King has given him, in compensation, I think, for the expence he had in the burial of his late wife, the fruits of a vacant bishopric (fn. 3), which will amount to more than 12,000 ducats. Thanks the Emperor for promising to remember him in the distribution of benefices. London, 3 Sept. 1533.
Fr., hol., pp. 5, from a modern copy.
3 Sept.
Camusat, 139.
1070. The Bailly Of Troyes to Francis I.
Has received his letters sent by the duke of Norfolk, who arrived Aug. 30. He has completely satisfied Henry of Francis' friendship. He has asked whether the Bailly has orders to hold at the font the child of which the Queen is pregnant, if it is a boy. Replied that he had no such orders, but would write about it. The King said the Queen would probably be delivered before an answer could be had ; and Norfolk said he had spoken to Francis about it, and asked him, on the Queen's part, if the Bailly or some other on his behalf might hold the said child, which he said Francis had agreed to. Asks his pleasure. The King means the child, if a boy, to be named Edward or Henry. In accordance with Norfolk's account of what he arranged with Francis, the King is sending the bishop of Winchester to him.
The king of Scotland has taken a truce for 20 days, and the Commissioners have again met to conclude a truce for a year, if possible. Now that Norfolk has come, hopes that matters will go on better. London, 3 Sept. 1533.

R. O.
1071. Edward Foxe to Cromwell.
The King has commanded him to send Cromwell the commissions made to Dr. Boner, Dr. Aldrige, Thurlbye, and Goodriche, in order that he may cause a similar commission to be addressed to the bishop of Winchester, Sir Francis Brian, and Mr. Wallopp ; "that they joinctely, or two of them, may have like autoritee and power to intimate the Kinges appeale at this diett." It must be at Greenwich tomorrow by 8 a.m. ready sealed with the broad seal.
These are the King's orders, word for word. At the "first brunt," the matter seemed strange, but he now sees that all that is necessary is a commission similar to the other, sealed with the privy seal. "Trusting we shall se youe here shortely. At Grenewiche this evenyng."
Hol., p. 1. Add., "Of the Privy Council."
3 Sept.
Titus, B. XI. 396. B. M. St. P. II. 180.
1072. John Deythyke, Priest, to —
Desires to be recommended to his good mastership and to his lady. Here the people are very well disposed and full of abstinence. Their accustomed ceremony is to refrain [from] flesh on Wednesday, but now they are much more full of devotion, for they abstain also on Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday. This is a very sore abstinence. Trusts he will hear there will be many saints among them, "but they play the fox's part, 'Fie of hens,' when he could not reach them." All the butchers in Dublin have not enough beef to sell as would make one mess of brose. So they use white meat very well in Dublin, except in my lord of Dublin's house, or where they have their own provision. The cause is that they are nightly robbed. Five or six preys have been taken out of St. Thomas within 10 days, one butcher having lost 220 kine. Another cause is that "the country is so quiett" that they dare not ride a mile out of the town to buy victuals. When they complain to the Deputy, the wind has blown him so in the ears that he cannot hear. It is a common saying, "Who is so deaf as he that list not to hear." The poor butchers are remedyless, and have closed up their shops, and taken to "makyng of prekes," thinking there is a new Lent. Since the sight of the King's letters, the Deputy has conveyed the King's ordnance out of the castle into his own country, and fortifies his castles with them. Thinks this means no good. Dublin, 3 Sept.
Hol., p 1.
3 Sept.
R. O.
1073. Ordnance Accounts.
Moneys due to the following persons :—
To Raphe Wilde of Thistilworthe, Midd., for 163 "strakes," 119 doz. nails, 32 "repayres," 22 washers, 12 linchpins, and 11 "dowlegis," delivered to the Tower of London "towards the showing and garnishing of the King's great wheels for his great ordnances" belonging to the town of Berwick, in all m1m1m1vjciij. q. (36 cwt. 3 qrs.), 7 Ib., at 2d. per lb. = 34l. 7s. 2d. To Will. Tempille, the King's fletcher, for 310 sheaves of new livery arrows delivered at 18d. a sheaf, "which arrows came in when the French ambassadors came into the Tower for the sight of the King's ordnances," 23l. 5s. ; also for the "new nocking, new feathering, new heading, and new trimming" of 500 sheaves of old arrows which came from the wars when the duke of Suffolk was captain-general in France, at 9d. a sheaf, and were received to the King's use by Sir Edmund Walsingham, lieutenant of the Tower, one of the Commissioners for the view of the office of the King's ordnance, 3 Sept. 25 Hen. VIII. To Rob. Beele of London, grocer, for rent of a great house, rooms, and yard, in Southwark on the Thames side, wherein were laid the King's stuff procured beyond sea by Will. Sayntpeere, of London, mercer, viz., barrel boards, demi-barrel boards, and firkin boards, which lay there five years, at a rent of 20s. a year ; which stuff was taken and viewed at the departing of Sir Will. Skeffington to Ireland as the King's lieutenant, and afterwards delivered to certain coopers in Southwark, and made into gunpowder barrels ; "and after they were filled with the King's gunpowder within the Tower ; which powder lay in worm-eaten vessels and casks decayed," 20 Feb. 24 Hen. VIII., 100s. To Rob. Oldring, dwelling at Andrew Morys quay, for wharfage of seven of the King's great brazen pieces of ordnance, which were broken in Calais, and lay at the said quay three years, till they were broken up and cast into field-pieces at the King's commandment, by the Italian gunfounders of Salisbury place, and by Peter Bawde, French gunfounder in Houndsditch, 2 March 24 Hen. VIII., 60s. To John Wilshire and Thos. Hixson, wardens of the Fletchers of London, for searching the King's livery arrows in the Tower of London, that were "fectyffe" or decayed in the nocks, or moth or worm eaten, and "showing" the best, and sorting them from the arrows that were not decayed, 21 March [2]4 Hen. VIII., 4l. 5s. 8d. To Thos. Jaxson of London, joiner, for "helving" and trimming 6,000 of the King's black fighting bills, at 1d., each ; and for 4,000 of "bylle helves of asshe for the helvinge of 4,000 of the same billes," at 6s. 8d. the hundred ; and for 6,000 nails called "broodes" spent in the "helving" of the said black bills, at 2s. 6d. a thousand ; in all 39l. 20d. To Will. Huxley, clerk of the Ordnance in the Tower of London, for surplusage laid out by him above the money he received for the casting of brass ordnance by Peter Bawde, French gunfounder in Houndsditch, 25l. 4s. 8d.
Pp. 9.
4 Sept.
R. O. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 242.
1074. Harry Huttoft to Cromwell
I received yours of the 29th Aug. Everything shall be fulfilled Among the "newilties pretendid" for a present to the King's highness, are these :—two musk cats, three little monkeys, a "marmazat," a shirt of fine cambric entirely wrought with white silk, which is very fair, a chest of India nuts, containing 40 greater than a man's fist, 4 pots of earth, painted, called "purselandes." Before they are presented the merchant saith that to every one of these shall be added certain "preparis," as chains of gold and silver with collars. He has besides in a little bark 100 cases of sugar, and in all these will be ordered by your commandment. I thank you for your goodness to the present abbot of Beaulieu, for whom I was a petitioner. 4 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
[4 Sept.]
R. O.
1075. Sir Thos. Audeley to the Abbot Of St. Albans.
The earl of Wiltshire of his gentleness and good will has given him the interest of the high stewardship of their monastery, and delivered two patents under the convent seal accordingly. He desires your Lordship to be as good lord to me as to himself. Begs him to grant to Arthur Clerk the reversion of offices held by Newport. Old Ford, Thursday before the Nativity of Our Lady.
Copy, p. 1. Headed : To the right hon., &c. Endd. : My Lord Chancellor's letter to the abbot of St. Albones.
5 Sept.
R. O.
1076. George Hampton to Cromwell.
I send you "9 pices, which be fantasies." They are made here in Paris. I beg you will be so good master to me, "when my quarinputythe (quare impedit?) shall be called," that I may have justice. By so doing you shall have a young man at your service. Paris, 5 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
5 Sept.
R. O.
1077. — to [Cromwell].
Gives information against a priest named Sir William, who, in communication with Thomas Bispin and Robert Wyman of the town of Rye, on the 5th Sept., had said :—
"Owghe good Lord! what danger should it be to us, if our holy father the Pope should now send in among us an excommunication. What misery were the people of this realm in by the days of king John, who standing accursed by the Pope, there was neither corn, grass, nor fruits growing within this realm!" Whereunto it was answered, "As for the Pope's curse is but words, and it is thought that no like effect will follow in our days." On being asked whether, if the Pope made war on the realm, the subjects of it were not bound to resist, he answered, "No, marry! for the Pope is above all kings and princes of the world, and hath power both of body and soul ; whereas the King hath power but of the body only." Not only the priest but the friars have "their chief communication in houses" about this matter, and tell the people that "if the Pope curse us, then will the Emperor and the Danes destroy all this realm, because the King hath married this marriage, and none will take the King's part, but only hereticks which will not obey the Pope." So are the common people seduced and brought into a murmuring.
P. 1, broad sheet. Endd. by Tuke : "The accusation of a priest by men of Rye."
5 Sept.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 30 b. B. M. C.'s Letters, 255.
1078. The Duke Of Norfolk to Cranmer.
Signifying the King's pleasure that Cranmer send up immediately all books and writings, sealed or signed by learned men, in justification of the King's great cause ; also all his own "process in form authentic" touching the same. Greenwich, 5 Sept. [1533]. Signed.
Add. Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
5 Sept.
R. O. St. P. VII. 503.
1079. The Duke Of Saxony.
The duke of Saxony replies to the king of England's message by Steph. Vaughan :—
1. That he feels himself highly honored by the proposal, on which Vaughan himself insisted, that Vaughan should remain some time in the Duke's court as the King's ambassador ; but he considers himself unworthy of such distinction, and thinks it might be ill taken by the Emperor, as it has not been usual hitherto for German electors to have ambassadors at their courts. 2. That unless there are other reasons for the step than those declared by the envoy, it would do no good. 3. He wishes the King to be informed of his condition, and will be glad to gratify him in anything for the love he bears to the House of Saxony. That he and the other German princes have sent no ambassador to England since the death of his father John duke of Saxony, is only because they have had nothing to write. 5 Sept. 1533.
Lat., pp. 3.
6 Sept.
Cal. B. II. 24. B. M. St. P. IV. 658.
1080. Magnus, Sir Thos. Clifford, Sir Ralph Ellerker, the younger, and Thos. Wharton to Henry VIII.
Wrote lately that the Commissioners of Scotland were to have been here on Monday last by appointment. Their servants arrived that day to prepare for them, but in consequence of the "ragious weder" they could not come till Tuesday night. On Wednesday they met. Perceived them to be "some deal" strange, but not so much as before. Told them roundly it was not for Henry's honor to allow so many prorogations. Showed them the minute signed by the King's hand for concluding a truce, declaring how honorably it was couched, and demanded an answer, Yea or Nay. without change of a word. Much abashed they demanded a day's respite. On Friday they desired, as they were but two personages for their whole realm, to have a copy sent to the King their master, offering to remain as they now do in Newcastle till his consent was obtained, and requested a further abstinence till Michaelmas next ; which was agreed to, as they supposed the King intended a truce from Michaelmas to Michaelmas. They now say they mean to have Cawemills during the abstinence, and have promised to have answer by Friday next. Northumberland will do everything belonging to his charge. Newcastle, 6 Sept. Signed.
6 Sept.
R. O. St. P. VII. 501.
1081. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
To the same effect as his letter to Cromwell, which follows. Wymar, 6 Sept. 1533.
6 Sept.
R. O.
1082. Stephen Vaughan to Cromwell.
As I wrote to you from Nuremberg on the 26th Aug., I and Christopher parted there. On the 1st Sept. I arrived at the duke of Saxony's Court, where I awaited his coming five days. On the 6th he sent his Chancellor to me, who brought me to him at a castle in the town of Wymar. He received me with much gentleness, and showed great regard for the King, preferring me before himself in his own house. He speaks neither Latin, French, nor any language but his own. So it was appointed between his Chancellor and me, but at the Duke's request, who I found was ashamed of the lack of language, that I should deliver in writing the articles of my oration, which I had intended to declare in Latin or French. I did so, stayed to dinner, and two hours after received a reply from the Chancellor to the following effect :—that the Duke thought himself unworthy to have an ambassador resident in his Court from so great a King ; that it might give rise to suspicions abroad, as no such custom had been used at the Courts of the dukes of Saxony, and that if there was no further cause for it than what appeared in my oration it would be unadvisable. My answer was to the effect as you will see by the same written by the hand of his Chancellor, and enclosed in my letter to the King. I thought it inexpedient to press the matter further, and have determined not to send on the King's letters to the landgrave Van Hesse and the duke of Lunenberg till I know the King's pleasure. I see well neither the duke of Saxony nor any other German prince dare have intelligence with the King, for fear of the Emperor. Though grieved at the result, I mean on the 7th to leave Wymar for Wyttenberg, "which is 20 leagues hence straight from England," remain two days to collect news, and return to Cullen, where I shall await an answer from the King or you. You may send your letters to Herman Ryng, to whom I shall daily resort, addressed "Herman Ryng, the younger, dwelling beside St. Anthony's." You can get messengers every hour to Antwerp, and from that to Cullen. Any of the Greshams or Locke will help to convey the letters. I pray you send my letter to my wife.
The Lutherans are everywhere so mixed with the others that I think they are far the less number. Wymar, 6 Sept.
I must hire a post to carry these letters to Staber to Noremberg, 28 great Dutch miles. I cannot tell where Christopher is. I wish his legation undone, for his answer will be like mine.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated. Add. : Right worshipful.
6 Sept.
Vit. B. XXI. 91. B. M.
1083. Laurence Stauber to Cromwell.
Has often desired to write to Cromwell, and now is assured by Stephen Vaughan and Christopher Monthaborinus, lately sent by the King into Germany, of Cromwell's goodwill to him. His servant who has just returned from England says that his speedy return is due to Cromwell's assistance, for which Stauber thanks him, knowing that his only reason for acting thus is Stauber's fidelity to the King. Has spoken to the ambassadors about the King's affairs, and warned them to act with care, as Courts and all other places are now full of eavesdroppers ; and has instructed them in the customs of the German courts. Is not influenced so much by the pension of 150 cr. which he receives from the King, as from desire to serve him, for he could get double the amount in the court of king Ferdinand. Will, however, never leave the King's service while he lives.
There is great fear of the pestilence here at Nuremberg, and very many of the citizens have left the town. "Neque non e ... ferre decrevi, neque longe ab illis locis abf ... Stephanum esse scivero. Meum tamen ministr[um] ... Anglia nuper advenit, Noribergæ reliqui, ut si q ... literarum pervenissent, mihi et legatis Regiæ Majestatis celeriter [transmittere] curaret." Has also left orders with his factor at Antwerp to send on at once anything for him from England. Mentioned in his last letters to the King the probable dissolution of the Suabian league. The matter is being discussed at Augsburg, but everything is carefully concealed. The result of such a dissolution would be great changes in the kingdom of Germany.
From Podolia, John the Waywode writes on 13 Aug. at Lamburg, that he has sent an ambassador with 200 horse to the Turk, bearing presents worth 50,000 ducats, and a promise to pay this sum as tribute every year. In addition there were 50 gold and silver cups, and a saddle of gold and ivory, worth 10,000 ducats, which he is said to have taken when the treasure of Hungary was plundered. The ambassadors are instructed to request the Turk not to cease protecting him in Hungary, and not to make peace with the Emperor or Ferdinand. Nuremburg, 8 id. Sept. 1533. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
6 Sept.
R. O. St. P. VII. 505.
1084. Hackett to Cromwell.
Wrote last on the 16th. News of the Hollanders and Lubeckers. An embassy has arrived here from Denmark to make a league with the Emperor. The duke of Milan is to marry the second daughter of Denmark, and De Praet is to come from Spain to conduct her. Two days ago St. Py asked my opinion of the Pope's sentence. I told him that I did not think he acted like a godly prelate, as he knew the whole business two or three years ago, and had deferred sentence. I have received a letter mentioning the meeting of the Pope and French king, and of the Emperor's saying to the Pope he thought he was not inclined to make such an alliance ; to which the Pope replied that if he gave his nephew to the Emperor's bastard daughter, there was no reason why he should not give his niece to the French king's legitimate son. As the Queen is ill, he is not sure of his movements. Complains of his allowance. Ghent, 6 Sept. 1533.
The Danish ambassadors have shown the enormities committed by Christiern II. during his reign. He is like to remain a prisoner for life. The Queen here hunts and hawks and rides continually. She rises in the morning at five, and takes her chamber at nine, but for all that is often sick.
Hol. Add.
6 Sept. 1085. Monsieur De Langey.
See Grants in September, No. 6.
6 Sept.
Camusat, 9.
1086. Francis I. to M. De Polizi, Bailly of Troyes.
Gives him leave to return home, as he has been over there [in England] a long while. Sends in his stead the sieur de Castillon, gentleman of the Chamber, the bearer. Avignon, 6 Sept. 1533. Signed and countersigned.
Fr. Add. : A M. le Bailly de Troyes, mon ambr. devers le Roy d'Ang., mon bon frère et perpetuel allié.

R. O.
1087. Ric. Sampson to Cromwell.
Reminds him of the complaint of the French ambassador's priest, who says he has been severely handled, that he may know it is seen to before he leaves England.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right honorable Mr. Cromwell, the King's high councillor.
6 Sept.
Granvelle, II. 54.
1088. Charles V. to his Ambassador In France.
* You did well to visit the duke of Norfolk, and we approve of what you said to him, but you ought to have repelled his repeated accusations against us of ingratitude to the king of England ; for, all things considered, we think we have done as much for him ; and as to the affair of the Queen, honor and conscience have higher claims upon us than his friendship. * * * Monson, 6 Sept. 1533.
7 Sept.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 75. B. M. St. P. I. 407.
1089. Queen [Anne Boleyn] to Lord Cobham.
Informs him of the birth of a princess [Elizabeth]. Greenwich, 7 Sept. 25 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Add.
Harl. 787, f. 1. B. M. 2. A similar letter to Thos. Josseline.
Modern copy, p. 1.
[7 Sept.]
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 30 b. B. M. C.'s Letters, 256.
1090. Cranmer to the Duke Of Norfolk.
Has this present Sunday, at a request on the King's behalf, sent to Master Cromewell all the books and writings he had upon the King's great cause. Has despatched a secretary to his Chancellor to procure all his process in the matter, "reduced in form authentic," and bring the same to Norfolk with all speed.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book. Add.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 31. B. M. C.'s Letters, 256.
1091. Cranmer to Rosell.
"Brother Rosell, (fn. 4) in my right hearty wise I commend me to you and to my sister, your bedfellow." I understand your son is clever and studious ; either send him to school at Southwell, or send him here to me, so that he lose not altogether his youth. Commend me to your father and mother. Otford.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 31. B. M. C.'s Letters, 256.
1092. Cranmer to his Chancellor.
Desires him, in accordance with the Archbishop's licence, to admit into the Arches the bearer, Dr. Cave, a civilian.
Ibid. 2. Cranmer to the Dean [Of The Arches].
On the same subject.
Copies from Cranmer's Letter Book.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 31. B. M. C.'s Letters, 256.
1093. Cranmer to Dr. Trygonell.
Trygonell is to desire my Lord Chancellor, in Cranmer's name, to favor Mr. Hutton, of London, grocer, in his matter, and instruct him fully about the case.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f.31. B. M. C.'s Letters, 257.
1094. Cranmer to Browgh.
Summons to appear before Cranmer at Otford on Saturday next. Otford.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book. Add.
7 Sept.
R. O.
1095. Frederic Count Palatine to Henry VIII.
Was greatly delighted by the King's letter, brought to him by some noble youths from England. As the King desires him to send some one to him well informed of his mind, sends his secretary, Hubert Thomas. Amberg, 7 Sept. 1533. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
7 Sept.
R. O.
1096. Anthony Fox to Cromwell.
Writes in behalf of a friend, the baron of Kynderton, married to the writer's wife's sister, requesting him to be favorable to his suit. The Vigil of the Nativity of the B.V.M.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right honorable.
7 Sept.
R. O.
1097. Lawson to Cromwell.
Hears that the Commissioners at Newcastle make labor for a warrant for their diets, charges, and rewards to be paid by Lawson. Since his last account, has paid Geo. Douglas for keeping Cawe Mylles, and had other expences, so that he has not sufficient for the above purpose. Requests Cromwell to send a warrant to the abbot of St. Mary's, York, to deliver sufficient money, and to inform Lawson of the particulars. Berwick pursuivant has been attending upon them daily. Wishes to know the order of his wages. Hopes Cromwell has received the certificate about lord Conyers' matters. Newcastle, 7 Sept.
Is here attending upon the Commissioners.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
8 Sept.
R. O.
1098. Lawson to Cromwell.
Writes about the wages of the Commissioners and the pursuivant, as in his letter of 7 Sept. Asks if Magnus shall have any allowance for his diet. My lord of Northumberland keeps a warden court at Newcastle today. The Commissioners wrote to the King by the last post, and have commanded him to attend on them till they know what further conclusion shall be had. Asks Cromwell to speak to Paulett's brother concerning his daughter Rykbe's son and heir, and to respite the matter till he comes to London. Newcastle, 8 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
8 Sept.
R. O. St. P. VII. 508.
1099. Vannes to Cromwell.
He will learn more from his letters to Norfolk of the coming of the Pope. He does not approve of Marseilles, and is afraid of pirates. News of Doria's engagement with the Turks is uncertain. The Great Master has gone to Marseilles to receive the Pope's niece. On asking the Papal Nuncio what the Pope would do, he said he thought that he would issue monitory briefs, but if the King would not submit, he did not see what he could expect from the Pope. Avignon, 8 Sept. 1533.
Lat., hol. Add.
8 Sept.
R. O.
1100. John Coke to Cromwell.
In my last I sent you the song these naughty people here made on the King. Next day I heard it sung in three or four places in Antwerp. As the governor and fellowship had departed to England, I went of my own accord to the governors of the town, as if commissioned by the English merchants, to complain of such ribaldry being suffered. They immediately sent officers to sundry places, and forbad any one to sing the song on pain of imprisonment. Antwerp, 8 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.
8 Sept.
Camusat, 9.
1101. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
Learns by Henry's letters of the 25th ult. his answer to what Francis had written concerning the injury and outrage which duke Francis Sforza had done to him in beheading his ambassador, the escuyer Merveilles. Thanks Henry for taking the matter to heart. With regard to Henry' affair, and the wrong and injury which he says has been done to him by the Pope, and his desire that Francis should resent them, has charged the duke of Norfolk, on his return, to inform Henry of his intentions. At his next interview with the Pope will employ himself in Henry's affair, both with the Pope and elsewhere, so that Henry will see he is as much concerned about it as about his own affairs. Avignon, 8 Sept. 1533.
From a duplicate. Fr.
9 Sept.
Calig. B. VII. 207. B. M.
1102. The English Commissioners On The Borders to Cromwell.
According to the King's command they await the abstinence about to be concluded. Beg that a warrant may be sent by the bearer to Sir George Lawson for their allowances, as Sir Thos. Wharton has not brought it down. Former commissioners have had 20s. a day. Ask also for allowance for rewards to heralds and messengers sent from Scotland. For news refer him to their letters sent to the King by the posts. Newcastle, 9 Sept. Signed : "Thomas Clyfford—Rauff Ellerkar, younger— Thomas Whartton, k."
P. 1. Add. : "To, &c., Master Cromwell, of the King's most honourable Council."
9 Sept.
R. O.
1103. David à Rixefortt, servant of Laurence Staber, to Cromwell.
Transmits letters despatched by Stephen Vaughan on the 9th Sept. from the court of John Frederic duke of Saxony. His master, Laurence Staber, has left Nurnberg on account of the pestilence, but has deputed the writer to receive and forward their letters. Nuremberg (Noricum), 9 Sept. 1533.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.
9 Sept.
Add. MS. 28,586, f. 1. B. M.
1104. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
Has received his letter of 18 Aug. The executoriales have been obtained in accordance with the late sentence, and the Count (of Cifuentes) will send them to Flanders for intimation.
The Pope departed this week, to the great displeasure of everybody. The Queen's case cannot be proceeded with in his absence. The Rota and most of the Consistory remain. Hopes the term fixed, the end of Sept., will not be prolonged.
The Pope took with him a summary of the whole process, to show the French king that he could not act otherwise, and that he has done much less than he might. He has ordered Capisucho, dean of the Rota, judge of this cause, to accompany him ; and the auditor Simonetta goes also. Gave him (Simonetta) the Emperor's letter. He says that the other side complain of the delay caused by the Pope's journey, and that the Queen should be written to, to be very careful of those who serve her meat. Wishes that she and the Princess were out of England.
The intimation of the brief, which the Emperor ordered to be sent from Flanders when he was at Bologna, has not come.
Is glad that cardinal Tournon recognizes the injustice of the king of England. He does not, however, consider this a sufficient reason for the French king to make war upon him, as he does not trust the Emperor. Rome, 9 Sept. 1533.
The Imperial Advocate says a terrible thing,—that the Pope told him that he wishes a discussion to be held in his chamber there, to show that what he has done in this case has been well done, to satisfy the French king, and he would like the Advocate to go thither for this purpose. Certainly, if the Pope wishes to have public or private discussions there, it will be against the wish of the Count or Ortiz, and most unreasonable. It will be paying excessive regard to the French king, and a great insult to the Consistory and Holy See, considering the delay in giving sentence, and that a brief has been granted to deprive and excommunicate the archbp. of Canterbury for giving sentence.
Sp., pp. 4, modern copy.

R. O.
1105. Sir Antony Mydelton to Lady Lawson.
Has been with Mr. Treasurer (fn. 5) according to her orders, to ask his favor touching the benefice of Sotton in Gaudres. He replied that he had consulted with Master Cromwell, but no one should know what they had agreed, and he would not meddle till he knew whether "the Chalon (the Canon's) capacitie" came from Rome or no. "I said, Sir, then it past time, for then he should be in possession." Perceives that the Treasurer favors the Chalon, and that he would prolong the time that the Chalon may have his capacity. Urges her to speed the matter. Will never let the benefices without her counsel. Did not know of the letter sent by Mr. Mansell, nor of his own servant coming up, for he was at Carlisle. York.
Was with the Treasurer before receiving her last letters. He was riding on a visitation.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : To, &c. lady Lawson, in Sedyng Lane, by the White Friars, in London. Endd.

R. O.
1106. Elizabeth Lady Lawson to Cromwell.
Cromwell's letter to the prior and convent of Merton, touching the benefice of Sotton in Gawtrasse, in favor of her poor kinsman, Anthony Myddulton, has been little regarded. After taking counsel they made answer that they had given the presentation to a canon of their own place, who, as she understands, has sent for a licence to Rome. So the benefice is kept void.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell. Endd. : Elizabeth Lawson.
10 Sept.
R. O.
1107. Archbishop Lee to Cromwell.
In reply to Cromwell's letter complaining that a canon not capax had been presented to the vicarage of Sutton, notwithstanding his long suit in favor of Sir Anthony Middleton. A canon did come to him with presentation and capacity, but he denied him institution, doubting if his capacity would serve. Intended to have given it to a chaplain of his own, but, in deference to Cromwell's letter, is content that the said Anthony shall have it if he be found competent. But as he is very young for a charge which he had intended to commit to a learned man and a good preacher, offers to give him instead the vicarage of Barkwaye, 12 miles from Cambridge, now held by the chaplain whom he meant to promote to Sutton ; and, if Cromwell think fit, something else might be added. Scrobie, 10 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the Council.
10 Sept.
R. O.
1108. William Parr to Cromwell.
I received your letters, and hear by report of my uncle Sir William Parre that you desire to have the interest and lease of the farm of Nasingburie for such years as I have it. It was bequeathed by my lady my mother to my sister Anne, and her child's portion of 400 marks is to be levied out of it. I propose shortly to be at London, when I shall see you on the matter. Horton, 10 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the Council.
10 Sept.
R. O.
1109. J. Hynde to Cromwell.
I beg you to remember that I have been a suitor for my poor brother's promotion. It is said here that Dr. Lee will be bishop of Chester. I beg you will help my brother to one of his archdeaconries of Taunton and Cornwall. We will give Dr. Lee such a pension as will be thought reasonable by you. Cambridge, 10 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
10 Sept.
R. O.
1110. Will. Havyllond to Cromwell.
I received your letter dated Sutton near Guildford, 4 Aug., for favor to Henry Whithorne to continue in his room. Your request is complied with. The customer, controller and searcher lately seized upon a forfeit, and charged me in the King's name to appear with others before the Council when called for. Let me know whether the said officers can so charge me. Pole, 10 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
10 Sept.
Harl. MS. 543, f. 128. B. M. Hall's Chron. f. 217 b.
1111. The Princess Elizabeth.
The christening of lady Elizabeth, daughter to King Henry VIII., the 25th year of his reign, A.D. 1533.
On Sept 7, between three and four o'clock p.m., the Queen was delivered of a fair lady, for whom Te Deum was incontinently sung. The mayor, Sir Stephen Pecock, with his brethren and 40 of the chief citizens, were ordered to be at the christening on the Wednesday following ; on which day the mayor and council, in scarlet, with their collars, rowed to Greenwich, and the citizens went in another barge.
All the walls between the King's place and the Friars were hanged with arras, and the way strewed with rushes. The Friars' church was also hanged with arras. The font, of silver, stood in the midst of the church three steps high, covered with a fine cloth, and surrounded by gentlemen (fn. 6) with aprons and towels about their necks, that no filth should come into it. Over it hung a crimson satin canopy fringed with gold, and round it was a rail covered with red say. Between the choir and the body of the church was a close place with a pan of fire, to make the child ready in. When the child was brought to the hall every man set forward. The citizens of London, two and two ; then gentlemen, squires, and chaplains, the aldermen, the mayor alone, the King's council, his chapel, in copes ; barons, bishops, earls ; the earl of Essex bearing the covered gilt basons ; the marquis of Exeter with a taper of virgin wax. The marquis of Dorset bare the salt. The lady Mary of Norfolk bare the chrisom, of pearl and stone. The officers of arms. The old duchess of Norfolk bare the child in a mantle of purple velvet, with a long train held by the earl of Wiltshire, the countess of Kent, and the earl of Derby. The dukes of Suffolk and Norfolk were on each side of the Duchess. A canopy was borne over the child by lord Rochford, lord Hussy, lord William Howard, and lord Thomas Howard the elder. Then ladies and gentlewomen. The bishop of London and other bishops and abbots met the child at the church door, and christened it. The archbishop of Canterbury was godfather, and the old duchess of Norfolk and the old marchioness of Dorset godmothers. This done, Garter, with a loud voice, bid God send her long life. The archbishop of Canterbury then confirmed her, the marchioness of Exeter being godmother. Then the trumpets blew, and the gifts were given ; after which wafers, comfits, and hypocras were brought in. In going out the gifts were borne before the child, to the Queen's chamber, by Sir John Dudley, lord Thos. Howard, the younger, lord Fitzwater, and the earl of Worcester. One side was full of the Guard and King's servants holding 500 staff torches, and many other torches were borne beside the child by gentlemen. The mayor and aldermen were thanked in the King's name by the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, and after drinking in the cellar went to their barge.
Copy in Stow's hand, pp. 4.
Harl. MS. 1,107, f. 31 b. B. M. 2. A similar but shorter account.
Pp. 2.
Add. MS. 6,113, f. 31 b. B. M. 3. Another abridged account, similar to that in Hall and Grafton. At the end is the following sentence : "See the works of God and the mutability of this world ; for this queen Anne, that (as afore is showed) was so triumphantly crowned, within three years next ensueing was attainted of high treason, divorced from the King, and her head stricken off ; and this child that was christened with such pomp was, within three years and less, in open court parliament, declared for a bastard, and deprived of the name of princess." The sentence in italics is erased.
Harl. MS. 3,504, f. 235. B. M. 4. Notarial attestation by Ric. Watkins of the baptism of the princess Elizabeth at Greenwich in the church of the Friars Minors of the order of St. Francis on Sept. 10, 1533.
The bishop of London was assisted by Wm. abbot of Westminster, Robt. abbot of St. Alban's, Robt. abbot of St. Saviour's, Bermondsey, and Robt. abbot of Stratford. There were present, in addition to persons mentioned in the previous account, Thos. lord Borough, Sir W. Fitzwilliam, treasurer, Sir Wm. Pawlet, comptroller of the Household, Thos. Cromwell, master of the jewels, (fn. 7) Sir John Allen, Sir Michael Dodmer, Sir Wm. Hollydes (Hollies), John Hardinge, Ralph Warren, and Ric. Choppinge, aldermen.
Lat., later copy, pp. 5. Printed in Leland's Collectanea (II. 663) from a MS. in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (Miscel. G. 381).
Add. MS. 27,447, f. 72 b. B. M. 5. "A remembrance of the christening of the lady Elisabeth, daughter of our sovereign lord the king Henry the Eighth."
An abridged translation of the notarial attestation.
Pp. 3.
10 Sept.
Vienna Archives.
1112. Chapuys to Charles V.
Will not write at length, having only been informed of this courier at the moment of his departure ; besides there is nothing important since his last. Has only to mention that on Sunday last, the eve of Our Lady (7 Sept.), about 3 p.m., the King's mistress (amie) was delivered of a daughter, to the great regret both of him and the lady, and to the great reproach of the physicians, astrologers, sorcerers, and sorceresses, who affirmed that it would be a male child. But the people are doubly glad that it is a daughter rather than a son, and delight to mock those who put faith in such divinations, and to see them so full of shame. The mayor, aldermen, masters of trades, and others of the city, are called to be present this afternoon at the christening. The French ambassadors are also summoned. The christening is to be at Greenwich. The godmothers are to be the mother-in-law of the duke of Norfolk and the marchioness of Exeter. The archbishop of Canterbury is to be godfather. The bishop of London is to officiate. She is to be called Mary, like the Princess ; which title, I hear in many quarters, will be taken from the true princess and given to her. If it be so. Misfortune manages well ; and God has forgotten him entirely, hardening him in his obstinacy to punish and ruin him ; of which there is the greatest probability in the world, seeing the indignation of the people, both small and great, which grows every day, and nothing could better augment it than defrauding the said Princess of her title ; for she is, as she ought to be, adored by everybody. But the said indignation, like other things, may grow cool in time, so that it should be used in season ; yet I think it so rooted and so just that the people will not forget it, or change, at least the most part of them.
It is appointed for me to be at Court tomorrow morning with the King's Council to take resolution about the restitution of the goods seized by the Lubeckers from the Spaniards. London, 10 Sept. 1533.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 4.
10 Sept.
Camusat, 10.
1113. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
Learns by letters from the bailly of Troyes, his ambassador in England, and from the sieur de Beauvais, his ambassador in Scotland, the slight difficulty which hinders the conclusion of the truce between Henry and the Scotch king, and which is founded upon a place of small consequence on the Borders. Prays him, for the welfare of their common affairs, not to stick at trifles, and begs credence for the sieur de Castillon, the bearer. Avignon, 10 Sept. 1533.
From a duplicate. Fr.
10 Sept.
Camusat, 10 b.
1114. Francis I. to his Ambassadors in England and Scotland.
Has received their letter of the 26th ult., with the duplicate of that which they wrote on the 13th to the king of Scotland, concerning the prolongation of the truce between England and Scotland. René le Pelletier has also informed him on the subject. Perceives that the truce is not concluded because of the place called Ramille ; (fn. 8) at which he is greatly displeased. Has written to the king of England ; sends them the duplicate. They are to understand that he does not wish to press Henry to do anything which he would not approve of as much as Francis. Learns from their letter the conversation which the King and Queen his good sister held with them concerning the interview, and that they desire him to give them certain knowledge of the friendship which he bears to them. As he has fully conversed with the duke of Norfolk before his departure, concerning Henry's affair, and the means available for redressing the sentence lately given, has no more to say at present, except that at the interview, which he hopes will take place in a few days, he will employ himself in the affair. They are to advertise the Queen of what is above written, and thank her for her communications with them. Avignon, 10 Sept. Signed and countersigned.
Fr. Add. : A Mons. le Bailly de Troyes, mon ambr. devers le Roy d'Ang., &c., et le sieur de Beauvais, aussi mon ambr. devers de Roy d'Escosse.


  • 1. Edw. Foxe.
  • 2. Struck out.
  • 3. This must be Ely.
  • 4. Harold Rosell, of Radcliffe-on-Trent, married Cranmer's sister Dorothy.—Strype Mem. of archbishop Cranmer, vol. i. p. 602.
  • 5. Lancelot Colyns, treasurer of York.
  • 6. "gentlewomen," Harl. MS. 1107.
  • 7. Jacobum in MS. for Jocalium.
  • 8. Doubtless "Camille" in the original MS., i.e. Cawmills.