Henry VIII: July 1534, 6-10

Pages 363-373

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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July 1534, 6–10

6 July. 952. James V.
R. O. Rym. xiv. 542. Commission to Rob. abbot of Kinloss to procure from Hen. VIII. the ratification of the treaty dated London, 11 May 1534, and of the conventions of the 12 May. Stirling, 6 July 1534. Signed.
6 July. 953. Friar George Browne To Cromwell.
R. O. Came on the 4th July to Beverley, and visited the Grey and Black Friars, “where all did agree according to my commission.” One Grey Friar, named Dr. Gwynborne, whom he has sent to Cromwell by the bearer, has written divers libels against the King, especially one “not only seditious, but much presueus (presumptuous?) and of high stomach,” which he has presented to the King; yet he would have sworn to me, but I did not take his oath. He pretended to have no knowledge; but on my interrogating him, he confessed he knew that the Queen was crowned and had a princess. “Why then,” said I, “did you write so shameful a book against this just matrimony and the book the which the Council set forth?” He said he wrote according to his conscience, and confessed that his conscience confirmed it all. Sends all his writings and copies. Thinks he has given copies about. He is lunatic, or in a frenzy, as you will see if you common with him. Sends a register of all his goods and books. Thinks the writings are not his own composition, for he owns he is “poorly booked and poorly learned.”
Today, 6 July, I took my journey towards Newcastle. Has received all the convent seals hitherto with loving thanks. I beg you to favor the bearer, who is my kinsman born in the same town.
Hol., (fn. 1)p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
6 July. 954. Richard Norton the Elder to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Thanks for her letter. Her son (fn. 2) his master is merry and in good health, and recommends himself to lord and lady Lisle. Congratulates her on having such a towardly son. He has many good qualities, concerning wisdom and learning, and is fully replenished with courtesy, gentleness and kindness. He shall lack nothing to his comfort or pleasure as far as lies in Norton's power. Thanks her for venison, mews and wine. Received the mews from her servant James. If she will send white Gascon wine, will pay for it accordingly. 6 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
6 July. 955. John Arundell of Trerys to Rastall.
R. O. Begs him to move Mr. Cromwell to solicit the bishop of Exeter for a grant to him in fee farm under the chapter seal, and the bishop's, of the manor of Lannargh or Lanner, Cornw., in the parish of St. Alyn, now held by John Vincent. Will give 40s. a year, while Vincent pays 38s., and redeem his lease. Will give Cromwell 20l. for his pains. 6 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Rastall, dwelling in Patter noster rew.
6 July. 956. Sir Richard Sands.
R. O. “Bills concerning Sir Richard Sandes, knight, and dame Denys his wife, late wife to Walter Champion, late alderman of London.” Dated 20 June, 26 June and 6 July 26 Hen. VIII.
Four documents.
7 July. 957. Chapuys to Charles V.
Vienna Archives. Since the date of your letters of the 12th ult., which I received two days ago, your majesty will have seen by several of mine what was said here of the motions of Germany and the determination come to about the interview, which had been appointed for the middle of August, but has since been put off till Sept. 1 ; and some were lately thinking it would all be broken off, because, as the earl (lord) of Montague has sent to me to say, the king of France has sent word that they must not think when they met of treating anything against the faith, the Pope or the Holy See, because he wished to live a Catholic like his predecessors. This king is getting plate of all sorts manufactured, and all the goldsmiths are fully occupied. A man who has seen a bill of the quantity and the names of those to whom it is to be presented in France (de par dela) says that it will amount to 12,000 marks, I know not whether he means English marks of the value of two nobles each or marks of 8 oz. I believe, besides the said plate, the King will give away some of what he has already made, especially gold cups. The Queen fears that the little plate she has will go this time with her rings and jewels. As to the marriage of the king of Scotland with a daughter of the king of France, this king, as I have before written, has several times assured the Scotch ambassadors that there was an express treaty against it between him and the king of France, so that it is not to be supposed that he will consent to it. He has more suspicion of the French than he had when the said treaty was concluded, which was a little before he went last to France; and especially seeing the alliance the French king has lately made with the Pope, together with the fact that Francis has got nothing from his Holiness in favor of Henry, the making of this marriage would lead to a complete rupture. It is certain the French give the Scotch king some hope of it, to prevent the Scotch king making an alliance with your majesty. It is probable they would prefer it to be so, as they do not know a more convenient match for the youngest daughter. The Scotch ambassador declared to me that they had proposed to them that of Albret, and that it was a ruse to alienate the King his master still further from your majesty on account of the quarrel of Navarre; and that he thought his master would not on any account listen to it. The only danger would be if the Scotch king went to this meeting, as desired by those here and the French also, but I see no appearance of it as yet. I opposed it as much as possible to the ambassador. The person sent by your majesty to the king of Scots will do the rest. I am told by a Spanish sailor that he has arrived.
It is some time since the news arrived that your troops had left Coron. Various things have been said about it, to which I have replied that your majesty undertook to keep it, hoping that other princes would use it as a means of attacking the Turk; but seeing that they did not care, but some of them rather complained that your holding it would provoke the Turk to attempt something against Christendom, you had abandoned it. This language about irritating the Turk has been used to me by those here and by the ambassador of France.
On St. John's Day the ambassadors of Lubeck and Hamburg were with the King at Hampton Court, where they were very well received. On Sunday following they returned thither, and the doctor (fn. 3) brought by those of Lubeck, who is the chief of the embassy, made a long Latin oration which lasted nearly two hours. Among other things he reviled horribly the authority of the Pope, and praised inestimably this king for many things, especially for his great learning and enlightenment from God, by which he had come to a knowledge of the truth both as to the authority of the Pope and about his marriage, and that he ought not to leave unavenged the great injury the Pope had done him in that matter. He magnified the power of Lubeck, declaring it was free, and could make alliances without regard to anyone. There is no doubt that when the King requested the Lubeckers to send hither ambassadors, he also furnished them with the matter of this oration. This doctor has played his part so well that the King has presented him with a great reward to remain here in his service, which perhaps he will accept.
He is a native of High Germany, though he lives at Lubeck. The ambassadors were also to have brought another doctor, whose learning and persuasive power they extol above Melanchthon's, but on his departure he fell ill. But being recovered, the ambassadors, I understand, have promised to bring him over to convert those who impugu the last marriage, and who make a difficulty about entering the Lutheran sect. They take it upon them that the said doctor will speak to no one but he will convert him to his opinion. It is not known that the said ambassadors have yet treated of any affairs with those here, and doubtless they will treat nothing against your majesty directly, but indirectly they will make some agreement to defend this king against the Pope and all others who might make war upon him on account of religion, or for execution of the sentence in favor of the Queen.
Although the earl of Kildare is so ill, both in brain and body, that he can do nothing either good or evil, he was apprehended eight days ago and taken prisoner to the Tower, where I am told he would have been put long ago as soon as he arrived here, had it not been that the King always hoped to bring over and entrap his son, a young man of bold and valiant spirit, who has great influence in Ireland; but he has not only refused to come, but has even mustered men and seized artillery belonging to this king, besides other things, of which your majesty will be more surely informed by the person you have sent into Ireland, who I am told had arrived 10 days ago. It is reported that the earl of Desmond has joined the said son of Kildare. Three months ago the provincial of the Cordeliers Observants, going to Ireland to visit his convents, promised me that he would brew there all he could for the preservation of the authority of the Holy See, in which he may do wonderful service, especially among the Wild Irish, by whom these Cordeliers are feared, obeyed and almost adored, not only by the peasants but by the lords, who hold them in such reverence as to endure from them blows with a stick. The men in that quarter being such as your majesty knows, it will be necessary to exhort them continually, and comfort them with some aid, at least to keep them in good hope. Ireland is of no little importance, especially considering its vicinity to Wales, which forms the chief strength of England, and they require only a chief to do as the others do. They have news in Court that the said son of Kildare, or some of his men, had boasted they would have the aid of 12,000 Spaniards; at which, I am told, the King and his Council were much troubled, and some think if these tumults be not appeased, the interview will be broken off; in which case the King might take offence, even at warlike appearances in Spain. It is incredible what pleasure all the people would have at such news. It is some time since the King appointed master Skeffington, master of the artillery, to be governor of Ireland in place of Kildare. He formerly had some charge in Ireland, but some think he will not go thither, for his secretary three days since was committed to the Tower on account of some letters from Ireland. The Lubeckers, perhaps to gratify the English, have been complaining that the Hollanders have broken the truce by sending six ships to some port in Norway, whereas they were not entitled to send more than two or four.
On receipt of the above-mentioned letters of your majesty I immediately informed the Queen, who was marvellously consoled to hear of your prosperity and the care you had of her affairs and those of the Princess. She has sent to me again, as she does almost daily, to desire that above all things I would endeavor to get leave to visit her, but with all my importunity I have never yet been able to get an answer. I do not write at present the language they have used to me about this matter. London, 7 July 1534.
Fr., pp. 8. From a modern copy.
958. England And France.
R. O. St. P. vii 565. Instructions to my lord of Rochford, whom the King now sends to the French king.
1. Rochford is to repair to the French king with all speed, and in passing by Paris to make the King's and Queen's hearty recommendations to the queen of Navarre, if she be there, and say that the Queen his mistress much rejoices in the deeply-rooted amity of the two kings, but wishes her to get the interview deferred, as the time would be very inconvenient to her, and the King is so anxious to see his good brother that he will not put it off on her account. Her reasons are, that being so far gone with child, she could not cross the sea with the King, and she would be deprived of his Highness's presence when it was most necessary, unless the interview can be deferred till April next. Rochford is to press this matter very earnestly, and say that the King having at this time appointed another personage to go to his good brother, the Queen, with much suit, got leave for Rochford to go in his place, principally on this account.
2. That there was nothing she regretted at the last interview so much as not having an interview with the said queen of Navarre ; and she hopes she may be able to come to Calais with her brother in April next, if the interview be deferred till then.
3. He is then to proceed to the French Court, and after delivery of the King's letters, mention the overture made by the embassy lately arrived from Lubeck and Hamburg, soliciting a contribution of 100,000 cr., that they may elect a king of Denmark wholly at their devotion. Considering how this would thwart the Emperor's purposes, the King suggests that Francis should contribute the moiety of that sum “like as his Highness hath with him contributed into Germany.”
4. The King is informed that though the duke of Wyttenbergh is now lately restored by his and his good brother's means, yet he now seeks peace with the Emperor and Ferdinand. It is important that the truth about this should be ascertained.
5. He is to desire the liberation of an Italian White Friar named Palvisinus, who has been imprisoned at Paris only for writing a letter to the King, which his Grace thinks strange.
6. He is then to begin the Queen's suit for the prorogation of the interview, using such ways and means as the queen of Navarre approves, and adding, as of himself, that he thinks it would be advisable to agree to it, “as the time will shortly be here.” He shall also say, as of himself, that the King refused to write to the French king on the subject, notwithstanding the urgent suit of many of the nobles on the Queen's behalf, who are now mostly assembled at London on account of certain treasons conspired against his Grace, “the said lord Rochford even so tempering his communication with the French king in this matter as he small not the King's highness to be overmuch desirous of it, but all in the Queen's name.”
7 July. 959. Leonard Smyth to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Mr. Wyndesore came to London the 3rd inst., the day appointed by Mr. Secretary and my Lord Chancellor to hear the matter between lord Lisle and Mr. Seymour. Counsel attended that day and the next, but nothing was done; and it was determined to hear the case on the 7th at Westminster, after dinner. Mr. Crumwell was ill that day, and kept his bed all the forenoon. Cannot tell what day they will appoint till he has spoken with him. On Thursday, 9th inst., lord Dacres will be arraigned. Mr. Wyndesore tarries in London purposely for this matter. Fears now it will be delayed till the King's coming to Calais, where Mr. Seymour thinks perchance to have better end than here.
Refers her to his letter to lord Lisle for information about the wood sale made by him and Mr. Aylmere, and the lease to be made to Hyde. “And there for your gown of velvett is 10l., if it shall be your pleasure so. More I cannot get of him.” Has given Mr. Roll a subpœna for Jacob Coffyn, which he will deliver to Berry. Has given Mr. Grenfeld her letter, and told him what pleasure the lord Chancellor might do to lord and lady Lisle, and that they have trust in his diligence, suit and labor, as is the part of a natural kinsman. He said he would warrant the lord Chancellor, but Smyth fears his warrant the lord Chancellor, but Smyth fears his warrant is but very slender, for he has many suits to his master for other matters. Thinks he would promise for his own father more than he could perform, that he might get benefit By the promise ; but his labor does not last longer than he has his request. He regards no friend so well as money. Writes this that she may not have overmuch confidence in him. She will lack no fair promise so long as he has from lord Lisle what he labors for, whereby he is a gainer and has ready money. He wishes lord Lisle to give no protection but by his procurement. Pope and he agree with men daily to get them protection at the lord Chancellor's hands as well as lord Lisle's. If others come without their knowledge, they marvel what my lord meaneth to pass so many, and for two or three protections, for which they get ready money, they promise my lord a pleasure which shall never be performed.
Her servant John will be at liberty shortly. Hopes he will have large amends for his wrongful troubles. Has meddled little yet, waiting to see how his truth would appear, which is done. Will now help him. London, 7 July.
Hol., pp.3. Add.: At Calais.
8 July. 960. John Bishop of Lincoln to Cromwell
R. O. His nephew, the Archdeacon “(for whome I mooste hertely thanke you),” has sent Cromwell a mule and a monkey. The keeper of the mule, a Frenchman, said to be a good keeper both of mules and horses, has been sent to the Bishop ; would Cromwell like him? The bearer, Thomas Jones, the Archdeacon's servant, is ready to take his master any orders from Cromwell. Desires that the men of Newerke may be so ordered that his servant Foster may live safe amongst them. Some think it will appear on inquiry that Sir John Markeham, Sir William Meryng and Bevercottes, justices of the peace, are bearers for their tenants in this matter. Bevercottes' servants were in the riot, as Foster can prove. Wooborn, 8 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
8 July. 961. Richard Master and Edward Thwaites.
See Grants in July, Nos. 10, 11.
9 July. 962. Trial of Lord Dacre.
Baga de Secretis, R. O. (fn. 4) Commission to Henry earl of Northumberland, Ralph carl of Westmoreland, Henry earl of Cumberland, Sir Thos. Clifford, Sir Thos. Wharton, Thos. Fairfax, serjeant-at-law, and Rob. Chaloner, to inquire concerning treasons, &c. in the country of Cumberland. Returnable in the King's Bench in eight days of St. John Baptist. Westm., 23 May 26 Hen. VIII.
Portion of great scal appended
ii. Indictment found at Carlisle Castle, 15 June 26 Hen. VIII., before the above-named commissioners, by the grand jury, viz., Sir Edw. Musgrave, Sir John Lowther, Hugh Lowther, Thos. Blenkynsope, Mungo Musgrave, Thos. Dalston, Rob. Clibborn, Gilbert Wharton, Rob. Warcope, Rob. Briscoo, Lancelot Lowther, Thos. Byrkbek, Ric. Barwise, Ric. Bewley and Guy Maychell.
That whereas the King, for the confidence he had in Sir William Dacre of Naward, Cumb., lord Dacre and Graistok, appointed him by patent 2 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII. warden of the West Marches towards Scotland : by virtue whereof he held the office till 8 May 26 Hen. VIII, and had the rule of the King's heges within the Marches ; nevertheless he sought traitorously to deceive the King, and machinated to the intent that Sir Will. Musgrave, constable of Bow Castle, or Both Castle, and all his tenants might be slain by the Scots, and their house and chattels destroyed.
Also, showing himself an adherent of the Scots, he, on the 8 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII., at Arthureth, Cumb., made a wicked and treacherous agreement, through Sir Chr. Dacre of Croglyng, with Thos. Armestrong, Will. Elwood, Archibald Elwood and other Scots, the King's enemies, inhabiting Ledersdale, for surety against any acts of war done by them against him (lord Dacre) or any others within his wardenship of the West Marches, except against Sir. Will. Musgrave and his tenants, promising the said men of Ledersdale indemnity on his part. By reason of which the Scots of Ledersdale, 1 July 25 Hen. VIII., invaded England as far as Bughasteldale, where they slew one John Rutlage, a liegeman under the command of Sir Will. Musgrave, and committed many murders, burnings and robberies on Musgrave's men without Dacre making any reprisals.
Further, seeking the destruction of Hen. earl of Northumberland, lieutenant of the East Marches, he, on the 5 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., at Ledersdale, made a traitorous treaty with Will. Scotte, lord of Bukclough, that neither of them should harm the other or his retainers, and that Bukclough should invade the earl of Northumberland ; by virtue of which, 5 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., when war had been declared, Dacre invaded Scotland, and, with his uncle Sir Christopher, prevented Sir Will. Musgrave from spoiling the Scots on Bukclough's land called Hassyndenbanke ; and on the 20 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Bukclough fearlessly invaded the East Marches.
Further, that lord Dacre and Sir Christopher, intending to destroy Sir Will. Musgrave and those under him, 1 Oct. 24 Hen. VIII., made a traitorous treaty at Torlercryke, in the Debateable Ground, with Rob. lord Maxwell, that neither should harm the other in peace or war ; by reason or which, 10 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., war having arisen, Dacre secretly sent his uncle Sir Christopher to lord Maxwell, informing him of the time when he, Dacre, intended to invade Scotland ; which lord Maxwell afterwards the same day met Sir Christopher at Redekirke in Scotland, near the Water of Eske, when it was arranged that Dacre should invade the lands of the kin and friends of the earl of Angways, a true friend of the King. Within the next two days, when Dacre with the King's army entered Scotland, Maxwell entered England with a large army of Scots, and sparing the lands of lord Dacre, spoilt those of the lieges in the West Marches, especially those serving under Musgrave.
Further, in fulfilment of the said traitorous treaties, and by reason of the favor he bore to the Scots, Dacre would allow nothing to be done to the annoyance of the Scots adjoining the English West Marches. He had secret meetings with Robert Charters, lord of Hempesfeld, then one of the magnates of Scotland, and with other enemies of the King, in time of war ; and lord Maxwell in the night between 27 and 28 March 24 Hen. VIII., came with only two attendants to a tower of Dacre's called the tower of Roclyffe, Cumb., where they continued till 10 p.m. on the 28th March. There lord Dacre, with a single servant, met lord Maxwell, and traitorously agreed that no harm should be done by him or any in his wardenship to lord Maxwell or his retainers, at which time the lord Maxwell was vehemently attacking the earl of Northumberland and Sir Will. Musgrave ; and Dacre had other friendly meetings with lord Maxwell. Shortly afterwards, viz., 12 April 24 Hen. VIII., lord Dacre and Sir Christopher, to help the Scots, made proclamations in the market-place of Carlisle that no one, on pain of death, should make any raid into Scotland except in presence of lord Dacre, Sir Christopher or one Thomas Dacre. By this the Scots were emboldened to do many things against England without reprisals, and a number of Scots inhabiting Anendale, &c. under Maxwell invaded the East and Middle Marches against the earl of Northumberland.
Moreover, a Scotch gunner called Jok of Galoway, a servant of lord Maxwell and keeper of the steeple of Annandale Church in Scotland.
which was then kept after manner of war, came to Carlisle, 13 Feb. 24 Hen. VIII., to buy saltpetre and other materials for making gunpowder, and transport them into Scotland. He was arrested by John Wastlyn, or Wastlyn, one of the King's gunners, who kept him prisoner till Sir Chr. Dacre, hearing of it, on 16 Feb. sent for Wastlin and desired him to let his prisoner escape, and on Wastlyn's refusal took him out of his custody and let him return to Scotland with the saltpetre, which would be used against the men under the earl of Northumberland and Sir Will Musgrave.
In margin: Billa vera.
iii. Another indictment, also found at Carlisle Castle, 15 June 26 Hen. VIII., but by a different grand jury, viz., Sir Cuthbert Ratclyff, Thos. Curwen, Thos. Sandforth, Thos. Dudley, John Skylton of Brantwhat, John Thwayttes, John Coldale, Chr. Curwen, John Rybson, sen., John Swynburne, jun., Ric. Orfever, Ric. Wynder, Ant. Curwen, Will. Osmunderley and John Williamson, of exactly the same tenor as the preceding.
iv. Commission to Thos. duke of Norfolk to act as lord High Steward at Dacre's trial. Westm., 26 June 26 Hen. VIII. Portion of great seal appended.
v. Writ to the Commissioners named in § i. to deliver the indictments to the High Steward. Westm., 27 June 26 Hen. VIII.
vi. Writ to the constable of the Tower to bring lord Dacre before the lord High Steward. Westm., 27 June 26 Hen. VIII.
vii. The lord High Steward's precept to the Commissioners to return the indictment by Thursday after the translation of St. Thomas. Westm., 29 June 26 Hen. VIII. Signed : T. Norfolk. Mark of seal remaining.
Viii. The lord High Steward's precept to the constable of the Tower to return the habeas corpus. Westm., 27 June 26 Hen. VIII. Signed as above. Seal of Howard arms. Endorsed with the reply of Sir William Kyngeston, constable of the Tower.
ix. The lord High Steward's precept to Ralph Felmyngham, serjeantat arms, to summon a jury of peers, returnable on Thursday after the translation of St. Thomas. Signed. Mark of seal remaining.
x. Panel of peers returned, viz., Henry marquis of Exeter, Hen. earl of Essex, Thos. earl of Wiltshire, Henry earl of Worcester, Rob. earl of Sumex, Geo. earl of Huntyngdon, Geo. Nevyle lord Bergavenny, John Zowch lord Zowch, Thos. lord Lawarre, Thos. lord Barkley, Hen. lord Montacue, Henry lord Morley, Geo. Broke lord Cobham, Hen. lord Matravers, Fras. lord Talbot, Will. lord Mountjoye, Thos. lord Darcye, John lord Hussey, Thos. lord Burgh, Edmund lord Bray and John lord Mordaunt. Opposite the name of the lowest peer is written in another hand: (fn. 5) “Non est culpabilis.”
xi. Record of the process citing the preceding documents. Pleas in Westminster Hall, Thursday after the Translation of St. Thomas, 26 Hen. VIII., when each of the peers being charged to say the truth, and severally examined by the lord High Steward, beginning with the lowest peer and ascending to the highest, severally answer that he is Not guilty.
Proceedings brought into court by the duke of Norfolk, Mich. term, 26 Hen. VIII.
9 July. M. 963. Hugh, Prior of Durham, and Wm. Frankeleyn to Henry VIII.
Cal. B. VIII. 163. B. M. According to his letters dated Greenwich, 26 May, have been with the king of Scots in company with Magnus, and seen him confirm the treaty of perpetual peace at Holyrood in the presence of 2,000 persons. Afterwards there was demonstration of melody and good cheer. The King showed himself well inclined to Henry, as Mr. Magnus can show. He does not a little esteem the entertainment of his ambassadors lately with the King. The abbot who was with them will return for the final accomplishment of the said perpetual peace, and will be in London soon after Magnus. Believe that James is wholly inclined to the King's loving nephew, well given to justice, and that his subjects are well ordered and kept in obeisance. Durham, 9 July.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd.
9 July. 964. Thos. Wynter to Cromwell.
R. O. As I know you are so much engaged that you cannot attend to all suitors, I wish to inform you in three words what I have done on your advice. The King showed me much kindness, asked me about Italy ; and when I was proceeding to inform him, he did not understand, being hindered by some of his nobles who were with him, he did not understand, being hindered by some of his nobles who were with him shooting (tela emiseruvnt). As supper prevented further conservation I returned to my inn, and went next day to Court to pay my respects to the Queen, who, after keeping me a long time, being reminded by her attendants, sent for me, and received me very kindly, saying to me, “I am aware, my dear Winter (Vintere carissime) that you are beloved by the King and have many friends who wish you well. Reckon me among the number.” And then she added that she would not fail to serve me wherever she could. I owe all this to your intercession. I will now tell you why I Italy for England. You wrote me such very kind letters that I could not refrain from setting out in person to than you, and congratulating you on your great influence with the King. Take me under your protection and permit me to return to Italy to continue my studies. 9 July.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. : Secretario.
9 July. 965. Sir Edward Ryngeley to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I received on Tuesday, 7 July, your letter dated Calais, 1 July, asking for news about the King's coming to Calais. It has cost me nearly 20l. following the Court to know the certainty thereof. Yesterday I spoke with the King at Chene (Cheneys, Bucks), 4 m. beyond the More. He told me he should be at Calais the latter end of August. He desires you to speak to Mr. Mayor that the town be made as clean and sweet as possible, and all persons suspected to be sick of the plague be carried to the uttermost part of the English pale, and the doors shut after them. The King wishes Mr. Surveyor to be told that the houses of office that were in the exchequer and staple, and the partitions made of board to prevent men going to the walls, must be made as at his last visit, and also as many stables in the wool (owll) houses. The King thinks neither the racks nor the boards are spent. The King's carpenter knows all that was done. Mr. Surveyor will have a letter from the King when he signs next, for the ordered me to make a letter and deliver it to Sir John Russell.
I advertise you before the coming of the King's letter, because I do not know how Mr. Surveyor is provided with board and plank. As the time is short, I beg you to speak to Mr. Lieutenant of the Staple that all such wool houses that were occupied at the King's being there last, “that the may abyde all the owll and fell that were mayd howses of offeses.” As for the wool houses that were made stables, if we have them or other, it is all one. You must tell Mr. Wenkefeld and Mr. Porter that it is the King's special commandment that all the artichokes they or any other have must be kept for him. I trust you are at a good point for the wood coming to Calais. The licence is stopped, and as to the bond that they used to bring to the lord Chancellor, the duke of Norfolk tells me that he has taken an order therein. Do not ask me to do anything more in the Court, for I have taken leave of the King, and intend to be at Sandwich about the middle of next week. Recommendations to lady Lisle and the Council. London, 9 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.: 9 July 1534.
9 July. 966. William Wayte to Lord Lisle.
R. O. According to your bill I have caused your keeper to serve your lordship's two warrants, which were killed both in my ground at the Bere, at one standing, by my own appointment, but your keeper with other of Mr. Uvedale's servants were before that in the ground, I being there, and had made their standing and shaken off their bounds. I complained of this to Markis, and after I left they went to the Bere again, and hunted in despite of me, using very opprobrious words of me. James has done as much as in him lies about your warrants, but my lord Chancellor sends now, which your lordship knows is far after the time. I have sent you two barrels of salt. Let not your company of your ship come too hastily to you, for they never died so sore in Porchester. Wymering, 9 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.; Deputy of Calais.
10 July. 967. Sir Henry Dowes to Cromwell.
R. O. Going by small journeys, as we were compelled to do, owing to the number of gentlemen who with glad hearts came to welcome my lord, (fn. 6) not without their presents, and the solemnities used in receiving him into the towns of his diocese, it was Friday, 5 July, (fn. 7) before we came to his manor of Beaudesert, near Lichfield, where he is now. He feeds daily at least 200 persons who come to him, and is all the more beloved on account of his gentle dealing during his chancellorship there. Mr. Gregory has been very lovingly entertained since his coming by my lord Stafford, Mr. Asheden, Mr. Hercotte, Mr. Delves, Mr. Ardern and others in hunting and otherwise, which cannot but be greatly “to his breaking and profit in good manners;” and my lord has put everything in his house at Mr. Gregory's commandment. Beaudesert, 10 July.
Asks Cromwell to send Mr. Gregory an English Chronicle. Thinks it very necessary for him some time to be occupied with it.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
10 July. 968. Roland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to Cromwell.
R. O. Your son and I are in good health. I have nothing to write but to put you in remembrance that for all new friendships I do not forget you. Though we are separated, I am your own. I have visited several parts pf my diocese, and as by reason of the absence of the Bishop no children have been confirmed, I have had much to do. Mr. Ashton is very loving. Lord Ferrers and he are agreed. The latter is in Wales. Lord and lady Stafford are with me. Lady Ferrers will come tomorrow. Here is much talk of the great solemnities at Holte, by the chamberlain of Chester, of which the like has not been seen. They say a man must wait two days before he is spoken with, no one being absent but Sir Piers Dutton, Sir Henry Dewys and a few others. This was the common talk. It is said that “the gentleman he brought down shall die if he may.” There is much talk of the letter you sent him and of his answer. I must remember you of my matters concerning Wales. I have a goshawk for Mr. Norris, and the tarcel I intend to keep for you when you come from beyond sea. I have also greyhounds and merlins for you. I beg you to help my friend Mr. Ashton from this journey over sea at this time. Beaudesert, 10 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
10 July. 969. Sir Edw. Ryngeley to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Wrote yesterday that the King would be at Calais at the latter end of August, and now asks lord Lisle to defer publishing this till he hears again, as the day will not be fixed till lord Rochford's return from France. The truth will be known by the King's letter to Mr. Surveyor. Till then, Lisle had better stay all things, and the lieutenant of the Staple and Mr. Surveyor had better not do anything in consequence of his letter. Supposes he has heard of Lord Dacre's acquittal. London, 10 July.
Desires to be commended to lady Lisle and the Council. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd. 10 July 1534.


  • 1. But not his own hand.
  • 2. John Basset.
  • 3. Pacæus.
  • 4. See Report III. of Dep. Keeper of Pub. Records, App. II., 234
  • 5. Not the lord High Steward's, as Sir F. Palgrave seems to have supposed.
  • 6. Rowland Lee, who was consecrated bishop of Coventry and Lichfield on the 19 April 1534. His name, however, does not occur on the list of chancellors of Lichfield.
  • 7. Should be 3 d. The 5 July was Sunday in 1534.