Henry VIII: November 1534, 1-5

Pages 516-529

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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November 1534, 1–5

1. Nov. 1357. Queen Anne Boleyn.
See Grants in November, No. 1.
1. Nov. 1358. Northumberland to Sir Ingram Percy.
R. O. Appoints him his vice-warden and lieutenant of the East March, and undersheriff of Northumberland. Desires him to take some pain to see good rule established on the Borders in Northumberland's absence. Will send the patents if Sir Ingram will send a servant for them. At my eastle of Wresill, 1 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1. Nov. 1359. Anne Lady Berkeley (fn. 1) to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for his goodness. Her late husband and some friends stand bound to the King for his special livery, of which a great part is paid. As he died and took no profits of the lands, desires to have a privy seal on a bill exhibited to the King to discharge the rest, as Cromwell promised when she was last with him. Begs him also to speak to Mr. Pawlett, master of the wards, that the writs may issue and offices be found on her husband's death, which have been hindered by the suit of John Arnold, executor to her husband's father. Caloughdon, 1. Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
1 Nov. 1360. Her[cules] Duke of Ferrara to Henry VIII.
R. O. Aunouncing the death of the Duke his father after more than a month's illness from weakness of stomach, and that the people of Ferrara have created him duke in his father's place. Ferrara, 1 Nov. 1534. Signed.
Ital., p. 1. Add. Scaled. Endd.
Vit. B. XIV. 116. B. M. 2. [The Same] to his Ambassador in England.
On the same subject. 1 Nov. 1534.
Badly mutilated. Ital., p. 1. Add.: Mons. Porator' a corte del Re, Endd.: Dux Ferrariæ, I die Novembris.
1 Nov. 1361. Sir Rob. Wingfield to the Lord Deputy [of Calais].
R. O. There dined with me today some persons who were yesterday at my house in the Meanebroke; and they report that a great number of folks were there and overthrew a house of mine of which they had pulled out the pinning upon one side two days before. It seems they would not have been so bold to pull down this and other houses before, if they had not been so commanded by the King's commission to your lordship and others. I therefore do not write to complain, though I am told tomorrow they will pull down all the rest of my houses; for if your commission will bear it I must have patience. If not, I trust the laws will see me recompensed,—the rather because the best personages of England shall know how cruelly I have been handled. 1 Nov. 1534.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1362. “Wingfield's Marsh,” Calais.
R. O. Petition to Sir Arthur Plantagenet lord Lisle, deputy of Calais, by Abel Skell and 15 others of the isle of Colham, stating that they had taken leases from Sir Rob. Wingfield, now mayor of this town, of portions of the common called the Meanbroke, which he had obtained from the King, and had been induced to make ditches about their several portions by his promising to repay them the cost if the King ever wished to have it again under water. This the King now intends to do for the surety of the town, but Wingfield refuses to fulfil his promise.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. The new banks and rivers made [by Mast]er Wyngfeld.
The Maynebroke, from Hammes dyke to Newnam bridge. Marche dyke, from the Green bank coming from Arde at the east end to Collom to Hamez dyke. Meghelmas dyke, from the Mayden Crosse to Andrew bridge, and thence to the Green bank. Another river, from the west end of Collome to the Green bank.
P. 1. Faded.
R. O. 3. “The marrys ground.”
A list of 23 tenants of Sir Robert Wingfield, with a note of the rents paid by each. [Total, 13l. 3s.d. gr.] “And yet there is divers other men that we know not that pays to —.”
A long strip of paper.
1363. [The Council of Calais to Cromwell.]
R. O. According to the King's commandment the marsh is brought for the most part under water, with great labor and much ado. Two of the King's sluices are decayed and stopped up; of which the one at Newenham bridge conveys the water from Guisnes, and the other, behind the castle, conveys it from Mark by the great river called the Howlett. They cannot be mended till next summer, and if the river be not heightened the east country is in danger of being overflowed. We have before this certified the King and his Council of the toll at Oye sluice, which the country wish to have for making the banks of the said great river, and the haven from Mark to Oye sluice. It is now in the hands of John Mydleton, man of arms. Unless the King come to an agreement with the inhabitants about the toll he will have to get it done at his own cost.
Corrected draft, pp. 2. Begins: Right honorable.
R. O. 2. Another copy.
2 Nov. 1364. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
R. O. Has viewed the lands at Myddelham that my lord Scrope wishes to farm of the King. If the King knew the situation, in the middle of his lordship, where all his game lies, “and in chief place where all the manerhedde of men are” within the lordship, he would not depart with it for 3,000l. Reminds him that the King, God willing, shall have many children, and the land is his second son's inheritance as parcel of the dukedom of York. The lordship is worth 800l. a year clear to the King, and the King's progenitors have had much to do to get these lands annexed to the lordship. It is named in my book Mownford's lands. There are in the lordship seven goodly parks and as many forest chaces. This ground lies in the middle, and would be a great eyesore to the duke of York (fn. 2) lying so near his castle. Sir Thos. Wentworth and I have done our best about Snosell's matter. Will make an end with Mr. Malere before leaving this country if he keep promise. York, 2 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Cromwell, secretary to the King's grace.
2 Nov. 1365. Henry Earl of Cumberland to Cromwell.
R. O. Received 26 Oct. his “letter of advertisement,” dated at Stebinhyth, 13 Oct., about Sir Christopher Dacre's claim to the farming of the church of Kirkland, founded on a “covent seal” granted to him by the priory of Carlisle. The prior and convent granted it freely to the Earl, alleging that no such lease to Dacre passed their hands, but Sir Christopher entered last year and had part of the profits. Will, however, abide Cromwell's order at the next Parliament. Skipton, All Soul's Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To master Secretary. Endd.
2 Nov. 1366. Nicholas Sherlok to William Lumbard.
R. O. The Pykarde is gone the Tuesday before All Hallowen Day, and was troubled by the customers about a weigh and half of beans. Compounded with them for 30s., about which he begs Lumbard to speak to Mr. Cromwell. On Saturday last a man from Dwlyng came to Bristol reporting that Mr. Skevyngton has landed, and at his landing the captain of the spearmen with 60 men was taken and killed by Thos. Kildare at a bridge between Clontarf and Dublin. Also that my lord Ossory should be in Dublin with the Englishmen that landed in Waterford, “and hys one oste alhalone nyght all tyng lett to destroy Tommas a Kyldare is contrey.” Bristol, 2 Nov. 1534.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At the sign of the Bull, at St. Martin's at London.
2 Nov. 1367. Hugh Coper to Cromwell.
R. O. Compares the history of the Jews, whom God visited with various afflictions, to that of the English people. For their ingratitude, He sent them long servitude under the pestiferous man of Rome, the greatest enemy to the faith of Christ; but now that they begin to perceive their unkindness, has sent them as faithful a king and gracious a queen as any realm living has reigning upon them. “So that nuw we tru Chrystyans may alter the sone that the chyldern of that pestyferus man of Rome doe synge, for they synge thys sone, 'God ys a slepyd, a doe not vysyt us, a loke not apon us with ys mersyful yees.' We may synge a nu sone, for we may synge, 'God ys a wakynge, a doyt vysyt us most gracyusly, a lokyd mersyful apon us, had open agayne to us the tru understandynge of the Ewangelyon, the which of longe tyme whas obfuscate and may derke to our syethe thorow phylosophycall and sophystycall rules and trades,” &c.
The holy father of Rome may well be called Antichrist, for it is prophesied of him in Daniel, c. vii. Shows that the Romish doctrine of justification by works is contrary to the Scriptures. This ill opinion “our balyd bacheler” is not ashamed to preach openly in the pulpit, with many other ill opinions, as of confession, which he advocated on the 17th Sunday, in a sermon on a passage in Luke. On the 21st Sunday he said that however truly a man confessed and was contrite, he would be damned unless he made satisfaction. He attempted also to prove the existence of venial sin, and the efficacy of prayers to saints. By these means they try to prevent the sincere and pure preachers of the Word of God, as our parish priest Master Antony, who takes great pains with us, from being heard. These monastical men will not reveal the Scriptures, nor hear them recited. If any man alleges the Scripture against them, they bid him take heed how he meddles with Scripture, for it is a matter of great difficulty, and men have not the grace to understand Scripture as they have had afore time, with many such other “Bambery glosys.”
Begs Cromwell to deliver him “de isto carccre,” for he was enticed here by fair promises when not fully 14 years old. There is nothing in their living sounding to virtue. Never saw less charity and more envy, less purity of living and more impurity, less quietness and more unquietness. There is not more strife and dissension among any manner of men. Has known men not speak to each other for half a year, and yet they boast of their goodness. Wynchelcumbe, 4 non. Nov.
Hol. pp. 4. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
3 Nov. 1368. Chapuys to Charles V.
Vienna Archives. Since my last I have deciphered those written from Venice to your majesty, touching the seigneur Reynard Pupulo Polle (Reginald Pole). Touching this information, I have not found it necessary to take much trouble, for long ago I had inquired into the subject fully. It was a year since I wrote to your majesty substantially the same thing, advising you to draw the said Reynard towards yourself, by friendship if possible, or otherwise, as it was easy to do.
I wrote also that as he came of such a good race, besides his grace of person and singular virtues, the Queen knew no one in the world whom she would like better to marry the Princess ; and nothing is more certain than that for the considerations mentioned in those letters, the people, finding that your majesty assisted, would immediately declare themselves, especially as there are innumerable good personages who hold that the true title to this kingdom belongs to the family of the duke of Clarence, seeing that Richard III. declared by definitive sentence of the bishop of Bath (fn. 3) that the daughters of king Edward, of whom this king's mother was the eldest, were bastards, by reason of a precontract made by Edward with another lady before he married their mother. And perhaps this might somewhat incline the Queen to the project, to take away all scruples, both conscientious and other. The King, as I have formerly written, offered the said Reynard the archbishopric of Canterbury and all that he pleased to ask for himself, his mother and his brothers, provided he would take his part, using such persuasions as might have sufficed to convert one of the most obstinate Jews, and threatening the most terrible things in case of refusal; but he could not make him waver. I will not repeat about the efforts he made to get leave to go to Italy, from which, when he arrived there, he wrote a letter to the King about the Queen's affair over and above the book that he had already written, of which the King and Cromwell cannot praise enough the good sense, prudence and learning. Besides the friendship and alliances mentioned in the said letters from Venice, it must not be forgotten that lord Burgaen (Abergavenny), father-in-law of lord Montague, a great and powerful lord, being one of the best allied in this kingdom, and moreover a man of great courage, has much occasion to be displeased, because heretofore his goods were taken away without reason. As to the indisposition of the people of Wales, of which mention is made in the said letters, I understand they are very angry at the illtreatment of the Queen and Princess, and also at what is done against the faith, for they have always been good Christians. Not long ago there was in that district a mutiny against the governor of the country on account of a certain execution, when the governor was very nearly undone (affolé), and it is said the people only wait for a chief to take the field. It is the same with their neighbours of Cheshire and the duchy of Lancashire, of whom, although they are the nearest to Ireland, and have innumerable good men-of-war, it has been out of the question to send a single one to Ireland, at which I am told the King is very much vexed. Assuredly things generally are in such a condition that at the least army your majesty could send everybody would declare himself for you, especially if the said lord Reynard was in it, whose younger brother (fn. 4) is often with me, and would be oftener but that I have dissuaded him, on account of the danger he might incur. He does not cease, like many others, to beseech me to write to your majesty of the facility with which this kingdom might be conquered, and that all the people looked for nothing else. I have not said anything to him about his brother, except that long ago I told him he ought rather to go begging his bread than come back during this trouble, lest he should meet with the same treatment as the bishop of Rochester, or worse. This, he said, he had written to him several times, and made his mother write to him also.
About six days ago the French ambassador received news from his king that Barbarossa had taken Tunis, and that cardinal Frenesio (Farnese) was elected Pope, at which he showed great joy. The moment he received the news, although the hour was late, he communicated them to Cromwell, and the next day he took horse to notify them to the King, sending to me at his departure his steward, to inform me of them, with the message that he would have come himself if he had not been obliged to go to Court. It would seem that the ambassador thinks both these events to be propitious for his master; and since the news came he has ventured to affirm at a full table that before 13 months were ever the French would be more completely lords of Italy than ever. The said news Barbarossa pleased the King very much, thinking that your majesty will have enough to do to keep Sicily, without attempting to give him trouble; but the news of the Papal election displeases him, because he was reckoning upon a schism, and that no pope would afterwards be elected; of which Cromwell expressed very great assurance an hour before the said ambassador brought him the said news.
As far as I can learn, the count de Hoy has come to offer this king men, if he wants any; and I think the King will employ him, as he wants harquebus men to send to Ireland, seeing the difficulty people make about it here, which will increase greatly if, as they say, half the men who crossed with Skeffington have been defeated (deffais). I think the King has despatched a gentleman named Candis to raise the said men, a very active and clever man, who speaks Low German, and with him one of the best gunners he has, who likewise speaks German. They left in the evening as secretly as they could, and embarked on board an Easterling ship; and the count of Hoy left this afternoon. I think he waited to go in order the better to dissemble the affair, and that it might be seen there was no one with him.
Cromwell has been lately so much occupied about the reformation of the coinage and other matters, that it has been impossible to hold the interview that he appointed with me twice, but he has since sent to apologise. I think he will not delay answering me about the matters of which I lately wrote to your majesty, and I will write at once both of that and of what I can find out about the charge of the French admiral, who is expected in 8 or 10 days, and for whose reception great preparation is made. It is said the King will defray his expenses and all his train as soon as he comes to England. London, 3 Nov. 1534.
Fr., pp. 7. From a modern copy.
3 Nov. 1369. Charles V. to John Hannart, his Ambassador in France.
Add. MS. 28,587, f. 121. B. M. Received on the 25th ult. letters from Hannart and the count of Nassau, dated Blois, 20th Oct., with a writing given them by the Grand Master concerning an alliance between the two sovereigns.
Granvelle Papers, ii. 221. Thinks that Nassau and Hannart should have taken more trouble to find out the King's intention touching Nassau's proposal of a marriage between the duke of Angoulême and the English princess, especially as the Grand Master was not displeased when Nassau mentioned it in connection with Henry's discontent with Anne de Bouland. Desires them to push this proposal according to articles 24–30 of their instructions, and to show the King and Great Master the importance of the marriage, which will result in the aggrandisement of the duke of Angoulême and the acquittal of his father towards the king of England, and the assurance of the kingdom of France. By this marriage he will gain greater advantages than by the claim to Milan, and easier of accomplishment also. The matter must be kept secret from every one, except the King and Great Master. If the King seems favorable, it should be kept secret till the passing of the treaty.
If it is suggested to you that perhaps Anne de Bouland might take the proposal so ill that the Princess's life might be in danger, you may say (though we trust the king of England would not suffer it) that we would be content in that case to have a marriage between the duke of Angoulême and the infants of Portugal, who, besides their paternal and maternal rights, shall have the said kingdom of England. (fn. 5) The Emperor will assist in procuring what is necessary from the Pope. * * * * Madrid, 3 Nov. 1534.
Fr., pp. 7. Modern copy, from the archives of Brussels.
3 Nov. 1370. Campeggio to Charles V.
Add. MS. 28,557, f. 100. B. M. Thanks the Emperor for his kind letter in answer to his, mentioning the loss he has sustained in England for having acted in accordance with justice and law. Asks for assistance. Rome, 3 Nov. 1534.
Ital., pp. 3. Modern copy.
3 Nov. 1371. Process of Excommunication.
R. O. Mandate of Peter Ligham, doctor of decrees, commissary general of Canterbury, to the curate of Petham to proclaim Alice White suspended from the rites of the Church, at the instance of Grace Barnard; and to cite her to Christchurch, Canterbury, on Tuesday after St. Andrew's Day, to show cause why she should not be excommunicated for contumacy. Canterbury, 3 Nov. 1534.
Lat., p. 1. With memoranda on the back as to appearances of persons cited at Canterbury.
3 Nov. 1372. E. Countess of Oxford to Cromwell.
R. O. I thank you for giving me your favorable reports to my lord of Norfolk in pitying my losses, as I perceive by my lord of Oxford's late letters to me. In reply to your letter of 28 Oct., I assure you I have not used to put out any farmer even though his term be out, without great cause, but rather to give an old farmer a new lease ; but to do you pleasure, after the old lease is expired, I will favor any servant of yours who will dwell upon the farm. 3 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
3 Nov. 1373. Sir Ric. Tempest to Cromwell.
R. O. Sir Henry Savell troubles the King's poor tenants of Wakefeld, calling them up by subpœna and making them fear to occupy their lands. Even Tempest's officers are often in great danger. Thanks Cromwell for his comfortable letter touching his suit to the King. Encloses his fee. Is sorry it is so poor, but hopes to give more hereafter. Bollyng, 3 Nov. Signed.
P 1. Add.: Mr. Cromwell, Secretary to the King's high majesty. Endd.
3 Nov. 1374. Andrew Luttrell to Cromwell.
R. O. I received your letter by Nycholas, merchant of Droughdahe, Ireland, desiring me to deliver him a tun of wine, parcel of his goods taken from him by pirates. A vessel came to Rock's Mill, belonging to the port of Brygewater, with 18 tuns of Gascon wine, of which I received one to the King's use, according to usage, by authority of my lord Chief Baron, the King's chief butler. For this and others I have reckoned in the Exchequer. If I may be discharged of the same I shall readily accomplish your pleasure. 3 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Of the Council; but afterwards: Secretary. Endd.
3 Nov. 1375. Fitzwilliam to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Requests his lordship's sanction to an exchange of offices between John Cradok, the bearer, who has a room of 4d. a day at Calais, and one of the soldiers of the town at 6d. Cradok's late wife was nurse to my brother, Sir Anthony Browne. Sends regards to my lady. Westminster, 3 Nov. Signed.
P 1. Add. Endd.: The iii. of Novembre 1534.
3 Nov. 1376. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have received your letter by Jehan, your servant, the bearer, with the present, for which I think you. I see by your letter that on Tuesday, 27 Oct., you heard that certain merchants of Calais bought some castle at St. Inglemet, and were compelled to give them up and take back their money. We have forbidden the export of cattle from the county until the King and the inhabitants of the town are first supplied, but if you are in need everything in the county is at your disposal. The ordinance will cease after Martinmas. If it had not been made, the Flemish merchants would have taken everything away. Boulogue, 3 Nov. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.
3 Nov. 1377. Parliament.
R. O. Roll of the Parliament holden by prorogation at Westminster, 3 Nov. 26 Hen. VIII.
Acts concerning—
1. Assurance of lands to the duke of Norfolk and others [c. 20].
2. Assurance of lands to the duke of duke of Richmond [c. 21].
3. Attainder of the bishop of Rochester and others [c. 22].
4. Attainder of Sir Thos. More [c. 23].
5. Exchange with the abbot of Waltham [c. 24].
6. Attainder of the earl of Kildare [c. 25].
7. Merchants of the Steelyard [c. 26].
8. The King to be supreme head of the church [c. 1].
9. Oath to the succession [c. 2].
10. First fruits and tenths granted to the King [c. 3].
11. Jurors in Wales [c. 4].
12. Ferries on the Severn [c. 5].
13. Felonies in Wales [c. 6].
14. Highways in Sussex [c. 7].
15. For reëdifying of void grounds in Norwich [c. 8].
16. For reëdifying of void grounds in Lynn [c. 9].
17. Repeal of statute [23 Hen. VIII. c. 7] for restraint of wines [c. 10].
18. For punishment of Welshmen making affrays in cos. Heref., Glouc. and Salop [c. 11].
19. Purgation of convicts in Wales [c. 12].
20. Taking away sanctuary for treason [c. 13].
21. For suffragans [c. 14].
22. Abolishing certain exactions by spiritual men in the archdeaconry of Richmond [c. 15].
23. Manufacture of worsteds in Norwich, Lynn and Yarmouth [c. 16].
24. Farmers of spiritual persons not to be charged first fruits or tenths for their lessors [c. 17].
25. The general pardon [c. 18].
26. Subsidy [c. 19].
1378. The Coronation Oath.
Tiberius, B VIII. 100. B. M. Ellis, 2 Ser. I. 176. “The oath of the King's highness at every coronation.”
In Wriothesley's hand, with corrections by the King, by which he swears to maintain the rights of the Church only so far as they are not prejudicial to his jurisdiction.
*** From the handwriting, as well as from internal evidence, this document was clearly drawn up at the time of the Act of Supremacy, and not, as Sir Henry Ellis supposes, at the very commencement of the King's reign.
1379. The Royal Supremacy.
S. B. Form of the oath of supremacy to be taken by every bishop and archbishop to the King.
ii. Form of the oath when taken before the Chancellor or other person nominated by the King, and not in the King's presence.
Rawlinson MS. B. 167, f. 106. Bibl. Bodl. 2. “Formula seu exemplar professionis et juramenti exhibit Henrico VIII., Regi Angliæ, per episcopes et clerum in convocatione in Parliamento, A.D. 1534, contra authoritatem Romani Pontifies.
Lat. et Angl., manu Ricardi Smyth.”
1380. First Fruits.
Cleop. E. IV. 179. B. M. A proposal to be agreed to “in this present parliament,” and confirmed by the convocations of both provinces, to give the King and his successors for ever the first fruits of every benefice throughout the realm, in like manner as they are received at present in the diocese of Norwich by the bishop, to whom they are paid by instalments, “so as neither hospitality needeth to be laid apart, nor the mansion nor chancel be unrepaired.” Every benefice to be first taxed reasonably to a sum “not only as it is now let, but as it is likely to continue.” As the revenues of the Crown are much decayed, this will supply the King with a good revenue for the defence of the realm, and cause the temporalty to “leave their grudge and murmur against the spirituality, and lovingly to live together in perfect love.”
Pp. 3. Endd. by Cromwell: “The copye of a graunt to be made to the Kyng of a yerlye revenew to be grauntyd by the clergye.”
R. O. 2. Draft, with corrections, in Cromwell's hand, of the statute 26 Hen. VIII. c. 3, concerning first fruits.
Large paper, pp. 23. Imperfect.
R. O. 3. Citation of the preceding statute.
Lat. Large paper, pp. 3. Endd.: A rehersall of thacte of parliament for the first frutes and tenthes.
1381. Parliament.
R. O. Two corrected drafts of the act 26 Hen. VIII. c. 6, concerning murders and felonies in Wales.
Large paper, pp. 3, 11. Imperfect. Endd.
R. O. 2. Draft of the enacting portion of statute 26 Hen. VIII. c. 10.
Large paper, pp. 2.
R. O. 3. Corrected draft of the statute 26 Hen. VIII. c. 13.
Large paper, pp. 7. Partly corrected by lord Chancellor Audeley.
R. O. 4. Another draft, corrected by Lord Audeley.
Large paper, pp. 7.
R. O. 5. Draft bill similar in effect to the statute 26 Hen. VIII. c. 13, whereby divers offences were made high treason, but differing materially from the statute as passed.
Large paper, pp. 7.
R. O. 6. “Anno xxvi. H. VIII. An acte concernynge the graunt of subsidie of xv. and x.” (cap. 19).
Pp. 20. Printed by Berthelet.
R. O. 7. A mutilated fragment of the same act.
Printed, pp. 2.
R. O. 8. Memoranda of the fifteenths and tenths and subsidies granted to the King in 26 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 9. Attested copy of the act for the attainder of Sir Thos. More, 26 Hen. VIII. c. 23.
P. 1. Endd. with memoranda about Northmym (?) Manor.
1382. The Earl of Kildare.
Lansdowne MS. 159, f. 36. B. M. Draft bill of attainder against Gerald earl of Kildare, deceased. The attainder to take effect from 8 July 20 Hen. VIII., and the forfeiture of his estates from 26 June 26 Hen. VIII. Also against Thos. Fitzgerald, s. and h. of the said earl, Sir John and Oliver Fitzgerald, uncles to the said Thos., James Delahide, s. and h. of Sir Walter Delahide of Moyclare, John Delahide, Edw. Delahide, parson of Kilberie, sons of the said Sir Walter, John Burnell of Balgriffen, Sir Ric. Walshe, parson of Loghsendie, Chale McGranell alias Charles Reynold, clk., late archedeacon of Kellis, Jas. Gernon, s. and h. of Patrick Gernon of Gernonstone, Chr. Parese, s. and h. of Wm. Parese of Agbir, Piers Walshe, s. of Walter Walshe, Robt. and Maurice, sons of Wm. Walsh late of Tiecroghan, and Edw. Rowkes, yeoman. Also all their accomplices convicted since All Saints' 1534, or who shall be convicted hereafter till three years from the first day of this parliament, to forfeit their lands to the King.
Pp. 7.
Ibid. f. 32. 2. Another imperfect copy.
Pp. 8.
Harl. MS. 3,756. B. M. 3. The earl of Kildare's rental book, containing entries of farms let, down to 23 Hen. VIII., an account of the books in his library, Latin, French and English, and an account of horses and harness given by him to various persons. The latter between 5 and 9 Hen. VIII.
A large folio volume.
R. O. 4. “The wardrop of Maynoth.”
Tapestry for the great chamber, hall, &c. Hanging for the chamber of the chapel of French red and green say. Trussing beds of russet cloth of gold, satin of Bridges of various colors, and fustian. A cradle with a sparver of bawdekyn and green sarsnet curtains. Sparvers of bawdekyn, velvet and satin. Coverlets and counterpoints of imagery. Beds of arras, tapestry and tyke. Feather beds, pillow beres, &c. A fine carpet of Turkey work, 5 yds. long. Two carpets of verder. Short Turkey carpets. Cushions.
In Dublin in the Great Place. Iron, 4 tons. Salt, 24 qrs.
The earl of Kildare's plate, by estimation, 1,000 marks.
The earl of Kildare's kine: In Fortullagh, “annyre.” In Forcollon, “anayere.” In the Anaill, “anayre.” In the Fasagh of Ballinaglassan, two “ayres.” In Ulster, “anayre.” In Kylkusch, “anare.” By estimation, 1,000 kine. Studs at Mynoth, Farcollon, the Anall, Ulster, Fassagh Lentre, and with Conor O'Girran: By estimation, 1,000 horses and mares.
Pp. 3.
1383. Reforms in Church and State.
Cleop. E. VI. 318. B. M. “Things necessary, as it seemeth, to be remembered before the breaking up of the parliament.”
As the two texts, John xx. 21. and Acts xx. 28, are considered as supporting the authority of bishops over kings and princes, a declaration of their meaning must be demanded from those of the clergy who are most likely, from their authority and learning, to declare the truth therein; and this declaration must be so manifest that all who wish to take exception to it may have free liberty so to do. Secret inquiry must be made of the most learned men of the realm as to who has authority to summon a general council, for what cause it ought to be assembled, and who ought to have a voice in it. Their opinion must be only certified to the King and Council.
Things which have confessedly been abused in times past should be either plainly confirmed or prohibited. Men should be prohibited from holding opinions contrary to the determination of Parliament. For instance, it should be declared that the statute of Silva Cædua, concerning the tithe of wood above 20 years, is not against the law of God; that there is no mediator nor mediatrice between God and us but Christ; that the blood of Christ sufficeth for man's redemption without the blood of martyrs ; that it cannot be proved by Scripture that the bishop of Rome may deliver souls from Purgatory ; nor that there is any Purgatory ; that if there is a Purgatory, there is neither pain of fire nor heat, nor sight of devils; that it is more charitable and necessary to pray for the living than the dead; that God only forgivth sin, and has never given power to man to do so; and that images are not to be worshipped.
To rebuild towns that are laid to pastures would highly please Almighty God, help much to a common wealth, and greatly quiet the people.
“And they might be builded with, &c.”
Pp. 2.
1384. On the Power of a Prince.
R. O. Treatise advocating the right of the Prince to depose or appoint bishops, and if necessary to occupy the preacher's place, and there to feed his people; also the right of a layman to denounce a sinner before the congregation; i.e., to excommunicate him.
Begins: “As there be many things which at the beginning were well instituted.”
Ends: “that all good kings were great teachers of the people.”
Pp. 7. Endd.
R. O. 2. Another copy in the same hand.
R. O. 3. A collection of texts of Scripture concerning the authority of a King.
Lat., pp. 2. Headed: Jus regum. Endd.
1385. Spiritual Jurisdiction.
Cleop. F. II. 250. B. M. “Certen consideracions why the spirituell jurisdiccion wold be abrogatt and repelled or at the leest reformed.”
Incip. “First, I cannot see but that all such laws which be called spiritual laws first commenced against the King's prerogative, forasmuch as the clergy have not ne at any time had any power given them immediately of God to make any laws within this realm, ne to execute any laws, but their laws have been made and executed by the only usurped power of the bishop of Rome by the sufferance and admittance of the King's grace and his progenitors, kings of this realm.”
Recommends that all cases be judged in the King's courts. The King would then gain by fines, &c. There would be more divines than lawyers among the clergy. The clergy also are judges in their own causes, and no appeal lies but in certain cases of late ordained by Parliament, which be very few in number. Denies that the privilege claimed by the clergy of not being arraigned before secular judges for felony is according to the word of God, and objects to the difference between the ecclesiastical law and the law of the realm as to bastardy.
Comments on the various matters cognisable by spiritual courts, the successive paragraphs being headed as follows:— “In criminibus hæreticæ pravitatis. (fn. 6) Simoniæ. In criminibus adulterii, incestus, fornicationis et concubinatus. Peccata contra naturam. In criminibus usurarum. Falsitatis, Perjurii et Fidei læsionis. In criminibus sortilegii, divinationis, augurii, idelatriæ et blasphemationis. Sacrilegii. In criminibus diffamationis et convicii. Injectionis manuum violentarum in clericos et ecclesiasticas personas neenon criminum et excessuum aliorum quorumeunque spiritualium, dummodo ad correctionem animarum et pœnam canonicam agatur et non petatur principaliter pecunia. De beneficialibus. Matrimonialibus. Decimarum, etiam si fuerint hujusmodi decimæ separatæ a novem partibus. Oblationum obventionum debitarum et consuetarum ecclesiæ et personis ecclesiasticis, mortuariorum, pensionum, portionum sive præstationum quorumeunque spiritualium et ecclesiasticorum.”
Pp. 10.
1386. False News.
R. O. Memoranda of Acts of Parliament against the publishing of false news or conspiring to murder the King or a lord of the realm.
Large paper, pp. 2.
1387. Statutes.
R. O. i. “The effect of the Act concerning restraint of appeals to the court of Rome in causes testamentary, causes of matrimony, divorces, tithes, oblations and obventions.”
ii. “The effect of the Act concerning the submission of the clergy” and the general restraint of appeals to Rome.
iii. “The effect of the Act concerning the elections, confirmation and consecration of archbishops,” &c.
iv. “The effect of the Act concerning the King's succession.”
v. “The effect of the Act of dispensation,” &c. to be obtain in England.
Pp. 46. Endd. in same hand.
1388. Privileges of Westminster Abbey.
R. O. 1. It is exempt from ordinary ecclesiastical power, and from secular power, even of the King. 2. It is in peculiar power of St. Peter, under whom the monks choose their own prelate. The rule of the abbey rests in him with their counsel, and no other person can meddle in anything connected with the abbey without their consent. 3. The King is its advocate and guardian, as the other churches of England, and has the power rice papæ in this church, as in others, of establishing what is right by advice of bishops and abbots. 4. It has most ample right of sanctuary, even for crimes against the King. 5. These privileges are derived as well from ecclesiastical and apostolical as from secular and royal authority, ratified by the penalties of eternal damnation and excommunication.
Has collected the above from three charters of Eadgar and Eadward. The modification which is thought of can therefore be accomplished by the King with the prelates of this kingdom, but it should be done carefully, on account of the ancient rights. The unlimited right of sanctuary is injurious to justice.
Lat. pp. 2. Endd.
4 Nov. 1389. Sir WM. Brereton and John Salisbury to Henry VIII.
Lamb. MS. 601, f. 1. St. P. II. 203. On Wednesday, 14 Oct., sailed with the Deputy from Graycourt, and were driven under the isle of Lambay 10m. north of Dublin. On Friday heard from John Darcy that Thos. Fitzgerald had won the city and castle of Dublin. It was determined that the writers should go thither, and the Deputy and rest of the fleet to Waterford. Landed at Dublin on Saturday. The mayor had taken truce for six weeks with Thos. Fitzgerald, which he broke within 24 hours by burning the corn of the prior of Kilmaynham. The city agreed to obtain a pardon for Fitzgerald and a deputation of al Ireland, or to surrender; and he holds hostages. Have set watches to the gates and the walls, and keep the keys of the castle. The Deputy arrived at Dublin a week after their landing. On Oct. 27 a friar came with news of Fitzgerald's intention to besiege Traghdaff (Drogheda). Went thither the next day with the Deputy, and stayed there seven days. Dublin, 4 Nov.
Recommend the bearer Fras. Herbert, who has done good service as a gunner. Signed.
4 Nov. 1390. Henry Earl of Essex to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Thanks him for his half-tun of wine. The bringer had shipped for him 11 oxen and 100 sheep. Is informed that Lisle had but one ox, the others being riotously taken by the searchers, nothing regarding your authority. Begs him to send over his authority against Monday se'nnight, when the sessions shall be held, and also letters to the King certifying him of these misdemeanors. Sends him a gentleman, as he desires, a man of such conditions as will please him. Has had proof of him this 10 years, and would not otherwise have parted with him. Stansted, 4 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Lisle, deputy at Calais. Endd.
4 Nov. Royal MS. 18 B. VI. f. 28. B. M. 1391. Answer of James V. to Gotscalcus Ericus, Imperial Ambassador.
In answer to the Emperor's request that he should make no treaty with the king of England which might affect the dignity of the Queen, James grieves for the illfortune of the Queen and Princess, and at the discord between two princes who are connected with him by friendship and blood. Has made peace with England at the conclusion of the late war, with provision for the comprehension of the Emperor and other allies, but nothing has been concluded to the prejudice of his majesty or the said ladies.
Thanks the Emperor for his offer of his piece the English princess as a wife; but she is not in his power, and could not be obtained without great difficulty. Asks in marriage in her place the daughter of the king of Denmark, the Emperor's piece (neptem Duciæ R[egis filiam]). Will send ambassadors to negotiate the marriage, if the Emperor approves.
Approves highly of the Emperor's intention about a General Council; is ready to send persons to attend a council, and will do what he can to prevent the spread of Lutheranism. If the proposed marriage takes effect, will act as the Emperor pleases in this and other matters.
Desires these overtures to be kept secret. Linlitqw, 31 Oct. 1534.
P.S.—As in addition to the other articles, the Emperor request his opinion about a General Council, replies that nothing could please him more or be more advantageous to Christendom than the suppression of Lutheranism, and he therefore approves of a General Council being properly summoned for the extinction of heretical seets and reformation. When duly informed of the time and place, he will send ambassadors who shall omit nothing which befits a Christian and Catholic king. Edinburgh, 4 Nov. 1534.
Lat., copy, pp.3.
Ibid. f. 213. 2. Another copy.
4 Nov. 1392. The Emperor's Council.
Add. MS. 28,587, f. 102. B. M. “Lo que se propuso, consulto y acordo en consejo de Estado en Madrid a quatro de Nov. 1534, para despachar a M. de Waury.” (fn. 7)
* * * * * *
23. Cifuentes and Waury must recommend to the Pope the affairs of the queen of England and her daughter, so that he may not take any step to their prejudice at the instance of the kings of England and France, and that he may give the two kings to understand plainly that he is displeased at the violence shown to them in disregard of the Holy See and ecclesiastical authority. His Holiness should insist on the King's restoring the Queen and Princess, for the discharge of his conscience, his own honor and for the good and repose of himself and his kingdom; and should urge the French king not to favor him in any manner, the more so as, in addition to his conduct towards the Queen, Henry is daily separating himself from authority of the Church. * * *
Sp, pp 37. Modern copy.


  • 1. Widow of Thomas lord Berkeley, who died 19 Sept 1534, after enjoying the title less than two years.
  • 2. Meaning the duke of Richmond.
  • 3. Rob. Stillington.
  • 4. Geoffrey Pole.
  • 5.
  • 6. Under this heading statute 25 Hen. VIII. is referred to.
  • 7. This name is sometimes spelt “Vaubry” and “Vavry