Henry VIII: Miscellaneous, 1534

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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'Henry VIII: Miscellaneous, 1534', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534, (London, 1883), pp. 599-627. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol7/pp599-627 [accessed 22 June 2024].

. "Henry VIII: Miscellaneous, 1534", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534, (London, 1883) 599-627. British History Online, accessed June 22, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol7/pp599-627.

. "Henry VIII: Miscellaneous, 1534", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534, (London, 1883). 599-627. British History Online. Web. 22 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol7/pp599-627.


Miscellaneous, 1534

1602. Royal Supremacy.
R. O. Strype's Mem. I. II. 162. Sampson's treatise (oratio) in defence of the Supremacy.
Lat., mutilated, but supplying some of the lost passages in Strype's copy, as Strype's does to this.
2. “A treatise proving by the King's laws that the bishop of Rome had neither right to any supremacy within this realm.”
Begins: Although before this time.
Ends: high judges thereof.
A small 4to. of 28 leaves, printed by Berthelet, with a preface and table of contents at the end. See Catalogue of MSS. in the University Library, Cambridge, vol. I. p. 532.
3. “De vera Differentia Regiæ Potestatis et Ecclesiasticæ, et quæ sit ipsa veritas ac virtus utriusque.”
A treatise by Edw. Foxi, printed by Berthelet in 1534, and again in 1538.
Pecock, II., 539. 4. Treatise in defence of the abolition of the Papal supremacy, entitled “A Litel Treatise ageynste the mutterynge of some papistis in corners.”
Incipit: Porsomuch that some controversy.
Printed by Berthelet, 1534.
R. O. 5. Treatise against the Papal supremacy.
Begins: “Of the power and primacy of the Pope.—The bishop of Rome taketh upon him to be, by the divine law, above all bishops and pastors.”
Ends: “Let then those that defraud the Church to know that God shall punish them for that offence.”
Pp. 15.
R. O. Pocock, II. 100. 6. Arguments from the Old and New Testament in favor of the Royal supremacy and against the primacy of St. Peter.
Begins: “Obey the King as chief, and other rulers.”
R. O. 7. “Against the supremacy of the Pope.”
Eleven paragraphs showing that Peter was not the chief of the Apostles, nor the bishop of Rome anciently the head of the church.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 8. Latin tract in defence of the Roy8al supremacy.
A fragment of a corrected draft, pp. 4. Begins: “Si unusquisque pietate quadam naturali adeo in patriam devincatur.” Ends in the middle of the quotation: “Subjecti igitur estote omni humanæ creaturæ propter Dominum, sive Regi quasi præcellenti, sive ducibus tanquam ab Eo missis ad —.”
R. O. 9. A collection of texts headed “Jus Regum.”
Lat., pp. 3. Endd. by Tunstall: De potestate Regis.
R. O. 10. A sermon on the words Et erunt signa in sole et luna.
Inc.: “The ministers of Christ's Church now when the annual time draws in hand.”
Ends: “by vehemence of persecution erit enim tunc tribulatio, &c.”
Pp. 5. Apparently in Tunstall's hand.
ii. Head of a sermon, Attendite vobis.
Tanner MS. 343, f. 78. 11. Articles against the power of the bishop of Rome and in favor of the statute concerning the King as head of the Church.
1603. Renunciation of the Pope.
R. O. Draft acknowledgment of the King's supremacy to be used by any archbishop or bishop.
Lat., pp. 3.
1604. Validity of the King's Second Marriage.
R. O. Declaration of Francis I., after having considered the arguments touching the marriage of Henry VIII. and Katharine of Arragon and his subsequent marriage with queen Anne, and the sentences of the late pope Clement, that he will defend the latter marriage as lawful, and the children born of it as legitimate, against any who will impugn it, treating the papal sentences as null, and that he will give succour in case England be invaded or troubled on account of them. (See No. 1348.)
Fr., pp. 2.
1605. Appeal to Rome.
R. O. Information addressed to the King by James Bacon, of London, brewer, against John Dakins, LL.D., commissary of the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, his apparitor Thos. Roye and others, for having sued an appeal to Rome contrary to the act of 24 Hen. VIII., and obtained from the bishop of Rome [an instrument], directed to the prior of St. Mary Spytell, Shoreditch, for the annulling of a sentence given by Dr. Gwent, in the court of Canterbury, in a cause of matrimony brought against the petitioner by Cecily Dous.
Large paper, pp. 5. Endd.
1606. Germain Gardiner to —.
Grenville Library 11,990. B. M. “A letter of a yonge gentylman named mayster Germen Gardynare wryten to a friend of his, wherin men may se the demeanour and heresy of Johnn Frjth late burned, and also the dyspycyons and reasoning uppon the same had betwene the same mayster Germen and hym. Prented by W. Rastell in Flete Strete in Saynt Brydys Chyrchyarde.” 1534. 12°. 42 leaves. Bl. L.
“Ye have heard how John Fryth, sometime scholar in that college whereof ye were after his departing master, was afterwards, among other at Oxenford, found busy in setting abroad these heresies which, lately sprung in Almayne, by the help of such folk be spread abroad into sundry parts of Christendom, tending to nothing else but to the division and renting asunder of Christ's mystical body, his Church, the pulling down of all power and utter subversion of all commonwealths.” He was punished, and fled beyond sea to the fathers of that religion, and in company with Will. Tyndale and Geo. Joye “(at whose name I am sure ye sigh, seeing yourself to have been so deluded with the hope which once ye conceived of him),” and within awhile, though only 24 years old, took upon him to teach the whole Church of Christ, revoking us from our error, as he called it, of Purgatory, &c. He came again into England, encouraged others to stand stiff in heresy and was imprisoned in the Tower. Yet he wrote against the doctrine of the Sacrament of the Altar, and though Tyndale, warden of their guild, advised him to abstain from such high matters, the advice came too late. His learning was to be praised but for his arrogance, and my lord my master, (fn. 1) bearing a special love for him, as he had once been his scholar, sent for him to his house to converse with him, and he said he would accept the contrary opinion if it were shown to be declared by doctors of the Church. Yet he disputed the matter afterwards with my lord. Account of their discussion, and of the condemnation of Frith and Thos. Philippes. After Frith's condemnation my lord sent him his chaplain Rupert, to satisfy him, and the writer also held conversations with him, which he recounts at some length.
From Ashare, 1 Aug. (fn. 2)
1607. The Grey Friars.
R. O. “Nomina fratrum Observantium permanentium in regno.”
Wm. Robynson is in London; also John Game, Jas. Kello, Jacobus Laycus and Antonius Laycus; and John Foreste is there in prison. John Bartone and Wm. Craforth are in Kent at the pleasure of the bp. of Canterbury. John Yonge and Benedict Dewo are at Norwich; Thos. Peresone at Lynne; Wm. Morewhate at Babwell; Gabriel Pecocke at Lincoln; also Ant. Hoode. Thos. Sydman is in Kent with Sir. Wm. Hawte; Wm. Peritho at York; Rob. Hychon at Lincoln. Bonaventura Jonson is an Augustine friar. Robt. Neseweke is at Ware; also Hen. Sotyll, Walter Freman, John Elstonys and John Hore. John Hemmysley is at Scarborough. John Bakare is at Richmond; also Wm. Penrith and Thos. Packe. Wm. Curson is at Bedford; also Wm. Stapeley. David Jones is in Kent; Wm. Lee at Cardinia (Carmarthen ?); John Kebyll at Gloucester; John Lye at Bristol; Elyas Mody in Kent with the abbot of Feversame. Fras. Luberte in Kent with Mr. Crayforth. Rob. Rufford at Bedford. Wm. Ele at Carmarthen. Barnard Blackborne at York. Rog. Harltone at Scarborough. John Brymstone is an Augustine friar. Thos. Robynson is at Cardinia with the lord of the castle there. Chr. Burrell is at Canterbury, and mad. Wm. Brwellus is at Bedford; Hugh Norrysse at Stamford; Ralph Creswell at Reading.
“Nomina eorumdem Observantium defunctorum.”
John Spens died at London; also Thos. Artte, Thos. Kellam, Jeremy Manson, John Kinge, John Kyxe and Nic. Harfforthe. Judocus Asterdam died at Canterbury; Andrew Danolde at Greenwich; John Scryvner at Reading; also Ant. Lenes. Alex. Hyll died in patria; Theodoric Barkham at Greenwich; James Wylyamson at Colchester; Cornelius Symondys in patria; also Edw. Pope and John Biltone. Wm. Ellell at Dancaster. Gerard Dyryson in patria. John Martyne at Newcastle. Rob. Bynkys at Reading. Fras. Caro at Bristol. Hen. Heltryne in patria; also Adrian Dehohe, Thos. Danyell and Fras. Carre. Lewis Wylkynson at Canterbury. Bryan Fysshborne at Yarmouth. Wm. Hasarde at Dunwyche. John Wells at Ipswich. Robt. Bakare at Doncaster.
“Nomina eorumdem exemptorum.” Barnardine Covertt, exempt. Ant. Browne, hermit. John Lawrence and Robert Lanham, exempt. Thos. Tyngyll, laicus ad mundum reversus. Thos. Martyne, exempt; also Alex. Holdene, John Lordinge, Fras. Dente, Ralph Massy, Thos. Packe, Thos. Roche, Thos. Quyntans, Thos. Butlere, Mich. Knyffton, Wm. Fullmer, Fras. Bucnall. Wm. Petitt, layman and exempt. Hen. Bocher, exempt; also Wm. Attpurbure. Thos. Myllinge and Ric. Daniell, laici ad mundum reversi. Fras. Canewe exempt, also Robt. Latomar and Thos. Tyngylle. Wm. Peter, Peter Jacson and John Jonson, laici ad mundum reversi. John Tyndale, exempt; also John Sawere, Fras. Dundye, Robt. Corbete and Thos. Sayer. John Cutbert, layman, Hugh Payne and Nic. Bullyn, exempt.
“Nomina eorumdem qui fugam petierunt.”
Sebastian Begone fled over sea; also Ric. Elvyn. Rob. Shorte fled into Scotland; also John Jobbe. Cornelius Simons, over sea; also John Wolls. John Lambert to Scotland; also Abraham Wharton and Wm. Symson. Rob. Hunte over sea. Ph. Wylkynson to Scotland. Thos. Adam, over sea; also Cornelius Brylys and Ric. Hadley. Wm. Gumbry into Scotland; also Wm. Bartram, Wm. Smyth, Thos. Cony and Peter de Maguntia. Thos. Hunter, over sea. Thos. Packe to Scotland. Hen. Halter, over sea, John Byllinge to Scotland; also John Rycket, Ric Wallwoode, Geo. Webstere, Thos. Curtney and Thos. Elkyn. Arnold Forgate, over sea; also Jas. Dansy.
1608. Cranmer and the “New Learning.”
R. O. Articles against dan William Wynchelsey, monk of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, delivered by the archbishop of Canterbury.
The said William has said (1) that the Archbishop commanded Twynne, the schoolmaster, to ride twice in one week to Sandwich to read a lecture of heresy, and promised a buck in summer and a doe in winter to the heretics of Sandwich; (2) that he thanked God he had lived to see the Cross of Canterbury carried to a bull baiting; (3) that this new learning would set men together by the ears, and that my lord of Canterbury was the maintainer of it; (4) and that “the King had made a fool archbishop of Canterbury because he would take his pleasure of the Church.”
ii. Examination of the accused, who denies the first three articles, and explains away the fourth.
iii. Examination of witnesses, viz.:—
Wm. Mylton, monk of St. Augustine's sworn. Deposes to the second and fourth articles. He heard Wynchelsey, in a place called the Sporte in the said monastery, say to one dan Rob. Saltwood, “the King hath made a fool bishop of Canterbury because he would be head to pyll and poll the Church;” this in presence of Ric. Compton and Lawrence Goldstone.
Dan Rob. Saltwood, sworn. Heard the accused speak as in the first article, in a place in the monastery called Little Joye, about the beginning of Lent last; present, brothers Wm. Mylton, Lawr. Goldstone, John Anthony and John Langdown, and John Mychell, layman. He also confirms the second and fourth accusations. The former happened “betwixt the peals of evensong of Our Lady Day the Assumption last past,” and the latter between the feasts of St. John Baptist and St. Thomas.
Dan John Anthony, sworn. Deposes to the first article.
“Dompnus Laurentius Goldstene, examinatus.” Confirms the second accusation and the fourth, which took place between Midsummer and St. Thomas' Day last.
Upon this examination Wynchelsey was committed to prison within the monastery till the King's pleasure be further known.
Pp. 4. Endd.: “Against a monk in Canterbury and a priest in Tenet (Thanet?) accused in D. Peter's (St. Peter's?) circuit in the visitation. Which monk and priest remain in prison.”
1609. Seditious Language.
R. O. The deposition of Robt. Cowper, John Wynbok, John Fletcher and Ric. Chell, against Margaret Cowpland, for calling the King an extortioner, knave and traitor, and queen Anne a strong harlot, on various occasions.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Cromwell, secretary to the King.
1610. Cromwell's Lands.
R. O. “An abstract of my master his lands and tenements, and the yearly value of the same.”
The fee farm of Waltham, 50l.; the manors of Eggecote, 50l.; Donton, 26l. 13s. 4d.; Hakney, 10l.; Shordiche, 10l.; Ratheby, 50l.; Halyfelde, 20l.; and “the manors in Kent which ye are in communication to purchase of Mr. Carnaby,” 200l. and better.
Total 416l. 13s. 4d., besides the manor of Rumpney, 100 marks, “and your capital house and gardens at the Augustine Freers.”
1611. Cromwell's Drafts.
R. O. Draft bill for a subsidy for the building of fortifications.
Imperfect. Large paper, pp. 2, with corrections in Cromwell's hand.
R. O. 2. Fragment of another (?) draft bill.
Begins: “be more prone, ready and of better will.” Ends: “withstanding of the ambition and.”
Large paper, p. 1, with corrections by Cromwell.
R. O. 3. Petition of the Commons in Parliament against abuses in the administration of the law and the delays contrived by lawyers for defence of untrue titles, &c.
Large paper, pp. 3, mutilated.
R. O. 4. Draft act of parliament for the more rigid enforcement of previous statutes, appointing a new court, to consist of six discreet men, of whom three at least shall be outer barristers in the Inns of Court, who shall be called justices or conservators of the common weal, and sit together in the White Hall at Westminster or elsewhere, with power to discuss all matters relating to the common weal, and to call before them all persons who have violated any act of parliament made since the beginning of Henry VII.'s reign. And whereas the King gave his assent in the fourth year of his reign, by which if he did not prosecute for the violation of any statutes within three years, he should lose his advantage, they are authorised to appoint officers in every county, to be called serjeants or servants of the common weal, who shall inquire from time to time touching all offenders against such acts, popular or penal, made for the conservation of the common weal. The conservators are to have a seal belonging to their court graved on one side with a ship and the King's arms, on the other with a plough, two hand cards, a hammer and a spade, “signifying that by labour and tilling of the earth, and by the good industry of draping of cloths and of merchants, fishers, mariners, miners, and handicrafts, the great burden of the common weal” is sustained. Further powers to call upon sheriffs to make returns, &c.
Pp. 27.
1612. Clerk Bishop of Bath to Cromwell.
R. O. I beg you will hear what Hugh Paulett can report of my sermon, that my innocency may appear. When that is done I shall sue to you for the punishment of those who have maliciously accused me. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
1613. [Cromwell to Henry VIII.]
R. O. Since my repair to London I have spoken to Mr. Southwell of your desire to purchase his manor beside Est Yafford. He is content to sell it, and will meet any one you appoint to survey it.
Hol., draft, p. 1.
1614. [Cromwell] to Lord —.
R. O. Has received his answer to his request for the preferment of his friend Mr. Alen to the ferme of Canewod and Canefeldes, saying that he desires to have respite of his consent till his coming to London, and meantime he will try to revoke a former promise. Trusts he has made no such promise, and requires him without delay to make Mr. Alen a lease of the ferme.
Draft, in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1.
1615. [Cromwell] to —. (fn. 3)
R. O. Writes in behalf of Thos. Miller, an English subject, whose ship the Andrew was run aground in the north of Scotland, and although the goods worth 260l. were taken out by the crew, they were subsequently detained by James Seyntcler, governor in the said north parts under the King your master. I and others of the Council mentioned the case to you when you were last in England, and you promised to do justice if the complainant repaired to you on your return, but he has not been able to get redress.
P. 1. Endd.: Copy of a letter written into Scotland in the favor of one Thos. Miller of London.
1616. [Cromwell to —.]
R. O. Desires him to restore lands which he wrongfully withholds from Reignolde Williams in the West country. “At my house of Stepneth.”
Draft, p. 1.
1617. — to [Cromwell].
R. O. Advises him to secure a piece of ground belonging to the Bridgehouse [London], in order to make his garden square and form a bowling alley. Has spoken to the lord mayor and sheriffs, who readily consent.
The man who dwells on the ground is content to part with the lease of his house, “you being good master unto him in that thing which is longyn unto his science.” By this you may have a backway from your garden to go whither it shall please you. “Sir, there you may have a fair stable made, and there you may have made a fair tennis play and a close bowling alley with a gallery over it.” The house pays 3l. a year to the Bridgehouse.
P. 1. Headed: In the garden at the Austin Friars. Endd.: A memorial concerning my master's garden at Frere Austens and other necessaries there.
1618. — to [Cromwell].
R. O. A very prolix letter, in which the writer says that he has long been a member of the Middle Temple, is now growing old, and desires to be taken into Cromwell's service, excusing his audacity in making such a request by reminding Cromwell that he and his late friend Thomas Somner had frequently resorted to his habitation, which was then against the gate of the Friars Augustines, and that Cromwell had on one occasion called to mind an old matter touching himself to show that he did not forget old acquaintance. Praises extravagantly Cromwell's goodness and generosity, comparing him to the Son of God, who returns good for evil.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Sunnyff.
1619. — to [Cromwell]
R. O. Thanks him for 10 angel nobles (angres nobles). Excuses himself for the fault committed by the clerk who wrote his last letter, in speaking to the King, which is contrary to his promise. (fn. 4) In two years has fixed his hope solely upon Cromwell. Writes in French, that the scribe may not deceive him again. Begs Cromwell to give him his livery, that he may be known as his servant.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. le Segretere du Roy nostre Sire. Endd.
1620. Lord Lisle.
R. O. Licence to John Amney, priest, with one of the Friars Carmes of Calais, to collect money within the King's east pale for the Gray Friars of Canterbury, who have no lands nor rents. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
1621. Walter Aclond.
R. O. Petition of Walter Aclond of Staffordshire to master Secretary, showing that he had been summoned before his mastership at the suit of Hen. Broke, and was delivered by the sheriff of Stafford to Cromwell, who committed him to the Marshalsea. Does not know the cause. Is 70 years of age, and his life is in danger through sickness and punishment of irons. Desires to come to his answer.
P. 1. Endd.
1622. Alexander Alesius.
Corp. Ref. XI. 251. Oratio de gratitudine M. Alexandri Alesii Scoti, Decani, in promotione magistrorum anno mdxxxiv. [At the university of Wittenberg.]
Corp. Ref. IV. 1025. 2. N. N. to his Father A. R.
At Philip's [Melanchthon's] desire has written a poem in abuse of Cochlæus for treating Alesius with indignity. Writes in the name of Alesius, so as not to get into a quarrel with an abusive man.
1623. David Appowell to Cromwell.
R. O. Desires the office of yeoman purveyor to the Queen, or yeoman of her chariot, as he is lately much decayed in his stock and goods.
Hol. p. 1. Add. at the head: Chieff Secretary.
1624. Thomas Arundell, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. Master Brown, parson of Chesterton, “doth privily repugn against the King's highness and the Queen's and you that be of [the] King's privy Council.” He keeps a false writing in manner of a prophecy contrary to his oath, which he showed to the writer, being his curate, and made him copy, desiring him to keep his counsel. Told him it was not lawful, on which Brown said he was one of Cromwell's disciples. Took another copy, which he has to show, and refused to serve him longer.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: Right worshipful and most honorable master, master Secretary. Endd.
1625. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs Cromwell, to whom he has been so long a suitor, to consider his “great calamity and hard perplexity. For I do not know what to say or do, and I am without a house, and all thing accounted without living and sore ryn behind hand; and fain would do for the best, and so hath ever intended, and all is contrary taken. Wherefore I have made a little bill to your cousin Mr. Richard Crumwell, by whom I most lowly beseech you I may know your advice and pleasure.”
Hol., p. 1. Headed: To Mr. Secretary's good mastership.
1626. Sir Anthony Babyngton to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs that some of the monks of Lenton may be prior now after the decease of dan John Annesley, late prior, as the house will prosper better than under a stranger; for which reason my lord Cardinal in his time made dane Thomas Hobson prior, “and Simmes (?) that is late prior, both of the house were made.”
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
1627. Anthony Bonvixi.
R. O. Warrant for the delivery to Antony Bonvyse, merchant of Luke, of 19 obligations for 8,062l. 10s. 6d., payable at various dates from June 1535 to Jan. 1539, in exchange for bonds by other persons.
Draft, corrected by Cromwell, p. 1. Large paper.
1628. Sir Francis Brian to Cromwell.
R. O. Desiring him to aid Edward Blaknall in a suit to the King. “Written this Saturday morning.” Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Right honourable the King's secretary. Endd.
1629. Sir Anthony Browne to [Sir W. Fitzwilliam].
R. O. “Sir, the Kynges plessur ys that yow or Mr. Secrytary be with hym to nyght and not to be ffalyd; for he in tands to spake with on off you tonyght.
By your
Antone Browne.”
Hol. Add.: To Mr. Trasarar or Mr. Secrytory.
1630. Chr. Clarke alias Rogerson to Cromwell.
R. O. Has been a servant in the abbey of Chester for more than 50 years in the times of abbots Ric. Oldam, Symond Ryppley, Thos. Hyefylde, Thos. Marshall and John Byrchynshawe, the present abbot. Has been clerk and butler, and is now porter. The abbot has deprived him of his office and of a piece of land on which he has built a house, because he would not surrender his for term of life. The office was worth 5l., besides livery, meat and drink, and the house cost 20 marks. Begs Cromwell to write to the mayor, justice and aldermen of Chester to settle the matter, and to the abbot to abide by their decision.
P. 1. Headed: Chief secretary and master of the Rolls.
1631. Clyfford v. Monmouth.
R. O. 1. John Clyfford to Cromwell.
This is the third letter he has written. The crier of the Chancery has commanded him to attend at the Rolls tomorrow before the masters of Chancery, and bring his counsel with him. Has retained Norwich, Skuse and Dynsell, but has not moved them a long time. Skuse understands his case. If Cromwell will be his good master, will enter on the business and bear the charges, as he knows he is in the right. Wednesday, 29 Jan. anno 27 (1527–8).
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right worshipful.
R. O. 2. John Clifford and Elizabeth his wife.
Petition to Cromwell complaining of the injuries done them by Monmothe, respecting certain lands called Ganocke, notwithstanding that various judgments have been given against him. Will not be able to obtain their rights unless Cromwell, who is now master of the Rolls, will help them. Gives an account of how they have been driven from common law to Chancery and back.
P. 1, long sheet. Add.: Secretary. Sealed. Endd.
1632. Robert Cokett to Cromwell.
R. O. The prior of Carlisle is deposed. Recommends Sir Will. Florens, canon of the aforesaid house, as prior. Offers for the favor 100 marks.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1633. Richard Conquest to Henry VIII.
R. O. Petition showing that he has been imprisoned in the Fleet (by the King's command, as alleged by some of the Council) since All Saints was 12 months, upon a false accusation. Desires to justify himself in the King's presence, “which should be to your Grace's avail in certain money, and also in high displeasures that is done unto your Grace,” the knowledge whereof is kept from you by those whom you trust. Will not utter it to any of the Council, as he has known some of them conceal things of importance from the King in times past. Is fain to beg at the box for alms of the people, else he had perished; and it is not seemly for a gentleman to be put to so great extremity. His inheritance has been taken from him for two years and a half, by command under the sign manual and privy signet, directed to serjeant Cartwryte, believed to be forged. This letter should have gone to the King at Whitsuntide, and would have turned to the King's profit upwards of 10,000 marks, but was stopped by those who knew themselves guilty. Has frequently sent to the King offering to yield up his inheritance, “requiring no more lands in value than the said inheritance shall be hyred at your Grace's hands for as many years as your Grace's pleasure shall be to let it.” Signed.
P. 1, broad sheet. Add. Endd.
1634. Eliz. Cressener, Prioress of Dartford, to Cromwell.
R. O. On receiving his letter for the stewardship of their house for Mr. Palmer, one of Cromwell's servants, they had written in answer, that this office had never been occupied except by one of the King's Council, as Sir Reginald Bray, Sir John Shaa, Mr. Hugh Denys, Sir John Heron and Sir Robert Dymmok, who has just resigned. They beg Cromwell to accept it with the usual fee, and that none be admitted into their house except they be of the same profession and habit as themselves.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1635. Robert Farryngton to Cromwell.
R. O. When your servant Candishe took the receipt at Ely sede vacante, I had authority to receive 4 marks, which he refuses to deliver me, though Dr. Lee and others urged him to do so. I have had great loss, for whilst I was beyond sea and since I have lost my friends to whom I owed great part of my exhibition.
P. 1. Add. at the head: Secretary.
1636. Laurence Gopferler, Master of St. Thomas of Acres, to Cromwell.
R. O. Has spoken to such owners as have not paid their cessements for the laborers. Can get no money except 40l. from the abbot of St. Austin's. Others say they will pay if the King pays. Boughton, Draper, and I have done the best we can to pacify the people in vain. I am afraid to leave my house, for on Friday last, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, 30 persons armed with swords and staves came into my hall, demanding to speak to me, or else they would set fire to the house. Bowghton, Draper and I are in jeopardy of our lives. Begs that in consideration of the above the King's “duty” (contribution) may be paid, and that other owners may be compelled to pay; otherwise the poor men and their tradesmen will be utterly undone. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
1637. Sir Edward Boughton to Laurence Geopferlay, Master of St. Thomas of Acres in London.
R. O. If money be sent and the men may be paid, within these three weeks the work will be “shette” (completed). 13l. sent by John Boughton have been paid. If it does not come it will cost six weeks' more work. Is to declare the necessity to my lord of Suffolk, Mr. Secretary and other owners. The men failed to come for want of money. The victuallers have put divers out of their houses. Desire Mr. Draper to go with you. You will hear of Mr. Keble at my lord Mountjoy's house. Those that will not pay must be distrained. My lord of Suffolk's tenants are at London and dwell not here, therefore I know no remedy. Woolwich, this Sunday.
Other owners will not pay until the King has paid. I send estreats, by which you will perceive my lord abbot of Westminster's duty.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1638. Sir Edw. Boughton to Master Draper and Master Gibson.
R. O. I wish to hear how you speed for the money. I never had such business to stay the people, who threaten to rob for meat and drink. The work was never since the breach so likely to be won, and I hope it will by Wednesday be shut with the groyne, if weather permit and stuff come in, but these winds make great hindrance, as you may show my lord's Grace. (fn. 5) Woolwich, Saturday, going to the breach.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1639. Thos. Gyllott, Merchant of the Staple of Calais, to Cromwell.
R. O. Heard lately at Ipswich from Christopher Corrall, sometime servant to Dr. Capon, that when the lord Cardinal was put down Capon hid a chest with money, plate and jewels of the Cardinal's, to the value of 1,000l., in Corrall's house, and afterwards removed it. Wrote to tell Corrall he had informed Cromwell of it, but one Bockok, who carried the letter, opened it, and gave it to Mr. Richard Smyth, who told the King of it. Smyth examined Corrall, who stated that the chest contained only about 150l. in gold and silver. Does not believe this, for a basket or a bag sealed would have served better for this sum. Corrall said also that Stuard, a brewer of Ipswich, had some more goods. If they are straitly handled they will confess “such things as shall please you.”
P. 1. Large paper. Headed: Mr. Cromwell, Secretary. Endd.
1640. John Hawkins of London, Carpenter, to Cromwell.
R. O. About nine years ago made the bridge or new stair at the Middle Temple by desire of the present lord Chief Baron, then the King's attorney, (fn. 6) and Mr. John Joyner, one of the Middle Temple. Was paid for five weeks while Joyner was paymaster, but since the Chief Baron was assigned to be paymaster, has never been paid. 4l. 10s. is due to him. When he asks for it, the Chief Baron bids him demand it of my lord of St. John's. Asks him to write or send a message about it to the lord of St. John's, chief lord of the Temple, the Chief Baron and Joyner.
P. 1. Headed: Secretary and Master of the Rolls.
1641. Henry Herford to the Duke of Norfolk.
R. O. Desiring speedy release from imprisonment, that he may be able to pay the debt due to the King.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1642. Hugh Hochyns to Cromwell.
R. O. Is a prisoner in the Marshalsea at Cromwell's commandment, having been attached by the sheriff of Stafford about Lady Day last, who kept him in the King's gaol a quarter of a year without laying anything to his charge, and then brought him before Cromwell, for what cause he does not know. Cromwell promised to examine him next day, but he has remained, sustaining hunger and cold and great loss of goods, awaiting his charitable comfort, though Cromwell promised his wife that he should be delivered on sureties, which she brought to his place to show him, but was not avowed access to him.
Large paper. P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
1643. Friar John Hylsey to Cromwell.
R. O. Since I was with you today, the bishop of London sent for me; and whereas I was appointed by my lord of Canterbury to preach tomorrow at Paul's Cross, the Bishop willed me to subscribe certain articles, without which I should not preach either at the Cross or in his diocese. I did not purpose to preach tomorrow, lest it might be thought that I should say something against the Bishop. My purpose is to have him to preach that came from Norwich, to the intent that he might declare his mind in the King's matters. “Written at your door even at this hour of 6 at the clock.” I will wait on you in the morning.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1644. Richard Layton to Cromwell.
R. O. Sir Robert of Price is in articulo mortis, and has seven benefices of the bishop of St. As' gift; a prebend (Llannwyt) of 44l., a hospital of 40l., &c. The prebend would serve for Mr. Weleflete; the other you might obtain for your friends, for he hath not so many chaplains as he shall have benefices, and it were a pity the friar should give so many at his own pleasure, your friends unserved. I was at your lodging this morning, but could not speak with you. From my chamber in the Arches.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Chief secretary. Endd.
1645. James Marable to [Henry VIII.]
R. O. Not many years ago, when the King had determined to clear away some of the squalid habitations in Westminster, he purchased certain tenements belonging to the writer's father with the view of pulling them down. His father had intended by the money he thus received to purchase other property to settle on the writer, but was prevented by his premature death; and consequently he has been deprived of the greatest part of his inheritance. Is in great distress, as both parents are dead. Wishes to devote himself to learning, and requests the King's aid.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
1646. Wenllean Mors to Cromwell.
R. O. Is Richard Mors' widow. Complains of being wrongfully expelled from a messuage and land in the lordship of Romney, South Wales, by “John William Coly of the said lordship.” Has complained to the Council in the marches of Wales, and a decree was given in her favor, which the said John will not obey.
Mutilated, p. 1. Headed: To, &c. Thos. Crumwell, chief secretary to the King and lord of the lord-hip of Romney in South Wales.
1647. [Sir Will. Musgrave] to Cromwell.
R. O. I request your respect to the articles ensuing; otherwise if my mother depart hence I am like to be without remedy. My father, Sir Edward, promised my lord of Norfolk to give me 100 marks yearly when he knighted me. Hitherto I have had only 40 marks of my feoffment, which he could not keep from me. As my mother is here I beg you will refer to my lord of Norfolk what promise was made him by my father, although my lord does not favor me for the lord Dacre's matter, and will not speak in my behalf, unless it be through you. 2. I am bound to you and others to make my wife a jointure in Yorkshire of 100l. per annum. Unless you help I shall be unable to do so, as my mother has put away a great piece of the same. 3. On certain informations by my mother, my father has put away such horses as I had standing at his house at Hontley in such extreme fashion that all the country misreports of me, only for that I would not say more than I knew in the matter against Sir Thos. Wharton. 4. I beg that I may have one son, and also a ward called Will. Musgrave, now in my father's custody contrary to my will. 5. At my mother's request I went this last month to my lord of Norfolk, who desired me to marry my son to the lord Dacre's daughter, for if I did not it would ruin me, and that was the only way to arrange the matter. “And that not done, he said, that it should follow as other had done, and said, Look how the house of Burgeyne had subverted the house of Guildford, and so it will follow of my house, with many other sore words much to my discomfort.”
Pp. 3. Headed: To master Secretary. Endd.: Sir William Musgrave.
1648. Thomas Mynternos (fn. 7) to Cromwell.
R. O. Wishes to know whether, coming from distant countries, he can serve the state. Apologises for having written so seldom on account of his absence from England. Ever since he went abroad he has desired nothing so much as that his devotion should be understood. Will say nothing of the scandals he has heard against the King till he has obtained liberty to speak of them.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Headed: Prudentiss. Regis Secretario D. Crumuello.
1649. Will. Nevill to Cromwell.
R. O. Owing to my long losses I am so empoverished, I am not able to sue by course of law for redress of wrongs. Divers patents and stewardships to the value of 10l. a year are withheld from me and arrears of 40l. My poor wife and children are utterly desolate, except for the hope of your help.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1650. William Norreche.
R. O. Petition of Wm. Norreche of Basyngborne, Camb., to Cromwell, the King's secretary.
Thos. and John Malyson of Bassingborne stole 116 sheep from him on 11 April 23 Hen. VIII., and sold them to Augustyne abbot of Warden, Bedfordshire, saying that they had brought them from Wm. Smyth of Clottoll, Hertfordshire, who sent word to the abbot that he had previously sold them to Norreche. The abbot, however, refuses to give them up, and has such influence in Bedfordshire that Norreche has no hope of obtaining them by law. He therefore begs Cromwell, now that the abbot is here, to compel him to recompense him for his sheep and for his costs at law these two years and more.
P. 1. Endd.
1651. Anne Countess of Oxford to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for her great cheer. Is very sorry she had no more time to talk with him, for there were many troublous matters that she trusted to have comfort and help in. Was disquieted to think all these hunters were gone, specially because she told her mother “that ye wold a caussyd them be payne to a confest the matter, as my lord Chancellor dosse for her.” She is no time of the year without hunters, but this is the first displeasure the writer has had with them. It will be much to her pain when she comes home and hears their report in the country.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
1652. Friars Hugh Payn and Thomas Hayfild to Henry VIII.
R. O. We beg your compassion, being in great pain and sickness. We deny that we ever spoke against your majesty, as is complained; nor upheld the Pope, but we have only prayed for him by name after the old oustom, until we heard the contrary. We submit ourselves entirely to you, begging our deliverance.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1653. William Poulet to Cromwell.
R. O. I have often desired your favor to the bearer, who has still hopes in the King's favor and your furtherance. He is an honest man and desires your help.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
1654. Edward (fn. 8) Abbot of Rievall to Cromwell.
R. O. Complains with tears of heart of his great injuries and wrongs upon his unlawful deposition. And whereas by Cromwell's letters heretofore directed to the now abbot, it was left to his choice whether he would pay yearly the petitioner a certain annuity, or give up the abbey and restore the petitioner to his room, he now refuses to pay the annuity or to obey Cromwell's letters. Begs that in this next visitation he may be restored, and he will remember Cromwell's pains taken herein at his own taxation.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1655. Mary Stafford to Cromwell.
Howard's Lett. 525. Desires him to be good to her poor husband (fn. 9) and herself. He is aware that their marriage, being clandestine, displeases the King and Queen. “But one thing, good master Secretary, consider; that he was young, and love overcame reason. And for my part I saw so much honesty in him, that I loved him as well as he did me; and was in bondage, and glad I was to be at liberty; so that for my part I saw that all the world did set so little by me, and he so much, that I thought I could take no better way but to take him and forsake all other ways, and to live a poor honest life with him; and so I do put no doubts but we should, if we might once be so happy to recover the King's gracious favor and the Queen's. For well I might a had a greater man of birth and a higher, but I ensure you I could never a had one that should a loved me so well nor a more honest man.” Begs him to put her husband “to the King's grace that he may do his duty as all other gentlemen do;” and persuade his majesty to speak to the Queen, who is rigorous against them. “And seeing there is no remedy, for God's sake help us; for we have been now a quarter of a year married, I thank God, and too late now to call that again. Wherefore it is the more almons to help [us]. But if I were at my liberty and might choose, I ensure you, master Secretary, for my little time. I have tried so much honesty to be in him, that I had rather beg my bread with him than to be the greatest Queen christened.” Begs, as he has the name of helping all that need, he will help them: among all his suitors none more require his pity. “Pray my lord my father (fn. 10) and my lady to be good to us,” and desire “my lord of Norfolk and my lord my brother” (fn. 11) to do the same. “I dare not write to them, they are so cruel against us. But if with any pain I could take with my life I might win their good wills, I promise you there is no child living would venture more than I.”—“And being that I have read in old books that some for as just causes have by kings and queens been pardoned by the suit of good folks, I trust it shall be our chance, through your good help, to come to the same.” Signed.
To the right worshipful &c., master Secretary.
1656. Thomas Strangways to Cromwell.
R. O. I shall have great need of relief; either some restitution of my long suit or some living appointed me or a corrody out of some abbey. I am willing to be ordered as you think good. I cannot call again.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 2. Fly leaf endorsed “Thomas Strangways boke.”
1657. The Duke of Suffolk.
R. O. A remembrance unto Mr. Secretary of all such sums of money as be due and owing unto the King's highness by the French queen and the duke of Suffolk.
Owing upon the great-indenture, 25,853l. 0s. 7d. For the marriage of my lord Marquis, 1,666l. 13s. 4d. For the marriage of my lady his wife, 1,000l. For lord Mountegle's debts, 202l. 9s. 8d. Total 28,722l. 3s. 8d.
The Duke prays allowance, for the debt of the French queen, deceased, 20,000l.; for money paid to Sir H. Wyatt, 2,000l. Total, 22,000l. In payment of which sum the Duke asks the King to take such jewels as he lately presented to him and Thos. Cromwell, his secretary.
P. 1, large paper. Endd.
1658. John (fn. 12) Abbot of Tyltey to Cromwell.
R. O. Whereas a benefice called Estenes (fn. 13) has belonged to the abbots of Tyltey for the space of 40 years, the quondam Beverley (fn. 14) resigned his abbacy and the benefice, to which his successor called Emery, (fn. 15) the other quondam, was lawfully presented. The bishop of London neglected to institute, promising to take no advantage of any lapse, which has consequently fallen to the Archbishop, who at the request of my lord of Suffolk has given it to the writer. Notwithstanding, the bishop of London, contrary to all law, has intruded one Campyon, (fn. 16) a clerk of his own, so that your suppliant is charged with two great pensions, and cannot enjoy the said benefice. Begs his interposition.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1659. Annes Upton to Cromwell.
R. O. After the parliament held 21 Hen. VIII., Nich. Maynweryng, clerk of the cathedral of St. Peter's, Exeter, and canon resident, already possessed of four benefices, had in his possession an advowson of a parsonage which shortly after fell vacant, and as he could not by the act enjoy the same unless he resigned one of the four, he indented with Hamlet Maynweryng, elk., his kinsman, to resign one of the aforesaid, being a vicarage, if Hamlet could find 10 honest men to be bound to the said Nicholas in 40l. stg. a piece for the annual payment of 10l. This was done, and the vicarage resigned to Hamlet without any ordinary pension. Thus he takes 10l. of the vicar, contrary to the act. As my husband, Thos. Upton, hoped to have had some office of you, please write to my lady Margaret Dorset, late wife of Thomas lord Dorset, patroness of the said parsonage, in favor of John Upton, elk., my husband's brother, as it is clearly forfeited, and we shall be ensured by him to have the profits.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1660. John Wethers, Merchant Taylor, to Cromwell.
R. O. The dean of the Arches has commanded him in Cromwell's name to bring to the latter 250 mks. in ready money, and to give to Dr. Leegh the lease of his uncle Dr. Wethers' (fn. 17) house, which done, he shall have ministration given him. Cannot raise this sum from his uncle's goods. Is contented that Cromwell shall have the lease to do his pleasure with if he will help him to obtain the stuff, plate and money “conveyed” by his servants. Supposes that John Dolman, and his uncle's chamberlain who robbed the house, have as much as 200 or 300 mks. They say some of the money belonged to Sir Robt. Garryte, priest, who was chief of their counsel in all their false doings. They have also conveyed away the will. Asks him to send letters to his uncle's debtors. The corn and cattle at his benefice of Woodhey was sold by Mr. Kyngsmell much under value. Payment of his debts is also demanded. Begs Cromwell to help him. Has got ready the 250 mks., and asks to whom he shall pay it.
Hol., p. 1. Large paper. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
1661. [John] Whythers.
R. O. “The value of plate and ready money, late master Whythers.” Ready money, 8s. 1d. For the inventory of his goods at his parsonage of Wodhay, 17l. 5s. 7d. Plate, gilt, 81 ¾ oz. at 4s., parcel-gilt, 10 oz. at 3s. 8d., and white plate 559 oz. at 3s. 6d. Total, 133l. 13s. 10d.
P. 1.
1662. Walter Wilcokkes to Cromwell.
R. O. The late sheriff of Bucks returned me for the order of knighthood without warning that I might be taxed for contempt, by which I have to pay a fine to the King of 3l. 6s. 1d. As I never had sufficient lands, nor any monition, and maintain between Rodderhyth and Greenwich a dock where two of the King's ships have lain for two years, without any recompence, instead of the ordinary pay of 8d. a ship weekly, I beg that I may be excused. I shall be greatly bounden to you, as will my mother-in-law, Anne Bowgh, who has a matter before the lord Chancellor on Tuesday next.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
1663. Miles Wyllen to Cromwell.
R. O. I am bound to pay the dean of the King's chapel 20l. a year out of the vicarage of Stepney, (fn. 18) and if it is behind 10 days to forfeit 500 marks, besides my securities, and a deposit of 100l. which he has of mine. Please send one of your servants to the dean to see him content, that when I come out of prison I be not sued for the same. Have pity upon me, being here in prison to my great shame and utter undoing. I am a true man to my prince, as you well know, and innocent of the accusation of my pretended friends and real enemy, because I accused him. I have written to Mr. Norris that I would take you for my judge. In this cold prison. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
1664. [The Deputy of Calais] to —
R. O. Treschiers voicins, me recommande.” We thank you for the advertisement contained in your letters. It being contrary to our ancient ordinances that ships should catch herrings on the sea to the great damage of this town of Calais, we have determined to provide a remedy on our boundaries, as you have done on yours; we have fitted out a ship against the “droggeurs” (fisherboats ?) and all other offending vessels.
Draft, Fr., p. 1.
1665. John Lord Huse to Lord Lisle.
R. O. In favor of his old fellow Richard Baker, to whom Lisle has already granted a place of 8d. a day at Sir Brian Tuke's request. Begs Lisle to be the better lord to him “for his old maistress sake, your kinswoman,” that he may have a man in wages at 6d. a day. Signed.
“The fawte of your horse [not] coming is that the bearer hereof can show you I came not off my bed this 14 weeks. It shall not be forgotten.”
P. 1. Add.: My lord Lisle, deputy of Calais. Endd.: My lord Husse's letter, bearing no date.
1666. Nicolas Parson to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Notification that he has paid to Thos. Myller, bailiff of Subberton, 6l. 18s. 4d. on an obligation in which Ric. Bell was bound, and at another time 8l. 4s. 2d., and the same sum a third time.
Not signed. P. 1. Add.: To lord Lisle, deputy of Calais.
1667. William Pownd to Lady Lisle.
R. O. The warrant which lately he obtained from lord Lisle through her ladyship, has been lost by a friend of his, who had to present it to the privy seal. Begs her to get lord Lisle to seal another warrant, which he sends by master Semor's servant. Hopes to come over soon, and will then provide “some thankful pleasure for her.”
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
1668. Goldsmiths' Work.
R. O. Parcels delivered to Mr. Secretary by me, Cornelys Hayes, goldsmith.
A silver cradle, price 16l. For making a silver plate, altering the images, making the roses underneath the cradle, the roses about the pillars, and new burnishing, 13s. 4d. For the stones that were set in gold in the cradle, 15s.; for fringes, the gold about the cushions, tassels, white satin, cloth of gold, lining, sypars and swadylbands, 13s. 6d. Total, 18l. 1s. 10d. The silver that went to the dressing of the Adam and Eve, the making of all the apples, the gilding of the foot and setting of the currall, 33s. 4d. To Hance, painter, (fn. 19) for painting the same Adam and Eve, 20s. A silver and gilt dial, 16l. 4s. The garnishing of two books with silver-gilt, 66 oz., at 6s. For the books and binding, 4l. To Mr. Loke, for the velvet that covered the books, 43s. 9d. Total, 62l. 18s. 11d., whereof 20l. is received.
P. 1. Endd.: The account between Mr. Secretary and me, Cornelys Hayes.
2. List of broken plate, “parcel of the King's book of infra . . . . . [delivered by his grace's] commandment to John Freman, his gold[smith, and returned] by him in new plate.”
Gilt plate broken, 6,535 ¾ oz. at 4s. 4[d.] per oz., [1,416l. 1s. 7d.] Parcelgilt plate, 1,190 oz. at 3s. 9d., [223l. 2s. 6d.] White plate, 1,693 oz. at 3s. 8d., [310l. 7s. 8d.] Total, [1,949l. 11s. 9d.]
Returned by Freman:—Gilt plate, 2,169 oz. at 5s. 2d., [560l. 6s. 6d.] White plate, 5,466 oz. 3 ½ qr. at 4s., [1,093l. 7s. 6d.] Total, [1,653l. 14s.]
Remaining in the hands of Freman, [295l. 17s. 9d.]
He asks allowance for 95 oz. 3 qr. of silver of his own put to 6 doz. white trenchers, parcel of the return of his indenture over and above 550 oz. ½ qr. of broken silver received by him out of the Jewel House, at 3s. 8d. per oz., 17l. 11s. 1d. (sic). Also for 22 oz. of laten, copper, iron and enamel found in the parcels of plate broken delivered to him by indenture at the breaking and melting thereof, at 4s. [4]d. per oz., 4l. 15s. 4d. A[nd he asks] allowance] of silver by hy[m] abated in the weight of the new parcels of plate delivered by him to the Jewel House at 3s. 8d. the ounce, 29s. 4d. Total, . . . . .
Remains clear in Freman's hands, after all allowances, over this sum of 148 oz. 1 qr. of broken silver delivered to him by master Secretary, at 3s. 8d. per oz., “xx. . . . . .”
Paper roll in two fragments, mutilated.
1669. Yorkshire.
R. O. “A remembrance for the right honorable Mr. Cromwell, secretary to the King's highness, of certain business and matters in Yorkshire.”
To send out process to levy the King's fines, as the gentlemen have not appeared to avoid the contempt of the King's letters. If the commission is returned into the Exchequer, which was delivered in by Sir Marmaduke Constable upon the inquiry of Flokkers, (fn. 20) it will discharge process, which comes every term against the commissioners.
Whereas Cromwell retains the presentments of the flokkers and false clothmakers in Yorkshire, they now act much worse than ever they did. This must be reformed shortly, or the country of cloth makers will be impoverished. To speak to Mr. Spylman and Mr. Bawdwyn (fn. 21) touching two prisoners in York Castle, one of whom is arrested for gold coining and the other for words against the King, as appears by Sir W. Gascoinge's letter. Touching the King's right in Yorkshire, every man claims liberties, of which the reformation rests with Cromwell. Touching the keeping of the King's sessions in Yorkshire, there is no manner of matter which hath bearing, but it is only by justices of peace, of whom there are a great number in every riding. Those who are of the most power and worship bring their juries to the sessions and reform the sheriffs' returns. If the following persons were discharged thereof, it would much quiet the shire and further justice. West Riding: Sir Ric. Tempest, Sir Hen. Sayvell, Sir Wm. Gascoigne. East Riding: Sir Robt. Constable, Sir Wm. Percey, Sir Rauf Dure (Eure). North Riding: Roger Lassels, John Lecton, Sir Edw. Gower. “These be men of great authority, and might do the King's highness high service and minister justice to his subjects, but as yet in this point that doth not appear, which moveth me of no displeasure, but of my poor truth to inform you of the same.” The King's felons, murderers and outlaws are cloked, colored and maintained by stewards and bailiffs of liberties, so that the King's process has no place, and he is not answered of any profits on the said offenders, which causes his laws much less to be dreaded. There are many of them in the shire out of all sanctuaries. Great and common extortions are used by men of power and worship, and daily increase, unless remedy may be had. At York, where they have lately executed justice and reformed the sensual opinions of the commonalty, it is necessary to set and establish the guild therein, and help the city against the earl of Rutland. In my poor opinion, the city can never increase unless the idleness of the people may be reformed and the confederates of the idle people avoided. The King has not, in York or near, any house able to lodge his commissioners or councillors except the site of a castle which is in ruins. If the castle were repaired it would be a great help hereafter. The debts and profits of the shire would probably mend it, if the King's laws may have place.
There are two great sanctuaries in Yorkshire, beside the bishopric of Durham, where all murderers and felons resort, and have at least 100 miles' compass. Recommends that Durham alone should be sanctuary. Offers his services, but is not desirous of authority.
Pp. 3. Endd.
1670. Austin Friars.
R. O. Information against the Augustinian Friars, London.
Inc.: These be certain of the articles expressed and showed against the Friars Augustines, London.
“In primis, has concerning the service of God bogt (both) be day and neytht, more for the laud and fear of the world than love toward God. For where they were wont to have 30 masses there by 12 men and in the night, they have but one priest and five or six young children, and has they sing God knoweth nother with deliberation nor yet devotion.”
2. That when they should come to service they sit over the beer house, in bad company, from six in the morning until 10 at night, “more liker coutyers and dronkyng Flemyngs than lyke relygyious.”
3. That the cloisters and doors were so loosely kept that the Lombards dwelling within the gates “take their pleasure in conveying off their harlots.”
4. That the friars walked in the church with merchants during service time.
5. That the house was in debt, and mortgaged to the amount of 300l.
6. That the prior's authority was despised, and fit only for the house from which he came.
7. That there was no common refectory, but contrary to rules the friars dined in parties in their chambers.
8. That the rules were no more kept “than his in hell among devils.”
9. That no courtesy is shown to any but alien friars, and that because “thei be gyff to the same nowghty and felthy sortt.”
10. That the “childers be more lyke to wyld boks in Schyrwod than fryers in the closters.”
11. Prays that the prior may be dismissed, and a more active disciplinarian substituted in his place.
Pp. 2. Very badly spelled and written.
1671. “An Instruction for Mr. Antony Bonvise.”
R. O. Sir James and Sir Edw. Boleyn shall sell for 260l. to Mr. Secretary their title to the lands of Applyard's heir, by the King's patent granted to Sir Edward. That I may have the manor, place and park of Brakenasshe, which is reserved in the bargain between Sir James and Sir Edward, and which is in great ruin. That Sir Edward's lease of the water mill at Warham to Mr. Lomnour may be void. That Sir James and Sir Edward shall be bound to discharge the premises of all former incumbrances. If Mr. Secretary does not conclude with them, I trust by his means to cause them to repair the manor place by order of law, which will be hard to do, if Mr. Secretary is not good master to the young gentleman.
P. 1. Endd.
1672. Obligations.
R. O. Item.—An obligation of 2,000l. that Sir Edw. Wiloby is bound to me for to abide the order of divers for Sir Wm. Filowlel's lands which took no effect. Item.—An obligation of 100l. of Ric. Sparri, grocer of London, to perform the covenants of a pair of indentures, dated. Another, of 20l. of lady Winfild, to save me harmless for the rent of Bremly Hall. Another, of 500l., of Richard Filipes of Dorsetshire, to discharge me against all men for the sheriffry of Somers. and Dors. Another, of 2,000l., that Sir Edw. Wilowbi is bound to perform certain covenants. Another, of 50l., that Sir Arthur Darsi is bound to pay at a day:—Paid. Another, of 500l., “that John Bartun, Thos. Lasi is bound” to pay 300l. for Layton:—Paid, except 20l. Sir J. Dudley, Sir Arthur Darsi, Master Rich and Master Farmar, bound for me to the King. Another, of 200l., of Sir J. Dudly, to be paid the last day of this term. Another, of 500 marks, of Sir Edw. Baynton, to save me harmless against master Kitsun, mercer of London. Another, of 20l., of John Layton of Yorkshire; the day past and the money not paid. Another, of 20l., of Jorge Gilbart; 6l. 3s. 4d. to be paid at the feast of All Saints, 6l. 13s. 4d. at Lady Day in Lent, and 6l. 13s. 4d. at the Feast of All Saints next. With divers others in a box. Quittances: for the payment of the Queen's silver for the lands that I bought of Sir John Dudley in Somersetshire. For 13l. 6s. 8d., of my lady Winfild, for one year's rent of Bremly Hall. Of my lord Bray, for 360l., for the purchase of the manor of Eastham, Somerset. Of Robt. Scharp and John Lians of Islington, for 50l. Of my lord Liseles, for 300l. Of Jorge Jelbart, of Somerset, for 38l. Artur Newtun and Ric. Banister of Shropshire, for 80l. Of my lord Lisle, 400l. Of Pikyryng. Of Rogar Browne, mercer of London, for 5l. 5s. Of Jane Doves, 40s. Of Sir James Stranghiche of the North, for 30s., paid for licence of a concord with Simound Webe for the manor of Houk. Of Percival Hart, for the payment of 33l. 6s. 8d. Of master Haulle, for my lord of Suffolk, for 90l., after the old rate. Another, for 100l. in marks. Of John Strowd. Of my lord of Northumberland and master Walsingham, for 1,300l. Of Sir Rafe Eldercar, sheriff of Yorkshire, for a fine of the manors of Ingiltun and Bentun, 5l. Of the sheriff of Essex. Of Sir Thomas More, sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, for Estham.
Statuits.—Of lord Tailbois, in the hands of Mr. Secretary, dated 17 Nov. 21 (fn. 22) Hen. VIII. Wm. Birch, 10 July 25 Hen. VIII. (fn. 22) Lord Lisle, John Goodman, clerk, and Thos. Benat of London to Ric. Sparri, grocer in London, to the use of me, the day past. Sir Wm. Pikiring. Robt. Scharp and Henry Lian of Islington. Thos. Sakfild. Sir John Dudli. Wm. Hodi, John Leustone, to Mr. Rich. The earl of Northumberland. Lord Bray. Edw. Ropar, Hen. Clyford and Christopher Lyptun. Geo. Audly and John Weldun. John Strowd. Bills obligatory of Thos. Barnabi and Sir Walter Mantell.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Memoranda in the same hand of the delivery of jewels and money to divers persons, among whom are mentioned: To Wyat, in my chamber at Cornwallis House. To Byrch at York Place, when he played . . . . . king. To Sir Arthur Darcy's servant. To Domyngo, at York Place. To Pykyryng, at Crane's house. To Sir John Russell, at master Comptroller's . . . . . pay my cousin Bryan. To my lord Rochford, at Greenwich, be . . . . . tenes. To Fras. de Bard, at Bocas house. To master Norys. To Sir John Dudley. To Wm. a Parre. To [the earl] of Cumberland. [To Sir Joh]n Walop. [To] Thos. Palmer. [To my] lord of Northumberland. To lord Mountjoy.
Pp. 2., mutilated.
1673. The King's Studs.
R. O. Account of the proceedings of Thos. Philips of Ludlow in executing the King's commission concerning his studs and colts in the marches of Wales.
After leaving “your mastership” (Cromwell) he went to Presteinde and called before him Thos. ap Rees, who had six or seven score of mares and fillies delivered to him. Reports his answers, which were very unsatisfactory. Went to Shrewsbury and got the King's letters for the appearance of the said Thos. and Llewelin ap Gitto, whose father, Gitto, delivered the mares to him. The case came on at Shrewsbury 13 Nov., but the said Thos. did not appear. Llewelin knew nothing of the number of mares delivered by his father, but said that Thos. ap Rees after his father's death had owned to having seven great mares of him. Sent out to search for Jenkin Penllan, drover, who was also summoned, but could hear nothing of him in Kery or Kedewen, where it is said he dwells with Sir Ric. Herbert, one of the commissioners, and continued the taking out of further process, as Mr. Holt, the King's attorney, was not there. Has proof that the said Thomas ap Rees, about a month before the death of Mr. Rees, delivered to Ralph Leche, servant to the earl of Salop, 16 of the best mares and their 16 colts, and that he sold 20 colts at one time this summer.
Made a fruitless journey to obtain accounts of Thos. ap Res, Jas ap Res his brother, and Owen ap Gruffith, of tho 24 mares that Morice ap Henry left with them. Thos. ap Res was gone to a fair beyond Bristol, and neither of the other two was at home. Sent afterwards his deputy, but Thos. ap Res refused to make him any accounts, and his brother James confessed only to two bay mares which he sold to the said Thomas, and Owen ap Gruffith confessed only to two out of eight or nine that he acknowledged he had, saying that three were dead and other three stolen. Wishes to know if it be [Cromwell's] pleasure to send for them all, or to send a special commission to Mr. Croft, Sir Wm. Thomas and Mr. Holt to take their accounts.
Pp. 5. Endd.
1674. Horses in Wales.
R. O. A declaration of the King's highness for the increase of horses within the principality of Wales.
As the council of the Marches has taken order for the grazing of pastures, and the King's subjects are unable to supply cattle for the purpose, and are glad to bargain each year at May Day with persons dwelling in the counties of Salop, Stafford and Herefordshire, for 1,000 cattle or more to be re-delivered full fed at Holyrood Day, at 4d. a beast and sometimes 6d. a beast, which number do not devour the tenth part of the pastures, it is suggested that the King should buy 100 mares and deliver them to the charge of one A. B., with one “overcast” horse for every 10 mares for breeding. A pasture called Karsons, within the lordship of Arustley Keviliock, should be reserved for the said mares. Further suggestions about the colts and fillies. Whereas Sir Ric. Harbert, lately deceased, is indebted to the King before the general surveyors, and has great number of wild horses and mares going upon the mountains, they might be distrained to the King's use.
Pp. 3. Endd. with memoranda of names and sums of money, viz., Rede, Wyatt, Chamberlayn, Bryan, Engham, Rede, Lews and Kent, Knyvett, Savell, Baker, Darcye, Lee.
1675. Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
R. O. Debtor and creditor account of sums of money called “responsiones” paid by the knights of St. John in England to the common treasury of the Order, for the year 1534.
The names of those who pay are as follows: The lord prior, John Rawson, prior of Ireland, John Rawson, preceptor of Ribston, John Rawson, Turcopolier, preceptor of Quenyngton, Clement West, preceptor of Slebiche, Edw. Hill, preceptor of Shingaye, Thos. Pemberton, preceptor of St. John's Mount, Giles Russell, preceptor of Basforde and Dyngley. Geo. Aylmer, preceptor of Halston, John Sutton, preceptor of Beverley and Willughton, Edw. Belingham, preceptor of Dynmour, Edw. Browne, preceptor of Swynfelde, Edmund Husey, preceptor of Templecombe, Ambrose Cave, preceptor of Yeveley and Barowe, Thos. Copuldyke, preceptor of Carbroke, Thos. Dingley, preceptor of Baddysley and Mayne, Cuthbert Leighton, preceptor of Anstye and Trebigh, Katharine Burghchier, prioress of Buckland, for the preceptories of Kyrton, Dimyngton, Toller and Chilcombe.
The executors of Fras. Bell, “firmarius cameræ magistralis in Anglia.” Geo. Dundas, late preceptor, and Walter Lyndesey, present preceptor, of Turphichen.
Rents due from Sir John Wagan, Griffin ap Rice, dec., Sir Thos. Philip, dec.
The preceptory of Newlande void by death of Roger Boydell at Malta, 27 March 1533.
ii. Account of Ambrose Cave, procurator general of the common treasure, for money and plate received for the rent of the bailiwick (bajulivatus) of the Eagle, and of the preceptories of Dalby, Rotheley, Templebruer, &c. since the death of John Babington late bailiff of the Eagle, on 10 Jan. 1533, the mortuary year ending on St. John the Baptist's Day, 1534. The account being rendered to John Sutton, receiver, who was absent on a mission to the master.
Received 745l. 16s. 4d., the whole of which has been paid away.
Account of the receiver of “bonis spolii” left “apud Aquilam” and found at Templebruer. Total in cattle, corn, money, &c., 1,292l. 1s. 11 ¾d. Expences, being payments to Geoffrey Slynger, steward of the bailiwick, Wm. Smartwyte, steward of Templebruer. lord Husey, steward of the courts of Templebruer, John Hersey, Edw. Fox, archdeacon of Leicester, Thos. Backster of London, Wm. Barlowe “capitulo dicti bajulivi,” Ric. Robynson of Dalby, expences of being in London from 15 May to 4 Aug. 1534, 283l. 17s. 1d.
Memorandum of the presentation to the King of two silver dishes by the prior and D. Darewe.
Receipts from the creditors of Thos. Docwra, late prior, 32l. 2s. Goods of the late prior recovered to the value of 132l. 16s. 3d. Total receipts of this account, 2,550l. 15s. 6 ½d.
Payments by the receiver, 1534.
Pensions to the dean of the college of Stoke, near Clare, the pittancer of Worcester, the prioress of Clerkenwell and the prior of St. Mary's College, Hurley. Payments to Ralph Prycavaunce, messenger, Ant. Vivaldi, Sir Thos. More, Geo. Ardyson, merchant of Genoa, Jas. Grantham, merchant at Messina, Calixtus Labarr, preceptor of Chalons, Thos. Bosunn, vice-chancellor, Fras. Galiardetti, John Sporyar, attorney, Ric. Cromwell, &c., 2,201l. 17s. 5d. Signed by John Sutton, preceptor of Beverley and Wederton (Willoughton), receiver general.
Lat., pp. 34. (Incomplete?) With a few notes in Italian, one mentioning a letter of exchange dated 18 Nov. 1534.
1676. Abingdon Abbey.
R. O. Wheat spent in the monastery of Abingdon from the audit 25 Hen. VIII. to 26 Hen. VIII., bought from various persons at 11d., 12d. and 13d. the bushel, 110l. 3s. 8d.
Malt: 6s. and 6s. 4d. the qr., 93l. 13s.
Barley: 48 qrs. 5 b., of which 12 qrs. is spent with swans, fowls, &c. For the rent of Barton for one year ending Mich. 26 Hen. VIII., 100 qrs. of malt.
Beeffes: delivered to the slaughterman from the audit to Shrovetide, 20 oxen at 26s., and 9 “skrobbes” and steers at 19s. Against Easter, oxen from 23s. 4d. to 30s. Steers from 17s. to 21s. Total, 119l. 6s.
Two boars against Christmas at 13s. 4d., and another boar given.
Muttons: From the audit to Shrovetide, 75 at 2s. 8d. Against Easter, 180, at 2s. 8d. and 3s. Total 34l. 9s. 4d.
For Saltfish: To Mr. John Stone of London, from the audit to 21 Aug., 62l. 4s. 4d.
Wine: Sack and claret. A tun of wine had out of the Exchequer. A hogshead left behind in the Exchequer. Total, 31l. 17s. 10d.
Salt: 10d. a bushel, 50s.
Livery gowns and coats against Christmas: To Mr. Ottewell, Mr. Harbart, Mr. Tomson, Mr. Audelet, Thos. Coke, Thos. Broghton, Rauff Gunnell, Wm. Wykes, John Shene, John Wilmote, John Belyngeam, Jas. Horseman, Wm. Chepnam, Wm. Bollar, John Haithorn, John Smyth, Hugh Baker, Wm. Coke, Mr. Audelet's servant, John Mylles, Robt. Brewar, Randoll, Oliver Vansell, John Betterton, John Sawnders, the woodman, the slaughterman, the warrener, Davy Carter, Thos. Carter, John Howys, Carter, Poynter Carter, the cooper, the pudding wife, Marshe and John Cotisfold, and for a pair of hose. Total 16l. 19s.
Household wages: To 35 persons, nearly the same as those mentioned in the previous list, 35l. 10s.
In felling and making hay at Brewernheys, Swaney, Culnham Mede, Purdeyns, the Long Mede and by Temys side, 3l. 17s. 6d.
For reparation of two carts with 12 horses. Harness, shoes, &c., 35s. 6 ½d.
For the knights' fees. Oxen, sheep, oats, &c., 4l. 6s. 4d. Provender for horses and thrashing, 44s. 7 ½d. For the surveyorship, 5l. Stewards' expenses at Radley, Cumbnor, and Apulford, 7s. 2d.
My lord's present to the King, calves, oxen, sheep, fowls and pigeons, 21l. 2s. 4d.
Delivered by Mr. Stone of London for my lord of Abingdon's use, in gold, to Mr. Button, 20l.
Repairs done at Barton, upon the little barn by the fall of a great elm, 35s. 2d.
Money paid to the convent for the Trinity mass, abbot Sauntes Dirige, abbot Coventres Dirige and Whitsuntide nobles, 20l. 14s.
The duke of Suffolk's New Year's gift, an ox and 10 sheep, 4l.
Stuff delivered to Mr. Webbe and other of the King's servants. Hooks and hangings sawing of planks and lidgers for the stable, &c., 26s. 8d.
Plate of John Audelet remaining in the hands of the abbot of Abingdon, bowls standing pots, &c.
For the costs of the two juries between my lord and Sir Wm. Esex, 5l. 11s. 10d., ad of the jury between my lord and Dr. Fynche, 13l. 6s. 3d. (fn. 23)
Total of this book, 600l. 6s. 8d.
For a surplusage had in the foot of my account ended at Mich. 25 Hen. VIII. 196l. 19s. 7 ¼d.
Total allowances, 797l. 6s. 3 ¼d.
Pp. 14. Endd.: Expenses of the monastery of Abingdon for one year.
1677. Chichester.
R. O. Petition to the King, as supreme head of the Church, by the mayor and citizens of [Chichester], touching the decay and ruin of their town, which has been occasioned partly by the tyranny of the late bishop of Canterbury, [who interfered with the] liberty which they claim in the parish called the Pallant.
P. 1, very mutilated.
1678. Leominster Priory.
R. O. The evil behaviour of dan John Redyng, subprior of Leominster.
He made a counterfeit seal like the chequer seal in the keeping of the abbot of Reading, with which he deceived many of the poor tenants and extorted money from them, “promising [that leases should] be made and sealed by the said abbot,” who knew nothing of it. He made the copies himself, sealing them with the said seal. The names of those deceived and the sums follow. One Hoppiswode, for a copy to be renewed, 26s. 8d.; Ralph Gold of Westwode, for a copy, on comfort of which he spent 100s. on repairs, 45s.; Ric. Buk, of Leominster, 30s.; Wm. Mathewe of Coklawe, 26s. 8d.; Ric. Cokk of Hatton, 40s.; Wm. Blake of Leominster, to make him burgess, 10s., &c. Total, 19l. 18s. 8d.
ii. Goods embezzled and conveyed by him:—Out of the church, a silvergilt pyx, a silver parcel-gilt censer and a pair of “crewatts,” 10 of the best copes, a suit of vestments of red cloth of tissue, two coats of cloth of tissue belonging to the image of Our Lady, the forefront of St. Edward's shrine, parcel-gilt, worth more than 24s. Out of the house:—A bason, an ewer, two flat pieces and one salt, parcel-gilt, a great maser, a nut, the foot and bond of silver-gilt, a standing cup, silver-gilt, two masers, a dozen silver spoons, a pair of great andirons, worth 26s. 8d.; most of the kitchen stuff and napery.
iii. Patents and grants made by the subprior and sealed with the counterfelt seal. To Wm. Coxe, his servant, for an annuity of 10l., to be receiver general, with 4l. a year and grants of the reversion of the manor of Buckland and the demesnes about the house, copies under the same seal to Sir John a Wall and Sir Philip Nicholas of the services of the chapels at Yarpoll and Middleton, &c.
iv. Debts owing by him:—To Sir George Patis, curate of Kimbolton, for his wages due at the Annunciation, 13s. 4d. To Roger Willyms, curate of Lucton and Eyton, for his wages and half a bible, 23s. 4d., and other chaplains. To John Power, schoolmaster, at 26s. 8d. a year, 5l. To Wm. Raynold, for keeping of Stocton Pole, 3s. 4d. To Thos. Smyth, remaining for making a pair of organs, 20s. The high sheriff's fee, 20s. The under sheriff, 6s. 8d. The constable, 3s. 4d. My lord Ferrers' fee, 50s., &c. Total, 103l. 17s. 10d.
v. Despoil and waste made by him in the woods:—In Hopeswood: Sold to divers persons trees worth 13l. 4s. To Mr. Solie, 60 trees. To Mr. Walwyn, 60 trees. In Ashewoode: 110 trees. Loads of timber that Mr. Cholsey, late prior, caused to be hewed for repairs. To the organ maker, as much as comes to 2s. 8d., and 28 loads of hewed timber, prepared by Mr. Cholsey, late prior, for repairs. In Luctonswode: To Sir Ric. a Crofte, 16 acres of wood at 16s. an acre, sold by Croft for 24s., 20 acres at a price unknown, and seven trees. In the Redwood: To Mr. Barnabie, 10 trees. To Atferton of Leominster, six trees. In the Highwood: To Thos. of Asten and Ric. Smyth, eight trees.
Pp. 3. Endd.: The evil demeanor of a monk of Leominster.
1679. Abbey of Bruton.
R. O. “Interrogatories to be put to Ric. Halford, canon of the abbey of Brewton,” touching his having obtained a licence from the archbishop of Canterbury to go out of the said abbey and be abroad in a secular clerk's habit; and touching certain erasures and alterations in the said licence, and where and when they were made. Also as to what crimes he knows to have been committed by the abbot of Brewton, John Ely, or of what crimes he suspected him; whether he, John Harold, one Harte, (fn. 24) a brother of his, and Whit, a servant of the house, conspired together to accuse the abbot of treason, and when and where they did so; whether the deponent did not exhort the conspirators to stick surely in the matter, and whether they had conspired the abbot's death, and why.
Pp. 3.
1680. “Instructions given by John a Parys.”
R. O. 1. Four years ago, Wm. Tetter, late abbot of Our Lady of Stratford, sent to him a monk of the monastery, who was Parys's son-in-law, (fn. 25) to borrow 20l., which Parys accordingly delivered to him. A fortnight after the abbot sent to him again to borrow 20l. more, as he had to pay the King a large sum by way of loan. But he says the abbot did this only for a policy, that his monastery might seem to the King's collectors to be in extreme poverty. Shortly afterwards the abbot fell ill, and Parys went to Stratford to know at what point he stood for his money. Sir Wm. Hurlestone, who is now abbot, showed him that the very 40l. he had lent was locked up in a chest and had never been used. The abbot soon after died, and Hurlestone “made labor” to be abbot, and desired Parys to speak in his favor to his son-in-law, promising before certain honest persons that he would pay the debt; but after his election he refused to do so.
Pp. 2. Endd.
1681. The Tower Ordnance.
R. O. The “declaration” of Leonard Skeffington, yeoman of the Ordnance, of money laid out in javelins for the King's guard attending him in divers progresses, in timber, falcon wheels, axletrees, gunpowder, &c., within the Tower and at Calais, bowstrings, repair of ironwork, &c., “spent in the time of the triumph for the receiving into the Tower of the Queen coming from Greenwich, and likewise at her departing from the Tower to York Place;” in “drawing of spears,” lime, sand, wages and other expenses since the departure into Ireland, the specialities of which appear in a book of parcels. Total, 114l. 6s.
Large paper, p. 1.
1682. Ordnance for Ireland.
“A proportion thought necessary to be sent to Ireland for this present time, being ready in the office of the King's ordnance.”
A demicanon of brass with shod wheels, with ladle and sponge, and 60 iron shot for the same; 2 brass falcons, 2 falconets, and 140 shot for them; 40 iron hagbushes, ½ last of serpentine powder; 4 half barrels of corn powder; ½ last saltpetre, 4 cwt. brimstone; 500 yew bows; 2 barrels bow strings; 1,000 sheaves of livery arrows; 300 northern spears; 1,000 horseshoes, and 8,000 nails for them; 6 carts shod with iron; 8 pr. ironshod wheels for sakers and falcons; 3 dozen seythes; a gin.
ii. Parcels that require to be provided:—60 great horses to draw the ordnance, to be bought in Northamptonshire; 6 cart-horse harness, at 20s. each; 200 spades and shovels; 3 dozen rammers and forms for charging ladles, at 2s. per dozen; 6 forms for cartouches, at 3d. each; 30 chests for bows and arrows; 2 barrels soap; 10 horse hides “whyt tawyd”; 24 iron crows, weighing in all 5 ½ cwt., at 1 ½d. per lb.; 100 pickaxes weighing 1,007 lb. at 2 ½d. per lb.; 100 felling axes, 12d. each; 2,000 iron spikes weighing 5 cwt., at 14s. per cwt. Total, 95l. 1s. 0 ½d., “beside the charges of the carriages from the Tower of London to Westchester.”
iii. Artificers and carters:—1 wheelwright, 6 carters, 20 tons elmen timber, to be provided at Westchester.
Large paper, pp. 3.
1683. Cranmer's Visitation.
Cleop. F. II. 124. B. M. Strype's Cranmer, Appx. No. 15. The articles against the visitation of the archbishop of Canterbury within the dioc. of London.
1. The archbishop in his monitions to the bishop, abbots, priors and archdeacons of London styled himself, “Apostolicæ Sedis legatum,” concerning which the bishop and chapter wrote to the archbishop before the visitation, and on the first day thereof met at the chapter house of Powles and protested that they would not obey his jurisdiction as legate. This protestation the archbishop refused to command his registrar to enact. 2. The archbishop signified that he should suspend the jurisdiction of the bishop, dean and archdeacons during the whole time of his visitation, which he has now “continued” until Dec. 1, pretending that then he may “continue” it for another six months, and so without end. No metropolitan, primate, legate or bishop of Rome in his most tyranny ever usurped the semblable. 3. All learned men and the books of the canon law agree that no metropolitan or primate can do this by any written law, and the archbishop's counsel do not deny it. 4. The archbishop pretends that his predecessors have acted thus: but it has not been done for 100 years, and he ought therefore to show books in proof thereof, which he and his officers refused. 5. Some of his predecessors may have attempted some things as legates which they had no right to do as metropolitans or primates. Many of the archbishops were also chancellors, and perhaps by that authority maintained many things against the law, as the late Cardinal did. It appears by the ancient registers that when the archbishop's predecessors attempted such things, the bishops appealed to Rome, sometimes successfully and sometimes the appeals were undecided. In like manner, “we your faithful subjects have now for this our grief appealed unto your majesty.” 6. It is to be considered whether metropolitans in other Christian realms, not being legates, exercise such powers, and if not, they should be extinguished for ever here, that the bishops of Rome may have no color to maintain that they still possess authority here by their legate, saying that though the archbishop relinquishes the name, he exercises jurisdiction not given by law to metropolitans, and only used by legates of the See of Rome. 7. The bishops and clergy do not refuse to obey his visitation as metropolitan, and to pay due and accustomed proxies, but his officers demand much more than the sums fixed by common law and by bulls and sentences executed against his predecessors long before the making of the statutes against provisions. If he could show law or precedent, he should have all his proxies without grudge at the conclusion of his visitation, until which time they are not due in money. If he can show precedents and they are allowed by the King's learned counsel, they will immediately obey him, referring only to the King's gracious judgment, and they beg that they may be allowed to use such defence as the laws and the high court of Parliament have provided.
Pp. 7. Headed: Contra visitationem Archi. Cant. Endd. as above.
Cleop. F. II. 128. B. M. 2. Extracts from the canon law, Isydorus, Abbas and Matthew Paris concerning archidiaconal and legatine functions.
Lat., pp. 3.
1684. Corn.
Titus, B. I. 519. B. M. Proclamation that no one shall buy wheat or rye to resell except as provision for London or other cities, and that no one shall buy wheat or rye for seed unless it be proved before the Commissioners for search of corn that he requires it for such purpose.
From the printed copy by Thomas Berthelet.
1685. Shipwreck in France.
R. O. The allegations of Robyn Carre and other of Boulogne against Mr. Forman and other Englishmen, put in writing before the seneschal of Bolenoys.
Item.—It avails not to say that in naufrage there is more heed to be taken prudently because there is pain of curse or excommunication against the robbers by the canon law, for two reasons:—
1. Because the chapter applies to time of peace, not war, as it was at the time of the said naufrage.
2. It refers to the naufrage of Christian men, obedient to the Church of Rome or to the Pope and his constitutions.
Item.—Now ye understand what the bruit is through this whole realm, that in England they will not acknowledge the Pope for superior. They cannot therefore help themselves with the favor and privileges which he has established throughout all Christendon, for these are understood to be granted only to those who obey him. The law permits to rob by crafty and deceitful industry the substance of enemies of the Apostolic See, according to the text in the new constitution of Federick, beginning: “Navigia: Codice de furtis et servo corrupto. Lege. In cum qui.” But they are reputed “barbares,” because they err in the Catholic faith.
In the allegations of Anthony le Wik against the Englishmen, beside the reasons aforesaid, there is this passage: That if Wik and his fellows did not fear to diffame and slander the English, they would sustain that they are not capable of taking any action, because they are excommunicate, as men erring from the Catholic faith; and so willeth the text in the chapter, “Intelleximus, Extra de re judicata.”
Pp. 2. Endd.
1686. Works.
R. O. 26 Hen. VIII.—Lime rated by the quarters after 5 quarters and I bushel to every load. Thirteen amounts, in all 2,886 quarters 7 bushels. On the other side are memoranda about quantities of lime and chalk.
Pp. 2.
1687. William Locke.
R. O. Account of damask, satin, and velvet bought of Will. Locke, mercer of London, A.D. 1534. Total, 548l. 2s. 11d.
Pp. 2.
1688. Henry VIII. to [the Lord Chancellor].
R. O. Commands him to detain, if it has not passed the Great Seal, or to get possession of, if it has done so, a patent for the profits of the fishing of the Ban in [Ireland], (fn. 26) granted to Travers, servant to the duke of Richmond, on insufficient information. Hampton Court, . . day of . . . .
Signed with a stamp. Mutilated. Endd.
1689. [Clement Armestrong to Cromwell.]
R. O. I have been your servant in my mind this three years, endeavoring to set forth the right order of the commonwealth, that you might help the King to set it up as an example to other realms. I have been sorry you would never see the image of the King upbearing upon his shoulders the Church of Christ, as signified in an ordinary seal of his head office. All people able to work shall live by their work; for those not able 400,000l. a year shall be contributed, not out of the King's treasure, but by those willing to pay it for their own advantage. Your mastership knows I never asked any reward. I delivered two books to you before All Hallow tide last, “in which appeareth somewhat of the destruction of the common weal of the realm, and somewhat of the remedy.” I offered to be in your house, and with the help of a fair writer to set forth the knowledge of all things relating to the true order of a commonwealth; when your mastership promised I should do so. “And for not so doing, I desired of you three days before Christmas to have the said two books, that I might have written in them many mo things appertaining to the right order of commonwealth which ye yet know not.” Last year when occupied with these things I was robbed by a false fellow I took into my service to oversee a woodsale which I bought of the bishop of Winchester beyond Windsor. He made his account to me at Christmas, and acknowledged having received from me 363l., but he sold stuff without my knowledge to the value of 200l., with which he bought a woodsale in the name of two other men. He now lurks in the house of John Grymes in St. Laurence parish, London. Please send for Grymes to bring Weders to answer me. “Your said servant thus being quieted in his mind shall write you the clear knowledge how to set up Christ's church, which was never yet set up, nor Christ's faith never ministered by no general form since Christ's Ascension.” Will show him the order of the commonwealth, what the King should live on, and what the priests; how the living of bishops and deacons arises from the works of the soul in the Church inwardly, i.e., tithes, and the living of the King from “the works of the outward bodies of the people,” i.e., the rents of the earth, &c.
Hol., pp. 3. Endd. by Wriothesley: A letter to my master, I cannot tell from whom.
1690. Clement Armestrong.
R. O. A volume containing a number of treatises of Clement Ormestrong or Urmestrong on matters relating to the common weal, some of them written before the divorce had actually taken place and while the issue seemed doubtful, giving arguments, both pro and con. In one it is asserted in opposition to the Pope that the King has a right to the cure of souls, and that to prove it he “shall incontinent by God's grace take all the souls and bodies of all his people into his cure” (p. 108). In others it is maintained that the King has a lordship “above the sun” typified in his “head seal.”
Elsewhere he maintains (p. 118), that for lack of a right order in the commonwealth buyers and sellers have caused a scarcity of victuals and money, getting great riches out of the anguish and vexation of the common people. 1,200 or more poor men have risen in eight score years to become buyers and sellers, and every man seeks to rob others. They gain 140,000l. to 160,000l. a year at the King's expence and to the loss of the whole realm. The whole wealth of England consists in husbandry and handicraft, and people should not be suffered to get riches craftily by buying and selling. “Before the getting of the Narrow Sea and Calais, England lived wealthily in itself when all people commonly received their livings of Goa's gift with their labors in right order before there was any merchants in London that aventured,” (fn. 27) —not that the getting of the sea hurt the realm, but suffering Londoners to carry over it into Flanders what they listed. There was no scarcity then in the realm, but the Londoners draped fine cloths and had 720 broad looms. The writer goes on through several pages to discuss the effect of trade and the staple of Calais on the national prosperity.
The volume consists altogether of 363 pages, of which several are blank between the different treatises.
1691. Robert Studley.
R. O. His petition against Mr. War[in ?], for influencing Mr. Pollarde of the Exchequer to withhold 60s., due to Studley as fee for the seizure of “Shertbandes” at the wharff of Henry Pott, beerbrewer.
P. 1. Square paper, mutilated at one side. Addressed at the beginning to Mr. Thomas Cromwell, High Secretary.


  • 1. Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester.
  • 2. Probably written in the year 1533, though 1534 is the date of publication.
  • 3. This document contains no clear indication of the date, the writer or the person addressed, except that it must have been written at a time when the relations between England and Scotland were comparatively cordial.
  • 4. “Monsieur, qu'il plaise de vostre bongne grace avoir pour excuse que lescrivain qui a faict la lettre que je presents a vostre noble sygneurie a fait au contraire, car den parler au roy nostre Syre est contraire.”
  • 5. Suffolk (see last letter).
  • 6. Ric. Lyster, Attorney 1525–29, Chief Baron 1529–42.
  • 7. His former letter in Vol. V., No. 1613, is endorsed “Thomas Mynternus, one of the King's scholars at Paris.”
  • 8. Edward Kyrkeby alias Cowper. See Willis, II. 283.
  • 9. Sir William Stafford.
  • 10. The Earl of Wiltshire.
  • 11. Lord Rochford.
  • 12. John Bosforus alias Browne or Brome.
  • 13. Easton Magna, Essex.
  • 14. Roger de Beverley.
  • 15. Edmund Emery.
  • 16. Edmund Campion. See Newcourt, II. 235.
  • 17. John Wythers, prebendary of St. Paul's, who died in 1534.
  • 18. Miles Willen was presented to the vicarage of Stepney, vacant by the resignation of Sampson, on the 31st March 1534. He was deprived, and the vicarage was given to Dr. Simon Heynes on the 29th January following.
  • 19. Most probably Hans Holbein.
  • 20. See 3 Oct. 1533.
  • 21. John Baldwin, chief justice of C.P. in 1535, or Baldwin Malet (?).
  • 22. The dates 21 and 25 Hen. VIII. have been crossed through.
  • 23. This sum is struck out.
  • 24. Richard Harte. His signature is attached to the Acknowledgment of Supremacy, No. 1121 (13).
  • 25. Dan Robert Parker. See Vol. III. 1461.
  • 26. The lordship of Ban seems to have come to the King in 1533. See Vol. VI., 1587.
  • 27. In the margin is the note: “Seven score years ago was no merchants adventurers in London.”