Henry VIII: March 1535, 1-10

Pages 124-149

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8, January-July 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1885.

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March 1535, 1-10

1 March.
R. O.
305. Sir Fras. Bryan to Cromwell.
About Michaelmas last his servant, Edward Conquest, had two geldings stolen from his stable by two thieves, of whom one was hanged at Aylesbury since Christmas and the other fled. The former confessed the sale of the horses in Southwark. Desires Cromwell to give him eredence to favor his suit. Ampthill. 1 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. as Secretary. Endd.
1 March.
R. O.
Cranmer's Works, II. 300.
306. Cranmer to Cromwell.
Asks him to take Thos. Bartelet into his service. Cannot do anything for him unless he were disposed to be a secular, which he is not. Knoll, 1 March. Signed.
Add.: Secretary. Endd.
Harl. MS.
6148, f. 49 b.
B. M.
2. Copy of the above from Cranmer's Letter Book. Not dated.
1 March.
R. O.
307. John [Salcot] Bishop of Bangor to Cromwell.
Has received the King's letters of Feb. 11 commanding him to send a certificate of spiritual promotions fallen vacant in his diocese since the King was entitled by Act of Parliament to the first-fruits, and to take care that no person should be preferred to any benefice until he has agreed for the fruits thereof; and also letters from Cromwell, with an instrument to be read, signed and sealed, and ordering him to send up all buils and writings by which he claims to hold anything of the bp. of Rome. Cannot send the certificate now, as his brother, Dr. Capon, his vicar-general, is absent, and his diocese is far off, but will do so as soon as possible. Sends the said instrument and his predecessor's bulls, delivered to him at his first nomination. Has, as Cromwell knows, neither bull nor brief. Will tell his brother to send any other of the same kind that are at Bangor. Hide, 1 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
1 March.
R. O.
308. The Customers of Bristol to Cromwell.
In behalf of Richard Alen and Simon Hancock, who were bound to deliver 30 weys of beans at Beaumaris, but were unable to fulfil their bargain. 1 March 26 Hen. VIII. Signed: John Bartholomew —Will. Goodwyn.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 March.
R. O.
309. John Graynfyld to Lord Lisle.
Thanking him for his great goodness when last at Calais. Gave his letters to Ric. Cromwell to deliver to the Secretary, who keeps his chamber much vexed with an ague. He has been very ill 14 days, and few have spoken with him. Norryce has promised me to speak to the King for the sister's lands, but would be glad to know whether it is in the King's hands or in those of the merchants of the Staple. I send you some cramp rings; "and this next week, one failed, you shall have more, for troth he that keepeth the rings, one of Jewel-house, is forth of the town." You shall also have answer from the King of your request for the delivery of Tybault, Mr. Palmer's servant. My brother, Sir Ric. Graynfyld, commends himself, and wishes you to give good counsel to Palmer and Seryvyn, to whom he has "made a letter of attorney, for more rather nare my brother woole breke he woll gyve hym almost 400 marks in hand." Half a sheet of paper would not contain the recommendations sent to you from Norrys, Bryandt and your other friends. London, 1 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 310. The Borders. (fn. 1)
March treasons, felonies, &c. committed by servants and tenants of lord Dacre.
Ant. Armstrong, a tenant of Dacre's, was indicted at a court held by the lord Warden at Carlisle, 3 Nov. last; but Thos. Wilson, Dacre's bailiff at Askerton, and others, resisted Thos. Clifford, deputy captain of Carlisle, who was sent to take him. Robert alias Hobe Tweddale, of Orchard House, Gillesland, is indicted for March treason, but is kept amongst Dacre's tenants there. Edward Wygan, also indicted, has fled to Scotland by their help. Armstrong and others have sold horses into Scotland, and, in company with Scotchmen, committed robberies. Last Christmas, when the stewardship of the lands of Holme Abbey was granted by the King to Dacre in place of Thos. Dalston, who had previously held it for the earl of Cumberland, lord Warden, Chr. Lee and other servants of Dacre and the abbot, to the number of 100, armed, went to Holme, before the Earl, who was at Skipton in Craven, could send word to Dalston, broke open his chamber, and cast him and all his stuff out. Robt. Jackson, servant of Sir Chr. Dacre, with others, broke open the doors, and carried away to Kirkoswald castle the corn of Kirkland tithe, which the Earl farms from the convent of Carlisle, and had collected. Thos. Yares, Dacre's bailiff of Drybeke, did the same to the tithe of Bolton in Westmoreland, which the Earl farms from the abbot of St. Mary's; and there have been other similar acts. Lancelot Lancastre, Dacre's steward in Westmoreland, carried John Hunt, surgeon, a servant of the Earl, from Cotegill to the house of one Talentyre at Dacre, and imprisoned and punished him there for three days.
Dacre, as warden of the West Marches, has since the last peace given safe-conduct to, and received in his castle of Rowclyf, Jenkyn and Robert Irwin, Chr. and Andro Grame, and other rebels of the king of Scots; since which time they have committed many robberies and March treasons. On March 1, at Loghmabyn Stone, as soon as the wardens of Scotland and England met, Dacre's servants and tenants, 200 or 300 in number, went away without licence.
Pp. 5. Endd.
2 March. 311. The Royal Supremacy.
Renunciations of papal jurisdiction (similar to those in No. 190) by—
R. O. 1. Cuthbert bishop of Durham, 2 March 1534. Seal attached.
R. O. 2. John bishop of Exeter, 7 March 1534, 26 Hen. VIII. With a notification that it was signed and sealed in the chapel of St. Mary in the priory church of St. German's, Cornwall, before Robert Swymmor, prior, Thos. Brewod, archdeacon of Barnstaple, John Mooreman, S.T.P., and Henry Parker, gentleman usher in the King's household. Seal good.
R. O. 3. Richard bishop of Norwich, 10 March 1534, 26 Hen. VIII. Seal broken.
R. O. 4. Charles bishop of Hereford, 18 March 26 Hen. VIII., 1534. Present Rob. Bigge, B.D., and Will. Meyre. Seal badly mutilated.
2 March.
R. O.
312. Cranmer's Visitation.
Appeal of John bishop of Lincoln to the King, in Chancery, against the right of visitation claimed in his diocese by Thos. abp. of Canterbury, as metropolitan, whose commission he received at Wooborn, 11 June 1534.
Also protest sent thereupon to the Archbishop, dated 29 July 1534, in answer to his certificatorium dated Lambeth, 1 June, notifying that he would hold the visitation on Wednesday, 5 Aug. With the Bishop's procuration to Geo. Hennage, dean of Lincoln, John Talbott, sub-dean, Chr. Massingbeard, chancellor, John Pryn, treasurer, and Jas. Mallett, precentor of the cathedral, and John Rayne, prebendary of Thame, his vicar-general, to act in his behalf.
ii. Letters dimissorial of the Bp., pending the Abp.'s visitation, to John Pollard, of the parish of St. Peter-in-the-East, Oxford, to receive orders.
iii. Will of Thos. Fisher of Wooborn, Bucks, 6 Jan. 1534, with probate of the Bp., pending the Abp.'s visitation, dated 14 Jan. 1534.
iv. Letters dimissorial granted by the Bp. 2 Jan. 1534, pending the Abp.'s visitation, to William Thorpe, of Quinyborowe, to receive orders.
v. Will of Gilbert Wigan, vicar of Great Gaddisden, 7 Feb. 1534, with probate of the Bp. pending the Abp's visitation, 2 March 1534.
Pp. 16.
2 March.
R. O.
313. William, Abbot of York, to Cromwell.
My friend master Mansfeld was arrested the 2nd day of this instant month of March at the castle of York, to his high displeasure. The bearer will tell you the reason. Let not his enemies have their pleasure on him. There is such a company of wilful gentlemen in Yorkshire as are not found in the rest of England, and they will arrest for no cause. Overton, the day aforesaid.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
2 March.
R. O.
314. Ant. Sentleger to Cromwell.
As you wished, I have been with my lord prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, for such timber as master Studdalffe named to you for your buildings, growing on Horseley common, called Wodhyll. He is contented you should have them, paying at your pleasure, and he has sent letters to your officer commanding him to attend upon you. 2 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
2 March.
R. O.
315. Sir Will. Turvyle to Cromwell.
I received your letters dated 22 Feb., containing the King's pleasure that I should appear before you immediately. On Monday next the assizes will be held at Leicester, where I have a nisi prius against Ant. Brokesby touching my inheritance. The first day of the next term I will not fail to appear before you. Newhalle, 2 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
2 March.
Lansdowne MS., 989, f. 172.

B. M.
316. John Claymonde, S.T.B., President of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, to Cranmer.
Received his mandate on 28 Feb., and has cited the fellows named in the annexed schedule to appear at his visitation and pay the procurations due to him. 2 March 1534.
Lat., pp. 2. Modern copy.
MS., 989, f. 131.
B. M.
2. Protestation of John Claimond, president of Corpus Christi College, Oxon, that their submission to the visitation of the archbp. of Canterbury is not in prejudice of the rights of the college, of the King, or Stephen bp. of Winchester, their founder.
Lat., modern copy, p. 1.
3 March.
R. O.
317. R. [Nix] Bishop of Norwich to Cromwell.
Asks that the priory of Carowe beside Norwich may have licence to elect a new prioress. The prioress who is just dead governed the house laudably for 23 years. In consequence of their poverty and exility they have not been accustomed to sue for a licence. The sisters have no salary nor pension of the place, but only of devotion and charity of good people. Hoxne, 3 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary Endd.
R. O. 318. Reynold Lytylprow to Cromwell.
The mayor of the city desires me to write to you that he may have licence to order the butchers to bring calves to market this year as last, for the country is so barreu of beeves that there shall be more need this year than there was in the last. The butchers may complain that their price is not the same as in London. The prioress of Carowe, without the gates of Norwich, is departed, and they will make means to know your pleasure. There are twelve runs, and the lands are small. Dame Sysly (fn. 2) and dame Mawte are fit to rule. The latter is near kinswoman to Sir Wm. Up Tamese (ap Thomas of Lowdlowe, who, I think, will sue to you for her. She is wise and virtuous, but young. Asks to be included in a commission. I wish you would send a bill of instructions. There are too many to go together. I showed you before Christmas that there had been some communication between me and Mr. Rouse for the comptrollership of Yarmouth. for which he asked 60l., and you thought it too much. Though it is so chargeable I should not like to lose it. Therefore I beg your help, as he has promised it to another.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
3 March.
R. O.
319. E. Duchess of Norfolk to [Cromwell].
I send you a pair of carving knives, that you "soueld haff had hat nowerres" (New Year's day), had they been ready. I am sorry I have no better to send. I would it were 100l. for the kindness I have found in you, but you shall have my heart during my life. "I faer me that he (ye) kan not rad my hand, het hes so hel." Send me word if you can read my hand or not. 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: Master Secretary. Endd.
3 March.
R. O.
320. William Maunsell to Cromwell.
Is arrested of felony for doing nothing but justice. Desires to state his case in Cromwell's presence. Sends his patent of an office he has occupied seven years under the sheriff of Yorkshire, and his acts will show upon examination his good-will to the Crown. Desires credence for masters Lawson and Gostewike. York, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, secretary to the King's highness.
3 March.
R. O.
321. Ric. Hutton. Priest, to Cromwell.
I beseech your favor for the prioress and convent of Merkyate, that they may have the relaxations here enclosed, without derogation to the rules of their religion. Merkyate, 3 March. Signed.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
3 March.
R. O.
322. Thomas Barton to Cromwell.
On last seeing him delivered him a letter from the bearer, the prior of Marten. Trusts that he will not find the contrary of what the writer declared, but will accomplish the King and Cromwell's pleasure. If the prior should leave the monastery the writer desires to have his place. The house is near where he was born, and his ancestors have been benefactors to it. It is well wooded; not less than 200l. or better, as shall appear unto you more at large. York, 3 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
3 March.
R. O.
323. Henry Earl of Essex to Lord Lisle.
Sends to him in behalf of a certain merchant of Luke. Is looking for the wines he wrote to him about. Begs they may be sent to Colchester or Malden. Benyngton, 3 March. Signed.
Memorandum at the bottom in a different hand: "Delivered at Rauff Skuttes key in London, to Bokeley my lord of Essex servant, dwelling in Lothebery."
P. 1. Add.: My lord Lisle, deputy of Calais. Endd.
3 March.
R. O.
324. Charles Arundel to Lord Lisle.
Deposition against Guilliaum Cowschier, skinner, of St. Omer's, for saying "that our sovereign lord king Henry was a wretch, a caitiff and no Christian man, having two wives and a concubine." Nich. Delanoy said to Cowschier, "Pity it was of the King's life to forsake the noble blood of the Emperor and to take a poor knight's daughter." Cowschier came to Calais to the marriage of Delanoy's son, when Delanoy showed him all the privities of Calais, and the place where it might be most easily entered. Cowschier said it were little mastery to win the town in a quarter of a year. Cowschier cannot deny his saying "by the same token he showed me a bill that Oliver Skynner owed him above 30 florins."
Below is written: "Copy of Charles Arundel's letter, sent to my lord Deputy from him out of England, the 3rd day of March anno 26 R.R. H.VIII.; which letter Sir Edw. Ringeley, knight, high marshal, did see, and knoweth that the same is the very and true copy thereof. Written with the hands of Thomas Rogers, clerk of the King's council, and thereto hath subscribed his name as a witness, the day and year aforesaid.
(Signed) "Arthur Lyssle, k.
(Signed) "Edward Ryngeley."
"Concordat cum regestro."
3 March. 325. Palamedes Gontier.
See Grants in March, No. 3.
3 March.
Add. MS. 28,587, f. 243.
B. M.
326. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Wrote on the 12th ult., by a gentleman of the king of Portugal. * * * * The Pope is displeased with the cardinal of Lorraine, because at his departure from Rome he asked him to go to England, on behalf of himself and the king of France, to try to bring back the king of England to his obedience to the Church. Paulo de Porto, a servant of the Cardinal's, has just brought an answer that the Cardinal has not done what the Pope requested, because the French king thought there was no necessity, as he and the king of England would meet so soon. In consequence of this the executoriales are delayed, though the Count continues to ask for them, and to show the Pope and his ministers how far the king of England is from returning to his obedience to the Holy See. * * *
Rome, 3 March 1535.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 15.
Ibid., f. 251. 2. Contemporary abstract of letters of Cifuentes of 3 and 4 March 1535. With marginal notes.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 11.
4 March.
Vienna Archives.
327. Chapuys to Charles V.
I received yours of the 6th Feb. on the 1st inst., with the cipher containing the communications of the English ambassador with your own. With which subject I will not meddle unless I receive commandment from your Majesty, especially as Cromwell, as I lately wrote, excused himself that he had not ventured to touch upon it without the King's authority.
As to getting the Princess away from here, it would not be difficult if she dwelt at the Tower, provided the equipage were supplied of which I lately wrote, viz.:—"Ung vasseaul de remmer que fut assez suffisant a ung besoing de son secource des petites barges qui pour les autres navires estans en lentrée de la riviere conuiendroit estre bien armée pour soubstenir limpetu des grans bouz quen pourroyt la venir." If the wind be not favorable for her departure there would be no fear of the great ships here, because she could leave by the same wind as others did. But as it is proposed to change her lodging, we must wait to know where her residence will be fixed, and devise other expedients accordingly. As to the assurance of the persons of the Queen and Princess, I think the first thing that these lords would attempt to do would be that (a change of her lodging ?). I have not yet been able to talk with anyone, but hope, in three or four days, to communicate with those of whom I have written, or with some other person of the same will and importance, proposing the matter as of myself. For greater assurance I have frequently urged upon Cromwell and others of the Council that they ought to show great consideration for those two I dies who, even if there were mortal war with your Majesty, might be the means of pacification, like the mother of Coriolanus. This he has often confessed to be true: and I trust that if any outbreak took place, the King would not be too hasty to use violence to those ladies. Pending the issue of affairs he would probably seize them and put the Princess in the Tower, and, if so. I imagine the Queen and Princess would not be so much at his command as he supposes, as the Captain (fn. 3) seems to be a good servant of your Majesty and the said ladies. As to the rumor in France about Gravelines, it is true that when the Admiral was here. I was told that lord Sands, chamberlain of England, captain of Guisnes, was making ready to go to Guisnes, and that he boasted that with a few men he could very soon gain the said castle of Gravelines, but I have since heard that it was all lies and that the said personage had never said such things. Probably it was intended only to put me in suspicion. I will do my best to obey you touching the service of the Queen and Princess, the declaration of the cause of your going to Barcelona and of M. de Rœux going to Germany, and also to inform your ambassador in France as heretofore. The French ambassadors, Morette and the treasurer of Brittany, have been at Hampton Court with the King from St. Matthias' day till the day before yesterday, when they returned with Cromwell. Yesterday the said Treasurer was all day at Cromwell's lodging, where the Chancellor was, and a servant of mine whom I sent to Cromwell could not get a hearing. This morning he has given him audience, swearing that if he had not been ill of a rheum, which has given him a swollen eye and cheek, he would have gone to me yesterday, and that he hoped to come today or tomorrow. Nevertheless he assured me he had forgotten nothing of what was said between us, and had obtained permission of the King that the Princess should be placed in some house near her mother for the convenience of the physician and apothecary. He had not gained leave for the Queen to see her, but by degrees all would be accomplished. He also told my man that he trusted affairs would go well between your Majesty and his master, and that your Majesty had shown so much kindness towards those Englishmen who were detained by the Inquisition, releasing them and their goods, and also their ships which had been arrested for your navy, that it would greatly advance good relations between them; that there were great practises and intrigues, but I might be assured on their side. With this he delivered a copy of a letter written by the king of France to the Electors, telling my man that it was brutal (bestiale), and that for the honor of the French they should avoid publishing it. As there is no doubt his indisposition is unfeigned, I mean to go and see him after dinner to satisfy the Queen and Princess, who long to know where the said Princess is to reside. The secretary of the duke of Holstein was at Court on Sunday. I am told his discourse was to show the King that the friendship of his master would be more honorable and useful to him than that of the Lubecks, who would in the end play him false, as they had done other princes. He is put off till Sunday next for an answer. A religious doctor of my acquaintance has come to ask me for a prognostication of the mutiny that is to take place against the governors of this realm, of which prognostication "chemin" (?) was desired on behalf of lord Brez (Bray), a learned, rich and good nobleman. The messenger also desired a cipher by which his master could communicate without danger, for he wished to write to several good personages to incite them against this government, as they despaired of the slowness of a remedy by your Majesty. He wished greatly, as the said monk intimated, to speak to me; which at present I think impolitic, and I have sent him words of encouragement but advising him not to precipitate matters.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 4.
R. O. 328. Katharine of Arragon to [Cromwell].
See Vol. VII., No. 1126, which evidently belongs to this period. Another copy is preserved at Vienna.
4 March. 329. Sir Christopher Dacre.
See Grants in March, No. 5.
4 March.
R. O.
330. T. Earl of Wiltshire to Cromwell.
I thank you for sending me such letters as have come to the King from France. I think his matters there are in very good train, and I reckon he will have of the Admiral there, if he be well used, a sure servant for all his affairs there. Hever, 4 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
4 March.
R. O.
331. Magdalen College, Oxford, to Cromwell.
We received your letters for the preferment of Manby, one of your servants, to the receivership of our lands in co. Line, occupied by John Etton. We are willing to comply, so far as it is in our power, and I, the president, have communed with my company; but as Etton, and his father before him, have been diligent in this office, they trust you will allow him to continue in the same. Oxford, 4 March.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
4 March.
R. O.
St.P. v. 19.
332. The Bishop of Aberdeen to [Cromwell ?]
Has received his letters by lord William [Howard], who has also delivered the King's letters to James, with the Order of the Garter. Will not forget Wodehons, for whom [Cromwell] writes that he may have speedy justice. Edinburgh, 4 March. Signed.
Begins: My lord.
4 March.
R. O.
St. P. v. 20.
333. Sir Adam Otterburn to Cromwell.
Has received from my lord ambassador a letter from the King and one from Cromwell. Will do his best to justify the King's good opinion of him. It is not the ambassador's fault that all things are not brought to the desired end; but all things have their time. Could have advised what course to pursue if he had been consulted beforehand, as he showed by his other letters touching Jas. Hamiltoun. If "some personage" cannot think all matters "conveniently adressit," one thing still comforts us all, that the peace will never be broken. Anent Will, Wodhouse the matter is "put in pley (plea)." Some means will be devised to help him. Begs Cromwell to remember John Chesholme. Edinburgh, 4 March. Signed. Add.
4 March.
R. O.
334. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Received his letter of the 21st ult. Mr. Cotton, (fn. 4) the Duke's governor, has said he will let me know what may be done, but I think it will depend upon my lord of Norfolk. It might be as well for you to write to Mr. Bryan for your patent, and hear what he will say. Smythe has written to you of the award between you and Sir Edw. Saymer. He is to pay you yearly 64l. I have been with Mr. Densell, who is now gone into Cornwall touching the same matter. Sends him an obligation to sign, which he cannot refuse, as he remitted the matter to Mr. Secretary. You should write to him to say that, though you are a great loser, if his award had been less you would have stood by it. "It shall be good to please all parties; notwithstanding I am well assured it is one of the unprotitablest bargains that ever you made." Must write afresh of the toll of Oye sluice. Can get no other answer from Mr. Secretary than that he will learn the King's pleasure. Cannot get Boyes's bill signed. His brother Palmer will do nothing in it. Will ask Mr. Secretary to get you the Staple Inn, as your house is sold to my lord Chancellor. You had better pay for the reparation of it 10l. yearly than change so many landlords. Some think that Wallop, when he comes home, will be sent into Spain. Morette has taken his leave, and it is certain the King will not over. London, 4 March 1534.
It is said my lord Leonard shall be sent into Ireland. John Kydman will deliver me a hogshead of wine for you on your letter.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O. 335. —— to Cromwell.
I thank you for your kind and comfortable letter, as my chaplain was so busy that he might not have had leisure to declare my credence, and explain to you many things which give me anxiety. As to this matter of Boys, notwithstanding the draft agreement made by my chaplain and him at London. I trust my chaplain will open to you his instructions, and that I shall know whether you allow my patent or his, or whether I should put all in the King's pleasure, with your favor to refer me to the same. It will be a great reproof to me after I have entered to be put from it, and cause me to be less esteemed in my office. I beg you to give credence to my chaplain, the bearer.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: Copy of a letter sent Mr. Cromwell by the steward.
4 [March].
MS. Bibl. Nat. Paris.
336. Henry VIII. to Brion.
We have received your letters by the treasurer Palamedes, together with his credence from the King our brother. We rejoice in his cordiality. as there is nothing we desire more than that our friendship should be indissoluble. We therefore beg you, according to your promise made to us when here, to consider the reasons which move us, which you will see by our answer, and induce Francis to take them in good part. Hampton Court, 4 May (fn. 5) 1534.
Fr., modern copy, pp. 3. From an ancient copy in the Fonds Moreau.
4 [March].
MS. Bibl. Nat. Paris.
337. Cromwell to Brion.
I have received your letters, and heard the answer and charge of the treasurer Palamedes. The answer which he carries back will show the King my master's constancy in friendship. Hopes Brion will do his best to remove all suspicion, and prevent their enemies from having any cause to suspect the interruption of their friendship. London, 4 May (fn. 5) 1534.
Fr., modern copy, pp. 2. From an ancient copy in the Fonds Moreau.
Calig. E. ii. 2. B. M. 338. Henry VIII. to [De Brion].
"Right dear and best beloved [cousin] ................. by the treasurer of Bretayne as by his report we do ............. that like as our confidence and expectation was ye have right ......... related (fn. 6) such things as at your being ....... were commoned, set forth and put in terms between us to the ...... we much do marvel that our good brother, (fn. 7) and all ...... the King your master hath not as yet answered articulatim (fn. 8) according as [the true], perfect and indissoluble amity between us (not only to the ...... continuance and entertainment, but also to the augmentation and encrea[se] of the same, and the extirpation of all things that might [in] anywise interrupt it) doth require, as for our part we ha[ve] always sincerely, truly and brotherly meaned and done, and [so] to do purpose during our life. And as to the effect of the sa[id] answere and specialties of the same, we have long regarded [and] looked for it, thinking it was very long differred .. and far longer than our expectation was whereof we ha .............................. that it is persuaded un[to us that ye] are of such sincereness, faithfulness and truth as doth not v ......, and for such we take you in deed, we should much more mer[vaile] how by all the charge given by you unto the said Treasurer which [he] hath declared unto us, ye have omitted to expound and ......... our said good brother's particular answers to s[uch] points on our behalf proposed and moved unto you, and h .... entred to persuade us to such points as at your being with us .... to have fully satisfied you according both to reciprokenes and ..... marvelling greatly that seeing we were so plain with you in a .... as we were that you woll go now about to press us with so unequa[l] .... as he hath proponed to us, and should take this your proceeding ..... with us somewhat unkindly, were it not that we do consider that [it] is meeter for the servant to labor and prefare his masters affa[irs] then his friends, be he never so nyght. As touching our arty [cles] to be reiterate, we think it but thing superfluous to rehearse them, not doubting but that you have perfect remembrance of th[em], and therefore we omit now at this present time to speak any m[ore] of them, trusting that now you do perceive that we heryn[g] nothing answered according to our expectation, you we[ll] endeavor yourself both to cause the King your master, [our] most entirely beloved friend, to make unto us a brief an[d] … answer, as also so endeavor yourself in the soliciti[ng] thereof as we may have cause to repute you one of o[ur] most principal and entire friends; of [the] which consideration, and to the intent that we more briefly may both know our friend's mind and also .... declare yours, we have for this time detained our .... friend, your messenger, to the intent that upon answer .... had from you in the premises, we may by him fully resolve ourselves in the foresand causes.
Wherefore (fn. 9) we have thought it most convenient to spare his pa[ins] in going and coming, and that he shall tarry here still until o[ur] said best beloved brother's answer known, upon which we shall declare unto you by him our mind, intention and resolution; final and (fn. 10) .... Wherein, right dear and best beloved cousin, although ye [are] our said good brother's servant, yet like as a man thought and tak[en] both by him and us very indifferent, as our confidence is that ye shall continue for evermore, we pray you to have an equal respect, a[nd] to tender always that in anything between our said good brother and us, to be purposed and treated as that (fn. 11) both our honors be equally conserved, and to study also that e ....................... cation on each behalf by union and ..... of fraternal alliance and amity between us be augmente[d], increased and indivisibly communicate, so that no difference [may be] perceived in them, but both conjointly to proceed without [any] severalty or difference to the common honor of us and w[eal of] our realms and countries."
Draft, pp. 4, mutilated. The passages in italics are corrections by the King.
R. O.
St. P. vii. 596.
339. Henry VIII. to De Brion.
We have received your friendly letters by the treasurer Palamedes, and heard his credence on the affairs of which we had communication when you were with us. We shall frankly tell you our mind, believing that it will tend to the removal of all occasions of difference, and reply to the articles of his charge seriatim.
1. Palamedes says that Francis agrees to the marriage of our daughter the Princess to Mons. d'Angoulême, adding a desire on your part that, besides the 50,000 cr. of pension, we should remit the 50,000 cr. of the pension viagere and the 10,000 cr. a year for salt, as things most odious to the realm of France. To express to you, "as to another ourself and our good brother's ear." our view of these articles, we beg you to consider whether the offer of our daughter and heir "of most certain title, without remainder of querel to the contrary, the revenue of our crown lately increased in yearly and perpetual value to the sum of 200,000 marks sterling, to be coupled and matched with our good brother's youngest son," ought to be so lightly esteemed, especially considering the services we have done to our good brother and the whole state of France? Even if we could be content with such dishonorable conditions, we know his friendship to be so steadfast that he would decline to receive from us anything that might seem to show that our alliance did not proceed from genuine cordiality. We therefore suspend our answer awaiting our good brother's "more certain and friendly resolution."
2. Francis wishes Henry to send him such articles as he would agree to for a treaty against the Emperor, offering to send such as he would himself agree to treat with the Emperor upon, to know our mind thereon. In these articles Francis refers to the treaties between him and the Emperor which forbid him to make war directly upon the latter, but declares his good-will to make war on the duke of Savoy in Piedmont, thereby to provoke the Emperor and bring him into hostility both with him and Henry, to whom he offers 50,000 cr. for his wars in Ireland and Denmark, on condition that he contributes a like sum to expeditions in Savoy and Piedmont or Savona. He also expresses a hope that Henry, in consideration that he has refused overtures upon the subject from the Emperor, will help him to recover Milan, Genoa and the earldom of Aste, the true inheritance of his children. Wonders at Francis being so scrupulous towards one who has always been friend or foe merely as his own interest required. Hopes Brion will remember Henry's conduct towards France, and how he has rejected the most honorable overtures from the Emperor, not for want of power to renew the claims of his ancestors, but only out of friendship to his good brother; all which he trusts he will declare to Francis, to the advancement of their common interests.
Draft, pp. 18. Endd.. Answer to be made to the Admiral's articles.
R. O. 340. Henry VIII. and Francis I.
Articles proposed for a treaty between the two kings, viz.:—
1. That if the king of England should be attacked by any potentate, Francis should take his part.
2. That if he think fit to invade Flanders, Francis shall make an equal contribution.
3. That Francis shall not only, according to his promises, declare himself displeased at the censures passed by the bishop of Rome or his predecessors against the King, but shall do his utmost to get the said Bishop and his cardinals to revoke them, and, if they refuse, will look upon all treaties with them as abrogated.
4. That Francis shall make no treaty with the Emperor without giving the King notice, and in any such treaty it shall be a condition that the Emperor shall regard as null the papal procedures and sentences against the King, and shall endeavor to get them revoked.
5. As sundry practises might be made to the King's prejudice under the shadow of a general council, Francis shall not agree to it without the King's assent.
6. In confirmation of these covenants both kings shall renounce all exceptions, and all laws and canons that might derogate from them, within three months, &c.
Pp. 3.
R. O.
St. P. vii. 602.
2. Proposed declaration to be made by Francis I.
The French king, having been informed by the most learned of his kingdom of the discussion concerning the pretended marriage of the king of England and the princess dowager Katharine, and the validity of the dispensation for the said marriage, and having considered the King's present marriage and the sentence given by pope Clement, promises to maintain the said second marriage of the king of England with his present queen Anne as legitimate and immutable, and the issue therefrom legitimate and capable of inheriting England, and the daughter of the first marriage to be illegitimate; that he will maintain the sentence given by Clement, and any others given in the future, to be contrary to human and divine law, and he will endeavor to procure their revocation. If, by reason of this marriage, the king of England, his heirs or successors, are molested, Francis will give them aid against any one attacking them.
Fr., pp. 3. With corrections and additions by Henry VIII., who has also added in the margin opposite the last clause, "Thys ayde must be declaryd in what sorte it shalbe."
Endd.: "A device in French, to be confirmed by the French king, for the adnullation and revocation of the bp. of Rome's sentences against the King's highness." "A device how the French king should approve the divorce and the marriage upon the same."
R. O.
Burnet, vi. 122.
3. A more formal declaration to the same effect in Latin, endorsed:—
"An instrument devised from the French king for his justification and defence of the invalidity of the King's highness's first marriage, and the validity of the second." (fn. 12)
R. O.
St. P. vii. 557.
341. Henry VIII. to De Brion.
Both by the King our brother's letters and yours we feel assured of his desire to preserve the amity between us to our successors; and though we cannot agree to the propositions made by the treasurer Palamedes, our reasons for declining them are such as you yourself will see to be right. As to the marriage proposed, as we were the first inventor of that knot, we purpose to send shortly to Calais deputies for our part, viz., the duke of Norfolk. Fitzwilliam and Cromwell, to arrange the conditions. The most convenient time for the meeting at Calais is about Whitsuntide next, not sooner, that Francis may have an opportunity of using his great influence with the bishop of Rome that he may revoke the sentence of his predecessor Clement about the pretended marriage with the lady Katharine. and declare it naught; which should be easy, as we find the opinion of the learned men about the Pope agrees with ours, and that he himself is somewhat disposed that way. But if the said Bishop follow the steps of his predecessor, we trust our good brother, considering the decision of his own universities and of Christendom, will adhere to us; and, meantime, that he will not practise either by marriage or otherwise with the Emperor or the king of Portugal. When we know our good brother's determination on these points, we shall send our said deputies at Whitsuntide.
*** The passages in italics are in the King's hand.
R. O. 2. The four following fragments seem to belong to the preceding despatch:—
(1.) "And whereas we perceive by the relation of our said Councillors" that to avoid unkindness our good brother desires that we will not press him at the meeting to execute such laws in his realm as we have done in ours, unless the bishop of Rome give him occasion, either by interdicting him and his realm, or otherwise, you may assure him that we shall attempt nothing at the meeting against his wishes in that respect.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, with corrections by the King. pp. 2.
R. O. (2.) —"but also how the same bishops of Rome have used themselves to all other princes," whereby it may appear by a multitude of histories what dissensions and effusion of Christian blood have ensued thereof, besides the breach of the bishop of Rome's promise made at this time to our good brother, which ought to alienate both him and all other princes.
Also you may show our good brother that he may easily perceive wherein the great part of the said bishop of Rome's usurped authority consisteth, by the declaration of the laws made in our realm against it. For you may say what kingdom can be united in which two heads have the governance, or a foreign potentate has jurisdiction? (fn. 13) And you may say what dishonor and dissension has been in times past between the bishops of Rome and his progenitors kings of France because the said bishop claimed to give away all the benefices in France; and that whoever reads the chronicles, ancient laws and pragmatics of France may easily see what, in course of time, the said Bishop has usurped in that realm, "and what"——.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 4.
R. O. (3.) You may also represent to our good brother that the said bishop [of Rome], not content with usurping upon the regality of princes and sucking out their riches "as he were lord of their bodies and goods," claims also to be lord of their souls, and to dictate what they shall believe and what not, and that every man is bound to his interpretation of Scripture, though it be never so carnal. He also pretends power to dispense with the law of God, as in the case of the unlawful marriage with the lady Katharine. These injuries done to Christian princes concerning their souls far exceed all the damage done to their worldly dignities; and we suppose it to be the duty of a Christian prince to renounce the amity of such an enemy to God and man.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3.
R. O. (4.) Also you shall not omit to tell our good brother that the said bishop would have been deprived of his usurped authority long before this but for the maintenance of the French kings his predecessors, so that his usurpations are owing to them, else "the pestilent see of the said idol the bishop of Rome had been subverted and he that sitteth therein." And if our good brother will abandon him as the capital enemy of all kings and commonwealths he will do well.
You are to say that we do not send these messages only for displeasure at the sentence pronounced against us by the said Bishop, for, if he had given sentence with us, we would have labored as diligently for his reformation as we will now, and, if he resist, we would labor for his subversion, in which all Christian kings should help.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3.
Calig. E. I. 127.
B. M.
342. [Fitzwilliam] to —.
* * * * * thow (i.e. the) ........ [for as] myche as he considers [that th]ow tressorer Palomedes that thow admerall (fn. 14) ............ er comenceasyhon was § welled hym ............ thow admerall as hym self and thow ........... answered hym to belef thow [treasurer] Palomedes as he wold belefe is houne person thow Ky[ng] ......... parsayveng by thow sayd tressorer [the] gret dessyr is good broder hathe for a [marriage t]o be had betvext my lade prynses and m[ousieur of] Anguellan, and ther for my lord of N[orfolk and the adm]erall to met at Calles with syche hoder a[s] thow prynses shall apoynt ..... yn fardar thow sayd admerall shall [have] hampull pover to concleud all [manner] of thenges thay shall tret of and that t ..... be found so myche ressonabulnes in tho .......... is mayster is goud broder that thow king hour [ma]yster§ hoght to be content with all with ..... goud and lofheng wordes in consederasyhon wherof thow kyng .......... es can be ryght well contented to [send to] Calles to met with thow admerall thow personages he most trusts, tha[t is] to say, my lord of Norfolk, is premer saycr[etary], Crom[well], .........., Sir W. F., tressorer of is hous, and thay to breng w[ith t]haym as ampull comessyhon as can be de[vised] ..... asseure is goud broder that of is part ther sh[all be] no lake trusteng varayly is goud broder w[ill] conseder off what weght and ........... sayd mareage is if it ples G[od to give him] no ayr malle and to gyf dov .......... the Kynges mynd and also here estat af .......... In cas it shall ples God to send [...... heirs] mall. In that cas he shall gyf sy[ch] .......... doghter as to syche a mareage apartay[nethe, not] dobteng bot is goud broder well gy[ve] ...... acordengly thow conclessyhon as w .......... mater as of all hoder to take ase ........... [t]how meteng of thayr comessares at Calles, wyche shalbe at ...... he Whetsontyd next come, not dov[bting] is gud broder well send syche persons with ...... as shalbe equevolent to those that he .......... day Norfolke, and for as myche as thow .......... hynes playses is goud broder and is re .......... dedecat and geffen to thow besshop of Rome is hy ...... bot thenk if is goud broder have as myche [desire] to thow perfetteng of thys mareage as [he] saythe he hathe, he well cavs thow sayd be[sshop to] nechelat thow matramone betvext hym [and the] lade Catren, wyche is merle agaynst [God's] lave, and to hous (use) syche dellegens [therein] as he may know thow besshop of Romes mynd .......... before hour meteng at Calles or at thow [least w]hylst we be ther.
* * * sayd besshop raysevs to .............. matramone betvext hym and thow ............. then he trustes is goud broder we[ll put down the] sayd besshop of Rome as he hath done, and of is ...... mynd here in and in all the premesses he dessyrs to have [an answ]ar of is sayd goud broder ...... thow same to be to is goud contentasyhon, and ther apon ...... send over the sayd deuk and hoder is ...... res with all sped convenehent.
* * * hath in conferens .......... [t]ressorer and Mr. Day Moret shouhed .......... that he trustes thay be satesfyd
[T]he furst artekell.
Item, the Kinges hynes thenkes thow arte[kelles brought] by thow tressorer Palomedes be not of syche sort that they hoght of resson to be inbrased and [after some c]onferenses had by is grace and is counsell [with Mr.] Day Moret and thow sayd Palomedes thay have declared unto thaym syche ressons that ...... outh not but that thay be satesfyd.
Below is added, also by Fitzwilliam: ... iij. li. vj. s. viij. d. ob. My lord of Norfolkes pryar ...... wt is apenehon in thys mater."
In Fitzwilliam's hand. Mutilated. Endd .......... ambasators at Calais.
Vit. C. xvi. 294.
B. M.
343. The Match with the Duke of Angoulême.
Instructions concerning the marriage of princess Elizabeth with the duke of Angoulême.
When the French admiral was in England the King made an overture to him for the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth princess of England and heir to the Crown, with the duke of Angoulesme, third son of the French king, which he doubts not Francis has most thankfully accepted. Hās appointed his ambassador to meet the Admiral and others at Calais for further conference in the matter.
Modern copy, pp. 4. Mutilated and imperfect.
R. O. 344. "Remembrances."
1. Touching the traduction of the duke of Angolesme into England. 2. Concerning the general council. 3. That neither of the kings of England or France should treat with the Emperor. 4. How to empeche the Emperor from his enterprises by aiding the duke of Gueldres and the Germans, and causing them to make some "brulerye unto him there." 5. To know "your highness'" pleasure, and gratuity to be showed to the French king in remission of the pension viager and salt. 6. To know the King's pleasure, what aid he will give the French king if he should make war upon the duke of Savoy for the recovery of the lands he wrongfully detains from him, in which case he said he was sure the Emperor would help the Duke according to the treaty between them.
P. 1.
R. O. 345. [Cromwell's Remembrances.]
Item, touching bows to be sent to Ireland. Touching the seasoning of the King's bows in the Tower and putting of the rest that be corrupt for sale. Of the answer of Robert Fouler's letters touching the bringing over of the King's money. Touching the "bochers" throughout the realm, and proclamations to be made in that behalf. Of the forging of letters of orders for such thieves as would be delivered by them. Of the privy practises of certain persons for the stealing of certain towns on the frontiers of Artoyes and Flanders, as St. Omer's, Dorlance and others. Of my lord Deputy's letters of certain words of a skinner touching the King, and also touching the town of Calais. Of the prior of Marten's value of his lands beside Hampton Court. Of a sermon made at Ware by a Grey Friar. To deliver the oath and profession of the bishops to the prior of Augustine Friars and the provincial of the Black Friars, to the intent they may practise the observation of the same throughout all the Orders of friars. Touching my lord Bray.
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 2.
5 March.
R. O.
346. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
I wrote yesterday that Morette had taken his leave, but he still remains. Today lord Bray was fetched by the serjeant-at-arms to Mr. Secretary. He is indicted for felony for multiplying. Corneshe, a priest, indicted for the same, has lost his living. Wishes an answer to his letter sent by Hastynges. It is said that Sir Richard Graynefild is thorough for Mr. Ryngeley's room. London, 5 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
5 March.
R. O.
347. Robert Fouler to Cromwell.
I have received your letter dated Hampton Court, 25 Feb., directing me to leave here 2,000l. for the King's works, and to bring the rest of his money to his Highness. I have also received your letter dated London, 21 Feb., with commission touching Edw. Thwaytes and young Broke of Calais; and although I now come over I shall take order that there shall be as much done therein as if I had remained. Young Broke is both honest, sad and wise, and likely to do well. Calais, 5 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
5 March.
R. O.
348. Ranulph Pole to the Abbot of Vale Royal.
I am informed that the King has granted the reversion of the corrody held by my brother Sir William to one of his servants. This reversion has been granted through the influence of Mr. Chamberlain to another of his friends. Therefore, to avoid his displeasure, I beg you will defer making any grant of it till a fortnight after Easter, when I will send you a copy of my brother's patent, without which you cannot make a new one. Chester, 5 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
6 March.
R. O.
349. Sir Edw. Wotton to Cromwell.
On my return home I went to Malling to the abbess, and declared your great displeasure towards her for her late demeanor to the King and you touching the high stewardship of her house, and that you would make shortly more plainly appear to her. I told her I could reckon no way of help unless she would make a new patent of the office under her convent seal to master Wyat, and send it to you with mine, that Wyat might see it was cancelled. I offered to restore mine to her, on which she said that if I would so do, she would cancel it before my face, but she would make no promise to Wyat. I told her that I only resigned on condition that she would give it to Wyat and recover your favor, and that she must think me of very mean wit if I would relinquish my hold after this sort,—only that I saw more danger to her than commodity to myself by keeping it. Not being able to discover her determination, except that she would write to you, I left my patent with her and departed, not a little in her displeasure. She said she might have bestowed it upon others, who would "much better have shifted therewith" than I have done. Thus I have lost an office with the thanks of neither party. Beseeching you to continue good master to me. Bocton Malherbe, 6 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
6 March.
R. O.
350. William Lord Sandes to Cromwell.
Divers victuallers, who have been abroad to make provision of cattle against Easter, complain of the graziers, that they can buy no cattle at reasonable rates according to the statutes, to their great hindrance. Else they must have licence to occupy at large as in times past. They had purposed to complain to the King; but fearing the disorder which might thus arise, I have advised them to make a bill, and that two or three in the name of the rest should present it to the King. The Vine, 6 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
6 March.
R. O.
351. Friar Geo. Browne to Cromwell.
Asks him to defer my lord of Myryvall with master Tirvylle's matters till Browne comes to his answer before Cromwell. This will be immediately after he has preached before the King tomorrow. If he could, would have come now and returned again to the Court.
When Cromwell's letters were delivered to my lord of Myryvall, he said that Cromwell was not his visitor, and he would ask counsel of the Fathers of his religion. Has certain shameful articles against him. Richmond, 6 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. as Chief Secretary. Endd.: Provincial. Fratrum Ordinis Heremit., 6 March.
6 March.
R. O.
352. Margaret Countess of Salisbury to Lord Lisle.
Recommendation to lady Lisle. Asks him to favor her friend Ric. Baker, who is appointed to the King's service in Calais. Bysham, 6 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
6 March.
R. O.
353. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I wrote by Hastings both about my Lord's affairs and yours. Since then I have been with Sebastian Pinto, the Portyngall, and seen the sugar he has—three chests that were wet with salt water, and have been new baken and dried again. He will have no less than 5d. per lb. for it, but it is not worth 3d. He has maces which have also been wet, and are worthless. None of the spices in the bill are good but the cloves, for which he demands 5s. per lb. I have a letter from your ladyship to Mr. Taylor, which I shall give him tomorrow at Court. I have done my best to get you a waiting gentlewoman. There is one, an Aragonese, who dwelt with my lady Mary, daughter to the princess Dowager, who speaks good English. Great suit is made to have her. She is the best cradlewoman in the land, well brought up and a good cook. I can yet get no grant of her. Mr. Basset is merry. London, 6 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
6 March.
Otho, E. ix. 51.* B. M.
354. Thos. Batcok to Cromwell.
"* * * ys maners. As of old ty[me] ......... .. is service on my side it shall .............. And where now by your letter you desire me to ........... e command me, as though I were your servant th ................ reason. Of this I make no further offers unto the ty ................. see my deeds and service."Wrote to Cromwell a letter of what passed till the xiij. of December, and enclosed it in one to Wm. Prat, an old and trusty friend of his. Gave an account in it of the rigging forth of this army of 30 small ships and 15 other ships of this province and Biscay, with a great ship of 800 ton that goes as captain of the fleet. There will be 1,400 mariners. The ships will be ready in four days. Asks him to show the King that he has been a true servant to him and to his ambassadors, and to all those who have come into these parts. Desires to be recommended to Wm. Poppley. The Rendre, 6 March 1535, as we write here in Spain.
Hol., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
7 March.
Vienna Archives.
355. Chapuys to Charles V.
Wrote last on the 4th. On the 5th the treasurer of Brittany left, "moyennement despeche,"as I understand. On the 6th Cromwell came to me, not having been able to do so before on account of indisposition. He spent an hour and a half with me, and among other things said that the King, by his advice, had determined to remove the Princess to a fine house of his, 15 or 18 miles from here, and 25 or 30 miles from the place where the Queen is lodged. I showed him that the said house would be just as inconvenient for the purposes I had pointed out before he left Court, and requested him to have the Princess removed nearer her mother, and to get some of her old servants restored. He made as if he spoke unwillingly of the said matter, but to get rid of it said that on his return to Court he would do what he could; and it was not a thing to make much of at present, as he wished to speak of another principal subject; and afterwards, at parting, he said he spoke about it very unwillingly, because the thing was disagreeable to the King. As to what he called the principal affair, he said he had reported to the King our conversations on the eve of St. Matthias, and that the King had taken in good part my zeal for the settlement of affairs, from which he expected some good result, especially as he heard from his ambassador resident with you the good-will shown by your Majesty in the release of the English prisoners and ships arrested, and also in the conversations Granvelle had held with him. He had further evidence of it also from your ambassador resident in France, with whom their own had daily conversations; and since there was so much good-will on both sides, I ought not to lose this occasion of doing a work so meritorious, for which the King would reward me according to my desert; and the King had given him power to treat with me. A great point had thus been gained already, for a castle that thinks of treating is half won, and there was nothing in the world to trouble matters between your Majesty and the King, except these two ladies, for whom other affairs of great importance ought not to be delayed, especially as the Queen was old and could not live long, and the Princess sickly and mortal also; moreover, as their ambassadors wrote, no one spoke of them in Spain or France, except that they ought to remain in the condition that they are now. After some of these conversations Cromwell began to say that I could not imagine the importunity the French had used to induce the King to join them against your Majesty, pointing out the danger that might arise to him from your aggrandizement and the ease with which he could injure you by the assistance the French could give from many quarters; among others they were not ashamed to name the cardinal of Liege, but they were greatly confused, and wished they had not mentioned him, when Cromwell said he knew that the said Cardinal, being lately unwell, had put his places in the hands of a nephew of his, son-in-law of M. de Beure, who was the best Burgundian in the world; and this he knew from me, though he did not mention his authority. Moreover, the French offered conditions which were not equal,—as he said, to draw the King into war, but that he had given no ear to them, considering that, as we had before spoken together, his master had no occasion in the world, and even if he had, being a prince so virtuous and catholic, he would avoid it at a time when your Majesty was engaged in such a needful and praiseworthy enterprise. The King his master wished a real union in Christendom, which could only be accomplished by good brotherhood between you and the kings of France and England, on which a general council could be easily summoned to settle matters of religion. In like manner claims between different princes could be adjusted, at least during the lives of present possessors, and then an army could be prepared against the Turk to reconquer the Holy Land.
I praised the King's virtuous intentions, declaring it would not be owing to your Majesty if the whole scheme did not take effect; for my part, I should think myself happy if I could advance it in any way, but it lay with the King and his Council to show me the means. I added that, as the King was so virtuous as not to wish to enter on war, it was scarcely necessary to enter on that article, [else] I would have shown him clearly the excessive cost and injury the King would have incurred, both in wealth and reputation, if he had listened to this proposal, especially as he knew, for so he had expressly acknowledged to me, that the French only used such blandishments to make good their pretensions in Italy, and that he had seen what profit he had obtained from the Holy League, as they called it, or any of the other confederates either; although it was not right to impute any blame to the King his master on that matter, but only to the Cardinal, as the King had several times assured me. To which Cromwell replied that it was very true, and all that had been well considered. Cromwell admitted to me that what I said was true, that his master was obliged to me for part of the offers which the French had made, for since I had been with the King the said offers had been greatly augmented; of which I was very glad, both because my going had led to the result which I expected, and because it contributed to the service of the King his master. For this he thanked me, and said he would let me know one thing in confidence, viz., that among several articles lately come from France, the second was to complain that the King his master had talked so long and so privily with me; and Cromwell declared the French were the most suspicious nation in the world. He afterwards asked what I thought of the letter that the French king wrote to the Electors, of which he sent me a copy. I only replied, "que tel se pensoit signer que se donnoit du doit en loeyl;" but he spoke more frankly, saying that the king of France ought not to have sent such a letter to gain a kingdom, and that he would not for the world have agreed to it, and so he had said to the King his master.
Cromwell showed me a summary of news, in which was contained that your army would be of 30,000 men of war, and a great number of ships, on which he congratulated himself with me. Mention was also made of the arrival of a bishop at the Court of the king of the Romans, sent by the Waywode to treat of peace, which he did not seem to dislike. And on my asking if the secretary of the Waywode was here for a marriage or for money or for both, he smiled, and said everybody wanted money. Of the man of the duke of Holstein, he told me that he would show his charge when I pleased, and they had no cause to think that his master had assisted those of Lubeck, and that within five or six days the man of the said Duke should be despatched. Presently he said they were informed that a marriage was treated between the duke of Angouleme and the daughter of Portugal; but some thought the prince of Hungary would carry the day (l'emporteroit). I told him the treasurer of Brittany had made such proposals, and I had heard no more. He was astonished at hearing me name the treasurer of Brittany, and suddenly asked where and when I had seen the said Treasurer. He was very glad to hear I had not seen him or sent to visit him, or allowed any of my servants, whom the ambassador had frequently asked to dine, to go thither. Thereupon I told him that as he spoke of a marriage, the report was that the Treasurer had come to solicit the hand of the Princess, who requested him to tell me if it was true. He replied very coldly, as one half surprised, that there was nothing in it, but after thinking a little said there was no doubt the French desired greatly to have her. I take it for certain that the said Treasurer has been commissioned to ask for her, as I have informed you in previous letters. Although Cromwell has always suggested that I should obtain a power to treat of the affairs proposed, he has never expressly spoken of it. I know not whether this was from inadvertence, or because they still expect news from France, and as little was there any question of making overtures to me. Neither was I anxious to ask him for any, knowing that he could make no honest overtures in these times, and that when he made one, if I repelled it, they might, in despair of arriving at a treaty, ally themselves again with the French, their intrigues being still hot; and [if I ?] did not reply (fn. 15) to their overtures they might take it as a tacit consent, to the great injury of affairs.
On taking leave of me Cromwell went to dine in the fields, intending to see his hawks fly afterwards. After dinner I went there to see him, and remained a long time with him. I prayed him again as urgently as possible to obtain for the Princess what I had spoken of, and to negotiate the matter as of himself without saying that I had requested it, for that would do mischief rather than good. For I considered the King of such a nature that he did not like to be conquered by another, either by words or otherwise:— he desired only to conquer himself and do things of his own free will. I said also that I considered it certain that their ambassadors in Spain and France misunderstood the matter when they wrote that they had been told that your Majesty would be satisfied that the Queen and Princess should remain in the state in which they were; and thereupon I represented strongly the mischief that would arise if any ill should happen to the said ladies or to one of them; for that would destroy everything for which he labored, and many who were now asleep would wake up, and I thought the king of Scots would not be among the last; who, by his just claims upon this kingdom, would probably find wives and alliances that had been refused to him hitherto; and that what I said was chiefly in the King's interest, for many might suggest to your Majesty it was out of spite to you that they had shortened the career of the said ladies (avancé le pas ausd. dames), or at least they would impute to you that you had been in some measure the cause of their death; which was owing to your not having done anything to execute the sentence confirmed in the executorials; and further that, but for the hope these ladies had entertained of your Majesty upholding their right, they would have yielded to the King's will, who would then have treated them well; and that he knew better than I did that anger and vexation spoiled friendships and caused disorders sooner than other things. I thought it well to say all this, considering what he had twice said to me touching the mortality of the said ladies, and considering their evident danger, to obviate which, until the principal remedy come, there is nothing to be done except by such arguments; as I have written to M. de Likkerke, by your Majesty's command. Cromwell replied that it was all true, but as to the king of Scotland he could do them no great harm, and that I might firmly believe they would take due heed to the preservation of the said ladies, and God knew what he would do for the Princess, whom he loved not less than I did; and he again begged I would take to heart the matters which we had discussed in the morning, and he hoped, by Whitsuntide, all would be in good order. After several other conversations Cromwell began to say that I and other agents of your Majesty acted like falcons, which flew very high to come down very low upon their prey, and that he knew very well that all our hunting was merely to get the Princess declared heir to the kingdom; but this was impossible, owing to the statutes made thereupon. I don't know if he did this "pour le faire sentir meilleur."
Thereupon he began to speak to me of the marriage of the prince of Spain with this bastard whom they call Princess; but, seeing my looks, he said no more than two words, and without my saying anything he made answer that he supposed your Majesty would not listen to it out of consideration for the Princess your cousin. He added no more, except that the French did not care to attempt war without them, whatever show they made. I told him I had heard they were going to send to the contines of France four great personages, and the French as many, to consult upon their affairs: on which he replied that the French desired that and the interview also. On my remarking that that was true, provided no mention was made of the affairs of the Church or of the Faith, he would speak no further. Finally he made me great excuses for having several times refused audience to my servants, for which he was more sorry than I, but the times required it, and, instead of my remaining long absent from Court, I might go thither at my pleasure, and the King would be very well pleased.
I know not what treaty one could make with this king, seeing that it is impossible to rectify the matters of the Queen and Princess, and still less those of the Church and of the Faith, which get worse every day. On Sunday last one preached before the King, and said openly that the King would do well to assemble the Doctors of his realm, and determine whether in the consecrated host was the real (?) body of God (le preneulx corps de Dicu), and whether there was a purgatory; and for his part he would not say till the said assembly. Your Majesty will consider by your great prudence where that will strike. What are other preachers of blasphemies likely to do? For no good man dare preach, nor any who is not commissioned by the King. I am not without suspicion that they tell me these secrets both to improve their own position with the French, and to remove suspicion in case anything occurred to these good ladies; besides, it comes very much to their interest that the people should be made to believe there is good intelligence between your Majesty and this king, for that would make them more obedient and willing to pay the great tax. No doubt the King desires above all things to be on friendly terms with your Majesty, but as I think they have little hope of it, "voyant led. que faict a doubter de leur salut comme jay dit dessus."
The other day there dined with me the son of lord Dascy (Darcy), and the brother of the earl of Ublchez (?), with two other gentlemen of the Court, when we appointed to go and see the said lord Darcy yesterday. I could have wished the appointment had held, so that I might have talked with him without suspicion, but the meeting has been prevented. And as I could not go I sent one of my men to ascertain what means could be taken for the security of the Queen and Princess in case of disturbance. He notified to me that he must have time to give a precise answer, though he had no doubt that means could be found to withdraw them; besides that he considered that even if they remained in the King's hands they would be in less danger than now; for the King would be in such perplexity that he would have to think well before ill-treating them. The good Lord hastens always this redemption (haste tousjours ceste redemption), and would like to be warned of the time, in order to withdraw into his country, where he has a castle near the sea. I am sure that if the ladies fall into the keeping of him of whom I wrote lately, they would be out of danger; for he desires their good no less than they themselves, and is anxious for an opportunity to show his good-will.
Nothing has been said about Ireland for a long time, which creates a suspicion that matters are not going there as the English wish. Darcy's son, who was intending to go to his government of the Isle of Jersey, told him the other day that Cromwell had said to him the King might possibly send him to Ireland, in which case he will give him some important post (quelque bonne charge). London, 7 March 1534 (5).
Fr., from a modern copy. pp. 8.
[7 March.]
R. O.
356. Sir Thomas Cheyne to Cromwell.
I thank you for your kindness at all times, both in writing to Lylgrave and otherwise. I cannot yet perceive whether I have Lylgrave's lease of the Blackfriars or no; but I suppose this other letter will certify you further. A friend has written to me that the castle of Torneham, the towns of St. Thomers, Eyre and Arras, "had lyk to a byn betrayde" of late to the French, and great execution had been done on the doers thereof. Proclamations have been made in Flanders that all men should be with their captains "by the last day of this present." The Emperor was to take his shipping on the 5th of this month, with 20,000 Spaniards and 10,000 Italians, "into Italy-wards," and Anthony de Leve was to meet him with 10,000 Almains. At my house, Midlent Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
[7 March.]
R. O.
357. Sir Antony Wyndesore to Lord Lisle.
I have received your letters by Edw. Russell, and have viewed your demesnes of Subberton, of which I have sent you a perfect bill. I see that Parson's part that he holds for 6l. 13s. 4d. is better worth to take to farm than he pays, and I doubt more will be given for it. I have sent for Nicolas Parson, and he will not be found. I know not what his meaning is. I have spoken with the warden and his tenants of Menstok touching Grenfyld. They have hedged and diked it so that Twynnam can take little profit. Has counselled some arrangement with him. Suggests that Lisle should write to the warden. I thank you for your hogshead of wine. Est Men, Midlent Sunday.
Your Lordship did not send by your last Rawlyn's accounts of Porchester.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
8 March.
Huth Library Catalogue. v. 1679.
358. Anne Boleyn to Cromwell.
Credence for Geo. Tayller, her receiver, concerning John Baptist, the King's dyer. Hampton Court, 8 March. Orig. signed: "Anne the Quene."
Add.: Secretary.
9 March.
R. O.
359. Sir W. Courtenay to Cromwell.
Received this present Tuesday a letter from the bp. of Exeter, staring that he cannot execute your pleasure touching the abbot of Hertlond until the matter be remitted to my lord of Canterbury, as he has been served of late with an inhibition, and his commissary is cited to the Arches for executing the King's commandment. This stands with the saying of Sir Thomas Arundell to Peter Courtenay, that "if he might not have light (qu. right:) at your hands, it should not be lightly given over," and the King should know it. Begs he will write to the bp. of Exeter. Thinks that Sir Thomas Arundel and his father little regard Cromwell's authority, knowing as they do his pleasure. Has spoken, as he desired, with the captain of the Mount, who says that if he consent to any such thing as is surmised, it is not meet he should remain captain, but he will see them suppressed and taken. 9 March.
Kendale makes many cracks in your name at Launson. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
9 March.
Lansd. MS. 959. f. 131 b.
B. M.
360. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
Acknowledgment of the King's supremacy by Corpus Christi College. 9 March 1534.
Lat., pp. 4. Modern copy.
9 March. 361. Sir Edward Seymour.
See Grants in March, No. 13.
9 March.
Close Roll, 26 Hen. VIII, No. 15.
362. The Earl of Northumberland.
Indenture made 9 March 26 Henry VIII., between Henry earl of Northumberland and Thos. Wendy, doctor in physie, on the one part, and Sir Thos. Audeley, lord chancellor, Thos. Crumwell, chief secretary and master of the rolls. Chr. Hales, attorney-general, and Richard Rych, solicitor-general, on the other part: by which the said Earl and Wendy sell to the King's use the manors of Duncton and Sutton, Sussex.
Close Roll,
26 Hen. viii., No. 16.
2. Similar indenture between Henry earl of Northumberland, on the one part, and Audeley, Crumwell, Hales and Ryche, on the other part: by which the said Earl sells to the King's use the manors of Oxnall alias Oxhenhalt, Oclegranson (?), and all his possessions in Gloucestershire, worth 23l. a year, for 460l.
R. O. 363. The Earl of Northumberland.
Proposed arrangement between the King and the Earl, viz., that the latter should have a pension of 1,000l. out of the Exchequer, beginning at Midsummer next, and 1,000l. in hand for payment of his debts, to be put in the hands of discreet persons appointed by the King. Also 1,000l. to be secured by patent to the Earl's executors for his funeral and legacies. A sum of 500 marks or 500l. to be given him in hand towards the setting up of his household, and two mansion houses to dwell in, with a park to feed his beefs, muttons, and geldings, and to hunt in. A warrant dormant to be delivered him for two stags in summer and two hinds in winter for life in the forest of       (blank), and certain other warrants for bucks and does. The King to appoint some discreet person to have the order of the Earl's household, and to give the Earl a general pardon, and grant some annuity to his wife for her dower, &c.
Pp. 2. Endd.
9 March.
R. O.
364. Richard Sampson to Lord Lisle.
I received this day your letters in answer to mine about Pole, (fn. 16) showing that he has not conducted himself well towards your Lordship. I pray you pardon me for writing in behalf of such a one. London, 9 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
10 March.
R. O.
365. Sir T. Nevill to Cromwell.
Rob. Ormeston has written to me to beg you to take him into your service. I have helped him with a small farm, and will do more if his service is acceptable to you. I doubt not with your help to obtain somewhat more of my own, and shall largely see to your kindness. Meryworth, in Kent, 10 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
10 March.
R. O.
366. Sir T. Nevile to Cromwell.
I received your letter by master Palmer, and know your goodness in approving the marriage of my daughter. If she had the whole inheritance of Bergavenny I should have desired her marriage with your son Gregory, as will appear by my answer to various offers made to her. I am comforted in my disappointment by your choice of another husband, who has many virtues. I shall wait on you at the Rolls within 14 days. Mereworth, 10 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
10 March.
R. O.
367. Thomas Megges to Cromwell.
On Sunday last I was attacked by the ague. The same afternoon we were with you I was at the Rolls attending Mr. Popley with the executors for sealing our obligations, when Mr. Mynnes fell into communication with me, and in our old fashion we fell to brawling, and he threatened me, saying he was worth the whistling, and if I attempted him he would make me lose 100l. On Friday and Saturday, the 6th and 7th March, they made instant labor by a sister of mine that some of our friends might determine the cause at variance between us. Since your order they have changed into another fashion, now as high as ever they were, thinking they had escaped all examination, to my no little rebuke. I beg you to appoint Mr. Wrothe and others to conduct the examination. Fearing their malice, and having no woman in the house where I lie to look unto me, and not liking the common keepers of the town, of whom I hear so many ill reports, I determined to ride home this instant Wednesday, and was at the Rolls to take leave of you, but you were out. I have left a letter of attorney to one of my sons to seal for me. London, 10 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
10 March.
R. O.
368. Sir Robt. Wingfield and others to Cromwell.
Send the examination of and depositions concerning Thos. Frier, soldier under Sir Edw. Ryngysley, the upper marshal, keeper of the prison on the walls and sergeant by night, who was sent to gaol by the Deputy and Council on Dec. 4. Send a copy of the old ordinance touching such crimes, and copies of his oaths. Deferred writing, as the Deputy expected to have had one, John Rychemond, who is suspected of being a party to the said crime, out of England. Have not heard heretofore of any such matter touching the said ordinance, and know not how it should be interpreted. Wish to know the King's pleasure. Calais, 10 March.
Signed: Wyngfeld, R.S.—Wm. Pryseley—John Massyngberd—Xpofer Conwey—Wylliam Snowden—Gryffith Appenryth—Thomas Tate—Robart Baynam.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
10 March.
Harl. MS. 1878. f. 19.
B. M.
369. Wool.
London: wools and woolfells shipped to Calais by the merchants of the Staple from Mich. 25 to Mich. 26 Hen. VIII.:—
19 March 25 Hen. VIII. Wool. 472 sacks 21 cl. Custom and subsidy, 944l. 16s. 3d. Fells, 51,253. Custom and subsidy, 427l. 2s. 2d.
27 July 26 Hen. VIII. Wool. 131 sacks 4 cl. Custom and subsidy, 262l. 3s. 1¾d. Fells, 4,083. Custom and subsidy, 667l. 7s. 2d.
ii. London: wool and fells shipped from Mich. 26 Hen. VIII. to Easter following:—
10 March 26 Hen. VIII. Wool, 1,267½ sacks 18 cl. Custom and subsidy, 2,535l. 13s. 10¼d. Fells, 58,544. Custom and subsidy, 487l. 17s. 4d.
Total, 5,324l. 19s. 11d.
Pp. 2.
10 March.
R. O.
370. Hugh Yeo to Lady Lisle.
Has received her letter dated Calais, 26 Jan., expressing surprise that he would suffer Mrs. Coffyn to promise lord Dawbeney to deliver him the coffer of evidences, which she ought to have delivered to the late Mr. Bassett. and saying that if it has been delivered she would lay it to his charge, adding that she supposes he expects that she and lord Lisle will come no more into that country, but she trusts to be there sooner than he thinks. Greatly marvels at her charging him with untruth, and with drawing the compulsaries. The truth is, she caused her nephew Mr. John Greyntyld to send one writ, and another of her trusty councillors another, the one being a subpœna and the other a duces tecum, for Mrs. Coffyn to appear personally in the Chancery and bring the evidences with her. If Mrs. Coffyn had done according to the writs which lady Lisle sent, the writings would before this have been delivered into the Chancery, and there would have been great debate whether Mr. Bassett or lord Daubeney should have them; and she does not intend to cause this doubt or business, but has ever been more willing to deliver them to Mr. Bassett if she can have a sufficient discharge by writ of Chancery. Sends the draft writ he gave to Bery or Luppyncote in proof. She is lady Lisle's friend, and no fool, and does not intend to bring herself in greater danger than she is. Lord Daubeney has told her he will be bound in 1,000 marks to save her harmless if she will give him the evidences and coffer, but she will not, but looks for lady Lisle's warrant. If lady Lisle cannot obtain a writ according to the draft, it will be necessary to send a warrant, and lord Daubeney will do the same. Has spun a marvellous thread in the premises, having obtained her displeasure, Mrs. Coffyn's and lord Daubeney's, though he has not deserved it from her. Thanks her for the signet she lately sent him. Exeter, 10 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: At Calais.
10 March.
R. O.
371. George Tayllour to Lady Lisle.
Thanks for the kindness shown by lord and lady Lisle to his uncle, Geo. Gaynesford, and for the promise in her letter to do the best she can for him. Concerning her livery to the Queen, hopes shortly to speed it at his next coming to the Court. Is now in London at his audit. London, 10 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.


  • 1. This document was erroneously entered in Vol. IV. (No. 4421) as of the year 1528.
  • 2. Ceslly Stafford, who succeeded as prioress.
  • 3. Sir William Kingston.
  • 4. Geo. Cotton, governor of the duke of Richmond. See Vol. VII. 772.
  • 5. The date "May" in both these letters appears to be an error of the copyist for March. Henry VIII. was not at Hampton Court but at Greenwich in the beginning of May both in 1534 and in 1535. But he was at Hampton Court on the 4th March 1535, which was 1534 o.s.
  • 6. Corrected from "acquitted yourself to make relation of."
  • 7. Corrected from "cannot doubt but our most entirely best beloved brother."
  • 8. Corrected from "is disposed and bath answered."
  • 9. Corrected from "Req[uiring] no less to be answered than those that by his said charge h[ave been] answered already. The which points because we th[ink] verily ye have in perfect and fresh remembrance, and [have] made report and had answer as well of them as of the oth[ers], we therefore, thinking no need to rehearse them by these our letters, not only pray you that seen those points that be s[o] … answered already be of great importance, and principally t[ouch] our honor, and that upon the same as depending of the other [we] cannot fully resolve ourselves until such time as we know themperor's ................ give unto us ample and perfect knowledge of the same [as] shortly as ye conveniently may. but also to advertise y ... that for to send unto you our final mind and resolution by th[e lord] Treasurer," —
  • 10. Corrected from "thereupon."
  • 11. Corrected from "ye perpende th ..
  • 12. This document has been already noticed in Vol. VII., No. 1348.
  • 13. Here occurs a mark A, referring apparently to some insertion.
  • 14. These passages in italics are struck through in the MS.
  • 15. "et que ne repondroit" in decipher; but the writer apparently meant "et que si ne repondroit"
  • 16. Robert Pole. See No. 269.