Henry VIII: March 1535, 21-31

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8, January-July 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1885.

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, 'Henry VIII: March 1535, 21-31', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8, January-July 1535, (London, 1885) pp. 161-187. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol8/pp161-187 [accessed 18 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: March 1535, 21-31", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8, January-July 1535, (London, 1885) 161-187. British History Online, accessed May 18, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol8/pp161-187.

. "Henry VIII: March 1535, 21-31", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8, January-July 1535, (London, 1885). 161-187. British History Online. Web. 18 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol8/pp161-187.


March 1535, 21-31

21 March.
R. O.
419. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
In behalf of Thos. Appowell, to whom the King has given a soldier's place at Calais, at 8d. a day, under his signet, dated 2 May 23 Hen. VIII., but which has not yet taken effect. As the King is surprised at the delay, begs he may have the next room. At the Rolls, 21 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
21 March.
R. O.
420. Ric. Southwell to Cromwell.
On Thursday, 4th March, on the second day of the assizes held at Thetford, a letter was sent from Edmond Loumner to Sir Thos. Le Strange and Mr. Jenney, serjeant, informing the commissioners appointed to view the spiritualities that they should meet at Norwich after the assize. Notice was accordingly given, and nine of us assembled in a chamber, desiring to expedite the King's pleasure; but as the assize did not end till Saturday, the meeting was appointed at Norwich on the Monday following. But as some could not meet, it was desired they should meet on Friday, 12th. This was done at 7 o'clock in the morning, when we perused our instructions, and the precepts to the Bp.'s chancellor and his other spiritual officers were engrossed and devised.
Nothing more was done at the time. I have lately received the commission of the subsidies, with letter from my lord of Norfolk: but being fully employed with the other business, I fear we shall do but little. Norwich, 21 March.
Before your letter came to me concerning lady Clere she was ready for London.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
[21 March.]
R. O.
421. Reynold Litilprow to Cromwell.
I beseech your favor for the bearer, your old bedeman. Knowing the weakness of his substance, Mr. Hoxen my friend moved me to write to you that I should be receiver of the first-fruits. Norwich, Palm Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
21 March.
R. O.
422. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Received by Goodalle everything according to your letter. Will take Mr. Saymer's obligation when the award is delivered, which will not be till Mr. Secretary goes next to Court—probably next Wednesday. Will be at Calais if possible these holidays, but doubts if everything can be done by that time. My lord Chancellor once promised that I should have your licence for victualling, which he afterwards refused to give without the King's warrant, so that I have been fain to make new suit to Mr. Secretary. Hopes to bring with him the King's pleasure about the Staple Inn in Lisle's favor. Mr. Brian came yesterday to Court, and I gave him your letter, but cannot get an answer of him as yet. Will know his mind ere I depart. I fear all is not right. The King keeps his Easter at Richmond. Gosticke is made Treasurer of tenths and first-fruits, with 300l. a year. Spoke today to Anthony Gwidot for your malvesy and muscatel. He says Anton de Maryna must give them, and recommends you to write to Nicholayne Degra. Sir Ric. Graynfild's bill is signed for the marshal's room of Calais, as Lisle has probably heard. Delivered to Mr. Secretary your puncheon of wine, telling him it was wine of Beawne, and the "backe mulet" (baked mullet ?). He thanked your Lordship, and says he is your own. He has delivered to Richard Cromwell the baken bustard and "mulet" that came by Jas. Robarts. Has delivered to Mr. Suyllyerd, Mr. Densill and Mr. Fytzwilliam the wine you sent them. Mr. Tuke's wine was delivered by Smythe, and lord Abergavenny's to the servant who keeps his house. London. 21 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
21 March.
R. O.
423. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I have received your letter by Goodalle. I can write no more about the award between Mr. Saymer and my Lord till it be delivered, which I know will be before Easter; and if delivered early enough, I will be at C[...]ais these holidays. All the wine is delivered, but the piece of wine for Mr. Basset and Mr. Skerne I caused to be sent to Mr. Danastre, Mr. Bassett's special friend. The taffeta gown shall be left as you command. I send the three gowns Tong made by Philip Crayer's ship. The gentlewoman with my lady Mary will marry, and serve no more. I have found one for you, 35 years old and of good conditions, by name Mrs. Durdane; but I will not send her till I hear from you. Lady Kingston knows her. Mr. Basset is merry and learneth fast. London, 21 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
21 March.
R. O.
424. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
You will receive of the bearer three chamlet gowns delivered to me by Tong. Mrs. Phillippe lacks chamlet for the pokes of her sleeves. London, 21 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 March.
Royal MS. 18 B. vi. 45 b.
B. M.
425. [James V. to Paul III.]
Revokes the licence granted to the abbots of Driburgh and Balmerinoch of resigning their monasteries to whom they please, as he has heard that they intend to do so in favor of their natural sons, which would be a scandal.
Desires the Pope not to consent to the resignations. Stirling, 22 March anno Domini millesimo vc xxiiijto. (fn. 1)
Lat., copy, p. 1.
22 March.
Royal MS. 18 B. vi. 37.
B. M.
426. James V. to the Cardinal of Ravenna.
Asks him to obtain the confirmation of a pension granted to Andrew Hwme by James, present head of the monastery of Dryburgh, in reward for his protection of the house during the vacancy. Stirling, 22 March 1534.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
22 March.
R. O.
427. The Earl of Shrewsbury to Cromwell.
Thanking him for having been good master to the Earl's servant, Rauff Leche. Sheffield, 22 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
22 March.
R. O.
428. Sir Edward Chamberlain and Sir Edmund Bedyngfeld to Cromwell.
This Monday, 22 March, we have just learnt that the Princess Dowager intends to keep a Maundy, in spite of the King's order of last year to the contrary. She says she will keep it secretly in her chamber, and wishes to know if she may go to the parish church, where we think she will try and keep it if prevented from doing so privately. Advertise the King of this, and send answer to arrive here by 9 or 10 o'clock, at the latest, on Thursday, 25 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Add. Secretary. Endd.
23 March.
Vienna Archives.
429. Chapuys to Charles V.
On the 16th, having gone to see Mr. Cromwell for the purpose which I shall hereafter explain, he delivered to me a packet of the sieur de Lykerke, which he begged me to open, because their ambassador referred them for fuller information to some letters contained in it. I was glad to do so, and show confidence, being convinced there was nothing in plain writing that could be injurious. It contained letters from the sieur de Lyekerke of the 12th inst., and a copy of those which your Majesty wrote to him on the 26th ult. There was likewise enclosed a copy of the letters lately written by the king of France to the Electors on the subject of the Council, which copy Cromwell desired to have, without caring much to inquire the contents of the other letters, which he saw were almost all in cipher. He read to me several letters which he himself had received, and told me, as a piece of news, which seemed very agreeable to himself. that the duke of Gueldres had played a trick of war (aroit joné un tour de vieille guerre) upon the French, having taken their money and mocked them: and that there was division among the counsellors of the king of France, who was very angry with his Chancellor. He also told me, as a matter of importance, that the king of France had ordered all the Germans who had been imprisoned for heresy throughout his kingdom to be delivered. He further informed me that the English ambassador in France wrote of certain new overtures made to him by Likerke, which he said were quite unreasonable, as he would show me after I had examined my letters, for which reason he would come to me next day.
Next day, however, he sent to excuse himself on account of business, but it was only to attend the pleasure of the King his master. towards whom he repaired (depecha: qu.,se depecha ?) immediately, as he informed me afterwards. Next day, the 18th, he came to me, and after reporting at some length upon the proposals made by Grandvelle to the English ambassador upon [your] departure from Madrid, he told me that the King his master was astonished, and not without cause, that your Majesty, having such an opinion of the French as Grandvelle had declared, should have given their ambassador a daily private audience for some time. I replied that this ought not to excite the King's suspicion. as your Majesty was so kind and urbane that you refused no audience to anybody, least of all to ambassadors; and possibly the French ambassador was only seeking occasion. by these frequent audiences, to excite the jealousy of the English, imagining that other people were as suspicious as Frenchmen, whom he himself regarded as the most suspicious nation in the world; and that if the English ambassador were a wise and politic man he would act in the same manner. With this reply he was satisfied, swearing that he had thought of saying as much to the King himself, and added that the French ambassador might have some charge from the French queen, for whom, even if open war broke out with the French. your Majesty could not refuse audience.
As to Likerke's overtures, which were to the effect contained in your Majesty's letters of the 26th ult .. Cromwell told me that the King his master had written to you in his own hand of his willingness to establish friendship, and that he was ready to make such treaties as your Majesty pleased, as far as his honor would suffer: presuming that you would not press him further by asking him to discredit his second marriage, which has been thus judicially determined: for he would sooner lose his kingdom and his life than submit that matter to any other person's judgment. The King his master also desired of me two things, first. that if I have no power to make any other overture touching this case of marriage, I would refrain from demanding audience; and secondly, that I would immediately inform your Majesty of the above matters. Hereupon Cromwell began to justify the cause and procedure of this second marriage, setting forth the number of opinions the King had obtained, the promises made by pope Clement, both at Rome and Marseilles, and the justification of the King's case generally. Having listened to him patiently, I declined to dispute the matter, saying I should be very glad if all he said could be justified, so as to take away ground of dispute, and I was sure your Majesty, if the Queen's cause was not so good as you supposed, would be very glad if the fact were so declared by some impartial tribunal like a General Council. And seeing that the King his master was so assured of his right, he ought not to refuse to submit to the decision of such a Council,—especially as he had appealed to it on that matter; and that your Majesty could not offer more reasonable terms, of which nobody could possibly complain, except the good Queen, for the delay that would occur in the execution of her sentence, and also the Pope, seeing that it would open the door to rendering his sentences invalid. Further, that the King need have no fear of the Pope or of the divines, seeing that the princes of Christendom would intervene, who were all his friends; and that I could assure him your Majesty would make no suit in this matter which you would not wish made against yourself. Further, that the King should consider how much it would tend to his honor and the tranquillity of his kingdom that the affair should be determined by a General Council, and how it would release your Majesty from the obligation you were under, as a good Catholic, to obey the executorials decreed in favour of the Queen, of which you could hardly otherwise long delay the execution, except on pretext of Henry's submitting the case as above. As to sending a despatch in diligence, I would do what pleased the King his master; but I thought it not advisable till I had received letters from your Majesty upon these matters, which could not be very long in coming, and also till I should understand more particularly the King's intention. Cromwell admitted my arguments to be reasonable, and said that in two days he would discuss matters very fully with the King, speaking with the boldness which he usually does when they are alone together, and would immediately report to me the result.
Cromwell then, as an afterthought, said your Majesty ought not to oppose such an inestimable good for all Christendom as a good understanding between you and the King on the matter of the Queen and Princess, for they were mortal, and the death of the said Princess would do little harm in comparison with the good that would result from such an understanding; and he begged I would think over this when I was alone;—that one might put the said matter aside without mentioning it, or suspend it during the life of his master; and that meanwhile they might arrange the business of the Council to remedy the troubles of Christendom, and further that friendship meanwhile, even before the celebration of the Council, might be so intimate that the affairs of these ladies should be arranged (soy racoustreroient) without any mystery between your Majesty and him. Or, a diet might be summoned to discuss the matter between you, Cromwell repeating what danger it would be if the Princess died, now that the people murmured about it, and what ground your Majesty had to take this into consideration. To this I replied that, for the sake of friendship and not to consume the time, I would not enlarge upon the great dangers which might arise from the suspicious death of the said Princess. Nevertheless, I said, I did not see how your Majesty could avoid suspicion of having consented to her death, and, as it were, sold her for a treaty of peace to your advantage—an imputation quite intolerable to you; and as to the suspension, it was not honorable, and, even if your Majesty agreed to it, his master ought not to wish it, for fear of leaving, after his death, incredible disorder in this kingdom; that if the matter were referred to the determination of the Council, there was no reason why friendship should not become quite as cordial, or even more so, than if the suspension were made. To this he did not know what to reply, except that he would see what his master would say, and some time afterwards began to express his dislike for so many popes and cardinals; declaring he saw quite clearly that their tyranny would soon be got rid of. He afterwards said I could not believe the urgency with which the French sought to commit them to folly, but that he would never consent to the King his master making war "de par dela," nor that he should seek a foot of land there more than he had, and he well knew the difficulty and danger of making war against Flanders; that he had refused a great pension from France, and intended to pass an Act at the first Parliament that no Englishman of the King's Council should take a pension from any foreign Prince on pain of his life. And thereupon he left.
On Saturday the 20th Cromwell spoke with the King his master, and excused himself from coming next day, as it was Palm Sunday. Yesterday, Monday, in the morning, he sent to tell me that. although he was not well, he had got up out of bed to speak to me, but was so ill he could not come, and begged I would come immediately to him. I suspected his illness was feigned, and, as the matters did not seem to require haste, I sent to request an appointment for the afternoon, that we might discuss matters more at leisure. He told my man that that very hour he would take to bed again, and that if I would come to see him he begged it might be this morning; or, if it did not suit me to go, that I might at least send thither a servant. Nevertheless, he informed me that he had found the King much in the same opinion as before, and that the King and he also begged me to write of it: moreover, that the treasurer of Britanny was coming back charged with the chapters and articles which the French wished them to accept, but that he would do like an honest man, and not allow anything to be concluded contrary to what we had spoken together, whatever threats or "façons de faire" were used. This he said because it was proposed that councillors should meet on both sides near the sea coast, and it might be suspected that some enterprise was intended. I have not been able to discover the drift of the said articles; but I suspect, among other things, if they cannot obtain more, they desire at least such a promise as the Lubeckers have made them, viz., that in a General Council the French king will support with all his power the second marriage, and all that they have done here against the Holy See.
Intending to go this morning to Cromwell, my servant. whom I sent to him to know the hour, reported to me that he was worse than yesterday, and that there was no way of speaking with him. I shall make no request for it until I have received your Majesty's letters to the above-mentioned persons, addressed to the sieur de Likerke. Nevertheless, I think Cromwell will be well-disposed. Still it will be better for me not to show too great anxiety, for that might make them obstinate, and so do harm. The way taken by your Majesty to redress matters could not have been more prudently devised, if only those here had the same sincere desire for the convocation of a Council, which is not to be hoped, although they say they will also treat well these good princesses, whom I see to be every day in more danger; and the Princess is very anxious that your Majesty would somehow intimate to those here your displeasure at her detention in the hands of her enemies, and that if anything happened amiss it could only be imputed to her illtreatment. The Princess begs me daily to write of it to your Majesty; and although the Queen has always been of opinion that from the time you enter on cordial relations with those here. (as she has again written lately to her physician, hearing that Cromwell had come to see me,) the case might still be put back according to the above overture, I think I could get her to approve the whole proceeding. (fn. 2)
When Cromwell delivered to me the aforesaid packet, I had gone to see him to find out what he had discovered in Court touching the removal and better treatment of the Princess. But there is no remedy, neither that she shall be with the Queen nor near her, nor that she shall dwell near this, nor even where she can have physicians and apothecaries at hand at need; but she is to go to the house of which mention was made in my last. She was very ill on the 14th of this month of her usual illness, and the physicians for that day and the two following were in great doubt. On the second day I sent to request Cromwell that he would send someone to see her, and intercede with the King to do the same, assuring him it would be the best medicine she could receive. He did not fail to inform the King, who made answer to me through him that he would see after his daughter as a father should, and that next day, the 19th, he would leave Hampton Court for Greenwich. This he did, and arrived at Greenwich about 2 p.m., where he remained till after the middle of next day. He enquired of the gouvernante and other women about the Princess of her health. He made no enquiry of the Queen's physician nor would he speak with his own. But the said physician made bold to speak to him of the Princess's illness, reporting it as dangerous if not seen to in time. The King, for his pains, told him he was not loyal to him, and that all he said was in behalf of the Princess's desire to go to her mother; but he would take good care not to send her thither, for, the Queen being so haughty in spirit, she might, by favor of the Princess, raise a number of men, and make war, as boldly as did queen Elizabeth (Isabella) her mother. There was no thought of the King seeing the said Princess or sending her a word of consolation. On the contrary, word was sent by her gouvernante that he (quel, qu. qu'il ?) had no worse enemy in the world than her, and that she was the cause of mischief to the greater number of Christian princes, and the King declared publicly that her conduct was calculated to encourage conspiracy against him. He also charged the gouvernante that when my servants came, as they had done daily ever since her first illness, they should be well received, but great care should be taken not to let them visit the house, as they might conspire to carry the Princess off.
The ambassador lately sent by the King to Scotland returned three days ago. He has spread reports that the king of Scotland was daily awaiting an ambassador from your Majesty with an answer about the marriage of the daughter of Portugal or that of Denmark. The said English ambassador has been very well received in Scotland, and I think he has discovered nothing except at the collation of the Order of the Garter, which the king of Scots has accepted on condition that Henry shall receive his. The solemnity of the reception of the said Order was very poor in comparison with what was done at the reception of that of your Majesty, which he took in the principal church of the place, the nobility and a great number of people assisting; but the ceremony in connection with the English order was done in the private chapel of the king of Scotland, everybody being excluded except some leading men; and I am told by a Scotch doctor of theology that the King declined to take any oath, putting it off till he should have got ready his Order, so that he and Henry might take reciprocal oaths at the same time. The said doctor has also assured me that he heard from the chancellor of Scotland that the English ambassador further offered 40,000 ducats to restore the earl of Angus to Scotland, but no regard was paid to it. Moreover the English ambassador requested the king of Scots to forbid his subjects to fish in a certain river between the two kingdoms, but was refused. James also refused to forbid his men to pass into Ireland, saying that the prohibition would rather provoke them to go thither than otherwise, and that it would be better the English should inform him when any of his men went to that country, and he would recall them. The ambassador also requested the king of Scots to be present at the interview between these two kings, offering him safe passage through this kingdom and money to defray his charges, but he replied, if he were to go, he would put none of his friends to any trouble or cost on his account, but it was impossible for him to absent himself from his country a single day. The doctor also informs me that the said English ambassador wanted to remain there about three months, but the king of Scots hastened his departure by good and honorable means, for fear he should contaminate some of the Court with this new sect. The said doctor has informed me that the secretary of the duke of Albany was in Scotland at the same time, soliciting likewise the king of Scots on the part of the French king to come to the said interview, and also to accept in marriage the daughter of Vendome. To this last point he only replied that he would take it into consideration.
It is not known here how the affairs of Ireland proceed. It is said the King means to send thither 3,000 or 4,000 men under the charge of the old Marquis's brother. The Waywode's man returned some time ago to France without any agreeable despatch from hence. London, 23 March.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 9.
23 March.
Vienna Archives.
430. Chapuys to Likerke.
On the 16th inst. Cromwell delivered me your packet of the 12th, and I was very glad to know that there was nothing in the troublesome proposals (propoz) of which I wrote to you. As to these overtures Cromwell sent immediately to inform the King his master, who had written to him that he was ready to keep all treaties and do all he could for the Emperor, his honor saved, which he said would be very much injured if he revoked what he had done about his marriage, or cast any doubt thereupon by submitting to the General Council; and on using several arguments in favor of the said submission. Cromwell confessed to me that they were all nearly true and reasonable, and that he would report them to the King his master, with whom he thought his words would be more powerful than his letters had been, and would immediately give me answer. But I have not yet been able to have it, both by reason of Cromwell's delay in speaking to his master, and because yesterday, intending to come to me, he was very ill, and sent to excuse himself, that he was unable to give me audience. I am not very anxious about its being put off a few days, because meanwhile I may receive letters from Spain upon these affairs, at least those mentioned in the letters written to you on the 26th ultimo. The only ground Cromwell could ever allege to me for asserting that the Emperor ought not to stick at these matters of the princesses was, that they were mortal. and that there would be no great loss if the Princess were to die. I think he would have been willing to prophesy like Caiaphas, but I pray God such wishes may fall upon the heads of those who entertain them. You can see how matters go when they talk of such things without horror or shame, so it is more necessary than ever to have regard to what I wrote last. On talking with Cromwell of the rumor of an interview, he said it would not be this year, "ne jamais avec lassemblee des conseilleurs des deux roys aux lymites ny esclarcira les matieres."
The ambassador sent by this king to Scotland some time ago returned after three days, and as I understand has effected nothing, except in the collation of the Order of the Garter, which has been taken in a private place, the king of Scots refusing to make any oath until he has "dressé son ordre." and at the same time this king and he make reciprocal oaths; nor would he consent to any other thing desired of him, of which I shall write more at leisure. London, 23 March 1534.
There is no news of Irish affairs. It is reported the King means to send thither 3,000 or 4,000 men. The secretary of the duke of Albany has been in Scotland to solicit the King to come from thence to the interview, and to assure him that with a little patience he will get the wife that was promised him; and, if not, that if he will take that of Vendôme, they will give him wonders.
Fr., "copie de la copie," pp. 2.
23 March.
Vienna Archives.
431. Chapuys to [Granvelle].
[Granvelle] will understand by Chapuys' last letter to the Emperor, and by the present, what the desire and hope of these men is. They think day and night of getting rid of these good ladies. Since there has been a talk of friendship they have been more determined to devise something against them, and speak of it without shame. It is more than ever necessary to consult for their protection. The Queen, as he writes to the Emperor, has no doubt that their amiability to her and the Princess is dangerous. Having heard that Cromwell had been to Chapuys, she wrote to her licentiate Medain the enclosed, and, if she had dared to write more, would have shown her reasons. In the letter "la seulle" means Cromwell, "Del Sobrino" is Chapuys, and "celluy que n'a dens" is the French king. Sends another letter from the Queen, which ought to have done wonders, considering how Cromwell had praised her; "sed induratum est cor Pharaonis."
Does not know how Granvelle interprets the coming of the King to where the Princess was without speaking to or sending to her, but it is spoken of here in various ways. The Princess is well, better than some would have her. She may be called the paragon of beauty, goodness and virtue.
The concubine has suborned a person to say that he has had a revelation from God that she cannot conceive while the said two ladies are alive. Doubts not she has spoken of it to the King, and she has lately sent the man to Cromwell. She constantly speaks of them as rebels and traitresses deserving death, and Cromwell would willingly say what Caiaphas did. London, 23 March.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
R. O. 432. Katharine of Arragon to [the Licentiate Medain ?].
"Licenciado," after your departure they told me that "el de la C.," ("Cromwell" written above) had been with "el del sobrino" ("ambassador" written over) in his house, which in public is the greatest favor that can be. I beg you to warn him, for the love of God, not to show himself either distrustful or very friendly, because he will be deceived; for the intention is either, because I have made him my messenger, to find through him some pretext for their insane purposes (de varyos) and to trouble me with messages and answers, or else "para azer deuxera (?) al que no tyene dyentes (rey de francia written above) de qualquyera manera que sea." It will be of great benefit to practise reserve. Cannot write more, as she is unwell.
Sp., from a modern copy, p. 1.
The original, which is holograph, is endorsed "1535. De la serenissima reyna de Inglaterra de —, recevida a 16 de Março."
Vienna Archives. 433. Charles V.
"Copie de la copie de quelques articles envoiés en Angleterre de la part de l'Empereur pour prendre alliance plus ferme et stable."
To confirm and increase the fraternal amity between the Emperor and the king of England by a new understanding, removing all controversies which may interfere with the peace of their kingdoms, and consequently of Christendom, the Emperor will do all that he can in honor and conscience for the King, expecting the like from him. Considering that the King has been endeavoring to get the execution of the sentence suspended, which the late pope Clement gave on the subject of his divorce, till the future General Council, some means may be taken that the said execution may be surceased, without prejudice to the rights of parties, till the said Council, on condition that he shall endeavor in good faith as Emperor to procure the indiction and celebration thereof according to the form and manner of previous councils, and promise obedience to what the Council shall ordain upon the said divorce, provided that meanwhile the Queen and Princess be well treated, and not constrained to make any agreements, nor the Princess to be married without the assent of her mother and the Emperor, and further, that those who support the rights of the said ladies shall not suffer any displeasure or molestation. To take away all occasions of violating treaties between the said Emperor and the King, each of them shall procure, as far as he can, that no war be moved by one against the other or against the king of the Romans in any part of Christendom, and the king of England shall abandon all intrigues in Germany, Denmark, Lubeck and other "villes australes" direct or indirect. And if perchance France should move war, by herself or by another, against the Emperor and the king of the Romans, at least, if the king of England will not assist them according to the treaty of Cambray, he shall forbear to give assistance against them, "pour nentrer de ecy (?) en dispute ou le remectre a congnoissance du cause comme a este dernierement fait a la journee de Calaix."
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2. Endd.: "Copie des poincts envoyez par moy envoyez (sic) en angleterre, 1535."
Vienna Archives. 2. Extract of a Letter from the Emperor.
The Emperor will be content, his honor and conscience saved, to listen to a more firm amity in all matters concerning the good and tranquillity of their estates and of all Christendom. [If] the thing cannot be done, the Emperor would not give occasion of more trouble against the Queen and her daughter, and those in England who have maintained their rights and opinion; for the Emperor would never agree to anything to the prejudice of his aunt and cousin.
To wit, if the King wish to suspend till the future Council on condition that he would exert himself bonâ fide to procure its celebration, and promise to observe what shall be thereby ordained, on condition that the Princesses were always well treated, and that they be not constrained to make treaties and agreements without the consent of the Emperor, and that the Princess be not married without the consent of her mother and of the Emperor;
That he will not procure assistance, direct or indirect, against the Emperor or king of the Romans; will prevent others moving war against them to the best of his power, according to the treaties between them, and shall forbear to intrigue in Germany, Denmark, Lubeck and the other "villes australes";
And that those who have maintained the rights of the Queen and Princess shall not be illtreated;
To persuade the King for the service of God to return to the obedience of the Church of Rome, on condition of procuring from the Pope that he should have some profit from the Church of his kingdom, which he has not had till now, as may be devised for the best.
"Et sil estoie persiste a suspension a — ou autre temps — et layde de le consulter."
And if perchance France were to move war by herself or others, at least, if he will not assist the Emperor according to the treaty of Cambray, that he will forbear to assist against him, "affin de cela esclarcir pour nentrer en disput ou remectre a cognoissance de cause comme il a este fait dernierement a Calaix."
To avoid delay and come the sooner to a good issue, communicate with the ambassador in England, [who is] wise and discreet.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
23 March.
R. O.
434. John Smyth, "your Auditor," to Lord Lisle.
I thank you for your kind remembrance in your letters at various times to my brother Leonard. I understand by Mr. Secretary that in your matter with Sir Edw. Seymour an end is taken by the lord Chancellor and him to which you are agreeable. I think you will have as much money yearly, or more than ever you had, of those lands. My brother Leonard is now taken into Mr. Secretary's service partly for the diligence he has shown in your Lordship's causes, as I suppose he has written to you himself. I trust he will now be more useful to you than ever. London, 23 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
[23 or 24 March.]
Otho, C. x. 178 b.
B. M.
Ellis, 1st Ser., II. 27. Pocock, ii. 538.
435. [Fitzwilliam] to Cromwell.
The King has had consultation with him and Norfolk on the letter enclosed. The lady princess Dowager intends to keep a Maundy, as the King's grandame did, and many houses of religion do now. If she is willing to keep her Maundy in her chamber in the name of the princess Dowager, the King is content; but if she keep it in the name of Queen, she is to be told that she and all her officers and such as receive it will be guilty of high treason. They are to see that she keeps no Maundy otherwise. Richmond, this ... day at night. Signature burnt away; but the subscription, "Your hovne," in Fitzwilliam's hand, is still visible.
24 March.
R. O.
436. Robert Grene to —— Grene.
All the masters and brethren of your college are in good health, and will be glad to hear of your coming home, which I trust will be before this time of Easter. Robert Bell would fain know when he shall come up with your horses, and whether before you come home you will sell your sorell geldings. Send the bill enclosed to Thos. Bartam, abiding at Ynggarstone, for my three-quarters' bead roll due at Christmas last, and that he would remember his curate thereof before Easter next. Mr. parson Goostwyyke is covetous, as God knows. At your college, 24 March.
P. 1. Add.: To his right wellbeloved brother, chaplain to Mr. Secretary. Sealed.
24 March.
R. O.
Ellis, 3rd Ser., II. 381.
437. Lord Lisle to Cromwell.
Divers of the sisters of the house of religion without the gates here will go to their native country, because they will not be obedient to the King's Act. Has caused the executors of Sir Hugh Conwey to take an inventory of their stuff, and has forbidden them to depart until the King's pleasure be known. As they are mostly strangers, the majority of the Council think they were better away. Calais, 24 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Principal Secretary. Endd.
24 March.
R. O.
438. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Yesterday Sir Edw. Saymer sealed the obligation with much difficulty, when I delivered him your letter for Mr. Kyrton. As Mr. Secretary has been sick these three days, shall not know the King's pleasure concerning the Staple Inn, nor respecting the victualling, till he can go to Court. Mr. Bryan says I shall have an answer to your letter when I come to Court. That patent will not easily be had again. The King came yesterday to Richmond, where he keeps his Easter, and my lady Princess removed the same day to Hunsdon. Mr. Knyvet has paid Goodalle. Sir Thos. Palmer has obtained Sandingfield in commendam. Mr. Skryven is sorry you did not ask for it. Is very weary of London. London, 24 March 1534.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
24 March.
Add. MS. 28,587, f. 257.
B. M.
439. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Received on the 21st the Emperor's letter dated Medina Celi, the 8th.
* * * * *
The ambassador in England writes on the 27th ult. that the King and Council had lately treated him better, in order to make the French jealous and cause them to consent to certain points which they had hitherto refused. What these points are he does not know. It has been reported here that the marquis of Zenete (fn. 3) will be sent to England by the Emperor. Was asked by the Pope if this were true, and replied that he knew nothing of it. Theambassador writes also that the interview between the kings of England and France will not be held; that the English have published that pope Clement acknowledged before his death that he had done wrong in giving the sentence. and that pope Paul did the same; and that the English agent in Rome has written that the Pope sent for him and bade him write to the King that, if he would restore the Church to its previous state, his Holiness would find some means that all should be well about his marriage. Does not think the Pope can have gone so far in this practise as they say in England. Will speak to him about it, and, if he finds that the report is true, will tell his Holiness what a scandal it is to him and to Christendom. Rome, 24 March 1535.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
Ibid. f. 260. 2. Contemporary abstract of the same.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
25 March.
R. O.
440. The Princess [Elizabeth].
Expenses of the Princess's household from .. Dec. last, 25 Hen.VIII., to Christmas eve then next [following]. Total, 111l. 19s. 8d.
The same from Christmas eve to Lady day then next [following],.... 679l. 16s. 2d.
ii. "Articles declaring causes wherefore the charges of the said household are so ample and hath amounted to the foresaid sums."
1. The provision of napery and utensils against Christmas, as shown by the ledger of the household, 40l. 2. The diet of the household at Christmas is more ample than at other times by 50l. 3. The charges of the household for light and fuel are greater in winter by above 20s. a day, 100l. 4. At the beginning of the said household every office wherein were but two persons was allowed a mess of meat, while the ordinances allowed only one mess to four persons, and several of the Princess's servants kept more servants than were allowed by the standing roll signed by the King, which increased the expense above 40l. 5. "Item, where the lady Mary, the King's daughter, after she was restored to her health of her late infirmity, being in her own house, was much desirous to have meat immediately after she was ready in the morning, or else she should be in danger eftsoons to return to her said infirmity; therefore order was taken by my lady of Salisbury and the lord Huse, by the advice of physicians, that every day, not being fasted, she should be at dinner between 9 and 10 of the clock in the morning, and to eschew the superfluous breakfasts; forasmuch as sithens she came to the Princess' house, for considerations alleged by the lady Brian, lady mistress to the Princess, the service of her Grace conveniently could not be served before 11 of the clock at the least every day, therefore the said lady Mary, whose appetite was to have meat in the morning according to her accustomed diet, desired to have her breakfast somewhat the larger, to the intent that she would eat little more meat unto supper for the continuance and preservation of her health." This, with suppers served occasionally in her chamber, have increased the expenses by 26l. 13s. 4d.
The charges of the household for next half year, ending 30 Sept., will not exceed 1,110l. 13s. 4d., of which 750l. is advanced beforehand to the steward.—Note in margin: The absence of the Princess at Court with divers of her servants for five weeks within this quarter, and also there being no chamberlain, have "alleviate" part of the charges of the household.
Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.
[25 March.]
Proclamations Soc. Antiq., I. 77.
441. Butchers.
A proclamation concerning butchers. As cattle are likely to be scarce and dear against Easter, butchers are permitted to sell beef and veal at a halfpenny and half farthing, and mutton at ¾d. a lb., until 24 June. The Act against killing calves is still in force.
Printed by Berthelet.
The date "25 die Martii anno regni regis Henrici Octavi xxvjo" is added by a later hand.
25 March.
R. O.
442. Stephen Bishop of Winchester to Cromwell.
I received your letters for delivery of such bonds as is in my keeping of the goods of the late parson of Combey (?), to whom Dr. Incent is executor. I desire you to be content that, "being now the chief cause of not delivery at this instant time, because I have not the money so ready as I might with mine ease depart therewith, ye will, in the mean time of delay, order the matter so as Mr. Incent, who is executor, and to whose use I have kept it hitherto, may utterly discharge me thereof, as I doubt not but he will; and, as he saith, show himself glad that the dead's will (?) otherwise fulfilled, such portion as was appointed to the Observants shall be disposed at the King's pleasure. In the mean time I shall provide for furniture of repayment of that money such as I took into my hands, partly to keep it sure and partly to case myself for the time." Wolsey, Our Lady's day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
25 March.
R. O.
443. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Has received his letter by Mr. Speckot. Perceives how ill Mr. Tate has reported of him, "which I must with patience bear." Is sorry that he has run so far in his danger. If he had distrained as he intended, thinks he would have found it strainable; "for I would not gladly give the candlesticks that I left there for the rent that I owe him. And where it hath been reported that I should leave the key under the door, and come no more there, he or they, whatsoever they be, in their so saying shall conceive small honesty and much less worship." Your Lordship knows I remain here on your business, and if you wish me to set it aside I shall come in haste to Calais. The living he has is his Lordship's gift, but would rather give up that than his service. Will not forsake Lisle till Lisle forsakes him. The time may come when he may thank Mr. Tate of his goodness; if not, remits his avenging to God. London, 25 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
25 March.
R. O.
444. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Has received his letter of Mr. Speckot, and has written to his Lordship this day by Worthe. Hopes, whatever is said of him, Lisle will accept his services as they are meant, although, even if they were 10,000 times better, they would be nothing to compare with the goodness he has found in him and my lady. Notwithstanding good Mr. Tatte's report, Lisle knows that he tarries here on his business, and would have been at Calais long ago but for his Lordship's commands. Has devoted himself to Lisle's affairs as if his life depended on it. I trust you will still be my good lord; and albeit your Lordship gave me 8d. a day, "rather had I leffe that than your service." The "ward" (award) is not yet delivered, as Mr. Secretary is sick. Hopes to get it delivered tomorrow or on Easter eve. Your licence of victualling and the Staple cannot be had till Mr. Secretary is again at Court. That finished, I shall not be long from your Lordship. London, 25 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
25 March.
R. O.
445. Fitzwilliam to Lord Lisle.
Has spoken to the King of oxen of Lisle's arrested and sold by the customer. Order is given for the customer's appearance before the Council. Commendations to my lady. Thanks for the wild swine hitherto sent. Would like a wild sow sent to him alive in a coffer. I suppose Mons. de Bees could help you to one "who useth much hunting of the wild swine." Westminster, 25 March. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd.
26 March.
R. O.
446. Sir Richard Graynfeld to Lord Lisle.
Thanks him for his letters. Has appointed Mr. Palmer and Mr. Skryvyn to conclude with Ryngele. Requires nothing but a little respite, and payment of part of the money. London, 26 March. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.
26 March.
R. O.
447. Sir Anthony Wyndesore to Lady Lisle.
Gives an account of the killing of a buck in the forest of Bere, where Lord Lisle has rule, on Sunday week, by Peter, son of Ric. Nortton, and one of Wyndesore's servants, who were on their way from his house at Estmen to Hamilden. The deer was brought to his house without his knowing it, and Peter Norton gave him half, and took the rest to his father, who, Wyndsore is sure, was ignorant of the deed. Knows a grievous matter will be made of it to my Lord. Asks her to move him to be good lord to them. If Mr. Nortton knows of it his son will need no other punishment. If lord Lisle will leave to him the punishment of his own servant, will order him so that he shall never offend his Lordship again. The morrow after Our Lady Day.
Asks for an answer. Hopes the keepers and officers may be found as true to Lord Lisle in all other things concerning the forest as in this. She shall know more hereafter if she keeps this secret.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: At Calais.
26 March.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 236.
448. The Deputy and Council of Ireland to [Henry VIII.]
Account of the siege of Maynooth castle, which was begun on March 14. The base court was taken on the 23rd, being Tuesday before Easter, and the great castle soon after yielded. Among the prisoners were the dean of Kildare, Chr. Parys, Donough O'Dogan, Sir Symon Walsshe, priest, and Nic. Wafer—in all 37. Twenty-five were beheaded, and one hanged, on Thursday. Sends their depositions, including one by a priest, who said that the Emperor had promised to send 10,000 men by May 1, and that the king of Scots had also promised aid. Many of the inhabitants still adhere to the traitor, thinking that he will be pardoned. Commend Mr. Paulett's conduct. He shall return at Sir John Sentlowe's coming. Maynuth, 26 March.
Signed: Wyllm. Skeffyngton—J. B. of Trymleteston, chaunceler—J. Rawson, prior of Kyllmaynam—William Brabazon—Patrik Fynglas, justice—Thomas Luttrell, justice—Gerald Aylmer, Barron—John Alen, Mr. of the Rolles—Patryke Whyte, justice.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 449. Ireland.
An abstract of a book sent out of Ireland of the affairs and feats done by the King's army there.
1. The Deputy and army sailed from Graycot on Wednesday, 14 Oct., and were driven to Lambay Isle, where it was determined that Sir Wm. Brereton and John Salisbury should go to Dublin, and the Deputy to Waterford. 2. On their arrival at Dublin on Saturday, the Mayor showed them of the truce taken with the traitor. 3. That Musgrave and Hamberton and 20 of their men were killed, and others taken, between Lambay and Dublin. 4. That Brode and his company were taken at Tradaff (Drogheda?). 5. That the Deputy, Brereton, and Salisbury went to Tradaff on St. Simon's and Jude's Day, fearing that the place was besieged. 6. That Mr. Salisbury was sick of the sickness, and that four of his household servants and 40 of the retinue died. 7. That Jas. and Ric. FitzGerald yielded themselves to do the King service. 8. That the Deputy and Brereton went to Dunshaghlyn on 15 Nov. 9. That seven or eight score of the traitor's company were slain at Tryme, and that Ric. Fitzgerald was put to keep the town. 10. Dec. 1, Kyldare castle was gotten, but retaken by the traitor in six days. 11. He went thence to Trym, and took it in two hours. 12. Those who went to rescue the town and castle were too late, and from thence they went to Waterford and fetched the King's money to Dublin. 13. How the traitor desired truce from 19 Dec. to "the morrow of the 12th day," within which time Edw. FitzGerald was taken. 14. Jan. 5, 700 men were sent by the Deputy to keep Tryme. 15. That Brereton, Salisbury, Dakers, Musgraf, with 100 horse, and the baron of Aylmer, were sent to keep the Newecastell Lyons, Colmeston, Ratcole, and Tassagard. 16. They went from Newcastell eight miles into Kildare, and spoiled the traitor's towns. 17. The traitor, O'Mwre, and Kayr O'Conour offered to skirmish with Brereton and Salisbury, but durst not abide battle. 18. On the way to Maynooth 13 rebels were killed, and one of the army and 20 hurt. Five or six towns were burnt. 19. The traitor slew 10 or 12 of the army at Trym, and took two or three pieces of ordnance. 20. On Feb. 27 the army at Dublin burnt 30 towns, and the garrison at Trym 9 or 10. 21. The Treasurer attacked some Calloglasses who were coming to Thamasse to maintain the ward of Mynwth, slew some, and took others who fled into steeples. On the way home the traitor skirmished with them, and the prisoners and others were killed to the number of 100. 22. The Deputy for 12 weeks lay at Dublin. 23. Sir John Seyntloo lies still in Waterford. 24. The castle of Mynwth was taken on the Tuesday in Passion week. More than 100 were slain and beheaded, including 50 of the best gunners in Ireland, and the traitor's household servants. Five of the King's army were slain, and 300 men left to keep the castle. Thence Brereton and Salisbury were sent to the Newcastell. 25. The traitor sent the dean of Meath to the Emperor and to Rome a sevennight before Christmas.
Pp. 4. Endd.
26 March.
R. O.
450. Thos. Hall and Olyver Leder to Cromwell.
According to his letters, dated 16 March, have examined Jas. Pyke, Sir Thos. Dammat, priest, and others, whose depositions they send. Have committed Pyke to Huntingdon gaol, and taken an inventory of his goods, which they have left with his wife, upon an obligation to produce them.
Notwithstanding Dammatt's sayings, and the sayings reported of Robt. Fawn, Pyke is reported to be a true man, and many of his neighbours and friends have made suit to have him to bail; which they will not allow without knowing Cromwell's pleasure. 26 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
[26 Mar.]
R. O.
451. Theology.
A sermon preached on Good Friday on the text Christus passus est pro nobis, in which the writer supports the King's supremacy, justifies himself from being considered a Papist or an upholder of the temporal jurisdiction, acknowledges Scripture as the rule of faith, but claims for traditions authority so far as they are not contrary to the Scriptures, on the ground of Christ's promise Qui ros audit. audit me. The author in one place refers to another sermon of his in print.
Begins: "Right honorable and devout Christian audience, I must and do most heartily desire you to take patience with me."
Draft, pp. 38.
R. O. 452. Theology.
A homily or discourse on the words Qui traditus est propter peccata nostra, on sin and justification.
Begins. Quia dies in qua Christus Salvator innocentissimus agnus pro nobis mortuus.
Lat., pp. 3.
R. O. 2. Theological notes in Latin on miscellaneous passages of Scripture in the same hand as the preceding.
Begins. "A. Quæ monere debeant ad luctum
              Quæ obsequia et quomodo prosint defunctis
              Quæ obsequia et quomodo prosint nobis
              A. [De officiis funeralibus] "(crossed out).
Pp. 3.
R. O. 3. Defence of the spiritual authority.
Inc.:— "Quod si quis pergat esse præfractus et noluerit peccatum agnoscere.
Ends:— "hæ potestas ut sit salubris nee aut (sic) sit nimium severa aut nimium remissa."
To this is added certain authorities from Scripture.
Pp. 13. In the same hand as the preccding.
ii. Notes on certain passages of Scripture in the same hand.
P. 1.
R. O. 4. Common places of Theology, chiefly from the Fathers
Lat., pp., 3. In the same hand as the preceding.
R. O. 453. The London Clergy. (fn. 4)
A tract on the reformation of the curates in the churches of London, showing that the clergy have no natural right to possess property, beyond the tenths of the earth's produce, and should receive no gold or dead things; and that though in London they must be maintained otherwise, their emoluments are excessive, for they receive 14d. of every noble rated by the rents of houses, besides other fees and offerings. They have, moreover, been active in charging the laity with heresy. Proposes that the mayor and corporation should agree to an order to give every curate 20 marks a year, to be raised at the rate of 2s. in the £ on the rent.
In the hand of Clement Armestrong, pp. 4. Begins: "Amongst the reformations of causes." Ends: "For it is now inordinate to see some benefice[s] in London worth a 100l., a 100 mark, 50l. and other, which hath all the profits, and never dwelleth upon them, nor never helpeth no parishioners therein, but rather ready to hinder or hurt them, as knoweth God."
Proclamations Soc. Antiq., i. 76. 2. "A proclamation concerning tithes and oblations as well within the city of London as elsewhere within the realm."
Enforcing the award of Thos. archbp. of Canterbury, Sir Thos. Audeley, Lord Chancellor, Stephen bp. of Winchester, Thos. Crumwell, Chief Secretary and Master of the Rolls, Sir John FitzJames, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and Sir Robt. Norwich, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, between the citizens of London and the parsons and curates of the same, concerning the rate of tithes, offerings, and other duties. The rate of tithes is to be 1s. 4½d. for every 10s. house rent. Persons not paying 10s. rent to pay 2d. yearly for their four offering days.
In other parts of the realm the customary tithes and offerings are to be paid.
Printed by Berthelet.
27 March. 454. Sir Francis Brian.
See Grants in March, No. 31.
[27 Mar.]
R. O.
455. [Lord Lisle] to Cromwell.
I send a packet of letters received from Sir John Wallop this Easter eve. The frontiers make sure watch. At Dunkirk they are going to make a bulwark, and probably they will be compelled to make a castle afterwards, though they are loath to do it. The captain of Gravelines keeps very sure watch. I beg you will see that the garrison here are paid at their day, or shortly after. I dare take it on oath there are 100 not able to buy their dinner against this time, and pay their house rent.
Draft in Lisle's hand. P. 1. Endd.: The copy of my Lord's letter sent to Mr. Secretary.
[27 Mar.]
R. O.
456. Richard Riche to [Cromwell].
You will receive enclosed 6l. 13s. 4d., and so I remain in your debt 6l. 13s. 4d., of which it may please you, Sir, to devise a recognisance. It must be delivered to the mayor on Monday or Tuesday. The King has commanded me to keep courts at Hunsdon, Roydon, and Stansted, which I have appointed for Wednesday, &c., in Easter week. He has commanded me to speak to Carleton for the receipt of the rents, and I advertised the King to commune with you on the subject; who is content to do so, and if you wish to prefer anyone you are to give him knowledge. Please get the King to sign my bill for the stewardship, else I have no authority. Six courts must be kept yearly on six days. Consider me your debtor for an ambling gelding. Brondysche, Easter even.
Hol., p. 1.
27 March.
R. O.
457. Christopher Jenney to [Cromwell].
With reference to the murder committed at Malton in Yorkshire, of which Cromwell has written, the murderers fled and did not come before Jenney at the assizes, but those known to the jury were indicted. Has not heard of a more heinous murder, as appears by the confession of Ric. Forde enclosed. "And, Sir, I did reply hereon according to another letter from you to me directed." Cromwell also wrote in another letter for the acquittal of Wm. Langham, who appears to have been wrongly indicted of felony. He is acquitted. Sir Henry Everingham will be at London next term to make an end of the matter. As to the murder of Ralph Carr, of Newcastle, Jenney, after his arrival at York, sent to Lord Conyers for the body of Wm. Wicliff, who was accordingly conveyed to York and indicted with 8 or 10 other persons; some as accessories. At Mrs. Carr's request proceeded to Wicliff's arraignment. Was informed by the sheriff that there was none returned of the jury who was not named by the friends of Ralph Carr and his wife, except one who was thought indifferent. Nevertheless he was acquitted. Sends the names of the jury, each of whom he bound in a recognisance of 100l. to appear before Cromwell and others in the Star Chamber on 20 May next. There were 76 prisoners in York Castle, of whom 18 were found guilty, 14 acquitted by verdict, 40 delivered by proclamation, and four reprieved. One of those found guilty was delivered, as a clerk, to the ordinary. Two were counterfeiters of the King's coin, and other three guilty of murders; for one of whom, a very tall man, gentlemen made great intercession that he should be reprieved in hope of getting him a pardon, which Jenney would not consent to. As to Twaytes, the priest, taken by my lord of Cumberland, and brought before Cromwell for words spoken against the King, nothing will be found against him, because it was said that all was spoken of malice. Sends depositions with regard to that matter, as the priest is to appear before Cromwell next term. Dr. Halldesworthe, vicar of Halifoxe, is also accused of very shameful words sounding to treason, for which, if true, he deserves imprisonment for life. Has bound him and his accuser to appear before your mastership and the Lord Chancellor next term. The vicar is said to be a man of great substance, and to have deceived the King very much at the time of his valuation. Mountgrace, 27 March.
Wicliffe remains in York Castle without bail, as Mrs. Carr has sued an appeal of murder against him, which is continued till next assizes. Signed.
Pp. 2.
27 March.
R. O.
458. The Royal Supremacy.
Acknowledgment of the Royal Supremacy (similar to those in vol. VII. 921, &c) by Jane Meyns, the matron, and the sisters of the hospital without the North gate (called the Lanterngate) of Calais, founded in honour of the Virgin Mary, St. Francis, and St. Elizabeth of Hungary for sisters of the third order of St. Francis, dated 27 March 1535, 26 Hen. VIII. Signed by the matron, "Janne Meins, moeder van de suster van Calies," and eight others.
Seal a little broken.
28 March.
Otho, C. IX, 105.
B. M.
459. Sir Clement West to Henry VIII.
"The lord master now present hath prolo[nged] ..... my cause touching the office of the Torcoplyar .... to be ony other mad till he may know your highne [ss pleasure;] how be it after the baylyage of the Egle was ...... given to Rauson, last treasurer after the summe .... your subjects would have had licence for to ........ a new to whom he said it becomes you not [to] .... it considering it hath been your high pleasure t[o] ..... for me though others hath made it of his wry ...... I may not do so be hys good help and other my r ..... must be holpen and thus referred it till the [knowledge] of your high pleasure or till the chapter g[eneral] here. By this prolonging your Highness may persey [ve that the] on trew process the master dead is sent to your H[ighness] against me was to maintain his ill doing ..... for Sutton said to him and he found not re ...... maintain that he had done well done all ..... and for further proofs of their malice of late [they have] sent hither for to a destroyed me a process be yn ..... of John Irlond, notary, abytyng at Powlys in L[ondon]; which I have read part of it, how be it some [of the] part longing to the master dead is would [not that] I should have seen it. Sir, it is a high point [to send] such process against your subject touching the .... of your realm except your licence."
Has been advised by a great man to write to the King, asking him to consider that he did not put off his [habit] without cause; and why the master would neither hear him nor a proctor for him. The great cross is not taken away [unless] the cause deserves death. Some have left the habit without cause, and yet they have been restored. To consider also why the master kept him so long in prison without consent of the Council after he had licensed him to go forth, because Boydell told him that West had sent the mace to the King, which he had not done; why the untrue process does not contain the names of the witnesses in his favor how the question first began; why at the master's death he pardoned the French men who made the rebellion and slew six men, and said he would not pardon the English man Oswold [Marsyngberd] because he under [wrote] his name to what the Turcoplyar Frare Clem[ent] sent to his King against him. All these considered, the King may perceive how much untruth has been used to West for maintaining the King's honour.
Asks him to write to the lord master and his council in his behalf. At M[alta], 28 March 1535.
A ship came lately from Syo with news that the Suffy has ovyr thro[wn] the Turk and taken Aleppo, "the .... entre into Surre, and it is not known whether the Turk be slain or no. In .... his son with haste returned to Const[antine] the noble (Constantinople) to be sure of his place ..... hath commanded all that loves Maho[met] shall haste to succour the great lord. Barbarowse is straitly bested in T[unis] for fault of victual and much sickness. It is said the Emperor sends armad to so[cour] the King, and for that shall have the [strong] hold calyd Affryca, 100,000 ducats try ...... the Vyzse Roy of Sysyll (fn. 5) is dead at P[alermo]."
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
R. O. 460. Robert Butston, priest, to Richard Myrthe, servant to Dr. Peter Lygham.
I have a letter of Master Secretary to appear before him for the doing of my master's and your commandment at Uscumbe in forbidding Mr. Waldron's priest to preach. I send you a copy of the letter, and will be glad if you can send me a discharge, or I will be there the fourth week after Easter according to Mr. Secretary's commands. It is nothing but to put me to labour, and your master to cost. At Barrystabell, Easter Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
28 March.
R. O.
461. Fee of the Crown.
Memorandum of the payment to John Smyth, yeoman of the Crown, of his fee of 6d. a day, from 20 Dec. 26 Hen. VIII. to 28 March next, 49s.
P. 1.
30 March. 462. Richard Cromwell.
See Grants in March, No. 32.
30 March.
R. O.
463. Archbishop Lee to Cromwell.
Has received the King's commission by Mr. Blytheman for examining the just value of spiritual promotions. Will apply himself thereto, though he can but little skill of such things, and wishes he had been left out of it. Some of the commissioners, as Magnus, Lawson, Sir Rauff Ellerker the younger, and Sir Fras. Bygott, are in the South. The commission does not state who is to summon the others; but the archbishop and the mayor of York being named first, considering how short the time is, have summoned the others to meet at York on Thursday in Easter week, 1 April. Wishes that some auditor had been with them fully instructed of Cromwell's mind. Will not have auditors enough to make the books after auditor's fashion, as the commission orders, and his own auditor is appointed in commission in the South. Thorpe, 30 March 1535. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
30 March.
R. O.
464. Lord Lisle to Cromwell.
Sent a packet of letters from Sir John Wallop to the mayor of Dover on Easter eve to be forwarded. Has sent on two more from Wallop to Cromwell and the duke of Norfolk, which he received today. Wallop continually writes to ask whether his letters have reached Cromwell. Wishes to know, that he may inform him. Calais, 30 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary and Master of the Rolls. Endd.
30 [March.]
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 37.
B. M.
465. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
The Court came near this yesterday. Hears that England is not really quite satisfied with the French (costoro), so that these men (qu. the English ambassadors?) follow them about as much as they can, and solicit the interview (onde questi livanno dictro piu che possono e procurano l'abboccamento). Find the good opinion of the Pope increases daily, as appears by the language of ambassadors.
Ital., pp. 2. Modern copy. Headed: Da Roano al S. M. Ambrogio, alli 30, etc.
31 March.
R. O.
466. John Barlo to Sir Edw. Baynton, Vice-Chamberlain to the Queen.
Desires his favor for the bearer, a servant of my brother's, the prior of Haverfordwest, who has been ill handled in these parts by the Bishop and his officers, the more so because "he is toward my brother, whom of all men they most hate for his preaching," which they ought rather to laud. They have convented the bearer before the mayor of Tenby, who, at the request of the Bishop, put him in prison without any evidence,—contrary to the statute. For this the bearer went to London, but the Bishop's officers sent to the dean of the Arches, who so dealt with my brother the prior, then being there, "that he caused the poor man to put the matter to him to make an end thereof at his coming home to Haverford." Notwithstanding, since his coming home by favor of the officers of Pembroke, they have indicted the bearer and his hostess, but nothing could be found against them. Desires Mr. Secretary would call the principals before him, and "put him in remembrance for my brother prior, for whom he wrote to the bishop of St. David's to have him his suffragan," but got no answer. "I am thus desirous, nor he himself," to have it for any worldly profit or preferment, but for the furtherance of God's Word in those parts, which is obstructed by the Bishop, who stirs the gentlemen and commons of the county, partly by meed, against the same, and nowhere worse than in the Queen's lordship. I am the more bold to call upon you that ye are a furtherer of the true Word. Commend me to my good lady your wife. Westbury, 31 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. by Wriothesley.
31 March.
R. O.
467. Richard Bellyngham to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his kindness. Recommends to him a friend who has a farm called Chiltton, of the prior of Michelham. Nytymber, 31 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
31 March.
R. O.
468. Leonard Smyth to Lord Lisle.
On Easter Eve (fn. 6) last I delivered to Mr. Seymour at Richmond his part of the award. Your part, with Seymour's obligation, Hussey will bring to you. Further assurance can be made next term. Meanwhile Mr. Deusell shall see the copy of the award, which I have written once or twice, as, for want of good circumspection in the past, you have not only lost greatly but [have been] of late much disquieted. Mr. Seymour received his Maker the day we delivered him the award, and I moved no matter to him as I would have done otherwise; for by one article you are to deliver all court rolls, &c. before Ascension Day next, and I must arrange when he will receive them. You must send a power of attorney to receive your rents of Mr. Seymour within certain hours in Paul's Church. My master has been very sick of an ague or fever ever since Palm Sunday, (fn. 7) but I trust the worst is past. London, 31 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
31 March.
Royal MS. 18 B vi. 37 b.
B. M.
469. [James v. to Paul III.]
Writes at the request of the Observant Friars to beg the Pope not to restore to the order James Malvil, who has returned from Germany infected with Lutheranism, which he attempts to spread among the ignorant people. Stirling, 31 March 1535.
Lat., p. 1. Copy.
31 March.
R. O.
470. College of Justice in Scotland.
"Processus erectionis Collegii Justiciæ in Scotia."An Act of Jerome de Ghinucci, bishop of Worcester, papal auditor, by virtue of a bull of Paul III. dated vi. id. Mart. 1534. 1 Paul III. (10 March 1534–5), authorizing a contribution of 10,000 ducats from the clergy. The college to consist of a president, who shall always be a prelate of the Church, and 14 other persons, of whom half shall be churchmen. Rome, 31 March, 1 Paul III.
Lat., pp. 9.
31 March.
Vatican Transcripts.
471. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
The Imperial ambassador here has intimated to me clearly that some unpleasaut feeling (fastidio) has arisen between him and England; and I think, from what I hear, that the Emperor may charge him to show to England that it is in his power to deprive him of the military aid of France (di la militia di costoro), in which they have so much confidence, whenever he will give up Milan (ogni volta che lassi correre il stato di Milano). Scarcely anything more is said of the interview; in fact, England is rather humiliated, but here everything is done to accommodate matters. The English ambassador hardly ever goes to Court, and apparently wishes to give trouble to the French (dar martello ad questi), who, I think, will accommodate matters (rastetteranno), because, when they find it needful, they will give in after their wont, at any cost. Rouen, 31 March 1535.
Italian, from a modern copy.
R. O. 472. John Hilsey, D.D., to Cromwell.
There is a cell of Chalons in North Wales, called Portkellerd, for a long time uninhabited, which has lapsed to the King. I beg it may be conferred on a poor friar and scholar of the university of Oxford, Morys Griffith, B.D., "who at the last chapter answered de primatu Romani Pontificis," but for lack of exhibition is like to abandon his study.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
R. O. 473. Northhill, Beds.
Survey of the college of Northevell, Beds. (fn. 8)
Total yearly rent, 61l. 5s.
Derived from the mansion house called the City, 80 acres of arable land, 12 small pastures (named), meadow land, Drewes Wood, Stacis Wood, a small wood near the Bean Close, and some hedgerows with abundant firewood; the right to keep on the commons of the town 300 sheep, six kine and a bull, four cart horses and 30 pigs; tithes of hay, beans, grain, wool, lambs, pigs, geese, &c., and offerings in the town: total, 44l. 5s.
Also rents of 17l. a year, making the total, 61l. 5s.
The master and fellows pay certain out-rents, but we had not time to investigate them. The master has promised to make a more extensive book if you will send him your favourable letters.
Pp. 2. Endd.: Northvell.
R. O. 474. Manorial Accounts.
Memoranda of money received of Anthony Walche out of money [up to Easter 27 Hen. 8.] from Michael (fn. 9) (?) Shether, R … yllard, Hen. Draper, George earl of Shrewsbury, and other royal tenants of the manor of .. nedon, and John Sheyne, tenant of the manor of Cokry. e.; of Geo. Rychardson, clk., up to Michaelmas, 27 H. 8.
Receipts of Mr. Darnall.
Endd.: Marcus Antonius Marianus.
P. 1. Lat., much mutilated.
Titus, B. i. 415. 475. Remembrances.
What the King will do with the Anabaptists. To speak with the King concerning sending for the vicar of Halifax. Touching Sir Wm. Gascoigne, that he has paid 500 marks. What the King will have done with those persons in prison by the accusation of Hale, the priest. To remember all the jewels of all the monasteries in England, and specially the cross of emeralds at Paul's. To send to the bps. of York, Durham, Carlisle, and Chester, touching the bishop of Rome.
Touching Brothers of London, for the concealment of cottons. Touching the office of Beaumarys, late Sir Rowland's, for Mr. Norrys. To remember Mr. Treasurer's bill for the office of Pomfret, Lord Leonard's bill, Mr. Langford's bill, and the commission for the Commissioners to go to Calais, to be signed. A letter to be devised in French to the Admiral. Concerning the prebend of Blewbery. Touching Lord Braye's absenting himself. What the King will have done at the Charterhouse of London and Richmond. For the election of such persons as shall necessarily determine such laws as be most meet to be exercised in this realm touching the clergy. What shall be determined touching my lord of Rochford's going. For the commission, and how the duke of Angoulême, the French king's third son, shall be named. The answer to be given to the secretary of Lubeck. What answer the King will have given to the messenger of the duke of Lunenburg and Dr. Adam. What the King mindeth for sending into Germany.
Pp. 2. Partly in Cromwell's hand. Endd.
R. O. 476. Sir Roger Cholmeley to Cromwell.
Sends enclosed a list of the aldermen of London. Remits to Cromwell's pleasure whether the King's letters shall be sent to them particularly, or a general letter to the mayor and aldermen. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 477. Nycho[las W]edders to Cromwell.
Is a haberdasher living in the parish of Sai[nt] .......... ng Lane, [in] the ward of Chepe. On March 18 "was called before; S[ir] Christopher [Ask]ewe, [k]night and alderman of the said ward, inquiring for the payment of the King's money, did show to your said orator" how each man had rated himself as follows:—Ambrose Barker, 100l.; Thos. Man, 26l. 13s. 4d.; Thos. Butvelyn, nothing; Davy Johnes, baker, 60l.; Leonard Barker, me[rch]a[n]t, 40l.; Thos. Sutton, mercer, 26l. 13s. 4d.: Wm. Goodwyn, mercer, one of the Common Council, 26l. 13s. 4d.; and John Dyer, leather-seller, 20l.; all which amount but to 300l.
The cessours, out of malice, have rated him at 500l. It would have been more near the truth if the poorest of the persons named above had been rated at 500l., and he at the least of the sums named. Has complained to the Lord Mayor, who told him to sue to Cromwell. On receiving a letter or token from him, the mayor will see good order taken therein.
P. 1, mutilated. Add. at the head as Secretary.
Cleop. F. VI. 344.
B. M.
478. [Assessment for the Subsidy?]
Roger Pynchester, 2,000l. John Clerk, 1,000l. Stephen Kirton, 1,000l. Nic. Leveson, 2,000l. Andrew Judde, 1,000l. Nic. Wethers, 1,000l. Ant. Vivalde, stranger, 2,000l. Nic. Howen, 1,000l. Lady Mary Willoughby, 1,000l. Wm. Forman, 2,000l. Thos. Gale, 1,000l. Alayne Kyng, 1,000l. John Judde, 1,000l. Robt. Downe, 1,000l. John Long, 2,000l. John Cotes, 2,000l. Michael Dormer, 3,000l. Ric. Gresham, 2,000l. Wm. Botrye, 2,000l. Robt. Chertesey, 1,000l. Roger Barker, 1,000l. Raffe Pexsall, 1,000l. John Onley, 1,000l. Ric. Choppyn, 1,000l. Stephen Pecok, 2,000l. Sir Roger Chomley, 1,000l. John Wilford, 1,000l. Mr. Holles, 3,000l. Ant. Bonvise, 2,000l. Mr. Balthasar, 1,000l. Mr. Pope, cessed in my Lord Chancellor's house, 1,000l. Sir Raffe Dodmer, 2,000l. Rowland Hille, 2,000l. Robt. Trappis, 2,000l. Sir Brian Tuke, 2,000 mks. Wm. Wilford, 1,000l. John Sadler, 1,000l. Sir John Champneys, 3,000 mks. Geo. Monox, 3,000l. Polle Wethipolle, 2,000 mks. Edw. Burlase, 1,000l. Raffe Waren, 3,000l. Robt. Dene, 1,000l. Sir John Milborne, 2,000l. Pantelyn Spynell, Janua, 1,000l. John Malt, 1,000l. John Scutt, 1,000l. Ric. Holt, 1,000l. Ric. Bukland, 1,000l. John Aplyard, 1,000l. Wm. White, 1,000l. Mr. Cofferer to the King's Grace, 1,000l. Edw. Altam, 1,000l. Robt. Pakington, 1,000l. Humfry Pakyngton, 1,000l. Edm. Shawe, 1,000l. Giles Brigges, 1,000l. James Spencer, 2,000l. Raffe Symondes, 2,000l. Sir Wm. Sidney, 2,000l. John Baxter, 1,000l, Robt. Paget, alderman, 2,000l. Lady Baldry, 2,000 mks. Wm. Browne, 2,000l. Robt. Barefote, 1,000l. John Gerald, stranger, 2,000 mks. Wm. Colsell, 1,000l. John Ferry, 1,000l. Wm. Butler, 1,000l. John Garwey, 1,000l. Marten Bowes, 2,000l. Thos. Bowyer, 1,000l. Thos. Perpoynt, 1,000l. Robt. White, 1,000l. Wm. Roche, alderman, 3,000 mks. John Preest, 3,000 mks. Thos. Russheton, 1,000l. Sir John Mondy, 2,000l. Austen Hynde, 1,000l. John Hone, 1,000l. Herry White, Esq., 1,000l. Ric. Jervys, 3,000 mks. Geo. Robynson, 2,000 mks. Wm. Lok, 1,000l. Wm. Gresham, 1,000l. Wm. Laxton, 1,000l. John Sympsone, 1,000l. Wm. Daunce, 2,000l. Wm. Wilkynson, 1,000l. Thos. Addyngton, 1,000l. Bernard Jenyn, 1,000l. Wm. Honyng, serjeant of the catery, 1,000l. Roger Honyng, 1,000l. Wm. Gonson, 1,000l. Ambrose Wollay, 1,000l. Nic. Gibson, 2,000l. Ric. Fermour, 1,000l. Thos. Wight, 1,000l. Robt. Dawbeney, 1,000l. John — (fn. 10) Baker, 1,000l. Chr. Askewe, 2,000l. Mr. Chamley, —. Edm. Kempe, 1,000l. Wm. Farneley, 1,000l. Humfrey Pakyngton, —. Sir Thos. Kitson, 4,000 mks. John Hardy, 1,000l. John Gresham, 3,000 mks. Nic. Statham, 2,000l. Vyncent Randall, 1,000l. John Tayler, 1,000l. Ric. Traffis, in legacy due to Margery Bromton, 1,000l. Herry Dacres, 1,000l. Robt. Dacres, —. John Pakyngton, 1,000l. Ric. Reynold, 1,000l. Robt. Farrant, 1,000l. Mr. Dennam, 2,000l. Mr. Monmouthe, 3,000 mks. John Pope, as he saith, a denizen, 1,000l. John Capon, as he saith, a denizen, 1,000l. Ric. Callard, 2,000l. Harry Averell, 1,000l. Raffe Lathum, 1,000l. Thos. Calton, 1,000l. Water Lumbard, 1,000l. Bastian Pynto, 1,000l. Sir John Aleyne, 3,000l. Thos. Wattes, 1,000l. Thos. Burnell, 1,000l. Ric. Wadyngton, 1,000l. Robt. Palmer, 2,000 mks. Thos. Howell, 4,000l. Robt. Lesse, 1,000l. Wm. Brothers, 1,000l. Wm. Bovyer, 2,000l. Humfrey Browne, serjeant-at-law, (fn. 11) 1,000l. Raffe Alleyne, 1,000l. Raffe Bowlet, 2,000 mks. John Hampton, 1,000l. Lady Pargetour, 2,000l. Alice Wether, 1,000l. Ric. Reede, 1,000l. Robt. Rowe, 1,000l. Edw. Dormer, 1,000l. Harry Huberthorne, 1,000l.
Pp. 4. Endd: The names of the Aldermen and certain commoners of London.
R. O. 479. Blackfriars, London.
Petition of the convent and the inhabitants to Cromwell, stating that an assessment had been ordered to be made on every parish in the city of London; but they, as belonging to no parish or liberty, have been disquieted by the parish of St. Martin, Ludgate, of the ward of Farringdon Within, on one side, and St. Andrews parish of Castle Baynard ward on the other. Intending "in our master's absence" the true performance of the King's command, they desire Cromwell to depute two of their tenants for the assessment, as has been usual, and to assign Trice and Curson to discharge them of St. Martin's parish and all others which pretend any right in this matter.
P. 1. Add.: Master Thomas Cromwell, Secretary, &c. Endd.
R. O.
480. Friar Arthur.
On Passion Sunday last, Arthur, a Grey Friar of Canterbury, preached in the Church of Herne before a great audience, and blamed these new books and new preachers for misleading the people, and discouraging fasts, prayers, and pilgrimages. He called them Judases, for they would neither give alms, go pilgrimages, nor do other good deeds, and said whoever offered one penny to St. Thomas's shrine, it was more meritorious than to give a noble to poor people; for one is spiritual, and the other corporal. They come 200 miles, he said, to that blessed shrine, and when they see the goodly jewels, how they think in their hearts "I would to God and to that good Saint, I were able to give such a gift. And by such good thoughts thousands of souls are saved. And he said, if so be that he were a devil in hell, if the Church had canonized him, we ought to worship him, for you ought to believe us prelates though we preach false; and there he brought in for his authority the 22nd chapter of Matthew." Beside that, he prayed not for the King as head of the Church, nor for the Queen either, but for the spiritualty, the temporalty, and the souls in purgatory.
P. 1. Endd.

481. Grants in March 1535.
1. Denizations.
Hen. Salvaigo of London, merchant, a native of Genoa in Italy.
Jodocius Textoris, a native of Brabant and born subject of the Emperor.
Hen. Clynke, smith, born a subject of the duke of Cleves.
John de Loven, a native of the duke of Cleves' dominions.
Galien Fuppison, shoemaker, a native of Holland in the Emperor's dominions.
Westm., 1 March. — Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 42.
2. Denizations.
John Williamson, tailor, a native of Zealand and born subject of the Emperor.
Nic. Gunport, tailor, born a subject of the Emperor.
James Gaver, stationer, a native of the Emperor's dominions.
Peter Kynge, leather-dyer, born a subject of the Emperor.
Gerard Peterson, of London, butcher, born a subject of the duke of Cleves.
Westm., 2 March. — Pat. 26 Hen.VIII. p. 2, m. 42.
3. Mon. Palamedes Gontier, secretary to the French king. Passport to return to France with 6 horses and servants, &c. Del. Westm., 3 March 26 Hen.VIII.—S.B.
4. Denizations.
Hubert Smyth of London, butcher, born a subject of the Emperor.
Giles Busshe of London, butcher, born a subject of the Emperor.
Thos. Lucas of London, butcher, born a subject of the Emperor.
Will. Makell alias Makyn of London, cooper, born a subject of the Emperor.
Denis Soulder, a native of the diocese of Sallesbroke, and born subject of the Emperor
Westm., 3 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 42.
5. Sir Chris. Dacre of Groglynge alias of Carlisle, Cumb., uncle of Wm. lord Dacre of Carlisle, and Robt. Grame, alias Gares, of Roclyf, Cumb., yeoman. General pardon. — S.B. undated. Pat. 4 March, 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 37.
6. To the town of Colchester. Grant of the wood and pasture, &c., of Kyngeswod, alias Kynges-wod heathe, with timber, &c. there growing in Mileend, Lexden, West Bergholt, Great Horkesley, Boxstede, Langham and Ardeley near Colchester, Essex, with various privileges. The burgesses dwellling within the town and liberty to be exempt from serving as sheriff or escheator in any co. of England, &c. Del. Westm., 4 March 26 Hen. VIII.— S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 34.
7. Wm. Wylford, gunner. Reversion of the office of one of the King's gunners in the Tower, now held by John Westowe by a patent of Hen. VIII., which granted it to him in the room of John Duche, late deceased, with fees of 6d. a day. Del. Westm., 4 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 35.
8. Ralph de Lyenne, chaplain, a native of Normandy, Denization; with licence to hold benefices in England. Westm., 17 Feb. 26 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 37.
9. Thos. Gymlott. To be spigurnel, alias sealer or signer in Chancery, with fees as enjoyed by Sampson Crumpton, Thos. Alford, or Wm. Hale; in reversion after Wm. Hale, who holds the office by patent 17 Oct. 22 Hen. VIII., granting it to him and the said Thos. Alford, deceased. Del. Westm., 5 March, 26 Hen. VIII. — S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 33.
Vacated on surrender 9 Aug. 4 & 5 Philip and Mary.
10. Denizations.
John Kynge, a native of Picardy, and born subject of the king of France.
Herman Men, a native of Treves, and born subject of the Emperor.
Roger Saltpeter, of Southwerk, Surrey, a native of Bisbery, and born subject of the duke of Cleves.
Galien Hone, of Southwerk, glazier, a native of Holland, and born subject of the Emperor.
James Taylour, a native of the city of Cologne.
John Reyde, of London, shoemaker, a native of Brabant, and born subject of the Emperor.
Westm., 5 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 42.
11. Gerard Pilgrome, of Oxford, stationer, a native of Andewarp, and born subject of the Emperor. Denization. Westm., 6 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 42.
12. Denizations.
Hen. Brodeman, of London, butcher, a native of Gelderland, and born subject of the duke of Gelderland.
Hen. Johnson, tailor, a native of Holland, and born subject of the Emperor.
Mark Antonio Moriany, alias Mariany, of London, merchant, a native of Venice.
Westm., 8 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 42.
13. Sir Thos. Audeley, the Chancellor, Sir Edw. Seymer, an esquire of the Royal Body, and dame Anne his wife, Sir Thos. Arundell, and Ric. Riche. Grant (to the use of the said Edward and Anne, and the heirs of the said Edward,) of the manor or lordship of Berkden alias Berkesden, Herts, and all messuages, lands, &c. in Aspeden, Westmyll, Wakley, Throkkym, Wedyall alias Withiall, Alswyke, Buntyngford and Benyngton, Herts: To hold the same as Nicholas Hancoke, the late prior, and the convent of Holy Trinity, commonly called Christchurch, in London, held them before they came into the King's hands on the dissolution of the monastery by virtue of an Act of Parliament 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 33.
14. Will. Harbert, born a subject of the king of France. Denization. Westm., 9 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 42.
15. Robert the abbot, and the convent of St. Alban's, Herts. Licence to alienate to Wm. Cavendysshe, his heirs and assigns for ever, the lordship or manor of Northawe, alias Northall, alias Nynne, Herts, with view of frankpledge, &c. in the vills, parishes, and hamlets of Northawe alias Northall and Cuffley, Herts, at the annual rent of 29l. 2s. 8d, with clauses of forfeiture and distraint, and a clause to hold the said Wm. free of the tenth granted to the King by Parliament 26 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 34.
16. Ralph Bulmer. Lease of the farm called Slyghthome, in the vill of Bowes, in the lordship of Middelham, York, parcel of the lands assigned for the pay of the garrison of Berwick; with reservations; at 66s. 8d. a year, and 2s. of increase, payable to the collector of Bowes. Del. Westm., 10 March 26 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
17. John Geskey, a native of Gelderland, and born subject of the Emperor. Denization. Westm., 10 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 42.
18. Robt. Hogge of Bylton, Yorks, yeoman. Lease of the lordship or manor of Rise, in the lordship of Sherifhoton, Yorks, parcel of the lands assigned for the pay of the garrison of Berwick; with reservations; for 21 years, at the annual rental of 75l. 16d. and 5s. 4d. of increase; on the surrender by the said Robert of the patent 28 Jan., 13 Hen. VIII., granting a 21 years' lease of the same to Sir Ric. Rokeby of Beverley, deceased, and Ric Crake of Beverley, who, being left in sole possession, by a deed dated 22 Feb., 26 Hen. VIII., granted his right therein to the said Robt. Hogge. Del. Westm., 11 March 26 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 35.
19. Denizations.
Hen. Kynnor, butcher, Cornelius Johnson, James Haryson, smith, James Williamson, cooper, and John Gerardson, cooper, natives of the Emperor's dominions.
James Denys, a native of the bishopric of Cologne.
Hen. Plees, a native of Cleef, in Germany.
Matthew Tiseman, a native of the bishopric of Liege.
Adrian Mase, brewer, a native of Holland.—Westm., 12 March.
Pat. 26 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 42.
20. Denizations.
John Wyat, a native of the diocese of Arras ("Arrasia") and born subject of the Emperor.
Marinus le Villayne, a native of Normandy, and born subject of the king of France.
Ric. Acrell, a native of the diocese of Treves, and born subject of the Emperor.
Westm., 12 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 43.
21. Wm. Reynold. Presentation to the rectory of Ibstock, Lincoln dioc., void by death, and in the King's gift by the attainder of the bp. of Rochester. Del. Westm., 13 March. Endd.: Hampton Corte, 12 March, 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
22. Denizations.
John Baptista Evidoet', merchant in Florence, alias of Southampton, alias of London, alias merchant stranger.
Dominic Erizo, merchant of Venice, alias of London, alias merchant stranger.
Jeremy Molyno, merchant of Venice, alias of London, alias merchant stranger.
Ant. Carsidoni, merchant of Venice, alias of London, alias merchant stranger.
Westm., 13 March. Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 43.
23. Denizations.
Will. Hicman, a native of the duke of Cleves' dominions.
Reginald Oliver, a native of Friesland ("Phrisca," qu. Phrisia?).
Chelmsford, 15 March. — Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 43.
24. Monastery of S. Mary and S. John the Baptist, Godstowe, Linc. dioc. Assent to the election of Katherine Bulkeley as abbess. Del. Westm., 16 March 26 Hen. VIII.— S. B.
25. Sir Ric. Greynfeld. Grant of the office of marshal of the town and marches of Calais; with as many soldiers under him as John Wallop, Edw. Guldeford, Thos. Wyat, Sir Edw. Ryngeley, or any other marshal had; in reversion after Sir Edw. Ryngeley, to whom the office was granted by patent 24 Nov. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 30.
26. Nich. Shaxton, S.T.P. Significavit by Thos. archbp. of Canterbury, of his election as bishop of Salisbury, and confirmation by the Archbishop. Knoll, 18 March 1534, 2 cons.
27. Philip de Wilder. License to import 500 tuns of Gascon wine and Toulouse woad. Del. Westm., 21 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
28. Peter Frechevyle, late a ward in the King's custody. Livery, as s. and h. of John Frechevile, deceased, of all lands of the said John in England, Ireland, Wales, and the Marches; with the reversion of those which shall descend to him on the death of his mother Eliz., late wife of the said John, and now wife of Brian Hastinges; also of all lands held at the time of his father's death by Philip Draycote and Robt. Cune, together with others now deceased, to the use of Eliz. Delves, now deceased, widow of John Frechevile, grandfather of the said Peter, which should descend to the said Peter, after the death of the said Eliz. Delves.
Westm., 24 March 26 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 March.—P.S.
29. Bartholomew Compagni, merchant of Florence, alias merchant stranger, alias merchant of London. Denization. T.R.—25 March.— Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 43.
30. John Rukewood. To be purveyor of timber, boards, and laths for the works and repairs of the town of Calais, the castle of Guysnes, and the marches there; with 10 marks a year. Westm., 25 March.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 17.
31. Sir Fran. Bryan. Grant of the foundation, site, and precinct of the late monastery of St. Mary the Virgin, Ravenston, alias Raunston, Bucks; a water-mill in the town of Ravenston, 20 messuages, 40 acres of land, 40 acres of pasture, 200 acres of meadow, 100 acres of wood, 10l. rent in Ravenston, Weston, Pedyngton, and Stoke Goldyngton, Bucks; all which came to the King's hands by the attainder of Thos. cardinal archbp. of York. Del. Westm., 27 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 30.
32. Ric. Cromwell. To be master forester of the forest of Waybrige and Sapley, Hunts, in reversion after Sir John Husee, who holds the office by patent 29 Aug. 1 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 36.
33. Thos. Leson, clk., the King's chaplain, rector of Castell Assheby, Northt. License to take to farm lands, &c. of an annual value of above 100l., with license of non-residence. Del. Westm., 30 March 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat, p. 2, m. 39.


  • 1. Sic; an error for xxxiiij.
  • 2. "Et combien, sire, que la royne ayt tousiours este doppinion que dez que lon vouldra venir en amiablete et party avec ceulxcy, comme encoires elle escripuist dernierement a son medecin, entendant que Cremuel mestoit venu trouver, touteffois que pourroit reduyre le cas selon la susd. ouverture, il me semble que luy feroye le tout trouver bon."
  • 3. In the abstract, "conde de Nasao."
  • 4. The first of these two documents is certainly at least a year or two earlier than the period in which it is here inserted. The date of the second appears to have been about, or a little before, Easter 1535. See Stat. 27 Hen. VIII. c. 21.
  • 5. Hector Pignatelli, duke of Monteleone, viceroy of Sicily, died at Palermo on the 7th March 1535. (Blasi, Storia Cronologica, II. pt. i. 79.)
  • 6. 27 March in 1535.
  • 7. 21 March in 1535.
  • 8. Added in a modern hand: "Anno Dom. 1535, 26 H 8. Thomas Grene, master."
  • 9. Crossed out.
  • 10. There is space left here.
  • 11. Made serjeant in 1531; King's serjeant 1536.