Folios x - xix

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: C, 1291-1309. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1901.

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'Folios x - xix', in Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: C, 1291-1309, (London, 1901) pp. 15-20. British History Online [accessed 24 April 2024]

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Folio x (xxxiv).

Grant by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to the Mayor and citizens of London, of Queenhithe, to be held at a fee farm rent of £50. Dated the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 30 Henry III. [A. D. 1246]. Also Charter of Confirmation of the same by the King. Dated Wyndlesore, 26 Feb., 31 Hen. III. [A. D. 1246-7]. (fn. 1)

[Fos. x b-xii b blank.]

Folio xiii (xxxvii).

[Here follow particulars of the manner of setting the assize of bread, commencing Secundum consuetudinem civitatis London ...... and ending et ita adequatur numerus panum numero obolorum et pondus idem est. Printed in the 'Liber Albus,' i. 349-51. See also 'Assisa Panis,' fo. 1 b, and 'Liber Horn,' fo. 234. -Editor.]

Folio xiii b (xxxvii b).

[Regulations for the assize of buildings ordained A. D. 1189, commonly known as Fitz Eylwyn's Assize. Printed in the 'Liber Albus,' i. 319-32.-Editor.]

Folio xv b (xxxix b).

Articles confirmed by the lord the King touching the state of the City and the strict observance of the peace, which articles are sealed with the Great Seal of the King. (fn. 2)

These are the articles which our lord the King commands to be kept in his City of London for the preservation of his peace. Firstly, that whereas murders, robberies, and homicides have in times past been committed in the City by night and day, it is forbidden that any one walk the streets after curfew tolled at St. Martin le Grand (fn. 3) with sword, buckler, or other arm unless he be a great lord, or other respectable person of note, or their acknowledged retainer, bearing a light; and if any be found doing the contrary they are to be committed to the Tun, and the next day brought before the Warden or Mayor and Aldermen, and punished accordingly. No taverner to keep his tavern open for wine or beer after curfew, nor admit any one into his tavern nor into his house, unless he be willing to answer for the King's peace, under penalties named. (fn. 4) No one to keep a fencing school by night or day, under pain of imprisonment for forty days. (fn. 5) And whereas misdoers who have been arrested are often treated too leniently, to the encouragement of others, it is ordained that no prisoner be released by a Sheriff or his officer without the cognizance of the Warden or Mayor and the Aldermen; and that each Alderman make diligent search in his Ward for misdoers, and if any such be found, to bring them before the Warden or Mayor and the Aldermen for due punishment if proved guilty of the charges brought against them. (fn. 6) No foreigner nor stranger to keep hostel within the City, but only those who are freemen of the City, or who can produce a good character from the place whence they have come, and are ready to find sureties for good behaviour. (fn. 7) No broker to be allowed in the City except those that are sworn before the Warden or Mayor and the Aldermen. And if any broker or hosteler be found, in contravention of these ordinances, after one month from the date of publication of the same, they are to be arrested and punished in manner prescribed. (fn. 8) The King, who desires that the peace of his City be well kept among all folk, has heard that the above articles are not observed, nor can be observed, by reason of his Ministers oftentimes incurring displeasure and punishment for having imprisoned and otherwise punished misdoers and suspected persons, whereby the Ministers aforesaid hesitate to punish evildoers, who become emboldened the more in their evil ways; he therefore wills and commands that his Ministers be not in future impleaded for punishing offenders, unless it be shown that they have acted through malice. And he wills that the above ordinances be kept for preserving the peace, together with any amendment it may please him to make for the benefit of the City.

[Fos. xvi b-xvii b blank.]

Temp. Sir J[ohn] le Bretun, continued.

Folio xviii.

Brokers sworn for the office (ad officium) of Woolmen (Lanarii) and Drapers (Draparii) and elected, &c., viz., Friday before the Feast of St. Michael, 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], viz., John Carbonel, Boydin de Huntingdone, John de Huntingdone, Peter de Candano, (fn. 9) John de Braban, William Sauvage, (fn. 10) Nicholas de Caumbraye, William de la Vyle, Walter Dyry, Rabaot de Worleys (?), Henry de Abyndone.

Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Corders, viz., Reginald le Suur, Ralph de Pelham, William de Watel.

Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Skinners, viz., Henry Banquer, Gerard de Brye, Nicholas de York, Robert de Bremlyngge.

Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Apothecaries, viz., Henry Banquer, John de Stapelford, Silvester de Farnham, (fn. 11) Henry de Enefeud.

Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Wines, viz., Nicholas de Suffolk, Edmund de Suffolk, William de Portesmewe, Andrew de Pavely, William de Duntone, John le Murager, Robert le Barber, Simon de Trys.

Statutum Alderm'.

And the same day it was agreed by the Warden and Aldermen, for the benefit of the whole City and of foreigners alike, that no one in future should meddle with brokerage of corn or malt, under penalty of the statute, &c.

Broker elected and sworn for the office of hiring ships, viz., Jurdan de Wicsaund.

On Tuesday the Feast of St. Edward, K .[13 Oct.], 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], William le Chaundeler kept his day and appeared before the Warden and Aldermen to receive judgment for opprobrious words used towards Geoffrey le Hurer, the King's Serjeant, saying that he ought to be hanged and drawn through the streets of London like Randkyn de Laufare, and that he was a bad and false man, &c., in contempt of the lord the King and of the Warden and Aldermen, of which contempt he had been convicted and had found sureties to come up for judgment, and having appeared, he, in the presence of the Warden; the Sheriffs, and Robert de Basinge, John de Banquille, Elias Russel, Walter de Finchingfeud, John de Canterbury, Henry le Bole, Robert de Rokesle, John de Dunstaple, and William de Betoynne, Aldermen, straightly denies the record, and further declares that the Aldermen (who had convicted him) were hostile, and he does not abide by their record and that of the Warden; and because it appeared by the record that the said William did use the expressions with which he was charged, he is committed to prison according to the form of the statute put forth by the King for the benefit of the City of Westminster, &c., quousque, &c. Afterwards, viz., on Friday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], the said William was mainprised by Henry le Belhus, Edmund le Taillur de Otteswich, William de Leyham, tailor, and Richard Jurdan, "paternostrer," &c.

[Folios. xviii b blank.]

Folio xix.

Deed of covenant whereby Sir John de Lovetot (or Lovetoft), (fn. 12) senior, conveys to Robert de Basingge the marriage (maritagium)

Convencio inter Johannem Louetoft seniorem et Robertum de Basingge

of Margaret, daughter and heiress of Thomas, son of Ralph de Normanville, and the guardianship of all lands and tenements coming to her on the decease of her said father and of Ralph her uncle, together with the advowson of the church of Kynardintone, (fn. 13) &c., excepting the dower of Dionisia her mother, and saving to the aforesaid John certain emblements; the said Robert paying to the said John a sum of money in hand, and covenanting to pay the sum of £200 by instalments as prescribed. The sum of 200 marks to be in respite, to be paid in the event of the said Margaret living beyond the term of four years from the date of this deed, or dying within the term, leaving issue, the grantor to be indemnified respecting "Gavelkynde" (fn. 14) in Kent, &c. The aforesaid Robert covenants to allow his son, who is about to marry the said Margaret, to endow her with twenty librates (fn. 15) of land. Sureties for the grantor, William de Hereford, John le Blund, and William le Mazeliner. Dated the Feast of the Circumcision [1 Jan.], 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1293-4].

Afterwards, viz., on Monday the Feast of Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 31 Edward I. [A. D. 1303], came Nicholas de Sparkford, executor of John de Lovetot, before John le Blunt, Mayor, William de Beton', Thomas Romeyn, Richard de Gloucestre, Richard Asshewy, and Nicholas Pycot, then Chamberlain, and delivered up the above deed to the aforesaid Margaret, widow and executrix of Robert de Basingge, and acknowledged complete satisfaction, &c. It is therefore cancelled.

Folio xix b

Pro Nicholao de Cocfeud.

Letters of protection in favour of Nicholas de Cockefeud, who was about to cross to Gascony on the King's business. Dated "Butteleye," 22 Aug., 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1294].


Aubyn le Archier attached to answer the Commonalty of the City of London for that he, not being free nor sworn of the said City, buys and sells by retail (per particulas) within the City as if he were a freeman, to the prejudice and loss of divers men in his business (de officio suo) and other citizens of the same City, &c. And the aforesaid Aubyn comes and gives no reason why he should enjoy the freedom of the City, nor can he deny that he trafficked in the manner charged Therefore he is in mercy. And he is told not to traffic in future within the City quousque, &c. And he finds sureties for his fine, and that in future, &c., viz., William le Frauncis, Reginald le Carpenter, called Heyne, Ralph Faber de Insula, and Robert de la Ryde, &c.

Pro Willelmo Cok'.

Letters of protection in favour of William Cok', of London, who was about to cross to Gascony in the company of Roger de Mortimer. Dated "Portesmwe," 10 Aug., 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1294].

Pro Willelmo de Lyndes'.

Similar letters on behalf of William de Lindes[ey], about to go to Gascony in the company of Hugh de Veer, &c.

Be it remembered that on Monday before the Feast of St. Michael, 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1294], three charters of the liberty of the City of London were delivered to Walter de Finchingfeud, Walter de Rokele, and Adam de Rokele, Aldermen, viz., two charters in the name of King Henry and one in the name of King Richard, to prosecute before the lord the King for pannage (fn. 16) and pontage (fn. 17) demanded of citizens of London at Cantebrege and Staines by precept of eighteen Aldermen, viz., Stephen Aswy, John......


  • 1. Printed in 'Liber Custumarum,' i. 46- 7. The original documents are preserved in the Town Clerk's office at the Guildhall.
  • 2. These articles bear no date, nor do they appear to be recorded elsewhere in the City's archives in exactly the same form as here set out. The City was probably "in the King's hand" at the time they were promulgated.
  • 3. "At Saint Laurence [Jewry] or at Berkyngchirche" are added in a similar ordinance entered in the 'Liber Albus' (i. 275).
  • 4. Cf. 'Liber Albus,' i. 276.
  • 5. Cf. id., i. 274.
  • 6. Cf. id., i. 277; 'Liber Custumarum,' i. 282-3.
  • 7. Cf. 'Liber Albus,' i. 268, 282 ; 'Liber Cust.,' i. 283.
  • 8. Cf. 'Liber Albus,' i. 268-9.
  • 9. Probably meaning "of Gand," i. e., Ghent.
  • 10. The name struck through, and noluit appended.
  • 11. In the following February (1294) he was admitted and sworn weigher at the King's Beam, used for weighing all goods exceeding 25 lb. in weight. See 'Cal. Letter-Book A,' pp. 224-5.
  • 12. There was a John de Lovetot, Justice of Common Pleas 1275-89, who got into disgrace for judicial misconduct. 'Chron. Edward I. and II.' (Rolls Series), i. 98n. 137.
  • 13. Kennardington, co. Kent.
  • 14. A tenure or custom prevalent for the most part in Kent (although not peculiar to that county), whereby lands descended to sons in equal parts.
  • 15. Land worth 20s. yearly.
  • 16. A duty paid to the King for pasturage of cattle, although some think at a mistake for "paviage." See Bohun, 'Privilegia Londini' (ed. 1723), p. 36.
  • 17. A duty paid for the use of bridges and devoted to their maintenance.