Folios xxxi - xl: 1315

Pages 44-53

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: E, 1314-1337. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

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Folios xxxi - xl

Afterwards the King sent another writ to the effect that wine that was then in the City and wine imported after the date of the writ might be sold wholesale or by retail at a reasonable price. Dated at Walsingham, 6 Oct., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

De Trona concessa Will'o Diri.

Saturday after the Feast of St. Leo the Pope [28 June], 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], a certain tron for weighing cheese, butter, tallow, wool, and such like, between citizens and other merchants buying and selling in the City, was delivered to William Diri by the Mayor and Aldermen, he having been elected for the purpose by good men of the City to weigh justly between buyers and sellers, &c.

Scriptum Rob'i de Pipeherst.

A bond of indemnity entered into by Roger de Frouwyk, goldsmith, in favour of Robert de Pyphurst, goldbeater (aurimelleator), for the delivery of a statute merchant for 500 marks in which Ralph de Honylane, late citizen and vintner, was bound to the said Roger. Witnesses, Nicholas de Farendone, Henry de Gloucestre, Elyas de Suffolk, Roger de Arcubus, William de Caustone, Roger de Lyntone, Ralph the Clerk, and others [not named]. Dated at London, Monday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

[Folios. xxxi b blank.]

Folio. xxxii.

Breve pro mercatoribus Vascon'.

Writ alias to the Sheriffs, bidding them to restore the wine belonging to Gascon merchants which had been unlawfully seized, and not to molest them pending the settlement of certain disputes that had arisen. Dated at Wyndesore, 26 March, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

Return to the effect that whereas according to the franchise and custom of the City it was not permissible for a merchant stranger to sell wine or other victuals or other goods to another merchant stranger for resale except to magnates and others, and whereas a certain Gerard Dorgoil, a merchant stranger, sold a cask of wine to William de Eltham, a foreign retail dealer, to be sold again, contrary to the franchise and custom of the City, they had seized the cask as forfeited, and that was the reason why they could not surrender the cask to the said Gerard without prejudicing the franchise of the City. (fn. 1)

Breve pro civibus Lond' Sen' et Mar' d'ni R' directum.

Writ to the Steward and Marshal of the King's Household that they draw not any citizen out of the City to plead, but observe the terms of the charter granted to the citizens by the King's predecessors in this respect. Dated at Westminster, 9 March, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1314-15]. (fn. 2)

Aliud breve pro Vascon'.

Afterwards the said Gascons brought another writ to the Sheriffs to similar effect as the former. Dated at Wyndesore, 4 April, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315]. (fn. 3)

Folio. xxxii b.

4 April, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], Stephen de Abyndone and Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Sheriffs, caused the fish trussed in dossers belonging to divers fishmongers to be brought to the Guildhall, the said dossers being reported to hold less than a bushel of oats. The dossers were measured in the presence of John de Gysors, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, John de la Chaumbre, Elyas de Suffolk, Simon Corp, Anketyn de Gysors, and Roger de Paris, Aldermen, viz., those belonging to Richard Pynnefowel, Hamo de Hakeneye, Roger de Bernes, Stephen Horne, Godfrey Burgoys, Adam de Ely, William Sorweles, Godwyn Tourke, John de Mokkynge de Somersete, Simon Fitz Robert, Andrew Horn, William de Braybroke, Richard le Taillour, Robert Baudri, Walter de Merefeld, Robert de Ely, John Saleman, Richard de Farenberwe, and Richard Flynthard; and those that were found of wrong measure were ordered to be burnt in Chepe and the fish to be confiscated. (fn. 4)

Folio. xxxiii.

Breve R' ad admittend' test'm Ed'i fil' Nich'i Horn ad probacionem.

Writ to the Mayor that he admit to probate in the Husting the will of Edmund Horn (probate of which had hitherto been refused), inasmuch as the said Edmund had devised to William de Burgh and Margery his wife certain tenements, of which Roger Hosebonde and Alice his wife, and William le Clerk and Alice his wife, had taken possession, contrary to the terms of the will of the said Edmund. Dated Westminster, 18 April, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

Return: The will of the said Edmund Horn was proved in the Husting of London for Pleas of Land held on Monday before the Feast of St. George [23 April], the aforesaid year, but on account of certain ambiguities in the will, and for certain reasons put forward by the testator's heirs against execution of the will, execution was postponed. (fn. 5)

Another writ to the Mayor and Aldermen that they grant immediate execution of the will of Edmund Horn. Dated at Thunderle, 16 May, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

Return made to similar effect.

Folio. xxxiii b.

A third writ to similar effect. Dated at Langely, 8 Aug., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

Return [not recorded].

Folio. xxxiv.

Breve pro Simone de Burgo et Matill' uxore ejus.

Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen that they grant the guardianship of Agnes, the daughter of Matilda, late wife of John Laurence, and now wife of Simon de Burgh, to the said Simon and Matilda, according to the custom of the City, whereby the nearest parents (parentes) of children under age, to whom the property of the said children would not come by inheritance after their decease, should have the guardianship of such children. Dated at Westminster, 26 April, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].


Return to the effect that whereas Simon de Burgh and Matilda his wife were contriving to marry the aforesaid Agnes, who was eight years of age, and had property to the amount of 40 marks rent, to Thomas, a son of the aforesaid Simon, who was not yet eleven years old, and the banns of their marriage had been published, and the wedding garments and feast had been prepared, (fn. 6) certain friends of the said Agnes, having discovered the plot, brought her before the Mayor and Aldermen at the Guildhall, and they having questioned the said Simon and Matilda on the matter, and receiving no denial, had committed the said Agnes to the care of the Chamberlain.

Folio. xxxiv b.

Breve R' pro Sim' de Burgh et Matill' uxore ejus vel vos ipsi sitis, etc.

Another writ to the same to the effect that the King deemed the reason given in the above return for the action taken by the Mayor and Aldermen in removing the above-mentioned Agnes from the custody of her mother to be insufficient, unless the mother had suffered disparagement by her second marriage. The child was therefore to be restored to the said Simon and Matilda. Dated at Westminster, 4 May, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].


Return: We still answer that the within-written Simon de Burgh and Matilda ought not to have the custody of the body of Agnes, the daughter of the said Matilda, and of her goods and tenements, according to the custom of the City, for the reason already given and returned before you in Court, and therefore we shall appear before you as ordered in the writ.

Folio. xxxv.

Compot' redd' ad scaccarium.

The account of the Mayor and good men and entire Commonalty of the City of London rendered at the Exchequer of the lord the King touching a fifteenth, anno 29 Edward I., in the Great Roll, anno 7 Edward II., in Item, London.

Particule de M l M l D marcis de xv a Regi concessa apud Lyncoln a° xxix.

Be it remembered that on Thursday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], Hugh de Waltham, one of the executors of Nicholas Pikot, late Chamberlain, delivered to John Dode, then Chamberlain, a letter patent under the Great Seal to the effect that the late King in the twenty-ninth year of his reign received from the Mayor, good men, and Commonalty of the City the sum of 2,500 marks, for which the King pardoned them the fifteenth of their movables on account of the fifteenth granted to the King by the Parliament at Lincoln. Of this sum the Mayor and Commonalty, at the King's request, delivered to Elyas Russel £500, &c.

Also he [viz., the above Hugh] delivered to the said John a letter patent to the effect that the King granted to the Mayor and citizens the ferm and issues of the City if it should happen that the King did not get the fifteenth, &c.

Also he delivered to the said John two writs of Privy Seal, a letter patent under the seal of Sir John de Drokenesford, and an indenture under the same seal, mentioning the above sum of £500 to be delivered to Sir Ralph de Stokes and the aforesaid Elyas Russel, or to one of them.

Also he delivered an acquittance under the seal of the said Sir Ralph de Stokes and sixteen acquittances under the seal of the said Elyas for the sum of £435 19s. 1d., which the said Ralph and Elyas had received from the Mayor and citizens by the hands of Nicholas Pikot.

Also he delivered a close letter of the said Sir John de Drokenesford ordering payment for divers harness for the King.

Also seven acquittances whereby the said Nicholas paid £24 19s. 8d.; and a tally whereby the said Nicholas paid the said Elyas £8 by the hands of Eustace de Donyton, and a tally whereby the said Nicholas paid John de Lincoln 60s.

Folio. xxxv b.

Allowance of the franchise of London made before the Steward and Marshal of the lord the King.

Pleas of the Hall of the lord the King at St. Dunstan within the Bar of the New Temple, Wednesday the eve of the Ascension [1 May], 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315]. Alice Budde prosecutes William le Flemyng, "armurer," for a trespass within the verge, (fn. 7) &c. And the Sheriffs returned that the said William was non inventus, but had been attached by his chattels to the value of 12d. Both parties now appear, &c. Thereupon came John de Gisors, the Mayor, and claimed the said William as a fellow-citizen, and said that he ought not to plead without the City walls, according to the terms of a charter confirmed by the King's father, and also of a writ dated at Westminster, 9 March, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1314-15]. (fn. 8) The said charter and writ having been examined, the franchise was allowed, and the said Alice was told to prosecute the aforesaid William before the bailiffs of the City and within its walls. (fn. 9)

Friday before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], a lease granted by John de Gisors, Mayor, John de Wengrave, William Trente, Henry de Durham, John Lambyn, Elyas de Suffolk, and John de la Chaumbre, Aldermen, to Sir Gilbert de Hardyngham, of a certain hermitage near the King's garden on London Wall. To hold the same during life and good behaviour, at an annual rent of half a mark, &c. (fn. 10)

Folio. xxxvi.

Precept to the Chamberlain and the Serjeant of the Chamber to levy the sum of 40 marks on the goods and chattels of Thomas de Meldebourne and Richard de Meldebourne in discharge of a bond entered into on Monday before the Feast of SS. Philip and James [1 May], 7 Edward II. [A.D. 1314], in favour of Richard But.

Pursuant to the above writ, Philip de Merdele, the Serjeant, took of the goods and chattels of the said Thomas a silkembroidered cope (capam), valued by Nicholas de Cauntebrige, John Heyroun, "settere," and William le Settere at 18 marks. A day given to the said Thomas to redeem the cope, and in default it was delivered to Richard But on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June].

Letter from the Mayor and Sheriffs of the City to G[ilbert Segrave], Bishop of London, to the effect that whereas Gregory de Norton and Johanna, daughter of Gilbert Sperlyng, had been summoned to attend the Justices at Westminster to answer Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, in a plea that they would permit him to present some fit parson to the church of St. Andrew Huberd, which is vacant......[blank].

[Folios. xxxvi b blank.]

Folio. xxxvii.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs. Whereas Edmund, late Earl of Cornwall, had granted to Master William de Cippenham an annual rent of 8 marks out of the ferm of Queenhithe, payable by the Sheriffs for the time being, the same had not been paid on the ground that a grant of Queenhithe had been formerly made to the City by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, which grant had been confirmed by King Henry, grandfather of the present King. (fn. 11) They are bidden to pay the above rent and all arrears. Dated at Westminster, 28 Feb., 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1314-15].

Similar writ for the payment of an annual rent of 10 marks out of the ferm of Queenhithe to Henry de Braclesham, which sum had been granted to the said Henry by Edmund, Earl of Cornwall. Dated at Westminster, 18 Feb., 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1314-15].

[Folios. xxxvii b, xxxviii blank.]

Folio. xxxviii b.

Petition to Parliament by good men of London for a remedy against dilatory proceedings taken by defendants in suits at law and the removal of goods to prevent execution being made on them after judgment of court. (fn. 12)

Nota de execucionibus faciend' per prima judicia.

Answer to the above to the effect that in such cases the goods of the offenders should be safeguarded, without removal, on judgment being first pronounced, and writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to the same effect. Dated at Westminster, 4 June, 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

Folio. xxxix.

Custod' Joh'is (fil') Augustum le Gaunter.

Thursday the eve of St. James [25 July], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], the guardianship of John, son of Augustine le Gaunter, aged sixteen years, entrusted to Simon de Thorp, skinner, together with his property, including rents of a tenement in the parish of St. Mary de Bothehawe, left to him by Petronilla his mother. Sureties, viz., Hugh de Wircestre and Hervey de Beri.

Deliberacio cartarum.

Afterwards, viz., on Friday the Feast of St. Augustine [26 May], 11 Edward II. [A.D. 1318], came Laurence de Hanyngtone, one of the executors of the above Petronilla le Gaunter, and brought twenty deeds and writings touching the above tenement, the same to be safe-guarded until the aforesaid John comes of age.

Solucio £x facta Joh'i fil' Will'i de Kent.

The same day came John, son of William de Kent, late tailor, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and desired that the sum of £10 bequeathed to him by his father out of the proceeds of the sale of a certain tenement to be carried out by his executors, which money was then deposited with John de Colkirke, tailor, executor of the said William, should be delivered to him, as he was of sufficient age to have control over his property. Precept was accordingly issued to the executor to forthwith deliver the said sum, which he did upon being indemnified by William Jurdon and Hamo le Chaundeler de Chepe.

Custod' Will'i fil' Will'i le Fullere.

Tuesday before the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], the guardianship of William, son of William le Fullere, aged one year, entrusted to Andrew Horn, fishmonger, with the assent of the boy's nearest friends and of the Mayor and Aldermen. Sureties, viz., Reginald de Herlyzon and Andrew Horn himself. (fn. 13)

Folio. xxxix b.

De compoto custod' pont'.

Be it remembered that Thomas Prentiz and John de Wymondham, late Wardens of London Bridge, were in arrears in their account to the extent of £103 3s. 2½d., whereout there is allowed to them, by assent of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, for extraordinary services the sum of £20. The said Wardens delivered to John Dode, the Chamberlain, for the City's use, £20, and to Anketin de Gisors and Henry de Gloucestre, now Wardens of the said Bridge, £42 16s. 7½d. There is further allowed to the said Thomas and John, the late Wardens, the sum of £20 6s. 7d., which John atte Halle, the renter (redditarius) of the Bridge in their time, had received, and for which a bond is given for payment to the new Wardens by Robert de Pyphurst and Juliana, relict of Alan de Brauncestre, on behalf of the said John atte Halle.

Proclamacio facta contra Flandrenses.

Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made that all Flemings void the realm, as being enemies to the King of France, with whom the King of England had formed a treaty. Dated at "Nichole" (Lincoln), 1 Sept., 9 Edward II. (A.D. 1315). (fn. 14)

Folio. xl.

Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and the whole Commonalty of the City, complaining that they had failed to pay, as directed, the sum of 600 marks (the amount of a fine exacted for pulling down an earthen wall near the Tower) to Arnald de Grambail, (fn. 15) William de la Mare, William de Gayreot, and Peter de Bordeaux, merchants of Gascony, in payment for wine purchased by Walter Waldeshef, the King's Butler, and ordering immediate payment. Dated at Lincoln, 30 Aug., 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315].

Pursuant to the above writ, payment of the sum of 600 marks was made to the aforesaid Gascons, and they delivered to the Mayor and Aldermen a tally of the King's receipt. (fn. 16)

[Folios. xl b blank.]


  • 1. Printed in 'Collection Générale des Documents Français qui se trouvent en Angleterre' (Delpit), pp. 48, 49. The editor, however, misreads "Elchin" for "Eltham."
  • 2. Printed in 'Liber Albus,' i. 478- 479, where, however, the date given is 10 March. Cf. the case of Alice Budde v. William le Flemyng, infra, fo. xxxv b ('Liber Albus,' i. 300-302).
  • 3. Printed by Delpit, op. cit., p. 49.
  • 4. 'Memorials,' p. 116.
  • 5. See 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 254-5, where the objections raised to probate being granted are set out. See also infra, fo. xliii b, p. 55.
  • 6. Quorum banna in ecclesia edita fuerunt et sollempnitates nupciis pertinentes ut in vestibus et convivio preparabantur.
  • 7. The verge or compass of the Marshalsea or King's Court, within which the Seneschal or Steward of the Household held jurisdiction. According to Du Cange, it owes its name to the virga or wand carried by the Steward of the King's Household. See 'Liber Cust.,' Glossary of Med. Latin, s.v. "Virga."
  • 8. Cf. supra, p. 45.
  • 9. 'Liber Albus,' i. 300-2.
  • 10. 'Memorials,' p. 117.
  • 11. See 'Cal. Letter-Book B,' p. 79, note: 'Cal. Letter-Book C,' p. 15. Cf. writ dated 8 April, 12 Edw. II., infra, fo. lxxxvii b.
  • 12. This petition and writ that follows are printed in 'Liber Albus,' i. 408-10.
  • 13. 'Memorials,' pp. 117, 118.
  • 14. Rymer's 'Fodera,' vol. ii. pt. i. p. 277. The writ was issued at the express request of Louis X. of France, made by letter dated at Crecy, 18 July, 1315. Delpit (op. cit.), p. 50.
  • 15. "Gramvail" (Delpit).
  • 16. Printed by Delpit (op. cit., pp 50, 51).