Folios cxxx - cxl: Sept 1364 -

Pages 169-178

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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Folio cxxx.

Custodia Thome fil' Hugonis atte Boure.

25 Sept., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], John Noot, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Thomas Lodelowe, James Andrew, James de Thame, and Walter Forester, Aldermen, delivered a sum of money to Robert de Brynkeleye, mercer, in trust for Thomas, son of Hugh atte Boure, late mercer. Sureties, viz., Walter Forester, "pelter," Robert Turk, fishmonger, Ralph Blakeneye, mercer, and Robert de Burle, mercer.

Afterwards, viz., anno 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374], temp. Adam de Bury, Mayor, the above Robert de Brynkeleye rendered account of the money, and he and his sureties were discharged, as appears infra, fo. cccxvii.

Folio cxxx b-cxxxi.

A recital of the ordinances of the Farriers (Mareschalli) made in 1356, temp. Henry Pykard, Mayor, with an additional article approved by John Notte, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, on the day after the Feast of the Assumption [15 Aug.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. (fn. 1)

Folio cxxxi b.

Br' e d' ni R' de proclamando feriam apud Westm'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation that all merchants attending Westminster Fair during the thirty-two days (fn. 2) of its duration are under the King's protection. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Oct., 37 Edward III. [A.D. 1363].

Folio cxxxii.

Pleas held in the Chamber of the Guildhall, Saturday after the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt. [29 Aug.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], before John Notte, the Mayor, Stephen Cavendysshe, Adam de Bury, William Holbeche, William de Tudenham, John Bernes, James de Thame, and Walter Forester, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty:—

Juduium collistigii pro fr' o afforato in co' i foro ultra co' em venduronem.

Thomas Lovelane, baker, attached to answer a charge brought by John de Briclesworth, the Common Serjeant, who prosecutes for the Commonalty, of having gone to the common market for corn on the pavement within Neugate on the previous day, and offered more than the price current for a bushel of corn, to the damage of the common people and the enhancement of the price of corn. The said Thomas says he is not guilty, and puts himself on the country, &c. And the said John likewise. A jury from the venue of the pavement elected and tried (electi et triati), viz., Peter Colbrok, Thomas Kynggesbrugge, William Bedell, Nicholas Braylles, William Randolf, Walter Raven, Philip le Chaundeler, William Lodelowe, William Dymnel, Walter de Keleshulle, John "Geldeford," and Thomas Canoun, who say that the said Thomas is guilty of the charge. Therefore it is adjudged by the Mayor and Aldermen that he stand in the pillory for three hours in the day, and John de Hiltoft, one of the Sheriffs, is ordered to carry the judgment into execution.

Folio cxxxii-cxxxii b.

Pillor' Joh' s atte Wode.

John atte Wode, baker, attached for a similar offence, and for having enticed Robert de Cawode from the common market into the Church of the Friars Minors, and there secretly bought corn of him at a price above the price current. The said John says he is not guilty, and puts himself, &c. A jury from the venue within Neugate elected and tried, viz., Peter "de" Colbrok, Thomas Kynggesbrigge, William Bedell, Nicholas Braylles, William Randolf, Walter Raven, Philip le Chaundeler, William Dymnel, Walter Keleshulle, John de "Guldeford," Thomas Canoun, and David Usk, say that the said John is guilty of enhancing the price of corn. Condemned to the pillory ut supra. (fn. 3)

Folio cxxxiii.

Be it remembered that John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, received from divers misteries for a present sent to the King, viz., anno 37 [Edward III.]:— From Brasiers, 10 marks; Sporiers, 40s.; Tanners without Neugate, 40s.; Robert de Thame, "cornmongere," 2 marks; William Botoner, 60s.; Thomas Brakenburgh, 2 marks; Butchers of St. Nicholas, £9; John Hydyngham, 10s.; Thomas Boltone, 13s. 4d.; Robert Lightfot, 6s. 8d.; Butchers of "les Stokkes," £6; William Stoket, fuller, 6s. 8d.; Henry Yerdele, 50s.; William Doder, fuller, half a mark; John Peremay, 1 mark; John Beaufrount, 20s.; John Buksted, half a mark; "Grossers," £26 6s. 8d.; John Olescompe, half a mark; Poulterers, 10 marks; "Courreours," 5 marks; Butchers of Estchep, £8; John Pountfreyt, 13s. 4d.; Robert Gurdelere, 13s. 4d.; Robert Ivyngho and his fellowsalters, 5 marks; "Bowyers," 60s.; John Rameseye, 2 marks; Richard Lakenham, 20s.; John Graftone, 6s. 8d.; four "dieghers," 2 marks; John Cook, "fullere," half a mark; Robert Spaldyng, half a mark; Richard Nortone, 10s.; Philip Draper, "cook," half a mark; William Harewedone, half a mark; William Walpol and Richard Hermar, half a mark; Bartholomew Smyth, half a mark; Richard and Richard [sic] atte Crouchewebbes, one mark; Adam de St. Alban, "smythe," half a mark; "Ismongers," £7 18s. 4d.; Thomas Serlond, 20s.; Gylmyn Bakere, 13s. 4d.; Richard atte Dyche, "plomer," half a mark; Thomas atte Dyche, "plomer," half a mark, Peter Van, 13s. 4d.; William Spynk, half a mark; Laurence Beaumond, 10s.; Chandlers, £8; William Brekles, 10s.; "Peutres," 100s.; Tailors, £20; John Benet, half a mark; Henry Ware, 40s.; Nicholas Potyn, "fullere," half a mark; William West, half a mark; John Potenhale, 2 marks; Robert Potenhale, 1 mark; "Wexchaundlers," 40s.; Adam de St. Ive, 40s.; Simon Spicer, 13s. 4d.; Robert "Etegroue," 6s. 8d.; Tanners without Crepelgate, 31s.; "Pouuchemakers," 5 marks; two Cappers, 13s. 4d.; Vintners, £33 6s. 8d.; William Bonet, 10s.; Skinners, £40; William Dykeman, 40s.; Cordwamers, 10 marks; Thomas Fant, William Sunyng, and William Kyng, 20s.; Brewers, £14 6s. 8d.; Saddlers, 100s.; Cutlers, £4; Fishmongers, £40; Mercers, £40; Girdlers, £6 13s. 4d.; "Grossers" in the Ropery, 100s.; John Cokke, 13s. 4d.; Richard Dighere, 6s. 8d.; Adam Carlelle, spicer, half a mark; Thomas the scrivener in Frydaystret, half a mark; "Gloveres," 20s.; John Herlawe, half a mark; Andrew Pyebakere, half a mark; John Cressyngham, half a mark; John atte Harpe, half a mark; John Seint Ive and Roger atte Basket, half a mark; Armourers, 60s.; Thomas atte Swan, half a mark; Simon Levelyf, half a mark; Laurence Folevyle, half a mark; Thomas Grantham, 1 mark; Goldsmiths, £20; John Harewardestoke, 20s.; Gilbert Prynce, 6s. 8d.; Drapers, £40; John Bullok, tapicer, 13s. 4d.; John Wodegate, 6s. 8d.

Total, £428 9s. 4d.

Presents sent to the King of France in part payment, (fn. 4) anno 38 [Edward III.].

Received of Drapers, 10 marks; Fishmongers, 10 marks; Mercers, 10 marks; "Grocers," 10 marks. Total, £24 6s. 8d.

Sum total, £452 16s.

Folio cxxxiii b.

M d de compoto Joh' is de Cauntebrigge.

Be it remembered that John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, accounted with the Commonalty on the 21st October, 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], for receipts contained in this book from Michaelmas, anno 37, to Michaelmas, anno 38.

"Cockow" Judicium pillor'.

John "Cochow," "pulter," attached to answer a charge made by John Hockele, spicer, who prosecutes for the Commonalty, of having sold him a putrid rabbit on Thursday after the Feast of St. Leonard [6 Nov.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. The accused acknowledged the charge and was condemned to the pillory, the rabbit to be burnt under him, and proclamation to be made of his offence.

Forisfactura Bras'.

Peter Aunger de Cauntebrige attached to answer a charge brought by John de Mitford and Simon de Mordone, Sheriffs, of having secretly sold malt at Grascherche instead of in the public market on Friday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. The said Peter acknowledged the offence. It was therefore decreed that the malt should be forfeited to the Sheriffs, who of their favour gave back a half to the said Peter.

Folio cxxxiv.

Br' e pro Telariis.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation that all persons who are and wish to be of the craft of weaving in the City and suburbs subject themselves to the Guild of Weavers and contribute towards its ferm. Witness the King at Westminster, 11 Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364].

Folio cxxxiv b.

Butchers elected and sworn to govern and survey their mistery and present abuses to the Mayor, viz.:—

Nicholas Shambles: Walter atte Grene, Henry Asselyn, William Ryf, William Maresshale.

Estchepe: Robert de Boydon, William Ivory, William Hastynge, Henry atte Beche.

Stokke: Thomas atte Hoke, Maurice de Saxtone, Nicholas le Longe, Simon atte Water.

Smiths (Fabri) elected and sworn to govern and supervise their mistery, &c., viz.: Bartholomew atte Mersche, William de Fletebrigge, William Albon, and Adam de St. Alban.

Folio cxxxv.

Ordinances as to the sale of bread and horse-bread by hostelers and the sale of old furs, clothes, &c., made on Thursday before the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], in the presence of Adam de Bury, the Mayor, John Lovekyn, Adam Franceys, Stephen Cavendysshe, John Noot, Thomas Lodlowe, William Holbeche, William Tudenham, John Biernes, John de Chychestre, William Welde, Walter Forester, Simon de Worsted, John de St. Alban, James de Thame, Thomas de Pykenham, James Andrew, Bartholomew Frestlyng, and John Lytle, Aldermen. (fn. 5)

Folio cxxxv b.

Also it is ordained that he who sells and buys old cloth shall not sell or buy new cloth on pain of forfeiture.

De pena ordinata de illis qui sunt rebell' mestero suo etc.

Also it is ordained that all the misteries of the City be lawfully ruled and governed, each in its kind, so that no deceit or false work be found therein by good men elected and sworn from each mistery. And if any be rebellious against them let him be fined and imprisoned in manner prescribed.

Folio cxxxvi-cxxxvi b.

Charter to the Fishmongers of the City. Dated at Westminster, 10 July, 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. (fn. 6)

Folio cxxxvii.

L' ra de attorn' Joh' is Phelipot.

Nil sol'.

A general power of attorney granted by John Phelipot to William de Hockele, Sir John de Pontefract, clerk, and William Tournaye, to act for him in his absence. Dated 28th Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364].

21 Nov, 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], Simon le Cooke, "webbe," and Thomas Gerveys, "webbe," elected and sworn before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, to govern and supervise the mistery of Weavers, and to present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen in the event of their being unable themselves to effect a remedy.

John Vunkyn and Giles van Belle, weavers of Flanders, and William van Karlewyk and William Vyolet, weavers of Brabant, similarly sworn.

Folio cxxxvii b.

Securitas pro £ xl ad opus Rog' i fil' Ric' i de Poulesholte.

22 Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], came Thomas de Poulesholte, of the town of "la Vyze," executor of Richard de Poulesholte, before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, and delivered up the sum of £40 which had been bequeathed by the said Richard to his son Roger. Thereupon the said Mayor and Chamberlain delivered the same to Robert de Wyttone and Hervey Beeche, drapers, in trust for the said Roger during minority. Sureties, viz., Richard de Claveryng, draper; William Doder, fuller; Walter Iweyn, draper; and Thomas de Swafham, draper.

Afterwards, viz., on the 9th May, 50 Edward III. [A.D. 1376], came the aforesaid Robert de Wyttone and Hervey Beeche before Adam Stable, John Norhamptone, William Eynesham, and John Bures, and rendered account and were discharged.

Roulegh collistrigium pro columbell' putrid' et ollent'.

John de Roulegh, "pulter," attached to answer a charge brought by John de Briclesworth, on behalf of the Commonalty, of having on the 21st Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], sold twenty-nine pigeons unfit for food in full market at the Leadenhall. The accused acknowledged his guilt, and was condemned to stand in the pillory, the pigeons to be burnt under him, and the cause of his punishment to be proclaimed.

Judicium collistrigu pro fals' mensur'.

23 Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], Alice, wife of Robert de Caustone, condemned to the pillory for women called "la thewe," for thickening the bottom of a quart measure with "picche." (fn. 7)

Folio cxxxviii.

Forisfactura ordei.

John "Whitouer" (fn. 8) de Dunstaple attached to answer a charge brought by John de Mitford and Simon de Mordone, the Sheriffs, of having secretly sold six quarters of barley on Friday before the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364]. He acknowledged the offence. The barley forfeited to the Sheriffs.

Collistrig' pro putrid' columb'.

John Russelle of Abyndone, "pulter," attached to answer a charge brought by John de Briclesworth, on behalf of the Commonalty, of having on the 15th Sept., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], exposed for sale thirty-seven pigeons unfit for human food. The accused denied that they were unfit, and was willing to prove his statement per quantum curia etc. Thereupon John Vygerous and Thomas de Wynchestre, "pyebakeres," John Wenge, Geoffrey Colman, John Lawe, Thomas Colman, and Richard de Daventre, cooks, were sworn to examine the pigeons, and they found them unfit for human food. Therefore he is adjudged the pillory, the pigeons to be burnt, &c. (fn. 9)

Folio cxxxviii b-cxxxix.

Hacfordscis sor prisona.

Proceedings taken on the information of John de Hakford laid before John Not, the Mayor, and the Aldermen on Monday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 38 Edw. III. [A.D. 1364], against Richard Hay, fuller, of having spread news of a conspiracy against the leading men of the City. Being asked how he would acquit himself, the accused denied the charge, and put himself on the country of Cornhull. Thereupon, on the summons of John de Nantone, serjeant, twelve men of the venue of Cornhull were sworn, with the assent of the said Richard Hay and John de Hakford, viz., Ralph de Cauntebrigge, Richard de Claverynge, William de Wodehous, Thomas de Irland, Stephen de Daubeneye, Thomas de Ware, Osberne le Skynnere, John de Burstalle, John Fyshe, draper, John de Mallynge, "Benet" Hordele, and John Clapschethe, and they said that the accused was not guilty. Thereupon, on the King's suggestion that if the information should be found false the said John de Hakford should be punished as an example to other liars, he was condemned to stand on the pillory with a whetstone (agupiere) hung from his neck by a chain in token of his being a liar (ensigne dun faux mentour (fn. 10) ), &c.

Folio cxxxix b.

L' ra missa d' no pape pro Rob' to Pynk.

Letter testimonial from the Mayor and Commonalty to Pope Urban [V.] in favour of Robert Pynk, S.T.D., Provincial Prior of the Order of Preaching Friars in England. Dated viii Kal. Dec. [24 Nov.], A.D. 1364. (fn. 11)

Br' e pro vinetarus.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding any vintner to prevent foreign vintners from selling their wines wholesale to lords and others for their own use or to merchant vintners, pursuant to a recent ordinance made by the King and his Council. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Dec., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364].

Folio cxl.

Wednesday after the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], an ordinance by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty, in the great hall of the Guildhall, touching the punishment to be inflicted in future for denying on oath one's own act. (fn. 12)

It was also ordained that if any one be convicted before the Mayor, Aldermen, or Sheriffs of having made a false oath, whereby another shall have lost his free tenement, chattels, or good fame, he shall be condemned to the pillory.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against any assault being made against the King's beast from Egypt called "Oure" or against its keepers, Roger Ewery (fn. 13) and John "Waut." Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Dec., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1368].

Folio cxl b.

Petition of the Commonalty to the Mayor and Aldermen that those who have obtained the franchise of the City may enjoy the full benefit of it, and that the system of apprenticeship may be maintained.


  • 1. See 'Memorials,' pp. 292-4.
  • 2. It is said that the privilege of holding an annual fair on similar conditions to that held at Winchester was originally granted to the Abbot of Westminster by Henry III. It commenced on the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], and continued for thirty one days afterwards, being held at one time in St. Margarets Churchyard, but afterwards removed to Tothill Fields.
  • 3. 'Memorials,' p. 317.
  • 4. Meaning, as the editor of the 'Memorials' suggests, that the money was subscribed to assist King John of France, who had recently returned to his captivity in England, towards discharging his ransom. He died at the Savoy on the 9th April, 1364.
  • 5. The greater part of the ordinances are set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 323-4.
  • 6. This charter, like the charters to the Drapers and Vintners, recites the ordinance of 1363 (stat. 37 Edw. III. cap. v.). It is printed incorrectly from the Patent Rolls by Herbert, who gives the date as 37 Edward III. ('Twelve Livery Companies,' ii. 118-120).
  • 7. 'Memorials,' p. 319.
  • 8. White-tawyer.
  • 9. 'Memorials,' p. 328.
  • 10. According to the editor of the 'Memorials' (pp. 315-16), where the proceedings are set out, the whetstone was "marked with the words 'A false liar,' " an interpretation scarcely warranted. A whetstone was well understood as the emblem of a liar, instead of the later proverbial "kettle." In Chambers's 'Book of Days' (ii. 45) the following lines, said to be taken from an engraved plate of the time of Charles II., illustrate the reason:— "The whettstone is a knave that all men know, Yet many on him doe much cost bestowe; Hee's us'd almost in every shoppe, but whye? An edge must needs be set on every lye" The familiar story about Bishop Porteus and his whetstone, "which for many years occupied the post of honour over the fireplace in his dining-room at Fulham," is told in Cassell's 'Old and New London' (vi. 510).
  • 11. Another copy of this letter is entered on 'Rolls of Letters, A.D. 1350-70,' calendared by the editor, and printed by order of the Corporation in 1885 (p. 111).
  • 12. 'Memorials,' p. 319.
  • 13. Misread "Owery" by Riley ('Memorials,' p. 320). In the following January it is recorded that Roger "del Ewerye," the King's barber, recovered from John "Wartt" (Warit ?) the sum of £4 13s. 4d. for keeping a beast called "Ore" from the land of Egypt, and the said John was to be committed to prison until he paid the money. 'Pleas and Memoranda,' Roll A 10, membr. 7.