Folios clxi - clxx: July 1365 -

Pages 196-201

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: G, 1352-1374. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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Folio clxi - clxx.

Scriptum Ade de Bury per Joh'em Blaunche de custod' Joh'is fil' Joh'is de Oxon'.

Whereas John, son of John de Oxenford, vintner, by his will enrolled at the Husting for Common Pleas held on Monday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward the King [13 Oct.], 31 Edward III. [A.D. 1357], devised the guardianship of John his son to Johanna his wife and to John Blaunche conjointly, (fn. 1) and whereas the said Johanna had by deed enrolled in the Chamber of the Guildhall, the 14th Jan., the same year, released her said guardianship to the said John Blaunche, the said John Blaunche now conveys the guardianship to Adam de Bury by deed dated 11 Aug., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].

Folio clxi - clxi b.

L'ra de privato sigillo contra chevancias malas.

Letter of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs to inquire into the business of unlawful exchange that was being carried on in the City, whether by Lombard, French, or English merchants, or others. Dated at Windsor Castle, 29 July, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].

Folio clxii.

Indentura int' Adam de Bury Maiorem Aldr'os et com'-tatem civitat' London' et joh'em de Bures.

Lease by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to John de Bures, draper, of a mansion formerly occupied by Roger de Depham in the lane and parish of St. Swithin de Candelwykestret for a term of thirty years, at an annual rent of £6. Dated 4 April, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].

Folio clxii b.

Ordinances of the "Pelleters" (Skinners). (fn. 2)

Folio clxiii.

Ordinances regulating the service rendered by Tawyers to Pelleters. (fn. 3)

Folio clxiii b.

The ordinances of the above two misteries to be formally promulgated for the first time, and to take the place of previous ordinances.

Folio clxiv.

Ordinacio Abrocarior' Pelletrie.

Ordinances touching Brokers of the mistery of Peltry to the following effect:—

In the first place, they shall act justly between merchant and merchant, not favouring either party, according to the terms of their oath.

Also they shall neither buy nor sell any kind of peltry under penalty of forfeiture.

Also they shall not cause foreign folk and others not engaged in the mistery to assemble and traffic in the City.

Also they shall give warning to the mistery if they find any false peltry or false "pakkure" (fn. 4) in the possession of merchants on their way to the City.

Folio clxiv b.

Ordinacio de pace d'ni R' et de billis pl'it-and' coram Maiore et de victualib' et de servis' et de venellis mundand'.

12 Nov., 38 Edward III. [A.D. 1364], ordinance made for the good government of the City by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, Simon de Mordone and John de "Mytford," the Sheriffs, and the good folks of the City assembled in the Guildhall, to the following effect, viz.:—

Constables .

aftraies .

In the first place, full power is given to the Constables of the Wards to arrest any one breaking the peace, and commit them to the houses of the Sheriffs, there to remain until released with the assent of the Mayor on their finding surety for good behaviour.



Also the said Constables have full power with the beadles of the Wards to search hostelers and herbergeours, so that no victuals be sold privately, but only in open market, and also to search the houses of brewsters and other places, to prevent ale being sold for more than the regulation price.

Folio clxv.

Ordinacio le "Scavigiers" pro pavyment'.

Also the "Scawageours" to have full power to survey the pavements and see that they are kept in good repair, and also the streets and lanes that they be kept clean, and to report any one hindering them in their duties. (fn. 5)

De cervisia vend' contra assisam et pena ordinata.

Also that any one found selling beer above the regulation price shall be fined.

De billis placitand' coram Maiore.

Also it is ordained that all those who wish to complain before the Mayor and Aldermen by Bill shall find pledges to prosecute their Bill, and the Mayor shall do them speedy justice from day to day without any delay, according to the law merchant, &c. (fn. 6)

Eleccio Maiore' in festo Apostolor' Simonis et Jude.

Sunday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], it was ordained by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Sheriffs, with the assent of the whole Commonalty, that the Mayor of the City of London ought always to be elected on the Feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], as of ancient time it was accustomed to be done, any former ordinance to the contrary notwithstanding. (fn. 7)

Folio clxv b.

Indentura int' Adam de Bury et Ric'm Lyouns de vino dulci.

Lease by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City to Richard Lyouns, "vynter," of the three taverns assigned for the sale of sweet wines, the profits of which were to be devoted to the repair of the City's walls ditches, &c., viz., a tavern in Chepe, another in Walbroke, and a third in Lumbardstrete, to hold the same for a term of ten years, at an annual rent of £200. The wines to be sold at reasonable price, viz., a gallon of fine "vernage" at 32d., other "vernage" at 2s.; "Malvesyn," "Romanye," "Ryvere," "Rybole," "Candy," "Clarre," and all other sweet wines at 16d. Dated 26 Aug., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].

Folio clxvi.

Precept for the Sheriffs who had served their term to bring in their rolls to the Guildhall on Monday before the Feast or St. Matthew [21 Sept.], pursuant to ordinance made anno 32 Edward I. [A.D. 1304], (fn. 8) and confirmed anno 30 Edward III. [A.D. 1356]. (fn. 9) Dated 7 Sept., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].

Eleccio co'is servientis et vicecomit' etc.

Sunday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], John de Wentebrigge elected Common Serjeant of the City and sworn according to custom, &c. The same day Adam de Bury, the Mayor, elected John de Brikelesworth, and the whole commonalty of the City elected Thomas de Irland, skinner, to be Sheriffs, &c.

Receipt of deeds and indentures from Michaelmas, anno 38 [Edward III.], to Michaelmas, anno 39.

Folio clxvi b-clxviii.

Inspeximus Charter to the Prior of Christchurch, Canterbury. Dated at Berwick on Tweed, 16 Oct., 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335]. (fn. 10)

Folio clxviii.

Writ to S[imon Islip], Archbishop of Canterbury, his officials, &c., forbidding them to cite the King's Collectors of Custom before a court Christian for alleged abuses committed in the City of London. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 July, 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].

Folio clxviii b.

Br'e pro tapiceriis.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation to the effect that in order to remedy abuses in the mistery of Tapicers, the King, at the instance of the Tapicers, had appointed Giles de Kelleseye, Richard atte Dyke, Robert Padegrys, and John Bullok to survey the mistery for one year, at the expiration of which term the Tapicers are to elect four others. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Oct., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365].

Folio clxix.

De fin' Pellipar'.

The names of those found in default touching the ordinances of the "Peleters," and who paid their fine by order of the Masters of the "Peleters," (fn. 11) viz.:—

John Lawselle, William Lambele, John Smothe, Robert Brent, "Peres" de Mildenhall, Robert Couene, Hugh Rolf, Roger Alby, Richard Dawe, Salamon Rysby, Richard Sturdy, Andrew Cokeshale, Adam Cope, John de Brugges, William Penne, Richard Toppesham, William Combertone, Robert de Herford, John Blanket, Robert de Holme, "Peres" Torold, William de Clare, Roger Cavendisshe, John Halyday, Thomas de Ware, Robert de Salesbury, John Barry, Thomas de Bosenham, John Devenysshe, John de Ikelyngham, Gilbert Benet, Andrew Hedyngham, "Blase" de Bury, William Assheburne, William Badyngham, and William Wodhous.

Folio clxix b.

Custodia Thome fil' Joh'is le Chaundeler.

Tuesday the eve of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of Thomas, son of John le Chaundeler, aged eight years, committed by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, to John de Sexlyngham and Cecilia his wife, late wife of the said John le Chaundeler. Sureties, viz., John de Bartone, "vynter," Walter Iwayn, "taillour," John de Wyrhale, bailiff of Byllingesgate, and John Norfolk, "taillour."

Afterwards, viz., on the 5th March, 50 Edward III. [A.D. 1375-6], came Hugh de Stantone and Cecilia his wife, late wife of John de Sexlyngham, before Adam Stable, Alderman, Adam Carlille, William Eynesham, and Ralph Strode, as auditors, and rendered account of the property of the above Thomas, son of John le Chaundeler, who afterwards acknowledged satisfaction before John Warde, the Mayor, William Waleworth, John Norhamptone, and Adam Stable, Aldermen.

Folio clxx.

Custodia Ric'i fil' Ric'i de Cavendysshe nuper pannar' London'.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], came John Permay, and Thomas Lyncoln, fishmonger, before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, and delivered to the said Chamberlain the sum of £10 in trust for Richard, son of Richard de Cavendysshe, late draper, the money having been bequeathed to the said Richard, son of Richard, by Peter Figo and Elena his wife.

Quer' plus in librocum litera H fol. xxix ubi exoneracio.

The same day the guardianship of the said Richard was committed to John de Foxcote and Margaret his wife. Sureties, viz., Gilbert de Meldebourne, and John Baudry, fishmonger.

Custodia Joh'e filie Will'i Whytheved de Westone.

Thursday after the Feast of Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of Johanna, daughter of William Whytheved de Westone, aged sixteen years, committed by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, to John de Westone, "tayllour." Sureties, viz., William de Dunmowe, baker, and William de Stokes, "tayllour."

Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369], came the above Johanna before the Mayor and Aldermen and acknowledged satisfaction for her money.

Folio clxx b.

Custodia Johanne et Anne filiar' Henr' Sket allutar'.

15 Dec., 39 Edward III. [A.D. 1365], the guardianship of Johanna and Anna, daughters of Henry Sket, cordwainer, committed by Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and John de Cantebrigge, the Chamberlain, to Andrew de Orewelle and John Fraunceys, cordwainers.


  • 1. See 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 699. John Blaunche appears to have been the father of Johanna, wife of John de Oxenford the younger. Cf. supra, p. 95.
  • 2. Set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 328-30.
  • 3. Set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 330-1. Among the ordinances is one forbidding any Tawyer to cut off the nead of any kind of "werk" (coupe nul teste de nul manere de werk); and in April of this year (A.D. 1365) we find it elsewhere recorded that William Querdelyng was fined for cutting off the heads of animals of the work of John Devenysshe (quia cindidit capita bestiarum de opere predicto) contrary to the statute. 'Pleas and Memoranda,' Roll A 10, membr. 12 dors. The object of the ordinance appears to have been the easier identification of the animal whose skin or fur was the "werk" of the Skinner and Tawyer.
  • 4. Probably padding or stuffing (Riley).
  • 5. Compare the oath to be taken by them recorded in the 'Liber Albus' (i. 313). Their duty was to superintend the work of scavengers or "rakyers." See 'Cal. Letter-Book C,' p. 151n.
  • 6. Printed in 'Liber Albus,' i. 390-1.
  • 7. In 1346 an ordinance had been made changing the day of election from the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] to the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward the Confessor [13 Oct.] See 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 304 The new ordinance here recorded was only observed in 1365 and two following years, after which the Mayor continued to be elected on the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.] until 1546, when the election was ordered to take place for the future on Michaelmas Day (Journal 15, fo. 268 b), and has so continued until the present time.
  • 8. See 'Cal. Letter-Book C,' pp. 14, 108. On the first-mentioned page the year has been inadvertently given as A.D. 1303.
  • 9. Cf. supra, p. 72.
  • 10. The charter inspects (inter alia) the charter granted to the Priory by Henry I., set out in Dugdale's 'Monast.,' vol. i. p. 111.
  • 11. Part of the fines was paid to the Chamber and part to the mistery. They were incurred for some defect in various furs, among which occur "purde" or "purede" (some kind of cleaned or purified fur), "bys," "menevere," "Graun," "revers," "popel," "stranlyng," and "grys de Flandres." Most of these names are explained in Riley's 'Memorials,' pp. 328-30.