Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: I, 1400-1422. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1909.
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Ordinacio pro gardinis herbis sepib' fimis robbosis et aliis sordib' fetidis sup' la more exist' ammovend.
Be it remembered that on the 12th January, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1411-12], Robert Chichele the Mayor, accompanied by a number of Aldermen, left the City by a certain postern in the North wall between the gates of Bisshopesgate and Crepylgate, and crossing the ditch came to the common land of the City called "la More," until lately the strongest and most impregnable part (pars forcior et inexpugnabilior) of the City, and found it covered with gardens, trees, hedges, as well as rubbish and filth, whereby the City's ditch, which, when John Philippot was Mayor, was cleaned out at great cost to the City, (fn. 1) was utterly destroyed and filled up. Thereupon, on Friday the 15th January, it was ordained by the said Mayor and Aldermen that the owners of such trees, hedges, &c., should remove them by the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], and that no one should establish gardens there in future. (fn. 2)
Ordinacio pro anguill' ponderand' et vendend' per pondera juxta rat' assessam.
18 Feb., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1411-12], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen to the effect that thenceforth eels brought to the City in "eleshippes" for sale shall be sold by weight, viz., large eels, called "stobelele," at 2d. a pound; middling eels, called "shastele," at 1½d. a pound; and small eels, called "pymperneel," at 1d. (fn. 3)
Folio cxi b.
Allocacio cert' terre concesse Rectori et parochian' Sc'i Joh'is de Walbroke.
Be it remembered that on Friday the 18th April, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Robert Brome, Rector of the church of St. John de Walbrooke, and parishioners of the same petitioned Robert Chichele, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that a piece of waste land to the north of the choir of the said church, 21 ft. in length, 7 ft. 3 in. in breadth, and also comprising one foot of the public soil of the City to the south of the said choir, might be granted to them and their successors for the enlargement of the said church; the said Rector and parishioners giving up 5½ ft. of land to the east of the choir for the enlargement of the highway. Their petition granted for a term of 100 years on payment of an annual rent of one penny to the Chamber, the land having been viewed and measured by the said Mayor, accompanied by Thomas Prestone, the Recorder, Richard Whityngtone, Thomas Knolles, William Croumere, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Bartone, Stephen Speleman, Henry Haltone, William Nortone, William Chichele, John Penne, and Thomas Pyke, Aldermen, Walter Cottone and John Reynewelle, the Sheriffs, John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, John Westone, the Common Pleader, and others, Commoners, together with Walter Waltone, William Wyltshire, Walter Myltone, and Robert Lardyner, the City s sworn Masons and Carpenters.
Proclamacio facta pro viag' in Guyen' xxmo die Maie.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all those owing service to the King to assemble in the City on the 15th June to proceed with the King to France to recover possession of the Duchy of Aquitaine, inasmuch as ambassadors from the Duke of Orleans and the Armagnacs (fn. 4) had offered to restore the same. (fn. 5) Witness the King at Westminster, 16 May, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412].
Custodia Joh'is filii Joh's Walton' nup' civis et ferron'.
14 June, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], came William at Welle, one of the executors of John Waltone, ironmonger, and delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, the sum of £17, being patrimony due to John, son of the said John Waltone.
Afterwards, viz, on the 21st Oct, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], the guardianship of the said orphan, together with his patrimony, was committed by Robert Chichele, the Mayor, and the above Chamberlain to Benedict Nicoll' [Nichols], Bishop of Bangor. Sureties, viz., John Norman, goldsmith, and John Knotte, tailor.
Folio cxii b.
Proclamacio facta xxj die Junii.
21 June, proclamation made forbidding vintners, taverners, brewers, cooks, and others to keep their doors open after 10 P. M. on the Eves of St. John the Bapt. [24 June] and SS Peter and Paul [29 June], &c. (fn. 6)
Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cui lib't Aldr'o.
Precept to the Aldermen to set an armed watch in their respective Wards on the nights and vigils of the above Feasts.
Responsum comissionis in quaterno precedente.
Return made to commission [recorded supra, p. 99], by Robert Chichely, the Mayor, Walter Cottone and John Reynwell, the Sheriffs, Richard Whityngtone, and Thomas Knolles, to the effect that no certain value could be estimated of lands and tenements in the City, owing to lack of tenants and injuries by fire and water; nevertheless they had caused inquiries to be made on oath as to the present value of such lands and tenements, and as to the names of the men, women, and other persons (hominum feminarum et aliarum personarum), required by the commission, and they certify the same in the following a, b, c; but what lands and tenements the said men, women, and other persons above specified, or others in trust for them, hold elsewhere, and the value of them, they declare themselves unable to discover. (fn. 7)
L'ra patens d'ni Regis pro securitat' x m t marcar' eideni mutuat' per co'itat' London'
Letters patent touching the repayment of a City loan of 10,000 marks in view of his proposed expedition to Aquitaine Witness the King at Westminster, 9 June, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412]. (fn. 8)
Folio cxiii b.
Exoneracio Ade Pelles de Holt Market civis et foundour London'.
2 July, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Adam Pelles, of Holt Market, citizen and "foundour," discharged by Robert Chichile, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Judicium pillor' pro una fals' obligacione fabricat'
15 July, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], John Rykone, "cordwaner," condemned to the pillory for forging a bond in the name of John Dyce, "wodemonger." (fn. 9)
Judicium pillor' pro uno qui se finxit sanctum heremitam.
23 July, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], William Blakeney, "shetilmaker," condemned to the pillory with a whetstone about his neck for pretending to be a hermit and pilgrim.
Custodia pueror' Walteri Kynge grossar.
16 July, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], the guardianship of Margaret, John, William, and Thomas, children of Walter Kynge, late grocer, together with their patrimony, committed by Robert Chichele, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to Walter Gawtroun, draper, and Johanna his wife, mother of the said children Sureties, viz., William Nortone, Alderman and draper, and John Grace, "peautrer."
Folio cxiv b.
Proclamatur istud br'e protreugis observandis tercio die Augusti.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for the due observance of a truce concluded with Flanders for a term of five years from the 15th June, anno 12 Henry IV. [A.D. 1411]. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 July, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412]. (fn. 10)
Judicium pillor' pro uno qui se finxit mendicum pro hospit' de Bedlem.
12 Aug., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], William Derman, "laborer," condemned to the pillory for pretending to be a collector of alms, &c., for the Hospital of St Mary of Bedlem without Bishopsgate. (fn. 11)
Judicium pillor' protrib' ho'ib' controfactor' sigill' d'in Pape et al'd'nor' Anglie.
16 July, 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Master Simon Flegge, a notary public, William Punchard and John Fossard, clerks, servants of the said Simon, condemned to the pillory for forging seals and circulating various fraudulent documents, Papal Bulls, &c. (fn. 12)
Folio cxv b.
Judicium pillor' Laurenc' Neuport qui exposuit divers' bullas contro fact'.
Wednesday after the Feast of Assumption B.M. [15 Aug.], 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], an inquisition taken before Walter Cottone and John Reynwelle, the Sheriffs, touching divers misprisions in the City, by the oath of Thomas Frythe, John Wayte, John Bisshope, John Martyn, William Suttone, Thomas Rede, William Okham, John Spenser, Clement Cole, Thomas Vale, Roger Couper, and John Mayster, who find Laurence Neuport guilty of forging a Papal Bull, which he delivered to Robert Heremyt, chaplain of co Norfolk, for a sum of 10 marks; also of fraudulently obtaining another Bull called "corody" (fn. 13) from the house of the Abbot of Maumesbury, co. Wilts Mention is made of John Neuport, brother of the said Laurence.
Afterwards, viz., on the 20th August, before the Mayor and Aldermen, other jurors, viz., Thomas Clerc, John Hertwelle, John Fox, John Bulbrook, John Stubber, John Hane, William Moore, William Harry, John Pakwode, Simon Inglond, William George, and John Taillour, find the said Laurence guilty of the articles in the above indictment. He is therefore condemned to the pillory.
Exoneracio Georgii Cressy civis et aur' London'.
30 Aug., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], George Cressy, goldsmith, discharged by Robert Chychele, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Recognicio Laur' Neuport facta Cam'ar' London.
26 Aug., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], came Laurence Neuport before Robert Chichele, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged himself bound to pay the sum of £100 to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, on the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt [29 Aug.] next ensuing.
Condicio recogn' predicte.
The above bond to be void if the said Laurence cease to counterfeit Bulls, &c., forge seals, and maintain the suits of others.
Custodia pueror' Ric'i Fitz Andrew civis London'.
2 Aug., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], came Roger Fitz Andrew and Sir Thomas Oswaldkyrk, Rector of the church of St George near Estchepe, executors of Richard Fitz Andrew, and delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, the sum of £25 and certain chattels belonging to Johanna, Idonia, Richard, and Matilda, children of the said Richard Fitz Andrew.
Afterwards, viz, on the 12th May, 4 Henry V. [A.D. 1416], in the presence of Nicholas Wottone, the Mayor, John Hille, the Chamberlain, delivered her patrimony to the above Johanna, together with a bed of "worstede" and a mazer cup (murra).
Folio cxvi b.
Judicium Thome Derlyng serjaunt ad pillor' et amotus ab officio servient'.
8 Aug., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Thomas Derlyng, a Serjeant with Walter Cottone, one of the Sheriffs, examined as to his behaviour towards John Penne, a former Sheriff, under whom he had served, and Alderman of the City. On the 20th August the said Thomas acknowledged that he had slandered the Alderman, and was condemned to the pillory, but the punishment was remitted. (fn. 14)
Memorand' de cj libr' tradit' Joh'is Proffyt Cam'ar quonsq' etc.
3 Sept., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], came John Clement, one of the executors of Peter Brykelesworth, draper, and delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, a sum of money due to John, son of the said Peter, in trust for him.
Custodia Joh'is fil Petri Brykles worth pannar'.
5 Sept., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], the guardianship of John, son of Peter Brykelsworth, together with his property, committed by Robert Chychele, the Mayor, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, to Johanna, the orphan's mother. Sureties, viz., John Gedeney, draper, and Richard Stace, "juweler."
Exon ac' cus tod' predict' etc.
Afterwards, viz., on the 4th Feb., 6 Henry V. [A.D. 1418-19], came the above orphan and acknowledged that he had received his property from John Hille, the Chamberlain.
Exon acio Henr' Wottone civis et fabr' Gurhalde civi tat' predicte.
19 Sept., 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Henry Wottone, smith, discharged by Robert Chichele, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., inasmuch as he was too much occupied with making the iron-work (circa ferramenta) for the Guildhall to attend.
Folio cxvii b.
Eleccio vicecomitum Cam'ar' et auditor' compoti.
Wednesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 13 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], in the presence of Robert Chichele, the Mayor, John Prestone, the Recorder, Richard Whityngtone, Thomas Knolles, Richard Merlawe, Thomas Fauconer, Henry Bartone, Nicholas Wottone, William Nortone, William Louthe, Thomas Polle, Henry Haltone, William Chichele, Stephen Speleman, and Thomas Pyke, Aldermen, Walter Cottone and John Reynwelle, Sheriffs, and very many Commoners summoned for the election of Sheriffs at the Guildhall, Ralph Lobenham was elected one of the Sheriffs for the year ensuing by the Mayor, and William Sevenok, grocer, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.
The same day John Proffyt was elected Chamberlain of the City; Henry Julyan and John Whatele were elected Wardens of the Bridge; (fn. 15), Stephen Speleman and William Chichele, Aldermen; and Alan Everard, mercer, William Burton, grocer, William Fitzhugh, goldsmith, and William Weston, draper, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens aforesaid.
Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday the Eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the following Friday were presented and accepted before the Barons of the Exchequer.
Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuilib't Aldr o.
Precept to the several Aldermen to cause a sum equal to half a fifteenth to be levied in their Wards on all inhabitants, as well as all clerics, for lands and tenements acquired since the 20th year of King Edward I., (fn. 16) and to have the money ready at the Guildhall by the Eve of All Saints [1 Nov.] Dated 6 Oct., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412].
Exoner acio Henr' Rou land civis et Cissor' London'.
17 Oct, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Henry Rouland, tailor, discharged by Robert Chichele, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Licence granted by William Walderne, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, under the seal of the Mayoralty, to John Canoun, John Rolf, John Bardolf, and Alexander Brian, common labourers in boats called "lyghters," for bringing food to the City, and all other freemen of the City, to take sand or gravel for the purpose of ballast (pur lastage) from both sides of the Thames without payment, provided they do not damage the banks of the river. Dated 11 Jan., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412-13]. (fn. 17)
Folio cxviii b.
Eleccio Will'mi Wal derne Maioris.
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], in the presence of Robert Chichele, the Mayor, John Prestone, the Recorder, Sir William [Harewdone], the Prior of Christchurch, Richard Whityngtone, Thomas Knolles, John Shadworth, William Askham, Richard Merlawe, William Walderne, William Croumer, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Bartone, Stephen Speleman, Thomas Fauconer, Thomas Polle, William Louthe, William Nortone, William Chichele, John Penne, John Lane, Walter Cottone, Thomas Pyke, Henry Haltone, [Aldermen] William Sevenok and Ralph Lobenham, Aldermen and Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, Mass having been celebrated in the chapel of the Guildhall according to custom, William Walderne was elected Mayor On Friday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer.
De ten' voc' le Brokenseld in Westchepe in qua Warda debet assideri et taxari.
Thursday, the 18th Nov, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], an inquisition held on the oath of good men of the Wards of Chepe, Crepylgate, Faryndone Within, and Quenhithe, viz., John Cotes, Richard Burgeys, John Alcok, William Bole, John Goodborugh, and John Soys, of the Ward of Chepe; Ralph Bentele and Thomas Underhille, of the Ward of Crepylgate; John Polet and Thomas Felype, of the Ward of Faryndone Within, and William atte Welle and John Ingram, of the Ward of Quenhithe, who declared that the tenement called "le Brokenseld"-now a Sheriff's Compter situate opposite "le Standard," on the south side of Westchepe-was entirely in the Ward of Bredstret, and not in the Ward of Cordwanerstret, and as such should be assessed and taxed.
Exoneracio Joh'is atte Lee senioris civis et chaundeler London'.
22 Nov, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], John atte Lee, senior, "chaundeler," discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Br'e pro eleccione civiumeundi ad parliamentum.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the morrow of the Purification B.M. [2 Feb.] next ensuing. No Sheriff to be returned. (fn. 18) Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Dec, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412].
Noi'a civium elect' eundi ad parliament'.
Pursuant to the above, Drew Barantyn and William Askham, Aldermen, and William Marcheford and Walter Gawtroun, Commoners, were elected.
Folio cxix b.
Exoneracio Rob'ti in the hey civis et ferrour London'.
5 Dec, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Robert "in the hey," co. Essex, citizen and "ferrour," discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, owing to increasing old age.
Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuilib't Aldermanno London'.
Precept to the Aldermen to hold their Wardmotes and return such matters as they are themselves unable to redress to the Mayor at his General Court, to be held on Monday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], also to take the usual steps for safe guarding, cleansing, and lighting the streets, &c. Dated 12 Dec., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412].
Exoneracio Alani Wal syngham civis et allutarii London'.
17 Dec., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], Alan Walsyngham, cordwainer, discharged by William Walderne, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Comissio d'ni Regis Justic' ad gaolam de Neugate de lib'and' assignat'.
Letters patent appointing William Walderne, the Mayor, William Gascoigne, William Thirnyng, John Cokayn, Hugh Huls, William Hankeford, Robert Tirwhit, John Colpepir, Robert Hill, and John Prestone, or any nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 Nov., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412].
Inquisicio capt' pro ten' Margarete Philpot que Th' Chipsted modo tenet in qua Warda taxari debet et assideri.
14 Dec., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412], complaint made before Richard Walderne, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, by good men of the Ward of Langborne, that Thomas Chypsted had closed one of the principal entrances to a tenement and tavern called "le Mone," situate near another tavern called "le Sonne," in the parish of St. Mary Wolnoth, in the said Ward of Langborne, and had substituted two entrances, one in Berbynderslane, (fn. 19) and the other in St. Swithinslane, in the Ward of Walbroke, to the prejudice of the Ward of Langborne. Thereupon order given to Otho Brys, a Serjeant of the Mayor, to summon a jury from the four adjacent Wards, viz., Cornhill, Broad Street, Bishopsgate, and Bridge. The jurors, viz., Ralph Bate, John Melcheborne, and John Claveryng, of the Ward of Cornhill, Henry Anketyll, William Bysmare, and John Combe, of Broad Street; Adam Gace, Thomas Balsham, and John Mogoun, of Bishopsgate; and Alan Walsyngham, William Caldewelle, and John Ade, of the Ward of Bridge, find that the said tenement and shops are situate wholly in the Ward of Langborne and parish of St. Mary de Wolnoth, and are chargeable for that Ward alone.
Proclamacio facta vicesimo primo die mensis No vembris.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for all persons having grievances against the subjects of the King of Castile and Leon since Henry, the late King of Castile, (fn. 20) began to reign, to appear at Bayonne by Easter next, in person or by their attorneys, and state their grievances, with a view to justice being done. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 Nov., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412].
Folio cxx b.
Br'e pro Joh'e Hertwelle qui abduxit Elenam Dyster or phanam ex a civitat'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to bring up John Hertwelle, a prisoner, before the Chancery on Saturday next, together with the cause of his arrest and detention. Witness the King at Westminster, 27 Jan, 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412-13].
Return made to the above by William Walderne, the Mayor, William Sevenok and Ralph Lobenham, the Sheriffs, to the effect that the custody of orphans and their property had time out of mind been vested in the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being in trust, and that the above John Hertwelle had confessed to having removed Elena, daughter of Thomas Dyster, late mercer, under 10 years of age, and entitled to property, from the liberty of the City, contrary to the will of the Mayor and Aldermen, and contrary to the aforesaid custom; but, nevertheless, they would produce the said John Hertwelle, who had been committed to prison, pursuant to the above writ.
Proclamacio facta tricesimo die mensis Januarii.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding the carrying of wool and woolfells to Holland and Zeland instead of to the Staple at Calais. Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Jan., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412-13].
Ammocio Will'i Bartone Janitor' com putat' ab o'i off'o h'end' infra etc.
29 Jan., 14 Henry IV. [A.D. 1412-13], William Bartone, Keeper of the Compter of William Sevenok, one of the Sheriffs, removed from office for letting John Hertwelle, a prisoner, go at large without orders.