Index

The Letters of William Freeman, London Merchant, 1678-1685.

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'Index', in The Letters of William Freeman, London Merchant, 1678-1685, (London, 2002) pp. 395-406. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol36/pp395-406 [accessed 13 April 2024]

INDEX

This index covers persons, places and subjects, including those mentioned in the Introduction. All recipients of letters, and their domiciles, have been indexed; other people, places and things mentioned in the letters have been indexed if they occur more than casually. Individuals and topics that occur on almost every page – such as Freeman himself, Robert Helme, sugar, slaves, and certain islands – have not been indexed continuously, but critical aspects of their lives and business have been itemized in more detail. Individual plantations are seldom named; they are indexed where they do occur but will mostly be found as non-specific references under the entry, 'plantation'. The spellings of names have been standardized.

Index references are to page numbers.

A.

Absenteeism, xxii, xxix–xxx, xl, xlv

Absentees' children, care of, 189; plantations, productivity of, xxx n. 63, 321

accounts, xxxvii, 166, 339, 366, 367, 387

Act for Granting an Additional Duty (Poll Bill of 1677–1678), England, 168

Act of Extent, Antigua, 362

Act of Fraud, St. Kitts, 349, 362, 369

addressees, xlviii

Admiralty, 316

Africa, vi, xxv, xxx

agency, slave (Royal African Company), xviii–xx, xxx–xxxi, xl, 48, 23, 210, 245, 298

agent, Freeman as Stapleton's, xxi

agents, behaviour of, 336, 337; problems with, xliii–xliv, 80

Alland
-, —, ship's captain, 83
-, Henry, of Waterford, 25, 26, 30, 46, 50, 54, 55, 83, 119, 142, 163
-, Thomas, ship's captain, 80

Alland/Allen, Mr, of Nevis, 228

Allen, Obadiah, of Madeira, 53, 115, 177, 178, 201, 226, 324

Allers, Conrad, of Montserrat, 8

American Revolution, viii

Anglo-French relations in Caribbean, 9

annuities, xxxvii, xlviii

Antigua, xv, xviii–xix, xxiv, xxix, xliv–xlv, 7, 38, 39, 61, 96–97, 124, 129, 172, 177, 186, 193, 232, 236, 241, 393, 339; Governors of, 9, 131, 147; Parham Plantation, 96, 296

apprentice, xl–xli, 100, 125, 141, 151

Archer, —, ship's captain, 6

army/armies, 5, 6, 10, 16, 17, 19

arrears of pay, procurement of, xxiii, 334, 377, 378

arrears, procurement of Stapleton's, 9, 40, 74, 114, 136, 150, 179, 198, 203, 218, 219, 220, 254, 270, 271

Arthur, Daniel, 156

Ashley, John, ship's captain, 126

Askland (or Alland), —, ship's captain, 83

attorneys, 319

B.

Baijer/Bayer, Col. Bastian, London resident and Antigua planter, xxv, 60, 61, 62, 71, 75, 76, 81, 286, 307

Baker, William, 186

Ball, Thomas, 130

Baltic States, ix, xxvi

Banclinch, Thomas, 15

banking, xi, xxiii, 329

Barbados, 324; and see Skutt, Benjamin

baronetcy granted to Gen. Wm. Stapleton, 135

Bartlett, Thomas, 99, 124, 126, 146, 188, 211, 226

Basildon, Berkshire, xxxv

Basseterre, St. Kitts, xiii

Bath Bay, Nevis, xv

Bathurst, Sir Benjamin, 347

Bawden, John, merchant of London and planter of Barbados, xxvi, 23, 54, 122, 126, 131, 134, 146, 162, 176, 192, 195, 214, 256, 296, 301, 305, 307, 309, 312, 327

Baxter
-, Elizabeth, wife of Captain Wm. Freeman, xvii, xxxvii
-, John, of St. Kitts and Nevis, father-in-law of Wm. Freeman, xvii
-, William, the Elder, merchant of Lisbon, xvii–xviii, xxviii, 2, 3, 25, 53, 77, 137
-, William, the Younger, merchant of London, xxvi, xvii, xix, xxii, xxvi, xxviii, xlvii, 3, 25, 108, 114, 120, 127, 129, 137, 139, 146, 151, 153, 164, 165, 171, 185, 187, 189, 192, 198, 206, 208, 214, 221, 230, 236, 242, 251, 256, 261–264, 279, 282–290, 292, 297, 300, 301, 302, 304–307, 309–310, 313, 316, 321, 330, 332, 341, 342, 345, 349, 351, 353, 354, 356, 358, 359, 361–363, 371, 372–373, 379, 383–384, 390–391, 393

Bedingfield
-, John, Sr., Wm. Freeman's brother-in-law, 12, 14, 18, 19, 21, 84, 108, 166, 183, 239, 302 (death); Mrs (Sarah Freeman, Wm. Freeman's sister), 302
-, John, Jr., Wm. Freeman's nephew, 242, 244, 247, 252, 253, 264, 269, 279, 300, 310, 319, 341, 391

beef, xxviii, 16, 22, 25, 30, 46, 47, 50, 53, 55, 56, 63, 118, 119, 130, 131, 134, 160, 162, 163, 176, 184, 193, 196, 222, 253, 254, 292, 310, 313, 314, 315, 341

beer, xxix, 71, 83

Beere, John, ship's captain, 73

Belfast, Ireland, 118

Bennet, Robert, ship's captain, 61

Bentley, Captain, of Montserrat, 285

Berkshire, xxxv

Berry, Sir John, Commissioner to Virginia, 58

Bertie, Charles, clerk in the Lord Treasurer's Office, 28

Berwick, William, xliii–xliv, 239, 240, 242, 244, 246, 247, 252, 253, 264, 269, 276–280, 282, 291–3, 294, 300, 307, 309, 313–314, 336, 339, 345, 353, 362, 374

Bethia, Mrs, of London, daughter of Henry Carpenter, 190

Billop, Charles, ship's captain, 176, 178, 295, 304, 308, 316, 328

bills of exchange, xix, xli, 115, 136

Blathwayt, William, 41, 184, 295, 304, 379

Blenac, de, Governor-General of France's Eastern Caribbean islands, 7

Bodkin's Plantation, Montserrat, 206

bond, xviii–xix, xlvi, 150, 199, 298, 318

borrowing, xxiii, xxxix, xlvi, 275, 276

Bothwell Bridge, Battle of, 97

bottles, 175

Bowen, Huw, xi

Bowers, William, ship's captain, 79

Bradshaw, (Sir) Cornwall, 8, 28, 41, 113, 114, 151, 377

Bramley, John, xvi–xvii, xxix–xxx, xlii–xliv, xlv, 12, 17, 18, 21, 24, 33, 57, 94, 109, 110, 128, 130, 131, 133, 135, 144, 147, 159, 162, 167, 168, 173–175, 180, 186, 199, 200, 201, 205, 211, 214, 215, 223, 228, 231, 233, 237, 239, 240, 244–247, 253, 254, 264, 265, 268, 269, 277–279, 283, 286–294, 306, 307, 309–315, 318, 328, 332, 335, 342, 344–347, 345–347, 350, 351, 353, 354, 362, 375, 382

brandy, xxviii–xxix, 29, 30, 31, 32, 44, 85, 89, 90, 103, 107, 111–113, 149, 157, 168–173, 183, 213, 214, 222, 243, 262, 263, 282

Brewer, John, xi

Bridenbaugh, Carl and Roberta, xlviii

Bridge, Sir Tobias, 9, 19, 93, 148

Brindly, Mr, of New England, 227

Bristol, Somerset, 310

Brown, Mr, 195

Browne, Thomas, ship's captain, 152, 154, 199, 203, 204

Bruck, Mathias ten, of Amsterdam, 360

Buckinghamshire, xxxiii–xxxiv, xxxvii, 338

Buckley, Alderman, 156

Burkin, Mr, of Madeira, 226

Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, xiii

Bush, James, Antigua planter and London merchant, 62

Butler, Captain, 74

butter, 46, 55, 196, 222, 254, 292, 313, 314, 341

Buttle, Mr, estate of, 296

C.

Cadmore, Samuel, of Waterford, 152, 163

Calhoun
-, John, 11
-, William, xlii, 5, 19, 38, 39, 66, 82

Canary wine see under wine

candles, 46, 55, 222, 253, 254, 292, 313, 314, 341

Cann, Sir Robert, of Bristol, 191

canvas, 216

capital, xlii

capitalization, xlviii

captains see ships' captains

Caribbean, vii, ix–x

Carpenter, Henry, xviii–xix, xxx, xxxiii, xxxi, 5, 6, 23, 33, 48, 51, 53, 59, 69, 73, 98, 99, 106, 108, 121–126, 132, 145, 146, 150–55, 162, 166, 168, 184–189, 195, 200, 204, 210–212, 226, 229, 247, 253, 255, 298, 321–323, 331, 338, 339, 355, 356; Bethia, Mrs, of London, his daughter, 190

Cary
-, John, merchant of Bristol, 28, 86, 102, 158, 183, 254, 313
-, Richard, 9, 44

casks, xxix, 14, 26, 89, 92, 132, 141, 146, 209, 215, 242, 268, 277, 278, 330, 331, 392

Catholicism, xi

Centre Hills, Montserrat, xvi

chairs, 243

Chambré, Aune de, xv, xxix

Charles I, xxxiv

Charles II, xxxii, 124, 308, 392 (death)

charter party, 194, 196

cheese, 196

Chester, 1, 9, 106, 126–128, 131, 163, 256, 280, 318

Chiffinch, Thomas, 27

children, care for absentees', 189

Church, George, 184

Church of England, xxxii

Clarendon, Henry Hyde, 2nd earl of, 295

Clark, Thomas, ship's captain, 262, 304

Clayton, William, ship's captain, xxviii, xxix, 29, 31, 44, 85, 88, 103, 106, 107, 111–114, 122, 131, 135, 154, 164, 166, 168, 169, 171, 183, 191, 197, 198, 210, 214, 216, 227, 237–41, 243, 246, 256, 263, 273, 279, 292, 302, 306, 307, 309, 313, 315, 319, 340, 349, 350, 381, 381, 393

Cleveland
-, John, 342
-, Richard, of Liverpool, 85, 104, 105, 126, 129, 256

clients' crops, handling of, xlii

cloth, xxviii, 2, 3, 47, 51, 79, 89–92, 103, 107, 118

Clure, Gebedee, 221

cockets, xxix, 169, 172

Code/Coode, William, of London, xlviii, 189

coffeehouse, 124

Coke, Edward, 284, 291, 319

Coleman, Edmund, 48

Colley, Linda, xi

Collier, Charles, of Tangiers, 30

colonial origins and acquaintances, xliv–xlv

Coltby
-, Mary (Helme), xxi
-, Thomas, xxi

Combes
-, James, 257
-, John, of Nevis, 114

Commercial Revolution, viii, ix

commingling of personal and professional, xliv–xlv

Commission for the Resettling of St. Kitts, xvi, xxi

commission merchandising, vii, viii n. 3, xxi–xxiii, xxii, xxiii, xxv, xxvi, xxvii, xxviii, xxxiii, xxxvii–xlvii, 76, 296, 297

commission, 67, 198, 209, 330, 341

Commissions of the Peace for Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, xxxii

Company of Foot, St. Kitts, xv

comprehensive services, xlvii

Compton, John, ship's captain, of Liverpool, 193, 196, 224

Cone, Mr, of Montserrat, 217, 346

conflict of interest, xxxix–xli

Conscientia, Antonio Soarez, merchant of Lisbon, 2, 3, 79, 116, 117

consignments, 11, 100, 273

consignors, xxvi–xxvii

Cooke, John, xxxvii

Cooper
-, Captain, of London, 190
-, Mr, 188
-, John, 6

coopers, 225, 339

Cope, Captain, 190

Copp, Mr, 185

copy-book, vii, xlviii–xlix

Cork, Ireland, 126, 163, 225

corporations, x

Corporation of London, 327, 328

correspondents, xxvi, xxvii (Table 1), xlix, 76 (proper behaviour), 231

Cottar
-, —, ship's captain, 9
-, Captain James, Irishman, formerly of St. Kitt's, later Governor of Montserrat, 11, 16, 29, 49, 94, 139, 148, 235, 236, 246, 255, 264, 271, 272, 285, 290, 304, 307, 334, 347, 348; Mrs James, 246

counting-house, xxi

country houses, xxxiii–xxxvii

Coventry
-, Henry, Secretary of State, 10
-, Thomas, xxxiv–xxxv

Cowes, Isle of Wight, 46

credit, xxxix

Crisp/e
-, —, ship's captain, 37, 38, 61, 72, 81
-, John, 85, 95, 96
-, Captain Joseph, of St. Kitts, 28, 41, 67, 69, 150, 155, 156, 184, 238, 255, 349, 368, 381
-, Thomas, xviii

Cromwell, Oliver, viii

Croscombe, —, ship's captain, 37

Culpeper, Lord, xxxiii

Curaçao, 360

currency exchange, Portuguese milreis/ English pounds, 3, 15, 52, 55, 78, 79, 315

currency signs, xlviii

Curtius, Otto, of Montserrat, 18, 22, 83, 84, 110

customs, liquor, in Leeward Islands, 186

D.

Danby, Thomas Osborne earl of, Lord Treasurer, xxiv, 28, 40

Danoes, Mr, 256

Danvers, Daniel, of Liverpool, 42, 69, 70, 85, 91, 104–6, 126, 129, 142

Dartmouth, George Legge earl of, 84

dates, style of, xlviii

Davies, K.G., xxv–xxvi, xxxviii, xlvii–xlviii

Davis, Ralph, ix

de la Pateri, Chevalier, 137

Deane
-, —, ship's captain, 101, 114
-, Stephen, of Galway, 15, 22
-, Thomas, of Madeira, 86, 116, 226

debts, xxxix, xli, 135, 185, 303, 351, 352, 371; recovery of, 274, 314, 328, 329, 345, 363, 370, 373, 390

demurrage, 68, 127, 137

Dendy, Edward, of Antigua, xxxii, 108, 146, 169, 177, 193, 195, 227, 232, 236, 241, 243, 258, 308

Dewitt, Margaret, xxi

Dickson, P.G.M., ix

distance, transportation challenges arising from, xlii

Dixon, Mr, brother-in-law of Col. Abednego Mathew, 4, 165; Mrs, sister of Abednego Mathew, 37

Doe, Mr, 95

Dorset, estate in, a possibility for Robt. Helme, 28, 381

Downing, Sir George, xxv

drought, 274

dry goods, xxix–xxx, 63, 88, 89, 99–102, 107, 111, 112, 168–172, 191, 243, 258, 273; retail trade in Leeward Islands in, 63, 101, 102, 146, 149

Dublin, Ireland, 50

duel, xxxii

Duck, Thomas, 213, 228

Duncker, John, 115, 360

Dunscomb, Alderman, 30

Duport, Abraham, of St. Martin's, France, xxviii, 10, 32

Duras, Louis de, 2nd earl of Feversham, Baron Duras of Holdenby, viii, 304, 308

Durrell, John, ship's captain, 250, 304, 305

Dutch, 327

E.

East India Company, x, 275, 328

Edwards, Philip, 277, 298, 309, 313, 314, 327, 333, 349, 350, 353, 357, 358, 363, 381, 383, 390, 393

Egerton, John, 2nd earl of Bridgewater, xxxii

Eines, Mr, 213

elites, xi

Elliott
-, —, ship's captain, 108
-, John, 165

Elote, Monsieur, viii

Eltis, David, xxx

employees, difficulties with, xli–xlii

England, viii–ix, xxix, xxxi, xl

English Civil War, xxvii

entrepreneurship, 77

Enys, Thomas, 380

Epsom, Surrey, xxxii

Estcourt, Sir Thomas, 380

Estes, John, ship's captain, 93, 99, 131, 139, 145, 149, 160, 184, 194, 322, 324, 327

Etherick, Anthony, 318, 381

Evans, Mr, 2

exchange, Irish, 270

Exchequer, xxiii, xxiv

expert testimony, 192

F.

Factor, 185 (duties), 187, 193, 218–222, 338 (problems), 392 (instructions to)

Factors, Royal African Company, xviii–xix

Fawley Court, Bucks, viii, xxxiii, xxxiv, xxxv, xxxvi, xxxvii, 368, 391

Fawley Parish, xxxiii–xxxviii

Fenchurch Street, London, xxii

Feversham, Louis de Duras, 2nd earl of, Baron Duras of Holdenby, viii, 304, 308

Financial Revolution, ix, x

financing, xxxviii, xl

Fleet, John, merchant of London, xlii, 2, 3, 4, 13, 86, 91, 104–106, 129, 227, 384

Fox, William, 13, 21, 24, 33, 35, 40, 47, 50, 57, 84, 94, 110, 130–132, 135, 145, 147, 167, 179, 203, 205, 240–242, 252–253, 278, 285, 288, 290, 315, 316, 333, 346, 347, 353, 382

Fraine, Mrs, 200

France, vii, xxvi, 64, 82, 235, 265

freight, xxxviii

Freeman
-, Henry, brother of the letter-writer, vii, xxix, xx, 95, 96, 101, 102, 152, 171, 180, 201, 336, 357, 365, 390, 392
-, Ralph, xiv
-, Thomas, xiv
-, William, the Haberdasher, xiv
-, Captain William, the letter-writer, vii–xlix passim, but see esp. xiv (first appearance), xvi–xvii (Montserrat plantation), xvii (marriage), xviii, xix, xxix (St. Kitts plantation), xxxi–xxxvii (retirement), xxxii, xxxvii (death), 40 (house for), 126 (wanting to withdraw from trade), 130 (house in English countryside), 137 (moving out of the City), 227 (purchase of an estate), 239, 365 (partnership with Robt. Helme), 368 (retirement), 376 (handling of Stapleton's accounts)
-, Col. William, the St. Kitts settler, father of the letter-writer, xii–xiv, xxix (1666 inventory of estate in Leeward Islands), xiv (children of), xiv (dispossession of his St. Kitts estate), xiv (sojourn in Jamaica, 1666–1669)

Freeman, Helme & Carpenter, 23

Freeman's Beach, xvi–xvii

Freeman's River, xvi

freight, xxvi, 1, 2, 6, 39, 42, 43, 48, 62, 66, 67, 80, 109, 123, 124, 141, 143, 146, 166, 167, 186, 193, 196, 197, 234, 242, 244, 275, 277, 298, 300, 301, 304, 319, 374, 383, 384

French, Mr, 175

friends, preference given to, xxiv, xliv–xlv, 387

G.

Galway, Ireland, 15, 16, 22, 26

Gamiell, Col., of St. Kitts, 134

Gamma, Mathew de, of Madeira, 2, 3, 51, 52, 77, 78, 87, 116, 236

gentility, seventeenth-century definition of, xxxvii

gentleman, marks of a, xxxvi–xxxvii

Gibbons, Grinling, xxvi

Gibson, Walter, of Glasgow, 117, 118

ginger, 14, 57, 71

Glasgow, xlii

Glorious Revolution of 1688, viii, x, xxxvi

gloves, xxviii

Godfrey, Sir Edmund Berry, 41, 64

goldsmiths, x, 1, 150, 327–329

goods, see under individual commodities; sale of in Nevis store, 181–183, 185, 187, 192–194, 197, 209, 214, 215, 261–63, 269–270, 273–274, 281, 292, 303, 314–315, 321, 326–327, 329, 336–337, 348–349, 352, 356, 358, 363, 373, 381, 387, 391; shipment of to Leeward Islands, 392; see also dry goods

Gordon, Lott, ship's captain, 82

Gorges, Captain Ferdinando, of London, xix, xlvii, 377

Goudouin, Lordship of, St. Kitts, xiii, xiv, xxix–xxx

Goudouin River, St. Kitts, xiii

Gould/Gold, —, ship's captain, 276, 311

government advising, xxiv

Governor's (formerly Mountain) Plantation, Nevis, xxi

Grant, Mr, 264

Granteberriae, Piers, 15, 16

Grassby, Richard, xlviii

Greatbach, Lieut. Daniel, xxiii, 218

Grey's Court, Oxfordshire, xxxv

Griffith, Thomas, 28

H.

Haddock
-, Joseph, ship's captain, 29
-, Sir Richard, 9, 40, 75–76, 81, 109, 132, 150, 316
-, Richard, ship's captain, 2, 3, 9, 75, 109

Halifax, earl of, 308

hardware, 315

Hare, Arthur, ship's captain, 9, 19, 27, 48, 59, 62, 63, 73, 97, 131, 146, 155, 185, 191

hats, xxviii, 77

Hay, James, earl of Carlisle, xii–xiii

Hayes, Claude, 115

Haynes, John, ship's captain, 383

Hazelwood, —, ship's captain, 228, 230, 231, 237, 239, 243, 264, 265

Hearne
-, Jemima, wife of Wm. Baxter the Younger, of London, 59
-, William, brother-in-law of Wm. Baxter of London, 25, 124–125, 140, 191, 253, 260, 322, 325–326, 349–353, 357, 371, 381, 387, 391, 393

hearth duty, 64

Heathcote family, xxvi

Helme
-, —, ship's captain, 132, 264, 369, 370
-, Mr, 6
-, Christiana Frances, Mrs Philip Brome, younger sister of Wm. and Robt. Helme, 186
-, Percy, 9
-, Robert, brother-in-law and partner of Wm. Freeman the letter writer, xviii–xx, xxiii, xxviii–xxxiii, xlviii, 10, 19, 20, 22, 29–30, 43–4, 50–51, 58, 63, 67, 69, 71, 73, 74, 77, 82, 85, 87, 98, 99, 101, 106, 108, 109, 111–114, 119–124, 126–128, 131–132, 134, 136, 139, 140, 145, 154, 166, 168, 180, 184–185, 192, 197, 200–208, 211, 216–219, 223–238, 241, 247, 251–255, 257–258, 260–264, 270, 274–276, 279, 292, 295–299, 303–306, 308, 313–314, 317, 321–327, 333, 336, 339, 342–345, 348–359, 362, 365, 368, 370–375, 380–381, 383–386, 390–393; Mrs (Sarah Baxter, sister of Mrs Wm. Freeman), xxxiii, 365, 370
-, Robert, of Dublin, 107
-, William, brother of Robt. Helme, xx–xxi, xxx, 14, 40, 46, 47, 54, 62, 72, 77, 79–80, 94, 99–100, 112, 119, 123, 126–127, 130–131, 134–136, 139, 141, 146, 149, 151, 153–156, 162, 164, 168, 172–181, 184–187, 191, 193, 195, 197–198, 207–208, 228, 241, 251, 253–254, 258, 269–270, 276, 298, 302, 314, 349, 363–364, 375; Mrs (Mary Coltby), xxi

Henley, Oxfordshire, xxxiii, xxxv–xxxvi

Henthorne, Anthony, sugar baker of Chester, vii, 1, 65, 85, 91, 104–106, 126–128, 142, 176, 193, 196, 214, 227, 256, 280, 318–321, 350

Hepburn, —, ship's captain, 298, 311

hides, 114

Hill
-, Madame, of Madeira, 78
-, Edmund, 335
-, Rowland, of Madeira, 52, 78
-, Captain Thomas, Deputy Governor of St. Kitts, 274, 306, 316, 321, 335–338, 342, 352, 359, 368

Hodges, Captain, of Montserrat, 285, 346

Holmes, Sir Robert, 304

hoops, vii, 46, 59, 77, 172, 251, 268, 298, 304, 314, 353

horses, 120, 122, 123, 126, 127, 134, 160, 356

Hufflum, John, xxiv

Hull, Randall, of Cork, 122, 127, 131, 163

Hurd, James, sugar broker of Plymouth, 38, 61

hurricane, 75, 252, 255, 274–275, 277, 290, 295

Hutchinson, Robert, ship's captain, 191, 197, 198, 213

Hyde, Lawrence, Treasury Commissioner, 10

I.

Imports, xxx

inclusion of specific letters, xlix

India, ix, xi

indigo, xxv, 4, 11, 13, 14, 29, 57, 392

information, xxxviii

insurance, xxxviii, 2, 6, 43, 124, 142, 145, 161–162, 181, 197, 202, 228, 231, 254, 275, 313, 350, 383

Institute of Jamaica, Kingston, xlviii

interest, 19, 28, 167

interlopers, 121, 132, 134, 203, 225, 264, 295, 302, 328

Invasion of St. Kitts (1666), by the French, xv, xxix, xxi

Ireland, vii, xi, xiv, 12, 69, 130, 134, 160, 202–203, 310

Island Agent, for St. Kitts, 134

island governments (Leeward Islands), xlvii

J.

Jacob, Abraham, 236

Jacobson, Lucas, of Nevis, 115, 360

James, Duke of York (later James II), ix, xxxii ; James II, opinion of, 392

Jeaffreson
-, Christopher, of St. Kitts, vii, xi, xl, 134
-, John, xlii

Jenson River, St. Kitts, xiii

Jenyns, James, ship's captain, of Nevis, 388

joint stock companies, x

Johnson, Sir Nathaniel, 368, 382

Jones
-, Inigo, xxxv
-, Sir William, 265, 283, 288

K.

Keck, Lawrence, 10, 11

Kirton, Henry, of Madeira, 86, 116, 226

Knight
-, Sir John, 19, 368, 382
-, Capt. John, 243, 254
-, John, Jr., 19

L.

Lambert, Mr, 27

land, 335

Langley, Thomas, xxxiv–xxxv

La Rochelle, France, xxviii

Lauderdale, John Maitland duke of, 117

Lawrence, Giles, ship's captain, 6, 7, 11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, 25, 40, 43, 63, 68, 69, 71, 83, 85, 102, 132, 300

laws, colonial, xxiv–xxv

lead, 104

Lee
-, Lieut., 215
-, Nicholas, of Nantes, xxviii, 89–92, 107, 112, 115, 157, 170–175

Leeward Islands, vi, xii, xviii–xix, xxii–xxvii, xxix, xxxvii, xli, xliv–xlv; inventory of estate in, xiv; liquor customs in, 186; retail trade in dry goods in, 63, 101, 102, 146, 149; shipment of goods to, 392; Treaty concerning, reception in Paris, 85, 96

legal proceedings in Montserrat, xliii–xliv, 303, 311–312, 342, 374–379

Legay, Isaac, vii, 1, 162

Legge, Col., 316

lending, xxix, xxiii, xlvi, 271, 275–276, 335, 359, 390

letter writing, xxxvi–xxxvii, xlviii

Levant, ix, xxvi

Levant Company, xi

Liddell, George, xx, xxx, xlvii, 8, 13, 17, 33, 36–37, 108, 120, 166, 206–208, 217, 230–233, 239, 242, 253, 263, 291–292, 297, 299, 302, 310, 313–315, 319, 322, 324, 331, 333, 340, 346, 350–354, 360, 374, 382–383, 391

linens, 25

Lipscomb, George, xxxiv–xxxv

Lisbon, Portugal, 2–4, 137

Lister, Richard, ship's captain, 45, 46, 47, 53, 55, 63, 64, 108, 109, 114, 165, 257

Little, Joseph, of Montserrat, brother-in-law of Wm. Baxter of London, 390

Littleton, Adam, 202

Liverpool, vii, 11–12, 40, 42–43, 65, 67, 69, 85, 91, 104–105, 143; refiners at, 43, 68, 123

Lloyd
-, Sir Philip, 49
-, Sir Richard, Counsellor at Law, London, 60, 81

loans, x, xlvi

London, 334, 393; employment prospects in, 133; Wm. Freeman's life in, xxi ff.

London, Freedom of the City of, 179, 189

London, places in: Crosby Square, off Bishopsgate Street, xxi; Lombard Street, 328; Took's Court, off Castle Yard, xxi

Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, xxiv

Love, Robert, ship's captain, 223

Loveday, Joseph, 390

lumber, 175, 391

Lynch, Thomas, 15–16, 22, 25–26

M.

Mackenzie, Edward, xxxiv–xxxv

Madeira (island of), vii, xxvi, 2, 3, 15, 45, 51–53, 63, 69, 73–79, 86–87, 100, 102, 115–117, 153, 156, 201–202, 206–207, 225, 234, 236, 250–251, 309, 314–315, 324–327

Madeira wine see under wine Mago, Lewis, 29

Mahox, Mr, 29

mangoes, xxv

Maples, —, ship's captain, 369

Marien Fathers, xxxiv–xxxv

Marsh, Lady Anne Russell Warner, aunt of Gen. Wm. Stapleton (formerly wife of Sir Thomas Warner), 27

Martine, Richard, ship's captain, 2

Martyn, William, 162–163

Mathew
-, Col. Abednego, Deputy Governor of St. Kitts, xlii, xlvi, 4, 37, 71, 74, 88, 93, 114, 133, 136, 148, 155, 165, 189, 221
-, Charles, son of Col. Abednego, 221, 226, 229, 334, 347, 388
-, Meashek, 37
-, William, 221

Matson, Matthew, of Madeira, 309, 315, 324

Maynard, Sir John, kt., King's Sergeant, 284

Meade, Captain Nicholas, of Montserrat, 4, 7, 58, 83, 106

Meagher, Daniel, Montserrat planter, 10

medicine, 202

mercantilism, English, viii

merchants, commission, general and London, vii

middleman, 82, 91, 129

Miller, William, ship's captain, 83

Milward
-, George, xxix
-, Rev. John, Wm. Freeman's brother-in-law, xxiv, xxix, 389

ministers, xxii, xxiv

molasses, 143, 180

money, 132, 149, 150, 180, 218, 310, 313, 393

Monmouth, James Scott duke of, 93, 97, 124, 137

Monmouth's Rebellion, 97, 117, 124

Montserrat, Governors of see Cottar, Captain James; Powell, Captain/Col; Stapleton, Gen. Sir William

Montravers (formerly Proctor's) Plantation, Nevis, xxi

Montserrat, xv–xvi, xix, xxiii–xxiv, xxix–xxx, xxxvii, xlii–xlv, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16, 18, 21, 27, 33, 35, 40, 48, 57, 60, 64, 72, 75, 81, 83, 84, 88, 94, 96, 98, 108, 109, 112–113, 114, 130, 132, 135, 144, 147, 149, 155, 157, 159, 162, 166, 167, 176, 178, 179, 180, 184, 186, 199, 202, 203, 205, 206, 211, 215, 218, 223, 230–231, 234, 237, 239, 240, 244, 246, 247, 252, 253, 254, 263, 264, 265, 270, 272, 276, 282, 286, 290, 292, 295, 299, 301, 303, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 316, 318, 328, 331, 332, 333, 339, 340, 344, 345, 347, 350, 353, 360, 362, 374, 375, 379, 382; legal proceedings in, 303, 311–312, 342, 374–379; Bodkin's Plantation, 206 ; Freeman's Montserrat Plantation, xvi–xvii, 45, 57, 73, 84, 94, 104, 130, 181–183, 231, 233, 237, 266, 294, 311–312, 331, 332, 345–347 (division of); Waterworks Plantation, xvi

Moore, Madame, of St. Martin's, France, 30, 32

Morgan, Mr, 186

mortgage, 28, 150

Mortimer, John, of London, 86, 217, 383, 393

Morton, Sir Francis, 93, 393

Mount Misery, St. Kitts, xiii

Mountain Plantation, xx–xxi, xxix–xxx

Mourlix, France, 89

mules, 160

N.

Nantes, France, xxviii–xxix, 90–92, 107, 112, 115, 157, 170–175

Nantes River, xvi

Nash, —, ship's captain, 16

nationalism, xi

Navigation Acts, viii, ix & n. 5, xv, xxix

Nethway, Col., of London, 335, 369

Nevis, vii, xiv–xx, xxiii–xxiv, xxxi, xxxiii, xlii, 5, 6, 8, 10, 14, 20, 22, 29, 40, 43, 44, 45, 47, 48, 50, 58, 59, 62, 63, 67, 69, 71, 72, 73, 74, 80, 82, 85, 87, 98, 99, 100, 101, 106, 108, 109, 111, 115, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 131, 132, 134, 139, 145, 146, 151, 153, 156, 164, 166, 168, 181, 183, 184, 185, 187, 189, 190, 191, 193, 195, 196, 200, 204, 207, 208, 210, 212, 213, 221, 224, 225, 229, 231, 241, 247, 251, 252, 253, 258, 263, 269, 274, 296, 304, 308, 313, 314, 321, 323, 325, 326, 330, 333, 338, 342, 351, 355, 358, 362, 363, 364, 365, 370, 371, 372, 374, 375, 380, 383, 384, 390, 392, 393; Freeman's plantation, sale of his share, 384; Morton's Bay, 190, 208; Proctor's Plantation, 24, 44–45, 58–59, 186, 207, 270

Nevis store, 62, 63, 73, 119, 139, 140, 308; sale of goods in 181–183, 185, 187, 192–194, 197, 209, 214, 215, 261–63, 269–270, 273–274, 281, 292, 303, 314–315, 321, 326–327, 329, 336–337, 348–349, 352, 356, 358, 363, 373, 381, 387, 391

New Calabar, slaves from, 99

New England, xxv, 88, 100, 112, 154, 168, 170, 174, 224, 227–228, 356–357

New York, 175

Newland, Benjamin, London merchant, Vintry Alderman, Royal African Company Assistant, 190

Newmarket, Cambs., 264

news, 327

Nicholas, —, ship's captain, 348, 351, 357

Nicholls, Mr, cousin of Henry Carpenter, of London, 190

Nijmegen, Treaties of (1678–1679), 235

Norrishe's River, Montserrat, xvi

North America, ix–x

North, Francis, ship's captain, 19, 22, 27

Northley, Robert, of Lisbon, 315

Norway, 126

Nugent, Thomas, 26, 29

O.

Old Road Town, St. Kitts, xiii, xvi

Olveston Plantation, Montserrat, xvi

Orchard, William, ship's captain, 251

Ormonde, James Butler, 1st duke of, 147

Osborne, Col. Roger, 7

Oxfordshire, xxxiv–xxxv

P.

Packing, correct, 26

paper, xxviii, 97, 107

Paris, xxix, 95

Parker, Abraham, ship's captain, 380, 382

Parliament, 39, 61, 64, 72, 74, 76, 82, 88, 93, 94, 124, 168, 179, 272, 328, 392

Parr, Dr. Richard, Vicar of Camberwell, 27

Parsons, Edward, 228, 380

partners, problems with, 85

partnership, 209

Pattison, George, ship's captain, 2, 3, 18, 19, 21, 23

pay, arrears of soldiers', xxii–xxiv, xlvi; arrears of Stapleton's, xxii–xxiv, xlvi

Pemberton, Sir Francis, C.J., 265, 283

Pembroke, Lord, xxxiii

peopling, xl

Pepys, Samuel, 41, 84

Perry, John, 184

Phillips, Mr, 156

Phipps, James, 223

Pickford, Richard, of Madeira, 51, 53, 76, 78, 87, 115, 118, 153, 177–178, 201, 207, 225, 226, 234, 250, 309, 315, 324

pieces of eight, 132, 150, 180, 218, 313, 393

pimentos, xxv

Pinney, John, of Nevis, vii

plantation: building on, xvi, xvii, xx–xxi, xl; management of, xvi, xxx, xl, xlii–xliii; slaves for, xvi, xl; profits from, xiv–xv

planters, behaviour of, 303

planting, xvi, xvii, xviii, xix, xx, xxix, xli, xlii

Plat, Mr, 368

Plummer, Francis, ship's captain, 313

Pogson, Captain John, of St. Kitts, son-in-law of Wm. Freeman's brother-in-law John Bedingfield, Sr., xxix, 81, 155, 198, 336

Polegreen, Humphrey, ship's captain, 113

political affiliation, x, xxxii

Popish Plot, 39, 41, 44–45, 49, 58, 61, 72

pork, 162, 163, 222, 253, 254, 292, 310, 313, 314, 341

port charges, 127

Port wine see under wine

Porter, Nicholas, 15

Portugal, vi, xxvi

Powell, Captain/Col., Governor of Montserrat, 265, 278, 301, 334, 362

prices, sugar, xxxviii

primage, 1

principal/agent problem, xxxviii–xliii, xlvii

Privy Seal, xxiii, 49, 308

Proctor, John, 186

Proctor's Plantation, Nevis, xx–xxi, xxix–xxx

Pruett, John, of Nevis, 23, 126–127, 192, 195, 214

punctuation, xlviii

Pym, Philip, 335, 368

R.

Radcliffe, Alexander, 202

Randall, Robert, ship's captain, 262

Rason, —, ship's captain, 6

Ravens, —, ship's captain, 234

Reade, Captain, of Montserrat, 285, 346

recommendations, 310

relatives, xliv–xlv; preference given to, xxiv, 326, 353, 387

religion, xxxii

residence, xxi, xxii

retirement, xxxi

revenue, government, xi

Reymes, Mrs, 393

risk, xx, xxxix

Rivett, James, ship's captain, 8, 10, 12, 15, 25, 52, 66, 67, 71, 74, 82, 102, 105, 116, 118, 127, 128, 133, 164, 167, 201, 353

Robinson
-, Daniel, ship's captain, 98, 99, 386
-, William, 162

Roche, Maurice, 15

Roman Catholicism, 49, 83, 363

Rowland, Mr, a servant sent to Wm. Stapleton, 62, 97

Royal African Company, xvii–xix, xxii, xxx, xxxii–xxxiii, xxxvii, xxxix, xl, xlvi, 5, 6, 11, 23, 33, 45, 67–68, 73, 75, 99, 106, 121, 145, 150, 158, 179, 187–188, 190, 200, 203, 207, 210–213, 229–232, 243, 253, 259, 259, 295, 296, 298, 321, 327–328, 339; see also Newland, Benjamin; Skutt, Benjamin

rum, 180

Runaway Ghaut, Montserrat, xvi

Russell
-, Col., Deputy Governor of Antigua, 9, 147
-, Mr, 29
-, Mrs, mother of the deceased Antigua governor Col. Russell, 131
-, Sir James, Kt., Deputy Governor of Nevis, 6, 60–61, 74–75, 81, 159, 232, 335, 368
-, Randall, 27, 271

Russia, xvi

S.

Saba, ix

St. Christopher see St. Kitts

St. Eustatius, xxiv, 360

St. John, Rowland, Antigua planter, 62

St. Kitts (St. Christopher), vii, xii–xx, xxiii–xxiv, xxx–xxxi, xxxiii, xxxvii, xl, xlv, 4, 5, 19, 37, 38, 39, 66, 74, 82, 93, 114, 133, 149, 162, 165, 169, 189, 221, 223, 229, 238, 246, 257, 259, 262, 274, 280, 306, 326, 329, 335, 348, 357, 359, 368, 369, 370, 373, 381, 384, 387, 390, 391; Commission for the Resettling of St. Kitts, xvi; Freeman's plantation, 335; invasion by the French (1666), xxix; Island Agent for, 134; militias, xxiii, 133, 136, 148, 155; Morton/Reymes Plantation, 393, 394

St Kitts, Governors of see Hill, Capt. Thomas; Mathew, Col. Abednego; Treasurer and Councillor of see Vickers, John

St. Malo, France, 91

St. Martin's, France, 30, 32, 89

sales, xxxviii, xxxix

salt, xxviii

Sankee, George, ship's captain, 180, 181, 184, 187, 189

Saunders, Edmund, King's Sergeant, 284, 288

Scotland, vii, xxvi, xl

seal of office, Stapleton's, 19, 28, 41

Seay, Richard, of Waterford, 53, 54, 194, 196, 253–254, 267, 292, 313, 315, 341, 393

secrecy, 87

Sessions of Oyer and Terminer, xxxii

servants, xl–xli, 151, 154, 163, 217, 224, 228, 234, 238, 243, 267, 278, 297, 306, 312; procurement of for plantations, 19, 38, 102, 117, 120

Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of, 84

Shaler, Captain, of St. Kitts, 155

sheathing, 132

shipping, xxv–xxvi, xxx, xxxviii–xlv, 1, 6, 42, 104, 169; charges, 171, 373; costs, 373

ships see vessels

ships' captains: Alland, Thomas, 80; Archer, 6; Ashley, John, 126; Askland (or Alland), 83; Beere, John, 73; Bennet, Robert, 61; Billop, Charles, 176, 178, 295, 304, 308, 316, 328; Bowers, William, 79; Browne, Thomas, 152, 154, 199, 203, 204; Clark, Thomas, 262, 304; Clayton, William, xxviii, xxix, 29, 31, 44, 85, 88, 103, 106, 107, 111–114, 122, 131, 135, 154, 164, 166, 168, 169, 171, 183, 191, 197, 198, 210, 214, 216; 227, 237–41, 243, 246, 256, 263, 273, 279, 292, 302, 306, 307, 309, 313, 315, 319, 340, 349, 350, 381, 381, 393; Compton, John, of Liverpool, 193–194, 196, 224; Cottar, 9; Crisp, 37, 38, 61, 72, 81; Croscombe, 37; Deane, 101, 114; Durrell, John, 250, 304, 305; Elliott, 108; Estes, John, 93, 99, 131, 139, 145, 149, 160, 184, 194, 322–324, 327; Gordon, Lott, 82; Gould/Gold, 276, 311; Haddock, Joseph, 29; Haddock, Richard, 2, 3, 9, 75, 109; Hare, Arthur, 9, 19, 27, 48, 59, 62, 63, 73, 97, 131, 146, 155, 185, 191; Haynes, John, 383; Hazelwood, 228, 230, 231, 237, 239, 243, 264, 265; Helme, William, 132, 254, 264, 369, 370; Hepburn, 298, 311; Hutchinson, Robert, 191, 197, 198, 213; Jenyns, James, of Nevis, 388; Lawrence, Giles, 6, 7, 11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, 25, 40, 43, 63, 68, 69, 71, 83, 85, 102, 132, 300; Lister, Richard, 45–47, 53, 55, 63, 64, 108, 109, 114, 165, 257; Love, Robert, 223; Maples, 369; Martine, Richard, 2; Miller, William, 83; Morecock, William, xxi; Nash, 16; Nicholas, 348, 351, 357; North, Francis, 19, 22, 27; Orchard, William, 251; Parker, Abraham, 380, 382; Pattison, George, 2, 3, 18, 19, 21, 23; Plummer, Francis, 313; Polegreen, Humphrey, 113; Randall, Robert, 262; Rason, 6; Ravens, 234; Rivett, James, 8, 10, 12, 15, 25, 52, 66, 67, 71, 74, 82, 102, 105, 116–118, 127, 128, 133, 164, 167, 201, 353; Robinson, Daniel, 98–99, 116–118, 386; Sankee, George, 180, 181, 184, 187, 189; Symons/Simons, 129, 137; Terry, Abraham, 5, 25, 40, 43, 47, 50–53, 58, 73, 77, 87, 147, 176, 178, 198, 205, 210, 211, 213, 215, 221, 222, 224, 232, 239, 262, 263, 276, 279, 282, 298, 327, 330; Thomas, 242; Thornton, William, 300; Tiddeman, Timothy, 75, 77, 79, 115, 134, 139, 146, 152, 154, 163; Vandivell/ Vandiveld, 201, 207, 225; Warbeck, Richard, 70; Winter, William, 60, 132, 134, 135, 146, 162, 164, 191, 246; Wood, Thomas, 239, 242, 244, 245, 247, 290, 296, 297, 300, 304, 305, 312

ships' captains, instructions to, 112, 113, 194

shoes, 246, 314

silk, 90

Skutt, Benjamin, London merchant, Assistant of the Royal African Company, and its agent in Barbados, xviii, xix, xxiii, xxviii, xxx, 30, 32, 97, 150, 218, 227, 229, 304

slave agency, 23, 210; granted to Carpenter, Freeman and Helme, 48, 245, 298

slave interlopers, xxx

slaves, xviii–xix, xlvi, 9, 24, 68, 72, 98, 99, 120–121, 126, 134, 150, 179, 200, 203, 206, 231, 238, 264, 273, 279, 295, 302, 340–341, 348, 355–357, 383; clothing for, 216; commission on, 122; from Tobago, 60, 61, 72, 75–76, 85, 150, 295; price of, 17, 190, 300; purchase of, 17, 19, 21; shipment of, 190, 232; skilled, 130, 267, 339, 357; supply of, 60–61, 73, 81

slaving, vii, xviii–xxii, xxx–xxxiii, 121, 132, 134, 203, 225, 264, 295, 302, 328

Slirty, Andrew, Jr., xxviii, 30

smallpox, 131

Smargin, John, 243

Smith
-, Mr, of Montserrat and London, 113
-, Captain Michael II, of Nevis, 97

smuggling, xxvii, xxix, 29–32, 85, 103–104, 111, 113, 117, 169, 172–173

soldiers, provisioning of, 296; pay, procurement of for St. Kitts' militias, xxiii, 133, 136, 148, 155

Somersbury Manor, Ewhurst, Surrey, xxi–xxii, xxiv, 130

South
-, Philip, of Leeward Islands, 68
-, Thomas, of Nevis, 71

Southern Europe, xvii

Southwark Assizes, xxxii

Southwell, Sir Robert, Secretary to the Lords of Trade and Plantations, 38, 41, 131

spelling, xlviii

spirits, 169, 191, 213, 214

Spreen, John, of Antigua, 71

Stanilife, Mr, 393

Stapleton
-, —, daughter of Gen. Sir Wm., 130
-, Lady Ann (Russell), wife of Gen. Sir Wm., xlvi, 27, 82, 220
-, Col. Edmund, brother of Gen. Sir Wm., xxi, xlvii, 16, 40, 48, 94, 113–114, 135 (death), 202, 217–218, 235, 239, 272, 376, 380
-, James, son of Gen. Sir Wm., 9, 27, 72, 76, 85, 148, 255, 264, 271–272, 308, 334
-, Margaret Freeman, xxi
-, Randall, 72, 76, 82
-, Redmond, Sr., father of Gen. Sir Wm., 15, 16
-, Redmond, Jr., brother of Gen. Sir Wm., xlvi, 15, 376
-, Gen. Sir William, Deputy Governor of Montserrat, xvi, xxii, xxiii, xxiv, xxxiv–xxxvii, xliii, xliv, xlv, xlvi, xlvi, 5, 8, 9, 15, 18, 27, 40, 48–49, 60, 64, 72, 75, 81, 84, 88, 96, 98, 130, 134–135, 147–150, 155, 157–161, 176, 178, 184, 202–203, 218–221, 235–236, 239, 242, 246, 254–255, 264, 270–272, 285–290, 294–298, 303–304, 308–309, 312, 316, 328, 334, 342, 345–348, 368, 373–380, 393
-, William, Jr., son of Gen. Sir Wm., 131, 255, 264, 271–272, 308, 380

Stapletown, Montserrat, xvi

staves, xxviii, 30, 53, 59, 172, 238, 276

Stede, Edwyn, of Barbados, 6, 73, 106, 108

stocks, x

Stone, John, of London, 98

store, at Nevis, see Nevis

Strode, Col. John, xxv, 69, 84, 132, 147, 156

Suffolk, xiii

sugar bakers, 4, 195, 227

sugar, accounts for, 33, 36, 37; consignment of, 9, 360; handling of, 43, 51, 80, 82, 98, 134, 152–153, 162, 164, 167, 180, 183, 281, 325, 387–389; muscovado v. refined v. clayed, 145; planting of, vii, xv–xvi, xix–xx, xxii, xxix–xxx, xxxiii, xxxvii, xl; price of, 3, 7, 19, 24, 37–39, 43, 58, 65–66, 70, 80, 82, 86, 104–106, 114–115, 123–126, 129, 145, 166, 195, 211, 223, 234, 237, 257, 274–281, 290–292, 297, 300, 305, 311, 325, 327, 331, 370, 374, 384, 386, 392–393; production equipment, 44, 47, 50, 93, 126–130, 135, 218, 220, 224, 248, 277–278; profits on, 140, 231, 236, 265, 300, 370; purchased from others, 83; quality of, 4, 7, 8, 64, 70, 86, 145, 149, 212, 230, 370; refining of, 180; sale of, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 19, 37–39, 58, 65, 80, 82, 86, 124, 129, 180, 213, 340, 363, 383; shipped to Liverpool, 65, 66, 70, 83, 91; shipping of, 13, 14, 29, 50, 51, 80, 114–115, 127, 141, 142, 147, 160, 179, 192, 196, 212, 217, 220, 241–242; supply of, 65

Sussex, England, xxii

Sykes, Sir Francis, of Basildon, Berks, xxxv

Symes, Captain, of Montserrat, 285

Symonds, Mr, 124

Symons/Simons, —, ship's captain, 129, 137

T.

Tare, 70, 256

taverns, eastern Caribbean, 11

taxes, xi

Terry
-, Abraham, ship's captain, 5, 25, 40, 43, 47, 50–53, 58, 73, 77, 87, 147, 176, 178, 198, 205, 210, 211, 213, 215, 221, 222, 224, 232, 239, 262, 263, 276, 279, 282, 298, 327, 330
-, James, of St. Kitts, 282

Thames, River, xxxiv–xxxvi

Thomas, —, ship's captain, 242

Thornebury, John, 96

Thornton, William, ship's captain, 300

Tiddeman, Timothy, ship's captain, 75, 77, 79, 115, 134, 139, 146, 152, 154, 163

timber, 133

tobacco, xv, 39, 43

Tobago, slaves from, 60, 61, 72, 75–76, 85, 150, 295

tonnage, 164, 166

Torbay, xxxiii

Tortola, xxiv

Tory, x

Trade and Plantations, Lords Commissioners of, 342

trade, overseas, ix

Trant, Patrick, Wm. Stapleton's 'attorney', xxiv, xxiii, 49, 156, 184, 218, 235, 255, 271, 295–296, 304, 334, 348, 375, 377

Treasury, Lords of the, xxiii, 184, 220, 295

Treaties: Nijmegen (1678–1679), 235; Treaty of Neutrality (1678), 5, 6, 10; Treaty concerning Leeward Islands, reception in Paris, 85, 96

triangulation, xli

Turks, 63, 73, 145–147, 154

Tyack, Geoffrey, xxxv

Tyrell, Sir Timothy, 335

U.

Unknown addressee, 257, 268

V.

Vandivell/Vandiveld, —, ship's captain, 201, 207, 225

vessels, care for, 132; deployed by Freeman and Baxter, xxvi; hire of, 128, 233, 240, 251, 275; loss of, xxxi, 106, 142, 236, 254; outfitting of, 143; ownership of, xxvi, xxviii, 103, 349, 350, 390; purchase of, xxviii, 88, 103, 109, 383; sale of, 103

vessels: Abigail, 239, 242, 244–245, 247, 294, 296–297, 319, 363; Abraham, 8, 45–47, 70, 91, 100–102, 104, 106, 116–117, 123, 127, 130–131, 133, 162, 176, 178, 180–183, 191, 214–215, 221–224, 238–239, 259, 263, 327, 353, 381, 383–384, 388, 390–391; Active, 6, 13, 14; Adventure, xxviii, xxix, 30, 107, 111–114, 168, 175, 238, 256, 313, 315, 319, 349–350; Africa, 132, 168, 263, 365; Astrea, xxi, 106; Bachelor, xxviii, 29, 44, 45, 75, 80, 82, 137; Betty, 60; Blessing, 300; Brothers' Goodwill, 132, 134, 135; Christopher, 61, 62; Companion, 223; Dan, 387; Deptford, 176, 178; Diligence, 83; Dragon, xxxi; Dublin, 119; Endeavour, 10, 15, 82; George, 225, 233; Globe, 180, 181, 184, 187, 189, 191, 198; Gloucester, 272; Golden Lion, 93; Goodwill, 117; Grenada, 2; Hannah & Elizabeth, 66, 82; Increase, 70; Industry, 2; James, 126, 127; Katharine, 250; Leghorn Merchant, 7; Lyon, 193, 196, 221–222, 232; New England Merchant, 313; Norwich, 179; Old Head of Kingsale, 108, 200; Olive, 80, 83; Olive Branch, 11, 13–14, 70, 115; Providence, 93, 99, 101, 139, 162, 324, 326; Rebecca, 233, 237; Richard, 98, 99; Richard & Samuel, 262; Samuel & Mary, 79; Sarah, 325; St. George, 202; Swan, 71; Thomas & Sarah, 75, 77, 79, 115, 142–143, 154, 275; Unity, 45, 46, 53, 62, 228, 259; Venetian, 2, 3, 29; Virgin, 195, 204, 333; Wheel of Fortune, 71, 73, 124, 129; William, 175, 204; William & Anne, 19; William & Robert, 152, 154

Vickers, John, Treasurer and Councillor of St. Kitts, 71, 150, 184, 198, 210, 381

vinegar, xxv

Virginia, xviii

W.

Wachtendonck, Johan Van, Commissary for the United Provinces' States General, 60, 72, 75–76, 81, 85, 88, 148, 156, 159

Wade, Mr, of London, 228

Wales, xl

Walker, James, of Nevis, 8

war, 19, 64, 68, 246; with France, likelihood of, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 132, 145–146, 235–237, 265

Warbeck, Richard, ship's captain, 70

Ward, Lieut. John, in The Hague, 393

warehousing, 105

Warner
-, Col. Philip, of Antigua, xii–xiii, 7, 37–38, 40, 61, 124, 129, 171–172, 232
-, Russell, 171
-, Sir Thomas, widow of, 27

wastage, 4, 14, 43, 80, 82, 164, 185, 205, 217, 223, 230–231, 236, 242, 268, 300

Waterford, Ireland, xxviii, 15, 30, 46, 50, 53–55, 142, 176, 194, 267, 292, 341

Waterworks Plantation, Montserrat, xvi

Watts, Richard, xliii, 140, 154, 156, 191, 200, 206, 217, 228, 245, 247, 251–253, 275, 298, 303–305, 313–314, 317, 327, 330

wealth, business, xxxvi–xxxvii

weight, 232

Westcott
-, John, 169, 183, 209, 214, 388
-, Thomas, xli–xlii, 6, 11, 47, 62, 72, 77, 79, 100–101, 120–121, 135, 140, 146–155, 168–169, 173–175, 178–183, 191–198, 201, 207, 209, 214, 221–224, 229, 234, 238, 251, 257–263, 273, 280–282, 297–298, 321, 325–330, 333, 336, 348–353, 356–359, 363, 369–370, 373, 381, 384, 387–389, 391, 393

Weymouth, Lord, xxxiii

wheat, 77

Wheeler, Sir Charles, 48, 97, 134, 136

Whig, x

White, Edmund, merchant of London, 54

Whitelocke
-, Sir Bulstrode, Kt., xxxiii–xxxiv
-, Sir James, Kt., xxxiii–xxxiv

William, Prince of Orange, xxxii–xxxiii

Williams
-, Col., 232
-, Benjamin, 161, 344, 351, 375, 385
-, Rowland, Antigua planter, 131; Mrs Rowland, 131

Willoughby, Lord Charles, 38, 96

wine, xxxi, 234, 236, 250–251, 262, 309, 314, 322–325, 353, 382, 390; Canary, 165, 175; Madeira, 2, 13, 15, 45, 51–53, 63, 71, 73, 75–79, 87, 100, 102, 115–120, 146–147, 149, 152–156, 165, 168–173, 177–178, 184, 191, 201, 207, 210, 213–214, 225, 229; Port, 171; sale in London, 165; supply of, 2, 3, 11, 15, 52, 53, 85, 85, 117

Wine Islands, ix

Winter, William, ship's captain, 60, 132, 134, 135, 146, 162, 164, 191, 246

Winthrop, Samuel, of Antigua, 137

Wood, Thomas, ship's captain, 239, 242, 244, 245, 247, 290, 296, 297, 300, 304, 305, 312

wool, ix

Wrayford, William, London merchant, 329

Wren, Christopher, xxxiv–xxxv

writ of protection, 379

Z.

Zahedieh, Nuala, xlviii